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MARKING

CHEME

This answer paper consists of 17 printed pages

TRIAL 2011

2 CHEMISTRY 962/1
TRIAL 1011

MARKI G
Question

HEME PAPER 1
Explanation

~o. 2
3

Answer C A A Refer definition.

Liquid can take the shape of the container necessarily occupy it fu lIy

LD which

it i placed but

001

(Cr) P: [AT] 3d) 45', (Mn) Q: [AT] 3dS 452, (Fe) R: [Ar) 3d64s1, ( ) :[AT]~ P,Q, R and are transition element. Going from P to ,the second ionizauoa energy generally increased due to til slight increased in the nuclear charge. However, the second ionization energy ofP and are higher ilian expected because the second electrons removed from P and are from an inner 3d orbital [STPM 2002 J

ort~,

r------1~~----r---------~-6
7 B

5

& ,D

There is no abrupt Increase in die succesive ionisation energies in D i~ h only ovalem bonds. i02 between molecules have giant covalent tructure. B, C and 0 between molecul have van der waal forces.

The bybndization involves I orbital of the first elem lit and 3p orbital of the econd element. TI1US forming s-p hybridized orbital between them. The N~ and OH in 2-nJlJ'ophenol are close to one another for intramolecular hydrogen bond 10 take place. Wherea the, 0: and OH group in 4nitropbenol are too far apart for intramolecular hydrogen bond to take place. Instead 4-nitrophenol undergoe intermolecular hydrog n bonding which I stronger intermolecular forces making rae boiling point of 4-nitrophenol i hiAher than 2-nitroDhenol A catalyst provide an alternative route lire a reaction to take place with a lower activation energy so that the speed of die rea tion is increased.

8

C

9 10 11

D B B

first order with respect to

ince the power of [

lol (aq~]
'10&'

in the rate equation is 1, th reaction is thus ion. k depend on catalyst.

u
13

B

Since the forward reaction i endothermic, an increase in temperature hills the equilibrium to tbe right according to Lc Chatelier' principle, by ab orbing the excess heat. In the case, more gas panicles are produced and there i an increase in volume. Furthermore, beating will also cause the g e to expand. When the enthalpy change is zero, changing temperature will not shift the equilibrium. Hence, the equilibrium constant remains unaffected.

C

Marking cheme TRIAl. 2011

TRlAL 2011 Qu lion
No. Ksp = [Pb"] 14 A Answer Elplanation

[11'
8

IS 16 17

rtJl
C
A

A buffer with pH < 7 ontains a mixture of a weak cid and its all Thus weak a id i required. An e. ce S of the acid converts NaOH to its It. Together with the excess acid a buffer would result. The partition law holds only for dilute solutions.

I

Z (with a lower boiling point) will distilled over first followed by Y. CaH1(s) -CD!' + 2H At the anode : 2H' Hz(g) At the cathode: Cal- ... 2(; Cell reaction : Zn + Cu" 2e Ca + Cu

18

D B -Zn-

19

E....

= EO - 0.059 log ~ 2 [Cu 1 = I.J 0 - Q.Qi2 log 2J.Q 2 10 = 1.16 V
- 286 x 2

20

B

2Hz + 0,

aL

2H10(g)

_j

2H10(1)

44 x.2

Dy He . Law : (. 286 :<2) + (" 44 x 2) .. a a =·484 21 B /,C~rA/CH) CHl C

JcJ

22

C

CH1 Alkaline KMnOA is a strong oxidizing agent. It will oxidize methylbenzene to the benzoate ion. 'A hen an acid is added. the benzoate i n forms benzoic acid. COO' COOH CHl

I

CA2

@

KMnOiOH' Reflux

@

H'

@

Methylbenzene

Ben1.08Ic ion

Benzoic aid

23

D

24

0 0

The hydroxy group (01 f) in the compound ethanol CH.JCH20H cannot be substituted by chlorine gas. Chi tine gas can substiMe the hydrogen in the alkyl chain (CH1CH1,) when exposed to ultraviolet light The OH is substituted by Sr. Aldehyde IUId ketone compounds have a carbonyl funcrional group, 0

lS

Marking cheme TRIAL 2011

TRIAL 2011
Question
An wer

4

No.

Explanation

II -C2, 4-dmitrophenylhydrazine reacts with the carbonyl group to fonn orectpitare. HNO and acidified KMnO. arc oxidi ing agents. However. reaction, a hot condition is necessary for the reaction 10 occur pH "" - log [H"] 4 = -10,

a yellow
for this

26
27

B D

[Hl - 10'
=

[H1

lH']

10" = /R:(11lJ K. = (10")2 = 104

.rr:;c-

28

c

K., - 1 x 10" mol dm l The functional groups in this molecule are--OH and -NH1. The-OH group reaction with It CHl-C-C1 will produce e rer. Reacrionwith the -NHz group with will producean amide.

o

29

n

Ethanoyl chloride reacts with alcohol and the benzene ring to form an ester. CH1 0 ).._;COOH OH
~Cld

II

HO

).8..(._

.20ij-C-O

l

8

hydroxy group that i bonded to

orWinic

Edtonoyl chloride OilCOOH 0

o
" CH,-C-O 30 B 10i

+2HO
J

II O-C-CH

is an acylation reaction
NHI 0 I II N-C-CH1 .HCI
H0

~

7 O<;Hs

+

~-ta _~
Ethanoyl chloride

7s OCzH
Phenacetin

Marking cheme TRIAL 201 J

TRIAL 2011
Qu
hon An wer H I H-C-COOH I NHI

5

Explaution

No. 3J

Amlnoetbanoic add Aminoethanoi acid. I !,CH2COOH i , solid with a high melting and boiling point. It di solves in water and produces a neutral elution. It can form B polymer through D condensation reaction. For example,
H 0H 0 0H I II I I ft H - N - CH1- C-N -CH, -C- N -CH,- C-OH .. 2 H2O

"

32

Jt
f>OfllAl-/

c

Remember: Not all of the double bonds in a molecule de ompo e during addition polymerisation In the isoprene monomer, there are two double bond present. During addition polymeri arion, one of the two double bonds dec rnposes followed by the transfer of a bond from the other double bond to the centre of the isoprene monomer.
~C .. C-CH"

I CHJ

CHl

t

0i2

CHCH1

Isoprene

CHJ Natural rubber

t
"

33

D

34

C D

When calcium ions are heated over a Bun n flame, red light is emitted. C elves in water to form a colourles lution. ~),di [Note: Calcium is n t a transition metal 'ormally transition metal ions form coloured olutions.] When Ca '~h is heated, 0" a brown gas. i fonned. 2Ca(N~h (s) -+ 2CaO(s) + 4 0,(&) + O,(g) Brown gas Ca(NOJ)l reacts with dilute sulphuric acid to form a white precipitate, ea 04. ea!»(aQ)+ SO.l'(aq} -CaSO.{s) An aqueous solution of .0\ I" ions is acidic. II acts as a Bronsted-Lowry acid. The valence electronic configuration of clement X i ns'np", The p valence electron indicate that the element X is located in Group 14. proton number that lies between 14 and 50 suggests that X is probably i, Ge or n. SiOl, GeO] and 5n01 are stable towards heat, TIle atoms of lead have 8 face-centred cubic packing which is 8 more closely packed structure than the tetragonal pa king, found in rin. uch a p cking re ults in a tronger metallic bond in lead and consequently, I higher melting
POint.

35

36

B

37 38

C

39

D

The solubility ofN02 go in water depends on pre ure. At high pressure • more N~ !I!l~dissolves and more nitric acid is produced. H2SO. HSOi 2(1)+x+4(-2) = 0 l+x+4(-2)E -I 2+x-8=O l+x-8-I +6 =-r6 The oxidation number of ulpbur stay the same. Therefore, nitric acid does not act as an oxidising agent in this reaction. On descending Group 17. atomic size increases and the effective nuclear charge decreases. This results in a reduction in the attraction for electrons in

Marking cheme TRIAL 2011

TRIAL
QuestioD

aeu
An wer

6

ExplaDation
B covalent bond by Group 17 elements. Therefore, the electronegativity of the elements decreases 00 descending, Group 17. [Note: Pnramagneti m i due to the presence of unpaired electrons in the molecule . Therefore, these electrons are influenced by a magnetic field.] The degree (magnitude) of'paramagneri m is proportional to the number of unpaired el ctron _Iron In the comple ion, [Fe(H10)&t has five unpaired electrons. J Ience it bas the highe t degree ofparamagneti m. ote: CN' ligand is a stronger ligand than HlO ligand.] Therefore, the plittin of 3d orbitals by the CN' ligand in the hexa yano complex is larger than in the hexaaqua complex.

No.

40

A

41 42

C (2,3) B (1,2) No of electrons -= 00. of protons Total no of proton of Q :; 21 Q _. n"'1.0-=2,n-3.0=4 Q --- 3 valence electrons Reaction occurs both forward and reverse rrre pective of high or low temperature ince the forward reacuon is endothermic, the position of equilibrium is shifted to the left at low temperature The forward reaction is expected to have high value of Ea and slow rate of reaction. Til reaction becomes more obvious at a high temperature C 12 4.54 2

4J

C (2,3)

44

B (1 and 2)

~

2.J.
)

H

0

1M
16 2.28
I
=

9.1 4

The empirical formula The molecular formula,

C2~0 (C11I.0)n
440

=

88 ;: 88

4S

A (I only)

0 -2 Thus the molecular fonnul i C~HIOz. The solubility of a compound in 8 polar solvent cannot be determined based on the molecular formula. II functional group bas to be analysed for certain characteristics. Liquid Q decolouri es bromine water. CHz - CHCH2CI + BT) CH1BrCHBrCH2CI

46

C (2 and 3)

B

Liquid Q forms a white precipitate with aqueous AgN01. CH2'" CHCHlCI + Ag 0, --. CH2 = CHCHz O2 + AgCI (White precipitate) Cinnamaldehyde molecule does not have a chiraJ carbon. Thus it is not optically active. This molecule contains a double bond, thus it can decolourise the colour of bromine water. This is an aldehyde molecule and it bas a carbonyl group. Thus it can react with 2, 4 - dinitrophenylhydrazine and orange precipitate is formed HOCHzCH '" CHCH10H decolourises acidified K.\1n0~.

47

(1 and 2)

Marking scheme TRIAL 2011

TRIAL 2011
QuesliOD

7
Allswer B (1 and 2) Explallatioa

No. 48

@
Benzene

.. CH = CH
1

1

Ali.;'} catalyst

Ethene

250 'C, 40

@- CH 1CH 1
Phenylethene

Ilall

"0 o.nf~1
.... ""'C.

Dehydrogenation

of phenylethene reaction. CH .. C~ F~OJ ~

@- CH.CHl

~

0
b

+ HI

The repeat unit of polytphenylethene)

f Hl
c-c
1 I ~ ~

n

49

B (1 and Z)
D

50

(1,2 and 3)

On descending Group 17, the size of the atom (atomic radius) increase. As the val nee electrons of the larger sized halogens are located further from the nucleus and are less influenced by nuclear attraction, their electrons arc more easily removed. Thus the first ionisation energy decreases down the group. [Cu(NH}).lS0. - {Cu(NH~).r SO." From the above equation, J mole oflC H).jSO. produces 2 moles of ions in solution. 1 mole of the 0/ reacts with 2 mole of Ag. 2Ag(IIQ) + Ol'(aq)ASlSO,(s) ions are deep blue.

[C~cNRvm

END OF MARKrNG

CREME

Marking scheme TRIAL 2011

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