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. He is a recipient of the Bharat Ratna in the year 1955. He was also knighted as a Commander of the Indian Empire by King George V for his multiple contributions to the public good. 15 September is celebrated as the Engineer’s Day every year in India in his memory.
Sir M. V was born to Srinivas Sastry and Venkachamma. His father was a Sanskrit scholar and an authority on the Hindu scriptures. Sir M. V’s ancestors actually recognized from village of Mokshagundam near Giddalur in Andhra Pradesh. They had migrated to Mysore start three centuries ago. He used Telugu language. He lost his father when he was just 15. The family was a reside at Kurnool of Andhra Pradesh when this happened to them, and they again moved back to their old village in Muddenahalli. He attended primary school at Chikkaballapur and high school in Bangalore. He finished his degree from Madras University in the year 1881; and he finished his civil engineering at the College of Science, Pune.
After graduated as engineer, he works for the Public Works Department (PWD) of Bombay, and later he was invited to join the Indian Irrigation Commission. He started an extremely elaborate system of irrigation in the Deccan area. He also designed and clear cut a system of autonomic embankment water floodgates which were first installed in the year 1903 at the Khadakvasla reservoir near Pune. These gates were employed to raise the flood supply level of storage in the reservoir to the highest level likely to be attained by its flood without any damage to the dam. On the successful of this project, the same system was installed at the Tigra Dam in Gwalior and the Krishnaraja Sagara (KRS) Dam in Mandya. He achieved celebrity status when he designed a flood protection system to protect the city of Hyderabad from floods. Sir M. V. supervised the construction of the KRS Dam across the Cauvery River from concept to inauguration. This Dam created the biggest reservoir in Asia at the time. He was rightly called the “Father of Modern Mysore State” .During the time of his services with the Government of Mysore state, he was responsible for the founding of the Mysore Soap Factory, the Parasitoide, the Sri Jayachamaranjendra Polytechnic Institute, the Mysore Iron & Steel Works (now called Visvesvaraya Iron and Steel Limited) in Bhadravathi, the Bangalore Agricultural University, the State Bank of Mysore, The Century Club, Mysore Chambers of Commerce and other several ventures. He was also instrumental in charting out the plan for construction of road between Tirumala and Tirupati. He retired in 1908. After his retirement, He left India for a foreign tour and study industrialized nations and then worked for Nizam of Hyderabad. He gives a measure suggestion of flood relief for Hyderabad town. In 1909, he was appointed as Chief Engineer of Mysore State, and in 1912, he was appointed as Diwan or First Minister of the princely state of Mysore. With the support of king of Mysore Krishnaraja Wodeyar IV, he made a contribution as Diwan to all round development for the state. Not only the Krishnaraja Sagara Dam and Reservoir, the steel works at Bhadravathi, the Sri Jayachamarajendra Polytechnic Institute at Bangalore, the University of Mysore, Bank of Mysore Limited (now State Bank of Mysore) at Bangalore Karnataka Soaps & Detergents Limited (KSDL) – Govt Soap Factory  and many other industries and public works owe their inception or active nurturing to him. He was instrumental in the founding of the “Government Engineering College” at Bangalore in 1917, one of the first engineering institutes in India. This institution was later named the “University Visvesvaraya College of Engineering” (UVCE) after its founder. It remains one of the most reputed institutes of engineering in Karnataka. He also commissioned several new railway lines in Mysore states. Some of the awards and honours donated on Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya are:
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1959: Fellowship of the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 1958: 'Durga Prasad Khaitan Memorial Gold Medal' by the Royal Asiatic Society Council of Bengal 1955: Conferred ' BHARATHA RATNA' 1953: Awarded the Honorary Fellowship of the Institute of Town Planners, India 1953: D.Litt - Andhra University 1948: Doctorate - LLD, Mysore University 1944: D.Sc. - Allahabad University 1943: Elected as an Honorary Life Member of the Institution of Engineers (India) 1937: D.Litt - Benaras Hindu University 1931: LLD - Bombay University 1921: D.Sc. - Calcutta University 1915: K.C.I.E. (Knight Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire) 1911: C.I.E. (Companion of the Indian Empire) at the Delhi Darbar 1906: "Kaisar-i-Hind" in recognition of his services 1904: Honorary Membership of London Institution of Civil Engineers for an unbroken period of 50 years.
He devised a new irrigation system called the Block System. a statesman. His mother Venkachamma was a religious lady. Born: September 15. Of the many factories he started the most important is the Bhadravati Iron and Steel Works. He worked actively even after his retirement. 1962 Achievements: Architect of Krishnarajasagar Dam. Sir M. When he reached the age . Effective utilization of water resources to provide safe drinking water and appropriate irrigation was his passion. Examination in 1881. In 1883 he ranked first in the L. the Chrome Tanning Factory . He was the architect of the Krishnaraja Sagara dam in Mysore. He was known for his honesty and integrity. The list is endless.Bharat Ratna Sir Dr Mokshagundam Visves-varaya. Visvesvaraya cleared his engineering. As an engineer. Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya was an eminent engineer and statesman and played a key role in building of modern India. railway system of Mysore. the Metals Factory. Before accepting the position of Dewan of Mysore. In 1912. He lost his father when he was only 15 years old. Examination of today). As Dewan of Mysore. honored with Bharat Ratna. he achieved some marvelous feats. Sir M. Visvesvaraya was born on September 15. Maharaja of Mysore appointed Visvesvaraya as his Dewan. He did not take up large engineering projects unless he was convinced of their techno-economic feasibility. Examinations (equivalent to B. He devised steel doors to stop the wasteful flow of water in dams. His father Srinivasa Sastry was a Sanskrit scholar and Ayurvedic practitioner. which was his forte. were some of them. When he was the Dewan many new industries came up. What made him a unique person was his foresight and grand vision of industrial development which he considered extremely important to alleviate India's poverty.E. When Sir M. 1860 Died: April 14. Visvesvaraya voluntarily retired as Dewan of Mysore in 1918. He was a strict vegetarian and a teetotaler. He told them very clearly that he would accept the prestigious office on the condition that none of them would approach him for favours. devised steel doors to stop the wasteful flow of water in dams. adequate return on investment and serving a social purpose. He was also versatile. Government of Bombay offered him a job and appointed him Assistant Engineer at Nasik. The Sandal Oil Factory. He cleared his B. he worked tirelessly for educational and industrial development of the state.E.A. a visionary and a staunch votary of industrialization. Visvesvaraya lead a very simple life. the Soap Factory. and the F. but also contributed to industrial development by planning a steel plant. 1860 in Muddenahalli village in the Kolar district of the erstwhile princely state of Mysore (present day Karnataka).C. He not only designed and built large dams and water supply schemes. he invited all his relatives for dinner.E. Sir M. He became a legend in his own lifetime – lived a life filled with singular engineering achievements unparalleled by any one in India in the last century. He planned a way of supplying water from the river Sindhu to a town called Sukkur. Sir M. Visvesvaraya completed his early education in Chikkaballapur and then went to Bangalore for higher education. He got some assistance from the Government of Mysore and joined the Science College in Poona to study Engineering.C. popularly known as Sir MV or MV was an engineer extraordinary. effective technical education for the posterity and even a reputed financial institution – namely the Mysore Bank. Visvesvaraya was honored with Bharat Ratna in 1955 for his invaluable contribution to the nation.
Sir Visvesvaraya passed away on April 14. He was known for his honesty and integrity. Bharat Ratna Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya. Such things areunheard of these days. however. 15 September is celebrated asEngineer's Day in India in his memory. He was a recipient of the Indian Republic's highest honour. Nanjangud bananas for lunch.Vishweshwaraiah. the Government of India brought out a stamp in his honor. He is held in high regard as the first and pre-eminent engineer of India. His diet included a very light breakfast. vegetables without spices. His father died in Kurnool when Visvesvaraya was just 15 years old. rasam. Visvevaraya completed his lower secondary schooling in Chikballapur. After schooling he joined Central College in Bangalore for his graduation. Visweswaraiah. popularly and affectionately known as Sir M. 1860 in a village known as Muddenahalli in Chikballapur Taluk. Every year. He told them very clearly that he would accept the prestigious office on the condition that none of them would approach him for favours. he invited all his relatives for dinner. statesman and the Diwan of Mysore during 1912 to 1919. In India Sept 15 is celebrated as Engineer's Day in memory of our beloved Sir MV. KCIE (Kannada: ಶ್ರೀ ಮೀಕ್ಷಗ ುಂಡುಂ ವಿಶ್ವೀಶ್ವರಯ್ಯ) (other spellings include Visvesvaraya.. two slices of bread or chappatis.M. Kolar District. He was knighted as a Commander of the Indian Empire by King George V for his myriad contributions to the public good. in 1955. Contents [hide] 1 Early years 2 Career as Engineer 3 Diwan of Mysore 4 Awards and Honours o o 4. was born on September 15. "Visvesvaraya" also known as Sir MV.V. He was a strict vegetarian and a teetotaler. Before accepting the position of Dewan of Mysore.of 100. and wake up at 6 A.1 The family temple at Muddenahalli 4. He lead a very simple life. Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya. the Bharat Ratna. 1962 at the age of 101. He was the chief designer of the flood protection system for the city of Hyderabad. curds.2 Memorial at Muddenahalli .M. He would go to sleep by 10 P. scholar. 15 September 1860 – 14 April 1962) was a notable Indian engineer.
he was responsible for the founding of. 40 miles from Bangalore. the Mysore Soap Factory. These gates were employed to raise the flood supply level of storage in the reservoir to the highest level likely to be attained by a flood without causing any damage to the dam. the State Bank of Mysore. Career   as Engineer Upon graduating as an engineer. Visvesvaraya took up a job with the Public Works Department (PWD) of Bombay (now known as Mumbai) and was later invited to join the Indian Irrigation Commission. Sir M. preserves the memory of his association with Andhra Pradesh. Pune.(Africa) to study water supply and drainage system and the project prepared by him was implemented in Eden successfully. Government of India sent him to Eden. the Parasitoide Laboratory.4 Institutions named in his honour 5 Works 6 References 7 External links Early years Visvesvaraya was born to Srinivasa Sastry and Venkachamma in Muddenahalli village. He also designed and patented a system of automatic weir water floodgates that were first installed in 1903 at the Khadakvasla Reservoir near Pune. the Mysore Iron & Steel Works (now known as Visvesvaraya Iron and Steel Limited) in Bhadravathi. He was instrumental in developing a system to protect Visakhapatnam port from sea erosion. His family was a pious Telugu-speaking Smartha Brahmin family of the Vaidiki Mulukanadu sub-caste. In fact his ancestors actually belonged to Mokshagundam village. Visvesvaraya lost his father at the age of 15. the Sri Jayachamarajendra Polytechnic Institute. Visvesvaraya achieved celebrity status when he designed a flood protection system for the city of Hyderabad. the same system was installed at the Tigra Dam inGwalior and the Krishnaraja Sagara (KRS) Dam in Mandya/ Mysore. He implemented an extremely intricate system of irrigation in the Deccan area.Karnataka.o o 4. and moved back to Muddenahalli therE after. attended primary school in Chikballapur and high school in Bangalore. besides being an Ayurvedic practitioner. The family was in Kurnool when this happened. from Madras University in 1881 and later studied civil engineering at the College of Science.3 Developments in Muddenahalli 4. (under the Patronage of Mysore Government). the Bangalore Agricultural University. He earned his B. His father was a Sanskrit scholar and an authority on Hindu Dharmashastras (theology).A. The .  He was rightly called the "Father of modern Mysore state" (now Karnataka): During his period of service with the Government of Mysore state.  Visvesvaraya supervised the construction of the KRS Dam across the Cauvery River from concept to inauguration. The family name “Mokshagundam”. near Giddalur in the Prakasam district of present-day Andhra Pradesh. India. Based on the success of these gates. In 1906-07. This dam created the biggest reservoir in Asia when it was built.V. and had migrated to Mysore some three centuries ago.
but many other industries and public works owe their inception or active nurturing to him. time management and dedication to a cause. He was known for sincerity. Visvesvaraya was knighted as a Knight Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire (KCIE) by the British for his myriad contributions to the public good. . He was Diwan for 7 years. Maharaja of Mysore. during the year. Visvesvaraya was Sir Mirza Ismail's mentor and in 1926 by way of recommendation to the King who supplemented Mirza Ismail by elevating him to the coveted position of the [[List of Diwans of Mysore Awards and Honours The Bharat Ratna medal  Visvesvaraya was appointed a Companion of the Order of the Indian Empire (CIE) in 1911. Visvesvaraya made an arguably unprecedented contribution as Diwan to the all-round development of the state. while he was the Diwan of Mysore. for a short period he worked for the Nizam of Hyderabad. Later. This institution was later named the University Visvesvaraya College of Engineering after its founder. He suggested flood relief measures for Hyderabad town. In 1915. one of the first engineering institutes in India.  After India attained independence. Visvesvaraya was appointed as Chief Engineer of Mysore State. 1912. Sir M. during November 1909. Not only the achievements listed above. He also commissioned several new railway lines in Mysore states. Further. which was under constant threat of floods by Moosi river. he took a foreign tour to study industrialised nations and after. Mysore Chambers of Commerce and numerous other industrial ventures. He was instrumental in charting out the plan for road construction between Tirumala and Tirupati. in 1955. he was appointed as Diwan (First Minister) of the princely state of Mysore. It remains one of the very most reputed institutes of engineering in Karnataka.Century Club. Visvesvaraya  was given the nation's highest honour. He was instrumental in the founding of the Government Engineering College atBangalore in 1917. With the support of Krishnaraja Wodeyar IV. He encouraged private investment in industry during his tenure as Diwan of Mysore. the Bharat Ratna. Diwan of Mysore After opting for voluntary retirement in 1908.
V. as well as the 600 crore Visvesvaraya Institute of Advanced Technology.. He was president of the 1923 Session of the Indian Science Congress.  the elite Indian Institute of Technology Muddenahalli.'s mother.V. located on the family-owned land at Muddenahalli. Memorial  at Muddenahalli The Samadhi of Sir M.Litt. LL.V.The Knight Commander of The Indian Empire medal Sir M.Sc. a number of educational institutions are being constructed in the MuddenahalliKanivenarayanapura region.V.D. with the Nandi Hills as a backdrop. . V. Developments  in Muddenahalli In honor of Sir Visvesvarayya. Venkatalakshamma discovered the stone sculpture near her house and figure of Hanuman was caraved on it and same is worshipped at Muddenahalli.  These developments will make the historical town of Muddenahalli the premier education hub in northern Bangalore. D.  Every year September 15 is celebrated as World Engineers Day worldwide in honor of the great technocrat and visionary The family temple at Muddenahalli Sir M. was honoured with honorary membership of the international Institution of Civil Engineers (based in London) and a fellowship of the Indian Institute of Science (based in Bangalore). Sir M. He was awarded several honorary doctoral degrees like D. from eight universities in India. at Muddenahalli There is a beautiful and very picturesque memorial of Sir M. Among these is the Sathya Sai Baba University and School of Medicine. was awarded honorary Membership of London Institution of Civil Engineers for an unbroken 50 years..
Institutions named in his honour .
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