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¶ Subject pronouns: 1. I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they ¶ Object pronouns: 2. Me, you, him, her, it, us, you, them ¶ Reflexive pronouns: 3. Myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, yourselves, themselves 1. I cut myself shaving. (Returns the action) 2. I myself (yo mismo) have seen a ghost. (the person)) 3. He came by himself (sin su mamá). (Alone) 1. OJO! No es sólo sin ayuda. ¶ Possessive Pronouns 4. MyMine, YourYours, His, Hers, Its, OurOurs, TheirTheirs 2. When placed at the end of sentence(i.e. Mine, Yours, Ours etc) ¶ Indefinite Pronouns 5. None, everything, another, some, any, both, few, many, most, one, other, several, anyone – any one, everyone – every one, anybody – any body, besides – beside ANY ONE ANY Cualquiera. Generalmente referido a una persona Uno cualquiera, el que sea
ONE EVER YON E EVER Y ONE SOM EON E ANY BOD Y BESI DE BESI DES
Does Joe speak any one of the saxon dialects? Todos. Generalmente referido a una persona Cada uno. Please give every one his own book Alguno. Generalmente referido a una persona Cualquier persona.
Junto a. There is a chair beside the table Además de. BESIDES the sofa we have three extra chairs
1. Possessive pronoun before ing form: ¶ I don’t mind his staring at the mirror. ¶ I don’t like his smoking in the car. 6. It´s the action not the person 2. After all the forms of TO BE –except the infinitive to be use a subject pronoun (used to be is a form of the verb to be, not the infinitive): ¶ It was I who called you last night. ¶ It used to be he who dressed up like Santa Claus 7. It will be I, It has been I, It had been I, It would have been I 3. After a preposition always use the object pronoun:
¶ Between you and me, I really hate her. ¶ The secret remains among them. 8. Everything after the preposition is affected by it 4. Use the same form in comparatives: ¶ He is as bright as she is. ¶ The car is not yours, it is hers. 9. Pronouns must be parallel ONLY IN COMPARISONS!!! 5. Using Pronouns: (always looks at what comes after who and whom) ¶ Subject Pronouns: substitute by a subject pronoun: he, she,we or they 10. Who (quien) – I don´t know the women who are going. (They are going) 11. Whoever (quien quiera) – Choose whoever is there. (He is there) 12. Whosoever (quienes quieran) – Whosoever could have done it! (They could have done it ¶ Using Object Pronouns: substitute by an object pronoun: him, her, us or them 13. Whom (a quien) – I don´t know the women whom you sent. (You sent them) 14. Whomever (a quien quiera) – Whomever you send will be fine! (him) 15. Whomsoever (a quienes quieran) – I don´t know the woman with whom you were talking (her)
6. The subjects are singular if the following words are used as subjects: ¶ Every… Some… Any… No… Each… Either… Neither ¶ Everyone is happy. ¶ Everybody is here.
is expelled from school. the subject comes after the verb: ¶ comes the rain again. Each ¶ Every coach and player was nervous before the game. When a sentence begins with one of these words.¶ Neither him nor her is going. ¶ The man. . along with. 9. many. as well as the rest of the team. There. 8. ¶ Many times have I tried to get to you. Subjects joined by: and or both…and… take a plural verb. Introductory it is singular and should always be followed by a singular verb: ¶ It is I who will defeat the enemy. Both 12. 10. was killed in a car accident. and few are plural words and take a plural verb: ¶ Several items were introduced to the market. here and where are never subjects. ¶ the actress and her manager receive an outstanding recognition. in addition to): ¶ Javier. ¶ A red Z3 and a blue Porsche are parked outside ¶ The car and the motorcycle were stolen. Several. both. together with his family. ¶ It comes suddenly and destroys the forest. a singular verb is required: ¶ boy and girl is responsible of the Christmas tree. Here ¶ Where do you think you are going? ¶ There are no dogs in this neighborhood ¶ There is no dog in this neighborhood 11. Words that come between a subject and its verb do not change the number of the subject (together with. 7. as well as. When each or every comes before singular subjects joined by and.
any. either or. 15. ¶ Not only the nurse but also the doctors are coming soon. means ¶ Jeans are sold in stores.13. ¶ the books are on the shelf. some. most half. pliers. not only but also ¶ Not only the nurse but also the doctor is coming soon. pants. 16. 17. Abstract: riches. ¶ The number of homicides has increased in the past two months. The expression a number of is plural and the expression the number of is singular: ¶ A number of students were seen using drugs. sunglasses Tools: scissors. The expression many a (uno de tantos) is singular: ¶ Many a woman is alone in the dark. OJO!: The scissors are on the table A pair of scissors is on the table 14. the verb must agree with the closer subject: Neither nor. jeans. etc. ¶ Many women have traveled alone . When subjects are joined by the following structures. All ¶ the money is in the bank All 16. thanks. ¶ Thanks are always welcome. Many words may be singular or plural depending on what they refer to: All. tweezers. Some nouns are plural in form and always take plural verbs: Clothes: trousers. majority. ¶ Either the lifeguards or the policeman is responsible of the safety of the swimmers.
¶ Ten months is more than enough to keep on missing someone. shrimp. weight. 22. but may be plural if the members are functioning independently: ¶ The crew is washing its bunks. etc. zebra. academic subjects (mathematics) ¶ Mathematics is a great field of knowledge. ¶ The deer were killed during the hunting season. volume… require a singular verb: (OJO: Cantidades. Some nouns have the same form for both singular and plural meanings (species. and require a singular verb: Diseases. trout. ¶ The news is good 20. even if plural in form take a singular verb: ¶ Star Wars is a great movie. may be singular or plural depending on their meaning: ¶ When the word refers to a language it takes singular verb ¶ When it refers to people in a country it takes a plural verb and is preceded by the . 21. ethics). 23. Nouns for nationality that end with ese. series. abstract nouns (news.): Sheep. swine ¶ The deer is growing old. Some words are always plural in form but singular in meaning.18. ¶ The crew are washing their bunks. Expressions stating one amount of time. fish. ¶ Diseases is the main cause of the extinction of these particular kind of dog. Collective nouns are usually singular. 19. money. Titles of books and movies. pesos y volúmenes son singulares) ¶ Loosing weight is not an easy task. ch or sh. ¶ The Remains of the Day has a great art adaptation.
lied. 18. 24. lain and lying: yacer. colocar algo en algún sitio (answer what? Or whom?) 21. radiusradii. similar to or dissimilar to. a stone tripped John. risen and rising: levantar (answer where?) ¶ Raise. ¶ Correct: Running down the street. OJO! Do not confuse with lie. ¶ Rise. vita vitae. mediummedia. ¶ Incorrect: Running down the street. algaalgae. Toluca lies to the West (Where?) ¶ Lay laid laid laying: poner. look for the subject which is usually the first. Demon verbs: ¶ Lie. criterioncriteria. The French women are gorgeous. have unusual singular and plural forms: Basisbases. . ¶ Correct: While John was running down the street. phenomenonphenomena. The chicken lays an egg (What?) 3. lay. estar acostado o situado (answer where?) 20. rose. 19. John tripped on a stone. After reason or cause. he tripped on a stone. appendixappendices. Be careful with sentence that begin with gerunds or with like. 25. lied and lying de mentir. do not use due to or because: ¶ Incorrect: The reason the alumnus failed was because he did not study. Word that come from other languages. Go to the comma. raised. index indices. datumdata. raised and raisin: levanter (answer what? Or whom?) 27. unlike. or second word and see if it is describing the subject correctly. alumnusalumni. Dangling modifiers: Introductory phrases modify the subject of the sentence. 26. She laid her keys on the table (What?) 22. French is a beautiful language.17.
and should therefore be followed by and adjective as well These verbs are: feel. go. remain. it becomes an action verb and is followed by an adverb 26.Linking copulative verbs (These verbs link the subject with its complement and should be followed by an adjective.¶ Correct: The reason the alumnus failed was that he did not study. cause and effect: 27. The alumnus failed because he did not study 28. taste. turn. look. prove. (If + presente = futuro) . Sense verbs are also linking verbs): ¶ Linking verbs should be followed by an adjective To be. The man anxiously approached the bride with the ring 31. get. ¶ The former president was more popular than the latter. Problems introduced by if: ¶ Simple condition. ¶ The first president was more popular than the last president. Never start a sentence with due to. Former latter compares two. we will go. become. grow 23. The girl seems happy 24. seem. The man felt anxious before his wedding ¶ Exception to sense verbs: When the sense verb refers to the action and not the person. smell. The example proves useful ¶ Sense verbs are also linking verbs. firstlast compares more than two. appear. 30. If you come. sound 25. use because (of) instead: ¶ Incorrect: Due to the rain… ¶ Correct: Because of the rain… 29.
we (would/could/might) go to the club. desire future: 30. Avoid the use of double negatives: ¶ Incorrect: I don’t want no peas. (If + copreterito = postpreterito) 29. If I were king. we would go to the club. I would conquer the world. rarely and the like. Were today Saturday. but. scarcely. seldom. 32. 31. I (would/could/might) have baked a cake. ¶ If untrue. ¶ Correct: I don´t want any peas 36.Never use being as or being that to mean since or because: ¶ Incorrect: Being that I was tired… ¶ Correct: (Since/because) I was tired… 33. If he studied. OJO! Be careful when you find negative adverbs such as: hardly. Had I known you were coming. he would learn. contrary to fact highly improbable clauses. I (would/could/might) conquer the world. 33. I would have baked a cake.28. and now I don´t (absoluto) have hardly (relativo) any money . If she was at the party. When you spot them be on the lookout for another negative ¶ Incorrect: I spent ten dollars on gasoline. If I had known you were coming. 35. If today were Saturday. Were I king. I did not see her. regret of something from the past: 34. 32. ¶ If subjunctive.
Conservamos siempre el relativo! ¶ Correct: I have hardly any money…. Likeas: ¶ Use like when you can substitute it for similar to: 38. Quantity 44. I am like (similar to) my brother. ¶ Use among if there are more than two things. Few hopes 43. ¶ Use Of all when you are considering the whole 36. I am as tall as he is. FewerLess. NumberAmount Count nouns Few. Number of sugar cubes 45. Fewest 41. Fewer people 42. ManyMuch. Fewer. 34. ¶ Use as to establish comparison: 39. Betweenamong: ¶ Use between if there are two things. ¶ As if always followed by were or have/had 40. Few coins never countable) Number Amount. Number of sand castles Many Much *Amount of sugar Noncount nouns Little.37. the least * Less population *Less hope *Little money (money is *Quantity of sand . less. He acts as if he were my friend 35.
53. Many people 48.thus. on the other hand. . ¶ You may separate two independent ideas with a comma only if you use a short connector: . hence. so .46. nevertheless.yet 52. so you have learned a lot ¶ Long connectors use a semi colon: . you have learned a lot ¶ Remember: . for . Remember. Los intangibles al volverse plurales se vuleven contables 37. . moreover. Majority of: members *Much Thought *Much population *Much news in 49. Many things to think about 47. percentages are not countable. therefore we use much It is possible that we forgot to evaluate as much as 60% of the voters 50. you are a good student. Incorrect: You have studied a lot. . hence. You have studied very hard. 51.but . . You have studied very hard. Punctuation of two independent or complete ideas: ¶ Never separate two complete independent ideas with a comma alone.nor .Or .
” 56. ¶ She was used to writing letters. After used to use the simple form of the verb: ¶ I used to read (leía pero ya no) ¶ I used to study every single day. Verb inversion occurs if you start a clause with a negative word or words: i.54. ¶ She used to smile regardless of her sadness.e. scarcely ¶ Hardly did he finish when he arrived ¶ Barely was the icecream sufficient for the party ¶ Scarcely did I have time to finish my work 41. “All double marks outside quotation marks”:. barely. VERB INVERSION 40. Some negatives that don´t look negative: Hardly. 38. 39. Words that don’t admit negative in Spanish either: ¶ Seldom: Seldom have I seen such a man ¶ Rarely: Rarely does she go to the movies ¶ Little: Little did I know that he would call me back ¶ Never: Never have I eaten shrimp .” 55. After using a “to be” form + used to use ing form: ¶ He was used to riding bicycles. “Comma inside quotation marks. ” Period inside quotation marks.
under no condition… PARALLEL STRUCTURE 42. 43. and plays guitar Series of adverbs: He does his work quickly. and handsome Series of verbs: He sings. Verbs: Parallel structure between gerunds and infinitives ¶ Incorrect: To be happy is as important as being intelligent.¶ Only: Only once did I see a black panther ¶ So: So intense was the pain that I cried ¶ In no case: In no case will I go ¶ Under no circumstances. . brave and charming. brave and to seem charming. 44. ¶ Correct: You should save money and you should open a bank account. Watch for parallel structure problems in lists: ¶ Incorrect: I live my life trying to be bold. ¶ Correct: I live my life trying to be bold. dances. Beware of unnecessary shifts in verb tenses: ¶ Incorrect: She studied at ITAM and approves the exams. Avoid unnecessary shifts in person: ¶ Incorrect: One should save money and you should open a bank account. Series of adjectives: He is tall. ¶ Correct: She studied al ITAM and approved the exams. carefully and efficiently 45. blond. ¶ Correct: To be happy is as important as to be intelligent.
Both … and Not only … but also Not … but Either … or Not only … but … as well First … second Not merely… but Not so much … as Whether … or Neither … nor Less … than As much … as More … than To … from ¶ Incorrect: Water both flows over and through porous soil Flowsverb throughpreposition ¶ Incorrect: Water both flows over and flows through… (Unnecessary repetion of verb) ¶ Correct: Water flows both over and through porous soil (Over and through are both prepositions) Between … and 47. Comparison: . throwing rocks. Krakatoa eruped violently. To explain ¶ BEWARE! Of verbs in different lines: 57.¶ Incorrect: To tell a problem to a stranger is sometimes easier than explaining it to a friend ¶ Correct: To tell…. Beware of the use of correlatives ¶ They are always used in pairs. sending ashes. blowing smoke and making noises 46. ¶ They must always be followed by the same grammatical structure.
Correct: The sound of the guitar is different from that of the drums ¶ In some sentences. When two comparisons are combined. 69. Correct: The sound of the guitar is different from the drum’s. it is necessary to exclude that member from the group by using the words any other or anyone else: 58. phrases must be parallel with phrases. 61. two persons or things are compared in two ways. 66. and clauses must be parallel with other clauses (beware of the words because. . Comparison 2: Mary may be taller than John. ¶ Many parallel structure problems are related to incomplete comparisons. Good parallel structure demands that only those things that are alike can actually be compared: 62. 68. if not taller than John 48. 63. for. 67. Chihuahua is larger than any other state.¶ When one member of a group is compared to the other members of the group. Correct: He was accepted at Stanford because he had a good GMAT and because he is intelligent. Incorrect: Alaska is larger than any state 59. 64. and through as you may have to repeat them in the sentence). Combined: Mary is as tall as. despite. Correct: Alaska is larger than any other state 60. Incorrect: He was accepted at Stanford because he had a good GMAT and he is intelligent. Comparison 1: Mary is as tall as John. Full parallelism: ¶ Within sentences. Campos is faster than any other goalkeeper. Incorrect: The sound of the guitar is different from the drums. all parts of both comparisons must be retained: 65. by.
I formulate a sentence. I produce an idea ¶ Do means carry out. you do the homework 77. I’d like to know whether you want coffee or tea. I make the exam. Correct: Whether Harvard or Stanford 79. 83. . 80. formulate or produce. 75. Correct: Whether you want Harvard or not. When you find If in the middle of the sentence replace it for whether.50. It is unusual if not strange to dress that way. you do it 76. Whether used as choice of two: 78. Correct: Whether you want Harvard. I´d like to know if you want coffee. 72. ¶ Regard: You regard someone as something: (Use as after regard) 71. I make an exam 73. 81. except if is a clause or there are more then two options: 82. Incorrect: Whether you want Harvard or Stanford or not. tea or water. you do the application 52. I produce an idea. I formulate a sentence 74. Make/do ¶ Make means invent. 53.Consider/Regard ¶ Consider: You consider someone something: (Never use as after consider) 70. I regard him as a very good friend 51. I consider him a very good friend. 84.
Compared to my computer. Compared with that BMW the Mercedes is a cheaper car ¶ compare to is used to compare different concepts: 89.4. Attend/attend to ¶ Attend: means to be present . except if preceded by: ¶ But. One of is usually plural. Compare with/Compared to ¶ Compare with is used to compare similar in concept 88. The watch is made of gold. 54. Un choice de más de dos 6.. One of this days is going to …. The cake is made with many ingredients. 56. 57. my calculator is very slow. use hopeful instead ¶ I am hopeful ¶ I hope 55. Made with/made of: ¶ Made with: refers to several ingredients: 85. 60. no interponer adverbio o adjetivo ¶ Incorrect: To quickly learn ¶ Correct: To learn quickly 58. 59. 86. The only word that ends with ful and is written with a double ll is full. no or any other negative ¶ Or if it is at the beginning of the sentence. 87. Don’t split your infinitives. Excepto if … cause 5. only. ¶ Made of: made with one ingredient. just. single. The word hopefully does not exist.
When early has no time we assume it is today ¶ While siempre indica un 18ompass de espera 92. 91. ¶ Attend to: means to be in charge. Early in the day Early in the story Early in my life 7. The determines or specifies: ¶ Bring me a coat. (The specific coat) 62. (Any coat) ¶ Bring me the coat.90. The nurse attended to the needs of the patient. 61. Time passed while I was sick OJO! Cuando while esta usado como aunque o en tanto que cambia a whereas 94. he loves me ¶ Previous se sustituye por cosas 96. While the dog is yours. He called me four previous times Incorrect Correct . Whereas the dog is yours. he loves me 95. EarlywhilePrevious Herbal Honest Special Especial Specially Especially ¶ Early must always be referred to time. The boy didn’t attend the gym class. The use of a and an: ¶ Use a when first letter sounds like a consonant: Uniform Universe Hair Unicorn University Hotel ¶ Use an when the first letter sounds like a vowel: Apple Heir Unusual Hostel 63. Have a cup of coffee while I leave 93.
68. 67. ¶ Use lengthy for things that can’t be counted or measured 98. in this case it must have an auxiliary 101. ¶ That is good enough coffee for me. Rather ¶ To indicate preference. ¶ Use further for distances that that can’t be measured. distance. You are not expected in the army until further notice.64. Longlengthy: ¶ Use long for things that can be counted or measured with any unit (time. (adj. and after enough always use a noun. Acapulco is farther than Cuernavaca.) (noun) 65. etc) 97. To do it/to do so: ¶ To do it has a sexual connotation. Fartherfurther: ¶ Use farther for measurable distances. 99. The priest’s speech was lengthy and boring. 105. 102. I would rather go I would rather have coffee than tea ¶ Indicates choice and may be substituted by Instead 103. 100. Before the word enough always use an adjective. I want coffee rather than tea ¶ NUNCA se usa para significar “más bien” o “un poquito” 104. OJO!: Separation puede ser utilizada tanto con long como con lengthy dependiendo si tiene connotación sentimental o no 66. (Only use when it refers to a thing) Incorrect: The movie was rather sad Correct: The movie was a bit sad . It has been a long trip since we met.
¶ To do so has to do with the action of things. Joe works for me Like John. 113. The use of verbals and specifically provided: ¶ Verbals are verbs that are used as nouns: 112. 8. Tigers which live in Zoos. (99% is the correct choice) 69. Despite the fact that it rained. Which/that: ¶ Which is specific: 108. ¶ That is in general: 109. 71. Look for a comma and the same structure: 110. (verbo) . we attended the concert. 106. Just as Tom does. My favorite sport is swimming. Despite the rain we are here ¶ Despite the fact that is followed by an action or verb 107. (noun) I am swimming. 72. Like/unlike and just as: ¶ Like/ unlike compares nouns. OJO! Just like doesn’t exist. En todos los demás casos the fact that es rollo y se quita 70. Mary is an American. Look for a verb before and after the comma: 111. Tigers that exist are felines. (nouns) ¶ Just as compares verbs. Despite / Despite the fact that: ¶ Despite is always followed by a noun.
y que el resto de la oración sea coherente con esto. OJO! Esta regla no aplica si desaparece el that 74. Subjunctives: indican recomendación.¶ Provided is the past of provide and as a verbal it means “dado que”: 114. advertencia. pero quitándole el to. Incorrect: The doctor recommended that he should go to…. deseo. I will provide you the funds. Errores de Antecedente: Debe de tenerse cuidado de que los conectores se refieran a lo inmediato anterior a ellos. sugerencia. si no … alla tu…” Ejemplos: Recommend that Suggest that Indicate that Hope that Require that Request that Advice that Make that El subjuntivo es igual al infinitivo. y siempre queda implicita la advertencia: “Si quieres. Correct: The doctor recommended that he go to a specialist 116. provided you study (proveer) (siempre que) 73. . ¶ Infinitivo: To go To say To be Subjuntivo: Go Say Be 115.
Mexico is where I live Correct 12. Which (refers to things) 9. Paintings are good to have. The noise at the airport was deafening. Who/Whom (refers to people) 13. The pen which you have is mine Correct 10. Where (refers to places) 11. This/That/These/Those (refers to the last noun) 14. The noise at the airport was deafening. Why (refers to reasons) 121. situation that made conversation difficult (Correct) 20. The movie was as bad as the popcorn. The pencil where the marks were left was mine Incorrect 119. and this made us angry (Incorrect) 17. The friend which I describe is Mary Incorrect 118. and that caused him problem (Incorrect) 18. and these make a wonderful gift (Correct) 15. which/that made conversation difficult (Incorrect) 19. The noise at the airport was deafening. Joe is whom we hired Correct 120. and this educates you (Correct) 16. The man refused to move his car. and the rumble made conversation difficult (Correct) . Reading is very amusing.¶ Conectores que producen error: 117.
21. 78. ¶ Altogether means entirely: (De plano. 123. It may refer to the last noun or to the subject of the sentence 126. . and it was a big success (Correct) 75. and the rumble made conversation difficult. Hang/hung: ¶ Hang. 23. All together/altogether ¶ All together means everyone: (Todos juntos) 128. Repeat the subject. 24. totalmente) 129. hanged. 1888. This – Refers to the entire last sentence and does not cause error. Because the noise at the airport was deafening. This refers to the entire last sentence 25. __________ be sure that what follows refers to the subject and not to the date 26. hanged: Ahorcar The earthquake destroyed the city altogether. conversation was difficult (Correct) ¶ Corrections: 122. The movie was filmed in 1988. Because the noise at the airport was deafening. Situation that (Opción de los cobarde) 22. Mary has a Mexican passport. The noise at the airport was deafening. The noise at the airport was deafening. This allows her to travel around the world 127. conversation was difficult. Change all the sentence. OJO! . All together for the picture. 124. situation that made conversation difficult. de a tiro. 125.
Fall/fell/fallen: caer Feel/felt/felt: sentir 80. hung. 135. 85. opposite of … estan mal!!! 84. The park is a healthful environment. the doctor forgot to give us the medicine. the doctor may have forgotten to give us the medicine. Contrary to what was expected… In contrast to Picasso. You look healthy again. You will learn to surf in time. Contrary to/In Contrast to ¶ Always use to with contrary and in contrast 134. The use of have: . hung: Colgar con un gancho 79. Packet/package: ¶ Packet always refers to paper.¶ Hang. The bus arrived on time. 83. contrary with. 82. ¶ In time: With time (con el tiempo) 133. Healthy and healthful: ¶ Animals and plants are healthy: 130. Never use probable with may or might: ¶ Incorrect: It is probable that in the rush. 81. On time/in time: ¶ On time: Punctually (a tiempo) 132. Rivera… OJO! In contrast with. never use: The packet of paper ¶ Package refers to something wrapped. ¶ Correct: It is probable that in the rush. ¶ Healthful: something that promotes health: 131.
and never will have your strength. 143. ¶ Not able no existe. Not seen I am not rich. capable of and able to: ¶ Can refers to a mechanical ability. 140. 137. ¶ No is used with nouns: 141. Can. I have no money. Incorrect: I have not. ¶ Capable of refers to the ability to do things for being a human being. me go. Correct: I have not have. I am able to surf the waves. es necesario usar unable 88. 144. 86. I am capable to breathe. cortesia o petición: . ¶ Able to refers to acquired abilities. 145. I can drive a car. Correct: It does no good… (Significa que no sirve de nada o no es adecuado) 87. Let ¶ May: permiso. and never will have your strength.¶ Se usa como auxiliar en tiempos perfectos ¶ Have solito indica posesión 136. 139. quítate de enfrente) 146. Let/may: ¶ Let implies a physical action: (Sueltame!!. Not/no: ¶ Not is used with verbs or adjectives: 138. Incorrect: It does not good… 142.
I might go (Correct) ¶ Maybe: respuesta a una pregunta. You light a fire . triple.e recommend. I may be going (Incorrect) 28. four times. Triple correlative conjunction: (What comes after the conjunction must have the same grammatical structure) ¶ Not … nor … but … 148. Never use two time. three times. allow. The verbs forbid. (Possesive before –ing) ¶ Correct: I forbid that the union strikes. permit and propose as well as. 151. We may be needing an attorney. the verbs that produce subjunctive mode (i.) refer to an action and never to a noun: ¶ Incorrect: I forbid the union from striking. I do not read nor write but understand English well. ¶ Correct: I forbid the union’s striking. Use: double. es una acción completa pero es coloquial y se cambia por PERHAPS 93.147. ¶ Neither … nor … but … 149. quadruple. Si genera gerundio se cambio por might I have neither friends nor money but family. 90. 27. quintuple ¶ Double the amount ¶ Twice the number 91. we dance. suggest etc. May be/maybe ¶ May be: para todas las instancias que indican probabilidad 150. Light on/turn on: ¶ You light with fire 152. 92. May 89.
So…that: So smart that… 155. Well/good: ¶ Well is an adverb except when it refers to health 157. 158. ¶ Turn on is mechanical 94. 99. temperature and angles OJO!!! never use degree with knowledge. So…too: So have I worked too… 96. Too (asi también) 31. The use of so: ¶ Siempre que tengo so y no es conector busco: 154. The use of being: ¶ Being is passive voice so I suspect a better choice 97. Degree / Level ¶ Degree: is used with academic degrees. 159. Native/natives: I feel good The soup is good I am well . elemento de suerte ¶ Earn lleva esfuerzo.153. So as to: So as to be happy… 156. ¶ Level: Se utiliza para conocimiento 98. trabajo o tiempo ¶ Gain 95. That (que) 29. Win/gain/earn: You light a stove ¶ Win lleva un elemento fortuito. As to (Como para) 30. ¶ Good is an adjective.
169. I was born in Mexico. Incorrect: This has a plus for you. I argue about a mathematical problem. 103.¶ Native: Oriundo. Incorrect: He is opposed against oppression. 162. As… a … can be (Tanto como lo puede ser) ¶ As (adjetivo) a (noun) can be 167. Based on/on the basis of: ¶ Based on is used with something physical/tangible: . Plus: ¶ Únicamente para operaciones matemáticas 165. 161. originario (No se pluraliza) 160. Vulnerable/Opposed/Rebel/Contrary ¶ Never use vulnerableopposedrebelcontrary with against. Never start a sentence with a number: ¶ Incorrect: 1964 is an important year in the war of… 106. Correct: He is opposed to oppression 105. Correct: Two plus two is four. As good a car can be 104. I dispute over a couple of yards. so I am a native from Mexico. 4th … use 2 or 4 102. ¶ You argue about 164. 166. Over/about: ¶ You dispute over 163. 101. always use to: 168. Never use 2nd. Native of se refiere a personas Native to se refiere a animales ¶ Natives use bones in their heads!!!! 100.
If you but were king I would conquer the world 113. Economic/economical: ¶ Economic (noun): Economic behavior. tiempo y lugar van de preferencia al principio o al final de la idea 111. Never use gerunds except when: ¶ the second action is consequence of the first one: 173. Krakatoa erupted sending ashes ¶ When something happens in this instant 174. PREPOSITIONS: ¶ ON . While the earthquake stroke. 107. Las frases adverbiales de modo. If you but (si tan sólo) ¶ Se conjuga igual que los condicionales 176. I am no/I am not: ¶ I am no Tarzan. It´s raining ¶ Cuando me llevas a una situación para que la reviva contigo 175. 171. Cuando no encuentro As well as y If not better than busco: At least as well as 112. I am not that person. The building is based on pilots of steel Based on the formula/survey (Correct) ¶ On the basis of is used with something intangible 172. I was drinking coffee 108. On the basis of what I know. I am not someone like… Significa “ni que fuera” ¶ I am not Tarzan. not expensive) 110. ¶ Economical (adjective): Economical ticket. (Cheap.170. 109.
I came on foot 34. Cuando una persona viaja por medio de un transporte. no importa si es colectivo o no 38. on the committee. La aplicación es sin compañia 39. . Con significado de acompañado o solo. On January 28. The book was written by Tom ¶ WITH 185. Se utiliza para un día de la semana o para una fecha muy específica 36. Se refiere a una calle específicamente 35. se utiliza para expresar con compañia 41. Did you come to work by car today? 183. Do you usually come to work on a bus? 178. (En coche no) 32. I plan to arrive on horseback 179. She usually sits with her friends. on the group 40. Cuando una persona viaja en transportes colectivos: plane. En direcciones. subway. Cuando una persona monta o camina (walk or ride) 33. train. Con significado de compañía. Para fechas. ¶ BY 182. She usually sits by herself 184. On Booker St. boat.177. bus. 1969 181. considerando como medio. Para indicar autorazgo On the team. 180. On Tuesday 37.
. Cuando se refiere a la utilización de un instrumento 42. Bank usually like signatures in ink 188. pero no se mezclan como un dato complejo o más exacto 45. Se utiliza para especificar una ciudad. You must sign the check with a pen ¶ IN 187. Para tiempo. sin especificar más. Para direcciones exactas y completas 46. un año. At 491 Booker St. Para direcciones intermedias.186. Para mencionar una hora específica. Se utiliza cuando se refiere a la sustancia de un instrumento 43. 47. 114. Para fechas. In January. In North Carolina. In USA 189. Da un contexto general 44. Right Different from Die of Try to Except for In regard to Plan to Prior to Type of According to Similar to Insist on Wrong Not different than Die from Try and Excepting for In regards to Plan on Prior than Type of a According with Similar with Insist in . In 1998 ¶ AT 190. USA 191. Se utiliza para especificar un mes. estado. At 12 noon. exacta. California.
Bother/Nuissance ¶ Bother:Algo que si puedes apagar o controlar ¶ Nuissance: Algo que no puedes controlar (i. 119. Cuando puedes evitar que una cosa posea: ¶ Correct: The captain of the ship ¶ Incorrect: The ship´s captain 116. Para adjetivar una frase. Expected to ________. Older/Ancient 192. New paint = newly painted . Older se utiliza para cosas de aproximadamente 100 años de antigüedad 193.e the weather) 117. el sustantivo se hace un participio y el adjetivo un advervio: 194. Expected siempre seguido de infinitivo. Arcaicos ¶ Between = betwixt ¶ Among = amongst ¶ While = whilst ¶ Among = amid = amidst 118. Ancient se utiliza para cosas mucho más viejas 120.Distinguish from (Diferenciar) Distinguish for (Distinguirse) Distinguish between (Escoger entre 2) Responsible for Contrary to In contrast to Responsible for Prepared for Superior to Known for (Reconocido por) Known as (“alias”) Distinguish of Responsible of Contrary with In contrast with Responsible of Prepared to Superior than 115.
Para los títulos de alguna persona. 196.121. The President Fox is here (Correct) Fox is the president (Correct) . si el título está junto al nombre de la persona se escribe con mayúscula. En caso contrario se escribe con minúscula: 195.
Consider every single word carefully. The four doctors may even be on the board of directors of Sinutol. the question contains important clues that will tell you what to look for as you read the passage.Critical reasoning: ¶ Parts of the argument: 1. needs for strengthening or weakening. shades of meaning are very important in this section. Read the question first. this section is testing your ability as a manager to listen or read a report. ¶ Types of inductive reasoning: 1. The conclusion: this is what the author is trying to convince us of. Be objective. . The premises: these are the pieces of evidence the author gives to support the conclusion.) 4. 197. 2. Statistical arguments: Use statistics to prove a point. 3. The assumption: theses are unstated ideas or evidence without which the entire conclusion might be invalid. Four out of five doctors agree: “ The pain reliever is Sinutol is the most effective analgesic on the market today. It can be inductive or deductive. (Never stated by the author clearly. incorrect assumptions etc. The conclusion is based on the assumption that four out of five doctors find Sinutol wonderful. The most we can say is that this may be possible. 3. The reasoning: this is the logical structure on which the argument is based. try to reason if numerically there causality. see fallacies. ¶ Tricks: 1. 2. You should try Sinutol.
It relies on the assumption that since this product causes cancer in lab animals. 199. Every time I wear my green suit. This argument is not really complete. ignoring the question of whether the two situations are comparable. This argument relies on the assumption that there is no other possible cause for people liking him. The argument is not really complete. people like me. 3.2. Argument by analogy: Compares one situation to another. Therefore. you should stop using this product. Causal arguments: They take an effect and suggest a cause for it. Studies indicate that use of this product causes cancer in laboratory animals. it will also cause cancer in humans. 198. it is my green suit that makes people like me. Therefore. ¶ Types of questions (7): ¶ .
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