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MODELING OF SOLAR AND WIND ENERGY SYSTEMS

Sub Code : 11CAE252 Hrs/week : 04 Total Lecture Hrs : 52 IA Marks Exam Hours Exam Marks : 50 : 03 : 100

1. Introduction: Man and energy. India's production and resources. Energy alternatives. Solar Radiation: The sun as the source of radiation. Solar radiation at the earth's surface. Instruments for measuring solar radiation and sunshine. Solar radiation data. Empirical equations for predicting the availability of solar radiation problems. (6 hours) 2. Flat Plate Collectors: Introduction, liquid plate collector, materials for flat plate collector. Efficiency of flat plate collector. Analysis of plate flate collector, problems. (7 hours) 3. Solar Concentrating Collectors: Introduction. Parameters characteristics of solar concentrators, Classifications of solar concentrators, Analysis of concentrating collector, Thermodynamic limits to concentration, Problems. (7 hours)

4. Thermal Energy Applications: Solar desalination. Solar drying, house heating, Passive solar house heating, Solar energy industrial process heat, Solar refrigeration, Solar furnaces, Solar powered thermal water pump, Solar thermal energy storage, problems. (6 hours) 5.Introduction: History of wind generation. Wind Characteristics: Meteorology of wind. World distribution of wind. Wind speed variation with height. Wind speed statistics. Wind Measurements: Eolian features. Biological indicators. Rotational anemometers. Other anemometers. Wind measurements with balloons, problems. (7 hours) 6.Wind Turbine Power, Energy and Torque: Power output from an ideal turbine. Aerodynamics. Transmission and generator efficiency. Torque at constant speeds. Drive train oscillators. Turbine shaft power and torque at variable speeds. Tower and systems installations. Specific types of towers. Tower height. Towers and system raising. Wiring. Lightning protection. Installation and maintenance of other equipment, problems. (7 hours)

7.Wind Turbine connected to the Electrical Network: The synchronous generator, Per unit calculation, The induction machine, Features of the electrical network , Asynchronous Loads: Piston water pumps, Centrifugal pumps, Paddle wheel, problems. (7 hours)

8.Economics of Wind Systems: Capital costs. Economic concepts. Value of wind generated electricity. Hidden costs and non-economic factors in industrialized nations, problems. (5 hours)

Text Books : 1. S.P.Sukhatme and J.K.Nayak, Solar Energy Principles of Thermal Collection and Storage,TMH,1996 2. Gray-L.Johnson, Wind Energy Systems, McGraw-Hill \Book Company,1982 Reference Books:

1. Martin.T.Katzman, Applied Solar Energy: An Introduction, Rowman & Littlefield


Publishers, 1984 2. Van Neoetrand A.A.M.Sayigh, Solar Energy Application in Buildings. New York : Academic Press, 1979. 3. A.E.Dixon and J.D.Leslie, Solar Energy Conversion.Elsevier, 1979 4. V.Daniel Hunt, Wind Power, Van Nostrand Rein-ford Company, 1985 5. Daniel M.Simons, Wind Power

MODELING AND SIMULATION OF THERMAL SYSTEMS


Sub Code : 11CAE322 Hrs/week : 04 Total Lecture Hrs : 52 IA Marks Exam Hours Exam Marks : 50 : 03 : 100

1. Principle Of Computer Modeling And Simulation: Monte Carlo simulation, Nature of computer modeling and simulation, limitations of simulation, areas of application. (6 Hours) 2. System and Environment: components of a system discrete and continuous systems. Models of a system-a variety of modeling approaches. (6 Hours)

3. Introduction to Thermal Design : Preliminaries,Workable,optimal and nearly optimal designs,Life cycle Design,Thermal System Design Aspects,Concept creatrion and Assessment,Computer Aided Thermal System design. (6 Hours) 4. Thermodynamics, modeling and design analysis: Basic concepts and definitions, Control volumes concepts, property relations, reacting mixtures and combustion, thermodynamic model-cogeneration system, modeling and design of piping systems. (7 Hours) 5. Exergy analysis: Exergy, Physical Exergy, Exergy Balance, Chemical Exergy, Applications, Guidelines for evaluating and Improving Thermodynamic Effectiveness. (6 Hours) 6. Heat Tranfer, Modeling and Design Analysis Conduction: Steady conduction Unsteady conduction, Convection: External forced convection, Internal forced convection, Natural convection, Condensation, Boiling, Radiation: Two-surafce,enclosures, Enclosures with more than two surfaces, Gray medium surrounded by two diffuse-gray surfaces. (8 Hours) 7. Applications with Heat and Fluid flow: Thermal Insulation, Fins,, Electronic Packages, Natural convection, cooling, forced convection cooling, cooling of a heat generating board. (6 Hours) 8. Applications with Thermodynamics and Heat and Fluid flow Heat Exchangers: The trade off Between Thermal and Fluid Flow, Irreversibilties, Air Preheater Preliminary Design and additional applications. (7 Hours) Text Books 1. System simulation with digital Computer - Narsingh Deo, Prentice Hall of India, 1979. 2. Adrian Bejan, George Tsatsaronis, M J Moron, Thermal Design and Optimisation, John

Wiley and Sons, 1996.


Reference Books: 1. Discrete event system simulation - Jerry Banks & John S Carson II, prentice hall Inc, 1984. 2. Systems simulation - Gordon g, prentice Hall of India Ltd,1991.

QUALITY MANAGEMENT AND ASSURANCE


Sub Code : 11CAE333 Hrs/week : 04 Total Lecture Hrs : 52 IA Marks Exam Hours Exam Marks : 50 : 03 : 100

1.Introduction: The Quality axioms, consequences of total quality, Quality costs , valuable tools of quality ,The historical Background,The Japanese factor 2.managament tools for quality The Deming Approach to quality, Demings fourteen points for management, Implementing the deming philosophy,Juran s Quality Trilogy,Crosby and the Quality vaccine ,Crosby s forteen steps for quality improvement 3.Kaizen. The concept,Kaizen and Innovation,The Kaizen managaement practices,kaizen and Deming,Application of kaizen to mass production 4.Basic Techniques for statistical Analysis: Introduction ,Measures of central tendency and dispersion,confidence intervals,hypothesis teating,frequency distribution and histograms probability distributions. 5. Control charts for variables Defintion of control charts,possible objectives of control charts,relationship between ,, , and R,basic subgrouping,Establishing of control limits,chances of errors,control limits on charts,revising the control limits,process capability studies,problems group control charts 6.Control charts for attributes Limitations of variable charts,comparison of and R charts with P chart,control limits on P chart,choice between P and n-p charts,control charts for defects C c and U charts,comparison between variable and attribute charts 7.Acceptance sampling Concepts of Acceptance sampling,the operating characteristics curves,producers risk consuners risk,AOQL,Steps in design of an acceptance plan,single sampling plan,double sampling plan,multiple plan sampling plan and sequential sampling plan,Average total inspection 8.Taguchi s Appraoch to Offline Quality Assusrance

Introductions, Background to the method, Taguchis lower is better .higher is better, nom,inal is best strategies ,Net variation and contribution ratios, ANNOVA, Effective number of replications, Deming and Taguchi Text Books: 1. Eugene Grant, Statistical Quality Control, TMH, 7th ed. 2. R. C. Gupta, Statistical Quality Control, Khanna Publisher, Delhi Reference Book: 1. M Mahajan, Statistical Quality Control , Dhanpat Rai & Company. 2. N. Logothetis, Managing for Total Quality, PHI.

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ANALYSIS AND DESIGN OF AUTOMATED SYSTEMS


Sub Code : 11CAE254 Hrs/week : 04 Total Lecture Hrs : 52 IA Marks Exam Hours Exam Marks : 50 : 03 : 100

1. Introduction to Automation. Basic elements of an automated system, advanced automation, functions, levels of automation, automation principles and strategies 2. Industrial Control Systems Process industries VsDiscrete manufacturing Industries,Continuous v/s discrete control, Computer process control,forms of computer process control ,Fundamentals of N.C. control DNC,Engineering analysis of NC positioning system. 3. Sensors ,Actutorsand other control system components Design of sensors,Actuators,Analog to digital conversion, Digital to Analog conversion,Input/output Devices for discrete data. 4.Discrete control using programming logic controllers and personal computers : Discrete process control,Ladder logic diagrams for parts of an automated system,programmabale logic cocntrollers ,personal computer using soft logic. 5.Storage systems: Storage systems performance,storage location strategies,conventional storage methods and equipment,automated storage systems,Engineering analysis of storage systems. 6. Group technology and cellular manufacturing Part families,parts classing and coding,production flow analysis,cellular manufacturing Applications considerations in group technology,Quantitative Analysis cellular manufacturing. 7. Automation using Hydarulic systems Design aspects of various hydraulic systems like pumps,filters,accumulators,intensifiers,valves,hydraulic circuit design and performance analysis. 8. Automation using Pneumatic systems Pneumatic fundamentals-control elements,position and pressure sensing-logic circuits,selection of components,design calculations,applications.

Text Books: 1. MP Groover, CAD /CAM, Prentice hall. 2. Yorem Koren, Computers in Manufacturing, McGraw Hill, 1992. Reference Book: 1. Andrew Parr, Hydraulics and Pneumatics, Jaico Publishing House, 1999