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Military Briefings Most principles and techniques of effective speaking apply to the military briefing.

However, the military briefing is more concise and is usually limited to the basic facts needed for comprehension. The essentials are delivered in a purely objective manner. The military briefing is often a one-time-only presentation of facts, with reference to enough familiar material to establish a basis for understanding by the listeners. The staff officer will often be required to discuss precisely a broad subject in a limited time. Most briefings are situation-oriented to a specific listener or audience; they deal with a specific subject in which the speaker has expertise. Military briefings are used at every echelon to keep the commander and his staff informed. The objectives, common to every briefing, are to facilitate a rapid coordinated response and to obtain a thorough understanding of operational conditions that could affect the successful execution of the mission. Successful briefing ability comes from mastery of fundamental speaking skills and briefing techniques, from practice and study, from good judgment, and from awareness of the audience feedback. Listen to the comments about selecting a briefing over a report. List some reasons you might want to be briefed on a new topic rather than read about it in a report. Why are briefings chosen over written communication as a way of conveying information? Compare your answer with a sample. Check my answers
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See advantages of briefings and reports summarized in the table below. Briefing vocal and visual components add significantly to the impact of the message, which is especially important if the purpose is to persuade or motivate can include last-minute updates Report can be easily transmitted electronically and read at one's convenience can be skimmed or scanned by the reader for important information can be passed on to a wider audience

allows for interaction with the audience

Look at the statements below and attribute them to the briefings or reports. 1. Important information can be overlooked.

Briefing Report 2. Its content may not be appropriate for all audience members. Briefing Report 3. It can become outdated quickly. Briefing Report 4. It often does not hold the audiences attention. Briefing Report 5. Requires attention of the audience at a specific time and place Briefing Report 6. It may serve as documentation. Briefing Report
Why are briefings chosen over written communication as a way of conveying information? Compare your answer with a sample. Briefings are appropriate to persuade or motivate your audience and to address their individual questions and concerns

Briefing vocal and visual components add significantly to the impact of the message, which is especially important if the purpose is to persuade or motivate can include last-minute updates

Report can be easily transmitted electronically and read at one's convenience can be skimmed or scanned by the reader for important information can be passed on to a wider audience

allows for interaction with the audience

Look at the statements below and attribute them to the briefings or reports. 1. Important information

can be overlooked. Briefing Report 2. Its content may not be appropriate for all audience members. Briefing Report 3. It can become outdated quickly. Briefing Report 4. It often does not hold the audiences attention. Briefing Report 5. Requires attention of the audience at a specific time and place Briefing Report 6. It may serve as documentation. Briefing Report There are four recognizable types of military briefings: the information briefing, the decision briefing, the staff briefing and the mission briefing. The purpose of the briefing determines its type; i.e.,
the the the the

decision briefing has the purpose of clarifying a decision, mission briefing is designed to brief training missions that simulate combat, staff briefing keeps the staff informed, and information briefing presents facts to the audience
information

The simplest type of briefing is the inform the listener and


conclusions gain

briefing. It is intended to . It does not include


decision

his

understanding

or

recommendations

, nor does it require that a

be

made.

The next type of briefing is the


decision

decision answ ers present

briefing. Staff officers give or decisions are needed. The facts,


alternative

briefings when

briefer must be prepared to


comparisons

solutions,

of solutions, and the

recommended

course of action. briefing, is used to deliver


for

The third type of military briefing, the information


individual about reinforces critical

mission

and give specific instructions role in the operation.


staff

particular mission. It of his

issued orders, and informs each

Finally, the most widely used type of briefing is the This type of briefing keeps the
current accurately commander

briefing. and

and his staff informed of the


rapidly effective

situation. Used to deliver information , this type of briefing is an


coordinated staff

tool in achieving a

unified

effort throughout the command. Since it could be used

in different situations, the briefing may contain some of the charactersistics of other types of briefings

Briefing Formats
The most widely used types of briefings are information briefing and decision briefing. Information briefings deal with
high priority information complex information -

requiring immediate attention such as, complicated plans, systems, statistics, or charts - that require detailed explanation controversial information requiring elaboration and explanation. Format for an Information Briefing The decision briefing provides information about a problem, discusses possible solutions, and presents an argument in defense of one recommended solution. Format for a Decision Briefing Study the formats of the information and decision briefings. Then for each piece of advice below identify which type of a briefing it is intended for: an information briefing, a decision briefing, none of them or both. 1. Be ready to support, by explanation, any part of your briefing. Information Briefing Decision Briefing

Test item is completed 2. Anticipate questions and objections. Information Briefing Decision Briefing Test item is completed 3. Discuss all possible courses of action. Information Briefing Decision Briefing Test item is completed 4. Request an approval of a recommendation. Information Briefing Decision Briefing Test item is completed 5. Tell an inspiring story to motivate the listeners in order to get their understanding. Information Briefing Decision Briefing Test item is completed 6. Make sure that no unanswered questions remain. Information Briefing Decision Briefing Test item is completed 7. Make sure you don't have a conclusion or make a recommendation. Information Briefing Decision Briefing Test item is completed