Are you sure?
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
1: Fluid Flow Syllabus – Tentative
Fall Semester 2009
Required Text
Fluid Mechanics Fundamentals and Applications, Yunus A. Cengel and John M. Cimbala, Second Edition,
McGrawHill Publishing Company.
Suggested Reference
Schaum's Outline Series: Mathematical Handbook of Formulas and Tables by Murray R. Spiegel. McGrawHill, Inc.
Date Period
Topic Objective Reading
Assignment
08/24
1
Introduction – What is a fluid?
• State the definition of a fluid
• State the continuum hypothesis
• Distinguish between the Lagrangian and Eulerian descriptions of
fluid motion
11 11 17, 110
p. 132
08/26 2
Stress Fields • Sketch a twodimensional stress element, labeling the stresses
• State the sign convention for stresses
• Show that
yx xy
t t = and by extension that
zx xz
t t = and
zy yz
t t =
08/28 3
Fluid Properties • Distinguish between Newtonian and nonNewtonian fluids
• Show that rate of deformation can be related to the velocity
gradient:
dy
du
dt
d
=
o
• State the relation between the shear stress and the velocity
gradient for a Newtonian fluid
• Define a Newtonian fluid:
dy
du
yx
µ t = at a wall or for a one
dimensional flow
26
2
08/31 4
Fluid Statics – Pressure and Its
Gradient
• Show that the pressure does not vary with direction at a point
• Show that for a fluid at rest, g p
µ = V . In Cartesian coordinates
with k g g
ˆ
÷ =
, 0 = =
y
p
x
p
c
c
c
c
, g
dz
dp
µ ÷ =
31
09/02 5
Equilibrium Concepts • Sketch forces acting on a fluid element
• State the types of forces that can act on a control volume (and
describe these forces)
09/04 6
Application – Manometry 32
09/07
LABOR DAY
09/09 7
Application – Hydrostatic Force on
Submerged Surfaces
Show that for a submerged object, F = p
cg
A, where
cg a cg
h p p ¸ + = , and that the location of the center of pressure is
at
A p
I
x
cg
xy
cp
u ¸ sin
÷ = and
A p
I
y
cg
xx
cp
u ¸ sin
÷ = ,
where
}
=
A
xy
dA xy I
and
}
=
A
xx
dA y I
2
34 36
09/11 8
Application – Rigid Body Motion Show that for rigidbody motion, ( ) p a g V = ÷
µ
37
09/14 9
The Basic Equations – Integral Form
The Reynolds Transport Theorem
• State the Reynolds Transport Theorem and its significance
• Beginning with a streamtube, show that
( ) ( )
in out
cv
cm
AV AV V d
dt
d
dt
dB
µ µ µ ÷ + =
}
,
where
B
is any extensive fluid property and
dm
dB
= 
Note: state the significance of a streamtube
46
09/16 10
Conservation of Mass State conservation of mass in integral form
(symbolically, with a discussion of each term)
51, 52
09/18 11
Problem Solving Session
09/21 12
Conservation of Momentum
State conservation of momentum in integral form (symbolically, with
a discussion of each term)
61 64
09/23 13
Problem Solving Session
64
09/25 14
Problem Solving Session
09/28
NO CLASS
3
09/30 15
The Energy Equation
EXAM #1 – Evening
State conservation of energy in integral form (symbolically, with a
discussion of each term)
53, 55, 56
10/02 16
Problem Solving Session
10/05 17
A first Look at the Bernoulli Equation State the Bernoulli equation along with the appropriate assumptions 54
10/07 18
The Basic Equations –
Differential Form Conservation of Mass
• State conservation of mass in differential form (symbolically, with
a discussion of each term)
• Show that 0 = + + +
z
w
y
v
x
u
t c
cµ
c
cµ
c
cµ
c
cµ
, beginning with an
infinitesimal control volume where k w j v i u v
ˆ ˆ ˆ
+ + =
91, 92
10/09 19
Problem Solving Session
10/12 20
The Material Derivative
• Define the material derivative, i.e.,
z
w
y
v
x
u
t Dt
D
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
+ + + =
• Define the acceleration following a fluid particle, i.e.,
z
v
w
y
v
v
x
v
u
t
v
Dt
v D
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
+ + + =
• Define the vorticity, i.e., v
× V = e
pp. 132 – 138
pp. 154 – 157
10/14 21
Conservation of Momentum
• State conservation of momentum in integral form (symbolically,
with a discussion of each term)
• Show that
z y x
g
Dt
Du
zx
yx
xx
x
c
ct
c
ct
c
ct
µ µ + + + = , beginning with
Newton's second law of motion. In other words, motivate one
component of conservation of momentum for a differential element. If
given the constitutive equations, develop the NavierStokes equations
from conservation of momentum.
94 96
10/16 22
Problem Solving Session
10/19 23
The Stream Function and Streamlines
Define the stream function, i.e.,
y
u
c
c¢
= ,
x
v
c
c¢
÷ =
93
10/21 24
The Bernoulli Equations (Derivation)
and their relation to the streamlines
• Distinguish between rotational and irrotational flows
• Show that C z
g
v p
= + +
2
2
¸
along a stream line, beginning with the
NavierStokes equations for an incompressible flow with constant
viscosity – for either rotational or irrotational flow. (Note: C is a
constant)
pp. 502510
4
10/23 25
Problem Solving Session
10/26 26
Dimensional Analysis –
The Buckingham Pi Theorem
• Solve problems using the Buckingham H theorem to determine the
dimensionless parameters and dynamic similarity
• State the drag coefficient
Chapter 7
10/28 27
Problem Solving Session
10/30 28
Flow Similarity Example: Pump
Scaling Laws
• Develop and define the specific speed and the specific diameter
• Select a pump using the pump curves
142
(pp. 764774)
143
11/02 29
Problem Solving Session
11/04 30
Problem Solving Session
Exam #2 – Evening
11/06 31
Applications
Internal Flow  Duct Flow
Laminar Flow through Infinite Parallel
Plates and Circular Pipes
• State the hallmark of a fullydeveloped flows: the velocity does
not vary in the direction of flow (if the flow is both steady and
fully developed, then the acceleration is zero)
• Define the entrance length
81 84
11/09 32
Turbulent Flow in Pipes and Ducts
• Characterize turbulent flow
• Distinguish between laminar and turbulent flows
85
11/11 33
Energy Considerations
f o v s
h h h h z
g
V p
z
g
V p
+ + + + + + = + +
2
2
2
2
2
1
2
1
1
1
2 2
o
¸
o
¸
from
conservation of energy, where
g
m Q u u
h
f
/ ˆ ˆ
1 2
÷ ÷
= – state the
necessary assumptions that lead to this relation
Review 56
5
11/13 34
Calculation of Head Loss – The Moody
Chart
• State the DarcyWeisbach Equation
• Show that
g
V
D
L
f h
f
2
2
= , where
8 /
2
V
f
w
µ
t
÷ and V is the average
velocity
• State the kinetic energy coefficient for an incompressible flow:
dA
V
u
A
A
}
=
3
3
1
o
• Show that 2 = o for a laminar flow and that 1 ~ o for a turbulent flow
• Show that
D
f Re / 64 = for a laminar pipe flow
• Solve problems using the Moody chart (or empirical relation) that
relates the friction factor to the Reynolds number and the relative
roughness, ( ) c , Re
D
f f = , and
g
V
D
L
f h
f
2
2
= together with the
energy equation
pp. 345 – 351
discussion in
margin, p. 219
11/16 35
Minor Losses/Multiple Pipe Systems 86
11/18 36
Problem Solving Session
11/20 37
External Flow Potential Flow Theory • State the hallmarks of a potential flow – potential flow: the
vorticity is zero, viscous effects are insignificant in the Navier
Stokes equations, the noslip condition cannot be satisfied at a
solid surface (Note: viscosity is not zero)
• State the significance of potential flow theory
101, 105
Thanksgiving Break
11/30 38
Boundary Layer Theory – The
Boundary Layer Concept
• Distinguish between potential/inviscid flows and boundarylayer
flows – the pressure does not vary through the thickness of the
BL, viscous effects cannot be neglected
• State the hallmarks of boundarylayer flows
• State the von Kármán integral equation:
( )
( )
dy u U u
dx
d
x
w
}
÷ =
·
o
µ t
0
106
6
• Show that
( )
( )
dy u U u
dx
d
x
w
}
÷ =
·
o
µ t
0
– the von Kármán integral
equation
• Define the displacement thickness and provide a physical
explanation:
( )
dy
U
u
x
} 

.

\

÷ =
·
o
o
0
*
1
• Define the momentum thickness and provide a physical explanation:
( )
dy
U
u
U
u
x
} 

.

\

÷ =
· ·
o
u
0
1
12/02 39
Drag Calculations – Skin Friction
and Pressure Drag
• Use the von Kármán integral equation – to determine the
wall shear stress and the boundary layer thickness
• Distinguish between skin friction and pressure drag
• Solve problems using the drag coefficient tables and charts
106, 112 117
12/04 40
Problem Solving Session
12/07 41
Speed of Sound and the Mach
Number
• Derive the speed of sound
• Define the Mach number
• Distinguish between the flow regimes
121
12/09 42
Isentropic Flow • Define stagnation properties
• Derive the isentropic flow equations
• Sketch the static and stagnation properties versus the Mach
Number
122 & 123
12/11 43
Normal Shocks State under what conditions shock waves develop 124
SelfReview
• Distinguish between the three methods of analysis (integral, differential, experimental/dimensional analysis) and indicate
when each method is appropriate to use
• Solve problems using
a) integral equations for conservation of mass, momentum, and energy
b) continuity and the NavierStokes equations
c) summation of forces on an infinitesimal element for fullydeveloped flows
ME 320.1: Fluid Flow
Course Policy
Fall Semester 2009
135 Reber Building
12:20 – 1:10 PM
Required Text: Fluid Mechanics Fundamentals and Applications by Yunus A. Cengel and John M.
Cimbala, Second Edition, McGrawHill Publishing Company.
Suggested Reference: Mathematical Handbook of Formulas and Tables by M.R. Spiegel,
Schaum's Outline Series, McGrawHill, Inc.
Prerequisite: E MCH 012; MATH 251; ME 201 or ME 300; MATH 230 or MATH 231.
Instructor: G. Talmage, Professor of Mechanical Engineering
306 Reber Building (ME Building)
8633204
Office Hours: 1:30 – 3:00 PM MWF
Course Description: This course serves as an introduction to fluid mechanics and, therefore, begins
by asking the question what constitutes a fluid? The first part of the course considers the concept of
a continuum, velocity and acceleration fields, and "secondary properties." In the second part of the
course, the conservation equations, in both integral and differential form, are either motivated or
derived. The remainder of the course will treat solutions of the conservation equations, both exact
and approximate. The approximate solutions include irrotational (potential) flow and highReynolds
number (boundarylayer) flow.
Course Objectives and Course Learning Outcomes may be found at the following website:
http://www.mne.psu.edu/Current/UGrad/Curriculum/Section2ME320.html
Grading Policy:
Final Grade Construction
Homework 10 % Due Friday at beginning of class
Exam 1 30 % Wednesday, September 30 – Evening
Exam 2 30 % Wednesday, November 4 – Evening
Final Exam 30 % To be announced by the University – check eLion
Note that the dates of Exams 1 and 2 are tentative. The instructor reserves the right to hold the
examinations in class.
Typical Letter Grade Construction
A 90
B 80
C 70
D 60
F < 60
Evaluation
Homework: Every Friday (except for exam weeks) a homework set will be due at the beginning
of class. Homework sets will contain one or more problems representative of the material
covered in the previous lectures. It is expected that you solve the homework problems on your
own. Copying problem solutions will lead to disciplinary action, and no credit will be given. A
solution to the problems will be provided in the Engineering Library after the due date. No late
homework will be accepted. Included in the homework sets will be articles from The New York
Times that you will read and critique.
Exams: Two evening examinations and a comprehensive final examination will be given. The
exams are closed book, closed notes.
Absence from an Exam: Makeup exams will be given only under extremely unusual
circumstances. A written request for a makeup exam must be presented one week prior to
the exam. It is possible that the makeup exam will be oral. In addition, you must apply to the
Registrar for a conflict final exam.
Grade Appeal: You may appeal the grade by discussing the points with the course instructor
within one week after the exam has been returned to the class. After one week, no appeals
will be accepted.
Cheating on Exams: Students caught cheating will be dealt with according to University Policy.
Class Attendance: It is expected that you attend all classes. Arriving late three times, three
unauthorized absences, or any combination thereof may result in an automatic 10% grade
reduction.
Classroom Policy:
(1) Cell phones must be turnedoff.
(2) No text messaging during class.
Late Drop – deadline November 13. As a reminder, you may drop a course (late drop) up until the
late drop deadline. However, a WP (passing), WF (failing), WN (no grade) symbol will be
entered on your academic record. Whether you obtain a WP, WF, or WN will depend on
your performance. Usually, a 70% average on the homework and the Exams is sufficient to
obtain a WP.
Problem Solving Procedure
One objective of ME 320 is to continue to develop your engineering problem solving skills, which were
introduced in ME 300. As in ME 300, problemsolving skills will be mastered through homework.
There is a preferred approach to problem solving. It is characterized by a systemic format consisting
of the following steps:
1) KNOWN: After carefully reading the problem, state briefly and concisely what is known about the
problem. Do not repeat the problem statement.
2) FIND: State briefly and concisely what is to be found.
3) SCHEMATIC: Draw a schematic of the physical system. If application of the conservation laws is
anticipated, represent the required control surface by dashed lines on the schematic.
4) ASSUMPTIONS: List all pertinent simplifying assumptions.
5) PROPERTIES: Use a table format to compile property values needed for subsequent calculations.
Identify the source from which they were obtained.
6) ANALYSIS: Begin your analysis by applying appropriate conservation laws. Develop the analysis as
completely as possible before substituting numerical values. Perform the calculation needed to
obtain the desired results. Clearly identify your final results.
7) COMMENTS: Discuss your results. Such discussion should include a summary of key conclusions,
an inference of trends, and a critique of the original assumptions.
Additional Rules:
• Perform all work on one side of the "Engineer's Computation Pad" paper. Do not write on the back of
the page. Place your name, the date, the assignment number, and the page number in the righthand
corner of each page.
• Use one (1) staple in the upper lefthand corner.
• Exercise care when treating units. Answers without appropriate units are meaningless.
• Be neat. If your work is sloppy, it will not be graded.
• Final answers clearly identified and given to three significant digits.
From Fundamentals of Heat and Mass Transfer by Frank P. Incropera and David P. DeWitt. Published
by John Wiley and Sons: New York, 1990, pp. 2223.
If your homework does not follow the “Problem Solving Format” or any of the
“Additional Rules”, then it will not be graded.
and that the location of the center of pressure is x cp I xy sin pcg A and at y cp I xx sin . x y dz 31 09/02 5 Equilibrium Concepts • Sketch forces acting on a fluid element • State the types of forces that can act on a control volume (and describe these forces) 32 09/04 09/07 09/09 6 Application – Manometry LABOR DAY 7 Application – Hydrostatic Force on Submerged Surfaces Show that for a submerged object. show that dBcm d dV AV out AV in . with a discussion of each term) 61 64 64 NO CLASS . where 34 36 pcg pa hcg . dt dt cv where B is any extensive fluid property and Note: state the significance of a streamtube 09/16 09/18 09/21 09/23 09/25 09/28 10 11 12 13 14 dB dm 51. F = pcg A. pcg A where 09/11 09/14 8 9 I xy xy dA and I xx y 2 dA A Application – Rigid Body Motion The Basic Equations – Integral Form The Reynolds Transport Theorem Show that for rigidbody motion. p g .2 08/31 4 Fluid Statics – Pressure and Its Gradient • Show that the pressure does not vary with direction at a point • Show that for a fluid at rest. with a discussion of each term) State conservation of momentum in integral form (symbolically. 52 Conservation of Mass Problem Solving Session Conservation of Momentum Problem Solving Session Problem Solving Session State conservation of mass in integral form (symbolically. g a p A 37 46 • State the Reynolds Transport Theorem and its significance • Beginning with a streamtube. dp g with g g k . In Cartesian coordinates ˆ p p 0 .
.3 09/30 10/02 10/05 10/07 15 16 17 18 The Energy Equation EXAM #1 – Evening Problem Solving Session A first Look at the Bernoulli Equation State conservation of energy in integral form (symbolically.. 92 The Basic Equations – Differential Form Conservation of Mass u v w 0 . If given the constitutive equations. i.. 10/14 21 Conservation of Momentum • State conservation of momentum in integral form (symbolically. i. D u v w Dt t x y z pp. u y . motivate one component of conservation of momentum for a differential element. beginning with g x xx Dt x y z Newton's second law of motion. i. with a discussion of each term) • Show that pp.. (Note: C is a constant) . 10/16 10/19 22 23 Problem Solving Session The Stream Function and Streamlines The Bernoulli Equations (Derivation) and their relation to the streamlines Define the stream function. develop the NavierStokes equations from conservation of momentum. Dv v v v v u v w Dt t x y z v • Define the vorticity. with a discussion of each term) State the Bernoulli equation along with the appropriate assumptions • State conservation of mass in differential form (symbolically.e. beginning with the 2g 2 NavierStokes equations for an incompressible flow with constant viscosity – for either rotational or irrotational flow. with a discussion of each term) • Show that 53. 132 – 138 • Define the acceleration following a fluid particle.e.e. 56 54 91. 154 – 157 94 96 yx zx Du . i. v x 93 pp. 502510 10/21 24 • Distinguish between rotational and irrotational flows • Show that p v z C along a stream line. In other words.e. beginning with an t x y z ˆ ˆ j infinitesimal control volume where v ui vˆ wk 10/09 10/12 19 20 Problem Solving Session The Material Derivative • Define the material derivative. 55.
4 10/23 10/26 25 26 Problem Solving Session Dimensional Analysis – The Buckingham Pi Theorem Problem Solving Session Flow Similarity Example: Pump Scaling Laws Problem Solving Session Problem Solving Session Exam #2 – Evening Applications Internal Flow . where hf ˆ ˆ u2 u1 Q / m g – state the necessary assumptions that lead to this relation . 764774) 143 11/02 11/04 11/06 29 30 31 11/09 11/11 32 33 • State the hallmark of a fullydeveloped flows: the velocity does not vary in the direction of flow (if the flow is both steady and fully developed. then the acceleration is zero) • Define the entrance length • Characterize turbulent flow • Distinguish between laminar and turbulent flows 81 84 85 Review 56 p1 1 V12 p V2 z1 2 2 2 z 2 hs hv ho h f from 2g 2g conservation of energy.Duct Flow Laminar Flow through Infinite Parallel Plates and Circular Pipes Turbulent Flow in Pipes and Ducts Energy Considerations • Solve problems using the Buckingham theorem to determine the dimensionless parameters and dynamic similarity • State the drag coefficient • Develop and define the specific speed and the specific diameter • Select a pump using the pump curves Chapter 7 10/28 10/30 27 28 142 (pp.
219 for a laminar flow and that 1 f 64 / Re D for a laminar pipe flow • Show that • Show that 2 for a turbulent flow • Solve problems using the Moody chart (or empirical relation) that relates the friction factor to the Reynolds number and the relative roughness. f f Re D . the noslip condition cannot be satisfied at a solid surface (Note: viscosity is not zero) • State the significance of potential flow theory • Distinguish between potential/inviscid flows and boundarylayer flows – the pressure does not vary through the thickness of the BL. 345 – 351 hf f LV D 2g 2 . where f w V 2 / 8 and V is the average velocity • State the kinetic energy coefficient for an incompressible flow: 1 u dA AAV 3 3 discussion in margin. viscous effects are insignificant in the NavierStokes equations. and h f f LV2 together with the D 2g 86 energy equation 11/16 11/18 11/20 35 36 37 Minor Losses/Multiple Pipe Systems Problem Solving Session External Flow Potential Flow Theory • State the hallmarks of a potential flow – potential flow: the vorticity is zero.5 11/13 34 Calculation of Head Loss – The Moody Chart • State the DarcyWeisbach Equation • Show that pp. 105 Thanksgiving Break 11/30 38 Boundary Layer Theory – The Boundary Layer Concept 106 w d dx uU 0 u dy . viscous effects cannot be neglected • State the hallmarks of boundarylayer flows • State the von Kármán integral equation: x 101. . p.
experimental/dimensional analysis) and indicate when each method is appropriate to use • Solve problems using a) integral equations for conservation of mass. 112 117 12/04 12/07 40 41 Problem Solving Session Speed of Sound and the Mach Number 121 Derive the speed of sound Define the Mach number Distinguish between the flow regimes 122 & 123 Isentropic Flow Define stagnation properties Derive the isentropic flow equations Sketch the static and stagnation properties versus the Mach Number 124 Normal Shocks State under what conditions shock waves develop • Distinguish between the three methods of analysis (integral. momentum. differential.6 x • Show that w equation d dx u U 0 u dy – the von Kármán integral • Define the displacement thickness and provide a physical x explanation: * 1 U 0 u dy • Define the momentum thickness and provide a physical explanation: x 12/02 39 U 0 u u 1 U dy Drag Calculations – Skin Friction and Pressure Drag • Use the von Kármán integral equation – to determine the wall shear stress and the boundary layer thickness • Distinguish between skin friction and pressure drag • Solve problems using the drag coefficient tables and charts • • • • • • 106. and energy b) continuity and the NavierStokes equations c) summation of forces on an infinitesimal element for fullydeveloped flows 12/09 42 12/11 43 SelfReview .
mne. MATH 230 or MATH 231. MATH 251. November 4 – Evening To be announced by the University – check eLion Note that the dates of Exams 1 and 2 are tentative. ME 201 or ME 300. Course Objectives and Course Learning Outcomes may be found at the following website: http://www. therefore.1: Fluid Flow Course Policy Fall Semester 2009 135 Reber Building 12:20 – 1:10 PM Required Text: Fluid Mechanics Fundamentals and Applications by Yunus A. in both integral and differential form. Inc.html Grading Policy: Final Grade Construction Homework Exam 1 Exam 2 Final Exam 10 % 30 % 30 % 30 % Due Friday at beginning of class Wednesday. are either motivated or derived. Schaum's Outline Series.psu. Second Edition. The approximate solutions include irrotational (potential) flow and highReynolds number (boundarylayer) flow.edu/Current/UGrad/Curriculum/Section2ME320. Suggested Reference: Mathematical Handbook of Formulas and Tables by M. September 30 – Evening Wednesday. McGrawHill. the conservation equations. both exact and approximate. The instructor reserves the right to hold the examinations in class. and "secondary properties. McGrawHill Publishing Company. Professor of Mechanical Engineering 306 Reber Building (ME Building) 8633204 Office Hours: 1:30 – 3:00 PM MWF Course Description: This course serves as an introduction to fluid mechanics and. Spiegel. velocity and acceleration fields. Instructor: G. Cimbala. Cengel and John M." In the second part of the course. The remainder of the course will treat solutions of the conservation equations. Talmage. begins by asking the question what constitutes a fluid? The first part of the course considers the concept of a continuum. Prerequisite: E MCH 012.R. Typical Letter Grade Construction ABC D F 90 80 70 60 < 60 .ME 320.
and no credit will be given. A written request for a makeup exam must be presented one week prior to the exam. or WN will depend on your performance. WF. (2) No text messaging during class. A solution to the problems will be provided in the Engineering Library after the due date. Absence from an Exam: Makeup exams will be given only under extremely unusual circumstances. Grade Appeal: You may appeal the grade by discussing the points with the course instructor within one week after the exam has been returned to the class. . However. WN (no grade) symbol will be entered on your academic record. a WP (passing). Whether you obtain a WP. Arriving late three times. Class Attendance: It is expected that you attend all classes. or any combination thereof may result in an automatic 10% grade reduction. a 70% average on the homework and the Exams is sufficient to obtain a WP. Homework sets will contain one or more problems representative of the material covered in the previous lectures. closed notes. The exams are closed book. no appeals will be accepted. In addition.Evaluation Homework: Every Friday (except for exam weeks) a homework set will be due at the beginning of class. you may drop a course (late drop) up until the late drop deadline. No late homework will be accepted. It is expected that you solve the homework problems on your own. Classroom Policy: (1) Cell phones must be turnedoff. After one week. Late Drop – deadline November 13. Usually. As a reminder. WF (failing). Exams: Two evening examinations and a comprehensive final examination will be given. three unauthorized absences. It is possible that the makeup exam will be oral. Included in the homework sets will be articles from The New York Times that you will read and critique. you must apply to the Registrar for a conflict final exam. Cheating on Exams: Students caught cheating will be dealt with according to University Policy. Copying problem solutions will lead to disciplinary action.
Identify the source from which they were obtained. 4) ASSUMPTIONS: List all pertinent simplifying assumptions.Problem Solving Procedure One objective of ME 320 is to continue to develop your engineering problem solving skills. Incropera and David P. problemsolving skills will be mastered through homework. There is a preferred approach to problem solving. state briefly and concisely what is known about the problem. 1990. represent the required control surface by dashed lines on the schematic. 5) PROPERTIES: Use a table format to compile property values needed for subsequent calculations. • Be neat. • Use one (1) staple in the upper lefthand corner. 3) SCHEMATIC: Draw a schematic of the physical system. Additional Rules: • Perform all work on one side of the "Engineer's Computation Pad" paper. DeWitt. 2) FIND: State briefly and concisely what is to be found. it will not be graded. Place your name. As in ME 300. Perform the calculation needed to obtain the desired results. Answers without appropriate units are meaningless. If your work is sloppy. the date. the assignment number. Do not repeat the problem statement. It is characterized by a systemic format consisting of the following steps: 1) KNOWN: After carefully reading the problem. Such discussion should include a summary of key conclusions. Clearly identify your final results. then it will not be graded. 2223. which were introduced in ME 300. • Exercise care when treating units. If your homework does not follow the “Problem Solving Format” or any of the “Additional Rules”. 6) ANALYSIS: Begin your analysis by applying appropriate conservation laws. • Final answers clearly identified and given to three significant digits. an inference of trends. From Fundamentals of Heat and Mass Transfer by Frank P. If application of the conservation laws is anticipated. and the page number in the righthand corner of each page. Develop the analysis as completely as possible before substituting numerical values. and a critique of the original assumptions. . pp. Published by John Wiley and Sons: New York. 7) COMMENTS: Discuss your results. Do not write on the back of the page.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
Use one of your book credits to continue reading from where you left off, or restart the preview.