Terms of Reference Statistical Analyst for Household Surveys in support of equity refocus for child ren 1.

Overview The purpose of this call for CVs is to select a consultant for 11 months (starti ng November 1, 2011) to carry out analyses of child-related surveys such as DHS and MICS to assist UNICEF in i) better identifying the most deprived and most vu lnerable children and ii) better measuring inequity through the lens of a child who faces overlapping multi-dimensional deprivations. 2. Background Reaching the most deprived and most vulnerable children has always been UNICEF’s c entral mission. A focus on equity for children is not only a moral imperative—the Convention on the Rights of the Child is founded on the principles of universali ty, non-discrimination and accountability—but also a necessary condition for ensur ing a country’s long-term growth prospect, which hinges on the wellbeing of childr en today. The equity focus is motivated by evidence of a growing inequity in a wide range of countries. Despite positive economic growth and progress in child-related MDG s, recent analyses (UNICEF 2011) find that a wide gap exists in that deprivation s of children’s rights are disproportionately concentrated among the poorest and m ost marginalized populations within countries. To assist the operationalization of the equity refocus agenda, UNICEF Policy and Practice, in close collaboration with UNICEF’s Office of Research, aims to provid e tools and techniques that facilitate the identification of the most deprived a nd most vulnerable children. Specifically, this consultancy aims to contribute t o the equity agenda by presenting ways to i) identify the most deprived and most vulnerable children from a multi-dimensional perspective; and ii) to measure in equity beyond using wealth quintiles. Presently these children tend to be identified one deprivation at a time (i.e. i n health, nutrition, education etc.). However, from UNICEF’s Global Study on Child Poverty and Deprivations we know that the children who simultaneously experienc e multi-deprivations may be concentrated in places and situations that are diffe rent from those children who experience single dimensional deprivations. This ha s programmatic implications for two reasons. First, to the extent that there are common barriers and bottlenecks behind multiple deprivations, interventions may be designed to address them simultaneously, improving cost effectiveness. Secon d, because there are feedback loops among the different deprivations, integrated intervention is needed to ensure effectiveness. In addition, presently inequity is measured at UNICEF one deprivation at a time and in relation to wealth quintiles. This makes it difficult to summarize and tr ack inequity from the lens of a child who often faces multiple deprivations. For example, what can we tell about the inequity situation when the gap for childre n who only experience one deprivation has narrowed based on some wealth correlat es, but the gap for children who simultaneously experience at least four depriva tions has widened? Moreover, while wealth maybe a good marker in some cases for the situation of inequity in a country, it masks the other potentially more rele vant markers for alienating the inequity situation in many other cases. 3. Expected output Under the guidance of the Chief of Social Policy and Economic Analyses, PAKM, DP P at UNICEF New York, the consultant is expected to analyse the DHS surveys and MICS surveys for selected countries for which data is available from 2005 and fo rward. In doing so, the consultant will carry out routine data processing and ma nagement, statistical analysis through programs such as STATA, producing output tables and results, and drafting of technical papers on the findings.

Deliverables • Compilation, processing, and management of DHS and MICS survey data, by end Janu ary 2012 • Analysis of data for identification of the most deprivation children for at leas t 10 countries, by end May 2012 • Draft of technical papers, by end June 2012 • Analysis of data for multi-dimensional measurement of inequity for at least 5 co untries, by end August 2012 • Draft of technical papers, by end September, 2012 4. Competency and skills required ─ Minimum of master degree or graduate student working towards a Ph.D. in economic s, statistics, or other relevant social science ─ Substantial experience in managing and analysing large-scale household survey da ta ─ Proven ability to work under tight deadlines and drive for results ─ Strong drafting and communication skills ─ Solid training in econometric theories and applications ─ Knowledge in child poverty measurements and indicators is preferred ─ Demonstrated competency in applying statistical programs such as STATA ─ Fluency in English Interested persons are invited to submit their CV and a cover letter summarizing relevant experience to jchai@unicef.org and sengilbertsdottir@unicef.org NO lat er than September 28 2011. Please indicate daily rate of remuneration in the sub mission.

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