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The American Experience:
e are pleased to offer in this American Experience catalogue an exceptional collection of books, documents and autographs which includes many of the most important and sought-after works of the past 400 years. A number are great rarities that would serve as centerpieces of any major library of Americana, and any would hold a significant place in such a collection. The first section is a representative selection from the entire catalogue, and the following four sections combine theme and chronology from the foundations of American thought, history and literature through the 20th century. An alphabetical author index is provided at the end.
ounded over 30 years ago by David and Natalie Bauman, Bauman Rare Books offers an extraordinary selection of fine books and autographs ranging from the 15th through the 20th centuries. With a reputation for meticulous research, an exceptional inventory and an expert staff, we offer an extensive range of client services. We have built some of the finest collections in the country and we provide expert gift services to both individuals and corporations. Whatever your interests—milestones of American history and exploration, literary classics, landmarks in science and medicine, beloved children’s books—let us help you find the right books.
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1776 Philadelphia Bradford Printing Of Paine’s Common Sense, A Remarkable Uncut Copy From A Private Family Collection: “The Declaration Of Independence Of July 4, 1776, Was Due More To Paine’s Common Sense Than To Any One Other Single Piece Of Writing”
1. PAINE, Thomas. Common Sense; Addressed to the Inhabitants of America... Philadelphia, 1776. Octavo, unbound, stitched as issued, uncut; pp. (4), 50; custom half morocco clamshell box. $62,000. Exceptionally rare 1776 Philadelphia printing of this American landmark, the important third edition (issued one month after the first edition), the first edition to contain Paine’s additions to the work, which increased the text by one-third. An exceptional uncut copy from a private collection. The first edition of Common Sense was published in Philadelphia by Robert Bell in January 1776. “Paine had patriotically agreed to give his share of the profits from Common Sense toward the purchase of mittens for the half-frozen American troops then battling before Quebec. When Bell said there were no profits, Paine, infuriated, dismissed Bell and employed Bradford to publish a new edition. He materially enlarged the work by one-third. He also reduced the price from two shillings to one shilling so that everyone might read the flaming arguments, and they did! Refusing to copyright this work, he gave permission to all to reprint it, with the result that it spread rapidly all over the country” (Gimbel-Yale, 14). “Common Sense was by far the most influential tract of the American Revolution, and it remains one of the most brilliant pamphlets ever written in the English language” (A Covenanted People, 27). “It is not too much to say that the Declaration of Independence of July 4, 1776, was due more to Paine’s Common Sense than to any one other single piece of writing” (Grolier American 100 14). This important edition, published in Philadelphia by W. and T. Bradford in February 1776, is the third edition to be printed and the first to contain Paine’s additions. Gimbel CS-11. Without half title. Signature clipped from bottom margin of title page. A little light embrowning, some faint damp staining to bottom margins. 1776 editions of Common Sense, especially those printed in Philadelphia, are extraordinarily rare and desirable, and this remarkable uncut copy is exceptionally so.
“The Most Famous And Influential American Political Work”: The First Edition Of The Federalist
2. (HAMILTON, Alexander; MADISON, James; JAY, John). The Federalist: A Collection of Essays. New York, 1788. Two volumes. 12mo, period-style full brown calf. $205,000. First edition of The Federalist, one of the rarest and most significant works in American political history, which “exerted a powerful influence in procuring the adoption of the Federal Constitution.” An exceptional copy. “When Alexander Hamilton invited his fellow New Yorker John Jay and James Madison, a Virginian, to join him in writing the series of essays published as The Federalist, it was to meet the immediate need of convincing the reluctant New York State electorate of the necessity of ratifying the newly proposed Constitution of the United States. The 85 essays, under the pseudonym ‘Publius,’ were designed as political propaganda, not as a treatise of political philosophy. In spite of this, The Federalist survives as one of the new nation’s most important contributions to the theory of government” (PMM, 234). The Federalist “exerted a powerful influence in procuring the adoption of the Federal Constitution, not only in New York but in the other states. There is probably no work in so small a compass that contains so much valuable political information. The true principles of a republican form of government are here unfolded with great clearness and simplicity” (Church 1230). “A generation passed before it was recognized that these essays by the principal author of the Constitution and its brilliant advocate were the most authoritative interpretation of the Constitution as drafted by the Convention of 1787. As a commentary and exposition of the Constitution, the influence of the Federalist has been profound” (Grolier 100 American 56). “The most thorough and brilliant explication of the Federal Constitution (or any other constitution) ever written” (Smith, 263-4). Sabin 23979. Howes H114. Evans 21127. Streeter II:1049. Light scattered foxing. An exceptional copy.
t h e p e o p l e ...”
A Unique And Previously Unrecorded Edition Of The United States Constitution— One Of The Earliest Printings Of Perhaps The Most Important Document In The History Of America, The Only Known Copy
3. (CONSTITUTION) Plan of the New Federal Government. Philadelphia, September, 1787. Folio sheet (14 by 18 inches), folded once, printed in double columns; pp.4. $335,000. A previously unrecorded and evidently unique early printing of the proposed United States Constitution, with the full text of the Constitution, the names of the delegates and the states they represent, the resolution that the document be submitted to the states for ratification, and the text of Washington’s letter endorsing the Constitution. Early printings of the Constitution are extraordinarily rare. A unique early printing of the Constitution, done in Philadelphia, the city where the Convention held its historic meetings. This four-page handbill, issued by Philadelphia printer Robert Smith, gives every indication of being issued in great haste, with the text of pages 1 and 4 misaligned, and set in double-column format typical of a newsletter handbill of the period. While undated, such a format clearly was not produced at leisure, and this handbill was almost certainly issued shortly after the Constitution was publicly announced on September 17, 1787. Robert Smith apprenticed with the Philadelphia firm of Dunlap and Claypoole—who later became the official printers to the Constitutional Convention—before launching his own newspaper, The Evening Chronicle, in Philadelphia in February, 1787. Smith took on a partner, James Prange, and the firm operated as Smith and Prange from November 1, 1787, meaning that this printing could only have occurred in the six weeks between September 17 and November 1. The text of the Constitution was publicly read before the Pennsylvania General Assembly on the morning of September 18, and was printed by Dunlap and Claypoole (partly from the standing type they used to produce their official printing of the text on September 17) and published in the regular issue of their weekly newspaper, The Pennsylvania Packet, on September 19. It is almost certain that Smith produced this printing of the Constitution within a week of its announcement, and he may have indeed printed it as early as Tuesday, September 18, or the Saturday thereafter, as Tuesdays and Saturdays were the days of publication of The Evening Chronicle. Logically, Smith would have gone to press with the historic document as soon as the new plan was available to be set in type. Even a week later, the new plan would have been cold, essentially unsaleable news to Philadelphians. Indeed, if Smith somehow obtained the text of the Constitution from his former colleagues Dunlap and Claypoole, this printing may be the earliest “unofficial” printing of the Constitution. Leonard Rapport has observed that “most accounts name the September 19 edition of Dunlap and Claypoole’s Pennsylvania Packet as the first public printing of the Constitution (as distinguished from the Convention’s official printing). Such attribution, however, ignores the fact that the Packet was only one of five Philadelphia newspapers in which the Constitution appeared that morning. Was there a first among the newspapers? A tip-sheet in the New-York historical society hints that the race may have been lost for those particular newspapers even before the newsboys started their Wednesday morning [the 19th] deliveries. On September 18 Lt. Erkuries Beatty, paymaster for the First U.S. Infantry, was in Philadelphia buying supplies. His diary entry for that day reads: ‘The business of Convention read before the house of Assembly and was published in the Evening.’ No copy of such a printing is known to exist. However, the Philadelphia Evening Chronicle appeared twice a week, on Tuesdays and Sundays. Copies of all the Chronicle’s September issue survive with one exception—that of Tuesday, September 18. With copies of the official printing available Monday night or early Tuesday morning there was time enough for the printer of the Chronicle to have obtained and reprinted a copy by Tuesday evening. If it did not appear in the missing issue, the Chronicle would have had the distinction of being the only Philadelphia newspaper not to have published the Constitution” (Rapport, 81-82). It is quite possible that Robert Smith did not publish a regular issue for the 18th, choosing instead to devote his resources to printing this most important document. If that was in fact the case, then this unique printing would constitute the first publicly available printing of the United States Constitution. Similar handbills were issued in New York, Boston, Baltimore and Richmond, as the news of the Constitution reached those cities, but Smith’s location and his relationship with Dunlap and Claypoole indicate that this printing precedes all those, and was in fact produced very shortly after the end of the Constitutional Convention. This large-format, small type edition is not recorded in Evans, Shipton & Mooney, Bristol, NAIP, or any of the standard bibliographic sources; this printing was unrecorded until 1996, and in the ten years since its discovery, it remains the sole known copy. See Leonard Rapport, “Printing the Constitution,” in Prologue: the Journal of the National Archives, vol. 2, no. 2, 69-90. With expert restoration along center fold. One small hole in text, affecting one letter; the sheet is completely untrimmed. Excellent, almost mint condition. A significant and unique discovery.
“The First Call Made By Me… I Order That A Draft Shall Be Made…”: Signed By Lincoln On The Final Day Of The Battle Of Gettysburg, A Pivotal Document Enacting The “First Draft In American History”
4. LINCOLN, Abraham. Document signed. Washington, D.C., July 3, 1863. Folio, single wove leaf, 8 by 10 inches folded once. WITH: Photograph of Lincoln. Washington, D.C., circa 1864. Original photograph, measuring 8 by 10 inches. $30,000. Rare official 1863 printed document, finished in a secretarial hand and boldly signed by Lincoln, his command to proceed with the “first draft in American history,” calling for over 1900 men from Pennsylvania to be enlisted in the Union Army, issued July 3, 1863, the final day of the Battle of Gettysburg. Accompanied by an 8-by-10 inch photograph of the original photographic portrait of Lincoln taken in 1864 by Anthony Berger at Mathew Brady’s Washington studio. Fine condition with exceptional bold signature. The summer of 1863 “marked a crucial transformation in the Union war effort.” As newspaper headlines “blared ‘Invasion! Rebel Forces in Maryland and Pennsylvania!’… Lincoln remained quietly confident that the Union troops, fighting on home ground, would achieve the signal victory so long denied” (Goodwin, 531-48). By then, however, Union recruitment had “arrived at the same impasse it had reached in the South a year earlier… The Union army in 1863 faced a serious manpower loss.” The Enrollment Act passed in March had assigned provost marshals to each congressional district “to enroll every male citizen and immigrant who had filed for citizenship aged 20-25. This became the basis for each district’s quota,” and in July, as stated herein, Lincoln issued the first draft (out of four), calling up “20 percent of the enrollees, chosen by lot in each district” (McPherson, 600-1): a total of “a hundred thousand troops from the militias in Pennsylvania, Maryland, Ohio and the new state of West Virginia” (Goodwin, 531). Issued July 3, 1863, the final day of the Battle of Gettysburg, this document contains, as Lincoln states within, “the first call made by me on the State of Pennsylvania under the act approved March 3, 1863”: assigning 1,951 men to be furnished “by the 23rd District of the State of Pennsylvania… and 50 percent in addition”: also marking the day the Union Army’s victory at Gettysburg cost over “23,000 Union casualties, more than onequarter of the army’s effectives” (McPherson, 662). Lincoln did not learn of the outcome until dawn of July 4th, when he received a telegram reporting, “the battle had been successfully concluded.” Soon, however, when “the names of all the men eligible for the first draft in American history would be placed in a giant wheel and drawn,” resistance mounted. In New York, on the second day of the draft, “‘Scarcely had two dozen names been called,’ the New York Times reported, ‘when a crowd, numbering perhaps 500,’ stormed the building… smashed the giant wheel, shredded the lists and records, and then set the building on fire.” Triggered by a provision allowing “a draftee to either pay $300 or provide a substitute,” the Draft Riots continued unchecked for five days… creating foreboding throughout the North as other cities prepared to commence their own drafts” (Goodwin, 532-7). Pencil notation on verso of photograph. Exceptionally fine condition, commemorating an especially important event in American history.
“One Of The Supreme Utterances Of The Principles Of Democratic Freedom”: First Book-Form Publication Of Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address
5. (LINCOLN, Abraham). EVERETT, Edward. An Oration Delivered on the Battlefield of Gettysburg. New York, 1863. Slim octavo, contemporary gilt-stamped purple cloth; pp. 48. Custom clamshell box. $31,000. Rare first book-form publication of “one of the supreme utterances of the principles of democratic freedom,” Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address (PMM). An exceptional copy. Before a crowd of over 9,000 assembled at Gettysburg, including members of Congress and nine governors, noted orator Edward Everett delivered his memorized two-hour address as President Lincoln waited on the platform; “As Everett started back to his seat, Lincoln stood to clasp his hand… The ‘flutter and motion of the crowd ceased the moment the President was on his feet’… Though he had had but a brief time to prepare the address, he had devoted intense thought to his chosen theme for nearly a decade” (Goodwin, Team of Rivals, 585-6). Lincoln’s address was briefly met with quiet as the crowd “‘stood motionless and silent’” before breaking into applause, leading Lincoln to fear the speech a “‘flat failure’… Edward Everett knew better… ‘I should be glad,’ he wrote Lincoln, ‘if I could flatter myself that I came as near to the central idea of the occasion, in two hours, as you did in two minutes’” (Goodwin, 586). “The Washington Chronicle of 18-21 November reported extensively on this ceremony and included a verbatim text of ‘Edward Everett’s Great Oration.’ On the fourth day it noted in passing that the President had also made a speech, but gave no details. When it came to the separate publication on 22 November, Everett’s ‘Oration’ was reprinted from the standing type, but Lincoln’s speech had to be set up. It was tucked away as a final paragraph on page 16 of the pamphlet. It was similarly treated when the meanly produced leaflet was replaced by a 48-page booklet published by Baker and Godwin of New York in the same year” (PMM 351). The rare 16-page pamphlet, The Gettysburg Solemnities, is known in only two copies, making this the first obtainable edition. Howes E233. Sabin 23263. Monaghan 193. This copy additionally features two laid-in items, both inscribed by Everett. The first contains his warm inscription written to his fellow senator from Massachusetts, Charles Sumner, “one of the first members of Congress to urge abolition” and one of Lincoln’s most valued confidants (ANB). A second laid-in autograph note promises Everett’s recommendation upon passage of a resolution providing “for two additional cadets to [the Military Academy] to be nominated by the Senators.” Text generally very clean with only occasional light foxing; publisher’s cloth fine and unfrayed, gilt bright. An exceptional copy.
robert e. lee
Mathew Brady’s Splendid Large Oval Photograph Of Robert E. Lee, Boldly Signed By Lee
6. (LEE, Robert E.) BRADY, Mathew. Photograph signed. Washington, D.C., 1869. Original oval albumen photograph mounted on cardstock, measuring 8 by 10 inches; in contemporary oval frame, entire piece measures 12 by 14 inches. $32,000. Original bust-length portrait of Lee by Mathew Brady, boldly signed by Lee just beneath the image, with Brady’s studio imprint. A splendid piece in contemporary frame, Lee’s signature fine and bold. This vintage photograph of “perhaps the most revered of American soldiers” (Warner, 179) was made by Mathew Brady in his Washington Gallery when Lee came to visit Grant at the White House in 1869. “It was in the Spring of 1869 that General Lee came to his gallery to sit for three portraits. He was then President of Washington University. The General had been visiting friends in Baltimore, accompanied by Mr. and Mrs. Tagart. Following that visit, the General and his friends left for Washington. Soon after their arrival, Lee went to the White House to see President Grant… A day or so later, the General visited Brady’s studio. The resulting pictures clearly showed his advanced age and the ravages of care and sorrow. After bidding Brady farewell, Lee left Washington for the last time” (Meredith, 218). “Lee’s enormous wartime prestige, both in the North and South, and the devotion inspired by his unconscious symbolism of the ‘Lost Cause’ made him a legendary figure” (Warner, 183). Meredith, plate 129. Image fresh and unfaded, expert paper repairs to mount and to small repair to edge of photograph. Large signature exceptionally bold and fine. An exceptional piece.
john james audubon
Audubon’s Birds Of America, Royal Octavo Edition With 500 Hand-Colored Plates: “One Of The Finest Ornithological Works Ever Printed”
7. AUDUBON, John James. The Birds of America. New York, 1856. Seven volumes. Royal octavo, publisher’s full brown morocco gilt. $75,000. Second octavo edition, the first edition with fully colored backgrounds, containing 500 superb hand-colored plates. One of the most spectacular series of ornithological prints ever produced. Identical to the first octavo edition, printed in 1840-44, except that the prints for the first time have lovely tinted lithographic-wash backgrounds. The royal octavo edition contained new species of birds and plants not included in the folio edition, with the birds grouped in an orderly scientific manner. “His first objective was to observe birds in their native habitat, to see their behavior, their ways of standing, walking, flying, their feeding and nesting habits, seasonal plumage and all the rest. He traveled up and down the Mississippi and Ohio River areas, and up and down the Atlantic seaboard from Maine to Key West. He spent a winter near Charleston, South Carolina... traveled to Labrador, Newfoundland, and Nova Scotia... and Texas” (Gifts of Genius, 137). “The Birds of America exemplifies man’s ability to accomplish an almost impossible task through sacrifice and persistence. Audubon set out to paint and publish an example of every bird on the North American continent... He was the first artist-naturalist to illustrate American birds, life-size, in natural poses” (Handbook of Audubon Prints, 17-18). “The most splendid book ever produced in relation to America, and certainly one of the finest ornithological works ever printed... This immense undertaking, this unparalleled achievement, was the work of a man of relentless energy, with no private fortune… It is a story without equal in the whole history of publishing” (Great Books and Book Collectors, 21013). Grolier 45. Nissen IVB 52. Anker 19. Plate 41 with tape repair to verso. Slight rubbing to front free endpapers in Volumes I and VI; some inner hinges expertly repaired. Publisher’s full tooled morocco bindings fine, plates for the most part vivid and lovely with only occasional light foxing, some foxing to tissue-guards. A beautiful set of one of the most important and desirable of all American plate books.
lewis and clark
The Cornerstone Of American Exploration: Exceedingly Rare First Edition In Original Boards Of The Definitive Account Of The Lewis & Clark Expedition, The Most Important Exploration Of The North American Continent
8. LEWIS, Meriwether and CLARK, William. History of the Expedition Under the Command of Captains Lewis and Clark. Philadelphia, 1814. Two volumes. Octavo, original three-quarter brown sheep, original marbled boards, morocco spine labels; custom half morocco clamshell box. $175,000. Exceptionally rare first edition, one of only 1,417 copies printed, of the definitive account of the most important exploration of the North American continent, with the famous large folding map of the course of the expedition and five in-text maps. “First authorized and complete account of the most important western exploration and the first of many overland narratives to follow” (Howes L317). “American explorers had for the first time spanned the continental United States and had driven the first wedge toward opening up our new far western frontier” (Streeter 1777). “The importance of exploring this area [beyond the Missouri River] had been evident to Thomas Jefferson as early as 1783... but it was not until twenty years later that Jefferson, then President of the United States, saw the realization of his idea... The purchase of the Louisiana Territory from France in December 1803 greatly increased the importance of the expedition, which finally began its long journey [in 1804]... They wintered in the Mandan villages in the Dakotas and in the Spring pushed on west across the Rocky Mountains and then down the Columbia River to the Pacific Ocean. Returning by the same route nearly two-and-a-half years after they had set out they arrived back in St. Louis in September 1806 to the amazed delight of the nation which had given them up for lost. Though unsuccessful in their attempt to find a transcontinental water route, they had demonstrated the feasibility of overland travel to the western coast” (Printing and the Mind of Man, 272). A number of years passed between the end of the expedition and the 1814 printing of the official account. Lewis had made some arrangements for publication, but upon his suicide in 1809 Clark undertook the project, which was in disarray. “This is the great mystery of Lewis’s life. There is only speculation on what kept him from preparing the journals for the publisher, but no one can know the cause for certain, any more than anyone can know for certain the cause of his suicide... When Clark arrived at Monticello [where the journals had been sent], there was apparently some talk about Jefferson’s taking over the journals and doing the editing to prepare them for the printer. There was no man alive who had a greater interest in the subject, or one who had better qualifications for the job. But he was sixty-five years old and desired to spend his remaining years at Monticello as a gentleman farmer... After some false starts, Clark persuaded Nicholas Biddle to undertake the work... Biddle was the perfect choice. He threw himself into the work and did it magnificently... In 1814, the book appeared” (Ambrose, 469-470). Sabin 855 and 40828. Graff 2477. Wagner-Camp 13.1. Paltsits, lxxvii. Small three-by-three inch section of map restored in fine facsimile and with closed four-inch tear near gutter, title page of second volume and several leaves of text with short tears expertly closed, free endpapers absent in second volume, usual browning and foxing throughout, scarce contemporary bindings a bit worn but fully intact. A desirable and complete copy of the most important work in American western exploration, extraordinarily rare in original boards.
“The true ground on which we declare these acts void is that the British Parliament has no right to exercise authority over us.” ——Thomas Jefferson
revolutionary war acts
A Sterling Collection Of First Printings Of The Most Important British Acts: The 30 Laws That Sparked The American Revolution
9. (PARLIAMENT) Revolutionary War Acts. Thirty Acts: 1764-1783. London, 1764-83. Folio, each act disbound, each complete with title page as issued. $125,000. An extraordinary and complete collection of rare first printings of the most important British laws that inflamed and ultimately acknowledged America’s will toward independence, an assemblage of 30 pivotal Revolutionary Acts that record imperial authority and colonial resistance in legislation such as the Declaratory Act (1766), the Quartering Acts of 1765-6, the Townshend Acts (1767), the Intolerable Acts (1774), the Quebec Act (1774), the American Prohibitory Act (1776) and the Conciliatory Acts (1778). With the extremely rare first printings of the Sugar Act (1764), the Stamp Act (1765), the Repeal of the Stamp Act (1766) and the Tea Act (1773), less than 1100 copies of each act printed.
This unparalleled collection of 30 Revolutionary War Acts offers potent evidence that the American Revolution primarily emerged from a contest between the often ill-conceived actions of the British Parliament and the response of American colonists. Pressured by these acts, Americans who once considered Parliament “the bulwark of their liberties” soon echoed Franklin’s conviction that “time was emphatically not on Britain’s side” (Schama, 461). Parliament sought to bring the colonies into line with “a new substantial duty on the foreign commodity most in demand in America”—sugar (Schama, 456). In it, colonials spied “the thin end of a wedge of ‘taxation without representation’” (Morison, xiv), and when Parliament followed with the Stamp Act (1765), Patrick Henry “compared the introduction of the stamps to the most iniquitous Roman tyranny” (Schama, 457), and the Stamp Act Congress convened, while Britain’s William Pitt demanded “that the Stamp Act be repealed absolutely, totally and immediately.” Yet ultimately that repeal proved fruitless, especially when Britain continued to resist the lessons of history and immediately “passed the Declaratory Act... [restating] Parliament’s rights to make binding laws for the colonies” (Langguth, 85). With the Repeal of the Stamp Act (1766), the colonies erupted in celebration. Within a year, however, Parliament renewed demands for control in its Townshend Acts. Colonists quickly mobilized “a boycott of British imports” (Schama, 462) and “a new period of agitation began” (Morison, xv). This premiere collection thus continues with the Repeal of the Townshend Revenue Act (1770), the Quebec Act (1774) and the Tea Act (1773). To Benjamin Rush and others, British tea-laden ships contained “’the seeds of SLAVERY’... [and] Boston instantly turned into a revolutionary hothouse,” culminating in the Boston Tea Party (Schama, 469). Britain countered with the Intolerable Acts (1774), demonstrating “a parliamentary power more dangerous to colonial liberty than mere taxing” (Morison, xxxiv). Following war’s outbreak, Parliament issued the American Prohibitory Act of 1776 and others such as the High Treason Act (1777) and Peace Act (1782). As American independence loomed, belated conciliatory laws were passed, until in 1783 Parliament acknowledged its colony, for the first time, as “the United States of America.” First editions, first printings, of 30 Revolutionary War acts from the Sessional Volumes of Parliament, preceding all American printings. Acts printed prior to 1796 are extremely scarce, since the maximum number printed was only around 1100 copies (Report of the Committee for the Promulgation of the Statutes, 1796). Very light scattered foxing, occasional pinholes, edge-wear along gutters where disbound. A truly outstanding collection of Revolutionary War Acts.
revolutionary war ac ts:
sugar act. 1764. currency act. 1764. stamp act. 1765. quartering act. 1765. repeal of the stamp act. 1766. declaratory act. 1766. quartering act. 1766. townshend revenue act. 1767. new york restraining act. 1767. customs commissioners act. 1767. repeal of the townshend revenue act. 1770. tea act. 1773. boston port act (aka coercive or intolerable act). 1774. administration of justice act (aka coercive or intolerable act). 1774. massachusetts government act (aka coercive or intolerable act). 1774. quartering act (aka coercive or intolerable act). 1774. quebec act. 1774. american prohibitory act. 1776. commissioners act for commanders of private ships . 1777. high treason act. 1777. captures act. 1777. act to repeal the massachusetts government act (aka conciliatory act). 1778. colonial tax repeal act (aka conciliatory act). 1778. commissioners act for quieting disorders (aka conciliatory act). 1778. prisoners act. 1782. peace act. 1782. act to prevent supplies to enemy ships . 1782. act to repeal the prohibitory and related acts . 1783. ship instruments act. 1783. commissioners act on war losses. 1783.
john adams: defence of the constitutions
“Liberty And The Laws Depend Entirely On A Separation Of [Powers]”: First Edition Of Adams’ Defence Of The Constitutions, An Exceptional Association Copy
10. ADAMS, John. A Defence of the Constitutions of Government of the United States of America. London, 1787. Octavo, period-style full tree calf, elaborately gilt-decorated spine. $38,000. First edition of Adams’ important work on the separation of powers in the Federal government, a rare association copy belonging to influential Pennsylvania scientist and statesman David Rittenhouse, who “played an important role in the American Revolution” and was appointed by Washington as first director of the United States Mint, signed by Rittenhouse on the front fly leaf. While acting as America’s minister in Great Britain, John Adams “felt an urgency like that of 1776. Great events were taking place at home… A constitutional convention was in the offing, and as he had been impelled in 1776 to write his Thoughts on Government, so Adams plunged ahead now, books piled about him, his pen scratching away until all hours… By early January 1787, Adams had rushed the first installment of his effort to a London printer. Titled A Defence of the Constitutions of Government of the United States of America… copies were sent off at once to the United States and to Jefferson in Paris” (McCullough, 374). On its receipt, Jefferson wrote back, “I have read your book with infinite satisfaction and improvement. It will do great good in America. Its learning and its good sense will, I hope, make it an institute for our politicians, old as well as young” (Sowerby 3004). This rare first edition is the personal copy of Philadelphia-born scientist, engineer and statesman David Rittenhouse, who “played an important role in the American Revolution” and was a longtime friend of Jefferson and Franklin (DSB). Though Adams and Rittenhouse often disagreed on matters of state, Rittenhouse consistently impressed Adams with his scientific accomplishments. In 1792 President Washington appointed Rittenhouse the first director of the newly established U.S. Mint. Sabin 233. Howes A60. Light scattered foxing; an exceptional near-fine association copy, handsomely bound.
bill of rights
A Most Rare And Important Document In The History Of Liberty And Of The United States: One Of The Earliest Printings Of The 1789 Bill Of Rights, The 12 Original Proposed Amendments To The Constitution, One Of Only 700 Copies Printed For Members Of The New Government
11. (BILL OF RIGHTS) UNITED STATES SENATE. Journal of the First Session of the Senate of the United States of America. New York, 1789. Folio, contemporary full sheep; custom clamshell box. $50,000. The first printing of the official account of the daily proceedings of the 1789 first session of the United States Senate, one of only 700 copies printed for members of government, containing one of the earliest printings of the original twelve articles of the Bill of Rights proposed by Congress, of which only ten were later ratified by the states. This is the first official publication of the working journal of the first session of the Senate, including the Bill of Rights as originally proposed to the states for ratification, and the original House of Representatives version of seventeen amendments, rejected by the Senate. The Journal covers the activities of the Senate from March 4 to September 29, 1789, a period in which numerous important events took place. Foremost among these was the discussion of the proposed Bill of Rights. On pages 103-6 appear the 17 amendments originally proposed by the House, adoption of which was defeated by the Senate. Numerous references to the Bill are made throughout pages 107-160. On pages 163-164 the 12 amendments passed by Congress and sent to the states for ratification are printed under the heading, “Proposed Amendments.” Subsequently, the first two were not ratified by the states, and the remaining ten became the first ten amendments to the Constitution. This volume also contains a number of other notable items, including President Washington’s first address to Congress, the first rules of the Senate, the debate on the Judiciary Bill, and other important “firsts” in legislation. The Bill of Rights was issued in two 1789 printings, the present version (the Journal of the First Session of the Senate) and in the Acts Passed at a Congress of the United States... (New York: Childs and Swaine, 1789). Both must have been printed after the close of business on Sept. 29, 1789, but before the end of the year. The Doheny copy of the Acts was inscribed to John Jay on Dec. 9, 1789; presumably he would have been among the first to receive a copy, suggesting that the Acts was not delivered by the printer until December. It seems likely that the present Journal of the First Session of the Senate, printed by a different printer, would have been printed well before that; however, no absolute priority of printing can presently be established. Both of these 1789 printings of the Bill of Rights are of exceptional rarity and importance, and each were printed in a very small edition for government use. In May 1789, the first month of our government, Congress passed a resolution directing that “600 copies of the Acts of each session, [and] 700 copies of the Journals of each house,… [be printed and] distributed to the members and to the executive, judiciary, and heads of the departments of the United States government, as well as the executive, legislative and judicial branches of every state. This would practically exhaust the 600 and 700 copies, you will note, in official distribution, and leave none for public purchase” (Powell, The Books of a New Nation, 87). Contemporary manuscript date (1789) in ink on spine. Occasional faint foxing. Contemporary sheep with a bit of expected light rubbing, quite sound and attractive. An extraordinarily rare and important landmark in the early history of the United States, especially desirable in contemporary binding.
“One Of The Most Durable Works In American Literature”: First Edition, First State Of Tom Sawyer, In Elusive Publisher’s Morocco
12. TWAIN, Mark. The Adventures of Tom Sawyer. Hartford, 1876. Square octavo, publisher’s three-quarter brown morocco, custom clamshell box. $65,000. First American edition, first state of one of the great masterpieces of American literature and a true touchstone of American childhood. An essential addition to any Mark Twain collection, one of only 200 copies issued in the publisher’s threequarter morocco binding. Tom Sawyer appeared at a momentous time in American history: Custer had recently lost the battle at Little Big Horn and the nation was celebrating its centennial. Due to these events, “publication of Tom Sawyer was little noticed... The book has, however, proved to be one of the most durable works in American literature. By the time of Twain’s death, it was his top-selling book. It has been in print continuously since 1876, and has outsold all other Mark Twain works” (Rasmussen, 459). Also issued in cloth and sheep, only 200 copies were issued in this three-quarter morocco binding. First printing, first state, which “can be quickly distinguished by the fact that the halftitle and frontispiece are printed on separate leaves—they are printed on the same leaf in the later printings—and the entire text is printed on wove paper” (MacDonnell, 40). Also with “THE” on half title in 10-point rather than 14-point type, peach endpapers, preliminary matter paginated [I]-XVI and two blank flyleaves of laid paper at front— “copies have been noted with two, three and four fly-leaves present… no positive point of issue can be made” (Johnson, 28). BAL 3369. Johnson, 27-30. MacDonnell, 39-40. MacBride, 40. Scattered light soiling, as usual. Small marginal closed tear to page 91, not affecting text. Front inner paper hinge split, binding about-fine. A nearly fine copy in exceptional condition, highly desirable in the original publisher’s morocco. A centerpiece of any collection celebrating Mark Twain or, indeed, American literature.
r i c h a r d h a k l u y t : v o y a g e s a n d d i s c o v e r i e s , 1589
“It Is Difficult To Overrate The Importance And Value Of This Extraordinary Collection Of Voyages”: Monumental First Edition Of Hakluyt’s Principall Navigations, Voyages, And Discoveries, 1589, With Very Rare Suppressed Account Of Drake’s Voyage And Important Early Accounts Of Exploration In America
13. HAKLUYT, Richard. Principall Navigations, Voiages and Discoveries of the English Nation made by Sea or over land... London, 1589. Small folio, early 20th-century full calf. $60,000. First edition of one of the greatest of all travel books, with the rare suppressed account of Drake’s voyage. A vigorous propagandist and empire-builder, Hakluyt’s purpose was to further British maritime enterprise and to intensify British expansion overseas. He saw Britain’s greatest opportunity in the colonization of America, and was one of the chief promoters of the petition to the king for patents for the colonization of Virginia. “He met many of the great navigators— Drake, Raleigh, Gilbert, Frobisher and others—corresponded with Ortelius and Mercator and collected all the material on voyages he could find. At first he mainly instigated the translation of such accounts into English, but by 1589 he had collected enough material himself to publish the first edition of his famous book. “It is difficult to overrate the importance and value of this extraordinary collection of voyages” (Sabin 29594). “Beazley considers this edition of 1589 to be constantly superior in clearness of arrangement and judgment of selection to any later stage of this memorable work” (Cox I: 4). The first two parts of the text deal with British adventures in Asia, Africa, the Middle East, the Mediterranean and Europe. The third part is devoted to America and provides detailed (and in some cases the first) accounts of the voyages of Cabot, Hawkins, Gilbert, Frobisher, Drake, Lane, Hariot and others. Comprehensive and accurate, the Hakluyt compilation is one of the classics of travel literature and the first English collection of voyages. This copy contains the suppressed six pages discussing the voyage of Sir Francis Drake: “Hakluyt, on the last page of his address “to the Reader,” notes with regret his being compelled to comply with the request of certain friends, in the suppression of Sir Francis Drake’s Voyage, “wherein I must confess to have taken more than ordinarie paines, meaning to have inserted it in this worke.” He, however, appears to have printed a few copies privately, and the Voyage thus suppressed, is sometimes inserted after p. 643... It is scarcely necessary to suggest that the addition of... Drake’s Voyages add(s) greatly to the value of any copy” (Sabin). The Drake narrative gives a complete account of his circumnavigation of 1577-80, including his explorations on the California coast. Without the very rare folding engraved map of the world, almost never present, Abraham Ortelius’ “Typus Orbis Terrarum” (almost never present). Sabin 29594. Church 139A. PMM 105. Streeter 28. Cox I: 3. Neat repairs to title page and colophon. Joints and spine head skillfully restored. An excellent copy.
“The Click Of A Shutter Opened The Door To Eternity”: Edward Curtis’ Majestic Canon De Chelly, Signed By Him, Mounted And Framed In His Own Studio
14. CURTIS, Edward. Photograph signed. “Canon de Chelly.” Seattle, 1904. Vintage orotone photograph (12 by 14 inches), mounted in original Seattle studio frame (16 by 19 inches), with two original printed “Curtis Studio” labels (measuring variously 3-1/2 by 5 inches and 2 by 3 inches) affixed to frame back. $35,000. Vintage 1904 orotone print by Edward Curtis, his monumental photograph of “Canon de Chelly,” signed by him and with his annotated copyright insignia (wetstamped at the lower corners of the image), this original 11 by 14-inch photograph printed at his Seattle “Curtis Studio,” handsomely matted and framed in the original gold-tone “Curtis Studio” frame. Very fine condition. Edward Curtis’ majestic image of Navajo crossing an empty vista on horseback, isolated against a peerless landscape of towering plateaus, has become one of his most iconic images. Entitled “Canon de Chelly,” this especially powerful photograph, printed at Curtis’ own Seattle studio and dated 1904, was prominently featured in his epic photobook North American Indian (1907), a work considered “without a doubt one of the jewels of 20th century bookmaking” (Roth, 4). With Curtis’ signature and annotated 1904 copyright wetstamped into the lower corners of the image, printed using the orotone process. Perfected and popularized by Curtis, this is a method whereby a photograph made from a negative is printed on a glass plate covered with a gelatin silver emulsion, then painted on the plate’s back “with gold mixed with banana oil or with bronze powders mixed in resin to give the appearance of gold” to the image (Baldwin, 62). Original frame with two original printed labels from the “Curtis Studio” in Seattle affixed to the verso: one printed with the title “Canon de Chelly” and a short description of the planned project, and the second label printed with the logo and address of his studio. Very fine in beautiful original frame. A stunning piece.
“A Blueprint Of His Own Mind”: 1815 Catalogue Of Thomas Jefferson’s Library, The Core Of The Library Of Congress
15. (JEFFERSON, Thomas) Catalogue of the Library of the United States. To Which is Annexed, a Copious Index, Alphabetically Arranged. Washington, 1815. Quarto, original marbled boards and printed paper spine, custom chemise and full morocco clamshell box. $65,000. First edition of the Catalogue of the library sold by Thomas Jefferson to Congress, forming the core of the Library of Congress. A remarkable copy in original marbled boards and printed paper spine, in excellent condition. Jefferson’s library and his scheme for organizing it have been called ““a blueprint of his own mind” (Bestor, 6). An inveterate bibliophile, Jefferson had built a library of 6700 volumes by 1815—easily the most significant library formed by an American up to that point—when he sold it to Congress for $23,950 (less than half of what he believed to be its true value) after the original Library of Congress was destroyed when the British burned down the Capitol during the War of 1812. The collection was received in Washington by George Watterston, the newly appointed Librarian of Congress. “When Jefferson offered his library to Congress in September 1814, he sent along his handwritten catalog for the inspection of the congressional library committee,” arranged in “an overall classification scheme that was adapted from the second book of Francis Bacon’s The Advancement of Learning… Jefferson added a further dimension to Bacon’s scheme by creating 44 chapters, as he termed them, that identified specific subjects… To 20th-century eyes, parts of Jefferson’s classification may seem puzzling. It is no surprise to find categories such as Modern British History under the broad division of History, but such unexpected subjects as Agriculture, Surgery and Natural History also appear there. The second broad category, Philosophy, combines subjects such as Mechanics, the Law of Nature and Nations, Politics, Phonics and Arithmetic. Today’s reader might sensibly ask not only what Agriculture and Modern British History have in common but also how Mechanics and the Law of Nature can both be related to what we call Philosophy. To pursue these questions is to confront Jefferson’s world and his world view” (Gilreath, 2-3). Watterston chose to preserve Jefferson’s basic classification scheme, but alphabetize the entries within the chapters, a compromise to which the ever-precise Jefferson objected” (Jefferson, Writings 14:418). This catalogue is almost the entire basis of our ability to reconstruct Jefferson’s library. Sowerby I, ix; V, 216-18. Sabin 15564. Instances of minor dampstaining and foxing. Original paper spine lightly rubbed at head and foot. Still a fine copy in original marbled boards. Very important and rare, especially in this condition.
t h o m a s j effer s o n: t he r e sid en c y ac t, establishing the u.s. c apital along the potomac, w i t h j e f f e r s o n ’s t r a n s m i s s i o n l e t t e r
“One Of The Landmark Accommodations Of American Politics”: Very Rare First Official Printing Of The 1790 Residency Act Establishing America’s Permanent Capital Along The Potomac And Ending A Crisis That Threatened The New Nation With Civil War
16. (UNITED STATES CONGRESS) Residency Act. An Act for establishing the Temporary and Permanent Seat of the Government of the United States. New York, 1790. Broadside, single folio leaf disbound from a sammelband volume (8 by 13 inches), printed on the recto. $75,000. Most rare and important 1790 Residency Act broadsheet establishing the nation’s permanent capital along the Potomac, approved by Congress on July 1, 1790, concluding months of divisive national debate raging over Hamilton’s proposal of federal debt assumption and Madison’s objections to a plan he saw as a dangerous “repudiation of the American Revolution.” This momentous Act passed only after the personal intervention of Thomas Jefferson in brokering a nowlegendary political compromise. A memorable copy from the library of Stephen Row Bradley, one of Vermont’s first U.S. senators, whose powerful role as “the leading Democratic-Republican senator from New England” was central to the presidencies of both Jefferson and Madison. A document of great rarity and importance in American history, this is the first official printing of the Residency Act that established a permanent federal seat of government in what became the District of Columbia. This seemingly straightforward law notably concluded an explosive debate that had induced a “total legislative paralysis,” threatening the very fiber of the new nation. In establishing that “the Temporary and Permanent Seat of the Government of the United States... a district of territory, not exceeding ten miles square, to be located as hereafter directed on the river Potomack,” this law also marks one of America’s most legendary political bargains. For by 1790, an agreed-upon site for the nation’s capital had become the “first test of the viability of the new federal government under the Constitution... Without some kind of breakthrough, the entire experiment with republican government at the national level would ‘burst and vanish, and the states separate to take care of everyone of itself.’ Either the peaceful dissolution of the United States or a civil war would occur unless some sort of political bargain was struck” (Ellis, 50-1). Leading this imminent “civil war” were James Madison, “the shrewdest and most politically savvy” leader in Congress and Alexander Hamilton, whose “seductively simple” plan for federal assumption of state debts prompted Madison to denounce both author and plan “as a repudiation of the American Revolution” (Ellis, 52-8). By the time Secretary of State Jefferson intervened, “the debate had become electromagnetic... ‘Without descending to talk about bargains,’ Jefferson wrote,” he invited
both men to a private dinner party where he recalls brokering “a political bargain of decidedly far-reaching significance: Madison agreed to permit the core provision of Hamilton’s fiscal program to pass; and in return Hamilton agreed to use his influence to assure that the permanent residence of the national capital would be on the Potomac River. If true, this story deserves to rank alongside the Missouri Compromise and the Compromise of 1850 as one of the landmark accommodations in American politics” (Ellis, 50-1, 48-9). That momentous evening assured Hamilton his Assumption Act in exchange for endorsement of the Residency Act. A rare association copy from the library of Vermont Senator Stephen Row Bradley. Not in Evans. Bristol B7559. Shipton & Mooney 46032. See Evans 22969. A rare, about-fine association copy of a document bearing central importance in the history of the federal government.
17. JEFFERSON, Thomas. Letter signed. New York: July 19, 1790. Folio, single leaf of fine laid paper (measuring 9-1/2 by 16 inches), manuscript hand on the recto. $48,000. Rare and important 1790 circular letter from Secretary of State Thomas Jefferson to Thomas Mifflin, President (and first Governor) of Pennsylvania, citing the Residency Bill that established the new national capital on the banks of the Potomac. Jefferson’s circular letter reads: “New York. July 19th-1790. Sir-I have the honor to send you herein inclosed [sic] two copies duly authenticated of the Act for establishing the temperary [sic] and permanent seat of the government of the United States; also of the Act further to provide for the payment of the Invalid Pensioners of the United States, and of being with sentiments of the most perfect respect-Your Excellency, Most obedient & most humble servant, Thomas Jefferson. [to] His Excellency The President of Pennsylvania.” Penned in what is likely a secretarial hand and boldly signed by Jefferson, the letter is docketed on the recto by the recipient (likely in a secretarial hand): “1790, July 19th, Letter from the Honorable Thomas Jefferson Esq., Sec. of State. Answered July 24th, 1790.” This rare letter represents the historic end of a quarrel over federal assumption of state debts and the location of a new capital that had grown “so vitriolic that it didn’t seem far-fetched that the union might break up over the issues... It was a monumental decision, since it would confer massive wealth, power and population upon the winning state. More important, it would affect the style of the federal government” (Chernow, 325-6). The struggle deadlocked over Southern resistance to Hamilton’s assumption plan (benefiting the North) and Northern resistance to a southern capital; only a compromise brokered by Jefferson himself averted crisis (see the preceeding description for more details). On July first, less than three weeks before writing this letter, Jefferson watched as Congress enacted the Residency Bill. “The sudden victory of the Potomac location had surprised almost everybody” (Ellis, 74), especially those in Pennsylvania, which continued to urge “Congress to change its mind and name Philadelphia the permanent capital” (Riley, Philadelphia, 362). In this very rare circular letter, Jefferson writes to Thomas Mifflin, Franklin’s successor as “President” of Pennsylvania, effectively ending Pennsylvania’s hopes for making “her Federal guest a permanent resident” (Riley, 362). Minor archival tape reinforcement to fold lines on the verso. Jefferson’s signature fine, bold, and exceptionally large. An extraordinary document, poised at a key moment in American history, in near pristine condition.
abraham lincoln and the civil war
An Exceptional And Unique Civil War Collection: Monumental Biography Of Lincoln, Extra-Illustrated With More Than 140 Civil War Era Photographs And More Than 60 Signatures, Letters And Documents Of The Most Important Political, Military And Cultural Figures Of The Civil War, Including Lincoln Twice, Sherman, Stonewall Jackson, Grant, Lee, Frederick Douglass, And John Wilkes Booth
18. (LINCOLN, Abraham) NICOLAY, John G. and HAY, John. Abraham Lincoln: A History. New York, 1890. Ten volumes bound in twenty. Octavo, modern full red morocco gilt. $92,000. First edition of this magisterial biography, with ten frontispiece portraits of Lincoln, numerous maps and diagrams and over 300 wood-engraved illustrations, mostly portraits of dignitaries—many produced from Matthew Brady photographs—handsomely bound by Sangorski and Sutcliffe. This copy extra-illustrated with over 140 original, Civil War-era albumen photographs, including several of Lincoln from cartes-de-visite; engravings (several in color); maps; civil war ephemera, a handbill from Lincoln’s first presidential election; and with tipped-in signatures, letters and documents of more than 60 important figures in Civil War history, including: an autograph note signed by Lincoln and an autograph document signed by Lincoln; signatures of Stephen Douglas, Horace Greeley, Daniel Webster, General “Stonewall” Jackson, Frederick Douglass, William Tecumseh Sherman, General Ulysses S. Grant (two signatures), General Robert E. Lee, John Wilkes Booth, Andrew Johnson, Ralph Waldo Emerson and many others. This early and definitive biography of Lincoln was the result of 15 years of collaboration by Lincoln’s private secretaries, John Nicolay and John Hay. “The plan was conceived in 1861; and before they began to write Nicolay had spent six years in collecting and arranging the elaborate mass of
Lincoln papers loaned by Robert Lincoln... Prepared under the scrutiny of Robert Lincoln, and written by Republicans who were ‘Lincoln men all through,’ the work... stands as an impressive monument, not only because of the vastness of the undertaking, but also because of its enduring historical significance” (DAB). Monaghan I:1071. The autograph document signed by Lincoln dates from his days as a lawyer in Illinois on the circuit court, and involves a case of contract law. This document, entirely in Lincoln’s hand, reads: “John Durley vs. Jess Mitts & Japhet A. Ball. Trespass on the case upon promises. Damage $200.00. The clerk of the Sangamon Circuit Court will issue process in the above entitled cause returnable to the next term of said court. Aug. 28 1838. Stuart & Lincoln. For. Plff [plaintiff].” The autograph note signed by Lincoln dates from his presidency, and concerns a request from a young woman for a job. The letter is on the recto, and Lincoln’s note on the verso reads: “I would be very glad for Miss Hebb to be obliged, if it is at all convenient. A. Lincoln. Feb. 23, 1863.” Among the photographs in the collection is the last studio photograph taken of Lincoln, a tender scene of himself with his son Tad, taken by Anthony Berger at Mathew Brady’s gallery on February 9, 1864. This collection contains signatures, signed documents and letters of: John Hay (autograph letter signed), Stephen Douglas (autograph note signed), Robert Todd Lincoln (autograph letter signed), Salmon P. Chase, Horace Greeley, Schuyler Colfax, Mary Ann Brown (Mrs. John Brown), Gerrit Smith, Samuel H. Treat, Hannibal Hamlin, Daniel Webster, Roger B. Taney, Gideon Welles, General “Stonewall” Jackson, Bayard Taylor, Rear Admiral John Dahlgren, Major General George Stoneman, Brigadier General Ormsby MacKnight Mitchel, Brigadier General Don Carlos Buell, William Gannaway Brownlow, Simon Cameron, George Bancroft, Rear Admiral Louis Malesherbes Goldsborough, Brevet Brigadier General Anson G. McCook, Major General Samuel P. Heintzelman, Major General John Pope, Charles Francis Adams, Major General George G. Meade, George S. Boutwell, William B. Allison, William H. Seward, Major General Philip Henry Sheridan, Major General William S. Rosecrans, Dr. Henry W. Bellows, Frederick Douglass, Abraham Lincoln (autograph note signed and autograph document signed), Henry Wolf, Andrew Gregg Curtin, Henry Wilson, Rear Admiral Samuel Francis Du Pont, General William Tecumseh Sherman, Major General James B. McPherson, Rear Admiral David G. Farragut, Major General John Sedgwick, John Bright, Lord Palmerston, Major General William Buel Franklin, General Ulysses S. Grant (two separate signatures), Brigadier General Robert O. Tyler, General Robert Schenck, James G. Blaine, Horatio Seymour, General O.O. Howard, Edward Bates, Hugh McCulloch, General Robert E. Lee, John Wilkes Booth, Andrew Johnson, Ralph Waldo Emerson, and John Townsend Trowbridge (autograph poem signed). A magnificent set in fine condition.
The American Experience
Part 1: Foundations
The Colonies, The Revolution and The Constitution
“A bill of rights is what the people are entitled to against every government on earth, general or particular; and what no just government should refuse.” —Thomas Jefferson to James Madison, 1787
The Earliest Printing Of Connecticut Acts And Laws, 1717 Printing Of The Royal Charter, One Of Only Two Charters Granting Colonists The Right To Popular Elections
19. (CONNECTICUT) The Charter Granted by His Majesty King Charles II. To the Governour & Company of the English Colony of Connecticut in New-England in America. New London, 1718 [i.e. 1723]. Folio, contemporary brown calf rebacked. $15,000. Exceptionally rare first volume of Connecticut Acts and Laws, the earliest printing of colonial Acts and Laws in Connecticut and one of the earliest in the original colonies, with 16 extremely rare sets of consecutive session Acts from 1715-23, most in their first or only issue, and a 1717 printing of the 1662 royal charter, one of only two charters granting colonists the right to popularly elect their governors. A rare glimpse into the early history of colonial life with statutes on lying, electoral procedures, regulation of the militia and the protections for secrecy. In this earliest of printings of Connecticut Acts can be traced the unique significance of the New England colony, which was first “established by the earliest western migration in North American history” in 1636. Two years later colonists in New Haven “drew up a written constitution… providing representative governments which served them well until… Governor John Winthrop Jr…. obtained for his colony the charter of 1662, which annexed New Haven and made Connecticut as independent as Massachusetts… That charter remained the fundamental law of colony and state until 1818.” Of the original colonies, only “Connecticut and Rhode Island, which had popularly elected governors under their old royal charters, made the transition from colony to state simply by altering the name of the body politic, declaring that the ‘excellent constitutions of government’ derived from their ‘pious ancestors’ were still in force, and tacking on a bill of rights” (Morison, 67-68, 94, 275). In this extraordinary and rare Connecticut printing of the colonial Acts and Laws is found the 1717 printing of the 1662 royal charter and 16 sets of consecutive May & October sessions Acts from 1715-23, most in their first or only issue (Acts for October 1717, May 1718 and May 1721 are second issue). This pioneering first volume of Connecticut Acts is of the greatest rarity, particularly in its printing of early session laws that survive in only a few copies. Printed by Timothy Green, who moved from Massachusetts to “New London in 1714 by invitation of the Connecticut Assembly and until his retirement… remained the colony’s official printer” (Winterich, 39). Harvard Law Catalogue, 443. Sabin 15757, 15762. Tower 13-29. Marginal cursive on title page and inner margin of page 101; small one-inch excision to Acts and Laws title page, minimally affecting text. Light scattered foxing, slight marginal dampstaining, boards with light expert restoration. An extremely good copy of a primary colonial text.
1755 A Summary Of The British Settlements In North America, With Exceptionally Rare Hand-Colored Folding Map
20. DOUGLASS, William. A Summary, Historical and Political, of the First Planting, Progressive Improvements, and Present State of the British Settlements in North-America. London, 1755. Two volumes. Octavo, late 19th-century three-quarter navy calf gilt. $10,000. First English edition of this report on the state of the mid 18th-century America, with extremely rare hand-colored folding map of the English colonies, Canada, and the French Encroachments. William Douglass’ “grand history… was first issued in serial form in 1747, then published in two volumes in 1749 and 1752. Opinionated and encyclopedic, it was an impressive achievement with an informative account of colonial life. Incomplete at his death, the Summary is an important source book, and it enjoyed a wide circulation among American and European intellectuals. Adam Smith used it in his research for The Wealth of Nations and had praise for the ‘honest and downright Dr. Douglass’” (ANB). Douglass was an unusually well-educated doctor and historian whose main mission of inoculating the pre-Revolution colonies against smallpox has been overshadowed by his many notable writings on contemporary American history. The elaborate hand-colored map by D’Anville included in this edition depicts North American colonization to 1750. D’Anville “was, simply, an assiduous researcher of cartographical works—classical and contemporary… and eventually was able to compile maps as accurate as 18th-century technology allowed” (Bricker, 84). According to Sabin, “no copy has yet been found, in its original state, with the map.” This extremely rare copy contains the map. The first edition of this work, which contained identical text but not the map, was published in Boston in 1749. Sabin 20727. Howes D436. Streeter II:694 (1760 ed.). Eberstadt 113:448. Rich 21. Stevens 644. Tooley, Mapping of America 51(a). Contemporary owner signature to title page of Volume II and a few other contemporary markings. Folding map near-fine with several expert repairs to verso, a few spots of soiling, slight trimming to bottom edge. Slight wormholing to title page of Volume II, faint scattered foxing to preliminary and final leaves. An extremely good copy.
“America’s First Great Scientific Contribution”: First Complete Edition Of Franklin’s Illustrated Experiments And Observations On Electricity, 1769
21. FRANKLIN, Benjamin. Experiments and Observations on Electricity, Made at Philadelphia in America... London, 1769. Quarto, contemporary full brown calf rebacked. $22,000. First complete edition of “the most important scientific book of 18th-century America” and “America’s first great scientific contribution” (PMM 199), with seven engraved plates (two folding), in contemporary calf. An important edition, edited and revised by Franklin himself, and with material and footnotes appearing here for the first time. This first complete edition is the fourth edition of the original work; the earlier editions, each issued in three parts as separately published pamphlets usually bound together, were carelessly published. Franklin edited this new one-volume edition himself, significantly revising the text, adding for the first time a number of his own philosophical letters and papers, introducing footnotes, correcting errors, and adding an index (Cohen, Benjamin Franklin’s Experiments). Included in this work are accounts of Franklin’s famous kite and key experiment, his work with Leiden jars, lightning rods and charged clouds. “The most dramatic result of Franklin’s researches was the proof that lightning is really an electrical phenomenon. Others had made such a suggestion before him—even Newton himself—but it was he who provided the experimental proof” (PMM). “The lightning experiments caused Franklin’s name to become known throughout Europe to the public at large and not merely to men of science. Joseph Priestley, in his History of Electricity, characterized the experimental discovery that the lightning discharge is an electrical phenomenon as ‘the greatest, perhaps, since the time of Isaac Newton’... Franklin’s achievement… marked the coming of age of electrical science and the full acceptance of the new field of specialization” (DSB V:135). Without final leaf of errata and advertisement for this edition as often. Grolier American 10. Howes F320. Sabin 25506. A fine copy of an American scientific landmark.
“…Mountains That Were Very Dangerous, If The Enemy Had Oppos’d And We Had Been Careless”: 1756 Autograph Letter Written By Benjamin Franklin While Supervising The Construction Of Fort Allen Along The Dangerous Pennsylvania Frontier
22. FRANKLIN, Benjamin. Autograph letter signed. Fort Allen, Pennsylvania, January 26, 1756. Folio, single leaf (8 by 13 inches), manuscript hand in ink on recto and verso. $38,000. 1756 letter from Benjamin Franklin to longtime friend Samuel Rhoads, Philadelphia’s “influential master builder” who would soon design Franklin’s Philadelphia home, written by Franklin from Fort Allen, where he spent his 50th birthday supervising a newly formed governmental militia—the first in Pennsylvania history—creating forts along an increasingly violent frontier. In late 1755, Britain sent “General Edward Braddock to America with the mission of pushing the French out of the Ohio valley,” Franklin aided efforts “to make sure that Braddock got the necessary supplies” (Isaacson, 166). Though Franklin warned Braddock “that he should be wary of Indian ambushes,” the arrogant general “confidently marched west… Franklin’s worries were warranted. The British army was ambushed and routed and Braddock was killed… Among the few survivors was the American colonel George Washington, who had two horses shot out from under him and four bullets pierce his clothing… Braddock’s disaster increased the threat from the French and the Indians, and it deepened the political rift in Philadelphia” (Isaacson, 168). Furious at the political disputes over funding, Franklin brokered a compromise, pushing through a bill that “uniquely fit American circumstances” (Hawke, 138), by designing a militia “that was purely voluntary… [and] allowed for the democratic election of officers.” Then, in early December, violent Indian raids along Pennsylvania’s northern border, not far from Bethlehem, stunned the colony. “Franklin donned a military uniform and, along with his son, headed to the frontier” (Isaacson, 169-70), where he celebrated his fiftieth birthday in the command of 500 men. Within days, Franklin’s militia finished construction of Fort Allen, and began work on two nearby stockades. This letter offers a rare glimpse into that little known period in Franklin’s life. He writes from the newly built “Fort Allen, Jan. 26, 1756. Dear Friend, I am extremely oblig’d by your kind Concern express’d for my Safety & Welfare. We march’d hither with the greatest Caution, thro’ some Passes, however, in the Mountains that were very dangerous, if the Enemy had oppos’d & we had been careless. Hitherto God has bless’d & preferr’d us. We have built one pretty strong Fort, & by the End of next Week, or in ten Days, hope to finish two more, one on each side of this, & at 15 Miles Distance. These I suppose will compleat the projected Line, from Delaware to Susquehanah. I then propose, God willing, to return homewards and enjoy the Pleasure I promise my Self, of finding my Friends well. Till then, adieu; My love to all the Wrights. M. Rhoads. Yours affectionately, B. Franklin.” Written and signed in ink by Franklin in an elegant cursive on the recto; docketed, also on the recto, “Fort Allen, Jany 26, 1756, Dr. Franklin to Samuel Rhoads, No. 1.”; address inked on the verso, “To M. Saml Rhoads, Philada.” This letter’s recipient, Philadelphia architect Samuel Rhoads (1711-84), was one of Franklin’s closest colleagues. Delegate to the First Continental Congress and Mayor of Philadelphia in 1774, Rhoads was “one of the most influential master builders of the colonial period,” aiding in the construction of Independence Hall. Trace of wax seal on recto, slight loss from seal; expert archival repair along foldlines on the verso, restoration to corners. A rare glimpse into the public and private life of a Founding Father, near-fine.
First Edition Benjamin Franklin Printing: The Charters And Laws Of Pennsylvania And The City Of Philadelphia, 1743
23. (FRANKLIN, Benjamin, printer). The Charters of the Province of Pensilvania and City of Philadelphia. BOUND WITH: A Collection of All the Laws of the Province of Pennsylvania: Now in Force. BOUND WITH: An Appendix; Containing a Summary of Such Acts of Assembly As have been formerly in Force within this Province… Philadelphia, 1742 [i.e. 1743]. Three works bound in one, as issued. Small folio, period-style full speckled calf gilt. $9000. First edition of Benjamin Franklin’s printing of the laws of colonial Pennsylvania. The need for a complete and correct edition of the laws of Pennsylvania was recognized in 1737, near the end of Franklin’s first year as clerk of the Assembly. Early in 1739 “the Assembly requested the Speaker—and Attorney General of the Province—John Kinsey, Esq. to begin a revision of the whole body of the laws... On Aug. 12, 1741, the Assembly passed the resolution authorizing the new edition... with the stipulation ‘that One Hundred and Twenty Copies be bound for the Use of the Publick…’ [Franklin] finished the presswork in the spring of 1743... one year later than the date on the imprint” (Miller 288). Without last two leaves of Table at end (c2). Church 943. Evans 5033. Early owner signatures on recto and verso of title page, manuscript mark of ownership on fore-edge, “City Library, Springfield.” Interior generally clean, early library perforations to title page and following leaf. A very good copy, handsomely bound.
The Only Edition Of Franklin’s Political Writings Printed During His Lifetime And With His Consent
24. FRANKLIN, Benjamin. Political, Miscellaneous, and Philosophical Pieces… London, 1779. Octavo, modern paneled calf gilt, elaborately gilt-decorated spine. $8200. First edition of this important collection containing a number of Franklin first printings, beautifully bound in period-style calf-gilt. In addition to containing a large number of Franklin’s political pieces, this important collection includes first printings of a number of philosophical pieces, as the editor notes “such of Franklin’s Miscellaneous and Philosophical pieces as are not elsewhere in print.” “But what gives special value to this collection is that it is the only edition of Franklin’s writings (other than his scientific), which was printed during his life time; was done with Franklin’s knowledge and consent, and contains an ‘errata’ made by him for it” (Ford 342). Franklin writes concerning national and provincial politics, the Stamp Act, wealth, smuggling, spelling, lightning, weather and the Aurora Borealis. His famous epitaph is printed prior to a lengthy appendix, an index, and Franklin’s Addenda and Corrigenda. With frontispiece portrait of Franklin, three engraved plates (one folding), and folding table. Ford 342. Howes F330. Sabin 25565. Light penciled owner signature; a few penciled marginalia. A very handsome copy in fine condition, beautifully bound.
t h o m a s p o w n a l l : a m e r i c a , 17 7 7
Very Large (45 By 46 Inches) Hand-Colored Map Of North America
25. POWNALL, Thomas. A New and Correct Map of North America… London, 15th February, 1777. Four sheets joined, measuring 45 by 46 inches, mounted on linen. $16,000. Rare oversized engraved map of North America. A beautiful map, with hand-colored borders representing European colonial holdings, elaborate figural title cartouche of a native American family group, and two inset maps of Baffin and Hudson’s Bay and of Baja California. English maps of this period are very desirable. “Late 18th-century English maps were carefully constructed and beautifully decorated... English explorers, scientists and instrument makers were accomplishing advances that helped to revolutionize mapmaking everywhere” (Tooley, 98). Based on Bowen and Gibson’s 1755 map, Sayer and Bennett’s Peace of Paris map details the provisions of the treaty which ended the French and Indian war. Several articles of the treaty are engraved in the map’s blank ocean areas. An interesting note to the inset map of California relates Kino’s discovery of land passage to California and notes the erroneous appearance of the region as an island on earlier maps and charts. “The eastern boundary of the Province of New York has been moved from the eastern shores of Lake Champlain and now runs along the Connecticut River. The title of N. Carolina has been inserted in two lines” (Tooley, The Mapping of America 49). Phillips, 589. Expertly mounted on linen, fine condition. A splendid and rare map of North America.
g a r r i s o n o f s a i n t a u g u s t i n e , 17 76
“For Provisioning The Garrison Of Saint Augustine, 1776…”: Exceptional 77-Inch Official British Vellum Scroll From The American Revolution
26. (AMERICAN REVOLUTION)MASON, Kender and JONES, Arthur. “In the Roll of Foreign Accounts of the XVIIIth Year of King George the Third.” Engrossed statement of accounts, relating to the supply of provisions for the British army at St. Augustine, Florida, 1776-78. London, December 22, 1784. Original vellum scroll, consisting of three panels stitched together, the entire piece measures 11-1/2 by 77-1/2 inches. $15,000. Official statement of accounts issued by the Treasurer of the Exchequer, James Graham, to Kender Mason and the assigns of Arthur Jones (deceased) for providing “victuals” to the British army stationed at the Garrison of St. Augustine, Florida, from 1776 to 1778. In 1763 Spain ceded Florida to England in order to regain the capital of Cuba, ushering in 20 years of British rule in Florida. This period coincided with the American Revolution, during which Florida remained loyal to the Crown. At the time, the British stationed forces at the Garrison of St. Augustine (the Spanish-built Fort Castillo de San Marcos) and at outposts in East Florida. Merchants Kender Mason and Arthur Jones were both British subjects, later called “enemies of America” by the American courts (Miller vs. The Ship Resolution), who contracted with the British government to supply provisions to the garrison and its outposts. This long vellum scroll, engrossed in Gothic script, is a statement of accounts for goods provided from 1776 to 1778—though Mason was engaged for at least two more years (another account exists for 1778-80). Payment was authorized by Chancellor William Pitt and Sir Edward James Eliot, Commissioner for the Board of Trade and Plantations. The document was issued by James Graham, third Duke of Montrose and Lord of the Treasury, and executed by John Heaton, Deputy Clerk. Provisions ordered from Mason by General William Howe in June of 1777 were determined “not sufficient for the purpose” and the amount was deducted from the total—the final payment to Mason was over £40,000. With three lozenges bearing the impressions of official seals. Docketed on the verso, “Anglia, Kender Mason and Arthur Jones Esquires, contractors for victualling His Majesties Forces in East Florida, upon their Account thereof from 16th March 1776 to 23rd February 1778,” affixed with three small paper labels of royal authority. Excellent condition, with soiling only to the exposed panel.
d i a r y o f a s o l d i e r , 17 76
“The First American Army And An Army Of Everyone”: 1776 Original Manuscript Revolutionary War Diary Of John Cooper, A Soldier In New York’s First Regiment, Naval Service, A Dramatic Handwritten Record Of A Soldier’s Life During The Colonial Struggle To Control The Hudson River Valley
27. (AMERICAN REVOLUTION) COOPER, John. Revolutionary War Diary. New York, 1776. WRITTEN IN: Gaine’s Universal Register, or, American and British Kalendar, for the Year 1776. New York, 1776. 12mo, contemporary full calf rebacked in black cloth. $35,000. Rare 1776 Revolutionary War Diary of John Cooper, a 24-year-old enlisted man in New York’s First Regiment, Naval Service, containing over 30 handwritten pages interspersed throughout a first edition of Gaine’s Universal Register (1776), an almanac whose blank leafs were used by Cooper in this remarkable account of the year America declared its independence, with frank details of an enlisted man’s life and vivid accounts of skirmishes with Indians and British troops as Cooper’s regiment fought throughout the spring and summer of 1776 to maintain crucial American command of Lake Champlain and the upper Hudson River Valley. In contemporary calf. The Revolutionary Army of 1776 was dismissed by the British and even many patriots as “‘peasantry,’ ragamuffins,’ or ‘rabble in arms.’” Yet, defying all odds, this was “an army of men accustomed to hard work, hard work being the common lot. They were familiar with adversity and making do in a harsh climate… It was the first American army and an army of everyone” (McCullough, 1776, 33-4). There is perhaps no document that better mirrors that democratic nature than this rare 1776 diary, the military record of an ordinary enlisted man, John Cooper, who was born in Pennsylvania on March 26, 1752 and was about to turn 24 when he made his first entry here on March 1776. Cooper used the blank pages and slim margins of this worn, pocket-sized copy of Gaine’s Universal Register, a 1776 almanac printed in New York, to record the daily needs, trials and expenses of a soldier’s life, all detailed here alongside Cooper’s matter-of-fact descriptions of the harsh physical demands and the deadly risks of war in America’s struggle throughout the spring and summer of 1776 to ensure colonial control of Lake Champlain and the Hudson River Valley. Cooper fills 30 non-consecutive pages with carefully dated entries that begin in March and continue through late December 1776. This exceptional journal offers a rare account of that crucial period when the American army, recently returned from a brutal Canadian campaign, joined with others at Fort Ticonderoga to obstruct Howe’s attempt to “seize and occupy the mouth of the St. Lawrence… [and enable the British] to sever the eastern Colonies from the others” (Freeman, 267). In March 17, 1776, for example, Cooper writes of meeting “the grand army” and on the 18th, of setting “St. Johns on fire and runaway with the Light and arrived at the Isle [Aux Noix].” The next day, he records, “Did nothing Remarkable found a bayonate [sic] and sold it the same day for four shillings.” In June, his entries further detail a soldier’s everyday life with notations about days when he “caught a large quantity of Fish… Sent out with a party of men to clear Land for Uncle John of Congress… [and] went up to Lake George falls & drank Milk Punch.” But soon Cooper writes of a frightening encounter on an island where he is “alarmed there by 4 men being killed or taken Prisoners by Indians & I Escaped. 1 more made escape same night and got in to the island about 12 o’clock at night.” On July 3, Cooper notes that he “Lay aboard the Enterprize Except some time spent ashore.” That ship, the Enterprise, was a sloop in Benedict Arnold’s small naval fleet and was engaged in a daily struggle to keep Lake Champlain under American control. Within months, in early October, the Enterprise became of the few in the fleet to survive America’s first naval battle—the Battle of Valcour Island. The blank pages and margins of Gaine’s Universal Register were occasionally used for such diary entries by other Revolutionary soldiers, though these journals are exceedingly rare. See Sabin 26332. Partial folding leaf, with manuscript hand identifying Cooper on the recto, affixed to rear pastedown. Several leaves detached, light dampstaining, some edge-wear to leaves and contemporary boards. An extraordinarily rare document of American revolutionary history.
john burgoyne: surrender at sar atoga
1780 First Edition Of Burgoyne’s Account Of His Surrender At Saratoga, A Turning Point Of The War: “One Of The Best Sources Of The Campaign”
28. BURGOYNE, John. A State of the Expedition from Canada, as Laid Before the House of Commons… with a Collection of Authentic Documents. London, 1780. Quarto, modern three-quarter polished brown calf gilt. $10,500. First edition, with six engraved folding maps and plans with hand-colored details, two with hinged overslips illustrating changes in troop positions and movements. In 1776, Burgoyne was attached as second in command to Sir Guy Carleton, commander-in-chief of Canada, but grew disgusted with Carleton’s inaction and returned to Britain, where, “at the request of the prime minister drew up a plan of campaign for the next year. He proposed that an army of 12,000 men, accompanied by 2000 Canadians as guides and pioneers, and 1000 Indians as scouts, should advance from Canada, take Ticonderoga, and then advance for 200 miles through the forests to Albany... His energy impressed the king... and he returned to America in the spring of 1777 with supreme command of a force to make this march” (DNB). On September 24, he met with 20,000 American soldiers strongly entrenched at Behmus’ Heights. Burgoyne immediately attacked in a futile effort, and was forced to retreat. But General Gates “would not allow him to escape; he harassed every mile of the retreat, and at last surrounded him at Saratoga… He found himself obliged to surrender on October 17, 1777” (DNB). Burgoyne’s campaign proved to be the one of the turning points of the war: an American army had defeated a British army, validating the Revolution not only in America, but also in France, which finally declared itself a full ally. Recognizing that his military reputation had been severely damaged, Burgoyne published A State of the Expedition, in which he defends the campaign’s strategy. “One of the best sources on the campaign” (Streeter II:794). Howes B968. Sabin 9255. Stevens 27. Staton & Tremaine 503. Light offsetting of maps, much lighter than usual. Text very clean. An important firsthand account of one of the major campaigns of the American Revolution.
journals of congress
“The Power But Not The Justice”: Extremely Scarce Complete First Edition Of The First Collected Printing Of The Journals Of The United States Congress, 1800-1801, One Of Only 400 Sets Published
29. (CONTINENTAL CONGRESS) (UNITED STATES CONGRESS) Journals of Congress: Containing Their Proceedings from September 5, 1774, to… November 3, 1788. Philadelphia, 1800-01. Thirteen volumes uniformly bound. Octavo, contemporary full brown sheep rebacked. $29,500. First edition of the first collected printing of the Journals of the United States Congress, one of only 400 sets, with early printings of the Declaration of Independence, the Articles of Confederation and the Constitution, containing the official day-by-day records of the First and Second Continental and Congress of Confederation, from 1774 to 1788. An exceptional set possessing a fascinating association to Francis Asbury Dickins, son of Secretary of the Senate Asbury Dickins, and a noted 19th-century attorney three times arrested for Confederate sympathies during the Civil War. Scarce complete and in contemporary bindings. This rare and important 13-volume set contains the first collected printing of the Journals of the United States Congress, offering historical insight into America’s move toward independence through daily coverage of the First Continental Congress, which met from September 5 to October 26, 1774 (Vol. I), the proceedings of the Second Continental Congress from May 10, 1775 to March 1, 1781 (Vols. I-VII), and the events of the Congress of the Confederation, from March 1, 1781 through to the creation of the United States government under the Constitution in 1788 (Vols. VII-XIII). “The Journals of the Congress formed the only central record of the colonies and the subsequent states” (Tanenbaum, 12). Prior to the publication of this complete set in 1800-01, the Journals of the U.S. Congress had appeared only in annual editions that were inconsistently formatted, issued by three different printers and proved increasingly unavailable to members of government. This is the first edition of the first collected printing of the Journals. This exceptional set also features a fascinating association, with five volumes (III-VII) signed by Francis Asbury Dickins (1804-1901), a distinguished Virginia lawyer, on the title pages and front boards. The son of Asbury Dickins, who served from 1836-61 as secretary of the United States Senate, Francis Asbury Dickins was a highly regarded agent for the War and Treasury departments and operated a law practice in Washington D.C. for decades prior to the Civil War. During the Civil War, Dickins was thrice imprisoned for suspected Confederate sympathies. Evans 38750. Shaw & Shoemaker 1486-90. Sabin 15545. Bookplates. Library stamps. Owner inscriptions. Light scattered foxing, occasional embrowning, Volumes II and X with minimal loss along gutter of title page not affecting text; several volumes with slight rubbing to contemporary boards, very handsomely rebacked to style. A highly desirable set.
decl ar ation of independence
“We Hold These Truths To Be Self-Evident…”: Important Large Broadside Force Engraving Of The Declaration Of Independence, Perhaps As Few As 500 Copies Printed
30. (DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE) In Congress, July 4th 1776. The Unanimous Declaration of the Thirteen United States of America. Washington, 1848. Broadside (measures 26 by 30 inches), copperplate engraving on thin wove paper. $38,000. The Peter Force engraving of the Declaration of Independence, with remarkably exact renditions of the signers’ hands. One of the best representations of the original manuscript Declaration. One of perhaps as few as 500 copies issued, exceptional in this condition. By 1820 the original Declaration of Independence (now housed at the National Archives in Washington, D.C.) showed serious signs of age and wear from handling. John Quincy Adams, then Secretary of State, commissioned William J. Stone to engrave an exact copy of the original onto a copper plate. In 1823, Congress ordered 200 official copies printed on vellum. Fewer than 40 of Stone’s printing on vellum are known to have survived, with at least 21 of those housed in institutions and public collections. All subsequent exact facsimiles of the Declaration descend from the Stone plate. (Stone’s original imprint, at the top left: “ENGRAVED by W.J. STONE for the Dept. of State by order” in subsequent printings was removed and replaced with a shorter imprint at bottom left, “W. J. STONE SC WASHn”—as seen on this document.) In 1843 Congress commissioned Peter Force to compile and publish The American Archives. Perhaps using the Stone’s original plate at first, but then most likely a copy plate, Force prepared prints of the Declaration of Independence on special thin wove paper. Congress authorized the printing of 1500 copies of American Archives, but subscriptions for the elaborate edition were disappointing, and in the end many fewer copies—perhaps only 500—were issued. Most—including this copy—were folded and bound into Volume I, Series Five, published in 1848. A fine, wide-margined copy with only two small paper repairs.
declaration of independence
The Huntington Engraving Of The Declaration Of Independence
31. (DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE) In Congress, July 4th 1776. The Unanimous Declaration of the Thirteen United States of America. Probably Hartford: Eleazer Huntington, engraver, circa 1820-24. Broadside engraving on wove stock, measures 19-1/2 by 23-1/2 inches. $26,500. The scarce Huntington calligraphic rendering of the Declaration of Independence, with the signatures of the signers in exact facsimile. In the period following the War of 1812, Americans began to look back for the first time with historical perspective on the era of the founding of the country. The republic was now 40 years old, and the generation of the American Revolution, including the signers of the Declaration, was dropping away. The first to publish a calligraphic facsimile of the Declaration was a writing master named Benjamin Owen Tyler, in 1818. Huntington followed Tyler’s example by creating a calligraphic facsimile of the Declaration, but stripped out the ornaments and illustrations that had been added by previous publishers, returning the document to the simple title and text of the original, and providing the signatures of the signers in exact facsimiles. According to John Bidwell’s list, this is the sixth broadside reproduction of the Declaration of Independence; Bidwell locates only three copies of this Huntington printing. Excellent condition.
c ato’s let ters : e ssays on libert y
“Ranked With The Treatises Of Locke… On The Nature Of Political Liberty” And “A Profound Influence On Revolutionary Ideology”
32. (GORDON, Thomas and TRENCHARD, John). Cato’s Letters: Or, Essays on Liberty, Civil and Religious, And other important Subjects. London, 1737. Four volumes. 12mo, 18th-century full brown calf gilt, elaborately gilt-decorated spines. $6000. Early and scarce (fourth) edition of these famous essays, an extremely important early influence on the American Revolution, “ranked with the treatises of Locke as the most authoritative statement of the nature of political liberty and above Locke as an exposition of the social sources of the threats it faced” (Bailyn, 36). All early editions are quite rare and desirable. These important and influential essays “had a profound impact on Revolutionary ideology” in America (Library of Congress 3922). “Cato’s Letters” were promptly reprinted and so widely distributed, plagiarized, and imitated that they “gave rise to what might be called a ‘Catonic’ image, central to the political theory of the time,” best exemplified by Washington’s public displays of virtue. They directly influenced many of the founding fathers and the important writings of the American Revolution, including Benjamin Franklin’s Silence Dogood, John Dickinson’s Letters from a Farmer, William Livingstone’s Independent Reflector, John Adams’ Novanglus, John Peter Zenger’s landmark defense against libel, the concept of “power” employed in The Federalist, and the popular vision of an agrarian republic. Their influence is also palpable in the rhetoric of conspiracy in the Declaration of Independence (Jefferson owned the 1748 edition), the restrictions on national power and definition of individual rights in the Articles of Confederation and the Constitution, as well as the desire to use the public domain to create a nation of yeoman farmers. In the course of American political development during the 18th century, Trenchard and Gordon were “the most important... spokesmen for extreme libertarianism” (Bailyn, 35-44). Lowndes, 392. Sowerby, Catalogue of the Library of Thomas Jefferson 2738 (fifth edition). Library advertisement on the rear paste-down endpaper of Volume I; evidence of bookplate removal. Interiors generally clean, early bindings with expert restoration and joint repairs. An excellent set in 18th-century calf-gilt.
the boston massacre
“Make The Bloody Fifth Of March The Era Of The Resurrection Of Your Birthrights…”: The 1771 “Boston Massacre Day” Oration, “One Of The Classics Of The Revolutionary Period”
33. (AMERICAN REVOLUTION) LOVELL, James. An Oration Delivered April 2d, 1771… To Commemorate the Bloody Tragedy of the Fifth of March, 1770. Boston, 1771. Small quarto, stitched as issued, original self-wrappers, uncut; pp. [1-5], 6-19, . $9000. First edition of the first Boston Massacre Day oration, a fervent plea for “full English liberty,” “one of the classics of the revolutionary period.” Scarce in original wrappers. “Between 1760 and 1775 James Lovell shared the sentiments of emerging Boston radicals such as the cousins John Adams and Samuel Adams… In 1771 the Boston town committee nominated Lovell to a position of high profile, choosing him to deliver the oration at the first anniversary of the Boston Massacre. Though his father, increasingly identified as a Loyalist, objected, he made the speech on 2 April 1771 to a crowd that had adjourned from Faneuil Hall to the larger Old South Church. Lovell’s ringing rhetoric not only stimulated the local Sons of Liberty, but his words were widely distributed in published form” (ANB). Lovell’s stirring oration asked his audience, “Who are a free people? Not those who do not suffer actual oppression; but those who have a constitutional check upon the power to oppress… We are slaves ‘till we obtain such redress thro’ the justice of our King as our happy constitution leads us to expect.” “One of the classics of the revolutionary period,” Lovell’s oration was the first to celebrate March 5th in honor of Boston’s patriotism and the city continued that tradition until the Fourth of July displaced it in 1783 (Streeter 742). “‘There are few men of consequence among us,’ John Adams remarked in 1816, ‘who did not commence their career by an oration on the fifth of March’” (Boorstin, The Americans II:313). With half title. Adams, American Independence 85. Church 1086. Evans 12099. Sabin 42374. Faint vertical crease, light foxing as usual, expected wear with slight loss to margins of half-title and final leaf, not affecting text. Some closed tears and edges archivally repaired. Extremely good condition.
“First Important Historical Work By An American Woman”
34. WARREN, Mercy. History of the Rise, Progress and Termination of the American Revolution. Boston, 1805. Three volumes. Octavo, period-style full calf gilt, elaborately gilt-decorated spines. $8500. First edition of the “first important historical work by an American woman.” Praised for her work as poet, satirist, dramatist and historian, Warren stands as the premiere first-generation Revolutionary historian, regarded as a witness with “the most systematic understanding of the relationship between ideology and ethics, the best developed interpretation of how corruption operated in history, and the clearest insight into the historian’s role as a social and political critic” (Cohen, William and Mary Quarterly, 37:203). Further, hers remains the “first important historical work by an American woman” (Howes W122). Warren began her account of the Revolution while in its earliest stirrings and over three decades “she worked steadily on the three volumes that were finally published—when Warren was 77… Her work not only provided an insider’s view of the Revolution, but also set an important precedent for women authors… [She was] the first to publish books that marked her as a professional writer of nonfiction who—despite her upper class status—offered her work for sale” (Weatherford, American Women’s History, 365). Warren’s account was enriched by her closeness to many key figures, among them her husband, Massachusetts politician James Warren, and her brother James Otis, famous for his phrase, “taxation without representation is tyranny.” Among her many correspondents were Samuel Adams, Abigail Adams, James Winthrop, John Dickinson and Thomas Jefferson, who had a copy of her History in his library and commented, “I have long possessed evidence of her high station in the ranks of genius” (The Library of Thomas Jefferson 508). Sabin 101484. Shaw & Shoemaker 9687. Pages embrowned, as often, but text quite clean. Binding fine and beautiful. An exceptional copy.
Marshall’s Life Of Washington, In Contemporary Tree Calf, With First Edition Atlas Volume Of The Military Campaigns
35. (WASHINGTON, George) MARSHALL, John. The Life of George Washington. Philadelphia, 1805-07. Six volumes. Thick octavo, contemporary full tree calf. Quarto atlas volume, contemporary three-quarter brown calf gilt rebacked with original spine laid down, contemporary marbled boards. $11,000. Second edition text-volumes of Marshall’s classic life of Washington, issued within one year of the first edition. With scarce first edition of the atlas, containing the list of subscribers and ten engraved maps of the military campaigns (eight double-page). A handsome set in contemporary American tree calf. Shortly after Marshall became Chief Justice he was approached by Washington’s nephew, Bushrod, to write the first President’s official biography. Probably no man was better suited to the task. As a personal friend of Washington, Marshall had been the one to announce the President’s death in 1799, had offered the eulogy, had chaired the committee that arranged the funeral rites, and had led the commission to plan a monument in the capital city. When Marshall’s Life of Washington appeared, it was considered so authoritative that Washington scholar Jared Sparks suggested any new biographical undertaking would be “presumptuous” (Sparks, Washington I:12). This and the first edition, together with the first English edition of the same years, are “the only complete editions of this indispensable work, the ‘Colonial History’ being omitted in the later American editions” (Sabin). With very scarce quarto companion atlas of ten strategic maps (all mounted on stubs) and 22-page list of subscribers. Howes M317. Sabin 44788. Shaw & Shoemaker 6710. Early bookplates; owner signatures in atlas volume of E.L. Dalton and Charles H. Dalton, relatives of subscriber Peter Roe Dalton of Boston, whose middle name has been corrected in pencil on page three of the subscribers’ list. Dalton was a merchant and supplied the Continental troops in Boston with provisions during the Revolution; later he was a banker and first cashier of the local branch of the Bank of the United States. Frontispiece portrait with tape repair to the recto; scattered light foxing to interiors, as usual; occasional pencil notations. Usual scattered foxing to maps, and some closed tears at the folds of the double-page maps. Expert restoration to corners of map volume, extremities of contemporary tree calf lightly rubbed. A very handsome and desirable set.
Fine Oil Portrait On Panel Of Washington In Mid-Life
36. (WASHINGTON, George) Artist unknown. Portrait of George Washington. No place, early 19th century. Oil on panel, measuring 9-1/2 by 11-1/2 inches; in handsome 19th-century gilt frame, entire piece measures 16 by 18 inches. $6500. Handsome early 19th-century oil portrait of a middle-aged George Washington. This handsome portrait is unlike any of the famous Stuart, Peale, Savage, Trumbull, or Houdon images. It does, however, vaguely resemble one of the most famous and iconic images of George Washington, the “Lansdowne” portrait painted by Gilbert Stuart in 1796—undoubtedly the most copied portrait of Washington, even in reverse (as here, and on the dollar bill). Stuart painted at least 104 of portraits of Washington, mostly his own replicas of the Lansdowne head. A fine image, handsomely framed in early gilt wood.
“The Will Of The Majority Shall Prevail”: Association Copy Of Washington’s 1794 State Of The Union Message, From The Library Of Stephen Row Bradley, Influential U.S. Senator From Vermont And A Leader In Ratification Of The Constitution
37. WASHINGTON, George. Speech of the President of the United States to both Houses of Congress. Philadelphia, 1794. Folio, single sheet (measures 12 by 14 inches folded), uncut; pp.4. $30,000. Rare first printing of Washington’s sixth State of the Union address, delivered in November 1794, a commanding defense of federal power in assuring “that the will of the majority shall prevail” and a firm response to the Whiskey Rebellion that had set “citizen against citizen,” this exceptional association copy from the library of Stephen Row Bradley, one of the first U.S. senators from Vermont and a “leading Democratic-Republican” voice in favor of ratification of the Constitution, whose 1794 bill introduced America’s flag of 15 stripes and 15 stars that flew from 1795-1814. In this powerful Sixth Annual Message before Congress, George Washington immediately moved to addressing “at some length the background, incipience and suppression of the Whiskey Rebellion” (Freeman, 658). Speaking for a full 20 minutes on the tumultuous uprising sparked by Hamilton’s Whiskey Tax of 1791, Washington summarized the “symptoms of riot and violence” that swept across western Pennsylvania, where frontiersmen saw the tax as a threat to their practice of transporting wheat across the Alleghenies by distilling grain into whiskey. In August, a force of over 6,000 rebels threatened the government garrison at Pittsburgh. This prompted Hamilton, Attorney General William Bradford and Secretary of War Knox to recommend a quick, strong military response. As Washington notes, in his precisely worded speech, rebels had “repeatedly attacked the house of the inspector,—seized his papers of office,—and finally destroyed by fire, his buildings, and whatsoever they contained.” Washington castigates the rebellious citizens as “enemies of order” and malevolent “insurgents,” gripped by a “treasonable fury.” Washington goes on to explain his formation of a federal militia—recruited from New Jersey, Maryland and Virginia—to subdue the insurrection by force. In addition to that action, Washington himself crossed Pennsylvania with Hamilton in September to survey the assembled troops and returned to Philadelphia at the end of October, “leaving Hamilton and Virginia governor Henry Lee in charge of an army larger than the one Washington had usually headed in the Revolution… Federal action in suppressing the Whiskey Rebellion left behind a trail of controversy,” an effect demonstrated by Washington’s careful yet firm account of those events in this dramatic, landmark address. Overall “public opinion applauded the way Washington balanced firmness and clemency” in his approach (Chernow, 476-7) and Washington continued to be “the American Zeus, Moses and Cincinnatus all rolled into one” (Ellis, Founding Fathers, 121). NAIP locates five copies. Very light marginal spotting, mild toning at foldlines, minimal edge-wear to this significant, near-fine document, a substantial assertion of federal authority against post-Revolutionary opposition to domestic taxation and a standing army.
Double Elephant Folio Copperplate Engraving Of Washington’s Farewell Address, Circa 1821
38. WASHINGTON, George. Washington’s Farewell Address to the People of the United States. Philadelphia, circa 1821. Large copper-engraved broadside, measuring 28 by 38 inches. $17,500. Large finely engraved broadside of Washington’s famous valedictory, embellished with Thomas Sully’s “Liberty Displaying the Arts and Sciences.” A magnificent piece. Resulting from a close collaboration between Washington, Madison and Hamilton (who recognized the need to make the President’s announcement of retirement “importantly and lastingly useful”), the Farewell Address, as it came to be known, served Washington as his valedictory, as well as his vehicle for imparting advice to succeeding generations. “Washington’s thoughts on unity, on the love of power, on the impact of partisan strife, on the importance of focusing on our common interests, on avoiding entanglements with other nations, on religion and morality, on the public credit, and on freedom of trade have worn well when they have been observed” (Clarence B. Carson). This masterful calligraphic engraving of Washington’s text by Charles Toppan from the script of Charles Parker is embellished by a vignette at the bottom, “Liberty Displaying the Arts and Sciences,” engraved by Gideon Fairman from a drawing by Thomas Sully. Charles Parker was regarded as the “best engraver of script, maps and ornament of his time” (Stauffer, 200; Fielding, 269). An empty space at the top is for Fairman’s engraving of Gilbert Stuart’s portrait of Washington, within a frame of oak leaves (See Stauffer 995). Sabin 101660. A bright, fine impression, archival tape repairs to a few of short closed marginal tears (none affecting image).
Revolutionary War-Era Autograph Envelope Bearing George Washington’s Free Franking Signature
39. WASHINGTON, George. Autograph free frank. No place, May 29, 1778. Single sheet, measuring 6 by 10 inches. $15,000. Extraordinary original autograph envelope, dated May 29th, 1778, addressed to William Greene, the Governor of the State of Rhode Island, with Washington’s rare free franking signature. Greene was the second governor of Rhode Island and corresponded regularly with then-General Washington, usually regarding armaments, which Washington desperately needed during the Revolutionary War. Washington’s franking signature dating from the Revolutionary War period is most uncommon. “At the outbreak of the Revolutionary War, in 1775, Congress granted the franking privilege [permitting them to send mail without charge under their covering signature] to members of the Continental Congress and to military personnel, thus allowing the speedy flow of official mail by either civil or military couriers... Washington used military couriers almost exclusively, merely writing ‘Public Service’ and his signature, or perhaps ‘Free’ and his signature, or just his signature on the cover of his letters” (Hamilton, 225-26). Light soiling and paper repair to envelope.
Original Document Signed By President John Adams, 1799, Chronicle Of Revolutionary War Bounty Land Warrants And Early Settlement Of Ohio’s Frontier
40. ADAMS, John. Document signed. Philadelphia, January 14, 1799. Folio, original vellum leaf (measures 13 by 141/2 inches), printed and completed in manuscript on the recto, docketed in manuscript hand on the verso. $6500. Rare original bounty land warrant, signed by President John Adams on January 14, 1799 alongside the affixed Seal of the United States, deeding ownership of 500 acres on the Ohio frontier to pioneer William Lytle: this impressive deed, printed on vellum and also signed by Timothy Pickering, Secretary of State, tracing a history back to acreage originally granted four men for military service—one a Virginia private in the Revolutionary War, and others “all soldiers for three years.” Throughout the Revolutionary War, “the United States and several of the original states used land bounties to attract enlistments,” essential to an army faced with scant financial resources and scores of untrained recruits (National Archives). Virginia, which raised 16 regiments for the Continental Army, was among the colonies that offered “large bounties to those who would enlist and serve for three years or during the war” (History of Union County). Revolutionary War soldiers were to receive 200 acres, and those with three years service, 100 acres. In general these warrants “could only be used in military districts, for lands now principally in Ohio and several other eastern and central public land states” (National Archives). Though “many of the earliest warrants were lost in fires in the War Department,” this rare presidential document survived to trace the story of 500 acres in Ohio originally warranted to four soldiers: Jonathan Tinsley, a Revolutionary soldier awarded 200 acres for serving in Colonel Nathaniel Gist’s Virginia Regiment, and three soldiers (each awarded 100 acres) for service of three years. With inked notation in manuscript hand, dated 1798, and docketed on the verso. Signatures large and fine. Light soiling at edges, faint fold lines. Near-fine.
the constitutions of the americ an states
“The Magna Carta Of The United States”: The 1781 First Collected Edition Of The Constitutions Of The American States, One Of Only 200 Copies Printed For Congress
41. (CONSTITUTION) The Constitutions of the Several Independent States of America… Philadelphia, 1781. 12mo, later full red, brown, blue and white morocco patterned after the 13-star American flag. $21,000. Very rare first collected edition of the constitutions of the American states, one of only 200 copies printed for Congress, bound in a patriotic American flag design. Published by order of Congress, this important collection is the first authoritative and original printed text of the constitutions of the 13 states. The collection also contains printings of a number of other influential American documents: including the Declaration of Independence, the Articles of Confederation, the 1778 treaty of amity and commerce with France (the first treaty between the United States and any other country) and the treaty of alliance with France (assuring the French of an alliance should their recognition of the United States lead to war with Great Britain). “It contains a greater portion of unsophisticated wisdom and good sense, than is, perhaps, to be met with in any other legislative code that was ever yet framed. It is, in short, the book which may be considered the Magna Carta of the United American States” (Monthly Review). Many constitutional scholars—most notably Willi Paul Adams in The First American Constitutions: Republican Ideology and the Making of the State Constitutions in the Revolutionary Era (2001)—have demonstrated that the political systems and initiatives of the state constitutions were vital to the construction of the Federal Constitution of 1787. Although the imprint reads Philadelphia, this volume was actually published by Bailey in Lancaster, where he had moved with Congress after the British occupation of Philadelphia began in September 1781. This copy handsomely bound by McLain in a morocco binding that evokes the so-called “Besty Ross flag.” Sabin 16086. Howes C716. Evans 17390. Old ink markings to verso of H4; text still legible. Scattered light marginal dampstaining. A near-fine copy of a rare and important cornerstone of American constitutional history.
secret journals of congress
First Edition Of The 1820-21 Secret Journals Of Congress With First Edition Of The 1819 Journal Of The Constitutional Convention, Scarce Five-Volume Wait Printing Authorized By Congress—The First Official Account Of The 1787 Constitutional Convention, Together With The First Official Collection To Include Franklin’s 1775 ‘Sketch’ For The Articles Of Confederation And Dickinson’s July 12, 1776 Draft Of The Articles
42. (CONSTITUTION). Secret Journals of the Acts and Proceedings of Congress… Boston, 1820-21. Four Volumes. WITH: Journal, Acts and Proceedings of the Convention, Assembled at Philadelphia… Boston, 1819. Together five volumes. Octavo, four-volume Secret Journals contemporary full brown sheep rebacked with original spines laid down, one-volume Journals period-style brown sheep with contemporary boards, red morocco spine labels. $25,000. Scarce first editions of the complete five-volume set containing the 1819 Journal, Acts and Proceedings of the Constitutional Convention—the first official account to break the Convention’s “seal of secrecy”—with the Secret Journals of the Acts and Proceedings of Congress, featuring Benjamin Franklin’s “sketch of the Articles of Confederation” as submitted to the Convention on July 21, 1775, and the first official publication of both John Dickinson’s July 12, 1776 draft of the Articles of Confederation and the subsequent August 20, 1776 draft of the Articles. The official complete Wait printings, each edition one of 1000 copies published by order of Congress. In the early 1800s, as “50th Anniversary celebrations of successive events of the Revolution began, a wave of historical curiosity would sweep the country, aided and abetted by government-sponsored publications” (Powell, 114). At the center of interest was the 1787 Philadelphia Convention that had been empowered by the Congress of the Confederation to recommend amendments to the Articles of Confederation. Benjamin Franklin, Alexander Hamilton and James Madison were among the 65 delegates to the Constitutional Convention, and upon election as president of the Convention, Washington appointed Hamilton and several others “to a small committee that drew up rules and procedures for the convention… To encourage candor, the committee decided that ‘nothing spoken in the House be printed, or otherwise published or communicated without leave.’ Journalists and curious spectators were forbidden to attend, sentries were stationed at doors, and delegates, sworn to secrecy, remained tight-lipped to outsiders. The delegates even adjourned to the second floor of the State House to ensure confidentiality. During a sultry Philadelphia summer, in the face of thick swarms of tormenting flies, the blinds were often drawn and the windows shut to guarantee privacy. Even Madison’s copious notes of the convention were not published until decades later.” Kept secret in the belief that open deliberations would fuel divisiveness, these “close-door proceedings yielded inspired, uninhibited debate and brought forth one of the most luminous documents in history.” Knowledge of these secret debates is available only from Madison’s journal and a handful of documents deposited by Washington at the Department of State in 1796. This extraordinary five- volume set contains the original 1819 edition, along with the four-volume expanded edition, documenting even more fully that 1787 Convention and the revolutionary ideas that led to its realization. The 1819 Journal contains the first and earliest obtainable account of the Constitutional Convention. Light scattered foxing, occasional faint dampstaining to edges; slight rubbing to contemporary boards: Journal, Acts and Proceedings with evidence of plate removal to front pastedown, traces of stamp excision to preliminaries and rear pastedown; Secret Journals with minimal loss to corners of some leaves (Volume I), expert restoration to upper margins of early leaves (Volume II). An extremely good set, rarely found complete.
ale x ander hamilton and james madison: the federalist papers
“Every Government Ought To Contain In Itself The Means Of Its Own Preservation”: Scarce First Printing Of Two Federalist Papers Essays By Hamilton, Their First Appearance In The New-York Packet, February 26, 1788, Preceding First Book Publication By Three Months
43. [HAMILTON, Alexander and MADISON, James]. Federalist Essays. IN: New-York Packet. No. 779. New York, Tuesday, February 26, 1788. Folio tabloid sheet, measuring 11 by 18 inches folded. $32,000. Exceptional first printing of two Federalist Papers essays, Numbers 59 & 60 (renumbered 60 & 61 in their first collected book publication of May 1788), Alexander’s Hamilton’s seminal work on the Congress’s regulation of its elections, published under the pseudonym of “Publius” in the February 1788 printing of the New-York Packet. This February 26, 1788 edition of the New-York Packet contains the momentous first printing of two key essays of the Federalist Papers—“a literary and political masterpiece”—both essays authored by Alexander Hamilton, here writing as “Publius” on a subject he introduced one week earlier in the same newspaper: that of the power of Congress “to regulate, in the last resort, the election of its own members” (Chernow, 249). It is a work that remains “the most thorough and brilliant explication of the Federal Constitution (or any other constitution) ever written” (Smith, 263-4). The achievement of Hamilton, Madison and Jay “is the more astonishing for having been written under such fierce deadline pressure… [Hamilton’s close friend] Robert Troup remembered seeing Samuel Loudon [publisher of the New-York Packet] ‘in Hamilton’s study, waiting to take numbers of The Federalist as they came fresh from’ his pen ‘in order to publish them in the next paper’” (Chernow, 249, 264). Hamilton’s two essays, appearing on the second page under “Miscellany,” were initially numbered 59-60, as seen here, and renumbered 60-61 in the May 1788 collected book edition. See Sabin 23979; Howes H114; Evans 21127, 21327; Streeter II:1049. Light dampstaining, tiny closed tears and minimal creases along fold-lines. An outstanding work of signal historical importance, in extremely good condition.
joseph story on the constitution
One Of The Most Important Works Ever Written On The American Constitution
44. STORY, Joseph. Commentaries on the Constitution of the United States. Boston and Cambridge, 1833. Three volumes. Octavo, period-style dark brown polished calf gilt, elaborately gilt-decorated spines. $16,500. First edition of this influential treatise, one of the most important works ever written on the American Constitution, second in significance only to The Federalist. Handsomely bound in period-style calf-gilt. “The judicial station of the author, his opportunities for hearing constitutional questions mooted and settled, for the last quarter of a century, his habits of patient and thorough investigation, give a weight and value to Judge Story’s writings upon Constitutional Law, which few similar works can claim... Taking The Federalist as the basis of his Commentaries, he advocates a liberal construction of the palladium of our liberties, in order to attain a proper exercise of the functions of the government... he sustains his positions with great power of argument, fullness of illustration, and by indisputable authorities” (Marvin, 669). “Joseph Story, considered perhaps the most learned scholar ever to sit on any American court, was also the youngest man ever named to the Supreme Court. Story was soon the Court’s leading supporter of Marshall’s nationalistic views and became a virtual second in doctrine to Marshall himself. When he joined the Court, it was entering upon its historic period of constitutional construction, and Story participated in the landmark decisions of the next two and a half decades. In 1829, while he was still on the Court, Story became the first Dane Professor of Law at Harvard. His appointment signaled the reorganization of Harvard Law School and its emergence as the first modern school of law” (Schwartz, 110-11). Howes S1047. Sabin 92291. Contemporary title page owner signatures. A few scattered pencil annotations. A fine, very handsome set.
journal of the house of representatives
“A Reverence For The Characteristic Rights Of Freemen”: First Edition Of The 1789 Journal Of The House Of Representatives For The First Session Of The First U.S. Congress, With Printing Of Washington’s Inaugural Address
45. (UNITED STATES—HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES) Journal of the House of Representatives of the United States. New York, 1789. Folio, modern tan cloth, uncut. $25,000. First edition, first printing of the official daily record of the first Congressional session of the first session of Congress, in which Washington was elected the nation’s first President, crucial amendments to the Constitution were debated, and Congress established the Foreign Affairs (State) Department, the Treasury and the War Department, covering sessions from March 4th to September 18, 1789, one of 700 copies printed (intended only for distribution to members of government). Washington delivered his Inaugural Address to Congress on April 30th. Printed here in the entry for the next day, his elegant speech expresses a desire to avoid overt recommendations to the Congress and to trust instead in the “talents, the rectitude and the patriotism” of the membership. “The one specific suggestion Washington made was that Congress should decide to what extent it should advocate constitutional amendments in order to meet objectives and relieve ‘inquietude’” (Freeman, 566). Debate over the number and scope of these amendments soon appeared unending, however, with passionate contests reflected in entries such as that for August 21st, in which a vote was taken on the subject of 17 initially framed amendments, including the fourth amendment, securing Americans rights to “freedom of speech, and of the press, and the right of the people peaceably to assemble… and to apply to the government for redress of grievances.” Yet the issue of establishing a Bill of Rights was not the only preoccupation of this landmark first session of the first Congress. Reflected here are records of debates over procedure, laws of taxation and commerce, the establishment of a court system, the need for departments overseeing the treasury and military, and the subject of relations between Indian tribes and the newly formed government, such as that covered in successive messages by Washington to the Congress on the 7th and 10th of August. The First Congress ran from March 4 to September 29, 1789. This is the first Journal of proceedings in the U.S. House of Representatives, recording the minutes of floor action, votes and matters under debate, kept in accordance with Article I, Section Five of the Constitution. One of only 700 copies, as ordered by a resolution passed May 28th and recorded here, wherein it was directed that “seven hundred copies of the journals be printed, and distributed to the executive and judicial, and heads of departments of the government of the United States.” This left “none for public purchase” (Powell, 85). Without final 10 leaves, including index pages clxv-clxxvii, a partial entry for September 18, and entries for nine remaining sessions from September 19-29. Evans 22208. Sabin 15554. Restoration to title page, occasional archival tape repair to three early leaves, slight dampstaining to margins of several final leaves, archival tissue restoration to page 145. An extremely good, highly desirable and important document in American history.
acts of congress
The following three outstanding items of rare Americana—The Carriage Act, the Flag Law and the Foreign Service Act (items 46-48)—share an exceptionally distinctive provenance. These documents are from the library of one of the first United States senators from Vermont, Stephen Row Bradley (1791-4, 1801-13), “the leading Democratic-Republican senator from New England during his day.” A powerful and influential supporter of both Jefferson and Madison, Bradley is also renowned for framing “the bill which established a national flag of 15 stripes and 15 stars, sometimes known as the Bradley flag, used from 1795-1814” (DAB). These documents are also extremely scarce, as the firm of Childs & Swaine printed them in very limited numbers to “supply one printed copy of each to each Senator and Representative” only (Powell, 99, 88). These folio slip laws precede any bound editions of Acts printed at the end of a congressional session.
the carriage act: the first test of constitutionality
Association Copy Of The 1794 Carriage Act, Rare First Printing Of The First American Law Whose Constitutionality Was Challenged And The First To Involve “Judicial Review”
46. (UNITED STATES CONGRESS) (CARRIAGE ACT) An Act Laying Duties Upon Carriages for the Conveyance of Persons. Philadelphia, 1794. Folio, single leaf disbound from a sammelband volume, uncut; pp. 3, . $28,500. First edition of Hamilton’s 1794 Carriage Act, the very first law to involve “judicial review,” defended by Alexander Hamilton in his only appearance before the Court in a momentous decision that “represented the first time the Supreme Court ever ruled on the constitutionality of an act of Congress,” a rare association copy from the library of one of the first United States senators from Vermont, Stephen Row Bradley. This is the extremely rare first printing of the 1794 Carriage Act, representing the very “first clear-cut challenge of the constitutionality of an Act of Congress to come before the Court” and the first to involve “judicial review”-preceding, by a full seven years, “Chief Justice John Marshall’s celebrated opinion in Marbury v. Madison (1803),” in which the Supreme Court would finally “explain its power of judicial review under the Constitution” (Hall, 419). Proposed by Treasury Secretary Hamilton and signed into law by Washington on June 5, 1794, the Carriage Act legislated duties on leased and privately owned carriages, and “was enacted over vigorous opposition in the House of Representatives where among other objections the question of its constitutionality was raised” (Goebel I:778). The law’s complex relation to Article I of the Constitution was of particular concern-especially in matters of proportionate taxation, the taxing authority of Congress and “whether the fee was a tax or a duty” (Smith, Constitution, 300). Shortly after the Act was passed, Daniel Hylton of Richmond and many fellow Virginians refused to comply. “The controversy touched the sensitive question of the revenue-raising power of the new
national government. The circuit court was divided on the question, but Hylton confessed to judgment (admitted liability) in order to test the constitutionality of the tax by an appeal to the Supreme Court” (Hall, 419). When the Carriage Act moved to the Supreme Court in early 1796, “Alexander Hamilton, in his only appearance before the Court, presented the government’s case” (Urofsky, 147), traveling to Philadelphia to defend “the constitutionality of the carriage tax he had introduced as treasury secretary. ‘He spoke for three hours,’ said one newspaper, ‘and the whole of his argument was clear, impressive and classical’” (Chernow, 501). Hamilton “emphasized the legal doctrines supporting the tax through a broad reading of the Constitution’s taxing power. But in a then unusual tactic, he also discussed the views of economists such as Sir John Steuart and Adam Smith to support the carriage duty as an excise rather than a direct tax” (Urofsky, 147). The Court’s decision “was unanimous that the law was constitutional” (Goebel I:780). Its ruling “not only endorsed Hamilton’s broad view of federal taxing power but represented the first time the Supreme Court ever ruled on the constitutionality of an act of Congress” (Chernow, 501-2). A rare association copy from the library of influential Vermont U.S. Senator Stephen Row Bradley. NAIP locates four copies; OCLC lists one copy. Light foxing, three minute stabholes along inner margin. An especially important near-fine document in the history of American legal history, with a highly desirable association.
an e x tr aordinary a ssociation t h e f l ag ac t : t h e au t h o r ’s o w n co p y
“The Most Glorious In American History”: Important Association Copy Of The First American Flag Law Printed, The 1794 Act Creating The Flag Of 15 Stripes And 15 Stars That Inspired The Star-Spangled Banner, From The Library Of The Law’s Author Stephen Row Bradley, Pioneering U.S. Senator From Vermont
47. (UNITED STATES CONGRESS) (BRADLEY, Stephen Row). Flag Act. An Act making an alteration in the Flag of the United States. Philadelphia, 1794. Folio, original broadside printed on recto only, disbound from sammelband volume, uncut. $7500. First official edition of the first law printed about the American flag, the first law passed at the first session of the Third Congress, a rare association copy from the library of its author, Stephen Row Bradley, the powerful United States senator from Vermont, who created the act to reflect admission of Kentucky and his home state of Vermont to the Union-known as the “Bradley flag,” its “heroic vigil atop Fort McHenry” in 1814 inspired Francis Scott Key’s “Star Spangled Banner.” This is the first official printed law instituting the American flag, enacting the first alteration in the flag since the adoption of the 1777 Resolution, which initiated the flag of 13 stars and 13 stripes. This landmark 1794 Flag Act, authored by Stephen Row Bradley, one of Vermont’s first United States Senators, added two stars and two stripes to the flag, reflecting admission of Bradley’s home state of Vermont to the Union in 1791 and Kentucky in 1792. The Act further stands as the first passed at the first session of the Third Congress, and as the law that created the only American flag with more than 13 stripes. This law’s flag of 15 stripes and 15 stars flew for over 20 years-one of the nation’s longestlasting flags-and was “destined to become one of the most glorious in American history” following its “heroic vigil atop Fort McHenry”memorialized by Francis Scott Key in The Star-Spangled Banner (Boleslaw & D’Ortrange Mastai, 49-52). NAIP locates four copies; OCLC lists one copy. Evans 27830. An especially memorable, about-fine document in American history, with an exceptional association.
the foreign service act
“Political Intelligence... Is Interesting To Us In A High Degree” (Jefferson): An Extraordinary Association Copy Of The 1790 Foreign Service Act Establishing A Crucial Framework For American Foreign Policy, Signed Into Law By Washington At The Urging Of Thomas Jefferson
48. (UNITED STATES CONGRESS) (FOREIGN SERVICE ACT) An Act providing the Means of Intercourse between the United States and foreign Nations. New York, 1790. Folio, original broadside leaf printed on recto only, disbound from a sammelband volume, uncut. $40,000. Rare first edition of the pivotal Foreign Service Act, an exceptional broadside printing of the first law to formally establish diplomatic offices overseas, passed during the Second Session of the First Congress, initiated by Secretary of State Jefferson and signed into law by Washington on July 1, 1790, a memorable association copy from the library of Stephen Row Bradley, the influential U.S. senator from Vermont and “a strong supporter of both Jefferson and Madison.” This very rare first printing of the Foreign Service Act, ushered into Congress by Secretary of State Jefferson and signed into law by Washington on July 1, 1790, is the first legislation to provide a formal system for America’s new foreign service. It was through Jefferson and his influence, “in accordance with his advice, that the important act of 1790 passed” (Powell, 628), launching “American foreign policy in a direction that served national purposes” throughout the next century (Ellis, American Sphinx, 124). Yet passage of this law faced great resistance in Congress, where many believed “money spent abroad was wasted... But the importance of diplomacy almost immediately became clear, even to Congress, in a complicated crisis involving the threat of a European war in America”-where tensions between England and Spain raised the prospect of England seizing Louisiana and Florida from Spain, threatening that “the United States would be completely surrounded by the British army and navy” (Randall, 496, 487-8). An exceptional association copy from the library of Stephen Row Bradley, a leader in the struggle for ratification during the Constitutional Convention and “one of Vermont’s first United States senators” (DAB). NAIP locates three copies; OCLC lists no copies. Shipton & Mooney 46055. Not in Evans. Not in Sabin. Contemporary notation of “29” beneath publisher imprint. Light foxing, tiny stabholes along gutter without affecting text. An important document in early American history, with a distinctive association.
The American Experience
Part 2: Discoveries
Early Exploration and the West
“Ambition leads me not only farther than any other man has been before me, but as far as I think it possible for man to go.” --The Journal of Captain James Cook
n i c o l á s m o n a r d e s : t h e n e w - f o u n d e w o r l d e , 159 6
“The Most Important Work On The Medicinal Plants Of The New World,” 1596 Edition In English, With Early Woodcuts Including The Tobacco Plant, And With References To Columbus
49. MONARDES, Nicolás. Joyfull Newes out of the New-Found Worlde. London, 1596. Square octavo, 19th-century full crushed red morocco, elaborately gilt-decorated spine. $16,500. Third edition in English of Monardes’ Historia Medicinal containing four of his works on curative plants and other natural materials, illustrated with 12 in-text woodcuts of newly discovered herbs, including an early depiction of the tobacco plant. Handsomely bound by Bedford. First published in Spanish in 1565 and enlarged in 1574, this revolutionary treatise remained for many years “the most important work on the medicinal plants of the New World” (Garrison & Morton 1817). It opens with an account of Columbus’ discoveries “of many & sundry islands and much firm land… [yielding] gold, silver, pearls, emeralds, and other fine stones of great value.” Of special interest is the section on tobacco, in which Monardes describes its use by natives, when worn out by dancing, as “taking tobacco at the nose and mouth and lying down as though they were dead three or four hours” (Blunt & Raphael, 149). He also relates the practice of Priests, who having smoked tobacco, provide their congregations with “answers according to the visions and illusions which [they] saw while [they] were rapt.” Other powerful medications include fig-oil, barley, peppers, coca, and a curious chapter on the powdered bones of the armadillo as a cure for tinnitus. STC 18007. Hunt 173. Church 253. Norman 1535. Sabin 49946. Bookplates. Occasional remargining (without loss of text), front joint expertly rehinged. A fine, widemargined copy and a beautiful volume.
h i s m a j e s t y ’ s t e r r i t o r i e s i n a m e r i c a , 16 87
Blome On His Majesty’s Territories In America: 1687 First Edition, With Morden Maps
50. BLOME, Richard. The Present State Of His Majesties Isles and Territories in America… With New Maps of every Place. London, 1687. Small octavo, period-style full brown calf gilt. $11,000. First edition, with seven folding maps by Morden depicting the New World, a folding chart on setting sundials and a frontispiece portrait of James II. This 17th-century account of the American colonies and West Indies details the climates, commodities, flora and fauna, produce and trade, inhabitants and culture of the regions, including detailed accounts of relations with Native Americans, both friendly and hostile. Fine folding maps show Bermuda, Carolina, Virginia, Maryland, Pennsylvania and New Jersey, New England and New York, Jamaica (with inset of the Gulf of Mexico showing the Florida coast), Barbados, and Northwest America. Howes B546. Sabin 5972. Expert marginal paper reinforcements. A very attractive copy of this scarce work.
h e n n e p i n ’s n e w d i s c o v e r y i n a m e r i c a , 1698
First English Translation Of Hennepin’s New Discovery, 1698, With The First View Of Niagara Falls
51. HENNEPIN, Louis. A New Discovery of a Vast Country in America. ISSUED WITH: A Continuation of the New Discovery. ISSUED WITH: An Account of Several New Discoveries in North-America. London, 1698. Thick octavo, 18th-century full brown speckled calf rebacked with 19th-century period-style gilt-decorated spine laid down. $20,000. First edition in English of Hennepin’s two important accounts (in three parts) of his American exploration, two large folding maps and six folding copper-engraved plates, including the first view of Niagara Falls. Jefferson owned copies of Hennepin’s works, and his maps influenced the planning of the Lewis and Clark Expedition. One of the most famous explorers in the wilds of North America during the 17th century, Louis Hennepin, was sent to Canada in 1675 as a member of expedition under the command of the renowned cavalier, René-Robert La Salle. Hennepin served as a missionary in Quebec while the expedition underwent preparations. In 1680 Hennepin was dispatched by La Salle to navigate down the Illinois River and then up the Mississippi River as far as possible. Leaving in February, Hennepin and his party soon reached the Mississippi and turned northwards. On April 12th they were captured by a band of Issati Sioux. Eventually French explorer Daniel Graysolon Du Lhut interceded on Hennepin’s behalf and secured his release. Hennepin’s first published work was Description de la Louisiane (1683), which brought him instant fame. Many years later, while in Amsterdam preparing to participate in possible British colonization plans for the interior of North America, Hennepin published his second and third works, Nouvelle Decourverte (1697) and Nouveau Voyage (1698). Both works were translated immediately into Dutch, German, Spanish and English. In addition to the two important maps, New Discovery includes two folding plates, one of an American bison and one of Niagara Falls—the first published image of the Falls. “Hennepin’s maps of the French territories were among the best of the period” (America Explored, 155). “Thomas Jefferson owned first editions of all three of Hennepin’s works and consulted them in preparing his western treatise An Account of Louisiana, which he presented to Congress in November of 1803” (University of Virginia). This is the so-called “Bon” issue (probably the first), with the first line of the imprint statement ending with “Bon-” (for Bonwick); another issue ends with “Ton-” (for Tonson). Wing H1450. Pforzheimer 461. Church 772. Sabin 31370-72. Howes H416. Field 685. Graff 1862. Streeter 106. Bookplates, one armorial. Letter by famous librarian Wilberforce Eames, attesting to the plate-count in this copy, tipped in front. Interior quite clean, a few small tears to maps along folds only. A splendid copy. Rare.
m ac k e n z i e ’s voyag e s t h r o u g h n o rt h a m e r i c a
“The First Account Of An Ocean-To-Ocean Crossing Of The North American Continent”: An Inspiration For The Lewis And Clark Expedition,
52. MACKENZIE, Alexander. Voyages from Montreal, on the River St. Laurence, through the Continent of North America… London, 1801. Thick quarto, early 20th-century three-quarter brown calf; custom clamshell box. $9500. First edition of this cornerstone North American exploration narrative, complete with three large folding maps of North America (one hand-colored in outline). “Of consummate importance in the literature of transcontinental travel” (Graff). On his first expedition in 1789 Mackenzie canoed nearly 3000 miles from Fort Chipewyan, in present-day Alberta, north and west along the river that now bears his name to the shores of the Arctic Ocean and back again. In 1793, again leaving from Fort Chipewyan, he took the Peace River west to the Continental Divide and continued on foot to the Pacific, thus becoming the first European to reach the Pacific across the Rockies. Mackenzie’s account did not find its way to print until 1801. When Thomas Jefferson first heard of the book’s existence, he immediately ordered a copy, and over the following summer, he and his newly-appointed secretary Meriwether Lewis devoured its contents. Mackenzie’s achievement, and his recommendation that the British fur trade set up shop at the mouth of the Columbia River, spurred Jefferson to organize a response that would reaffirm U.S. territorial rights to the Pacific Northwest. That response grew into the most important expedition in the history of North American exploration, the Lewis and Clark expedition of 1804-06. Bound without half title. Howes M133. Graff 2630. Wagner-Camp 1:1. Streeter 3653. Wheat 251. Field 967. Inkstamp to lower margin of p. xxxiii. A few small expert repairs to large folding maps, a few instances of light foxing, usual offsetting to text from maps and frontispiece. A nearly fine copy of one of the landmarks of North American exploration, handsomely boxed.
c aptain james cook: fir st editions of all three voyage s
“The Study Of Cook Is The Illumination Of All Discovery”: Splendid Collection Of First Editions Of Cook’s Three Voyages, With Atlas Volume, Including The First Attempted Mapping Of The Northwest Coast Of America
53. (COOK, Captain James). Cook’s Three Voyages: HAWKESWORTH, John. An Account of the Voyages undertaken… for making Discoveries in the Southern Hemisphere... London, 1773. Three volumes. WITH: COOK, James. A Voyage towards the South Pole, and Round the World... London, 1777. Two volumes bound in three (plates bound separately). WITH: COOK, James and KING, James. A Voyage to the Pacific Ocean… for making Discoveries in the Northern Hemisphere... London, 1785. Four volumes (three quarto volumes plus atlas folio). Ten volumes altogether. Quarto, early 20thcentury uniform three-quarter mottled brown calf, elaborately gilt-decorated spines, marbled boards and endpapers. $88,000. Scarce set of first editions of Cook’s three famous Pacific Voyages, superbly illustrated with 202 engraved charts, maps and plates, many double-page or folding. Uniformly and handsomely bound by Bennett of New York. Facing challenges surpassed only by modern space flight, Captain James Cook embodied the spirit of the great age of maritime discovery. The only 18thcentury explorer to lead more than one Pacific voyage, he embarked on three circumnavigations between 1768 and 1776, essentially transforming into their
modern form the dangerously unreliable maps of the Pacific’s expanse and the New World’s western coast. Official accounts of his three voyages, with their remarkable engravings and splendid atlas, found an eager public, the first edition of the final voyage selling out in three days. In the words of his principal biographer, “The study of Cook is the illumination of all discovery.” The 1773 first edition of the chronicle of the first voyage contains 52 charts and plates in three volumes; this first-issue copy is bound without the “Chart of the Streight of Magellan” and directions for placing the plates, not present in the “earliest issues” of the first edition. “This is the Narrative of Cook’s first voyage and forms an indispensable part of a series of Cook’s voyages. The first edition is preferred for its plates” (Sabin 30934). The 1777 account of the second voyage contains 64 plates, maps and charts in two volumes. The 1784 three-volume account of the third voyage contains 24 plates and is accompanied by a large atlas folio plate volume containing two charts and 61 plates. “Cook earned his place in history by opening up the Pacific to western civilization and by the foundation of British Australia. The world was given for the first time an essentially complete knowledge of the Pacific Ocean and Australia, and Cook proved once and for all that there was no great southern continent, as had always been believed. He also suggested the existence of Antarctic land in the southern ice ring, a fact which was not proved until the explorations of the 19th century” (PMM 223). Text and plates clean and bright, usual light foxing to plates in large atlas. A rare and unusually fine collection of Cook’s voyages.
patrick ga ss
“One Of The Essential Books For An Americana Collection”: The Earliest Published Account Of The Lewis And Clark Expedition
54. GASS, Patrick. A Journal of the Voyages and Travels of a Corps of Discovery, Under the Command of Capt. Lewis and Capt. Clark… Pittsburgh, 1807. Tall 12mo, original half brown calf, original paper-covered boards; custom clamshell box. $23,500. First edition of the “earliest full firsthand narrative of the Lewis and Clark expedition, preceding the official account by seven years” (Howes), “one of the essential books for an Americana collection” (Streeter). In original boards. Gass volunteered as a private for the Lewis and Clark Expedition in 1803 (he was promoted to sergeant August 26, 1804). “A most reliable man, Gass accompanied the expedition to the Pacific... keeping a careful and valuable journal. On October 10, 1806, after the return to St. Louis, Lewis gave Gass a certificate stating that, ‘the ample support which he gave me, under every difficulty; the manly firmness which he evinced on every necessary occasion; and the fortitude with which he bore the fatigues and painful sufferings incident to that long voyage, intitles [sic] him to my highest confidence and sincere thanks’... [In Washington, Gass] arranged for publication of his journal which appeared seven years before the official Lewis and Clark narrative was published” (Thrapp II:542). The prospectus for Gass’ journal revealed “that around the campfire ‘the several journals [of the expedition members] were brought together, compared, corrected, and the blanks filled up,’ meaning that... subscribers would be reading material corrected and approved by the captains” (Ambrose, Undaunted Courage, 418). Gass was the last survivor of the expedition, dying at age 99 in 1870. Graff 1516. Sabin 26741. Wagner-Camp 6:1. Streeter V:3120. Howes G77. Inscription on front free endpaper: “Thomas Patton’s book bought of Mr. White / Lexington price 7/6 July 21st 1816.” Patton’s signatures appear on rear pastedowns as well. Text with only the usual light foxing and a bit of faint, mostly marginal dampstaining. Expected rubbing to contemporary paper boards. Altogether an exceptional copy in contemporary boards of this cornerstone in the history of American exploration, most rare in this condition.
“A Cornerstone Of Any Collection Of Western Americana”: Uncut 1810 First Edition Of Pike’s Expeditions To The Sources Of The Mississippi, With Maps Considered “Milestones In The Mapping Of The American West”
55. PIKE, Zebulon. An Account of Expeditions to the Sources of the Mississippi… Philadelphia, 1810. Octavo, modern full dark brown calf, uncut. $36,000. First edition of “one of the great chronicles of American pioneering achievement,” the primary account of the first United States government expedition to the Southwest, with six maps (five folding), three folding tables, and frontispiece portrait of Pike. Pike’s account ranks with that of Lewis and Clark as the most important of the early works on the exploration of western North America. Its maps were the first to reveal a firsthand knowledge of the geography of the Southwest, and they are considered “milestones in the mapping of the American West” (Wheat). Pike is also considered “the first American writer at some length on Texas” (Basic Texas Books 163). On July 15, 1806, just weeks after completing an eightmonth exploration of the high Mississippi and while Lewis and Clark were still wending their way homeward from their journey to the Pacific, 27-year-old Zebulon Pike began his heroic expedition to the headwaters of the Arkansas and Red Rivers and to reconnoiter Spanish settlements in New Mexico. He and his team traveled up the Arkansas River to the site of what is now Pueblo, Colorado, exploring the area and the peak that now bears his name. At the Rio Grande they were taken by the Spanish, who brought them to Santa Fe, then to Chihuahua; they were finally released at the border of the Louisiana Territory. Pike’s account is one of the most important of the early books on western exploration, and a cornerstone of any collection of Western Americana. Field 1217. Howes P373. WagnerCamp 9:1. Graff 3290. Streeter Texas 1047C. Sabin 62936. Shaw & Shoemaker 21089. Some expert cleaning and marginal paper repair to text, a bit of foxing to text, restoration of compass section only of one folding map. An extremely good uncut copy. Rare and important.
“A ‘Boy General’ At Twenty-Three Leading Thousands In Charges”: Fine First Edition Of Custer’s Classic Account My Life On The Plains, With An Original Letter By His Wife Elizabeth About Her Husband And This Book
56. CUSTER, George A. My Life on the Plains. Or, Personal Experiences with Indians. New York, 1874. Octavo, original cloth. WITH: Original autograph letter signed by Elizabeth B. Custer laid in. Two wove sheets, measuring 5 by 8 inches, written on rectos only. Housed in a custom clamshell box. $6500. First edition of this scarce classic of western Americana, illustrated with eight full-page wood-engravings by A. Roberts, including a portrait of Custer and four portraits of chiefs. Accompanied by an autograph letter by Elizabeth B. Custer, discussing her husband and this book. Originally serialized in Galaxy magazine between 1872-74, Custer’s fascinating autobiography of life as a cavalryman fighting Native-American tribes on the plains appeared in book form only two years before his last stand at Little Bighorn. Copies also found in green, blue and maroon cloth. Howes C981. Graff 961. Elizabeth Custer’s letter reads in part: “Dear Sir: Replying to your letter of the 12th— General Custer’s ‘Life on the Plains’ was his only book… The last year of the Civil War when he was the youngest General in the Service and commanded thousands of troops was intense for months at a time and ought to have been carefully followed with notes that would have been intense in interest. A ‘boy General’ at twenty-three leading thousands in the charges for which he was famous. I hope some one will write more of that great time in our history.” Fine.
the te x an santa fe e xpedition
“One Of The Classics Of Western Americana,” With Early Folding Map Of Texas, 1844
57. KENDALL, George Wilkins. Narrative of the Texan Santa Fe Expedition… New York, 1844. Two volumes. Octavo, original dark brown cloth gilt; custom slipcase. $6000. Extremely scarce first edition of “the best account of the Santa Fe Expedition [and] one of the best campaign narratives ever written” (Basic Texas Books, 116), with folding map of Texas and five plates. “Kendall’s book is the best first-hand story of the ill-fated invasion of New Mexico in 1841, an unsuccessful effort to extend the western border of the Republic of Texas to the Rio Grande” (Wagner-Camp). “His experiences represent practically every element of adventure and peril that could have befallen men on the southwestern frontier. Through his skillful organization and superb narrative and descriptive ability, he produced one of the classics of western Americana... Kendall founded the New Orleans Picayune in 1837 and became one of the leading trumpeters for Texas. In 1841, learning of Texas plans to conquer Santa Fe, he set out for Texas and joined the expedition. Traveling through a new and hostile environment, and improperly equipped, the expedition nearly starved, surviving on hippophagy. The members straggled almost to Santa Fe and were gulled into surrendering without a fight. The captives were taken to Mexico and imprisoned for nearly two years, some longer” (Jenkins 116). Howes K75. Sabin 37360. Wagner-Camp 110:1. Graff 2304. Streeter Texas 1515. Field 818. Only light scattered foxing to interiors (far less than usual), original cloth in exceptional condition with only light wear to spine ends, gilt bright. A near-fine copy, very unusual in such good condition.
wilkes’ united states e xploring e xpedition
“Perhaps The Greatest Achievement In The Field Of Exploration That This Country Has Ever Known”
58. WILKES, Charles. Narrative of the United States Exploring Expedition. Philadelphia, 1845. Six volumes (including atlas). Large octavo, original brown cloth with gilt American eagle centerpieces. $13,000. Large-paper copy in original cloth of perhaps the earliest acquirable edition of “the beginning of accurate western cartography,” the narrative of Wilkes’ landmark Pacific expedition (Goetzmann, 57), with five large folding maps, nine additional maps, and 64 steel-engraved plates. One of 1000 large-paper copies, published just one year after the first edition of only 250 sets. Wilkes stands alongside James Cook as the most important explorer of the Pacific; he is certainly the most important naval scientist in American history. Between 1838 and 1842 his six-vessel expedition carefully charted the expanse from the northwest coast of North America to the shores of Antarctica, from the western coast of South America to the South Pacific islands. He surveyed nearly 300 islands along with 1500 miles of the Antarctic coastline; Wilkes’ maps were so accurate that the charts were still in use for Marine landings in World War II. Wilkes also encountered natives of various cultures, many of whom are pictured in the handsome plates. Chief among the maps that accompany his narrative is the “Map of the Oregon Territory.” It extends inland past the Rocky Mountains and includes an important inset of the course of the Columbia River. The map is “in many respects the most detailed of this extensive area yet published... for the main Oregon region and the Hudson’s Bay Company territories to the north it was an accurate, really quite extraordinary, map. This map had much influence on the later maps of the area” (Wheat II, 457-58). This large-paper 1845 edition was preceded only by the first trade edition in 1844 (150 sets printed) and special limited edition (100 sets printed, 25 of which were destroyed by fire). Howes W414. Eberstadt 119:184. Streeter 3324. Sabin 103994. Evidence of bookplate and spine label removal, tape repairs to verso of one map. An exceptional set with only occasional light foxing to plates.
samuel augustus mitchell
Large Hand-Colored 1846 Mitchell Map, Including Texas And California
59. MITCHELL, Samuel Augustus. Map of Mexico, Including Yucatan & Upper California. Philadelphia, 1846. 16mo, original full green morocco pocket case, large folding lithographic map, (26 by 18 inches); handsomely windowframed, entire piece measures 35 by 24-1/2 inches. $15,500. Exceptionally fine hand-colored copy of one of the most important maps published at the outset of the Mexican War, depicting the Transmississippi region, showing Texas as a state and California as a territory, with an inset of the plan for the Battle of Monterey. “The demand for maps of the West by Americans increased with the outbreak of the Mexican War in 1846. This was reflected by the inclusion of Mexico on U.S. maps and in the publication of separate maps of Mexico with adjoining states of the Union” (Ristow, 451). This 1846 Mitchell map was very much a war map, containing scant topographical information and showing small flags for the battles of the Alamo, San Jacinto, Palo Alto, Resaca de la Palma, and Monterey. A corner inset depicts the plan of the Battle of Monterey. Later the same year, Mitchell produced A New Map of Texas, including Texas as part of the United States. “Mitchell’s ability to identify and correlate original sources, as well as material from other map makers, was evident in his 1846 production[s]” (Martin & Martin, 135).. This Mitchell map of Mexico was among those used in negotiating the peace treaty in 1848. Streeter 3868. Fine condition. Scarce.
j.c . fr e m o n t, c h ar l e s pr euss
A Landmark In Western Exploration: With Monumental Preuss Map Of The Northwest
60. FREMONT, J.C. Report of the Exploring Expedition to the Rocky Mountains in the Year 1842, and To Oregon and North California in the Years 1843-44. Washington, 1845. Octavo, original brown cloth gilt rebacked with original spine laid down, large folding map measures 30 by 50-1/2 inches. Housed in a custom clamshell box. $7000. First edition, Senate issue, of “one of the most important accounts in the history of the exploration of the Rockies,” illustrated with 22 lithographic plates and five maps, including the monumental large folding 1845 map of “the wilderness which lies between the Missouri and the shores of the Pacific” by Charles Preuss. A cornerstone of early western exploration, documenting Fremont’s two great expeditions. The first, of 1842, explored the country between the Missouri River and the Rocky Mountains, following the Kansas and Great Platte Rivers; the second, of 1843-44, to Oregon and Northern California, traveling from the Great Salt Lake to Vancouver, then south to San Francisco, and finally east over the California desert. Fremont’s expeditions were largely responsible for opening the West. Of special importance is the very large folding map by Charles Preuss, a map which made 1845 “one of the towering years in the story of Western cartography” (Wheat II:194). Preuss was perhaps the greatest topographer in the history of American mapmaking, and his accurate Fremont map was of primary importance to those hoping to undertake the difficult journey west. “It represented trustworthy direct observation, a new, welcome, and long overdue development in the myth-encrusted cartography of the West” (Wheat II:200). “The year 1846 was destined to bring a veritable explosion of national expansion, with the outbreak of war with Mexico, settlement of the Oregon question, and immense overland emigration to both Oregon and California—in which emigration Fremont’s report and map was of great significance” (Wheat II:200). Senate issue (the preferred issue), with 22 lithographic plates and five maps, including the important Preuss map. Howes F370. Wagner-Camp 115:1. Sabin 25845. Streeter 3131. Wheat 497. Large fragile folding map laid in at rear of book, with only light foxing and small splits at folds. Light foxing to text and illustrations; original cloth lightly rubbed and discolored. An extremely good copy.
preuss’ classic of western cartography in seven double-folio sections
The Enormous 1846 Preuss Map Of The Oregon Trail: A Classic Of American Western Cartography
61. PREUSS, Charles. Topographical Map of the Road from Missouri to Oregon… Baltimore, 1846. Folio, contemporary half black calf rebacked. $12,000. Rare landmark of American overland cartography, Preuss’ 1846 map of the Oregon Trail, on seven large double folio sheets (26 by 16 inches each). In original boards. “More than any other persons, John Charles Fremont and Charles Preuss dominate the cartography of the American West during the three years before the Gold Rush brought a human tide surging into that land which had so long lain beyond the ken of most Americans” (Wheat 523). This 1846 large scale topographical road map of the Oregon Trail was prepared to fill a Senate order for “10,000 copies of a large map of the Oregon Trail which was rapidly becoming the main route for the ‘great migration’ to the Oregon country” (Schwartz & Ehrenberg, 273). The detailed map sections, appropriate for the thousands of travelers who came to use the Trail, include information on Indians, buffaloes and climatic conditions along the route. Preuss’s map is “a road guide... such as had never previously existed” (Wheat III, 26), and stands as one of the monuments of the cartography of the American West. Wagner-Camp 115 (note). Graff 3360. Streeter 3100. A crisp, clean copy of this rare and important map, with only a few stray bits of light foxing. About-fine condition in original boards.
“One Of The Masterworks Of Western And American History”: Complete Set Of Emory’s 1857 Profusely Illustrated Survey
62. EMORY, William H. United States and Mexican Boundary Survey. Washington, 1857-59. Four parts bound in three volumes. Thick quarto, modern three-quarter black morocco gilt. $9000. First edition of Emory’s massive and richly illustrated 1857 survey of the U.S.-Mexico boundary, with two maps (including a large hand-colored folding geological map of the West), folding geological profile, folding meteorological chart, 44 intext wood-engravings and 343 full-page plates of landscapes, inhabitants, flora and fauna, including 25 hand-colored ornithological plates and nine (of 12) lithographs printed in color. Rarely found complete. The boundary Emory suggested remains largely unchanged 150 years after its delineation, a strong testament to the accuracy and foresight with which he compiled this landmark early survey. “This is one of the most significant of all government reports on western and southern Texas... The cause of Emory’s appointment was the Gadsden Purchase. The surveys made under Bartlett had been controversial, and many of the military engineers refused to accept Bartlett’s proposed boundary line, as it left to Mexico the only known area capable of supporting a southern transcontinental railroad. The Gadsden Purchase settled the question politically, and the task was given to Emory of actually performing the surveys” (Jenkins, Basic Texas Books 57). When the first volume of Emory’s report appeared in 1857, Congress was upset by its extraordinarily high production cost and decided to print fewer than one third as many copies of the subsequent volumes. “Consequently, the set is rarely found complete... its impact on congressional and presidential planning was substantial” (Jenkins). House of Representatives issue (no priority established with the Senate issue of the same year). Howes E146. Sabin 22538. With only nine of the twelve color printed lithographs called for (grizzly bear, Lipan warrior and Toro-Mucho absent). Ex-library, with inoffensive stamp on title pages. Preliminary pages of Volume II with expert marginal repair. Plates lovely. Only very light scattered foxing, faint marginal dampstain to a few pages in Volume I. Bindings fine. An about-fine set.
j.h. triggs’ wyoming
“Exceedingly Rare” Fine First Edition Of Triggs’ 1876 History Of Cheyenne And Northern Wyoming, In Original Wrappers
63. TRIGGS, J.H. History of Cheyenne and Northern Wyoming Embracing the Gold Fields of the Black Hills, Powder River and Big Horn Countries. Omaha, 1876. Octavo, original green paper wrappers, custom cloth chemise. $16,800. First edition, with large folding frontispiece map of Wyoming, in original wrappers. A fine copy. Author J.H. Triggs “spent 12 years on the plains and in the Rocky Mountains. He described the first settlement of Cheyenne, evens in its early history, the vigilantes, pioneer press, etc.” (Soliday IV:885). “What more could one ask for! In this book the Black Hills include everything from our present Hills west to the Big Horns, north to the Yellowstone, and south to the Sweetwater… Mr. Triggs apparently went to considerable effort to obtain firsthand information from miners who entered the Hills in 1875. He discussed routes of travel, costs of outfitting, and areas of prospecting… It is apparent that he made a serious attempt to provide his readers with practical and reliable information” (Jennewein 83). “A very rare early imprint” (Adams Herd 2321). “Exceedingly rare” (Six-Guns 2238). The large folding map by Masi marks the Laramie Range and the area between the forks of the Cheyenne as the Black Hills. It clearly shows the Union Pacific Railroad and its stations. Additional features noted on the map are forts, camps, the Red Cloud Indian Agency, the Spotted Tail Indian Agency, Yellowstone, and the wagon road from Cheyenne to Bozeman. Howes T352. Graff 4192. Streeter IV:2247. Fine condition. Very rare.
One Of The Earliest Works Illustrating The Grand Canyon: With Spectacular Panoramic Views By William Henry Holmes And Thomas Moran
64. DUTTON, Clarence E. Tertiary History of the Grand Cañon District. WITH: Atlas to Accompany the Tertiary History. Washington, 1882. Tall quarto text volume and large folio atlas volume (20 by 18 inches), original dark brown cloth. $17,500. First edition, including the magnificent large folio atlas volume, of the “most impressive published result of the great scientific expeditions to the American West after the Civil War.” Dutton’s report, based on his explorations of the Grand Canyon in the early 1880’s, was the most extensive and important study of that region to date. It is particularly notable for the great atlas volume, which contains some of the earliest and the most striking illustrations of the Grand Canyon: 12 double-sheet maps (most of which are printed in color) and ten double-sheet panoramas (most tinted). One of the panoramas, entitled “The Transept,” is by Thomas Moran, the renowned Western landscape painter and etcher. The rest of the panoramas were done by the great archaeologist-artist William Henry Holmes, whose illustrations for this volume are considered “masterpieces of realism and draftsmanship as well as feats of imaginative observation” (Goetzmann, Exploration and Empire, 512-13). The scarce text volume includes an additional 42 plates (three in color, four photographs), including nine by Moran and 20 by Holmes. Bookplate. Text volume extremely good, with light wear. Atlas volume fine and fresh with minor expert cloth restoration to spine. Plates exceptionally clean with none of the rubbing often found. An about-fine copy.
“The Indian As He Has Hitherto Been Is On The Point Of Passing Away”
“The North American Indian by Edward S. Curtis is one of the most significant and controversial representations of traditional American Indian culture ever produced. Issued in a limited edition from 1907-1930, the publication continues to exert a major influence on the image of Indians in popular culture” (Library of Congress). The volumes of Curtis’ epic series are “without a doubt… jewels of twentieth-century bookmaking, hailed as ‘the most gigantic undertaking in the making of books since the King James edition of the Bible’… [the photographs] are exquisitely beautiful, preciously printed, warm-toned and hand-pulled gravures filled with the carefully composed masses of light and shadow that link them unmistakably to Stieglitz and the Pictorialists” (Roth, The Book of 101 Books, 4-5). “Edward Curtis was not like most photographers. He was not the first person to photograph American Indians, or the last... However, there can be no doubt that he was the most prolific, the most dedicated, and the most influential. He spent the best part of his life—nearly thirty years—documenting what he considered to be the traditional way of life for Indians living in the trans-Mississippi West... His magnum opus was The North American Indian” (Pritzker, Edward S. Curtis, 6). While the limitation pages indicate that 500 sets were printed, it is believed now that only 272 sets were actually bound and sold.
Volume II Of Curtis’ The North American Indian, With 75 Photogravure Plates Of The Yuma, Pima, And Mojave Tribes
65. CURTIS, Edward. The North American Indian. Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1908. Folio, later full brown morocco gilt (in the style of the original binding).Fine. $18,000. Dedicated to the Pima, Yuma, Mojave, and Maricopa tribes of Arizona, Mexican Sonora, and eastern California. Fine.
Volume XVI Of Curtis’ The North American Indian, With 75 Photogravure Plates Of The Pueblo Indian Tribes
66. CURTIS, Edward. The North American Indian… Norwood, Massachusetts, 1926. Folio, original three-quarter brown morocco, uncut. $18,000. This volume is dedicated to the Pueblo Indians of the Rio Grande Valley, including the communities of Taos and Isleta of the Tiwa linguistic group and the villages of Cochiti, Santo Domingo, Acoma, and Laguna of the Keres group. Bookplate, discreet blindstamps of the Eastman Memorial Foundation. Fine.
Sierra Nevada, 1938, Signed By Adams, With 50 Mounted Photographs
67. ADAMS, Ansel. Sierra Nevada: The John Muir Trail. Berkeley, 1938. Folio, original white cloth. $9800. Signed limited first edition, number 99 of only 500 copies signed by Adams on the limitation page, with 50 mounted photographs including “Half Dome.” One of the earliest and most desirable works by Ansel Adams, the “superlative landscape” photographer who “elevated the act of photography to a religious experience. He realized in his pictures what Walt Whitman celebrated in his poetry: the uniqueness of American landscape and nature” (Icons of Photography, 96) Included here is “Half Dome,” considered by many to be his first masterpiece and “one of Adams’ most famous mountain subjects” (New York Times). This scarce collection of stunning photographs provides an “emotional interpretation of the Sierra Nevada—the revelation of the beauty of wide horizons and the tender perfection of detail” (Foreword). Each separately mounted photograph measures nine by seven inches. Without extremely scarce dust jacket. Text and photographs fine, original white cloth lightly soiled. A near-fine copy.
The American Experience
Part 3: The Nineteenth Century
Including the Civil War
“The mystic chords of memory, stretching from every battlefield and patriot grave to every living heart and hearthstone all over this broad land, will yet swell the chorus of the Union, when again touched, as surely they will be, by the better angels of our nature.” --Abraham Lincoln, First Inaugural Address, March 4, 1861
“l i n c o l n ’s
f l a g , ” 18 61
“No Modern Replica Can Either Do Justice To The Artistic Character, Or Render The ‘Patina,’ Of One Of These Antique Flags”: 1861 34-Star “Lincoln’s Flag” Commemorating Kansas Statehood
68. (AMERICANA) Thirty-four-star printed U.S. flag. No place, circa 1861. Linen flag measuring approximately 24 by 16 inches, with stars arrayed in a phalanx pattern; top and bottom stripes red, blue canton extends to the seventh stripe and rests on a white stripe; archivally matted and framed, entire piece measures 32 by 28 inches. $15,000. 34-star, Civil War-era American flag, attractively framed. “The preference of Civil War flagmakers was clearly for horizontal and vertical alignment of stars; that is, complete parallelism of rows... The collective visual effect of Civil War flags is, therefore, one of hypnotic rhythm—the embattled stars, drawn up in military order in defense of the threatened Union, stride on relentlessly. Star patterns of this sort, denser now and necessarily smaller, may be described as ‘phalanx’ or ‘battalion’ arrangements” (Mastai & Mastai, 123). The 34 stars indicate that this flag commemorates Kansas statehood in 1861. Lincoln was the only president to serve under the 34-star flag. “Known as Lincoln’s flag, the 34-star flag became official several months after the secession of seven southern states from the Union; President Lincoln refused to allow the elimination of any stars when the new flag was created. On the way to his inauguration in February 1861, President-elect Lincoln attended a ceremony in Philadelphia honoring the birthday of George Washington. He used the occasion to raise a 34-star flag over Independence Hall” (Pierce, 17). With general light soiling; holes on the hoist side and moderate fraying on the fly side indicate that this flag was once flown outside. A historic flag in near-fine condition.
b r a d f o r d at l a s , 1838
Bradford’s Illustrated Atlas Of The United States, With Early Map Of Texas
69. (ATLAS) BRADFORD, Thomas Gamaliel. An Illustrated Atlas, Geographical Statistical, and Historical, of the United States, and the Adjacent Countries. Boston, 1838. Square folio (14 by 17 inches), contemporary three-quarter black sheep. $16,000. Second edition (published the same year as the first) of “one of the first American general atlases to supplement the maps with lengthy geographical descriptions” (Ristow, 271), with 40 detailed color-outlined maps (the double-page map of the United States being numbers 4 and 5), including all 28 states and an excellent early map of the Republic of Texas. First published without descriptive text in 1838, then with text in both Boston and Philadelphia, Bradford’s Atlas is made up of a general map of North America, two maps of Canada, a double-page map of the United States, 28 maps of States, a map of the Republic of Texas, a map of the islands of the Caribbean and town-plans of eight U.S. cities (Washington, New Orleans, Louisville and Cincinnati on one sheet, and single sheet plans of Boston, New York, Philadelphia and Baltimore). The maps were engraved by G.W. Boynton of Boston. Unlike many atlases of the period, Bradford’s includes an extensive descriptive text (170 pages in total). Each engraving is accompanied by explanatory articles on the history, economics and geography of the area, as well as contemporary statistical data. Le Gear L33. Sabin 7261. Light offsetting from maps to text, marginal dampstaining to first and last few leaves. Expert restoration to spine ends and corners of contemporary sheep binding. An extremely good copy.
c o lt o n ’s m a p o f t h e u n i t e d s tat e s
This Copy Used To Plot Troop Movements During The Civil War: Colton’s Large Hand-Colored Wall Map Of The United States, 1854
70. COLTON, Joseph Hutchins. SMITH, John Calvin. Colton’s Map of the United States of America. New York, 1854. Thirty-six separate sections mounted on linen backing, entire map measures nearly 7 by 5-1/2 feet. $20,000. 1854 edition of Colton’s landmark hand-colored steel-engraved wall map of the United States. The manuscript cover label reads, “This map hung on the dining room wall of Schuyler Cottage at Nevis-——, N.Y. The U.S. & Confederate forces— advances & retreats marked by rows of red and black headed pins.” This large hand-colored steel-engraved wall map, with inset vignettes, is representative of the Colton firm’s reputation for producing “the best grade of geographical publications and the most extensive house in America for many years for the manufacture of maps of every kind…” (Ristow, 315). It was the Coltons’ practice to purchase the copyrights to existing maps, rather than produce the maps themselves. First published by Colton in 1853, this wall map of the United States, a revised version of John Calvin Smith’s 1843 map, also shows parts of Canada and “a large portion of Texas.” Smith’s map shows township lines and state and county capitols according to the latest U.S. surveys, as well as “lands allotted to the Indian Tribes west of the Mississippi,” and “various internal improvements… compiled from surveys and various other authentic sources.” Florida and North America appear in separate insets. “Indian Territory and the Great American Desert occupy most of the plains country… Commercial cartographers really had very little to go by in the western area, chiefly Lewis and Clark, Pike, Long, and the Fremont of 1843” (Wheat II, 183-84). The wide ornamental border is decorated with 14 vignettes depicting cityscapes of the country’s major cities. At the top is a large engraving of the American eagle, surrounded by 26 stars each containing a state seal, with stars for Wisconsin and Iowa emerging from the background. Railroads are outlined in red, canals in blue. Ristow, 318. See Wheat 471; Schwartz & Ehrenberg, 273. An extraordinary cartographic production in fine condition, with intriguing Civil War association.
“A Landmark In American Cartography”: Tanner’s New American Atlas, 1837
71. (ATLAS) TANNER, Henry S. A New American Atlas. Philadelphia, 1837. Folio, original three-quarter black calf respined and recornered. $9500. Fourth edition of Tanner’s Atlas, with 40 hand-colored engraved maps, including three engraved city plans of New York, Philadelphia and Washington. Born in New York City, Henry Schenck Tanner “was endowed with that combination of scientific and artistic sense that spells the true cartographer and that led him ultimately to produce for his time the outstanding map representations of the territory of the United States, based on a critical study of the source material” (DAB). He together with John Melish played major roles “in laying the foundations of American commercial map publishing” (Ristow, 180). This 1837 Atlas, first published 1818-23, is considered “a landmark in American cartography” and “one of the first comprehensive atlases of the United States produced by an American publisher… [His work] represents the first analytical compilation of existing cartographic and geographic data for the United States as a whole” (Schwartz & Ehrenberg, 251, 240). See Howes T29; Sabin 94319-24. A bit of soiling to plates. An excellent copy in original boards.
john james audubon
“The Most Beautiful And Perfect Specimens Of The Art”: Audubon’s Quadrupeds Of North America
72. AUDUBON, John James and BACHMAN, John. The Quadrupeds of North America. New York, 1854. Three volumes. Royal octavo, period style full black morocco gilt. $19,500. Early octavo edition, illustrated with 155 magnificent hand-colored lithographic plates, handsomely bound. “A breathtaking accomplishment, and an underrated one... While most of the Birds had been drawn from life, when the 55-year-old Audubon began to make drawings for the American mammals in 1840, he was so frail that a single trip up the Missouri River to observe the larger species nearly ruined his health. In the end most of the animals were painted from memory, specimens, or even from pelts... Despite these difficulties, the result was the most naturalistic depiction of American mammals ever done. The text was largely written by the Rev. John Bachman of Charleston. After seeing the lithographs from the expedition, Bachman wrote: “They are the most beautiful and perfect specimens of the art. I doubt whether there is anything in the world of Natural History like them. I do not believe that there is any man living that can equal them” (Ford, 59). Sabin 2368. Church 1357. Only occasional light foxing, faint offsetting. Plates generally clean and bright. A most desirable production, very handsomely bound.
the fishes of north america
“There Does Not Exist A More Interesting And Fascinating Study”: Original Parts Of Harris’ Large Folio Fishes Of North America, With Beautiful Color Lithographs
73. HARRIS, William Charles. The Fishes of North America. New York, 1893-98. Large folio (12-1/2 by 19 inches), 20 original parts in original blue-gray printed wrappers. $18,500. First edition of Harris’s vivid late 19th-century study of North American fish and angling. With 40 splendid chromolithographic plates of North American fish and over 100 in-text wood-engravings. During 12 years of extensive field work, Harris and artist John L. Petrie traveled over 28,000 miles, from the eastern United States, north through Canada, west to Washington’s Spokane River and south to the Gulf of Mexico. Harris, editor of a popular weekly The American Angler, and author of The Angler’s Guide (1885) and The Sportsman’s Guide (1888), wrote of his passion for the sport and art that inspired this work. “As anglers we credit fish with all the best and worst sentiments and qualities of human nature; they love, they hate, they fight and fraternize; they reason a priori, are cunning and even thrifty.” After Harris caught each fish, it was immediately rendered in oils by Petrie before any colors or tints faded. Forty of these paintings were then drawn on stone (some requiring as many as 15 stones to achieve the correct coloring) and the resulting vividly-colored chromolithographs, printed on canvas-finished stock, were remarkable for their fidelity to the original oil paintings. Harris had planned a two-volume work, but these 20 parts are all that were published. Text and plates loose as issued. With scarce first state of the “Rainbow Trout” in Part VI, which was later altered. Sage, 110. Plates in fine condition, with only occasional edge-wear. Two-inch hole to page 135, affecting text and illustration. Some chipping to edges of text and very fragile wrappers without loss of text. A very desirable set of unopened original parts, in extremely good overall condition. Most scarce complete.
f. a n d r e m i c h a u x
“The Most Complete Work Of Its Kind... A Production Of Unrivalled Interest And Beauty”: Michaux’s Landmark North American Sylva With Nuttall’s Continuation, Containing 277 Superb Hand-Colored Plates
74. MICHAUX, F. Andre. The North American Sylva, Or A Description of the Forest Trees of the United States, Canada and Nova Scotia. Three volumes. WITH: NUTTALL, Thomas. The North American Sylva... Not Described in the Work of F. Andrew Michaux. Philadelphia, 1859-65. Three volumes in two (as issued). Altogether five volumes. Royal octavo, publisher’s full brown morocco gilt. $15,000. Lovely 1859-65 mixed edition of Michaux’s landmark work and its continuation by Nuttall, illustrated with 277 splendid hand-colored plates. A beautiful set in full publisher’s morocco. First published in 1810 and translated into English in 1817, Michaux’s Sylva was the result of ten years of research in North America. The 156 hand-colored plates were drawn by the Redouté brothers, and Pancrace Bessa, and upon its publication the work was recognized as an authority in the field. The continuation of the Sylva was executed by Thomas Nuttall, an experienced American botanist and ornithologist whose Manual of the Ornithology of the United States and Canada (1832) rivaled Audubon and Wilson in terms of strictly scientific contributions; Nuttall’s work, first published from 1842 to 1849, added 121 hand-colored plates to the original 156. “Of the two works united, it is no exaggeration to remark that it is the most complete work of its kind, and is a production of unrivalled beauty, giving descriptions and illustrations of all the forest trees of North America, from the arctic limits of arborescent vegetation to the confines of the tropical circle” (Sabin 48695). Plates in Volume I of Nuttall are complete as issued, with some misnumbering, omissions and additions. Sabin 56351. Nissen 1361. Bookplate. Gift inscription. Interiors and plates bright and fine, with only a few instances of faint stray foxing. Publisher’s bindings most handsome. A beautiful set.
thomas mckenney and james hall
McKenney And Hall’s History Of The Indian Tribes Of North America, With 120 Fine Hand-Colored Plates, “The Most Colorful Portraits Of Indians Ever Executed”
75. MCKENNEY, Thomas and HALL, James. History of the Indian Tribes of North America, with Biographical Sketches and Anecdotes of the Principal Chiefs... Philadelphia, 1854. Three volumes. Royal octavo, publisher’s full brown morocco expertly rebacked with original spines laid down. $35,000. Second octavo edition, with 120 fully hand-colored tissue-guarded lithographic plates after Charles Bird King’s original oil paintings, “the most colorful portraits of Indians ever executed.” Convinced that Indian tribes of North America would soon vanish and their culture be forgotten, the Superintendent of Indian Affairs under four presidents, T. L. McKenney, commissioned this magnificent work to educate the public about Native American culture, and to preserve the images of the greatest warriors and chiefs for posterity in a series of beautiful portraits. Most of the original oil portraits were painted from life in the studio of Charles Bird King, to whom McKenney brought many of the subjects. The rest were copied from watercolors executed in the field by the young frontier artist James Otto Lewis. Once finished the portraits were housed in the Smithsonian, where they remained until an 1865 fire burned down the institution and destroyed most of the paintings. As a result the rare folio and the splendid octavo editions are vital and important for their “faithful recording of the features and dress of celebrated American Indians who lived and died long before the age of photography… McKenney’s portfolios are truly a landmark in American culture” (McKenney-Hall Portrait Gallery, 23). Howes M129. Sabin 43411. Field 992. Plates extraordinarily fine.
“A Pioneer Study In A Pioneer Country… A Great American Medical Classic”: Beaumont’s Landmark Work On Digestion, Extraordinarily Rare Inscribed Presentation/Association Copy In Original Boards
76. BEAUMONT, William. Experiments and Observations on the Gastric Juice, and the Physiology of Digestion. Plattsburgh, 1833. Octavo, original half brown cloth, original paper spine label. $35,000. First edition of one of the great classics of physiological literature and the single greatest contribution to the knowledge of gastric digestion, inscribed in pencil on the title page, “To Mrs. Whitney, from her respectful friend, Dr. Wm. Beaumont.” Most scarce in original boards and exceptionally rare inscribed. “Beaumont was the first to study digestion and the movement of the stomach in vivo. His work on the subject was the most important before Pavlov” (Garrison & Morton). “This unimpressive-looking little book, cheaply printed and bound, is a cornerstone of modern physiology and a great American medical classic” (Heirs of Hippocrates 1141). “Beaumont, a United States Army surgeon stationed at isolated Fort Macinac in northern Michigan in 1822, was summoned to treat a French-Canadian voyageur, Alexis St. Martin, for a wound in the abdomen from an accidental musket shot at close range. A permanent gastric fistula formed in the wound, and Beaumont realized that the case offered a unique opportunity to investigate the process of digestion… During the next eight years, although St. Martin was often away hunting and fur trapping, sometimes deep in the Canadian wilds, and Beaumont was reassigned to remote posts in the Wisconsin wilderness, he was able from time to time to find St. Martin and continue his experiments… Beaumont realized the value of his observations for gastric function, digestion, and the pathology of gastritis and suggested that there was some special secretion in the stomach in addition to the hydrochloric acid... This book, a remarkable example of brilliant clinical investigation performed under almost primitive conditions, represents a discovery that proved to be a major milestone in the field of physiology” (Notable Medical Books from the Lilly Library, 185). With three in-text woodcut illustrations; errata leaf at rear. Norman 152. Garrison & Morton 989. Grolier Club, 100 Books Famous in Medicine, 61. Dibner, Heralds of Science, 130. Downs, Books that Changed America 4. Horblit 10. Howes B291. The recipient of this copy, Mary Whitney, named her first son after Beaumont, who was the only physician near the town of Navarino (now Green Bay, Wisconsin), which was opposite Fort Howard, where Beaumont served as army surgeon. Additional owner signature and notation on title page. Interior generally clean with only occasional light foxing. Tear to top front edge of original cloth backstrip, original boards spotted. An extraordinarily rare presentation copy.
An American Medical Landmark: Presentation First Edition Of A Prospect Of Exterminating The Small-Pox, 1800, Inscribed By Benjamin Waterhouse, “The Jenner Of America,” His Own Copy
77. WATERHOUSE, Benjamin. A Prospect of Exterminating the Small-Pox; Being the History of the Variolae Vaccinae… With an Account of a Series of Inoculations Performed… in Massachusetts. Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1800-02. Two volumes. Octavo, original marbled paper boards, entirely uncut; custom clamshell box. $22,000. First edition of the primary contemporary source on the introduction of the small-pox vaccine to the United States, the author’s own copy, initialed by Waterhouse (“The Jenner of America”) on the first page of Part I and inscribed on the title page of Volume I: “----- on from the Author.” With the signature and bookplate of book collector Dr. Samuel S. Purple, the former editor of the New York Medical Journal. A member of the first faculty of Harvard Medical School and a close friend of John Adams and his family, Waterhouse was also “the most important popularizer of science in New England from the 1780s to the early 1800s, the leading link between Boston and the British medical community during the quarter century after the revolutionary war, and an important literary figure… The apex of Waterhouse’s career came with the introduction of Jennerian vaccination to America. Early in 1799 he received a copy of the English physician Edward Jenner’s Inquiry into the Causes and Effects of Variolae Vaccinae (1798), which maintained that vaccination with cowpox matter was a safe, inexpensive, and effective preventative against the dreaded smallpox” (ANB). Waterhouse entered into correspondence with Jenner. Finally, in July of 1800, Waterhouse managed to procure some specimens of thread impregnated with the cowpox vaccine from him. He promptly vaccinated his five-year-old son, Daniel Oliver, and a young servant named Samuel Carter. While he waited for the vaccine to take effect, he vaccinated three more of his children and another servant… Six weeks after his initial experiment, Waterhouse published the first part of his report, in which he concluded that cowpox vaccination does protect from smallpox. Later that year, he published the second part of his report, containing the details of his two-year study of vaccination” (Norman 2187). After he proved his success, Waterhouse was heavily supported by Thomas Jefferson, with whom he corresponded extensively. Jefferson had numerous family members and friends vaccinated at Monticello and immediately devoted himself to spreading the use of the vaccine through the country as well as to the Native Americans. Lilly, 153. This copy was part of the collection of Dr. Samuel S. Purple, an early editor for the New York Medical Journal and a prominent New York genealogist. Medical Society stamps on first page of Part I and verso of title page of Part II. A few pencil notations to endpapers. Closed tear to page 59 of Part II, slight foxing to Part I, hinges of Part II repaired. An extremely rare and most desirable inscribed copy in original wrappers with an important provenance.
w e b s t e r ’s d i c t i o n a r y
“The Most Ambitious Publication Ever Undertaken, Up To That Time, Upon American Soil”: First Edition Of Webster’s Landmark American Dictionary, In Original Boards
78. WEBSTER, Noah. The American Dictionary of the English Language. New York, 1828. Two volumes. Thick quarto, original boards rebacked in cloth, uncut. $20,500. First edition of Webster’s magisterial American Dictionary, one of only 2500 copies published. With frontispiece portrait, uncut and rare in original boards. In 1782 Noah Webster opened an elementary school outside New York. He found that of the few books then available for teaching spelling and reading, all were published in England, describing English usages and forms, illustrated by English examples. He had come of age during the American Revolution, and though the fighting was soon finished he felt there was still more work to be done if America was truly to become an independent nation. Within a year he produced the first spelling book published in the United States, which included American usages, spellings, and examples. But he was not satisfied. In 1801 he began work on a new project; after 25 years of intensive labor, his American Dictionary contained definitions for over 70,000 words—a full 15,000 words longer than any previous English dictionary—including many of the new Americanisms. “Webster’s dictionary had an incalculable impact on the development of a national consciousness. By giving its blessing to American expressions, his dictionary helped free American writers from the straitjacket of European classicism. American literature came into full flower shortly after his death, with the essays of Emerson, the poems of Longfellow and Whitman, and the novels of Hawthorne and Melville. Noah Webster, it can justly be said, planted the seed” (ANB). Ex-library, with institutional bookplates, blindstamps to title pages, occasional deaccession markings. Scattered mild edge-wear to leaves; marginal paper repairs to three leaves (A4-A6) in Volume I, with minor loss to text. Scarce in any condition and particularly so in original boards and extremely significant; an essential acquisition for any collection of American literary landmarks.
Of Exceptional Rarity: 1814 First Edition Of The First Hebrew Bible Published In America
79. (HEBREW BIBLE) Biblia Hebraica… Philadelphia, 1814. Two volumes. Octavo, contemporary full dark brown sheep, custom clamshell box. $28,000. Very rare first edition of the first Hebrew Bible published in America, of major importance in the field of American Judaica, in contemporary sheep bindings. This copy with the publisher’s leaf explaining the genesis of this edition—not present in all copies—tipped in after the title page in Volume I. “In the year 1812, Mr. [Jonathan] Horowitz had proposed the publication of an edition of the Hebrew Bible, being the first proposal of the kind ever offered in the United States. The undertaking was strongly recommended by many clergymen... and a considerable number of subscriptions for the work were obtained by him... Horowitz, recently arrived from Amsterdam with a font of Hebrew type, made his proposal, but he was not alone” (from the scarce publisher’s prefatory leaf, present in this copy). Facing competition from several others hoping to publish an edition before his, Horowitz decided early in 1813 to transfer his right to the edition to Philadelphia publisher Thomas Dobson; he sold his type to William Fry. Dobson’s edition, printed by Fry and published in 1814, precedes all others. “After the ‘lean’ years which followed the Revolutionary War, in the early decades of the nineteenth century America was in the throes of a great religious revival. As part of its intellectual aspect, the study of the Hebrew language was renewed... Grammars, lexicons, and chrestomathies were published, as well as books on the Bible and the Holy Land. The Jewish community was wary of these activities because the same scholars and divines were also involved in missionary activity. The appearance of a work in the Hebrew language which bore approbation from both leading Christian clergymen and leading Jews marked the beginning of friendlier intellectual discourse” (Karp, Judaic Treasures of the Library of Congress, 291-292). According to Goldman, “the JTSA Karp copy alone contains a tipped-in leaf telling of the genesis of the edition; we do not include this leaf in our collation” (Goldman 4). This copy also contains this scarce tipped-in prefatory leaf, which is rarely present. Rosenbach, American Jewish Bibliography 171. Wright, Early Bibles of America, 123-24. Darlow and Moule 5168a. Text generally clean, contemporary bindings lightly rubbed at extremities but quite sound. A handsome copy, most desirable with the publisher’s explanatory leaf and in contemporary bindings.
james fenimore cooper
“How All His Pages Glow With Creative Fire!”
80. COOPER, James Fenimore. The Last of the Mohicans; A Narrative of 1757. Philadelphia, 1826. Two volumes. Octavo, contemporary full brown calf; custom clamshell box. $38,000. Scarce first edition, first issue of Cooper’s classic tale in contemporary bindings. One of the highlights of early American literature. “This is the most famous of the Leatherstocking Tales, and the first in which the scout Natty Bumppo was made the symbol of all that was wise, heroic and romantic in the lives and characters of the white men who made the American wilderness their home... The novel glorified for many generations of readers, in England, France, Russia, and at home, some aspects of American life that were unique to our cultural history” (Grolier American 100 34). Spiller & Blackburn 7. BAL 3833. Matched contemporary ownership signatures on flyleaves. Light scattered foxing, light marginal waterstaining to first and last leaves of Volume I with some very faint marginal waterstaining to most leaves, minor archival repairs to Volume II, pages 284-85. Contemporary bindings fully intact and showing very little wear, quite scarce in the original calf and with the original label to Volume I (Volume II, as bound, without label). An exceptional copy.
ralph waldo emerson
“Trust Thyself: Every Heart Vibrates To That Iron String”
81. EMERSON, Ralph Waldo. Essays. WITH: Essays: Second Series. Boston, 1841-44. Two volumes. Octavo, original brown cloth; custom clamshell box. $6200. First editions, first issues, of Emerson’s first and second series of essays, in original cloth. “Emerson’s fame... rests securely upon the fact that he had something of importance to say, and that he said it with a beautiful freshness which does not permit his best pages to grow old... Let men but stand erect and ‘go alone,’ he said, and they can possess the universe” (DAB). “Timeless, and without a trace of ‘dating,’ these essays are as readable, and to a considerable extent as much read, today as a hundred years ago” (Grolier, 100 American 47). The first series, which contains 12 essays, includes Emerson’s celebrated “Self-Reliance,” as well as essays on love, friendship, heroism, “the Over-Soul,” the intellect and art. The second series includes “The Poet,” “Experience” and “Nature.” Essays in Myerson Binding “D,” priority undetermined; Essays: Second Series in Myerson Binding “A.” Myerson A.10.1.a and A.16.1.a. BAL 5189, 5198. Bradley et al., 1037-1039. Pencil signature on title page of Essays. Stamp on contents page of Second Series. Foxing, mainly to Second Series, chipping to spine ends. Cloth very fresh and fine, gilt perfect. An exceptional set in original cloth.
nathaniel haw thorne
“Glows With The Fire Of A Suppressed, Secret, Feverish Excitement”
82. HAWTHORNE, Nathaniel. The Scarlet Letter, a Romance. Boston, 1850. Octavo, original blind-stamped brown cloth, custom half morocco clamshell box. $15,500. First edition of Hawthorne’s American classic, one of only 2500 copies printed. A lovely, fresh copy. The first edition of The Scarlet Letter sold out in ten days and “made Hawthorne’s fame, changed his fortune, and gave to our literature its first symbolic novel a year before the appearance of Melville’s MobyDick” (Bradley et al., 652). The novel “glows with the fire of a suppressed, secret, feverish excitement... a fire that neither wanes nor lessens, but keeps at its original scorching heat for years” (Allibone I:805). First edition, Clark’s typesetting states x1 and a2, no priority established, with all points called for. With four pages of publisher’s advertisements dated March 1, 1850 inserted between the front endpapers (Clark A16.1; BAL 7600). Interior fine with a few light pencil markings and tiny stains to two margins. Text expertly recased in exceptional original publisher’s cloth, with expert restoration to spine ends, gilt lettering very fine. A lovely near-fine copy.
“No Equal In American Literature”
83. MELVILLE, Herman. Moby-Dick; or, The Whale. New York, 1851. Octavo, original dark brown cloth, custom chemise and half morocco slipcase. $60,000. First American edition of Melville’s classic. Arguably the greatest single work in American literature, Moby-Dick was initially “a complete practical failure, misunderstood by the critics and ignored by the public; and in 1853 the Harper’s fire destroyed the plates of all his books and most of the copies remaining in stock (only about 60 copies of Moby-Dick survived the fire)... [Nevertheless,] Melville’s permanent fame must always rest on the great prose epic of Moby-Dick, a book that has no equal in American literature for variety and splendor of style and for depth of feeling” (DAB). This American edition contains 35 passages and the Epilogue omitted from the English edition (The Whale, published in October of the same year; the first American edition appeared in December). Complete with six pages of advertisements at the end, covers blind-stamped with heavy rule frame and publisher’s circular device at center, white wove endpapers. This copy with double flyleaves at front and rear. BAL 13664. Contemporary owner signatures of Samuel L. Penfield, including to title page; old pencil annotations to rear free endpaper. Scattered light foxing and soiling, far less than usual; minimal expert restoration to binding with original spine laid down, gilt bright. An excellent copy of an American masterpiece, elusive in the original binding.
John Muir’s Writings, With Manuscript Leaf
84 MUIR, John. The Writings. Boston and New York, 1916-24. Ten volumes. Octavo, original three-quarter burgundy morocco gilt. $8200. “Manuscript Edition,” number 181 of 750 sets, with original manuscript leaf entirely in Muir’s hand bound in. Illustrated with over 100 plates, including engraved frontispieces (most hand-colored), portraits, photographs and maps. “John Muir was for many years California’s best known nature-writer” (Zamorano Eighty 56), and became the acknowledged leader of the forest conservation movement in the United States. This set includes Muir’s major works: The Mountains of California, Our National Parks, My First Summer in the Sierra, and others, as well as The Life and Letters of John Muir. The manuscript leaf reads “…curled around this noble summit now lying beneath me giant peaks & valleys, glaciers & meadows, rivers & lakes; with the wide blue sky bent __?__ over them all; but in my first hour of freedom these were hardly seen. Not that I was blinded by exultation in being the first to set foot upon the noblest of the Alps, still less nor in having successfully accomplished a dangerous ascent, for that contained a good deal that was humiliating…” BAL 14774. Marginal dampstaining to bindings of Volumes I-V, not affecting interiors. A nearfine, handsome set.
edgar allan poe
“The Highest Of All Highspots”: Poe’s Tales, First Printing, 1845
85. POE, Edgar Allan. Tales. New York, 1845. Octavo, period-style full oxblood calf gilt. $28,000. First edition, first printing, of “the first important book of detective stories, the first and the greatest, the cornerstone of cornerstones” (Queen’s Quorum 1). Includes Poe’s greatest tales, among them “The Murders in the Rue Morgue,” “The Fall of the House of Usher” and “The Gold-Bug.” As the originator of the detective story, Poe’s Tales is undoubtedly one of the most important prose works in the history of American fiction. Several of the dozen stories in this remarkable collection are among the best known in literature: “The Murders in the Rue Morgue,” “The Gold-Bug,” “The Fall of the House of Usher,” “The Purloined Letter,” and the terrifying “Descent into the Maelstrom.” “These tales have been so pregnant with suggestion, so stimulating to the minds of others, that it may be said of many of them that each is a root from which a whole literature has developed” (Conan Doyle). “Of the 12 stories in the book, in fact, at least six have come to be among the best known in the language. What other great collection of short stories can show anything like that proportion?” (Winterich, 258-59). First printing, with the imprints of T. B. Smith and H. Ludwig on the copyright page. “Impressions from the plates of several pages vary in an anomalous way” (BAL). This copy has unbattered letters on page 160; “E” broken in running title on page 187; and the “S” missing from “TALES” in running title on page 224. Bound with neither half title nor advertisements. BAL 16146. Heartman & Canny, 90-97. Biondi, 50. Grolier 100 American 55. Very light dampstain to first few leaves (inoffensive and barely perceptible). An unusually bright and fresh copy of this American landmark.
harriet beecher stowe
“He Shall Redeem Their Soul From Deceit And Violence”: First Issue Of Uncle Tom’s Cabin, Inscribed And Signed By Harriet Beecher Stowe
86. STOWE, Harriet Beecher. Uncle Tom’s Cabin; Or, Life Among the Lowly. Boston and Cleveland, 1852. Two volumes. Octavo, early 20th-century full red morocco gilt, original cloth bound in. $37,500. First edition, first issue, of Stowe’s classic and vastly influential novel, beautifully bound in full morocco-gilt, signed and inscribed by Stowe on the front free endpaper with an autograph quotation from the preface. Stowe has inscribed the front blank of Volume I of this copy of Uncle Tom’s Cabin with quotations from Isaiah 42:4 and the 72nd Psalm: “He shall not fail, nor be discouraged until he hath set judgement in the earth. He shall deliver the needy, when he crieth, the poor, & him that hath no helper. He shall redeem their soul from deceit and violence. And precious shall their blood be in his sight. Harriet Beecher Stowe. March 1, 1889.” This quotation was used to close the author’s preface to this first edition. “In the emotion-charged atmosphere of mid-19th century America Uncle Tom’s Cabin exploded like a bombshell. To those engaged in fighting slavery it appeared as an indictment of all the evils inherent in the system they opposed; to the proslavery forces it was a slanderous attack on ‘the Southern way of life’... the social impact of [the novel] on the United States was greater than that of any book before or since” (PMM 332). “Within a decade after its publication Uncle Tom’s Cabin had become the most popular novel ever written by an American... there is substantial evidence that the book precipitated the American Civil War” (Downs, Books That Changed America, 108). It first appeared in weekly chapters in the periodical National Era, starting on June 5, 1851. This is the first issue in book form, with all first issue points. Original cloth cover and spine bound in at rear of Volume I. BAL 19343. Grolier English 100, 91. Grolier American 100, 61. Sabin 92457. Expert joint repairs. An extraordinary inscribed copy in excellent condition.
“All Modern Literature Comes From One Book By Mark Twain. It’s The Best Book We’ve Had”: First Edition Of Huckleberry Finn
87. TWAIN, Mark. Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (Tom Sawyer’s Comrade). New York, 1885. Octavo, original gilt- and black-stamped green pictorial cloth, custom chemise and clamshell box. $17,500. First edition, first issue, of “the most praised and most condemned 19th-century American work of fiction” (Legacies of Genius, 47). Critics blasted the Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, written over an eight-year period, from the moment of publication, attacking its “blood-curdling humor,” immorality, coarseness and profanity. The book nevertheless emerged as one of the defining novels of American literature, prompting Hemingway to declare: “All modern literature comes from one book by Mark Twain. It’s the best book we’ve had. All American writing comes from that. There was nothing before. There has been nothing since.” This copy has all of the commonly identified first issue points (the printer assembled copies haphazardly; bibliographers do not yet agree as to the priority of many points). This copy contains the following points of bibliographical interest: frontispiece portrait with cloth table cover under the bust, bearing the Heliotype Printing Co. imprint; copyright page dated 1884; page 143 with “l” missing from “Col.” at top of illustration and with broken “b” in “body” on line seven; page 155 with the final “5” in the wrong font; page 161, no signature mark “11”; pages 283-84 is a cancel (illustration with straight pant-fly) as described by Johnson (p. 48) and MacDonnell (p. 32-33). BAL 3415. Johnson, 43-50. MacDonnell, 2935. McBride, 93. Grolier American 87. Interior generally clean, original cloth with only very minor rubbing to spine ends, gilt quite bright. A near-fine copy.
henry david thoreau
“A Central Document Of The American Experience”
88. THOREAU, Henry David. Walden; Or, Life in the Woods. Boston, 1854. Octavo, original brown cloth, custom half morocco clamshell box. $28,000. First edition of this important American classic. A lovely unrestored copy. “Thoreau’s Walden occupies a special place in our American heritage. Moreover, the book is still alive and vibrant, and it reaches out to touch the life of each one of us who is receptive… it has come to be thought a central document in the American experience” (Thorpe, Treasures of the Huntington Library). “For almost a hundred years an inspiration to nature-lovers, to philosophers, to sociologists… and to persons who love to read the English language written with clarity” (Grolier, 100 American, 63). With lithographed map of Walden Pond facing page 307; advertisements at rear dated May 1854. BAL 20106. Myerson A2.1.a. Johnson 73. Pencil date. Text fine, original cloth exceptionally clean and crisp with only minor wear at spine ends, gilt bright. A near-fine copy.
henry david thoreau
Collection Of Thoreau First Editions, Including All Major Writings
89. THOREAU, Henry David. Uniformly bound collection of first editions, including Walden, Maine Woods and Cape Cod. Boston, 1849-95. Twelve volumes. Octavo, early 20th-century three-quarter polished brown pigskin gilt. $25,000. An exceptional collection of first editions of Thoreau’s works, consisting of 12 separate titles, including all of his major writings. The entire set uniformly and beautifully bound by Sangorski & Sutcliffe. “When Henry Thoreau died in May 1862, he left his family almost no legacy except for a huge collection of literary manuscripts… [including those of] Excursions (1863), Maine Woods (1864), Cape Cod (1865), and A Yankee in Canada (1866), all for which his younger sister Sophia supervised the final publication” (Howarth, [xix]). This fine collection includes not only those posthumous titles in first edition but the rare first editions of his first book, A Week on the Concord and Merrimack Rivers (1849), and of course Walden; or, Life in the Woods (1854), the only two works published during Thoreau’s lifetime. Sophia died in October 1876, still in possession of three trunks of manuscripts, including Thoreau’s multi-volume Journal, which she stipulated should be edited and published by Thoreau’s longtime friend and correspondent Harrison Blake. “The Thoreau papers were to suffer from considerable mishandling while Blake retained them. His first major effort, attempting to sort and classify the various notebook volumes, proved to be most damaging… none of Blake’s labels correspond to Thoreau’s original sequences… Blake was also careless in his editing of the manuscripts… selecting passages from the Journal and arranging them in seasonal order” (Howarth, xxii). This collection includes the four Blakeedited first editions: Early Spring in Massachusetts (1881), Summer (1884), Winter (1888) and Autumn (1892). Allen, 2-34. Borst A1.1a1-A14.1. BAL 20104- 20135. A splendid collection, in fine condition.
“America’s Second Declaration Of Independence”: First Edition Of Whitman’s Leaves Of Grass, One Of Only Approximately 41 Extant First-Issue Copies
90. WHITMAN, Walt. Leaves of Grass. Brooklyn, 1855. Quarto, contemporary three-quarter red morocco sympathetically rebacked. Original cloth front cover bound-in. $70,000. Extraordinarily scarce and important first edition, first issue—one of only approximately 41 first-issue copies extant. “Always the champion of the common man, Whitman is both the poet and the prophet of democracy... In a sense, it is America’s second Declaration of Independence: that of 1776 was political, this of 1855 intellectual” (PMM 340). The most important and influential volume of poetry written in America, Whitman’s literary masterpiece, Leaves of Grass is “one of the most magnificent fabrications of modern times... he never surrendered... his vision of himself as one who might go forth among the American people and astonish them...” (DAB). This copy has the rare first issue of line 2 of page 49, (“And the night is for you and me and all”) as opposed to the more common corrected version (“And the day and night are for you and me and all”). Bibliographer Gary Schmidgall, in his article, “1855: a Stop-Press Revision” (in Walt Whitman Quarterly Review 18, Fall/Summer 2000) states that this is the first of Whitman’s countless revisions, and that most of the copies he had examined had the later, longer line. He goes on to state that since most of the copies he inspected had the longer line, that this correction happened early in the print run. Preliminary results of the 2005 census confirm Schmidgall’s conjecture as to the rarity of the uncorrected first-issue line. There are 41 copies extant with the uncorrected line versus 110 copies with the corrected line, which is much closer to the version of the line that then appears in the 1856 and 1860 editions. It appears, then, that Whitman stopped the press, rewrote the line, and reset it about a third of the way through the press run. The frontispiece is also in the first state (on heavy paper), with state B of the copyright notice. BAL state B of p. iv, with column 2, line 4 reading “cities and.” Original cloth front cover bound-in at rear. Myerson A2.1.al. Arguably the rarest and most important of American literary landmarks.
“If The Union Is Once Severed… The Controversies… Will Then Be Tried In Fields Of Battle And Determined By The Sword”: Large Silk Broadside Printing Of President Andrew Jackson’s Farewell Address
91. JACKSON, Andrew. Farewell Address. New York, 1837. Broadside printed in three columns on silk, measuring 19-1/2 by 26-1/2 inches. $8200. Extremely rare early printing of Jackson’s Farewell to office, in which he appeals for unity of North and South and predicts that “if the Union is once severed, the line of separation will grow wider and wider, and the controversies which are now debated and settled in the halls of legislation will then be tried in fields of battle and determined by the sword.” “Jackson remains one of the most important spokesmen for majoritarian rule in this country, a president who brought into sharp focus the never-ending efforts of privileged elites who seek to use the government for their particular and selfish purposes and in the process endanger liberty and betray American democracy” (ANB). In his Farewell Address, written with the help of Chief Justice Roger B. Taney and delivered March 4, 1837, Jackson reviewed the accomplishments of his administration and reiterated his signature themes: condemnation of monopolies, speculation and paper money; and above all, unity of North and South in pledging loyalty to the Union. “The necessity of watching with jealous anxiety preservation of the Union was earnestly pressed, fellow citizens, by the Father of this Country… he has cautioned us in the strongest terms against the formation of parties on geographical discriminations, as one of the means which might disturb our Union and to which designing men would be likely to resort... The possible dissolution of the Union has at length become an ordinary and familiar subject of discussion. Has the warning voice of Washington been forgotten, or have designs already been formed to sever the Union?” As if prophesizing the Civil War, Jackson predicted: “If the Union is once severed, the line of separation will grow wider and wider, and the controversies which are now debated and settled in the halls of legislation will then be tried in fields of battle and determined by the sword.” It was customary in the early 19th century to print a small quantity of a President’s address on silk or satin. Only a few small stray spots of foxing. Fine condition. A remarkably well-preserved and exceptionally scarce primary source.
Very Scarce Broadside Printing On Silk Of Thomas Jefferson’s Second Inaugural Address, 1805
92. JEFFERSON, Thomas. President Jefferson’s Inaugural Speech. Boston: True & Parks, 1805. Original broadside on silk, measuring 12-1/2 by 19-1/2 inches. $27,000. Extremely scarce contemporary broadside printing on silk of Jefferson’s 1805 inaugural address. Jefferson’s landslide re-election in 1804 “was instantly marred by the child-birth-related death of his 24-year-old daughter Polly. Instead of walking to his second inauguration, President Jefferson rode in a carriage, dressed in black” (Randall, 570). At 12:00 noon on Monday, March 4, 1805, Jefferson delivered his second inaugural address. He resisted the temptation to boast of the Louisiana Purchase. “Instead, he recognized the apprehensions of some that the enlargement of the nation’s territories would endanger the ‘Union.’ ‘But,’ he asked, ‘but who can limit the extent to which the federative principle may operate effectively? The larger our association, the less will it be shaken by local passions; and in any view, is it not better that the opposite bank of the Mississippi should be settled by our own brethren and children, than by strangers of another family?’” (Malone V, 5-6). The text of the address first appeared in newspapers and printed broadsides (as here) and then in pamphlet form. It was customary at that time to print a small quantity of a President’s inaugural address on silk or satin “as an ornament, to adorn the parlor, while it will afford a rich treasure of instruction for [one’s] budding offspring” (The Boston Democrat). This scarce commemorative printing bears the imprint of Benjamin True and Benjamin Parks, who in January 1804 together bought the Boston Gazetteer and established The Democrat in its place (Brigham, 288). A similar printing on satin was made from standing type of the front page of The Democrat for March 16, 1805. Only three copies of this True & Parks printing on silk have been recorded: Massachusetts Historical Society, The Newberry Library and the University of Virginia. Not seen by Shaw & Shoemaker. Scattered stray spots of foxing. A wonderful and scarce presidential broadside in extremely good condition.
Jefferson Free Frank
93. JEFFERSON, Thomas. Free frank in Jefferson’s hand on address leaf to Jonathan Jackson. No place, circa 1802. Single sheet of laid paper, measuring 5-1/2 by 3 inches. Handsomely matted with a portrait of Jefferson, entire piece measures 11 by 16 inches. $8000. Free frank on an address to “Jona. Jackson Esq. late Marshal of the District of Massachusetts,” boldly franked “Th. Jefferson.” A very fine signature. Circular date stamp in upper left reading “24 MR,” with stamp “Free” in upper right. The recipient of this free-franked “envelope,” Newburyport merchant Jonathan Jackson, nearly went bankrupt during the Revolution, largely because he had lent generously of his own resources to the American cause. “At the end of the war, Jackson needed a job… When the new federal government was formed, Jackson wrote the President to apply… The job he sought was Collector of the Revenue. Several weeks later, Jackson decided to go to New York, the nation’s capital, and apply for the job in person. Unfortunately, his friend and former commanding officer, General Lincoln, wanted the same position. Consequently, Jackson used his fifteen minute interview with President Washington to promote the candidacy of Lincoln, who got the appointment. When Washington learned of Jackson’s sacrifice, he appointed him Marshal—the first Marshal of Massachusetts” (United States Marshals Service). Jackson was also a member of the Essex Junto, a group of Massachusetts Federalists, mostly merchants and lawyers from Essex County, who supported Alexander Hamilton and his financial program and sharply opposed Thomas Jefferson. One can only speculate why President Jefferson was writing Jackson. At the time, Jackson was serving as treasurer of the State of Massachusetts. In addition, he was the first president of the Boston Bank (now the First National Bank of Boston) and one of the founders of the American Academy of Arts and Science. Faint fold line, not affecting Jefferson’s exceptionally bold and fine signature. A fine presidential piece with political association.
“From His Father, Brigham Young”: Brigham Young Gives An Important Nine-Volume Edition Of Jefferson’s Writings To His Son, Each Volume With Presentation Inscription
94. JEFFERSON, Thomas. The Writings. Washington, DC, 1853-4. Nine volumes. Octavo, original brown cloth. $12,000. First edition of the “Congress Edition,” the second major edition of Jefferson’s writings, compiled from manuscripts bequeathed by Jefferson to his grandson and purchased by Congress in 1848. This is an exceptional association copy, given by Brigham Young to his 17-year-old son, Alfales, with every volume inscribed in a secretarial hand (as always): “To / A. Young, Provo City / from his father / Brigham Young / July 15, 1870 / S. L. City.” Each volume also numbered and signed by the recipient. Brigham Young (1801-1877) had 27 wives and 57 children, including seventeen sons. Alfales Young (1853-1920) was the only child of Brigham Young and Eliza Burgess Young. By the late 1860s he was living with his mother in Provo, Utah. Alfales was one of only four of Brigham Young’s sons to seek higher education outside of Utah, attending the University of Michigan from 1875 to 1877 and earning a law degree. He devoted most of his life to editorial work with three Utah newspapers, and in 1885 he was called “one of the brightest and most promising young journalists in this part of the country.” Alfales was known as an avid reader and had an extensive private library (Letters of Brigham Young to His Sons, pp. 217-218). Brigham Young took great interest in the education of his children, and he wrote many letters to Alfales while he was away at college encouraging him in his studies. To give his son of a set of Jefferson’s writings is consistent with his advice to “Read good books, and extract from them wisdom and understanding as much as you possibly can” (speech by Brigham Young, December 29, 1867). Virtually all of Brigham Young’s letters and book presentation inscriptions, even those to his family members, were written by his clerks or secretaries, as is the case with this set. “Since Brigham Young relied almost entirely upon secretaries to write for him, (he once stated he had only eleven days of formal schooling), few of his letters written between 1847 and 1877 are in his own hand” (Letters of Brigham Young to His Sons, p. xlii). Each volume of the set is additionally numbered and signed by “A. Young,” and laid into one of the volumes is an original document from J. L. Rawlins, dated October 5, 1892, which mentions Alfales Young by name: “I hereby constitute and appoint Alfales Young as my proxy and to act in my stead as a delegate to the Territorial Democratic Convention to convene this day at Provo.” This set was acquired from the family of a lawyer who was given the books in lieu of payment by a grandson of Brigham Young, presumably one of Alfales’ four sons. The set is in extremely good condition with only light wear to scarce original cloth; Volume 1 has a bit more wear to the extremities than the other volumes, and Volume 3 has a two-inch split to the cloth at front outer hinge (not affecting the hinge itself). Small typed numbered label mounted to each spine. A rare and desirable presentation set.
lincoln-dougl a s debates
“Historically The Most Important Series Of American Political Debates”
95. (LINCOLN-DOUGLAS DEBATES) Political Debates Between Hon. Abraham Lincoln and Hon. Stephen A. Douglas, In the Celebrated Campaign of 1858, in Illinois. Columbus, 1860. Octavo, original brown cloth, custom clamshell box. $7800. First edition, first issue, of the most famous debates in American history, the event that transformed Lincoln into a national presidential candidate. Running as a little-known candidate for the Illinois senatorship in 1858, Lincoln challenged incumbent and Democratic leader Stephen Douglas to a series of debates. Douglas had been responsible for the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854, which contained a provision that the question of slavery should be decided by the territorial settlers themselves. In contrast to Douglas’ “Popular Sovereignty” stance, Lincoln held that the United States could not survive as half-slave and half-free states. The result was a memorable chain of lively arguments in front of cheering crowds. Though Lincoln lost the senatorial race, he wisely compiled and preserved the texts of the debates himself and had them published in advance of the presidential election of 1860, during which he defeated a split Democratic party. First issue, with no advertisements, no rule above the publisher’s imprint on the copyright page, and with numeral 2 at the bottom of page 17. Monaghan 69. Wessen, Debates of Lincoln and Douglas, 91-106. Howes L338. Sabin 41156. See McMurtry, Different Editions (1934). Pencil owner signature, gift inscription. Title page stamp. Light scattered foxing to text, less than usual, minor soiling and a bit of wear to extremities of original cloth mainly affecting spine ends. An extremely good copy.
Confederate General Beauregard’s Autobiographical Account Of His Most Important Battle, Inscribed By Him In The Year Of Publication
96. BEAUREGARD, P.G.T. A Commentary on the Campaign and Battle of Manassas of July, 1861. New York, 1891. Octavo, original full maroon cloth, custom clamshell box. $14,500. First edition, boldly inscribed by General Beauregard in the year of publication: “To Miss Leona Queyrouge with the compliments & best wishes of Genl G.T. Beauregard. New Orleans—April 1891.” “This book is valuable for its psychological portrait of Beauregard. An expanded article composed originally in response to writings by Joe Johnston, the work is a bitter attack on Johnston and a defense of Beauregard’s actions at First Bull Run as well as a review of many disputed claims that arose over the 30 intervening years. It presents a minute examination of the campaign and battle supported by selective testimony and documents provided by Jefferson Davis, Beauregard, Johnston, and others. The aim is to show that Johnston waived command of the army on the field at First Bull Run, passing it to Beauregard; that the latter concocted the strategy that led to Confederate victory; and that Johnston maneuvered Beauregard into a position of accepting blame for possible defeat. Moreover, the author raises many incidental questions of Johnston’s truthfulness in writings about the campaign, in the Century magazine and in Johnston’s own Narrative” (Eicher 35). A few pencil markings. A fine copy, most desirable inscribed.
cowles’ monumental atl a s of the civil war
With Hundreds Of Large Folio Maps Of The Civil War
97. COWLES, Calvin D., compiler. An Atlas to Accompany the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies. Washington, 1891-95. Two volumes. Large folio (16 by 19 inches), period-style half calf. $12,000. First edition of this superb atlas, with 821 colored maps and charts, 106 engravings, and 209 drawings of equipment, uniforms, insignia, and flags. “The most important work in the literature of the Civil War, the O.R. is the official government compilation of Civil War records, orders, dispatches, messages and correspondence relating to the military operations of the war… The monumental task of compiling records of the Civil War began with a joint resolution of Congress on 19 May 1864 and was continued by many individuals under the supervision of 16 successive secretaries of war” (Eicher 863). This atlas is an indispensable part of the Official Records, but is equally impressive on its own as the most comprehensive collection of maps pertaining to the Civil War. It consists of four sections, the largest of which details military operations in the field. The other sections relate to general topography, the delineation of military divisions and departments, and other miscellaneous topics. The maps, printed in several colors, are remarkably detailed, and the superb battlefield maps (often several to a sheet) specify troop positions and movements. Originally issued in parts, in loose sheets. Nicholson, 47. Shallow dampstains to top and bottom margins (much fainter in Volume II).
ulysse s s. gr ant
Boldly Signed By Ulysses S. Grant
98. GRANT, Ulysses S. Carte-de-visite photograph signed. Hartford, Connecticut, circa 1865. Original albumen photograph, mounted on card, measuring 2-1/2 by 4 inches. $11,000. Carte-de-visite photograph, boldly signed in his own hand: “U.S. Grant, General.” With a signed notation on the verso by Civil War hero Edward W. Whitaker. Grant’s signature exceptionally fine and bold. A bust-length portrait of Grant in uniform, signed beneath the image. On the verso is noted “Genuine autograph of Gen. Grant. E.W. Whitaker.” Edward W. Whitaker enlisted as a Corporal in 1861 and rapidly rose through the ranks, becoming a Brevet Brigadier General at the age of 23 four years later. He served under both Custer and Grant, and was awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor for heroism at Reams’ Station, Virginia in 1864 when he raised a force and blitzed the Confederate line to rejoin the Army of the Potomac. At Appomattox he was the Union officer who delivered the Union demand for unconditional surrender to the Confederate forces. Mild soiling. A wonderful signed item in near-fine condition.
robert e. lee
Carte-De-Visite Photograph Of Robert E. Lee By Brady, Boldly Signed By Lee
99. LEE, Robert E. Carte-de-visite photograph signed. Washington, 1865. Original albumen photograph mounted on card, measuring 2-1/2 by 4 inches; framed in hinged wooden box. $9500. Original Mathew Brady carte-de-visite photograph of Robert E. Lee, boldly signed by Lee. Bust-length portrait of Lee in civilian clothes, signed just beneath the image. A bit of fading and a few stray marks to original photograph. Large signature exceptionally bold and fine.
abr aham lincoln: emancipation procl amation
“All Persons Held As Slaves… Are And Henceforward Shall Be Free”: 1862 First Pamphlet Printing Of The Emancipation Proclamation, “The Only Edition Of The Preliminary Publication Issued In Pamphlet Form,” Preceding All Official Publications
100. [LINCOLN, Abraham]. The Proclamation of Emancipation, by the President of the United States, to Take Effect January 1st, 1863. Boston, 1862. 32mo (measures 2-1/4 by 3-1/4 inches), original printed paper wrappers; pp. 7. $22,000. Very rare first edition in book or pamphlet form of the Emancipation Proclamation, preceding all official government publications, presented for distribution to African-Americans by Union troops. The Emancipation Proclamation is “one of the strangest and most important state papers ever issued by an American President... Technically, the proclamation was almost absurd. It proclaimed freedom for all slaves in precisely those areas where the United States could not make its authority effective, and allowed slavery to continue in slave states which remained under Federal control. It was a statement of intent rather than a valid statute, and it was of doubtful legality... But in the end it changed the whole character of the war and, more than any other single thing, doomed the Confederacy to defeat” (Ketchum & Catton, 252). The proclamation undercut foreign support for the Confederacy and led to the recruitment of black Union regiments. While Lincoln actually wrote the Proclamation during July 1862, he was persuaded to postpone its official issuance until after some decisive military coup. The September 1862 Battle of Antietam provided the needed victory and Lincoln officially delivered the first draft of the Proclamation on September 22, to take effect January 1, 1863. This preliminary printing of the Emancipation Proclamation was issued by Boston industrialist John Murray Forbes. He printed this pamphlet for distribution to blacks by Union troops. On January 1st, Lincoln reportedly paused before signing the final proclamation, saying, “I never, in my life, felt more certain that I was doing right than I do in signing this paper.” The final text was then rushed to the government printer. This pamphlet issue precedes all official publications. Monaghan 147. Eberstadt 7. Interior generally clean, closed tear to first leaf affecting a few lines of text but not legibility, original stitching loosening but present, slightest darkening to very fragile, near-fine original printed paper wrappers. Very rare, a most desirable piece.
“The Lady-Bearer Of This—A Quakeress—Wishes To Do Some Acts Of Humanity For Secession Prisoners…”: Most Unusual And Compassionate Lincoln Autograph Note Granting Permission For The Bearer To Tend To Confederate “Secession Prisoners,” Written And Signed By Lincoln In 1863, In Exceptional Autograph Album Of Dolley Madison’s Cousin, Containing Over 250 Historic Signatures
101. LINCOLN, Abraham. Autograph note signed. No place, July 27, 1863. Card, measuring 3-1/2 by 2 inches, with signature on additional card. WITH: MADISON, Dolley. Autograph letter signed. No place, June 3, 1844. Two sheets of paper. IN: Autograph album. Washington, circa 1844. Square octavo, original blind-stamped black morocco. Housed in custom cloth chemise and half morocco slipcase. $55,000. Stirring and very unusual 1863 autograph note written and signed by Lincoln just after the Battle of Gettysburg authorizing the bearer, a “Quakeress” named Mrs. Wethered, the wife of Maryland Representative John Wethered, to tend to Confederate prisoners of war, whom he here describes as “secession prisoners.” The recipient tipped this note into her mid 19th-century autograph album, in which she collected 256 original historic signatures, most obtained between 1843 and 1845, including those of Presidents Martin Van Buren, James Buchanan and Andrew Johnson, as well as many other figures important in both Union and Confederate politics in the years leading up to and during the Civil War. Also with a warm letter from Mrs. Wethered’s cousin, Dolley Madison, tipped in. Lincoln’s note to Mrs. Wethered grants permission to tend injured Confederate soldiers in Baltimore. The note reads: “The lady-bearer of this—a Quakeress—wishes to do some acts of humanity for secession prisoners now at Baltimore. Surgeon
General please see & hear her & and allow her such authority in the premises, as is consistent with humanity, & not inconsistent with the public service. A. Lincoln. July 27, 1863.” Lincoln’s note is remarkable for the word he uses to describe Mrs. Wethered—“Quakeress”—and his designation of captured Confederate soldiers as “secession prisoners.” Three days later, in his Order of Retaliation, Lincoln uses the more common “rebel soldier”: “It is therefore ordered that for every soldier of the United States killed in violation of the laws of war, a rebel soldier shall be executed.” Mrs. Wethered, like her husband John, was a devout Quaker. Mrs. Wethered had appealed for permission to minister to the enemy’s soldiers, a stirring testament to her Quaker ideals. She was most likely bound for Fort McHenry: while McHenry was mostly used to house southern sympathizers (this may be why Lincoln refers to “secession prisoners”) and recently captured soldiers on their way to other camps, the inmate population had swelled to nearly 7000 prisoners at the time of this note, which was written just after the Battle of Gettysburg. The album also includes a letter from Mrs. Wethered’s cousin and fellow Quaker, Dolley Madison, who writes in a familiar tone about a gift she received from Mrs. Wethered, an invitation, and mutual Washington acquaintances. A curious fact links these two women: Dolley Madison was the first person to send a personal message by telegram. After watching Samuel Morse demonstrate his electric recording telegraph, Dolley sent “Message from Mrs. Madison. She sends her love to Mrs. Wethered” (Côté, Strength and Honor). John Wethered was a U.S. Representative from Maryland. It was during his term as Whig in the 28th Congress that his wife had this album signed by members of Congress. Signatures collected in this album include: Presidents Martin Van Buren (tipped-in), James Buchanan, and Andrew Johnson; Vice Presidents Hamilton Hamlin and William R. King of the United States and Alexander H. Stephens of the Confederacy; Henry Clay, signed here just days after his nomination as Whig candidate in the 1844 Presidential election. Other notables include Stephen A. Douglas, Thomas Hart Benton, and Hamilton Fish, as well as scores of other state and federal representatives, many of the signatures gathered from the 1844 Whig Convention. A remarkable and near-comprehensive portrait of the 1844 election season. Signatures grouped geographically, with states designated by penciled headings and newspaper clippings depicting state seals. Album split, binding worn. A few instances of foxing, chiefly to engraved plates. An impressive and exceptional album; a most desirable addition to any Civil War collection.
Fine Lincoln Autograph Letter: “He Is Deeply Mortified By Us… If A Reason Is Asked, Place It On The Ground Of My Order”—A Compassionate President Lincoln Revokes The Dismissal Of General McClellan’s Aide-De-Camp
102. LINCOLN, Abraham. Autograph Letter Signed “A. Lincoln.” Executive Mansion, Washington, July 27, 1863. Single wove leaf, Executive Mansion stationery, written on the recto by Lincoln, measuring 5 by 7-3/4 inches. $78,000. Autograph letter signed by Abraham Lincoln, to Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton reversing the dismissal of a former British Major General as Aide-de-Camp to General McClellan because, with an “imperfect understanding” of what had happened, “he is deeply mortified by us.” “If a reason is asked,” concludes Lincoln, “place it on the ground of my order.” Lincoln was a war president. “He had been willing to risk war rather than let the nation perish. Indeed, he was the only president in our history whose entire administration was bounded by the parameters of war… Military matters took up more of his time and attention than any other matter” (McPherson, 65-66). The letter reads, in full: “Hon. Sec. Of War: My dear Sir: Col. Charles F. Havelock has been mustered out of our service, as I suppose, in strict accordance with law, and the routine of the Department. With an imperfect understanding of this, he is deeply mortified by us, whose cause, I think, he has made some sacrifices to try to serve. Considering who he is, how he came here, and the apparently abrupt, and, to Europeans, unusual mode of his dismissal, I think the order of dismissal as to him, better be revoked – allowing him his pay. If a reason is asked, place it on the ground of my order. Yours truly, A. Lincoln.” Charles Frederick Havelock (1803-68) was commissioned in the British Army in 1821, in the service of the 16th Lancers. He fought with distinction in India and Afghanistan. In 1861, the 58-year-old Major General came to America and volunteered to serve in the Union Army. He spoke with President Lincoln on November 8, 1861; on December 23 Lincoln nominated him to be aide-de-camp to Major General George McClellan, commanding Army of the Potomac, with the rank of Colonel. The Senate confirmed his appointment the next day. In April 1863, Col. Havelock was mustered out of the service. He wrote to Lincoln about what had occurred, and the President, in this letter, requested that, “considering who he is,” Secretary of War Stanton revoke his dismissal. Very faint fold line, passing through “L” of Lincoln. Remnants of a prior tipping along left margin on verso. A superb letter in excellent condition, an exceptional example of why Lincoln is remembered as a compassionate President.
Lincoln Autograph Signed Military Communiqué Commissioning Brigadier General Of U.S. Volunteers
103. LINCOLN, Abraham. Autograph communiqué signed. Executive Mansion, Washington, February 10, 1863. Single wove sheet, measuring 4 by 3-1/2 inches; framed with William Sartain’s mezzotint portrait of Lincoln after Brady, entire piece measures 19 by 27 inches. $17,000. Autograph order signed by Abraham Lincoln to Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton recommending John C. Ramsey for promotion as “Com. in regular Army.” Lincoln was a war president. “He had been willing to risk war rather than let the nation perish. Indeed, he was the only president in our history whose entire administration was bounded by the parameters of war… He spent more time in the War Department telegraph office than anywhere else except the White House itself… Lincoln took seriously his constitutional duty as commander in chief of the army and navy” (McPherson, 65-66). The communiqué reads, in full: “John C. Ramsey—now Com. of Vols. wishes to be Com. in regular Army. Submitted to the Secretary of War. A. Lincoln. Feb. 10, 1863.” Col. John Ramsey of the 8th New Jersey Volunteers, seeking a command in the regular Army, must have petitioned the President directly. Secretary Stanton did follow instructions, for Ramsey is listed as having been brevetted for Richmond in December, 1864 as Brigadier General of the U.S. Volunteers (McKay, 678). The accompanying portrait of Lincoln by William Sartain was engraved after Mathew Brady’s famous studio portrait of February 9, 1864—the image used for the five-dollar bill. The Sartains were the country’s foremost mezzotint engravers. Lincoln signature bold and clear. Faint fold line near left edge of sheet, just touching text. A superb note in excellent condition.
“Restoration Of All Rights Of Property, Except As To Slaves”: Lincoln’s Broadside Proclamation Of Amnesty, 1863, The First Public Notice
104. (LINCOLN, Abraham). Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction. [Washington: Government Printing Office, circa December 8, 1863]. Broadside, measuring 12 by 19 inches, printed in two columns on wove stock. $26,000. First public notice of the December 8, 1863 Presidential proclamation offering amnesty to citizens of the Confederacy, providing they take an oath that they “will abide by and faithfully support all proclamations of the President made during the existing rebellion having reference to slaves” (i.e. the Emancipation Proclamation). Toward the close of 1863, with the Confederate Army in full retreat, discussions in Congress centered on how to restore the Southern states to the Union. “The crisis which threatened to divide the friends of the Union is past,” announced Lincoln. Now it was the duty of Congress to ensure that all citizens in the South, regardless of race, were guaranteed the equal protection of the law. A number of competing proposals emerged from deliberations, but in the end, during his message to Congress on December 8, 1863, Lincoln declared reconstruction of the South a wholly executive responsibility and “offered ‘full pardon… with restoration of all rights of property, except as to slaves,’ to all rebels who would take an oath of future loyalty to the Constitution and pledge to obey acts of Congress and presidential proclamations relating to slavery” (Donald, 470-71). Those excluded from taking the oath were the highest ranking members of the Confederacy— government officials, judges, military and naval officers above the rank of army colonel or navy lieutenant, former congressmen, and “all who have engaged in treating colored persons or white persons otherwise than lawfully as prisoners of war.” Lincoln further encouraged the Southern states to make provisions “in relation to the freed people of such State, which shall recognize and declare their permanent freedom, provide for their education, and which may yet be consistent, as a temporary arrangement, with their present condition as a laboring, landless, and homeless class.” “Lincoln indicated that this was only one plan for reconstructing the rebel South, and while it was the best he could think of for now, he would gladly consider others and possibly adopt them. He might even modify his own classes of pardons, if that seemed warrantable… Afterward almost everybody but die-hard Democrats seemed happy with the plan” (Oates, 371). This particular copy of this rare public broadside of Lincoln’s proclamation was received on February 15, 1864 at Union Army headquarters in St. Augustine, Florida, where “Major Hay” (probably James H. Hay of the 2nd Florida Cavalry) was authorized to administer the oath “to such persons of that vicinity.” See Monaghan 191. Several faint patches of foxing, four light fold lines, two tiny closed tears at intersections of folds. A splendid, wide-margined copy in near-fine condition. Very scarce.
Signed Limited First Edition Of Longstreet’s From Manassas To Appomattox
105. LONGSTREET, James. From Manassas to Appomattox: Memoirs of the Civil War in America. Philadelphia, 1896. Thick octavo, original three-quarter red morocco rebacked and recornered with original spine and corners laid down, custom cloth slipcase. $9800. Rare signed limited first “Autograph Edition,” one of only 250 copies signed by Longstreet, with 16 maps and 30 portraits and battle plans. “Longstreet’s tome is a milestone of great importance in Confederate literature. It tells the story of the war in the first person from one of the great generals of American history, allows him to make his case, and at least on some accounts quiets the armchair strategists who have faulted Longstreet too severely. In the main, Longstreet is correct with most of his assertions...[and] here provides ample documentation of his close relationships with Lee...” (Eicher 277). “Longstreet’s reminiscences are basic to any study of the Army of Northern Virginia” (In Tall Cotton 114). The first trade edition was also published in 1896. Bookplate. Dornbusch II:2977. Wright 664. Howes L451. A few paper repairs, mainly marginal, to text and plates, some wear to binding. A very good signed copy of an exceptionally rare work.
william t. sher man
“As A General I Know Of No Man I Would Put Above Him”: Presentation First Edition Of Sherman’s Memoirs, Twice Inscribed And Signed By Him, Possibly The Last Set He Signed Before His Death
106. SHERMAN, William T. Memoirs of General William T. Sherman. New York, 1875. Two volumes. Octavo, original blue cloth rebacked with original spines laid down. $15,000. First edition, presentation copy, inscribed in each volume to a distinguished American judge: “John F. Dillon, Presented by the Author, May, 1875,” and additionally inscribed in Volume I at a slightly later date: “W.T. Sherman, General. Signed January 10, 1891.” Beneath the second inscription, there is a note in Dillon’s hand, “Febry. 14, 1891. General Sherman, who wrote the above signature after dining at my house on January 10, 1891, died in New York, this day. J.T.D.” This copy, signed only 35 days before General Sherman’s death, may very well be the last set that he signed. “Penned with intelligence and passion, [Sherman’s Memoirs] cover the periods of birth to the Meridian Expedition early in 1864 (Volume I) and the remainder of the war to the commander’s first decade following the war (Volume II)... The memoirs frankly describe the rights and wrongs of the Civil War campaigns Sherman experienced, without regard to stepping on the feelings of others. The work is not unduly harsh, but is unwaveringly honest (as the author viewed these events)... The writing in this work is enjoyable, more so than the average soldier’s memoirs, and the enlightened opinions of the second-ranking Federal officer on a multitude of operations make the work invaluable” (Eicher 576). Large folding map housed in a pocket at rear of Volume II. Bookplates of prominent jurist and former American Bar Association president John Forrest Dillon and one-time Presidential candidate Alfred Mossman Landon. Light splitting along folds of large map, interiors clean, minor soiling and fading to spines, gilt quite bright. Extremely good condition. A most rare and extremely desirable copy, twice inscribed by Sherman.
united states army and nav y
Splendidly Illustrated History Of The U.S. Army And Navy, With 44 Elephant Folio Hand-Colored Lithographs, Limited Subscriber’s Copy In Original Twelve Parts
107. WALTON, William. The Army and Navy of the United States… Philadelphia, 1889-95. Twelve portfolios. Elephant folio, original half vellum, gilt-stamped pale blue cloth, internal original olive wrappers, gray silk ties. $11,000. Deluxe edition in parts, number 545 (limited to subscribers only), of this magnificently illustrated history of the United States Army and Navy, with 44 full-page hand-colored lithographs and over 200 mounted in-text illustrations on India paper, in original publisher’s portfolios. The finest edition of this epic work, this beautifully illustrated history is, in addition, a valuable resource, particularly for its pictorial rendering of U.S. Army and Navy uniforms from 1776 through 1891. The text contains an important roster of all commissioned officers from the Revolution through the Civil War. Rarely found complete, these are the original 11 parts plus supplement, in the original 12 cloth portfolios. Each of the 11 parts contains several wonderful full-page hand-colored lithographs, with captioned tissue guards. The first portfolio also contains a facsimile reproduction of a letter to the publisher from General Sherman praising the work; Howes W81. Subscriber’s copy, issued to Col. Ernest MacPherson, Judge Advocate General of the Kentucky State Guard. Most minor soiling to original cloth portfolios only. Wrappers fine, plates beautiful. A magnificent work in exceptional condition.
The American Experience
Part 4: The Twentieth Century
The Modern Temper
“For in the final analysis, our most basic common link is that we all inhabit this small planet, we all breathe the same air, we all cherish our children’s futures, and we are all mortal.” -— John F. Kennedy, Speech at The American University, Washington, D.C., June 10, 1963
doris ulmann and julia peterkin
One Of The Highlights Of 20th-Century Photography
108. ULMANN, Doris and PETERKIN, Julia. Roll, Jordan, Roll. New York, 1933. Large quarto, original gilt-lettered three-quarter linen, cardboard slipcase. $70,000. One of the highlights of 20th-century photography: signed limited first edition, one only 350 copies (327 of which were offered for sale) signed by both photographer Doris Ulmann and writer of the text Julia Peterkin. With 90 superb tissueguarded full-page copperplate hand-pulled photogravure plates—this copy with the scarce extra photogravure plate signed in pencil by Ulmann laid in. Doris Ulmann’s photographic collaboration with Julia Peterkin focuses on the lives of former slaves and their descendants on a plantation in the Gullah coastal region of South Carolina. “Ulmann was a wealthy, educated woman who had studied with Clarence White and worked as a portraitist before focusing on American rural life… Ulmann’s softfocus photos—rendered as tactile as charcoal drawings in the superb gravure reproductions here—straddle Pictorialism and Modernism even as they appear to dissolve into memory” (Roth). The extra signed photogravure plate that was issued only with this deluxe edition replicates the image that appears opposite page 14. Few copies of this deluxe edition had been distributed at the time of Ulmann’s death in 1934; most were donated by her heirs to the Tuskegee Institute to be sold for that school’s benefit. This copy from the collection of William T. Wynn, whose recollections of an evening with Ulmann and Peterkin appear in a typewritten note affixed to the rear pastedown. With previous owner typed inscription tipped to rear pastedown. Scarce original cardboard slipcase expertly restored. Original cloth slightly toned; a bit of only the most minor marginal foxing. A near-fine copy. Rare in this condition and with the original slipcase and the extra photogravure.
james agee and walker evans
“In Every Child Who Is Born, Under No Matter What Circumstances… The Potential Of The Human Race Is Born Again”
109. AGEE, James and EVANS, Walker. Let Us Now Praise Famous Men. Boston, 1941. Octavo, original black cloth, dust jacket. $9500. First edition of one of the classic documentary works to emerge from the Great Depression, with 31 reproductions of photographs by Walker Evans. Association copy, inscribed “For Stuart, in friendship, Aaron” by Aaron Copland, who used it as the basis for his opera The Tender Land. Sent to Alabama in 1936 with photographer Walker Evans to write an article on tenant farming, James Agee became consumed with the people and their lives, ultimately writing almost 500 pages to accompany Walker Evans’ disturbing and beautiful photographs. Lionel Trilling described the work as the “most realist and moral effort of our American generation.” Agee described his collaboration with Evans as a “book only by necessity… a set of tones rather less like those of narrative than like those of music.” Inscribed by composer Aaron Copland, who was so inspired by the work that it became the source for his 1954 opera The Tender Land. Roth, 108. Book fine. Chip to head of unrestored dust jacket, not affecting lettering. A near-fine association copy, scarce in this condition.
“The People Of America And Of The Whole World Are Marching To Turn All Of You Who Are Prisoners Of Fascism Free”: Bound For Glory, With Extraordinary Presentation Inscription By Guthrie Within Two Months Of Publication
110. GUTHRIE, Woody. Bound for Glory. New York, 1943. Octavo, original black cloth, dust jacket. $27,500. First edition of the legendary folk singer’s autobiographical account of his Dust Bowl years, the first and only book he published in his lifetime, inscribed in the year of publication: “New York City, May 23, 1943. To the Yugoslav Prisoners of War Food Fund—The people of America and of the whole world are marching to turn all of you who are prisoners of fascism free. Our people are learning fast what fascism is. Our fighting spirit is known all around the globe—and in every one of us that spirit was born at home and when were kids. Maybe this book is a glimpse of our will to win out.” “Woody Guthrie, who wrote more than 1,000 songs that echoed the glory and travail of American life… used his scarred guitar to sing out against injustice and… sing of the beauty of his homeland… In 1943 he wrote Bound for Glory, an odyssey of his life, a book that Orville Prescott, in the New York Times, said had ‘more triple-distilled essence of pure individual personality in it than any in years.’” With his worn guitar proclaiming, “This machine kills fascists,” and through passionate inscriptions such as this—supporting a fund for Yugoslav prisoners of war—Guthrie voiced passionate opposition to fascism sweeping across Europe. Guthrie inscribed this copy of Bound for Glory only two months after publication, and within weeks joined the merchant marine, where he shipped out three times and “was twice on ships that were torpedoed” (New York Times). Guthrie’s inscription acknowledges news that thousands of Yugoslav prisoners of war, chiefly soldiers of the Yugoslav National Army of Liberation and partisans, were suffering and dying from brutal treatments in Nazi camps. First edition, illustrated with frontispiece portrait and Guthrie’s own sketches. Text fine, faint creasing on front free endpaper without affecting inscription, soiling to original cloth; only light chipping to bright, unrestored dust jacket. An extremely good copy, exceptional inscribed and with the scarce original dust jacket.
“The Most Renowned Photobook Of All”: Signed First American Edition of Frank’s The Americans
111. FRANK, Robert. The Americans. Introduction by Jack Kerouac. New York, 1959. Oblong octavo, original black cloth, dust jacket. $20,000. First American edition of Robert Frank’s influential masterpiece, a rare copy signed and dated on the title page, “Robert Frank, NYC Jan. 2007,” with introduction by Jack Kerouac, featuring 83 black-and-white full-page photogravures. Scarce in original dust jacket. “One of the great photographers of the last 50 years,” Robert Frank made several trips across America from 1955 to 1965, using his Leica to reveal “a starkly asymmetrical and lonely America,” and creating images that revolutionized photography with their “irreverence and a dark humor… their grainy, out-offocus effects, their tilting perspectives and over-the-shoulder half views” (New York Times). “From the more than 20,000 images that resulted, Frank eventually chose 83 of them and arranged them into four chapters… ‘With these photographs,’ he later wrote, ‘I have attempted to show a cross-section of the American population. My effort was to express it simply and without confusion. The view is personal…’ Such a simple intention for a book that would so alter the course of modern photography” (Roth, 150). Shortly after Frank’s return to New York, he became close friends with Jack Kerouac and the writer offered to introduce any collection of Frank’s photographs with a few words. With collage on rear dust jacket panel designed by Alfred Leslie. Copies signed by Frank are rarely seen. Open Book, 176. Images fresh and bright, light edge-wear to cloth of near-fine book; some chipping affecting first letters of spine head, some foxing, tape repair to verso of very good, price-clipped dust jacket. A signal work in 20th-century photography, with scarce dust jacket, quite rare signed.
“History Stalks The Landscape At Every Turn”: Deluxe Two-Volume Edition Of Friedlander’s American Monument, One Of Only 50 Copies, With 218 Halftones And Ten Original Gelatin Silver Prints, Each Signed And Numbered By Friedlander
112. FRIEDLANDER, Lee. The American Monument. New York, 1976. Two volumes. Volume I with 218 halftones printed on heavy cream stock; Volume II with ten original gelatin silver prints, each measuring 8 by 10 inches, matted with heavy white card stock measuring 11-1/2 by 14-1/2 inches and hinged with linen cloth, each print signed and numbered in black ink on the recto. Oblong quartos, original gilt-stamped brown morocco spines. WITH: Friedlander, Lee. Fourteen American Monuments. New York, 1977. Slim oblong folio, stapled as issued, original photographic self-wrappers; pp. 12. $85,000. Rare Deluxe limited first edition, number 39 of only 50 copies bound by Moroquain in two volumes, specially reserved for distribution by the photographer, with Volume I containing 218 halftones and Volume II featuring ten original gelatin silver prints—each photograph made, hand-numbered “XXXIX/L” and signed by Friedlander in black ink beneath the image, with laid-in original 12-page booklet entitled Fourteen American Monuments, featuring select black-and-white photogravures. “More than any other of his generation, Friedlander has shaped the face of contemporary photography” (New York Times). “Twelve years in the making, The American Monument is almost maniacally inclusive, rounding up everything from Plymouth Rock to a plaque commemorating the Pony Express in Salt Lake City and treating them all with the same deliberate nonchalance. The result is overwhelming, as it clearly was intended to be. History stalks the landscape at every turn” (Roth, 236). Poised at a key point in his career, Friedlander’s “American Monument is an encyclopedic lesson in how to put a picture together. It is also a lesson in how to put a photobook together… Friedlander’s editing is brilliant” (Parr & Badger II:38). American Monument was one of the first photobooks published by Eakins Press Foundation, “dedicated to the finest standards in publishing and design. In Friedlander’s book they found both a photographer and a subject worthy of their ambitions” (Parr & Badger II:28). Open Book 310. An exceptionally fine copy. Rare.
oliver wendell holmes jr.
Presentation/Association Copy Of The Common Law, Inscribed By Justice Holmes To His One-Time Secretary, The Chairman Of U.S. Steel From 1940 To 1952
113. HOLMES, Oliver Wendell Jr. The Common Law. Boston, 1909. Octavo, original rust cloth. $11,000. Later edition, presentation copy, of Holmes’ first work, called by Felix Frankfurter “the single most original contribution thus far to legal scholarship,” inscribed to Holmes’ Supreme Court secretary, Irving S. Olds, who went on to become the chairman of U.S. Steel: “Irving S. Olds from O.W. Holmes. Nov 7. 1911.” “To the legal historian, Justice Holmes was to be the leading prophet of the new era. Holmes was part of the generation that had sat at the feet of Darwin and Spencer... When Holmes asserted in his Common Law that ‘the law finds its philosophy (in) the nature of human needs,’ he was sounding the clarion of 20th-century jurisprudence... If the 19th century was one of Legal Darwinism, the 20th was, ultimately, to be that of Mr. Justice Holmes” (The Law in America, 190-91). See Grolier American 100 84. The recipient of this copy, Irving Sands Olds, worked as Oliver Wendell Holmes’ secretary at the Supreme Court for most of 1910. Olds went on to serve as counsel for J.P. Morgan and Company and special assistant to the Assistant Secretary of War during World War I. He became known as one of the country’s leading corporate lawyers and U.S. Steel made him a member of their board of directors in 1936. Olds assumed the chairmanship in 1940 and spent the next 12 years, including all of World War II, at the forefront of U.S. Steel’s mid-century boom, helping to create what was arguably the largest monopoly of the 20th century. Bookseller’s ticket. A few tiny bumps to boards, about-fine. A fresh, beautiful presentation copy, most rare inscribed.
Charles Lindbergh Signed Vintage Photograph And Air Service Contract
114. LINDBERGH, Charles A. Photograph and document signed. No place, circa April 1928 and July 23, 1926. Blackand-white photographic print, measuring 7 by 9 inches and original typed air mail contract, measuring 6-1/2 by 8 inches; handsomely matted and framed together, entire piece measures 13 by 22 inches. $8800. Vintage black-and-white photographic print of Charles Lindbergh posing with his famous airplane, The Spirit of St. Louis, boldly signed by him, handsomely framed with a July 1926 air mail service contract, also signed by him. “While flying mail between St. Louis and Chicago, Lindbergh persuaded St. Louis businessmen to finance the construction of an airplane to compete for a $25,000 prize Raymond Orteig had offered to the first person to fly nonstop from New York to Paris. The single-engine monoplane (soon named the Spirit of St. Louis) was powered by a Wright radial engine. On 20-21 May 1927, flying alone in his Spirit of St. Louis through clouds, icing, storms and sleepiness, Lindbergh traveled from New York to Paris in 33 hours and 30 minutes… Though not the first to fly across the ocean, Lindbergh was acclaimed as one of America’s great heroes… He was awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor, and accolades were showered upon him from all over the world. He used his fame to advance the cause of aviation. His Spirit of St. Louis now hangs in an honored place in the Smithsonian Institution Air and Space Museum” (ANB). A fine framed piece, twice signed.
Inscribed First Edition Of Mitchell’s Classic
115. MITCHELL, Margaret. Gone with the Wind. New York, 1936. Thick octavo, original gray cloth, dust jacket. $23,000. First edition, first printing, in first-issue dust jacket, inscribed by the author: “For W.N. Tergertsen, Margaret Mitchell.” “This is beyond doubt one of the most remarkable first novels produced by an American writer. It is also one of the best… It has been a long while since the American public has been offered such a bounteous feast of excellent story-telling” (New York Times Book Review, 1936). Said to be the fastest selling novel in the history of American publishing (50,000 copies in a single day), Gone with the Wind won Mitchell the Pulitzer Prize. First printing, with “Published May 1936” on the copyright page and no mention of other printings. First-issue dust jacket with Gone with the Wind listed in second column of booklist on back panel. Book with minor dampstaining to top edges of some leaves, price-clipped dust jacket with light rubbing to edges, minor soiling. An extremely good copy, rare and desirable inscribed and signed by Mitchell.
che ster w. nimit z
Fourteen-Piece Admiral Chester Nimitz Archive, Including His 4-Star Admiral’s Flag
116. (NIMITZ, Chester W.) Fourteen-piece Nimitz-related archive. No place, circa 1945. Contains the following items: Four-star admiral’s flag; china plate; bronze star medal; typed letter signed by Nimitz; three-page press release; ten photographs; certificate of service. $18,500. Original 14-piece archive of World War II materials related to four-star admiral Chester W. Nimitz and one of his staff, Colonel Frederic H. Nichols, including Nimitz’s own 4-star Admiral’s flag. After the attack on Pearl Harbor, Chester W. Nimitz was promoted to Admiral and named Commander-in-Chief, United States Pacific Fleet, charged with rebuilding the Navy and coordinating all Allied air, land and sea forces in the Pacific. Through the course of the war in the Pacific, Nimitz succeeded in fighting off a superior force and decisively halted the Japanese strategic initiative in the Central Pacific. His success at Guadalcanal put the United States in control of sea and air in the Southern Solomons; he also presided over the major victories at Okinawa and Iwo Jima. By act of Congress, December 14, 1944, the grade of Fleet Admiral, U.S. Navy was established, becoming the highest possible rank in the Navy, and Nimitz received that rank the following day. At the end of the war, it was Nimitz who signed the Japanese surrender documents for the United States on the Battleship Missouri on September 2, 1945. This archive follows the career of Frederick H. Nichols, General Staff Corps of the United States Army. Nichols served under Admiral Nimitz as well as Admirals Spruence and Towers. Nichols was under Nimitz’s command while assigned to the staff of the commander-inchief of the Pacific fleet and Pacific Ocean areas at Pearl Harbor. The archive includes: a 62 by 42-inch 4-star Admiral’s flag, white cotton on blue wool, likely flown outside Nimitz’s headquarters, presented by Nimitz to Nichols; a four-star Admiral’s china plate, given by Nimitz to Nichols, 7 inches in diameter, with 4-star Admiral’s flag; Bronze Star medal presented to Nichols by Nimitz, accompanied by a typed citation signed by Nimitz on his stationery; and ten photographs of Nichols at various times in his military career. An exceptional archive of World War II naval items with wonderful provenance.
“The Western World Has Been Freed Of Evil Forces”: Truman’s Proclamation At Nazi Germany’s Surrender, Boldly Signed By Him
117. TRUMAN, Harry. A Proclamation. Washington, D.C., May 8, 1945. Large, wide-margined official broadside, measuring 15 by 22 inches; handsomely framed, entire piece measures 19-1/2 by 25-1/2 inches. $25,000. Large elaborate signed three-color broadside of President Truman’s proclamation upon the Nazi surrender to the allied forces, praising the armed forces and designating a day of prayer to offer “joyful thanks to God for the victory we have won and to pray that He will… guide us into the ways of peace.” Handsomely set in Gothic type and boldly signed in ink “Harry Truman.” “On the day before Hitler’s suicide, all German troops in Italy laid down their arms. On May 4th, German forces in Holland, Denmark and northwest Germany surrendered to British Field Marshall Montgomery. On the 6th, Donitz authorized General Alfred Jodl to ‘conclude an armistice agreement’ with General Eisenhower. The Germans wanted a separate peace with the allied troops in the West in order to continue their battle with the Russians in the East. Eisenhower would have none of it. He ordered the Germans to surrender unconditionally the next day. The Germans acquiesced, signing the surrender document on May 7th… The cessation of fighting took effect at 11:01 P.M. on May 8th” (Georges Blond). In this triumphal proclamation President Truman gives special praise to the armed forces: “The Allied armies, through sacrifice and devotion and with God’s help, have wrung from Germany a final and unconditional surrender. The western world has been freed of the evil forces which for five years and longer have imprisoned the bodies and broken the lives of millions upon millions of free-born men. They have violated their churches, destroyed their homes, corrupted their children, and murdered their loved ones. Our Armies of Liberation have restored freedom to these suffering peoples, whose spirit and will the oppressors could never enslave.” Truman read this proclamation at a news conference held in his office at the White House on Tuesday, May 8, 1945. Before reading, he remarked: “This is a solemn but glorious hour. General Eisenhower informs me that the forces of Germany have surrendered to the United Nations. The flags of freedom fly all over Europe.” Set handsomely in two columns of Gothic type, with large gilt initial letter and red and blue paragraph letters, this elegant broadside commemorates one of history’s greatest military victories. Framed without lozenge bearing the seal. Fine condition.
dwight d. eisenhower
“Dark Shadows Of War Crowd The Remembered Past”: Two Rough First Drafts Of Eisenhower’s First Inaugural Address, One Heavily Edited By The President-Elect In His Hand
118. (EISENHOWER, Dwight D.) HUGHES, Emmet J., speechwriter. Typescript “rough draft” of Eisenhower’s first inaugural address. WITH: Two carbon-copies, one heavily edited in manuscript by Eisenhower. WITH: Typed note. Washington, 1953. Ten stapled sheets of stationery-size newsprint; two stapled carbon copies, each consisting of 12 sheets of stationery-size onionskin; single small sheet of White House notepaper. Four items altogether. $20,000. Original “rough draft” in typescript by presidential aide and speechwriter Emmet Hughes (with his early pencil changes), together with two typescripts containing Hughes’ corrections, one of which is heavily edited in pencil by Eisenhower himself. Accompanied by a typed note by Hughes identifying the sequence of drafts. Emmet Hughes was an administrative assistant and speechwriter for Dwight D. Eisenhower in the presidential campaigns of 1952 and 1956 and during the first year of Eisenhower’s presidency. He wrote the “I shall go to Korea” speech, which is credited with sealing Eisenhower’s victory in 1952, and he drafted Eisenhower’s first inaugural address, foreshadowing the tension of the Cold War. Later, Eisenhower would sign the Communist Control Act, in response to the growing anticommunist hysteria in the United States (but would distance himself from the concurrent McCarthy hearings). In this rough first draft of his inaugural address, Eisenhower includes among his “principles for Peace,” an unveiled allusion to the spread of Communism: “Believing firmly that common sense and common decency both decree the same, we shall never be tempted into placating aggression by acquiescing in another people’s slavery, nor by compromising our own integrity to win a false security. For we know, in the final choice, that a soldier’s pack is not so heavy a burden as a prisoner’s chains.” In Eisenhower’s final speech this paragraph would become: “Realizing that common sense and common decency alike dictate the futility of appeasement, we shall never try to placate an aggressor by the false and wicked bargain of trading honor for security. Americans, indeed all free men, remember that in the final choice a soldier’s pack is not so heavy a burden as a prisoner’s chains.” These important initial drafts show how a seasoned military man approached the delicate situation of Communist aggression abroad and anticommunist sentiment at home. Eisenhower made the changes on his copy of the first draft while on board the U.S.S. Helena, “the afternoon of its departure from Wake Island.” From the collection of Emmett Hughes. Newsprint uniformly embrowned, light toning to margins of carbon copies, White House note fine. A historically significant collection of presidential primary source materials.
j o h n f. k e n n e d y
“Our Task Is To Re-Build Our Strength, And The Strength Of The Free World”: Important 13-Page John F. Kennedy Working Draft Of A Major Speech Concerning The Collapse Of U.S.-Soviet Relations Following The U-2 Incident, With Numerous Annotations Handwritten By Him
119. KENNEDY, John F. Typed photostat speech draft, annotated by hand. Washington, DC: June 14, 1960. Thirteen pages, 8-1/2 by 11 inches, text on rectos only. $18,000. Unique 13-page typed speech draft (his working, hand-annotated photostatic copy), with 28 annotations handwritten by Kennedy, in red ink, blue ink, and pencil. A most important foreign policy speech, delivered to the U.S. Senate on June 14, 1960, while Kennedy was campaigning for President, concerning the collapse of U.S.-Soviet relations in the wake of the U-2 incident, the subsequent collapse of the Summit Conference, and Kennedy’s plans to improve the situation. In January 1960, Kennedy announced that he would seek the Democratic presidential nomination and began campaigning. On May 1, 1960, an American U-2 spy plane was shot down over the Soviet Union, and its pilot, Francis Gary Powers, captured. The diplomatic storm that resulted from this incident caused the long-planned Summit Conference in Paris, a meeting of the leaders of the US, USSR, UK and France, to be abruptly terminated almost immediately after it began on May 16, 1960. “Mr. Khrushchev’s intransigence and display of temper” to which Kennedy alludes early in his speech, refers to the fiery address by the Soviet premier at the opening of the conference. Khrushchev attempted to seize the moral high ground by emphasizing the US violation of the USSR’s airspace, and demanded that unless President Eisenhower pledge to halt all such spying missions, confess to wrongdoing for having engaged in such practices, and punish the people who had organized the U-2 spying program, the Soviets would walk out of the conference. Because the US could not agree to these terms, the conference ended. Kennedy outlines a 14-point foreign policy agenda, emphasizing the importance of increasing US military strength, devising an effective means of arms control, strengthening our NATO allies, and improving our ties of friendship with other nations. Kennedy positions himself as a dynamic politician with long-term plans for U.S. policy. Examples of Kennedy’s hand-written annotations include his comment regarding a statement describing Khrushchev’s “intransigence” and American unpreparedness for the summit, in which he notes “Too tough? We didn’t say so.” He comments on the degeneration of issues in the 1960 campaign: “Soft on Capitalism. Good.” Of the lack of a grand organizational defense plan, he writes in the margin: “We were armed better 10 years ago.” Other notations include a sarcastic comment about people who are too naïve in their approach to Khrushchev, and comments pertaining to his tone, such as “respect,” or “careful.” A unique and important document, wonderfully demonstrating Kennedy’s creative process. Fine condition.
j o h n f. k e n n e d y a n d j a c q u e l i n e k e n n e d y
Signed By John F. Kennedy And Jacqueline Kennedy
120. (KENNEDY, John F. and Jacqueline) WOLFF, Perry. A Tour of the White House with Mrs. John F. Kennedy. Garden City, New York, 1962. Quarto, original blue cloth, dust jacket, custom half morocco clamshell box. $13,500. First edition, presentation copy, signed by John and Jacqueline Kennedy, and further dated by JFK in the year of publication (“December 1962”). With presentation inscription by the author: “31 Aug. 1962. To Faye—With warmest regards from a secret admirer. Skee Wolff.” As First Lady, Jacqueline Kennedy was wildly popular for her fashion and decorating sense. She undertook the task of having the White House restored and redecorated and bestowed with the stature it deserved as an architectural work. Her endeavors, and their results, were preserved for posterity by a documentary film crew led by Perry “Skee” Wolff. “On the night of 14 February 1962 three out of four television viewers tuned to CBS or NBC to watch a A Tour of the White House with Mrs. John F. Kennedy. Four nights later, ABC rebroadcast the program to a sizable national audience before it then moved on to syndication in more than 50 countries around the globe. In all, it was estimated that hundreds of millions of people saw the program, making it the most widely viewed documentary during the genre’s so called golden age” (Museum of Broadcast Communications). The glamour and majesty demonstrated in projects such as these were important in the later description of the Kennedy White House years as “Camelot.” This text was created to expand upon the broadcast, and is richly illustrated with black & white and color photographs of the White House and its occupants through the years. This extraordinary copy has been signed by both John and Jackie Kennedy, as well as having a presentation inscription by Perry Wolff above their signatures. Book about-fine with light tape residue to front pastedown. Dust jacket extremely good and bright with light edge-wear, tape repair to recto. Signature bold and fine. A near-fine copy, wonderfully signed by both John and Jackie Kennedy. Rare.
j o h n f. k e n n e d y
Warmly Inscribed By John F. Kennedy
121. KENNEDY, John F. Profiles in Courage. New York, 1956. Octavo, original black and blue cloth, dust jacket. $11,000. Early printing of Kennedy’s best-known book, warmly inscribed by him: “To Bill Kerrigan with very warmest regards. John Kennedy. March 17th 1957. Philadelphia.” “A series of sketches of American politicians who risked their careers in the cause of principle... ‘A man does what he must,’ Kennedy wrote, ‘—in spite of personal consequences, in spite of obstacles and dangers and pressures—and that is the basis of all human morality’... the book was popular history of high order, and it received the Pulitzer Prize for biography in 1957” (DAB). This early printing is from within one year of the first printing. Book fine. Dust jacket with light edge-wear to spine and folds, extremely good.
Photograph Boldly Inscribed And Signed By John F. Kennedy
122. KENNEDY, John F. Black-and-white photograph inscribed. Boston, 1959. Photograph measures 5 by 6-1/2 inches, matted, entire piece measures 9 by 11 inches. $4800. Black-and-white photograph of Kennedy, boldly inscribed and signed by Kennedy in black ink across the matte: “To Ilona Dawson. With best wishes. John Kennedy.” This portrait of Kennedy is by noted Boston photographer Fabian Bachrach. It was taken in 1959 and used as his official presidential portrait. Ilona Massey Dawson was an actress who who was married to Harry Truman’s administrative assistant, Donald Dawson. Fine condition.
j o h n f. k e n n e d y
“President Kennedy Was Shot Today”: Historic Breaking News Of The Kennedy Assassination On Original 15 Rolled AP, UPI And Dow Jones Teletype Sheets
123. (KENNEDY ASSASSINATION) Original Associated Press, United Press International and Dow Jones teletype reports of the Kennedy assassination. Dallas, November 22, 1963. Three items. Original typescript in blue ink on recto. One document with 15 rolled teletype sheets measuring 6 inches wide, with varying lengths from 3-33 inches, staple bound; two loose teletype rolled sheets each measuring 6 by 18 inches. $16,500. Original Associated Press, United Press International and Dow Jones teletype bulletins with breaking news of the Kennedy assassination, beginning with coverage of Kennedy’s speeches in Fort Worth and Dallas, Texas, followed by the headline, “President Kennedy shot” as news reached the wire only minutes after AP Photographer James W. Altgens “said he heard two shots” followed by a report of the First Lady reaching for the President and crying “Oh no,” as “pandemonium broke loose around the scene.” Subsequent items record the shooting of Governor Connally, confirmation of the President’s death, witness accounts of a gun emerging from “an upper story of a warehouse” and reports of “three rifle shots,” the FBI search for a suspected gunman and the arrest of Lee Harvey Oswald, the swearing-in of Lyndon B. Johnson as the nation’s 36th President, and early plans for President Kennedy’s funeral. With 17 teletype sheets of varying lengths: 15 consecutively ordered and staple bound, and two additional teletype sheets with ongoing news of the search Oswald and the closing of the Stock Exchange. Additionally included are the Dow Jones teletypes reflecting the effects of the news on the Stock Exchange. This extraordinary collection of original teletype bulletins records the terrible events of November 22, 1963 as breaking news collected by the Associated Press, Dow Jones and United Press International news services report the shattering events surrounding the assassination of John F. Kennedy. Of the 17 sheets of bulletins, 15 are in consecutive order and staple bound; these are accompanied by two additional rolled sheets. Only light edge-wear to rolled sheets. A near-fine, rare and chilling record of the earliest accounts by witnesses and reporters of the Kennedy assassination.
martin luther king jr.
“For Your Untiring Efforts To Make The Brotherhood Of Man A Reality—Martin”: Warmly Inscribed By Martin Luther King To The President Of The NAACP
124. KING, Martin Luther, Jr. Strength to Love. New York, 1963. Octavo, original half black cloth, dust jacket, custom half morocco clamshell box. $16,500. First edition, inscribed: “To my Friends Emily and Kivie Kaplan. In appreciation for your untiring efforts to make the brotherhood of man a reality. Martin.” Strength to Love was Dr. King’s first volume of sermons, published the same year in which he penned his “Letter from a Birmingham Jail,” joined the historic March on Washington and delivered his famous “I have a dream” speech. The following year he won the Nobel Peace Prize. King notes in the preface: “In these turbulent days of uncertainty the evils of war and of economic and racial injustice threaten the very survival of the human race. Indeed, we live in a day of grave crisis. The sermons in this volume have the present crisis as their background; and they have been selected for this volume because, in one way or another, they deal with the personal and collective problems that the crisis presents.” Philanthropist and civil rights activist Kivie Kaplan was the president of the NAACP from 1966 until his death in 1975. Kaplan worked with King, and repeatedly tried to get him to serve as an officer or board member of the NAACP. Kaplan is mentioned many times in King’s correspondence. Kaplan also helped to fund the Religious Action Center of Reform Judaism in Washington. Book fine. Dust jacket about-fine with only light edge-wear and small tape repair to rear panel. An excellent copy with a wonderful association.
“I Propose Further Restrictions On Saturday Night Specials”: Original Typescript Of Ford’s News Briefing On Crime Prevention, June 19, 1975, With Substantive Additions And Corrections In His Hand
125. FORD, Gerald R. Remarks for Crime Message Briefing. Washington, 1975. Original typescript, consisting of a cover sheet and six one-sided pages. $7800. Original typewritten final version of President Ford’s opening statement for his press conference regarding the Special Message to Congress on Crime, with substantive autograph emendations incorporated into the text. Copy belonging to speechwriter Paul A. Theis. Gerald Ford served as President during one of the most volatile periods of American history. He was faced with the aftermath of the Watergate scandal and the military withdrawal from Vietnam. On top of that, the nation was experiencing run-away inflation, 7.5% unemployment, a crisis in energy, and an increased rate in crime. On June 19, 1975, Ford held a press conference to announce his proposal to Congress of a “program for curbing crime and ensuring domestic tranquility.” This final version of his remarks contains substantive autograph changes by the President, especially regarding the legal rights of victims: “For too long the law has centered its attention more on the rights of the criminal than on the victim of the crime. It is high time we reversed this trend and put the highest priority on the victims and potential victims of crime.” On the question of gun control, Ford positions himself as “unalterably opposed to federal registration of guns or gun owners. I do propose that the Congress enact legislation to deal with handguns for criminal purposes. I also propose further federal restrictions on so-called Saturday night specials.” The former owner of this original typescript, speechwriter Paul Theis, came to the White House from the Republican National Congressional Committee, where he directed public relations activities. He served as Executive Editor in the White House Editorial Office from 1974 to 1976, which included heading up the White House speechwriting unit. Theis oversaw the production of about 12 major speeches per month for Ford. A bit of paper-clip rust on a few sheets. A historic presidential document in near-fine condition.
Deluxe Signed Limited Edition Of President Reagan’s Autobiography, In Original Oak Presentation Chest, With Six Audio Tapes Of His Speeches
126. REAGAN, Ronald. An American Life. New York, 1990. Octavo, original full blue morocco gilt, oak presentation case with mounted presidential seal, packing material. WITH: Six cassette tapes of Reagan’s addresses and speeches (Speaking My Mind). $6800. Signed limited first edition of President Reagan’s autobiography, one of 2000 copies signed by Reagan for Easton Press subscribers on a tipped-in limitation page, bound in elaborately gilt-decorated morocco and presented in a handsome publisher’s wooden chest, with drawer containing audio recordings of the speeches from Reagan’s 1989 book, Speaking My Mind. A distinctive production. A fine commemoration of one of the 20th century’s most remarkable and influential American presidents.
Boldly Inscribed By George Gershwin For Broadway Conductor Joseph Littau: The Piano Concerto In F, First Edition
127. GERSHWIN, George. Concerto (in F) Composed for Piano and Orchestra, transcribed for two pianos (four hands). New York, 1927. Folio, sheets disbound, original gray paper wrappers, custom cloth chemise and slipcase. $22,000. First edition, inscribed by Gershwin to Broadway conductor Joseph Littau: “To Joseph Littau – With keen admiration for his fine conducting, sincerely, George Gershwin, May 5, 1930.” After the premiere of Rhapsody in Blue, conductor Walter Damrosch commissioned Gershwin to create a “proper” piano concerto for performance by the New York Symphony Orchestra. Like Rhapsody, the Concerto in F is “a combination of a Romantic-style concerto, Dixieland rhythms, and the melancholy of both the blues and Yiddisher popular music” (Staines, 152). Gershwin wrote of it: “The first movement employs the Charleston rhythm. It is quick and pulsating, representing the young and enthusiastic spirit of American life… The second movement has a poetic, nocturnal atmosphere… The final movement… is an orgy of rhythms, starting violently and keeping to the same pace throughout.” The piece debuted at Carnegie Hall on December 3, 1925, with Gershwin himself as soloist. Carnovale W2. This copy is inscribed by Gershwin for Joseph Littau, conductor and musical director of several notable Broadway productions, including the original productions of Carousel and Carmen Jones. Pencil gift inscription to Littau from “Les Burnett,” dated May 1930, on front wrapper. Burnett may very well be Leslie Burnett, who starred in two Broadway productions with music by Gershwin, Morris Gest’s “Midnight Whirl” and The Broadway Whirl. Paper wrapper with restoration to spine and extreme edges of title page and last page. Leaves are laid loosely into original wrapper. Near-fine condition.
Signed By Irving Berlin
128. BERLIN, Irving. Document signed (sheet music wrapper for “God Bless America”). New York, 1939. Front wrapper measures 9 by 12 inches; handsomely matted and framed, entire piece measuring 12-1/2 by 15-1/2 inches. $5500. First edition of the sheet music of Berlin’s patriotic anthem, handsomely matted and framed, signed by the composer. “Perhaps the most versatile and successful American popular songwriter of the 20th century” (New Grove 2:578), immigrant Berlin “was an outspoken patriot… [and] wrote many songs supporting the United States and its institutions… All profits from ‘God Bless America,’ written in 1918… [but] not published until 1938, went to the Boy Scouts and Girl Scouts of America” (ANB). Many consider the song today, like “America the Beautiful,” to be one of the country’s few “unofficial national anthems.” First issue, with notice of Kate Smith performance and three keys on front wrapper, printed in pink, purple and white. Fuld, 248. A fine signed piece, handsomely framed.
ADAMS, Ansel 78 ADAMS, John 14, 50 AGEE, James 125 AMERICAN REVOLUTION 33, 35 AUDUBON, John James 10, 84 B A FREMONT, J.C. 72 FRIEDLANDER, Lee 128 G GASS, Patrick 66 GERSHWIN, George. 142 GORDON, Thomas 41 GRANT, Ulysses S. 111 GUTHRIE, Woody 126 H
MONARDES, Nicolás 60 MUIR, John 96 N NICOLAY, John 22 NIMITZ, Chester 132 P PAINE, Thomas 2 PENNSYLVANIA 30 PETERKIN, Julia 124 PIKE, Zebulon 67 POE, Edgar Allan 97 POWNALL, Thomas 32 PREUSS, Charles 72, 73 R REAGAN, Ronald. 141 RESIDENCY ACT 20 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ACTS 12 S SHERMAN, William T. 121 SMITH, John Calvin 82 STATE CONSTITUTIONS 51 STORY, Joseph 54 STOWE, Harriet Beecher 98 T TANNER, Henry S. 83 THOREAU, Henry David 100, 101 TRENCHARD, John 41 TRIGGS, J.H. 75 TRUMAN, Harry 133 TWAIN, Mark 16, 99 U ULMANN, Doris 124 U.S. ARMY AND NAVY 122 U.S. CONGRESS 37, 52, 55, 56, 57, 58 U.S. Constitution 5 U.S. FLAG 80 W WALTON, William 122 WARREN, Mercy 43 WASHINGTON, George 44, 45, 47, 48, 49 WATERHOUSE, Benjamin 89 WEBSTER, Noah 90 WHITMAN, Walt 102 WILKES, Charles 70 WOLFF, Perry 136
BACHMAN, John 84 BEAUMONT, William 88 BEAUREGARD, P.G.T. 109 BERLIN, Irving 143 BILL OF RIGHTS 15 BLOME, Richard 61 BOSTON MASSACRE 42 BRADFORD, Thomas Gamaliel 81 BRADY, Mathew 9 BURGOYNE, John 36 C
CARRIAGE ACT 56 CLARK, Louis 11 COLTON, Joseph Hutchins 82 CONSTITUTION 5 COOK, James 64 COOPER, James Fenimore 92 COOPER, John 35 COWLES, Calvin 110 CURTIS, Edward 18, 77 CUSTER, George 68 D
HAKLUYT, Richard 17 HALL, James 87 HAMILTON, Alexander 3, 53 HARRIS, William 85 HAWTHORNE, Nathaniel 94 HAY, John 22 HEBREW BIBLE 91 HENNEPIN, Louis 62 HOLMES, Oliver Wendell Jr. 129 J
JACKSON, Andrew 103 JAY, John 3 JEFFERSON, Thomas 19, 20–21, 105, 106, 107 K
DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE 39, 40 DOUGLAS, Stephen 108 DOUGLASS, William 26 DUTTON, Clarence 76 E
KENDALL, George Wilkins 69 KENNEDY, Jacqueline 136 KENNEDY, John F. 135, 136, 137, 138 KING, Martin Luther 139 L
EISENHOWER, Dwight D. 134 EMERSON, Ralph Waldo 93 EMORY, William 74 EVANS, Walker 125 EVERETT, Edward 8 F
LEE, Robert E. 9, 112 LEWIS, Meriwether 11 LINCOLN, Abraham 7, 8, 22, 108, 113, 114–115, 117, 118, 119 LINDBERGH, Charles A. 130 LONGSTREET, James 120 LOVELL, James 42 M
FLAG ACT 57 FORD, Gerald R. 140 FOREIGN SERVICE ACT 58 FRANKLIN, Benjamin 27, 29, 30, 31 FRANK, Robert 127
MACKENZIE, Alexander 63 MADISON, James 3, 53 MARSHALL, John 44 MCKENNEY, Thomas 87 MELVILLE, Herman 95 MICHAUX, F. Andre 86 MITCHELL, Margaret 131 MITCHELL, Samuel Augustus 71
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