Jan Lok Pal Bill (Anti Corruption Bill

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Jan Lokpal Bill version 2.1 An act to create effective anti-corruption and grievance redressal systems at centre so that effective deterrent is created against corruption and to provide effective protection to whistleblowers. 1. Short title and commencement:- (1) This Act may be called the Jan Lokpal Act, 2010. (2) It shall come into force on the one hundred and twentieth day of its enactment. 2. Definitions:- In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires,(1) “Action” means any action taken by a public servant in the discharge of his functions as such public servant and includes decision, recommendation or finding or in any other manner and includes willful failure or omission to act and all other expressions relating to such action shall be construed accordingly; (2) “Allegation” in relation to a public servant includes any affirmation that such public servant(a) has indulged in misconduct, if he is a government servant; (b) has indulged in corruption Is this essay helpful? Join OPPapers to read more and access more than 470,000 just like it! get better grades (3) “complaint” includes any grievance or allegation or a request by whistleblower for protection and appropriate action. (4) “corruption” includes anything made punishable under Chapter IX of the Indian Penal Code or under the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988; Provided that if any person obtains any benefit from the government by violating any laws or rules, that person along with the public servants who directly or indirectly helped that person obtain those benefits, shall be deemed to have indulged in corruption. (5) “Government” or “Central Government” means Government of India. (6) “Government Servant” means any person who is or was any time appointed to a civil service or post in connection with the affairs of the Central Government or High Courts or Supreme Court either on deputation or permanent or temporary or on contractual employment but would not include the judges. (7) “grievance” means a claim by a person that he sustained injustice or undue hardship in... T

Lokpal bills were introduced in 1971. 42 years after its first introduction. 2001. Following this. which has played an effective role in checking corruption and wrong-doing in Scandinavian and other nations. 1998. 1985. other ministers. History: The basic idea of the Lok Pal is borrowed from the office of ombudsman. and was passed there in 1969. Details: The Lokpal Bill provides for filing complaints of corruption against the prime minister. 1977. 1989. mounting corruption in public administration set the winds blowing in favour of an Ombudsman in India too. the Lokpal Bill was for the first time presented during the fourth Lok Sabha in 1968. 1996. The Administrative Reforms Commission (ARC) set up in 1966 recommended the constitution of a two-tier machinery . and Lokayukta(s) in the states. the Lokpal bill is still pending in India. Subsequently. 2005 and in 2008.417 Words Overview: The first Jan Lokpal Bill was introduced by Shanti Bhushan and passed in the 4th Lok Sabha in 1969 but could not get through in the Rajya Sabha.of a Lokpal at the Centre. The Administrative Reforms Commission (ARC) while recommending the constitution of Lokpal was convinced that such an institution was justified not only for removing the sense of injustice from the minds of adversely affected citizens but also necessary to instill public confidence in the efficiency of the administrative machinery. In early 1960s.Essay on Lokpal Bill | Paragraph on Lokpal Bill Total. yet they were never passed. and MPs with the ombudsman. .

1977. or a departmental standing committee of the Home Ministry **and before the government could take a final stand on the issue. The bill was revived in 1971.However. Lawyers. a company director is deemed to be corrupt if he sells his private property to the company at an inflated price. More narrowly corruption refers to the abandonment of expected standards of behaviour by those in authority for the sake of unsanctioned personal advantage. corruption means the perversion or abandonment of a standard. Each time. 1985. In the business sphere. corruption has always been there in some form. Several flaws have been cited in the recent draft of the Lokpal Bill. it was referred to some committee for improvements ** a joint committee of parliament. if the case is not proved to be legally true Corruption as we all know has been ingrained in our Indian psyche since time immemorial. at the expense of the shareholders whose interest he is supposed to safeguard. or even a short span of jail time. 1989. * To judge whether a case is legal or whether a fake complaint has been made. Introduction In its most general sense. the Lok Sabha was dissolved. * To potentially impose fines on a fake complaint. 1998. and most recently in 2008. Duties: * To judge the cases and make jurisdictions against corruption cases with the Lokpal. Meanwhile the activists of India Against Corruption (IAC) have prepared a draft for the bill called Jan Lokpal Bill. And it’s only the ministers who are always corrupt in some form or the other 1546 words essay on corruption in India Sangeeta Agarwal Corruption Articles 1. Whether its simple things like paying the auto guy an extra Rs 50 just because it’s night or complex ones like paying capitation fees running in lacs to educate our children. 1996. after the bill was introduced to the house. Hence it is common to speak of language or of moral corruption. architects and other professionals are similarly guilty of corruption if they take advantage of their clients to make undue . the house was dissolved. while it was pending in the Rajya Sabha. 2001. Obviously many people wouldn’t call this corruption and say that it’s part and parcel of everyday life in India. 2005. and so the bill was not passed at that time.

(The 1971 Bill was similar to the one of 1968). The Lok Pal would have the same status as the Chief Justice of India and be appointed by the President on the Prime Minister's advice after consultation with the Chief Justice of India and the Leader of the Opposition. be non-political. Their appointment should. IV.personal gains. II. V. 1989 in the Lok Sabha on December 29. To give an overview at the onset. as far as possible. Their proceeding should not be subject to judicial interference and they should have the maximum latitude and power in obtaining information relevant to their duties. Procuracy of the Soviet Type. X. VII. The Ombudsman of Scandanavia. 1985 and 1989 varied greatly in their ambit and scope. III. They should not look forward to any benefit or pecuniary advantage from the executive Government. IX. Parliamentary Commissions of Inquiry. VIII. They should deal with matters in the discretionary field involving acts of injustice. The four Bills of 1971. Lok Pal Bill In June 1969 a UN seminar held in Stockholm on "Ways of Safeguarding the Rights of Individuals against the Abuse of Administrative Power" discussed five principal means of ensuring such protection: I. 1989 within days of assuming office. The National Front Government introduced the Lok Pal Bill. II. Their investigations and proceedings should be conducted in private and be informed in character. Their status should compare with the highest judicial functionaries in the country. corruption or favouritism. They should be demonstrably independent and impartial. 2. 1977. Judicial Remedies of the English Legal system. The following would be the main features of the institution of Lok Pal and Lok Ayukt: VI. It lapsed with the dissolution of the Lok Sabha in 1991. The entire edifice of the Lok Pal can be brought down by a mere ordinance. as the Press Council was in 1975 during the Emergency. The French Counsel d'Etat. XII. the 1971 and 1985 Bills excluded the Prime Minister from their purview while the 1977 and . XI.

former chief election commissioner J.[1] Drafted by Shanti Bhushan. retired Indian Police Service officer Kiran Bedi.. its jurisdiction Clause was the narrowest. Subsequent Lokpal bills were introduced in 1971. 2001. 1989.[6] Contents[hide] * 1 Background * 2 Key features of proposed bill * 3 Difference between Draft Lokpal Bill 2010 and Jan Lokpal Bill * 4 Protests * 5 Prominent supporters * 6 Government response * 7 Drafting Committee * 8 Criticisms of the Jan Lokpal Bill * 9 See also * 10 References * 11 External links | [edit] Background Renewed calls for a Jan Lokpal Bill arose over resentment of the major differences between the draft 2010 Lokpal Bill prepared by the government and the Jan Lokpal Bill. 1998. 2005 and 2008 but all failed to pass.[2][3] For 42 years. M. . the government-drafted bill has failed to pass through the Rajya Sabha. Justice N.[clarification needed] Prime Minister Manmohan Singh stated that the Lokpal Bill would be introduced in the 2011 monsoon session of parliament. 1. 1985. The bill is designed to create an effective anti-corruption and grievance redressal system that effectively deters corruption while providing effective protection to whistleblowers.1989 Bills did not. While the 1989 Bill contain improvements on earlier Bills.[4] The first Lokpal Bill was passed in the 4th Lok Sabha[clarification needed What is this?] in 1969 but stalled in the Rajya Sabha. 1977. an independent body similar to the Election Commission with the power to prosecute politicians and bureaucrats without prior government permission.[5] Following the four day Anna Hazare fasting struggle. 1996. Santosh Hegde. the upper house of the Parliament of India.. Lyngdoh in consultation with the leaders of the India Against Corruption movement and civil society. advocate Prashant Bhushan. Anarchy is better than corrupt governance Pass Jan Lokpal Bill or India will turn into Libya Jan Lokpal Bill (Hindi: जन लोकपाल िवधेयक) (Citizens' ombudsman Bill) is an Indian draft anti-corruption bill that would create the Jan Lokpal. the bill proposes the institution of the office of Lokpal (Ombudsman) at the center and local Lokayukta at the state level.

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