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ISRAEL IN HISTORY AND PROPHECY

Chafer, Chapter 43
Monday 19 September 2011

A. ISRAEL IN RELATION TO THE DISPENSATIONS
Israel begins in Gen 12, and is a major OT theme - this is developed in the NT. Israel is involved with all dispensations - starting with promise, in which God deals with Abraham and makes promises for future generations. The dispensation of law, Ex 19ff is the major OT dispensation and affects all of Israels life until the cross.
Monday 19 September 2011

In disp. of grace Israel shares salvation etc. In the future disp. Of kingdom Israel will take a prominent role again possessing the land and being subject to Jesus her king.

Monday 19 September 2011

B. ISRAEL IN RELATION TO THE COVENANTS
Covenants are closely related to the dispensations - and Israel has a major role from Abraham onwards. 5 covenants are major factors in Israels history: Abrahamic is the basis for Israel Mosaic provides law and OT basis Palestinian sees provision of land Davidic relation to Davidic kingdom and future Christly kingdom New covenant sees Israel’s blessings in the kingdom replacing Mosaic
Monday 19 September 2011

C. THE OT HISTORY OF ISRAEL
Properly begins with Jacob (given the name Israel), but Abraham is usually included. Abraham from Ur wen to Haran became a wealthy herdsman - when his father died he went with Sarah and Lot 1000 miles south west to the promised land God made a covenant with him father of a great nation, all nations blessed through him. Sarah miraculously gave birth to Isaac - had Esau and Jacob who was chosen by God to be head of the nation.
Monday 19 September 2011

Creation takes 2 chapters Fall 1 chapter Abraham, Isaac, Jacob 38 chapters Israel went to Egypt in a time of famine - in God, Joseph had prepared the way - the nation was welcomed and cared for (at first). Egypt’s ruler changed and they became slaves - Moses and joshua raised up by God to take them into PL (with a failure at Kadesh Barnea and 40 years in the wilderness as consequence) - Moses dies, they enter PL and after Joshua they enter a spiral of moral decay.
Monday 19 September 2011

Samuel is raised up to restore things - followed by Saul (failure) David and Solomon - the kingdom was extended - but Solomon disobeyed God about wives and relying on strength of horses (Dt 17:16-17) and the kingdom started to decline Solomon’s children were raised by ungodly wives without knowledge or understanding of the Law - after his death division took place. Northern kingdom of Israel (10 tribes, succession of wicked kings, judgement by Assyrian captivity in 722BC
Monday 19 September 2011

Southern kingdom Judah, 2 tribes, some godly kings but generally downward spiral until Babylonian captivity 605BC 70 years later Israel returns - Jer 29:10 Ezra tells of return and struggles as well as attempts to rebuild the temple - Nehemiah rebuilds the walls about 100 years later. Israel still did not follow the Lord Medes and Persians dominated for 200 years - caught in Syrian Egyptian conflict after death of Alexander the Great 323BC.
Monday 19 September 2011

Rome became more powerful - Jerusalem taken by Pompeius in 63BC and hundreds of thousands of Jews taken into slavery. Jesus was crucified under Roman authority In 70AD Jerusalem was destroyed - Israel was scattered all over the world. In the 20th century a move for Israel to return to its land started and in 1948 it was again recognised as a national entity.
Monday 19 September 2011

D. THE HISTORY OF ISRAEL AND FULFILLED PROPHECY
OT history is largely the fulfillment of prophecies, 100’s of them - this includes 3 dispossessions of the PL which form the major backdrop for Israels history. 1. Descent into Egypt - and return 2. Assyrian and Babylonian captivities - and return after 70 years 3. Dispossession after Jerusalem is destroyed in 70AD
Monday 19 September 2011

Chafer states that it is important to see the prophecies regarding the character and destiny of Jacobs sons (Gen 49:1-28) The Davidic kingdom is another important theme - the throne is promised to David and his seed forever (2 Sam 7:16, Ps 89:35-36, Jer 33:21, Dan 7:14) Promises of blessing and curse are fulfilled literally in the line of Saul, David, Solomon and succeeding kings as God dealt with them.
Monday 19 September 2011

E. THE PROPHECY OF ISRAEL’S 490 YEARS
Daniel 9:24-27 - see full text 70 weeks or 70 7’s = 490 years comprise Israel’s future history. Chafer states: Dan 9:24 starts with the command to build up Jerusalem (see 9:25) - giving 483 years before promised Messiah would come. The 490 years starts in 445BC at Nehemiah’s reconstruction culminating at 32AD with the cross this is an approximate date.
Monday 19 September 2011

E. THE PROPHECY OF ISRAEL’S 490 YEARS
 24 "Seventy weeks are decreed about your people and your holy city, to Daniel 9:24-27 - see full text finish the transgression, to put an end to sin, and to atone for iniquity, to 70 weeks or 70 righteousness, to seal both vision and prophet, and to bring in everlasting 7’s = 490 years comprise Israel’splace. 25 history. anoint a most holy future Know therefore and understand that from the goingstates: the word to restore and build Jerusalem to the coming of Chafer out of an anointedstarts prince,the command to weeks. Then for sixty-two Dan 9:24 one, a with there shall be seven weeks it shall be built again with squares and moat, but in a troubled build26And after the sixty-two weeks, an anointed one shall be cut off up Jerusalem (see 9:25) - giving time. 483shall have nothing. And the people of the prince who is to come shall and years before promised Messiah would the city and the sanctuary. Its end shall come with a flood, and to destroy come. the end there shallstarts in 445BC at decreed. 27And he shall make The 490 years be war.Desolations are a strong covenant with many for one week, and for half of the week he Nehemiah’s reconstruction shall put an end to sacrifice and offering. And on the wing of culminating at 32AD with the cross abominations shall come one who makes desolate, until the decreed end this is anout on the desolator." is poured approximate date.
Monday 19 September 2011

E. THE PROPHECY OF ISRAEL’S 490 YEARS
Daniel 9:24-27 - see full text 70 weeks or 70 7’s = 490 years comprise Israel’s future history. Chafer states: Dan 9:24 starts with the command to build up Jerusalem (see 9:25) - giving 483 years before promised Messiah would come. The 490 years starts in 445BC at Nehemiah’s reconstruction culminating at 32AD with the cross this is an approximate date.
Monday 19 September 2011

Messiah would be cut off after 483 years of the prophecy - Jerusalem would be destroyed (Dan 9:26), fulfilled in AD70 Chafer goes on to say that it is implied that there is considerable time between the 69 weeks (483 years) and the 70th week - in fact it includes two events separated by 40 years. The last week was characterised by a covenant made with a future prince related to the people who destroyed the city apparently a ruler of a revived Roman empire (Dan 9:26).
Monday 19 September 2011

“Many interpreters view this as a future event which will occur after the church is raptured.” Dan 9:27 then describes the future ruler making a 7 year covenant with Israel - which will be broken in the middle week and the last 3.5 years will be of persecution and trial for Israel this is the time of Rev 6-18 and ends at the second coming of Christ in Rev. 19. This ruler will stop sacrifice and oblation (offering to God) and make the Temple desolate - this refers to a future temple and the Mosaic sacrificial system by orthodox Jews before the 2nd coming of Christ.
Monday 19 September 2011

“Many interpreters view this as a future event which will occur after the church is raptured.” Dan 9:27 then describes the future In conclusion Chafer states, ruler making a 7 year covenant with “...the first 483 years have been Israel - which will be broken in the fulfilled. Jerusalem was rebuilt in the middle week and the last 3.5 years will first 49 years (Dan 9:25). The be of persecution and trial for Israel Messiah was cut off after 483 years. this is the time of Rev 6-18 and The events of the last week are yet ends at the second coming of Christ in future and provide a chronology for Rev. 19. This ruler will stop sacrifice the end time leading up to the and oblation (offering to God) and second coming of Christ” make the Temple desolate - this refers to a future temple and the Mosaic sacrificial system by orthodox Jews before the 2nd coming of Christ.
Monday 19 September 2011

F. PROPHECY CONCERNING THE ADVENT OF THE MESSIAH
1 Pet 1:10-11 Concerning this salvation, the prophets who prophesied about the grace that was to be yours searched and inquired carefully, inquiring what person or time the Spirit of Christ in them was indicating when he predicted the sufferings of Christ and the subsequent glories.

OT prophets did not know the coming of Messiah - it was perfectly concealed Chafer states, “the events which were fulfilled at his first coming and those which are yet to be fulfilled at his second coming were in no way separated as to the time of their fulfillment.”
Monday 19 September 2011

Isa 61:1-2 shows this: Christ read part of this in the synagogue in Capernaum (Lk 4:18-21) and did not state the second part of this was for his second coming. Gabriel (Lk 1:31-33) spoke at the same time of events surrounding both first and second advent of Christ. OT prophecy says Christ was sacrificial lamb (Isa 53:1-12) and glorious lion of the tribe of Judah (Isa 11:1-12, Jer 23:5-6) Chafer says considering these two lines it was not surprising OT prophets were a little perplexed.
Monday 19 September 2011

The Messiah had to be: Of the tribe of Judah (Gen 49:10) Of the house of David (Isa 11:1) Born of a virgin (Isa 7:14) Born in Bethlehem (Mic 5:2) Die a sacrificial death (Isa 53:1-12) Die by crucifixion (Ps 22:1-21) Rise from the dead (Ps 16:8-11) Come to earth a second time (Dt 30:3) - on the clouds of heaven (Dan 7:13) Jesus of Nazareth fulfilled every prophecy regarding the Messiah - no one else ever can do.
Monday 19 September 2011

G. PROPHECY CONCERNING THE LAST DISPERSION AND REGATHERING OF ISRAEL
We know of the dispersion caused by the sin which resulted in the Babylonian and Assyrian captivities - this fulfilled prophecies (Dt 28:63-38, Ps 44:1, Jer 9:16, 18:15-17, Ezek 12:14-15, 20:23). Israel would not lose her identity even in dispersion (Matt 24:34) - they refused the Messiah at his first advent [and Chafer says the potential for regathering then] (Matt 23:37-39)
Monday 19 September 2011

At Kadesh-barnea (Num 14:1-45) their wilderness experience was extended, their chastisement was continued - and will be now until Christ comes again. At that time his people will be regathered into their own land and they will enter into the glory and blessedness of every covenant promise Jehovah has made to them (Dt 30:1-10, Isa 11:11-12, Jer 23:3-8, Ezek 37:21-25, Matt 24:31)
Monday 19 September 2011

H. PROPHECY CONCERNING THE END TIME
Dan 9:27 says Israel will have a dramatic role in end time events before the 2nd coming. There are 4 major movements here stage 1 has occurred, stage 2 will take place at the 2nd coming: 1. Prophesy said Israel will be reformed as a political state - this happened in May 1948 boundaries have since increased and even though small israel is important in world affairs.
Monday 19 September 2011

2. Israel will enter into a covenant with a gentile ruler of the Mediterranean - for 7 years there will be a measure of peace and security here, jews will return home, economic prosperity. 3. 3.5. Years after covenant formed it will be broken and Israel will become a persecuted people - Jacob’s trouble (Jer 30:7) the great Tribulation (Dan 12:1, Matt 24:21) 4. A glorious restoration will follow the 2nd coming and continue through the 1000 yrs.
Monday 19 September 2011

I. PROPHECY CONCERNING THE MESSIANIC KINGDOM AND THE DAY OF THE LORD
The Messianic kingdom has far more OT prophecy about it than any other subject. It outstrips the idea of judgment upon Israel and reveals the glory and blessing which will be theirs when the Messiah-King returns. This is revealed in a literal way to all of the prophets, for example - Isa 11-12, 35:1-10, 54-55, Jer 31, 33:1-26, Ezek 36:32ff, Dan 2:44-45, Hos 3:4-5, 13:9ff, Joel 2:28-3:21, Amos 9:11ff etc.
Monday 19 September 2011

OT predictions concerning the coming kingdom are often part of predictions about the coming of the king when these two themes are combined “the day of the Lord” is spoken of - this is the lengthened period from the rapture of the church and the judgments following this event to the end of his millennial reign - Isa 2:1--22, Zech 14.
Monday 19 September 2011

Chafer cites evidence that the day of the Lord will begin as soon as the rapture takes place. The major events of the day of the Lord seem to include the Great Tribulation and God’s judgements on the world before the 2nd coming, as well as the judgments which attend the 2nd coming and the 1000 year reign. Obviously many great OT prophecies wee not fulfilled by the time of writing the NT - so we add the two, though still there are many to be fulfilled. Much OT prophecy about Israel is fulfilled - but there is still more to come before the end.
Monday 19 September 2011