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1 PReVENT vision and objectives

1.1 Vision
The vision of the PReVENT integrated project is to create an electronic safety zone around vehicles by developing, integrating and demonstrating a set of complementary safety functions. These functions surround the vehicle, assist and protect drivers and unprotected road users when integrated on a single platform. First, they detect and classify the type and significance of the danger. Depending on the nature of the threat, active and preventive safety systems inform, warn and assist the driver in order to escape the accident. In the event of an unavoidable collision, the PReVENT safety systems are even able to mitigate accident consequences. Their subsequent integration into an overall safety system is expected to strongly contribute towards the realisation of essentially safer road traffic in the future (Figure 1.1).

Figure 1.1: PReVENT vision of a safety zone around the vehicle realised by means of complementary safety functions.

The work towards realising this vision is a logical continuation of activities from the late 1980's such as Prometheus and the DRIVE I project (Framework Programme 2), where incident detection and information systems for transport & traffic, guidance and cooperation between the vehicles were ranked among the core R&D areas in the years to come. The subsequent Framework Programmes gradually turned to more stand-alone in-vehicle systems. These activities were followed by the Framework Programme 6 that emphasised an integrated approach to enable the reduction of both the accident probability and consequences

. not replaced by automation. the PReVENT vision carries a strong driver-centred message. In the driver-vehicle-environment system. PReVENT aimed at a deeper vertical and horizontal integration of single and separately functioning in-vehicle safety applications to a truly integrated accident escaping vehicle. In this way. The work carried out in PReVENT paves way to a future intelligent vehicle that not only uses the sensor information from the vehicle environment to avoid hazards but also looks beyond the field of vision and communicates with other vehicles and infrastructure to ensure safe travel.substantially in the future. The driver is integrated in the intelligent vehicle system. advanced safety technologies supports the driver keeping him in the control loop as far as possible. In addition to the strong emphasis on accident-free traffic.

In accordance with these programme objectives.10 eSafety for Road and Air Transport. advancing current sensor and communication technologies and finally. the PReVENT overall goal was to develop.3. PReVENT aims to contribute significantly to the road safety goals as specified in the 6th Framework Programme key action 2.2. test and evaluate safety applications. integrating them in dedicated demonstrator platforms to .2: Preventive safety systems are driver-centred 1.1.1 Goal The Preventive and Active Safety Applications integrated project.2 Objectives 1.Figure 1.

1 Motivation Road traffic accidents in the current Member States of the European Union claim annually some 50 000 lives and leave more than two million people injured. In addition to the technological development and integration. since 1984. deployment and use of Intelligent Integrated Safety Systems. national and EU levels. Even before that. The slow commercialization of previous research projects’ results has been delayed mainly due to limited sensor system performance. industry and other stakeholders. This safety initiative aims at accelerating the development. laser. These issues needed to be addressed to bring PReVENT applications from the research departments to the development and marketing divisions of the automotive OEMs. Numerous accident statistics and in-depth studies carried out over the years yield generally a very uniform picture of road traffic accident causation. Human error as almost a sole principal . the wish and determination for considerably fewer accidents have been pronounced by a number of European stakeholders. Furthermore. a large number of measures to reduce road accidents have been taken at regional. which exploit information and communication technologies in intelligent solutions in order to increase road safety. European Union launched the eSafety Programme in 2002 as a joint initiative of the European Commission. sophisticated wired and wireless communication technologies and modular vehicle system functional architecture and sophisticated software offer a lot of potential for enhanced safety. In recent years. 3 Approach 3. The results were not encouraging throughout the Community. In the upcoming safety systems. 2D/3D-camera. and heightened assessment methods regarding component verification and system validation as well as addressing risk assessment and liability issues were all paramount to the success of PReVENT. The work initiated in PReVENT will overcome such market introduction barriers by means of subprojects’ progress which will meet them head on. In terms of traffic safety. lack of system maturity. the combination of advanced environmental sensors such as radar. which clearly demonstrated their potential for market introduction in next generation of vehicles. an essential target was also to speed up the market introduction and penetration of advanced safety systems and overcoming the major barriers for wide take-up of intelligent vehicle technologies. Decreasing component costs. PReVENT presented applications of relevant safety functions. The use of these technologies played a major role in the success of PReVENT. system functionality standards. Europe is lagging behind Japan and USA. representing estimated costs of almost 200 billion the project integration. PReVENT goals included also the early assessment of the integrated safety systems safety impacts. high production costs and low public awareness of the potential these systems offer.

missing or inadequate reactions that are difficult to influence by means of conventional traffic safety work. this is challenging but PReVENT shows the first steps to realise this vision. PReVENT became the flagship of the Integrated Safety Programme. in the event of an unavoidable accident. Technically. Driver errors usually relate to distraction and a lack of concentration. respectively that are able to cover all major accident zones and provide drivers with information even beyond the actual field of vision. also the technology response needs to be set accordingly.causative factor in traffic accidents has been quoted repeatedly already for decades. (ii) Manufacturing and Materials and (iii) Integrated Safety Within these. Projects having a strong involvement of the EUCAR members have been arranged into three Programmes: (i) Fuels and Powertrain. motivational problems such as inappropriate speeds or driving under the influence of alcohol. The Integrated Project PReVENT made the first comprehensive attempt towards realising the vision of an electronic safety zone around vehicles. . the needed integration steps were investigated. The only way to minimize accident toll is to introduce both active and passive assistance and protective systems. This was achieved by developing a number of applications assisting the driver in vehicle’s longitudinal and lateral control or. Considering the ambitious goal for the accident reduction. mitigating its consequences. Members of European Association for Collaborative Automotive Research (EUCAR) are involved in a number of European Commission funded projects to tackle the safety problem. PReVENT work was then culminated in the creation of integrated application platforms in the INSAFES subproject showing the first electronic safety zone around a vehicle. These deficiencies are then followed by delayed. the Integrated Safety Programme plays an important role. In parallel with the development of individual applications.