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Udyog Bhavan, 4th Floor 29, Walchand Hirachand Marg Ballard Estate, Mumbai 400 001. Telephone: 2261 3052, 2261 5507 Fax: (91-22) 2262 0606, Telegrams: OCEANITE E-mail: OR Website:
Editor : MR. S. S. KHAN
July – September 2006 Vol. 50 Issue No. 3


Editorial Engineering Circular No. 75 S.D. Circular No. 3/2006 (Memorandum) M.S. Notice No. 11 of 2006 Scientists study rogue waves to save ships Taxation and You – 33 — By Jayant Menezes Seafarer’s Rights : Charter for the 21st century – Bill of Rights ITF advice on signing a contract to work at sea N.T. Branch circular No. NT/ISPS/SHIP/06/2006 Common Illnesses – Gout and sleep changes in older adults – By Dr. Sachin Bhavsar By Ashesh Pandia Do you know? Words of Wisdom Crew Branch Circular No. 1 of 2005 A Union ship is a happier ship PF v/s. PPF: What’s the difference?



July — September 2006

By Vijendra S. Thapa – Office Superintendent, MUI Kitchen Corner Cooking Tips Laugh a little ICRA rating confirms outstanding status for HIMT Provisionally approved list of recruitment and placement of services for which Indian register of shipping, Mumbai has recommended issue of licence as on 7.7.06 Rise of modern-day pirates Bombay Explosion (1944) N.T. Branch Circular No. NT/ISPS/SHIP/07/2006 World standard times Vessel tracking and identification – What will the future hold NT/ENG Circular No.4 IMO News News in Brief ITF News Kandla port creates new record in cargo handling

Oceanite is distributed to members of the Maritime Union of India
Oceanite Office: 204 National Insurance Building, 2nd Floor, Dr. Dadabhai Naoroji Road, Near CST Railway Station, Above Suvidha Restaurant, Mumbai 400 001. Tel.: 22075607 Branch Office : Bhagat Chambers, 2nd Floor, 12A Netaji Subhas Road, Kolkata 700 001. Tel.: 033-22304169 Fax: 91-033-22310900 E-mail: Resident Representatives: At Tuticorin : Mr. D.M. Stephen Fernando Tuticorin Port Mariners' & General Staff Union, Beach Road, Zone 'B' Extention Port Opp. Customs Office, Tuticorin 628 001. Tamil Nadu Tel.: 0461-2326519/2339195 Mobile: 91(0)9443159137 Fax: 0461 2311668 E-mail: At Visakhapatnam : Mr. G.R.R. Achary D. No. 9-5-53/2(1), Opp. TSR Apartments, Sivajipalem, Visakhapatnam 530 017. Tel.: 0891-2762573 Fax: 0891 2709025 At Chennai : Mr. Muralidharan / Mr. P.A. Khan MIG-102, 5th Cross Road, Aftabh Manzil, M.K.B. Nagar, Vyasarpadi, Chennai 600 039. Tel/Fax.: 044-26733064 Email: The views and opinions expressed by different writers, institutions and organisations in the various articles and reports published herein are of the respective writers, institutions and organisations and not of the Maritime Union of India.
Please Note : Every care has been taken to publish the Notifications & Circulars of various government departments. However, "Oceanite" will not be responsible for any error in publishing the same. Readers are requested to refer to the original notifications issued by the Department concerned.
July — September 2006



From MUI team

Problems facing Shipping Industry - Shortage of Senior Officers
Articles in newspapers, maritime journals, speakers at seminars predominantly address the issue of shortage of merchant navy officers in the nation’s shipping industry. We felt it is imperative for Maritime Union of India (MUI) reiterate our stand on this issue. Hence, we felt the need to reprint views and steps taken by MUI, published in our issue of October-December 2005 with relevant editing. The specific problem of shortage of Senior Officers (both Nautical - Master, Chief officers and Engineers - Chief Engineers, and 2nd Engineers) has arisen due to several reasons so far as India is concerned. We consider that the present continuing problem of shortage is a creation of shipowners themselves and inaction of Central Government in bringing corrective methods in time. The BIMCO Review of 1999 – 2000 on World Wide demand for and supply of officers conducted in cooperation with the Institute for Employment Research, U.K. and published in April 2000; is a very reasonable study thereby warning all concerned, well in advance. This study report inter-alia indicates that the recruitment and training level of officers would need to be enhanced to meet the requirement of additional demand in the future due to (1) increase in tonnage fleet to meet the increase in global trade, (2) normal retirement of officers, (3) change of job of officers from ships to shore or other industries, (4) increased duration of training, certification, examination of officers due to increased safety levels on account of new IMO convention,. (5) nonavailability of certified officers due to the factors like (a) officers proceeding on leave (i.e. period between sign off and next signing on.), (b) passing out of officers of the respective grades and number of attempts to pass the examination, training courses and up-gradation courses etc. The same study also suggests that during the next 5 to 10 years, most of the senior level officers will be from the segment of Asia or East Europe. Therefore, the problem of shortage of officers for manning Indian Ships may become more acute than it was in the year 2000 unless requisite remedial measures are provided for them. The question still remain unanswered is “Who should take the effective measures at what point of time to avoid the present level of non-availability of senior officers in Indian Shipping sector.” We, therefore, without blaming either shipowners or Government, should find out long-term and short-term remedial measures. Some of the important suggestions placed by MUI are : 1) Indian Shipping Companies should offer same wages to the Indian Officers as that of the Foreign Companies/ line. 2) Any period spent by Indian Officers on Indian Vessels, irrespective of the area of operation should be made eligible towards aggregation of 180 days for NRI Status. INSA should take up this issue very seriously and vigorously with the Government. Shipowners should prepare and submit to DG Shipping, details of year wise and category wise shortages on company basis for the last 5 years beginning from the year 2000. They should also be asked to submit to DG Shipping, action taken by them to solve the problem of shortages from time to time during last 5 years. Revised, scientific and more result oriented procedures for (a) Conducting examinations of all grades, (b) Revision of periodicity, quick results, revision of Oral exam, (c) Better and effective assessment of both written/ oral examination/ tests, by officers of MMD with/without outside officers, with technical audit of the examination systems. DG Shipping should give written guidelines to shipping companies in the matter of promotion of the officers from lower grades to chief engineers/ masters. Employment of all grades of officers on the longterm/ permanent basis instead of existing contract basis, (except in the case of SCI) Good relations with all Seafarers and better personal relations. (It is to be noted that member officers regularly inform us that treatment meted out to them by PSU companies at the time of reporting for shipboard duties, and on their submitting genuine claims is one of indifference, bordering on absymal and hurtful. Recently, even the benefits since inception of INSA-MUI agreements are being denied to them, citing unjustified reasons by certain persons. On the other hand, as per our information such situation is not existing in other shipping companies. On the contrary, they extend better benefits and deal cordially with merchant shipping officers. July — September 2006








Nevertheless, MUI’s approach is to continue convincing these officers to join and continue to serve national shipping. Yet, if there is any difficulty in settling an issue/s, they can either write to, or meet the higher ups in the PSU companies about their complaints. Here we find reluctance on their part exists. Having said that, it is needless to say that floating staff plays a vital role in shipping industry. We humbly suggest to our brothers in the shore establishment to extend maximum co-operation and assistance to afloat brothers. We at MUI hope that better sense prevails.) 8) 9) Meeting in DG Shipping with INSA/ FOSMA/ MASSA/ maritime unions Extension of age limit up to 65 or 70 years or employing retired officers up to 65/70 years on subject to medical fitness.

working on ships from this country. The shipowners should not look at on-board training for the Trainee Officers as a cost to the company but it must be viewed as investment in generating future assets in order to meet future needs and contingencies like the present scenario. In this regard, both the shipowners and Government have failed miserably. In addition, our maritime officers must keep their downtime to a minimum, which will help to fulfill more and more employment opportunities for Indian officers. Although both the DG Shipping and INSA have conveniently missed the bus of their own making, even after the BIMCO report of 2000 was made available to us all, they just ignored corrective action being taken at appropriate time. DG Shipping should have doubled irrespective of other constraints like classroom space, budget, number of lecturers and similar factors, the training intake and framed a common code for promotion of officers from ground level to senior levels. Similarly, the INSA and its members should have adopted an action plan for the year 2000 to 2005 and 2006 to 2010 for reviewing their promotion from junior level to graded senior level and a review made to take stock of the situation. Nobody has ever bothered or thought of an action-plan to built up a reasonable strength of senior level officers to man our ships during normal and contingency periods like the present one. Even now nobody except MUI, has suggested such action plan! Now, that the severity of the problem of shortage is bigger than solution, they have approached the Government for an emergency solution. In fact, they are now acting against the overall interest of the country. Instead nipping the problem at its bud, both the Government and the INSA are finding out remedy-less solution only. Let us all hope that the Government will be wiser now to find out a long-term solution without resorting to granting permission for import of foreign officers to man the Indian Vessels, only to cover up the mistakes committed and continued from the year 2000 till date both by the Government and the shipowners, particularly where other remedies and alternative solutions were available during the last 5 years, which they conveniently ignored to visualize, plan and act intelligently when the problem surfaced in the year 2000. Remedy/ solution should not be worse then the problem. Import of foreign personnel is not a solution but a new area of another problem in the shipping arena. We should stand on our legs to meet the present problems.

10) Finally, not to give any permission to INSA members to recruit any foreign national officers on Indian registered ships. Over the years, India has built up a large pool of trained manpower to cater the need of Maritime Merchant Fleet. One of the spin-offs of the excellent training imparted by India to its officers and more has been that the large number of Indian officers and men are employed on Foreign flag vessels, thereby, the foreign exchange of the country continue to be swelling. There are various reasons for preferences being given to Indian officers vis-à-vis seafarers of foreign country. Maritime training, education and certification in India are well organized and strictly regulated by the Government, thus ensuring highest standards. With this background, Indian officers switch over to foreign companies and tax benefits. There is a strong case for granting tax benefits to Indian officers working in Indian vessels including coastal Sector. The period that Indian officers remain on leave, other than and in addition to examination, revalidation and certification has also became considerably higher over the decades. This has also resulted in non-availability of senior officers in time to man our vessels on a phased/graded basis and therefore not been able to utilize the market share of employment opportunities to the full potential. Foreign employers should also share responsibility for on-board training in order to ensure sustained supply of certified officers by providing as many trainees as possible. Unless we provide on-board training, we will not have ready-made certified officers earning and July — September 2006



Government of India
For Information of Members

No. ENG/ISM-59(4)/97 Dated: 16th June 2006

Sub.: Improving safety and providing necessary instruction in the ISM ‘shipboard procedure manuals’ for ships carrying coconut oil and other vegetable oil as cargo in tanks. Summary: Incident/accident have occurred onboard ships carrying coconut oil as cargo in the ships tanks. This Circular disseminates the information on the incident/accident and draws attention to the hazards that are present and makes recommendations to obviate/lessen the danger. First Incident: 1. The ship was carrying a cargo of crude coconut oil for discharge at two ports. None of the tanks were fully discharged until arrival at the second port. The normal discharge process for vegetable oils requires the ‘squeezing’ of cargo to minimize cargo remaining on board. This operation involved personnel entering the cargo tank during the final tank stripping process. 2. Throughout the discharge the high velocity PV valves were open in free flow mode (vacuum side kept open) and 6 to 7 hours before anticipated tank entry the cargo tank hatch was opened and the inert gas blower was started and run on the fresh air mode during this process, however the inert gas blower was also providing air flow to all the ship’s cargo tanks, thus the volume and flow rate to be entered was greatly reduced. 3. All normal required checks and procedures were made prior to the issue of a tank entry permit. This included the stationing of breathing apparatus and crewmembers on standby in the locality on deck. Checks of oxygen content as well as LEL (Lower Explosive Limit) were also carried out, which revealed that the oxygen level was 20.9% and the LEL was 0%. 4. The Master was equipped with a portable radio as well as a combined oxygen and LEL gas detector and the ships Chief Officer and pumpman were standing by on deck. 5. Once the Master and the accompanying two crewmembers reached the tank bottom they realized that it was becoming difficult to breathe and immediately commenced evacuating the tank. Fortunately they managed to reach the upper platform about three metres inside the tank and there, thanks to the prompt action of the standby crew on deck, were immediately evacuated and hospitalized. 6. During the subsequent investigations, it was revealed that the carbon monoxide content of the tank had not been checked. It was found that the carbon monoxide content in all the tanks was in excess of 3,000 ppm as against the permissible limit of 30 ppm for 8-hour exposure limit or 200 ppm for short-term exposure not exceeding 15 minutes. Second incident: 1. A serious accident occurred on board a ship while discharging the cargo of Indonesian crude coconut oil. 2. Six men hired from ashore entered one of the tanks nearing completion of discharge to sweep the residue towards the pump suction. July — September 2006



3. Circular No. of India.Clarification regarding Dated: 8th August. Four were able to leave the tank but the other two collapsed over the heating coils. precautions for entry into enclosed spaces described in the IMO Assembly Resolution A. very large concentrations of carbon monoxide (CO) were measured – more than 1000 ppm. Recommendations 1. 3/2006 issued by this Directorate regarding Procedure for issue of licence to Indian & Chartered Foreign Flag Vessels. Sd/(D. Chief Surveyor with the Govt. the workmen appeared to be in difficulties. Bhandare) Asstt. The atmosphere of cargo spaces with such oils to be continuously monitored during the discharge process for the presence of CO if it is essential for personnel to be within that space. Circular No. Provisions in the earlier circulars relating to age restrictions etc. A likely explanation for the presence of large concentration of CO could be due to the temperature of the heating coils that had reached levels high enough to generate CO from the reducing quantity of cargo in the tank during the discharging process. However.3/2006 .Director General of Shipping July — September 2006 O 6 OCEANITE NO. 4. Sd/(S. Mehrotra) Dy. This issues with the approval of the Chief Surveyor with the Govt. 2006 MEMORANDUM This Directorate has been receiving inquiries / correspondences seeking clarifications on SD Circulars No. 3 of 2006 intends to systematize and to elaborate the existing procedure for the issue of Licences under Section 406 & Section 407 of the M S Act 1958 to Indian & Chartered Foreign Flag Vessels.864(20) entitled “Recommendations for Entering Enclosed Spaces Aboard Ships” are to be fully observed. One of them subsequently died. 5. remain fully in force. 2. The tank atmosphere was tested immediately after the accident for oxygen deficiency and flammability and found to be safe from those hazards.D. 4. 6.3 .G. Before entering such cargo tanks. As such it requires to be read in continuation of them. 3 of 2006 has not been issued in supersession of any of the earlier circulars issued by this Directorate. The temperature of the cargo should be monitored closely during the closing stages of the cargo discharge operation. Both men suffered serious burns from the heating coils. It is clarified that Circular No. of India Government of India MINISTRY OF SHIPPING DIRECTORATE GENERAL OF SHIPPING For Information of Members NO: SD-9/CHRT(82)/97-III Sub: S. Procedures to be included in the ships ISM procedure manual order under critical operations. Within a few minutes.3.

: Reporting of defective navigational aids or relating Navigational Developments in or around Indian Ports or Coast of India The Directorate in the past couple of years has issued number of notices providing guidelines to the ports including Minor Ports and Mariners on the stated subject matter. PB 75. Dehradun 248 001. Sd/( Web: www.Government of India MINISTRY OF SHIPPING DIRECTORATE GENERAL OF SHIPPING For Information of Members M.: 91 (135) 2747360 / 65 Fax: 91(135) 2748373 e-mail: nho@sancharnet. The Chief Hydrographer to the Govt.I Dated: 7th June. 2) The Mariners shall also actively participate in updating charts and Nautical Publications by communicating immediately of such information showing any discrepancy to charted data inclusive of any dangers or incorrect charted aids to navigation. National Hydrographic Office. Deepak Kapoor) Nautical Surveyor-cumDy.: 4-NT(4)91 Vol.) OCEANITE NO. The Directorate is surprised to note the reporting of such information by the port or the Seafarers is first made to the admiralty (United Kingdom) rather than to the Chief Hydrographer of India at Dehradun. Rajpur. 2006 Sub. Any infringement if comes to its knowledge would be dealt with under the provision of relevant Section of Merchant Shipping Act. Tel. that any source of danger to navigation shall be communicated to the competent authority as soon as possible by the affected Port or Ports and the Seafarers. The above information shall be reported to the under mentioned organization in the attached format (as prescribed in the Indian Notices to Mariners – Hydrographic for Port information/by mariners Note).org The Directorate understanding that the implementation of these guidelines would enhance safety of navigation therefore directs all ports and mariners to adhere to these instructions strictly. NOTICE 11 OF 2006 No. of India. India.3 O 7 July — September 2006 . the Directorate urges that 1) All Port authorities (Major and Non-Major Ports coming under the purview of ISPS code) shall immediately inform of any change or changes in Navigational information relating to their respective Ports inclusive of Modernization Plan etc. To ensure compliance of National and International regulations pertaining to the reporting of Navigational Dangers. Pursuant to the provisions in making reports relating to navigational warnings and changes to the charted data under the provision of Merchant Shipping Act.hydrobharat. 1958 Section 354A/356 and SOLAS 1974 chapter V – Safety of Navigation. 107-A. However. the Ports and Mariners extending co-operation in this endeavour would be given due recognition during the National Maritime Day celebration. Director General of Shipping (Tech. The Directorate being concerned and committed to safety of life/safety of navigation and protection of Marine Environment takes serious view of this irregularity.

H.: Sl. No.H. ANCHORAGES a) Type / Purpose b) Minimum depth at anchorage c) Shelter afforded d) Holding ground e) Recommended pilotage to the anchorage 5.: Date: Fax No.: 1. NAME AND ADDRESS OF PORT AUTHORITIES a) Name b) Address c) Phone d) Fax e) E-mail 3.I. No. GENERAL REMARKS a) Principal activities and trade b) Latest population figures and date c) Number of ships and tonnage handled per year d) Maximum size and draught of vessels handled e) Copy of Port Handbook if available 4. ) OCEANITE NO. 102a (Revised 2003) Annexure B to NO 46/2003 (Refers to Para 4) Hydrographic Note For Port Information (For Reporting Changes to Port Information) (To accompanying Form I. a) NAME OF THE REPORT b) Location : c) Listing in Guide to Port Entry: Yes / No 2.: E-mail: Lat.3 . PILOTAGE a) Authority for requests b) Embarkation position c) Regulations d) Documents to be provided July — September 2006 O 8 (contd. Long. 102) Name and address of ship / sender: Ref.

etc. lifeboat. etc. c) Requesting authority d) Availability times e) Communication with Tugs f) Hiring charges 9. DIRECTIONS a) Entry and berthing information b) Tides (Height) c) Tidal streams d) Navigational aids 7. BERTHING AND WHARVES a) Number of berths available b) Length c) Depth alongside d) Facilities available e) Procedures for requesting berthing and hiring charges 10.6. TUGS a) Number available b) Max.3 O 9 (contd. REPAIRS a) Hull. machinery and underwater b) Ship and boat yards c) Docking or Slipway facilities (Give size of vessels handled or dimensions) d) Hards and ramps e) Divers / Diving Assistance 14. capacity b) Container handling facilities 12. coastguard. hp. CARGO HANDLING a) Containers b) Lighters c) Roll on / roll off. CRANES a) Brief details and max. July — September 2006 ) . RESCUE AND DISTRESS Salvage. POLLUTION CONTROL a) Local regulations in force (if any) 8. 11. OCEANITE NO. BRIDGES Vertical clearances 13.

July — September 2006 O 10 (contd. SHORE LEAVE 21. COMMUNICATIONS a) Road. ) OCEANITE NO. (Picture postcards may also be useful). etc. leading marks. 20. SERVICES a) Radio Telegrams / Telephony b) Medical c) Quarantine d) Consuls e) Ship chandlery and stevedores f) Compass adjustment g) Tank cleaning h) Hull painting i) Diving and underwater examination j) Police / Ambulance / Fire k) Navigational warnings and weather bulletins l) Garbage Disposal m) Telephones n) Waste oil disposal 17. CLUBS / RECREATION / INFORMATION KIOSKS – Their Location 22. SUPPLIES a) Fuel with type and quantities available b) Freshwater and rate of supply c) Provisions d) Chart Agents 16. etc. berths. PORT AUTHORITY Designation.15. rail and air services available b) Nearest airport or airfield c) Port Radio and Information service (Frequencies and operating hours) 18. VIEWS (duly annotated) Photographs (where permitted) of the approaches. SMALL CRAFT FACILITIES a) Information and facilities for small craft/yachts visiting the port b) Yacht clubs. address and telephone number 19.3 . the entrance to the harbour.

: Edition Date : c) Latest Edition of Indian N to M held : Details of Changes / Dangers observed Fax: 91-0135-2748373 Web: www. Address of sender : Ref. No. Rajpur Road P.: Email: 3.: 4.H.3 O 11 July — September 2006 . Email: nho@sancharnet.hydrobharat. Object of Change: a) Bathymetry : (i) Depth (ii) Depth Contour (iii) Channel Depth Date/Time of observation Charted Observed Position/Area OCEANITE NO. 75 Dehradun 248001 (Uttaranchal).O. No. General Locality : Fax No.Signature of Observer / Reporter To The Chief Hydrographer to the Government of India National Hydrographic Office 107A. Name of ship or sender 2. India.: Tel. 102 (Revised 2003) Annexure B to NO 46/2003 (Refers to Para 4) Hydrographic Note (For Reporting Navigational Dangers / Changes observed at sea by mariners) Date: Details of the Sender / Originator 1. Chart / Publication Affected : a) Chart published by INHO / UKHO / other (Specify): b) Chart No. Box I.

b) Navigational Dangers : (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) New shoals New rocks New reefs New wrecks New Nav-aid (specify) Buoys Lights For signals Racons Transit marks Leading Lines Clearance Bearings Exercise areas Prohibited areas Pilot station Anchorage Foul ground Berthing Cranage Tugs Dry Docks Repair facilities Pilotage Fuel Water Any Other (specify) c) Casualties to existing Nav-aids : (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) (vi) (vii) d) Designated Areas : (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (vi) (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) (vi) (vii) (viii) (ix) e) Port Information : f) Environmental Data : (i) Met Information (ii) Tides & Tidal Stream (iii) Pollutants (iv) Effluents (v) Marine Life/ Habitats g) Other changes.3 . with details : July — September 2006 O 12 OCEANITE NO. if any.

and learn how to better protect ships.O. Over the decades. Box No. big and small alike. INFORMATION ON THE SOUNDINGS / DEPTHS REPORTED ABOVE : a) Echo Sounder (Type) used : _____________________________________________________________ b) Draught of vesel set on Echo Sounder : ___________________________________________________ c) Observed water depth vis-a-vis charted depth: ___________________________________________ d) Echo-gram accompanying this report : Yes / No ___________________________________________ e) Whether voltage drop existed in equipment at observation time ___________________________ f) Data and time of depth observation _____________________________________________________ 8. freak waves are suspected of sinking dozens of big ships and taking hundreds of lives. The goals are to better tally them. India. and hope I never will meet. nearly 75 feet above sea level. (Uttaranchal). was submerged. 75 Dehradun 248001. In 1977. such a monster. The wind’s force. oil platforms and people. Most waves. In the past two decades. INFORMATION ON THE POSITIONS OF DANGER / CHANGES REPORTED ABOVE : a) Positioning System used : b) Datum (WGS / Everest / Local (specify)): c) Accompanying plots / photographs if any : 7.” said Wolfgang Rosenthal. explore the possibility of forecasts. Rajpur Road P. duration and sweep determine the size of the swells. with big storms building their height.3 O July — September 2006 . Scientists study rogue waves to save ships Enormous waves that sweep the ocean are traditionally called rogue waves. Source : Daily Shipping Times OCEANITE NO. Drawing on recent tallies and making tentative extrapolations. LIMITATIONS IF ANY IN REPORTING THE CHANGES ABOVE : Signature of Master / Reporter Date : To The Chief Hydrographer to the Government of India National Hydrographic Office 107A. the chief engineer of the Stolt Surf took photographs as he witnessed his tanker meeting a rogue wave. understand why they form. The deck. Rosenthal estimated that at any given moment 10 of the giants are churning through the world’s oceans. prompting a rush of new studies and research projects. The stakes are high. But scientists are now finding that these giants of the sea are far more common and destructive than once imagined. implying that they have a kind of freakish rarity. The upshot is that the scientists feel a sense of urgency about the work and growing awe at their subjects. 13 “I never met. form when the wind blows across open water. skeptical oceanographers have doubted their existence and tended to lump them with sightings of mermaids and sea monsters.6. a German scientist who helped the European Space Agency pioneer the study of rogue waves by radar satellite.

Therefore kindly keep your accounts in order. but is now showing gradual signs of take-off. debit card. As interest rates are rising. saw a fall. suddenly became extremely nervous.3 . bonds). In this regard particular attention will be paid to those persons who have not furnished their PAN. S. will be checked to verify if the persons mentioned in these reports have filed Income Tax Returns and if so. Fellow Chartered Accountant has been giving a series of articles on Money Matters. Income Tax. – The Editor Mr. The aim is to crossverify various transactions to enable the tax authorities to check evasion of Income Tax. The aim is to get many more persons into the tax net.Mr. Jayant Menezes has agreed to continue to write articles in the OCEANITE for the benefit of our MUI members. To obtain a PAN. you O 14 OCEANITE NO. At my request Mr. The Income July — September 2006 Tax department is perusing through all the voluminous information received from the Annual Information Return (AIR) filed by third parties. PAN PAN means Permanent Account Number. Chartered Accountant My dear esteemed readers. Interest rates on loans especially housing loans are rising.A. you are required to apply for PAN. The stock markets which were at an all time high. Every person who is required to have a PAN must quote his/her PAN in various transactions. Those who have money in fixed deposits can smile. mutual funds. property purchases/sales. On the other hand those looking to take risks may like to venture into Equity Mutual Funds or Equity Shares. Khan TAXATION AND YOU-33 BY JAYANT MENEZES – F. various expenditure incurred. Those using more than one PAN and those who are yet to procure a PAN. The last few months have seen a rapidly changing environment. We give you a fine print of some of the changes. credit card. Management. Jayant Menezes. an investor may opt for debt rather than equity. If you do not have a PAN. etc.C. Debt Mutual Funds and Fixed Rate Bonds. AIR AIR means Annual Information Return. whereas life has become tougher for all those who live on borrowed money. Interest rates have hit a high. Debt would include fixed rates bearing instruments like Bank Fixed Deposits.S. TAXATION: Many new changes have been enacted in the Income Tax Laws. Finance. FERA/FEMA and various allied matters in the OCEANITE. whether these Tax Returns filed accurately reflect the income/expenditure of the assessee. investments made (including shares. Details of large transactions made through Banks.

Election Card. Besides the forms mentioned above. Applying for credit card. a new Form 2F has also been notified. e) not having income from capital gains . Income from other sources.1. such as sale of shares.Y. including cell phones. Post Office account. Motor vehicle. If you have more than one PAN. c) not having income from business/profession. etc. The new forms are detailed. MLA or MLC. 3 and 2F include a cash flow statement. For this PAN is an important document. such as rent or interest from self occupied property.2 for those non-corporate tax assessees’ having income from business Form No. Ration Card.3 for those non-corporate assessees not having income from business Form No.3 O 15 . b) having income from other sources. Form No. Forms No. etc. For those individuals having income from business or profession the due date has been extended to 31st October. g) having ownership of only one house property. OCEANITE NO. mutual fund switch. Income from Capital Gains.3. Now what is a cash flow statement? This is explained with an example. Electricity/Telephone Bill etc. From No. if you want to maintain an existing demat account. such as bank interest. Bank Account Statement. senior citizen savings scheme interest. Purchase of company shares.1 for corporate tax assessees Form No.Y. banks have been advised to Know Your Customer. Due date for Filing Returns for A. Form No.2.3B for those non-corporate assessees with fringe benefits. Therefore the need to attach various documents that one usually attaches with the income tax return does not arise. Now for opening new bank accounts. so that the interest for late filing is kept to the minimum. Bank Fixed Deposits. 2. not having income from business who have filed or will file returns in Form 2D-Saral.4. and retain only one PAN.have to make an application to either UTI or NSDL. Sale/purchase of securities.2. 2006.3B have been notified. 2005-2006) We are sure most of you would have filed your Income Tax Returns by now for the financial year 2005-06. Income from house property. We request those who have not yet filed the same to file their income tax returns at the earliest. bonds. company fixed deposit interest. which will be verified by your bank with your original PAN. you are urged to surrender the extra PAN/s. If one is filing a return for F. f) not availing Relief for arrears/advance salary as per Section 89. For this purpose you need to submit proof of: Name: Address: The documents to prove your Name and Address can be your Passport.(excluding long term capital gains transactions which are subject to Securities Transaction Tax). and Fringe Benefit Tax Return Form No. a letter from MP.2006 (Assessment year 2006-2007) has passed for all those individuals not having income from business or profession. d) not having income from agriculture.2005 to 31. kindly keep copies of your PAN duly attested to facilitate transactions such as: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) 10) 11) Sale or purchase of any immovable property. 3. The due date of 31st July 2006 for filing income tax returns for the financial year 1. 2006-2007 (F. sale of property. Purchase of mutual funds. LIC income. This form can be used by resident non-corporate assessees. School Leaving Certificate. 20052006 one will have to make statement that includes July — September 2006 Besides. Applying for telephone. RBI bonds. Salary. mutual fund redemption. 4. Cash payments towards foreign travel. debentures. Besides. Opening bank accounts. you require to furnish a copy of your PAN (duly attested by you).Y.3. These include individuals having income from: 1. NEW FORMS FOR FILING OF INCOME TAX RETURNS New Income Tax Return Form No. bond income. post office income. a) having income from salary.

The aim of checking household expenditure is to see if sufficient cash withdrawals have been made for household expenses and that the household expenses have not been met from unaccounted income. expenditure.3 .your income as well as income of every other person taxable in your hands (e. For those of you who wish to avail of the facility at a post office. assets and liabilities of the assessee. The income tax department selects cases for scrutiny based on data it has.Y. PPF. minor child. whether the expenditure incurred is reasonable. you will have to furnish the following: a) Return of income (2 copies) b) Out of this. The basis for selecting such cases includes information contained in: a) Return of Income b) Annual Information Reports c) Tax Audit Reports d) Tax Deducted At Source (TDS) Returns Exemption from long term Capital Gains If you. In cases of individuals he will also check on the household expenses and other assets/gadgets purchased and investments made. any other person/association of persons). then you have the option to save long term capital gains tax by investing in bonds within 6 months under Section 54EC. statements and other details to verify that an assessee has computed his/her income accurately. Based on the evidence.3. In cases of income tax scrutiny.3.4.Y.4. your spouse. 2005-2006 Taxable income received Other receipts Incomes not taxable Gifts received Loans taken (C) Less: Payments made during the F.2006 Bank balance as on 31. 2005-2006 towards Chapter VI-A (Deductions upto a total ceiling of Rs. Besides he will check whether the methods for calculating income as well as exemptions/allowances and deductions as per the Income Tax Act are accurately computed in the Return of Income furnished.g. you will have to consolidate the cash flow statement. the assets purchased are from known sources of income and liabilities of the assessee are proper. one copy has to be inserted in an open unfolded envelope (size 10” by 12”). as an assessee transfer a long term capital asset.2005 c) Assessee’s PAN d) Name of Assessee e) Assessment year for which the return is being filed f) Income Tax Ward / Circle where the assessee is assessed. This includes using computerized methods. son’s wife. the assessing officer computes the tax liability of the assessee. PLACE FOR FILING RETURNS The income tax returns can be now filed at either the respective income tax offices or even at certain selected post offices. The post office will stamp and acknowledge the copy stating that you have filed your returns. July — September 2006 O 16 OCEANITE NO. Example: (A) Physical cash balance as on 1. These capital gain bonds are those issued by Rural The same method is to be applied for making a Cash Flow Statement of every other person taxable in your hands. After this. children’s education. PF.2006 as on 1. The assessing officer will verify whether all income is stated.1 lac) (Expenses/investments such as LIC. Physical cash balance as on 31. data. A scrutiny case deals with income. However the cash flow statement has been made optional. NSC purchases. the assessing officer calls for back up documents such as records. SCRUTINY Scrutiny is a procedure to verify the accuracy of an Income Tax Return that has been filed. college tuition fees) Other investments Other outgo Now A+B–C=D D.2005 Bank balance (B) Additions: Receipts during the F.

For current financial year 1. Kindly assess your financial plan from time to time as frequent changes in the money market/laws would need to alter your plans.1 lac for a financial year. PF.9. etc.2007 Tax will be deducted at source accordingly by banks and post offices. inflation is on the rise.3 O 17 .2006 BANK FIXED DEPOSITS A new tax instrument for deduction of income has been added to Section 80C.4. The interest rate on such deposits will be notified by the banks.5% p. housing loan repayments. quarterly or at maturity as desired by you. the new instrument you can use to save tax is bank fixed deposits. Therefore.4.a. You must give weightage to: 1) Savings 2) Investments 3) Insurance 4) Enhancing/updating your skills 5) Your family’s present expenses 6) Your children’s future education expenses 7) Taxation matters 8) Your retirement income considering spiraling inflation 9) Contingencies like medical operations/disability/ death 10) Wealth enhancement with tax shelter. 54EC to save Long Term Capital Gains 30.2005 to 31.12. The tenure of this deposit is 5 years. Interest on such deposits shall be taxed as income on receipt or accrual basis as the case may be and are also subject to TDS provisions.1. for others to attract deposits under this scheme.3. THE WORLD.2004 to 31. LIP.3. Work hard for your money and then make your money work for you. Are you financially fit? You as an income earner have to plan your finances judiciously. However you cannot borrow/pledge on these deposits.. You must save money.2006 31.2006 if they do not want tax to be deducted at source for these years. ULIP.4. invest wisely for regular returns and create wealth for your future.3. TDS on Senior Citizens Savings Scheme: Tax is to be deducted from interest earned on Senior Citizens Savings Scheme by banks and post offices with retrospective effect in the absence of 15H/15G Forms.2006 to 31. Therefore Senior Citizens will have to produce evidence for verification: THAT a) They did not have taxable income or b) They have paid tax on their incomes OCEANITE NO. the financial year: 1.Electrification Corporation Ltd. Your financial plan should be flexible but at the same time be comprehensive. besides the normal tax saving avenues such as PPF.9.2006 For Prior financial years i. However as these bonds were not available earlier.e.a. the time limit for those who could not invest within 6 months has been extended as stated below: Long term capital asset Due date for investment u/s. July — September 2006 Transferred between (i) 29. These deposits may be held either in one name or jointly. MONEY.2006 to 30. the deposit holder. Besides. The maximum amount that you can invest so as to reduce your taxable income is Rs.12. to senior citizens and 8. Some banks are offering 9% p. The world is for the fittest. Nomination facility is available. You have to shoulder additional roles/ responsibilities.2005 to 31. senior citizens will have to file: Form 15G (for those 65 years and above) Form 15H (for those below 65 years) to affirm that they do not have taxable income. TAXATION AND YOU With oil prices rising considerably world wide. tax laws are changing. NSC. (REC) and National Highways Authority of India (NHAI).2005 1.2005 (ii) 1. The markets and job scenario are becoming very competitive. Interest payable is monthly. These deposits can be opened in SBI or its subsidiaries or scheduled banks or other notified banks. Interest rates are showing an upward trend.6. In order that tax should not be deducted at source for the current financial year.

The Maritime Labour Convention 2006. lighting. – Seafarers are entitled to repatriation in a number of situations – these include illness or injury or other medical condition. dentists and other medical personnel used. Switzerland. – Measures for effective enforcement and compliance include a certification system for labour standards. training and pollution conventions. and hospital accommodation. shipwreck. if the shipowner is unable to fulfil their legal or contractual obligations as a employer as a result of insolvency. sanitary facilities. – Seafarers must be paid for their work regularly and in accordance with their employment agreements – payments must be made at least at monthly intervals and in accordance with any applicable collective agreement. A Maritime Labour Certificate and Declaration of Maritime Labour Compliance must be issued by the flag state and must be produced on board during port inspection. the sale of the ship and a change of representatives to put together a ground-breaking global labour standard for the shipping industry. The convention – also known as the Consolidated Maritime Convention because it brings together and updates over 65 other ILO maritime labour instruments O 18 OCEANITE NO.Seafarers’ rights Charter for the 21st century – “Bill Of Rights” Seafarers can now look forward to the introduction of a comprehensive and enforceable “bill of rights”. which will enshrine in law a comprehensive set of minimum standards for seafarers. Shore-based medical facilities for treating seafarers should also be adequate. noise and vibration and other ambient factors. – The hours of work for seafarers over the age of 18 (different provisions apply for those under 18) are limited to no more than 14 hours in any 24-hour period and 72 hours in any seven-day period – or minimum hours of rest should not be less than 10 hours in any 24-hour period and 77 hours in any seven-day period. global maritime industry. heating and ventilation. The agreement should provide the seafarer with decent working and living conditions on board the ship. The shipowner is obliged to pay the costs associated with a seafarer’s repatriation in these circumstances. alongside the International Maritime Organisation’s safety. There are specific requirements on the size of rooms and other spaces.3 . It is hoped that the convention will represent the “fourth pillar” of the international regulatory system for the Key Provisions Of The New ‘Bill Of Rights’ – There must be an employment agreement signed by both the seafarer and the shipowner or a representative of the shipowner. the ITF has been quietly working with government and shipowners’ maritime labour conference in February 2006 in Geneva. and properly qualified doctors. – Decent living accommodation and recreational facilities should be provided and maintained for seafarers working or living on board. Over the past five years. was finally adopted by delegates at the International Labour Organisation’s July — September 2006 ship’s registration. – Seafarers’ health should be protected through access to prompt and adequate medical care whilst working on board.

A seafarer with 10 years’ experience. Luis believes that he and his colleagues – as well as his son should he follow in his footsteps – will benefit from the new convention. New provisions. but be a winner in inner world Moral:don’t run after material gains. especially because they give more responsibility to states. so if the state has instruments to inspect and help seafarers. nothing can stop you Moral: if you are slave to anger. food and catering. decay. salvation of soul By Arun Bhatia – 2/O *** OCEANITE NO. Jon Whitlow. The convention sets minimum requirements for seafarers to work on a ship. The convention applies directly only to ships carrying the flag of a state that has ratified it. with provisions on conditions of employment. the enforcement provisions contain a “no more favourable treatment” clause. I can say that if it were not for the ILO and the ITF. medical care. for example. the convention is enforceable. your will is the will of the divine. recreational facilities. including those for seafarers’ complaints procedures and enhanced port state inspections. is also hoping for a career on the high seas.– will provide the world’s more than 1. there is no ITF inspector in a particular port. rather be after liberation. This means. the battle is won *** This body is subject to disease. Sometimes. health and safety standards. and acknowledges that a global industry needs global regulation enforced at sea and in the world’s ports. we could be used as slaves. spiritual person could be living in a hut. It goes some way to addressing our key concerns about seafarers’ working conditions and rights.” He adds: “In general. Secretary of the ITF Seafarers’ Section. However.” He went on: “All too often seafarers’ rights are under threat and the essential contribution made by the ‘human element’ forgotten or ignored. Sindicato de Trabajadores Interempresas de Companias Navieras. Source: ITF Seafarers’ Bulletin No. welfare and social security protection.we are alive because of divine spark (soul) in us Moral: every moment we r dying physically.2 million seafarers with comprehensive social protection for the first time.20/2006 Anything you want to achieve will for it. He comments: “ILO regulations are always good. His son. will help to ensure compliance. he has been working on freighters for the past six years. death. your body now is different than what it was few years ago *** Spiritualism has got nothing to do with the material world. that a ship flagged by a country that has not ratified the convention could still end up in trouble during a port inspection for falling short of the standards it lays down. it makes a difference to us. health. accommodation.” Luis Barrera is a member of the ITF-affiliated Chilean seafarers’ union. Most critically.3 O 19 July — September 2006 . That’s why we welcome this convention. will that from now onwards i will never become angry. the moment you are aware. commented: “The ITF has always endeavoured to lift the advocacy of seafarers to the highest international level and to ensure that seafarers have a voice that is heard and acknowledged by our national governments. taking after him.” It is expected that the convention will come into force within the next few years. Ships governed by it will not be allowed to sail by port states without securing certificates proving that they meet key labour.

and keep a copy of it along with your contract. Or there may be a monthly fixed amount for a guaranteed number of overtime hours. Make sure that the duration of the contract is clearly stated. Don’t sign a contract that allows the shipowner to withhold or retain any portion of your wages during the period of the contract. Never sign a contract that contains any clause stating that you are responsible for paying any portion of your joining or repatriation expenses. Failing that. Never sign a blank contract. any contract/agreement that you enter into voluntarily would. overtime and leave are clearly and separately itemized in the contract. Be aware that an individual employment contract will not always include details of additional benefits. July — September 2006 O 20 OCEANITE NO. Check if the contract you are signing refers to a Collective Bargaining Agreement (CBA). If so. be considered legally binding. Don’t sign a contract that allows for alterations to be made to the contractual period at the sole discretion of the shipowner. Make sure that the contract clearly states how many days paid leave per month you will get. in which case the rate for any hours worked beyond the guaranteed overtime should be clearly stated. The International Labour Organisation states that basic working hours should be a maximum of 48 per week (208 per month). 44 or 48 per week). here is a checklist to follow. contact. or a contract that binds you to any terms and conditions that are not specified or that you are not familiar with.3 . Make sure that the contract clearly stipulates how overtime will be paid and at what rate. Any change to the agreed duration of the contract should be by mutual consent. Make certain that the payments for basic wages. Source: ITF Seafarers’ Bulletin No. The ILO states that paid leave should not be less than 30 days per year (2. You should be entitled to full payment of wages earned at the end of each calendar month.25 x the normal hourly rate.5 days per calendar month). Ensure that you are provided with and retain a copy of the contract you have signed.ITF advice on signing a contract to work at sea The best guarantee of proper conditions of employment at sea is only to sign a contract drawn up in accordance with an ITF-approved collective agreement. Remember… whatever the terms and conditions. Always ensure that the contract clearly states the basic wages payable and make sure that the basic working hours are clearly defined (for example 40. Therefore you should try to obtain confirmation (preferably in the form of a written agreement or contractual entitlement) of what compensation will be payable in the event of: – Sickness or injury during the contractual period – Death (amount payable to the next of kin) – Loss of the vessel – Loss of personal effects resulting from the loss of the vessel – Premature termination of the contract. Don’t start work on a ship without having a written contract. in most jurisdictions. consult with or be represented by a trade union of your choice. The ILO states that all overtime hours should be paid at a minimum of 1. There could be a flat hourly rate payable for all hours worked in excess of the basic. Don’t sign a contract that contains any clause that restricts your right to join. make sure that you are fully aware of the terms of that CBA.20/2006.

Powai. Strive for self realisation at ur 2. Surveyor In Charge (ISPS Cell).org / amit. Indian Register of Shipping. Requests shall be submitted by the ship owner/ manager directly to the Recognized Security Organisation (Indian Register of Shipping). god realisation. likely date of verification addressed to: Mr. I. Moral: the earlier you realise the better it is. Upon receipt of such requests. Amit Bhatnagar. name of port where verification is to be carried out.3 O 21 July — September 2006 . the Directorate General of Shipping and the ship owners/managers. 3.Government of India MINISTRY OF SHIPPING DIRECTORATE GENERAL OF SHIPPING For Information of Members N. Nautical Adviser to the Govt. the Indian Register of Shipping shall inform the Directorate General of Shipping and the ship owners/ managers.N. life could be snatched away from us any moment. NT/ISPS/SHIP/06/2006 No. Sd/(Capt. we have come here for only one purpose self / ho@irclass. of India-cumSr. If the ship is outside India.T. all over again you will have to begin. BRANCH CIRCULAR NO. giving at least 3 working days notice in the form of a fax giving the name of the vessel. Mumbai. Mumbai Fax no: 91 22 25703611 OR e-mail to: inbose@irclass. The requested audit shall be conducted by the surveyors of the Indian Register of Shipping and/ or surveyors of the Mercantile Marine Department as applicable and the report forwarded to the Directorate. name of the company. V. the Indian Register of Shipping shall inform the Principal Officer of the concerned Mercantile Marine Department if the ship is in India. By Arun Bhatia – 2/O OCEANITE NO. Bose. Baijal) Dy. requesting for the relevant verification audit. to learn the lesson of love. Director General (Technical) We have not come on earth for a vacation. 44-NT(4)/Ship/2003-III Dated : 4th Aug 2006 Subject : Instructions to ship owners on ISPS verification audits for foreign going and coastal vessels The following procedure is to be adopted by all ship owners of Indian registered foreign going and coastal vessels for the conduct of all Interim/ Initial/ Renewal/ Intermediate/ Additional/ Follow up verification audits under the ISPS Code with immediate effect: 1. Vice President (Statutory Services)/ Mr. Dy.

3 . These medicines can wash the uric acid from your joints. your gout attack should go away in a few days. The acid causes joint pain. cyclosporine (brand name: Sandimmune) and some drugs used to treat cancer. you may develop tophi (say: toe-fee). the bone around a joint may be destroyed. If you have gout attacks for many years. These are soft tissue swellings caused by uric acid crystals. This is usually true for people age 65 or older. you may get gout. What is a gout attack like? It may be sudden. Many things can get in the way of sleeping well or sleeping long enough. the sooner the pain will go away. You may also get kidney disease or kidney stones. hands and elbows. What should I do if I have a gout attack? The sooner you get treatment. Tophi usually form on the toes. get treatment and follow a low-salt. more joints will be affected. But as we get older. such as certain diuretics (“water pills”). What if I don’t get treatment? If you don’t get treatment. fingers. You may never have another attack. drink alcohol or have high cholesterol. feels hot and hurts. too. July — September 2006 What sleep changes are common in older adults? The sleep-wake cycle changes as we get older. low-fat diet. It usually starts at night. and the attacks will last longer. Men have gout more often than women. niacin (a B-complex vitamin). Drinking lots of water can help flush uric acid from your body. a gout attack can last for days or even weeks. They might not stay asleep all night. Some medicines may cause gout. Putting a hot pad or an ice pack on the joint may ease the pain. With treatment. You should lose weight if you need to. What can I do to avoid gout attacks? Your doctor can prescribe medicines to prevent future gout attacks. Other joints may also be affected. Keeping the weight of clothes or bed covers off the joint can also help. Some of these foods are salmon. sardines. If you keep having more attacks. often in the big toe. so older adults might get sleepy earlier in the evening and wake up earlier in the morning. Over time. Stay away from alcohol and foods that are high in purines. You may get gout if you’re overweight. The joint hurts more when you touch it. They might wake up very early O 22 OCEANITE NO. You should rest in bed. Sleep changes in older adults How much sleep do older adults need? Most adults need about 8 hours of sleep at night to feel fully alert when they’re awake. The joint becomes red. reduce the swelling or keep uric acid from forming. Your doctor can prescribe medicine to stop the joint swelling and pain. we might have more trouble sleeping. If you have high blood pressure or high cholesterol. Sachin Bhavsar Gout What is gout? Gout is a kind of arthritis caused by too much uric acid in the joints. Older adults may have trouble falling asleep when they go to bed at night.Common Illnesses By Dr. Who can get gout? If you eat a lot of foods that are rich in purines. aspirin (taken in low doses). liver and herring.

– Don’t drink alcohol in the evening. b aware of mind. These problems can make older people very sleepy in the daytime. Then try again to fall asleep in bed.3 O 23 July — September 2006 . The crawly feeling may keep you from falling asleep. like reading or listening to quiet music. get up and do something quiet for a while. By the time an adult is over 65. Sleep problems may even be caused by illness. by pain that keeps a person from sleeping. Some lifestyle habits (like drinking alcohol or caffeinated drinks. Live life to the fullest. but it will probably make you wake up in the middle of the night. Medicine may help both of these problems. just see what is going on inside Moral:once you start seeing. his or her sleep-wake cycle doesn’t seem to work as well. – Don’t lie in bed for a long time trying to go to sleep. it causes the person to wake up a little bit. – Try not to take naps longer than about 20 minutes.” or CPAP. It helps you breathe normally during sleep. or by medicines that keep a person awake. Older adults are more likely to have this problem. Then they stop breathing for 10 to 30 seconds. People with sleep apnea usually snore very loudly. It can get in the way of good sleep and cause daytime sleepiness. mostly in the legs. it might help if you lose weight. What is restless legs syndrome? This is a “creepy-crawly” feeling. restless legs syndrome and periodic limb movement disorder. It can also make high blood pressure and heart disease worse. What causes sleep problems? A number of things can cause sleep problems. Surgery can help some people with sleep apnea. It makes you want to move your legs or even walk around. Every the morning and not be able to go back to sleep. After 30 minutes of trying to sleep. or smoking) can give people sleep problems. It may be worse in the evenings when your legs are at rest. let go all –ve thoughts by seeing By Arun Bhatia – 2/O OCEANITE NO. People of all ages can have these sleep disorders: sleep apnea. It usually happens every night and may start after you get in bed. Often the person doesn’t even know about the kicking unless a bed partner talks about it. – Try a little exercise every day. What is periodic limb movement disorder? A person with this disorder kicks one or both legs many times during sleep. – Ask your doctor if any of your medicines could be keeping you awake at night. ur subconscious mind will not b filled with –ve thoughts. The mask treatment is called “continuous positive airway pressure. It might help you fall asleep. What is sleep apnea? People with sleep apnea stop breathing during sleep for several seconds. Sleep apnea can cause daytime sleepiness. This can happen hundreds of times in a night. – Don’t have caffeinated drinks after lunch. They start breathing again with a gasp. If you have sleep apnea and are overweight. What can I do to sleep better? – Try to go to bed and get up at the same time every day. flow of thoughts. – Ask your doctor for help if pain or other health problems keep you awake. Many people need to wear a nasal mask during the night to keep their airways open. Exercise helps many older adults sleep better. Some people with restless legs syndrome also have periodic limb movements during sleep.

Our DNA signature helps forensic experts in detecting crime. The brain is not involved in the reflex. It is a reflex which occurs when the knee is tapped below the knee-cap. It was used as an atomic bomb testing site in 1946. the blue print for all life and a genetic code that is unique to each individual.3 . Q. Where does Santa Clause live ? A. Q What is a DNA signature ? A. The sun here sets at around 11 p.m. in Northern European countries in summer ? A. called Ethylene. divorces. include the Acta Diurna (Daily Happenings) of the Roman Empire and the gazzets published in China during the first centuries of the Christian era. England. which automatically sends signals back along the nerve to muscles on the front of the thigh. Nobody really knows for sure where Santa Clause lives. O 24 OCEANITE NO. The green skin of Banana contains a gaseous plant hormone. Tartan Army is biggest in size and noisiest whenever Scotland plays its greatest rival. etc. Q. However in 1925 Santa Clause’s official residence was decided to be Lapland in Northern Finland.DO YOU KNOW ? Answers To April–June Issue – Food For Thought Q. These muscles are then activated to contract. The Acta Diurna was launched in 59 B. Q. The aim of Barmy. The earliest known newspapers. Army is to make watching cricket more fun and more popular. various agencies are working on creating DNA signatures’ data for future use. tracking family lineage. News of Santa’s new residence was announced on radio by Markus Rautio in 1925. as the rotation at the poles is the least. predictable response. A skimpy two-piece swim suit is called a bikini to suggest the explosive effect on the viewer. The Barmy army refers to the large group of dedicated cricket fans which follows the England team around the world. Why does the sun set as late as 11 p. (which means mentally irregular). causing a jerk. Bikini is a place in Marshall islands in West Pacific. Every human cell consists of DNA. Q. the North Pole is tilted towards the sun and the South Pole away from the Sun. legal decisions. What is a Barmy Army and the Tartan Army ? A. accidents and deaths. The Tartan Army comprises of a band of supporters of the national football team of Scotland.m. Which was the first newspaper to be published? Where was it published and when? A. The news collected by reporters called Actuarii. which diffuses into the fruit and hastens the process of ripening. The earth rotates on it own axis which is tilted at certain angle. The process has given rise to the phrase ‘ knee-jerk reaction’ meaning an automatic.C. These supporters July — September 2006 regularly attend matches involving Scotland. even before the invention of printing. What is the meaning of Knee-Jerk Reflex ? A. marriages. Tartan means a cloth having a criss-cross design. Q. Hence the Northern Hemisphere receives sunlight for more time than the Southern Hemisphere. at the behest of Julius Caesar. even when the banana is kept in the refrigerator ? A. employed by the state who posted the Acta on a whitened board so that all could read or copy the reports of the war. political events. When it is Summer in the Northern Hemisphere. and rises at about 4 a. Sensors that detect stretching of the tendon of this area send electrical impulses back to the spinal cord. Why is Bikini called so ? A. And Now This Issue’s ‘Do You Know’ Q. speeches. around the world.m. Why does a banana skin turn black after a few days. DNA is nature’s digital signature. It is yellow when the fruit is ripe and turns black with the production of more and more Ethylene.

and that enables you to laugh at life’s realities. talk and act yourself into dullness or into monotony or into unhappiness. What is Liposuction? A. By the same process you can build up inspiration. 5 How may units of blood can a healthy man donate at a time ? How long does it take to replenish the lost blood in the body ? Answers in the coming issue. Live the life you’ve imagined. more extreme measures such as Abdominoplasty are required to remove excess fat.Norman Vincent Peale 7) “Common sense and a sense of humor are the same thing. 26 times. it wakes up the brain cells. Sometimes when we chew on the pungent spice.Anthony Robbins 4) “To begin to think with purpose is to enter the ranks of those strong ones who only recognize failure as one of the pathways to attainment. If you don’t have that kind of feeling for what it is you’re doing. deeper interest and greater meaning. The diaphragm then begins to contract and relax faster in order to expel the pungent air out of the lungs. 3 What are California Cages ? Q. it’s a way of looking at life through the wrong end of a telescope. abdomen. Seuss 10) “You have to find something that you love enough to be able to take risks. And that is why I succeed.” . I’ve lost almost 300 games. Which is what I do.Dr. talk excitement. and you are bound to become an excited person.Michael Jordan 2) “The word ‘politics’ is derived from the word ‘poly’. excitement and surging depth of joy. 2 When were the Khajuraho sculptures created ? Q. 4 How did the popular magic trick of pulling a rabbit out of a hat originate ? Q. jump over the hurdles and break through the brick walls that are always going to be placed in front of you. Liposuction is a popular plastic surgery.’ meaning ‘blood sucking parasites’.” .” . Why do we sometimes hiccup after eating spicy food ? A. chemicals like Cryptocapsin. As you simplify your life the laws of the universe will be simpler.Bill Cosby 6) “Think excitement.” . you’ll stop at the first giant hurdle. Food For Thought Q.George Lucas OCEANITE NO.” . In some cases. Words of Wisdom 1) “I’ve missed more than 9000 shots in my career. Violaxanthin. Q.” . thighs and buttocks. act out excitement.. but the key to failure is trying to please everybody.. by liquefying it and removing it through a hollow needle. You can think.Q. moving at different speeds.James Allen 5) “I don’t know the key to success. Till then. which removes fat from certain parts of the human body viz. Capsicidin and Capsicosin are released in the mouth in the form of fine sprays. meaning ‘many’. While doing so abnormal hiccup is generated to maintain the homeostasis of the body. enter the lungs and disrupt the normal rhythm of the diaphragm.” – Thoreau 9) “I like nonsense.keep thinking. and the word ‘ticks. These substances which cause a burning sensation in the mouth and food pipe. A sense of humor is just common sense. I’ve failed over and over and over again in my life. Capsorubin Diester. dancing. Fantasy is a necessary ingredient in living.Clive James 8) “Go confidently in the direction of your dreams.3 O 25 July — September 2006 . . Capsacin.Larry Hardim 3) “All personal breakthroughs begin with a change in beliefs.. 1 What is the difference between a computer virus and a computer worm ? Q.” .” . along with other vitamins. Life will take on a new zest. I’ve been trusted to take the game winning shot and missed.

September and December of the calendar year. 4. 3. June. 2. Sd/(Neera Malhotra) Dy. 1 OF 2005 No: 8(8)CR/2005 Dated: 26th June. 2005 as amended. 2006 Sub. 2005 – Quarterly report 1.Government of India MINISTRY OF SHIPPING DIRECTORATE GENERAL OF SHIPPING For Information of Members CREW BRANCH CIRCULAR NO.3 . the Recruitment and Placement Services are required to submit quarterly report in Form IV. Director General of Shipping July — September 2006 O 26 OCEANITE NO. The Seamen’s Employment Office at Mumbai/ Kolkata/Chennai are requested to ensure that all the Recruitment and Placement Services to whom licences have been issued comply with the above requirement. These quarterly reports are required to be submitted on completion of every quarter ending on March. Under rule 5(1)(h) of Merchant Shipping (Recruitment and Placement of Seafarers) Rules.: Merchant Shipping (Recruitment and Placement of Seafarers) Rules. A control register should be maintained to monitor the receipt of the reports.

Ratings working under national flags are more likely to express positive attitudes about their relationships with their company and crewing agency (which in the case of national flags are usually company specific) than those working on FOC ships with agreements. Of those ships that are FOC. surveyed over the past two years in a major international study is clear: seafarers feel happier. forms part of the International Bargaining Forum. As a result of the contractual nature of employment in the industry. Also relevant is that Japanese ownership is disproportionately high in the car carrier sector and Japanese companies are likely to belong to the Joint Negotiating Group which. which in turn reflected the pattern of provision of welfare benefits. most seafarers from Asian countries have no retirement pension contribution from their employer and this is also rare for those from Indian Ocean and East European countries. is that the same pattern of responses permeates a whole number of aspects of shipboard life and working conditions. but they still did so in a differentiated manner according to the same pattern. Trade union officials are of the view that because car carriers have high value cargo and run on very tight schedules. and 28 per cent have no ITF-recognised agreement. along with the ITF. UK. We asked seafarers some standard questions about their pride in and loyalty to their companies. and it is mandatory for them to contribute to a medical insurance OCEANITE NO. The research. they are more likely to take out the “insurance policy” of an ITF agreement. The IBF negotiates pay and conditions for seafarers on FOC ships.A Union ship is a happier ship Survey also finds more positive attitudes among crews on national-flag vessels The message from 627 non-officer-ranked seafarers. The survey also confirms what trade unions already believed to be likely – that FOC car carriers have a relatively high coverage of ITF agreements compared to the general fleet. took 21 months to complete. nine per cent have agreements negotiated by the IBF. the TCC agreement does not cover pensions. And these in turn are much more likely to do so than those on FOCs without agreements. The survey results match the general pattern of national versus FOC distribution (40 per cent national flags versus 60 per cent FOC). The ITF agreements are not fully comprehensive. according to the results of our survey. or ratings. including interviews. Filipinos (the largest national group) have medical health cover for a maximum period of six months when on leave. including those for retirement and health care. focus groups and onboard observation. Motivated to sign up In the entire international fleet of all types of ships about 60 per cent are generally reckoned to carry FOCs and 40 per cent national flags. Respondents may have thought it prudent to give positive responses to such questions. the ITF estimates that about 30 per cent are covered by one of its collective agreements. It was conducted using a variety of techniques. Of all the FOC car carriers. while the percentage of FOCs with union agreements is considerably higher than in the general picture. which was jointly funded by the United Nations Economic and Social Council and the Seafarers’ International Research Centre in Cardiff. of which the ITF is a member. Apart from Singapore.3 O 27 July — September 2006 . healthier and more valued when employed on national carriers than on flag of convenience (FOC) ships. Patterns of perception But what difference does the presence of national flags and the different types of agreement make? A great deal of difference. But those on FOC ships feel distinctly better off if they are serving on a ship with an ITF agreement. And what is particularly impressive. 62 per cent have uniform (known as “total crew cost” or TCC) ITF agreements. These agreements are similarly silent on the provision of medical care when on leave.

they are less likely to take pride in who they work for. Such responses go hand in hand with ratings’ evaluations of their officers’ performance. They are also more likely to feel they work very hard. and to further important aspects of work – their satisfaction with pay. treat them fairly and similar indicators. the pattern is once again clear: those working under national flags are more likely to make positive evaluations than those under ITF-recognised agreements. 100 and 72 per cent of those surveyed respectively – have no such benefit. the great majority – 95. Among other things. they are less likely to be encouraged to develop their skills.3 . Seafarers from the Indian Ocean. as judged by how well they keep them informed. and these again tend to be more positive than those on FOC ships with no agreements. And they are less likely to feel that they have any influence over their work. They are to be seen in ratings’ perceptions of how well they are consulted and of the influence they perceive themselves to have over how they work. Not surprisingly. Failing that go for an FOC with an ITF agreement. East European and Asian countries are less fortunate. but those on ships that lack ITF agreements are particularly likely to do so. The need to feel valued On matters relating to training and skill development and to hours of work and rest. to feel that their jobs are secure or to be consulted on crewing. In future. it is clear that ratings who work on FOC ships that lack ITF agreements are the most disadvantaged. The majority of ratings on car carriers lack six hours’ uninterrupted rest a day. to feel pushed for time and to worry about their jobs during their rest hours. pay. physical. Source : ITF Seafarers Bulletin 20/2006 July — September 2006 O 28 OCEANITE NO.system. The message for those wanting to go to sea on car carriers is clear enough: go for a national flag. working conditions and the extent to which they report having worked in physical pain or discomfort. They relate to how hard they work and issues related to stress and job security. too. they will be more likely to lack free email communication home – a new ITF agreement that comes into effect in 2006 includes the provision of funding for this on each IBF ship. Various dimensions of work experience point in the same direction. Overall. health and safety and other issues.

which is 12%. it is taxed.500 per year. If you have worked continuously for a period of five years. During these five years. What is PPF and PF? EPF / PF The Employee Provident Fund or Provident Fund as it is normally referred to.70.000 limit of Section 80C. PPF : What’s The Difference? 1. you pay absolutely no tax. that is. You can voluntarily decide to open one. an employee can contribute more than the stipulated amount if the scheme allows for it. The minimum amount to be deposited in this account is Rs. Or. is a retirement benefit scheme that is available to salaried employees. What is the return on this investment? EPF: 8.3 O 29 July — September 2006 . The tenure of employment with the new employer is included in computing the total of five years. the withdrawal PF is not taxed. This amount is decided by the government. PPF The amount you invest is eligible for deduction under the Rs. The entire balance can be withdrawn on maturity.PF Vs.000 limit of Section 80C. The maximum amount you can deposit every year is Rs. Any individual can open a PPF account in any nationalized bank or its branches that handle PPF accounts. let’s say the employee decides 15% must be deducted towards the EPF. If you withdraw it before completion of five years. the PF withdrawal is not taxed. 4. You could be a consultant. OCEANITE NO. In case of the death of the employee. So. However. You need not be a salaried individual. In this case. a stipulated amount (currently 12%) is deducted from the employee’s salary and contributed towards the fund.00. you earn the rate of interest and can also make fresh deposits. It can be extended for a period of five years after that. PPF The Public Provident Fund has been established by the central government.000. If you have not worked for at least five years. How long is the money blocked? EPF The amount accumulated in the PF is paid at the time of retirement or resignation. it can be transferred from one company to the other if one changes jobs. but the PF has been transferred to the new employer.1. The employer also contributes an equal amount to the fund. You can also open it at the head post office or certain select post offices. Under this scheme.5% per annum PPF: 8% per annum 3. 2.1.00. But if your employment is terminated due to ill-health. PPF The accumulated sum is repayable after 15 years. On maturity. then to it is not taxed. You can also open this account if you are not earning. a freelancer or even working on a contract basis. What is the tax impact? EPF The amount you invest is eligible for deduction under the Rs. after 15 years of the close of the financial year in which you opened the account. the employer is not obliged to pay any contribution over and above the amount as stipulated. the accumulated balance is paid to the legal heir.

There is no such contribution in case of PPF. PF scores over PPF in two aspects. The rate of interest on PF is also marginally higher (currently 8. To find out the details. The better option? In both cases. partial withdrawal – upto 60% of the balance you have at the end of the 15 year period .3 . the amount you can withdraw is limited to 50% of the balance as on March 31. you will have to talk to your employer and then get in touch with the EPF office (your employer will help you out with this). contributions get a deduction under Section 80C and the interest earned is tax free. In this case. PPF You can take a loan on the PPF from the third year of opening your account to the sixth year. 1999. You can also make a premature withdrawal on the condition that you are withdrawing the money for your daughter’s wedding (not son or not even yours) or you are buying a home. whichever is lower. and the first withdrawal was made during 1999-2000. Having said that. The loan amount will be up to a maximum of 25% of the balance in your account at the end of the first financial year. You can make withdrawals during any one year from the sixth year.50%) than interest on PPF (8%). If the account extended beyond 15 years. it will be March allowed. if the account is opened during the financial year 1997-98. the employer also contributes to the fund. or March 31. What if you need the money? EPF If you urgently need the money. So. You are allowed to withdraw 50% of the balance at the end of the fourth year. 1998. 1996. For example. In the case of PF.5. you can take a loan on your PF. preceding the year in which the amount is withdrawn or the end of the preceding year whichever is lower. July — September 2006 O 30 OCEANITE NO. if the account was opened in 1993-94. the first loan can be taken during financial year 1999-2000 (the financial year is from April 1 to March 31).

Chopped garlic .¼ cup Salt & pepper .¼ cup Cooked. Chopped mushroom . chopped finely Salt as per taste Pepper as per taste 1/2 cup chopped coriander 1 tsp lemon juice 1 tsp oil Method : Filling 1. Simmer for 2-3 minutes. reduce the heat and simmer for 2-3 minutes. 3.¼ tsp.2 tsp.½ cup Chopped capsicum .2 tbsp. Add chicken meat. Allow to boil. MUSHROOM CROQUETTE Ingredients : 4 potatoes. 2. garam masala Oil for deep frying For Filling – Ingredients : Grind together: 4 green chillies 2 garlic flakes 1/2" ginger 1 tsp.2 tsp. mixed with water. MUI MANCHOW SOUP Ingredients : Oil . Add mushroom. Water . Thapa – Office taste Aginomoto . turmeric powder Ingredients : 1 cup mushroom. chopped chicken meat .¼ cup Chicken stock .1 litre Dark Soya sauce . Note : Vegetarians may omit the chicken and use water or vegetable sauce instead of chicken stock. Add Soya sauce and thicken with corn flour. Fry onion till transparent 3. stock and seasoning.Kitchen Corner Compiled by Vijendra S. Heat oil 2. Corn flour . Heat the oil. chopped finely 1 onion. boiled. red chilli powder 1/4 tsp.2 tbs. 4. saute for 3 minutes 4. 5. peeled and mashed Salt as per paste 1 tsp. Add rest of the ingredients July — September 2006 OCEANITE NO. amchoor powder ½ tsp.3 O 31 .¼ cup Chopped carrots . Add vegetables and stir fry. Fry garlic till dark brown and fragrant. Method : 1.

Marinate the fish pieces for 1/2 hour in salt 3. For Seasoning (Tadka) Oil .2 tbsp. Make 10 balls of the mixture 4.½ cup Green chillies . Flatten the ball.¼tsp. add dal and curry leaves. Steam or bake for about half an hour or till the fish is done 11. Serve hot with ketchup PATRA NI MACHHI (Chutney Fish in Banana Leaf) Ingredients : 2 big pomfrets. amchoor powder. weighing approx 500gm each Banana leaves to wrap For the Chutney: 1 coconut. O 32 OCEANITE NO. and put one ball of the filling 5. Let it cool 7. Mix it well 3. add salt. Cover the small ball with the outer covering 6.¼ tsp.few July — September 2006 Method : 1. Cut the banana leaves into strips large enough to wrap around each piece of fish 5. Heat oil in a small fry pan.½ cup. Heat oil for seasoning. freshly grated 4 green chillies 1 tsp jeera 9 cloves garlic 3 cups fresh coriander leaves ½ cup fresh mint leaves (optional) 1 tsp tamarind paste 1 tsp lemon juice Method : 1. Press the ball lightly 7. Wash the fish and coat it with chutney 8. Add salt to taste. Cut the fish into slices 2.5.2 tsp. Tamarind .1 tsp. Add asafoetida. to a paste. Add gram and roast till light brown. 3. Black gram (urad) dal . mix well and remove from fire. Mustard .1 tbsp.10-12 Asafoetida powder . grated Roasted gram . Grease one side of banana leaves 7. Repeat for all 10 balls 8. Curry leaves . Tie with thread 10. Keep aside Croquettes: 1. Salt . Deep fry till golden brown 9. Fry for few seconds and add to the chutney. Mix it well 6. Serve hot ROASTED GREEN CHILLI AND ASAFOETIDA CHUTNEY Ingredients : Coconut .to taste Oil . 2. Grind all the chutney ingredients together 4. Add mustard. Roast green chillies till they loose the green color. with some water. Put each fish piece on the greased side of each banana leaf and roll up 9.3 . Heat each piece of leaf over a flame for a few seconds to soften 6. When it splutters. garam masala and grinded powder 2. In mash potatoes. Allow to cool. Grind all these with tamarind and coconut. Make 10 small balls of the mixture.

– If you have forgotten to soak pulses like chana overnight.3 O 33 .SPINACH CHEESE RICE Ingredients 1 bunch spinach leaves washed. Drain in colander. dalchini (cinnamon) 1 pinch clove powder 1 cup cabbage thinly chopped juice of 1 lemon ¼ cup milk Method : 1. . Preferably with finger so grain does not break 9. Bake in a moderate oven for an hour until the top has crisped and serve hot or cold.nutmeg freshly grated 2 . This way more air goes in your omelet. 3.sugar and a few drops of vanilla essence 2 tsp. lemon juice. Put spinach. – To make a soft fluffy omelet heat a non-stick pan and add a little more butter than usual. Add the above fried masala to rice leaving behind 1 tbsp.lemons 2 oz. covered with foil or cling film depending on the oven 12.double cream 2 .eggs 1 oz. salt and spinach paste. green chillies and ginger in a blender. Serve hot. add the spice powder and onions 5. When hot add salt.unsalted butter 10 fl. . The sustained water is enough for blending 4. Add cabbage. spread the leftover paste on the rice 10. Warm butter in kadai (pan). oz. 8-10 drops lemon juice and rice. – Add a little oil and turmeric powder to the dal before July — September 2006 OCEANITE NO. remove the skin before marinating it. Do not add water. drained ½ cup grated cheese 1 ½ cups basmati rice 5 green chillies 1" piece ginger 1 tbsp. buttered dish with a pinch of lemon zest and a few sultanas between each slice. Bake for 15 minutes. Slice the bread thickly and halve each round 2. Fry for 5 minutes 6.sultanas Method : 1. . Sprinkle on the nutmeg 3. mixture 7. They are ready for cooking. BREAD AND BUTTER PUDDING Ingredients ¾ . This layer can be used as fat instead of oil for frying mutton or chicken. making it light and fluffy. – Coconut milk when kept overnight in the fridge forms a white layer on top. Add half cheese. Transfer to a casserole. . . Cool by spreading on a thali or plate. Fry till they are light brown. Keep plenty of water to boil. Butter generously and arrange in a shallow.thick white loaf 2 oz. Cook till almost done 2. Keep aside. Delicately blend the masala with rice till evenly mixed 8. Now beat the egg and stir briskly (even while frying) with a fork. Sprinkle the remaining cheese and the milk 11. COOKING TIPS – To reduce fat in the chicken by about 10 grams per serving. just put the chana in a flask full of boiling water for an hour. butter 1 onion slice into thin long strips Salt to taste ½ tsp. Cook till done and serve hot. Beat the eggs well with the cream and add the sugar and vanilla essence and pour over the bread 4.

add a teaspoon of milk or milk powder while cooking. wrap it in a foil and heat it in the oven on 200 ºC for about five to ten minutes. – To make dosas more crisp. roll out small portions of the maida dough into small puris.3 . – Onions will brown faster if half a teaspoon of salt is added to the onions while frying. – The art of making good naan khatais lies in beating of the mixture till it becomes light and fluffy. Store this curry powder in an air-tight bottle and use it to flavour gravies. idli batter. Roll them out to the desired size just before frying. – While cooking ladyfingers (okra) add a few drops of lemon juice or a spoonful of yogurt to avoid becoming sticky. – Add a pinch of salt to the oil while frying “pakodas” or “koftas” and you will use up less oil. – Rather than using food colors. In about one to two teaspoons of oil. The cutlets will have a nest-like appearance. here is a simple idea. chutneys. This will make the idlis fluffier. – To roll out the perfect bhatura. – Place rolled puris in the fridge for ten minutes before frying them. Now. – While grinding the batter for idlis replace 1/5 quantity of rice with pressed rice (poha). – Adding a spoonful of curd to ladyfingers while cooking will ensure that they do not stick to the vessel or turn black. – Onions will boil faster if you make X-shaped cuts in the root ends. – To refresh stale bread. add a little fenugreek (methi) seeds to the lentil (masoor dal) and rice mixture while soaking. To prevent this. makes rolling more efficient. They will be done in no time and will retain the texture as well. July — September 2006 O 34 OCEANITE NO. – Adding a cupful of grated carrot or beetroot to the coconut while making coconut burfi will give you natural colouring and nutritional benefits. – Always add salt to the water while boiling vegetables. – When soups or stews get slightly burnt you can renew the taste by transferring it gently and carefully into a clean pan and flavouring with curry powder or mustard to camouflage the burnt taste. fry washed curry leaves till crisp. they will consume less oil and will be crisper. Also only vanaspati should be used to make them. cover with a damp cloth. – Peel and cut potatoes and boil them in water to which a little vinegar is added. This enhances their natural flavour and diminishes the need to add salt at the table. – To preserve the white colour in cauliflower and cabbage. crush with hands or coarsely powder in a mixie. etc. – Sprinkle a bit of salt in the frying pan before adding chicken. It will cut down on the amount of grease splattering. The dough will be elastic. sprinkle it with water. – When boiling potatoes for cutlets add the salt to the water itself as potatoes absorb salt better this way.placing it in the cooker. – A pinch of turmeric powder and a teaspoon full of ghee added to dal before pressure-cooking it will give it a better flavour. It will get done in ten minutes flat. use a mixture of limewater and turmeric to get (almost) tandoori color. – Curry leaves used in any dish are usually discarded. – Use crushed vermicelli to coat your cutlets for a change.

” said Bonty. Both are dragging their right foot as they walk. Wife: When must I give them to him?? Doctor: They are for you. after he dies they respect the man. *** Panting and sweating.” *** Facts of Life: One woman brings you into this world crying and the other ensures you continue to do so for the rest of your life! *** There is only one perfect child in the world and every mother has it. we would have slid down back. Thapa – Office Superintendent. A friend of his asked why he did so?” “It is doubly interesting”. 20 feet back.” *** Last week I asked my wife what she wanted as a present for her birthday. *** A guy was very fond of sensational and detective novels. “Sure was.” The other hooks his thumb behind him and says: “Dog Shit. “And if I hadn’t kept the brakes on. after marriage they suspect a man.” That’s why I’m giving her a pack of playing cards.” *** Doctor: Your husband needs rest and peace..” By the time he drove eight kms he had cleaned 14 Toilets. Burn the body and bury the ash. “That was a tough climb.” she said. I don’t know. points at his foot and says: “Kargil. “To start from the middle keeps one curious not only about its conclusion but also about its beginning. *** Two men are approaching each other on a sidewalk. The shopkeeper asked: Exide laga du? Bonty: Dusri side tera baap lagayega kya? *** Banta was driving down the highway past a sign that said: “Clean Toilets 8 Kms. There is only one perfect wife in the world and every neighbour has it. *** Q: Why was Banta writing the exams near the door? A: Because it was an Entrance Exam. *** Q: Why did Santa and his 17 friends go to a movie? A: Because below 18 was not allowed!!! *** July — September 2006 OCEANITE NO. seeing that Santa shouts: “Kya nishana lagaya hai !!” *** Banta spent 20 minutes looking at the orange juice box because it said concentrate. “Oh. said the guy. Here are some sleeping pills.3 O 35 . *** Santa went to battery shop and asked to change battery. “Just give me something with diamonds. Before marriage they expect a man. Suddenly a star falls. Santa and Banta on a tandem bicycle finally made it to the top of a steep hill. *** Man receives telegram: Mother-in-law dead – should be buried or cremated? Son-in-law: Don’t take any chances. 1999. As they meet. but he always started reading from the middle. one man looks at the other knowingly. Santa was observing him. Santa asked him: What are you doing? Pappu: Aapka naam roshan kar raha hoon.Laugh A Little Compiled by Vijendra S. MUI Banta was was looking at a WANTED poster & was wondering Saala wanted tha to photo kheenchne ke baad use jaane kyon diya ? *** Pappu was writing his father’s name on a 1000 Watt Bulb. *** An astronomer was watching the sky from his telescope. *** Women are confusing….” replied Monty.

Santa: In India. George Bush spots Banta on the tour and motions him and his boss over saying. “When I die. in his sleep. “Ek Punjab Mail dena.” Banta says. Banta’s boss is still skeptical.” *** Banta was bragging to his boss one day “ You know. “The directions on the can said to put on two coats. what a surprise.” *** Phases of a Man!!! Before Finding a Girl – Spiderman. “Banta. “ I know him. “How did his friends die screaming while your grandfather died sleeping peacefully?” Santa Singh replied. He was given a ticket.” So Banta and his boss fly out to Hollywood and knock on Tom Cruise’s door. I could never eat twelve pieces. I know everyone there is to know. Banta how about Tom Cruise?” “Sure Sir.” So they fly to Rome. “No. it is only with female. After they leave the White House. After Finding his Girl . I can’t catch the Pope’s eyes among all these people. Tom Cruise greets them when the door is opened. Banta and his boss are assembled with the masses in Vatican Square when Banta says. Sure enough. “I’ve known the Pope for a long time.Banta happened to be in a queue at a railway station ticket counter with a man ahead of him. Then came the turn of Banta Singh. but you and your friend and come on in and have a cup of tea first.” At the White House. “What happened?” His boss looks up and says. I know all the guards so let me just go upstairs and I’ll come out on the balcony with the Pope. “Ikk Punjab female dena!” “What do you mean by Punjab female?” asked the clerk.” *** Santa Singh and Banta Singh were discussing how they would like to die.” Well. After they leave Cruise’ house.” said Banta Singh. “The Pope. A: “Six pieces. Santa said. “His friends were the passengers in the car he was driving. ”Because.Watchman 10 years After Marriage – Doberman *** Banta Singh was painting his living room one hot day. *** What’s Ford? Santa: Gaadi. I don’t July — September 2006 want to die screaming like some of his friends. his boss asked him. *** Santa could not understand why his sister had two brothers and he only had one. But by the time Banta returns. Just name someone.” Banta asked.’ demanded the man in front. “are you wearing two jackets?”. but still not totally convinced. “Sure!” says Banta.” And Banta disappears into the crowd headed towards the Vatican. “Yes. Banta asks him. “Banta! Great to see you! You and your friend come right in and join me for lunch!” Although impressed. Bada Gaadi *** Q: Why did Santa throw the butter out of the window? A: He wanted to see butterfly! *** Q: Why did Santa put his finger over the nail when he was hammering? A: The noise was giving him aheadache. “This will never work. anyone. Sure enough. Tell you what. he expresses his doubts to Banta.” Tired of his boasting. who also died at the same time.” says Banta. just name anyone else.” his boss quickly reply’s. “I was doing fine until you and the Pope came out on the balcony when the man next to me said. the boss is much shaken by now. “Who’s that on the balcony with Banta?” *** O 36 OCEANITE NO.Gentleman After the Marriage .Superman After the Engagement . he tells Banta that he thinks Banta’s knowing Tom Cruise was just lucky. no. ”Why”. “For my wife. “President George W Bush.” his boss replies. his friend Santa Singh asked him. *** American: In our country. Let’s fly out to Washington.” replied Banta.” “Okay. *** Once Santa Singh broke his leg when he threw his cigarette butt down the manhole and tried to step on it. I want to go peacefully like my Grandfather did. I was just on my way to a meeting. who again implores him to name anyone else. Tom and I are old friends and I can prove it. and I know them. *** Q: Banta ordered a pizza and the clerk asked if he should cut it in six or twelve pieces. half an hour later Banta emerges with the Pope on the balcony. he finds that his boss has had a heart attack and is surrounded by paramedics.3 . Working his way to his boss’s side. What’s Oxford? Santa: So simple. marriage even takes place with email.

000 candidates. and keeps monitoring training activities regularly by undertaking inspections of the facilities. Candidates who have attended a course here repeatedly choose HIMT for other courses too. Unique digital library HIMT has a digital library for candidates. individual feedback from each candidate is taken by an independent assessor. GASCO. It also speaks volumes for the confidence level of the administration. with ample data including latest information downloaded from the Internet. Top management involved in feedback system In addition to the formal written feedback forms. whereby the expertise level and familiarity of the faculty in conducting courses is quite high indeed. HIMT has a pool of over 50 visiting faculty members who assist with various courses by offering expert guest lectures on specialized subjects. Highly ethical Above all. whereby the candidates are not left high and dry at the last minute. Faculty HIMT has more than 30 permanent faculty including senior Master Mariners and Chief Engineers from the Merchant Navy. Library available even after completion of courses HIMT offers its library service to all seafarers even after they have completed their course at HIMT. Almost all those who joined HIMT since its inception still remain associated. Several firsts with specialized courses HIMT is the first private maritime institute to start up in Southern India.ICRA Rating confirms outstanding status for HIMT Chennai’s HIMT bags highest rating – Awarded Grade 1 ICRA. steering clear of unprofessional or unprincipled conduct. Maximum approved courses in India HIMT presently conducts about 70 courses of which 52 courses are approved by the Directorate General of Shipping. CHEMCO and Chief Engineers’ Revalidation course. In addition. amongst others. the apex credit-rating agency. High frequency of courses HIMT has conducted a total of around 4000 batches of various courses. and perhaps is the only institution of its kind offering a record number of DGS-approved courses. has accorded Hindustan Institute of Maritime Training (HIMT) of Chennai. No cancellations HIMT conducts courses even if there are only a few candidates. This helps the management to take prompt corrective steps if any. a top grading and termed all its Post-Sea courses “Outstanding”. 52 to be precise.3 O 37 July — September 2006 . OCEANITE NO. all under the prestigious ISO quality umbrella. even by the MD himself at times. highlighting the dedication of HIMT to maritime training. There are some who have done a remarkable 15 courses at HIMT which speaks for HIMT’s popularity and acceptance level amongst students. machinery manuals and maintenance/safety videos. Specialized courses like Passenger Ship Safety (Crisis Management) course. The recognition from a private grading agency only lends greater credence to claims that HIMT is a premier postsea training academy. Top choice of candidates HIMT has till date trained over 50. which has granted HIMT an average of 10 approvals a year. the greatest strength of HIMT is that the Management and staff are highly ethical. Expert Guest-lecturers Excellent guest lectures from the industry support the course faculty.


wounding.resulted in a major disaster.” says Mr.Rise Of Modern-day Pirates Forget Johnny Depp and cutlasses. or opportunistic thieves. as the current trend is for pirates to seize crews and demand a ransom from their employers. The International Maritime Bureau’s piracy monitoring centre has already recorded six attacks including two which succeeded in robbing ships carrying relief to tsunami-affected areas. The MPs have strongly rejected the government’s argument that there is no evidence that piracy could be exploited by terrorists.” This isn’t a scene from a movie. it’s a real-life report of a pirate attack off the coast of Indonesia. assault. making a lot of money out of it. Raised alarm.” says the committee’s report. the invaders. The suspicion among seafarers is that in some parts of the world there is only a “fine line between who is a pirate and who is a law enforcer. which published a report calling for a tough international response to a 168% increase in attacks. Malacca Straits: Armed pirates in an unlit speedboat. “This is the wrong message for the government to send out. There is nothing remotely romantic about the perpetrators of these appalling crimes.” They’re carrying AK-47s and in a number of cases using rocket-propelled grenades. But who are these modern day pirates? Are they anything like the movies? “Colourful pirates don’t exist. pirates aborted boarding. Their target might be those on board as much as the cargo. where half a dozen robbers would steal something and escape.his own company provides teams of ex-servicemen. The pirates are not always foiled. The need for security is a reflection of an increasingly violent threat. Linington.” says Andrew Linington. Pirates today carry AK-47s and use speed boats to plunder gas tankers and aid ships.and ships can be kitted out with non-lethal defensive devices. “We’ve had cases where a fully-laden oil tanker has sailed down the Malacca Straits. to something much more organised with much greater use of weaponry. Singer. They’re either wellorganised gangs. of Securewest International.” says the committee chairman. murder. They tried to board from stern. When the luxury cruise liner Seabourn Spirit was attacked off Somalia. – who shot at the ship with a grenade launcher and machine guns – were repelled by a sonic blaster which delivers an extremely loud and debilitating noise. “Off Aceh. with no one at the controls because the crew have all been held at gunpoint.000 ransom for a pirate gang in Somalia.” It highlights the fears that terrorists could already have “phantom ships” which have been taken in pirate attacks and which have had their identities changed. NUMAST. the second busiest shipping route in the world. Mr. Noticing crew alertness. “And what worries us is that if this continues unchecked it’s going to be seen as a big advert for terrorists telling them how easy it is to take over a ship. We’ve had gun battles being fought on board gas tankers. Abducting a crew can yield a $200. says it is now commonplace for ships to take on security staff if their course crosses pirate territory . including former Gurkhas. He’s amazed that the attacks haven’t yet . Gwyneth Dunwody. of the maritime officers’ union. which warns about the escalating problem. “The big worry is that the attacks are getting much more violent. which warns that a ship seized by terrorists could be used for “terrible ends. “It’s moved on from being maritime muggings. says Paul Singer. says July — September 2006 OCEANITE NO.” ‘Phantom ships’: The problem of modern-day piracy has been scrutinised by the House of Commons transport select committee. UK ships carrying nuclear waste on the Pacific can also carry Atomic Energy Authority police. rape. The International Maritime Bureau provides a warning system about suspicious craft . editor of Cargo Security International. theft. And it dispelled the notion that any hint of Hollywood glamour might surround these modern-day pirates. crew mustered and activated fire hoses and directed search lights. of Securewest International.3 O 39 . “We must be clear about what piracy involves: kidnapping. blue hull.” Preventing attacks is becoming a bigger challenge for shipping firms.” says Ian Taylor. length about 10 metres approached a bulk carrier underway. NUMAST’s Andrew Linington says attacks show increasingly sophisticated planning and tactics that suggest military training.

1944. particularly off Somalia. she displaced 7. or exit god out of ur consciousness Moral: self or i makes us think of separateness from god. they think about Johnny Depp swinging through the rigging. munitions and other war material. At 15. “Yet there is little appetite for arming merchant crews. with the use of bigger ships which can extend the pirates’ range. At the docks. the crew.00. and sixteen minutes later there was a great explosion. Many families lost all their belongings and were left with just the clothes on their back.50 the order to abandon ship was given. and gold bullion in 12. Burning somewhere in the No. or find the source due to the dense smoke.” But the House of Commons committee says a clear line is needed on what is permissible in defending shipping. and later 8. The official death toll was 740.142 grt. ammunition including around 1. but you really wouldn’t want to be on the end of one of these attacks. an odd load of other cargo such as raw cotton bales. Port Said and Karachi.7 July 2006 Bombay Explosion (1944) The Bombay Explosion (or Bombay Docks Explosion) occurred on April 14.000 men toiled for seven months to remove around 500. who believes things would be quite different if pirates started attacking planes. Vol. including 476 military personnel. she arrived at Bombay on April 12. the crew were alerted to a fire onboard.2 No. not least because of potential legal complications for crew members who might shoot someone in the attack. And NUMAST has expressed fears it would only trigger an “arms race with the pirates.800 people injured. cutting the ship in two and breaking windows over 12 km away. Sailing from Birkenhead on February 24 via Gibraltar. twenty-seven other vessels were sunk or damaged in both Victoria dock and the neighbouring Prince’s Dock. and the emergency personnel at the site suffered heavy losses. EGO= Evil Grossly Overloaded. “When people hear about pirates. Attacks. sinking surrounding ships and killing around 800 people.Mr. timber and scrap iron. Source : Marine Waves. 2 hold. are becoming more elaborate.34. British Columbia. says NUMAST’s Andrew Linington. around two square miles were ablaze in an 800-metre arc around the ship.000 tons of debris and bring the docks back into action. and adds that international co-operation against piracy has been “woefully lacking. The SS Fort Stikine was a freighter built in 1942 in Prince Rupert. Attempts to fight the fire were dealt a further blow when a second explosion from the ship swept the area at 16. The vessel berthed and was still awaiting unloading on April 14. In total. Singer. oil barrels. In the mid-afternoon around 14. including Spitfires. One officer described the cargo as “just about everything that will either burn or blow up”.400 tons of explosive caught fire and was destroyed in two giant blasts. eleven neighbouring vessels were sunk or sinking. joy=god July — September 2006 O 40 OCEANITE NO. Away from the docks.” The lack of action reflects an “out of sight. It took three days to bring the fire under control. scattering debris.3 . people suspected a surprise Japanese attack and many fled the city. with around 1. in the Victoria Dock of Bombay (now Mumbai) when SS Fort Stikine carrying a mixed cargo of cotton bales. out of mind” attitude. dockside fire teams and fireboats were unable to extinguish the conflagration. under a lend-lease agreement. gold. unofficial tallies run much higher. man minus ego=love. despite pumping over 900 tons of water into the ship. She carried explosives.73 kg bars valued at £1–2 million.

Government of India MINISTRY OF SHIPPING DIRECTORATE GENERAL OF SHIPPING For Information of Members N. if applicable Deficiencies/observations during last audit. Res. BRANCH CIRCULAR NO : NT/ISPS/SHIP/07/2006 No. July — September 2006 ) . requesting for the relevant verification audit.1). The requested audit shall be conducted by the surveyors of the concerned Mercantile Marine Department and the report forwarded to the Directorate. no. Mercantile Marine Department. Baijal) Dy. if applicable Date of application Fees enclosed by demand draft/ pay order in favour of MMD conducting audit* Additional information.3 O 41 (contd. 44-NT(06)/PORTS/2003-III Dated : 4th Aug 2006 Subject : Instructions to port facility security officers on ISPS Verification audits for major ports. V. Dy. Requests shall be submitted by the Port Facility Security Officer directly to the Principal Officer. non major ports and shipyards The following procedure is to be adopted by all ports for the conduct of all Interim/Initial/ Renewal/ Intermediate/ Additional/Follow up verification audits under the ISPS Code with immediate effect: 1.T. Sd/(Capt. Mobile Date and type of last audit. of India-cumSr. nearest Mercantile Marine Department with copy to the Directorate General of Shipping. giving at least 15 days notice in the prescribed format (copy enclosed at Annex. 2. Office Tel no. if any Major/non-major/ Shipyard OCEANITE NO. NON MAJOR PORTS AND SHIPYARDS Name of port Category Postal address Name of PFSO Tel. Director General (Technical) Annex-1 The Principal Officer. Address: APPLICATION FOR ISPS VERIFICATION AUDITS FOR MAJOR PORTS. Nautical Adviser to the Govt.

..................................... 0700 (–5) Rio de Janeiro ............................. GMT London .................. 1300 (+1) Washington ... 0700 (–5) Oslo ......... 0700 (–5) Wellington ............................................. 1500 (+3) Mumbai .................................... 0600 (-6) Copenhagen .................... 2200 (+10) Warsaw .............. 1400 (+2) Vancouver . 2100 (+9) Tripoli ........................ 1 of 2004 dated 1st January 2004 World Standard Times Accra ........ 2400 (+12) Baghdad .......... 1300 (+1) Berne ................. 1300 (+1) Sydney ................. 0700 (-5) Bonn .. 1300 (+1) Dare-Es-Salaam ................ 1900 (+7) Belgrade ............ 1300 (+1) Ottawa .... 2000 (+8) Kuwait ................ 2100 (+9) Singapore ....... 1300 (+1) Bogota ............................... 2000 (+8) Perth .. 1400 (+2) Auckland .. 2200 (+10) Tokyo .. GMT Helsinki ... 1500 (+3) New York . 2130 (+9½) Delhi ............ 1400 (+2) Caracas ... 1400 (+2) Johannesburg .................................. 1500 (+3) Rome ...................... 1300 (+1) Vladivostock ....................... 1500 (+3) Bangkok .......................... 1600 (+4) Nairobi ...................... 1730 (+5½) Cape Town ....... 1400 (+2) Quebec .. 1300 (+1) Peking ...... 1400 (+2) Karachi ................................................ 0600 (–6) Montreal .... 1500 (+3) Darwin ............. 0700 (–5) Moscow .... 1700 (+5) Kuala Lumpur ...... 0700 (–5) Paris ........................................ 0900 (–3) Riyadh .. 0800 (-4) Chicago ......... 2000 (+8) Pretoria ... 1300 (+1) Mexico City .... 1500 (+3) Lagos ....... 1300 (+1) Ankara .. 1400 (+2) Athens ........... 0400 (–8) Seoul ................... 0400 (–8) Vienna ....The port shall be ready for the verification audit on or after date: Please treat this as 15 days notice for the conduct of the verification audit.... 1730 (+5½) Muscat .................. 0900 (-3) Brussels .. 2000 (+8) Stockholm ..........G.... 0400 (–8) Madrid . 1400 (+2) Kolkata ................... GMT Los Angeles ....... 1730 (+5½) Dublin ...3 ........... 2000 (+8) Jerusalem ..... 2400 (+12) These times are based on + or – Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) July — September 2006 O 42 OCEANITE NO.. Shipping Circular No.............................. please see Annex to D.................................... 1300 (+1) Lisbon ......... 1300 (+1) Brasilia ......................................... 1300 (+1) San Francisco ..... 1300 (+1) Buenos Aires ................................................................ 1400 (+2) Hong Kong ..... 0900 (-3) Cairo ................... Name & Signature Designation *For the present scale of fees applicable........................... GMT Amsterdam ............................................

The new regulation on LRIT is included in SOLAS chapter V on Safety of Navigation.3 O 43 July — September 2006 . of 300 gross tonnage and upwards. Some seek their fortune. but with ISPS has come a new rash of tracking and identification demands. While confusion and suspicion still reign The International Maritime Organization ( IMO ) has been pressing on with its desire to force mandatory LRIT. the shipping industry is desperately seeking answers on the future of the tracking and monitoring of ships. the technology will be used for everything and we are presently only scratching the surface of the potential applications and benefits. and mobile offshore drilling units. and LRIT will be introduced as a mandatory requirement for the following ships on international voyages: passenger ships. LRIT is a closed system. apart from the obvious issue of range. and the rest want to know why they need to comply and who will pay for compliance. amongst SOLAS Contracting Governments. vessel tracking and identification. Huge leaps forward in technology. including highspeed craft. fears over security and the demands of global trade for just-in-time deliveries have thrust us to a crossroads. and the data derived will only be available to designated recipients. whereas AIS is a broadcast system. and with the imminent arrival of continuous satellite tracking looming large. The LRIT information ships will be required to transmit include: – Ship’s identity. The debate on LRIT has seen players from all sides proffering their opinions. It also identifies which authorities may have access to LRIT information. including high-speed craft. and the agreement maintains the right of flag States to protect information about the ships entitled to fly their flag. is that. The regulation will see a phased-in implementation schedule for ships constructed before its expected entry into force date of 1 January 2008 and an exemption for ships operating exclusively in sea area A1 from the requirement to transmit LRIT information. cargo ships. some seek sensitive information. but there is a need for clarification and guidance on the issues of Long Range Identification and Tracking (LRIT). and – Date and time of the position. OCEANITE NO. while allowing coastal States access to information about ships navigating off their coasts. There will be no interface between LRIT and AIS. with the ability of ships to be tracked? With Automatic Identification Systems (AIS) revealing the identity and movements of vessels to all and sundry. In light of the security concerns there are some concessions. since such ships are already fitted with AIS. The SOLAS regulation on LRIT establishes an agreement for sharing LRIT information for security and search and rescue purposes. Just how can we juggle the need for security. – Location. where appropriate. The IMO ’s Maritime Safety Committee ( MSC ) at its 81st session in May 2006 adopted new regulations for the LRIT together with associated performance standards and functional requirements. The major distinction between LRIT and AIS.Vessel Tracking and Identification – what will the future hold Captain Stuart Nicholls – Marine Track Limited The International Ship and Port Facility (ISPS) Code has been heralded as a panacea for the security ills of the entire shipping industry. As such SOLAS Contracting Governments will be entitled to receive information about ships navigating within a distance not exceeding 1000 nautical miles off their coast. In summing up this new wave of monitoring.

and also are able to keep abreast of the latest technological developments.S. because of it.marinetrack. Non-compliance of this circular will attract penal provision under M. 00 Date : 16th June. under the Regulation I/14 it is required that the Company shall ensure that each seafarer assigned to any of its ships holds an appropriate certificate in accordance with the provisions of the present Convention. of India EAC Branch & (EAC) ENG / EXAM-17(9)/99 NT / ENG CIRCULAR NO. In such a rapidly changing arena it is vital that you are in possession of the right information. we think we r separate from god (infinite) Moral:don’t give much imp to body. As per STCW 95. but that you can get the most from the technology. Similarly as per the ISM Code. and so we see not so much the “spy-on-the-bridge”.Mehrotra) Dy. AIS and LRIT provide States with a forensic tool to see a complete picture. Having the right partner can give you edge and can ensure that you are not just compliant. of India Our body is our enemy. If need any further information on LRIT or on the services that we can provide please visit our website www. Recruitment and Placement Services and Agencies are advised to ensure that all documents of the seafarers are verified for their authenticity and validity prior to the seafarer joining any of their vessels. Sd/(D. but the spy that is everywhere. 4 EACQM : 0751 ISSUE NO. This issue with the approval of Chief Examiner of Engineers & Master and Mates.3 . In view of the above all Shipping Companies. certificated and medically fit seafarers. or “identifying who spilt that?” but that the uses will evolve well beyond these contemporary concerns. Chief Surveyor with the Govt. Act and rules framed Government of India MINISTRY OF SHIPPING DIRECTORATE GENERAL OF SHIPPING For Information of Members Authorised by DyNA / DyCS with the Govt. 2006 Subject: Verification of documents of seafarers It has come to the notice of the Directorate that inspite of taking all preventive measures a few cases have been detected of persons obtaining employment in ships with fraudulent certificate of competency and other documents. focus on eternal liberation of the soul July — September 2006 O 44 OCEANITE NO. it is the responsibility of the Company to ensure by careful scrutiny of all related documents that each ship is manned with qualified.It has been stated that ship monitoring is not just about safety. Marine Track has long been at the forefront of vessel tracking and monitoring – with our years of experience and with a strong working relationship with our clients we are able to move into the future with confidence and assuredness. security. just care for it.

They can foul beaches and impact on tourism and recreation.a native to south eastern Asian rivers and creeks which has been transported in larval form in ships’ ballast water to South America. and BBC Worldwide. the United Nations agency responsible for the safety and security of shipping and the prevention of marine pollution by ships. difficulty in breathing. depleting stocks and altering the food web and ecosystem function. in many cases exponentially. The film also highlights the progress made by IMO and the maritime industry in addressing this issue and the measures which can be taken to prevent the spread of harmful organisms. Several species have been transferred to new areas in ships’ ballast water.3 O 45 July — September 2006 . cause red tides to appear. Volumes of seaborne trade continue to increase and the problem may not yet have reached its peak. lips and fingers. release of toxins and/or mucus. shows that harmful organisms transported in ballast water by ships have caused biological and economic havoc around the world. Paralytic shellfish poisoning can cause tingling and numbness of the mouth. The documentary film. largely due to the expanded sea trade and traffic volume over the last few decades. after people ate shellfish collected from beaches affected by red tides. Consumption of contaminated shellfish by humans may cause severe illness and death. The film focuses on South Africa where there has been an increase in cases of paralytic shellfish poisoning. which have been transported to new areas in ships’ ballast water: North American comb jelly . It travelled to Brazil up river from the coastline of Argentina and is a highly reproductive invasive species that clogs up water intake pipes for hydro-electric power stations and fouls up other structures. and can lead to paralysis and death if not treated. Quantitative data show the rate of bio-invasions is continuing to increase at an alarming rate. with massive economic and social impact.has been transported to the Caspian Sea. can cause massive kills of marine life through oxygen depletion. Golden mussel (Limnoperma fortunei) . using examples of three harmful organisms. which will be broadcasted/distributed on television worldwide. It feeds excessively on zooplankton. The effects in many areas of the world have been devastating. It contributed significantly to the collapse of fisheries in the Black and Azov Seas in the 1990s. It affects the feeding patterns of local fish. while some species may contaminate filter-feeding shellfish and cause fisheries to be closed. The impact on one Caspian fisherman and his family is highlighted in the documentary. They may form harmful algae blooms and. and has now depleted stocks of the local kilka fish in the Caspian Sea. golden mussels and toxic algae star as villains in new ballast water documentary film Tiny alien invaders transported in ballast water star as the villains in a new documentary film on harmful organisms in ships’ ballast water by IMO. This tiny ctenophore is a voracious predator and reproduces rapidly under favourable conditions. accompanied by general muscular weakness and lack of co-ordination. The film captures the dramatic impact of this issue on the lives of millions of people. and new areas are being invaded all the time. The film shows the devastating impact of the golden mussel on fishing and hydro-electric power stations and on the local ecosystem.various species.IMO News Maritime invaders star as villians in new Ballast Water documentary film Comb jelly. Ballast is crucial for the stability of a ship and it is estimated that about 3 to 10 billion tonnes of ballast water are transferred globally each year. OCEANITE NO. “Invaders from the Sea”. Toxic Algae (Red Tides) . causing fish stocks to fall. depending on the species. potentially transferring from one location to another species of sealife that may prove harmful when released into a non-native environment. including toxic dinoflagellates.

Cryer said.” Ms. revealing an interior absolutely packed with this invasive mussel species. Cryer said. to achieve its aims. around the world. One of the hardest things the crew had to do was film inside a ballast tank. explained that one of the first jobs as producer was to decide which of the many alien invasions around the world would make the best case studies visually. The documentary features some of the solutions to preventing the spread of invasive species in ships’ ballast water.told the stories of local fishermen whose livelihoods had been completely destroyed by invasive marine species. with co-ordination carried out by a Steering Committee established by IMO at its Headquarters in London. to assist developing countries to reduce the transfer of harmful aquatic organisms and pathogens in ships’ ballast water. such as flow-through systems to continuously exchange ballast water while the ship is sailing and methods to kill/inactivate microscopic life forms such as by using ozone or ultraviolet light. July — September 2006 O 46 OCEANITE NO.e. and I knew IMO particularly wanted to highlight problems in some of the developing countries. Sally Cryer. Assistant Producer at the BBC Natural History Unit. who produced the film. India. but after a phasein period. Ukraine. and were able to witness at first-hand the large numbers of tiny comb jellies caught in the nets.i. Existing ships will be required to do the same. our film crew accompanied a night fishing expedition out to sea to fish for the local Kilka. including the private sector. IMO is executing the Global Ballast Water Management Project (GloBallast) in partnership with the Global Environment Facility (GEF). The second phase of this Project . as well as from the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency and support from the GloBallast pilot countries (China. Different solutions may be required for different ships. from East Asia. reproduces and grows over itself into ever-expanding mats or balls. All ships will have to carry a Ballast Water Record Book and will be required to carry out ballast water management procedures to a given standard.” she said. “In the Caspian. The documentary is intended to raise public awareness of the issue and is an invitation to Governments to effectively implement the Ballast Water Management Convention. Making of the documentary Filming took place during 2005 and 2006.GloBallast Partnerships . including exchange of ballast water on the high seas and new technologies that are under development. and to build capacity for legal. BP Shipping and Wallenius-Alfa Laval Consortium. a new international treaty to prevent the potentially devastating effects of the spread of harmful aquatic organisms carried by ships’ ballast water. a developing country where a major port was carrying out extra research and monitoring into shipping activities and ballast water invasions. The Convention will require all ships to implement a Ballast Water and Sediments Management Plan.3 . we left the coast and travelled along the Plata River to observe the impact of the golden mussel on water supply systems and hydro-electric dams. cameraman Sam Gracey and sound recordist Simon Kerr to film inside the ballast tanks as the pumps were turned on. It was a real shock when the CESP (Central Electricity Company of Sao Paulo) hydro-electric dam allowed one of its turbines to be opened for our cameras. The production enjoyed considerable sponsorship from Vela International Marine. IMO adopted the International Convention for the Control and Management of Ships’ Ballast Water and Sediments. Meanwhile. “We wanted the film to feel global. and the rising water-level. policy and institutional reforms in line with the new international regulatory regime. IMO also provided expert advice on the ballast water problem during the filming. “The opportunity to do this came up in Bahrain where a huge oil tanker was going to be in dry dock for several days.In 2004. South Africa and Brazil).” Ms. and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). they achieved some very exciting footage. Dan Rees. The heat inside the tanks in the middle of August was over 50 degrees centigrade and the crew had to drink gallons of water to stop themselves dehydrating. The first two case studies . In expected to start in early 2007 and will incorporate a number of strategic partnerships. where they had assigned a “demonstration site” . Iran.that of the North American comb jelly in the Caspian Sea and the golden mussel in Brazil . Despite the intense discomfort. Both had suffered machinery breakdown and blockages because of the way this mussel. Tom Scott from shipping company Vela International Marine organised for our director.

as well as a cargo ship which clearly explained the need for ballast. it will not result in any loss of revenue to the government and. which they claim will reduce the disparity in wages of seafarers in Indian and foreign ships and.6. I knew it had some fantastic aerials over a cargo ship in the Bristol Channel and as I searched for this footage my heart leaped. DIABETICS MAY NOT NEED DAILY INSULIN SHOTS In what could be a life-saving breakthrough for diabetics. Source : IMO News (globallast.1. It has been pointed out that if all the 82. shipowners believe that this tax. According to the shipowners. by showing the tanks filling up with water as containers “popped” off. for there was a ship chugging across the Moray Firth in Scotland and as the camera zoomed into its bows.200 crore per annum. United Kingdom. OCEANITE NO.000 seamen are employed in Indian Foreign ships employ around 52. they pay a total amount of Rs. Ms. I wanted to end on a positive note. shipping can work in harmony with the environment. They have suggested that the tax could be introduced by making its payment mandatory for Indian seafarers for renewal of their CDCs. about 30. looking at the lives of people living along the entire coastline of the British Isles. They designed a wire-frame tanker to show how a flow-through system would work.000 Indians. with careful consideration.imo. Without a valid CDC.000 seafarers – both on Indian and foreign ships – pay a flat rate of. two dolphins suddenly leaped out of the water.3 O 47 July — September 2006 . bring in more people into the tax net over a period. Source: EXIM. It is estimated that at the current income-tax rate. if put into practice. scientists are working on a project to make stem cells News in Brief SHIPOWNERS PROPOSE ‘SEAFARERS TAX’ TO ARREST EXODUS Shipowners have proposed the levy of a so-called ‘Seafarers Tax’. BBC Worldwide has the exclusive rights to distribute the film in the developed countries. A popular series called “Coast” had just been aired on BBC-2. Given that tax-free pay is the main attraction for seafarers. one by one. Currently. in fact. but will also not hurt their counterparts on foreign vessels. And they point out that though the tax will eliminate income-tax. These were originated by a company in Bristol. seafarers cannot work on a ship.86 crore per annum.” Distribution / broadcasting The documentary will be distributed by IMO through the United Nations film distribution channels in developing countries and by BBC Worldwide elsewhere. will reduce the disparity in wages between Indian and foreign ships. the tax is proposed to be collected on a fixed rate – a percentage of the seafarers’ gross earnings. who earn an estimated tax-free gross salary of Rs. “The best moment for me came when I was thinking about the conclusion to the programme. joining foreign flag ships. as it works out to only a small percentage of their gross earnings. Mumbai 12. It is expected that the film will be broadcasted by BBC World in the near future. to show how. this would not only considerably reduce the tax burden of seafarers working on Indian ships. To be applicable to all holders of Indian Continuous Discharge Certificate (CDC). the government would get the same amount or more than it is now getting from seafarers employed on Indian ships alone. including Indian seafarers working on foreign ships. As well as filming material for the programme. five per cent of their gross earning as tax. The shipowners have reportedly discussed the idea with the Director-General of Shipping (DGS) and claim that it would be easy to administer. Cryer’s job was to search the BBC Archives for suitable footage of the oceans and marine life.2006 SOON. a document similar to the passport issued to seamen by Indian maritime authorities. as a result.The best way to show ballast tanks filling up with water is through the use of graphics. arrest the exodus of seafarers to foreign ships. I had my perfect conclusion. say.

located inside the pancreas and responsible for producing insulin. Researchers have already found that bone marrow stem cells can transform into insulin-producing pancreatic cells in mice. “The ITF website will email you whenever new information is available.” Referring to the launch of My ITF in his speech to Congress.3 . Affiliates signing up to the service will be able to select the type of information they wish to receive. the cadaver will shoot the beta cells into the portal circulation. The service. And since patients would produce their own cells for transplantation. ITF General Secretary David Cockroft said it enabled unions to specify those themes which interested them. “Scientists will first pass a needle through a liver with the cadaver inside it shooting out a dye.2006 ITF News “MY ITF” TO KEEP AFFILIATES INFORMED The ITF has set up a new electronic notification service designed to keep members informed of key issues in the global transport industry. transport sector web page updates and solidarity action alerts. Turning cells into insulin-producing pancreatic endocrine cells or beta cells will be a phenomenal achievement. ITF Web Manager. said the findings cannot be applied to treating diabetics immediately but will provide the means to produce unlimited quantities of functional insulin-producing cells culled from the stem cells of diabetes patients.” To register for My ITF. Using stem cells’ capability to develop into any cell-type in the body. My ITF. “Though this research is in its initial stages. the scientists plan to inject these cells directly into the liver of a diabetic through the portal vein channel with the help of a cadaver. says stem cells have been found to mature into beta cells once they receive a stimulus identified as GLP1 from the body. however. “We are trying to ensure the stem cells receive the stimulus GLP1 and start producing the protein PDX1. was launched at the ITF’s Durban Congress on August 2.itfglobal. which will help scientists identify whether they have reached the portal vein. 12. Paresh Dandona.8. in which the body does not produce any insulin. said: “Our hope is that the My ITF system will help keep our affiliates informed July — September 2006 of important news and events around the world. where they will sit and produce insulin. Once successful. the pancreatic duct and umbilical chord blood (embryonic stem cells) to test if these cells can replicate the functions of beta cells. Researchers. and the University of Alberta are extracting stem cells from the brain (neurons). choosing from news online stories. the federation’s designated magazine for frontline workers in the maritime industry. scientists from the United States National Institutes of Health. O 48 OCEANITE NO. Once inside the vein. Beta cells have been found to survive safely only in the liver. The publication goes out to some quarter of a million seafarers and is published in 11 languages. Dandona added.perform the functions of beta cells. The discovery will especially help patients suffering from Type 1 diabetes. By creating an email notification system we now have a simple way for people to be notified when news and other information are available online. Subscribers can receive the information either as it is published or in a weekly digest format. Eric 20 YEARS OF THE SEAFARERS’ BULLETIN The ITF is this year celebrating 20 years of the Seafarers’ Bulletin. Source : Times News.” Endocrinology chief of the State University of New York. Insulin is the hormone that converts sugar (glucose) and starches into energy and regulates blood sugar in the body. the cells would not be rejected by the immune system. go to: http:/www. University of California. A protein inside the cell called PDX1 then starts producing insulin. An expert at the Indian Council of Medical Research said. press releases. 2006. the scientific community is excited.” he said. They can also chose to receive information from specific regions and transport sectors and in a preferred language. It will also free diabetics from taking daily multiple insulin shots. where they will remain safe from the human body’s immune system and start secreting insulin.

Japanese affiliates – All Japan Seamen’s Union and the National Council of Dockworkers’ Unions of Japan – handed protest letters to the master of the Saronic Wave. He also called for states to ratify a range of conventions including the International Labour Organization (ILO) Maritime Labour Convention (2006) and the ILO Convention 185 on Seafarers’ Identity Documents. including the ITF’s Flag of Convenience ITF CALLS FOR RESPECT OF HUMAN RIGHTS AND DECENT WORK IN THE MARITIME AND FISHING SECTORS The ITF exposed some of the alarming abuses still experienced by some seafarers and fishers at two consecutive United Nations meetings. solidarity action by ITF affiliates led to an agreement by the company to use MUNZ labour in the port. “Over the past 20 years. The workers staged a protest at the beginning of June protesting against the use of external dockers. It also lists inspectors’ details. He said: “The UN must address the need to develop a complementary implementing agreement to ensure that flag states effectively discharge their obligations under UNCLOS. Out of sight. as well as sign up to the International Maritime Organization (IMO) Torremolinos Protocol on fishing vessel safety and the International Convention on Standards of Training.” Adaba’s speech follows lobbying by the ITF at the 7th UN Informal Consultative Process on the Law of the Sea (UNICPOLOS) at which Jon Whitlow. Gemma Adaba. In light of this.First produced in 1986. following a meeting. These abuses were occurring despite the existence of range of international instruments. US.itfglobal. making it difficult to effect compliance with international agreements. urging him to bring July — September 2006 OCEANITE NO. of the International Confederation of Free Trade Unions referred delegates to the ITF’s report. she said. Certification and Watchkeeping for Fishing Vessel Personnel. the bulletin has evolved into a seafarer’s introductory guide to the global union movement. She explained how the report highlighted shortfalls in flag state implementation. Since its inception it has covered a variety of topics. but also with information about the global union movement. The demonstration in the Port of Whangarei took place after NZL Group breached an understanding with the ITF-affiliated Maritime Union of New Zealand (MUNZ) by allowing outside labour to load fruit onto the MV Saronic Wave berthed in the port. of which the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) is central. Speaking on behalf of the ITF at the United Nations (UN) Meeting of States Parties to the Law of the Sea Convention in New York. COMPANY BACKS DOWN IN NEW ZEALAND DOCKERS’ DISPUTE Dockers in a New Zealand port have won a victory for trade unionism after a company was forced to the negotiating table. the ITF proposed that the social and human rights of seafarers and fishers should be discussed at the next session of UNICPOLOS in June 2007. and offered advice covering a range of issues such as what to do if you’re an abandoned seafarer and keeping fit on board. could register their vessels with states with which they had no connection. It’s a powerful way of getting out the ITF’s campaigning messages and providing seafarers with information about how the global union movement can help them. But it also has a practical role – it contains information to make everyday life on board ship easier for seafarers in what can often be a harsh working environment. She added: “Seafarers and fishers working on vessels operating on an international basis are dependent on the ratification and effective implementation of international conventions to protect their fundamental rights. refers seafarers to useful websites and provides them with a forum for expressing their own views. Owners. the ITF has called for greater transparency in the maritime and fisheries sectors through ensuring a genuine link between a vessel’s owner and the flag the vessel flies. However. For more information about how to obtain the bulletin go to: http://www.3 O 49 . Secretary of the Seafarers’ Section spoke.” commented ITF General Secretary David Cockroft. Along with the International Collective in Support of Fishworkers and the International Coalition of Fisheries Associations. the magazine aims to provide seafarers not only with practical help. Out of mind.

adding that about 15 people have voiced concern about the shortages to him.65 lakh MTs during the corresponding period.9 million in 2007 (Kaiser Daily HIV/AIDS Report).99 lakh MTs during August 2005 – an increase of 20 pc. As for the cumulative tonnage figures: port handled 195.the matter to the attention of the companies concerned. Sep. According to UNAIDS. due to proactive measures of management. The Port has handled 8. The concerns come just two months after Russian President Vladmir Putin announced that the government would allocate $175 million this year for HIV/AIDS programs.15 tonnes over the corresponding period last fiscal.30 lakh MT during August 2006 compared to 37.89 lakh tonnes of liquid cargo at its liquid jetties of Kandla.3 . there was an increase of 193 pc in DAP/Urea. sodium. Trevor Hanson. achieving a growth rate of 3 pc.66 lakh MTs upto August 2006 during current fiscal. with the port handling a total of 14338 TEU during August 2006. this (antiretroviral) drug stock-out seems to be a disastrous result from lack of coordination” between federal and regional officials in combating the disease. the quantity of 19.000 HIV-positive people living in the country. The port also surpassed the target of 41. MUNZ General Secretary said that bringing the company to the negotiating table was “in itself a major victory. Source: Maritime India.” ANTIRETROVIRAL DRUG SHORTAGES IN PARTS OF RUSSIA COULD LEAD TO DRUG RESISTANT HIV STRAINS Shortages of antiretroviral drugs to treat HIV/AIDS in some parts of Russia are “gravely impacting” the lives of people living with the disease and could lead to the spread of drug resistant strains of the virus. with a total handling of 92.000. Russia could become a supplier of multi resistant forms of HIV to the whole world” he added. 2006. who heads the Russian Association of People Living With HIV. registering a growth of 15 pc. 463 pc in ores. According to the estimates of the Russian government. July — September 2006 Moreover. In fact the throughput is highest in the history of the port.” He added: “The combined efforts of the ITF family has played a major part in making this victory possible and shown this employer what international solidarity means within the ITF circle. “At the policy and legislative level.” The Company he stated had previously displayed “a total disregard in dealing with MUNZ and addressing their anti-union practices on board the vessel. If the situation doesn’t change. and the government plans to increase the amount to about $284. but one must also competently and professionally use that money. the estimate is closer to 900. 118 pc in steel coils. aluminate. 18 pc in oil extraction.7. there are about 334. Kandla port creates new record in cargo handling Kandla port has handled 43. and other HIV/AIDS experts say the number likely is more than one million. The container traffic has also maintained its upward trend.16 lakh tons of crude oil was handled during August 2006 vis-a-vis 15. an increase of 1578 TEU over the similar period last year – a growth of 12 pc. despite torrential rains this year compared to 12. liquid cargo throughput has also increased 9 pc. increase. Some HIV/AIDS advocates say that bureaucracy surrounding Russia’s fight against HIV/AIDS is in part to blame for the shortages.99 lakh MTs set by Ministry. Kandla port has sustained its performance especially in dry cargo handling. said he knows of two people who recently died because of interruptions in their antiretroviral therapy. Apart from increase in sugar handling. said. by handling 13.69 lakh MT in August 2005. “To earmark money is one thing. Moreover.31 lakh MT of cargo upto Aug 2006-07 against a total of 186. Mikhail Rukavishnikov. the port has attracted various cargoes like soda ash. during August 6 compared to 8. At Vadinar. after the commissioning of KVKL pipeline at Jamnagar. The amount is a more than 30-fold increase over 2005’s allocation. Crude throughput at Vadinar showed an impressive 14 pc.26 lakh tonnes of dry cargo during August 2006. Akrom Eltom.55 lakh tonnes handled during same period last year. 173 pc in cement and 17 pc in container traffic during August 2006 compared to August 2005. according to the World Health Organization’s office in Moscow. fly ash and for export categories like cement destined for Iraq. WHO’s HIV/AIDS program leader in Moscow. O 50 OCEANITE NO. The liquid cargo export has achieved a remarkable increase in exports of chemicals like orthoxylene from this port by adding another feather to its cap.