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Management Information System

Instructor Name: Zeshan Iqbal

Assignment No. 02
Due Date:
Your assignment must be uploaded/submitted before or on 20 Sep 2011.

Uploading instructions:
Please view the Assignment Submission Process document provided to you by the COMSATS Institute of Information Technology for uploading assignments. o o o Assignment should be in .doc format. Save your assignment with your ID (e.g. bx020200786.doc). Assignment submission by hand is highly discouraged.

Rules for Marking:
It should be clear that your assignment will not get any credit if: o o o The assignment is submitted after due date. The submitted assignment file is corrupted. The assignment is copied.

Note:
Your answer must follow the below given specifications. You will be assigned zero marks if you do not follow these instructions. • • • • • • Font style: “Times New Roman” Font color: “Black” Font size: “12” Bold for heading only. Font in Italic is not allowed at all. No formatting or bullets are allowed to use.

Assignment Topic:
The topic of the assignment is Components of Information Systems.

Objective:
This assignment has been designed so that you can analyze the components of Information System.

COMSATS Institute of Information Technology 1

among other things.g. Control is achieved by adjusting the system according to the feedback. data. accuracy. Note the distinction between the input. Formatting.Management Information System Instructor Name: Zeshan Iqbal Reading Material: The goal of a business information system is to produce the right information product for the right user (e. Information product quality is determined by. scope. sales reports for a manager and audio/video files for a marketing presentation). +-------------------+ | | control | +-----------+ | +-. Feedback typically consists of reports and automated notifications. security and privacy. availability. Cross-referencing. Calculating. currency. Processing includes the following: • • • • • • • Validating. Sanitizing. its timeliness. information. The components of an information system are illustrated below. but may simply be a file on a server. Organizing. Networks. we make a distinction here to emphasize the value added by processing of the COMSATS Institute of Information Technology 1 . People. Though often used interchangeably. clarity. Aggregating. and the output. The data store is typically a database. confirmation messages for an e-commerce shopper.| | <-+ Input (data) -------> | process | ------> output (information) | | +-----------+ | | +------------+ +--------> | data store | +------------+ feedback Inputs include the following: • • • • • Data. Software. Hardware.

In fact. further reflecting our efforts to understand and use them. • • • • From transaction processing systems (TPS). To decision support systems (DSS). accounting. as an improvement over MIS. into a second system. Declining cost of end-user computing (mainframes versus personal computers). This defines E-business. Cross-functional . permitting ad hoc. The buying. which eliminate geographic and temporal barriers to team communication. and other basic electronic data processing. Trends in IT • • • • From automation for efficiency and control toward augmentation to support decision making and competitive strategies. Expansion of networking from local-area networks to wide-area networks to the Internet. o Operational . marketing. selling. To executive information systems (EIS). and on-demand queries such as ``what-if'' analysis. management. presenting information tailored to the needs of specific managers and executives.Management Information System Instructor Name: Zeshan Iqbal raw data into an information product. COMSATS Institute of Information Technology 1 . and productivity. etc. Information System Advances Note the correspondence to the IT trends above. employee performance report. sharing of data. interactive. in particular the Internet. services. and control.help achieve competitive advantage. gave rise to another kind of information system.transaction processing. and servicing of products. internal and external collaboration. process control systems. collaboration systems. Strategic . Decentralization of IT resources. o Management .. But this is all relative: information output by one system might be input. The expansion of networking. payroll.one system can serve multiple roles and fall into more than one category. To management information systems (MIS). and information electronically is called E-commerce. etc. and strategy. Applications We can categorize information systems in various ways. • • • Functional. commerce. as raw data.. providing predefined reports. Internet technologies have found use in all aspects of business: functions.sales summary report.

Ahmad has an Online Shopping Mall service with Mobile RFID technology. The record of every customer is kept in data base that entered in shopping mall. At the end of the day. Processing COMSATS Institute of Information Technology 1 . There are 2 kinds of Mobile RFID services.Management Information System Instructor Name: Zeshan Iqbal Assignment: Read the following text Online-Shopping Mall functions and identify the information systems and their components using the terminology as discussed in the given material. This report will be used to type up fine notices to be mailed to those people for new promotions. Outputs 3. What we describe as O-Shopping Mall Service with Mobile RFID can provide an exact targeting location based service. The data stores 5. He designs Mobile RFID for O-Shopping Mall and describes mobile handset platform with RFID tag and service platform for this service model. Shopping Malls can give customers sales promotion and various value added services through scanning RFID tags. the mobile store manager prints a report from the circulation database listing the entire mobile and the people whom sailed out. Point out the followings. Mr. The concept of Mobile RFID service is a combination of RFID technology with handset and mobile network. 1. One is Tag based service and the other is Reader based service. Feedback and control 4. Inputs 2.