THEME 3, OBJECTIVE 1.

6 ICT – INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES

FRAMEWORK PROGRAMME 7,

COORDINATING ACTION

FP7-ICT-2009-5

D1.3 – OPERATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE OF IPR ARRANGEMENTS FOR ACCESS,
SHARING AND REUSE OF COMMON ASSETS

This report presents the mechanisms and processes through which the common assets can be made accessible, shared and reused among the different communities and for Future Internet based innovation in the context of Smart City strategy implementation. These include arrangements related to IPR management, legal issues and partnership agreements to implement open innovation approach.

ABOUT FIREBALL
The over-all objective of the FIREBALL project is to coordinate and align methodologies and approaches in the domains of Future Internet (FI) research and experimentation testbeds and user driven open innovation towards successful innovation in smart city environments. In doing so, and in covering the whole FI research and innovation value chain driven by smart cities being the users of the FI, FIREBALL aims to establish effective forms of cooperation across the FI innovation value chain, creating synergies and cooperation practices among different research and innovation communities related to the FI.

ATTRIBUTES OF THIS OBJECT
Project Type Project name Project ID Deliverable Deliverable name Coordinating Action FIREBALL FP7-ICT-2009-5 D1.3 (M18) Operational Infrastructure of IPR Arrangements for Access, Sharing and Reuse of Common Assets WP1, Task 1.3

Work package Object type Object title Version Status Responsible org. Creators

www.fireball4smartcities.eu
Submitted Approved date Approved by Dissemination

1.9 Final ESoCE Net Alessandro Braccini and Roberto Santoro, ESoCE Net; Esa Posio, Oulu; Michel Corriou, Images et Reseaux; Annika Sallstrom, CDT 14.11.2011 <receiving EC person>

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SECT.

1.1  1.2  1.3 

CONTENT
INTRODUCTION
OBJECTIVE AND CONTEXT OF THIS DOCUMENT BACKGROUND OF THE DOCUMENT OVERVIEW OF THIS DOCUMENT

PAGE

3  4  5 


2.1  2.2 

COLLABORATION SCENARIO AMONG FUTURE INTERNET, LIVING LABS AND SMART CONNECTED CITIES COMMUNITIES FOR ACCESSING, SHARING AND REUSING COMMON ASSETS 6 
EXPECTED SERVICES OF THE COMMUNITIES – SCOPE OF THE COLLABORATION CONTEXT OF THE COLLABORATION (INSTITUTIONAL, EU PROGRAM BASED: FI-PPP, PCP, CIP, FIRE-ICT…) 6  7 


3.1  3.2  3.3 

CHARACTERIZATION OF THE COMMON ASSETS FROM A BUSINESS LEGAL PERSPECTIVE
TANGIBLE AND INTANGIBLE ASSETS LOCAL AND CROSS BOARDER COLLABORATION MANAGEMENT PRINCIPLES AND PROCESSES

8  10  11 


4.1  4.2  4.3 

METHODS AND MECHANISM OF COMMON ASSETS: PARTNERSHIP AGREEMENTS FOR

EXPLOITATION OF COMMON ASSETS
LEGAL FRAMEWORK FOR COLLABORATION FIREBALL ALLIANCE COLLABORATIVE NETWORKED ORGANIZATION INITIAL WIKI-STYLE PORTAL CONCEPT

14 
14  14  15 


5.1  5.2  5.3  5.4  5.5  5.6 

PRACTICAL EXAMPLES OF COMMON ASSETS CROSS BORDER SHARING AND SERVICES OFFERED
OULLABS, OULU URBAN LIVING LABS IMAGES & RÉSEAUX TESTBED AND LIVING LAB MODEL TEFIS – TESTBED FOR FUTURE INTERNET SERVICES SMARTSANTANDER: A CITY-WIDE EXPERIMENTAL FACILITY ELLIOT: AN EXPERIENTAL LIVING LAB FOR THE INTERNET OF THINGS OTHER CONTRIBUTIONS

17 
17  23  28  31  33  34 

CONCLUSIONS

37 

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1

INTRODUCTION
1.1 OBJECTIVE AND CONTEXT OF THIS DOCUMENT

The objective of this deliverable is to identify the mechanisms and processes through which the assets can be made accessible including arrangements related to IPR management and partnership agreements. The deliverable is framed in the work package 1; common assets (e.g. facilities, methods, communities) that can be made available by different constituencies related to Future Internet open innovation for potential future showcases that are developed by Smart Cities. These common assets include technical infrastructures, test-beds, know-how, technologies and applications, methodologies and tools, and user communities. The deliverable is part of task T1.3 “Arrangements for Access, Sharing and Reuse of Common Assets”. The task identifies the mechanisms and processes through which the common assets can be made accessible, shared, reused and made interoperable among the different communities and for Future Internet based innovation in the context of Smart City strategy implementation. These mechanisms and processes include arrangements related to IPR management, legal issues and partnership agreements to implement open innovation approach. They also include technical functionalities to ensure interoperability and data exchange as required. The final contribution of the work package is to demonstrate how configurations of such assets, tailored to the needs and requirements of Smart City showcases, will enable the implementation of Future Internet in Smart Cities. The activity in this work package stems from the state of the art in projects, methodologies and practices in the Future Internet and Living Labs constituencies. In particular is taking advantage of results from previous projects such as Legal IST, and from on going FIRE collaboration frameworks for handling collaboration processes and related IPR issues. The task 1.3 is framed in the work package 1 and based on the outcomes of the task 1.2 whose objective is to identify and characterize the common assets (“Repository and tool of Common assets”). This tasks is performed in coordination with wp3 (cities) task 3.2 to ensure effective use of Common Assets sharing mechanisms in the Roadmap. It will include a strategy and plan of actions agreed among the Smart Cities network on how to make use of available technical infrastructures, testbed facilities, applications and know-how regarding Future Internet and Living Lab assets. The Smart Cities Roadmap (deliverable of WP3) also includes a plan covering the development of partnerships for access and exploitation of such assets. “Repository and tool of Commons Assets” includes then a description and an example of Assets from as many cases identified; giving the overview on how these assets have to be configured tailored to the needs and requirements of Smart Cities. This document starts from the Deliverable 1.2 results and identify mechanisms and processes through which the common assets can be made accessible, shared and reused among the different communities of Future Internet, Smart Cities and Living Lab.

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1.2

BACKGROUND OF THE DOCUMENT

This document addresses the access of common assets among Smart Cities, Future Internet and Living Lab Communities. The context and challenges described in the following have been identified in the ICE 2011 paper: Integrating Living Labs with Future Internet and Internet of Things Experimental Platforms for Co-creating New Services within Smart-Cities. Exploring, experimenting and evaluating Future Internet concepts, technological artefacts and scenarios is not a trivial challenge, especially when several research communities are involved in this process through different research streams such as ‘Future Internet Research & Experimentation’, ‘Living Labs’, ‘Internet of Things’ and ‘smart cities’, just to cite a few. Furthermore, researchers should engage all stakeholders for co-creating Future Internet value and especially communities of users/citizens for solving important societal issues. Today, involving users in research, design and innovation processes constitutes a fast growing topic of interest as an evidence of the 212 existing Living Labs. However, Living Labs need technology platforms such as the ones proposed by FIRE and Internet of Things testbeds where stakeholders can explore, experiment and evaluate new scenarios such as green services for Smart Cities. The challenge is therefore to be able to identify how to properly articulate Living Labs with FIRE and Internet of Things testbeds in order to make sure that Future Internet innovative services will meet the expectations and desires of user communities. A city can be termed smart when “investments in human and social capital and traditional (transport) and modern (ICT) communication infrastructure fuel sustainable economic growth and a high quality of life, with a wise management of natural resources, through participatory governance” (Caragliu a.o. 2009). The Future Internet constitutes a key infrastructural requirement to fulfill the promise of the smart city concept. Future Internet-enabled services provide the foundation of applications targeting smart systems in health and care, energy efficiency, mobility and transport, business support and e-government. However in realizing the smart city concept there is a need to establish effective and inclusive innovation ecosystems for stimulating open and user driven innovation. Such innovation ecosystems will enable the effective, early and user driven exploration, experimentation and evaluation of Future Internet technologies and applications, as well as the co-creation of services enabled by them, in environments that offer open innovation opportunities and early end-user involvement. In this sense, smart Cities can be considered as very attractive playgrounds for all stakeholders engaged in Future Internet research and experimentation that would bring value in solving important societal issues. A challenge therefore is to bring together the worlds of Future Internet and of Living Labs. Future Internet Research and Experimentation (FIRE) projects are working on setting up federated and interconnected experimental facilities and to engage in experimentally driven research. Experimentally driven research on the Future Internet primarily aims at investigating and validating innovative networking architectures and service paradigms.

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The FIRE community estimates of high importance to assess the impact of technological changes to the Internet in socioeconomic terms, and for that purpose it is necessary to involve user communities on a large scale at an early stage of development. Whereas FIRE stakeholders have been mainly targeting experimentation services to the R&D community, they have observed a need to enhance end-user support and end-user involvement, which is considered as a relatively new and untested concept. They are investigating in how far they can benefit from the methodologies of mature living labs, for example as developed and applied within the European Network of Living Labs (www.openlivinglabs.eu). In a Living Lab, relevant actors are integrated in a flexible service and technology innovation ecosystem. Bringing the user at an early stage into the innovation process allows all actors, including businesses and industry, to better discover new scenarios and emerging behaviours and user patterns and to assess the socioeconomic implications of next technological solutions. In turn, Living labs may benefit from the available technical facilities provided by FIRE experimentally driven research projects. In the end and to evaluate and better characterize the content of the current document it could be interesting discussing on “to who it can be addressed”. From this perspective is plain that all the three communities have clearly interests in sharing commons assets and participating in the establishment of these assets advertisement process (so called catalogue later in this document). This document is primarily addressed then to such community members and their relative stakeholders participating and benefiting in this asset sharing processes as per the advantages and mechanisms deeply described in the following chapter. 1.3 OVERVIEW OF THIS DOCUMENT

This document is divided in four different sessions plus this introduction chapter. The firs part (chapter 2) describes the scenario of the arrangements for access, sharing and reuse of common assets. It includes in fact the point of view of the three different communities and their related stakeholders’ interests in sharing and accessing all these common elements. The second part (chapter 3) describes all the common elements these communities can share together and how these common elements are organized and made public through specific instruments (i.e. catalogue). Chapter 4 present the subsequent methods and mechanism of accessing such catalogue of elements and the benefits of this kind of organization for all the community members interested in sharing assets. Finally some examples derived from real case applying the methods and mechanisms described (to share and make these commons available) are provided in the last chapter (chapter 5).

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2

AND

COLLABORATION SCENARIO AMONG FUTURE INTERNET, LIVING LABS SMART CONNECTED CITIES COMMUNITIES FOR ACCESSING, SHARING AND REUSING COMMON ASSETS
2.1 EXPECTED SERVICES
OF THE

COMMUNITIES

SCOPE

OF

THE

COLLABORATION

This paragraph describes the collaboration framework around the three Communities of Living Labs, Future Internet and Smart Cities, whose envisaged way and common cooperation have already been underlined in Community Report (and the initiatives and events described) and in the Vision of Future Internet Emerging Landscape. Living Labs are connected through ENoLL: the European Network of Living Labs as international federation of benchmarked Living Labs in Europe and worldwide. The network of Living Lab can be classified per thematic domains or Domain Networks: Living Labs that dialog on specific sectors such as Wellbeing, Health, Inclusion, Energy & Environment, Media & Creativity etc. Future Internet is based on the collaboration between projects that have recognized the need to strengthen European activities on the Future Internet to maintain European competitiveness in the global marketplace, and is concretized through the organization of dedicated assemblies and symposiums initiatives. Finally on November 2010 the launch of “Connected Smart Cities Network” (namely Amsterdam, Manchester, Lisbon, Barcelona and Helsinki) has registered one of the first connections among Smart Cities to closely work with the EUROCITIES network and the European Network of Living Labs. The Collaboration among these Communities stems from the opportunity to put together specific and dedicated Assets, each community (and each member of the communities) detains and then promotes this mix-up to give a result much wider than the single sum of its components. Methods and procedures for these Assets advertisement and share are explained in the following two chapters of this document. From the point of view of the three communities of Living Lab, Smart Cities and Future Internet the scope of the collaboration is then to make available these assets and let them identifiable and searchable (in a broad way) mainly for project experimentation purposes. This objective will allow these assets to increase their potential utilization rate and also to create synergies and share practices. To go deeply in the scenario evaluation we can distinguish and make specific examples of the three community members and describe the objective that move the process of participating in these sharing mechanisms and the potential advantages deriving from such participation. A test bed can be interested in having its technology structure advertised and utilized: it will make the specific asset available in order to find other organizations or projects interested in taking advantage of it. The access mechanisms and conditions necessary to request the specific assets are case to case specific and depending on the testbed related organization; these mechanisms and conditions, together with the type of asset’s ownership, are external to this ground level as explained also later in chapter 3. The specific organization related testbed will have in our example its benefit in advertising and sharing its asset/s.

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A city could be interested in proposing experimentations (pilot testing projects) to exploit and test its infrastructure or services (i.e. public wifi network, sensors but also public transport network etc). His benefit will be related to the increased chance to launch suck kind of experimentation projects. The city will have then its convenience of advertising its infrastructure and services by proposing them as Assets following the processes and mechanisms reported in the following chapters of this document. Finally in the Living Lab case with its related user base (potentially considered as an asset similar to the infrastructure) and the potential interest in launching experimentations aimed at testing and validating new services make this specific case twice as interested in the common asset sharing and participation process. 2.2 CONTEXT OF THE COLLABORATION (INSTITUTIONAL, EU BASED: FI-PPP, PCP, CIP, FIRE-ICT…)
PROGRAM

In this global context some initiatives have already been performed and promoted to foster and increase the utilization of the three Communities facilities (Assets). One example of FIRE is open calls (Future Internet Research & Experimentation). These Open Calls are designed to stimulate the use of the facilities through new innovative experiments. By doing this, the proposals are targeted at encouraging the usage of the facilities and the involvement of a significant number of additional users. As a result the expansion and enhancement of the development of interested infrastructure is expected in accordance with the needs of the users’ community.

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3

CHARACTERIZATION OF THE COMMON ASSETS FROM A BUSINESS LEGAL PERSPECTIVE

In general the assets/resources available in the communities can be seen as divided into social capital, human capital and financial capital. The different types of capital can also be further characterized in terms of tangible and intangible capital. Examples of soft intangible resources are the network of key actors involved in generating and maintaining values in the FIREBALL networks, i.e. the social capital (TEFIS contribution). Another example is MyFIRE1, which develops an understanding of the role of testbeds and standardised processes for Future Internet research. Standards are regarded as intangible assets. 3.1 TANGIBLE AND INTANGIBLE ASSETS

As introduced in the previous chapter the identification of these assets can be addressed in parallel with the processes adopted to make them available to the other interested communities. This paragraph explains then the origin and the identification of these assets together with the principles of their sharing processes. Example of assets can be an IT infrastructures (available from testbeds); users (from Living Labs), Environment and environmental networks (typically available in cities), Methodologies (again related to Living Labs); Policies (intended as the regulation drawn by Cities to control the access to the infrastructures). These assets can in addition be divided in tangible and intangible. The former type of asset is characterized by physical resources while the second type is characterized by non physical resources or rights that have a value for the related organization and some kind of advantage in the marketplace. Each one of the three communities (ENoLL, Future Internet and Smart Cities) includes a large number of organizations or cities or testbeds, more or less independent, that have these assets available on their own and utilize these assets for projects or experimentations or other objectives in a way not necessarily interrelated. As anticipated also in the introduction of this document, the methodology applied can be represented with the catalogue metaphor as per the below schema.

TestBeds

Assets
LivingLabs Smartcities
Catalogue

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Each Living Lab or City or testbed can contribute with its different assets to be included in a single virtual recipient. These assets, suitably organized and described in their technical and procedural characteristics can be listed in a catalogue or a public list available for anyone interested in operating them. The advantage of this approach is the flexibility and the freedom of contribution that leaves the different constituencies to cooperate and share these assets without virtually losing their independency. The characteristics of this approach are: Each organization can contribute to share assets whose advertisement will be proposed in this virtual catalogue; All the shared assets will be included in the catalogue together with the information and the processes to access them; Each organization can decide which asset/s share and how by simply advertise it on a public register; Each organization maintains its independency and the contributed (shared) asset access mechanisms and conditions (as well as any ownership right) are not affected by this process of virtual collaboration.

The Asset information elaborated and included with the process and the methodology described in such catalogue (whose concrete explication will be provided later in chapter 4 of this document) can be assimilated to Services. In such context we can consider a Service as a combination of the Assets with its access conditions and methods. Hereafter in this document we will refer with the term Service of Services both as synonymous of Asset and as Asset contextualized in the Catalogue. The catalogue approach is related to the principal reason and convenience in advertising and sharing these assets: for example a project of experimentation or a pilot. A City, for example, that is interested in launching an experimentation to test its specific infrastructure (i.e. wifi public network) can request users and specific testbed facilities to launch and conduct this experimentation project. A testbed that has the objective of make its infrastructure available and operated can, again with this described sharing process based on open catalogue, be requested from a pilot project to participate and have its testbed active role in the experimentation. Finally a Living Lab can either share its user resources for anyone interested in involving them in specific experimentations or launch itself a pilot testing project by finding and requesting the specific missing resources accessing the public catalogue (with the same process illustrated for a City or a testbed). The flexibility of the described approach can be extended and made more adherent to the reality with the inclusion of a Moderator or Facilitator role. An organization interested in launching a specific project can address directly this actor that will interface all the retrieving and asset requesting processes suitable for the specific experimentation (including also any contractual aspect).

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The logic described can be illustrated as per the below schemas:

TestBeds

Required assets LivingLab

Experimentation Project

Catalogue

Smartcity

Required assets TestBeds

Experimentation Project

LivingLab

Catalogue

Smartcity

Facilitator

3.2

LOCAL AND CROSS BOARDER COLLABORATION

The sharing process and the consequent collaboration among the organizations related to the interested Assets in the experimentation can in addition be based on a local or cross border cooperation. For a cross border cooperation the Methodology developed in the APOLLON project can be adopted to address this further aspect where majour emphasis is required for managing supporting partners and networks and strategies & concepts for cooperation can assume an important role.

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3.3

MANAGEMENT PRINCIPLES AND PROCESSES

The common assets, as described in the previous paragraph and potentially interested in the sharing process (to be made available to the member of the communities) are of a different nature ranging from know-how, to software, to user communities, to tangible assets and require different business and legal arrangements and access mechanisms. The following table provides a simplified typology of Common Assets and their characterization scheme.
Access  Conditions Access  Mechanisms

Asset types Technology  infrastructures Software applications user communities Innovation methodologies

Ownership

IPR

The table can be interpreted also as a template to circulate among the Communities to collect the relevant and necessary information for the Assets to be included in the catalogue (and base for the consequent sharing processes). The example provided in the chapter 5, with the information on the assets collected on real testbed and Living Lab (namely Oullabs, Oulu Urban Living Labs, Images & Réseaux Testbed and TEFIS Testbed for Future Internet Services) are based on an elaborated version of the previous template, as included in the below table.
Protection Mechanisms Access Conditions Ownership Copyrigh Trademar Licens PP Resource Type Patent Free Preferential Market EU R&D results Private Public t k e P Methods, Guidelines SW and Technologies Business Models Network Infrastructure Lab Facilities Collaboration Platforms User Communities Professional Communities Public Data Policies Access Mechanism

The elements reported in the simplified typology of Common Assets and their characterization table are: Ownership, IPR, Access Conditions and Access Mechanisms (divided for macro areas); the following paragraphs report the explanation of these characterizations.

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Ownership The legal entity owning the asset can make it available to the Communities. Ownership can be joint as often is the case in research and development projects. In this case special access conditions are normally granted to the project participants for the use of projects results. In research and innovation projects, this term means licences and user rights to foreground results or background Information and intellectual property. IPR Intellectual Property Rights Legal rights, regardless of whether they are based on registration, that aim to protect creations and inventions resulting from intellectual activity in the industrial, scientific, literary or artistic fields. It includes Copyright, Trade Marks, Patents, Know-how… Know-how A package of non-patented practical information resulting from experience and testing that is secret (not generally known or easily accessible), substantial (significant and useful for the production of the contract products), and identified (described in a sufficiently comprehensive manner so as to make it possible to verify that it fulfils the criteria of secrecy and substantiality). Patent Intellectual property rights that protect inventions that are new, have an inventive step and are capable of industrial application. It grants the holder the exclusive right, for a limited period of time (generally 20 years), to stop others from making, using or selling the patented invention without authorisation Trade mark Intellectual property right on a commercial sign that serves in business to distinguish the goods and/or services of one undertaking from those of other undertakings Access Conditions Access conditions can be Free, Preferential or at Market value. Licence Permission granted by the owner of an intellectual property right (the licensor) to a party (the licensee) to do something restricted by that right, often within a defined time, context, market line, and/or territory. Non-exclusive licences enable the licensor to grant further licences, whereas with an exclusive licence the licensee enjoys the user rights to the exclusion of any other party, thus limiting the licensor's rights to grant the licence to other parties. Access Mechanisms The actual access to the assets is granted trough a contractual arrangement (typically for accessing tangible assets) or open licence mechanisms such as Creative Commons (typically for methodologies) or General Public Licences (typical of Open Software). For example in the case of the TEFIS federated testbed, access to TEFIS portal general services is granted trough a Public Licence while access to specific testbed facilities is different from each provider and depend on the business model definition of the individual testbed providers, their value propositions as well as payment models.

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A Knowledge transfer Process is typically performed for exchanging know-how. This processes for capturing, collecting and sharing explicit and tacit knowledge, including skills and competence includes both commercial and non-commercial activities such as Future Internet experimentation-research collaborations, consultancy, licensing, spin-off creation, researcher mobility, publication, etc. 3.3.1 Assets and services over Business Domain a representation model The common assets interested by the sharing process and collected with the methods and circulating the template described in the previous paragraph can be represented also with a “Technology – Business Domain” matrix approach as per the following schema:
Main Emerging Technologies Business Domains

Multimedia Domain

Energy / Domain

Efficiency

iHealth Domain

Domain …

4G LTE network DVB – T2 IMS Core Network …

Living Lab XY …

… Test Bed XY

ON the left column all the Emerging available technologies are listed, as per a quick and easy description index. These assets information, crossed at Business Domain level, identify the relevant organizations (Living Lab, testbeds) that are able to share such kind of technologies. This representation allow each member interested in the domain to connect to the Organization itself accessing its full list of services (and assets) according to the examples provided in chapter 4.

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4

METHODS AND MECHANISM OF COMMON ASSETS:

PARTNERSHIP AGREEMENTS FOR EXPLOITATION OF COMMON ASSETS
4.1 LEGAL FRAMEWORK FOR COLLABORATION

In the previous chapter we have described the approach and the interpretation for the sharing of common assets among the three communities of Living Lab, Smart Cities and Future Internet. We have described the catalogue approach as interpretation of the processes necessary to make these assets available, known and public accessible. This chapter introduce instead the Legal framework and how the access to this catalogue can be translated into reality with specific partnership agreements. 4.2 FIREBALL ALLIANCE COLLABORATIVE NETWORKED ORGANIZATION

The Future Internet, Living Labs and Smart Cities Communities have created a large amount of Common Assets, which they wish to make available to all communities. The proposed collaborative framework and governance structure is based on the well-established organizational forms of Collaborative Networked Organizations (CNO), as described in the book by Springer 2008: Methods and Tools for CNO. In particular we propose to establish an Open Association of Legal Entities (Virtual Organization Breeding Environment,VBE – FIREBALL Alliance) which intend to favour the launch of future Internet Experimentations projects (VO – Virtual Organizations) in real life environments (i.e. pilots). Each member would provide the description and access mechanisms for its owned assets. The legal nature of the Association will be an “Unincorporated Association”. The Sustainability of the Association is based on membership fees and by contributions of voluntary work by the members. The main body of the association is a Steering Committee, composed by one member from each of the founding members, in charge of keeping the information on available Common Assets up-to-date. The Steering Committee also facilitates the creation of the specific Experimentation Projects (VOs) for the projects to be launched, governed by a separate agreement. Below is a proposed scheme for the Legal Framework and IPR management of the proposed Association. 4.2.1 Legal Framework for the governance of the Common Assets • Intellectual Property – Any patent, registered design, copyright, design right, database right, topography right, trade mark, service mark, application to register any of the aforementioned rights, trade secret, right in unpatented know-how, right of confidence and any other intellectual or industrial property right of any nature whatsoever in any part of the world; General • – The following provisions relate to know-how and intellectual property rights for the Consortium.

Know-How and Intellectual Property Rights –

Definitions

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This Agreement envisages two main categories of know-how and intellectual property rights: – “Independent IPR” means: (1) any know-how or Intellectual Property owned or held by a “Association of Legal Entities” Member prior to signing this Agreement; and (2) any know-how or Intellectual Property generated or acquired by a “Association of Legal Entities” Member after signing this Agreement but in a manner independent of any work undertaken within any Experimentation Project. “Experimentation projects IPR” means any know-how or Intellectual Property generated or acquired by an Experimentation project Participant as part of any Experimentation project.

Ownership • Ownership of Independent IPR remains the property of the “Association of Legal Entities” Member(s) in question. This is so even if the Independent IPR is later used as part of a Experimentation project activity. Ownership of Experimentation project IPR remains the property of the Experimentation project Participant(s) that generated or acquired it. In cases where the Experimentation project IPR has been a joint effort among two or more Experimentation project Participants those Participants should endeavour to agree on the ownership of the IPR either in the Experimentation project Agreement or elsewhere in ad hoc agreements. The “Association of Legal Entities” Members acknowledge that, if no agreement is reached on joint Experimentation Project IPR, the ownership of the joint Experimentation Project IPR will be determined by applicable national law. Any sharing or licensing of Independent IPR or Experimentation Project IPR among the “Association of Legal Entities” Members and Experimentation Project Participants shall be a matter of negotiation. This Agreement is not intended and should not be interpreted to create any IPR licenses or assignments between or among the Association Members or Project Participants. Therefore, the Association Members are encouraged to provide for appropriate license or assignment provisions in the Project agreement(s) or elsewhere in ad hoc agreements. “Association of Legal Entities” Members are responsible for ensuring the protection or maintenance of their own Independent IPR and Project IPR. This includes bearing the costs for any and all applications, registrations and renewals, and any related legal fees and expenses.

Sharing •

Protection and Maintenance •

4.3

INITIAL WIKI-STYLE PORTAL CONCEPT

In this paragraph a concrete description on how the catalogue (with the list of Services for the Asset sharing process) is provided and exemplified.

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The characteristics of this catalogues, as analyzed in chapter 3, are reinforced by the flexibility and the freedom of contribution that leave the different constituencies the cooperation and sharing activities virtually free of any bind and duty. To this extent a wiki was selected as suitable tool to host the catalogue information; the Ami-Communities portal (based on MediaWiki 1.9.3) was adopted to conduct the initial experimentation within the FIREBALL project. A wiki is a website where the creation and editing of any number of interlinked web pages via a web browser is allowed for all the visiting users with a simplified markup language or a WYSIWYG text editor and is used for creating collaborative works. Some permit control over different functions (level of access) and the tracking of the article modifications allow the content of the pages to be created on a collaborative model and based over supervision performed by the community itself. All the FIREBALL alliances and virtual association members are then responsible for the description and the update of the information provided in these pages thus assuring the quality and the effectiveness of this tool as closest as possible with the real panorama of these assets. In such context the role of the moderator supports the below described functions by: Maintaining the wiki tool and the database with its accesses; Providing standard guidelines and content style on how the information have to be included and organized in the catalogue; Give support to association members for the employment of the wiki tool and the content submission and revision process.

In addition it keeps the original role of giving guidelines and information to anyone interested in specific Services and in accessing the catalogue tool and the relative Services. The catalogue page for the FIREBALL initial experimentation will be hosted on the project portal page in Ami-Communities at: http://www.ami-communities.eu/wiki/Fireball4smartcities

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5

AND

PRACTICAL EXAMPLES OF COMMON ASSETS CROSS BORDER SHARING SERVICES OFFERED

This chapter report some contributions from Living Labs and two testbeds with the information on the assets, their conditions and access mechanisms, collected by circulating the template described in chapter 3.3.

5.1

OULLABS, OULU URBAN LIVING LABS

The Centre for Internet Excellence (CIE) and its founder organizations; the technical Research Center of Finland (VTT), the University of Oulu, the Oulu University of Applied Sciences, Technopolis, Nokia and City of Oulu have established OULLabs to help customers to expedite growth of their business by helping them to utilize the infrastructures and networks for co-creation of usercentric appliances, services and solutions. OULLabs acts as host organization for local service providers and test environments. OULLabs offers services to all R&D development phases. OULLabs acts as a service provider or finds a suitable service provider from its wide network to fulfill customer needs. OULLabs services are an inventory of resources associated Future Internet, Living Labs and City of Oulu. The inventory focuses on the relations and synergies between these resources and how resources can be combined and used for cities’ and urban development and innovation. Assets are listed in couple of thematic groups; ICT, eHealth, Learning & interaction, Smart City, Research and Enablers ICT; Convergence Laboratory, MultiMedia Studio, panOULU wlan network, UBidisplays, Type Approval services, Octopus Network etc. eHealth; HYTKE (Usability lab), Oulu Wellness Institute, Technology Health Care Center Learning & interaction; Future School of Finland concept = several learning environments (schools), Future Virtual Learning environment (3D environment), LearnLab Recearch and Smart City; Ubiqutious OULU, a vide range of ubiqutious computing and communication set ups from panOULU wlan network and sensor network to UBI programs Enablers; City of Oulu, BusinessOulu, Center for Internet Excellence, OULLabs, NorthRULL, OWELA, MediaTeam Oulu, Bioforum Oulu

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Protection Mechanisms Resource Type Methods, Guidelines Copyright Trademark Patent License Free The method is currently free but restricted to partners.

Access Conditions Preferential Market EU R&D result There is no consortium IP on this part. Test User Community SW tool (patiolla.fi) has been developed in Future Service society project. Owned by city of Oulu. The Business Model, The Business Plan, the Marketing Plan are not public For OULLabs members

Ownership Private The method is currently private, even if not confidential A Teagle Group owns the source code. Public PPP

Access Mechanisms

SW Technologies

and

Business Models

OULLabs business model is Private.

Service Offer is public.

Network Infrastructure

For OULLabs partners mentioned above.

For others access is available for market price conditions

Some of the infrastructure has been developed with EU funded project

Lab Facilities

For OULLabs partners mentioned above.

For OULLabs members

For others access is available for market price conditions

Majority of the infrastructure is owned by City of Oulu or educational institutes Owned by company or educational institute

Collaboration Platforms User Communities www.patioll a.fi is owned by OULLabs . For OULLabs partners mentioned above. For OULLabs partners mentioned above. Yes For OULLabs members For others access is available for market price conditions For others access is available for market price conditions PATIO is owned by OULLabs

Professional Communities

For OULLabs members

.

Public Data Policies

Yes

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5.1.1 Oulu UbanLiving Labs - Productized services of OULLabs OULLabs offer is based on the integration of testbed and living lab assets for the Future Internet products and services development cycle. All services are available via OULLabs “One stop shop” service

Type of service enabler

Service offered Project management service Project management service Project initiation and coordination

Service description Planning, organizing and running customers testand pilot -projects Data collection, analysis and reporting To help companies to submit and participate national and international projects Recruiting of test users for customer projects Customer can get own project into PATIO virtual test environment Recruiting of test users and organizing user studies Recruiting of test users and organizing user polls Moderation service for virtual tests and discussions in PATIO Customer (3rd party) can get access to PATIO tool to moderate virtual tests and discussions To help companies, research and educational institutions and communities who need help with practical testing of product development Test equipment and facility rents

Access mechanism Contract

Pricing Hourly based Hourly based Hourly based

Facility OULLabs, www.oullabs.f i OULLabs OULLabs

enabler enabler

Contract Contract

enabler

Test user recruitment

Contract

Based on amount of users Fixed price per project

OULLabs

enabler

Virtual Tests in PATIO (www.patiolla.fi)

License/ Contract

Test User community tool, PATIO (patiolla.fi) patiolla.fi

enabler

User studies

Contract

Based on amount of users Based on amount of users Hourly based Fixed price per license

enabler

User polls

Contract

patiolla.fi

enabler

Moderation of virtual tests Access to moderate virtual tests

Contract

patiolla.fi

enabler

License

patiolla.fi

ICT

Product testing services

Contract

Hourly based

OULLabs or customers facility

ICT

Product testing services

License/ Contract

Based on service provider pricing Hourly based Hourly based

OULLabs or service provider OULLabs OULLabs

ICT ICT

Product testing services Product testing services
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Contract Contract

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project ICT Product testing services The test project implementation assistance on a project basis + Guidance for test equipment usage Usability and user experience consultancy services for customers in their development challenges from idea to field testing Usability and user experience training arrangements by request OULLabs offers organizing services for thematic seminars OULLabs offers a channel to get access to real test environments, test labs and facilities Analysis and reports out of gathered test data Contract Hourly based OULLabs or service provider

ICT, eHealth, education

Usability and user experience consultancy as an expert service

Contract

Hourly based

OULLabs or customers facility

ICT, eHealth, education enabler

Usability & user experience trainings

Contract

Based on training

OULLabs or customers facility TBD

Seminar services

Contract

Based on Seminar Fixed price per environment Hourly based expert service Based on environment and size of the visitor group

enabler

Access to test environments

Contract or License

Innovation environments and test beds OULLabs

enabler

Analysis & reports of test data

Contract

enabler

Visits to innovation environments

OULLabs arranges guided visits to the innovation environments, test labs, future school environments and innovation & technology showroom

Scheduled visits

Innovation environments and test beds

Examples and Description of some of the numerious services provided PanOULU WLAN offers an efficient short range data transfer which enables a functioning interaction with the Ubiquitous Oulu. Available network can be used for several purposes for upload or download services or other data. Gathered data which can be made available could be sorted different ways. VTT's Converging Networks Laboratory aims to create an environment where research and companies can meet to innovate, prototype and test products in a future convergent network infrastructure. It can help you to prepare products for the network convergence and ALL-IP. Specialities include development with new technologies such as IMS, testing services in a clean and fully configurable lab 3G/HSDPA, Wi-FI and WiMAX networks.

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Research and Development Center of Wellness technology (HYTKE). The equipment, facilities and software of the center can be used for different stages of development or research, such as rapid prototyping, usability evaluation, measurement and evaluation of the reliability of the developed equipment. The center's hardware and software implementations allows experiments either in the laboratory or in a real life environment. Instruments are also suitable for analysis of other types of human-machine interaction and different observational studies. Technology Health Care Center Oulu offers product testing and analyzing services to companies and research institutes. This service is called TT Kaakkuri, product testing service. Testing is conducted by healthcare professionals in real healthcare environment with real patients. In product testing service professional health care personnel and product test specialist creates an individual test packages tailored for customers' needs. UBI-Hotspot (display) is a large public display, which combines features of information content and commercial use in a unique way. A hotspot alternates between a passive broadcast mode and an interactive mode. In the broadcast mode the entire 57 inch display is allocated for digital signage advertisement broadcast, the UBI-channel. In the interactive mode the display is divided between the UBI-channel and touch screen service portal, the UBIportal. The transition in between passive and interactive modes is triggered by either touching the display of by face detection from the video feed of the two overhead cameras. Commercial use in UBI-hotspots is available via both services, UBI-channel and UBI-portal. Type of service ICT Service offered ICT test services Service description The panOULU offers an open and free Internet connection within its coverage area. PanOULU WLAN network has ca 1300 WLAN access points in Oulu and eight nearby towns. They offer an efficient short range data transfer which enables a functioning interaction with the Ubiquitous Oulu. UBI-hotspot is a large public display, which combines features of information content and commercial use in a unique way. A hotspot alternates between a passive broadcast mode and an interactive mode. Advertisement broadcast via the UBI-channel or touch screen service portal via the UBI-portal Access mechanism Contract Pricing Based on test run and analysis of gathered data Facility City of Oulu, MediaTeam University of Oulu, WLANnetwork, www.ubioulu.fi

ICT

ICT test services

Contract

Based on which service is used

MediaTeam at University of Oulu, UBi-Displays, www.ubioulu.fi

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are available for 3rd parties.

ICT

ICT test services

ICT

Research and consulting services

ICT

Expert services

ICT

Product Testing Services

VTT’s Converging Networks Laboratory (CNL) collects new radio interfaces, novel services and research prototypes in one place, in a laboratory-scale converged environment. Specialities include development with new technologies such as IMS, testing services in a clean and fully configurable lab 3G/HSDPA, Wi-FI and WiMAX networks expertise includes convergence of networks and services, including All-IP, mobility techniques such as Mobile IP, HIP, mobile multimedia, network performance assessment, measurement of end-toend network QoS, etc. Grant4Com testing services covers wide range of needs in electronics R&D. We provide regular product testing, precertification or comprehensive compliance testing. Grant4Com offers consultation for entire product families depending on each case. We offer Testing activities, Regulatory approvals world-wide, Certification services

Contract

Hourly based, depends on service or consulting

VTT, Converging Networks Laboratory (CNL), http://www.cnl.fi/

Contract

Hourly based, depends on service or consulting

VTT, Converging Networks Laboratory (CNL)

Contract

Hourly based, depends on service or consulting

VTT, Converging Networks Laboratory (CNL)

Contract

hourly based, depends on service

Grant4Com, www.grant4com.fi

ICT

Consulting Services

Contract

hourly based, depends on service

Grant4Com, www.grant4com.fi

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ICT

Approval & Certification Services Product testing and analyzing services to companies and research institutes

Regulatory approvals worldwide and additional certificates Technology Healthcare Center Oulu provides product testing services enabling improvements to product’s functionality. Testing is conducted by healthcare professionals in real healthcare environment with real patients Wellness technology R&D center (HYTKE) offers its services to wellness companies. HYTKE provides the newest technology devices and software for the R&D and testing purposes.

Contract

hourly based, depends on service hourly based, depends on service

Grant4Com, www.grant4com.fi

eHealth

Contract

City of Oulu, Technology Health Care Center Kaakkuri, www.ouka.fi/ttkaakkur i

eHealth

Usability test services for eHealth and Well beeing

Contract

hourly based, depends on service

Oulu University of Applied Sciences, HYTKE, www.oamk.fi/hankkee t/hytke

5.2

IMAGES & RÉSEAUX TESTBED AND LIVING LAB MODEL

The table hereunder is filled for ImaginLab which is both a testbed and living lab. ImaginLab is technically and « commercially » operated by Images & Réseaux cluster, which is the only legal entity in charge of ImaginLab. According to the French law, Images & Réseaux has non-profit association status, like many French clusters that have been founded in 2005 (they are more than 70 official clusters in France, at the cross-connection of a region and a business domain). What’s a French cluster? It’s an association gathering academics, large companies and SMEs in order to promote collaborative projects. It is a mandatory gate to get public funding for collaborative R&D (a project has to be selected by a cluster before being subsidized by government and/or region). Imaginlab has established partnership with: Telecom Bretagne, academic, has lead the public Request For Quotation in order to equip the testbed platform; M@rsouin (a GIS status, GIS meaning in French “Groupement d’Intérêt Scientifique”), which a group of research lab. M@rsouin brings the user panel management know-how in ImaginLab. It is considered as a subcontractor of Images & Réseaux in the proposal carried on by Images & Réseaux; Lannion Tregor Agglomération: Smart City, partner of ImaginLab (provides the optical fiber network, involved in user database building in Lannion); Brest Métropole Océane: Smart City, partner of ImaginLab (provides optical fiber network and buildings for LTE antennas, involved in user database building in Brest).

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Protection Mechanisms Resource Type Methods, Guidelines Copyright No (*) Trademark No (*) Patent No (*) License No (*)

Access Conditions Free Preferential The method is No (*) currently free but restricted to partners. Market No (*) EU R&D result ImaginLab methodology was inspired by Images&Réseaux contribution in EU FP7 project. Images&Réseaux contributes UDI (User Driven Innovation) deliverables with methods to be applied versus the phase of the R&D process. There is no consortium IP on this part. N.A. (**)

Ownership Private Public The method is currently No private, even if not confidential PPP No

Access Mechanisms

SW & Technologies Business Models

N.A. (**) No

N.A. (**) No

N.A. (**) No

N.A. (**) No

N.A. (**) No

N.A. (**) Provided to partners when required (see PanLab project). The Business Model, the Business Plan, the Marketing Plan. Business Model relies on market surveys that are not public and are not provided to any partner.

Network Infrastructure

N.A.

N.A.

N.A.

N.A.

For ImaginLab For I&R cluster members partners mentioned above.

Lab Facilities

N.A.

N.A.

N.A.

N.A.

For ImaginLab For I&R cluster members partners mentioned above.

Collab. Platforms User Communities

N.A. N.A.

N.A. N.A.

N.A. N.A.

N.A. N.A.

N.A. (***) N.A. (***) For ImaginLab For I&R cluster members partners mentioned above.

Professional Communities

N.A.

N.A.

N.A.

N.A.

For ImaginLab For I&R cluster members partners mentioned above.

Public Data Policies

No

No

No

No

Yes (by definition)

No

Not in the scope Not in the scope of Not in the Not in the scope Not in the scope of Not in the scope of I&R of I&R (****) I&R (****) scope of I&R of I&R (****) I&R (****) (****) (****)

N.A. (**) No ImaginLab Business Model Detailed prices are Service Offer is No was provided to PanLab private. More than that, public. project under confidentiality ImaginLab is an onagreement demand answer to a customer request. So, even if the building blocks are public, ImaginLab has to provide a customized technical and commercial proposal. For others. ImaginLab is N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. an open platform so its access is available for any entity (private or public, national or international) at market price conditions For others. ImaginLab is N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. an open platform so its access is available for any entity (private or public, national or international) at market price conditions N.A. (***) N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. For others. ImaginLab is No Access the user panel is No No an open platform so its only granted thru access is available for M@rsouin. This is a legal any entity (private or issue (CNIL in France– public, national or Commission National international) at market Informatique et Liberté) price conditions as M@rsouin is charge to guarantee data privacy fulfillment. For others. ImaginLab is No Access the user panel No No an open platform so its (including professional) is access is available for only granted thru any entity (private or M@rsouin. public, national or international) at market price conditions No No No Yes (by No definition) Not in the scope of I&R Not in the scope of I&R Not in the scope of I&R Not in the scope Not in (****) (****) (****) of I&R (****) the scope of I&R (****)

N.A. (**)

N.A. (**)

N.A. (**)

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N.A.: Not Applicable I&R: Images & Réseaux (*) Images & Réseau would have liked to implement this. Not refused by M@rsouin but not done. Has been done by other living labs. The name “ImaginLab” is registered a trademark in France and Images & Réseaux belongs imaginlab.fr, imaginlab.eu and imaginlab.org domains. (**) ImaginLab is not an R&D entity, meaning it is not developing software or other technologies. It is providing technical building blocks (testbed) and user panels (living lab) in order to perform experimentations. The Intellectual Properties, the potential royalties or licensing issues about project outputs are handled inside the project consortium between project partners. As a testbed and living lab, ImaginLab has no view on the IPR agreement. As a cluster, Images & Réseaux has no view on the content of the IPR agreement but Images & Réseaux urges the consortium to have an established IPR agreement from Day 1. IPR agreement MUST be established at mid-term review. The policy has been derived from the lessons learned at the cluster creation (2005) and first projects post-assessment. (***) The definition of collaboration platform is unclear for I&R. In France, platform is closely linked with testbed. At European level, a platform like NEM initiative is something like a think-tank. With testbed meaning, ImaginLab as a whole can be considered as collaboration platform: it was build by various partners (mentioned above), with public funding (co-financed by government and Bretagne region). The target of ImaginLab is to share common resources between different public/private entities thru a service offer, which is operated by the cluster. Even if it is not mandatory, it is highly recommended to use ImaginLab for the collaborative projects, which are selected by I&R. With thinktank meaning, I&R in itself is a collaboration platform (gathering different type of entities, with more than 200 members. Membership and associated fees are public information (available on I&R web site). (****) Global policies are not in the scope of Images & Réseaux cluster. Global policies are written by politics at various levels (national, regional, local). For example, about public data openness, Rennes Métropole is a leader in France (before Paris). But it is not obvious that this policy can be applied to other. 5.2.1 ImaginLab – Living Lab/TestBed Services ImaginLab offer relies on a accurate User Driven Innovation methodology, where the end-user is implied as soon as possible in the Future Internet products and services development cycle. Imaginlab is a telco grade Next Generation Network which is dedicated to experimentation. All the technologies involved in imaginlab are the pillars of Future Internet for telecommunication operators, broadcasters, content providers and application developers . The access networks which are located in different cities in Brittany (Brest, Lannion and Rennes) are interconnected through a very high bandwidth backbone with an IMS (IP Multi-media Subsystem) core network.

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Full list of ImaginLab Services and Assets can be identified by the following table.

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Future Internet, Multimedia Technology and aplication development Service schema Service Access to testbed environment Asset • Antennas • Terminals • 3d TV set Access to network (testbed technology Infrastructure) / • FTT • 4G LTE • Sensor Network • DVB – T2 • IMS Core Network User Engagement • Group Constitution • Experimentation protocol • Feedback User Experimentation (Analysis / study) Access to environment collaborative • Methods (focus groups, brainstorming, mockups) • Meeting room • Facility • Collaborative suite (sw) Experiment setup / support Access to Media Content • Manpower • Media content • Videos On demand On demand On Demand / consulting Rental • User Groups • User Community On Demand Rental Access Condition Rental

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5.3

TEFIS – TESTBED FOR FUTURE INTERNET SERVICES

TEFIS (TEstbed for Future Internet Services) is a large-scale integrating project addressing the FP7 work programme objective ICT-2009.1.6: Experimental Facilities. ITEFIS will support Future Internet of Services Research by offering a single access point to different testing and experimental facilities for communities of software and business developers to test, experiment, and collaboratively elaborate knowledge. The TEFIS Integrated Project supports research on various future large-scale and resource-hungry Internet service technologies. It offers an open platform to access heterogeneous and complementary experimental facilities, including living lab facility, and testing tools to be used by service developers supporting the service development life-cycle. TEFIS explores a scenario where experimenters start a service development cycle in a living lab, developing a service concept with end-users. Thereafter TEFIS includes service development and testing starts, using experimental facilities to test technologies. Finally the business model and business concept can be co-developed with interested stakeholders including end-users. TEFIS supports Future Internet of Services research by offering a single access point to different testing and experimental facilities for communities of software and business developers to test, experiment, and collaboratively elaborate knowledge. The project develops an open platform to access heterogeneous and complementary experimental facilities addressing the full development lifecycle of innovative services with the appropriate tools and testing methodologies. Through the TEFIS platform users will be supported throughout the whole experiment lifecycle by access to different testing tools covering most of the software development-cycle activities such as software build and packaging, compliance tests, system integration, SLA dimensioning, large-scale deployment, and user evaluation of run-time services. The platform provides the necessary services that will allow the management of underlying testbeds resources. In particular, it handles generic resource management, resource access scheduling, software deployment, matching and identification of resources that can be activated, and measurement services for a variety of testbeds. TEFIS is selected as example of bringing together Future Internet / IoT and living labs resources for the purpose of smart city innovations or other desired outcomes of the project because of the following: an experimental platform for Smart Cities development empowered by Future Internet technologies an open framework that will allow efficient combination of various experimental facilities to support the heterogeneity aspects of Future internet experiments including the end-user involvement a platform to share expertise and best practices for higher “smartness” by shared intelligence and experiences

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Two main types of assets are available via TEFIS for future Smart Cities experimentations: the TEFIS platform and the TEFIS testbed facilities provided by testbed partners of TEFIS. The TEFIS platform is organized into four main functional blocks: TEFIS Portal, TEFIS Middleware, TEFIS testbed connectors and TEFIS User tools.
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The TEFIS portal offers a user interface to assist experimenters in the definition of the experiments, their submission and execution, their and completion of an experiment. The portal will allow testbeds to be searched for, the definition of test plans, and the sharing of experimental data with other experimenters in the community. The Core services (TEFIS Middleware), used by the portal, provides the internal services to support the execution of experimentations. The TEFIS system relies on the concept of connector to manage the interaction with the different testbeds. The User tools will be external tools, which could not be free, that the TEFIS platform can embed in a future next step. The TEFIS Testbed facilities provided by the Testbed partners of TEFIS include the following: Planetlab. Service offers include the evaluation of network protocols and large-scale distributed systems. Assets are a powerful infrastructure consisting of 1018 nodes for testing and evaluation of network protocols and distributed systems on a large scale. PACA Grid: Service offers include computational resources for applications such as simulations, financial computations, image processing, etc. Assets: a computing infrastructure for large-scale computations and a number of tools to automatically deploy and execute distributed applications and to monitor the progress of the computation and retrieve the results. ETICS: Service offers include testing quality, reliability and interoperability of distributed complex systems. Assets: a build and test job execution system based on the Metronome software and an integrated set of web services and software engineering tools to design, maintain and control build and test scenarios. SQS IMS: Service offers include conformance validation and interoperability testing of applications over IMS (IP Multimedia Subsystem). Assets: The emulated IMS platform with IMS Core services, Presence and Group management, Push-to-talk, IMS Messaging, Instant messaging and Instant Multimedia Messaging, GSMA video/image share and enhanced VoIP and IMS Core Network emulator. Wizards and templates included in the tools are used for testing purposes. Botnia Living Lab: Service offers: Products and services experimentally developed in real-life contexts with real users. Assets: Research expertise in end-user evaluation and testing, the FormIt methodology for end-user involvement, a databes of 6000 creative end-users in Sweden and access to end-users around the world via 3rd parties. KyaTera: Service offers: network performance evaluation to evaluate the quality of the network, transmitting multimedia data to a specific Quality of service level. Assets: A high speed network of over 266 km of optical cables with 8 to 144 fibres and a network measurement tool to measure network status as bandwith, jitter, delay, ping between two nodes, packet loss etc.

-

-

-

-

-

For sharing outside the TEFIS CA of the above mentioned assets each Testbed facility provider has its own regulation. For the TEFIS platform it is being developed under the conditions of the Open License Terms. The following project case illustrates how in TEFIS resources are combined and shared.

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This specific Future Internet experiment is combining experimental resources from two different testbeds; the SQS IMS testbed in Spain and the Botnia Living Lab in Sweden. The experiment is focused on a mobile application over IMS, and is divided into three different phases of the service development life-cycle: Concept development Prototype development Business model definition

This experiment addresses the three main issues facing mobile applications today. First, this experiment will explore end-user feedback to check if the application is suitable for them. In the second step, they will use testbed facilities as a validation tool, and in the third step, to find out the correct business model for long-term sustainability. The experimenter has an idea of developing an application for content sharing over IMS. The first step of the experiment is to get further insights from potential end-users via Botnia Living Lab before starting the development and to be able to prioritize their development efforts, they will then continue through to the second phase where the experimenter has a first prototype available of the application and is performing system acceptance testing (including functional and non-functional) via the IMS testbed and usefulness and usabilty evaluation with end-users via resources from Botnia Living Lab. In the third phase before roll-out the experimenter will involve their potential business partner to work on the business model definition and to elaborate on the business partnership. In this third phase both end-users feedback and network usage is monitored and analysed. The phase involves resources from both Botnia Living Lab and from the IMS testbed.

Fig. 1: Picture 1: Overview experimental procedure The TEFIS platform is offering the following to support Future Internet experiments: Designing Planning Management of experimental workflow
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Configuration assistance Experimental data management Reporting Knowledge sharing with other exeprimenters

And Access to different testbed facilities and service offers independent of geographical location.

5.4

SMARTSANTANDER: A CITY-WIDE EXPERIMENTAL FACILITY

The SmartSantander research facility will be sufficiently large, open and flexible to enable horizontal and vertical federation with other experimental facilities and to stimulate the development of new applications by different types of users, including experimental advanced research on IoT technologies, and realistic impact assessment based on users’ acceptability tests. The facility will comprise more than 20,000 sensors and will be based on a real life IoT deployment in a urban setting. The core of the facility will be located in the city of Santander and its surroundings, on the north coast of Spain. SmartSantander embraces the idea of enabling the Future Internet of Things to become a reality applying a living labs approach. Although the main target of SmartSantander is research oriented to create a large-scale testbed allowing open experimentation with key enabling IoT device technologies, it is obvious that such a kind of realistic setting grants the potential of involving real end-users in the experimentation process. There is a long list of potential applications identified by SmartSantander, in close cooperation with the City Council and the Regional Government of Cantabria, as suitable to be supported by the infrastructure being deployed. Most of them offer a big environmental and social potential: parking spaces and traffic control, environmental management and monitoring (pollution, CO2, noise, etc.), public installations management (heating, A/C, lighting, etc.), public transportation, parks and gardens control (irrigation, etc), social assistance (elderly, disabled, etc.), etc. Due to time and budget limitations, during the execution of the project just some concret services will be deployed in order to validate the asset deployed. Other interesting services are expected to come up later on as a result of parallel initiatives linked to the project at the regional level, as the project is commited to ensure the availability of the infrastructure beyond the end of the project. The asset will be operated and maintained by the consortium during the execution of the project. After that period, several solutions are being considered. Among the choices that are being currently envisaged, and will be further analizyed, are the creation of a new legal entity for its exploitation, and/or the tranfer of both maintainance obligations and ownership to a third party. In both cases, the use of the asset would have to be bound to legal and financial conditions. The benefits of the infrastructure addressed by the SmartSantander project are two-fold: Deployed facility will enable a wide range of experimentations, supporting different technology aspects and catering for different user groups (researchers, service providers, and end users). Furthermore, through FIRESTATION CA, the project is collaborating with other FIRE projects to allow the federation with their respective experimental facilities

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SmartSantander aims at optimizing the societal benefits of investing to build up such a city-scale infrastructure, so its been designed to support real life services, useful to the citizen, at the same time it copes with its primary target of providing an ambitious experimentation platform for the research community. E.g. first cycle deployment will consist of a big number of parking sensors able to provide support for experimentation of multi-hop techniques on different topologies, and will also provide the City Council means to control the proper use of the parking slots reserved to disabled people.

Asset type Network infrastructure

Specification of the asset Heterogeneous Wireless Sensor Network, with specific experimentation capabilities allowing remote configuration of the different types of nodes (sensors, repeaters, and gateways). At the same time, it will provide real services for the municipality of the city. Basic applications for node configuration and management in order to be able to validate the operation of the system. Initial approach of first set of service oriented applications related to the management of the parking spaces. Currently not available. They will be addressed during the execution of the project, once the infrastructure is available, to involve third parties and end-users in the creation of services based on the sensors’ data. Will be described as outcomes of the project, including the processes followed up to select most relevant use cases, best practices, etc. Information of the outmost importance to describe the models being considered within the project, with emphasis on those more suitable to guarantee the sustainability of the infrastructure. Implementation and deployment constraints will be documented in order to make this practical and useful information to other initiatives. A number of different information categories will be opened up to the public, to enable the use of applications, and the development of new ones. After the execution of the project, it is expected to be able to have the capability to initiate and develop Future Internet and Living Labs projects to support smart city objectives on top of the asset.

Shareable asset? It will be available under specific conditions: experiments to be carried out on top of it should pass a ‘sanity test’ to ensure they do not compromise the infrastructure itself. Deep technological knowledge would be required.

Software applications

Access to basic applications would be granted for experimentation purposes in case it is required. Applications for specific services being competence of the municipality not within the scope.

Innovation environments user communities

Will be available in the future, based on a Living Labs approach. The access will be limited to non-sensitive information to guarantee personal data protection, and prevent misuse of the information provided. They will be available in due time in the project web-site: www.smartsantander.eu The report analyzing potential exploitation models will be also publicly available.

Innovation and testing methodologies Sustainability and exploitation plan

Other assets (policy, funding, partnerships etc) Public data information /

Public documentation will be also released and published through the project web-site. Open APIs for accessing data will be made available at three different levels: research and developers’ community, Service Providers (ISPs), and end-user. Not apply. In this case, it is not the asset which is being provided, but the capability.

Capability to develop and run pilots

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Apart form this, SmartSantander is aware of its potential to reduce time to market for new services, by shortening required R&D cycles, providing a fast end-user feedback for the assessment on socio-economic impact to the European researchers and service developers, and helping to make technology benefits more visible to the EU citizens. This will be facilitated by the deployment of novel IoT solutions and application pilots on a realistic target environment involving real end-users. Besides, and early exposure to the first applications and services of IoT technologies can encourage its adoption and lower the boundaries of social acceptance by the public, which often acts as an inhibitor of technological advance. By the time this paper was prepared, the first deployment phase was being carried out by the SmartSantander project. By June 2011, most part of the first 2,000 sensors corresponding to the first phase of the project will have been deployed across the city. Using this preliminary approach to the final testbed, the project will issue the first Open Call to select experiments to be funded in order to run experimental research on top of it. At the same time, end-user perception with regard to the first services will be analyzed by means of surveys among the citizenship, and some services related to specific urban mobility usecases will be further improved under a Customer Driven Innovation approach (CDI). These methodologies are also common to most Living Labs experiences. In the future stages of the project, and once the assets become progressively and publicly available, it is expected to involve wider communities in the usage of the infrastructure.

5.5

ELLIOT: AN EXPERIENTAL LIVING LAB FOR THE INTERNET OF THINGS

The ELLIOT project aims to develop an IoT experiential platform where users/citizens are directly involved in co-creating, exploring, experimenting and evaluating new ideas, concepts and technological artefacts related to IOT applications and services. It is intended to allow studying the potential impact of IoT and the Future Internet in the context of the Open User Centred Innovation paradigm and of the Living Lab approach within three different use cases. In this paper the focus is on the green services use case that constitute a building block of environment monitoring in the Smart City. The green services use case has its origin in the ICT Usage Lab, which is located in the South East of France and is run in the urban community of Nice Cote d’Azur (NCA). The green services use case is supported by local authorities and involves the local stakeholders such as the local institution (ATMOPACA) for the measurement of air quality. Citizens do not seem to feel so much concerned about air quality despite the availability of advanced models (ATMOPACA) which can produce reliable indicators as well as portals providing access to such measures. The main use of such data seems to be limited to population alert (elderly people, children and people with cardio-respiratory problems). The working hypothesis is that a citizen may better engage in the use (if not even in the creation) of green services (services using environmental data, in this case air quality and/or noise level) when being given the opportunity to learn and use IoT set-ups that will allow a better appropriation of the environmental data. The Green Services @ ICT-UL (ICT Usage Lab) is supported by INRIA (Sophia Antipolis), FING and VU Log (France). The objectives of this use case are: To define within an open participative innovation process "green services" for citizens and city administrators in charge of air quality and noise disturbance. These green services will be based on the collection and processing of collected pollution data and will allow users to tailor their own information space about local pollution;
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To study the feasibility of a distributed mobile network of pollution sensors to collect environmental data; To study the impacts on citizens’ behaviour and recommendations related to environment monitoring (e.g. pollution level).

Green Services are based on both fixed and mobile sensors (green watches and electrical vehicles) and supported by a green services portal. Types of mobile sensors used are the Green Watch (watch-embedded environmental sensors and noise sensors to collect environmental data), and the Sensor Vehicle (electric vehicles equipped with proper sensors to collect environmental data). Users involved in this Green Services testbed are citizen (citizen from a given neighbourhood, citizens with cardio-respiratory problems or sportsmen) and other environment monitoring stakeholders (such as local policy makers, environmental specialists, urban architects, etc.). In Fig. 3, ELLIOT common assets are described (Green Services use case).

Asset types Technologies and infrastructures

Specification of assets Distributed mobile network of pollution sensors to collect environmental data. The Green Watch: watch-embedded environmental sensors and noise sensors to collect environmental data; The Sensor Vehicle: electric vehicles equipped with proper sensors to collect environmental data.

Shareable assets It is intended to open the access to collected environmental data to citizens and other stakeholders that they could co-create their own services.

Software applications

Environmental data website such as AtmoPaca website for air quality in the PACA region. Green services website for supporting citizens driven services such as mobility services and wellbeing services.

Both websites are intended to be publicly accessible.

Innovation environments user communities Innovation and testing methodologies

The ICT Usage Lab constitutes the innovation environment operating as a multidisciplinary research and innovation platform. The ERIC local structure provides the user communities. Participative Requirements techniques and serious gaming will be used for supporting the creativity and requirements workshops. Ethnography studies and usage mining techniques will be used as well.

5.6

OTHER CONTRIBUTIONS

In this paragraph we report additional contributions from Living Labs and testbeds for FIREBALL commons asset catalogue. Service type Living Lab Ownership Future Care Lab at Humtec IPR Access Conditions Assets - Wallscreen, and feel interface touch user

- The sensing floor (Future Care Floor)
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- Examples of science services for an empirical study Living Lab Homokháti Rural Livinglab - Online living lab project management tool for tracking tasks and users - Conducting and managing clinical trials for telemedicine solutions Living Lab ICT Usage Lab - infrastructure for 3D experiments - a platform of mobile devices for simulated environment (Ubiquarium) - a fully instru-mented apartment (Gerhome lab) to design and develop smart building services such as AAL digital services supporting ageing at home Living Lab VuLog - Technologies and infrastructures (Fixed and mobile network of pollution sensors to collect environmental data) - Software applications (Environmental data website such as ATMOPACA for air quality in the PACA region, Green services web portal) - Innovation environments user communities (ICT Usage Lab, ERIC Internet Regional Spaces for Citizen-) - Innovation testing methodologies and

- policy, funding, partnerships - public
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information

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CONCLUSIONS

This document reports mechanisms and principles for task D1.3 “Arrangement of Access, sharing and re-use of Common Assets” in FIREBALL. Mechanisms and processes on how to make these common assets accessible among different communities are firstly identified (as per objective of the project task) and then described starting from the framework in which Living Lab, Future Internet and Smart Cities are collaborating and their scope (i.e. ENoLL, Future Internet projects and Smart City network). The document reported then how the process of building such common synergy stems from the opportunity to put together specific and dedicated Assets, each community (and each member of the communities) detains, and then promotes this mix-up to give a result much wider than the single sum of its components. The characterization of common assets by a legal perspective passed trough the definition of: services as combination of assets and their access conditions (including market conditions) and mechanisms; a catalogue approach (related to the best convenient way of advertising the assets/services and sharing them in a project/pilot experimentation way) way of collecting the assets (with specific schemas and a wiki style approach)

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A legal framework (describing how the access to this catalogue can be translated into reality with an Association of Legal Entities - Virtual Organization Breeding Environment,VBE – FIREBALL Alliance) was consequently identified to address also IPR management and partnership agreements. Finally, as validation of the approach described and the mechanisms identified for Common Assets sharing and re-use, “practical examples of common assets cross border sharing and services offered” were collected (and included in this document) both from project major partners, from relevant projects (i.e. TEFIS, SmartSantander) but also other contributions external to FIREBALL project.

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GLOSSARY (IPR HELPDESK)
Access rights In research and innovation projects, this term means licences and user rights to foreground or background. Background Information and intellectual property rights (granted or applied) held by the participants prior to their accession to the grant agreement and which are needed to carry out the project or to use foreground. Fair and reasonable conditions Appropriate conditions according to FP7 rules, including possible financial terms that take into account the specific circumstances of the request for access, for example, the actual or potential value of the foreground or background to which access is requested and/or the scope, duration or other characteristics of the use envisaged. Foreground All the results, whether or not they can be protected, that are generated under a project. Such results include information and related intellectual property rights (see also background). Intellectual Property Rights Legal rights, regardless of whether they are based on registration, that aim to protect creations and inventions resulting from intellectual activity in the industrial, scientific, literary or artistic fields. Know-how A package of non-patented practical information resulting from experience and testing that is secret (not generally known or easily accessible), substantial (significant and useful for the production of the contract products), and identified (described in a sufficiently comprehensive manner so as to make it possible to verify that it fulfils the criteria of secrecy and substantiality). [Definition under article 1(i) of Commission Regulation (EC) No 772/2004 of 27 April 2004 on the application of Article 81(3) of the Treaty to categories of technology transfer agreements]. Knowledge transfer Processes aimed at capturing, collecting and sharing explicit and tacit knowledge, including skills and competence. It includes both commercial and non-commercial activities such as research collaborations, consultancy, licensing, spin-off creation, researcher mobility, publication, etc. [Communication from the Commission, Improving knowledge transfer between research institutions and industry across Europe: embracing open innovation. Implementing the Lisbon agenda, April 2007]. License Permission granted by the owner of an intellectual property right (the licensor) to a party (the licensee) to do something restricted by that right, often within a defined time, context, market line, and/or territory. Non-exclusive licences enable the licensor to grant further licences, whereas with an exclusive licence the licensee enjoys the user rights to the exclusion of any other party, thus limiting the licensor's rights to grant the licence to other parties. Patent

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Intellectual property right that protects inventions that are new, have an inventive step and are capable of industrial application. It grants the holder the exclusive right, for a limited period of time (generally 20 years), to stop others from making, using or selling the patented invention without authorization. Trade mark Intellectual property right on a commercial signs that serves in business to distinguish the goods and/or services of one undertaking from those of other undertakings. Use The direct or indirect utilisation of FP6 and FP7 project results in research activities other than those covered by the project or to develop, create and market a product or process, or to create and provide a service.

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REFERENCES
[1] [2] [3] [4] FIREBALL DOW_(257291)_2010-04-26; FIREBAL D2.1 - ”Vision document on the Future Internet Emerging landscape for Smart cities”; FIREBAL D2.2 – ”Community Workshop Report” http://www.ami-communities.eu/wiki/Fireball4smartcities FIREBALL Project page Ami-Communities

1

http://www.my-fire.eu/documents/11433/cc16f322-dac9-45a8-8704-fd21fa468244

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