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C
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PLus,
grammar, error correction,
jokes, anecdotes, trivia, slang,
phrasal verbs, social English.
C
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DiviDED FamiLy
Britain’s most unusual family
soNg oF thE moNth
Listen, enjoy and learn English
traFaLgar trouBLE
Find out why trafalgar square
is at the centre of a controversy
ATONEMENT
1930s
issue
kEirA kNighTlEy
Win
a free copy
of the aWard-
Winning book
atonement
WorD oF thE moNth
read about interesting words
in our new section
Extra ListENiNgs oN thE CD
Lots more articles on advertising, business,
marketing, technology…

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Hi, I’d like
to learn
some useful
business-related
expressions.
All material in this publication is strictly copyright, and all rights are reserved. Reproduction without permission is prohibited. The views expressed in Hot English
Magazine do not necessarily represent the views of Hot English Publishing, S.L., although we do think that English spelling is best left as is, the second episode
of Star Wars was pretty poor (compared to the rest), and there’s nothing like a bit of Schadenfreude to spice up your day.
Editor’s intro
hello everyone, and welcome to
another issue of hot english. are
you looking forward to christmas?
one way to get into the festive
spirit is to see a pantomime. this
is a type of theatre play for both
adults and children that is often
based on a fairy tale (cinderella,
Sleeping beauty, Snow White,
etc). a woman plays the part of a man, and there’s
a dame, who is a man dressed as a woman. there
are also lots of jokes, wacky costumes and songs. if
you’re in madrid, you can see one here, performed
by the madrid players. for more information, please
visit: www.madridplayers.blogspot.com
in this month’s issue of hot english, we’re looking
at the sad situation of the hyphen. Unfortunately for
many, he seems to be on the way out, as fewer
and fewer people are using him. however, we at
hot english would like to offer our full support, as the
hyphen often helps with understanding. bring back
the hyphen, we say!
our main theme this month is the 1930s – a
fascinating period. you can read about some of the
great moments and people from this decade, plus
read about the incredible story of the mitford sisters
– britain’s most unusual family.
Well, we hope you enjoy reading and listening to this
issue of hot english magazine. all the best and see
you next month,
pS don’t forget to order your
copy of the Student’s pack or
the teacher’s pack. See the
ad in the magazine for more
details. it’s the perfect Xmas
gift!
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C
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Magazine Index
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Editorial
4 Together Again & Road Hell
6 Hyphen Hysterics
8 Headlines News
9 Nursery Times
10 Story Time
11 Scouting Around
12 Basic English: The Hairdresser’s
1 Grammar Fun
14 Headlines News
15 Checked In & Buried Boat
16 Trivia Matching
17 Weird Trivia
18 Dr Fingers’ Grammar
19 Subscriptions
20 Corny Criminals
21 Changing 30s
22 Atonement Time
24 Divided Family
26 Face to Face: Orwell & Huxley
27 Social English: The Hairdresser
28 Headline News
29 Jokes, grafti and cartoon
0 Through the Roof & Salty Burgers
1 Anniversaries
2 999 Calls & Recipe (Welsh Rarebit)
Song & Backissues
4 Vocabulary & Typical Dialogues
(board games)
5 Vocabulary Clinic: Work
6 Witch Hunt
7 Quirky News
8 Bar chats
9 Trafalgar Trouble
40 Dumb US Laws
42 Dictionary of Slang
4 Idioms: Animals
44 The Lindberg Case
45 Phrasal Verbs (Time)
46 Headline News
47 The Hoax
48 Film Speech
49 Student Scam & Sweet Revenge
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Headlines News
47
The Hoax
24
Divided Family
this symbol tells you that the
article is recorded on the cd.
22
Atonement Time
1 Hello
2 Together Again
Road Hell
4 Fingers’ Error Correction
Teacher’s/Student’sPack

5 Nursery Rhymes
6 Story Time
7 Blair Wealth
Teacher’s/Student’sPack
8 Radio ad
9 Checked In
10 Buried Boat
11 Radio ad
12 Weird Trivia
1 Corny Criminals
14 Food’s Up
Teacher’s/Student’sPack
15 Social English
16 Jokes
17 Grafti
18 Through the Roof
19 Salty Burger
20 999 Calls
21 Song
22 Radio ad
2 Typical dialogues
24 Dr Fingers’ Vocabulary
25 Quirky News
26 Radio ad
27 British Bar Chat
28 US Bar Chat
29 Imperial Success
Teacher’s/Student’sPack
0 Dumb US Laws
1 Dictionary of Slang
2 Radio ad
Idioms
4 Radio ad
5 Student Scam
6 Sweet Revenge
7 Homo Politicus
Teacher’s/Student’sPack
8 Advertising
Teacher’s/Student’sPack
9 Technology
Teacher’s/Student’sPack
40 Marketing
Teacher’s/Student’sPack
41 Radio ad
42 Business
Teacher’s/Student’sPack
4 Medicine
Teacher’s/Student’sPack
44 Finance
Teacher’s/Student’sPack
45 Telephone Conversation
Teacher’s/Student’sPack
46 Goodbye
Photo & Quote of the month

here’s our
photo of the
month. now,
can someone
tell us, what is
the point of this
sign?
and here’s our quote of the month:
“Language is always changing. it has to move
with the times. there has to be a negotiated
common ground, but within that there’s room for
variation and a degree of creativity.”
What do you think?
For our “Word of the Day”, and lots, lots more free content, please visit
Dr Fingers’ fantastic blog:
www.hotenglishmagazine.com/blog
GLOSSARY
to get into the festive spirit exp
to celebrate Christmas by having a
good time and being kind/
generous, etc
wacky adj
crazy; strange
on the way out exp
disappearing
common ground n
if two people or groups fnd
“common ground”, they agree
about something
Ho!
Ho! Ho!
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Together Again
Road Hell
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www.hotenglishmagazine.com or www.hotenglish.hu
cd tracks 2-3
irishwoman & US woman
GLOSSARY
to reform n
if a group “reforms”, the singers/
musicians come together again
after separating
comprised of exp
including; made of
to split up phr vb
to separate
the media n
newspapers, radio, the television,
etc
to play live exp
to play music to an audience
a disaster area n
an area of destruction and
devastation
busy adj
with a lot of cars and trafc
the environment n
the natural world, including the
sea, air, plants, animals, etc
to encourage vb
to try to persuade someone to do
something
a queue n
a line of people in a shop/the street
One of Britain’s most famous bands reforms.
Led Zeppelin are one of the
most famous rock bands of all
time. Now they say that they are
going to reform. The original
group was comprised of Robert
Plant (vocals), Jimmy Page
(guitar), John Paul Jones (bass)
and John Bonham (drums).
They split up after the death
of Bonham in 1980. The media
report that tickets to the concert
will be sold for £125 each. Led
Zeppelin are not the only band
that have recently reformed.
Others include The Spice Girls,
The Police, Take That, Crowded
House and Genesis. “These bands
are still very popular” said one
journalist. “They can still make
lots of money, and people want
to see them play live”.
An environmental group in Britain has
reported that there will be a great increase
in the number of cars in the future. The
group, which is called The Campaign for Better
Transport says that if the government does
not do anything, British roads will become
a disaster area. Stephen Joseph, executive
director of the group, says, “Roads are getting
busier every day. We cannot continue like this.
Road trafc is destroying our communities,
our health and our environment. We have
had this problem for a long time now. The
government has to encourage people to
use alternative types of transport such as
trains and buses.” Mr Joseph says that if the
government does nothing, there will be a
queue of cars that goes from London in the
south to Edinburgh in the north.
Government report that there will be 6m more cars by 2031.
Clap
like this when
we finish the
song.
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of ENglIsH
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of ENglIsH
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OUT noW!
Together Again
the
perfect
compLement
for
hot engLiSh
magaZine
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GLOSSARY
hyphen n
a punctuation sign (-) for joining
two words, or for showing that a
word has been broken in two
a fg leaf n
a leaf from a fg tree. Adam and Eve
wore fg leaves instead of clothes
a pot belly n
a round, fat stomach
a pigeonhole n
a place in a piece of furniture on
the wall where you can leave letters
or messages for someone
leapfrog n
a game which children play. One
child bends over and another child
jumps over his/her back
to track vb
to investigate
linked adj
connected
a go-between n
someone who passes messages
between two people or groups
a body n
an organisation
corpora n
collections of examples of language
(from newspapers, books, reports,
etc) that is stored on computers.
The singular form is “a corpus”
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See if you can match the words with the images (a-e). Answers on page 42
What do these words have in common?
Well, they’re all compound nouns:
two words that join together to form
another word. There are many of these
in English. In some cases, the two words
join together to form one word (tooth +
paste = toothpaste); in other cases, they
are joined by a hyphen (ski + boot =
ski-boot), and in some cases they remain
separate, even though they refer to a
single unit (ice + cream = ice cream).
Of course, as with most things
regarding the English language, there
are no fxed rules. Take the case of the
word “e-mail” (or should we say “email”).
There seems to be no agreement on
how to write it. The BBC and the New
York Times both write it with a hyphen
(e-mail), but most of the rest of the
world prefers it without the hyphen
(email). And there are always lots of
inconsistencies. For example, the term
“African American” contains no hyphen,
whereas “Italian-American” does.
According to the Shorter Oxford English
Dictionary, the hyphen is being used
less and less. And as a result, for their
latest dictionary, they have taken the
hyphen out of 16,000 words, many of
them two-word compound nouns. So,
“fg-leaf” is now “fg leaf”, and “pot-
belly” is now “pot belly”. However,
“pigeon-hole” and “leap-frog” are
just one word now, “pigeonhole” and
“leapfrog”.
As a spokesperson for the dictionary
said, “We only refect what people in
general are reading. We have been
tracking this for some time and we’ve
been fnding the hyphen is used less
and less.”
However, others want to defend the
use of the hyphen. “The hyphen is
there to help the reader, and to show
either that two words are linked
in some signifcant way, or to add
understanding in words such as
“go-between”,” a linguist explained.
bumblebee
A
chickpeas
B
toothpaste
C
Salesperson
D
haircut
E
6
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www.hotenglishmagazine.com or www.hotenglish.hu
The English language
Unlike many other languages, English
has no governing body controlling
spelling, pronunciation, grammar or
the introduction of new words. Many
large dictionary-creators monitor the
use of language through their analysis
of corpora (the collection of examples
of language from newspapers, books,
conversations, recordings, etc). They
base their decisions to include, to
exclude or to change words on the way
that language is used.
This is
a game of
leapfrog!
p
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Headline News
Headline News N˚ 1 London 2007
The voice of the people
H
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www.hotenglishmagazine.com or www.hotenglish.hu
GLOSSARY
to plead guilty exp
to admit that you are responsible
for a crime
a speed limit n
the maximum speed permitted
to resign vb
to leave your job voluntarily
on-screen adj
in a flm
a couple n
two people in a relationship
a performance n
an actor’s “performance” is the way
he/she acts in a flm
to survey vb
to ask people questions in order to
get opinions
A British driver was caught driving at more than 270 kph.
Timothy Brady pleaded guilty to driving well in excess of
the speed limit. He is the fastest driver ever caught. He has
been sentenced to 10 weeks in jail. He was driving a 3.6-litre
Porsche 911 Turbo. Brady, 33, of north-west London, was
banned from driving. He resigned from his job days after
police stopped him in the car.
Fast Driver
Driver breaks record.
What makes a convincing on-screen
romance? Star Wars’ couple Natalie Portman
and Hayden Christensen have been voted
the worst on-screen couple. Second place
went to Ben Afeck and Jennifer Lopez
for their performance in Gigli. Tom Cruise
and Nicole Kidman were also on the list
for their performance in Eyes Wide Shut.
Keira Knightley and Orlando Bloom were
in third place for their part in Pirates of the
Caribbean. More than 3,000 movie-goers
were surveyed. Afeck was in the top 10
for a second time for his part with Kate
Beckinsale in Pearl Harbor.
Bad Stars
Worst flm couples voted.
Least convincing screen relationships
1 Natalie Portman and Hayden Christensen: Star Wars:
Episode II – Attack of the Clones
2 Ben Afeck and Jennifer Lopez: Gigli
3 Keira Knightley and Orlando Bloom: Pirates of the Caribbean
4 Madonna and Adriano Giannini: Swept Away
5 Catherine Zeta Jones and Sir Sean Connery: Entrapment
You aren’t
convincing
me.
Is this
love?
N
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this is the second part of our mini-series on nursery rhymes and their origins. this month we’re looking
at three nursery rhymes: “baa, baa, black Sheep”, “georgie porgie”, and “London bridge is falling
down”. more next month.
Baa, baa, black sheep
As you can see, this rhyme is all about sheep,
and it is related to the wool industry. This was
a very important part of England’s economy
from the Middle Ages until the nineteenth
century. The rhyme refers to a special tax on
wool that was introduced
by King Edward I in 1275
(known as the English
Customs Statute).
This authorised the
king to collect a tax
on all exports of
wool. This song has
always been popular
for educational reasons
because it contains an
animal sound (“baa”). Animal sounds are some
of the frst sounds that babies and young
children imitate because the sounds are based
on onomatopoeia (i.e. there is a connection
between the real-life sound and the sound of
the word).
georgie Porgie (pudding and pie)
The lyrics in this rhyme refer to George Villiers,
the 1st Duke of Buckingham (1592-1628).
Villiers (Georgie Porgie) was a courtier. He
was very good looking and had a number of
relationships, including a secret afair with
King James I (1586 - 1625).
Villiers’ most notorious afair was with Anne
of Austria (1601–1666), who was the Queen of
France and married to the French king Louis
XIII. Villiers was disliked by both courtiers and
commoners. Villiers had a lot of infuence over
the king. Incidentally, the relationship between
George Villiers and Anne of Austria is featured
in the Alexander Dumas novel The Three
Musketeers.
london Bridge is Falling Down
This nursery rhyme is based on one of London’s
many bridges: London Bridge. The history of
this bridge goes back to Roman times in the
frst century. The frst London Bridge was made
of wood. There were many fres, and Viking
invaders destroyed the bridge in the 11th
century.
The frst stone bridge was built in 1176. It took
33 years to construct, and had twenty arches,
plus a tower and gates. This bridge survived
the Great Fire of London in 1666. In the 1820s,
another version of the bridge was built on a site
north of the old one. This new bridge opened
in 1831 and the old bridge was demolished. In
the 1960s, another London Bridge was built.
The London Bridge of 1831 was transported,
stone by stone, to Lake Havasu in Arizona, by a
rich American. Interestingly, he thought he was
buying the more attractive and more famous
Tower Bridge.
GLOSSARY
wool n
sheep hair that is used to make
warm clothes
a tax n
money you pay to the government
to cover the cost of public services
such as the police, teachers, etc
an export n
goods that are sold in another
country
a dame n
a lady
a lane n
a small road
lyrics n
the words to a song
a courtier n
a person who works in a palace,
assisting the king/queen
an afair n
a relationship with someone who
isn’t your wife/husband
notorious adj
famous for something bad
a commoner n
an ordinary person (not a king/
queen/aristocrat/lord/lady, etc)
to feature vb
if something “is featured” in a book,
it appears in that book
an arch n
a structure that is curved (round) at
the top and that is supported at the
sides by a wall
a tower n
a tall, narrow building that stands
alone or that forms part of another
building (usually a church, castle, etc)
a gate n
the door that is the entrance to a
garden/castle/tower, etc
a site n
a place; a piece of ground used for
a particular purpose
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english child
Baa, baa, black sheep
Baa, baa, black sheep, have you any wool?
Yes sir, yes sir, three bags full.
One for the master, one for the dame,
And one for the little boy who lives down
the lane.
georgie Porgie (pudding and pie)
Georgie Porgie pudding and pie,
Kissed the girls and made them cry,
When the boys came out to play,
Georgie Porgie ran away.
london Bridge is Falling Down
London Bridge is falling down,
Falling down, falling down,
London Bridge is falling down,
My fair Lady.
The more attractive Tower Bridge .
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Get your cinema tickets at:
c/Doctor cortezo 56 madrid or by phone: 902 22 09 22
On our web page: www.yelmocineplex.es C/Salvador Espiritú 61
Centro Comercial ”El Centro de la Villa” Port Olimpic (08005)
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irishwoman & US woman
Jokes, anecdotes and stories as told by native English speakers.
library Idiot
An idiot walks into a library. He
goes up to the counter, slams
down a book and screams at
the librarian, “This is the worst
book I’ve ever read!”
“Oh, really,” says the librarian.
“What’s wrong with it?”
“It has no plot and far too
many characters,” the idiot
explains.
And the librarian looks up and
calmly remarks, “So, you’re
the one who took our phone
book.”
Police Car
Two idiots are speeding down
the street when they pass a
police car. “Oh, no!” the frst
idiot says. “Is that police car
following us?”
“Yes,” the other replies.
“I’m going to drive down
this little side road. Tell me
if it follows us,” the frst idiot
explains. So, he drives into a
side road.
“So, is the cop still following
us?” the frst idiot asks.
“Yes,” the other idiot replies.
“Are his lights fashing?” the
frst idiot asks.
And the other idiot replies,
“Yes… no… yes… no… yes…
no… yes… no…”
Barking Dogs
A very tired man goes to
see his doctor. “Doctor,
there are dogs all over my
neighbourhood. They bark all
day and all night, and I can’t
get any sleep.”
“Well, I have some good news
for you,” the doctor explains
as he opens a drawer full of
sample medications. “Here
are some new sleeping pills
that work really well. A few of
these and your troubles will
be over.”
“Great,” the man replies. “I’ll try
anything.”
A few weeks later, the man
returns looking worse than
ever. “Doc, your plan is no
good. I’m more tired than
before.”
“I don’t understand it,” says
the doctor, shaking his head.
“Those are the strongest pills
on the market.”
“That may be true,” the man
says, “but I spend all night
chasing those dogs; and when
I fnally catch one, he won’t
swallow the pill.”
GLOSSARY
to go up to X exp
to go close to X
a counter n
a long table in a shop/bar/pub
where you are served
to slam vb
if you “slam” a book down on a
table, you hit it aggressively against
the table
a librarian n
a person who works in a library
a plot n
a story in a book/flm
a phone book n
a large book full of phone numbers
and addresses
to speed vb
to drive very fast; to drive faster
than the permitted speed
to fash vb
if a light is “fashing”, it is going on
and of
to bark vb
if a dog “barks”, it makes a sound
often because it is angry
a drawer n
a little box that is part of a
table/desk and in which you can
put things
sample medication n
a small quantity of a medicine that
is an example of that medicine
a sleeping pill n
a tablet you take to help you sleep
troubles n
difculties
over adj
fnished
to shake your head exp
to move your head from side to
side as a way of saying no
to chase vb
to run behind something in order
to catch them
to swallow vb
if you “swallow” something, it goes
from your mouth to your stomach
I’m not
barking.
Scouting began in 1907
when Robert Baden-Powell
(a Lieutenant General in the
British Army), held the frst
Scout camp on Brownsea
Island, England. Baden-
Powell wrote the principles of
Scouting in the book Scouting
for Boys (London, 1908).
Many feel that the Scouts could be the answer to
society’s problems. These days, newspapers are
full of stories of child obesity, and teenagers and
children involved in muggings, drug dealing
and even shootings. One headmaster recently
spoke out on the subject. “Baden-Powell’s
movement was aimed at creating practical, self-
reliant, and unselfsh citizens – exactly what is
required today. Baden-Powell
knew that young people need
a focus in life and that they
need to learn responsibility
and leadership. They also
need to take risks, but in the
safest way possible,”he added.
“Scouting teaches you how to
have fun, with an element of
risk, without afecting other
people. It teaches you about
the consequences of your actions, respect for
others and the qualities that a good leader has.
It’s time that our youngsters got of the sofa, and
did something truly exciting.”
Here are a few extracts from the original
scouting “bible”: Scouting for Boys.
Animals
A scout is friend to animals. He should save
them as far as possible from pain and should
not kill any animal unnecessarily, even if it is
only a fy.
Water
Plunge in boldly and look to the object you
are trying to attain and don’t bother about
your own safety. (Apparently, Baden-Powell
was angry about an episode in which a woman
drowned in a pond at Hampstead while a
crowd looked on.)
smoking
No boy ever began smoking because he liked
it but because he thought it made him look
like a grown-up man. When a lad smokes
before he is fully grown up it is almost sure
to make his heart feeble, and the heart is the
most important organ in a lad’s body.
Alcohol
Alcohol is now shown to be quite useless as a
health-giving drink and it is mere poison when
a man takes too much.
sleeping in the cold
A boy who is accustomed to sleeping with his
window shut will probably sufer by catching
cold and rheumatism when he frst tries
sleeping out. The thing is always to sleep with
your windows open, summer and winter, and
you will never catch cold. A soft bed and too
many blankets make a boy dream bad dreams,
which weakens him.
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a mugging n
if there is a “mugging”, someone
is robbed in the street, often with
violence
a headmaster n
the manager/director of a school
practical adj
a “practical”person makes good
decisions and knows how to deal
with situations
self-reliant adj
a “self-reliant”person is good at
dealing with situations on their own
unselfsh adj
an “unselfsh”person thinks of others
before thinking of him/herself
to take risks exp
to do things that are potentially
dangerous but possibly also good/
benefcial for you or others
a fy n
a small insect with wings
to drown vb
to die in water
a crowd n
a large group of people
to look on phr vb
to watch while something
is happening but without
participating
a lad n
a boy
feeble adj
weak; not strong
an organ n
a heart, liver, kidney, lungs, etc
useless adj
not useful or important
to sleep out phr vb
to sleep in a tent or outside on the
ground
there are 28 million of them around the world. only six countries don’t have
them (cuba, burma, Laos, china, north korea and andorra). and 11 of the 12
moon-walking astronauts were once one. the Scouts are enjoying their 100th
birthday. but what would the inventor of the movement, robert baden-powell,
think of things today?
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scouting
Scouting was started
in 1907 by Robert
Baden-Powell. The
principles of Scouting
are in the book Scouting
for Boys (London,
1908). The movement
grew to include three
major age groups:
Cub Scout, Boy Scout,
Rover Scout. In 1910,
a new organization
was created for girls,
with three age groups:
Brownie Guide, Girl
Guide and Ranger
Guide.
When
was the
last time you
fought
a bear?
Heil,
Baden.
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a hairdresser / hairstylist a hairdresser’s Shampoo
conditioner a beard
a moustache highlights fringe
(“bangs” inUS english)
a haircut
a hair trimmer a parting
hairspray a brush a comb a hairdryer a wig
a barber’s (shop)
hair gel
a razor
a barber
Scissors
This month: The Hairdresser’s
a basin/
washbasin/sink a sideburn
We can form questions by
placing the auxiliary (or an
auxiliary verb) at the start of
the question. For example:
a) He is happy. = Is he happy?
b) She can speak French. =
Can she speak French?
c) They live in Canada. = Do
they live in Canada?
We can also form questions
with a question word (“what,
where, which, how, who, when,
why, whose”). We often place
the question word at the start
of the question. For example:
a) What do you do?
b) Where does she live?
c) Who does he work with?
d) When does he get up in
the morning?
What, which, whose
We can use “what, which”
and “whose” with nouns. For
example:
a) What car do you drive?
b) Which newspaper do you
read?
c) Whose bicycle is this?
Who’s & whose
Be careful with “who’s” and
“whose”. The pronunciation
is exactly the same, but the
meaning is diferent. “Who’s”
is a contraction of “who is”. For
example:
a) Who’s that girl over there?
(who is)
b) Who’s that man I saw you
with last night? (who is)
And “whose” is used to
ask about possession. For
example:
a) A: Whose mobile phone is
this? B: It is Paul’s.
b) A: Whose car did you use?
B: We used Shirley’s car.
What & which
We generally use “which”
when there is a limited choice
(usually between two things).
For example:
a) Which colour do you
prefer? The red or the
green?
b) Which one are you going
to buy? The big dog or the
small dog?
c) Which one is your wife?
The dark one or the
blonde one?
And we use “what” when there
is a greater choice (although
the rules for this aren’t always
clear). For example:
a) What newspaper do you
read? (“which” is also
possible)
b) What car is the best for
driving around in the city?
A Smart car or a Mini?
(“which” is also possible)
How
“How” can be followed by a
verbal phrase. For example:
a) How did you do it?
b) How did she get here?
“How” can also be followed
by an adjective, an adverb, or
“much” or “many”. For example:
a) How often do you come
here?
b) How big is your house?
c) How tall do you have to be
to join the police force?
d) How much wine did you
drink?
e) How many chairs do we
need?
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The section that makes grammar easy, interesting and fun.
Dr FiNgErs’grammar FuN
QuEstioN WorDs
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in this month’s grammar fun section we’ll be looking at the use of question
words.
Headline News
Headline News N˚ 2 London 2007
The voice of the people
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GLOSSARY
bullet-proof glass n
very strong glass that won’t break
when a bullet (fred from a gun)
hits it
reinforced doors n
doors that are constructed with
extra-strong metal
a lorry n
a large vehicle for transporting
goods
an asylum seeker n
a person who wants to live in a
foreign country because he/she is in
danger in his/her country
to compromise vb
if the security of something has
been “compromised”, that thing is
no longer secure or safe
to serve vb
if you are “served”food, you are
given that food
to release vb
if you “release”information, you
make that information public
a dish n
a plate of food
to scare vb
to frighten
to embarrass vb
to make someone feel ashamed or
uncomfortable
to target vb
if you “target”something, you decide
to attack or focus on that thing
to spit vb
to force liquid out of your mouth
to litter vb
to throw rubbish on the foor
Would you like some “virgin chicken”?
Probably not, but if you go to China, you
could well be served some. The Beijing
Tourism Bureau has released a list of 2,753
dishes and drinks with unusual translations.
Some of the other translations of traditional
dishes include “burnt lion’s head”, “goat’s
book” and “pig’s slips”. An ofcial said, “It is
confusing for foreigners. And it is bad for
our image. Poor English translations could
scare or embarrass foreign customers, and
may cause misunderstanding of China’s
eating habits.” Government ofcials are
also targeting spitting, littering and bad
driving in preparation for the Olympic
Games.
Menu Change
Poor translations causing embarrassment.
It was supposed to be Tony’s new
car. But now the police have sent it
back to the factory. The modifed,
£100,000 grey BMW 7 Series had
bullet-proof glass and reinforced
doors. As agreed, the new BMW was
taken to England inside a lorry. It
was brought to a police station in
Britain. However, on opening the
lorry, four asylum seekers jumped
out. They had ridden to Britain
inside the vehicle. The men were
arrested. Police have now returned
the car as “its security has been
compromised”. The four men were
arrested for immigration ofences
and remain in custody.
Blair Ride
Tony Blair’s new car is sent back.
I took
them for
a ride.
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An elderly couple have had a room at a hotel
named after them. David Davidson and his wife
Jean were given this honour after spending
the last 22 years living as permanent guests at a
Travelodge hotel just outside of Shefeld. The couple’s love
of the Travelodge hotel chain started in 1985 when they
stayed at one of the hotels in Stafordshire. Since then, they
have literally “moved in”. The couple are in their late 70s and
they admitted that they found the lifestyle suited them very
well. “My wife has a bone disease,” said Mr Davidson, “and it
is good that she doesn’t have to go up stairs.” The
couple have spent an estimated £90,000 in the
twenty years that they have been using the hotel.
“One day we asked if we could live here and they
said yes. We book well in advance and therefore we get the
very best prices,” said Mr Davidson. “We usually pay about
£90 a week, and we’ll continue to live here for many years
to come.” The couple have developed a close relationship
with the employees and each Christmas they exchange
presents.
Checked In
Buried Boat
cd tracks 9-10
US man & US woman
Archaeologists working in
the British city of Liverpool
have made an interesting
discovery. They have come
across the remains of what
they think is a 1,000-year-old
Viking longboat in a pub car
park. They say that the boat
is about 3 metres below a
layer of clay just outside the
Railway Inn pub. Vikings are
known to have been present
in that area of Liverpool
about 1,000 years ago, before
the Norman Conquest of
Britain. If the discovery is
genuine, Professor Stephen
Harding of the University
of Nottingham says that it
could be “one of the most
signifcant archaeological
fnds in British history”. The
discovery was made by using
modern technology. The
next stage, according to Mr
Harding, is “very important”.
“We have to think very
carefully about what we are
going to do next. We don’t
want to damage the boat and
it is going to be very difcult
to move it from that place.
But we are all very excited
about the discovery, and we’re
starting work on it as soon as
possible,” he added.
GLOSSARY
a couple n
two people in a relationship
to name after phr vb
to give the same name as
an honour n
a special prize or award
a hotel chain n
a number of hotels all owned by the
same company
to suit vb
if something “suits”you, it is good/
perfect for you
to book vb
to reserve (a room in a hotel)
well in advance exp
a long time before you use/need it
employees n
the people who work in a company
to exchange presents exp
if you “exchange presents”, you give a
present to one person and they give
you a present
adiscovery n
something important or signifcant
that is found
tocomeacrosssomething exp
to fnd something by chance (by
accident)
alongboat n
a type of long boat that Vikings used to
cross the sea
alayer n
a“layer”of material isaportionof that
material thatisbetweentwootherlayers
clay n
a kind of earth that is soft when it is
wet and hard when it is dry. Often
used for making pots/cups, etc
the Norman Conquest n
a time when the Normans invaded
England in 1066
an archaeological fnd n
an old object of value that is discovered
to damage vb
to destroy/break/harm
A couple spend 22 years living in the same hotel room.
Viking long boat discovered under a car park.
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Exercise
See if you can do this matching exercise. Look at the list of things (1 to 1),
and the photos (
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Answers on page 42
1. An ostrich
2. A football player
. To roar
4. A lion
5. A sloth
6. A harmonica
7. A stringed instrument
8. Contact lenses
9. A weapon
10. A beaver
11. A stamp
12. The Holy Land
1. A river
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this is another part in our mini-series on strange facts. Whoever thought the world was so unusual?
Ostriches
can run
faster than
horses,
and the
males can roar like lions.
Sloths take
two weeks
to digest
their food.
How lazy!
The harmonica is the world’s
most popular instrument.
Lyndon B. Johnson was the
frst president of the United
States to wear contact lenses.
On average, US airport
security personnel
confscate six weapons a day
searching passengers. Scary!
In the
late 1950s,
Lincoln City
Football
Club had
one football player called Ray
Long who was over 183cm
tall, and another player called
David Short, who was only
164cm tall.
Young beavers stay with their
parents for the frst two years
of their lives before going out
on their own. Very human!
Stamp collector Gaston
Leroux
was once
murdered by
philatelist
Hector
Giroux.
Apparently,
the pair had
an argument over
the ownership of an 1851
Hawaiian stamp with a face
value of just 2 cents.
Roosevelt (Franklin) is
regarded as one of the most
superstitious presidents.
He travelled continually but
never left on a Friday. He also
refused to sit at a table with
12 other people as that would
make the total number of
people 13.
Archduke Karl Ludwig
(1833-1896) (the brother of
the Austrian emperor), was
an extremely religious man.
Once, on a trip to the Holy
Land, he insisted on drinking
from the River Jordan, despite
warnings that it would make
him fatally ill. He died within a
few weeks.
GLOSSARY
to roar vb
when a lion “roars”, it makes a loud
sound from its mouth
a sloth n
an animal from Central and South
America that lives in trees and that
moves very slowly
contact lenses n
small, plastic round objects that
you put in your eyes so you can see
better
security personnel n
people whose job is to guarantee
that an area (an airport, a
government building, etc) is secure
and safe
a weapon n
a gun/rife, etc
to search vb
if the police “search” you, they look
in your clothes to see if you have
anything illegal/prohibited/stolen
a beaver n
a small animal with a big tail that
builds dams (barriers) in rivers
a philatelist n
a person who collects and studies
stamps
a stamp n
a small square of paper you stick on
an envelope to pay for the cost of
sending the letter
the face value n
the amount of money written on
the stamp/coin/note, etc
superstitious adj
people who are “superstitious”,
believe in things that are not real
the Holy Land n
areas in Israel/Palestine that have
important religious signifcance
a warning n
if you give someone a “warning”, you
tell them about a danger
cd track 12 - US woman
& US man
WEirDtrivia
Dr FiNgErs’grammar CLiNiC
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Question
Dear Exhaust Fumes,
Of course, I would be delighted to help you.
OK, here goes.
1. In colloquial English it is very common to have
double negatives. However, it is not considered
to be grammatically correct. Here are some
examples of double negatives used informally:
a) We don’t need no education. (from the band
Pink Floyd)
b) They don’t need no more chairs.
2. Both “on the weekend” and “at the weekend” are correct,
although the British prefer to use “at”, and our American
cousins prefer to use “on”.
. The use of the term “public” to refer to private schools is
most confusing. Some say it dates back to the time when
independent schools (private institutions) were open to the
public (i.e. anyone could send their child to the school, as
long as they paid, of course). Incidentally, schools that are
fnanced by the government are called “state schools”. Some
suggest that only old independent (private) schools should be
referred to as “public schools”. These exclusive schools include
Charterhouse, Eton, Harrow, and Rugby.
4. There are many cases when both “engine” and “motor” are
used to mean the same thing. However, we generally use
the term “engine” to refer to a device that uses some form of
thermal energy (steam, petrochemical, etc); whereas we use
“motor” to refer to a device that converts electrical energy into
mechanical work.
5. In many cases you can use both “relation” and “relationship”
when you are talking about the way in which two things are
connected. For example: What’s the relation/relationship
between poverty and crime?
You can also use both “relationship” (in the singular form) and
“relations” (in the plural form) to talk about the way in which
two people (or two groups/countries, etc) feel and behave
towards one another. For example:
a) The Chinese have a very good relationship with their
neighbour, North Korea.
b) The Chinese have good relations with their neighbour,
North Korea.
And fnally, remember, your “relations” are members of your
family. For example: Do you often visit your relations?
Well, Exhaust Fumes, I hope that has helped you.
Yours, Dr Fingers. Please send your questions or stories to:
clinic@hotenglishmagazine.com
Dear Dr Fingers,
I have a few questions that I would like to ask you. Please, could you help me?
1. I’d like to know if the sentence “I can’t get no satisfaction” is correct.
2. I’ve seen both “on the weekend” and “at the weekend”. Which one is correct?
3. Why are private schools “public schools” when they aren’t really public?
4. What is the diference between “engine” and “motor”?
5. And fnally, what is the diference between “relation”
and “relationship”?
Yours, Exhaust Fumes.
www. hotengl i shmagazi ne. com/bl og
Dr Fingers’ Blog
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confusions.
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www.hotenglishmagazine.com or www.hotenglish.hu
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GLOSSARY
cheeky adj
a bit rude or disrespectful
a reward n
a sum of money you receive as
thanks for something
to turn yourself in exp
to go to the police so they can arrest
you
aggravated robbery n
robbery that involves the use of a
weapon (a gun/knife, etc)
a sense of pride n
positive feelings about yourself
to break into phr vb
to enter a place illegally
prestigious adj
respected and admired by others
a drunk driver n
a driver who drives whilst under the
infuence of alcohol
a bonnet n
the front part of a car where the
engine is
ferce competition exp
very, very strong competition
a hit-and-run ofence n
the crime of hitting someone with a
car and not reporting it or helping
to aford X vb
to have enough money for X
to avoid being detected exp
to do something so that you aren’t
recognised/discovered/seen
a wig n
a piece of false hair that covers your
head
to fll out phr vb
to complete, providing information
an entry form n
a piece of paper that you complete
in order to enter a competition
to take note of exp
to notice and remember
here’s another part in our series on good, bad and funny criminals.
Cheeky robber
Jim Broil gets the award
for the cheekiest robber. A
reward of $1,000 was ofered
for information leading to the
capture and conviction of a
man robbing taxi drivers. Broil,
who was responsible for the
robberies, turned himself in
and demanded the reward. He
received a 20-year sentence
for aggravated robbery... and
no compensation.
False alibi
They say that everyone, even
the lowest of the low, has
a sense of pride. And
Pierre Paulos is no
exception. Paulos
was arrested in
Belgium, suspected
of robbing a school
in Liege. However,
Paulos swore that
he couldn’t have
done it because
he was busy
breaking
into a
jewellery
store
at the
same time
– a much more
prestigious and
important job.
Police promptly
arrested him
for robbing the
jeweller’s.
Pole position
A drunk driver was arrested
after driving with a trafc-light
pole (including all the lights)
lying across the car bonnet.
The driver had hit the pole and
simply kept driving. When the
driver was asked about the
pole, he replied, “It came with
the car when I bought it.”
Driving offence
There’s ferce competition
for the world’s worst driver.
Candidate number one is a
75-year-old man who received
14 trafc tickets in a space of
just 20 minutes. The ofences
included driving on the
wrong side of the road
(four times), four hit-
and-run ofences, and
six accidents. Candidate
number two
is a 62-year-
old woman
who failed
her driving
test 40 times
before fnally
passing it in
August 1970.
By that time,
she had spent
over $700 on
lessons, and
could no longer aford to buy
a car.
Dumb robber
In order to avoid being
detected by video
surveillance cameras, Marjorie
and Bob Hearn put on a hat
and wig before robbing a
store in downtown Chicago. As
a result, police were unable to
identify the couple. However,
after carefully reviewing video
material from other parts of
the store, police noticed a
similar looking couple (minus
the wigs and hats) flling out
an entry form for a free trip.
Helpfully, the couple had flled
out the form with their current
address, which police took
note of before arresting them
both.
cd track 13 - US woman
& irishwoman
Don’t
judge a
robber by
his clothes.
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GLOSSARY
swing music n
a style of dance jazz that was
popular in the 1930s. It was played
by big bands
a zeppelin n
a type of airship that could
transport people
the threat of something exp
the danger of something
to take grip exp
to become stronger and more
developed, and to afect more and
more people
collectivisation n
the process of bringing all
production under the control of the
government and state
starvation n
dying or sufering because there is
no food or not much food
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21
The 1930s was a great but tragic decade in history, full of interesting
characters, spectacular developments and devastating violence.
here are a few key moments and people from the 1930s.
Warner Brothers release the
frst all-talking, all-colour
movie: Song of the Flame
(1930).
The frst
Tintin comic
is published
in 1930,
Tintin in the
Land of the
Soviets.
Aldous Huxley publishes
Brave New World in 1932.
The world’s tallest building,
the Empire State Building,
opens on 3rd May 1932.
Swing
music starts
becoming
popular
from 1935
onwards.
The game of Monopoly is
released onto the market in
1935.
The Spanish Civil War starts
in July 1936.
The Japanese Empire
invades the Republic of
China in July 1937.
The German zeppelin The
Hindenburg is destroyed by
fre, killing thirty six people
(May 1937).
Some of cinema’s greatest
classics are released during
the 1930s: Dracula (1931),
The Mummy (1932), King
Kong (1933), Snow White
and the Seven Dwarfs (1937),
Gone with the Wind (1939),
and The Wizard of Oz (1939).
Great
flm and
television
characters
from the
1930s
include
Laurel and Hardy, the Marx
Brothers and Tarzan.
A few famous people
from the 1930s include:
Al Capone (gangster),
Greta Garbo (actress), Judy
Garland (actress), Joe Louis
(boxer), Joe DiMaggio
(baseball player), Jesse
Owens (sprinter).
The Great Depression starts
as the US economy crashes.
Millions are out of work,
there is the threat of civil
war, and many families
become desperately poor.
This soon leads to a general
World Depression.
Fascism becomes popular.
There is Mussolini in Italy,
Hitler in Germany, Franco
in Spain, and the threat of
Fascism
in Britain,
France and
just about
every other
country in
Europe.
At the same time, Stalinism
is taking grip in the
Soviet Union. Stalin’s Five
Year Plans (designed to
reorganise the economy
through collectivisation
and rapid industrialisation)
lead to the deaths by
starvation of millions.
Germany and the Soviet
Union invade Poland in
September 1939. World
War II starts.
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ChANgiNg 30s
C
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3
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No, you’re
the stupid
one.
22
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www.hotenglishmagazine.com or www.hotenglish.hu
O
ne of the striking features of
Atonement is that the story takes
place over a period of 64 years. The
story starts one hot summer’s day
in 1935. The Tallis family is a typical
upper-class English family from the 1930s: they
live in a large country house, they have a team of
domestic staf, and all the usual concerns, such
as making sure that their ofspring are well-
educated, that they behave in the company of
their peers, and that they marry someone worthy
of their position.
One of the main characters in the story is Cecilia
Tallis (played in the flm by Keira Knightley).
Cecilia has returned home from Cambridge
University, where she is studying literature.
For some time she has been confused by her
emotional feelings towards Robbie Turner (James
McAvoy), who is the son of their housekeeper.
Robbie is studying at Cambridge too. However,
it is clear that there is a diference in their social
backgrounds that could cause problems in a
future relationship.
The early days of the summer holidays are
confusing for both Cecilia and Robbie. Cecilia
is unwilling to admit that she may be attracted
to Robbie, fearing the inevitable future
consequences. It all comes to a head one hot
summer’s day. Cecilia is watering some fowers.
Robbie tries to help and accidentally breaks a
vase, which falls into the fountain. To recover
the pieces of the valuable vase, Cecilia strips to
her underwear and jumps into the fountain,
right in front of a startled Robbie.
A
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There have been many novels set in the 1930s. But few
have been as successful as ian McEwan’s 2001 book
Atonement*. On its release, the book was nominated
for one of the top literary prizes: the Booker Award.
it was also Time magazine’s book of the year, and it
has regularly appeared on lists of the Top 100 books.
recently, a flm adaptation of Atonement was released by
the flm director Joe Wright, starring James McAvoy and
British actress keira knightley.
ATONEMENT
TiME
A prize-winning book.
A flm starring keira knightley.
*Atonement
– the
meaning
So, what does
“atonement”mean?
Basically, if you do
something wrong, later,
you can “atone”for that
bad thing by doing
something positive (as
an “atonement”for that
bad thing) or as a way of
saying sorry. Here are a
few examples:
a) He’s living in a
monastery in a gesture
of atonement for his
past crimes.
b) Guilt is often
characterised by
a need to make
atonement for having
done wrong.
c) “Murder is unique in
that it abolishes the
party it injures, so that
society has to take the
place of the victim and
on his behalf demand
atonement or grant
forgiveness; it is the
one crime in which
society has a direct
interest.”W.H. Auden.
d) “The beginning of
atonement is the sense
of its necessity.”Lord
Byron.
e) “What atonement is
there for blood spilt
upon the earth?”
Aeschylus.
Have
I just
broken a
taboo?
www.hotenglishmagazine.com or www.hotenglish.hu
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2
GLOSSARY
on its release n
when it was available to the public
a literary prize n
an award/trophy/money given to
the best book in a competition
domestic staf n
servants and maids who clean the
house, cook, etc
ofspring n
children
peers n
people who are the same age as
you, or who have the same status
worthy of their position exp
with the same qualities, money,
status as them
a housekeeper n
a person whose job is to cook,
clean and look after the house
to come to a head exp
to reach a climax
to water vb
to put water on plants
a vase n
a ceramic container for fowers
to strip to your underwear exp
to take of all clothing except
underwear (clothing worn under
trousers / a skirt, etc)
startled adj
surprised; shocked
norms n
accepted ways of behaving in
society
upset adj
sad and angry
deviant n
someone whose behaviour is
diferent from what is considered
acceptable
to tell retrospectively exp
if someone “tells you a story
retrospectively”, they explain what
happened to them many years ago
to atone for something exp
to do something good as a way of
compensating for something bad
that you did
social mobility n
if there is “social mobility” in society,
poor, uneducated people can
become rich/successful
to come to light exp
if something “comes to light”,
people fnd out about it
to give up for adoption exp
if a child is “given up for adoption”,
the child is ofered to another
family
an afair n
a relationship with a person who is
not your husband/wife, etc
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However innocent this action may have been,
during the 1930s Cecilia had broken a taboo:
women should not be seen without clothes in
public. Victorian values were still considered
important in the 1930s; in fact, many of these
values would remain up until the 1960s. Other
norms included the
unwritten rule that
people should not
show their emotions
in public, something
which didn’t really
change until the death
of Princess Diana.
But Cecilia isn’t the only
one who is confused.
Cecilia’s 13-year-old
sister, Briony Tallis, is
also watching secretly.
She is upset by what
she sees. Later that day,
she reads a letter from
Robbie to Cecilia which includes some sexual
references. From that day on, Briony decides
that Robbie is a dangerous deviant.
It is the events of that day, and the future
actions of Briony, which generate the story
for Ian McEwan’s book. And these events will
change the lives of the principal characters
(Robbie Cecilia and Briony) forever.
The story of the love between Cecilia and
Robbie is told retrospectively by an aging
Briony, who by 1999
is a respected novelist
herself. The title
Atonement refers to
Briony’s attempt to
atone for a lie that
she told when she
was younger. McEwan
demonstrates that
there are many
diferences between
life at the end
of the twentieth
century and life
during the 1930s:
the British class
system is no longer so
important, many of the strict social rules have
vanished, and social mobility is possible. But,
as Atonement demonstrates, some things never
change, such as the power and devastating
efect of a single lie.
Book extract
here’s an extract from ian
McEwan’s book Atonement.
This is a description of
one of the main characters,
Briony.
A taste for the miniature was one aspect of an
orderly spirit. Another was a passion for secrets:
in a prized varnished cabinet, a secret drawer was
opened by pushing against the grain of a cleverly
turned dovetail joint, and here she kept a diary
locked by a clasp, and a notebook written in a
code of her own invention. In a toy safe opened
by six secret numbers she stored letters and
postcards. An old tin petty cash box was hidden
under a removable foorboard beneath her bed. In
the box were treasures that dated back four years,
to her ninth birthday when she began collecting:
a mutant double acorn, fool’s gold, a rain-making
spell bought at a funfair, a squirrel’s skull as light
as a leaf.
But hidden drawers, lockable diaries and
cryptographic systems could not conceal from
Briony the simple truth: she had no secrets. Her
wish for a harmonious, organised world denied
her the reckless possibilities of wrongdoing.
Mayhem and destruction were too chaotic for her
tastes, and she did not have it in her to be cruel.
Her efective status as an only child, as well as
the relative isolation of the Tallis house, kept her,
at least during the long summer holidays, from
girlish intrigues with friends. Nothing in her life
was sufciently interesting or shameful to merit
hiding; no one knew about the squirrel’s skull
beneath her bed, but no one wanted to know.
Other books set in
the 1930s
The Remains of the Day by Kazuo Ishiguro
(winner of the Booker Prize)
Of Mice and Men by John Steinbeck
ian McEwan
Ian McEwan is one Britain’s most successful
novelists. He won the prestigious Booker
Award in 1998 for his novel Amsterdam. Many
of McEwan’s plots involve characters trying to
survive difcult moral situations. McEwan lives
and works in central London.
A fascinating story concerning the writer
recently came to light. In 2002, Ian McEwan
discovered that he had a brother, David Sharpe.
David had been given up for adoption during
World War II. At the time, David’s mother was
married to a diferent man. But she had an
afair with another man, and they had a child:
David. Later, her husband was killed in combat,
and David’s mother married the man she was
having the afair with (David’s father). Ian was
born a few years later to the same mother and
father as his brother, David. Nothing was ever
said about his secret brother, David.
Would you like to win a
copy of Atonement – the
award-winning book by
Ian McEwan?
Just send an e-mail to
andyc@hotenglishmagazine.
com and we’ll send you
the opinion form to fll
out. Then, just answer
the questions, send
them back and you’ll be
entered into a prize draw
to win this great book to
help you improve your
English. 20 copies to give
away courtesy of Penguin
Books.
Do you
have to be
so upper
class?
FrEE
book!
A
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24
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www.hotenglishmagazine.com or www.hotenglish.hu
B
ritish society at the beginning of
the twentieth century was very
diferent from what it is today.
During the 1920s and 30s, the
British class system was still strong,
and great and powerful families dominated
society from their large manor houses.
Amongst this ruling elite were the Mitfords.
The Mitford family had played a prominent role
in British society for
hundreds of years,
and by the 1930s
they were one of
the most famous
families of the
British social scene.
At the heart of the
family were the
seven children
Nancy, Pamela,
Diana, Unity,
Jessica, Deborah
and Thomas. The
six sisters and
one brother were
often seen at the best parties in London, and
their movements and activities were regularly
reported in the pages of the local and national
newspapers. The parents of the Mitford children,
Baron Redesdale and his wife Sydney, were
typical of the British upper class: they were
emotionally distant, they had a large household
of domestic staf, and they believed that each
of their six daughters should receive a basic
education at home from a governess. Their most
important wish was that their daughters should
marry a man of wealth and status.
The Mitfords had always been a very political
family. During the 1930s, Fascism was fast-
becoming the ruling political ideology of
continental Europe. The Mitfords were known
as a family of the political right, and during the
1930s their young, attractive daughters were
drawn towards the power of Nazi Germany.
Two of the daughters, Diana and Unity visited
Germany and attended the frst Nazi party
rally at Nuremberg after the seizure of power
in 1933. The two girls were impressed by the
aura of National Socialist ideology. When they
returned to Germany in 1935, Unity Mitford (who
at the time was just 21 years old) began a close
friendship with
Adolf Hitler and
other prominent
members of
the Nazi party,
including Julius
Streicher and
Albert Speer.
Ironically, one
of the women
that Hitler most
admired was the
English girl, Unity
Mitford. The feeling
was mutual.
But the Mitfords
were also a divided family. The 1930s were a time
of polarised political opinion. And as two of
the Mitford sisters became more active in their
support for right-wing political causes on the
continent, another sister drifted in a completely
diferent direction and started to support the
Communists. Jessica Mitford was younger than
both Diana and Unity, and during the mid-1930s
she met a nephew of Winston Churchill’s called
Esmond Romilly. Romilly’s nickname was the
“Red Nephew” because of his political ties to the
Communists. Before long, Jessica and Esmond
had fallen in love, and they eloped to Spain where
they took part in the Spanish Civil War, fghting for
the Republicans (against the Nationalists).
British society was stunned by the split within
the Mitford family. The story of how two of the
The kennedys, the roosevelts, the rockefellers, the
Vanderbilts. They’re all famous families. One of the
most famous families from England in the 1930s and
40s were the Mitfords.
DiViDED
The story of one of the most unusual
families of the 1930s: the Mitfords.
Jk rowling
& Jessica
Mitford
The author
of the Harry
Potter series
of books,
JK Rowling,
has said
that Jessica
Mitford (the Communist
one) is her heroine. And
Rowling’s frst daughter,
Jessica Rowling, is
named in honour of
Jessica Mitford.
The famous
Mitford
sisters
Diana
Mitford.
Born17th
June
1910.
Died 11th
August 2003. Married
British Fascist leader
Oswald Moseley.
Unity
Valkyrie
Mitford.
Born 8th
August
1914.
Died 28th May 1948. Big
supporter of Fascism.
Jessica
Mitford.
Born 11th
September
1917.
Died 22nd
July 1996. Member of the
American Communist
Party.
GLOSSARY
the class system n
the system in society that divides
people into working class, middle
class, upper class, etc
a manor house n
a large house in the country, often
with many servants working there
the ruling elite n
the people in society with positions
of power
a prominent role n
an important part
emotionally distant n
if someone is “emotionally distant”,
they aren’t afectionate or loving
domestic staf n
the servants and maids who work
in a house doing the cleaning,
cooking, etc
a governess n
a woman who educates a child in
the child’s home
a man of wealth n
a man with a lot of money
a seizure of power exp
if there is a “seizure of power”,
someone or a group takes control
of a country
an aura n
a feeling or atmosphere that
surrounds something
polarised political opinion n
with extreme political opinions
from the right and left
to drift vb
to move slowly in a particular
direction
a nickname n
an informal name
a tie n
a connection
to elope vb
to leave secretly, often to avoid a
scandal
to stun vb
to shock; to surprise
a split n
a separation
a farewell letter n
a letter in which you say goodbye
rowdy adj
noisy and violent
a steward n
a person whose job is to provide
security at meetings
a confrontation n
a fght or argument between two
groups
A
t
o
n
e
m
e
n
t

T
i
m
e

daughters had become strong supporters
of Fascism, and how the other had become
a Communist fghter was featured in many
diferent newspapers. In 1936, Diana Mitford
appeared on the front pages of all of the
newspapers when she married the leader of
the British Fascist Party, Oswald Moseley. The
wedding took place in Berlin at the home of
Nazi party minister Joseph Goebbels, with Adolf
Hitler as the guest of honour.
Meanwhile, the political climate in the United
Kingdom was changing. Germany was
becoming less popular after it sent troops frst
into Austria and then into Czechoslovakia.
Many politicians argued that Germany was
becoming more and more dangerous and that
the British and the French had to act to stop
German expansion. However, both Diana and
Unity argued strongly against Britain declaring
war with Germany; but when Germany invaded
Poland on 1st September 1939, war was
inevitable. Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain
made the declaration of war.
Upon hearing the news, Unity Mitford wrote a
farewell letter to Hitler and shot herself in the
head with a pistol that had been given to her
by the German leader. However, her suicide
attempt was unsuccessful and she survived with
serious brain damage. Diana Mitford and her
husband, Oswald Moseley, spent the Second
World War as prisoners. MI5, the British security
forces, considered them both “ambitious and
dangerous”.
Meanwhile, Jessica Mitford and her husband
had returned from the Spanish Civil War. They
went to America. Her husband Esmond Romilly
joined the Canadian Air Force in the fght against
Fascism, but was killed in action after a bombing
raid over Germany. After the war, Jessica became
a political activist and a writer. She enjoyed a
long life and great success; and her book Hons
and Rebels (Daughters and Rebels in the US),
which is all about the early life of the Mitford
sisters, was a bestseller. Diana Mitford, the Nazi
sympathiser and one of the “great beauties of her
generation”, died in France in 2003.
FAMily
www.hotenglishmagazine.com or www.hotenglish.hu
i
25
Oswald
Moseley
Born on 16th November
1896, Oswald Moseley
was famous as Britain’s
Fascist leader. He created
the British Union of
Fascists (BUF) in 1932 – an
anti-Communist party. The
party was famous for its
rowdy meetings, which
were attended by black-
uniformed paramilitary
stewards, who were called
“blackshirts”. The party
was frequently involved
in violent confrontations,
particularly with
Communist and Jewish
groups. Oswald Mosley died
on 3rd December 1980,
aged 84 years in France. He
was cremated in Paris.
F
a
c
e

t
o

F
a
c
e
26
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www.hotenglishmagazine.com or www.hotenglish.hu
GLOSSARY
a public school n
an exclusive private school
arrogant adj
with ideas that you are superior
the Nationalist forces n
the right-wing groups, political
parties and members of the
church and army who were
fghting the Republicans, Socialists,
Communists, etc
to deal with phr vb
if a book “deals with” a particular
topic, it is about that topic
blind adj
with no ability to see
a career n
a job that you do for the majority of
your professional life
not suited to do X exp
not good at doing X
a screenplay n
the text for a flm
a dystopian novel n
a book about a terrible and
oppresive fctional society
george Orwell
George Orwell was born in
1903. He was originally called
Eric Arthur Blair, later changing
his name to George Orwell. He
was born in India (where his
parents were living), and he
later went to the famous public
school Eton. After leaving
school, he moved to Burma
where he joined the imperial
police force. It was here that
he came to hate the idea of
the British Empire. In one of his
early books, Burmese Days, he
described the arrogant and
racist attitude of many British
colonialists. By 1927, Orwell
had returned to Europe, and
decided to spend his life as a
writer.
Throughout the 1930s, Orwell
published a number of books.
When the Spanish Civil War
broke out, Orwell went to Spain
to fght against the Nationalist
forces. Later on, he wrote a
book about his experiences
there called Homage to
Catalonia.
He returned to England at the
start of the Second World War.
He spent the next few years
writing and working for the
BBC’s Eastern Division, reporting
on the war in the East. After the
war, Orwell published his most
famous books: Animal Farm
(1945) and Nineteen Eighty-Four
(1949). Both of these books
were highly political and dealt
with the idea of totalitarian
societies and propaganda.
These two books brought
Orwell fame and wealth.
He died at the age of 46 of
tuberculosis. He is remembered
as one of England’s fnest
modern writers.
Aldous Huxley
Aldous Huxley was born into a
famous English family in 1894.
His father was a renowned
herbalist and writer. Like
Orwell, Huxley was educated
at Eton College, and later went
to Oxford University. After
graduating, he returned to
Eton as a teacher (teaching
Orwell French for a year while
Orwell was at Eton). During his
youth, Huxley sufered from
an illness that left him almost
blind. This prevented him
from fghting in the Great War
(1914 to 1918).
By his early twenties, Huxley
had decided on a career
as a writer. He realised that
he was not suited to work
as a teacher (one student
remembered that “he kept
poor discipline in class”). His
most famous work from this
period is Brave New World,
which was completed in
1939. In the book, he said that
human society in the future
would be controlled by drugs,
and that people would be
psychologically programmed
to work hard and respect
authority. Brave New World was
a great success.
In 1937, Huxley moved to
the United States to live in
Hollywood. He soon began
working in the flm production
industry, and wrote
screenplays for a number
of flms including Pride and
Prejudice. Huxley continued
to write throughout his later
life, and he also became
involved in the psychological
drug craze of the early 1960s.
He died on 22nd November
1963 (the same day that the
President John F. Kennedy was
assassinated).
The Verdict
These two writers are both
great literary fgures. Their
most important books (Brave
New World and Nineteen
Eighty-Four) are the two most
famous dystopian novels
that have ever been written.
However, as Huxley lived 23
years longer than Orwell and
only produced one book that
is generally considered great,
our verdict has to be: Aldous
Huxley = 8 out of 10; George
Orwell = 9 out of 10.
this month: george orwell versus aldous huxley.
Famous people fght it out in our monthly competition.
George Orwell
vs

to
Face F a c e
Aldous Huxley
george Orwell
Born 25th June 1903.
Died 21st January
1950. Most famous
books include Animal
Farm and 1984.
Aldous Huxley
Born 26th July 1894.
Died 22nd November
1963. Most famous
book: Brave New World.
GLOSSARY
a trim n
a haircut that involves cutting of a
small amount of hair
to dye vb
to change the colour of your hair by
using chemicals
to curl vb
to make your hair curly (with little
round rings)
to straighten vb
to make your hair straight (with no
curls)
split ends n
if you have “split ends”, some of
your hairs are damaged and split
(divided) at the end
sideburns n
hair on the side of the face
a hair trimmer n
a machine that cuts hair
busy adj
with a lot of customers
a washbasin n
an object in a bathroom in which
you can wash your hands/hair, etc
a fringe n
a line of hair that covers your
forehead
What you say
I’d like to have a haircut,
please.
I’d like a trim, please.
I’d like to have a blow dry,
please.
I’d like my hair dyed
blonde/black/brown,
please.
I’d like to have a short
back and sides.
I’d like to get my hair
thinned out.
I’d like to have a perm,
please.
I’d like to have my hair
curled, please.
Could you straighten my
hair, please?
Could you take a bit
of the back and sides,
please?
Could you cut of any split
ends, please?
Just take a bit of the top,
please.
Leave it a little longer at
the front/back/top/sides.
Cut it a little shorter at the
front/back/top/sides.
Leave the sideburns,
please.
Just leave it like that,
please.
That’s great, thanks.
What you hear
Would you like
me to wash
it frst?
Would you
like some
conditioner?
Come this way,
please.
How would you like it?
Cut and blow dry?
What can I do for you?
Shall I use the hair
trimmer?
Would you like
some hair
gel?
Learn the kind of English you need for social occasions.
This month: the hairdresser’s. Listen and repeat these expressions.
www.hotenglishmagazine.com or www.hotenglish.hu
I
27
Part II Now listen to this social English dialogue. In this
conversation, Jim is at the hairdresser’s getting a hair cut.
Jim: I’d like a haircut, please?
Hairdresser: Do you have an appointment?
Jim: No.
Hairdresser: Actually, we’re not that busy right now. Could you
come over here to the washbasins, please?
(The hairdresser washes his hair.)
So, how would you like it?
Jim: Could you just trim the fringe, and cut a bit of
the back and sides, please?
Hairdresser: Anything of the top?
Jim: Erm, just leave it actually. Perhaps just cut the
ends, but I’d rather have it longer on top.
Hairdresser: OK. (She cuts his hair.) So, do you work round
here?
Jim: Yeah. In the high street. Actually, don’t take too
much of the sides, please. I want a bit over the
top of my ears.
Hairdresser: No problem. Nice day, isn’t it? (She fnishes the
hair cut.)
How’s that, then?
Jim: Yes, that looks great. Erm, actually, could you take
a bit more of the back, but leave the sideburns as
they are, please?
Hairdresser: OK.
S
o
c
i
a
l

E
n
g
l
i
s
h
CD track 15 -
US woman & US man
Social English
T
h
e
H
a
ir
d
r
e
s
s
e
r
’s

That was
my ear you
just cut.
Headline News
Headline News N˚ 3 London 2007
The voice of the people
H
e
a
d
l
i
n
e

N
e
w
s

28
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www.hotenglishmagazine.com or www.hotenglish.hu
GLOSSARY
to take into account exp
to consider; to think about when
making a decision
income n
money you receive from your job
gender equality n
equality between men and women
cosy elements n
the nice, pleasant things
family breakdown n
divorce, separation, etc
a spot n
a particular place in the country
a wedding anniversary n
a day on which you celebrate the
day that you got married
a holiday park n
an area where you can camp or live
in a caravan and that has amenities
including toilets, showers, pools,
sauna, billiards rooms, children
activity centres, restaurants, golf
courses, etc
a tent n
a little house made of material for
sleeping in when you are in the
country
to graze vb
when animals “graze”, they eat grass
hilly countryside n
land with many hills (little
mountains with grass)
a meadow n
a feld with grass and fowers on it
an amusement arcade n
a room with many machines for
playing games
It’s a beautiful spot in Devon. And one Dutch family have
been making the 700-kilometre journey from their home
near Amsterdam to the tranquil area since 1957. Just last
October, Hans and Margaret Plomp, who were celebrating
their 64th wedding anniversary, made their 50th journey
to the Devon Clifs holiday park. Hans frst took his family
to the resort after a friend recommended the place. “We all
slept in a big tent with one room for the children and the
other for me and Margaret,” says Hans. “Back then, there
were only a few tents and about 30 caravans. We had sheep
grazing around the tents. It was beautiful with lovely hilly
countryside and meadows.” The spot is now a Haven
Holiday park, complete with an indoor and outdoor pool,
an all-weather sports court, a luxury spa, adventure golf,
amusement arcade, shops, takeaways and restaurants.
Hans and Margaret are regarded as regulars at the local
church, and are good friends with many of the staf.
Devon Heaven
One family’s love of the English countryside.
Which country would
you most like to live in?
According to a recent survey
by the Economist magazine,
the best place to live in the
world is Ireland. Researchers
took the following into
account: income, health,
freedom, unemployment,
family life, climate, political
stability, security, gender
equality and family and
community life. “Ireland
wins because it successfully
combines the most desirable
elements of the new (such
as low unemployment and
political liberties), with
the preservation of certain
cosy elements of the
old, such as stable family
and community life,” a
commentator said. “It is very
difcult to measure quality
of life, and we’re sure that
these fndings will have their
critics, except, of course, in
Ireland,” she added. Ireland
was followed by Switzerland,
Norway and Luxembourg.
All but one of the top 10
were European countries.
The USA was 13th, while
France was 25th, Germany
was 26th and Britain was
29th. The researchers said
although Britain achieved
high income per head, it
had high levels of social and
family breakdown.
Great Country
The world’s best country is chosen.
Top ten countries
1 Ireland
2. Switzerland
3. Norway
4. Luxembourg
5. Sweden
6. Australia
7. Iceland
8. Italy
9. Denmark
10. Spain
www.hotenglishmagazine.com or www.hotenglish.hu
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29
G
r
a
f
t
i


&

L
i
t
t
l
e

J
o
k
e
s

rude waiteress by Daniel Coutoune
1. What’s the best thing to put
into a Christmas cake?

2. Why couldn’t the skeleton go
to the Christmas Party?

3. What do cats say to each other
at New Year?


4. What do angry mice send to
each other at Christmas?


5. How do sheep greet each
other at Christmas?


6. What do vampires put on their
turkey at Christmas?

7. What did one snowman say to
another snowman who was in
a pool of water?


8. What does Tarzan sing at
Christmas?

A: Happy Mew Year!
B: I told you not to play with
fre.
C: Your teeth.
D: Cross-mouse cards.
E: Grave-y.
F: Jungle Bells.
G: He had no “body” to go with.
H: A Merry Christmas to “ewe”.
Match each joke beginning
(1 to 8) with its ending (A-H). Then, listen to check
your answers. Answers on page 42
Little
Jo
k
e
s
CD track 16 - Englishman
& Irishwoman
GLOSSARY
mew exp
when a cat “mews”, it makes a soft,
high-pitched sound. Also, "meow"
cross adj
if you are “cross”, you are angry. This
is a play on words: “Christmas cards”
a grave n
a hole in the ground for a dead
body. “Gravy” is a sauce you put
over meat
ewe n
a female sheep. It is pronounced
the same as “you”
a screwdriver n
a tool used for turning screws. It
consists of a long metal part and a
plastic handle
to run vb
if you “run” a programme, you
activate that programme and use it
a spell checker n
a computer programme that checks
the spelling of words (how they are
written)
a lecture n
a talk someone gives in order to
teach people about something
a lecturer n
a person who gives a lecture (see
above)
I’ve been
sitting here
for 30
minutes. Why
did it take so
long to bring
the soup?
GLOSSARY
a chef n
a person who cooks food in a
restaurant or hotel
Incredible!
And another
thing. I saw
your finger in
the soup as you
were bringing
it over
here.
Sorry. It’s the
chef’s birthday. We were having
a bit of a party back there.
Oh, that’s
OK. The soup
isn’t hot.
At the restaurant
Graffiti
Here are some more examples
of British toilet grafti.
24 hours in a day.
24 beers in a case.
coincidence?
Beware of computer
programmers who
carry screwdrivers.
The firsT Three minuTes
of life are The mosT
dangerous. and so are
The lasT Three.
Do not use lift in case
of fire. Just Jump.
Do witches run
spell checkers?
Definition of a lecture:
a means of transferring
notes from the lecturer
to the stuDent without
passing through the
minDs of either.
CD track 17 - Englishman
& Irishwoman
N
e
w
s

S
T
o
r
i
e
s
Through
the Roof
Tropical plant surprises staf at botanical garden.
A fast-food restaurant employee has spent
a night in jail and is facing criminal charges.
Restaurant employee Kendra Bull from
Atlanta Georgia was charged with reckless
conduct after serving a “salty” burger. The
incident occurred after Ms Bull spilt salt
on the hamburger meat in the restaurant.
She thought that she had rectifed the
situation after knocking the salt of with the
help of the duty manager. However, when a
police ofcer, Wendell Adams, arrived at the
restaurant and ate one of the hamburgers, he
became violently ill. He took Bull outside for
questioning, and then arrested her. Bull was
later released from police custody on $1,000
bail. “If it was so salty, why did he eat the
whole thing instead of just taking one bite and
throwing it away? I’m feeling a lot of anger right
now” 26-year-old Bull said. Bull has worked
at the restaurant for fve months. Samples of
the burger meat have been sent to the state
crime laboratory for tests. “I think this is one big
overreaction,” said Bull. “I’m not a criminal. I
just made a mistake, that’s all.”
30
I
www.hotenglishmagazine.com or www.hotenglish.hu
“The plant just went crazy; it shot up
and went through the glass of the
greenhouse,” said shocked members
of staf at Bangor University after
a Mexican plant grew almost two
metres in two days. The plant, Agave
Americana, is an unusual specimen.
It grows slowly year after year and
then fowers just once before it
withers and dies. “I was completely
dumbfounded when I saw what had
happened,” said Dr Brown, curator of
the Bangor University tropical gardens.
Unfortunately Mr Brown, who has been
responsible for caring for the rare plant
for the past twenty eight years, was on
holiday when the spurt of growth took
place and missed the whole thing.
“For many years, it just sat there not
doing very much,” said Mr. Brown. “It
was just quietly in its corner on its own.
However, it seems that it must have
decided that enough was enough and
it really went for it. I shouldn’t have
gone away on holiday as I’ve missed
something spectacular.” After the plant
went through the glass, it didn’t stop,
and it grew another four metres. “The
sad thing now,” said Dr. Brown “is that it
will soon die. But I suppose that’s life.”
GLOSSARY
to shoot up phr vb
to grow very quickly
a greenhouse n
a glass house for growing plants
a specimen n
a single plant/animal that is an
example of a particular species
to fower vb
when a plant “fowers”, fowers
appear on it
to wither vb
to become smaller and very dry
dumbfounded adj
shocked; very surprised
to care for phr vb
to make sure that something is
healthy and in a good condition
to miss vb
if you “miss” something, you don’t
see it
enough is enough exp
that is sufcient; I don’t want any
more of X
to go for it exp
to do something in a determined
and forceful way
reckless conduct exp
acting in a way that causes danger
to others
salty adj
with a lot of salt in it
to spill vb
if you “spill” food or a liquid, you
accidentally drop the food or liquid
to rectify vb
to change something so it becomes
correct or good
police custody n
if you are taken into “police
custody”, you are arrested and
taken to the police station
bail n
money an arrested person pays so
they can leave prison while they are
waiting their trial (legal process)
a sample n
a small amount of something that
is used for analysing that thing
an overreaction n
a reaction that is considered to be
extreme and not proportionate to
the circumstances
NEWS StoriES
CD tracks 18-19 -
US woman & US man
Salty Burger
Restaurant employee
in court after burger
incident.
Come and celebrate December with us in our series on anniversaries.
This month: December. By Mark Pierro.
DEcEmbEr
H
a
p
p
y

A
n
n
i
v
e
r
s
a
r
y

Happy aNNivErSary
December 1st 1955
Rosa Parks
was arrested
for violating
racial segregation laws in
Montgomery, Alabama, after
refusing to give her seat to
a white man on a bus. This
started the Montgomery Bus
Boycott.
December 2nd 1956
A yacht called
Granma carried
Fidel Castro,
Che Guevara and 80 other
members of the 26th of July
Movement from Mexico to
Cuba. The Cuban revolution
had started.
December 3rd 1967
A medical team
led by Christiaan
Barnard at a
hospital in Cape Town,
South Africa performed
the frst successful human
heart transplant on Louis
Washkansky. I wonder how
many unsuccessful attempts
had been made before that?
December 4th 1676
In an area north
of Lund, Sweden,
forces led by
Swedish Field Marshal Simon
Grundel-Helmfelt defeated
the invading Danish army
under the command of King
Christian V of Denmark. The
Swedes then celebrated the
conclusion of what was known
as the Scanian War.
December 5th 1933
Prohibition
ofcially ended
when the 21st
Amendment to the US
Constitution was ratifed.
Most Americans celebrated
with a glass of the hard stuf,
except for poor old Al Capone,
who had to fnd an alternative
source of income apart from
supplying illegal liquor.
December 8th 1980
Mark Chapman
fatally shot former
Beatle John
Lennon outside the Dakota
apartments in New York City.
December 10th
1868
The frst trafc
lights were
installed outside the Houses of
Parliament in London.
December 11th
1868
The frst trafc
jam occurred
outside the Houses of
Parliament in London.
December 12th
1901
Guglielmo Marconi
received the frst
trans-Atlantic radio signal. The
signal travelled from Cornwall
(in England) to Newfoundland
(in Canada).
December 13th
2003
Former Iraqi
President Saddam
Hussein was found hiding in
a hole during Operation Red
Dawn. The bearded dictator
was captured alive.
December 14th 1911
Norwegian
explorer Roald
Amundsen and
his team became the frst
people to reach the South Pole.
Immediately following them
were the British, who were the
frst to get to the South Pole
and not make it back again.
December 16th 1773
As part of a
protest against
the British Tea Act,
Americans dumped crates of
tea into Boston Harbour in what
became known as the Boston
Tea Party.
December 17th 1989
The Simpsons made
its debut as an
animated series on
the Fox television network.
December 19th 1972
Eugene Cernan,
Ronald Evans, and
Harrison Schmitt
returned to Earth on Apollo
17 after visiting the moon.
Apparently they couldn’t fnd a
McDonald’s so it wasn’t worth
staying. No human has visited
the Moon since.
December 20th 1803
As part of the
Louisiana Purchase,
New Orleans was
transferred from France to
the United States. In total, the
French sold vast areas of land in
America for just $15 million. The
French have been regretting it
ever since.
December 23rd 1888
During a bout
of mental illness,
Dutch painter
Vincent van Gogh infamously
cut of the lower part of his
own left ear and gave it to a
prostitute. Apparently, she
preferred the ear to one of his
paintings.
December 25th 1818
Silent Night, a
Christmas carol by
Josef Mohr and Franz
Gruber, was frst performed in a
church in Austria.
GLOSSARY
a racial segregation law n
a law in the US that said where
black people could sit, live, etc
to refuse vb
to say that you won’t do something
Prohibition n
a law in the US that prohibited
selling or drinking alcohol
to ratify vb
to give formal approval of
something
the hard stuf n inform
alcohol
to supply vb
if you “supply” something to
someone, you give a quantity of it
to that person
trafc lights n
red, orange and green lights in the
streets that tell cars when to stop or go
a trafc jam n
a line of cars in the road that isn’t
moving or that is moving slowly
bearded adj
with a beard (hair on the face)
to dump vb
to throw casually and without care
to make your debut exp
to appear in public for the frst time
to regret vb
to feel bad about something you
did in the past
a bout of something exp
if you have a “bout” of an illness,
you have that illness for a short
period of time
Events for
December 2007
December 1st – World AIDS
Day
December 2nd
– UEFA draw
for Euro 2008 in
Switzerland.
December
10th – International Human
Rights Day
December 21st – Queen
Elizabeth II will be 82,
making her the oldest
reigning monarch in British
history.
Countries
celebrating their
independence
December 6th – Finland
December 12th – Kenya
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A monthly look at things from the month.
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www.hotenglishmagazine.com or www.hotenglish.hu
GLOSSARY
down exp
in crosswords, some of the answers
go "across" (horizontally), and
others go "down" (vertically)
a clue n
information that helps you think of
the word for the crossword
to kill vb inform
to really hurt
the remote (control) n
a device for changing the channels
on the television
to send someone round exp
if the police/ambulance, etc “send
someone round”, they send a
person to your house
chopped adj
cut into very small pieces
four n
a fne white powder used for
making bread, etc
a tsp abbr
a teaspoon (a little spoon, often
used for cofee/tea)
an oven grill n
the part of an oven (an electrical
appliance for cooking food) where
you can make toast, etc
to remove vb
to take out/away
Here’s the second part of our mini-series on ridiculous but real
emergency phone calls.
Wacky but absolutely true emergency calls. Celebrating 70 years of stupid calls.
Call I – Crossword Troubles
Operator: Police. Can I
help you?
Caller: Yes, I’m
having a few
difculties.
Operator: What’s the
nature
of your
problem?
Caller: Well, I’m
doing the crossword…
Operator: A crossword?
Caller: Yes, and I can’t get the word for 2
down.
Operator: Sir, this is an emergency number for
emergencies only.
Caller: Yes, but I was wondering if someone
could help me. The clue is, “Road
passenger transport”, and it’s got
three letters…
Operator: This is not an emergency. I’m
terminating this call.
Call II – Television Remote
Operator: Police. Can I
help you?
Caller: Yes, I’m in
terrible pain.
Operator: What sort of
pain?
Caller: Well, I’m
sitting on the
sofa and my
back is killing me.
Operator: Is this an emergency?
Caller: Yes, it is. I can’t reach the remote.
Operator: We can’t send someone round for that.
Caller: But I can’t change channels. There’s
something I want to watch on
BBC1. Couldn’t someone come and
help me?
Operator: Er, no, I’m sorry but the police have
better things to do with their time.
I suggest you call a friend or a
neighbour. Good afternoon.
Caller: Bye.
CD track 20 -
Englishmen
rEcipE WElSH rarEbit
Here’s another recipe for to try at home.
This month: Welsh rarebit. This is the perfect
evening snack. Delicious!
Ingredients
85g cheese (Wensleydale or Cheddar), chopped.
75ml milk or cream.
30g plain four.
1 tsp Dijon mustard.
One egg.
Salt and black pepper.
2 slices bread (ciabatta), toasted.
Tabasco and Worcestershire sauce (optional).
Method
Preheat the oven grill to its highest setting.
In a pan, heat the milk but do not boil.
Add the four and cook for a minute.
Remove from the heat and cool.
Mix in the cheese, mustard and egg, then
season with salt and black pepper (and the
Tabasco and Worcestershire sauce if required).
Place the toasted bread in an ovenproof dish
and pour the egg mixture over.
Place under the grill and cook for fve minutes,
until golden brown on top and cooked thoroughly.
Remove and serve with sliced tomato.
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I
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Fish
by Garrett Wall

© Garrett Wall 2007.
For more information, visit:
www.garrettwall.net
www.myspace.com/garrettwall
www.junkrecords.es

It’s a hard road to take,
When you think you know it all,
And the bed that you make,
Is not enough to break your fall,
It’s the way it goes,
How the water fows,
Take it as it comes,
Just let the river run.
It’s a feeling you get,
That you can’t put your fnger on,
There’s no room for regret,
Just gotta wait until it’s gone,
It’s the same for me,
It’s the same for you,
All we ever say,
All we ever do.
Sometimes, you feel just like a fsh out of water,
Waiting to catch your breath to survive.
It’s such an empty space,
That still you try to call your own,
If you fll it up with grace,
You might even call it home,
It could take some time,
Till you get it right,
Be it only a day,
Or the rest of your life.
Sometimes you feel just like a fsh out of water,
Waiting to catch your breath to survive.
Nº 17 CD
Nº 41 CD
Nº 50 CD
Nº 58 CD
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Nº 70 CD
|:ì|t't¡ |t¡''sì 's |tt ìtt :ìsj t'|ì... \t.lì ttt.ìt|:t¡''sìsì¡ìt't:.:ts · î i.|i t'|ì |J |:ì|t't¡ |t¡''sì 's |tt ìtt :ìsj t'|ì... 23 8=B834
?'ts, grammar, error correction, jokes, anecdotes, cricket, trivia, slang, phrasal verbs, business English.
23 8=B834
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||||l|J\ ||||l|J\
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2>2:C08;2AD=27 CWTX]RaTSXQ[Tbc^ah ^UcWT<PacX]X VXa[
Nº 72 CD
|:ì|t't¡ |t¡''sì 's |tt ìtt :ìsj t'|ì... \t.lI ttt.ìt|:t¡''sìsì¡ìt't:.:ts · î i.|i t'|ì |J |:ì|t't¡ |t¡''sì 's |tt ìtt :ìsj t'|ì... 23 8=B834
?|Jî, grammar, error correction, jokes, anecdotes, trivia, slang, phrasal verbs, social English.
|lëJJîJl\Jîl|tî lì: st'|s, |ì: sìt:s ìtt |ì: sìtt|s
JJ||ï#JJJJl\Jîl|tî ||ts |ì: :tt' tt:s |t |ì: |tttj tt:s
23 8=B834
|J|l|J|l lì: |ì't¡s jtt t:t:| ìt:t
?l?ltl//| ?J#|t |tt||t:j |tt |¡ì|s ìì:ì
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|l||lJ|l|| |ìtj ëì:ì:|ì t:|sts Jt::t |''tìì:|ì
|:ì|t |ì: s'ìt¡ Jl\Jîl|tll|ï
Nº 73 CD Nº 74 CD
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CD track 21 -
Irishman
GLOSSARY
to take vb
to accept
to break your fall exp
to reduce the impact of a fall or
some bad news
to take it as it comes exp
to accept things as they are
can’t put your fnger on exp
can’t explain properly
no room for exp
no space for; no time for
regret n
feelings of sadness about things
from the past
to feel like a fsh out of water exp
to feel very diferent from others;
to feel uncomfortable because you
are diferent from the rest
grace n
a pleasant, polite and dignifed way
of doing things
34
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vocabulary
boarD GamES
Dice – the small cubes
with one to six spots or
numbers on their sides.
Typical expressions:
Shake the dice; Pass me the
dice, please.
Board game – a game that
people play by moving little
pieces around on a piece of
wood or cardboard (chess,
snakes and ladders, chequers,
etc).
Team – a group of people playing
together in a game against
another group.
Game piece/token/bit – an
object that represents a player in
a game.
Space/square – an area in a
game. Players can jump a square
(go over it), land on a square (go
on it), or move forward X squares.
Chips – plastic counters used in
games to represent money.
Travel set/pack – a mini version
of a game that you can play while
you are travelling on a plane/
train, etc. The pieces often have
magnets on them.
Counter – a small, fat, round
coloured object used in board
games. Typical expressions: That’s
my counter; I want the blue one.
Objective – what you must try to
achieve in the game.
Winner – the person who wins
the game.
Loser – the person who loses the
game.
Box – the box in which the game
is kept.
Rules – the laws for playing the
game.
Cheat – a person who
breaks the rules in
a game. Typical
expressions include:
Stop cheating! You
cheat!
Player – someone who
plays a game.
Opponent – the person
you are playing against.
Turn – if it is your “turn”, it is time
for you to shake the dice or move
your pieces. Typical expressions
include: Whose turn is it? It’s my
turn. It’s your turn. Miss a turn!
Card – many board games come
with cards with information
on them about what to do, or
ofering a surprise element to the
game. When you mix the cards,
you “shufe” them. If you land on
a certain square, you may have to
take a card. Typical expressions:
It’s my turn to shufe the cards;
Take a card.
Listen to this dialogue and learn some
useful vocabulary and expressions.
Ben: My turn. Give me the dice.
John: Here you are.
Ben: Right, I’m going to buy three hotels.
Here’s 300 pounds. Change, please.
John: Here you are.
Ben: Right. Let’s see if I can get a six. (He
throws the dice.) Yes! A six! (He lands on
“Go”.) That’s 400 pounds for me, please.
Come on, pay up!
John: Here you are. (He gives him the money.)
Ben: Your turn. (He gives her the dice.) Go on,
shake. Let’s see if you can get a nine and
land on one of my nice little hotels. (John
shakes the dice. He gets a nine.)
Yes! Yes! Thank you so much for coming
to stay at my hotel. That’ll be 1,200
pounds, please.
John: I don’t have enough.
Ben: Well, you’ll have to sell some of your
properties… for half the price.
John: OK. I’ll sell these three.
Ben: Ah! I’m winning.
John: Yes, I know.
Ben: And you’re not.
John: Yeah, yeah. (He is getting angry.)
Ben: And you’re losing!
John: Not any more, I’m not...
Ben: What do you mean?
John: Watch this! (John throws the board
in the air.)
Goodbye.
Ben: You are so
childish.
In this conversation, Ben and John are playing
Monopoly.
GLOSSARY
childish adj
if you describe someone as “childish”,
you think they are immature and
juvenile (not adult)
CD track 23 -
Englishmen
typical DialoGuES
tHE boarD GamE
Learn some useful words and expressions to use when
playing board games.
Vocabulary-building
board games
1. Scrabble - Create words on the
board. Don’t you just hate it
when your brother or sister gets
a Triple Word Score?
2. Taboo - Talk about a word
without actually mentioning it.
Very challenging.
Here are some more useful collocations for you to learn.
This month we are looking at some more work idioms.
WorK
Be run/rushed off your feet
To be very busy.
“I can’t stay for long – I’m rushed of
my feet.”
Too many cooks spoil the broth
If too many people are working on
the same job/project, they will ruin it.
“There were just too many people
who were not being coordinated.
It was a case of too many cooks
spoiling the broth.”
Get the chop
To lose your job.
“They were given the chop for
stealing company property.”
Be snowed under
To have too much work.
“I’m afraid we won’t be able to deal
with your request because we’re a
bit snowed under at the moment.”
Burn the candle at both ends
Not to sleep much because you
are working late into the night, and
getting up very early.
“I’ve had no time to do any
housework because I’ve been
burning the candle at both ends.”
Hang up your hat/boots
To leave your job forever.
“The day that I stop enjoying work
will be the day that I hang up my
hat.”
CD track 24 -
US man & US woman
www.hotenglishmagazine.com or www.hotenglish.hu
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Business as usual
A situation that has returned to its
usual state again after something
unpleasant or unusual happened.
“It was business as usual just two days
after the fre destroyed most of the
ground foor.”
Don’t give up the day job
Something you say to someone
who doesn’t have much talent. It’s
like telling them that they will never
triumph in a particular feld.
“You aren’t bad at painting, but I
wouldn’t give up the day job.”
GLOSSARY
to chop vb
literally, to cut
broth n
a kind of soup, often with rice and
vegetables
a candle n
an object made of wax that burns
and provides light when you light it
36 I www.hotenglishmagazine.com or www.hotenglish.hu
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to pardon vb
to say that a convicted person did
not actually commit a crime
a witch-hunt n
an attempt to fnd and punish a
group of people (witches, in this
case)
the Age of Enlightenment n
an 18th century movement which
advocated reason as the true
authority
a tale n
a story
to tower over phr vb
if a mountain is “towering over”a
village, it is high above the village
a maid n
a woman who works in the house
cleaning, cooking, etc
a magistrate n
someone who acts as a judge in law
courts
a rising politician n
a person who is becoming more and
more important as a politician…
which wasn’t lost on her
employer exp
which her employer defnitely
noticed
a needle n
a small, thin piece of metal used for
mending clothes and sewing
to sack vb
to tell someone to leave a job
to go over phr vb
to investigate again
to threaten vb
to promise to do something bad to
someone if they don’t do what you
want
tostandtoloseeverything exp
if you “stand to lose everything”,
you could possibly lose everything,
including your job, house,
reputation, etc
to withdraw a confession exp
to say that the confession you
made isn’t actually true
to stick with a confession exp
not to change the confession you
made
a miscarriage of justice exp
a wrong decision made by a court
of law – often one that results in
someone going to prison or being
executed for something they didn’t do
The Middle Ages (5th to 15th centuries) was
a time of superstition, with witch-hunts all
over Europe. This caused the deaths of many
innocent women. But the last execution for
witchcraft took place little more
than 200 years ago, at the height
of Europe’s so-called Age of
Enlightenment. The woman at the
centre of this tragic tale is Anna
Göldi.
The story starts in the tiny Swiss
canton of Glarus. It is a long
narrow valley with high mountains
towering over the villages. This
was where Anna Göldi arrived in
1765, looking for work as a maid.
Within a short time, Anna found
work with Jakob Tschudi, a local
magistrate and rising politician.
Anna was tall and attractive,
with dark hair and brown eyes,
something which wasn’t lost on
her employer. She worked there
for seventeen years, and for many
years, things seemed to be going
well. But then, one morning one
of the children found a needle in
her milk. Two days later needles
appeared in the bread as well.
Suspicion fell upon Anna. She was
sacked by the Tschudis. Later, she
was accused of witchcraft, tortured, and fnally
executed.
For many years, her story was forgotten. But
just recently, a local journalist began to go over
the records. And now he believes he knows
what really happened. “The simple fact is that
Jakob Tschudi had been having an afair with
Anna Göldi. When she became pregnant with
his child and she threatened to reveal the truth
about the afair, he accused her of witchcraft.
At the time, adultery was a crime, and Tshudi
stood to lose everything if he
was found out. So, he planted
the needles that led to the
accusations against Anna. This
was a form of extra-judicial
murder,” he explained.
Anna Göldi’s ordeal is
documented in the Glarus
archives. Shortly after Anna
was told to leave, there was an
order for her arrest. She was
captured a few days later. She
was questioned day and night
by the religious and political
leaders of Glarus. She insisted on
her innocence, but eventually
confessed to being a witch,
admitting that the devil had
appeared to her in the form of a
black dog, and that the needles
had been given to her by Satan.
But once free of the torture, she
withdrew her confession. So,
they tortured her again. And
this time she stuck with her
confession. Two weeks later, she
was led out to the public square,
where her head was cut of with a sword.
“Everyone agrees that what happened was
completely wrong,” said Fritz Schiesser, who
represents Glarus in the Swiss parliament. “And
now we need to take this last step and give
her an ofcial pardon.” The decision is still
pending.
She was the last witch to be executed in Europe. And now some think she
should be pardoned offcially. This is the story of Anna Göldi.
Anna Göldi
Anna Göldi arrives in Glarus
in 1765. She works as a
servant for seventeen years
for Jakob Tschudi. He has an
afair with her. She threatens
to reveal the truth. He
reports her for witchcraft.
Göldi is arrested in February
1782 and is forced to
admit she is a witch. She
is executed on 18th June
1782. On 20th September
2007, the Swiss parliament
decides to acknowledge
Anna Goldi’s case as a
miscarriage of justice.
Göldi’s story has been made
into a German-language
flm. A local museum
dedicated to her story will
open soon.
Traducciones
Llama ahora: (00 34) 91 455 0273
translations@hotenglishmagazine.com
…
www.hotenglishmagazine.com
3BQJEF[QSFDJTJwOZDBMJEBE
hct Frçlish cjrcrc ur scrviric Jc trcJurricrcs prcjcsicrcl. Ccrtcncs rcr ur cquipc Jc trcJurtcrcs
prcjcsicrclcs, rctivcs y rcr nurhc cxpcricrric. 1rcJurricrcs Jc cspcñcl c irçlcs, irçlcs c cspcñcl.
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CD track 25 -
US man & US woman
Unusual news stories from around the world.
H
e’s a world- famous novelist. He’s sold books all
over the world. But just recently he was mistaken
for a vandal. Horror writer Stephen
King popped into a shop in Alice Springs
(Australia) unannounced and started
signing copies of his latest book, Lisey’s
Story. However, customers who saw him
thought he was defacing the books and
reported him to staf. Fortunately, the store
manager, Susan Ellis, recognised King. “The
author’s surprise visit and private signing
session was not particularly unusual. Lots
of authors do it,” Ellis explained. “They’ll
come into the shop and check if their works are on
the shelves. If they are, they’ll often sign a few copies. If
they’re not, they’ll ask about them. It’s embarrassing if
we haven’t got their work on the shelves.
N
ovelist Vandal
N
o Pay
GLOSSARY
to pass away phr vb
to die
a relative n
someone who is related to you: an
aunt, uncle, cousin, etc
a pensioner n
an old person who has stopped
working and who is receiving a
pension
out of habit exp
if you do something “out of habit",
you do it automatically because you
have always done it
a late wife n
a wife who died previously
to bid vb
to ofer a price for an object during a
public sale
to withdraw vb
if something is “withdrawn”, it is
taken away
a spoof sale n
a “spoof sale” appears to be serious
but is in fact a joke
to warn vb
to tell someone of a potential
danger
to take something into account
exp to consider
something when making a decision
he was mistaken for a vandal exp
people thought he was a vandal
(someone destroying property)
to pop into phr vb
to enter quickly and for a short
period of time
to sign vb
to put your name on a document/
book, etc
to deface vb
to spoil or ruin something by
drawing on it
a shelf n
a piece of wood/metal/plastic for
putting books, food products, etc on
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hat would I do with so much money? My wife
has already passed away, my parents are dead.
I have no children and no other relatives. I
don’t want it,” said a German pensioner who won £2
million on the lottery but refused to accept it.
The 70-year-old man from Hameln, Lower Saxony, went
to the HQ of the German lottery association in Hanover
after fnding out about his win, and told them he did
not want the money. He said he had only bought the
lottery ticket out of habit because his late wife had
been a passionate player. Lottery ofcials said they were
trying to persuade him to keep the money.

T
hey say you
can buy
just about
anything on
eBay. And they
may be right.
Just recently,
there was a
surprise ofer on
sale: “Belgium.
A kingdom in
three parts.
Possible to buy
it as a whole, but not advisable.” Bidding
for the country reached 10 million euros before eBay
withdrew the item.
The spoof sale was carried out by former journalist
Gerrit Six. He wanted to make a protest about the fact
that Belgium still had no government 100 days after its
elections. He warned potential buyers to take the public
debt of 300 million euros
into account.” Peter Burin,
a spokesman for eBay said,
“We can’t allow bidding on
something virtual or unrealistic.
People must be able to buy and
sell on eBay in a neutral way.”
Belgium
Sale
B
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Simplifed Spelling
John: I read this report yesterday all about simplifying
spelling. I think that’s a great idea. I’m sick to
death of getting spellings wrong. I never know
how to spell any words, you know, words like
diarrhoea, erm…
Bob: Well, maybe, maybe the point is that they’re,
you’re not being taught in school properly. It’s
a problem with the system. I mean, you can’t
change the language just cos people aren’t, you
know, taught properly. That seems just a bit silly.
John: Yeah, but come on, but English spelling is
ridiculous. There’s words like Leicester, I mean,
you know, a logical person would say Leicester is
L E S T E R [listen, OK but…], but it’s L E I…
Bob: … you might have a point but that’s maybe why
the, the English language is so beautiful. You can
see how it’s developed over the centuries, and,
and these rather, rather strange spellings they
obviously come from somewhere, don’t they?
And it’s good to teach people, you know, just to...
John: Yeah, but that’s, OK, I mean, you know, a few
hundred years ago, there were even stranger
spellings and we simplifed it then. Why can’t
we simplify it again? You know, people are
suggesting, you know, "friend" instead of
F R E I N D [sic] should be F R E N D.
Bob: And we all, we all write like a text message? That
would just be ridiculous. Come on! We’ve got to
keep some of the richness and the beauty of the
English language.
Mary: So, have you tried the new Coca Cola Zero?
John: Yeah, I like that stuf.
Mary: For me, when I take it, for me when I drink it
without eating food, it tastes kind of strange. So,
I still prefer, like, Diet Coke, or something like
that.
John: For me, I think it’s still a little bit too sugary. I
prefer the taste of Diet Coke.
Mary: You too? Well, what about, erm, do you
remember Crystal Pepsi?
John: Oh, yeah. That stuf was cool.
Mary: It was completely clear, but it still tasted like Cola
with that car…, that dark colour.
John: Yeah, it looked like you
were drinking water or
Sprite or something but
it tasted just like Pepsi.
Mary: Have you ever taken the
Pepsi challenge?
John: No, what’s that?
Mary: It’s when you have two
drinks that are covered,
so you can’t tell if it’s
Pepsi or Coke and they
ask you which one’s
better.
John: Oh, yeah, I think I
remember taking that
in a shopping centre
back in the eighties.
Mary: In the eighties. That was
a while ago. So, which
one did you prefer?
Coke or Pepsi?
John: I always prefer Coke.
And you?
Mary: Erm… me too.
Coca Cola
This month, John and Bob are talking about
whether English spelling should be simplifed
or not.
GLOSSARY
spelling n
the way that words are written with
the letters in the correct order
sick to death of something exp
very tired and angry about
something
the point n
the important thing
I mean exp
people often use this expression in
order to redirect the conversation or
to emphasise something
there’s words exp
notice how even native speakers
make mistakes when speaking. It
should be “there are words”
richness n
the variety of something that makes
it interesting
stuf n inform
things
kind of exp
more or less
like exp
people often use this word in
conversations as a way of flling
space
sugary adj
with a lot of sugar (or too much
sugar) in it
a challenge n
something new and difcult that
you must complete/do
a shopping centre n
a large building with many shops
in it
CD tracks 27-28
British bar chat
U
S bar chat
38 I www.hotenglishmagazine.com or www.hotenglish.hu
GLOSSARY
a feet n
a large group of ships for fghting
battles
bronze n
a type of metal often used for making
statues. It is a mixture of copper and
tin
a plinth n
a rectangular block of stone for a
statue
pregnant adj
with a baby inside her stomach
marble n
a type of very hard rock which feels
cold when you touch it
disabled people exp
people with a physical disability (with
an illness that restricts movement,
etc)
repellent adj
that disgusts you
an artefact n
an object that has cultural or
archaeological interest
a mayor n
the elected leader of a town/city
to back vb
to support
a display n
an arrangement of objects/art, etc so
that people can see/admire it
to pedestrianise vb
to convert a road into an area where
pedestrians (people walking) can
walk
to commission vb
if you “commission”a work of art, you
pay someone to create that work of
art
to display vb
to show objects/art to the public
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For years, Trafalgar Square has had
statues dedicated to British war and
empire heroes. At the centre of the
square is Nelson’s Column, with a statue
of Lord Nelson on top. He was the
admiral who successfully commanded
the British feet during the Battle of
Trafalgar in 1805 against the French
and Spanish. The column is surrounded by
fountains and four huge bronze lions (made
from the recycled metal of French cannons).
At each corner of the square, there are four
plinths. Three of them have permanent statues:
George IV (a British king from 1820-1830),
Henry Havelock (a British general who was
active in India), and Sir Charles James Napier
(another British general).
But it’s the new statues on the fourth plinth
that are causing a bit of a controversy. Up until
recently, there was a statue of a naked, pregnant
woman with no arms. The 3.6m marble
sculpture, called Alison Lapper Pregnant, divided
opinion. Artist Marc Quinn said he had sculpted
his friend Ms Lapper because “disabled people
were under-represented in art”.
“I felt the square needed some femininity,” Mr
Quinn told BBC News. “Alison’s statue could
represent a new model of female heroism,” he
added. But Robert Simon, editor of
the British Art Journal, said, “I think it is horrible.
Not because of the subject matter, I hasten to
add. I think Alison Lapper is very brave, very
wonderful, but it is just a rather repellent
artefact: very shiny, slimy surface, machine-
made, much too big.” However, Bob Niven, chief
executive of the Disability Rights Commission,
said the statue at the heart
of London would raise public
debate on disability.
So, how did a statue
of a naked, pregnant
and disabled woman end up in the
heart of London surrounded by British
war heroes? It all started in 2003 when
the mayor of London, Ken Livingstone,
backed a suggestion that the fourth
plinth should be used as an ever-
changing display of artwork. The
mayor, who has had the square partly
pedestrianised, wants the square to become
a cultural focus for London. He commissioned
six artists to come up with ideas for the fourth
plinth. Alison Lapper Pregnant was one of works
selected from the shortlist. It was displayed
until April 2007.
Mr Quinn spent 10 months in Italy working on
the statue from a single piece of white marble.
Ms Lapper, who sat for the artist when she was
eight months pregnant, said, “It still daunts me
now. I’m going to
be up in Trafalgar
Square. Little me.”
At present, the
statue on the
fourth plinth is
Model for a Hotel
2007 by German
sculptor Thomas
Schütte.
It’s in the heart of London. And now it’s at the heart of a controversy.
Trafalgar Square London has a new statue. But not everyone is happy with it.
Trafalgar
Square
Trafalgar Square
commemorates the
Battle of Trafalgar
(1805), a British naval
victory against France
and Spain that took
place during the
Napoleonic Wars.
Trafalgar Square is a
popular site for political
demonstrations, and
for celebrations such as
New Year’s Eve.
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40
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Fácil de usar. Mejora garantizada.
La Web School es nuestro sistema de aprendizaje de idiomas en inglés. Es muy fácil de
utilizar. Sólamente pincha en tu nivel (elemental, pre-intermedio, intermedio, intermedio
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gramática y amplía tu vocabulario.
D
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CD track 30 - US man &
US woman
Here are some more
crazy laws from the US.
(US English spelling)
Citizens may
not enter
Wisconsin
with a
chicken on
their head.
(Wisconsin)
Airplanes may not be
landed in city parks.
(Wisconsin)
You are not allowed to
park your elephant on
Main Street. (Wisconsin)
Private citizens may
personally arrest any
person that disturbs a
church service. (Mississippi)
It is illegal to teach others
what polygamy is. (Mississippi)
A man may not seduce
a woman by lying, and
claiming he will marry her.
(Mississippi)
No one may bribe any
athlete to rig a game,
match, tournament, etc,
with the exception of
wrestlers. (Mississippi)
It is illegal to drive around
the town square more
than 100 times in a single
session. (Mississippi)
Hard objects may not
be thrown by hand.
(Mississippi)
Worrying squirrels
will not be tolerated.
(Mississippi)
Minors can buy rolling
paper and tobacco but
not lighters. (Mississippi)
It shall be unlawful to
provide beer or other
intoxicants to elephants.
(Mississippi)
It is illegal to throw stones
at birds in the city limits
(Mississippi)
Dancing is strictly
prohibited. (Mississippi)
It’s illegal to sit on the
curb of any city street
and drink beer from a
bucket. (Mississippi)
It is illegal to request
someone to “watch
over” your parked car.
(Mississippi)
One may not honk
another’s horn.
(Mississippi)
It is illegal to have a sheep
in your truck without a
chaperone. (Montana)
In Montana, it is illegal
for married women to go
fshing alone on Sundays,
and illegal for unmarried
women to fsh alone at all.
(Montana)
Persons in possession of a
pea shooter risk it being
confscated by police.
(Montana)
WordPerfectSolutions
Proofreading
and text-editing
solutions
www.wordperfectsolutions.com
en español, français e italiano
91 257 6280
GLOSSARY
to land vb
if a plane “lands”, it comes to the
ground in a controlled way
polygamy n
a custom that permits someone to
be married to more than one person
to bribe vb
to pay money to someone in order
to receive preferential treatment
to rig vb
if you “rig” a game, players are paid
to change the result of the game
a wrestler n
a sportsperson who fghts
professionally
a squirrel n
a small animal that lives in trees and
that has a big, bushy tail (a tail with
a lot of hair)
a minor n
a person who is still legally a child
rolling paper n
paper used to make cigarettes
the curb n
the edge of the road next to the
pavement (where people walk)
a bucket n
a container for water – often used
when cleaning the foor
to honk vb
to press a button so your horn
sounds (the object in a car
that makes a sound in order to
“communicate” with other drivers)
a chaperone n
a person who accompanies another
person to make sure they are OK
a pea shooter n
a small, thin object with a hole inside
for fring peas or small pieces of
paper. You blow air through it
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gramática y amplía tu vocabulario.
Cinco niveles de inglés.

Muchas pruebas de
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diferentes.

Aprende vocabulario
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The Web School
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i
®
®
DictioNary of SlaNG
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Situation Formal Relaxed Informal
>
You think your
friend’s sunglasses
are very fashionable.
Jane is going out
with Frank. You don’t
think that Frank is
good for Jane because
he spends his time
playing computer
games, and he has no
ambition in life.
Your friend is driving
very fast.
You ask if you can
sleep at your friend’s
house because you
have missed the last
train.
A friend asks if you
know what the
capital of Mongolia
is. You don’t.
A friend of yours
likes playing jokes
on other people and
irritating them.
They are most
fashionable.
They’re cool.
Those shades are
rocking.
He enjoys provoking
people until they
enter a state of rage.
He likes annoying
people.
He likes winding
people up; he’s a real
wind-up merchant.
He is a worthless
person.
He’s a real loser.
You are motoring
at the maximum
possible speed.
You’re driving at full
speed.
You’re driving at full
whack.
I am afraid my
knowledge in that
area is somewhat
defcient.
I don’t know.
I’m stumped; no idea,
mate; I’m clueless.
May I rest my weary
head here tonight,
please?
Can I sleep here
tonight, please?
Can I shack up here
tonight? Can I kip
down here tonight?
Here we’ve got some examples of how to say things in different situations.
CD track 31
GLOSSARY
Please note that some of the words
in this glossary box are literal
translations of parts of idiomatic
expressions.
at full whack exp
at maximum speed. Literally, “to
whack” is to hit
clueless adj inform
with no idea about something.
Literally, a “clue” is a piece of
information that helps you solve a
mystery/puzzle
to miss vb
if you “miss” a train, you don’t catch
that train
to shack up phr vb inform
if you “shack up” in a place, you start
living there. Literally, a "shack" is an
old hut built of tin (a metal)
to kip vb inform
to sleep
42
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Answers
Hyphen Hysterics page 6
A Bumblebee; B Chickpeas; C Toothpaste;
D Salesperson; E Haircut
Trivia Matching page 16
1F 2G 3J 4A 5L 6I 7C 8B 9H 10D
11K 12M 13E
Little Jokes page 29
1C 2G 3A 4D 5H 6E 7B 8F
He’s a failure.
I love
winding
people up.
I’ll just
kip down
here.
www.hotenglishmagazine.com or www.hotenglish.hu I 43
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This month we are looking at some general animal idioms.
Have a Cow
To become very angry or upset about something.
“I thought Jim was going to have a cow when I told
him I’d lost his key.”
Hit/score a bull’s eye
To make a spectacular success.
“Sally really hit the bull’s eye with her invention, and
now she’s super-rich.”
Badger someone
To annoy someone by repeatedly asking them
something.
“I left my job three months ago, and since then they’ve
been badgering me to go back.”
Make a mountain out of a molehill
To make a slight difculty seem to be a very serious
problem.
“You did one bad exam. Stop worrying about it. You’re
making a mountain out of a molehill.”
Stag party/night
A party for a man who is going to get married. The
guests are usually only his male friends.
“On Bob’s stag night, they took of all his clothes and
tied him to a street lamp.”
Hen party/night
A party for a woman who is going to get married. The
guests are usually only her female friends.
“For Sally’s hen night, they went out for dinner. During
the dinner, a male stripper who was dressed up as a
policeman turned up.”
CD track 33 -
Irishwoman & Englishman
GLOSSARY
a bull’s eye n
the small circular area at the centre
of a target
to turn up phr vb
to arrive
to badger vb
to annoy someone by asking them
the same question over and over
again. Literally, a “badger” is a
black and white animal that lives
underground and is active at night
a molehill n
a little pile of earth made by a
mole that is digging a hole. A mole
is a small animal with black fur
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T
here’s a missing child. The story
dominates the news for many
months. Politicians, presidents
and famous people become
involved. There are rumours, accusations
and tales of suspicion. Sound familiar?
The story of little Charles Lindbergh has
a lot in common with the tragic tale of Madeline
McCann, the little girl who went missing while
on holiday with her parents in Portugal. But the
case of the Lindbergh baby was even bigger.
It all started on 1st March 1932. Mrs Lindbergh
and her Scottish nurse, Betty Gow, tucked up
little Charles Lindbergh II in his bed (he was
recovering from a cold), and made sure that
everything was all right. They closed the window
shutters, except for a pair of shutters that
couldn’t be closed properly.
Later that evening, the baby’s father, Colonel
Charles Lindbergh, the world-famous fyer, came
home to the house in Hopewell, New Jersey.
Soon afterwards, he had supper. Then, at 10pm,
Betty Gow went to check on the 20-month-old
baby and discovered he wasn’t there.
Whatever the McCanns achieved in publicity
was nothing compared to the Lindbergh case.
By midnight there were road blocks all across
the state. The next day, 100,000 police and
volunteers were sweeping the countryside, and
400 journalists had gathered in the Lindberghs’
garden, waiting for any
news. Aircraft circled to
take pictures. Presidents,
prime ministers and the
Prince of Wales extended
their sympathy. Even Al
Capone ofered his help
from jail. The country was
in such a state that one car
with New Jersey number
plates was stopped 109 times on its way home
from California. It became, in the words of one
journalist of the time (HL Mencken) “the biggest
story since the Resurrection”.
“I think it is thrilling to have so many
people moved by one thought,” Mrs
Lindbergh wrote. But her feelings of
optimism soon changed; and one
day she wrote in her diary, “I have a
sustained feeling – like a high note on
an organ that has got stuck
– inside me.”
Meanwhile her husband,
Charles, knew how newspapers
behaved. The press had made
him famous but he hated its
inaccuracies and inventions.
Now that he was in charge of the hunt for his
son, newspapers began to feel that they were
unfairly rejected.
Always seeking
stories, the
tabloids often
invented stories,
or wrote about
Lindbergh’s
negotiations
with the Mafa.
Lindbergh was convinced that they could lead
him to the kidnappers as there were many
kidnapping gangs operating in the US at the time.
But it all came to a very sad end seven months
later. On 12th May 1932, a man got out of a
truck four miles from the Lindbergh’s house to
go to the toilet. There, he discovered the body of
Charles Augustus. The post-mortem concluded
that death had occurred two or three months
before, the result of a fractured skull. So, nothing
the Lindberghs could have done would have
made any diference. Their baby had died that
frst night, either by falling to the ground when
his kidnapper was on the ladder, or by a sharp
blow to the head.
Tired of being in
the spotlight, the
Lindberghs moved to
Europe in December
1935, still mourning
the loss of their son.
More than three
years later, the story returned to the front
pages when the man accused of the murder,
Bruno Hauptmann, went on trial in
Flemington, New Jersey. Bruno was a
German immigrant living in the Bronx.
He maintained his innocence until the
end, but was found guilty and executed
on 3rd April 1936. Someone had paid
for the crime, but Mrs Lindbergh’s
“sustained note” never went away.
GLOSSARY
to tuck up phr vb
if you “tuck up” a child, you make
the child feel comfortable before
he/she sleeps
to recover vb
if you are “recovering” from a cold,
you are in the process of getting
better
a window shutter n
a wooden or metal cover that is
ftted on the outside of a window
a road block n
if there is a “road block”, the police
stop the trafc in order to question
drivers
to sweep the countryside exp
if a group of people are "sweeping
the countryside", they are moving
through the countryside, often as
they are looking for something
to extend your sympathy exp
to say that you are sorry about
something
a number plate n
the series of numbers and letters
at the back and front of a car that
identify the car
the Resurrection n
the time when Jesus came alive
again after being dead for 3 days
a tabloid n
a newspaper that often has
sensational stories about famous
people
a kidnapper n
a person who "steals" a person and
demands money in exchange for
that person
a truck n US
a large vehicle for transporting
goods. A “lorry” in British English
a sharp blow to the head exp
a hit to the head with great force
to mourn vb
to be grieving (in a state of sadness)
because someone has just died
Charles
Lindbergh
(father)
Charles Augustus
Lindbergh was born on
4th February 1902. He
was famous for making
the frst solo, non-stop
fight across the Atlantic,
from Long Island to Paris
in 1927 in a plane called
The Spirit of St Louis. He
married Anne Morrow
on 27th May 1929. They
had six children: Charles
Augustus Lindbergh II
(1930-1932); Jon Morrow
Lindbergh (1932); Land
Morrow Lindbergh
(1937) Anne Lindbergh
(1940-1993); Scott
Lindbergh (1942); and
Reeve Lindbergh (1945).
The Lindbergh
CaSe
One of the most
sensational news
stories of the
20th century.
www.hotenglishmagazine.com or www.hotenglish.hu I 45
This month we are looking at some phrasal verbs related to time.
P
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CloCk on/In; CloCk off/ouT
To reCorD THe TIme you ArrIve AT work
or leAve work, usuAlly AT A mACHIne
wITH A CloCk.
“He had a
crash and
completely
wrote off
the car.”
pHraSal vErb tHEmES: timE
Take time off
To spend time away from work, either
because of an illness, or so you can do
something else.
Be pressed for time
not to have enough time to do the things
you need to do; to be in a rush.
BrIng forwArD
To CHAnge THe DATe or TIme of someTHIng
so THAT IT CAn HAppen eArlIer THAn plAnneD.
fit in (time)
To f ind time to do something or to see someone.
run out of time
To have no more time to do something;
to reach the end of a period of time.
Hang on
To wait, usually for a short period of time.
Hang out (with friends)
To spend time with friends, relAXIng.
“what time
does she clock
off at night?”
“I’m going to
take a few months
off work to write
my novel.”
“I’m sorry
but I can’t talk to
you right now because
I’m a bit pressed
for time.”
“we’ll have to
bring the date of
the meeting forward
because roger is going
away to a conference
next week.”
“we thought
we’d go to the shopping
centre to hang out for
a while. Do you want
to come?”
“I can’t seem to fit
in any time to have
that meeting.”
“I’m sorry but
we’ll have to continue
talking about that
tomorrow because
we’ve run out
of time.”
“Can you
hang on a sec?
I’m just drying
my hair.”
Headline News
Headline News N˚ 4 London 2007
The voice of the people
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GLOSSARY
an eco-town n
a town that receives electricity from
renewable sources: wind, the sun...
to unveil plans exp
to explain plans to the public
a carbon-neutral home n
a house that produces no CO2 and
that is run on renewable energy
ecologically sustainable adj
that doesn’t produce anything
harmful to the environment and
that preserves the environment
to target vb
if you “target”a particular group, you
“attack”that group or make them
the focus of an investigation, etc
unemployment benefts n
money you receive from the
government if you have no job
a correlation between n
a connection between
to crack down on phr vb
if the government “cracks down on”
a particular crime, they focus on
that crime and try to stop it
welfare benefts n
money you receive from the
government if you have no job
an acute shortage of exp
if there is an “acute shortage of”
something, there is not much of
that thing and you need more of it
to plug gaps exp
if you “plug gaps”, you try to fll
holes (needs)
to stumble vb
if you “stumble”, you start to fall
In the past, an Australian surfer’s worst enemy
was the shark. Now it could be the Australian
government as they target those claiming
unemployment benefts whilst enjoying the
delights of the sun, sea and surf.
“There is a correlation between high
unemployment and coastal areas,” said an
Australian government spokesperson, as he
launched a plan to crack down on surfers
living on welfare benefts. “These people
are basically refusing to work and choosing
instead to surf and relax on the beach,” he
added.
Australia has an acute shortage of labour.
The economy has enjoyed 15 years of strong
growth, and unemployment is at a 30-year
low. “We’ve got too many jobs chasing too few
people, yet there are still pockets of potential
labour around the country,” the spokesperson
added. “We’ve got areas where there aren’t
any jobs, and we’ve got other areas where
they’re desperate for workers.” Currently, the
government is recruiting thousands more
skilled workers from overseas to plug gaps
in the labour market. Without this army of
foreign accountants, health professionals and
hairdressers, there are fears that Australia’s
booming economy could begin to stumble.
Work Shy
Australian surfers come under attack.
“Instead of just fve new eco-towns we will now aim
for ten – building thousands of new homes in every
region of the country,” Gordon Brown announced, as he
unveiled plans to double the number of “eco-towns”
to be built across the UK. Mr Brown promised that up
to 100,000 carbon-neutral homes would be built. “For
the frst time in nearly half a century we will show the
imagination to build new towns – eco-towns with low
and zero-carbon homes.”
The eco-town idea was the frst major policy
announcement made by Mr Brown.
These towns are intended to be ecologically
sustainable: their electricity and power will come from
locally-produced, pollution-free energy, such as solar
or wind power. They are often built on brownfeld sites
(abandoned industrial sites), rather than greenfeld land
(land that has not been developed and that is currently
part of nature, or used for agriculture).
Eco-Towns
Gordon Brown has some good news for Britain’s ecologists.
I’d
rather be
surfing.
GLOSSARY
a career n
the job you choose to do for the
majority of your professional life
an art forger n
a person who copies paintings and
sells them illegally
a recluse n
a person who lives alone and who
avoids contact with other people
to forge vb
to make an illegal copy
a manuscript n
a frst version of a book
a graphologist n
a person who analyses handwriting
and styles of writing
to leak vb
if information is “leaked”, the press
or the public fnd out about it
unofcially
to keep your cool exp
to remain calm even though you
are in a tense situation
a hoax n
a trick designed to make people
believe something
to denounce vb
if you “denounce” someone, you
report them to the police/
authorities
a fake n
a copy; an illegal version
www.hotenglishmagazine.com or www.hotenglish.hu
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47
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Cliford Irving started of
his career as a writer for
the New York Times. He
also wrote a few novels,
and the successful
autobiography of an art
forger called Fake! (1969).
In 1970 Irving was living
on the island of Ibiza,
in Spain, where he met
another author, Richard
Suskind. And it was here
that the pair came up
with a scheme that was
designed to make them
a lot of money: to write
and sell Howard Hughes’
“autobiography”.
At the time, Hughes
was a famous multi-
millionaire recluse.
He had a number
of businesses and had been involved in the
movie and fying industries. However, by 1958,
Hughes had retired from public life, and he
hated any kind of contact with the public. In
fact, no one, apart from a very few close friends
and associates had seen him for many years.
Irving and Suskind’s plan was to write a fake
autobiography of Howard Hughes. And it was
almost successful. Suskind did most of the
research into Hughes, using news archives. And
Irving started forging letters in Hughes’s own
hand, imitating authentic letters Irving had
seen in Newsweek magazine.
When Irving and Suskind were ready, Irving
contacted a major publishing house. Irving
claimed that he had been talking to Hughes
about writing the autobiography. Irving
showed them three forged
letters, one of which claimed
that Hughes wished to have
his biography written but
that he wanted the project
to remain a secret. The
autobiography would be
based on interviews between
Hughes and Irving.
The publishing
house agreed to the
terms and wrote up
contracts between
the publishing house
and Hughes and
Irving. Eventually,
the publishing house
paid an advance of
$100,000, with an
additional $765,000
to go to Hughes. The
publishing house paid
by cheque, which
Irving deposited into
a Swiss bank account
that Irving’s wife had
opened under the
name H. Hughes (Helga
Hughes).
Late in 1971, Irving
delivered the
manuscript to the publishing house, complete
with notes in Hughes’s forged handwriting
(notes that an expert graphologist declared
genuine). The publishing house announced
its intention to publish the book in March,
1972. But news of the autobiography had been
leaked. And now several representatives of
Hughes’s companies expressed their doubts
about the authenticity of the book.
Irving kept his cool. But then the whole hoax
came to an end on 7th January 1972 when
Hughes fnally contacted the outside world.
Hughes arranged a telephone conference
with seven journalists. Hughes denounced
Irving and said that he had never even met
him. At frst, Irving claimed that the voice was
a fake. But Irving fnally confessed on 28th
January 1972. Irving and Suskind appeared
in court on 13th March, and were found
guilty on 16th June. Irving
was convicted and spent
14 months in prison. He
voluntarily returned the
$765,000 advance to the
publishing house. Suskind
was sentenced to six months
and served fve. It was the
hoax of the century.
Richard Gere’s latest flm is The Hoax. It’s the incredible story of author and
journalist Clifford Irving, who was arrested for fraud in a spectacular case from
the early 1970s.
The Hoax
Directed by Lasse
Hallström. Starring
Richard Gere and Alfred
Molina. Based on the
life of Cliford Irving.
The fascinating story of Cliford Irving.
Clifford Irving
Born 5th November
1930. Famous for
writing the fake
“autobiography” of
Howard Hughes.
Currently lives in Aspen,
Colorado. He recently
said this about the flm,
“I had nothing to do
with this movie, and
it had very little to do
with me.”
Richard Gere
Born 31st August
1949 in Philadelphia,
Pennsylvania. Famous
for his roles in American
Gigolo (1980), An Ofcer
and a Gentleman (1982),
and Pretty Woman
(1990). An active
supporter of
many charities.
The film
is real.
48 I www.hotenglishmagazine.com or www.hotenglish.hush.
hu
F
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GLOSSARY
a speech n
a series of words spoken by a
character in a flm/play, often saying
something important in public
a shot n
if there is a “shot”, someone fres a
bullet from a gun
kinda abbr
kind of (more or less)
to lose track exp
if you “lose track”of something, you
can’t remember exactly what has
happened
greed n
the desire to have more of
something than you really need
an upward surge exp
a fast increase; a quick development
you mark my words exp
listen carefully to what I am saying
a career n
a job you choose to do for the
majority of your professional life
a mortgage repayment n
the money you pay the bank every
month as payment for the money
you borrowed to buy your house
1. Go
Ahead,
Punk
Here’s tough
guy Harry
Callahan (Clint
Eastwood) from
the Don Siegel
flm Dirty Harry (1971):
I know what you’re thinking.
Did he fre six shots or only
fve? Well, to tell you the truth,
in all this excitement, I’ve kinda
lost track myself. But being as
this is a .44 Magnum, the most
powerful handgun in the world,
and would blow your head clean
of, you’ve got to ask yourself one
question, ’Do I feel lucky?’ Well,
do ya, punk?
2. Greed is
Good
And here is
Gordon Gekko
(Michael
Douglas) from
the Oliver
Stone movie
Wall Street (1987):
The point is, ladies and
gentleman, is that greed – for
lack of a better word – is good.
Greed is right. Greed works.
Greed clarifes, cuts through
and captures the essence of the
evolutionary spirit. Greed, in
all of its forms – greed for life,
for money, for love, knowledge
– has marked the upward surge
of mankind. And greed – you
mark my words – will not only
save Teldar Paper [the name of
the company,] but that other
malfunctioning corporation
called the USA.
3. Choose Life
In this speech, Mark Renton
(Ewan McGregor) is talking
about life in general, in a scene
from the Danny
Boyle flm
Trainspotting
(1996):
Choose life.
Choose a job.
Choose a career.
Choose a family,
Choose a big television, Choose
washing machines, cars, compact
disc players, and electrical tin
openers. Choose good health, low
cholesterol and dental insurance.
Choose fxed-interest mortgage
repayments. Choose a starter
home. Choose your friends.
Choose your future. Choose life.
4. Napalm
Heaven
This is the
speech that
Lieutenant
Colonel Bill
Kilgore (Robert
Duvall) makes
in the Francis Ford Coppola flm
Apocalypse Now (1979):
You smell that? Do you smell
that? Napalm, son. Nothing else
in the world smells like that. I
love the smell of napalm in the
morning. You know, one time
we had a hill bombed, for twelve
hours. When it was all over I
walked up. We didn’t fnd one of
’em, not one stinkin’ body. The
smell, you know that gasoline
smell, the whole hill. Smelled
like... victory. Someday this war’s
gonna end...
5. God’s Fury
This is the speech that Jules
Winnfeld (Samuel L Jackson)
makes just before executing a
small-time drug dealer in the
Quentin Tarantino flm Pulp
Fiction (1994):
The path of the righteous man is
beset on all sides by the inequities
of the
selfsh and
the tyranny
of evil men.
Blessed is
he who, in
the name
of charity
and good will, shepherds
the weak through the
valley of darkness, for he
is truly his brother’s keeper
and the fnder of lost
children. And I will strike
down upon thee with
great vengeance and
furious anger those who
attempt to poison and
destroy my brothers. And
you will know my name
is the Lord when I lay my
vengeance upon you.
6. Brothers
in Arms
And fnally,
here is
General
Maximus
Meridius
(Russell
Crowe) addressing his
troops in the opening battle
scene for the Ridley Scott flm
Gladiator (2000):
Fratres! [Brothers!] Three weeks
from now I will be harvesting my
crops. Imagine where you will
be, and it will be so. Hold the line!
Stay with me! If you fnd yourself
alone, riding in green felds with
the sun on your face, do not be
troubled, for you are in Elysium
(heaven), and you’re already
dead! Brothers. What we do in
life echoes in eternity.
Which one is your favourite?
Write in with your suggestions
or comments to flmspeech@
hotenglishmagazine.com
What’s your favourite flm speech? A recent poll chose a monologue from
the war movie Apocalypse Now as the best speech in cinema history.
Here are our top six flm speeches.
listen up!
I’ve got
something
to say.
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GLOSSARY
an insurance company n
a company that pays you money as
compensation when you have an
accident / lose things, etc
to forge vb
to make an illegal copy
a scam n
a scheme designed to make money
by tricking people
a benefciary n
a person who receives
compensation or insurance money
a claim n
if you make a "claim", you
report a crime or accident to an
insurance company in order to get
compensation
to approve vb
to agree to something; to give your
permission for something
to receive notifcation exp
if you “receive notifcation” of
something, you are informed about
that thing
to award vb
if you are “awarded” a sum of
money, you are given that sum
to fake vb
to make an illegal copy
a mistress n
the female lover of a married man
a lucrative business contract n
a business contract that is worth a
lot of money
the fnal straw exp
the last thing in a series of bad
events that convinces you to stop
something or change it
to sack vb
to tell someone to leave their job
under review exp
if something is “under review”, it is
being analysed
to bring down phr vb
if you “bring someone down”, you
destroy them professionally
an achievement n
something that someone has
succeeded in doing after a lot of
efort
pending adj
waiting for a decision to be taken
about it
to postpone vb
to delay; to cause to happen at a
later date
Three students working over the
summer for an insurance company
thought they’d come up with the
perfect way to make money. With the
help of his two friends, John Gilbert
forged death certifcates and letters
showing that a certain Jacqueline
Gilbert had died. The name “Gilbert”
was chosen for the scam because
it was the same as John’s surname
(Gilbert). He also produced letters
showing that he was the benefciary
of her life insurance money. The
claim was then approved by James
Gargett, another of the students who
was working at the same insurance
company. The three students then
received £30,503 after Mrs Gilbert’s
“apparent” death.
After this success, the students
then decided to claim that another
woman, Elizabeth Taplin had died.
Again the letters were forged and
the claim was approved by James
Gargett. This time they received
£95,332 each. However, when the
husband of the real Jacqueline
Gilbert received notifcation that his
wife’s life insurance money had been
awarded, he contacted the insurance
company and demanded to know
what had happened as his wife was
“very much alive and well”. The three
men were arrested and have now
admitted charges of faking the
deaths of two women in a £125,000
insurance scam. The three students
are awaiting sentence.
www.hotenglishmagazine.com or www.hotenglish.hu
I
49
Sweet Revenge
A senior Chinese ofcial is in a lot of trouble
after no fewer than eleven former mistresses
accused him of corruption. It has been reported
that Pang Jiavu ofered his close friends
lucrative business contracts under one
condition: that he could have an afair with
their wives. At the time, Jiavu was working as an
infuential Communist Party boss and he was
also the chairman of the provincial assembly;
and he told his close friends that he was going
to help them become very rich. However, much
later, and in an attempt to protect himself,
Jiavu sentenced some of the men to death for
“corrupt business activities”. This was the fnal
straw for the wives, who joined forces, accusing
Jiavu of “corruption and hypocrisy”.
The People’s Daily newspaper in China said,
“Mr Jiavu abused his position. He converted
young, pretty wives of his junior colleagues
into mistresses. But he got caught and we’re
pleased about that.” Jiavu has already been
sacked and the case is now under review.
The newspaper said, “It is not surprising for a
man to be brought down by one woman. But
by eleven women at the same time is quite an
achievement.” The whole case in now under
review and all pending death penalties issued
by Mr Jiavu have been postponed.
CD tracks 35-36 -
Irishwoman & Englishman
Man destroyed by mistresses.
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Student Scam
Students make thousands in false claims.
50
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ISSN 1577-7898
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December 2007
Published by Hot English
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GLOSSARY
a loanword n
a foreign word that is used in
another language
joy n
happiness
misfortune n
bad luck
to capitalise vb
to use capital letters (A, B, C, etc)
on the verge of exp
about to happen
bankruptcy n
the state of having no money to
pay bills
to fall fat on one’s butt exp inform
to make a mistake in an
embarrassing way
sour grapes exp
if you say that something is “sour
grapes”, you are saying that it is a
case of jealousy or envy
to make fun of someone exp
to laugh at someone; to ridicule
someone
devilish adj
cruel or unpleasant
a clear conscience n
if you have a “clear conscience”,
you don’t feel guilty or bad about
your actions
sorrow n
sadness
Have you ever felt a sense of joy at other
people’s misfortune? If you have, then
you have enjoyed a little Schadenfreude.
This word has many defnitions: to take
pleasure from someone else’s sufering; to feel
happiness at other people’s misfortune; to take
pleasure in other people’s pain.
This word is German in origin and comes from
two words: “Shaden” (which means “damage” or
“harm”), and “Freude” (which means “joy”). The
term is often capitalised, as it is in the original
German.
Here are some examples of Schadenfreude
in action. This frst one is an extract from
The Simpsons. Homer is happy because Ned
Flanders is on the verge of bankruptcy.
Lisa: Dad, do you know what
Schadenfreude is?
Homer: No, I do not know what
Schadenfreude is. Please tell me
because I’m dying to know.
Lisa: It’s a German word for shameful joy,
taking pleasure in the sufering of
others.
Homer: Oh, come on, Lisa. I’m just glad to
see him fall fat on his butt! He’s
usually all happy and comfortable,
and surrounded by loved ones, and it
makes me feel... What’s the opposite
of that shameful joy thing of yours?
Lisa: Sour grapes?
Homer: Boy, those Germans have a word for
everything.
Another example of the word
in use comes from Hollywood
superstar Ben Afeck. He used
the word while talking to
journalists about the flm Gigli (2003 - starring
Ben Afeck and Jennifer Lopez). The flm is
often referred to as the worst movie of 2003.
During the interview, Afeck said (referring to
the way that critics attacked and made fun of
the flm), “I think there was a certain amount of
Schadenfreude involved.”
And fnally, here are some Schadenfreude
quotes.
“To feel envy is human; to savour
Schadenfreude is devilish.” Arthur
Schopenhauer.
“Humour is just Schadenfreude with a clear
conscience.” Nietzsche.
This is the start of a new series on fun, useful and very interesting English words.
This month’s word is actually German in origin, but is a loanword that is often
used in English: Schadenfreude.
Hot Staff
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Alternative Schadenfreude
Some argue that the English equivalent would be
“morose delectation” although this is rarely used
(if ever). An opposite of Schadenfreude would
be “sympathetic joy” or “happiness in another’s
good fortune”. Other languages have equivalent
expressions to describe Schadenfreude. Here are a
few of them with their literal translations:
Dutch proverb: No better joy than joy about
someone else’s sorrow.
French proverb: One person’s misfortune is
another’s happiness.
Norwegian saying: Schadenfreude is the only true joy.
Hebrew saying: There is no joy like Schadenfreude.
Japanese saying: Others’ misfortunes are the taste
of honey.
www.hotenglishmagazine.com or www.hotenglish.hu
I
51
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CD index
1 2  4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 1 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 2 24 25 26 27 28 29 0 1 2  4 5 6 7 8 9 40 41 42 4 44 45 46 Hello Together Again Road Hell Fingers’ Error Correction Teacher’s/Student’s Pack Nursery Rhymes Story Time Blair Wealth Teacher’s/Student’s Pack Radio ad Checked In Buried Boat Radio ad Weird Trivia Corny Criminals Food’s Up Teacher’s/Student’s Pack Social English Jokes Graffiti Through the Roof Salty Burger 999 Calls Song Radio ad Typical dialogues Dr Fingers’ Vocabulary Quirky News Radio ad British Bar Chat US Bar Chat Imperial Success Teacher’s/Student’s Pack Dumb US Laws Dictionary of Slang Radio ad Idioms Radio ad Student Scam Sweet Revenge Homo Politicus Teacher’s/Student’s Pack Advertising Teacher’s/Student’s Pack Technology Teacher’s/Student’s Pack Marketing Teacher’s/Student’s Pack Radio ad Business Teacher’s/Student’s Pack Medicine Teacher’s/Student’s Pack Finance Teacher’s/Student’s Pack Telephone Conversation Teacher’s/Student’s Pack Goodbye
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to get into the festive spirit exp to celebrate Christmas by having a good time and being kind/ generous, etc wacky adj crazy; strange on the way out exp disappearing common ground n if two people or groups find “common ground”, they agree about something

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Headlines News

Photo & Quote of the month
here’s our photo of the month. now, can someone tell us, what is the point of this sign? and here’s our quote of the month: “Language is always changing. it has to move with the times. there has to be a negotiated common ground, but within that there’s room for variation and a degree of creativity.” What do you think?

22
Atonement Time

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24
Divided Family

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47
The Hoax

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hello everyone, and welcome to another issue of hot english. are you looking forward to christmas? one way to get into the festive spirit is to see a pantomime. this is a type of theatre play for both adults and children that is often based on a fairy tale (cinderella, Sleeping beauty, Snow White, etc). a woman plays the part of a man, and there’s a dame, who is a man dressed as a woman. there are also lots of jokes, wacky costumes and songs. if you’re in madrid, you can see one here, performed by the madrid players. for more information, please visit: www.madridplayers.blogspot.com in this month’s issue of hot english, we’re looking at the sad situation of the hyphen. Unfortunately for many, he seems to be on the way out, as fewer and fewer people are using him. however, we at hot english would like to offer our full support, as the hyphen often helps with understanding. bring back the hyphen, we say! our main theme this month is the 1930s – a fascinating period. you can read about some of the great moments and people from this decade, plus read about the incredible story of the mitford sisters – britain’s most unusual family. Well, we hope you enjoy reading and listening to this issue of hot english magazine. all the best and see you next month,

Editor’s intro

Magazine Index 
4 6 8 9 10 11 12 1 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 24 26 27 28 29 0 1 2  4 5 6 7 8 9 40 42 4 44 45 46 47 48 49 Editorial Together Again & Road Hell Hyphen Hysterics Headlines News Nursery Times Story Time Scouting Around Basic English: The Hairdresser’s Grammar Fun Headlines News Checked In & Buried Boat Trivia Matching Weird Trivia Dr Fingers’ Grammar Subscriptions Corny Criminals Changing 30s Atonement Time Divided Family Face to Face: Orwell & Huxley Social English: The Hairdresser Headline News Jokes, graffiti and cartoon Through the Roof & Salty Burgers Anniversaries 999 Calls & Recipe (Welsh Rarebit) Song & Backissues Vocabulary & Typical Dialogues (board games) Vocabulary Clinic: Work Witch Hunt Quirky News Bar chats Trafalgar Trouble Dumb US Laws Dictionary of Slang Idioms: Animals The Lindberg Case Phrasal Verbs (Time) Headline News The Hoax Film Speech Student Scam & Sweet Revenge Pre Intermediate

Upper Intermediate

Intermediate

Contents

cd tracks 2-3 irishwoman & US woman

Together Again
One of Britain’s most famous bands reforms.
Led Zeppelin are one of the most famous rock bands of all time. Now they say that they are going to reform. The original group was comprised of Robert Plant (vocals), Jimmy Page (guitar), John Paul Jones (bass) and John Bonham (drums). They split up after the death of Bonham in 1980. The media report that tickets to the concert will be sold for £125 each. Led Zeppelin are not the only band that have recently reformed. Others include The Spice Girls, The Police, Take That, Crowded House and Genesis. “These bands are still very popular” said one journalist. “They can still make lots of money, and people want to see them play live”.
Clap like this when we finish the song.

News Stories

Road Hell
Government report that there will be 6m more cars by 2031.
An environmental group in Britain has reported that there will be a great increase in the number of cars in the future. The group, which is called The Campaign for Better Transport says that if the government does not do anything, British roads will become a disaster area. Stephen Joseph, executive director of the group, says, “Roads are getting busier every day. We cannot continue like this.
4 i www.hotenglishmagazine.com or www.hotenglish.hu

GLOSSARY

Road traffic is destroying our communities, our health and our environment. We have had this problem for a long time now. The government has to encourage people to use alternative types of transport such as trains and buses.” Mr Joseph says that if the government does nothing, there will be a queue of cars that goes from London in the south to Edinburgh in the north.

to reform n if a group “reforms”, the singers/ musicians come together again after separating comprised of exp including; made of to split up phr vb to separate the media n newspapers, radio, the television, etc to play live exp to play music to an audience a disaster area n an area of destruction and devastation busy adj with a lot of cars and traffic the environment n the natural world, including the sea, air, plants, animals, etc to encourage vb to try to persuade someone to do something a queue n a line of people in a shop/the street

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The singular form is “a corpus” This is a game of leapfrog! Unlike many other languages. We have been tracking this for some time and we’ve been finding the hyphen is used less and less. or for showing that a word has been broken in two a fig leaf n a leaf from a fig tree. reports. And as a result.com or www. and in some cases they remain separate. even though they refer to a single unit (ice + cream = ice cream). others want to defend the use of the hyphen. etc). There seems to be no agreement on how to write it. the two words join together to form one word (tooth + paste = toothpaste). Take the case of the word “e-mail” (or should we say “email”). the term “African American” contains no hyphen. There are many of these in English. “pigeon-hole” and “leap-frog” are just one word now.hotenglish. they have taken the hyphen out of 16. to exclude or to change words on the way that language is used. conversations. fat stomach a pigeonhole n a place in a piece of furniture on the wall where you can leave letters or messages for someone leapfrog n a game which children play. For example. whereas “Italian-American” does. in other cases. grammar or the introduction of new words. “pigeonhole” and “leapfrog”. Answers on page 42 A toothpaste Hyphen Hysterics B Salesperson C chickpeas D haircut E bumblebee What do these words have in common? Well. So.” However. “The hyphen is there to help the reader. “fig-leaf” is now “fig leaf”.hu . but most of the rest of the world prefers it without the hyphen (email).hotenglishmagazine. “We only reflect what people in general are reading. there are no fixed rules. GLOSSARY hyphen n a punctuation sign (-) for joining two words. they’re all compound nouns: two words that join together to form another word. as with most things regarding the English language. they are joined by a hyphen (ski + boot = ski-boot). As a spokesperson for the dictionary said. Adam and Eve wore fig leaves instead of clothes a pot belly n a round. The BBC and the New York Times both write it with a hyphen (e-mail). for their latest dictionary. recordings. the hyphen is being used less and less. etc) that is stored on computers. According to the Shorter Oxford English Dictionary. Of course. many of them two-word compound nouns. and to show either that two words are linked in some significant way. Many large dictionary-creators monitor the use of language through their analysis of corpora (the collection of examples of language from newspapers. books. However. In some cases. They base their decisions to include. books. English has no governing body controlling spelling.000 words. or to add understanding in words such as “go-between”. pronunciation.Hysterics Hyphen See if you can match the words with the images (a-e). The English language 6 i www. and “potbelly” is now “pot belly”. And there are always lots of inconsistencies. One child bends over and another child jumps over his/her back to track vb to investigate linked adj connected a go-between n someone who passes messages between two people or groups a body n an organisation corpora n collections of examples of language (from newspapers.” a linguist explained.

durar desde una semana hasta cuando tú quieras. Empieza cualquier lunes. Llama AHORA para más información. ion g. Cambridge (RU). los docentes altamente cualificados y la gran selección de programas sociales. ¿A qué esperas? . en asociación con academias cuidadosamente seleccionadas. Reserva un curso con nosotros y consigue un descuento del 5%. te ofrecerán una experiencia inolvidable.hotenglishmagazine. Inglés de negocios (para profesionales y ejecutivos). escribe a courses@hotenglishmagazine. ke sal jo ra ph grammar. Irlanda y los Estados Unidos London ¿Quieres aprender inglés en el Reino Unido. El número reducido de estudiantes por clase. phrasal verbs. ci mm ecd so gra s. jokes. business English. Cork (Irlanda) y Wisconsin (EEUU). tr al Eng o ar. puede encontrarte el curso perfecto. Inglés académico (exámenes y preparación para la Universidad). Irlanda o los Estados Unidos? Hot English.com También puedes llamar al (00 34) 91 455 0274 o reservar tu curso online en www. anecdotes. or err tes. Los cursos están disponibles durante el año y pueden Para más información. cricket. y una suscripción GRATIS a la revista Hot English Magazine.com phrasal Verbs . slang. ect slan corr ivia. error correction. Cursos y cursos intensivos disponibles: Inglés general (para adolescentes y adultos).Cork Cambridge Oxford Estudia inglés en el Reino Unido. Elige entre escuelas de Londres. Oxford. an verbs. trivia. lish.

hotenglish. A British driver was caught driving at more than 270 kph. Second place went to Ben Affleck and Jennifer Lopez for their performance in Gigli.hotenglishmagazine.com or www. He is the fastest driver ever caught.Fast Driver Headline News N˚ 1 Headline News The voice of the people Headline News London 2007 Driver breaks record. Keira Knightley and Orlando Bloom were in third place for their part in Pirates of the Caribbean.hu . He was driving a 3. He has been sentenced to 10 weeks in jail. Tom Cruise and Nicole Kidman were also on the list for their performance in Eyes Wide Shut. GLOSSARY Least convincing screen relationships 1 Natalie Portman and Hayden Christensen: Star Wars: Episode II – Attack of the Clones 2 Ben Affleck and Jennifer Lopez: Gigli 3 Keira Knightley and Orlando Bloom: Pirates of the Caribbean 4 Madonna and Adriano Giannini: Swept Away 5 Catherine Zeta Jones and Sir Sean Connery: Entrapment Is this love? to plead guilty exp to admit that you are responsible for a crime a speed limit n the maximum speed permitted to resign vb to leave your job voluntarily on-screen adj in a film a couple n two people in a relationship a performance n an actor’s “performance” is the way he/she acts in a film to survey vb to ask people questions in order to get opinions 8 i www. 33. of north-west London. Timothy Brady pleaded guilty to driving well in excess of the speed limit. Brady.000 movie-goers were surveyed. Affleck was in the top 10 for a second time for his part with Kate Beckinsale in Pearl Harbor. He resigned from his job days after police stopped him in the car. was banned from driving.6-litre Porsche 911 Turbo. You aren’t convincing me. Bad Stars Worst film couples voted. More than 3. What makes a convincing on-screen romance? Star Wars’ couple Natalie Portman and Hayden Christensen have been voted the worst on-screen couple.

He was very good looking and had a number of relationships. and “London bridge is falling down”. London Bridge is falling down. Villiers (Georgie Porgie) was a courtier. falling down. The lyrics in this rhyme refer to George Villiers. including a secret affair with King James I (1586 . assisting the king/queen an affair n a relationship with someone who isn’t your wife/husband notorious adj famous for something bad a commoner n an ordinary person (not a king/ queen/aristocrat/lord/lady. Georgie Porgie ran away. narrow building that stands alone or that forms part of another building (usually a church. etc an export n goods that are sold in another country a dame n a lady a lane n a small road lyrics n the words to a song a courtier n a person who works in a palace. black sheep Baa.hu i 9 Nursery Times T I MEs UrsErY N . When the boys came out to play. there is a connection between the real-life sound and the sound of the word). It took 33 years to construct. Falling down. Interestingly. My fair Lady. The rhyme refers to a special tax on wool that was introduced by King Edward I in 1275 (known as the English Customs Statute). black Sheep”. wool n sheep hair that is used to make warm clothes a tax n money you pay to the government to cover the cost of public services such as the police. The first London Bridge was made of wood. Baa. Kissed the girls and made them cry. it appears in that book an arch n a structure that is curved (round) at the top and that is supported at the sides by a wall a tower n a tall. In the 1960s. This new bridge opened in 1831 and the old bridge was demolished. another version of the bridge was built on a site north of the old one. one for the dame. plus a tower and gates. “georgie porgie”. georgie Porgie (pudding and pie) This nursery rhyme is based on one of London’s many bridges: London Bridge. This bridge survived the Great Fire of London in 1666. baa.1625). baa. black sheep As you can see. The first stone bridge was built in 1176. Animal sounds are some of the first sounds that babies and young children imitate because the sounds are based on onomatopoeia (i. three bags full. There were many fires. etc) a gate n the door that is the entrance to a garden/castle/tower.cd track 5 english child this is the second part of our mini-series on nursery rhymes and their origins.com or www. and it is related to the wool industry. The London Bridge of 1831 was transported. black sheep. another London Bridge was built. The more attractive Tower Bridge . Villiers was disliked by both courtiers and commoners. london Bridge is Falling Down GLOSSARY Baa. the relationship between london Bridge is Falling Down London Bridge is falling down. georgie Porgie (pudding and pie) Georgie Porgie pudding and pie. This was a very important part of England’s economy from the Middle Ages until the nineteenth century. One for the master. he thought he was buying the more attractive and more famous Tower Bridge. castle. Villiers’ most notorious affair was with Anne of Austria (1601–1666). have you any wool? Yes sir.hotenglish. who was the Queen of France and married to the French king Louis XIII. baa. this rhyme is all about sheep. The history of this bridge goes back to Roman times in the first century. more next month. Incidentally. etc a site n a place.e. This song has always been popular for educational reasons because it contains an animal sound (“baa”). George Villiers and Anne of Austria is featured in the Alexander Dumas novel The Three Musketeers. In the 1820s. to Lake Havasu in Arizona. by a rich American. This authorised the king to collect a tax on all exports of wool. yes sir. And one for the little boy who lives down the lane. stone by stone.hotenglishmagazine. a piece of ground used for a particular purpose www. etc) to feature vb if something “is featured” in a book. baa. and had twenty arches. teachers. the 1st Duke of Buckingham (1592-1628). Villiers had a lot of influence over the king. and Viking invaders destroyed the bridge in the 11th century. this month we’re looking at three nursery rhymes: “baa.

to drive faster than the permitted speed to flash vb if a light is “flashing”.” “That may be true. slams down a book and screams at the librarian. Tell me if it follows us. “Doc. So. “Oh.” to go up to X exp to go close to X a counter n a long table in a shop/bar/pub where you are served to slam vb if you “slam” a book down on a table. you hit it aggressively against the table a librarian n a person who works in a library a plot n a story in a book/film a phone book n a large book full of phone numbers and addresses to speed vb to drive very fast.” says the librarian. shaking his head.” the man replies. And the librarian looks up and GLOSSARY calmly remarks. there are dogs all over my neighbourhood. he won’t swallow the pill. is the cop still following us?” the first idiot asks. and when I finally catch one.yelmocineplex.” the other idiot replies. it makes a sound often because it is angry a drawer n a little box that is part of a table/desk and in which you can put things sample medication n a small quantity of a medicine that is an example of that medicine a sleeping pill n a tablet you take to help you sleep troubles n difficulties over adj finished to shake your head exp to move your head from side to side as a way of saying no to chase vb to run behind something in order to catch them to swallow vb if you “swallow” something. “Is that police car following us?” A very tired man goes to see his doctor. “Yes… no… yes… no… yes… no… yes… no…” Barking Dogs Police Car Two idiots are speeding down the street when they pass a police car.” the doctor explains as he opens a drawer full of sample medications. it is going on and off to bark vb if a dog “barks”. “Those are the strongest pills on the market.” the other replies.” says the doctor. A few of these and your troubles will be over.” the man says. “So. I’m more tired than before.” “Great. cd track 6 irishwoman & US woman Story Time by native English speakers. “but I spend all night chasing those dogs. you’re the one who took our phone book. And the other idiot replies. “Here are some new sleeping pills that work really well.” “I don’t understand it.” the first idiot explains. They bark all day and all night.” A few weeks later.com or www.hu .hotenglishmagazine. he drives into a side road. anecdotes and stories as tol library Idiot I’m not barking. “Are his lights flashing?” the first idiot asks. “Doctor.” “Well. He goes up to the counter.” the idiot explains.es C/Salvador Espiritú 61 Centro Comercial ”El Centro de la Villa” Port Olimpic (08005) 22 09 22 10 i www.” “Yes. your plan is no good. “So. the man returns looking worse than ever.or y Time st d Jokes. “This is the worst book I’ve ever read!” “Oh. and I can’t get any sleep. I have some good news for you. An idiot walks into a library. “I’m going to drive down this little side road. “I’ll try anything. no!” the first idiot says. really. “What’s wrong with it?” “It has no plot and far too many characters.hotenglish. “Yes. it goes from your mouth to your stomach Get your cinema tickets at: c/Doctor cortezo 56 madrid or by phone: 902 On our web page: www.

Laos. kidney. A boy who is accustomed to sleeping with his window shut will probably suffer by catching cold and rheumatism when he first tries sleeping out. (Apparently. with an element of risk. In 1910. and the heart is the most important organ in a lad’s body. knew that young people need a focus in life and that they need to learn responsibility and leadership. and 11 of the 12 moon-walking astronauts were once one.hotenglishmagazine. often with violence a headmaster n the manager/director of a school practical adj a “practical” person makes good decisions and knows how to deal with situations self-reliant adj a “self-reliant” person is good at dealing with situations on their own unselfish adj an “unselfish” person thinks of others before thinking of him/herself to take risks exp to do things that are potentially dangerous but possibly also good/ beneficial for you or others a fly n a small insect with wings to drown vb to die in water a crowd n a large group of people to look on phr vb to watch while something is happening but without participating a lad n a boy feeble adj weak. selfreliant. One headmaster recently spoke out on the subject.hotenglish. 1908). liver. Alcohol is now shown to be quite useless as a health-giving drink and it is mere poison when a man takes too much.couting s Around Scouting began in 1907 when Robert Baden-Powell (a Lieutenant General in the British Army). He should save them as far as possible from pain and should not kill any animal unnecessarily. Many feel that the Scouts could be the answer to society’s problems. “Scouting teaches you how to have fun. even if it is only a fly. Plunge in boldly and look to the object you are trying to attain and don’t bother about your own safety.com or www. and teenagers and children involved in muggings. The thing is always to sleep with your windows open. When was the last time you fought a bear? there are 28 million of them around the world. and unselfish citizens – exactly what is required today. only six countries don’t have them (cuba.” he added.hu i 11 Scouting Around . china. A soft bed and too many blankets make a boy dream bad dreams. BadenPowell wrote the principles of Scouting in the book Scouting for Boys (London. but in the safest way possible. lungs. It’s time that our youngsters got off the sofa. “Baden-Powell’s movement was aimed at creating practical. It teaches you about the consequences of your actions. someone is robbed in the street. which weakens him. without affecting other people. burma. These days. Boy Scout. north korea and andorra). The principles of Scouting are in the book Scouting for Boys (London. robert baden-powell. When a lad smokes before he is fully grown up it is almost sure to make his heart feeble. newspapers are full of stories of child obesity. the Scouts are enjoying their 100th birthday. with three age groups: Brownie Guide. respect for others and the qualities that a good leader has. England. not strong an organ n a heart. etc useless adj not useful or important to sleep out phr vb to sleep in a tent or outside on the ground www. a new organization was created for girls. scouting Water GLOSSARY smoking No boy ever began smoking because he liked it but because he thought it made him look like a grown-up man. 1908). and you will never catch cold. They also need to take risks. drug dealing and even shootings.) Scouting was started in 1907 by Robert Baden-Powell. Alcohol sleeping in the cold a mugging n if there is a “mugging”. Baden-Powell Heil. think of things today? Animals A scout is friend to animals.” Here are a few extracts from the original scouting “bible”: Scouting for Boys. The movement grew to include three major age groups: Cub Scout. held the first Scout camp on Brownsea Island. Baden-Powell was angry about an episode in which a woman drowned in a pond at Hampstead while a crowd looked on. summer and winter. Rover Scout. Girl Guide and Ranger Guide. and did something truly exciting. but what would the inventor of the movement. Baden.

hotenglish.hu .This month: The Hairdresser’s English Basic a barber a hairdresser’s a barber’s (shop) Shampoo Basic English a hairdresser / hairstylist conditioner Scissors hair gel a beard a moustache highlights fringe (“bangs” in US english) a haircut a razor a hair trimmer a basin/ washbasin/sink a sideburn a parting hairspray a brush a comb a hairdryer a wig 12 i www.hotenglishmagazine.com or www.

= Can she speak French? c) They live in Canada. For example: a) How did you do it? b) How did she get here? “How” can also be followed by an adjective. when. We often place the question word at the start of the question. “Who’s” is a contraction of “who is”.QuEstioN WorDs in this month’s grammar fun section we’ll be looking at the use of question words. For example: a) Which colour do you prefer? The red or the green? b) Which one are you going to buy? The big dog or the small dog? c) Which one is your wife? The dark one or the blonde one? And we use “what” when there is a greater choice (although the rules for this aren’t always clear). which” and “whose” with nouns. whose We can use “what. whose”). which. who. why. interesting and fun.hotenglish.com or www. The pronunciation is exactly the same. . For example: a) A: Whose mobile phone is this? B: It is Paul’s. For example: How “How” can be followed by a verbal phrase. = Do they live in Canada? We can also form questions with a question word (“what. For example: a) He is happy.hotenglishmagazine. For example: a) Who’s that girl over there? (who is) b) Who’s that man I saw you with last night? (who is) And “whose” is used to www. For example: a) How often do you come here? b) How big is your house? c) How tall do you have to be to join the police force? d) How much wine did you drink? e) How many chairs do we need? Who’s & whose Be careful with “who’s” and “whose”.hu i 1 Dr Fingers’ Grammar Fun Dr FiNgErs’grammar FuN The section that makes grammar easy. an adverb. a) What newspaper do you read? (“which” is also possible) b) What car is the best for driving around in the city? A Smart car or a Mini? (“which” is also possible) What & which We can form questions by placing the auxiliary (or an auxiliary verb) at the start of the question. For example: a) What car do you drive? b) Which newspaper do you read? c) Whose bicycle is this? We generally use “which” when there is a limited choice (usually between two things). = Is he happy? b) She can speak French. how. but the meaning is different. where. For example: a) What do you do? b) Where does she live? c) Who does he work with? d) When does he get up in the morning? What. b) A: Whose car did you use? B: We used Shirley’s car. or “much” or “many”. ask about possession. which.

hotenglishmagazine.Blair Ride Headline News N˚ 2 The voice of the people London 2007 Headline News Tony Blair’s new car is sent back. you could well be served some. Some of the other translations of traditional dishes include “burnt lion’s head”. that thing is no longer secure or safe to serve vb if you are “served” food. but if you go to China.000 grey BMW 7 Series had bullet-proof glass and reinforced doors. I took them for a ride. However. Would you like some “virgin chicken”? Probably not. four asylum seekers jumped out. Police have now returned the car as “its security has been compromised”. “goat’s book” and “pig’s slips”. you decide to attack or focus on that thing to spit vb to force liquid out of your mouth to litter vb to throw rubbish on the floor 14 i www. The men were arrested. The four men were arrested for immigration offences and remain in custody. An official said. “It is confusing for foreigners. you are given that food to release vb if you “release” information. on opening the lorry. And it is bad for our image. They had ridden to Britain inside the vehicle. GLOSSARY bullet-proof glass n very strong glass that won’t break when a bullet (fired from a gun) hits it reinforced doors n doors that are constructed with extra-strong metal a lorry n a large vehicle for transporting goods an asylum seeker n a person who wants to live in a foreign country because he/she is in danger in his/her country to compromise vb if the security of something has been “compromised”. It was supposed to be Tony’s new car. The modified. £100. and may cause misunderstanding of China’s eating habits. you make that information public a dish n a plate of food to scare vb to frighten to embarrass vb to make someone feel ashamed or uncomfortable to target vb if you “target” something. littering and bad driving in preparation for the Olympic Games.hotenglish.com or www. The Beijing Tourism Bureau has released a list of 2.hu .” Government officials are also targeting spitting. As agreed. Poor English translations could scare or embarrass foreign customers. the new BMW was taken to England inside a lorry. But now the police have sent it back to the factory.753 dishes and drinks with unusual translations. It was brought to a police station in Britain. Headline News Menu Change Poor translations causing embarrassment.

000-year-old Viking longboat in a pub car park.000 in the twenty years that they have been using the hotel. in that area of Liverpool about 1. They say that the boat is about 3 metres below a layer of clay just outside the Railway Inn pub. They have come across the remains of what they think is a 1. The couple are in their late 70s and they admitted that they found the lifestyle suited them very well. But we are all very excited about the discovery. etc the Norman Conquest n a time when the Normans invaded England in 1066 an archaeological find n an old object of value that is discovered to damage vb to destroy/break/harm Buried Boat Viking long boat discovered under a car park.000 years ago. GLOSSARY a couple n two people in a relationship to name after phr vb to give the same name as an honour n a special prize or award a hotel chain n a number of hotels all owned by the same company to suit vb if something “suits” you. and we’ll continue to live here for many years to come. www. Vikings are known to have been present next stage.hu i 15 Intermediate News Stories . they have literally “moved in”.hotenglish.” The couple have spent an estimated £90. “One day we asked if we could live here and they said yes. you give a present to one person and they give you a present a discovery n something important or significant that is found to come across something exp to find something by chance (by accident) a longboat n a type of long boat that Vikings used to cross the sea a layer n a“layer”of material is a portion of that material that is between two other layers clay n a kind of earth that is soft when it is wet and hard when it is dry. Often used for making pots/cups. The Archaeologists working in the British city of Liverpool have made an interesting discovery. We book well in advance and therefore we get the very best prices. is “very important”.” The couple have developed a close relationship with the employees and each Christmas they exchange presents.” he added. it is good/ perfect for you to book vb to reserve (a room in a hotel) well in advance exp a long time before you use/need it employees n the people who work in a company to exchange presents exp if you “exchange presents”. “and it is good that she doesn’t have to go up stairs. We don’t want to damage the boat and it is going to be very difficult to move it from that place.” said Mr Davidson. Professor Stephen Harding of the University of Nottingham says that it could be “one of the most significant archaeological finds in British history”.com or www. The discovery was made by using modern technology. David Davidson and his wife Jean were given this honour after spending the last 22 years living as permanent guests at a Travelodge hotel just outside of Sheffield. according to Mr Harding. “My wife has a bone disease.cd tracks 9-10 US man & US woman Checked In A couple spend 22 years living in the same hotel room. “We usually pay about £90 a week. and we’re starting work on it as soon as possible. The couple’s love of the Travelodge hotel chain started in 1985 when they stayed at one of the hotels in Staffordshire. before the Norman Conquest of Britain. “We have to think very carefully about what we are going to do next.” said Mr Davidson. If the discovery is genuine. Since then.hotenglishmagazine. An elderly couple have had a room at a hotel named after them.

A beaver 11. Contact lenses 9. Answers on page 42 1. To roar 4.hu .hotenglishmagazine. A harmonica 7. A stamp 12.Trivia Matching triviamatChiNg Exercise See if you can do this matching exercise. An ostrich 2. and the photos ( A . Look at the list of things (1 to 1).com or www. Write a letter next to the name of each thing in the list below.hotenglish. A weapon 10. A river A B C D E F g H I K l J M 16 i www. A stringed instrument 8. A sloth 6. A football player . A lion 5.M ). The Holy Land 1.

Very human! Stamp collector Gaston Archduke Karl Ludwig (1833-1896) (the brother of the Austrian emperor). was an extremely religious man. etc) is secure and safe a weapon n a gun/rifle.hotenglishmagazine. He travelled continually but never left on a Friday. GLOSSARY Lyndon B. Young beavers stay with their parents for the first two years of their lives before going out on their own. on a trip to the Holy Land. the pair had an argument over the ownership of an 1851 Hawaiian stamp with a face value of just 2 cents. you tell them about a danger www. plastic round objects that you put in your eyes so you can see better security personnel n people whose job is to guarantee that an area (an airport. they look in your clothes to see if you have anything illegal/prohibited/stolen a beaver n a small animal with a big tail that builds dams (barriers) in rivers a philatelist n a person who collects and studies stamps a stamp n a small square of paper you stick on an envelope to pay for the cost of sending the letter the face value n the amount of money written on the stamp/coin/note. who was only 164cm tall. Roosevelt (Franklin) is regarded as one of the most superstitious presidents.WEirDtrivia On average. US airport security personnel confiscate six weapons a day searching passengers. He also refused to sit at a table with 12 other people as that would make the total number of people 13. he insisted on drinking from the River Jordan. it makes a loud sound from its mouth a sloth n an animal from Central and South America that lives in trees and that moves very slowly contact lenses n small. Scary! Ostriches can run faster than horses.hu i 17 Weird Trivia this is another part in our mini-series on strange facts. Once.com or www.hotenglish. He died within a few weeks. cd track 12 . Lincoln City Football Club had one football player called Ray Long who was over 183cm tall. believe in things that are not real the Holy Land n areas in Israel/Palestine that have important religious significance a warning n if you give someone a “warning”.US woman & US man In the late 1950s. Leroux was once murdered by philatelist Hector Giroux. and another player called David Short. despite warnings that it would make him fatally ill. Johnson was the first president of the United States to wear contact lenses. How lazy! The harmonica is the world’s most popular instrument. etc to search vb if the police “search” you. and the males can roar like lions. to roar vb when a lion “roars”. Apparently. Whoever thought the world was so unusual? . Sloths take two weeks to digest their food. a government building. etc superstitious adj people who are “superstitious”.

etc) feel and behave towards one another. English language analysis. remember. and Rugby. and a few word confusions. Would you like to write for the blog? Write to Dr Fingers’ trusty assistant: Peter Moore peter@hotenglishmagazine. Dr Fingers. Provocative debating points. whereas we use “motor” to refer to a device that converts electrical energy into mechanical work.com get Blogging! hot Blogging! . This month we are looking at Double negatives. In colloquial English it is very common to have double negatives. North Korea. 1. For example: Do you often visit your relations? Well. However. Yours. Up-to-date articles. Visit www. Why are private school ween “engine” and “motor” What is the difference bet n” 4. And finally. etc). North Korea. In many cases you can use both “relation” and “relationship” when you are talking about the way in which two things are connected. Both “on the weekend” and “at the weekend” are correct.com/blog Do you neeD more material? Come and visit the Hot English Blog.com Dear Exhaust Fumes. anyone could send their child to the school.com clinic@hotenglishmagazin Question Dear Dr Fingers. Please. Harrow. 5. OK. petrochemical. Some say it dates back to the time when Dr Fingers’ Blog are you looking For something new anD DiFFerent? www. and our American cousins prefer to use “on”. Interesting lesson ideas. Everything about language. Incidentally. Eton. These exclusive schools include Charterhouse. we generally use the term “engine” to refer to a device that uses some form of thermal energy (steam. 4. Fun videos. what is the and “relationship”? Yours. as long as they paid. The use of the term “public” to refer to private schools is most confusing. erence between “relatio diff 5. your “relations” are members of your family.com/blog and get some inspiration for your classes. could you help t I would like to ask you I have a few questions tha satisfaction” is correct. Exhaust Fumes. For example: What’s the relation/relationship between poverty and crime? You can also use both “relationship” (in the singular form) and “relations” (in the plural form) to talk about the way in which two people (or two groups/countries. Please send your questions or stories to: clinic@hotenglishmagazine. me? . I’ve seen both “on the the s “public schools” when ? 3. Of course.hotengli shmagazine. I hope that has helped you. here goes. although the British prefer to use “at”. However. b) The Chinese have good relations with their neighbour. I would be delighted to help you.Fingers’ Grammar Dr FiNgErs’grammar CLiNiC e. Here are some examples of double negatives used informally: a) We don’t need no education. of course). learning and words. Some suggest that only old independent (private) schools should be referred to as “public schools”. (from the band Pink Floyd) b) They don’t need no more chairs. Useful expressions. Exhaust Fumes. There are many cases when both “engine” and “motor” are used to mean the same thing. 2. schools that are financed by the government are called “state schools”.hotenglishmagazine.e. . Free listenings. Which one is correct weekend” and “at the wee y aren’t really public? 2. And finally. it is not considered to be grammatically correct. independent schools (private institutions) were open to the public (i. I’d like to know if the kend”. For example: a) The Chinese have a very good relationship with their neighbour. ? sentence “I can’t get no 1.

etc.Save over 6 euros on Win a free copy of the aWardWinning book atonement n Ten reasoesto to subscrib sh Hot Engli > > > > > > > > > . Add €29. Call 91 549 8523.00 42. never miss an issue.com or send this coupon or photocopy to: Hot English Publishing SL. slang. I can claim a discount as shown in the table. please visit www.2A. anecdotes. grammar. 11 copies + MP3 files + all the existing back issues online (starting from issue 62) = €30 for each subscription (€150 for academies.) First name: Surname: Address: Postal code: Town / City: Telephone: E-mail: Age: DNI/NIF: Direct debit (domiciliación bancaria): Account number _ _ _ _ / _ _ _ _ / _ _ / _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ Bank name: Address: Branch (sucursal): Postal code: ® ® ® ® Multiple Subscriptions / Gift Subscriptions – Priority Request Form I would like to order multiple subscriptions for friends and colleagues.95 ✃ .5 Call NOW 91 549 8523 or e-mail subs@hotenglishmagazine. Add €39. Hundreds of articles to help improve your English! phrasal verbs and idioms. C/Fernández de los Ríos. Recipient details: (for gift or multiple subscriptions) First name: Surname: Address: Postal code: Town / City: Telephone: E-mail: Quantity Discount Discounted Price Each Quantity Total 2-4 Subscriptions 10% 5-9 Subscriptions 15% 10-19 Subscriptions 20% 20-49 Subscriptions 25% 50-99 Subscriptions 30% 100+ Subscriptions 50% 45.95 37. jokes. 98 . error correction .50 39. fantastic. 11 copies + 11 CDs = €49. > Additional Teacher’s Pack or student’s Pack with more grammar/exercises/listenings. 70-minute audio cd with lots of different english accents. 11 issues for just €49. ✃ Please note that all the additional subscriptions may be mailed to just one other address. Fax: 91 549 8523 For overseas subscription prices. etc. I would like to improve my English with Hot English magazine Please tick here if you would NOT like to receive the free Hot English newsletter (1 year. Madrid 28015.95 (total cost of magazines over the same period: €56.00 for this. nos veremos obligados a cargar este importe al total del cliente. guarantee for un-mailed issues. Save 15% on the cover price. Include the Teacher’s Pack in my subscription (1 year.Spain only). glossaries in English. to make up to 5 photocopies). lots of slang.95 Signature: E-mail subscriptions@hotenglishmagazine.com Subscription Request Form Yes. 98 – 2A. Madrid 28015.) Include the Student’s Pack in my subscription (1 year.95 24. trivia English. phrasal verbs. This offer corresponds exclusively to the month in which this magazine appeared.com My details are: (please use capital letters and write as clearly as possible. social it’s a great magazine. Cheque to Hot English Publishing SL schools.99 for each subscription. 11 copies + FREE Hot English magazine subscription + unlimited photocopies) = €187.hotenglishmagazine. ya que el banco nos carga 22 euros por las domiciliaciones que faltan. apart from your own address (fill in form above): 1 Subscription 49. VISA Mastercard _ _ _ _ / _ _ _ _ / _ _ _ _ / _ _ _ _ Expiry date: _ _ / _ _ Teacher’s Pack Deluxe Edition (1 year. WARNING: Se recomienda poner especial atención al elegir el modo de pago. Cuando esto sucede. Bank transfer (for more details. 11 copies. licence to make up to 5 photocopies).99 for each subscription.65). licence Postal Order (contrareembolsos .95) I would like to subscribe to the download version of Hot English: Payment method (Spain only) For prices outside Spain call (00 34) 91 549 8523 1 year. 11 copies. tic ntass Fa as cl s! idea or send this form (or photocopy) to C/Fernández de los Ríos. Please consult Hot English for more information on any possible changes to the offer. The Post Office charges between €1. contact 91 549 8523) Student’s Pack Deluxe Edition (1 year.50 34. 11 copies + FREE Hot English magazine subscription + unlimited photocopies) = €250.25 and €7. Lo mismo sucede con las contrareembolsos que no se recogen y nos son devueltos.

When the driver was asked about the pole. The driver had hit the pole and simply kept driving. A reward of $1.com or www.. police were unable to robbery that involves the use of a weapon (a gun/knife. to have enough money for X to avoid being detected exp to do something so that you aren’t recognised/discovered/seen a wig n a piece of false hair that covers your head to fill out phr vb to complete. Broil. which police took the crime of hitting someone with a note of before arresting them car and not reporting it or helping to afford X vb both. He received a 20-year sentence for aggravated robbery. turned himself in and demanded the reward. etc) identify the couple. And Pierre Paulos is no exception. and six accidents. Paulos was arrested in Belgium. and GLOSSARY In order to avoid being cheeky adj a bit rude or disrespectful detected by video a reward n surveillance cameras.hotenglish. cd track 13 . Dumb robber Driving offence False alibi They say that everyone. a sense of pride n after carefully reviewing video positive feelings about yourself to break into phr vb to enter a place illegally material from other parts of prestigious adj the store. However. he replied. Paulos swore that he couldn’t have done it because he was busy breaking into a jewellery store at the same time – a much more prestigious and important job. Candidate Don’t judge a robber by his clothes.” could no longer afford to buy a car. However. she had spent over $700 on lessons. even the lowest of the low. a hit-and-run offence n address. There’s fierce competition for the world’s worst driver. suspected of robbing a school in Liege. Police promptly arrested him for robbing the jeweller’s. Marjorie a sum of money you receive as thanks for something and Bob Hearn put on a hat to turn yourself in exp to go to the police so they can arrest and wig before robbing a store in downtown Chicago.US woman & irishwoman Corny criminals Pole position A drunk driver was arrested after driving with a traffic-light pole (including all the lights) lying across the car bonnet. who was responsible for the robberies. By that time. Candidate number one is a 75-year-old man who received 14 traffic tickets in a space of just 20 minutes. has a sense of pride.hotenglishmagazine.hu . The offences included driving on the wrong side of the road (four times). the front part of a car where the Helpfully. the couple had filled engine is competition exp out the form with their current fiercevery strong competition very. “It came with the car when I bought it. providing information an entry form n a piece of paper that you complete in order to enter a competition to take note of exp to notice and remember 20 i www.. As you aggravated robbery n a result. police noticed a respected and admired by others similar looking couple (minus a drunk driver n a driver who drives whilst under the the wigs and hats) filling out influence of alcohol a bonnet n an entry form for a free trip. Cheeky robber Jim Broil gets the award for the cheekiest robber. four hitand-run offences. bad and funny criminals.Criminals Corny here’s another part in our series on good.000 was offered for information leading to the capture and conviction of a man robbing taxi drivers. and no compensation. number two is a 62-yearold woman who failed her driving test 40 times before finally passing it in August 1970.

Ahora con una guía de alumno para tu nivel. Islas Filipinas. 98. there is the threat of civil war. Germany and the Soviet Union invade Poland in September 1939.ChANgiNg 30s The 1930s was a great but tragic decade in history. France and just about every other country in Europe. The Mummy (1932). Joe Louis (boxer). Fascism becomes popular. Precios competitivos. The Great Depression starts as the US economy crashes. and The Wizard of Oz (1939). The first Tintin comic is published in 1930. Warner Brothers release the first all-talking. It was played by big bands a zeppelin n a type of airship that could transport people the threat of something exp the danger of something to take grip exp to become stronger and more developed. Millions are out of work. the Marx Brothers and Tarzan. Suscripción GRATIS a una revista inglesa durante un año para todos nuestros alumnos. full of interesting characters. Joe DiMaggio (baseball player). killing thirty six people (May 1937). oficina 2A. Greta Garbo (actress). The Japanese Empire invades the Republic of China in July 1937. Gone with the Wind (1939). No. opens on 3rd May 1932. here are a few key moments and people from the 1930s. A few famous people from the 1930s include: Al Capone (gangster). Stalinism is taking grip in the Soviet Union.com O visita nuestras oficinas en C/Fernández de los Ríos. the Empire State Building.hu i 21 Changing 30s . The Spanish Civil War starts in July 1936. The game of Monopoly is released onto the market in 1935. Telf: 91 455 0273 classes@hotenglishmagazine.hotenglishmagazine. and the threat of Fascism in Britain. Argüelles www. Franco in Spain. Hitler in Germany. Swing music starts becoming popular from 1935 onwards. Profesores nativos con experiencia.hotenglishmagazine. Great film and television characters from the 1930s include Laurel and Hardy. Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (1937). GLOSSARY swing music n a style of dance jazz that was popular in the 1930s. Inspirational Education A member of hot english publishing sl Clases particulares de inglés en casa o academia. At the same time.com or www. Judy Garland (actress). The world’s tallest building. Tintin in the Land of the Soviets. and to affect more and more people collectivisation n the process of bringing all production under the control of the government and state starvation n dying or suffering because there is no food or not much food INGléS Mejora el nivel de inglés. This soon leads to a general World Depression. and many families become desperately poor. Llámanos ¡Ya! y obtén un descuento del 15%. There is Mussolini in Italy. Some of cinema’s greatest classics are released during the 1930s: Dracula (1931). The German zeppelin The Hindenburg is destroyed by fire. Aldous Huxley publishes Brave New World in 1932. all-colour movie: Song of the Flame (1930).com www. spectacular developments and devastating violence. Acceso a nuestro sistema de aprendizaje online. Jesse Owens (sprinter). you’re the stupid one.hotenglish. Madrid 28015 Metro: Moncloa. King Kong (1933). World War II starts. Stalin’s Five Year Plans (designed to reorganise the economy through collectivisation and rapid industrialisation) lead to the deaths by starvation of millions.

So. d) “The beginning of atonement is the sense of its necessity. right in front of a startled Robbie. what does “atonement” mean? Basically. you can “atone” for that bad thing by doing something positive (as an “atonement” for that bad thing) or as a way of saying sorry. Cecilia is unwilling to admit that she may be attracted to Robbie. *Atonement – the meaning 22 i www. starring James McAvoy and British actress keira knightley. To recover the pieces of the valuable vase. it is the one crime in which society has a direct interest. that they behave in the company of their peers. if you do something wrong. recently. The early days of the summer holidays are confusing for both Cecilia and Robbie.hotenglishmagazine. Here are a few examples: a) He’s living in a monastery in a gesture of atonement for his past crimes. it was also Time magazine’s book of the year. One of the main characters in the story is Cecilia Tallis (played in the film by Keira Knightley).” Lord Byron.H. The story starts one hot summer’s day in 1935. Cecilia is watering some flowers. who is the son of their housekeeper. and that they marry someone worthy of their position. Have I just broken a taboo? O ne of the striking features of Atonement is that the story takes place over a period of 64 years. But few have been as successful as ian McEwan’s 2001 book Atonement*. fearing the inevitable future consequences. The Tallis family is a typical upper-class English family from the 1930s: they live in a large country house. c) “Murder is unique in that it abolishes the party it injures. Cecilia has returned home from Cambridge University. It all comes to a head one hot summer’s day. Auden. However. and it has regularly appeared on lists of the Top 100 books. Robbie is studying at Cambridge too.hu . Cecilia strips to her underwear and jumps into the fountain. Robbie tries to help and accidentally breaks a vase. a film adaptation of Atonement was released by the film director Joe Wright. it is clear that there is a difference in their social backgrounds that could cause problems in a future relationship. Atonement Time There have been many novels set in the 1930s. which falls into the fountain. so that society has to take the place of the victim and on his behalf demand atonement or grant forgiveness. b) Guilt is often characterised by a need to make atonement for having done wrong. A film starring keira knightley. where she is studying literature. For some time she has been confused by her emotional feelings towards Robbie Turner (James McAvoy). On its release. the book was nominated for one of the top literary prizes: the Booker Award.” W. and all the usual concerns. e) “What atonement is there for blood spilt upon the earth?” Aeschylus. they have a team of domestic staff.com or www.hotenglish. such as making sure that their offspring are welleducated.ATONEMENT TiME A prize-winning book. later.

Nothing in her life was sufficiently interesting or shameful to merit hiding. McEwan lives and works in central London. shocked norms n accepted ways of behaving in society upset adj sad and angry deviant n someone whose behaviour is different from what is considered acceptable to tell retrospectively exp if someone “tells you a story retrospectively”. A fascinating story concerning the writer recently came to light. Her wish for a harmonious. just answer the questions. people find out about it to give up for adoption exp if a child is “given up for adoption”. such as the power and devastating actions of Briony. the British class she reads a letter from system is no longer so Robbie to Cecilia which includes some sexual important. that Robbie is a dangerous deviant. This is a description of one of the main characters. or who have the same status worthy of their position exp with the same qualities. Ian was born a few years later to the same mother and father as his brother. David’s mother was married to a different man. In a toy safe opened by six secret numbers she stored letters and postcards. fool’s gold. which generate the story effect of a single lie.com or www. Mayhem and destruction were too chaotic for her tastes. McEwan demonstrates that But Cecilia isn’t the only there are many one who is confused. as Atonement demonstrates. From that day on. uneducated people can become rich/successful to come to light exp if something “comes to light”. many of these The story of the love between Cecilia and values would remain up until the 1960s. An old tin petty cash box was hidden under a removable floorboard beneath her bed. a secret drawer was opened by pushing against the grain of a cleverly turned dovetail joint. and they had a child: David. etc offspring n children peers n people who are the same age as you. David Sharpe. cook. status as them a housekeeper n a person whose job is to cook. But hidden drawers. for Ian McEwan’s book. organised world denied her the reckless possibilities of wrongdoing. Briony. FrEE book! GLOSSARY on its release n when it was available to the public a literary prize n an award/trophy/money given to the best book in a competition domestic staff n servants and maids who clean the house. Many of McEwan’s plots involve characters trying to survive difficult moral situations. many of the strict social rules have references. century and life She is upset by what during the 1930s: she sees. Later that day. and a notebook written in a code of her own invention. A taste for the miniature was one aspect of an orderly spirit. And these events will during the 1930s Cecilia had broken a taboo: change the lives of the principal characters women should not be seen without clothes in (Robbie Cecilia and Briony) forever. from girlish intrigues with friends. www. David. her husband was killed in combat. In 2002. no one knew about the squirrel’s skull beneath her bed. At the time. a rain-making spell bought at a funfair. and the future change. public. Then. in fact. In the box were treasures that dated back four years. the child is offered to another family an affair n a relationship with a person who is not your husband/wife. com and we’ll send you the opinion form to fill out. lockable diaries and cryptographic systems could not conceal from Briony the simple truth: she had no secrets. The title Do you show their emotions Atonement refers to have to be in public. David had been given up for adoption during World War II. etc) startled adj surprised. poor. He won the prestigious Booker Award in 1998 for his novel Amsterdam. they explain what happened to them many years ago to atone for something exp to do something good as a way of compensating for something bad that you did social mobility n if there is “social mobility” in society. Nothing was ever said about his secret brother. is of the twentieth also watching secretly. Would you like to win a copy of Atonement – the award-winning book by Ian McEwan? Just send an e-mail to andyc@hotenglishmagazine. and she did not have it in her to be cruel. as well as the relative isolation of the Tallis house. to her ninth birthday when she began collecting: a mutant double acorn. differences between Cecilia’s 13-year-old life at the end sister. clean and look after the house to come to a head exp to reach a climax to water vb to put water on plants a vase n a ceramic container for flowers to strip to your underwear exp to take off all clothing except underwear (clothing worn under trousers / a skirt. and David’s mother married the man she was having the affair with (David’s father). was younger. etc Book extract here’s an extract from ian McEwan’s book Atonement. money. Victorian values were still considered important in the 1930s. send them back and you’ll be entered into a prize draw to win this great book to help you improve your English. But she had an affair with another man. But. a squirrel’s skull as light as a leaf.hu i 2 Atonement Time . Later. David. The Remains of the Day by Kazuo Ishiguro (winner of the Booker Prize) Of Mice and Men by John Steinbeck Other books set in the 1930s ian McEwan Ian McEwan is one Britain’s most successful novelists. at least during the long summer holidays. who by 1999 unwritten rule that is a respected novelist people should not herself. Another was a passion for secrets: in a prized varnished cabinet. Other Robbie is told retrospectively by an aging norms included the Briony. Briony Tallis. kept her.hotenglishmagazine. some things never It is the events of that day. something Briony’s attempt to so upper class? which didn’t really atone for a lie that change until the death she told when she of Princess Diana. and social mobility is possible.hotenglish. 20 copies to give away courtesy of Penguin Books. Her effective status as an only child. Briony decides vanished. but no one wanted to know.However innocent this action may have been. and here she kept a diary locked by a clasp. Ian McEwan discovered that he had a brother.

The Mitford family had played a prominent role in British society for hundreds of years.hotenglish. The six sisters and one brother were often seen at the best parties in London. were typical of the British upper class: they were emotionally distant. Diana and Unity visited Germany and attended the first Nazi party rally at Nuremberg after the seizure of power in 1933. Atonement Time The famous Mitford sisters Diana Mitford. and during the mid-1930s she met a nephew of Winston Churchill’s called Esmond Romilly. But the Mitfords were also a divided family. One of the most famous families from England in the 1930s and 40s were the Mitfords. Big supporter of Fascism. and by the 1930s they were one of the most famous families of the British social scene. Diana. attractive daughters were drawn towards the power of Nazi Germany. including Julius Streicher and Albert Speer.com or www. Jessica. Deborah and Thomas. Jk rowling & Jessica Mitford 24 i www.hu .DiViDED B The kennedys. Ironically.hotenglishmagazine. During the 1920s and 30s. Unity Mitford (who at the time was just 21 years old) began a close friendship with Adolf Hitler and other prominent members of the Nazi party. The parents of the Mitford children. The Mitfords had always been a very political family. Unity Valkyrie Mitford. The author of the Harry Potter series of books. The story of how two of the The story of one of the most unusual families of the 1930s: the Mitfords. Two of the daughters. British society was stunned by the split within the Mitford family. Member of the American Communist Party. and they believed that each of their six daughters should receive a basic education at home from a governess. Died 11th August 2003. Baron Redesdale and his wife Sydney. and their movements and activities were regularly reported in the pages of the local and national newspapers. Born 8th August 1914. Born 11th September 1917. Pamela. has said that Jessica Mitford (the Communist one) is her heroine. At the heart of the family were the seven children Nancy. Jessica Rowling. They’re all famous families. Amongst this ruling elite were the Mitfords. Jessica Mitford was younger than both Diana and Unity. Romilly’s nickname was the “Red Nephew” because of his political ties to the Communists. Jessica Mitford. The feeling was mutual. Married British Fascist leader Oswald Moseley. Before long. And as two of the Mitford sisters became more active in their support for right-wing political causes on the continent. one of the women that Hitler most admired was the English girl. the roosevelts. Unity Mitford. During the 1930s. Their most important wish was that their daughters should marry a man of wealth and status. and great and powerful families dominated society from their large manor houses. The 1930s were a time of polarised political opinion. they had a large household of domestic staff. another sister drifted in a completely different direction and started to support the Communists. Died 28th May 1948. fighting for the Republicans (against the Nationalists). the British class system was still strong. The two girls were impressed by the aura of National Socialist ideology. The Mitfords were known as a family of the political right. Fascism was fastbecoming the ruling political ideology of continental Europe. is named in honour of Jessica Mitford. When they returned to Germany in 1935. JK Rowling. Died 22nd July 1996. and they eloped to Spain where they took part in the Spanish Civil War. and during the 1930s their young. the Vanderbilts. the rockefellers. Unity. ritish society at the beginning of the twentieth century was very different from what it is today. And Rowling’s first daughter. Born17th June 1910. Jessica and Esmond had fallen in love.

hu i 25 Atonement Time . Upon hearing the news. Diana Mitford. middle class. However. which were attended by blackuniformed paramilitary stewards. both Diana and Unity argued strongly against Britain declaring war with Germany. Germany was becoming less popular after it sent troops first into Austria and then into Czechoslovakia.FAMily daughters had become strong supporters of Fascism. Oswald Moseley GLOSSARY the class system n the system in society that divides people into working class. the British security forces. Diana Mitford appeared on the front pages of all of the newspapers when she married the leader of the British Fascist Party. Oswald Moseley. they aren’t affectionate or loving domestic staff n the servants and maids who work in a house doing the cleaning. someone or a group takes control of a country an aura n a feeling or atmosphere that surrounds something polarised political opinion n with extreme political opinions from the right and left to drift vb to move slowly in a particular direction a nickname n an informal name a tie n a connection to elope vb to leave secretly.hotenglish. The wedding took place in Berlin at the home of Nazi party minister Joseph Goebbels. He created the British Union of Fascists (BUF) in 1932 – an anti-Communist party. upper class.com or www. However. Unity Mitford wrote a farewell letter to Hitler and shot herself in the head with a pistol that had been given to her by the German leader. Her husband Esmond Romilly joined the Canadian Air Force in the fight against Fascism. Oswald Mosley died on 3rd December 1980. with Adolf Hitler as the guest of honour. was a bestseller. Oswald Moseley was famous as Britain’s Fascist leader. Meanwhile. to surprise a split n a separation a farewell letter n a letter in which you say goodbye rowdy adj noisy and violent a steward n a person whose job is to provide security at meetings a confrontation n a fight or argument between two groups www. and how the other had become a Communist fighter was featured in many different newspapers. which is all about the early life of the Mitford sisters. and her book Hons and Rebels (Daughters and Rebels in the US).hotenglishmagazine. spent the Second World War as prisoners. Oswald Moseley. The party was frequently involved in violent confrontations. Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain made the declaration of war. They went to America. the Nazi sympathiser and one of the “great beauties of her generation”. Diana Mitford and her husband. died in France in 2003. etc a manor house n a large house in the country. Meanwhile. her suicide attempt was unsuccessful and she survived with serious brain damage. but was killed in action after a bombing raid over Germany. etc a governess n a woman who educates a child in the child’s home a man of wealth n a man with a lot of money a seizure of power exp if there is a “seizure of power”. Many politicians argued that Germany was becoming more and more dangerous and that the British and the French had to act to stop German expansion. aged 84 years in France. She enjoyed a long life and great success. but when Germany invaded Poland on 1st September 1939. particularly with Communist and Jewish groups. The party was famous for its rowdy meetings. Jessica became a political activist and a writer. After the war. who were called “blackshirts”. considered them both “ambitious and dangerous”. He was cremated in Paris. often to avoid a scandal to stun vb to shock. MI5. In 1936. cooking. Born on 16th November 1896. often with many servants working there the ruling elite n the people in society with positions of power a prominent role n an important part emotionally distant n if someone is “emotionally distant”. war was inevitable. the political climate in the United Kingdom was changing. Jessica Mitford and her husband had returned from the Spanish Civil War.

He spent the next few years writing and working for the BBC’s Eastern Division. which was completed in 1939.hotenglish. When the Spanish Civil War broke out. and that people would be psychologically programmed to work hard and respect authority. he wrote a book about his experiences there called Homage to Catalonia. Both of these books were highly political and dealt with the idea of totalitarian societies and propaganda. he described the arrogant and racist attitude of many British colonialists. He returned to England at the start of the Second World War. it is about that topic blind adj with no ability to see a career n a job that you do for the majority of your professional life not suited to do X exp not good at doing X a screenplay n the text for a film a dystopian novel n a book about a terrible and oppresive fictional society 26 i www. Like Orwell. Socialists. he said that human society in the future would be controlled by drugs. Huxley continued to write throughout his later life. He soon began working in the film production industry. he returned to Eton as a teacher (teaching Orwell French for a year while Orwell was at Eton). After the war. During his youth. He realised that he was not suited to work as a teacher (one student remembered that “he kept poor discipline in class”). Most famous book: Brave New World. Later on. Huxley moved to the United States to live in Hollywood. and later went to Oxford University. In one of his early books. he moved to Burma where he joined the imperial police force. His father was a renowned herbalist and writer. GLOSSARY Aldous Huxley was born into a famous English family in 1894. It was here that he came to hate the idea of the British Empire. George Orwell = 9 out of 10. Orwell went to Spain to fight against the Nationalist forces. and decided to spend his life as a writer. Orwell published his most famous books: Animal Farm (1945) and Nineteen Eighty-Four (1949). reporting on the war in the East. Throughout the 1930s. a public school n an exclusive private school arrogant adj with ideas that you are superior the Nationalist forces n the right-wing groups. George Orwell vs Aldous Huxley george Orwell George Orwell was born in 1903. These two books brought Orwell fame and wealth. Burmese Days. However.com or www. Most famous books include Animal Farm and 1984. After leaving school. Born 25th June 1903. Kennedy was assassinated). Face to Face to this month: george orwell versus aldous huxley. Died 22nd November 1963.Face ECaF FaCE ec aF Famous people fight it out in our monthly competition. Their most important books (Brave New World and Nineteen Eighty-Four) are the two most famous dystopian novels that have ever been written. Aldous Huxley (1914 to 1918). By 1927. Huxley was educated at Eton College. and wrote screenplays for a number of films including Pride and Prejudice. In 1937. george Orwell Aldous Huxley Born 26th July 1894.hotenglishmagazine. etc to deal with phr vb if a book “deals with” a particular topic. Brave New World was a great success. Orwell had returned to Europe. He is remembered as one of England’s finest modern writers. Huxley suffered from an illness that left him almost blind.hu . He was originally called Eric Arthur Blair. Huxley had decided on a career as a writer. He died at the age of 46 of tuberculosis. and he later went to the famous public school Eton. our verdict has to be: Aldous Huxley = 8 out of 10. Orwell published a number of books. political parties and members of the church and army who were fighting the Republicans. Communists. later changing his name to George Orwell. He was born in India (where his parents were living). as Huxley lived 23 years longer than Orwell and only produced one book that is generally considered great. His most famous work from this period is Brave New World. After graduating. and he also became involved in the psychological drug craze of the early 1960s. This prevented him from fighting in the Great War The Verdict These two writers are both great literary figures. Died 21st January 1950. He died on 22nd November 1963 (the same day that the President John F. In the book. By his early twenties.

etc a fringe n a line of hair that covers your forehead www.) So. I’d like to have my hair curled. I’d like to have a short back and sides. Actually. What you say I’d like to have a haircut. could you take a bit more off the back. I’d like to get my hair thinned out. That’s great. please. please? Do you have an appointment? No.irdresser’s The Ha Social English Learn the kind of English you need for social occasions. then? Yes. just leave it actually. thanks. Could you come over here to the washbasins. we’re not that busy right now. please.hotenglishmagazine. please. In the high street. Jim: Hairdresser: Jim: Hairdresser: I’d like a haircut. please? Could you cut off any split ends. I’d like my hair dyed blonde/black/brown. please.hotenglish. Actually. please.hu I 27 Social English . Jim: Hairdresser: Jim: Hairdresser: Jim: Hairdresser: Jim: Hairdresser: That was my ear you just cut. please.com or www. don’t take too much off the sides. but I’d rather have it longer on top. OK. I’d like to have a blow dry. please? Could you take a bit off the back and sides. How would you like it? Cut and blow dry? What can I do for you? Shall I use the hair trimmer? Would you like some hair gel? CD track 15 US woman & US man What you hear Would you like me to wash it first? Part II Now listen to this social English dialogue. please? Just take a bit off the top. please. please. please? (The hairdresser washes his hair. actually. Leave it a little longer at the front/back/top/sides. No problem. In this conversation. some of your hairs are damaged and split (divided) at the end sideburns n hair on the side of the face a hair trimmer n a machine that cuts hair busy adj with a lot of customers a washbasin n an object in a bathroom in which you can wash your hands/hair. please? OK. This month: the hairdresser’s. isn’t it? (She finishes the hair cut. Perhaps just cut the ends.) So. but leave the sideburns as they are. Erm. I’d like a trim. please? Anything off the top? Erm. I’d like to have a perm. please. Could you straighten my hair. do you work round here? Yeah. that looks great. Cut it a little shorter at the front/back/top/sides. Leave the sideburns. (She cuts his hair. please. Listen and repeat these expressions.) How’s that. Jim is at the hairdresser’s getting a hair cut. please. Just leave it like that. Nice day. Would you like some conditioner? Come this way. GLOSSARY a trim n a haircut that involves cutting off a small amount of hair to dye vb to change the colour of your hair by using chemicals to curl vb to make your hair curly (with little round rings) to straighten vb to make your hair straight (with no curls) split ends n if you have “split ends”. and cut a bit off the back and sides. how would you like it? Could you just trim the fringe. I want a bit over the top of my ears.

The researchers said although Britain achieved high income per head. Hans first took his family to the resort after a friend recommended the place. political stability. Which country would you most like to live in? According to a recent survey by the Economist magazine.hotenglish. and are good friends with many of the staff. etc a spot n a particular place in the country a wedding anniversary n a day on which you celebrate the day that you got married a holiday park n an area where you can camp or live in a caravan and that has amenities including toilets. Top ten countries Ireland Switzerland Norway Luxembourg Sweden Australia Iceland Italy Denmark Spain GLOSSARY to take into account exp to consider. “Ireland wins because it successfully combines the most desirable elements of the new (such as low unemployment and political liberties). such as stable family and community life. it had high levels of social and family breakdown. It was beautiful with lovely hilly countryside and meadows. showers. Norway and Luxembourg.” a commentator said. “We all slept in a big tent with one room for the children and the other for me and Margaret. a luxury spa. golf courses. 5.hu . It’s a beautiful spot in Devon. etc a tent n a little house made of material for sleeping in when you are in the country to graze vb when animals “graze”. in Ireland. pleasant things family breakdown n divorce. 9. 3. takeaways and restaurants. Hans and Margaret Plomp. 10. climate. the best place to live in the world is Ireland. an all-weather sports court. 8. except. We had sheep grazing around the tents. adventure golf. sauna. family life. restaurants. made their 50th journey to the Devon Cliffs holiday park. while France was 25th. of course. And one Dutch family have been making the 700-kilometre journey from their home near Amsterdam to the tranquil area since 1957. Ireland was followed by Switzerland.hotenglishmagazine. children activity centres. Germany was 26th and Britain was 29th. freedom. gender equality and family and community life. The USA was 13th. shops.” The spot is now a Haven Holiday park. pools. there were only a few tents and about 30 caravans. they eat grass hilly countryside n land with many hills (little mountains with grass) a meadow n a field with grass and flowers on it an amusement arcade n a room with many machines for playing games 28 I www. and we’re sure that these findings will have their critics. to think about when making a decision income n money you receive from your job gender equality n equality between men and women cosy elements n the nice. complete with an indoor and outdoor pool. “Back then. 4. All but one of the top 10 were European countries.com or www. Hans and Margaret are regarded as regulars at the local church.” says Hans. health. billiards rooms. “It is very difficult to measure quality of life. Researchers took the following into account: income. Headline News Devon Heaven One family’s love of the English countryside. old. security. 7. Just last October. 6.Great Country Headline News N˚ 3 The voice of the people London 2007 Headline News The world’s best country is chosen. separation.” she added. amusement arcade. with the preservation of certain cosy elements of the 1 2. unemployment. who were celebrating their 64th wedding anniversary.

CD track 16 . rude waiteress At the restaurant by Daniel Coutoune Sorry. 24 beers in a case. Answers on page 42 1. listen to check your answers. 3. The soup isn’t hot. “Gravy” is a sauce you put What does Tarzan sing at over meat ewe n Christmas? a female sheep. Grave-y. It is pronounced the same as “you” a screwdriver n a tool used for turning screws. A Merry Christmas to “ewe”.hotenglish. The firsT Three minuTes of life are The mosT dangerous. into a Christmas cake? Why couldn’t the skeleton go to the Christmas Party? What do cats say to each other at New Year? What do angry mice send to each other at Christmas? How do sheep greet each other at Christmas? GLOSSARY What do vampires put on their mew exp when a cat “mews”. It consists of a long metal part and a plastic handle to run vb if you “run” a programme. Also. This if you are another snowman who was in is a play on words: “Christmas cards” a grave n a pool of water? a hole in the ground for a dead body.com or www. 7.Englishman & Irishwoman Here are some more examples of British toilet graffiti.hotenglishmagazine. Oh. Your teeth. . I saw your finger in the soup as you were bringing it over here. "meow" What did one snowman say to cross adj “cross”. Cross-mouse cards. He had no “body” to go with. 6. What’s the best thing to put 2. coincidence? Beware of compu ter programmers wh o carry screwdriv ers. Do witches run spell checkers? A: Happy Mew Year! B: I told you not to play with C: D: E: F: G: H: fire. you are angry. se Do not use lift in ca of fire. It’s the chef’s birthday. Then. Why did it take so long to bring the soup? Incredible! And another thing. www. 4. 8. it makes a soft. and so are The lasT Three. GLOSSARY a chef n a person who cooks food in a restaurant or hotel I’ve been sitting here for 30 minutes.Englishman & Irishwoman Match each joke beginning (1 to 8) with its ending (A-H). ture: Definition of a lec erring a means of transf turer notes from the lec hout to the stuDent wit e passing through th minDs of either. that’s OK. turkey at Christmas? high-pitched sound.hu I 29 Graffiti & Little Jokes Little Jokes Graffiti CD track 17 . 5. We were having a bit of a party back there. you activate that programme and use it a spell checker n a computer programme that checks the spelling of words (how they are written) a lecture n a talk someone gives in order to teach people about something a lecturer n a person who gives a lecture (see above) 24 hours in a day. Just Jump. Jungle Bells.

when a police officer. However. The incident occurred after Ms Bull spilt salt on the hamburger meat in the restaurant.hu . Through the Roof “The plant just went crazy. I shouldn’t have gone away on holiday as I’ve missed something spectacular. very surprised to care for phr vb to make sure that something is healthy and in a good condition to miss vb if you “miss” something. you are arrested and taken to the police station bail n money an arrested person pays so they can leave prison while they are waiting their trial (legal process) a sample n a small amount of something that is used for analysing that thing an overreaction n a reaction that is considered to be extreme and not proportionate to the circumstances 30 I www.” After the plant went through the glass. was on holiday when the spurt of growth took place and missed the whole thing.000 bail.” said shocked members of staff at Bangor University after a Mexican plant grew almost two metres in two days. It grows slowly year after year and then flowers just once before it withers and dies. He took Bull outside for questioning. Bull was later released from police custody on $1. She thought that she had rectified the situation after knocking the salt off with the help of the duty manager.” said Dr. “It was just quietly in its corner on its own. “I’m not a criminal. Bull has worked at the restaurant for five months. But I suppose that’s life. flowers appear on it to wither vb to become smaller and very dry dumbfounded adj shocked.com or www.” said Dr Brown. you accidentally drop the food or liquid to rectify vb to change something so it becomes correct or good police custody n if you are taken into “police custody”. “I was completely dumbfounded when I saw what had happened. is an unusual specimen. I just made a mistake. “For many years. “I think this is one big overreaction. “The sad thing now.” to shoot up phr vb to grow very quickly a greenhouse n a glass house for growing plants a specimen n a single plant/animal that is an example of a particular species to flower vb when a plant “flowers”. I don’t want any more of X to go for it exp to do something in a determined and forceful way reckless conduct exp acting in a way that causes danger to others salty adj with a lot of salt in it to spill vb if you “spill” food or a liquid. Brown “is that it will soon die. you don’t see it enough is enough exp that is sufficient. Unfortunately Mr Brown. However. and it grew another four metres. A fast-food restaurant employee has spent a night in jail and is facing criminal charges. “If it was so salty. arrived at the restaurant and ate one of the hamburgers. Wendell Adams.hotenglish. The plant. it shot up and went through the glass of the greenhouse. who has been responsible for caring for the rare plant for the past twenty eight years. curator of the Bangor University tropical gardens. Brown. why did he eat the whole thing instead of just taking one bite and throwing it away? I’m feeling a lot of anger right now” 26-year-old Bull said.hotenglishmagazine.” said Bull.” said Mr. it seems that it must have decided that enough was enough and it really went for it. that’s all. Restaurant employee Kendra Bull from Atlanta Georgia was charged with reckless conduct after serving a “salty” burger. he became violently ill. it just sat there not doing very much. Agave Americana. Samples of the burger meat have been sent to the state crime laboratory for tests. and then arrested her.” GLOSSARY Salty Burger Restaurant employee in court after burger incident.NEWS StoriES News STories CD tracks 18-19 US woman & US man Tropical plant surprises staff at botanical garden. it didn’t stop.

This started the Montgomery Bus Boycott. Rosa Parks was arrested for violating racial segregation laws in Montgomery. Dutch painter Vincent van Gogh infamously cut off the lower part of his own left ear and gave it to a prostitute.Happy aNNivErSary Come and celebrate December with us in our series on anniversaries. During a bout of mental illness. Che Guevara and 80 other members of the 26th of July Movement from Mexico to Cuba. December 17th 1989 The first traffic lights were installed outside the Houses of Parliament in London. Apparently. Prohibition officially ended when the 21st Amendment to the US Constitution was ratified.com or www. Ronald Evans. A yacht called Granma carried Fidel Castro. etc black people could America for just $15 million. she preferred the ear to one of his paintings. December 20th 1803 December 23rd 1888 December 14th 1911 December 5th 1933 Silent Night. The bearded dictator was captured alive. forces led by Swedish Field Marshal Simon Grundel-Helmfelt defeated the invading Danish army under the command of King Christian V of Denmark. Mark Chapman fatally shot former Beatle John Lennon outside the Dakota apartments in New York City. December 11th 1868 In an area north of Lund. you give a quantity of it to that person traffic lights n red. In total. making her the oldest reigning monarch in British history. after refusing to give her seat to a white man on a bus. December 13th 2003 As part of the Louisiana Purchase. Eugene Cernan. December 16th 1773 December 1st – World AIDS Day December 2nd – UEFA draw for Euro 2008 in Switzerland. live. No human has visited the Moon since.hotenglish. DEcEmbEr December 1st 1955 December 2nd 1956 A monthly look at things from the month. Alabama. and Harrison Schmitt returned to Earth on Apollo 17 after visiting the moon. who had to find an alternative source of income apart from supplying illegal liquor. you have that illness for a short period of time www. December 8th 1980 As part of a protest against the British Tea Act. December 4th 1676 Guglielmo Marconi received the first trans-Atlantic radio signal. who were the first to get to the South Pole and not make it back again. Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen and his team became the first people to reach the South Pole. Americans dumped crates of tea into Boston Harbour in what became known as the Boston Tea Party. December 25th 1818 selling or drinking alcohol to ratify vb to give formal approval of something the hard stuff n inform alcohol to supply vb if you “supply” something to someone. The Cuban revolution had started. This month: December. Immediately following them were the British. a Christmas carol by Josef Mohr and Franz Gruber. the a racial segregation law n said where French sold vast areas of land in a law in the US that sit. The Swedes then celebrated the conclusion of what was known as the Scanian War. I wonder how many unsuccessful attempts had been made before that? December 3rd 1967 The first traffic jam occurred outside the Houses of Parliament in London. Events for December 2007 Happy Anniversary except for poor old Al Capone. orange and green lights in the streets that tell cars when to stop or go a traffic jam n a line of cars in the road that isn’t moving or that is moving slowly bearded adj with a beard (hair on the face) to dump vb to throw casually and without care to make your debut exp to appear in public for the first time to regret vb to feel bad about something you did in the past a bout of something exp if you have a “bout” of an illness. New Orleans was transferred from France to GLOSSARY the United States. December 12th 1901 Former Iraqi President Saddam Hussein was found hiding in a hole during Operation Red Dawn. The Simpsons made its debut as an animated series on the Fox television network.hu I 31 . By Mark Pierro. Sweden. South Africa performed the first successful human heart transplant on Louis Washkansky. Most Americans celebrated with a glass of the hard stuff. December 10th 1868 December 19th 1972 Countries celebrating their independence December 6th – Finland December 12th – Kenya A medical team led by Christiaan Barnard at a hospital in Cape Town. The signal travelled from Cornwall (in England) to Newfoundland (in Canada). The to refuse vb French have been regretting it to say that you won’t do something Prohibition n a law in the US that prohibited ever since.hotenglishmagazine. December 10th – International Human Rights Day December 21st – Queen Elizabeth II will be 82. was first performed in a church in Austria. Apparently they couldn’t find a McDonald’s so it wasn’t worth staying.

Remove and serve with sliced tomato. etc a tsp abbr a teaspoon (a little spoon. Can I help you? Yes. mustard and egg. The clue is. etc “send someone round”. Good afternoon. This month: Welsh rarebit. I’m sitting on the sofa and my back is killing me. Here’s the second part of our mini-series on ridiculous but real emergency phone calls. and it’s got three letters… This is not an emergency. and I can’t get the word for 2 down. “Road passenger transport”. until golden brown on top and cooked thoroughly.hotenglishmagazine. I’m doing the crossword… A crossword? Yes. Salt and black pepper. I’m sorry but the police have better things to do with their time. often used for coffee/tea) an oven grill n the part of an oven (an electrical appliance for cooking food) where you can make toast. Couldn’t someone come and help me? Er. I’m in terrible pain. Sir. this is an emergency number for emergencies only. Operator: Caller: Operator: Caller: tElEpHoNE 999 Call II – Television Remote Caller: Operator: Caller: Operator: Caller: Operator: Caller: Operator: Caller: Operator: Operator: Caller: CD track 20 Englishmen Telephone 999 & Recipe Police. What’s the nature of your problem? Well. Bye. but I was wondering if someone could help me. In a pan. 32 I www. then season with salt and black pepper (and the Tabasco and Worcestershire sauce if required). heat the milk but do not boil. Mix in the cheese. I’m having a few difficulties. Celebrating 70 years of stupid calls. Place the toasted bread in an ovenproof dish and pour the egg mixture over. Is this an emergency? Yes. Yes. This is the perfect evening snack. toasted. I suggest you call a friend or a neighbour. There’s something I want to watch on BBC1. What sort of pain? Well. Remove from the heat and cool. etc to remove vb to take out/away Here’s another recipe for to try at home. I’m terminating this call. chopped. Place under the grill and cook for five minutes. Call I – Crossword Troubles Operator: Caller: Operator: Police.hotenglish. We can’t send someone round for that. Delicious! Ingredients 85g cheese (Wensleydale or Cheddar). Can I help you? Yes. One egg. GLOSSARY down exp in crosswords. Add the flour and cook for a minute. it is. 2 slices bread (ciabatta).Wacky but absolutely true emergency calls.com or www. But I can’t change channels. 30g plain flour. and others go "down" (vertically) a clue n information that helps you think of the word for the crossword to kill vb inform to really hurt the remote (control) n a device for changing the channels on the television to send someone round exp if the police/ambulance. rEcipE WElSH rarEbit Method Preheat the oven grill to its highest setting. no. 1 tsp Dijon mustard. I can’t reach the remote.hu . Tabasco and Worcestershire sauce (optional). 75ml milk or cream. they send a person to your house chopped adj cut into very small pieces flour n a fine white powder used for making bread. some of the answers go "across" (horizontally).

00 €102.garrettwall. to feel uncomfortable because you are different from the rest grace n a pleasant. Waiting to catch your breath to survive. It’s such an empty space. That you can’t put your finger on.00 €34. you feel just like a fish out of water. It’s a feeling you get.00 €28.to: C/Fernández de los Ríos.com or send the form NOW. Yes. DIscouNteD pRIce €6. Madrid 28015.com www. That still you try to call your own. 98 .90 €45. jokes. grammar. no time for regret n feelings of sadness about things from the past to feel like a fish out of water exp to feel very different from others. For prices outside Spain.15 euros you save. Please consult Hot English for more information on any possible changes to the offer. WARNING: Se recomienda poner especial atención al elegir el modo de pago. Is not enough to break your fall. It’s the same for you.00 My details are: Name: (write as clearly as possible) Address: City: Postal code: Telephone: E-mail: Age: DNI/NIF: Profession: Payment method Cheque to Hot English Publishing SL Postal Order (Spain only).es It’s a hard road to take. If you fill it up with grace. Take it as it comes. Or the rest of your life.com/garrettwall www. Madrid 28015. Nº 5 Nº 6 Nº 12 Nº 13 Nº 14 CD Nº 15 CD Nº 16 CD Nº 17 CD Nº 18 CD Nº 19 CD Nº 24 CD Nº 29 CD Nº 30 CD Nº 38 CD Nº 39 CD Nº 41 CD Nº 43 CD Nº 44 CD Nº 45 CD Nº 46 CD Nº 47 CD Nº 48 CD Nº 49 CD Nº 50 CD GLOSSARY Nº 51 CD Nº 52 CD Nº 53 CD Nº 54 CD Nº 55 CD Nº 56 CD Nº 57 CD Nº 58 CD to take vb to accept to break your fall exp to reduce the impact of a fall or some bad news to take it as it comes exp to accept things as they are can’t put your finger on exp can’t explain properly no room for exp no space for.00 €180.00 for contrareembolsos. Waiting to catch your breath to survive. Nº 67 CD Nº 68 CD Nº 69 CD Nº 70 CD Nº 71 CD Nº 72 Nº 69 CD CD Nº 73 70 CD Nº 74 Nº 70 CD CD E-mail subscriptions@hotenglishmagazine.hotenglishmagazine. slang. Call 91 549 8523. Lo mismo sucede con las contrareembolsos que no se recogen y nos son devueltos.25 and €7. VISA Mastercard _ _ _ _ / _ _ _ _ / _ _ _ _ / _ _ _ _ Expiry date: _ _ / _ _ Direct debit (domiciliación bancaria): Account number _ _ _ _ / _ _ _ _ / _ _ / _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ Bank name: Branch (sucursal): Address: Postal code: Sometimes.00 €168.junkrecords.2A. phrasal verbs. error correction. Till you get it right. visit: www. trivia. trivia. When you think you know it all. Buy your copy of Hot english at the Hot english shop (c/Fernández de los Ríos 98. slang. It’s the way it goes. nos veremos obligados a cargar este importe al total del cliente. There’s no room for regret. * This offer corresponds exclusively to the month in which this magazine appeared. With the 1.myspace. cricket. anecdotes.30 DIscouNteD pRIce €54. Sometimes you feel just like a fish out of water. 2a – metro moncloa) and pay just 4 euros (retail price 5.com or www.00 €81.00 €127.50 €210. I would like some Hot English back issues (see prices below).60 €51. business English.hu I 33 .00 €18. Just gotta wait until it’s gone.com or send this coupon or photocopy to: Hot English Publishing SL. polite and dignified way of doing things Nº 59 CD Nº 60 CD Nº 61 CD Nº 62 CD Nº 63 CD Nº 64 CD Nº 65 CD Nº 66 CD grammar. All we ever say. Get a 25% discount on your copy of Hot english. phrasal verbs. How the water flows. by Garrett Wall © Garrett Wall 2007. 98 – 2A. you can buy a lovely cup of coffee and enjoy your copy of Hot english in style. C/Fernández de los Ríos.net www. e-mail subs@hotenglishmagazine. It could take some time.00 €39. jokes.15).00 €12. frEE coffEE WitH Hot ENGliSH Total number of magazines quaNtIty DIscouNt 1 back issue with CD 2 back issues with CD 3 back issues with CD 4 back issues with CD 5 back issues with CD 6 back issues with CD 7 back issues with CD 8 back issues with CD 9 back issues with CD Cost quaNtIty DIscouNt 10 back issues with CD 15 back issues with CD 20 back issues with CD 25 back issues with CD 30 back issues with CD 35 back issues with CD 40 back issues with CD 45 back issues with CD 50 back issues with CD Please tick here if you would Not like to receive the free Hot English newsletter. Be it only a day.hotenglish. Just let the river run.50 €144. Cuando esto sucede. It’s the same for me. You might even call it home.Fish SoNG CD track 21 Irishman Have you got all the copies of Hot English? Back Issues Request FoRm Call (0034) 91 549 8523 or e-mail subs@hotenglishmagazine. For more information. error correction.00 €24. ya que el banco nos carga 22 euros por las domiciliaciones que faltan. anecdotes. social English.00 €202. The Post Office charges between €1. and buy yourself a coffee with the change. All we ever do. And the bed that you make.

land on a square (go on it). Right. chequers. Loser – the person who loses the game. Taboo .. please.Talk about a word without actually mentioning it. etc. Learn some useful words and expressions to use when playing board games. It’s your turn. Typical expressions: That’s my counter. childish adj if you describe someone as “childish”. round coloured object used in board games. What do you mean? Watch this! (John throws the board in the air. Typical expressions include: Stop cheating! You cheat! Player – someone who plays a game.Create words on the board. I’m going to buy three hotels. Typical expressions: Shake the dice. Team – a group of people playing together in a game against another group. OK. Change. Winner – the person who wins the game. please. you may have to take a card. If you land on a certain square.. etc). (He gives her the dice. Board game – a game that people play by moving little pieces around on a piece of wood or cardboard (chess. you “shuffle” them. Here you are. pay up! Here you are. juvenile (not adult) . Yes.com or www. please. Miss a turn! Card – many board games come with cards with information on them about what to do. Counter – a small. You are so you think they are immature and childish. it is time for you to shake the dice or move your pieces. yeah. He gets a nine. Don’t you just hate it when your brother or sister gets a Triple Word Score? Vocabulary-building board games John: Ben: John: Ben: John: Ben: John: Ben: John: Ben: John: Ben: John: Ben: 2. Typical expressions include: Whose turn is it? It’s my turn. Scrabble .) GLOSSARY Goodbye. Let’s see if you can get a nine and land on one of my nice little hotels. Typical expressions: It’s my turn to shuffle the cards.) Yes! Yes! Thank you so much for coming to stay at my hotel.) Go on. I want the blue one. flat. Opponent – the person you are playing against. Turn – if it is your “turn”. Cheat – a person who breaks the rules in a game. Players can jump a square (go over it). In this conversation. Ben and John are playing Monopoly. Well. Travel set/pack – a mini version of a game that you can play while you are travelling on a plane/ train.) That’s 400 pounds for me. Ben: John: Ben: John: Ben: 1. or move forward X squares. Here’s 300 pounds.) And you’re losing! Not any more. Ah! I’m winning.) Yes! A six! (He lands on “Go”. Come on. Right. Here you are.hotenglish. Game piece/token/bit – an object that represents a player in a game. (He throws the dice.) Your turn. Give me the dice.200 pounds.hu CD track 23 Englishmen typical DialoGuES tHE boarD GamE Listen to this dialogue and learn some useful vocabulary and expressions. The pieces often have magnets on them. Space/square – an area in a game. 34 I www. That’ll be 1. I don’t have enough. snakes and ladders. or offering a surprise element to the game. Chips – plastic counters used in games to represent money. (John shakes the dice. I’m not.Vocabulary & Typical Dialogues vocabulary boarD GamES Dice – the small cubes with one to six spots or numbers on their sides. Take a card. (He gives him the money.hotenglishmagazine. Pass me the dice. I’ll sell these three. Box – the box in which the game is kept. Very challenging. Let’s see if I can get a six. you’ll have to sell some of your properties… for half the price. please. And you’re not. I know. My turn. When you mix the cards. Objective – what you must try to achieve in the game. (He is getting angry. shake. Rules – the laws for playing the game. Yeah.

” Hang up your hat/boots To leave your job forever. “The day that I stop enjoying work will be the day that I hang up my hat. It’s like telling them that they will never triumph in a particular field.hu I 35 Dr Fingers’ Vocabulary Clinic: Dr fiNGErS’ vocabulary cliNic: WorK . “I’ve had no time to do any housework because I’ve been burning the candle at both ends. This month we are looking at some more work idioms. often with rice and vegetables a candle n an object made of wax that burns and provides light when you light it www.” Burn the candle at both ends Be snowed under To have too much work.” GLOSSARY to chop vb literally. Too many cooks spoil the broth Be run/rushed off your feet Get the chop If too many people are working on the same job/project. “I can’t stay for long – I’m rushed off my feet.” Not to sleep much because you are working late into the night.CD track 24 US man & US woman Here are some more useful collocations for you to learn.hotenglishmagazine. but I wouldn’t give up the day job. “It was business as usual just two days after the fire destroyed most of the ground floor. “There were just too many people who were not being coordinated.” Don’t give up the day job Something you say to someone who doesn’t have much talent. to cut broth n a kind of soup. “I’m afraid we won’t be able to deal with your request because we’re a bit snowed under at the moment.” To lose your job. “You aren’t bad at painting.hotenglish.” To be very busy. and getting up very early.” Business as usual A situation that has returned to its usual state again after something unpleasant or unusual happened. It was a case of too many cooks spoiling the broth.com or www. they will ruin it. “They were given the chop for stealing company property.

house. her employer. Two days later needles they tortured her again. it is high above the village a maid n a woman who works in the house cleaning. This is the story of Anna Göldi. cooking.com or www. you could possibly lose everything.com www.h Hunt Witc She was the last witch to be executed in Europe.hotenglishmagazine. She decides to acknowledge Within a short time. A local museum with dark hair and brown eyes. etc to withdraw a confession exp to say that the confession you made isn’t actually true to stick with a confession exp not to change the confession you made a miscarriage of justice exp a wrong decision made by a court of law – often one that results in someone going to prison or being executed for something they didn’t do Quirky News Traducciones Llama ahora: (00 34) 91 455 0273 translations@hotenglishmagazine. and for many black dog. Later. The story starts in the tiny Swiss Anna Göldi’s ordeal is Göldi is arrested in February canton of Glarus. with witch-hunts all his child and she threatened to reveal the truth over Europe. captured a few days later.hotenglish. Anna found was questioned day and night Anna Goldi’s case as a work with Jakob Tschudi. murder. And appeared in the bread as well. Göldi’s story has been made magistrate and rising politician. But completely wrong. affair with her. So. reputation. So. The Middle Ages (5th to 15th centuries) was Anna Göldi. She was confession. “And the records. She works as a an attempt to find and punish a Enlightenment. one morning one But once free of the torture. She archives. This group of people (witches. Two weeks later. she sacked by the Tschudis. But the last execution for At the time.” he explained. This caused the deaths of many about the affair. innocent women. was accused of witchcraft. He has an the Age of Enlightenment n Göldi. but eventually film. She worked there appeared to her in the form of a for seventeen years. “The simple fact is that her an official pardon. dedicated to her story will something which wasn’t lost on admitting that the devil had open soon. he accused her of witchcraft. tortured. looking for work as a maid. she of the children found a needle in withdrew her confession. She was 2007. including your job. and that the needles years. well. a local by the religious and political miscarriage of justice. confessed to being a witch. And now some think she should be pardoned officially.hu . Shortly after Anna towering over the villages. He advocated reason as the true authority a tale n a story to tower over phr vb if a mountain is “towering over” a village. This was told to leave. her story was forgotten. and Tshudi GLOSSARY witchcraft took place little more stood to lose everything if he to pardon vb than 200 years ago. in this servant for seventeen years centre of this tragic tale is Anna was a form of extra-judicial case) for Jakob Tschudi. this time she stuck with her Suspicion fell upon Anna. a local journalist began to go over represents Glarus in the Swiss parliament. he planted to say that a convicted person did Anna Göldi not actually commit a crime Anna Göldi arrives in Glarus of Europe’s so-called Age of the needles that led to the a witch-hunt n in 1765. who just recently. at the height was found out. adultery was a crime. executed. When she became pregnant with a time of superstition. etc a magistrate n someone who acts as a judge in law courts a rising politician n a person who is becoming more and more important as a politician… which wasn’t lost on her employer exp which her employer definitely noticed a needle n a small. On 20th September was where Anna Göldi arrived in order for her arrest. there was an is executed on 18th June 1782. her innocence. She threatens an 18th century movement which reports her for witchcraft.hotenglishmagazine. “Everyone agrees that what happened was For many years.” said Fritz Schiesser.com 36 I www. thin piece of metal used for mending clothes and sewing to sack vb to tell someone to leave a job to go over phr vb to investigate again to threaten vb to promise to do something bad to someone if they don’t do what you want to stand to lose everything exp if you “stand to lose everything”. her milk. leaders of Glarus. things seemed to be going had been given to her by Satan. the Swiss parliament 1765. The woman at the accusations against Anna. she was led out to the public square. She insisted on into a German-language Anna was tall and attractive. And now he believes he knows now we need to take this last step and give what really happened. It is a long documented in the Glarus 1782 and is forced to narrow valley with high mountains admit she is a witch.” The decision is still Jakob Tschudi had been having an affair with pending. and finally where her head was cut off with a sword. But then. to reveal the truth.

someone who is related to you: an People must be able to buy and aunt.” an old person who has stopped Novelist Vandal H e’s a world. Susan Ellis. they’ll often sign a few copies. Lower Saxony.” Peter Burin. “The author’s surprise visit and private signing session was not particularly unusual. etc to deface vb to spoil or ruin something by drawing on it a shelf n a piece of wood/metal/plastic for putting books. the store manager. “They’ll come into the shop and check if their works are on the shelves. and told them he did not want the money. they’ll ask about them.” Bidding for the country reached 10 million euros before eBay withdrew the item. customers who saw him thought he was defacing the books and reported him to staff. you do it automatically because you have always done it a late wife n a wife who died previously to bid vb to offer a price for an object during a public sale to withdraw vb if something is “withdrawn”. hey say you can buy just about anything on eBay. The 70-year-old man from Hameln.” Ellis explained. uncle. A kingdom in three parts. food products. I have no children and no other relatives.ky News Quir Unusual news stories from aroun d the world. to pass away phr vb “We can’t allow bidding on to die a relative n something virtual or unrealistic. there was a surprise offer on sale: “Belgium. He said he had only bought the lottery ticket out of habit because his late wife had been a passionate player. He wanted to make a protest about the fact that Belgium still had no government 100 days after its elections.famous novelist. If they are.hotenglishmagazine. Lots of authors do it. etc on www. but not advisable. But just recently he was mistaken for a vandal. working and who is receiving a pension out of habit exp if you do something “out of habit". Horror writer Stephen King popped into a shop in Alice Springs (Australia) unannounced and started signing copies of his latest book. CD track 25 US man & US woman No Pay Belgium Sale T ” W hat would I do with so much money? My wife has already passed away. Lottery officials said they were trying to persuade him to keep the money. However. He’s sold books all over the world. went to the HQ of the German lottery association in Hanover after finding out about his win. If they’re not.” said a German pensioner who won £2 million on the lottery but refused to accept it. Possible to buy it as a whole. Lisey’s Story. I don’t want it. it is taken away a spoof sale n a “spoof sale” appears to be serious but is in fact a joke to warn vb to tell someone of a potential danger to take something into account exp to consider something when making a decision he was mistaken for a vandal exp people thought he was a vandal (someone destroying property) to pop into phr vb to enter quickly and for a short period of time to sign vb to put your name on a document/ book. my parents are dead.hu I 37 Quirky News .hotenglish. And they may be right. recognised King.com or www. cousin. He warned potential buyers to take the public debt of 300 million euros into account. Fortunately. GLOSSARY a spokesman for eBay said. Just recently. etc a pensioner n sell on eBay in a neutral way. It’s embarrassing if we haven’t got their work on the shelves. The spoof sale was carried out by former journalist Gerrit Six.

hotenglishmagazine. it looked like you GLOSSARY were drinking water or spelling n Sprite or something but the way that words are written with the letters in the correct order it tasted just like Pepsi. to emphasise something there’s words exp so you can’t tell if it’s notice how even native speakers Pepsi or Coke and they make mistakes when speaking. John: I read this report yesterday all about simplifying spelling. a logical person would say Leicester is L E S T E R [listen. That was conversations as a way of filling space a while ago. we all write like a text message? That would just be ridiculous. It was completely clear.hu So. Yeah. you must complete/do a shopping centre n And you? a large building with many shops in it Erm… me too.hotenglish. Diet Coke. yeah.com or www. that dark colour.. you know. for me when I drink it without eating food.CD tracks 27-28 British bar chat Simplified Spelling This month. there were even stranger spellings and we simplified it then. but it still tasted like Cola with that car…. I think that’s a great idea. You too? Well. and these rather. but come on. people are suggesting. you know. I mean. words like diarrhoea. taught properly. I like that stuff. and. . There’s words like Leicester. have you tried the new Coca Cola Zero? Yeah. I prefer the taste of Diet Coke. you’re not being taught in school properly. You can see how it’s developed over the centuries. what about.. you know. I’m sick to death of getting spellings wrong. which sugary adj with a lot of sugar (or too much one did you prefer? sugar) in it a challenge n Coke or Pepsi? something new and difficult that I always prefer Coke. "friend" instead of F R E I N D [sic] should be F R E N D. when I take it. I still prefer. just to. And we all. you can’t change the language just cos people aren’t. a few hundred years ago. it interesting Oh. but English spelling is ridiculous. do you remember Crystal Pepsi? Oh. maybe. So. I think it’s still a little bit too sugary. I mean. don’t they? And it’s good to teach people. That seems just a bit silly. you know. yeah. I think I stuff n inform things remember taking that kind of exp more or less in a shopping centre like exp back in the eighties. It should be “there are words” ask you which one’s richness n the variety of something that makes better. So. what’s that? I mean exp this expression It’s when you have two people often usethe conversationinor order to redirect drinks that are covered. For me. Why can’t we simplify it again? You know. erm. it tastes kind of strange. rather strange spellings they obviously come from somewhere. It’s a problem with the system. For me. sick to death of something exp Have you ever taken the very tired and angry about something the point n Pepsi challenge? the important thing No. US bar chat Coca Cola Bar chats Bob: John: Bob: Mary: John: Mary: John: John: Mary: John: Mary: John: Bob: Mary: John: Mary: John: Mary: John: Mary: 38 I www. OK but…]. Come on! We’ve got to keep some of the richness and the beauty of the English language. but that’s. or something like that. you know. erm… Well. Yeah. John and Bob are talking about whether English spelling should be simplified or not. people often use this word in In the eighties. you know. I never know how to spell any words. That stuff was cool. OK. the English language is so beautiful. like. but it’s L E I… … you might have a point but that’s maybe why the. maybe the point is that they’re. Yeah. I mean.

” Mr Quinn told BBC News. Artist Marc Quinn said he had sculpted his friend Ms Lapper because “disabled people were under-represented in art”. Little me. the statue on the fourth plinth is Model for a Hotel 2007 by German sculptor Thomas Schütte. So. very wonderful. I think Alison Lapper is very brave. there are four plinths. At each corner of the square. editor of the British Art Journal. It was displayed until April 2007. how did a statue of a naked.” At present.com www. But not everyone is happy with it. Mr Quinn spent 10 months in Italy working on the statue from a single piece of white marble. Three of them have permanent statues: George IV (a British king from 1820-1830). Trafalgar Square commemorates the Battle of Trafalgar (1805). “Alison’s statue could represent a new model of female heroism. much too big. The mayor. “I think it is horrible. etc so that people can see/admire it to pedestrianise vb to convert a road into an area where pedestrians (people walking) can walk to commission vb if you “commission” a work of art. “I felt the square needed some femininity. who has had the square partly pedestrianised. and Sir Charles James Napier (another British general). Bob Niven.6m marble sculpture. called Alison Lapper Pregnant. but it is just a rather repellent artefact: very shiny. divided opinion.hotenglish. pregnant and disabled woman end up in the heart of London surrounded by British war heroes? It all started in 2003 when the mayor of London. and for celebrations such as New Year’s Eve. a British naval victory against France and Spain that took place during the Napoleonic Wars. said. Ms Lapper. etc) repellent adj that disgusts you an artefact n an object that has cultural or archaeological interest a mayor n the elected leader of a town/city to back vb to support a display n an arrangement of objects/art. At the centre of the square is Nelson’s Column. And now it’s at the heart of a controversy. He was the admiral who successfully commanded the British fleet during the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805 against the French and Spanish. The 3.r Trouble Trafalga It’s in the heart of London. Trafalgar Square is a popular site for political demonstrations. Trafalgar Square GLOSSARY How long have I got to sit here? a fleet n a large group of ships for fighting battles bronze n a type of metal often used for making statues.” he added. For years.com or www.answerenglish. Ken Livingstone. Trafalgar Square London has a new statue. machinemade. He commissioned six artists to come up with ideas for the fourth plinth. Alison Lapper Pregnant was one of works selected from the shortlist. I’m going to be up in Trafalgar Square. with a statue of Lord Nelson on top.com or Send an e-mail to: james@answerenglish. Henry Havelock (a British general who was active in India).hu I 39 Trafalgar Trouble . But it’s the new statues on the fourth plinth that are causing a bit of a controversy. pregnant woman with no arms. I hasten to add. backed a suggestion that the fourth plinth should be used as an everchanging display of artwork. there was a statue of a naked. wants the square to become a cultural focus for London. Up until recently. said. But Robert Simon. chief executive of the Disability Rights Commission. you pay someone to create that work of art to display vb to show objects/art to the public Want to Learn English in London? can Help You Find the Best Language School & Accommodation for You We offer FREE Advice to Students looking to come to London to Learn English Call us Today on: 902 02 47 49 (from Spain) or +44 20 7402 8651 (from Rest of the World) Visit: www. The column is surrounded by fountains and four huge bronze lions (made from the recycled metal of French cannons). Trafalgar Square has had statues dedicated to British war and empire heroes. It is a mixture of copper and tin a plinth n a rectangular block of stone for a statue pregnant adj with a baby inside her stomach marble n a type of very hard rock which feels cold when you touch it disabled people exp people with a physical disability (with an illness that restricts movement. “It still daunts me now. Not because of the subject matter. slimy surface.” However.hotenglishmagazine. who sat for the artist when she was eight months pregnant. said the statue at the heart of London would raise public debate on disability.

(Mississippi) It is illegal to have a sheep in your truck without a chaperone. and illegal for unmarried women to fish alone at all. (Mississippi) No one may bribe any athlete to rig a game.D Dumb Laws U MB CD track 30 . (Wisconsin) Airplanes may not be landed in city parks. (Montana) GLOSSARY Minors can buy rolling paper and tobacco but not lighters. (Mississippi) It is illegal to throw stones at birds in the city limits (Mississippi) Here are some more crazy laws from the US. thin object with a hole inside for firing peas or small pieces of paper. (US English spelling) Citizens may not enter Wisconsin with a chicken on their head.hu . and claiming he will marry her.hotenglish. etc. (Mississippi) It shall be unlawful to provide beer or other intoxicants to elephants. français e italiano 91 257 6280 40 I www. (Wisconsin) Private citizens may personally arrest any person that disturbs a church service. (Mississippi) It is illegal to teach others what polygamy is. (Mississippi) It is illegal to request someone to “watch over” your parked car. (Montana) In Montana. (Mississippi) One may not honk another’s horn. with the exception of wrestlers. (Mississippi) Hard objects may not be thrown by hand. (Wisconsin) You are not allowed to park your elephant on Main Street.wordperfectsolutions. (Mississippi) It is illegal to drive around the town square more than 100 times in a single session. (Mississippi) It’s illegal to sit on the curb of any city street and drink beer from a bucket. bushy tail (a tail with a lot of hair) a minor n a person who is still legally a child rolling paper n paper used to make cigarettes the curb n the edge of the road next to the pavement (where people walk) a bucket n a container for water – often used when cleaning the floor to honk vb to press a button so your horn sounds (the object in a car that makes a sound in order to “communicate” with other drivers) a chaperone n a person who accompanies another person to make sure they are OK a pea shooter n a small. it is illegal for married women to go fishing alone on Sundays. players are paid to change the result of the game a wrestler n a sportsperson who fights professionally a squirrel n a small animal that lives in trees and that has a big. (Mississippi) Worrying squirrels will not be tolerated.US man & US woman la ws A man may not seduce a woman by lying. it comes to the ground in a controlled way polygamy n a custom that permits someone to be married to more than one person to bribe vb to pay money to someone in order to receive preferential treatment to rig vb if you “rig” a game. (Mississippi) Dancing is strictly prohibited. match. (Mississippi) Persons in possession of a pea shooter risk it being confiscated by police. You blow air through it WordPerfectSolutions Proofreading and text-editing solutions www.hotenglishmagazine. (Montana) to land vb if a plane “lands”.com en español. tournament.com or www.

com .com Suscripción anual para academias y colegios: 150 euros = de 2 a 99 usuarios 250 euros = de 100 a 499 usuarios 325 euros = de 500 usuarios o más Hot English Publishing S. Sólamente pincha en tu nivel (elemental. La Web School es nuestro sistema de aprendizaje de idiomas en inglés. practica tu gramática y amplía tu vocabulario. Muchas pruebas de audio con acentos diferentes.The Web School aprende inglés online. www. aprende inglés con la Web school. Es muy fácil de utilizar. intermedio alto. Consigue tu código personal y contraseña online AHORA de manera segura con nuestro sistema PayPal en www.hotenglishmagazine. pre-intermedio. Aprende vocabulario nuevo. i Suscripción individual anual = sólo 35 euros. Fácil de usar. Practica todos los aspectos gramaticales.hotenglishmagazine.com o llama a nuestro equipo de suscripciones al (00 34) 91 549 8523 ó manda un e-mail: subs@hotenglishmagazine. Mejora garantizada. avanzado) y haz los ejercicios. perfecciona tus habilidades auditivas. Cinco niveles de inglés. ® ® El aprendizaje del inglés hecho FÁCIL! Aprendizaje instantáneo en cualquier lugar del mundo. intermedio.L.

He’s a failure. They are most fashionable. please? Can I sleep here tonight. Literally. They’re cool. a “clue” is a piece of information that helps you solve a mystery/puzzle to miss vb if you “miss” a train. You ask if you can sleep at your friend’s house because you have missed the last train. He enjoys provoking people until they enter a state of rage. he’s a real wind-up merchant. You are motoring at the maximum possible speed. Jane is going out with Frank. CD track 31 42 I www. no idea. I’ll just kip down here. E Haircut Trivia Matching page 16 Little Jokes page 29 1F 2G 3J 4A 5L 6I 7C 8B 9H 10D 11K 12M 13E 1C 2G 3A 4D 5H 6E 7B 8F .hotenglishmagazine. A friend of yours likes playing jokes on other people and irritating them. Your friend is driving very fast. a "shack" is an old hut built of tin (a metal) to kip vb inform to sleep Answers Hyphen Hysterics page 6 A Bumblebee. I’m stumped. He’s a real loser. mate. I don’t know. You don’t think that Frank is good for Jane because he spends his time playing computer games. C Toothpaste. I’m clueless. I am afraid my knowledge in that area is somewhat deficient. You’re driving at full speed. Literally.DictioNary of SlaNG Dictionary of Slang Here we’ve got some examples of how to say things in different situations. and he has no ambition in life. He is a worthless person. “to whack” is to hit clueless adj inform with no idea about something. GLOSSARY A friend asks if you know what the capital of Mongolia is.hotenglish. Literally. I love winding people up.hu > Situation Formal Relaxed Informal You think your friend’s sunglasses are very fashionable. you start living there. at full whack exp at maximum speed. You don’t. you don’t catch that train to shack up phr vb inform if you “shack up” in a place. B Chickpeas. You’re driving at full whack.com or www. D Salesperson. please? Can I shack up here tonight? Can I kip down here tonight? Please note that some of the words in this glossary box are literal translations of parts of idiomatic expressions. He likes winding people up. He likes annoying people. Those shades are rocking. May I rest my weary head here tonight.

Literally. and since then they’ve been badgering me to go back. The guests are usually only his male friends. A mole is a small animal with black fur . “For Sally’s hen night. Stop worrying about it. “I thought Jim was going to have a cow when I told him I’d lost his key. they took off all his clothes and tied him to a street lamp. a “badger” is a black and white animal that lives underground and is active at night a molehill n a little pile of earth made by a mole that is digging a hole.com or www. “You did one bad exam.hotenglish. they went out for dinner. “I left my job three months ago.” Hit/score a bull’s eye To make a spectacular success.” Make a mountain out of a molehill To make a slight difficulty seem to be a very serious problem. “On Bob’s stag night. During the dinner.” A party for a woman who is going to get married.” Stag party/night Hen party/night A party for a man who is going to get married.” Badger someone To annoy someone by repeatedly asking them something. a male stripper who was dressed up as a policeman turned up.GLOSSARY This month we are looking at some general animal idioms.hotenglishmagazine. You’re making a mountain out of a molehill. The guests are usually only her female friends. and now she’s super-rich.” www. “Sally really hit the bull’s eye with her invention. Have a Cow To become very angry or upset about something.hu I 43 Animal Idioms aNimal iDiomS CD track 33 Irishwoman & Englishman a bull’s eye n the small circular area at the centre of a target to turn up phr vb to arrive to badger vb to annoy someone by asking them the same question over and over again.

hotenglish. non-stop flight across the Atlantic. By midnight there were road blocks all across the state. He was famous for making the first solo. It all started on 1st March 1932. you are in the process of getting better a window shutter n a wooden or metal cover that is fitted on the outside of a window a road block n if there is a “road block”. So. Now that he was in charge of the hunt for his son.000 police and volunteers were sweeping the countryside. Politicians. The press had made him famous but he hated its inaccuracies and inventions. Land Morrow Lindbergh (1937) Anne Lindbergh (1940-1993).hu . at 10pm. The country was in such a state that one car with New Jersey number plates was stopped 109 times on its way home from California. The post-mortem concluded that death had occurred two or three months before. the result of a fractured skull. More than three years later. He maintained his innocence until the end. still mourning the loss of their son. he discovered the body of Charles Augustus. the police stop the traffic in order to question drivers to sweep the countryside exp if a group of people are "sweeping the countryside". a man got out of a truck four miles from the Lindbergh’s house to go to the toilet. but was found guilty and executed on 3rd April 1936. “I think it is thrilling to have so many people moved by one thought. or wrote about Lindbergh’s negotiations with the Mafia. Betty Gow. waiting for any news. prime ministers and the Prince of Wales extended their sympathy. and one day she wrote in her diary. But it all came to a very sad end seven months later. The story dominates the news for many months. came home to the house in Hopewell.hotenglishmagazine. you make the child feel comfortable before he/she sleeps to recover vb if you are “recovering” from a cold. they are moving through the countryside. New Jersey. and 400 journalists had gathered in the Lindberghs’ garden.” Meanwhile her husband.” Mrs Lindbergh wrote. GLOSSARY to tuck up phr vb if you “tuck up” a child. but Mrs Lindbergh’s “sustained note” never went away. Then. Charles Augustus Lindbergh was born on 4th February 1902. and Reeve Lindbergh (1945). often as they are looking for something to extend your sympathy exp to say that you are sorry about something a number plate n the series of numbers and letters at the back and front of a car that identify the car the Resurrection n the time when Jesus came alive again after being dead for 3 days a tabloid n a newspaper that often has sensational stories about famous people a kidnapper n a person who "steals" a person and demands money in exchange for that person a truck n US a large vehicle for transporting goods. But the case of the Lindbergh baby was even bigger. Someone had paid for the crime. “I have a sustained feeling – like a high note on Always seeking stories. Soon afterwards. the story returned to the front pages when the man accused of the murder. There are rumours. Their baby had died that first night. the Lindberghs moved to Europe in December 1935. accusations and tales of suspicion. an organ that has got stuck – inside me. and made sure that everything was all right. from Long Island to Paris in 1927 in a plane called The Spirit of St Louis. Tired of being in the spotlight. Jon Morrow Lindbergh (1932). the world-famous flyer. in the words of one journalist of the time (HL Mencken) “the biggest story since the Resurrection”. Whatever the McCanns achieved in publicity was nothing compared to the Lindbergh case. A “lorry” in British English a sharp blow to the head exp a hit to the head with great force to mourn vb to be grieving (in a state of sadness) because someone has just died 44 I www. They closed the window shutters. The Lindbergh Case Charles Lindbergh (father) here’s a missing child. went on trial in Flemington.com or www. Charles. Betty Gow went to check on the 20-month-old baby and discovered he wasn’t there.The Lindbergh CaSe T One of the most sensational news stories of the 20th century. tucked up little Charles Lindbergh II in his bed (he was recovering from a cold). Sound familiar? The story of little Charles Lindbergh has a lot in common with the tragic tale of Madeline McCann. On 12th May 1932. the baby’s father. Even Al Capone offered his help from jail. Bruno was a German immigrant living in the Bronx. Bruno Hauptmann. or by a sharp blow to the head. Scott Lindbergh (1942). except for a pair of shutters that couldn’t be closed properly. He married Anne Morrow on 27th May 1929. There. Lindbergh was convinced that they could lead him to the kidnappers as there were many kidnapping gangs operating in the US at the time. The next day. the little girl who went missing while on holiday with her parents in Portugal. 100. the tabloids often invented stories. They had six children: Charles Augustus Lindbergh II (1930-1932). he had supper. nothing the Lindberghs could have done would have made any difference. either by falling to the ground when his kidnapper was on the ladder. Mrs Lindbergh and her Scottish nurse. Presidents. newspapers began to feel that they were unfairly rejected. knew how newspapers behaved. But her feelings of optimism soon changed. Aircraft circled to take pictures. Colonel Charles Lindbergh. presidents and famous people become involved. New Jersey. It became. Later that evening.

” Hang on To wait. either because of an illness.” “I’m sorry but we’ll have to continue talking about that tomorrow because we’ve run out of time. “I can’t seem to fit in any time to have that meeting. run out of time To have no more time to do something.com or www. or so you can do something else.hu I 45 Phrasal Verb Themes This month we are looking at some phrasal verbs related to time.” “He had a crash and completely wrote off the car. Take time off To spend time away from work.” Be pressed for time not to have enough time to do the things you need to do.hotenglishmagazine.” fit in (time) To find time to do something or to see someone. Hang out (with friends) To spend time with friends. usuAlly AT A mACHIne wITH A CloCk. “I’m sorry but I can’t talk to you right now because I’m a bit pressed for time. to be in a rush. Do you want to come?” www. CloCk off/ouT To reCorD THe TIme you ArrIve AT work or leAve work.” “we thought we’d go to the shopping centre to hang out for a while.CloCk on/In. pHraSal vErb tHEmES: timE . BrIng forwArD To CHAnge THe DATe or TIme of someTHIng so THAT IT CAn HAppen eArlIer THAn plAnneD. “what time does she clock off at night?” “I’m going to take a few months off work to write my novel.hotenglish. to reach the end of a period of time. relAXIng. usually for a short period of time. “Can you hang on a sec? I’m just drying my hair.” “we’ll have to bring the date of the meeting forward because roger is going away to a conference next week.

The economy has enjoyed 15 years of strong growth. there are fears that Australia’s booming economy could begin to stumble.com or www. an Australian surfer’s worst enemy was the shark. or used for agriculture). health professionals and hairdressers. you “attack” that group or make them the focus of an investigation. “For the first time in nearly half a century we will show the imagination to build new towns – eco-towns with low and zero-carbon homes. “These people are basically refusing to work and choosing instead to surf and relax on the beach. sea and surf. They are often built on brownfield sites (abandoned industrial sites).” the spokesperson added. as he launched a plan to crack down on surfers living on welfare benefits. and unemployment is at a 30-year low. to unveil plans exp to explain plans to the public a carbon-neutral home n a house that produces no CO2 and that is run on renewable energy ecologically sustainable adj that doesn’t produce anything harmful to the environment and that preserves the environment to target vb if you “target” a particular group. the government is recruiting thousands more skilled workers from overseas to plug gaps in the labour market. and we’ve got other areas where they’re desperate for workers.Headline News N˚ 4 Headline News The voice of the people Headline News London 2007 Eco-Towns Gordon Brown has some good news for Britain’s ecologists.” said an Australian government spokesperson. Without this army of foreign accountants.000 carbon-neutral homes would be built. Australia has an acute shortage of labour. as he unveiled plans to double the number of “eco-towns” to be built across the UK.hotenglishmagazine.” Gordon Brown announced. Mr Brown promised that up to 100. such as solar or wind power. rather than greenfield land (land that has not been developed and that is currently part of nature. the sun. pollution-free energy. GLOSSARY Work Shy Australian surfers come under attack.” Currently. I’d rather be surfing. “Instead of just five new eco-towns we will now aim for ten – building thousands of new homes in every region of the country. Now it could be the Australian government as they target those claiming unemployment benefits whilst enjoying the delights of the sun. In the past. yet there are still pockets of potential labour around the country. These towns are intended to be ecologically sustainable: their electricity and power will come from locally-produced. you start to fall 46 I www.. an eco-town n a town that receives electricity from renewable sources: wind.hotenglish.” he added. “We’ve got areas where there aren’t any jobs.. there is not much of that thing and you need more of it to plug gaps exp if you “plug gaps”.” The eco-town idea was the first major policy announcement made by Mr Brown. “There is a correlation between high unemployment and coastal areas.hu . etc unemployment benefits n money you receive from the government if you have no job a correlation between n a connection between to crack down on phr vb if the government “cracks down on” a particular crime. “We’ve got too many jobs chasing too few people. they focus on that crime and try to stop it welfare benefits n money you receive from the government if you have no job an acute shortage of exp if there is an “acute shortage of” something. you try to fill holes (needs) to stumble vb if you “stumble”.

an illegal version www.000 advance to the publishing house. But news of the autobiography had been leaked. When Irving and Suskind were ready. and Pretty Woman (1990). Late in 1971. In 1970 Irving was living on the island of Ibiza. Suskind did most of the research into Hughes. And Irving started forging letters in Hughes’s own hand. and the successful autobiography of an art forger called Fake! (1969). But Irving finally confessed on 28th January 1972. In fact. by 1958. And it was almost successful. Richard Gere Born 31st August 1949 in Philadelphia. and were found guilty on 16th June. 1972. The autobiography would be based on interviews between Hughes and Irving.com or www. Clifford Irving Born 5th November 1930. Irving kept his cool.hotenglishmagazine. no one. And it was here that the pair came up with a scheme that was designed to make them a lot of money: to write and sell Howard Hughes’ “autobiography”. Hughes had retired from public life. It’s the incredible story of author and journalist Clifford Irving. with an additional $765. apart from a very few close friends and associates had seen him for many years. But then the whole hoax came to an end on 7th January 1972 when Hughes finally contacted the outside world. the publishing house paid an advance of $100. Irving was convicted and spent 14 months in prison. He recently said this about the film. Irving contacted a major publishing house. and it had very little to do with me.hotenglish. Famous for his roles in American Gigolo (1980). Pennsylvania. Colorado. Irving and Suskind appeared in court on 13th March. Hughes arranged a telephone conference with seven journalists.” The film is real.he Hoax T The fascinating story of Clifford Irv ing. At the time. Richard Gere’s latest film is The Hoax. Clifford Irving started off his career as a writer for the New York Times. However. The publishing house agreed to the terms and wrote up contracts between the publishing house and Hughes and Irving. Eventually. Irving claimed that he had been talking to Hughes about writing the autobiography. Irving and Suskind’s plan was to write a fake autobiography of Howard Hughes. complete with notes in Hughes’s forged handwriting (notes that an expert graphologist declared genuine). Hughes denounced Irving and said that he had never even met him.hu I 47 The Hoax . the press or the public find out about it unofficially to keep your cool exp to remain calm even though you are in a tense situation a hoax n a trick designed to make people believe something to denounce vb if you “denounce” someone. Richard Suskind. GLOSSARY a career n the job you choose to do for the majority of your professional life an art forger n a person who copies paintings and sells them illegally a recluse n a person who lives alone and who avoids contact with other people to forge vb to make an illegal copy a manuscript n a first version of a book a graphologist n a person who analyses handwriting and styles of writing to leak vb if information is “leaked”. He had a number of businesses and had been involved in the movie and flying industries. where he met another author. Irving claimed that the voice was a fake. The Hoax Directed by Lasse Hallström. Irving showed them three forged letters. An active supporter of many charities. And now several representatives of Hughes’s companies expressed their doubts about the authenticity of the book. Irving delivered the manuscript to the publishing house. He voluntarily returned the $765. At first. He also wrote a few novels. in Spain. using news archives.000 to go to Hughes. Famous for writing the fake “autobiography” of Howard Hughes. you report them to the police/ authorities a fake n a copy. The publishing house announced its intention to publish the book in March. Starring Richard Gere and Alfred Molina.000. imitating authentic letters Irving had seen in Newsweek magazine. which Irving deposited into a Swiss bank account that Irving’s wife had opened under the name H. one of which claimed that Hughes wished to have his biography written but that he wanted the project to remain a secret. “I had nothing to do with this movie. An Officer and a Gentleman (1982). Hughes (Helga Hughes). Currently lives in Aspen. Hughes was a famous multimillionaire recluse. Based on the life of Clifford Irving. and he hated any kind of contact with the public. The publishing house paid by cheque. Suskind was sentenced to six months and served five. It was the hoax of the century. who was arrested for fraud in a spectacular case from the early 1970s.

the whole hill.hotenglish. in a scene This is the speech that Jules Winnfield (Samuel L Jackson) makes just before executing a small-time drug dealer in the Quentin Tarantino film Pulp Fiction (1994): The path of the righteous man is beset on all sides by the inequities And finally. punk? listen up! I’ve got something to say. and would blow your head clean off. cuts through and captures the essence of the evolutionary spirit. victory.. Choose washing machines. ’Do I feel lucky?’ Well. Someday this war’s gonna end. and it will be so. do not be happened troubled. When it was all over I walked up. the most powerful handgun in the world. Choose Life In this speech. Did he fire six shots or only five? Well. in all this excitement. for love. God’s Fury 3. for you are in Elysium greed n the desire to have more of (heaven). Smelled like. knowledge – has marked the upward surge of mankind. you mark my words exp Which one is your favourite? Write in with your suggestions or comments to filmspeech@ hotenglishmagazine. 2. Go Ahead. often saying from now I will be harvesting my something important in public a shot n if there is a “shot”. you’ve got to ask yourself one question. Choose a family. in all of its forms – greed for life. Choose good health. Mark Renton (Ewan McGregor) is talking about life in general. you can’t remember exactly what has the sun on your face. one time we had a hill bombed. of the selfish and the tyranny of evil men. Here’s tough guy Harry Callahan (Clint Eastwood) from the Don Siegel film Dirty Harry (1971): I know what you’re thinking. Hold the line! kinda abbr or Stay with me! If you find yourself kind of (moreexpless) to lose track alone. I’ve kinda lost track myself. But being as this is a . Here are our top six film speeches. here is General Maximus Meridius (Russell Crowe) addressing his troops in the opening battle scene for the Ridley Scott film GLOSSARY a speech n Gladiator (2000): a series of words spoken by a Fratres! [Brothers!] Three weeks character in a film/play.. a quick development life echoes in eternity. Choose a career.. Choose your future.Speech Film What’s your favourite film speech? A recent poll chose a monologue from the war movie Apocalypse Now as the best speech in cinema history. for twelve hours. Choose life.com or www. cars. Greed. for he is truly his brother’s keeper and the finder of lost children. ladies and gentleman. low cholesterol and dental insurance.com listen carefully to what I am saying a career n a job you choose to do for the majority of your professional life a mortgage repayment n the money you pay the bank every month as payment for the money you borrowed to buy your house 6. compact disc players. And you will know my name is the Lord when I lay my vengeance upon you. not one stinkin’ body. you know that gasoline smell. Imagine where you will bullet from a gun be. shepherds the weak through the valley of darkness. You know. 4. Choose a starter home. riding in green fields with if you “lose track” of something. Blessed is he who. Nothing else in the world smells like that. hu . Punk from the Danny Boyle film Trainspotting (1996): Choose life. Film Speech And here is Gordon Gekko (Michael Douglas) from the Oliver Stone movie Wall Street (1987): The point is. Greed clarifies. Greed is Good This is the speech that Lieutenant Colonel Bill Kilgore (Robert Duvall) makes in the Francis Ford Coppola film Apocalypse Now (1979): You smell that? Do you smell that? Napalm. and electrical tin openers. do ya.] but that other malfunctioning corporation called the USA.44 Magnum. Choose a big television. in the name of charity and good will.hush.hotenglishmagazine. Greed works. is that greed – for lack of a better word – is good. Choose a job. I love the smell of napalm in the morning. And greed – you mark my words – will not only save Teldar Paper [the name of the company. Napalm Heaven 5. The smell. son. Choose fixed-interest mortgage repayments. for money. Choose your friends. to tell you the truth. someone fires a crops. Brothers in Arms 48 I www. and you’re already something than you really need an upward surge exp dead! Brothers. What we do in a fast increase. We didn’t find one of ’em.. And I will strike down upon thee with great vengeance and furious anger those who attempt to poison and destroy my brothers. Greed is right. 1.

332 each. it is being analysed to bring down phr vb if you “bring someone down”. you are informed about that thing to award vb if you are “awarded” a sum of money. another of the students who was working at the same insurance company. But he got caught and we’re pleased about that. to give your permission for something to receive notification exp if you “receive notification” of something.” Jiavu has already been sacked and the case is now under review. The three students are awaiting sentence. At the time.hu I 49 News Stories . you destroy them professionally an achievement n something that someone has succeeded in doing after a lot of effort pending adj waiting for a decision to be taken about it to postpone vb to delay. The three men were arrested and have now admitted charges of faking the deaths of two women in a £125. you report a crime or accident to an insurance company in order to get compensation to approve vb to agree to something.” The whole case in now under review and all pending death penalties issued by Mr Jiavu have been postponed.000 insurance scam. After this success. when the husband of the real Jacqueline Gilbert received notification that his wife’s life insurance money had been awarded. to cause to happen at a later date Sweet Revenge Man destroyed by mistresses. etc to forge vb to make an illegal copy a scam n a scheme designed to make money by tricking people a beneficiary n a person who receives compensation or insurance money a claim n if you make a "claim". This time they received £95. It has been reported that Pang Jiavu offered his close friends lucrative business contracts under one condition: that he could have an affair with their wives. “It is not surprising for a man to be brought down by one woman. A senior Chinese official is in a lot of trouble after no fewer than eleven former mistresses accused him of corruption. he contacted the insurance company and demanded to know what had happened as his wife was “very much alive and well”. GLOSSARY an insurance company n a company that pays you money as compensation when you have an accident / lose things. Jiavu sentenced some of the men to death for “corrupt business activities”. The People’s Daily newspaper in China said. www. the students then decided to claim that another woman. But by eleven women at the same time is quite an achievement. He converted young. Again the letters were forged and the claim was approved by James Gargett. Three students working over the summer for an insurance company thought they’d come up with the perfect way to make money. He also produced letters showing that he was the beneficiary of her life insurance money. accusing Jiavu of “corruption and hypocrisy”.CD tracks 35-36 Irishwoman & Englishman Student Scam Students make thousands in false claims. “Mr Jiavu abused his position.hotenglish. who joined forces.503 after Mrs Gilbert’s “apparent” death. This was the final straw for the wives. Jiavu was working as an influential Communist Party boss and he was also the chairman of the provincial assembly. you are given that sum to fake vb to make an illegal copy a mistress n the female lover of a married man a lucrative business contract n a business contract that is worth a lot of money the final straw exp the last thing in a series of bad events that convinces you to stop something or change it to sack vb to tell someone to leave their job under review exp if something is “under review”. The claim was then approved by James Gargett. The name “Gilbert” was chosen for the scam because it was the same as John’s surname (Gilbert). and in an attempt to protect himself. Elizabeth Taplin had died. However.hotenglishmagazine. much later. The three students then received £30. However. With the help of his two friends. The newspaper said. and he told his close friends that he was going to help them become very rich. pretty wives of his junior colleagues into mistresses.com or www. John Gilbert forged death certificates and letters showing that a certain Jacqueline Gilbert had died.

Here are some examples of Schadenfreude in action. here are some Schadenfreude quotes.” Nietzsche. Please tell me because I’m dying to know. He used the word while talking to journalists about the film Gigli (2003 . I’m just glad to see him fall flat on his butt! He’s usually all happy and comfortable. 2A Madrid 28015 Phone: (00 34) 91 549 8523 Fax: (00 34) 91 549 8523 info@hotenglishmagazine.com Contributors Cover artist Dougal Maguire Cartoonist Daniel Coutoune Website wizard Iván Pérez Blanca San Roman Web marketing Web marketing Craig Dewe Writer Sam Bones Marketing Marta Ispierto Interviews Fred McLaughlan Writer Jane Grodeman Journalist Sam Jenkins Writer Paul McGann Proof reading Ian Slater Proof reading Marcie Lambert French depart. and it makes me feel.com Valencia office (Hot English) Simon Barlow: 635 965 865 simon@hotenglishmagazine. GLOSSARY New Words Alternative Schadenfreude Some argue that the English equivalent would be “morose delectation” although this is rarely used (if ever). B. This word is German in origin and comes from two words: “Shaden” (which means “damage” or “harm”). Homer: Oh. to ridicule someone devilish adj cruel or unpleasant a clear conscience n if you have a “clear conscience”.ru Printing Artes Gráficas Hono S. and “Freude” (which means “joy”).2001 December 2007 Published by Hot English Publishing. Here are a few of them with their literal translations: Dutch proverb: No better joy than joy about someone else’s sorrow.14272. The term is often capitalised. and surrounded by loved ones. “Humour is just Schadenfreude with a clear conscience.com Credit control and administration (00 34 91 549 8523) Art editor Philip McIvor Editorial department and blog Peter Moore Web consultant Robert York Audio production www.android-tracks. those Germans have a word for everything. sales. to take pleasure in other people’s pain. C/Fernández de los Ríos. but is a loanword that is often used in English: Schadenfreude. Affleck said (referring to the way that critics attacked and made fun of the film). marketing. finance.com hotenglishmagazine. etc) on the verge of exp about to happen bankruptcy n the state of having no money to pay bills to fall flat on one’s butt exp inform to make a mistake in an embarrassing way sour grapes exp if you say that something is “sour grapes”. you don’t feel guilty or bad about your actions sorrow n sadness Hot Staff Director of studies Leigh Dante (00 34 91 543 3573) classes@hotenglishmagazine. Homer is happy because Ned Flanders is on the verge of bankruptcy. Other languages have equivalent expressions to describe Schadenfreude. “To feel envy is human. “I think there was a certain amount of Schadenfreude involved. Hebrew saying: There is no joy like Schadenfreude. C.starring Ben Affleck and Jennifer Lopez). What’s the opposite of that shameful joy thing of yours? Lisa: Sour grapes? Homer: Boy. Another example of the word in use comes from Hollywood superstar Ben Affleck.” Arthur Schopenhauer. Have you ever felt a sense of joy at other people’s misfortune? If you have. Laurent Guiard Intern Amanda Glensky Intern Carleen Hawthorne Intern Michele Jaret Intern Rebecca Kern Crisis Expert Tara Palmeri Proof reading Tyler Altes Anita Iglesias French proof reading Mexico Dimsa: Mexico City 555 545 6645 Hungary Gabor Winkler & Peter Bokor info@hotenglish.com Look! INTERNSHIPS Come and intern in Madrid.com Editorial Director Andy Coney (00 34 91 549 8523) andyc@hotenglishmagazine. S. taking pleasure in the suffering of others.A. Distribution by SGEL S. During the interview.hu Russia William Hackett-Jones william@hotenglishmagazine. This word has many definitions: to take pleasure from someone else’s suffering.. translation.L. administration. Japanese saying: Others’ misfortunes are the taste of honey. ISSN 1577-7898 Depósito Legal M. CD Production MPO S. Lisa.A. to feel happiness at other people’s misfortune..L.com Barcelona office (Hot English) Carmen Soini: 696 108 245 barcelona@hotenglishmagazine. as it is in the original German. This month’s word is actually German in origin.hu .” And finally. This first one is an extract from The Simpsons. Lisa: It’s a German word for shameful joy. do you know what Schadenfreude is? Homer: No. An opposite of Schadenfreude would be “sympathetic joy” or “happiness in another’s good fortune”.the Month Word of This is the start of a new series on fun.com Office manager Ana Pintor Córdoba (00 34 91 549 8523) subs@hotenglishmagazine.hotenglish. 98. then you have enjoyed a little Schadenfreude. Dynamic office atmosphere. The film is often referred to as the worst movie of 2003. Lisa: Dad. design.com 50 I www. business. Norwegian saying: Schadenfreude is the only true joy. French proverb: One person’s misfortune is another’s happiness. Great variety of tasks: journalism. to savour Schadenfreude is devilish. Contact interns@ Managing Director Thorley Russell (00 34 91 455 0273) thorleyr@hotenglishmagazine. come on.com or www. I do not know what Schadenfreude is. useful and very interesting English words. you are saying that it is a case of jealousy or envy to make fun of someone exp to laugh at someone.hotenglishmagazine. a loanword n a foreign word that is used in another language joy n happiness misfortune n bad luck to capitalise vb to use capital letters (A.

Hot English magazine – the online version. any place.com or send the form on the subscription page of this magazine (page 25).com or www. Download the sound files in MP3 format.hu I 51 *Back issues start from number 62. Any time.hotenglishmagazine. . Uploaded every month! Guaranteed! See back issues on our website*. A one-year subscription = Only 30 euros! Hot English will be available on the 1st of every month on our website. Simply key in your personal code and password. Download the pages in PDF format. The number of back issues will grow every month. www. and download the files you want so you can read and listen to Hot English magazine.hotenglishmagazine. ® ® Get your personal code and password online now with our secure PayPal system at www.hotenglish.com or call our subscription team on (00 34) 91 549 8523 or e-mail subs@hotenglishmagazine.

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