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,

(Geography)[1]
h g graphein
"geography"
[2]

Spatial analysis
area studies
man-land relationship[3]

physical sciencesHuman geography


Physical geography[4]

[]

1
2
o 2.1
o 2.2
o 2.3
o 2.4
o 2.5

2.6
o 2.7
3
o 3.1
o 3.2
o 3.3
o 3.4
o 3.5
4
o 4.1
o 4.2
o 4.3
o 4.4
o 4.5
o 4.6
o 4.7
5
6
7
o

[]
cartographers

[5]

......

''

William Hughes1863 [6]

[7]
environmental
geography[5]

[]

[]

pedosphere

(Environmen

(Paleoclimato
(Coastal
tal

logy)
Geography) Management
)

(Phenology)

(Quaternary
Science)

[]

(Developmen

Geography)

(Health
Geography)

(Time
Geography)

Behavioral geography
Geosophy
Feminist geography
Cultural theory

[]

technological change

environmental managementsustainability
political ecology

[]

(Digital Elevation Model, DEM)

Geomatics 1950
quantitative revolution
GIS
1950

spatial analysis
GPS

[]

regionalization
critical
geography

[]

, regional planningspatial planning

Regional science 1950 Walter Isard

spatial dimension
regional economicsresource
managementlocation theory
population distribution

Planetology

[]

[]
synoptic science

(GIS)

Systematic-
Regional -
Descriptive-
Analytical -

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(St. Isidore)
TO (1475)

Cartographers

GvSIG

[]

Geographic information systems,GIS

GIS
Geographic Information Science

[]

NASA DC-8 AirSAR

Remote sensing
aerial photography

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

[]

Geostatistics

petroleum exploration
discriminant analysis

1899

[]

Geographic Qualitative MethodsEthnography

Participant observation

[]

[8]

[]
(c. 610 B.C.-c. 545 B.C.)

Gnomon

History of cartographyAncient Greek literature


History of mathematics

[]

[9]

15

[]
Babylonian mathematics
sexagesimal 360
60()([10]
atlas
grid system 56.5
[11]

[]
[12]
Abu Abd Allah Muhammad al-Idrisi

House of Wisdom[13] 13
[12]
17

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16 17

Gerardus MercatorBernhardus Varenius


Geographia Generalis

[]
18 19
19 1821
Socit de Gographie[14]1830 Royal Geographical Society[15]
1845 Russian Geographical Society[16]1851
American Geographical Society[17] 1888 [18]
Carl RitterPaul Vidal de la Blache

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20

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(276BC - 194BC) -
(c.90c.168) - Geographia
Gerardus Mercator (1512-1594) -

(17691859) -
Kosmos
Carl Ritter (1779-1859) -

Arnold Henry Guyot (1807-1884) -


ice flow
William Morris Davis (1850-1934) -
cycle of erosion
Paul Vidal de la Blache (1845-1918) -

(1861-1947) -
Geographical AssociationReading University
The Geographical Pivot of History
Heartland
(1893-1969) -
Yi-Fu Tuan (1930-) - Humanistic
Geography
David Harvey (1935-) - Marxist geography

Michael Frank Goodchild (1944-) -


2003 Royal Geographical Society
Nigel Thrift (1949-) - non-representational theory

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[]
1. ^ Geography. The American Heritage Dictionary/ of the English Language, Fourth Edition.
Houghton Mifflin Company [2006-10-9].
2. ^ Pattison, W.D.. The Four Traditions of Geography. Journal of Geography. 1990, 89 (5): pp.
202-6. ISSN 0022-1341ISSN 0022-1341. Reprint of a 1964 article.
3. ^
4. ^ web.clas.ufl.edu/users/morgans/lecture_2.prn.pdf.
5. ^ 5.0 5.1 Hayes-Bohanan, James. What is Environmental Geography, Anyway? [2006-10-9].
6. ^ Hughes, William. (1863). The Study of Geography. Lecture delivered at King's College,
London by Sir Marc Alexander. Quoted in Baker, J.N.L. The History of Geography. Oxford:
Basil Blackwell. 1963: p. 66.
7. ^ What is geography?. AAG Career Guide: Jobs in Geography and related Geographical
Sciences. Association of American Geographers [2006-10-9].
8. ^ According to John Mansley Robinson, An Introduction to Early Greek Philosophy,
Houghton and Mifflin, 1968.
9. ^ Jean-Louis and Monique Tassoul. A Concise History of Solar and Stellar Physics. London:
Princeton University Press. 1920.
10. ^ Hipparcos of Rhodes. Technology Museum of Thessaloniki [2006-10-16].
11. ^ Sullivan, Dan. Mapmaking and its History. Rutgers University [2006-10-16].
12. ^ 12.0 12.1 Needham, Joseph (1986). Science and Civilization in China: Volume 3. Taipei:
Caves Books, Ltd. Page 512.
13. ^ IslamiCity.com - Education
14. ^ Socit de Gographie, Paris, France [2007-01-15] (French).
15. ^ About Us. Royal Geographical Society [2007-01-15].
16. ^ ( 1845 .)
17. ^ The American Geographical Society
18. ^ National Geographic - Inspiring People to Care About the Planet