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Atlas of Hee acewentiecaulialancuy Tena ebean eres leyal “ W.S.MacKenzie and C. Guilford Contents Preface iv Insroduction Brcfingence chart vi Olivine Monticellile 3 Chonrodite 4 Ziwon 6 Sphene 7 Garnet 8 Vewwvanite (Moerase) 9 Silimanite 10 Multite 12 Andatusice 13, Andalusite & Sillimanite intergrowth 15 Kyanite 16 Topaz 17 Staurolite 18 Chlorivoid 19 Sapphirine 20 Eudialyte 2 Doisite 22 Epidowe 28 Piemontite 24 Allanite(Orthite) Laweonite 26 Pumpellyite 27 Malte 28 Cordierite 30 ourmaline 32 xine 3 Orthapyroxere 35 Avge 36 Tiunaveite 37 Glinopyroxens & Orthopyroxene imererowth 38 Aegirineaugite 39 Jadeite 40 Wollastonite 41 Pectolite 42 Anthophyllite- Gedrite 43, Cummingtonite Grunerite 44 Tremolite Ferroaetinolite 45 Horblende 46 Kaersutite 48 jucophane 49 Arfvedsonite 50 ‘Acnigmatite 51 Astrophyllite 52 Lamprophyllite 53 Muscovite $4 Biotile $5 Stilpnomelane $7 Pyrophyllite 58 Tale 59 Chlorite 60) Serpentine 62 Prohnite 63 Microcline 64 Perthite & Mieroperthite 65 Sanidine 66 Anorthockae 6? Phigigelave 68 Quarty 70. Myrmekite 72 Granophyrictexture 73, Tridymite 74 Cristobatite 75 Nephieline 76 Sanidine & Nepheline 78 Leucite 79 Nosean 80 Canerinite $1 Scupolite 82 Analcite 83 Corundum $4, Rutile 85 Perovskite 86 Spinel 87 Brucite 88 Calcite 89 Dolomite 90 Apatite 92 Fluorite 93 Deerite 94 Howieite 95 Zussmanite — % Yoderite 97 Index 98 Preface The purpose of this book isto illustrate the appearance of many of the coinmon tock-Fortinig minerals in (hie acetion under the microscope It is bot our intention that it should be used as a substitute tor a mineralogy jextbook but rather as a laboratory handbook for use in practival classes together with one of the standard textbooks on ‘mineralogy. "The idea of producing a series of photographs of minerals in thin section came from two sources, The son of one of the authors IR. MacKenzie, then in his second year as a student of geology Suggested thit these would be a useful aid in recognizing minerals under the microscope. On questioning undergraduates in second-year Geology classes in Manchester University. why they preferred cert. teatbooks to others, the answer was invariably that they found those books which contained iNustrations accompanying the text parti- ularly useful, especially when they could recognize under the microscope features which could be seen in the photographs. ‘Some of the lextbooks which, in our opinion, contain the best photomicrographs or drawings of minerals are rather old und are not readily available to the student of today. Rosenbusch’s Mikroskop- ‘sche Petrographie der Mineratien und Gesteine. published in 1905, has Some excellent photomicrographs printed in black and white, while Teall’s Brith Petrography, published in 1888, has beautiful drawings which appear to have heen hand-coloured before reproduction by printing. HG, Smith's "Minerals and the Microscope”. firs! printed in 1914, bas been found useful by generations. of students of elementary mineralogy because of the high quality of the illustrations, It scemed to us that if we could reproduce faithfully, by colour photography, the appearance of minerals under the microscope both in plane-polarized light and under crossed polars, the usefulness of photomicrographs asa teaching aid would be increased enormously. The majority of the photographs were made from thin sections of cocks in the teaching collections of the Geology Department im Manchester University and we are grateful to many of our collex ues in Manchester for providing us with thin sections, We are particularly indebted to Professor. Zussman lor his enthusiasm and encourage iment to us lo undertake this work and {9 Dr.$.0, Agrell of the Department of Mineralogy and Petrology of Cambridge University who very kindly found, from the Harker Collection in Cambridge, number of additional thin sections. Dr, Ageell and Professor W. A. Deer very generously agreed 1o look at most of the photographs we hhad made and helped us to decide whether they were suitable or could be improved, The authors alone are responsible tor any deficiencies which are sill present in the photographs. Weare also grateful to Dr. J Wadsworth of the Manchester Department for making a number of ‘useful suggestions for improving the descriptions of the photo icrogeaphs but again we alone are responsible for any errors which ‘appear here. Finally we are much indebted to Miss Patricia Crook who typed the text, not once but innumerable times, until we fo what we considered to be a compromise between too detailed and brief descriptions of the photographs ‘We should like to thank the staffor the publishers, particularly Bobbi Gouge, for their consideralion ard helpfulness in preparation of this work