Asylum Statistics 2010-11 bi-annual publication was prepared by Systems, Program Evidence and Knowledge Section of the Department of Immigration and Citizenship (DIAC) in Australia. For enquiries about the contents of this bulletin please contact: Systems, Program Evidence and Knowledge Section Department of Immigration and Citizenship (DIAC) PO Box 25 Belconnen, ACT 2616 Australia Email: pv.analysis@immi.gov.au This publication and a wide variety of other statistical information on departmental activities is available on the department’s website at www.immi.gov.au © Commonwealth of Australia 2011 This work is copyright. Apart from any use permitted under the Copyright Act 1968, no part may be reproduced by any process without written permission from the Department of Immigration and Citizenship (DIAC).

Contents
Background........................................................................................................................................................................... 2 Section 1: Protection visa statistics ........................................................................................................................................ 3 Protection visa applications lodged ........................................................................................................................................ 4 Primary processing of applications ....................................................................................................................................... 12 Reviews by Refugee Review Tribunal ................................................................................................................................... 19 Final decisions ..................................................................................................................................................................... 22

Section 2: Refugee status determination statistics for Irregular Maritime Arrivals .................................................................. 29 Refugee status determination requests ................................................................................................................................ 30 Primary processing .............................................................................................................................................................. 32 Independent Merit Review outcomes .................................................................................................................................. 35 Final decisions ..................................................................................................................................................................... 37

Glossary .............................................................................................................................................................................. 39

Background
This publication provides statistical information about people who applied for Protection visas within Australia (onshore protection). Australia’s obligation under the Refugees Convention is to provide protection to people who are in Australia and who face persecution in their home country on account of their race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion. This includes not returning refugees or asylum seekers to places where their lives or liberties are in danger (non-refoulement). The onshore protection component of the Humanitarian Program enables people seeking asylum in Australia to have their claims for protection assessed in Australia. People in Australia who are found to be refugees and who satisfy health and character assessments are granted Protection visas. This publication is in two parts. The first part provides Protection visa statistics which do not include irregular maritime arrivals (IMAs) seeking asylum who have been refused or who are awaiting completion of refugee status determination. Figures are provided in aggregate and separated into non-IMA and IMA components. The second part provides refugee status determination statistics for IMAs. Statistics in this publication relate to the number of events of a given type occurring within a particular time period. These events do not necessarily relate to the same group of people. An individual may apply for a Protection visa or seek refugee status determination in one time period and receive an outcome at the primary, review or finally determined stage in another time period.

Protection visa figures relating to 2005–06 to 2009–10 are as officially revised at the end of 2009–10 (data extracted from departmental systems on 2 July 2010). Figures relating to 2010–11 are provisional (data extracted on 31 December 2010). All figures relating to refugee status determination for IMAs are provisional (data extracted on 8 April 2011).

2

Asylum statistics

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2.Applications lodged Figure 1: Number of applications1 lodged 9000 8000 7000 6000 Number 5000 4000 3000 2000 1000 0 2005–06 2006–07 2007–08 2009–09 2009–10 2010–11 (first six months) non-IMA IMA Total Program year2 Source: ICSE Table 1: Number of applications1 lodged Program Year2 2005–06 2006–07 2007–08 2008–09 2009–10 2010–11 (first six months) Source: ICSE Principal applicants non-IMA 2648 2902 3108 3911 4576 2287 IMA 87 17 16 212 2024 672 Total 2735 2919 3124 4123 6600 2959 non-IMA 542 821 880 1163 1402 752 Dependants IMA 14 6 5 16 148 90 Total 556 827 885 1179 1550 842 non-IMA 3190 3723 3988 5074 5978 3039 Total IMA 101 23 21 228 2172 762 Total 3291 3746 4009 5302 8150 3801 1. Number of applications refers to the number of persons (including family members) who made a valid application claiming protection within Australia. Program year refers to the period from 1 July to 30 June (following year). 4 Asylum statistics .

Program year refers to the period from 1 July to 30 June (following year). Asylum statistics 5 .Figure 2: Principal applicants and dependants breakdown in non-IMA caseload 7000 6000 5000 Number 4000 3000 2000 1000 0 Dependants Principal applicants 2005–06 2006–07 2007–08 2008–09 2009–10 Program year2 2010–11 (first six months) Source: ICSE Figure 3: Principal applicants and dependants breakdown in IMA caseload 2500 Dependants Principal applicants 2000 Number 1500 1000 500 0 2005–06 2006–07 2007–08 2008–09 2009–10 Program year2 Source: ICSE 2010–11 (first six moths) 2.

Program year refers to the period from 1 July to 30 June (following year). 6 Asylum statistics . 2.Figure 4: Number of applications1 lodged by countries of citizenship in the first six months of the 2010-11 program year2 600 non-IMA 500 400 Number 300 200 100 0 Fi ji Ira n M ala ys ia Ira q Le ba In non do ne sia Ne Zi m pal ba Sr bw e i La nk a Tu rk ey Vi Af etn gh am an is Pa B an tan pu g a Ne lade s w G h So uin ea ut h Ko re Bu a rm a ) n a RC ta In Pa a kis (P Eg yp di t IMA Ch in Citizenship Source: ICSE 1. Number of applications refers to the number of persons (including family members) who made a valid application claiming protection within Australia.

Table 2: Number of applications1 lodged (non-IMA) by top 20 countries of citizenship in the first six months of the 2010–11 program year2 Citizenship China (PRC) Pakistan India Egypt Fiji Iran Malaysia Iraq Lebanon Indonesia Nepal Zimbabwe Sri Lanka Turkey Vietnam Afghanistan Bangladesh Papua New Guinea South Korea Burma Other Total Source: ICSE 2005–06 959 133 301 57 34 45 170 107 40 208 52 31 209 32 27 11 68 14 79 34 579 3190 2006–07 1040 93 378 49 78 74 102 197 88 182 43 63 460 28 30 20 56 21 81 40 600 3723 2007–08 1249 180 196 53 44 115 219 186 84 219 35 140 397 39 45 20 82 32 90 71 492 3988 2008–09 1183 222 353 113 116 204 207 232 102 210 42 317 478 49 34 71 116 24 143 95 763 5074 2009–10 1288 342 301 206 559 376 254 221 157 175 93 371 327 76 43 114 87 41 71 78 798 5978 2010–11 (first six months) 576 237 227 204 179 176 124 122 106 95 94 80 72 66 65 48 47 37 34 30 420 3039 Table 3: Number of applications1 lodged (IMA) by top five countries of citizenship in the first six months of the 2010–11 program year2 Citizenship Afghanistan Sri Lanka Stateless Iraq Iran Other Total Source: ICSE 1. 2005–06 6 3 0 0 21 71 101 2006–07 12 2 0 4 3 2 23 2007–08 0 0 0 16 1 4 21 2008–09 184 15 5 13 5 6 228 2009–10 1447 325 175 141 72 12 2172 2010–11 (first six months) 380 162 89 72 34 25 762 Asylum statistics 7 . 2. Program year refers to the period from 1 July to 30 June (following year). Number of applications refers to the number of persons (including family members) who made a valid application claiming protection within Australia.

Figure 5: Number of applications1 lodged (non-IMA) by sex 4000 3500 3000 2500 Number 2000 1500 1000 500 0 2005–06 2006–07 2007–08 2008–09 2009–10 2010–11 (first six months) Female Male Program year2 Source: ICSE Table 4: Number of applications1 lodged (non-IMA) by sex Sex 2005–06 2006–07 2007–08 2008–09 2009–10 2010–11 (first six months) Number Including dependants Female Male Total Dependants Female Male Total Source: ICSE % 1082 2108 3190 1340 2383 3723 1517 2471 3988 1851 3223 5074 2285 3693 5978 1147 1892 3039 38% 62% 100% 358 184 542 518 303 821 515 365 880 668 495 1163 782 620 1402 432 320 752 57% 43% 100% 1. Number of applications refers to the number of persons (including family members) who made a valid application claiming protection within Australia. 2. Program year refers to the period from 1 July to 30 June (following year). 8 Asylum statistics .

Number of applications refers to the number of persons (including family members) who made a valid application claiming protection within Australia. 2. Program year refers to the period from 1 July to 30 June (following year).Figure 6: Number of applications1 lodged (IMA) by sex 2000 Female Male 1500 Number 1000 500 0 2005–06 2006–07 2007–08 2008–09 2009–10 Program year2 Source: ICSE 2010–11 (first six months) Table 5: Number of applications1 lodged (IMA) by sex Sex 2005–06 2006–07 2007–08 2008–09 2009–10 2010–11 (first six months) Number Including dependants Female Male Total Dependants Female Male Total Source: ICSE % 13 88 101 4 19 23 3 18 21 7 221 228 145 2027 2172 79 683 762 10% 90% 100% 7 7 14 3 3 6 2 3 5 5 11 16 82 66 148 48 42 90 53% 47% 100% 1. Asylum statistics 9 .

Figure 7: Number of applications1 lodged (non-IMA) by age group in the first six months of the 2010-11 program year2 60+ years 51–60 years Age group (years) 41–50 years 31–40 years 18–30 years 0–17 years 0 200 400 600 Number Source: ICSE 800 1000 1200 1400 Table 6: Number of applications1 lodged (non-IMA) by age group (age at lodgement) Age group (years) 0–17 years 18–30 years 31–40 years 41–50 years 51–60 years 60+ years Total Source: ICSE 2005–06 298 1018 1018 633 139 84 3190 2006–07 443 1133 1051 733 221 142 3723 2007–08 473 1213 1150 754 236 162 3988 2008–09 622 1900 1265 804 265 218 5074 2009–10 762 2505 1388 840 297 186 5978 2010–11 (first six months) 410 1332 655 400 144 98 3039 1. 10 Asylum statistics . 2. Number of applications refers to the number of persons (including family members) who made a valid application claiming protection within Australia. Program year refers to the period from 1 July to 30 June (following year).

Program year refers to the period from 1 July to 30 June (following year). 2.Figure 8: Number of applications1 lodged (non-IMA) by age group 3000 2500 2000 Number 1500 1000 500 0 0–17 years 18–30 years 31–40 years 41–50 years 51–60 years 60+ years 2005–06 2006–07 2007–08 2008–09 2009–10 Program year2 Source: ICSE 2010–11 (first six months) 1. Asylum statistics 11 . Number of applications refers to the number of persons (including family members) who made a valid application claiming protection within Australia.

12 Asylum statistics .9% 1598 2983 4581 34. 5.Primary processing3 of applications Figure 9: Number of primary decisions4 (non-IMA) 3500 3000 2500 Number 2000 1500 1000 500 0 2005–06 2006–07 2007–08 Grants Refusals Primary grant rate 40 35 Primary grant rate (%) 571 1963 2534 22. Program year refers to the period from 1 July to 30 June (following year).6% 896 2717 3613 24. Primary grant rates measure the rate of positive decisions (visa grants) at the initial processing stage in the Protection visa process as a proportion of total decisions made in a given period.0% 101 666 15 911 30 1325 209 1807 2148 3858 2. Primary processing begins at the time of lodgement of a valid application and ends with the primary decision.5% 771 1342 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 2008–09 2009–10 2010–11 (first six months) Program year2 Source: ICSE Table 7: Number of primary decisions4 and primary grant rates5 (non-IMA) and number of grants (IMA) Decision non-IMA Grants Refusals Total primary non-IMA decisions Primary grant rate5 IMA Grants Total grants Source: ICSE 2005–06 2006–07 2007–08 2008–09 2009–10 2010–11 (first six months) 565 2829 3394 16. Primary decision refers to the decision made at the end of initial processing by the department. 3.8% 1295 2413 3708 34.9% 1710 3042 4752 36. 4.

Program year refers to the period from 1 July to 30 June (following year). Pa pu a Ne Ba Af ng Et i hi 13 .Figure 10: Number of primary grants 4500 4000 3500 3000 Number 2500 2000 1500 1000 500 0 2005–06 2006–07 2007–08 2008–09 2009–10 2010–11 (first six months) IMA Grants non-IMA Grants All grants Program year2 Source: ICSE Figure 11: Number of primary grants by top 20 countries of citizenship in the first six months of the 2010-11 program year2 450 400 350 300 Number 250 200 150 100 50 0 ji ss ba bw e n Eg yp t Bu rm a Tu rk ey pa l Ne ) a h op ia ge ri Rw a an Sa ud da iA ra bi a Er itr ea Ni Asylum statistics IMA non-IMA q an n a RC Fi ne ui nk Ira ele ist Ira kis lad La (P es ta an at Pa G in a Zi m gh St Sr w Ch Citizenship Source: ICSE 2.

0% .0% 66.3% 15.0% 0.9% 2009-10 Grants Primary grant rate 74.7% 53.8% 92.3% 83. 8 195 1710 95 76 57 55 50 30 29 25 17 14 13 12 10 9 8 8 7 6 6 5 39 571 2.2% 70.0% 21.6% 2006-07 Grants Primary grant rate 43.2% 62.8% 48. 24. 8 5 . Not published 14 Asylum statistics .0% 94. 17 103 1295 191 175 138 335 132 153 38 47 70 14 10 18 38 12 26 5 12 .9% 18.7% 38.5% 54.2% 76..5% 87.1% 45.9% 2008-09 Grants Primary grant rate 75..7% 75.2% 28.5% 0.2% 11. 16.Table 8: Number of primary grants and primary grant rates by top 20 countries of citizenship in the first six months of the 2010-11 program year2 (non-IMA) Citizenship 2005-06 Grants Primary grant rate 72.0% 88.0% 50..7% 16. 7 16 .6% 72.1% 93. 36.1% 48.9% 41.4% 90..9% 71.4% .2% 6.0% 2010-11 (first six months) Grants Primary grant rate 59. na .4% 0.0% 100.7% 85.0% 65.0% .8% 67.5% Zimbabwe China (PRC) Pakistan Sri Lanka Iran Iraq Egypt Afghanistan Burma Turkey Fiji Papua New Guinea Bangladesh Nepal Ethiopia Nigeria Stateless Rwanda Saudi Arabia Eritrea Other Total Source: ICSE 24 40 33 184 32 92 10 7 17 ..1% 6.0% 30.6% 65. .4% 49.3% 19.1% 100. Program year refers to the period from 1 July to 30 June (following year).6% 57.. .3% 60. 0 .5% 88.0% na 0.0% 0. 34.6% 30.0% 12.8% 9.8% 34.2% 7.0% 51.6% 26.0% .1% 91..0% 18.0% 100.5% 87.2% 60. na 0 9 129 896 63 186 99 389 72 200 26 17 50 14 5 15 14 .3% 69.9% 88.8% 9...8% 14..5% 70.2% 41..7% 73.9% .7% 50. 22.7% 56.4% 15. 0 .. 15 na na 6 68 565 17 131 38 275 37 147 16 11 23 . 15 0 .4% 63.0% 37.0% 44.0% 85.. 34.1% 11. 177 1598 225 229 183 165 200 174 62 75 60 23 14 16 21 16 11 17 15 0 .7% 80.6% 11.4% 50.2% 46..1% 68..8% 96.4% 24.0% na 80.6% 6.0% 38.2% 80.7% 69..6% 16.0% 55.9% 86.8% 32.0% 100.0% 35.7% 28.7% 63.8% 2007-08 Grants Primary grant rate 51..1% 3.6% 57..0% 35.0% 35..2% na na 75.9% 56.0% 50.0% 75.8% 89.1% 37.9% 12. 21 6 12 .5% 21.9% 44.0% .7% 100.7% 4.4% 10..

Primary grant rates measure the rate of positive decisions (visa grants) at the initial processing stage in the Protection visa process as a proportion of total decisions made in a given period.Figure 12: Primary decisions4 in the first six months of the 2010-11 program year2 by sex (non-IMA) Female grants 9% Female refusals 27% Male refusals 51% Male grants 13% Source: ICSE Table 9: Number of primary decisions4 and primary grant rates5 by sex (non-IMA) Sex and decision Primary decision Female grants Female refusals Male grants Male refusals Total Primary grant rates5 Female grant rate Male grant rate Source: ICSE 2005–06 2006–07 2007–08 2008–09 2009–10 2010–11 (first six months) 245 933 320 1896 3394 347 961 549 1756 3613 536 847 759 1566 3708 622 1059 976 1924 4581 699 1156 1011 1886 4752 232 680 339 1283 2534 20. 4.7% 37.8% 32.0% 33.8% 38.9% 2. Program year refers to the period from 1 July to 30 June (following year). Asylum statistics 15 .6% 37.5% 23. 5.4% 26.9% 25.4% 20. Primary decision refers to the decision made at the end of initial processing by the department.8% 14.7% 34.

Table 10: Number of primary decisions4 by sex (IMA) Sex and decision Primary decision Female grants Female refusals Male grants Male refusals Total Source: ICSE 2005–06 2006–07 2007–08 2008–09 2009–10 2010–11 (first six months) 11 1 90 8 110 2 1 13 3 19 5 0 25 0 30 7 0 202 12 221 139 0 2009 0 2148 77 3 694 4 778 Figure 13: Number of primary decisions4 in the first six months of the 2010-11 program year2 by role type and sex (non-IMA) Male principal applicants Female principal applicants Male dependants 2010–11 2009–10 2008–09 2007–08 2006–07 2005–06 Sex/Role type Female dependants 0 500 1000 1500 Number Source: ICSE 2000 2500 3000 2. 16 Asylum statistics . Primary decision refers to the decision made at the end of initial processing by the department. 4. Program year refers to the period from 1 July to 30 June (following year).

Asylum statistics 17 .Table 11: Number of primary decisions4 by role type and sex (non-IMA) Role type and sex Principal applicants Male Female Dependants Male Female Total Source: ICSE 2005–06 2745 1994 751 649 222 427 3394 2006–07 2881 2044 837 732 261 471 3613 2007–08 2872 1963 909 836 362 474 3708 2008–09 3579 2487 1092 1002 413 589 4581 2009–10 3666 2417 1249 1086 480 606 4752 2010–11 (first six months) 1980 1367 613 554 255 299 2534 Figure 14: Primary grant rates5 by age group (non-IMA) 0–17 years 80 70 Primary grant rate (%) 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 2005–06 2006–07 2007–08 2008–09 2009–10 18–30 years 31–40 years 41–50 years 51–60 years 60+ years Program year2 Source: ICSE 2010–11 (first six months) 2. 4. 5. Program year refers to the period from 1 July to 30 June (following year). Primary decision refers to the decision made at the end of initial processing by the department. Primary grant rates measure the rate of positive decisions (visa grants) at the initial processing stage in the Protection visa process as a proportion of total decisions made in a given period.

5% 5.1% 16.8% 47.9% 19.7% 25.4% 41.6% 31.6% 44.0% 34.7% 67.0% 39.1% 21.9% 25.4% 29. Primary grant rates measure the rate of positive decisions (visa grants) at the initial processing stage in the Protection visa process as a proportion of total decisions made in a given period.3% 26.1% 22.2% 17.5% 36.3% 36.Table 12: Number of primary grants and primary grant rates5 by age group (non-IMA) Age group (years) Primary grants 0–17 years 18–30 years 31–40 years 41–50 years 51–60 years 60+ years Total Primary grants rates5 0–17 years 18–30 years 31–40 years 41–50 years 51–60 years 60+ years Total Source: ICSE 2005–06 2006–07 2007–08 2008–09 2009–10 2010–11 (first six months) 120 203 106 62 37 37 565 162 292 175 132 62 73 896 251 433 265 156 88 102 1.8% 16.6% 38.6% 22.0% 34.295 213 659 314 156 127 129 1.7% 65.710 103 235 123 56 22 32 571 33.8% 54.1% 10.3% 47.9%0 51.2% 24.1% 9.9% 42.8% 40.3% 23.5% 34.5% 18.0% 56. 18 Asylum statistics .1% 20.5% 56.598 296 726 324 172 89 103 1.6% 38.1% 21.8% 16.6% 19.

6. It is the RRT’s practice to count multiple applications for review as a single case where the legislation provides that the applications for review can be handled together. Asylum statistics 19 .Reviews by Refugee Review Tribunal6 (RRT) Figure 15: Number of cases lodged with RRT 3500 3000 2500 Number 2000 1500 1000 500 0 2005–06 2006–07 2007–08 2008–09 2009–10 Program year2 Source: RRT 2010–11 (first sixt months) Table 13: Number of cases lodged with RRT RRT cases Cases lodged Country of citizenship China (PRC) Fiji Malaysia India Indonesia Egypt Lebanon Zimbabwe Pakistan Nepal Other Source: RRT 2005–06 3021 2006–07 2835 2007–08 2284 2008–09 2538 2009–10 2271 2010–11 (first six months) 1482 1030 35 140 304 153 46 40 14 88 70 1101 1078 48 86 364 171 28 56 16 57 58 873 890 38 126 215 164 18 51 31 67 48 636 1000 60 165 287 115 39 80 40 57 25 670 751 243 201 138 115 52 84 52 53 28 554 416 170 122 113 77 61 59 48 44 39 333 2. Program year refers to the period from 1 July to 30 June (following year). usually where members of a family unit have applied for the grant of visas at the same time.

7. Remit rates measure the rate of remit decisions as a proportion of total of remit and affirm decisions made in a given period.Figure 16: Number of cases lodged by country of citizenship in the first six months of the 2010–11 program year2 500 400 Number 300 200 100 0 ia a sia e ji ) t n l RC yp bw ys no ta pa Fi di ne In ala ba kis Ne (P Eg do ba Le M in In Ch Citizenship Source: RRT Figure 17: Number of RRT outcomes and remit rates7 3500 3000 2500 Number 2000 1500 1000 500 0 Outcomes Remit Rate Zi m Pa a 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 Remit rates (%) 2005–06 2006–07 2007–08 2008–09 Program year2 2009–10 2010–11 (first six months) Source: RRT 2. Program year refers to the period from 1 July to 30 June (following year). 20 Asylum statistics O th er n .

3% 1787 468 29 178 2462 20. Program year refers to the period from 1 July to 30 June (following year). 6.Table 14: Number of RRT outcomes and remit rate7 RRT outcomes 2005–06 2006–07 2007–08 2008–09 2009–10 2010–11 (first six months) 948 317 29 67 1361 23. Remit rates measure the rate of remit decisions as a proportion of total of remit and affirm decisions made in a given period.8% 1540 514 21 82 2157 25.8% 1661 422 33 202 2318 20.2% 2202 649 52 199 3102 22.0% Affirms Remits Withdrawals No jurisdiction to review Total Remit rate7 Source: RRT 2069 982 70 166 3287 32. It is the RRT’s practice to count multiple applications for review as a single case where the legislation provides that the applications for review can be handled together. 7. Asylum statistics 21 . usually where members of a family unit have applied for the grant of visas at the same time.0% Figure 18: Number of primary decisions affirmed or remitted by RRT6 2500 Affirms 2000 Remits Number 1500 1000 500 0 2005–06 2006–07 2007–08 2008–09 2009–10 Program year2 2010–11 (first six months) Source: RRT 2.

9% 1900 2106 4006 47. 8.1% 909 1413 2322 39.1% 1691 2652 4343 38.Final decisions Figure 19: Number of final decisions and final grant rates8 (non-IMA) 3000 2500 2000 Number 60 50 40 30 Grants Refusals Final grant rate (non-IMA) Final grant rate (%) 1500 1000 500 0 2005–06 2006–07 2007–08 2008–09 2009–10 2010–11 (first six months) 20 10 0 Program year2 Source: ICSE Table 15: Number of final decisions and final grant rates8 (non-IMA) Final decision 2005–06 2006–07 2007–08 2008–09 2009–10 2010–11 (first six months) non-IMA Grants Refusals Total final non-IMA decisions Final grant rate8 IMA Grants All grants Source: ICSE 1120 2479 3599 31.4% 2173 2624 4797 45. Final grant rates measure the rate of positive decisions (visa grants) at the final processing stage in the Protection visa process as a proportion of total decisions made in a given period.3% 2367 2266 4633 51.1% 127 1247 16 1707 32 1932 209 2382 2148 4515 773 1682 2. Program year refers to the period from 1 July to 30 June the following year. 22 Asylum statistics .

Program year refers to the period from 1 July to 30 June (following year). 23 .Figure 20: Number of final grants 5000 4500 4000 3500 Number 3000 2500 2000 1500 1000 500 0 2005–06 2006–07 2007–08 2009–09 2009–10 2010–11 (first six months) non-IMA grants IMA grants All grants Program year2 Source: ICSE Figure 21: Number of final decisions by top 20 countries of citizenship in the first six months of the 2010-11 program year2 (non-IMA) 800 Grants Refusals 600 Number 400 200 0 n Eg yp t Le ba no n Ne Af pa gh l an ist an Ira q ilip pi ne s Bu rm a T So urk ey ut h Ko re Pa Ba a ng pu lad a Ne es h w G ui ne a Ph Asylum statistics ) Fi ji ba bw e In di a M ala ys i Pa a kis ta n Sr iL an ka In do ne sia RC in a (P Ch Zi m Ira Citizenship Source: ICSE 2.

5% 35.7% 20.9% 61. 22 303 1691 415 87 115 96 433 7 37 204 24 56 26 24 27 27 40 21 21 5 5 14 230 1900 426 215 158 142 359 27 45 157 48 78 25 26 35 23 49 22 32 11 14 17 281 2173 492 255 212 211 190 38 79 182 75 78 31 22 33 34 37 16 25 27 20 32 310 2367 183 129 72 66 66 58 43 32 29 26 22 19 16 13 12 12 11 10 10 7 73 909 Table 17: Number of final grants by top five countries of citizenship in the first six months of the 2010–11 program year2 (IMA) Citizenship Afghanistan Sri Lanka Stateless Iraq Iran Other Total Source: ICSE 2. 39.3% 54.7% 96.1% 94.1% 55.4% 9.3% 95.8% .1% 53.0% 26.7% 77.6% 79.2% 92.7% 71.0% 71.Table 16: Number of final grants and final grant rates by top 20 countries of citizenship in the first six months of the 2010–11 program year2 (non-IMA) Citizenship 2005-06 Grants Final grant rate 18.9% 29. Program year refers to the period from 1 July to 30 June (following year).5% .7% 88....9% 86.9% 73.0% 12.2% .3% 56.5% 90.7% 96.7% 84.0% 98. 31.7% 88.4% 54.0% 38.3% 94.8% 11.4% 71. Not published 2005–06 17 0 0 2 42 66 127 2006–07 5 3 0 2 3 3 16 2007–08 7 1 0 16 2 6 32 2008–09 176 5 5 15 4 4 209 2009–10 1439 315 172 139 71 12 2148 2010–11 (first six months) 382 167 89 73 34 28 773 24 Asylum statistics .0% 7.8% 79.8% 97.9% 96.8% 61..6% 71.5% 72.9% 45.1% 36.3% 32.8% 73.6% 17.0% 38.1% .8% 72..9% 93.2% 66.3% 2009-10 Grants Final grant rate 42.5% 80.5% 87.5% 80.3% 22. 51.3% 88.1% 49..0% 16.3% 62.1% 2006-07 Grants Final grant rate 31.9% 48.1% China (PRC) Zimbabwe Pakistan Iran Sri Lanka Fiji Egypt Iraq Afghanistan Burma Turkey Nepal Lebanon India Bangladesh Papua New Guinea Ethiopia Nigeria Stateless Indonesia Other Total Source: ICSE 188 40 44 45 244 5 47 103 13 34 10 32 25 8 25 6 23 9 20 22 199 1120 416 27 53 58 361 23 50 154 20 43 12 18 22 37 39 16 18 17 .0% 16..7% 76.8% 6.1% 91.1% 2010-11 (first six months) Grants Final grant rate 30.4% 9.9% 88.3% 83.9% 42.9% 78.8% 82.1% 86. 38.2% 36.3% 90. .9% 75.7% 94.9% 33.2% 58.2% 95.9% 28.4% 91.0% 29..0% 64.2% .5% 7.8% 8.3% 37.4% 22.2% 67.7% 62.0% 33.0% 84.9% 2007-08 Grants Final grant rate 37.3% 76.4% 100.0% 90.1% 85.7% 86. 47.3% 93.3% 31.3% 72.5% .7% 3.0% 91.0% 40.0% 80.7% 12.9% 85.0% 42.3% 8.7% 8.5% 75.4% 8.4% 83.4% 74.4% 2008-09 Grants Final grant rate 31.8% 90.6% 81.6% 80.9% 27.8% 66. 45.2% 52.

2% 868 881 1305 1743 4797 49.0% 36.4% 668 822 1023 1830 4343 44.6% 42.3% 457 810 663 1669 3599 36. Asylum statistics 25 .0% 44.8% 964 839 1403 1427 4633 53.5% 49.8% 35.9% 782 693 1118 1413 4006 53.Figure 22: Final decisions by sex (non-IMA) Female grants 16% Male refusals 40% Female refusals 21% Male grants 23% Source: ICSE Table 18: Number of final decisions and final grant rates8 by sex (non-IMA) Sex and decision Final decision Female grants Female refusals Male grants Male refusals Total Final grant rates Female grant rate Male grant rate Source: ICSE 8 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 (first six months) 379 482 530 931 2322 44.1% 28. Final grant rates measure the rate of positive decisions (visa grants) at the final processing stage in the Protection visa process as a proportion of total decisions made in a given period.6% 8.

Table 19: Number of final decisions by sex (IMA) Sex and decision Final decision Female grants Female refusals Male grants Male refusals Total Source: ICSE 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 (first six months) 77 0 696 0 773 15 2 112 7 136 2 2 14 3 21 5 0 27 0 32 7 0 202 2 211 139 0 2009 10 2158 Figure 23: Number of final determinations by role type and sex (non-IMA) Male principal applicants Female principal applicants Male dependants 2010–11 2009–10 2008–09 2007–08 2006–07 2005–06 Sex/Role type Female dependants 0 500 1000 1500 Number Source: ICSE 2000 2500 3000 26 Asylum statistics .

Program year refers to the period from 1 July to 30 June (following year).Table 20: Number of final determinations by role type and sex (non-IMA) Role type and sex Principal applicants Male Female Dependants Male Female Total Source: ICSE 2005–06 2842 2058 784 757 274 483 3599 2006–07 3468 2528 940 875 325 550 4343 2007–08 3078 2155 923 928 376 552 4006 2008–09 3798 2642 1156 999 406 593 4797 2009–10 3541 2347 1194 1092 483 609 4633 2010–11 (first six months) 1856 1262 594 466 199 267 2322 Figure 24: Final grant rates8 by age group (non-IMA) 0–17 years 18–30 years 31–40 years 80 Final grant rates (%) 41–50 years 51–60 years 60+ years 100 60 40 20 0 2005–06 2006–07 2007–08 2008–09 2009–10 Program year2 Source: ICSE 2010–11 (first six months) 2. 8. Asylum statistics 27 . Final grant rates measure the rate of positive decisions (visa grants) at the final processing stage in the Protection visa process as a proportion of total decisions made in a given period.

3% 62.8% 35.Table 21: Final grants and final grant rates8 by age (non-IMA) Age group (years) at final decision Final grants 0-17 years 18-30 years 31-40 years 41-50 years 51-60 years 60+ years Total Final grant rates 0-17 years 18-30 years 31-40 years 41-50 years 51-60 years 60+ years Source: ICSE 8 2005–06 2006–07 2007–08 2008–09 2009–10 2010–11 (first six months) 202 362 257 166 69 64 1120 246 524 389 311 107 114 1691 334 578 443 294 126 125 1900 263 832 471 291 170 146 2173 390 952 492 289 115 129 2367 160 350 196 117 43 43 909 50.0% 44.7% 43.9% 34.9% 53.3% 34.8% 57.3% 36.7% 28.1% 68.5% 53.0% 36.1% 54.7% 31.4% 8.3% 47.4% 69.5% 38.1% 39. 28 Asylum statistics .8% 31.7% 58.6% 31.0% 59.8% 74.6% 23.0% 54.9% 37.8% 76.0% 67. Final grant rates measure the rate of positive decisions (visa grants) at the final processing stage in the Protection visa process as a proportion of total decisions made in a given period.3% 52.2% 50.5% 42.1% 21.6% 76.2% 35.

Asylum statistics 29 .

These figures have been adjusted to rectify data anomalies. Monthly RSD requests counted by persons screened into the RSD process.Refugee status determination (RSD) requests Figure 25: Number of RSD requests by month9 1000 800 600 Number 400 200 Jan 09 Jun 09 Jul 09 Aug 09 Jan 10 Jun 10 Jul 10 May 09 May 10 Aug 10 Oct 08 Nov 08 Dec 08 Feb 09 Mar 09 Apr 09 Sep 09 Oct 09 Nov 09 Dec 09 Feb 10 Mar 10 Apr 10 Sep 10 Oct 10 Nov 10 Month Source: DIAC systems Table 22: Number of RSD requests Citizenship Afghanistan Iran Stateless Iraq Sri Lanka Burma Pakistan Kuwait Vietnam Palestinian Authority Other Total Source: DIAC systems 2008–09 507 9 25 59 77 0 3 1 0 0 5 686 2009–10 2654 198 457 252 920 52 16 10 8 12 18 4597 2010–11 (first six months) 1118 809 655 405 251 36 28 19 12 10 25 3368 9. 30 Asylum statistics Dec 10 0 .

Figure 26: Number of RSD requests by top five countries of citizenship 3000 2008—09 2500 2000 Number 1500 1000 500 2009—10 2010—11 first six months 0 Afghanistan Iran Stateless Citizenship Iraq Sri Lanka Source: DIAC systems Asylum statistics 31 .

RSD Protection visa grant figures may vary slightly from figures for grants to IMAs provided in the tables in part 1 since the data has been extracted from DIAC systems on a different date employing different methodologies. 32 Asylum statistics Dec 10 Oct 08 Mar 09 Apr 09 Oct 09 Mar 10 Apr 10 Oct 10 .Primary processing Figure 27: Number of Primary RSD Protection visa grants10 350 300 250 Number 200 150 100 50 0 Jun 09 Jul 09 Aug 09 Jun 10 Jul 10 Aug 10 Nov 08 Dec 08 Jan 09 Feb 09 Sep 09 Nov 09 Dec 09 Jan 10 Feb 10 Sep 10 Nov 10 May 09 May 10 Month Source: DIAC systems Table 23: Number of primary RSD Protection visa grants10 Citizenship Afghanistan Sri Lanka Stateless Iraq Iran Palestinian Authority Burma Pakistan Kuwait Other Total Source: DIAC systems 2008–09 166 4 5 13 1 0 0 0 0 0 189 2009–10 1423 313 167 126 50 1 0 6 4 1 2091 2010–11 (first six months) 190 158 58 32 21 8 7 1 1 0 476 10.

Figure 28: Number of primary RSD Protection visa grants by top five countries of citizenship 1500 2008—09 2009—10 1200 2010—11 first six months Number 900 600 300 0 Afghanistan Sri Lanka Stateless Citizenship Iraq Iran Source: DIAC systems Table 24: Primary RSD Protection visa grant rates Citizenship Afghanistan Sri Lanka Stateless Iraq Iran Total Source: DIAC systems 2009–10 77.2% 52.2% Asylum statistics 33 .9% 2010–11 (first six months) 24.6% 73.0% 10.3% 27.5% 21.0% 51.9% 76.9% 67.2% 25.1% 59.

Figure 29: Primary RSD Protection visa grant rates by top five countries of citizenship Iran 2010–11 first six months 2009–10 Top 5 citizenships Iraq Stateless Sri Lanka Afghanistan 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 Primary RSD PV grant rate (%) Source: DIAC systems 34 Asylum statistics .

Independent Merit Review outcomes11 Table 25: Number of RSD outcomes overturned at review Citizenship Afghanistan Iran Stateless Iraq Sri Lanka Other Total Source: DIAC systems 2009–10 0 13 10 13 15 4 55 2010–11 (first six months) 303 27 43 40 8 4 425 Table 26: Number of RSD outcomes affirmed at review Citizenship Afghanistan Iraq Stateless Iran Sri Lanka Other Total Source: DIAC systems 2009–10 2 8 0 2 33 4 49 2010–11 (first six months) 51 17 16 10 10 12 116 11. and therefore may differ from figures previously published. Asylum statistics 35 . Independent Merits Review (IMR) figures refer to the dates IMR outcomes were accepted by DIAC rather than the dates of the recommendations.

6% 73.0% 52.0% 61.9% 2010–11 (first six months) 85.3% 50.9% 31.0% 78.7% 100.6% 36 Asylum statistics .2% 44.9% 70.0% 72.4% 50.0% 86.Table 27: Review overturn rate Citizenship Afghanistan Iran Stateless Iraq Sri Lanka Other Total Source: DIAC systems 2009–10 0.

Asylum statistics Dec 10 Oct 08 Mar 09 Oct 09 Mar 10 Oct 10 37 . RSD Protection visa grant figures may vary slightly from figures for grants to IMAs provided in the tables in part 1 since the data has been extracted from DIAC systems on a different date employing different methodologies.Final decisions Figure 30: Number of final RSD Protection visa grants10 350 300 250 Number 200 150 100 50 0 Jun 09 Jul 09 Aug 09 Jun 10 Jul 10 Aug 10 Nov 08 Dec 08 Jan 09 Feb 09 Apr 09 Sep 09 Nov 09 Dec 09 Jan 10 Feb 10 Apr 10 Sep 10 Nov 10 May 09 May 10 Month Source: DIAC systems Table 28: Number of final RSD Protection visa grants10 Citizenship Afghanistan Sri Lanka Stateless Iraq Iran Palestinian Authority Burma Pakistan Syria Kuwait Yemen Somalia Total Source: DIAC systems 2008–09 166 4 5 13 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 189 2009–10 1425 315 170 134 64 1 0 6 0 4 0 1 2120 2010–11 (first six months) 382 161 89 72 34 8 7 5 2 1 1 0 762 10.

Figure 31: Number of final RSD Protection visa grants by top five countries of citizenship 1500 2008—09 2009—10 1200 2010—11 first six months Number 900 600 300 0 Afghanistan Sri Lanka Stateless Citizenship Iraq Iran Source: DIAC systems Figure 32: Final RSD Protection visa grant rates Iran Top 5 citizenships Iraq Stateless Sri Lanka Afghanistan 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Final RSD PV grant rate (%) 2010–11 first six months 2009–10 Source: DIAC systems 38 Asylum statistics .

Citizenship Citizenship is based on passport/travel documents at the time of application for protection. citizenship determination is based on information supplied in the application. DIAC The Department of Immigration and Citizenship. Asylum seeker An asylum seeker is a person who has left their country of origin. Prior to 1 March 2011 this process consisted of a Refugee Status Assessment and Independant Merits Review. Refugee Review Tribunal (RRT) The Refugee Review Tribunal (the Tribunal) is a statutory body which provides a final. Final grant rate is calculated by dividing the number of final grants by the combined number of final grants and refusals Humanitarian Program Australia’s Humanitarian Program provides protection to refugees and resettlement to those for whom it may be the appropriate durable solution. A Tribunal may remit a decision to DIAC when it decides that a visa applicant has satisfied the criteria which the primary decision maker found were not satisfied. Final grant rate Final grant rate measures the rate of positive decisions (visa grants) at the final processing stage in the Protection visa process as a proportion of total decisions made in a given period. Primary decision Primary decision refers to the decision made at the end of initial processing by the department. ICSE DIAC’s strategic. Initial Processing Initial processing begins at time of lodgement and ends with the primary decision. In line with Australia’s international obligations.Glossary Affirm To ratify the decision under review—the original decision remains unchanged and in force. Primary grant rate is calculated by dividing the number of primary grants by the combined number of primary grants and refusals. If the applicant has no travel documents. UNHCR The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. merits review of decisions made by the Department of Immigration and Citizenship (DIAC). the onshore component of the program provides protection to refugees in Australia whose claims have been found to meet the criteria of the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees and its 1967 protocol. Refugee status determination (RSD) Refugee status determination (RSD) in this publication refers to the process through which the claims of irregular maritime arrivals are assessed. Asylum statistics 39 . Program Year For reporting purposes. Remit To send the matter back for reconsideration. A formal process is then undertaken to verify information supplied. a program year begins from 1 July and runs to 30 June of the following year. independant. has applied for recognition as a refugee in another country and is awaiting a decision on their application. generic client system used to maintain information regarding client requests for citizenship and onshore visa grants. or that the visa applicant is a refugee. Primary grant rate Primary grant rate measures the rate of positive decisions (visa grants) at the initial processing stage in the Protection visa process as a proportion of total decisions made in a given period.