60 views

Uploaded by Zaid Al-Ali

save

You are on page 1of 3

Exercise Set 1

1. Find the Fourier series of the function f deﬁned by

f(x) =

_

−1 if −π < x < 0,

1 if 0 < x < π.

and f has period 2π. What does the Fourier series converge to at x = 0?

Answer: f(x) ∼

4

π

∞

n=0

sin(2n + 1)x

(2n + 1)

. The series converges to 0. So,

in order to make the Fourier series converge to f(x) for all x we must

deﬁne f(0) = 0.

2. What is the Fourier series of the function f of period 2π deﬁned by

f(x) =

_

1 if −π < x < 0,

3 if 0 < x < π.

What does the series converge to when x = 0?

Answer: f(x) ∼ 2 +

4

π

∞

n=0

sin(2n + 1)x

(2n + 1)

. The series converges to 2, that

is, the average value of f around 0, namely, (1 + 3)/2 = 2.

3. Let h be a given number in the interval (0, π). Find the Fourier cosine

series of the function

f(x) =

_

1 if 0 < x < h,

0 if h < x < π.

Answer: f(x) ∼

2h

π

_

1

2

+

∞

n=1

sin(nh)

nh

cos nx

_

.

1

2 The ABC’s of Calculus

4. Calculate the Fourier sine series of the function deﬁned by f(x) = x(π−x)

on (0, π). Use its Fourier representation to ﬁnd the value of the inﬁnite

series

1 −

1

3

3

+

1

5

3

−

1

7

3

+

1

9

3

+ . . . .

Answer: f(x) ∼

8

π

∞

n=1

sin(2n −1)x

(2n −1)

3

. Set x =

π

2

and rearrange terms to

get the value

π

3

32

.

5. Let h be a given number in the interval (0,

π

2

). Find the Fourier cosine

series representation of

f(x) =

_

¸

¸

¸

¸

¸

_

¸

¸

¸

¸

¸

_

1 if x = 0,

2h −x

2h

if 0 < x < 2h,

0 if 2h < x < π.

where f is of period 2π.

Answer: f(x) ∼

2h

π

_

1

2

+

∞

n=1

_

sin nh

nh

_

2

cos nx

_

6. What is the Fourier sine series of f(x) =

π

4

−

x

2

, where 0 < x < π.

Answer: f(x) ∼

∞

n=1

sin 2nx

2n

.

7. What is the Fourier cosine series of f(x) =

π

4

−

x

2

, where 0 < x < π.

Answer: f(x) ∼

2

π

∞

n=0

cos(2n + 1)x

(2n + 1)

2

.

8. What is the Fourier sine series of f(x) = x

2

where 0 < x < π.

Answer: f(x) ∼

2

π

∞

n=1

(−1)

n+1

_

π

2

n

+

2

n

3

((−1)

n

−1)

_

sinnx.

9. Find the Fourier series of f(x) = |x| where −L < x < L.

Answer: f(x) ∼

L

2

−

4L

π

2

∞

n=0

1

(2n + 1)

2

cos

_

(2n + 1)πx

L

_

.

10. Calculate the Fourier series of f(x) = x

2

where 0 < x < 2π and f has

period 2π.

Answer: f(x) ∼

4π

2

3

+ 4

∞

n=1

cos nx

n

2

−4π

∞

n=1

sin nx

n

.

Functions and their properties 3

11. The function f is deﬁned by f(x) = e

x

for −L < x < L. Find its Fourier

series.

Answer: f(x) ∼

e

L

−e

−L

2L

+ L(e

L

− e

−L

)

∞

n=1

(−1)

n

L

2

+ n

2

π

2

cos

_

nπx

L

_

+

π(e

L

−e

−L

)

∞

n=1

n(−1)

n−1

L

2

+ n

2

π

2

sin

_

nπx

L

_

.

12. Let a be a given integer. The function f is deﬁned by f(x) = sin ax for

0 < x < π. Find its Fourier cosine series.

Answer:

sin ax ∼

_

¸

¸

¸

¸

¸

¸

_

¸

¸

¸

¸

¸

¸

_

4a

π

∞

n=0

cos(2n + 1)x

a

2

−(2n + 1)

2

if a is even,

4a

π

_

1

2a

2

+

∞

n=1

cos 2nx

a

2

−4n

2

_

if a is odd.

13. A function f has the property that f(x+π) = −f(x) for all x. Show that

all its even Fourier coeﬃcients are zero (i.e., a

0

= a

2

= a

4

= a

6

= . . . =

0, b

2

= b

4

= b

6

= . . . = 0).

Hint: Show that f must be periodic with period 2π.

14. A function f satisﬁes the two conditions

f(−x) = f(x)

and f(x + π) = −f(x) for all x. Show that its Fourier coeﬃcients satisfy

a

0

= a

2

= a

4

= a

6

= . . . = 0, b

1

= b

2

= b

3

= b

4

= . . . = 0).

15. Let f be a function with the properties

f(−x) = −f(x)

and f(x + π) = −f(x) for all x. Show that its Fourier coeﬃcients satisfy

a

0

= a

1

= a

2

= a

3

= . . . = 0, b

2

= b

4

= b

6

= . . . = 0).

Suggested Homework Set 1 Do problems 1, 3, 4, 5, 10, 13

where f is of period 2π. where 0 < x < π.. 1 2h − x f (x) = if 0 < x < 2h. Calculate the Fourier series of f (x) = x2 where 0 < x < 2π and f has period 2π. Answer: f (x) ∼ 4π 2 +4 3 cos nx − 4π n2 n=1 ∞ sin nx . get the value 32 sin(2n − 1)x . ). where 0 < x < π. What is the Fourier cosine series of f (x) = Answer: f (x) ∼ 2 π cos(2n + 1)x . 4 2 6. n n 9. 4 2 8. π). (2n + 1)2 n=0 ∞ π x − .2 The ABC’s of Calculus 4. Answer: f (x) ∼ 2 π ∞ n=1 (−1)n+1 π2 2 + 3 ((−1)n − 1) sin nx.. What is the Fourier sine series of f (x) = Answer: f (x) ∼ sin 2nx . Answer: f (x) ∼ 2h π 1 + 2 n=1 ∞ sin nh nh 2 cos nx x π − . Set x = (2n − 1)3 n=1 ∞ π 2 and rearrange terms to π 5. n n=1 ∞ . Answer: f (x) ∼ L 4L − 2 2 π 1 cos (2n + 1)2 n=0 ∞ (2n + 1)πx L . 2h 0 if 2h < x < π. Use its Fourier representation to ﬁnd the value of the inﬁnite series 1 1 1 1 1 − 3 + 3 − 3 + 3 + . What is the Fourier sine series of f (x) = x2 where 0 < x < π. Find the Fourier series of f (x) = |x| where −L < x < L. 3 5 7 9 8 Answer: f (x) ∼ π π3 .. Find the Fourier cosine 2 series representation of if x = 0. Let h be a given number in the interval (0. 10. 2n n=1 ∞ 7. Calculate the Fourier sine series of the function deﬁned by f (x) = x(π −x) on (0.

b2 = b4 = b6 = . b2 = b4 = b6 = . Let f be a function with the properties f (−x) = −f (x) and f (x + π) = −f (x) for all x. . b1 = b2 = b3 = b4 = . 15. = 0). . sin L 2 + n2 π 2 L n=1 (−1)n nπx cos 2 + n2 π 2 L L n=1 ∞ + 12. A function f satisﬁes the two conditions f (−x) = f (x) and f (x + π) = −f (x) for all x. 13 . The function f is deﬁned by f (x) = ex for −L < x < L. Answer: 4a π 4a π sin ax ∼ cos(2n + 1)x a2 − (2n + 1)2 n=0 1 cos 2nx + 2 2a a2 − 4n2 n=1 ∞ ∞ if a is even. = 0.Functions and their properties 3 11. = 0. . . The function f is deﬁned by f (x) = sin ax for 0 < x < π. . . . if a is odd. = 0. a0 = a2 = a4 = a6 = . 14. Hint: Show that f must be periodic with period 2π. Show that its Fourier coeﬃcients satisfy a0 = a2 = a4 = a6 = . . 4.e. = 0). A function f has the property that f (x + π) = −f (x) for all x. Find its Fourier series. Show that all its even Fourier coeﬃcients are zero (i. . Suggested Homework Set 1 Do problems 1. Answer: f (x) ∼ π(eL − e−L ) ∞ eL − e−L + L(eL − e−L ) 2L n (−1)n−1 nπx . . 10. = 0). . 3. Let a be a given integer. 13. Show that its Fourier coeﬃcients satisfy a0 = a1 = a2 = a3 = . Find its Fourier cosine series. .. 5.

- mathUploaded byTashi Stunner Best
- Unit 2 Review (1)Uploaded byteenwolf4006
- Crash iit-jee - Trigonometry Combined.pdfUploaded byAnonymous vRpzQ2BL
- M9_Trig - 4 - Similar Right Triangles and Trig Ratios NotesUploaded byAndrew
- Exercise 01 Limits and Short Form Derivatives (Solutions)Uploaded byECoUF
- fs-final.pdfUploaded byHari Krishna
- 13 6 Integrtn Trig FunctnsUploaded byDaniel SH
- 7 Differentiating some Trig Functions.pptUploaded bybruce almighty
- Answer Key (Finals - Math 17)Uploaded byArlan Rodrigo
- IIT_2011_FST1_QNS_P1Uploaded bygrdger
- CXC Maths MC 2004 to 2011Uploaded byCharlotte B
- DSP_Paper the Real OneUploaded byNicholas Cemenenkoff
- MAths IIIUploaded bysabarish001
- Lecture Presentation in Alternative Method (Experimental)Uploaded byRyan Putong
- yr11 maths mm circular functions ta 2016 grouptasksolutionsUploaded byapi-412490459
- Solution 1 3112Uploaded byJoanna Lock
- Task 2Uploaded byMuruli Krishan
- Formula and Functions in MS ExcelUploaded byjavedaa444
- Trigonometric FunctionsUploaded bydtwo17
- 8433809[1].docxUploaded byAnonymous ncBe0B9b
- The Ring programming language version 1.5.1 book - Part 34 of 180Uploaded byMahmoud Samir Fayed
- HW01 Ch02 ParticlesUploaded byTulong Zhu
- Chapter 1 mathematicsUploaded byTida Tp
- 17 the law of sinesUploaded byapi-299265916
- Diff RulesUploaded byDaris Ibnu Fajar
- Supp Material Worked ProblemsUploaded bymathlinks1990
- ppt 1Uploaded byShardul Kapooria
- trignomerical equestionUploaded bynidhinvkrishna
- vit_mathsUploaded by100marks
- [Specialist] 2006 Kilbaha Exam 2Uploaded bySophia Duong

- De La Salle University _ Civil Engineering Department _ Course DescriptionUploaded bySqueak Dollphin
- Funciones hiperbólicas Calculadora gráfica HP 50g _ Soporte HP®Uploaded byandres19712
- Tippens Fisica 7e Diapositivas 03b VectoresUploaded byJosé Timaná
- MathematicianUploaded bymary
- Trigonometry WorksheetUploaded bydanangnoe
- 2010 - Volume 4 - Caderno do Aluno - Ensino Médio - 1ª Série - MatemáticaUploaded byAnderson Guarnier da Silva
- Appendix a Course Syllabi EETPUploaded byNasir Ayub
- tRIGONOMETRIA MARISTAUploaded byAlineNatanz
- CALDERERIAUploaded byIsaias Mora Salamanca
- APLICACIONES_DE_METODOS_NUMERICOS_EN_PRO.pdfUploaded byLuis Fernando Suarez Restrepo
- Guia1IdentidadesTrigonométricas 31Jul2012Uploaded byCristhian Camilo Celeita Hernández
- Formulario TrigoUploaded byeaycart2000
- Formulas Average AngleUploaded byMagaly Alvarez
- Matematica1.pdfUploaded byJhow Martins
- quarter 3 trig identitiesUploaded byapi-288610675
- ENGMA10 SyllabusUploaded byJohn Loyd de Troz
- circles - angles formed by radii chords tangents secantsUploaded byapi-235135985
- FOLLETO DE GEOMETRIAUploaded byHector Coz Tolentino
- Algebra ReviewerUploaded byMike Andrew Hidalgo Galingan
- trigonometria solucinesUploaded byionscurtuweb
- 3°MEDIO MATEMATICA GEOMETRIA A.URREA MODULO N° 3Uploaded byAlberto Blest Gana
- 02 TRI TheoryUploaded byharshanand
- Dicionário de Matemática (Tarcisio Praciano-Pereira, 2013).pdfUploaded byGabriel Lopes
- Prospecto de Admisión Unprg 2017Uploaded byRohner Guevara Torres
- VK-Skript Fuer StudisUploaded byblutrot91
- Std 11 Maths Paper 1 Maharashtra BoardUploaded byKhushil
- Tp 1Uploaded byMariano Piccetto
- T IMPRIMEUploaded byleydi
- Trigonometria no triângulo retângulo 2Uploaded byStefany Vasconcelos
- uni. 1 primer añoUploaded byGabriel Anzora