Oral Cavity – “Cavum Oris” Is conveniently divided by the arch formed by the teeth and gums into the

oral vestibule and oral cavity proper

LIPS –two fleshy folds that circumscribed the mouth and close the buccal cavity in front. Formed: a. Externally – integument b. Internally – mucous membrane bet. Which are found the orbiciularis oris muscle, the labial vessels, some nerves, areolar tissue, fats, numerous small labial glands LAYERS: Skin – fairly thick and contains hair follicles and sebaceous glands Superficial fascia – loosely arranged and contains some fats Orbicularis Oris muscle – serves as the sphincter muscle of the mouth Submucous tissue – contains vessels and mucous labial glands. An arterial circle is present and formed by the upper and lower labial branches of the facial artery 5. Mucous Membrane – the innermost layer of lip 1. 2. 3. 4. Frenulum – fold of mucous membrane connecting the inner surface of each lip in the middle line. The upper frenulum being the larger Mouth Cavity – placed at the commencement of the digestive tube; oval- shaped cavity which consists of two parts: a. Vestibule – smaller portion b. Mouth cavity proper – inner, larger portion Vestibule – slit-like space; communicates with the surface of the body by the rima or orifice of the mouth. Also, communicates, when the jaws are closed with the mouth cavity proper by an aperture on either side behind the wisdom teeth and by narrow clefts between the opposing teeth - lies between the gums and the cheeks *Secretions from parotid gland Bounded: a. Externally – lips and cheeks b. Internally- gums and teeth c. Above and below – limited by the reflection of the mucous membrane from the lips and cheeks to the gum covering the upper and lower alveolar arch respectively. d. Anteriorly – lips e. Laterally – cheeks f. Posteriorly and medially – teeth and gums Mouth Cavity Proper – “cavum oris propium” Lies behind and within the arch of the mouth

Bounded: a. Laterally and in front – alveolar arches with teeth b. Behind – communicates with pharynx by a constricted aperture termed the ISTHMUS FAUCIUM c. Roof – hard and soft palate d. Floor – tongue (greater part) ; the remainder by the reflection of the mucous membrane from the side and under surface of the tongue to the gum lining the inner aspect of the mandible *Secretions from sublingual and submaxillary salivary glands The Oral vestibule and Oral cavity proper communicate with each other through the spaces between the teeth and the retromolar space. STRUCTURES The mucous membrane lining the mouth is continuous with the integument at the free margin of the lips, and with the mucous lining of the pharynx behind; it is of a rosepink tinge during life, and very thick where it overlies the hard parts bounding the cavity. It is covered by squamous epithelium. 1. Parotid duct/ Stensen’s duct – open into the oral vestibule on a small papilla located opposite the upper second molar 2. Superior and inferior cul-de-sacs – around the circumference of oral vestibule; formed by the reflection of the mucous membrane of the lips and the cheeks upon the upper and lower alveolar arches 3. Sublingual gland – smallest of the salivary glands and rests upon the mylohyoid muscle and sublingual fossa close to the symphysis menti ; it’s posterior end is in contact with the anterior prolongation of the submaxillary gland ; the gland indicated by the sublingualv fold is found bet. The alveolus and the anterior part of the tongue Sublingual Region *the two sublingual regions make up the floor of the mouth - represented as deep groove lying bet. The mandible and the root of the tongue and placed upon the mylohyoid and hyoglossus muscle. - each sublingual compartment contains the sublingual gland, part of submandibular gland, submandibular duct, lingual and hypoglossal nerves and the sublingual vessels. - the anterior 2/3 of the tongue rises from the floor *Lingual Frenulum - appears as median folds which connects the tongue to the floor *Lingual Vein – side of frenulum; appears as prominent blue line *Lingual Papillae – tip of frenulum; opening of the submandibular duct *Sublingual Fold – ridge of mucous membrane, passes laterally and backwards from the papilla and overlies the sublingual gland

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful