PREFACE

PREFACE Petro-Canada Lubricants: Going Beyond Today’s Standards™
For more than 30 years, Petro-Canada has researched, developed and produced more than 350 world-class, advanced lubricants, specialty fluids and greases. Our products serve a diverse range of industries around the globe including transportation, mining, the food industry, general manufacturing, industrial, power generation, plastics processing, forestry, and agriculture. Petro-Canada’s lubricants are manufactured using a patented HT Purity Process resulting in crystal-clear base oils that are 99.9% pure – one of the purest in the world. We’re focused on producing products that last longer, are more environmentally friendly, are recyclable, non toxic and biodegradable. We have an enviable reputation for high quality and long lasting products. This translates into a performance edge for our customers when it comes to increasing productivity and cutting operating costs. Our products deliver Tangible Savings Solutions for outstanding performance and savings. This Handbook is current as of the time of publication. However, specification writers and Petro-Canada are constantly upgrading and improving products to meet the ever-changing demands of the marketplace so the information contained herein is subject to change. This Handbook is also available electronically on lubricants.petro-canada.ca. The products throughout are available in a wide range of package sizes and are stocked at many strategic locations around the world either by Petro-Canada or one of our many global distributors. To help our customers select the right lubricant for the job, request a copy of our LubeSource Product Catalogue, LUB 2097. It’s an informative guide that systematically narrows your lubricant choices to a primary recommendation. -Petro-Canada Lubricants Mississauga, Ontario, Canada March, 2008

PETRO-CANADA QUALITY AND ENVIRONMENT STATEMENT
At Petro-Canada, we take quality very seriously. We are in constant, relentless pursuit of quality excellence in our products, our processes and our people. Petro-Canada was the first lubricants manufacturer in North America to be ISO 9001 registered. We were the first lubricants manufacturer in Canada to become QS 9000 certified. In keeping with our committment to meet the latest quality standards and practice, we are also ISO 14001 registered. We (also) meet some of the world’s most demanding specifications including Ford Q-1 and DAB X. We produce food grade lubricants that are NSF H-1 approved and also have Kosher and Halal approvals. In 2000, we upgraded to the revised version of ISO 9001:2000, which emphasizes our focus on customer satisfaction and a process approach to quality. In October of 2002, Petro-Canada Lubricants opened the door to the global market by being the first Lubricant’s manufacturer in the world to be registered to ISO/TS 16949. This new global standard is designed for third party suppliers to the automotive industry. It replaces QS 9000 registration and confirms our ability to continually improve our quality system We are guided in our day-to-day business activities by the following Management System Vision: To achieve recognition as a first quartile supplier of choice for quality lubricants, specialty fluids, greases and related services.

Petro-Canada Lubricants will: • Demonstrate our commitment by maintaining our ISO 9001, ISO 14001 and ISO/TS 16949 registrations. • Ensure our operations comply with customer requirements, specific performance standards, government legislation, corporate policy and applicable industry standards. • Work towards the reduction of pollution by determining, evaluating and mitigating the environmental impacts of our business during the start-up, normal operation and shutdown of our facilities, as well as during project planning and implementation through to decommissioning. • Ensure all employees and others working on our behalf are informed, trained and authorized to meet our quality and environmental performance requirements. • Continually improve our products through design, manufacturing, delivery and service processes. This will be achieved through ongoing improvement of the effectiveness of our Quality and Environmental Management Systems utilizing Total Loss Management philosophies. • Establish quality and environmental objectives and targets and periodically review performance through the Management Review Process.
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THE PETRO-CANADA LUBRICANTS GUARANTEE

Our No-nonsense Lubricants Warranty.
We will repair damaged equipment, or replace damaged equipment parts resulting from a failure due to defects of the Petro-Canada lubricant, as long as the lubricant is used in accordance with your equipment manufacturer’s and our recommendations

It’s more than just a warranty. It’s a commitment.

LUB 1181 (97.06)

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Process Fluids 7 8. Greases 5 6. Automotive Lubricants 3 4. Product. Product Application and Subject Indices 1 DIRECTORY 2. HT Purity Process 2 3. Fuels & Refinery Products 8 9. Industrial Lubricants 4 5.1. Glossary of Terms and Handy Conversion Charts 9 . Food Grade Lubricants 6 7.

– Index of Former Product Names and Subject Indices – Product Index – Product Application Index – Subject Index PART 2 HT Purity – Base Oil Manufacture Process – Base Oil Classification – Solvent Refining Process – HT Purity Process – Comparison of the Products of HT Purity Process and Solvent Refining – Quality Assurance PART 3 Automotive – Engine Oil Functions Lubricants – Additives – SAE Engine Oil Viscosity Classification – API Engine Service Classification – Other Diesel Engine Oil Specifications – API Energy Conserving Classification – API Service Classification Symbol – ILSAC Certification Symbol – Used Oil Analysis – Petro-Canada Automotive Lubricants PART 4 Industrial – Viscosity Classification of Industrial Oils Lubricants – Advantages of ISO Viscosity Grades – AGMA Numbers – Viscosity Comparisons – Lubricants Handling and Storage – Petro-Canada Industrial Lubricants – Petro-Canada Metalworking Oils PART 5 Greases – Introduction – Grease Characteristics – Grease Definitions – Grease Service Classification – Grease Compatibility – Grease Properties – Grease Shelf Life – Applying Grease – Petro-Canada Greases v . Product Application.CONTENTS CONTENTS PART 1 Product.

CONTENTS PART 6 Food Grade – Petro-Canada Food Grade Lubricants Lubricants PART 7 Process Fluids – Petro-Canada Process Fluids PART 8 Fuels & Refinery Products – Petro-Canada Fuels & Refinery Products PART 9 Glossary of Terms and – Glossary of Terms Handy Conversion Charts – Viscosity Guide and Tables – Viscosity / Temperature Chart – Viscosity Conversion Chart – ASTM Blending Chart – API Gravities and Densities – Colour Scale Equivalents – Table of Lubricant Vapour Pressures – Temperature Conversion Table – Common Conversion Factors – Cylindrical Tank Quantities vi .

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petro-canada. comprehensive reference guide to provide users with a broad knowledge of Petro-Canada’s many lubricant products.de You can also get in touch with one of the Petro-Canada contact points listed on the outside back cover of this Handbook. 1 . We have indexed the contents by product brand name.co. More comprehensive data for each product can be sourced from our extensive TechData series that are available from your Petro-Canada Representative or one of our many global distributors.petro-canada. by product application and by subject.ca – www. We have included a reference guide with current and former names where products have undergone recent name changes.petro-canada. lubricants.petro-canada. TechDatas are also available on our website. We have also included many pages of general lubricant and industry information to help simplify the complexities of understanding the vast world of lubricants. This Handbook is divided into nine (9) sections: • The Indexes – Product Application Index. This includes the certifications and approvals granted by various specification writing bodies and technical organizations.uk – www.INTRODUCTION INTRODUCTION This Lubricants Handbook has been produced as a concise. Conversion Charts and Tables Each Product Group is comprised of subsections that begin with a general description of the product and its applications. Product Name Index and the Subject Index • The Patented HT Purity Process (Base Oils) • Automotive Lubricants • Industrial Lubricants • Greases • Food Grade Lubricants • Process Oils • Fuels and Refinery Products • Glossary of Terms. This is followed by the typical characteristics for each of the various grades of the product.ca • Most areas (English) • United Kingdom • Germany – lubricants.

290 2002 SEPRO 150. 68 Hydraflo ECO 32/Premium ECO 46 Hydraflo FR-C 40 Hydraflo FR-D 46 Hydraflo AW 22. 36. EP220 Ashless Paper Machine Oil 150. 46. Hydrex™ AW 22. 85W-140 CD-50 TRAXON Synthetic 75W-90 TRAXON XL Synthetic Blend 75W-90. 68 Environ™ MV 32. 80W-140. 60 2001 2001 2001 WAY LUBRICANTS Accuflo DM 68. 46 Hydrex™ AW 220 2001 2001 2001 2001 Hydrex™ XV All Season Environ™ AW 32. 85W-140 2003 2003 2003 2003 PAPER MACHINE OILS Paper Machine Oil 150.1 INDEX OF PRODUCT NAMES INDEX OF PRODUCT NAMES: FORMER VERSUS REPLACEMENTS YEAR OF CHANGE FORMER REPLACEMENTS HYDRAULIC OILS Harmony/Premium AW 22. 220. 46 “D” Hydraulic Oil AW 220 Hydrex™ FR-C 40 Hydrex™ FR-D 46 Hydrex™ DT 22. 80. 68. 60 Harmony/Premium Plus Hydraflo EAW 32. 46. 46. 220 GM Waylube 68 Accuflo TK 68. TRAXON E Synthetic 75W-90. 220. 220 PC Waylube 68 2001 2001 AUTOMOTIVE GEAR OILS Syngear E 75W-90. 80W-140. EP220 2002 2 . 220. 290 SEPRO XL 150. CD-50 Syngear with TOS 75W-90 Gearlube with TOS 75W-90. 32. 80W-140 Gearlube with TOS 80W-90. 100 Harmony/Premium Arctic 15 Harmony/Premium HVI 22. 46 2001 2001 2001 Hydrex™ MV Arctic 15 Hydrex™ MV 22. 80W-140 TRAXON 80W-90. 220. 36. 80. 32. 68. 100 46.

150 RCF-1000 Super Compressor Fluid 32. CG-40 840. 20W-20. 150 COMPRO™ 32. 840. 470. 100. 46. CG-40 2003 2003 TRANSMISSION/DRIVE TRAIN OIL Supertest TO-4 Synthetic AS Supertest TO-4 MG Lo Temp PRODURO TO-4+ Synthetic All Season PRODURO TO-4+ XL Synthetic Blend 2003 2003 2003 Lo Temp Supertest TO-4 10W. 30. 15W-40 Duron™ XL Synthetic Blend 0W-30 Duron™ XL Synthetic Blend 10W-40 Duron™ XL Synthetic Blend 15W-40 2000 2000 2000 2000 Duron™ 10W. 40. 100. 68. 50. 50 COMMERCIAL (HEAVY DUTY DIESEL ENGINE) OILS Super Plus 10W. 10W-30. 40. 470. 100. 68. 60 PRODURO TO-4+ 10W. 445. 46. 445. 20. MG-40. 15W-40 Super Plus Arctic 0W-30 Super Plus 10W-40 Euro Canadian Gold 15W-40 Duron™ 10W-30. 30. 150 COMPRO™ XL-R COMPRO™ XL-S 32. 30. SENTRONTM 541C. 100. 150 2004 2004 2004 HEAT TRANSFER FLUIDS CALFLO™ FG PURITY™ FG Heat Transfer Fluid 2004 NATURAL GAS ENGINE OILS Sentinel 541C. 68. 30. 68.INDEX OF PRODUCT NAMES 1 FORMER REPLACEMENTS YEAR OF CHANGE COMPRESSOR FLUIDS Compressor Oil 32. 50 2000 PASSENGER CAR MOTOR OILS Arctic 0W-30 Synthetic Petro-Canada Supreme Synthetic 0W-30 Petro-Canada Supreme Synthetic 2008 2008 TRANSMISSION/HYDRAULIC FLUID Duratran All Season Duratran XL Synthetic Blend 2002 3 . MG-40. 50 Super Plus.

32. 68 Super Turboflo EP 32. 220. EP1. 32. 220. EP46 Premium R&O 10. OG-1. 46. EP2 Multipurpose EP1. EP2 4 . 68 100. 100. EP2 Steel Mill LC EP2 Precision EMB Semi-Fluid Grease EP Precision EP00 Rail Curve Grease Precision Moly EP1. 46. 22. EP2 Precision XL Heavy Duty Precision XL EMB Precision XL EP000 Precision XL EP00 Precision XL Rail Curve Grease Precision XL 3 Moly EP1. EP2 Precision General Purpose EP1. 46. OG-PLUS Peerless LLG Grease SVG102 Precision Synthetic EP00 Precision Synthetic Precision Synthetic Heavy Precision Synthetic Moly Precision XL EP1. 22. 68 Turboflo EP 32. OG-2 OG2 Red. 46. EP2 Multiflex Moly EP2 Multiflex Moly Special Grease OG-0. 150.1 INDEX OF PRODUCT NAMES FORMER REPLACEMENTS YEAR OF CHANGE INDUSTRIAL GEAR OILS Ultima Synthetic Ultima Plus Ultima EP 68/150 Enduratex Synthetic Enduratex XL Synthetic Blend Enduratex XL Synthetic Blend 2006 2006 2006 STEAM CYLINDER AND WORM GEAR OIL Senate Enduratex EP 2006 TURBINE FLUIDS AJT 5200 Super Turboflo 32. EP2 Precision General Purpose Moly EP2 Precision XL 3 Moly Arctic Peerless OG-0. OG-1. OG-2 OG (Red). 150. 320 Turbonycoil 600 Turboflo 32. EP2 Precision XL 5 Moly EP0. 320 2005 2007 2005 2005 GREASES Precision Gold Heavy EP00 Precision Gold Precison Gold Heavy Precision Gold Moly Precision EP1. EP 46 Turboflo R&O 10. OG PLUS Peerless LLG Peerless SVG 102 2005 2005 2005 2005 2005 2005 2005 2005 2005 2005 2005 2005 2005 2005 2005 2005 2005 2005 Supreme Moly EP0. EO1. 68.

Light Vultrex Drill Rod Heavy Vultrex Gear Dressing EP Vultrex Slide Compound. G-124 Vultrex Rock Drill EP000 Vultrex Rolling Cam. P CHAIN OIL Winter Chain Oil Summer Chain Oil Duratac 68. EP2 Supreme G-123. EP2 Vultrex G-123. Light Vultrex Tool Joint Compound 2005 2005 2005 2005 2005 2005 2005 2005 2005 2005 2005 2005 2005 2005 2005 API Modified Thread Compound Vultrex API Modified Thread Compound Petro-Canada Gear Shield NC. Light Tool Joint Compound Peerless XCG-Flex Vultrex OGL Vultrex EGF 1000 Vultrex OGL Heavy Vultrex MPG Synthetic Arctic Vultrex MPG EP1. Light Drill Rod Heavy Gear Dressing EP Slide Compound. 150 Duratac Non-Drip 2005 2005 2005 2005 5 . 100. P VultrexGear Shield NC. 100.INDEX OF PRODUCT NAMES 1 FORMER REPLACEMENTS YEAR OF CHANGE SVG-Flex Vulcan Synthetic Vulcan EGF 1000 Vulcan Heavy Supreme Arctic Supreme EP1. G-124 Ardee EP000 Cam Compound. 150 Non-Drip Duratac Chain Oil 32 Duratac Chain Oil 150 (Red) Duratac Chain Oil 68.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . DURON™ Single Grade Engine Oils . Furnace Fuel/Fuel Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ENVIRON™ AW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Dexron VI ATF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . DURON™ Multigrade . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177 Alucut . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ENVIRON™ MV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 Aviation Fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95 68 ATF+4® . . . Enduratex XL Synthetic Blend . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . COMPRO Air Compressor Fluids . . . . . . . . . . . . DURON™ Synthetic. . . . . .80 53 57 54 56 53 55 173 103 103 104 104 63 61 62 61 62 105 106 177 6 . . . DURON-E Engine Oils (API CJ-4) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177 CALFLO AF. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . DURON™ XL Synthetic Blend . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . COMPRO XL-S . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Dieseltonic . Duratran Synthetic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Chain Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Energol IC-HFX . . . . . . . . . . 155. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Energol OE-HT 30 . . . . Dust Suppressant Fluid DSF 65 . . . . . . . . . . Enduratex Synthetic EP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64 ATF Type F . . . . . . . . . . . . Duratran. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Enduratex Mild Worm Gear (WG) Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . LT . . . . . . . . . . . . HTF. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . DURON™ . . . . . .94 Alternative Fuels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Energol DL-MP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . COMPRO XL-R . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Enduratex EP . . . . . . . . Compressor Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . COMPRO Synthetic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 PRODUCT INDEX PRODUCT INDEX Page ACCUFLO TK & SS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Energol CLO-50M . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cycloflex . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Duratac. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135 Aludraw 850 . . . . . . . . . . . . Cutsol HD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96 102 101 100 97 99 99 98 101 136 172 67 176 59 155 65 102 79. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cutsol. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Compressor Oil RP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . DuraDrive MV Synthetic ATF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135 API Modified Thread Compound . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Energol DS3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Diesel Fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Drill Rod Heavy . . . . . . . . 93. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Con-Rel-Eze . . . . . Duratran XL Synthetic Blend. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ATF D3M . .156 Ardee Oil . .

. . . . . . . 115 Petroglide XP . . . . . . 52 Petro-Canada Turbo Synthetic 5W-30 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113 Petro-Canada Flushing Fluid . . . . . 116 Precision XL . . . . . . Luminol Electrical Insulating Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . HYDREX™ MV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172 PURITY FG AW Hydraulic Fluids . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Heavy Duty Synthetic Blend ATF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148 Petro-Canada Cleaning Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114 Petroglide MC 32 . 81 PureDrill™ Drilling Mud Base Fluid . . . 175 107 69 108 112 111 109 110 178 112 179 113 102 84 Paraflex HT Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 171 PC Waylube . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 178 Petroglide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . HYDREX™ DT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142 PRODURO FD-1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Non-Drip Oil . . . . . HARNEX™ Wind Turbine Gear Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . HYDREX™ Extreme . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145 Precision Synthetic Moly Grease . . . . . . . 94 Peerless LLG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 PRODURO TO-4+ XL Synthetic Blend. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .144 Precision Synthetic EMB . 178 PETRO-THERM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114 Petro-Canada Supreme Motor Oils . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Outboard Motor Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 Petro-Canada Supreme Synthetic Motor Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Petrochemicals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148 Peerless XCG-Flex. . . 147 Peerless SVG 102 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .PRODUCT INDEX 1 Page Gasoline . . . . . . 115 Petrosol 3139 . . . . . . . . . . . . . HYDREX™ XV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Marine Diesel Fuels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82 PRODURO TO-4+ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . NGS 1000. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 146 Precision Synthetic Grease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 167 7 . . 81 PRODURO TO-4+ Synthetic All Season . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145 Precision General Purpose Moly Greases . . 146 Peerless OG Grease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 167 PURITY FG AW Hydraulic Fluids with MICROL™+ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . HYDREX™ AW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Kerosene 1-K . . . . .

. . . . . . . . 163 PURITY FG Grease. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 169 Ralube . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151. . . . . 159 PURITY FG CLEAR Grease . . . . . . 160 PURITY FG Synthetic EP Gear Fluid . . . . . . . . 163 PURITY FG Compressor Fluids . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121 Synduro SHB . . 66 Vultrex OGL and EGF Greases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129 Turboflo EP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119 Supercut . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130 Turboflo R&O . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164 PURITY FG EP Gear Fluids with MICROL™+ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 PRODUCT INDEX Page PURITY FG Chain Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 117 118 118 123-128 SentronTM . 161 PURITY FG Heat Transfer Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . 174 8 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .161 PURITY FG Grease with MICROL™+ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .132 Turboflo. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rotary Cooker Fluid . . 160 PURITY FG EP Gear Fluids . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78 Turbonycoil 600 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83 Specialty Products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83 Type F Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153 Vultrex Specialty Grease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134 TRAXON . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120 Snowmobile Motor Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74-78 TRAXON™ E Synthetic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 178 SPX 5000. . 164 PURITY FG Extreme Grease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 168 PURITY FG WO White Mineral Oils . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154 VHVI Specialty Base Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 165 PURITY FG Synthetic Grease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 162 PURITY FG Trolley Fluid . . Reflo Synthetic 68A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122 Transicut . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131 Two-Cycle Motor Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166 PURITY FG Spray . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SEPRO™ XL Paper Machine Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120 Super Vac Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 168 PURITY FG Synthetic Compressor Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134 Super Gear Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SPX 7000 . . . . . . .152 Vultrex MPG Grease. Reflo Refrigeration Compressor Oils . . . .150. . . . . . . . . . . . . 133 Turboflo XL . . . . . 131. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

PRODUCT INDEX 1 9 .

Type F 65 DEXRON – VI ATF 67 ATF+4 68 Heavy Duty Synthetic Blend ATF 69 Precision XL EP00 143 Precision Synthetic. EP2 143 Precision Synthetic Heavy EP00 146 Precision Synthetic 145 Precision General Purpose EP1. 80 79. 68A 117-118 ATF D3M 64 DURADRIVE MV SYNTHETIC 65 ATF. 80 53-57 81 Air-Line Oil Allison C-4 Fluid Ammonia Refrigeration Compressor Oil Automatic Transmission Fluid Automatic Grease Lubrication System Automotive Gear Oil Automotive/Wheel Bearing Grease Ball Mill Lubricant Bandsaw Oil Barium Grease Base Oil Bearing Lubricant Biodegradable Oil REFLO 46A. DURON™ XL PRODURO TO-4+ Page No. Synthetic Moly 145 Precision XL EP000 143 Precision XL 3 Moly Arctic 144 Peerless OG-0 147 Precision General Purpose EP 142 Precision General Purpose Moly EP 142 Precision XL EP00 143 PRODURO FD-1 82 TRAXON™ 74-78 TRAXON™ E Synthetic 78 Precision EP1. 97 99 98 99 95 108 79. P 154 Petroglide MC 32 115 Drill Rod Heavy Grease 155 Paraflex HT 171 Cycloflex 172 Peerless Grease OG’s 147 Peerless LLG Grease 146 Precision Greases 142-146 Precision General Purpose Moly Grease 142 Precision General Purpose Grease 142 Synduro SHB™ 121 Turboflo XL 129 Turboflo R&O 131 Environ™ MV32 106 10 .1 PRODUCT APPLICATION INDEX PRODUCT APPLICATION INDEX PETRO-CANADA APPLICATION LUBRICANT Air Compressor Oil COMPRO COMPRO XL-R COMPRO XL-S COMPRO Synthetic Ardee Oil HYDREX™ AW DURATRAN DURATRAN XL Synthetic Blend DURATRAN Synthetic DURON™. 80 79. EP2 142 Grease OG1. OG2 147 Gear Shield NC.

PRODUCT APPLICATION INDEX

1

PETRO-CANADA APPLICATION LUBRICANT
Chain Saw Oil Chassis/King Pin/5th Wheel Grease Circulating Oil

Page No.

Commercial Motor Oil

Concrete Form Oil Conveyor Chain Oil Coupling Greases Cutting Oil

Diamond Drill Lubricant Diesel Engine Oil

Drilling Compound

Drilling Mud Fluid Dripless Lubricant Dust Suppressant Fluid Electric Motor Bearing Greases Electrical Insulating Fluid

Engine Oil

Chain Oil 102 Precision XL 3 Moly EP1, EP2 143 SEPRO™ XL 120 Hydrex™ AW 108 Turboflo R&O 131 Turboflo 131 DURON™ 53 DURON™ XL Synthetic Blend 56 Dieseltonic 59 Con-Rel-Eze 101 Chain Oil 102 PURITY FG Chain Fluid 159 Peerless XCG-Flex 148 Precision XL EP2 143, 144 Alucut 135 Cutsol, Cutsol HD 136 Supercut 134 Transicut 134 Drill Rod Heavy Grease 155 DURON™ 53 DURON-E 55 DURON™ XL Synthetic Blend 56 DURON™ Synthetic 53 Dieseltonic 59 Energol 61, 62, 63 Ralube 60 API Modified Thread Compound 156 Tool Joint Compound 155 Drill Rod Heavy Grease 155 PureDrill™ IA-35 172 PureDrill™ HT-40 172 Non-Drip Oil 102 Duratac Chain Oil 150 102 DSF 65 173 Precision XL EMB 143 Luminol TR, Luminol TRi, Luminol Bi 112 Peerless LLG 146 Peerless OG 2 147 DURON™ 53 DURON-E 55 55 DURON™ XL Synthetic Blend 56 DURON™ Synthetic 53 Dieseltonic 59 Petro-Canada Supreme 51 Petro-Canada Supreme Synthetic 52 Petro-Canada Turbo Synthetic 5W-30 50 Sentron 123-128 Ralube 60

11

1

PRODUCT APPLICATION INDEX

PETRO-CANADA APPLICATION LUBRICANT

Page No.

Food Grade Greases

Food Grade Lubricant

Gas Engine Oil Gas Turbine Oil

Gear Greases

Gear Oil

General Purpose Lubricant Heat Transfer Fluid High Speed Coupling Grease High Temperature Bearing Oil High Temperature Greases Hydraulic Oil

Energol 61-63 Outboard 84 Snowmobile 83 Two Cycle 83 PURITY FG Grease 149,150,161 PURITY FG Synthetic Grease 162 PURITY FG EXTREME Grease 163 PURITY FG CLEAR Grease 163 PURITY FG AW Hydraulic Fluids 167 PURITY FG AW Hydraulic Fluids with + MICROL™ 167 PURITY FG Chain Fluid 159 PURITY FG Compressor Fluids 160 PURITY FG EP Gear Fluids 164 PURITY FG EP Gear Fluids with + MICROL™ 164 PURITY FG Heat Transfer Fluid 166 PURITY FG Spray 168 PURITY FG Synthetic Compressor Fluid 160 PURITY FG Synthetic EP Gear Fluid 165 PURITY FG Trolley Fluid 168 PURITY FG WO White Mineral Oils 169 Sentron 123-128 Turbonycoil 600 95 Turboflo R&O 32, 46, 68, 77 130 Turboflo XL 129 Gear Dressing EP 154 Gear Shield NC, P 154 Precision XL EP000 143 HARNEX™ Wind Turbine Gear OIl 107 TRAXON™ 74-78 PURITY FG EP Gear Fluid; 164 PURITY FG Synthetic Gear Fluid 165 Super Gear Fluid 120 Synduro SHB™ 121 TRAXON™ E Synthetic 78 Enduratex EP 103 Enduratex Synthetic EP 104 Enduratex XL Synthetic Blend 103 Turboflo R&O 131 CALFLO 96 PETRO-THERM 116 PURITY FG Heat Transfer Fluid 166 Peerless XCG-Flex 148 Turboflo 131 Peerless LLG 146 PURITY FG Synthetic Grease 162 Hydrex™ AW 108 Hydrex™ Extreme 111 Hydrex™ MV 109

12

PRODUCT APPLICATION INDEX

1

PETRO-CANADA APPLICATION LUBRICANT

Page No.

Hydrex™ XV 110 Hydrex™ DT 112 Environ™ AW, MV 105,106 PURITY FG AW Hydraulic Fluid 167 PURITY FG AW Hydraulic Fluid with MICROL™+ 167 Hydrocarbon Compressor Oil Industrial Bearing Grease Industrial Gear Oil Compressor Oil RP 100 SPX 5000, SPX 7000 119 NGS 1000 113 Precision EP1, EP2 142 Precision General Purpose EP1, EP2 142 Peerless OG-1, OG-2 147 Enduratex EP 103 Enduratex XL Synthetic Blend 103 Enduratex Synthetic 104 Super Gear Fluid 120 Synduro SHB™ 121 PURITY FG EP Gear Fluid 164 PURITY FG Synthetic EP Gear Fluid 165 Paraflex HT 171 Cycloflex 172 Duratac 102 Hydrex™ AW 108 Turboflo R&O 131 Precision XL EP000 143 PURITY FG 00 Grease 149 Ralube 60 Precision General Purpose EP00 142 Precision XL 3 Moly Arctic 144 Precision General Purpose Moly 142 Precision Synthetic 145 Precision Synthetic Moly 145 Energol 61-63 Peerless OG’s 147 Ralube 60 Paraflex HT 171 Cycloflex 172 VULTREX Rock Drill EP000 155 Precision XL EP000 143 Precision General Purpose Moly 142 DURON™ 53 DURON™ XL Synthetic Blend 56 DURON™ Synthetic 53 Dieseltonic 59 Petro-Canada Supreme 51 Petro-Canada Supreme Synthetic 52 Petro-Canada Turbo Synthetic 5W-30 50 Ralube 60 Outboard 84

Industrial Process Oil Journal Bearing Oil Leaky Bearing/Gear Case Lubricant Locomotive Diesel Engine Oil Low Temperature Greases

Marine Diesel Engine Oil Marine Grease Medium-Speed Diesel Engine Oil Mineral Oil Mining Specialty Lubricants Motor Oil

13

1

PRODUCT APPLICATION INDEX

PETRO-CANADA APPLICATION LUBRICANT

Page No.

Multi-Service Greases

Natural Gas Engine Oil Neat Cutting Oil Open Gear Lubricants Outboard Engine Oil Paper Machine Lubricants

Penetrating Oil Premium Greases

Reciprocating Compressor Oil Refrigeration Oil Rock Drill Lubricants Rotary Cooker Oil Rust Prevention Oil

Saw Guide Oil Service Station Oil Single Point Lubrication Greases

Slide Cam Lubricant Snowmobile Engine Oil Soluble Cutting Oil Special Application Greases

Stationary Jet Turbine Fluid

Snowmobile 83 Two Cycle 83 Precision General Purpose EP1, EP2 142 Precision XL EP1, EP2 143 Peerless OG1,OG2 147 Precision Synthetic 145 Sentron 123-128 Alucut 135 Supercut 134 Transicut 134 Gear Dressing EP 154 Gear Shield NC, P 154 Outboard Motor Oil 84 SEPRO™ XL 120 Peerless OG 2 147 Precision Synthetic Heavy 146 Precision XL EP2 143 Con-Rel-Eze 40, 60 101 Precision, Precision Synthetic 143,144 Precision Moly, Synthetic Moly 143,144 Peerless OG 147 Peerless LLG 146,147 COMPRO XL-R 99 REFLO 117 Ardee Oil 95 Ardee EP 000 Grease 95 Rotary Cooker Fluid 118 Duratac Chain Oil 150 102 Con-Rel-Eze 101 Non-Drip Oil 102 Petroglide 114 Petro-Canada Supreme Synthetic 52 Precision XL EP2 143 Precision Synthetic 145 Precision General Purpose Moly EP2 142 Slide Cam Compounds 154 Snowmobile Motor Oil 83 Cutsol, Cutsol HD 136 Peerless OG’s 147 Peerless LLG 146 Precision Synthetic Heavy, Synthetic Heavy EP00 146 Peerless SVG 102 148 Peerless XCG-Flex 148 Ardee EP 000 95 Precision XL 3 Moly Arctic 144 Turbonycoil 600 95

14

PRODUCT APPLICATION INDEX 1 PETRO-CANADA APPLICATION LUBRICANT Steam Turbine Oil Synthetic Grease Synthetic Oil/Fluid Page No. 10W-40. EP2 143. OG-2. OG-2 (PC Red) 147 Precision XL EP1. 144 Precision General Purpose EP1. 146 Turbonycoil 600 95 Compressor Cleaner 101 DURON™ XL Synthetic Blend 15W-40. Tractor Transmission Hydraulic Fluid Transformer Oil Transmission Fluid Two Cycle Engine Oil Vacuum Pump Oil Valve Grease Walking Cam Lubricants Water Resistant/Tolerant Greases Way Lubricant White Mineral Process Fluid Wide Temperature Range Hydraulic Oil Environ™ MV Wire Drawing Oil Worm Gear Oil Turboflo 131 Turboflo R&O 32. 80 Duratran XL Synthetic Blend 79. SS. Cam Compounds 154 Peerless OG-0. Luminol Bi 112 ATF. OG-1. SPX 7000 119 Synduro SHB™ 122 Super Gear Fluid 120 TRAXON™ 74 TRAXON™ E Synthetic 78 Duratran 79. EP2 142 Peerless LLG 146 ACCUFLO TK. Type F 65 Duratran 79. 46. 0W-30 56 DURON™ Synthetic 53 HARNEX Wind Turbine Gear Oil 107 NGS 1000 113 Petro-Canada Supreme Synthetic Blend 52 SPX 5000. 80 Luminol TR. 80 Duratran XL Synthetic Blend 79. Luminol TRi. 80 DURON™ 53 DURON™ XL Synthetic Blend 56 DURON™ Synthetic 53 PRODURO TO-4+ 81 TRAXON™ E Synthetic CD-50 78 Outboard Motor Oil 84 Snowmobile Motor Oil 83 Two Cycle Motor Oil 83 Super Vac Fluid 121 Peerless SVG 102 Grease 148 Slide Cam Compounds. Waylube 68 93. 80 Duratran Synthetic 79. 68. 80 Duratran Synthetic 79. 77 131 All Precision Synthetics 145. 94 PURITY FG WO White Mineral Oils 169 Hydrex™ MV 109 Hydrex™ XV 110 Hydrex Extreme 111 106 Aludraw 850 135 Synduro SHB™ 122 15 .

1 .

A.143 Concrete Form Oil 101 Conveyor Chain Oil 102. Descriptions 197 – Table of Equivalents 198-205 Common Terms 181-188 Comparison – HT Purity Process vs.72 – API Symbol 46 – Automatic Transmission Fluids 65-69 – Energy Conserving Classification 46 – Engine Oils 50-63 – Gear Oils 70-71 – Greases 137-157 – SAE Viscosity Classifications 37 – Two-Cycle Oils 83 Ball Mill Lubricant Bandsaw Oil Base Oils Base Oils.69.SUBJECT INDEX 1 SUBJECT INDEX Page Additives – Engine Oils 35 AGMA Numbers 87 Air Compressor Oils 97-99 Allison C-4 Fluids 64.131 Colour Scale – ASTM 197 – Union 197 – N.81 Antiwear Agents 35 API Gravity/ Density Table 196 API Service Classifications – Engine Oils 38 – Gear Oils 72 Applying Grease 141 Ash Content 181 ASTM Blending Chart 194 Automatic Transmission Fluids 65-69 Automotive Lubricants – Additives 35 – API Service Classifications 38.P. specialty Base Oil Classification Base Oil Manufacture Bearing Lubrication Benefits of HT Purity Process – Base Oils – Finished Lubricants 151 115 25 174 21 21 141 25 26 Biodegradable Hydraulic Oil Blending Chart Brookfield Viscosity Boundary Lubrication Page 105 194 182 182 Carbon Residue 182 Channelling 183 Charts and Conversion Tables 189-205 Circulating Oils 114.128 – Natural Gas 100 – Rotary Screw 98 – Reciprocating 99 Complex Grease 137.159 Corrosion Inhibitors 35 Coupling Grease 148 Cummins 20071 45 Cummins 20072 45 Cummins 20076 45 Cutting Oils 133-136 Cylindrical Tanks – Quantity and Depth 205 17 .26 Compounded Oil 183 Compatibility of Greases 140 Compressor Cleaner 101 Compressor Oils – Air 97-99 – Hydrocarbon 119. Solvent Refining 25.120.

129 – Mack GO-J 73 – Mack GO-J Plus 73 – SAE Viscosity Classification 71 – Synthetic 75-78.165 General Purpose Lubricant 131.166 Heavy Duty Engine Oils 52 High Temperature Grease 146 Hydraulic Oils 105-112.183 44 25.129 – Industrial 118.24 Hydroisomerization 24 Hydrotreating 185 Industrial Greases Industrial Lubricants Industrial Process Fluids 142-156 85-136 171.1 SUBJECT INDEX Page Detergents Detroit Diesel Engine Oil Requirements Demulsibility Diesel Engine Oils – High-Speed – Locomotive – Low-Speed – Marine – Medium-Speed – Two-Cycle Dispersants Drilling Compounds Drilling Mud Fluids Dripless Lubricants Dropping Point Dust Suppressant Fluid 35.175.183 62 60 62-63 61 61 59 35 142 172 102 183 173 Foam Depressants Food Grade Greases Food Grade Lubricants Four Ball Tests Friction Modifiers Fuel & Refinery Products Page 36 161-165 159 184 36 175-178 Electric-Motor Bearing Grease 143 Engine Oils – Additives 35 – API Energy Conserving 46 – API Service Classification 38 – API Symbol 47 – Commercial 51 – Functions 29 – Heavy-Duty 52 – ILSAC Classification 47 – Locomotive 60 – Marine 61 – Multigrade 38.132 Glossary of Terms 181 Grease – Application 141 – Automotive Service Classification 139 – Compatibility 140 – Definitions 138 – Properties 140 – Shelf Life 141 Handy Conversion Charts and Tables 189-205 Heat Transfer Fluid 96.57 – Natural Gas 123-128 – Passenger Car 51 – SAE Viscosity Classification 37 – Service Station 50 – Single Grade 38 – Used Oil Analysis 49 Engler Viscosity 188 Extreme Pressure Agents 184 Flash Point Finished Lubricants – Benefits of HT Purity Process 184 Gas Engine Oils 123-128 Gas Turbine Oils 95.113.51.172 26 18 .167 Hydrocracking 185 Hydrodynamic Lubrication 185 HT Severe Hydrocracking Process 23.129-132 Gear Oils – AGMA Classification 87 – API Service Classification 72 – Automotive 70 – Enclosed 118.

170 Page Penetration Oil 101 Penetration Number 138 Petro-Canada Lubricants – Quality Statement (ii) – Guarantee (iii) Petro-Canada’s Patented HT Purity Process 21 Pour Point 82 Pour Point Depressants 36 Premium Gear Lubricant 120 Premium Greases 143 Premium Steam Turbine Oil 129 Process Fluids 171-174 Product Application Index 10-15 Product Shelf Life – Lubricating Oils 91. J20C.187 SAE Viscosity Classification 37 Chain Saw Oil 102 Saw Guide Oil 114 Saybolt Viscosity 188 Service Station Oils 50-52 Snowmobile Motor Oil83Solvent Refining Process 22 Soluble Cutting Oils 135 Specialty Base Fluids 171 Stationary Jet Turbine Fluid 95 Steam Turbine Fluid 129 Synthetic Grease 145.146 Synthetic Fluids 50.199 26 .172 Minimum Viscosities 189 NLGI Automotive Grease Service Categories NLGI Grease Grades Natural Gas Engine Oils Neat Cutting Oils Neutralization Number Oil Classification Systems Optimum Viscosities Outboard Motor Oil Oxidation Oxidation Inhibitors Oxidation Resistance Paper Machine Oil Pareve Passenger Car Motor Oils 139 138 123 133-136 185 37 189 84 186 35.91 150.53.SUBJECT INDEX 1 Page Introduction ILSAC Certification Symbol ISO 9001 ISO 14001 ISO Viscosity Classification John Deere. J20D Tests Kinematic Viscosity Kosher 1 47 27 27 86 80 86.186 26 120 150.56 Temperature Conversion Tables Thermal Stability 198.102 Rust Inhibitors 35.92 – Grease 141 QS-9000 Quality Assurance Quick-Mix Chart 27 27 84 Leaky Gear Case Lubricant 154 Limited Slip Differentials 73 Locomotive Diesel Engine Oil 60 Lubricants Handling/Storage 90-92 Lubricant Vapour Pressure – Table 197 LubriTest Oil Analysis 48 Machine Tool Lubricant 93 Mack EO-M 44 Mack EO-M Plus 44 Mack GO-J 73 Mack GO-J Plus 73 Marine Diesel Engine Lubricants 61-63 Maximum Viscosities 189 Medium-Speed Diesel Engine Oil 60 Metalworking Oils 133-136 Mineral Oil 171.170 50-52 19 Reciprocating Compressor Oil 99 Redwood Viscosity 188 Refrigeration Lubricant 117 Rock Drill Lubricant 95 Rotary Cooker Oil 118 Rust Prevention Oil 101.

24.110 135 104.89 – Saybolt 86.188 Viscosity Index Improvers 36 Way Lubricant White Oil Wide Temperature Hydraulic Oil Wire Drawing Oil Worm Gear Oil 93 169 106.80 112 81 64 168 195 83 84 169 48-49 121 148 188 87 Page – Comparison 88 – Equivalents 89 – Engler 188 – Industrial Oil Classification 86 – ISO System 86 – Kinematic 86.1 SUBJECT INDEX Page Timken OK Load Tractor Transmission Hydraulic Fluid Transformer Oil Transmission/Drive-Train Oil Transmission Fluids Trolley Fluid Two Base Oil Blending Chart Two-Cycle Engine Oils – Quick-Mix Chart U.89 – Stability 26 Viscosity Index 21.122 20 .S.109.89 – Redwood 188 – SAE System 37.P.25. Mineral Oil Used Oil Analysis Vacuum Pump Oil Valve Grease Viscosity – AGMA System 188 79.71.

Group II and III base oils are manufactured by what the API calls Hydroprocessing or Severe Hydroprocessing. These are just other names for Petro-Canada’s Patented HT Purity Process.03 wt % and Saturates content of more than 90 wt %. we should explain the American Petroleum Institute’s (API) Base Oil Classification system. they are more pure than Group I base oils. the API system classifies base oils into five major groups. Starting from petroleum crude oil. For paraffinic oils. 2 BASE OIL CLASSIFICATION Before reviewing how base oil is manufactured. For engine oils.03 wt % Sulphur and less than 90 wt % Saturates. these include viscosity index. % Wt. the typical process for making a lubricant base oil is as follows: • Separation of lighter boiling materials. their usage has expanded beyond this area. 21 . or conventional base oils manufactured by Solvent Refining. With Sulphur content of less than 0. such as aromatics and polar compounds • Dewaxing to improve low temperature fluidity • Finishing to improve oxidation resistance and heat stability Generally both Solvent Refined and Hydrocracked base oils are manufactured this way. While these groups were originally intended to be used for engine oils. such as gasoline. they are less pure than Hydroprocessed or Synthetic base oils. but differ in the processes used.HT PURITY PROCESS PETRO-CANADA AND THE PATENTED HT PURITY PROCESS BASE OIL MANUFACTURE Lubricant base oils are produced in a series of steps which are designed to enhance certain desirable properties. as shown below: API Group I II III IV V Base Oil Characteristics Sulphur Saturates Viscosity Index Wt. diesel. oxidation resistance. • Distillation to give desired base oil viscosity grades • Selective removal of impurities.03 > 90 80-119 < 0. Containing more than 0. make up most of the base oil produced in the world today. etc. thermal stability and low temperature fluidity.03 < 90 80-119 < 0.03 > 90 120 + Polyalpha Olefins (PAOs) Other Base Oils Manufacturing Method Solvent Refined Hydroprocessed Severely Hydroprocessed Oligomerization Various Group I. % VI > 0.

diesel. One common method of finishing is mild hydrofinishing. This step should not be confused with Petro-Canada’s Patented HT Purity Process. Competitions' Solvent Refining/Extraction Process Atmospheric / Vacuum Distillation Solvent CRUDE OIL Gas Oil CONVENTIONAL BASE OIL (70-85% PURE) Lube Fractions Solvent Extraction Solvent Dewaxing 500ml 400ml 300ml 200ml 100ml 22 . Finally.. where lubricant fractions of specific viscosity ranges are taken off. are separated from crude petroleum by atmospheric distillation. as conditions of temperature and pressure in hydrofinishing are mild and less effective. which removes much of the wax. depending on the application requirements. etc. The API classifies the products of Solvent Refining as Group I base oils. The resulting material is charged to a vacuum distillation tower. A solvent such as furfural is mixed with them and extracts about 70-85% of the aromatic material present. This improves the low temperature fluidity of the product. light oils such as gasoline. the dewaxed lube fractions are sometimes finished to improve their colour and stability.HT PURITY PROCESS SOLVENT REFINING PROCESS 2 Initially. These fractions are then treated individually in a solvent extraction tower. The solvent extracted lube fraction is then dewaxed by chilling to a low temperature.

The hydrocarbon molecules that are formed are very stable and this makes them ideal for use as lubricant base oils. There are two stages in the Petro-Canada Severe Hydrocracking process. Petro-Canada Two-Stage Severe Hydrocracking Process Atmospheric / Vacuum Distillation Hydrogen CRUDE OIL Gas Oil Hydrocracker Vacuum Distillation Wax High Pressure HydroTreater Atmospheric Distillation Dewaxing Hydrogen 500ml 400ml 300ml 2 200ml 100ml ULTRA PURE HT BASE OIL (99. containing sulphur. The first one removes unwanted polar compounds and converts the aromatic components to saturated hydrocarbons. batches of waxy lube base oil are chill dewaxed. This final step maximizes base oil stability. the principal ones being: • Removal of polar compounds. in the presence of a catalyst at high temperatures and pressures.HT PURITY PROCESS PETRO-CANADA’S HT SEVERE HYDROCRACKING PROCESS In Petro-Canada’s HT Severe Hydrocracking process. by removing the last traces of aromatic and polar molecules. the elimination of aromatics and polar compounds is achieved by reacting the feedstock with hydrogen. Several different reactions occur in this process.9% PURE) 23 . They are classified by the API as Group II base oils. After separation into desired viscosity grades by vacuum distillation. These are then passed through a second high pressure hydro-treater for additional saturation. pressures around 3000 psi and in the presence of a catalyst. nitrogen and oxygen • Conversion of aromatic hydrocarbons to saturated cyclic hydrocarbons • Breaking up of heavy polycyclo-paraffins to lighter saturated hydrocarbons These reactions take place at temperatures as high as 400°C .

The process yields base oils with higher VIs and improved yields..9% PURE) Hydrogen Hydrogen 500ml 400ml Atmospheric Distillation 300ml 200ml 100ml Vacuum Distillation 24 . A further process feature is the flexibility it offers to produce base oils with ultra low pour points . More usually. The process is capable of giving 130 VI base fluids.HT PURITY PROCESS HT SEVERE HYDROCRACKING/ HYDROISOMERIZATION 2 In 1996. HydroIsomerization. in a single pass. iso-paraffinic lube oil. Petro-Canada completed a new base oil manufacturing unit to run in parallel with its existing base oil plant. a type of synthetic. it is set up to produce high viscosity index (Group II) base oils with VIs ranging from 95 to 105 or unconventional (Group II+ and III) base fluids with VIs ranging from 115 to 130.. lower than . The HydroIsomerization process employs a special catalyst to selectively isomerize wax (n-paraffin mixture) to high VI. compared to previous conventional dewaxing techniques. Petro-Canada Two-Stage Severe Hydrocracking/HydroIsomerization Process Atmospheric / Vacuum Distillation Wax Hydrogen CRUDE OIL Gas Oil Hydrocracker HydroIsomerization Wax Conversion High Pressure HydroTreater SYNTHETIC BASE FLUID (99.. but replaces the chill dewaxing step with the more modern and efficient wax conversion process ... Petro-Canada employs HydroIsomerization Catalytic Dewaxing in conjunction with HT Severe Hydrocracking and as a result its base oils have the following attractive features: • • • • • • Very High Viscosity Index (100 to 130) Low Volatility Excellent Oxidation Resistance High Thermal Stability Excellent Low Temperature Fluidity Low Toxicity These features give performance characteristics very similar to lubricants based on poly-alpha-olefin (PAO). This new unit utilizes the HT Severe Hydrocracking process.25°C. low pour point..

HT Severely Hydrocracked oils separate readily from water. HT Severely Hydrocracked base oils have low toxicity. the aromatics content of Solvent Refined oils is somewhere between 10-30% so Solvent Refined base oils are considerably less pure. HT Severely Hydrocracked base oils have very good resistance to heat. HT Severely Hydrocracked base oils produce low residues. HT Severely Hydrocracked base oils respond very well to anti-oxidants and so have excellent resistance to oxidation and long lubricant life in finished products. The main reason for the difference lies in the virtual elimination of aromatic molecules (less than 0.HT PURITY PROCESS COMPARISON OF THE PRODUCTS OF PATENTED HT PURITY PROCESS AND SOLVENT REFINING • BASE OILS 2 There are significant differences in certain characteristics between HT Severely Hydrocracked and Solvent Refined base oils. Characteristic COLOUR Significant Difference HT Severely Hydrocracked base oils are clear and colourless HT Severely Hydrocracked base oils have high VIs so they ‘thin-out’ less at high temperatures.5+% Pure”. VISCOSITY INDEX OXIDATION RESISTANCE THERMAL STABILITY CARBON RESIDUE DEMULSIBILITY LOW TOXICITY BIODEGRADABILITY 25 . In comparison. due to a virtual absence of impurities. HT Severely Hydrocracked base oils have biodegradability characteristics. Petro-Canada White Oils are pure enough to be used in cosmetics and pharmaceuticals.5%) in our HT Purity Process. HT Severely Hydrocracked base oils are termed “99.

This is especially valuable for automatic transmission fluids. are based upon this valuable property.HT PURITY PROCESS • FINISHED LUBRICANTS 2 Finished lubricants blended from Petro-Canada HT Severely Hydrocracked base oils are superior to lubricants blended from Solvent Refined base oils in several areas. i. these features are preserved in finished lubricants. compared to Solvent Refined lubricants. ENVIRON MV Hydraulic Oil. where consistent shift characteristics depend on viscosity stability. This feature also contributes to greater fuel efficiency in motor oils and reduced power consumption from industrial lubricants. SEPRO™ XL. etc. This leads to reduced deposits and cleaner equipment internals. Petro-Canada HT Severely Hydrocracked lubricants do not ‘thicken-up’. or thin-out as much as Solvent Refined lubricants. etc.e. increase in viscosity. • REDUCED ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT Petro-Canada HT Severely Hydrocracked base oils have very low toxicity and can biodegrade faster than Solvent Refined lubricants of comparable viscosity. TURBOFLO Fluid. etc. Automatic Transmission Fluid. COMPRO XL-S Compressor Fluid. Applications where these features may be found include:. PARAFLEX HT Fluids. due to a virtual absence of impurities. Petro-Canada product lines that exploit this feature include CALFLO Heat Transfer Fluid. such as COMPRO XL-S Compressor Fluid. This allows them to be used at higher temperatures or for longer time periods than Solvent Refined lubricants. PetroCanada’s unique line of products. These include: • Viscosity Stability • Oxidation Resistance • Thermal Stability • Reduced Environmental Impact • VISCOSITY STABILITY In service. 26 . • OXIDATION RESISTANCE Finished lubricants based on Petro-Canada HT Severely Hydrotreated base stocks have shown the ability for superior resistance to oxidation compared to Solvent Refined lubricants. • THERMAL STABILITY Petro-Canada HT Severely Hydrocracked lubricants demonstrate excellent thermal stability.Petro-Canada PURITY FG Food Grade Lubricants. When carefully formulated with selected additives.

It promotes a focus on customer quality requirements. ISO 14001 ISO 14001 is an internationally recognized approach to Environmental Management. Petro-Canada became the first Canadian lubricant manufacturer to receive QS9000 certification. This strongly demonstrates Petro-Canada’s ability to continuously improve our quality system. While these programs provide guidelines to address customer needs and expectations in terms of quality of product/service. General Motors. 27 2 . enhancing customer satisfaction. and management of environmental impacts resulting from business operations. ISO/TS 16949 REGISTRATION In March 1997. Petro-Canada Lubricants has chosen ISO 14001 as the foundation for its Environmental Management System due to its wide recognition and global acceptance. prioritization. ISO 14001 differs fundamentally from ISO/TS 16949 and ISO 9001. is designed for third party suppliers to the automotive companies. ISO 14001 focuses on the protection of the natural environment and protecting people from environmental impacts. It is more rigorous than the environmental elements prescribed in Petro-Canada’s Total Loss Management (TLM) Standard. which replaces QS9000. twice yearly audits are conducted by the registrar to ensure ongoing compliance and improvement. ISO/TS 16949 was jointly developed by ISO and the IATF (International Automobile Task Force) and contains all requirements of ISO 9001 and additional automotive requirements. Ford. and as member of the ISO family of International Standards. ISO 14001 principles are in line with Petro-Canada’s internal TLM philosophy. the goal of QS9000 was the creation of fundamental quality systems to provide continuous improvement with an emphasis on defect prevention and the reduction of variation and waste in the supply chain. provides a consistent set of operating guidelines. It is administered by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). ISO 9001 is an international standard that adopts a process approach to quality management and business. Developed by Chrysler. a Swiss based organization that sets rigid standards for a very wide range of products and services. Petro-Canada Lubricants opened the door to the global market by being the first lubricants manufacturer in the world to be registered to ISO/TS 16949. and achieving continual improvement through the use of setting measurable objectives and targets. In October 2002. To be registered. It is a disciplined approach to identification. Following registration. the ISO 9001 process requires a thorough inspection of a company’s production and control systems by an independent registrar. This new global standard. and the North American truck manufacturers. Petro-Canada Lubricants earned the distinction of being the first lubricants manufacturer in North America to be ISO 9001 registered. Stringent audits are conducted to ensure detailed procedures are rigidly adhered to and all products are manufactured consistently in accordance with established standards.HT PURITY PROCESS QUALITY ASSURANCE – SECOND TO NONE IN THE WORLD ISO 9001 REGISTRATION ISO 9001 is the global standard for documenting quality control throughout an entire manufacturing and business process.

28 .

the oil must be thick enough. engine and other equipment manufacturers as well as with our customers. but also on the flow properties of the motor oil. when the engine reaches normal operating temperatures. 3 ENGINE OIL FUNCTIONS A modern engine oil has been carefully developed by engineers and chemists to perform several important functions. This resistance. by continued R&D effort to develop new and improved products. keeps the oil from being squeezed out from between engine surfaces when they are moving under load or pressure. Since it is this resistance that is responsible for most of the drag put on the starter during cranking. Researchers at our Lubricants Centre are continually working on products in the lab and in the field with commercial equipment. If the oil is too viscous or heavy at starting temperatures. It must also be fluid enough to quickly flow to the bearings to prevent wear. The efficient operation of an engine depends on the oil doing the following: Permit easy starting Lubricate engine parts and prevent wear Reduce friction Protect against rust and corrosion Keep engine parts clean Reduce combustion chamber deposits Fight soot Cool engine parts Seal combustion pressures Be non-foaming Permit Easy Starting The ease of starting an engine depends not only on the condition of the battery. such as Petro-Canada. proper oil circulation. The characteristic of an oil which determines ease of cranking is its viscosity at the cranking temperature. and high temperature protection. Petro-Canada is committed to maintaining its leadership in automotive lubricant quality. ignition and fuel quality. In addition. it is important to use an oil with viscosity characteristics that ensure satisfactory cranking. Petro-Canada keeps in close contact with all the car. Since cold temperatures thicken all oils. 29 . an oil for winter use must be thin enough to permit adequate cranking speeds at the lowest anticipated temperature. Operators of automotive equipment have come to expect high quality and reliable performance from today’s automotive lubricants. to provide adequate protection. Viscosity is a measure of the oil’s resistance to flow. Resistance to motion or flow is a function of the molecular structure of the oil. or fluid friction. it will impose enough drag on the moving parts that the engine cannot be cranked fast enough to start promptly and keep running. truck. Our goal is to meet the ever changing needs of the market.AUTOMOTIVE LUBRICANTS AUTOMOTIVE LUBRICANTS Automotive equipment is the largest user of lubricants and the steady improvement of this equipment can only be maintained with the continued close association with leading lubricant manufacturers.

AUTOMOTIVE LUBRICANTS The effect of temperature on viscosity varies widely with different types of oil. Lubricate and Prevent Wear Once an engine is started. the viscosity of an oil must be low enough at the starting temperature to permit rapid cranking and starting.). the oil must circulate promptly and lubricate all moving surfaces to prevent the metal-to-metal contact that would result in wear. Multi-grade oils are most often recommended by vehicle manufacturers. Unless counteracted by proper additive treatment. and camshafts normally operate with full-film lubrication. An oil with a high viscosity index is one that shows less change in viscosity with temperature. the load is only partially supported by the oil film. pressure and oil supply. 3 These oils with high viscosity indexes are known as “multi-grade” oils. Boundary lubrication conditions always exist during engine starting and often during the operation of a new or rebuilt engine. 30 . it is impossible to maintain a continuous oil film between moving parts and there is intermittent metal-to-metal contact between the high spots on sliding surfaces. connecting rods. As mentioned earlier. Under these circumstances. Bearings on crankshafts.l. and high enough at peak operating temperatures to ensure adequate engine protection. For this reason. These films must be continually replenished by adequate flow and proper oil distribution. Once the oil reaches the moving parts its function is to lubricate and prevent wear of the moving surfaces. When this occurs. Today. temperatures are high. Since the metals do not make contact in full-film lubrication. a standard has been developed for measuring the amount of viscosity change with temperature change. there are many high viscosity index engine oils that are light enough for easy cranking at low temperatures and still be heavy enough to perform satisfactorily at high temperatures. Often they are also called by names that imply all-season usage since they perform satisfactorily in both winter and summer. through the use of new refining methods and special chemical additives. and a reversal of piston motion occurs. or seizure of engine parts. The oil film is ruptured resulting in significant metalto-metal contact. Full-film or hydrodynamic lubrication occurs when the moving surfaces are continuously separated by a film of oil. Under some conditions. This standard is called the Viscosity Index (V. Oil films on bearings and cylinder walls are sensitive to movement. the friction generated between the surfaces can produce enough heat to cause one or both of the metals in contact to melt and weld together. Boundary lubrication is also found around the top piston ring where oil supply is limited. scoring. The viscosity must remain high enough to prevent metal-to-metal contact. the result is either immediate seizure or the tearing apart and roughening of the surfaces. wear is negligible unless the separated parts are scratched by particles thicker than the oil film itself. Lubrication engineers call this boundary lubrication. Lubrication engineers describe several classes of lubrication. The determining factor in keeping these parts separated is the viscosity of the oil at its operating temperature.

Relative movement of these lubricated parts requires enough force to overcome the fluid friction of the lubricant. in the crankcase. This occurs most frequently in cold weather before the engine has warmed up. For each gallon of fuel burned in an engine.AUTOMOTIVE LUBRICANTS Reduce Friction Under full-film lubrication conditions. This is to ensure that the lubricant will provide adequate. viscosity increases. but should not be higher than necessary. both in the laboratory and in field service. its viscosity changes. other corrosive combustion gases also get past the rings and are condensed or dissolved in the engine oil. The proper balance of the total additive system in a modern motor oil is critical if all lubrication conditions of an engine are to be satisfied. The amount and type of chemical additives is important for reducing friction under the extreme pressure conditions of boundary lubrication. a thick film of oil prevents metal-to-metal contact between moving engine parts. In addition to water and the by-products from incomplete combustion of the fuel. forms soot or carbon. contaminant levels in motor oil must be kept low. Some of this soot and partially burned fuel escapes through the exhaust in the form of black smoke or foul smelling odors. oxidation. 31 . Car manufacturers specify proper oil viscosity ranges according to expected ambient temperatures. with fuel dilution it decreases. particularly when the fuel-air mixture is extremely rich or cylinder misfiring occurs. or sludge. under some conditions. When oil becomes contaminated. Some of the partially burned gasoline or diesel fuel undergoes complex chemical changes during combustion and. but not excessive. viscosity at normal operating conditions. effective oilsoluble chemical compounds have been developed. with emphasis on proof-testing in actual engines. This can be best accomplished by changing the oil and filter at proper intervals. 3 Protect against Rust and Corrosion Under ideal conditions. fuel burns to form carbon dioxide and water. The life of engine parts depends in part on the ability of the motor oil to neutralize these corrosive substances. Sludge buildup may clog oil passages which reduces oil flow. at least temporarily. more than one gallon of water is formed. a gasoline or diesel engine does not burn the fuel completely. Thanks to much research. For a variety of reasons. With soot. Varnish buildup interferes with proper clearances. The viscosity of the oil should be high enough to maintain an unbroken film. since this increases the amount of force required to overcome this fluid friction. Both directions of viscosity change are potentially harmful to the engine. restricts oil circulation and causes vital engine parts to stick and malfunction. That part of soot and unburned fuel which escapes past the rings and into the crankcase tends to combine with water to form sludge and varnish deposits on critical engine parts. Add to this the acids formed by the normal oxidation of oil and the potential for rust and corrosive engine deposits becomes significant. Although most of this water is in vapor form and goes out the exhaust. dirt. For this reason. These are added to motor oil during manufacture to provide vital protection to engine parts. The oil formulator can achieve this balance of motor oil compounding only through much research. some condenses on the cylinder walls or escapes past the piston rings and is trapped. The result can be rapid engine failure.

Detergent/dispersants are also very effective in preventing varnish deposits within an engine. they tend to join together to form larger masses and oil flow can be restricted. operating with dirty air cleaners. This is the job of the detergent/dispersant additives that are blended into modern motor oils. but also to prevent sludge and varnish deposits from interfering with proper engine operation. leaving little or no carbon residue. If varnish-forming materials are allowed to accumulate in these areas. They are much smaller than the thickness of the oil film on engine parts and therefore cause no wear or damage so long as they remain small and well-dispersed. dirt and the products of oil deterioration and incomplete combustion. limiting the flow of oil to vital engine parts and resulting in rapid and destructive wear. These compounds continue to react with each other and with oxygen and are baked by engine heat into a hard coating on the hotter parts of the engine. thereby maintaining compression pressures and minimizing the amount of oil reaching 32 . The detergent/dispersant additives in modern motor oils keep the piston rings free in their grooves. This oil is then exposed to the heat and flame of burning fuel and part of it actually burns off. Engine sludge deposits are formed by combinations of water from condensation. However. Piston rings which are stuck or sluggish because of varnish accumulation prevent the engine from developing full power. piston rings. and bearings are particularly sensitive to varnish deposits. 3 Reduce Combustion Chamber Deposits In performing its lubrication function. increase the rate of sludge accumulation in the oil. Varnish-forming materials react chemically or combine with oxygen in the crankcase to form complex chemical compounds. Engines cannot tolerate excessive amounts of sludge and varnish on sensitive parts. or cases of ignition misfiring. Sludged or plugged oil-control rings prevent removal of excess lubricant from the cylinder walls and result in excessive oil consumption. Sludge deposits collect on oil pump screens. Modern refining techniques have produced oils that burn cleanly under these conditions. The hydraulic lifters. some oil must reach the area of the top piston ring in order to lubricate the rings and the cylinder walls. as their levels increase in the oil during use. The rate at which sludge-forming materials accumulate in the crankcase oil is related to several factors of engine operation. Factors such as. Engine sludge formation is generally a problem of low engine temperature operation. engine operation is impaired.AUTOMOTIVE LUBRICANTS Keep Engine Parts Clean In formulating today’s high quality motor oils. Straight mineral oils have only a very limited ability to keep these contaminants from coagulating and forming masses of sludge within the engine. a basic objective is not only to keep engine parts clean. Sludge formation is aggravated by water vapor which condenses in the crankcase in cold engine operation. rich air-fuel mixtures which occur during starting or when a choke is sticking. Sludge-forming materials are often so small initially that no oil filter can remove them. These additives keep vital engine parts clean and oil contaminants suspended in such a fine form that they can be removed by regular oil and filter changes.

Engine oils formulated to fight soot are able to disperse large amounts of soot without thickening up. but can be suspended by the oil and removed during an oil change. Excessive combustion chamber deposits adversely affect engine operation. It cools the upper part of the engine only – the cylinder heads. This not only reduces oil consumption. Effective with the 2007 model year. ultra-low-sulphur diesel (ULSD) fuel and new engine oil technology. If soot is not well dispersed it will cause the oil to thicken up and go out of grade. In preventing excessive combustion chamber deposits. or other combustion irregularities that reduce the efficiency and economy of the engine. It is black carbonaceous particulate matter. Engine manufacturers have been developing engines that not only utilize DPFs but also run on pollution-reducing ULSD fuel and utilize cooled exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) devices to redirect some of the exhaust gases normally emitted by the vehicle back into the engine. This can result in damage or even failure of the parts necessitating premature overhaul. which does not dissolve in lubricating oil. 3 Fight Soot Soot is a by-product of diesel-engine combustion. rings. prevents abrasive wear developing and inhibits the formation of sludge. the regulation calls for a 97 percent reduction in the sulphur content of on-road diesel fuel – from 500 parts per million (ppm) to 15 ppm – so the fuel won’t damage the new exhaust aftertreatment devices. the main and connecting rod bearings. it is important that a motor oil accomplish two things: The oil must keep the rings free so that they can minimize the amount of oil reaching the combustion chamber. Cool Engine Parts Many people assume that engine cooling is accomplished only through the action of the fluid in the cooling system. the U. specifically Diesel Particulate Filters (DPFs) that trap and further reduce soot emissions. creating more internal soot. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has set stringent limits on nitrogen oxide (NOx) and particulate matter (PM) emissions from on-road trucks and buses. these new vehicles cut harmful emissions by 95 percent. cylinder walls. Through a combination of engine redesign. This can cause the filter by-pass to open and allow unfiltered oil into the engine. In addition. The crankshaft. and many other components in the lower part of the engine are directly dependent on the motor oil for necessary cooling. Because these deposits act as heat barriers. That portion of the oil reaching the combustion chamber should burn as cleanly as possible. it settles out and forms sludge. knock. Good soot dispersal stops large particles agglomerating.AUTOMOTIVE LUBRICANTS the combustion chamber. soot can agglomerate to form particles large enough to cause abrasive wear and when the soot load of an oil gets too high. the camshaft and its bearings. pistons. spark plugs. In addition. but more importantly. and the valves. Deposits that form on spark plugs may cause the plugs to short out. This in fact does only about 60 percent of the cooling job. the pistons. All these parts have definite temperature 33 . Their build-up causes pinging.S. keeps combustion chamber deposits to a minimum. the timing gears. and valves are not properly cooled. Agglomerated soot and/or highly thickened oil can result in high pressure at the oil filter inlet.

025 mm thick – it cannot compensate for existing excessive wear of rings. If examined under a microscope. or cylinder walls. the oil cannot circulate or cool properly and early engine failure may result. Proper cooling also requires that the oil level in the crankcase never be permitted to remain below the “add oil” line on the dipstick. This is another reason for changing the oil and filter before the contaminant level becomes too high. Be Non-Foaming Because of the many rapidly moving parts in an engine. which is simply a lot of air bubbles which may or may not readily collapse. These oil passages cannot do the job properly if they are allowed to become partially or completely clogged with deposits. Where such conditions already exist. air in the crankcase is constantly being whipped into the oil. These parts must get an ample supply of cool oil to pick up the heat and carry it back to the crankcase where it is cooled by heat transfer to the surrounding air. While only a small quantity of oil is required at any one time and place to provide lubrication. engine cooling will be impaired because the heat will not be dissipated. Foam also does not have much ability to carry a load and prevent wear of hydraulic valve lifters and bearings. these surfaces would show minute hills and valleys. When this happens. To keep this cooling process working. Motor oil fills in these hills and valleys on ring surfaces and cylinder walls and helps to seal in compression and combustion pressures. This is made possible through the use of large-capacity oil pumps and oil passages adequate to handle the required volume of oil. large volumes of oil must be constantly circulated to the bearings and other engine parts. oil consumption may be high. but water and certain other contaminants slow down the rate at which this occurs. Because the oil film at these points is rather thin – generally less than 0. For this reason. On the other hand. Chemical additives and the physical properties of the oil have little effect on its ability to provide adequate cooling. A bearing failure is often referred to as a “burned-out bearing” because temperatures rose high enough to actually melt the bearing metal. the oil pump must circulate many litres of oil per minute.AUTOMOTIVE LUBRICANTS limits which must not be exceeded. such as the main and connecting rod bearings. and cylinder walls are not completely smooth. These air bubbles normally rise to the surface and break. If the oil supply is interrupted. 34 . the rings by themselves can never completely prevent high combustion and compression pressures from escaping into the low pressure area of the crankcase. It may also be high in a new or rebuilt engine until the hills and valleys on these surfaces have smoothed out enough to allow the oil to form the right seal. What is critical is the continuous circulation of large quantities of oil throughout the engine and over hot engine parts. oil which is free of air is virtually incompressible. ring grooves. 3 Seal Combustion Pressures The surfaces of the piston rings. these parts heat up rapidly from increased friction and combustion temperatures. Some can tolerate fairly high temperatures while others. Foam is not a good conductor of heat. ring grooves. This is because it contains air and air is easily compressible. so if the amount of foam is excessive. must run relatively cool to avoid failure. and the result is foam. This produces foam. with the consequent reduction in engine power and efficiency.

Skillful selection of additives. galling and seizure are prevented. Thus scuffing. together with their additive carrier. preventing sludge and deposit formation. Over-based detergents also neutralize acidic contaminants from engine exhaust and oil oxidation. Both detergents and dispersants attach themselves to contaminant particles. The suspended particles. such as soot and hold them in suspension. • DETERGENTS These chemicals. are designed to control deposits and keep engine components clean. are so small that they can pass harmlessly between moving surfaces and through oil filters. • CORROSION INHIBITORS Acids are produced by the combustion process and when an engine oil degrades with use. blended together with Petro-Canada’s HT Severely Hydrocracked base oils results in engine oils of outstanding performance. 3 • DISPERSANTS These are usually ashless organic chemicals. Petro-Canada’s HT Severely Hydrocracked base oils have a superior response to these additives compared to Solvent Refined base oils. usually metallic based. an engine oil has to perform ten basic functions. Parts such as hydraulic lifters. these acids can cause rapid deterioration of engine components. are prone to this type of corrosion. which control contamination from low temperature operation. • OXIDATION INHIBITORS These agents reduce oxygen attack on the lubricant base oil to a minimum. hence maintaining good oil flow properties and resistance to bearing corrosion. etc. Detergents control contamination resulting from high temperature operation. Compounds such as zinc dialkyl-dithiophosphate (ZDDP) break-down at microscopic hot spots and form a chemical film which eliminates metal-to-metal contact before it grows. This results in an engine oil with high resistance to oil thickening and the build-up of corrosive acids. push rods. • ANTI-WEAR AGENTS These agents prevent wear due to seizure or scuffing of rubbing surfaces. as well as disperse insoluble matter into the oil. • RUST INHIBITORS Rust Inhibitors protect iron/steel surfaces from oxygen attack.AUTOMOTIVE LUBRICANTS ADDITIVES In summary. by forming a similar protective screen as mentioned above. the base oil must be refined to the highest level possible and then compounded with specially selected chemical additives. Corrosion inhibitors protect non-ferrous metals by coating them and forming a barrier between the parts and their environment. Unless rendered harmless by the engine oil. They are able to clean up existing deposits in the engine. This contamination is removed from the engine when the oil is changed. To carry out these functions. 35 .

These chemicals form a chemical or physically bonded film that reduces the friction between the moving engine parts. They are polymers which act like “popcorn”. However. the tendency of an oil to “thin” at high temperatures is controlled and reduced. hence a lower Pour Point. • VISCOSITY INDEX (Vl) IMPROVERS Vl improvers control the viscosity of multi-grade oils. which leads to foaming.AUTOMOTIVE LUBRICANTS • FOAM DEPRESSANTS Detergent and dispersant additives can facilitate aeration of an oil. This can reduce the lubricating ability of an oil and even interfere with oil pumping. they are “tight-balls” which do not significantly increase the oil’s resistance to flow. Incorporation of a Foam Depressant controls this tendency. 36 . • FRICTION MODIFIERS Some oils contain friction-modifying chemicals. these “tight-balls” explode into long chain polymers. which can reduce the fuel consumption of an engine. 3 • POUR POINT DEPRESSANTS Base oils contain hydrocarbons that tend to crystallize into waxy materials at low temperatures. At low temperatures. which interweave and increase the oil’s resistance to flow (viscosity). that is be able to perform when the oil film is subject to great stress and also resist high temperatures. Vl improvers must be shear stable. Thus. Incorporation of a chemical which reduces the size/rate of wax crystal formation can give an oil better low temperature fluidity. at high temperatures.

37 .1 — — — — — — 2.5 12. To enable the operator to identify a proper oil.6 9.6 9.3 12. the vehicle operator must consider both the oil viscosity and the lubricant service requirements for his vehicle.5 Less than 16. 5W-40 and 10W-40 grades with 15W-40. This system (Engine Oil Viscosity Classification – SAE J300). which has been modified over the years.5 16.8 4. 30.7 3.7†† 3. SAE 20. SAE 10W. SAE 5W.9 Less than 26.6 5. medium. depending on their viscosity. SAE 15W. Oils carrying the “W” designation must have the proper viscosity value when measured at appropriate low temperatures. the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) developed a classification system based on viscosity measurements. SAE VISCOSITY GRADES FOR ENGINE OILS (SAE J300 NOV. establishes eleven distinct motor oil viscosity classifications or grades. SAE 20W. Viscosity Max Grade Cranking Pumpability Viscosity (cSt) at 100°C Min Max High Shear Viscosity (cP) at 150°C and 106 S-1 Min 3 0W 5W 10W 15W 20W 25W 20W 30W 40W 40W 50W 60W † †† 6200 at –35 6600 at –30 7000 at –25 7000 at –20 9500 at –15 13000 at –10 — — — — — — 60 000 at –40 60 000 at –35 60 000 at –30 60 000 at –25 60 000 at –20 60 000 at –15 — — — — — — 3.3 Less than 16. SAE 50 and SAE 60.1 5.9 — — — — — — Less than 9.9 2. 20W-40.AUTOMOTIVE LUBRICANTS OIL CLASSIFICATION SYSTEMS In selecting a proper engine oil.8 3. When instruments became available to accurately measure viscosity.7 with 0W-40.3 Less than 12. The viscosity of these oils – SAE 20.3 5. the engine manufacturers and the petroleum industry utilize two complementary classification systems that are described below: SAE ENGINE OIL VISCOSITY CLASSIFICATION The earliest attempts to classify and identify motor oils were made when the first automobiles appeared.3 21. SAE 0W. Those SAE classifications which do not include the “W” define oil grades for use at higher temperatures. 50 and 60 – must have the proper value when measured at 100°C and under high shear conditions at 150°C.3 Less than 21.9† 3. Even then viscosity was known to be one of the most important characteristics of an oil and oils were classified as light. 07) SAE Viscosity (cP) at Temperature (°C). or heavy. SAE 25W.6 2. SAE 40. 25W-40 & 40 grades The “W” following the SAE viscosity grade stands for “winter” and indicates that an oil is suitable for use in colder temperatures. 40. SAE 30.

a basic guide prepared from car owners’ manuals is shown in the table below: GUIDE TO SAE GRADES OF ENGINE OIL Ambient Temperature Range °C –40°C to +40°C –35°C to +40°C –30°C to excess of +40°C –25°C to excess of +40°C –20°C to excess of +40°C –30°C to +20°C –20°C to +30°C 0°C to excess of +40°C +5°C to excess of +40°C +10°C to excess of +40°C +20°C to excess of +40°C SAE Multi-Grades °F –40°F to +104°F –31°F to +104°F –22°F to excess of +104°F –13°F to excess of +104°F –4°F to excess of +104°F SAE Single Grades –22°F to +70°F –4°F to +86°F +32°F to excess of +104°F +40°F to excess of +104°F +50°F to excess of +104°F +70°F to excess of +104°F SAE Grade 0W-30 5W-30 10W-30. It should be emphasized that the API Engine Service Classification System has no connection with the SAE Engine Oil Viscosity Classification System. 38 . 10W-30. However. but heavy enough to perform satisfactorily at high temperatures as well. the American Petroleum Institute. 5W-40. and the Society of Automotive Engineers have cooperated in maintaining the API Engine Service Classification System. ii) The ambient temperatures quoted above should only be taken as a guide.SAE 0W-30. The latter is used to indicate only the SAE viscosities of oils. Starting aids. API ENGINE SERVICE CLASSIFICATION Since 1970. 10W-40. Both are necessary to adequately define an engine oil’s characteristics insofar as customer selection of the proper product to meet his engine’s need is concerned. 15W-40 and 20W-50 . are widely used because they are light enough for easy cranking at low temperatures. SAE 10W-30 etc. oil sump heaters and battery warmers will further reduce the minimum starting temperature. This system enables engine oils to be defined and selected on the basis of their performance characteristics and the type of service for which they are intended.AUTOMOTIVE LUBRICANTS As noted earlier. For the exact SAE grade required for your vehicle. These oils . It is important to understand that the SAE viscosity grade classification system identifies only viscosity and indicates nothing else about the type or quality of an oil or the service for which it is intended. consult your owner’s manual. such as block coolant heaters. The car manufacturers’ recommendations for crankcase oil viscosity should be followed at all times. 5W-30. 5W-20. such as SAE 5W-30. Multi-grade motor oils. the development of viscosity index improvers made the manufacture of multi-graded motor oil possible. 10W-40 15W-40 20W-50 10W 20W 30 40 50 60 3 Footnotes i) The lowest ambient temperatures quoted above are for equipment with no starting aids. the American Society for Testing and Materials.have been marketed for decades in North America.

plus those for Mack E0-K/2 and Cummins NTC-400 approvals. (obsolete) CE 39 . (obsolete) 1980 gasoline engine warranty requirements (obsolete) 1989 gasoline engine warranty requirements (obsolete) 1994 gasoline engine warranty requirements (obsolete) 1997 gasoline engine warranty requirements 2001 gasoline engine warranty requirements 2004 gasoline engine warranty requirements Light duty service on high quality fuels. plus Detroit Diesel 6V53T approval. (obsolete) 1968 gasoline engine warranty requirements. Meets 1968-71 requirements of automotive manufacturers. Some antioxidant and antiscuff properties. Meets requirements for API CD service. Meets Military requirement MIL-L-2104A (1954). (obsolete) 1964 gasoline engine warranty requirements. Meets 1964-67 requirements of automotive manufacturers. Meets 2001-2004 requirements of automotive manufacturers. Meets Military requirement MIL-L-2104A. manufactured since 1983. Meets 1980-88 requirements of automotive manufacturers. Meets 1997-2000 requirements of automotive manufacturers. Meets Military requirement MIL-L-2104B (1964). (obsolete) Oil Description Oil without additive. Meets the requirements for API CD service. Meets requirements of MIL-L-2104C and Caterpillar Series 3 lubricants. (obsolete) Moderate duty service on lower quality fuels. (obsolete) Severe duty diesel service. (obsolete) 1972 gasoline engine warranty requirements. Provides moderately super charged diesel performance. Meets 1989-93 requirements of automotive manufacturers. Meets 2004 onwards requirements of automotive manufacturers. Meets 1972-79 requirements of automotive manufacturers. 1 ). (obsolete) Turbo-charged and Super-charged heavy-duty diesel engines. but test run on high sulphur fuel (Suppl. 3 SM CA CB CC CD CD-II Severe duty 2-stroke cycle diesel engine service. Meets 1994-96 requirements of automotive manufacturers. (obsolete) Moderate to severe duty diesel and gasoline service. (obsolete) Minimum duty gasoline engine service.AUTOMOTIVE LUBRICANTS The API Engine Service Classification System presently includes twenty classes of service which are summarized in the chart below: Letter SA SB SC SD SE SF SG SH SJ SL Designation API Service Utility gasoline and diesel engine service.

corrosion.5%). Meets requirements of Caterpillar 1-K spec. For use in high speed. designed to meet 1998 emission standards.5%) fuel. wear and corrosion in naturally aspirated turbocharged or supercharged diesel engines. Provides superior control over high temperature piston deposits. plus those for Mack EO-K/2 and Cummins NTC-400 approvals. Oil Description Provides effective control of piston deposits. Designed to meet 2002 emission standards and to meet increased engine severity caused by Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR). Can be used to replace CD-II oils. especially late model (since 1988) lower emission engines. wear. Can be used to replace CD. CG-4 CH-4 For high-speed. Some CI-4 oils may also qualify for the CI-4 Plus designation which represents even better protection against wear. CE. improved soot handling and shear stability. Severe duty service in 4-stroke cycle diesel engines designed to meet 1994 emission standards using low sulphur-fuel (<0. Can be used to replace CD. and CH-4 oils. CE. foaming.05% by weight. oxidation stability and soot accumulation. CG-4. foaming. 4-stroke cycle diesel engines. Can be used to replace CD oils. 40 . oxidation stability and piston deposits. Provides enhanced performance over that provided by CH-4. corrosion. CI-4 (CI-4 Plus) Represents a performance boost over CH-4. oxidation stability and soot accumulation. CF-4 and CG-4 oils. four-stroke cycle diesel engines used in highway and off-road applications where fuel sulphur contents range from less than 0.5%). CF-2 Severe duty 2-stroke cycle diesel engine service. wear. using low sulphur fuel (<0. in terms of viscosity control.05% to <0. CE and CF-4 oils. May be used to replace CD.05% to <0. Provides effective control over high temperature piston deposits. CF-4. soot accumulation. Service typical of 1994 severe duty two-stroke cycle diesel engines requiring highly effective control over deposits and wear.AUTOMOTIVE LUBRICANTS Letter CF Designation API Service Off-road indirect injected diesel engines and other diesel engines using a broad range of fuel types including high sulphur (>0. 3 CF-4 Severe duty turbocharged 4-stroke cycle diesel engines.

SL FOR 2001 GASOLINE ENGINE WARRANTY MAINTENANCE SERVICE Service typical of gasoline engines in passenger cars. sport utility vehicles. Oils developed for this service provide improved control of engine deposits. These oils are compounded for use in all applications with diesel fuels ranging in sulphur content up to 500 ppm (0. CF-4. Oils meeting API Service Classification SJ may be used where API Service Classifications SH and earlier have been recommended. CH-4 and CI-4 / CI-4 Plus oils are required. operating under manufacturers’ recommended maintenance procedures. vans and light trucks beginning with the 1994 model year. operating under manufacturers’ recommended maintenance procedures. Propane. Oils meeting API Service Classification SH may be used where API Service Categories SG. sport utility vehicles. SG/CC. CNG) Standards SA to SF have been removed as they are considered obsolete. 3 “S” – SPARK IGNITION (Gasoline. vans. SF. and light trucks beginning with the 1989 model year operating under manufacturers’ recommended maintenance procedures. oxidation and engine wear relative to oils developed for previous categories. 2008 API will discontinue licensing engine oils against the API CF-4 specification. CD. *Please note that on June 30.AUTOMOTIVE LUBRICANTS CJ-4 For use in high-speed four-stroke cycle diesel engines designed to meet 2007 model year on-highway exhaust emission standards as well as for previous model years. CE. vans and light trucks beginning with 1997 model year. CG-4. This new category is designed to cope with stringent environmental emissions legislation and increased engine severity caused by Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR). SG FOR 1989 GASOLINE ENGINE WARRANTY MAINTENANCE SERVICE Service typical of gasoline engines in passenger cars. SF/CC and SE are recommended. 41 . The following are more detailed descriptions of the API Service Classification. (obsolete) SJ FOR 1997 GASOLINE ENGINE WARRANTY MAINTENANCE SERVICE Service typical of gasoline engines in passenger cars. Oils designated for this service are currently available from Petro-Canada and may also be used where API.05% by weight). The current standard is backservicable to these standards. They are a guide to the proper selection of engine oils for significantly different engine service operations. (obsolete) SH FOR 1994 GASOLINE ENGINE WARRANTY MAINTENANCE SERVICE Service typical of gasoline engines in passenger cars.

Oils meeting API Service Classification SM may be used where API Service Classifications SL and earlier have been recommended.AUTOMOTIVE LUBRICANTS vans and light trucks effective July 1. “C” – COMPRESSION IGNITION (Diesel) CA FOR DIESEL ENGINE SERVICE Service typical of diesel engines operated in mild to moderate duty with high quality fuels and occasionally has included gasoline engines in mild service. fuel economy and emissions system compatibility. In addition to a general improvement in quality. (obsolete) CD-II FOR SEVERE DUTY 2-STROKE CYCLE DIESEL ENGINE SERVICE Service typical of 2-stroke cycle diesel engines requiring highly effective control over wear and deposits. In addition to a general improvement in quality. (obsolete) CB FOR DIESEL ENGINE SERVICE Service typical of diesel engines operated in mild to moderate duty. or when using fuels of a wide quality range including high sulfur fuels. this new standard aims specifically to improve oil volatility. oil life. fuel economy and emissions system compatibility. sport utility vehicles. 2001. Oils designed for this service also meet all performance requirements of API Service Category CD. this new standard aims specifically to improve oil volatility. but with lower quality fuels which necessitate more protection from wear and deposits. Oils designed for this service provide protection from high temperature deposits and bearing corrosion in these diesel engines and also from rust. They were widely used in the late 1940’s and 1950’s. 2004. oil life. turbocharged or supercharged diesel engines where highly effective control of wear and deposits is vital. turbo-charged or supercharged diesel engines operated in moderate to severe duty service and certain heavyduty gasoline engines. Oils designed for this service were introduced in 1955 and provide protection from bearing corrosion and from high-temperature deposits in these diesel engines. vans and light trucks effective Dec. SM FOR 2004 GASOLINE ENGINE WARRANTY MAINTENANCE SERVICE 3 Service typical of gasoline engines in passenger cars. (obsolete) CD FOR DIESEL ENGINE SERVICE Service typical of certain naturally aspirated. (obsolete) CC FOR DIESEL ENGINE SERVICE Service typical of certain naturally aspirated. corrosion and low-temperature deposits in gasoline engines. These oils were introduced in 1961. (obsolete) CE FOR 1983 DIESEL ENGINE SERVICE Service typical of certain turbocharged or supercharged heavy-duty diesel 42 . Oils designed for this service were introduced in 1949. Oils meeting API Service Classification SL may be used where API Service Classifications SJ and earlier have been recommended.

particularly late models designed to give lower emissions. These oils have been specifically formulated for engines designed to meet November 1998 EPA emission standards and may be used where API CD. heavy duty truck applications. CE. 2008 API will discontinue licensing engine oils against the API CF-4 specification) CG-4 FOR 1994 SEVERE DUTY DIESEL ENGINE SERVICE For use in high speed. foaming. (Please note that on June 30. CE and CF-4. Oils designed for this service must also meet the requirements of the API Engine Service Categories CC and CD. Oils designated for this service have been in existence since 1994 and may also be used when API Service Category CD-II is recommended. Oils designated for this service have been available since 1999. CG-4 oils provide effective control over high temperature piston deposits. CD and CE oils. Effective control of piston deposits. oxidation stability and soot accumulation. where the fuel contents range from less than 0. CF-4 FOR 1991 DIESEL ENGINE SERVICE Service typical of severe duty turbocharged.5% wt.05% to less than 0. corrosion. wear. four-stroke cycle diesel engines used in highway and off-road applications. turbocharged or supercharged. for example. 43 . Oils designated for this service may also be used when API Service Category CD is recommended. These oils do not necessarily meet the requirements of CF or CF-4 unless the oils have specifically met the performance requirements of these categories. over 0. foaming. wear.05 percent to less than 0.5% by weight. (obsolete) CF FOR 1994 OFF-ROAD INDIRECT INJECTED DIESEL ENGINE SERVICE API Service Category CF denotes service typical of off-road indirect injected diesel engines and other diesel engines that use a broad range of fuel types including those using fuel with higher sulphur content. oxidation stability and soot accumulation. 3 CF-2 FOR 1994 SEVERE DUTY 2-STROKE CYCLE DIESEL ENGINE SERVICE API Service Category CF-2 denotes service typical of two-stroke cycle engines requiring highly effective control over cylinder and ring-face scuffing and deposits. CF-4 and CG-4 oils are required. These engines are usually found in on-highway.AUTOMOTIVE LUBRICANTS engines manufactured since 1983 and operated under both low speed high load and high speed high load conditions. CH-4 oils provide superior control over high temperature piston deposits. CH-4 FOR 1999 SEVERE DUTY DIESEL ENGINE SERVICE For use in high speed. 4-stroke cycle diesel engines. These oils are especially effective in engines designed to meet 1994 emission standards and may also be used in engines requiring API Service Categories CD. API CF-4 oils exceed the requirements of CE category oils and can be used in place of earlier CC.5 percent by weight. four-stroke cycle diesel engines used in highway and off-road applications where the fuel sulphur may vary from less than 0. wear and corrosion of copper-containing bearings is essential for these engines which may be naturally aspirated. corrosion.

SAE 15W-40 oils of API CF-2 quality and having a High Temperature-High Shear (HTHS) Viscosity of at least 3. Mack T-8E (300 h). meet the requirements of API 44 . running in severe service or operating with extended oil drain intervals. CF-4.AUTOMOTIVE LUBRICANTS CI-4 (CI-4 PLUS) FOR 2002 SEVERE DUTY DIESEL ENGINE SERVICE For use in high speed. SAE 15W-40 and SAE 30 oils are not permitted at all in the large Model 149 engines. MACK EO-M Over the years. . meet the requirements of API CH-4 and pass the following engine tests . Oils designated for this service are currently available from Petro-Canada and may also be used where API CD. Use of EO-M oils is mandatory in all MACK 1998 year engines. MACK EO-M oils must be multigraded. where oil drain intervals are as long as 50. These oils are compounded for use in all applications with diesel fuels ranging in sulphur content up to 500 ppm (0.000 km. CE. DETROIT DIESEL Detroit Diesel Corporation 2-stroke cycle engines require SAE 40 or 30 oils of CF-2 quality and with a sulphated ash level of no more than 1. the use of these oils with greater than 15 ppm (0.05% to less than 0. CG-4 and CH-4 oils are required. Note that Detroit Diesel Corporation no longer manufacturers 2-cycle engines for the commercial market.5% by weight. Mack Trucks have been very active in developing heavy duty diesel engine oil standards for the lubrication of their engines. four-stroke cycle diesel engines used in highway and off-road applications where fuel sulphur contents range from less than 0.7 cP are permitted as a third choice in Detroit Diesel Model 53.000 miles or 80. Use of MACK EO-M Plus oils is mandatory in all MACK 1999 year engines. 3 CJ-4 FOR 2007 SEVERE DUTY DIESEL ENGINE SERVICE For use in high-speed four-stroke cycle diesel engines designed to meet 2007 model year on-highway exhaust emission standards as well as for previous model years. This new category is designed to cope with stringent environmental emissions legislation and increased engine severity caused by Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR). MACK EO-M Plus oils must be multigraded.0 % wt ash limit). However. Mack T-9 (500h) and Cummins M-11 (200h). MACK EO-M PLUS The MACK EO-M Plus specification was introduced in 1999. The MACK EO-M engine oil specification was introduced in 1998. OTHER DIESEL ENGINE OIL SPECIFICATIONS Some diesel engine manufacturers have engine oil requirements that are not completely covered by API classifications.05% by weight). and 92 engines (must meet 1. . 71.0% weight.0015% by weight) sulphur fuel may impact exhaust aftertreatment system durability and/or oil drain interval.

45 . MACK EO-N PREMIUM PLUS ’03 This specification is required for the Mack ASET family of engines. Caterpillar and GM) and meet the ACEA E3 requirements for a diesel engine oil. which utilize exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) and also highly recommended for all other Mack engine models. and consequently beyond the MACK EO-N specification. and is also defined around the increased performance embodied in the CI-4 tests and limits. together with a matrix of other diesel engine tests (Mack. CUMMINS 20072 The Cummins 20072 specification defines the premium quality engine oil that must be used in Cummins 1997 engines. regardless of vintage. operating globally with poor fuel quality and inferior engine maintenance practices. The new engines are equipped with diesel particulate filters (DPFs). Mack T-8E & Mack T-9 with tightened limits and the Cummins M-11 extended to 300 hours. it exceeds API CJ-4 with tighter pass limits in the Mack T-12. MACK EO-N PLUS Similarly. CUMMINS 20071 The Cummins 20071 specification defines the premium quality engine oil that must be used in Cummins 1997 year engines. 3 MACK EO-O PREMIUM PLUS ’07 This specification defines the requirements for Mack engines designed to meet the EPA 2007 on-road emission requirements. compared to the earlier 20071 spec. operating in North America with extended oil drain intervals. this specification defines a premium oil performance above and beyond the stringent CI-4 tests. together with a matrix of other diesel engine tests with tightened limits. a matrix of other diesel engine tests (Mack. Cummins 20072 oils must pass the Cummins M-11 engine test at 200 hours. EO-O Premium Plus surpasses the requirements of previous Mack specifications and therefore the oils are considered to be backward serviceable in older engines. Can be used with diesel fuel containing up to 500 ppm of sulphur. CUMMINS 20076 The Cummins 20076 specification defines the premium quality engine oil that must be used in Cummins 1999 year engines.AUTOMOTIVE LUBRICANTS CH-4 and pass the following engine tests . Cummins 20076 oils must pass the Cummins M-11 engine test at 300 hours. It is equivalent to Volvo VDS-4 in Europe. Cummins 20071 oils must pass the Cummins M-11 engine test at 200 hours. Cummins ISM and Cummins ISB engine tests plus the addition of the Volvo D12D test. A premium specification. Caterpillar and GM). Cummins 20078 has been introduced. Mack EO-N Premium Plus ’03 engine oils exceed both the API CI-4 and previous EO-N performance specifications. . . CUMMINS 20078 A new specification. operating in North America with extended oil drain intervals.

CATERPILLAR ECF-2 A specification introduced in 2007. the oil that has been previously used.3-1. SUVs. designed for the ACERT (Advanced Combustion Emission Reduction Technology) engines. 46 . to replace ECF-1.5% sulphated ash + 2 passes of CAT 1P test. The performance requirements for this supplementary classification are technically described in SAE J1423 and ASTM D 4485. These oils have produced a Fuel Economy Improvement (FEI) both at the start (FEI 1) and at the end (FEI 2) of a Sequence VIB test when compared with a specific standard reference oil. vans and light duty trucks powered by gasoline engines. This requires oils to be either CH-4 +<1.3% sulphated ash + 1 pass of CAT 1P test or to be CI-4/CH-4 +1.3% sulphated ash + 1 pass of CAT 1P test or to be CH-4 +1. This requires oils to be either CI-4/CI-4 Plus + 1. 3 CATERPILLAR ECF-1-a A specification introduced in 2007. PASSENGER CAR. CATERPILLAR ECF-1 A specification introduced in 2003. however it has tighter pass limits on some of the engine tests. in conjunction with API Service Category SM API Service Category SM engine oils categorized as Energy Conserving are formulated to improve the fuel economy of passenger cars. designed for all 2006 and older Caterpillar on-highway diesel engines Caterpillar 3500 Series and smaller commercial and machine diesel ACERT (Advanced Combustion Emission Reduction Technology) engines. vans and light trucks is a supplementary classification for engine oils that have energy conserving properties . Energy Conserving. The percentage fuel improvements which must be achieved to qualify as “Energy Conserving” are listed below for the different viscosity grades. The fuel economy obtained by individual vehicle operators using engine oils labelled Energy Conserving may differ because of many factors. Can be used with diesel fuel containing up to 500 ppm of sulphur.3-1. This requires oils to be either CI-4/CH-4 +<1. It is also recommended in legacy on-road equipment when used with diesel fuel up to 500 ppm of sulphur. SPORT UTILITY VEHICLE. including the type of vehicle and engine. operating conditions and driving habits. VAN AND LIGHT TRUCK ENERGY CONSERVING OIL CLASSIFICATION The Energy Conserving classification for gasoline-powered passenger cars.AUTOMOTIVE LUBRICANTS CUMMINS 20081 A new premium specification for Cummins 2007 compliant engines equipped with diesel particulate filters (DPFs). engine manufacturing variables.5% sulphated ash + 2 passes of CAT 1P test. the mechanical condition and maintenance of the engine. sport utility vehicles. It contains no new tests beyond API CJ-4 requirements. designed for all 2006 and older Cat onhighway diesel engines Cat 3500 Series and smaller commercial and machine diesel ACERT (Advanced Combustion Emission Reduction Technology) engines.5% sulphated ash CATERPILLAR ECF-3 This specification is identical to API CJ-4 and the chief recommendation by Caterpillar for their 2007 compliant engines equipped with diesel particulate filters (DPFs).

The API “Starburst” symbol only applies to 0W-XX. The latest ILSAC specification (July 2004) is identified as ILSAC GF-4. to Ref. to Ref. N/A 3. 5W-XX and 10W-XX viscosity oils that not only meet the GF-4 specification. 47 • • . Energy-conserving is not applicable for heavy-duty diesel engines. energyconserving features of an oil (bottom part of the symbol). the SAE viscosity grade (center of the symbol). if applicable.6% API SERVICE CLASSIFICATION SYMBOL API’s Lubricants Subcommittee established the symbol illustrated below to provide uniform identification and an improved means for the general public to identify appropriate engine oils according to the manufacturer’s recommendation for the needs of a particular vehicle. Rel. The symbol is used to display the appropriate API service category or categories (upper part of the symbol).0% 1. Rel. but also meet API SM and the Energy Conserving classification. TROLEUM PE ITUTE ST IN AMERICA N FOR GASOLINE ENGINES ER TIFIE C D This symbol enables the general public to identify oils which meet the warranty requirements of DaimlerChrysler. is shown below. and. Oil 2.6% FEI 1 + FEI 2 min.0% 1. min.3% 0.AUTOMOTIVE LUBRICANTS Viscosity Grade 0W-20 & 5W-20 0W-30 & 5W-30 10W30 & all others FEI 1. as well as the Japanese automakers. commonly referred to as “the Starburst”. Oil 1.7% 1. The symbol clearly provides all the pertinent information a customer needs in one convenient location.6% 0. min. The “Starburst” symbol must be displayed on the front of a motor oil container.9% FEI 2. Ford and General Motors. 3 A SERVICE S PI M V G ING IE SAE 5W-30 E EN C É R O GY NO C O N S E R R MISE L’ÉNE ILSAC CERTIFICATION SYMBOL The ILSAC (International Lubricants Standardization and Approval Committee) certification mark.

so the presence of glycol is determined. Chromium. Sodium. Iron.Dirt. dirt or sand. • Dilution . Copper. Detection of glycol requires immediate attention.measures the reserve alkalinity of an oil. as it reacts quickly in a hot engine to form varnish and sludge. A positive test result indicates a defective gasket or a cracked head/block. 48 . Calcium.ethylene glycol is the major component of antifreeze coolant systems. Often an indicator of how oxidized an oil has become. • Total Acid Number . • Insolubles .suspended material present in the oil. such as: . which is the ability of an alkali to neutralize the effect of acid formation. Phosphorus.the amount of gasoline or diesel present in an oil. over a relatively long time period. Magnesium.expresses the quantity of base required to neutralize all the acidic constituents present in the oil.Road Salt . Monitoring an oil’s condition at successive intervals. such as Petro-Canada’s “LUBRI-TEST” provide several customer benefits: • Reduce unscheduled vehicle downtime • Improve vehicle reliability • Help organize effective maintenance schedules • Extend engine life • Optimize oil change intervals • Reduce cost of vehicle maintenance 3 Used engine oil analyses are carried out principally to determine the overall condition of an oil.presence due to condensation from low temperature engine operation or from a leak in the cooling system. It can “thin-down” due to oil shearing or fuel dilution.Excess Wear Metals .The presence of the following elements is usually determined by Inductively Coupled Plasma Emission Spectroscopy: Aluminum. An oil can “thickenup” due to oxidation. Reported as cSt @ 40°C and cSt @ 100°C • Coolant . or evaporation of light components. can be used to establish: • Presence of Undesirable Contaminants. Boron. • Wear or Additive Metals . due to presence of soot from diesel fuel combustion and contamination from airborne dust. • Water .is the measure of an oil’s resistance to flow. Tin and Zinc.AUTOMOTIVE LUBRICANTS USED OIL ANALYSIS Used Oil Analysis programs for engine oils.Coolant .Gasoline or Diesel Fuel . the presence of contaminants. Barium. Sand or Dust • Optimum Oil Change Interval The following items are tested to determine the condition of an engine oil : • Viscosity . • Total Base Number .

valves. results are meaningless High levels indicate antifreeze leak. Where leaded gasoline used.cSt @ 100°C Coolant Water Dilution Insolubles Total Acid Number Total Base Number WARNING LIMIT 25% change versus the new oil viscosity 15% change versus the new oil viscosity Any positive identification Greater than 0. cylinder-liners.5% or more More than 5 units (motor oil) or 1 unit (industrial oil) No lower than 3 to 4 units 3 AUTOMOTIVE WEAR METALS WARNING LEVELS ELEMENT Iron (Fe) Chromium (Cr) Copper (Cu) Tin (Sn) Aluminum (Al) Lead (Pb) WARNING LIMITS Greater than 100 ppm Greater than 10 ppm Greater than 20 ppm Greater than 10 ppm Greater than 20 ppm (>80 ppm Aluminum Block Engines) Greater than 25 ppm COMMENTS High levels indicate worn crankshafts. They remain in the oil and do not deplete Boron (B) Greater than 20 ppm Silicon (Si) Greater than 20 ppm Magnesium (Mg).1% Greater than 5% 0. Zinc (Zn) 49 . May also be due to high level of silicone anti-foam. Check sample of new oil These elements may be part of the additive package. bearings or contamination by antifreeze High levels indicate worn bearings and bushings High levels indicate worn bearings and bushings High levels indicate worn pistons or engine block High levels indicate worn bearings. Calcium (Ca) Barium (Ba).AUTOMOTIVE LUBRICANTS USED OIL ANALYSIS TESTS CONTAMINANT WARNING LEVELS TEST Viscosity .cSt @ 40°C . bearings High levels indicate worn piston rings. Sodium (Na) Phosphorus (P). Check sample of new oil High levels indicate presence of dust or sand. Some engine oils contain a boron dispersant additive.

place heavy demands on today’s service station oils. SAE Grade Viscosity cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100°C SUS @ 100°F SUS @ 210°F Viscosity Index Flash Point. have increased tremendously over the past decade or so. increased equipment durability and fuel economy. °C / °F Cold Crank Viscosity. The very close tolerances of rapidly moving engine parts together with pressures for lower oil consumption.3 321 64. % Wt 5W-30 63. As a result.4 175 227/441 4. in horse-power per litre. 3 PETRO-CANADA TURBO SYNTHETIC 5W-30 Petro-Canada Turbo Synthetic 5W-30 is a specially formulated motor oil designed to meet the Honda HTO-06 specification for Honda turbocharged gasoline engines. Current smaller. higher powered passenger car engines not only run hotter. engines are much more demanding on motor oils for their lubrication. cP @ -30°C Borderline Pumping Viscosity. Petro-Canada’s complete line of passenger car motor oils. cP@ -35°C Sulphated Ash. but also work harder than ever before. reduced engine emissions.672 12.AUTOMOTIVE LUBRICANTS PETRO-CANADA GASOLINE MOTOR OILS SERVICE STATION MOTOR OILS Passenger cars are delivering more power and performance than ever before.917 1.10 50 . Engine power outputs. formulated using the latest in lubricant technology. is ready and able to meet these new challenges.4 11. It also meets API SM and ILSAC GF-4 and is Energy Conserving.

5 141 149 227/441 231/448 4. Hyundai. SUPREME Multigrade Motor Oil is available in five SAE Grades: 5W20. ILSAC GF-4 (only 5W-20.100@-20 0.816@-35 10.679@-25 5. designed for older North American cars. 10W-30. 10W-30).7 Viscosity Index 155 Flash Point. SUPREME 5W-20. these oils demonstrate superior control of ring-zone deposits in small high-output engines.8 cSt @ 100°C 8. Kia.980@-30 14. Supreme 5W-20.9 338 486 60. 10W-40 and 20W-50.564@-25 20W-50 171 18. SUPREME is recommended for use in all passenger car. Classified by the API as exceeding API SM.10W-30). cP @ °C 3. formulated using a high performance additive system.5 125 253/487 6. Honda and Mazda automobiles. and 10W-30 only). 5W-30. Ford M2C929A (5W-30 only).90 0.1 159 233/451 4. 5W-30. 5W-30 and 10W-30 are all friction reduced to save fuel.553@-30 3 SUPREME 10W-30 10W-40 66.92 0. cP @ °C 8. propane and compressed natural gas (CNG) powered engines. It exceeds the latest car makers’ service requirements for gasoline powered engines.720@-30 17. GM 6094M (5W-20.3 SUV @ 100°F 238 SUV @ 210°F 53.AUTOMOTIVE LUBRICANTS PETRO-CANADA SUPREME .91 Meet: API SM.4 74. equipped with the latest emission controls and turbochargers. SUPREME 10W-40 and 20W-50 are specialty grades.2 13.130@-35 Sulphated Ash. SUPREME 5W-20 is designed for use in new model Ford.719@-30 Borderline Pumping Viscosity. Honda. Typical Characteristics are shown below: SAE Grade 5W-20 Viscosity cSt @ 40°C 46. 5W-30 and 10W-30 give excellent year-round performance in today’s passenger car engines. 5W-30 and 10W-30). and Mazda Service Fill (5W-20.9 10. Energy Conserving (only 5W-20. found in passenger cars and light trucks. or for engines operating under high ambient temperatures. Ford M2C930A (5W-20 only). Supreme Motor Oils meet the latest API Energy Conserving standard as well as the ILSAC GF-4 specification for motor oil. % Wt 0.95 0.8 10.4 315 61. 5W-30.0 94. 51 . °C / °F 231/448 Cold Crank Viscosity.MULTIGRADE MOTOR OIL SUPREME is a superior passenger car motor oil.9 890 95.650@-15 10. 5W-30.95 5W-30 61.

mgKOH/g 7. This has resulted in a considerable increase in the soot loading of engine oils. GM 6094M (5W-30 & 10W-30) & Ford WSS-M2C929A (5W-30).649@-35 10. PetroCanada has responded to these developments by again improving the quality and performance of its commercial engine oils. Typical characteristics are shown below: Petro-Canada SUPREME Synthetic SAE Grade 0W-30 5W-20 5W-30 10W-30 Viscosity cSt @ 40°C 58.6 54. Specially formulated with 100% PetroCanada’s own Very High Viscosity Index (VHVI) Synthetic Base Fluids and a unique additive chemistry. Energy Conserving and ILSAC GF-4 standards.7 Meet: API SM/CF. U. Petro-Canada SUPREME Synthetic 0W-30 protects engines against the extremes of Canadian winter. as well as API Service Categories SM/CF.9 Total Base No. 2007 EPA compliant low emission engines which employ advanced exhaust aftertreatment devices such as diesel particulate filters (DPFs) with or without diesel oxidation catalysts (DOCs).9 0.5 10.7 297 312 SUV @ 210°F 61. °C / °F 233/451 235/455 231/448 247/477 Cold Crank Viscosity. SUPREME Synthetic 5W-30 and SUPREME Synthetic 10W-30 are our topof-the-line passenger car motor oils. ILSAC GF-4.S.2 58.9 0.6 8. SUPREME Synthetic have outstanding resistance to thermal breakdown and provide exceptional wear protection under both low and high temperature situations.639@-30 Sulphated Ash. Energy Conserving.37 61. Petro-Canada SUPREME Synthetic motor oils exceed passenger car and light truck manufacturers’ warranty requirements.5 Viscosity Index 172 162 171 155 Flash Point.7 7.7 61.2 Viscosity cSt @ 100°C 10.554@-35 9.2 SUV @ 100°F 297 234. SUPREME Synthetic 5W-20. (TBN). cP @ °C 14.7 7. superior performance under the toughest driving conditions.5 10.5 60. EPA regulations require heavy duty diesel engine manufacturers to reduce NOx emissions via modification of their engine designs. they deliver consistent.AUTOMOTIVE LUBRICANTS PETRO-CANADA SUPREME SYNTHETIC MOTOR OILS Petro-Canada SUPREME Synthetic 0W-30. % Wt 0.7 7. and demand the use of ultra low sulphur diesel fuel for highway fleet operations.5 46. and increased rates of Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR). and its exceptional fluidity facilitates starting down to -40°C. These oils are non-friction modified and have high friction coefficients making them suitable for many wet-clutch applications. 3 HEAVY DUTY ENGINE OILS Commercial and Industrial requirements for heavy duty engine oils continue to stress higher levels of turbo-charging and power outputs. cP @ °C 5524@-35 3252@-30 3739@-30 3687@-25 Borderline Pumping Viscosity. 52 .204@-40 7. using its HT Severely Hydratreated/Hydrocracked base oils and high performance additives.9 0.

°C / °F Pour Point. heavy duty engine oils. Detroit Diesel 93K214. Typical Characteristics are shown below: SAE Grade Viscosity cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100°C SUS @ 100°F SUS @ 210°F Viscosity Index Flash Point. Mack EO-N Premium Plus ’03. and in extreme cold temperature environments. gasoline. The DURON-E line exceeds the current requirements of API CJ-4 required for 2007 EPA compliant low emission on-road engines. mg KOH/g 10.9 173 223/433 -48/-54 6.40 Total Base No. 3 DURON SYNTHETIC ENGINE OIL DURON SYNTHETIC is a full synthetic. propane or compressed natural gas (CNG). and may be used in extended drain service under good operating practices and maintenance programs. which meets most manufacturers’ warranty requirements. °C / °F Cold Crank Viscosity Borderline Pumping Viscosity DURON SYNTHETIC 5W-40 95. (TBN). designed for the best 4-stroke diesel engine oil wide temperature range performance. DURON SYNTHETIC will provide maximum reliability and wear protection. Under the most exacting conditions. all season heavy duty engine oil.120 cP @ -30°C / -22°F cP @ -35°C / -31°F cP @ -35°C / -31°F cP @ -40°C / -40°F Sulphated Ash. Caterpillar ECF-1-A and Cummins 20078 standards required in pre-’07 on-road and off-road engines. while the single grades are suitable where API category CF is recommended. Refer to Table AL-1 (see Page 58) 53 . This allows the selection of one engine oil for a mixed-fuel fleet.AUTOMOTIVE LUBRICANTS DURONTM ENGINE OILS The DURON line of premium quality. super premium.5 485 80. % Wt 1. DURON and DURON-E Heavy Duty Multigrade Engine Oils may be used in engines fueled by diesel.070 23.4 15. DURON Synthetic 5W-40 exceeds the requirements of API CI-4 Plus required in modern off-road engines and pre-’07 EPA compliant low emission on-road diesel engines. DURON multi-grades generally exceed API CI-4 Plus.8 For DURON SYNTHETIC Performance Specifications. is designed to improve engine reliability and reduce operating costs through its exceptional soot dispersancy and extended drain capabilities.

9 7. Murphy.42 Sulphated Ash.10 Sulfur. cP@ °C 9670@-30 – – – – Phosphorus.0 1.6 19.1 11. Detroit Diesel. Mitsubishi. They are also used in many stationary and marine applications.38 0.9 7. • DURON Single Grades are excellent hydraulic fluids for mobile equipment. B&W/Alpha. mining. Hatz. Volvo.0 1. Intrepid. White. propane or compressed natural gas (CNG). Isuzu. as well as many off-highway applications.2 14. % Wt 1.3 SUS @ 100°F 213 334 429 696 1100 SUS @ 210°F 49 57 64 77 97 Viscosity Index 119 118 123 109 105 Flash Point. Nohab. Refer to Table AL-1 (see Page 58) • DURON Single Grades can be used in transmissions. cP @ °C 4606@-25 4932@-20 – – – Borderline Pumping Viscosity. °C / °F 194/381 231/448 249/480 265/509 249/480 Pour Point.0 7.38 0. Dorman. such as forestry. 0.10 0. MAN. Caterpillar (SAE 30 & 40 grades are suitable where Caterpillar 3600 is specified). gasoline. °C / °F -42/-44 -39/-38 -36/-33 -30/-22 -21/-6 Cold Crank Viscosity. Yanmar. construction and marine. Chrysler. Mack. 40 and 50. 54 .0 1. John Deere. 0.38 . Wartsilla/Wichman.0 Total Base No.9 7. Waukesha/Scania. Ford.0 1. BMW. % Wt. Fairbanks-Morse. • DURON 30 & 40 are suitable for use in the following medium and high-speed marine engines. where a motor oil is specified.5 65 83 134 209 cSt @ 100°C 6. Ruston. MTU. Moteurs Baudouin. % Wt. Nissan. farming. Cummins. 8. fueled by diesel or gasoline (where water separation is not required): Allis-Chalmers. Daihatsu. DURON Single Grade Engine Oils are available in five SAE grades: 10W. English Electric.10 0. where a motor oil is specified.10 0. They are recommended for vehicles operating over the road. Stork/Werkspoor.9 For DURON Single Grade Performance Specifications.8 9.38 0. 3 Typical Characteristics are shown below: DURON Single Grade SAE Grade 10W 20 30 40 50 Viscosity cSt @ 40°C 41. Buda.10 . Deutz. Onan. Gardener. Paxman. designed to lubricate engines in heavy-duty service fueled by diesel.AUTOMOTIVE LUBRICANTS DURON™ SINGLE GRADE ENGINE OILS Petro-Canada DURON Single Grade Engine Oils are universal oils. 30. 20.

cP @°C/°F 25. available in five performance offerings – DURON-E 15W-40. DURON-E XL Synthetic Blend 15W-40. DURON-E is formulated to meet the latest OEM specifications for their ‘07 low emission engines equipped with an advanced exhaust aftertreatment devices.0% Total Base No.0% 10.3 3. CG-4 licenses required by pre-‘07 diesel engines. °C/°F 230/446 233/451 Pour Point.6 SUS @ 100°F 600 400 SUS @ 210°F 81 66 Viscosity Index 139 142 Flash Point.1 <1. mg KOH/g 8.283@-25/-13 18. DURON-E 10W-30.0 5548@ -25/-13 4.3 55 .0% <1.6 Synthetic 0W-40 10W-40 89 99 15.4 11. cP @°C/°F 6000@-20/-4 6159@ -25/-13 Borderline Pumping Viscosity. XL Synthetic Blend 15W-40 115 15. (TBN). DURON-E. DURON-E Synthetic 0W-40 and DURON-E Synthetic 10W-40 – has undergone rigorous engine testing and has demonstrated extended drain capabilities in severe service field trials in both new and older engine designs.3 5957@-25/-13 26.4 5686@ -20/-4 3 SAE Grade 15W-40 10W-30 Viscosity cSt @ 40°C 117 78 cSt @ 100°C 15. DURON-E is back-serviceable and carries the API CI-4 Plus. DURON-E heavy duty engine oils are also suitable for use in engines powered by both ultra and low sulphur diesel.0% 8.5 Cold Crank Viscosity.0% 10. and increased rates of Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR).3 8.1 15.3 <1.1 450 506 79 79 179 160 221/430 235/455 -66/-87 -48/-54 4.922@-25/-13 <1. CH-4. °C/°F -42/-44 -45/-49 High Temp / Shear Viscosity cP @ 150°C 4.690@-30/-22 Sulphated Ash.AUTOMOTIVE LUBRICANTS DURON-E ENGINE OILS (API CJ-4) Petro-Canada DURON-E multigrade engine oils are premium heavy duty engine oils that exceed the requirements of API CJ-4/SM and are suitable for use in ’07 EPA compliant low emission engines which employ advanced exhaust aftertreatment devices such as diesel particulate filters (DPFs) with or without diesel oxidation catalysts (DOCs).940@-40/-40 34. % Wt <1.588@-30/-22 18.5 591 81 142 231/448 -45/-49 4. CI-4.

harsh winters and are recommended for year-round use in vehicles operating in both highway and off-highway applications.4 3.37 1. DURON XL Synthetic Blend 15W-40 possesses the superior soot dispersing properties required by modern off-road and pre-’07 low emission on-road engine designs – beyond that of API CI-4 Plus.43 0.6 81.47 0. cP @ -20°C / -4°F cP @ -25°C / -13°F cP @ -30°C / -22°F cP @ -35°C / -31°F Pour Point.106 – – – -45/-49 15.18 0. DURON XL Synthetic Blend 15W-40 10W-40 0W-30 233/451 235/455 231/448 113.6 12. where a motor oil is specified. DURON XL Synthetic Blend 10W-40 delivers the same high temperature performance as SAE 15W-40 grade diesel engine oil.249 -48/-54 <-51/<-60 25. cP @ °C Sulphated Ash.7 9. Caterpillar ECF-1. Caterpillar ECF-1 and Cummins 20078.340@ -30 18. % Wt Phosphorus. It is also an excellent hydraulic fluid for mobile equipment.610@-25 1. in both highway and off-highway applications.46 0.37 0. Mack EO-M Plus and Cummins 20076.3 68. °C / °F Viscosity cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100°C SUS @ 100°F SUS @ 210°F Viscosity Index High Temp/High Shear Viscosity cP@150°C / 302°F Cold Crank Viscosity.1 584 555 348 80.13 9. It is especially recommended for use in severe operating conditions.6 4. Mack EO-N Premium Plus ’03.1 For DURON XL Synthetic Blend Performance Specifications.4 67. It permits unassisted start-ups down to -45°C. but with exceptional low-temperature fluidity for easier winter operation and fuel savings through reduced idling time and viscous drag.441 – 2. heavy duty engine oils specially formulated to meet the rigors of cold.5 108. It exhibits exceptional low temperature performance in the DURON line and exceeds the requirements for high temperature film strength of a 30 grade oil. °C / °F Borderline Pumping Viscosity.7 15.13 0.113@-40 1. % Wt Total Base No. Typical Characteristics are shown below: SAE Grade Flash Point.AUTOMOTIVE LUBRICANTS DURON XL SYNTHETIC BLEND ENGINE OILS DURON XL Synthetic Blend Engine Oils are super premium. DURON XL Synthetic Blend 0W-30 is fully approved against the current requirements of API CH-4.5 3 – 6.4 5.911 – 5. Refer to Table AL-1 (see Page 58) 56 .4 15. % Wt Sulphur.11 9. Detroit Diesel Power Guard 93K214 & 93K215.4 146 153 176 4.

% Wt Total Base No. % Wt Sulfur. where a motor oil is specified.AUTOMOTIVE LUBRICANTS DURON™ MULTIGRADE ENGINE OIL DURON Multigrade Engine Oil is a premium heavy duty engine oil.4 378 64.797@ -30/-22 1. where a multigrade motor oil is specified. cP @ °C / °F Phosphorus.0 11. 57 . cP @ °C / °F Borderline Pumping Viscosity. which fight soot and lower operating costs by increasing engine durability.1 3 For Duron Multigrade Performance Specifications. DURON Multigrade 10W-30 74. % Wt Sulphated Ash. extending drains and reducing down time. • DURON 10W-30 is suitable for use in transmissions. °C / °F Pour Point. Refer to Table AL-1 (see Page 58) • DURON Multigrade is an excellent hydraulic fluid for mobile equipment. °C / °F Cold Crank Viscosity.814@ -25/-13 13.8 146 231/448 -45/-49 4.18 9. Typical Characteristics are shown below: SAE Grade Viscosity cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100°C SUS @ 100°F SUS @ 210°F Viscosity Index Flash Point.

7SE270 4-Stroke Cycle Detroit Diesel.1 MAN 271.31 MB 229. (E3. when the use of an SAE 15W-40 or SAE 30 will facilitate starting.3 MB 228.S. E5) ACEA A3/B3. . MAN 3275 MTL 5044 (MTU Type 1&2) VW 501/505 ACEA E2. CID A-A-52306 Ford M2C171-D Ford M2C171-C General Motors 9985930 Caterpillar SEBU 6385 Caterpillar ECF-3 Caterpillar ECF-1** Caterpillar 3600 Allison C-4/Caterpillar TO-2 JASO MA Cummins CES 20081 Cummins CES 20078 Cummins CES 20077 Cummins CES 20076 Cummins CES 20072 Cummins CES 20071 Deere 6466A Detroit Diesel Power Guard 93K218 Detroit Diesel Power Guard 93K214 Detroit Diesel. 7SE273 (Series 2000/4000) DDC 93K 215 Volvo VDS-4 Volvo VDS-3 Volvo VDS-2 MB 228. E7. A3/B4 G G *Detroit Diesel recommends an SAE 40 grade only for 2-stroke cycle engines. except where starting aids are not available or at very cold temperatures.1/MB 228.3 TABLE AL-1 DURON™ Heavy Duty Engine Oils are suitable for applications requiring the following specifications: Synthetic 0W-30 10W-30 15W-40 50 40 30 20 10W XL 10W-40 XL 15W-40 XL 0W-30 DURON-E Synthetic DURON-E XL 10W-40 15W-40 G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G DURON-E 15W-40 G G G G Synthetic 5W-40 G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G 58 G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G AUTOMOTIVE LUBRICANTS G G G G G G G G API CJ-4 API CI-4 PLUS API CI-4 API CH-4/CG-4 API CF API CF-2 API SM API SL API SJ API SH GLOBAL DHD-1 JASO DH-1 Mack EO-O Premium Plus ’07 Mack EO-N Premium Plus ’03 Mack EO-N Premium Plus Mack EO-M/EO-M Plus U. **DURON SYNTHETIC 5W-40 meets the low ash requirement of CAT ECF-1. 7SE270 2-Stroke Cycle* Detroit Diesel.

including the Series 149. low ash engine oil intended for use in all models of 2-stroke cycle Detroit Diesel engines. °C / °F Pour Point. % Wt Sulfur.7 8. CF. construction and stationary applications. % Wt Total Base No. Dieseltonic 40 131 14. Detroit Diesel 7SE270 (2-Stroke). single grade. % Wt Sulphated Ash. Typical Characteristics are shown below: SAE Grade Viscosity cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100°C SUS @ 100°F SUS @ 210°F Viscosity Index Flash Point. Detroit Diesel 6V92TA. operated in fleet.AUTOMOTIVE LUBRICANTS DIESELTONIC MOTOR OIL Petro-Canada Dieseltonic Motor Oil is a special.2 684 76 108 251/484 -24/-11 0.0 3 Meets: API CF-2. 59 . °C / °F Phosphorus.

General Electric and ALCO. Typical characteristics are shown below: Ralube SAE Grade Viscosity cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100°C SUS @ 100°F SUS @ 210°F Viscosity Index Flash Point. °C / °F Sulphated Ash.AUTOMOTIVE LUBRICANTS RALUBE – LOCOMOTIVE DIESEL ENGINE OIL Ralube oils are designed to lubricate large medium-speed diesel engines driving railroad locomotives. 40 CF 40 146 14.9 3 60 .4 13. in close co-operation with the major locomotive engine builders such as Electro-Motive Diesel. Ralube oils incorporate chlorine-free additive chemistry. Ralube oils are designed to provide exceptional deposit control necessary for severe railroad service.6 766 78 98 257/495 -3/+27 1.7 766 78 99 257/495 . Ralube oils are zinc-free for compatibility with silver plated or silver alloy bearings.6 1740 CF 40 146 14. marine vessels and electric-power generators. wear protection and deposit control. which gives improved oxidation resistance.8 17. Ralube oils have been tested and approved in railroad service. % Wt Total Base No. by minimizing engine deposits. °C / °F Pour Point. In addition. they allow maximum oil drain intervals to be achieved without compromise in engine durability.6/ +21 1. Electro-Motive Diesel and General Electric list these oils as approved for use in their equipment.

0 520 723 65 75 224/435 230/446 -15/ +5 -9/+16 9 9 3 SAE Grade Viscosity cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100°C SUS @ 100°F SUS @ 210°F Flash Point. which provides a stable level of alkalinity that is more than adequate to deal with the combustion products of distillate fuels. Energol DL-MP is formulated with a total base number (TBN) of 9.5 65 254/489 -12/+10 30 304 40 14. Energol DL-MP is formulated with an appropriate detergency / dispersancy characteristics ensuring a high level of engine crankcase cleanliness which meets API CD performance level. °C / °F Total Base No. It may also be used in the crankcase of cross-head marine engines and has the necessary performance for the latest ‘camless’ designs. Energol OE-HT 30 remains the primary recommendation system oil for crosshead diesel engines. 40 and 50 TBN) to cope with different fuel sulphur levels and 50 TBN for engines equipped with Anti-Bore Polishing rings and their lower lube oil consumption. Typical Characteristics are shown below: Energol IC-HFX SAE Grade Viscosity cSt @ 100°C SUS @ 210°F Flash Point. However. ENERGOL DL-MP – MULTI-PURPOSE DIESEL ENGINE LUBRICANT Energol® DL-MP is recommended for the crankcase lubrication of medium speed trunk piston engines. burning residual fuels. °C / °F Total Base No. °C / °F Pour Point. °C / °F Pour Point. 30. 61 303 30 11. ENERGOL IC-HFX – CRANKCASE/CYLINDER LUBRICANT FOR MEDIUM SPEED DIESEL ENGINES Energol IC-HFX is designed for the lubrication of the crankcase and cylinders of medium-speed trunk piston engines.5 14. operating with ISO 8217 type DMA / DMB / DMC distillate fuels. The detergency properties of Energol IC-HFX minimize the carbon and varnish deposits resulting from residual fuel combustion and in particular overcome “black sludge” and its associated problems.AUTOMOTIVE LUBRICANTS MARINE DIESEL ENGINE LUBRICANTS Petro-Canada markets five lines of marine diesel engine lubricants. Good dispersancy enables insoluble combustion products to be removed by centrifuging or filtration. which are licensed from BP Marine.0 75 270/518 -12/+10 30 . Energol IC-HFX oils come in four alkalinity levels (20. Typical Characteristics are shown below: Energol DL-MP 30 40 30 40 100 138 11.

AUTOMOTIVE LUBRICANTS ENERGOL DS3 – TRUNK PISTON ENGINE LUBRICANT Energol DS3 is a high detergent diesel engine oil designed for the lubrication of highly rated. Energol OE-HT 30 may be centrifuged to remove water and insoluble particle contamination. Typical Characteristics are shown below: Energol DS3 SAE Grade Viscosity cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100°C SUV @ 100°F SUV @ 210°F Flash Point. Energol OE-HT 30’s load carrying capability FZG load stage 12 is sufficiently high enough for Wartsila RT-Flex and MAN B&W ME engines. Energol OE-HT 30 is designed with enough detergency to minimize the formation of piston undercrown deposits on oil cooled pistons. medium and high speed trunk piston engines running on distillate fuels. Energol DS3 is formulated with a detergency level in excess of the requirements of U.0 730 75 224/435 -12/+10 15 3 ENERGOL OE-HT 30 – CROSSHEAD ENGINE SYSTEM OIL Energol OE-HT 30 is a high performance multi-functional alkaline lubricant designed for use as a crankcase lubricant in all types of low speed marine crosshead engines.5 548 65 230/446 -12/+10 5 62 SAE Grade Viscosity cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100°C SUV @ 100°F SUV @ 210°F Flash Point.S. 153 30 100 11.0% sulphur. °C / °F Pour Point. which minimizes oil degradation at high piston undercrown temperatures. °C / °F Total Base No. MIL-L-2104C and API category CD. Engines of this type are often used to power large fishing and supply boats or drive diesel generators. The reserve alkalinity of Energol DS3 (15 TBN) is sufficient for use in most engines running on distillate fuels containing up to 1.5 520 65 220/428 -12/ +10 15 154 40 139 14. Typical Characteristics are shown below: Energol OE-HT 30 30 105 11. °C / °F Total Base No. . Energol DS3 is especially recommended for Volvo Penta engines used to power pleasure craft and fishing boats. °C / °F Pour Point. It also contains sufficient alkalinity to protect against acidic combustion products. The diesel detergency of the Energol DS3 line is superior to that of Energol DL-MP. Energol OE-HT 30 shows high thermal and oxidative stability.

5-3. which ensures maximum engine cleanliness.AUTOMOTIVE LUBRICANTS ENERGOL CLO 50M – CYLINDER LUBRICANT FOR CROSSHEAD DIESEL ENGINES Energol CLO 50M is a single phase alkaline oil designed to lubricate the cylinder liners and piston rings of modern. Energol CLO 50M is formulated using an ashless dispersant additive. °C / F Total Base No.5 1190 98 197/387 .e.5%.. Typical Characteristics are shown below: Energol CLO 50M 50 225 19. used under license 63 .c. which provides full protection against corrosion when burning residual fuels. Energol CLO 50M contains a large reserve of alkalinity (TBN=70). ®ENERGOL is a trademark of BP p. diesel engines burning residual fuels containing sulphur typically in the range 2. low speed crosshead type.l. i.9/+16 70 3 SAE Grade Viscosity cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100°C SUS @ 100°F SUS @ 210°F Flash Point. which extends the time between routine overhauls. °C/ °F Pour Point. ring pack and scavenge space.

Automatic transmission fluid specifications are in a state of flux and now there are several types of fluid specified for North American automatic transmissions. They may be described as viscometrically similar to SAE 0W-20 grade oils. It may be used in power steering units specifying a DEXRON®-III or II type fluid. The most widely marketed fluid by far. For 2006 model year and onward General Motors’ transmissions. superior materials compatibility and a greater resistance to oxidation. ATF D3M is fully qualified for use in transmissions where a fluid meeting the former DEXRON®-III(H). but with exceptionally good low temperature properties. DEXRON®-VI and DEXRON®-III are registered trademarks of General Motors Corporation MERCON® is a registered trademark of Ford Motor Corporation ATF+4® is a registered trademark of ChryslerLLC Corporation 64 . -II(E). giving extremely long service life under severe operating conditions. by most automobile manufacturers for late model vehicles (prior to 2006). to be serviced with MERCON®V fluid (except where MERCON® SP or MERCON LV is specified). Vickers and Hagglunds-Denison (except certain axial piston) hydraulic pumps. recommended for transmission top-up or refill. It also meets the Caterpillar TO-2 specification and is approved for use in Clark Powershift Transmissions down to –30°C. but have additional components to give special frictional properties and exceptional oxidation resistance. Ford Type F. Petro-Canada ATF D3M also acts as an excellent hydraulic fluid and it surpasses the performance of most top quality antiwear hydraulic fluids or motor oils. Lubricate shaft bearings. a friction modified fluid. 3 PETRO-CANADA ATF D3M Petro-Canada ATF D3M demonstrates outstanding oxidative and thermal stability. or MERCON® specification is recommended. Petro-Canada ATF D3M is superior to 10W motor oils commonly used in mobile equipment hydraulic systems. enable automatic transmission fluids to perform well as hydraulic fluids in industrial equipment and air compressors. Their excellent low temperature fluidity and antiwear properties. It is dyed red for easy identification. Rexnord. and gears. the required fluid is DEXRON®-VI. The fluid’s operating range is between –40°C and +160°C. Act as a heat transfer medium controlling automatic transmission operating temperatures. It is approved against the Allison TES-389 specification.AUTOMOTIVE LUBRICANTS AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION FLUIDS Automatic Transmission Fluids (ATFs) are among the most complex lubricants on the market today. is DEXRON®-III/ MERCON® ATF. ATFs represent a careful balance of properties needed to meet the unique requirements of automatic transmissions. It is also approved for use in transmissions manufactured by Renke. -III(G). ATFs contain some of the same additives as engine oils. because it has a better cold starting performance. Transmit hydrostatic energy in hydraulic logic control circuits and servomechanisms. thrust bearings. a non friction-modified fluid. Petro-Canada ATF D3M is designed to meet the severe requirements of the Allison C-4 and V-730D specifications for transmission/torque converter fluids. is still required for 1979 and earlier Ford or other older import cars. Ford Motor Company requires all its automatic transmissions. provided that water separation is not required. ChryslerLLC recommends ATF+4® fluid be used in their transmissions for all model years. Containing as many as 15 components. These fluids perform five basic functions: Transmit hydrodynamic energy in the torque converter. It is suitable for use with Sundstrand. Transmit sliding friction energy in bands and clutches. It has been tested extensively and meets General Motors specification 6297M and Ford specification M2C185A.

and exceptional low temperature fluidity.g. Toyota: T. cP @ . ATF Type F is sometimes specified by other equipment OEMs who want a non-friction modified fluid. T-III. as they relate to the design of old.10 BMW: 7045E. Not recommended for DCT and CVT transmissions or where a non-friction modified fluid is recommended (e.2 207 53 180 970 – 23.100 -51/-60 185/365 Red Petro-Canada ATF Type F 41 8. LT71141 VW/Audi: G-052-025-A2.1/. this fluid differs from ATF D3M in its frictional properties.42 183 51 178 11.2/. outstanding wear protection. It also provides industry leading anti-shudder durability (ASD) and frictional stability.6/.8 210 – 990 12.7 171 51. It is fully suitable for use in a wide range of North American. J. SP-III Nissan: Matic D. °C / °F Flash Point. and exceptional fluid life.538 -54/-65 206/403 Petro-Canada ATF D3M 34 7. Asian. & K Mercedes Benz: 236.1 7. and exceeds JASO 1A requirements. outstanding wear protection.5/. This full synthetic formulation offers true multi-vehicle performance.260 -48/-54 204/399 Red Viscosity cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100°C SUS @ 100°F SUS @ 210°F Viscosity Index Brookfield Viscosity. MERCON®-V.18°C cP @ . Ford automatic transmissions. DuraDrive MV Synthetic is approved for Ford MERCON®-V (M5080701).20°C cP @ .9/. wear protection and viscometrics needed by most major North American. 3 PETRO-CANADA ATF TYPE F As noted earlier. pre-1980.40°C Pour Point. exceeding the performance of many genuine OEM fluids.7/. ATF D3M and ATF Type F are shown below: DuraDrive MV Synthetic ATF 36. WS Honda: Z1 Hyundai/Kia/Mitsubishi: SP-II. DuraDrive MV Synthetic provides the frictional properties. Ford Type F). Always consult your vehicle owner’s manual for specific transmission fluid recommendations. LA2634. Asian and European automatic transmissions where the following OEM specifications are recommended: GM: DEXRON® II & III Ford: MERCON®. and European automatic transmissions. ATF Type F meets requirements of the obsolete Ford specification ESW-M2C33-F. T-IV. °C / °F Colour 65 . G-052-162-A1 Volvo: 97340.AUTOMOTIVE LUBRICANTS PETRO-CANADA DURADRIVETM MV SYNTHETIC ATF Petro-Canada DuraDrive™ MV Synthetic ATF is Petro-Canada’s best multivehicle ATF. DuraDrive MV Synthetic’s benefits include excellent oxidation and shear stability. AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION FLUID TYPICAL CHARACTERISTICS Typical Characteristics of Petro-Canada DuraDrive MV Synthetic ATF. It is specially formulated to provide consistent shift feel and transmission protection over a long fluid life.

It also meets or exceeds the requirements of the following manufacturers where a DEXRON®-III/ MERCON® type fluid is recommended.AUTOMOTIVE LUBRICANTS VEHICLE APPLICATIONS DEXRON®-III/MERCON® Petro-Canada ATF D3M is approved for use in General Motors (prior to 2006). and Ford (1980 to 1996) vehicles. They require Petro-Canada ATF Type F Fluid. Alfa Romeo American Motors Audi BMW Daewoo Datsun/Nissan Fiat Geo Infiniti Jaguar* Lexus Mazda Merkur Mercedes-Benz Mitsubishi Peugeot Porsche Renault Rover Saturn Saab (4-speed) Sterling Suzuki Subaru Toyota (except 4speed 1981-83) 3 Volkswagen Volvo (1984 onwards) *Except Borg-Warner transmissions Type F Fluid Petro-Canada ATF D3M Automatic Transmission Fluid is not recommended for the vehicles listed below. Ford (1978 & earlier models where Type F fluid is specified) Jaguar (Borg-Warner) Mazda (1981-85) Saab (3-speed) Toyota (4-speed 1981-83) Volvo (1984 BW55 & 1981-83) (The above listings are only a guide. Always consult your vehicle owner’s manual for specific recommendations.) 66 .

This unique fluid is specially formulated to provide twice the service life of a DEXRON®-III (H) ATF and offers enhanced performance for both new and older transmissions. Designed to provide responsive shift feel throughout the life of the oil.0 151 1.053 3.AUTOMOTIVE LUBRICANTS PETRO-CANADA DEXRON®-VI ATF AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION FLUID Petro-Canada DEXRON®-VI is an exceptional automatic transmission fluid approved by General Motors for use in vehicles with GM automatic transmissions.164 12. °C / °F Colour DEXRON®VI ATF 29. Petro-Canada DEXRON®-VI ATF consistently protects your car and truck transmission longer than all previous DEXRON® type fluids.000 miles). Meets GM latest service fill specification. General Motors recommends the use of DEXRON®-VI for all automatic transmissions including those prior to 2006 model year. cP @ .8 6. It is designed to protect your transmission through improved oxidation resistance.30°C cP @ .20°C cP @ .40°C Pour Point. Petro-Canada DEXRON®-VI ATF is Voith Transmission approved for normal drain interval (36.030 -54/-65 206/403 Red 3 67 . Petro-Canada DEXRON®-VI ATF was developed in conjunction with General Motors fluid design criteria for all 2006 and beyond model year vehicles with automatic transmissions. It is fully back serviceable where the former DEXRON®-III(H). GMN10060. °C / °F Flash Point. shear stability and wear protection to help meet warranty protection requirements in late model vehicles. Typical Characteristics are shown below: Viscosity cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100°C Viscosity Index Brookfield Viscosity. friction durability. III(G) and -IIE specifications were recommended.

Typical Characteristics are shown below: Viscosity cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100°C SUS @ 100°F SUS @ 210°F Viscosity Index Brookfield Viscosity. °C / °F Flash Point. such as Chrysler ATF+3® were recommended.380 -51/-60 198/388 Red 3 68 .050 8. Meets Chrysler MS-9602 specifications. This highly shearstable fluid delivers superior shift performance and wear protection in the Chrysler transmissions for which it was designed. °C / °F Colour PETRO-CANADA ATF+4® 33.24 7.AUTOMOTIVE LUBRICANTS PETRO-CANADA ATF+4® AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION FLUID Petro-Canada ATF+4® is an automatic transmission fluid specially formulated to meet the needs of Chrysler automatic transmissions.29°C cP @ . Petro-Canada ATF+4® contributes to the overall performance of the transmission by delivering optimized shift efficiency.51 167 51 204 2. Suitable for top-up or complete fluid changes. cP @ . It may also be used where earlier Chrysler fluids.40°C Pour Point. exceptional oxidation and shear stability and extended drain intervals over ATF+3® fluids.

Fully qualified for use in transmissions where a fluid meeting the former DEXRON®-III(H). It carries 72.700 -51/-60 189/372 Red 3 Viscosity cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100°C SUS @ 100°F SUS @ 210°F Viscosity Index Brookfield Viscosity. -II(E).40°C Pour Point.000 miles extended drain approval by Voith Turbo as per Service Bulletin DSB013 and DSB118 .B.14. Voith G607 & G1363 and Ford MERCON®V specifications. Typical Characteristics are shown below: Petro-Canada Heavy Duty Synthetic Blend ATF 34 7.8 173 51. °C / °F Colour 69 . ZF TEML. Caterpillar TO-2. cP @ . -III(G).AUTOMOTIVE LUBRICANTS PETRO-CANADA HEAVY DUTY SYNTHETIC BLEND AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION FLUID Petro-Canada’s Heavy Duty Synthetic Blend ATF is suitable for use in heavy duty fleets for up to 50. °C / °F Flash Point. Also.9 208 9. suitable for use in Applications where an Allison TES-295 fluid is specified. Fully qualified against Allison C-4.000 miles in normal service.000 miles in severe service and 100. or MERCON® specification is recommended. Heavy Duty Synthetic Blend ATF is the only fluid endorsed by Voith Turbo with an extended basic warranty coverage and discounted extended warranty package.

be thermally stable. 3 70 .AUTOMOTIVE LUBRICANTS AUTOMOTIVE GEAR OILS Automotive gear oils protect gears. by circulating oil through the bearing and gear mesh zones. therefore. bearings and cross-shafts from premature failure. – Cooling the gear surfaces Gear components are prevented from destructive over-heating. Undesirable decomposition products can also coat seals with carbon. Automotive gear oils achieve this by performing the following three vital functions: – Reducing friction and wear A fluid film of oil must be maintained between gear teeth at all times to prevent metal-to-metal contact between gear surfaces under extreme pressure conditions. where frictional heat is generated. – Providing oxidation stability A gear oil should resist degradation and sludging so that harmful viscosity increase is minimized over time. – Inhibiting rust and corrosion A gear oil must be non-corrosive to bronze. since the gear contact motion severely shears the oil with sliding as well as rolling motions and the gears are severely shock loaded. causing leakage. especially when water contamination is present. – Maintaining long clutch life and preventing seal leaks Clutches used in wet brakes and manual transmissions can become “glazed” and lose their function. and protect steel surfaces against rust. Gear oils must. assure reliable equipment operation and increase transmission and differential service life. if gear oils decompose at high temperatures. Hypoid gear drives are especially tough systems to lubricate.

75W-90.0 <32. cSt (1. Using ASTM D445.000 cP (°C) Minimum Maximum –55 4. Viscosity @ 100°C.5 — 18.1 — –26 7.0 — 3 NOTE – 1cP = 1 mPa•s.0 — 24.5 <18. 80W-90 and 85W-140). AXLE AND MANUAL TRANSMISSION LUBRICANT VISCOSITY CLASSIFICATION SAE J306 (June 2005) SAE Viscosity Grade 70W 75W 80W 85W 80 85 90 110 140 190 250 1. yet have sufficient thickness or viscosity to lubricate at normal operating temperatures. See text. 4. an 80W-90 oil must have the low temperature fluidity of an 80W as well as the thickness of a 90 grade at higher temperatures.5 — 32. 2. Using ASTM D 2983. Additional low-temperature viscosity requirements may be appropriate for fluids intended for use in light duty synchronized manual transmissions.0 — — 7. 3. Each viscosity grade has distinct criteria for low and high temperature performance.0 <13.0 — 11.g. 1 cSt = 1mm2/s SAE viscosity selection should be based on the minimum and maximum service temperatures. Limit must also be met after testing in CEC L-45-A-99.0 — 41. Axle and transmission lubricant viscosity is indicated in the table below.0 <11. Max. These fluids meet both the low and high temperature requirements for the combined grades.5 <24.5 <41. 71 . Today’s most commonly used gear lubricants are multigraded (e.0 — –12 11.AUTOMOTIVE LUBRICANTS GEAR OIL CLASSIFICATION SYSTEMS SAE VISCOSITY GRADE Gear lubricants must flow freely when the axle is cold. Temperature (3) for Viscosity of Kin. For example.1 — –40 4.2) (4) 150. Method C (20 hours).5 — 13.

Formulated to protect against thermal degradation. (formerly MILPRF-2105E) Primary field service recommendation of most passenger cars and truck builders worldwide (obsolete. severity of service and application. wear and oil seal degradation Typical Application Automotive manual transmissions Worm gear drives. The API service designations were developed to assist manufacturers and end-users select gear lubricants for a variety of operating conditions. 3 The most commonly specified and available type of automotive gear lubricant in North America is API GL-5. API SERVICE CLASSIFICATION Classifications GL-1 GL-2 GL-3 GL-4 Type Straight mineral oil (inactive) Usually contains fatty materials (inactive) Contains mild EP additive (inactive) Equivalent to obsolete MIL-L-2105 Specification.) Part of SAE J2360 Specification. spiral bevel and hypoid gears where moderate service prevails Used for moderate and severe service in hypoid and all other types of gears. API GL-4 oils are used as frequently as API GL-5. The following table lists these designations. Usually satisfied by 50% GL-5 additive level Part of SAE J2360 Specification. NOTE – SAE J2360 is equivalent to GL-5 + MT-1 72 . Non-synchronized manual transmissions. Severe service involving high-offset hypoid gears. industrial gear oils Manual transmissions and spiral bevel final drives Manual transmissions. used in buses and trucks GL-5 GL-6 MT-1 Each automobile manufacturer has a set of unique test requirements for rear axle factory-fill. Also may be used in manual transmissions. An API GL-5 lubricant generally satisfies the majority of these requirements and is often recommended for service-fill. The API service designations range from GL-1 to GL-5 and describe gear lubricants in terms of general type.AUTOMOTIVE LUBRICANTS API SERVICE DESIGNATIONS Automotive gear lubricant performance is defined by the type of service it can be expected to perform satisfactorily. In Europe and other parts of the world.

000 mile /2 year drain intervals and Mack GO-J Plus 500. 3 MACK GO-J & GO-J PLUS SPECIFICATIONS (SAE 75W-90. 73 . regardless of traction conditions. both in over-the-road service. which measures the ability of an oil to prevent glazing and clogging of gear synchronizer plates. an oil must pass all the tests required for a MIL-PRF-2105E approval. Limited slip differentials found on passenger cars all operate on the same principle.500 cycles. All the power will then be delivered to the spinning wheel and no power will be transmitted to the wheel with traction. while others are arranged so the operator can lock them when full traction is needed at both driving wheels. Mack GO-J and Mack GO-J Plus. To qualify for a Mack GO-J or Mack GO-J Plus listing. when API GL-5 was first developed.. Thus. requires a Mack GO-J oil to provide satisfactory shifting after 65. 80W-140 & 85W-140 grades) Manufacturers of trucks and components play an important role in designing the quality and performance level of the lubricants available to their customers. When the clutches are engaged they lock the side gears to the case and prevent the differential action.. and locking type differentials have been developed to overcome this. Clutches are inserted between the side gears and the case.AUTOMOTIVE LUBRICANTS LIMITED SLIP DIFFERENTIALS In conventional differentials the same torque is applied to both wheels. Some locking differentials lock and unlock automatically. and in addition satisfy three further tests: • The Mack Power Divider Snap Test (MAT 700 WI)..000 mile/3 year drain intervals. because of the continuing increase in truck engine power. • The Mack Transmission Cycling Test (ASTM D5579).000 cycles and a Mack GO-J Plus. that wheel will break loose and spin until it is revolving at twice the speed of the ring gear and the other wheel has stopped turning. extended drain oil. Either stacked plate or cone type clutches are used for this purpose. Petro-Canada TRAXON™ E and TRAXON may be used for top-up in some limited slip differentials. 80W-90. to provide satisfactory shifting after 97. which measures an oil’s ability to minimize noise and reduce the wear of cams and wedges in a Mack Power Divider differential. The truck gear performance requirements that have become quite important in the past few years are the up-graded API GL-5 requirements . Torque biasing or locking differentials are used in on-road vehicles and in off-highway equipment . Mack GO-J is designed to deliver 250. Today’s truck drive-lines handle power loads that are nearly three times what they were in the early 1960’s. Limited slip or torque biasing. Mack Truck requires these additional performance levels above API GL-5. if one wheel is on a surface with low enough traction for the applied torque to exceed the traction.

19B 74 . farm.AUTOMOTIVE LUBRICANTS TRAXON™ GEAR OIL TRAXON™ is Petro-Canada’s premium multi-grade line of gear oils. power take-off units and final drives found on passenger cars. especially in higher temperatures Resists degradation and sludging for longer oil life with fewer change-outs and better protection of gears Approved against SAE J2360 (formerly MIL-PRF-2105E). TRAXON gear oils are designed for use in most manual transmissions (excluding synchromesh manual transmissions). steering gears as well as certain industrial gear reducers requiring GL-4. differentials. TRAXON gear oils are suitable for most oil lubricated universal joints. planetary gear sets. or GL-5 oils. 3 TRAXON gear oils meet API GL-5 and MT-1 requirements and are designed to meet or exceed the SAE J2360 Global Standard. Outstanding shear stability which ensures retention of viscosity to protect equipment against metal-to-metal contact and wear. forestry and mining operations. 16B. TRAXON gear oils are specially formulated to provide excellent shear stability and long oil life for outstanding long-lasting protection to help you extend equipment life and reduce downtime and maintenance costs. wheel bearings. Due to specific lubrication requirements TRAXON gear oils must not be used in: Automatic Transmissions Powershift Transmissions Hydrostatic drives and systems that include the lubrication of wet clutches and brakes Manual Transaxles on front wheel drive vehicles where an automatic transmission fluid or engine oil is specified Spicer Manual Transmissions where single grade engine oils are specified TRAXON™ 80W-90 – HIGH PERFORMANCE PROTECTION TRAXON 80W-90 provides outstanding long-lasting protection for reduced downtime and maintenance costs. and ZF TE-ML 05A. Mack GO-J. and off-highway vehicles used in construction. 17B. trucks.

19B 3 75 . Excellent shear stability which ensures retention of viscosity to protect equipment against metal-to-metal contact and wear. 17B. 16B. more efficient operating performance which may lead to lower fuel consumption Approved against SAE J2360. Mack GO-J and ZF TE-ML 05A specifications. especially in high temperatures Excellent resistance to degradation and sludging for longer oil life with fewer change-outs and better protection of gears Excellent protection for cold weather conditions which means better gear protection at low temperatures and easier start-ups and cold weather shifting Better torque efficiency vs. 12E. GL-5 80W-90s (from 20°C to 45°C at moderate loads) for reduced friction and lubricant drag and a smoother.AUTOMOTIVE LUBRICANTS TRAXON™ XL SYNTHETIC BLEND 75W-90 – PREMIUM PROTECTION TRAXON XL Synthetic Blend 75W-90 provides the same great long-lasting protection as TRAXON 80W-90 plus you also get better low temperature protection and more efficient operating performance which could ultimately lead to lower fuel consumption.

12 Viscosity 76 .200@ -40/-40 0.6 16.1 733 79.5 462 84 179 173/345 -51/-60 67.94 2. °C / °F Pour Point.000@ -26/-15 138. % Wt 1. cP @ °C/°F 132.3 109 215/419 -33/ -27 TRAXON XL Synthetic Blend 75W-90 107 16.10 0. °C / °F Low Temperature Viscosity. especially in high temperatures 3 Protection in extreme cold weather conditions which means easier start-ups and cold weather shifting plus the peace-of-mind in knowing that your equipment is protected in the most extreme conditions Better torque efficiency vs.79 cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100°C SUS @ 100°F SUS @ 210°F Viscosity Index Flash Point.11 1.000@ -40/-40 Phosphorus.11 Sulphur. % Wt 0. Excellent shear stability which ensures retention of viscosity to protect equipment against metal-to-metal contact and wear. GL-5 80W-90s (from 20°C to 45°C at moderate loads) for reduced friction and lubricant drag and a smoother. more efficient operating performance which may lead to lower fuel consumption Suitable for use where Mack GO-J or SAE J2360 (formerly MIL-PRF-2105E) specifications are called for Typical Characteristics are shown below: TRAXON 80W-90 140 15.AUTOMOTIVE LUBRICANTS TRAXON™ SYNTHETIC 75W-90 – ULTIMATE ALL SEASON PROTECTION TRAXON Synthetic 75W-90 offers your equipment the same remarkable performance package as TRAXON XL Synthetic Blend plus it also provides your gears with outstanding protection in extreme cold weather conditions for assurance that your equipment is protected in the most extreme conditions.5 544 85 168 183/361 -42/ -44 TRAXON Synthetic 75W-90 99.

2 1835 1333 126 124 97 127 214/417 193/379 -15/ +5 -36/-33 62.000@ -12/10 0. high-load. Mack GO-J specifications and ZF TE-ML 05A.09 1.84 Viscosity cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100°C SUS @ 100°F SUS @ 212°F Viscosity Index Flash Point. 16D Typical characteristics are shown below: TRAXON XL Synthetic Blend 85W-140 80W-140 344 255 25. high operating temperatures are encountered and where a SAE 140 GL-5 gear oil is required. extreme high operating conditions Exceptional resistance to degradation and sludging vs.200@ -26/-15 0. TRAXON™ 85W140 – HIGH PERFORMANCE PROTECTION Outstanding shear stability and anti-wear EP additives protects equipment in tough. high operating temperature conditions for extended equipment life and reduced maintenance costs Excellent resistance to degradation and sludging for long fluid life to reduce maintenance costs and increase uptime Approved against SAE J2360 (formerly MIL-PRF-2105E). high-load. high-load. % Wt Sulphur. GL-5 85W-140 oils for longer lasting oil life which helps reduce maintenance costs and increase uptime Better torque efficiency vs. cP @ ºC/ºF Phosphorus. mineral based GL-5 85W-140 oils (20°C to 45°C at moderate loads) for reduced friction and lubricant drag and a smoother. especially in tough. more efficient operating performance which may lead to lower fuel consumption Recommended where a SAE J2360 (formerly MIL-PRF-2105E). °C / °F Low Temperature Viscosity. % Wt 77 .00 105.6 25.AUTOMOTIVE LUBRICANTS Petro-Canada’s TRAXON line includes SAE 140 weight oils for situations where tough. Mack GO-J or ZF TE-ML 05A specification is required Approved against ZF 05A. 12E. 16D 3 TRAXON™ XL SYNTHETIC BLEND 80W140 – PREMIUM PROTECTION Excellent shear stability which ensures retention of viscosity to protect equipment against metal-to-metal contact and wear. °C / °F Pour Point.09 2.

oxidation and shear conditions Less transmission friction and drag helps increase fuel economy Long lubricant life provides extended drain capabilities for less change-outs and reduced maintenance Typical characteristics are shown below: 75W-90 121 16.000 TRAXON E Synthetic 80W-140 290 31. °C/°F Brookfield Viscosity.200 – – CD-50 132 17. oxidation and corrosion inhibitors to protect vital transmission parts in severe heat. corrosion and oxidation Exceptional resistance to oxidation for long lubricant life which extends drain intervals between change-outs for maximized oil life and less downtime High viscosity indices.2 1507 151 147 221/430 -42/-44 – 71.AUTOMOTIVE LUBRICANTS TRAXON E SYNTHETIC TRAXON E Synthetic is Petro-Canada’s line of Eaton (Dana)/Road Ranger/ Arvin-Meritor-Approved synthetic gear and transmission lubricants.8 621 86 150 201/394 -48/-54 7.125 – – – 143. cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100°C SUS @ 100°F SUS @ 212°F Viscosity Index Flash Point.550 104.” The line consists of three viscosity grades: TRAXON E SYNTHETIC 75W-90 AND 80W-140 3 Contain extreme pressure additives and are specially formulated to operate under a variety of load conditions and protect gears and bearings against rust. They are recommended for those customers who need to maintain an Eaton/Roadranger “extended warranty.5 679 89 146 221/430 <-45/<-49 – – – 24. cP @ -18°C/0°F cP @ -20°C/-4°F cP @ -26°C/-15°F cP @ -30°C/-22°F cP @ -40°C/-40°F 78 . as well as rust.000 Viscosity. °C/°F Pour Point. good low temperature properties and extremely low channel points provide superior protection over a wide range of temperatures for increased productivity Possible improved fuel mileage capability provides reduced costs TRAXON E SYNTHETIC CD-50 Provides superior year-round manual transmission fluid performance where a non-EP transmission lubricant is required Contains an anti-wear additive.

Compared to competitive tractor fluids. °C / °F -45/-49 -50/-58 -47/-51 Flash Point. past the OEM recommendations.200 13.35°C 23.500 15.40°C 61. Duratran XL Synthetic Blend and Duratran Synthetic may be used at temperatures down to . Duratran fluids offer: • Outstanding resistance to breakdown caused by oxidation and high temperatures Formulated with our HT Severely Hydrocracked and Severely HydroIsomerized base oils and special oxidation inhibitors. Duratran fluids demonstrate exceptional low temperature fluidity.0 SUS@ 100°F 307 198 235 SUS@ 210°F 57. as well as fluid thickening and so extend fluid change intervals considerably.740 Pour Point.700 – – cP @ . • Controlled Frictional Properties Duratran fluids have excellent shear stability and the correct balance of lubricity and friction for the optimal operation of brakes.40°C. shockloaded operating conditions. 10. • Exceptional Low Temperature Performance Formulated with our HT Severely Hydrocracked and Severely HydroIsomerized base oils.4 10.AUTOMOTIVE LUBRICANTS DURATRAN . which allows easier cold weather starting of all equipment. This helps prevent brake noise and brake chatter. Duratran fluids strongly resist sludge and varnish build-up.6 10. differential. mining and construction equipment with a common oil system for transmission.6 62. Typical characteristics are shown below: Duratran Duratran Duratran XL Synthetic Blend Synthetic Viscosity cSt @ 40°C 60.8 cSt @ 100°C 9.9 53.TRACTOR TRANSMISSION-HYDRAULIC FLUID The Duratran line of heavy duty transmission-hydraulic fluids is designed for use in farm tractors. even at very low temperatures.5 8. hydraulic.20°C 2670 1300 1260 cP @ .0 3 79 .4 Viscosity Index 141 196 207 Brookfield Viscosity.2 46. wet brake and power-steering mechanisms. clutches and power-take off mechanisms.3 10. °C / °F 239/462 219/426 225/437 Total Base No. These features provide excellent wear protection to bearings and gears under demanding. cP @ .1 39. power take-off. • Protection against transmission gear wear Duratran fluids exceed existing John Deere Extreme Pressure (EP) and Final Drive Gear Wear test requirements and perform well in the demanding Vickers hydraulic pump wear test.

JIC 143..... B6 FNHA-2-C-201. M-1141. 272843. 246634 Kubota UDT.AUTOMOTIVE LUBRICANTS Duratran meets the existing requirements of John Deere specification J20C while Duratran XL Synthetic Blend meets the existing requirements of John Deere specification J20D. B-5.. Versatile... M-1135.... MS 1205... Q-1705 Massey-Ferguson .. M-1129-A. 1-286-S Plessey-Sundstrand 80 ... FNHA-2-C-200.. TA18.... MS 1204/JIC 185.... JIC 144. MS 1209...00... ESN-M2C134-D.. 0GK) • Transmissions and Differentials API GL-4 (Manual Transmissions.... MS 1210/JIC 145....... Case New Holland Group) .. Duratran fluids are recommended. Duratran Synthetic) CNH (Case I. 03F. HR 600 • Hydraulic Pumps Parker / Abex / Denison Eaton / Vickers M-2950-S. MS 1207.H. J20C (Duratran. M-1127-A/B. HR 500.. Spiral Bevel Axles....... 05F... Landini..I... Hesston-Fiat. ESN-M2C48-B White Farm (Oliver) . where the following specifications are called for: 3 • Farm Tractors John Deere .. and Hypoid gears in moderate service) Allison C-3 Caterpillar TO-2 Sundstrand Hydrostatic Transmission Fluid Dresser Construction Equipment Division Clark Lift Truck Transmission Fluid TA12.... Steiger. ESNM2C53-A. J20D (Duratran XL Synthetic Blend. Volvo..... Q-1722... M-1110 AGCO / Deutz-Allis / Allis... JIC 145. ESN-M2C134-A/B/C...... as well as manufacturers from elsewhere in the world.. Duratran Synthetic meets both existing John Deere specifications J20C and J20D... FNHA-2-201A (134D). MS 1230.. DURATRAN Synthetic) ZF Transmissions (TE ML 03E. MS 1206.... 257541.. Q-1802. Power Fluid 821XL. J..00. All three Duratran fluids also meet existing or exceed the field-performance requirements of all North American tractor manufacturers... Duratran Synthetic).. Q-1766B. ESN-M2C86-B... WB101 (DURATRAN. Q-1826..

60. or to replace TO-2 oils.0 253/487 -12/10 Synthetic Blend LoTemp 35 7. They are recommended for use in hydraulics.4 Flash Point.854@ -5C/23 80.0 191. °C / °F 239/462 Pour Point.4 408.200@ -26/-15 107.2 65 97 5. where a TO-4 oil is recommended. PRODURO TO-4+ oils are available in six viscosity grades: SAE 10W.3 SUV @ 100°F 95.5 259/498 -27/-17 50 209 18.AUTOMOTIVE LUBRICANTS PRODURO TO-4+ – TRANSMISSION/DRIVE TRAIN OIL PRODURO TO-4+ products are a line of Transmission and Drive Train Oils (TDTO) formulated to meet or exceed Caterpillar’s TO-4 requirements for transmission and drive line fluids.4 164. They have been fully tested and comply with the performance requirements of Caterpillar TO-4 and Allison C-4.4 682 80 97 7. 50.7 209/408 -51/-60 4403@ -35/-31 Synthetic All-Season 55 10.140@ -40/-40 14. cP @ °C / °F 48.7 SUV @ 210°F 43.7 132. The last two products contain special base-stocks which confer multigrade pumpability equivalent to 0W20 and 5W30 respectively.100@ -35/-31 Performance Level Caterpillar TO-4 (June 05) Allison C-4 API CD API GL-3 ZF TE-ML 03C 30 88.0 263/487 -12/10 60 361 26. 30.7 222/432 -48/-54 6530@ -30/-31 3 10. °C / °F -33/-27 Cold Crank Viscosity. Typical Characteristics are shown below: PRODURO TO-4+ SAE Grade 10W Viscosity cSt @ 40°C 35.720@ -35/-31 Caterpillar Caterpillar Caterpillar Caterpillar Caterpillar TO-4 (June 05) TO-4 (June 05) TO-4 (June 05) TO-4 (June 05) TO-4 (June 05) Allison C-4 Allison C-4 – – Allison C-4 API CD API CD API CD – API CD API GL-3 API GL-3 API GL-3 – API GL-3 ZF TE-ML 03C – – – ZF TE-ML 03C 81 .3 Viscosity Index 128 HT/HS @ 150C 2.3 51.5 11.8 110 3.250@ -10/14 10.4 51.3 187 3. cP @ °C / °F 5219@ -25/-13 Brookfield Viscosity.167@ -10/14 15.433@ -20/-4 11. manual transmissions and drive lines.5 50 184 2.4 cSt @ 100°C 6.200@ -15/5 33. XL Lo Temp and Synthetic All-Season.

-10˚C to 22˚C (-40˚F to 72˚F) ** Wheeled vehicles e. transmission hydraulic systems. especially those that operate under severe conditions. Produro FD-1 60 should not be used in compartments containing friction material unless a FD-1 type of product is specified.7 1809 131 104 297/567 -24/-11 13. tractors.g. Produro FD-1 60 provides improved gear and bearing life in final drives and axles and can be used in final drives and axles that previously specified TO-4 lubricants and do not contain friction material and / or wet brakes. pipelayers.194@-5/23 25. Typical Characteristics are shown below: SAE Grade Viscosity cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100°C SUV @ 100°F SUV @ 210°F Viscosity Index Flash Point. 769C. or older Caterpillar (789 series) final drive technology. compactors and off-highway trucks ***Tracked vehicles e. cP @ °C / °F Performance Level 82 Produro FD-1 60 60 341 26. °C / °F Pour Point. cP @ °C / °F Brookfield Viscosity. tractors.g.400@-10/50 Caterpillar FD-1 (Dec 01) . loaders. under extreme loading. °C / °F Cold Crank Viscosity.AUTOMOTIVE LUBRICANTS 3 Generic Recommendations Based on Viscometrics (TO-4) Application SAE Grade Hydrostatic Transmissions 10W -22 to +40 Synthetic Blend Lo Temp -40 to +40 Synthetic All Season -34 to +40 Hydraulic 10W -20 to +40 30 +10 to +50 Synthetic Blend Lo Temp -40 to +40 Synthetic All Season -34 to +50 **Powershift Transmissions 10W -21 to +40 30 -9 to +35 50 +5 to +50 Synthetic Blend Lo Temp -40 to +10 Synthetic All Season -34 to +35 **Final Drives on Highway 10W -30 to 0 30 -25 to +25 50 -10 to +50 60 -9 to +55 Synthetic Blend Lo Temp -45 to -10 Synthetic All Season -37 to +25 **Final Drives off Highway 10W -30 to -10 30 -25 to +15 50 -10 to +50 60 -9 to +55 Synthetic Blend Lo Temp -45 to 0 Synthetic All Season -37 to +15 *Caterpillar models 768C. skidders. skidder and loaders PRODURO FD-1 60 – FINAL DRIVE AND AXLE LUBRICANT Produro FD-1 60 is the primary recommendation for the final drives and axles of Caterpillar off-highway equipment. This product is not for use in engines.

lawn mowers and generator sets such as Husqvarna. Basic manufacturers’ recommendations should be followed so as to obtain maximum protection during prolonged storage. Yamaha where an API TC Oil is called for.AUTOMOTIVE LUBRICANTS TWO-CYCLE ENGINE OILS Petro-Canada’s family of small engine oils is designed to give excellent performance in both air-cooled and water-cooled two-stroke cycle engines operating under all conditions. Stihl. – Excellent performance at up to 50:1 fuel/oil ratios in air-cooled engines. chain saws. internal cleanliness and long engine life. which protect engines against rust during use and in storage. 2-Cycle Motor Oil has the following features: – Suitable for use in oil injection (to –40°C) as well as pre-mix fuel/oil lubricated engines. Tecumseh. 3 SNOWMOBILE MOTOR OIL Snowmobile Motor Oil is a premium low ash. ring. Artic Cat. 83 . – Anti-scuff and anti-wear properties to minimize wear. lawn mowers. Polaris. two-stroke cycle engine oil for use in all conventional pre-mix fuel/oil. for use in conventional pre-mix fuel/oil as well as oil injection lubricated engines powering motorcycles. motorcycles. – Mixes readily at low temperatures. Lawnboy. ISO E-GB. The additive systems used produce minimal spark plug. ISO E-GB. Briggs & Stratton and Yamaha where API TC oil is called for. which give excellent anti-scuff and anti-wear performance to ensure reliability. mopeds. 2-Cycle Motor Oil meets API classification TC. JASO FB and SAE Fluidity/Miscibility (F/M) Grade 4. and generators. – Excellent rust and corrosion protection. 2-CYCLE MOTOR OIL 2-Cycle Motor Oil is a multipurpose two-stroke cycle engine oil. Petro-Canada small engine oils also contain special rust inhibitors with a high film strength. These oils are especially formulated for use in oil injection as well as conventional pre-mixed gasoline/oil lubricated 2-cycle engines. mopeds. as well as pre-mix fuel/oil lubricated engines – Excellent performance at all fuel/oil ratios specified by Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs) – Good anti-wear protection – Mixes and pumps readily to . JASO FB and SAE Fluidity/Miscibility (F/M) Grade 4. Polaris. Toro. as well as oil injection lubricated snowmobile engines such as Bombardier. Weedeater. piston and valve deposits and so allow good starting and continued efficient engine operation.40°C – Protects against varnish deposits – Optimum performance in severe climates – Resists rust and corrosion Snowmobile Motor Oil meets: API Classification TC. Care should be taken not to mix 2-cycle oils from different manufacturers. Petro-Canada small engine oils contain high performance additives.40°C). Snowmobile Motor Oil has the following features: – Low Ash formula for high performance engines – Minimizes pre-ignition – Suitable for oil injection (to . It is also suitable for chain saws.

2 300 57 138 151/304 -51/-60 6. – Passes the JASO FC Smoke Test requirements for reduced smoke emissions. used at all fuel to oil ratios specified by the Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs). cP @ °C Sulphated Ash. – Contains a quick-mix additive. RL-50156. where the manufacturer calls for a NMMA TCW3 approved oil. – Reduced smoke emissions. – Reduces engine wear and varnish build-up.5 110 41 127 152/306 <-54/<-65 11.AUTOMOTIVE LUBRICANTS OUTBOARD MOTOR OIL Outboard Motor Oil is a premium two-stroke cycle engine oil for use in water-cooled outboard motors (both large and small power outputs). Bombardier (Formerly OMC which makes Johnson & Evinrude engines). Nissan. Outboard Motor Oil is especially formulated for oil injected engines.620@ -40 0. °C / °F Pour Point.001 Blue/Green – TC-W3 Grade 3 FC Smoke Test 2-Cycle Motor Oil 21 4. – Virtually non-toxic to water inhabiting species such as fish. – Suitable for oil injection (to -25°C/-13°F) as well as pre-mixed fuel/oil lubricated engines. Outboard Motor Oil has been approved by the National Marine Manufacturers Association (NMMA) against their TC-W3.620 @ -40 0. It is also suitable for motorcycle and snowmobile engines. etc.1 Blue/Green TC – Grade 4 FB 3 Viscosity cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100°C SUS @ 100°F SUS @ 210°F Viscosity Index Flash Point. It also meets the SAE Fluidity/Miscibility (F/M) Grade 3. °C / °F Brookfield Viscosity. Its formulation also meets the warranty requirements of the following engine manufacturers: Mercury Marine. Outboard Motor Oil has the following features: – Ashless formula minimizes pre-ignition.1 Blue/Green TC – Grade 4 FB Outboard Motor Oil 59 9.650@ -25 <0.5 110 41 127 152/306 <-54/<-65 11. Suzuki. % Wt Colour Performance Level API NMMA SAE F/M JASO Ratio Gasoline to Oil 16:1 24:1 32:1 50:1 100:1 QUICK MIX CHART Millilitres (mL) Oil Added to Litres of Gasoline 5 Litres 10 Litres 25 Litres 315 625 1550 210 420 1050 165 315 800 100 200 500 50 100 250 84 . Typical Characteristics of Petro-Canada Two Cycle Engine Oils are shown below: Snowmobile Motor Oil 21 4. API TC specification. – Resists rust and corrosion. Yamaha.

Notwithstanding these extremes of temperature. 4 85 . run at higher speeds. Proper lubrication is vital to any operation and is determined by the “Four Rs”: • Right Lubricant • Right Amount • Right Place • Right Time Your Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) together with a Petro-Canada Lubricants Representative or a Technical Services Advisor can assist you in determining the “Four Rights” for your equipment or machinery. We expect equipment to operate at temperatures between -50°C and 150°C without losing production or increasing maintenance costs.INDUSTRIAL LUBRICANTS INDUSTRIAL LUBRICANTS Business today places heavy demands on industrial plant and machinery. with smaller oil reservoirs and at longer lubricating intervals than ever before. machines today are operated under heavier loads.

0 136 193 284 417 625 917 1334 1918 2835 4169 6253 2.8 28.5 116 165 235 347 510 764 1121 1631 2344 3465 5095 7643 ISO Viscosity Grade 2 3 5 7 10 15 22 32 46 68 100 150 220 320 460 680 1000 1500 86 .5 39.5 19.6 6.0 37.S.5 24.98 2.5 83. there is now world-wide acceptance of the International Organization for Standardization’s (ISO) system for viscosity measurement in centistokes (cSt) at 40°C and 100°C.6 74.8 110 165 242 352 506 748 1100 1650 34. ISO-VISCOSITY SYSTEM FOR INDUSTRIAL FLUID LUBRICANTS Kinematic Viscosity Limits Mid Point cSt Minimum Maximum @ 40°C cSt S.0 35. Each viscosity grade is 50% higher in viscosity than the preceding viscosity grade.5 50.2 90. Conversion from one viscosity measurement to another is virtually eliminated.5 71.2 35. These limits are set at a 10 percent tolerance level above and below the mid-point of a grade.8 41. The lubricant grade recommended by the equipment manufacturer is the same as the number in the product name. They continue to be described by the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) viscosity classifications (see Automotive Lubricants Section).48 11.0 16.5 42.0 135 198 288 414 612 900 1350 32.52 5.88 4.5 46.2 50.5 62.INDUSTRIAL LUBRICANTS VISCOSITY CLASSIFICATION OF INDUSTRIAL OILS It used to be the practice in North America to define the viscosity of industrial lubricating oils in Saybolt Universal Seconds (SUS) at reference temperatures of 100°F and 210°F. The table below shows the kinematic viscosity limits for each ISO Viscosity Grade.S. Any product with a viscosity outside these tolerance levels is not a recognized ISO Viscosity Grade.4 61. However.12 9. cSt S.06 7. ADVANTAGES OF ISO VISCOSITY GRADES International acceptance benefits customers.U.8 10 15 22 32 46 68 100 150 220 320 460 680 1000 1500 1.14 6.00 13.2 4. manufacturers and marketers.U.5 97. The number in the product name for most products represents the viscosity of an industrial oil.2 3.42 3.0 55. 2. 4 Automotive engine and gear oils are not involved in the ISO measurement system.

are defined by the SAE for viscosity and the API for quality.6 61.INDUSTRIAL LUBRICANTS AGMA NUMBERS The American Gear Manufacturers Association (AGMA) has set up a numbering system to define gear oil viscosities required for various gear boxes and applications. AGMA Lubricant No. ISO Viscosity Grade numbers and AGMA numbers are compared in the table below. • Lubricants carrying the suffix “Comp” are met with ENDURATEX Mild Worm Gear oils.8 90 to 110 135 to 165 198 to 242 288 to 352 414 to 506 612 to 748 900 to 1100 1350 to 1650 2880 to 3520 4140 to 5060 6120 to 7480 190 to 220 cSt @ 100°C Equivalent ISO grade 32 46 68 100 150 220 320 460 680 1000 1500 – – – – Extreme pressure Synthetic gear lubricants gear oils AGMA Lubricant No. which contain special lubricity additives.2 41.8 to 35. • AGMA Synthetic Gear Oils are met by ENDURATEX Synthetic EP oils. These oils can be used in gear boxes but oils formulated to meet AGMA requirements cannot be used in automotive differentials or transmissions.4 to 50. Viscosity ranges for AGMA Lubricants (ANSI/AGMA 9005-D94) Rust and oxidation inhibited gear oils AGMA Lubricant No. 7 Comp 8. such as TRAXON. 8 Comp 8A Comp 9 10 11 12 13 Viscosity range (cSt) at 40°C 28. These AGMA Lubricant Numbers are normally stamped on the manufacturer’s metal name plate. • AGMA Extreme Pressure Gear Lubricants are met by ENDURATEX EP oils. 87 . • Automotive gear oils. 0S 1S 2S 3S 4S 5S 6S 7S 8S – 9S 10 S 11 S 12 S 13 S 2 EP 3 EP 4 EP 5 EP 6 EP 7 EP 8 EP 8A EP 9 EP 10 EP 11 EP 12 EP 13 EP 4 • AGMA Rust & Oxidation Inhibited Gear Oils are met by TURBOFLO R&O or HYDREX AW oils. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7.2 to 74.

etc. 88 .U. SAE 30. if a manufacturer requires an SAE 30 oil for a piece of equipment. To summarize:ISO VG – is viscosity measurement in centistokes (cSt) at 40°C. This is strictly a viscosity comparison and should not be construed as a quality level comparison.g.S. go to the SAE viscosity column and follow across horizontally to the left to read an ISO VG of 100. How to use the chart: 4 For instance. Saybolt – These units are in S.INDUSTRIAL LUBRICANTS VISCOSITY COMPARISONS Viscosities designated by various organizations may be compared as shown in the table opposite. and were used by various refiners/blenders to specify viscosity at 100°F or 210°F. AGMA – viscosity grades as designated by the American Gear Manufacturers Association. SAE 90. SAE – Society of Automotive Engineers viscosity measurement for automotive engine and gear oils e.

Equivalence is in terms of viscosity at 40°C only. 5W 2000 AGMA GRADE SAE ENGINE OILS SAE GEAR OILS 10000 8000 6000 5000 4000 3000 2000 1500 680 460 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 20 1 50 190 140 110 90 40 85W 30 80W 1000 800 600 500 400 300 200 KINEMATIC VISCOSITY. Assumes 100 Vl single grade oils. AGMA and SAE specifications. SAYBOLT UNIVERSAL SECONDS (SUS) @ 100°F 1000 8A 4 75W 70W 150 100 80 70 60 50 40 35 32 NOTE: Read across horizontally. CENTISTOKES (cSt) @ 40°C 600 500 400 300 200 320 220 150 100 80 60 50 40 30 20 100 68 46 32 10W 22 15 10 8 6 5 4 3 2 10 7 5 3 2 0W. W grades are represented only in terms of approximate 40°C viscosity. Viscosity limits are approximate: For precise data. consult SAE specifications. For low temperature limits. 89 .INDUSTRIAL LUBRICANTS V VISCOSITY EQUIVALENTS ISO VG 1500 250 1000 800 KINEMATIC VISCOSITY. consult ISO.

Do not store drums on end with the bungs on top. at 3 o’clock and 9 o’clock). Drums preferably should be covered with a tarpaulin to protect them from the elements. during storage it is important to guard against contamination. which can drastically reduce the performance and life of a lubricant.INDUSTRIAL LUBRICANTS LUBRICANTS HANDLING & STORAGE Petro-Canada’s lubricating oils and greases are the result of considerable research work and are carefully manufactured and delivered. Preventing contamination during storage has a direct pay-back in terms of optimum lubricant performance. then the following precautions should be followed: Ensure that the bungs on drums are screwed in tight. Rain water collects on the drum head and is drawn into the oil when the drum breathes during temperature cycles. they should be tilted first by standing on edge (say on a 2 x 4 piece of lumber) with the bungs parallel to the tilt. markings on containers and dispensing equipment should be kept legible to avoid cross-contamination or incorrect application. Drums stored on their sides should be clear of the ground and preferably rest on wooden or steel beams. INSIDE STORAGE Preferably lubricants should be stored inside. stencils. even then there are certain precautions that should be followed: 4 The temperature of the storage area should remain moderate and not be subject to wide fluctuations. The storage area and dispensing equipment should be clean and be part of a regular cleaning schedule. the head should be wiped clean first. They may be stacked three high if wedged properly to prevent movement. However. Outdoor storage locations should be away from dusty areas such as quarries or unpaved roads. with bungs below the oil level (i. are as good for their intended use as we can make them. The storage area should be located away from industrial contamination. drums stored upright on pallets should stand upside down.e. This prevents the seals from drying out and tending to leak. When oil is drawn from the drum. For the same reason. Opening drums in such conditions will contaminate the contents. OUTSIDE STORAGE If outside storage is unavoidable. However. Labels. 90 . If drums must be stored this way. Numerous studies have shown that both water and dirt can lessen the life of bearings and other components. such as fumes or dust. To minimize contamination and the effects of weathering. time spent in outdoor storage should be kept to a minimum. Stacking often results in the bottom drums never being used. Store drums horizontally. longer lubricant life and reduced maintenance costs. All oils should use separate dispensing equipment. so the use of a rack is preferred.

Wash hands and arms at the end of the working day and before eating. Avoid breathing in oil mists. but very effective additive treatments. examined regularly and kept to a minimum to provide a quick turnover. They may be stored for three (3) years under protected conditions* without any significant deterioration in performance. Use only mild soap and warm water or a recommended hand cleaner to remove lubricating oil and grease from the skin. care should be taken to avoid skin contact and inhalation of oil mists. HANDLING Lubricating oils and greases are a relatively harmless class of material. Obtain medical advice concerning any potential health problems. pneumatics. Some general guidelines for handling lubricating oils and greases follow: Use protective equipment to avoid skin contact. Clean-up lubricating oil and grease spills immediately and dispose of them according to environmental guidelines.g. they are extremely stable. kerosene or similar solvents to remove lubricants from the skin as they take the natural oils from the skin and cause dryness.INDUSTRIAL LUBRICANTS Smaller package sizes (e. Dry using clean hand towels. Process Oils and Other Non-Additized Oils These may be stored indefinately under protected conditions without any significant deterioration in performance. pails) should be covered. • Hydraulic Engine / Motor OIls and Transmission Oils Although these oils contain high additive contents. If they are used as part of a special manufacturing process or application. Remove any contaminated clothing and clean thoroughly before re-use. They may be stored for five (5) years under protected conditions* without any 91 . the product properties should be reconfirmed if over 3 years old. the simpler the oil formulation. 4 PRODUCT SHELF LIFE – LUBRICATING OILS The performance properties of liquid lubricants (oils) will remain intact for many years provided they have been in protected storage and not exposed to severe high/low temperature cycles. • Base Oils. • Hydraulic Food Grade / Compressor / Turbine and General Purpose Lubricating Oils These oils contain low. Take special consideration to prevent any oil injection into the skin (hydraulics. Slight changes in appearance / colour may occur. etc. Nevertheless.) *Always refer to product MSDS for specific safety and handling requirements. Generally. Quickly remove any product that does get on the skin. Petro-Canada provides Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) on all of its products and these are available from your Sales Representative or Customer Service Representative (CSR). Do not use gasoline. the longer the oil will remain satisfactory.

while it may still meet its original performance specifications. the industry performance requirements (API) for engine oils and for transmission oils (OEM performance standards. Hence under protected conditions* they should only be stored for two (2) years. Under protected conditions* they should only be stored for three (3) years. • Industrial and Automotive Gear Oils These highly additized formulations can occasionally exhibit some long term instability. ‘old’ product should be checked to ensure its specifications still meet the latest industry standards and/or equipment requirements. DEXRON/MERCON) are changing rapidly. In addition. *Protected conditions: indoor or covered storage with no freeze/thaw cycles. • Neat (Non-Emulsifiable) Metal Working Fluids / Way Lubricants These formulations are often quite delicately balanced. Hence an engine or transmission oil that has been stored for five (5) years or longer. i. Storage under unprotected conditions can result in water ingress which causes the oil to become ‘milky’ or form a ‘mayonnaise’ and can also cause rust formation/corrosion in metal containers. If you locate a significant volume of a ‘date expired’ product.INDUSTRIAL LUBRICANTS signficant deterioration in performance. However. as automotive gear oil specifications occasionally change. 92 . 4 • Soluable (Emulsifiable) Metal Working Fluids (Cutsol & Cutsol HD) These products should only be stored for one (1) year. please consult a Technical Service Advisor who will arrange to have it tested so see if it is still satisfactory for use.e. may not meet the latest industry requirements.

meet ISO-L-G standards. ACCUFLO TK 68 is approved for use in Bijur systems and passes Bijur’s filtration test #2107. lead-screw-and-nut systems. in turn.INDUSTRIAL LUBRICANTS INDUSTRIAL LUBRICANTS ACCUFLO TK . improves coolant management.4 1136 107 118 255/491 -24/-11 0.2 9. feed gears.80 250/551 4 93 .MACHINE TOOL LUBRICANT ACCUFLO TK Oils are specially formulated to lubricate the slideways of machine tools and maintain smooth. and are approved against Cincinnati Machine standards P-47 and P-50 respectively.9 21. They are highly tacky to resist removal by synthetic coolants and soluble oils. kg / lb Accuflo TK 68 71. uninterrupted operation.76 200/441 Accuflo TK 220 216. Weld Point. °C / °F Stick-slip No. They may be applied to linear and rotating guideways. ACCUFLO TK Oils eliminate “stick-slip” or chatter on machine tables and contain inhibitors to protect ferrous and copper components against corrosion.94 367 60 122 225/437 -33/-27 0. Their unique zinc-free formulations provide excellent film strength. Typical characteristics are shown below: Viscosity cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100°C SUS @ 100°F SUS @ 210°F Viscosity Index Flash Point. °C / °F Pour Point. lubrication and machine table accuracy. while ACCUFLO TK 220 is recommended for vertical slides or heavy duty machine tools such as planers and boring mills. This cuts the consumption of lubricant and the generation of tramp oil which. ACCUFLO TK 68 is recommended for horizontal slides and moderately loaded machine tools. ACCUFLO TK 68 and 220 are GM LS2 approved. table elevating slideways on milling machines. milling heads and lathe saddles.

3 9. °C / °F Stick-slip No. Where greater oil adhesion is required. and elevating slideways of machine tools.PRESS OIL AND MACHINE TOOL LUBRICANT ACCUFLO SS is specifically formulated to meet the lubrication requirements of both Goss International and MAN Roland printing presses.51 360 58 115 235/455 -27/-17 0. Weld Point. °C / °F Pour Point. 4 Typical characteristics are shown below: Viscosity cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100°C SUS @ 100°F SUS @ 210°F Viscosity Index Flash Point.48 385 58 104 229/444 -33/-27 0.MACHINE TOOL LUBRICANT PC Waylube is formulated for the lubrication of the slideways of modern machine tools. Weld Point. It is approved against Cincinnati Machine Standard P-47 and GM LS2. Colorliner and Metrocolour models.) ACCUFLO SS 68 is recommended for use in commercial printing machines for the lubrication of units. • Meets the requirements of Goss Graphic Systems Service Bulletin “SBM 5078 Lubricating Oil Guidelines” (16/02/00) for Cosmo. Geoman and Colorman models.79 200/441 94 . °C / °F Pour Point. °C / °F Stick-slip No. kg / lb PC Waylube 68 69. Typical characteristics are shown below: Viscosity cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100°C SUS @ 100°F SUS @ 210°F Viscosity Index Flash Point.78 200/441 PC WAYLUBE . • Meets specification standard CLP DIN 51517-3:2004-01 ISO VG 68 (MAN Roland Illustration Machines. Metroliner. It meets the Cincinnati Machine P-47 specification.INDUSTRIAL LUBRICANTS ACCUFLO SS . kg / lb Accuflo SS 68 74. PC Waylube is also approved for Bijur systems and passes Bijur’s filtration test #2107. Headliner. Metro. such as with vertical ways. folders. we recommend Petro-Canada’s ACCUFLO TK machine tool lubricants. angle bars and horizontal drive gear boxes.7 9. ACCUFLO SS 68 can also be used to lubricate the linear and rotating guideways.

Ardee 32 is for winter conditions.9 11.0 230 369 500 778 1089 51 60 66 80 97 129 119 107 101 103 207/405 231/448 233/451 243/469 281/538 -42/-44 -42/-44 -33/-27 -30/-22 -24/-11 30/14 30/14 30/14 30/14 30/14 200 200 200 250 250 4 95 . Ardee 68 to 150 for underground operations.7 96.4 148.4 9.5 15. Ardee 32 is recommended for use in plant air-line lubricators. kg/lb Weld Point.6 207 7.ROCK DRILL OIL Ardee oils are formulated to lubricate and cool the mechanisms of airoperated rock drills. There are five viscosity grades to meet temperatures ranging from -35°C / -31°F to +45°C / 113°F.INDUSTRIAL LUBRICANTS ARDEE . Ardee 220 is normally used in summer. °C / °F Timken OK Load. kg 32 31.0 71.8 6. in open pit operations using drills with a bore larger than 10 cm / 4 inches.0 163 46 137 180/356 -48/-54 20/9 200 Ardee Oil 46 68 100 150 220 45. They are ideal for use in equipment running in demanding situations with high air-flow rates. Typical Characteristics are shown below: Viscosity cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100°C SUS @ 100°F SUS @ 210°F Viscosity Index Flash Point.0 19. drill shock-loading and high piston temperatures. with the 150 grade being favoured in SECAN drills and in mining operations trying to reduce oil consumption and misting. °C / °F Pour Point. especially where the air is water laden.

In addition to heat transfer fluids. please contact a Petro-Canada representative. °C / °F Autoignition Temp. • PETRO-THERM and PETRO-THERM PPD Heat Transfer Fluid are general purpose fluids which provide economical service in various industrial processes. is a food grade approved heat transfer fluid for the food processing industry with systems operating at bulk temperatures up to 326°C (620°F).9 33. injection moulding and rubber manufacturing operations.7 52.4 2.1 45. °C / °F Max Bulk Temp °C / °F 96 . COC. For use in open systems. • PURITY FG Heat Transfer Fluid. The Calflo family of advanced fluids is recommended for use in nonpressurized. These fluids provide high temperature performance without raising the same adverse environmental or health and safety concerns caused by chemical aromatic fluids. Petro-Canada offers two additional products for servicing heat transfer systems: Petro-Canada Cleaning Fluid and Petro-Canada Flushing Fluid.9 43.INDUSTRIAL LUBRICANTS CALFLO – HEAT TRANSFER FLUIDS CALFLO is a line of specialty heat transfer fluids produced from PetroCanada’s 99. °C / °F Pour Point. operating with bulk temperatures up to 316°C (600°F). closed heat transfer systems. 4 • CALFLO AF is a highly efficient heat transfer fluid recommended for systems requiring a greater resistance to oxidation.1 5. More details on this fluid may be found on page 166.2 184. • CALFLO LT is a synthetic heat transfer fluid suitable over a wide temperature range from 5°C (40°F) to 288°C (550°F). Typical applications include power generation. metal processing and chemical manufacturing.5 100 99 103 231/448 225/437 176/349 -18/0 -42/-44 -63/-81 352/666 343/649 323/613 326/620 316/600 288/550 PURITY FG HTF 37. There are several formulations to meet a wide range of applications: • CALFLO HTF is a premium high temperature heat transfer fluid recommended for systems operating with bulk temperatures up to 326°C (620°F).1 7.4 45.9 191.6 98 237/459 -18/0 354/669 326/620 Viscosity cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100°C SUS @ 100°F SUS @ 210°F Viscosity Index Flash Point. liquid phase. Typical Characteristics are shown below: CALFLO Heat Transfer Fluid HTF AF LT 35.7 165. More details on these fluids may be found on page 116.0 5.9% pure base oils and proprietary additive technology. formerly CALFLO FG. Typical applications include plastic extrusion.9 32. Excellent low temperature pumpability allows cold start-up in ambient temperatures as low as -40°C (-40°F). Details regarding the use of these fluids may be found on pages 113 and 114.5 6.

INDUSTRIAL LUBRICANTS COMPRO .3 98 97 93 238/460 260/500 264/507 -30/-22 -18/0 -12/+10 0. which may come into contact with the oil. in reciprocating compressors to a maximum of 500 hours at air discharge temperatures up to 150°C.01 COMPRO Compressor Fluid 68 100 150 68 101 150 8.03 0.7 185.02 0. In applications where equipment is used for compression of wet or sour hydrocarbon gases.6 527. and inert gases such as nitrogen. Do not use in breathing air apparatus or medical equipment. argon. carbon dioxide.7 11.000 hours at air discharge temperatures up to 85°C. 32 36 5.06 4 Viscosity cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100°C SUS @ 100°F SUS @ 210°F Viscosity Index Flash Point. and in centrifugal compressors for 2 years at air discharge temperatures up to 50°C.3 352. Air-cooled screw compressors in continuous service or operating at elevated discharge temperatures should use COMRPO XL-S or Compro Synthetic or Synduro SHB 32 or 68 Fluids for extended life. They are suitable for use in compressors that handle air. % Wt NOTE: COMPRO air compressor fluids should never be used in any equipment compressing pure oxygen. Compressor Oils RP 268 and RP 460 are recommended (see page 100).. 97 . carbon monoxide and blast furnace gas.5 55.AIR COMPRESSOR FLUIDS COMPRO Compressor Fluids are ashless air compressor fluids formulated to provide long and highly reliable service life in industrial air compressor applications.2 14. neon. °C / °F Pour Point.2 64.2 76.1 96 215/419 -39/-38 0. hydrogen.3 789. °C / °F Conradson Carbon No.8 45. This only applies to reciprocating cylinders that are lubricated to compress hydrocarbon gases. helium. COMPRO Compressor Fluids can be used in rotary screw compressors to a maximum of 2. in vane compressors to a maximum of 500 hours at air discharge temperatures up to 85°C. COMPRO Compressor Fluids are available in four viscosity grades to cover a majority of air compressor requirements.

06 68 68 8. 4 Typical Characteristics are shown below: COMPRO XL-S Viscosity cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100°C SUS @ 100°F SUS @ 210°F Viscosity Index Flash Point. • Chemically Active – Chlorine. REFLO SYNTHETIC 98 . Oxygen. Nitrogen.0 96 230/446 -36/-33 0.6 0. °C / °F Ramsbottom Carbon.ROTARY SCREW AIR COMPRESSOR FLUID COMPRO XL-S Compressor Fluids are formulated to extend compressor fluid life in rotary screw industrial air compressors.4 97 246/475 -33/-27. In the table below.08 While COMPRO XL-S Compressor Fluids are very effective with pure hydrogen.7 104 270/518 -24/-11 0.4 532. VARIOUS GASES • Inert – Argon. While particularly effective in rotary screw compressors. • Ammonia LUBRICANT Same as for air. with minimal carbon deposits or varnish formation. Propane. Neon. • Hydrocarbon Gases – Methane. °C / °F Pour Point.08 150 143 14. % Wt 32 36 5. COMPRO XL-S can also be used in reciprocating compressors to a maximum of 500 hours at air discharge temperatures up to 150°C. COMPRO XL-S is particularly recommended for air compressors in continuous service operating at discharge air temperatures up to 85°C.7 185. Carbon Dioxide.5 55.7 352.04 46 46 6.9 748 78. rotary vane compressors to a maximum of 1. but also the gas being compressed. No petroleum Lubricant. REFLO 46A.000 hours at air discharge temperatures up to 85°C. they should NEVER be used in any equipment compressing pure oxygen.INDUSTRIAL LUBRICANTS COMPRO XL-S . Note: In selecting a compressor oil it is important to know not only the equipment manufacturer and model. Butane. Hydrogen.7 237. Coke Oven Gas. oxygen and hydrogen chloride no petroleum lubricant is recommended. Blast Furnace Gas. 68A. This is at least four times the life of conventional mineral oil based compressor fluids. Such rotary screw compressors may be run for up to one year (8.2 65.8 45. various gases are categorized for the type of lubricant required.000 hours) in continuous operation.4 0.5 48. and in centrifugal compressors for 5 years at air discharge temperatures up to 50°C. Please note that in the case of chemically active gases such as chlorine. Carbon Monoxide.0 97 260/500 -27/-16. Acetylene. Same as for natural gas. Helium. Hydrogen Chloride. Ethane.2 98 245/473 -30/-22 0.07 100 102 11.

°C / °F Pour Point. (NOTE: This is a Polyalkylene Glycol / ester blend and should never be mixed with conventional mineral oils or Poly Alpha Olefin synthetics. but without their obnoxious odours. particularly those with high air-discharge temperatures. It is also fully compatible with petroleum oils and diesters. COMPRO XL-R matches or exceeds the service intervals of competitive diester lubricants.AIR COMPRESSOR FLUID COMPRO Synthetic has been specifically developed for rotary screw air compressors operating in severe service environments. although significant dilution will reduce its performance. COMPRO XL-R is recommended for use in reciprocating compressors to a maximum of 2. % Wt COMPRO XL-R Compressor Fluid 67 8.RECIPROCATING AIR COMPRESSOR FLUID COMPRO XL-R has been specifically developed for single and multi-stage reciprocating air compressors.3 157 257/495 -51/-60 99 .up to one year continuous service or 8.3 348. where it reduces varnish and carbon build up on valves and intercoolers.01 4 COMPRO SYNTHETIC .000 hours at air discharge temperatures up to 150°C.0 51.59 207.3 53.INDUSTRIAL LUBRICANTS COMPRO XL-R . °C / °F COMPRO Synthetic Compressor Fluid 40. COMPRO Synthetic will last four times longer than a conventional mineral oil based fluid . °C / °F Pour Point. °C / °F Conradson Carbon No.8 91 236/457 -18/0 0. COMPRO XL-R is designed to extend equipment life.. COMPRO XL-R is recommended for use in both the cylinder and crankcase of air compressors. COMRPO XL-R meets the requirements of DIN 51506 VDL.000 hours.7 7. particularly those with high air-discharge temperatures up to 105°C. Typical Characteristics are shown below: Viscosity cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100°C SUS @ 100°F SUS @ 210°F Viscosity Index Flash Point. increase fire safety and reduce maintenance costs compared to competitive mineral oil based products.) Typical Characteristics are shown below: Viscosity cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100°C SUS @ 100°F SUS @ 210°F Viscosity Index Flash Point.

9 28. Propane. non-fat additive package to provide excellent high temperature stability. °C / °F Pour Point. Carbon Monoxide.6 1335 2163 104. very good lubricity and wear protection. Hydrogen. They are primarily recommended for use in compressing sour..7 98 98 270/518 280/536 -18/0 -15/+5 1. Acetylene. wet or contaminated natural gas. % Wt Note: In selecting a compressor oil it is important to know not only the equipment manufacturer and model. Ethane. These compressor oils are formulated with an advanced. Butane. • Chemically Active – Chlorine.INDUSTRIAL LUBRICANTS COMPRESSOR OIL RP NATURAL GAS COMPRESSOR OIL Compressor Oils RP 268 and RP 460 are specially designed for the lubrication of cylinders and rod packings in natural gas compressors having force-feed cylinder lubrication systems. • Ammonia LUBRICANT Same as for air. but also the gas being compressed. The higher viscosity RP 460 is especially suited for use in higher pressure applications. various gases are categorized for the type of lubricant required.04 1. Nitrogen. • Hydrocarbon Gases – Methane.5 139. Please note that in the case of chemically active gases such as chlorine. Coke Oven Gas. Neon. Carbon Dioxide. Oxygen. oxygen and hydrogen chloride no petroleum lubricant is recommended. No petroleum Lubricant. Hydrogen Chloride. Blast Furnace Gas.14 4 Viscosity cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100°C SUS @ 100°F SUS @ 210°F Viscosity Index Flash Point. Compressor Oils RP 268 and 460 may also be used for the initial break-in of compressor cylinders in sweet or dry gas service. as well as minimizing deposit formation. In the table below. Typical Characteristics are shown below: Compressor Oil RP 268 460 252 405 20. REFLO 46A. Same as for natural gas. °C / °F Conradson Carbon No. REFLO 68 Synthetic 100 . 68A. Helium. VARIOUS GASES • Inert – Argon.

7 230/446 -27/-17 CON-REL-EZE – CONCRETE FORM OIL Con-Rel-Eze oils are formulated to provide an excellent stain-free finish on concrete and clean. light viscosity oils for spraying on forms. Compressor Cleaner may also be used as an air compressor lubricant for up to 400 hours.6 5. formulated to dissolve the varnish and sludge found in air compressors. Con-Rel-Eze 40 and 60 may also be used for rust protection of machinery and as penetrating oils on nuts and bolts. °C / °F Pour Point. Typical Characteristics are shown below: Viscosity cSt @ 40°C SUS @ 100°F Flash Point. °C / °F Compressor Cleaner 42.1 37 39. fibreglass and plastic forms.INDUSTRIAL LUBRICANTS COMPRESSOR CLEANER Compressor Cleaner is a synthetic fluid. °C / °F Pour Point. These products afford excellent rust protection to metal forms and are compatible with most caulking compounds. Con-Rel-Eze 40 and 60 grades are ready-to-use.7 4. and highly recommended when converting to Petro-Canada’s COMPRO XL-S Compressor Fluid from non-compatible fluids such as polyglycol synthetics. metal. Typical Characteristics are shown below: Viscosity cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100°C SUS @ 100°F SUS @ 210°F Flash Point. It is an ideal flushing fluid for older heavily varnished air compressors using mineral oils or diester fluids.88 221. °C / °F Rust Test Con-Rel-Eze 40 60 3.5 52/126 53/127 -45/-49 -30/-22 pass pass 4 Note: The flash point method used for Con-Rel-Eze 40 & 60 is ASTM D56 101 . quick release characteristics for plywood.1 45.

mm 0. makes it an ideal lubricant for use where oil control is required. °C / °F Pour Point. °C / °F -42/-44 Flash Point °C / °F 190/374 Colour Dark Red Rust. together with anti-wear plus rust and oxidation protection. Typical Characteristics are shown below: 32 Texture Stringy Viscosity cSt @ 40°C 32 cSt @ 100°C 6.1 17. it is not recommended for use in drip-feed oilers. This feature. °C / °F 32 29 6.0 137 46 159 204/339 -39/-38 68 69 10.4 140 133 -39/-38 -36/-33 210/410 210/410 Dark Blue Dark Blue Pass Pass 0. Their tackiness helps to reduce dripping and throw-off whilst in use. “once-through” line of lubricants for use in hand oiling of drive chains. 1 h. 24 h Pass Four-ball Scar Diameter. Typical Characteristics are shown below: Viscosity cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100°C SUS @ 100°F SUS @ 210°F Viscosity Index Flash Point.4 13.1 1019 103 114 265/509 -24/-11 102 .25 4 DURATAC NON-DRIP OILS – CHAIN OIL Petro-Canada Non-Drip Oil is a high quality lubricant. or in lubricating leaky.25 1200°rpm.25 150 Stringy 150 16.INDUSTRIAL LUBRICANTS DURATAC OILS Duratac Oils are an economical. infeed and other sawmill chains as well as chain saw bars. log deck.4 487 718 71 88 121 123 256/493 255/491 -27/-17 -27/-17 220 220 21. A & B.25 0. Because of its light colour it can also be used where the use of a dyed chain oil is undesirable. formulated with a tackiness additive that adheres strongly to metal surfaces. 75C DURATAC CHAIN OILS 68 100 Stringy Stringy 68 100 10. slow-speed journal bearings.3 Viscosity Index 151 Pour Point. tacky. such as conveyor chains. Non-Drip 150 can be used for auto-body undercoating. waste conveyor. Due to its tacky nature. 15 kg.3 320 60 135 220/428 -27/-17 Non Drip Oil 100 150 105 155 13.8 120 -30/-22 210/410 Dark Red Pass 0.

0 452 666 990 98 152 29.5 3. kg/L @ 15°C/59°F 0. 68/220 supports winter requirements (68 grade) and summer requirements (220 grade). extreme-pressure protection to all industrial gear drives and bearings.5 55 14.0 1.902 0. 68/150 delivers excellent low temperature properties versus leading all season competitive products for easier cold start-ups and better equipment protection.7 19. copper lines and bearing materials at low to moderate operating temperatures. ENDURATEX EP 150 is GMLS2 approved.7 34.8 16 — 3.6 4. ISO 12925 – Type 1 CKC or AGMA 9005-D95 specifications.0 8.2 2425 3695 5340 503 776 145 174 265 76 110 94 82 100 149 174 261/502 249/480 249/480 250/482 251/484 -15/5 -15/5 5/41 -39/-38 -33/-27 12+ 12+ 13 12+ 12+ 5.879 0.0 0.3 22. They deliver sustained anti-wear. ENDURATEX EP Oils are noncorrosive to bronze gears.3 14. ENDURATEX EP Gear Oils are typically suitable for use in situations requiring DIN 51517 Part 3.847 0. operating in normal.0 1.872 0.7 3.2 5.869 1.863 0.0 SUS @ 100°F 166 351 527 784 1163 SUS @ 210°F 46 56 64 77 96 Viscosity Index 136 109 97 97 97 Flash Point. ENDURATEX XL Synthetic Blend are multigrade EP gear oils designed to eliminate seasonal change-outs and provide equipment protection all year longavailable in 68/150 and 68/220 grades.0 0.1 32 68 2EP 100 3EP 150 4EP 220 5EP 320 6EP 0.INDUSTRIAL LUBRICANTS ENDURATEX EP & ENDURATEX XL SYNTHETIC BLEND ENDURATEX EP Oils are designed to lubricate enclosed gear drives.909 6.895 5. heavy or shock-loaded conditions.5 Viscosity cSt @ 40°C 32.0 9.0 68. 121°C / 250°F 3. as well as all types of heavy or shock-loaded bearings.7 2. °C/°F -51/-60 -39/-38 -33/-27 -33/-27 -27/-17 FZG (stages) 12+ 12+ 12+ 12+ 12+ Oxidation Stability % Viscosity Increase 312 hours.1 11. Typical Performance Data XLSyn BL AGMA Number Density. Hansen Transmissions. Kraus.7 3.0 101 150 220 cSt @ 100°C 6.902 8.0 3. Enduratex EP 68 has Metso Paper approval and is recommended for pulp and paper companies using thermo-mechanical pulping processes (TMP). These multigrades complete the line.5 103 .Maffei and David Brown.0 0. ENDURATEX EP Gear Oils are approved by many manufacturers of industrial gear drives including: Greey-Lightnin.884 Colour 1.8 1750 118 94 252/486 -21/-6 12+ 460 7EP 680 8EP 4 XLSyn BL 1000 68/150 68/220 8AEP 3EP 4EP 0.5 5. °C/°F 224/435 240/464 240/464 260/500 262/500 Pour Point.868 <1.5 320 23. by extending AGMA EP viscosities over an extended temperature range.

Compounding. Typical Characteristics are shown below: 150 AGMA No.5 SUS @ 100°F 772 SUS @ 210°F 98 Viscosity Index 148 Temp for 150. 4EP Viscosity cSt @ 40°C 150 cSt @ 100°C 19. °C / °F Pour Point.4 34. DIN51517-3. Flender Industrial Gear and qualify as premium synthetic EP gear lubricants. This often allows the use of a lower ISO grade than with conventional gear oil. Cincinnati Machine P-74.53.000 cP. They deliver excellent wear properties.3/90) 14 ENDURATEX Synthetic EP 220 320 5EP 6EP 223 323 26.8 83 82 82 305/582 315/601 311/594 -3/+27 -3/+27 -3/+27 7 Comp 8 Comp 5 5 5 4 Viscosity cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100°C SUV @ 100°F SUV @ 210°F Viscosity Index Flash Point. kg/lb 48/106 FZG Load Stage Pass (A/8.101 Type E. ENDURATEX Mild WG Oils are also suited for lubrication of reciprocating steam cylinders. AGMA 9005-E02(EP).2 161.9 1152 1676 130 169 151 153 -36/-33 -32/-26 235/455 237/459 -48/-54 -42/-44 48/106 48/106 14 14 460 7EP 501 49. Jahnel Kestermann. °C / °F -54/-65 Timken OK Load. ENDURATEX Synthetic EP enhances gear box performance over a wide temperature range. °C / °F 232/450 Pour Point. % Wt ENDURATEX SYNTHETIC EP ENDURATEX Synthetic EP are premium performance. David Brown S1. ENDURATEX Synthetic EP gear lubricants meet the requirements of US Steel 224. outstanding extreme temperature performance for extended component and fluid life.INDUSTRIAL LUBRICANTS ENDURATEX MILD WORM GEAR (WG) OIL ENDURATEX Mild WG Oils are Non-EP lubricants recommended for service in some enclosed worm gear reducers and industrial machinery. extreme pressure lubricants designed for enclosed industrial gears and bearings operating under severe load conditions and in wide extremes of temperature. Typical Characteristics are shown below: ENDURATEX Mild Worm Gear Oil 460 680 1000 459 676 892 28. Enduratex Synthetic EP oils are listed on Flender’s BA7300 Recommended Lubricants List and are suitable for use in GE787/788 and GA880 units. °C/ °F -41/-42 Flash Point.2 34. Eickhoff Gear. °C / °F AGMA No.2 2279 3495 4729 129.8 41.9 2607 241 160 -24/-11 237/459 -42/-44 48/106 14 104 . The high viscosity of ENDURATEX Synthetic EP products means that they retain their viscosity at high operating temperatures.6 188.

Hydreco.INDUSTRIAL LUBRICANTS ENVIRON™ AW HYDRAULIC FLUIDS Petro-Canada’s ENVIRON AW monograde hydraulic fluids are designed for use in mobile and stationary heavy duty hydraulic systems and are particularly suited for hydraulic applications in environmentally sensitive locations. ENVIRON AW is free of heavy metals. Oilgear. Its exceptional oxidation stability provides long oil life for fewer change-outs and reduces sludge and varnish deposits.000+ 105 . Parker/Denison. Racine. ENVIRON AW is formulated to provide excellent anti-wear protection for extended equipment life.000+ 4 68 67. (Mannesman) Bosch-Rexroth. inherently biodegradable and recyclable. 68 are suitable for use when a DIN 51524 Part 2 HLP or ISO 6743/4 Type HM fluid is called for.8 237 49 99 227/441 -33/-27 10. 46.7 352 55 101 253/487 -33/-27 5. non-toxic. Environ AW is recommended for use in equipment manufactured by Eaton/Vickers. hours to 2. °C / °F Oxidation Stability.2 5. °C / °F Pour Point. Hagglunds. Dynex and others. ENVIRON AW 32.9 8.03 6.000+ Viscosity cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100°C SUS @ 100°F SUS @ 210°F Viscosity Index Flash Point. Sauer-Danfoss.0 TAN 32 32. Typical Characteristics are shown below: ENVIRON™ AW 46 46.4 166 44 101 233/451 -42/-44 10.

particularly in environmentally sensitive locations. °C / °F Pour Point. These ranges are only an approximation and the operator should always check the viscosity requirements as specified by their equipment manufacturer. Range2. inherently biodegradable.0 TAN Min. hours to 2.INDUSTRIAL LUBRICANTS ENVIRON™ MV WIDE TEMPERATURE HYDRAULIC FLUIDS Petro-Canada’s ENVIRON MV multigrade hydraulic fluids are designed for year-round use in mobile and stationary heavy duty hydraulic systems operating in wide extremes of temperature. Mobile equipment typically refers to machinery that encompasses a transmission and braking system to allow and prohibit movement. °C / °F Operating Temp. °C / °F Oxidation Stability. Its exceptional oxidation stability provides long oil life for fewer change-outs and reduces sludge and varnish deposits. °F 1Start-up 2Operating 4 ENVIRON™ MV 32 46 33 44 6. PetroCanada has chosen to define the upper operating temperature to be the after-shear oil viscosity of 10 cSt for mobile equipment and 13 cSt for industrial machinery.000+ 10.0 166 222 48 52 159 156 220/428 250/482 -45/-49 -45/-49 10. °F Industrial Machinery °C Operating Range2. and recyclable. ENVIRON MV is free of heavy metals. while the lower operating temperature to be the fresh oil viscosity of 750 cP for both mobile and industrial machinery. Mobile Equipment °C Operating Range2.000+ -34/-29 -30/-22 -15 to 76 5 to 169 -15 to 66 5 to 151 -10 to 84 14 to 183 -10 to 78 14 to 172 is defined as the temperature at which the oil viscosity reaches 10. ENVIRON MV is formulated to provide excellent anti-wear protection for extended equipment life. Typical Characteristics are shown below: Viscosity cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100°C SUS @ 100°F SUS @ 210°F Viscosity Index Flash Point. 106 .000 cP temperature limits are determined by the equipment manufacturer. with hard piping and auxilliary components in place.5 8. Start-up Temperature1. non-toxic. Industrial machinery is typically stationary.

3/90 14 FZG Scuffing Test A/16. ISO 12925-1 Type CKD.4 Viscosity Index 153 Flash Point. ISO 12925 Type CDK. mm 0. The product uses synthetic PAO basestocks. DIN 51517-3 (CLP 320).2.INDUSTRIAL LUBRICANTS HARNEX™ WIND TURBINE GEAR OIL HARNEX is a premium ISO 320 synthetic gear lubricant designed to provide exceptional anti-wear/EP performance and protection from salt water corrosion in wind turbine applications. Bosch Rexroth Getriebetechnik. Eickhoff.3. kg >48 4 Ball Weld. Jahnel Kestermann. °C/°F -32/-26 Rust Test (Synthetic Sea Water) Pass Timken OK. °C/°F -42/-44 Temperature for 150. HARNEX can be used for lubricating both onshore and offshore wind turbine gearboxes. °C/°F 237/458 Pour Point.6/90 14 FZG Micropitting Test @ 60°C Fail 10 FZG Micropitting Test @ 90°C Fail 10 FAG FE8 Test (Stages 1. HARNEX meets the following industry requirements: AGMA 9005-E02. COC.000 cP.33 FZG Scuffing Test A/8. known for their excellent viscosity index and low pour point properties. Metso Drive & Winergy AG (Wind Turbine Division of Flender). ISO 12925-1 Type CKD.9 SUS @ 100°F 1677 SUS @ 210°F 168.8617 Viscosity cSt @ 40°C 323 cSt @ 100°C 34. Typical Characteristics are shown below: HARNEX™ 320 Density@15°C 0. With its outstanding protection.4) Pass 4 107 . DIN 51517-3 (CLP 320). kg 250 4 Ball Wear @ 40 kg 1200 rpm. Hansen Transmissions.

HYDREX AW fluids are classified as NSF International H2. and Marlen Hydraulic Power Unit (AW 68). Hagglunds AC-4. HYDREX AW 32.INDUSTRIAL LUBRICANTS HYDREX™ AW – HYDRAULIC FLUIDS HYDREX AW are premium performance. HYDREX is suitable for use where the following specifications are required: DIN 51524 Part 1 HL (AW 22). Demag. and 68 are GMLS2 approved and classified as CFIA Type N2.6 31. °C / °F Oxidation Stability.7 11. HYDREX AW fluids are primarily recommended for heavy-duty hydraulic systems that operate in industrial plants and outdoors in mobile equipment. It also minimizes harmful sludge build up in the reservoir that can lead to shortened oil life and equipment wear. 46. Oilgear. Racine. Sauer-Danfoss. 80. DIN 51524 Part 2 HLP (AW 32. 4 HYDREX AW fluids are recommended for use in equipment manufactured by Eaton/Vickers.3 106 151 219 350 389 440 40 43 49 56 60 63 101 103 105 115 99 99 207/405 217/423 227/441 225/437 245/473 250/482 -45/-49 -39/-38 -33/-27 -33/-27 -24/-11 -30/-22 6500+ 6500+ 6500+ 6500+ 6500+ 6500+ Viscosity cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100°C SUS @ 100°F SUS @ 210°F Viscosity Index Flash Point. Soplar. Eaton/Vickers M-2950-S and I-286-S.5 45. Bosch-Rexroth. which extends drain intervals and protects against corrosion and varnish. Dynex and others. while excellent water separability and hydrolytic stability allows the oil to be reused. Cincinnati-Machine P-68 (AW 32). °C / °F Pour Point. Parker/Denison. HYDREX AW 46 is recommended for use in the following injection moulding equipment manufacturers: Husky. Krauss-Maffei. and Nestal. ISO 6743/4 Type HM.6 80 100 4. Engel. HYDREX AW fluids have excellent thermal stability and oxidation life. Rust protection properties minimize the possibility of corrosion and reducing equipment maintenance and downtime. anti-wear hydraulic fluids. 46.8.3 5.3 6. long-life. Hydreco.9 9. 68. and 100). Hagglunds.7 8. P-69 (AW 68) and P-70 (AW 46).7 67.0 TAN 108 . HYDREX AW fluids are approved against the following hydraulic equipment manufacturers’ specifications: Parker/Denison HF-0. Battenfeld. hours to 2. Typical Characteristics are shown below: HYDREX™ AW 22 32 46 68 80 100 21. and USS 127. Bosch-Rexroth.

and HYDREX MV 36 is classified as CFIA Type N2. Range2 Mobile Equipment °C -44 to 23 -25 to 64 -18 to 77 -5 to 91 °F -47 to 73 -13 to 147 0 to 171 23 to 196 Industrial Machinery °C -44 to 23 -25 to 57 -18 to 66 -5 to 83 °F -47 to 73 -13 to 135 0 to 151 23 to 181 1Start-up 2Operating 4 is defined as the temperature at which the oil viscosity reaches 10. mining and other mobile hydraulic systems. Dynex and others.WIDE TEMPERATURE RANGE HYDRAULIC FLUIDS HYDREX MV are premium performance. DIN 51524 Part 3 HLVP (MV 22 & 36). Hagglunds.0 47. long-life. Oilgear.000cP.16 5. These ranges are only an approximation and the operator should always check the viscosity requirements as specified by their equipment manufacturer. temperature limits are determined by the equipment manufacturer.0 TAN 3000 7000+ 7000+ 7000+ Min. Mobile equipment typically refers to machinery that encompasses a transmission and braking system to allow and prohibit movement.7 32. high performance hydraulic fluid designed for extremely cold temperature operations. HYDREX MV Arctic 15 is a premium. with hard piping and auxilliary components in place. These fluids offer minimal fluid friction at low start-up temperatures and maintain optimum viscosity at high operating temperatures. Sauer-Danfoss.4 21. anti-wear hydraulic fluids designed for use in wide temperature ranges. HYDREX MV fluids are classified as NSF International H2. Hydreco. 109 . particularly in arctic climates. Typical Characteristics are shown below: HYDREX MV Arctic 15 MV 22 MV 36 MV 60 Viscosity cSt @ 40°C 13.6 112 165 297 SUS @ 210°F 43.3 9. °C / °F -48/-54 -51/-60 -48/-54 -42/-44 Oxidation Stability hours to 2. They are ideally suited for piston. Industrial machinery is typically stationary.1 50.3 58 cSt @ 100°C 5. Parker/Denison.5 Viscosity Index 383 168 148 132 Flash Point.0 SUS @ 100°F 73. gear and vane hydraulic pumps used in industrial. and DIN 51524 Part 2 HLP (MV 60). HYDREX MV fluids are recommended for heavy duty hydraulic applications operating at high pressure and with wide ranges of temperature. Start-up -45/-49 -41/-42 -35/-31 -26/-15 Temperature1.0 6. ISO 6743/4 Type HV. HYDREX MV is suitable for use where the following specifications are required: USS 127. while the lower operating temperature to be the fresh oil viscosity of 750 cP for both mobile and industrial machinery. It is also readily biodegradeable as measured by the CEC L-33-A-93 test and recommended for use in emergency shut-down valves or other critical low temperature heavy-duty hydraulic systems that are required to respond quickly and reliably. °C / °F Operating Temp. PetroCanada has chosen to define the upper operating temperature to be the after-shear oil viscosity of 10 cSt for mobile equipment and 13 cSt for industrial machinery. woodlands.INDUSTRIAL LUBRICANTS HYDREX™ MV. allowing hydraulic systems to start at temperatures below -45°C (-49°F) under no-load conditions. HYDREX MV fluids are approved for use in equipment manufactured by BoschRexroth and are recommended for use in equipment manufactured by Eaton/Vickers.3 56. marine. HYDREX MV fluids meet the following manufacturers’ specifications: Parker/Denison HF-0 and Eaton/Vickers M-2950-S and I-286-S. °C / °F 128/262 208/406 226/439 214/417 Pour Point.

and ISO 6743/4 Type HV. These ranges are only an approximation and the operator should always check the viscosity requirements as specified by their equipment manufacturer. Oilgear. mining. Dynex and others. Racine. °C / °F Oxidation Stability. temperature limits are determined by the equipment manufacturer. long life.INDUSTRIAL LUBRICANTS HYDREX™ XV – ALL SEASON HYDRAULIC FLUID HYDREX XV All Season is an advanced formula.000 cP. Mobile equipment typically refers to machinery that encompasses a transmission and braking system to allow and prohibit movement. hours to 2. HYDREX XV helps eliminate the need to change hydraulic oil seasonally. HYDREX XV gives excellent results in a wide range of industrial machinery and mobile equipment used in such industries as woodlands. while the lower operating temperature to be the fresh oil viscosity of 750 cP for both mobile and industrial machinery. Eaton/Vickers M-2950-S and I-286-S. °C / °F Pour Point. Mobile Equipment °C °F Industrial Machinery °C °F 1Start-up 2Operating HYDREX XV 43. USS 127 Specification. 4 HYDREX XV is suitable for use in the following: Parker/Denison HF-0.2 10.5 215 61 245 245/473 -48/-54 10.0 TAN Min. 110 . anti-wear hydraulic fluid designed for all season use in heavy-duty hydraulic systems for increased productivity in very hot or cold temperatures. construction.8. Parker/Denison. Sauer-Danfoss. DIN 51524 Part 3 HVLP. HYDREX XV is approved for use in equipment manufactured by BoschRexroth and is recommended for use in equipment manufactured by Eaton/Vickers. Range2. HVLP and ISO 6743/4 Type H are specified.000+ -40/-40 -18 to 79 0 to 174 -18 to 75 0 to 167 is defined as the temperature at which the oil viscosity reaches 10. °C / °F Operating Temp. HYDREX XV is recommended for year-round use in equipment that has to be started at temperatures as low as -40°C (-40°F) and it will continue to perform well at operating temperatures as high as 79°C (174°F). Hagglunds AC-4. with hard piping and auxiliary components in place. PetroCanada has chosen to define the upper operating temperature to be the after-shear oil viscosity of 10 cSt for mobile equipment and 13 cSt for industrial machinery. Typical Characteristics are shown below: Viscosity cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100°C SUS @ 100°F SUS @ 210°F Viscosity Index Flash Point. Hydreco. Industrial machinery is typically stationary. Hagglunds. Start-up Temperature1. public utility and marine operations.

hours to 2. gear and axial piston hydraulic pumps over an extremely wide range of operating temperatures. HYDREX EXTREME is also zinc-free and contains no heavy metals.4/61. °C (°F) Operating Temp. temperature limits are determined by the equipment manufacturer. Its anti-wear. cSt at 40°C (SUS @ 100°F) cSt at 100°C (SUS @ 210°F) cP at -45°C (-49°F) D2983 Viscosity Index D2270 Flash Point. Mobile equipment typically refers to machinery that encompasses a transmission and braking system to allow and prohibit movement. HYDREX EXTREME is recommended for vane.0 TAN Start-up Temperatures1.8/162. kg/L at 15°C (60°F) Viscosity.000 cP. Industrial machinery is typically stationary.3 6425 332 139/282 -48/-54 5000+ -45/-49 -32 to 79 -26 to 174 -32 to 64 -26 to 147 is defined as the temperature at which the oil viscosity reaches 10. It is suitable for applications where systems must be started up at very low temperatures but have higher temperatures during operation. HYDREX EXTREME is approved for use in Liebherr Cranes. Mobile Equipment °C °F Industrial Machinery °C °F 1Start-up 2Operating 4 0. Typical Characteristics are shown below: HYDREX EXTREME Density. °C (°F) Oxidation Stability. Range2. while the lower operating temperature to be the fresh oil viscosity of 750 cP for both mobile and industrial machinery. °C (°F) Pour Point. It is also suitable for use in bucket trucks operating around power lines or in bucket truck hydraulic systems requiring extreme low temperature pumpability.8469 32. It’s excellent oxidation stability helps to extend drains and reduce sludge build-up and varnish deposits. energy efficient formula helps your bottom line.INDUSTRIAL LUBRICANTS HYDREX™ EXTREME-WIDE TEMPERATURE HYDRAULIC FLUID HYDREX EXTREME is a high performance multi-grade hydraulic fluid designed for extremely wide temperature protection for high and severe low temperatures. 111 . with hard piping and auxiliary components in place. These ranges are only an approximation and the operator should always check the viscosity requirements as specified by their equipment manufacturer.5 10. PetroCanada has chosen to define the upper operating temperature to be the after-shear oil viscosity of 10 cSt for mobile equipment and 13 cSt for industrial machinery.

• LUMINOL Bi meets IEC 60296 General specifications for inhibited transformer oil. ASTM D3487 standards. Typical Characteristics are shown below: Luminol TR Luminol TRi Luminol Bi Viscosity cSt @ 40°C 9.0 TAN 5000+ 5000+ 4 LUMINOL™ ELECTRICAL INSULATING FLUIDS Petro-Canada’s LUMINOL™ family of electrical insulating fluids represents a breakthrough in electrical insulating fluids technology. °C/°F -60/-76 -60/-76 <-40/<-40 Dielectric breakdown voltage @ 60Hz. industrial and institutional applications: • LUMINOL TR and LUMINOL TRi meet or exceed the performance requirements of CAN/CSA-C50 (Class A and B). °C / °F 201/394 225/437 Pour Point.2 9. mN/m 48 48 48 112 . corrosive sulphurfree performance in your transformer. LUMINOL TRi and LUMINOL Bi are ideal for use in large power and distribution transformers operating at peak capacity as well as free-breathing units. they also contain a detergent/dispersant package to keep systems clean. pole and pad mount transformers. LUMINOL electrical insulating fluids are suitable for commercial. 100°C 0. However. °C / °F -39/-38 -30/-22 Oxidation Stability.8 SUS @ 100°F 109 215 SUS @ 210°F 41 49 Viscosity Index 93 102 Flash Point. These fluids are intended for use in hydraulic systems that are prone to contamination. °C/°F 170/338 170/338 >160/>320 Pour Point.001 Interfacial Tension. LUMINOL TR. Hours to 2.001 0. • LUMINOL TRi is designed for Type II and Type IV applications and meets IEC 60296 General specifications for inhibited transformer oil. Typical Characteristics are shown below: HYDREX DT 22 HYDREX DT 46 Viscosity cSt @ 40°C 22.0 cSt @ 0°C 53 53 48 cSt @ -40°C 1230 1230 <2500 Flash Point. and DOBLE TOPS specifications.7 46.001 0. Unlike naphthenic mineral oils. • LUMINOL is approved for applications requiring Ontario Hydro M-104.INDUSTRIAL LUBRICANTS HYDREX™ DT – DETERGENT HYDRAULIC FLUIDS HYDREX DT fluids are special anti-wear detergent/dispersant hydraulic fluids containing the same anti-wear and anti-oxidant chemistry as HYDREX AW. 25°C.kV 55 55 55 Power Factor @ 60Hz. IEC 60296 General specifications for trace inhibited transformer oil.3 6.2 9.1 cSt @ 100°C 4. CAN/CSA-C50 Class B Standards and DOBLE TOPS specifications. LUMINOL uses Petro-Canada’s ultra-pure severely hydrotreated isoparaffin base fluids to deliver worry-free. • LUMINOL TR is designed for Type I and Type III applications and meets International Electrotechnical Commission. • LUMINOL Bi is designed for Type II applications and meets or exceeds the performance requirements of ASTM D3487.

and has excellent low temperature properties. fortified with corrosion inhibitors.9 1. It should be used along with Petro-Canada Flushing Fluid to thoroughly clean and rinse dirty systems.6 43. Typical Characteristics are shown below: Viscosity cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100°C SUS @ 100°F SUS @ 210°F Viscosity Index Flash Point. and where natural gas liquids are not significantly present. °C / °F Pour Point.3 139/282 -21/-6 113 . NGS 1000 will handle sour gas systems. COC. and antifoam additives. Typical Characteristics are shown below: Viscosity cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100°C SUS @ 100°F SUS @ 210°F Flash Point. The upper operating limit for Petro-Canada Cleaning Fluid is 100°C (212°F). °C / °F NGS 1000 101 13.4 129 249/480 -43/-45 4 PETRO-CANADA CLEANING FLUID FOR HEAT TRANSFER SYSTEMS Petro-Canada Cleaning Fluid is specially designed to clean dirty or heavily carbonized systems which have been operating on aromatic based or mineral based heat transfer fluids. This fluid is recommended for use in closed heat transfer systems and should not be used in systems operating in food processing plants. where the expected dilution is less than 10% by weight. °C / °F Cleaning Fluid 4. lubricity improver. such as methane and ethane. our SPX 5000 and 7000 compressor lubricants are designed for use where propanes and butanes or some natural gas liquids may be present alongside methane and ethane.INDUSTRIAL LUBRICANTS NGS 1000 SYNTHETIC COMPRESSOR FLUID NGS 1000 is a blended combination of hydrotreated (HT) and polyalphaolefin (PAO) base fluids.2 519 72.0 31. By contrast. °C / °F Pour Point. It is specifically designed for flooded screw compressors handling the lightest hydrocarbon gases.

1 590.8 86. it is effective in removing trapped residual fluids and in displacing system contaminates such as water. Typical Characteristics are shown below: Viscosity cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100°C SUS @ 100°F SUS @ 210°F Viscosity Index Flash Point.864 222/432 35. gang saws. Typical Characteristics are listed below: Density. nor will it dissolve heavy sludge residues left by highly degraded fluids. °C / °F Pour Point. °C / °F Flushing Fluid 0. °C / °F Four Ball EP Weld Load.SAW GUIDE OIL Petro-Canada’s PETROGLIDE saw guide oils are specially designed for use with modern mulit-blade.1 10.INDUSTRIAL LUBRICANTS PETRO-CANADA FLUSHING FLUID Petro-Canada Flushing Fluid is designed for flushing out dirty oil-circulating systems including those operating on heat transfer fluids.3 917. While it will not remove hard baked-on carbon.8 14.5 -18/0 4 PETROGLIDE™ . This fluid is also recommended to flush debris and water from pressure tests and contaminants from welding and construction in newly commissioned heat transfer systems. PETROGLIDE’s excellent extreme pressure properties reduce friction and metal to metal contact preventing heat build-up and wear on both saw guides and blades to help minimize saw deviation.2 106 252/486 -36/-33 200 114 . loose solids and debris. and edgers to provide increased recovery rates and sawmill productivity.9 89.2 75. It operates effectively as a mechanical flushing agent for heat transfer systems changing over to CALFLO from other non-compatible materials.6 183.1 375. °C / °F Viscosity cSt @ 40°C SUS @ 100°F Pour Point. COC.8 133 123 230/456 268/514 -42/-44 -36/-33 200 200 150 175 17. kg PETROGLIDE 68 100 75. It is completely compatible with hydrocarbon based lubricants and with all grades of CALFLO Heat Transfer Fluids.1 114. kg/l Flash Point. PETROGLIDE shares the sawmill industry’s concern for the environment and is ISO 14001 Certified.

7 459 86 200 209/408 -48/-54 400 71 115 .0 164 46 130 190/374 <-54/<-65 200 3 4 PETROGLIDE XP 90 . PETROGLIDE MC 32 may also be used in oil/water saw lubrication and cooling systems which require a saw guide oil with a ISO VG 32 grade lubricant. kg Tackiness Level. °C / °F Four Ball EP Weld Load.HIGH PERFORMANCE SAW GUIDE OIL Petro-Canada’s PETROGLIDE XP 90 is a premium quality. Typical Characteristics are shown below: Viscosity cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100°C SUS @ 100°F SUS @ 210°F Viscosity Index Flash Point. % PETROGLIDE XP90 91 16. PETROGLIDE XP 90 is formulated to provide optimum tackiness for less wash-off and better lubricity to reduce oil consumption and increase energy efficiency. Typical Characteristics are shown below: Viscosity cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100°C SUS @ 100°F SUS @ 210°F Viscosity Index Flash Point. inherently biodegradable and environmentally sensitive saw guide oil designed for use with multi-blade gang saws and edgers to provide increased recovery and productivity. PETROGLIDE shares the sawmill industry’s concern for the environment and is ISO 14001 Certified. °C/°F Pour Point. °C / °F Pour Point. kg Tackiness Level. % PETROGLIDE MC 32 32 6.INDUSTRIAL LUBRICANTS PETROGLIDE™ MC 32 . PETROGLIDE’s excellent extreme pressure properties reduce friction and metal to metal contact preventing heat build-up and wear on both saw guides and blades to help minimize saw deviation. PETROGLIDE shares the sawmill industry’s concern for the environment and is ISO 14001 Certified. °C/°F Four Ball EP Weld Point.BANDSAW OIL Petro-Canada’s PETROGLIDE MC 32 is a premium quality bandsaw oil specially designed for mist lubricated bandsaws. Its tackiness and mist control is carefully balanced to effectively lubricate without excessive stray mist minimizing oil usage and contributing to a cleaner environment.

wood processing.8 188. They are specifically formulated to provide economical service in a variety of industrial applications while resisting oxidative and thermal degradation. COC.5 5. 116 . and general processing. PETRO-THERM is particularly suitable for use in asphalt plants.INDUSTRIAL LUBRICANTS PETRO-THERM / PETRO-THERM PPD – HEAT TRANSFER OIL PETRO-THERM and PETRO-THERM PPD are general purpose heat transfer oils developed for use in non-pressurized. closed heat transfer systems operating with bulk temperatures up to 315°C (599°F). Typical Characteristics are shown below: PETRO-THERM Viscosity cSt @ 40°C 35.4 100 212/414 -39/-38 352/666 4 For applications where specialty heat transfer fluids are required. see CALFLO on page 96. liquid phase. marine applications.3 45. °C / °F 225/437 Pour Point.8 cSt @ 100°C 5.7 SUS @ 100°F 184.9 Viscosity Index 95 Flash Point. PETRO-THERM PPD is recommended for initial start-ups in cold temperaures down to -16°C (3°F) (based on a 2000 cSt maximum viscosity). dry kilns. °C / °F -18/0 Autoignition Temp. institutional laundry and heating.7 SUS @ 210°F 44. °C / °F 352/666 PETRO-THERM PPD 36.

solvent refined paraffinic and naphthenic refrigerant oils by extending service life while significantly reducing operating costs.1 106 222/432 -42/-44 NA REFLO XL Synthetic Blend 68A 68A 57.8 59 7. REFLO’s lower solubility in ammonia can reduce carryover and help to improve system efficiency and performance.3 54 101 115 236/457 227/441 -42/-44 -45/-49 NA NA 4 Viscosity cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100°C SUS @ 100°F SUS @ 210°F Viscosity Index Flash Point. REFLO XL Synthetic Blend 68A is an ammonia based refrigeration compressor fluid used in industrial refrigeration systems. it contains a seal swell agent to reduce fluid leaks. FES. Its excellent thermal and oxidative stability can extend fluid life. J&E Hall. °C / °F Food Industry Approvals • NSF H2 registered • Registered by Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) for use in food processing plants.92 236. Mycom.5 298. including Sabroe. It is not recommended in HFC (hydrofluorocarbons) systems such as R134a or R23. REFLO CFC is formulated for use in systems using CFC (chlorinated fluorocarbon) refrigerants such as Freon. Itis designed to have good compatibility with seal materials. Frigoscandia. Reflo CFC can also be used in ammonia refrigeration systems.86 8.3 45. °C / °F Pour Point.4 0 189/372 -36/-33 -50/-58 REFLO 46A 46 6.INDUSTRIAL LUBRICANTS REFLO – REFRIGERATION COMPRESSOR OILS The REFLO line of refrigeration compressor fluids were developed for use in commercial refrigeration compressor systems. 117 . Typical Characteristics are shown below: CFC 55 5. It is a highly refined naphthenic oil with excellent low temperature properties. Vilter. and Dunham-Busch. Frick.9 49. Genetron and Isotron. REFLO 68A meets the requirements of many refrigeration OEMs. Grasso. °C / °F Floc Point. Huppmann GMBH. Gram. REFLO XL Synthetic Blend is compatible with similar paraffinic mineral oil based products. Howden. REFLO 46A and 68A are formulated to provide exceptional service in ammonia refrigeration systems.78 290.9 304 52. REFLO XL Synthetic Blend 68A is formulated to outperform straight Group II.

7 96 272/522 -21/-6 118 . REFLO SYNTHETIC 68A is compatible with mineral oils such as hydro treated (HT) and solvent refined (SR) paraffinics as well as napthenics. °C / °F Rotary Cooker Fluid 146.0 55. SBR. REFLO SYNTHETIC 68A is designed to have good compatibility with seal materials. 4 Typical Characteristics are shown below: Viscosity cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100°C SUS @ 100°F SUS @ 210°F Viscosity Index Flash Point. and similar applications operating under high temperature and high humidity conditions. marine systems and food processing plants. Rotary Cooker Fluid is free of heavy metals. °C / °F Pour Point. °C / °F Pour Point. specifically blast freezers that have very low temperature control.89 318. REFLO SYNTHETIC 68A is compatible with materials such as NBR.4 768.INDUSTRIAL LUBRICANTS REFLO SYNTHETIC 68A REFLO SYNTHETIC 68A is formulated to lubricate ammonia refrigeration compressors used in large commercial operations such as cold stores. has excellent detergency and dispersancy to prevent clogged lines. MVQ. Food Industry Registration • NSF H2 Typical Characteristics are shown below: Viscosity cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100°C SUS @ 100°F SUS @ 210°F Viscosity Index Flash Point. REFLO SYNTHETIC 68A can be used in ammonia refrigeration systems where evaporator temperatures are as low as -51ºC/-60ºF. CR. such as pharmaceuticals and microelectronics.8 8.8 119 245/473 -54/-65 ROTARY COOKER FLUID Rotary Cooker Fluid is designed for lubrication of continuous rotary cookers and sterilizers. including zinc. it contains a seal swell agent to help reduce fluid leaks when napthenic oils were used previously in the compressors. °C / °F REFLO Synthetic 68A 61. NR.4 14. FKM.9 76. Rotary Cooker Fluid protects equipment from wear and corrosion.

ethane) where expected dilutions is <10% wt. 7000. butane and sweet natural gas SPX 7000 and 7068 are recommended for use in: * Compression of hydrocarbon mixtures * Sour natural gas and acid gas compression * Gas re-injection service * Industrial gears and bearings operating under high load and extreme temperatures NGS 1000 (page 113) is recommended for: * Compression of light hydrocarbon gases (methane. which reduces dilution of viscosity and greatly improves separation of the lubricant from the process gas. * Lubrication and cooling in process and gas rotary screw compressors * Natural gas field booster service Typical Characteristics are shown below: SPX 5000 153 23. Unlike mineral oils. these polyglycol synthetic lubricants have a much lower gas solubility. propane. 7068 – HYDROCARBON COMPRESSOR OIL SPX 5000. °C / °F ISO Grade 119 .INDUSTRIAL LUBRICANTS SPX 5000. °C / °F Pour Point.3 115.4 708 133 233 246/475 -42/-44 100/150 SPX 7068 65 14. 7000 and 7068 are unique products specifically formulated for lubricating and cooling reciprocating and rotary screw compressors handling hydrocarbon gases.7 238 224/435 -43/-43 68 4 Viscosity cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100°C SUV @ 100°F SUV @ 210°F Viscosity Index Flash Point.5 779.5 185 260/500 -34/-29 150 SPX 7000 141 27. SPX 5000 is recommended for use in: * Compression of light hydrocarbon gases. such as propane and natural gas.

Procedure A&B.8 3100+ pass 12+ 0 0 1a 40-40-0 (10 min) 290 292. Super Gear Fluid delivers improved low temperature fluidity for cold weather operation and cold-soak starting conditions. Typical Characteristics are shown below: Viscosity cSt @ 40°C/SUS@100F cSt @ 100C SUS @ 210°F Viscosity Index Flash Point. Time to TAN of 2. Water separability (time) 82°C 150 146. Typical Characteristics are shown below: Viscosity cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100°C SUS @ 100°F SUS @ 210°F Viscosity Index Temp for 150. Timken OK Load.6 94 99 272/528. It also shows excellent oxidative and thermal stability to extend fluid service life.8 5600+ pass 12 0 0 1a 40-40-0 (10 min) SEPRO XL 220 218.0/1550.9 14. °C / °F Pour Point. °C / °F Oxidation Stability. kg/lb FZG Load Stage Pass 120 Super Gear Fluid 680 689 45. corrosion.8 -21/-5.4/768.2/1154.8 -15/5 1286 pass 12+ 0 0 1b 40-40-0 (10 min) 4 SUPER GEAR FLUID – PREMIUM INDUSTRIAL GEAR LUBRICANT Super Gear Fluid is a premium industrial EP gear lubricant.7 23.0 114 98 231/447. °C / °F Pour Point. 24 hours FZG Load Stage Pass Zinc (ppm) Barium (ppm) Copper Corrosion @ 100°C/3 hr. recyclable and non-toxic to water-inhabiting species.8 3182 214 113 -13/+9 243/470 -24/-11 8 EP 30/66 12+ . °C / °F AGMA No.INDUSTRIAL LUBRICANTS SEPRO™ XL PAPER MACHINE OILS For use in the wet and dry ends of paper machine circulating systems.0 hours Rust Test.4 77 99 272/521.000 cP.6 18. °C/ °F Flash Point. and wear. specially designed for dragline operations where gear and bearing systems operate under conditions of heavy loading. SEPRO XL also provides excellent oxidation stability for extended drain intervals and excellent water separation for better equipment protection from rust.6 -21/-5. SEPRO XL paper machine oils are free of heavy metals. Petro-Canada’s SEPRO XL paper machine oils are particularly recommended for situations where there are environmental concerns regarding the quality of discharged waste water.

mBar @ 25°C 15 38.4 100 225/437 -15/+5 800 5x10–6 20 103.INDUSTRIAL LUBRICANTS SUPER VAC . Super Vac Fluids allow for extremely low vapour pressures resulting in maximum vacuum efficiency. Food Industry Registration • NSF H2 Typical Characteristics are shown below: Viscosity cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100°C SUS @ 100°F SUS @ 210°F Viscosity Index Flash Point. hydrogen. RPVOT minutes Calculated Vapour Pressure. argon.3 65. Super Vac Fluids may also be used with the following gases: nitrogen. lubricate and provide a seal in piston and rotary-vane air vacuum pumps. chlorine.9 46. Blended with Petro-Canada’s 99.6 284. They should not be used in pumps handling aggressive vapours.VACUUM PUMP FLUID Super Vac Fluids are specially designed to cool.3 51. They can be used at higher operating temperatures (100-130°C) at reduced service life Besides handling air. These fluids have exceptional resistance to high temperature-breakdown and deliver extended lubricant life under severe operating conditions when compared to straight base oil products.7 110 220/428 -18/0 800 3x10–5 Supervac 19 55 7. hydrogen sulphide or glacial acetic acid. carbon dioxide.1 11. neon and helium. °C / °F Oxidation Stability.4 538.0 97 260/500 -12/+10 800 3x10–6 4 121 . °C / °F Pour Point.1 6.9% pure base oils and incorporating a unique additive system.2 195. such as nitric and sulphuric acid. carbon monoxide.

Synduro SHB 32 and 68 can also be used as synthetic hydraulic fluids.4 12 122 .7 12 0. 24h.7 99.9 352 744 1130 2350 63. °C / °F Pour Point.INDUSTRIAL LUBRICANTS SYNDURO SHB™ SYNTHETIC LUBRICANTS SYNDURO SHB Fluids are a family of multi-functional lubricants designed to deliver excellent component protection for equipment operating at high speed or mild EP loads over a wide temperature range during extended service intervals. Typical Characteristics are shown below: SYNDURO SHB 68 150 220 460 69 145 219 452 11. bearing and compressor applications in the forestry.1 142 237/458 <-60/-76 0. They have the added advantage of excellent low-temperature fluidity during start-ups. marine and heavy duty industries where low seasonal start up temperatures and/or high operating temperatures prevail. or during outdoor winter exposure.2 177 47. They are especially suitable for a wide range of gear.9 27. °C / °F Oxidation Stability.7 12 0.7 12 4 Viscosity cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100°C SUS @ 100°F SUS @ 210°F Viscosity Index Flash Point.4 46. Stages Passed 32 33 6. SYNDURO SHB Fluids offer the potential to consolidate lubricants over many different applications and a wide range of environmental conditions.7 12 0. mining. 200°C (TAN) FZG Gear Test.1 19.7 133 225 152 159 160 162 235/455 237/459 243/469 266/511 -57/-71 -45/-49 -42/-44 -39/-38 0.

..... CG 40...... 470.... FLEET 0W-30 . running at gas plants and pipeline compression stations.......0...... Low Ash ........ but may also be used in certain 4-stroke cycle engines.INDUSTRIAL LUBRICANTS SENTRONTM ...... Medium Ash .. as well as in cogeneration..... landfill and sewage gas operations...less than 0..... MG 440...6 to 1..6% wt ash SENTRON 840... and by Wartsila for Type 34SG engines fuelled by natural gas.. i.... LD 5000 15W-40.... long life... 4 123 ... 590... engine oils specifically designed to lubricate large natural gas engines and their integrated compressors... SENTRON Oils are formulated with three different sulphated ash levels...e: SENTRON 541C .0.1% wt ash SENTRON 445..1 to 0. SENTRON 445 SENTRON 445 is a low ash SAE 40 oil that gives excellent performance in most 4-stroke cycle gas engines and is also recommended for some 2-stroke cycle engines...0 % wt ash SENTRON 541C SENTRON 541C is an SAE 40 oil containing an ashless additive package and is the prime recommendation for 2-stroke cycle engines. LD 5000..... FLEET 10W-40..... SENTRON 445 is suitable for use in engines equipped with catalytic converters.......... Ashless ...NATURAL GAS ENGINE OIL SENTRON Oils are premium performance. It is approved by Deutz for low contaminated gases. It may also be recommended for high power engines that encounter high temperatures and heat soak conditions.

turbocharged engines that encounter high exhaust gas temperatures.s engine optimization recommendations. * Performance results may vary due to factors such as. but not limited to.INDUSTRIAL LUBRICANTS SENTRON MG 440 SENTRON MG 440 is a low ash. SENTRON 590 can deliver up to 200%* longer drain intervals. multigrade (15W-40) version of SENTRON 445. SENTRON LD 5000 15W-40 SENTRON LD 5000 15W-40 is a low ash synthetic blend oil that is recommended for use in the same equipment that is noted under SENTRON LD 5000 where outstanding deposit control is required as well as the other features and benefits of Sentron LD 5000. It is suitable for use in engines fitted with catalytic converters. Best for cold starts. Combined with Petro-Canada. naturally aspirated and lean burn engines that require low ash natural engine oil. load. It is also recommended for agricultural irrigation. SENTRON 470 SENTRON 470 is a low ash SAE 40 oil especially designed for severe service conditions imposed by high power output and extreme heat-soak. The multigrade feature permits faster starting and improved lubricant flow at low ambient temperatures. It is recommended by Waukesha for co-generation engines fuelled by pipeline gas. An additive boost provides the extra performance required for severe service applications. SENTRON 470 is suitable for use in engines equipped with catalytic converters. 4 SENTRON FLEET 10W-40 SENTRON FLEET 10W-40 is a low ash oil that is recommended for use in natural gas fuelled engines in industrial applications that require high zinc for improved valve train wear control. It incorporates additives for the extra performance required for severe service applications. SENTRON 590 SENTRON 590 is a specialty product recommended for selected 4 stroke natural gas engines experiencing nitrating conditions. SENTRON LD 5000 offers outstanding deposit control and revolutionary performance for up to 200% longer drain interval and exceptional overall engine protection for maximum reliability and savings. Not recommended for engines equipped with catalytic converters. 124 . proper maintenance. including high output turbocharged engines with high exhaust gas temperatures. It provides excellent control of engine deposits. It is suited for cold environments where temperatures fall below -25°C/-13°F. type of engine and application. fuel gas quality. and is especially catered towards engines that operate in severe nitrating conditions. engine optimization. and in severe nitrating conditions. including high output. SENTRON LD 5000 SENTRON LD 5000 is a low ash SAE 40 oil recommended for use in Caterpillar. Superior. SENTRON MG 440 is suitable for use in engines fitted with catalytic converters. Waukesha and other turbocharged. SENTRON 590 provides a high level of performance in high output turbo-charged engines that prefer a low ash oil.

2 505 75 0.0 MG440 Low 0.9 LD 5000 Low 0. or sewage gas operations. It is recommended by Waukesha for co-generation engines fuelled by pipeline gas.0 5.3 Low 0.59 40 121 13.54 0W30 62 11 288 63 -48/-54 1. lean-burn and naturally aspirated gas engines.0 FLEET 0W30 Low 0. It is most suited in extreme cold environments where the environmental temperatures go to below -48°C.9 473 78 -45/-49 1.4 5.73 40 120 13. Not recommended for engines equipped with catalytic converters.6 5.7 1.4 575 71 1. SENTRON CG 40 gives exceptional performance in turbocharged.3 -30/-22 -24/-11 -24/-11 -33/-27 125 .5 561 72.°C/°F Total Acid No.57 15W40 102 14. SENTRON CG 40 SENTRON CG 40 is a medium ash SAE 40 oil.07 40 125 13.5 0.57 40 124 13.6 0.98 6. 4 Typical Characteristics for the SENTRON family are shown below: 541C CG40 840 LD 5000 15W40 Low 0.4 570 71 0. cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100°C SUS @ 100°F SUS @ 210°F Pour Point.1 -30/-22 0.0 Ash Type Sulphated Ash.92 40 128 13. low halogen landfill.1 FLEET SENTRON 10W40 590 Low 0.3 575 71 1. Ashless Medium Medium 0.45 40 126 13.7 8. such as cogeneration.1 556 71 -24/-11 2.51 40 124 13.5 579 72 -24/-11 0.6 5.7 445 Low 0.45 15W40 105 14.9 5. as well. % Wt SAE Grade Viscosity.9 470 Low 0.1 4.6 5. that is specifically designed for 4-stroke cycle gas engines running in severe service.INDUSTRIAL LUBRICANTS SENTRON FLEET 0W-30 SENTRON FLEET 0W-30 is a low ash synthetic blend oil that is recommended for use in natural gas fuelled engines in industrial applications that requires high zinc for improved valve train wear control.5 10W40 111 16 514 82 -36/-33 1. SENTRON 840 SENTRON 840 is a medium ash SAE 40 oil recommended for use in 4-stroke cycle gas engines requiring medium ash oils.3 593 71 -24/-11 0. It is suitable for use in engines equipped with catalytic converters. Total Base No.1 4.

) 2-stroke cycle 4-stroke cycle 4-stroke cycle 4-stroke cycle 4-stroke cycle 4-stroke cycle 4-stroke cycle 4-stroke cycle 4-stroke cycle 4-stroke cycle 4-stroke cycle 4-stroke cycle 4-stroke cycle 4-stroke cycle 4-stroke cycle 0. LD 5000.0% max Sentron 840. L7042.35% .45% – 0. 470. 0. 126 . 590. MG 440.1. MG 440. F-18.0. 590 Sentron 445. 28 SG. LD 5000 15W-40 Secondary–Sentron 840 Sentron 541C Primary–Sentron 445. is recommended. MG 440. MG 440 Sentron 541C Sentron 445.0% 0. L-36. 590. LD 5000. 470. MG 440 Sentron 445. LD 5000 15W-40 Secondary–Sentron 840 Primary–Sentron 445. MG 440. MG 440.4% . G. CG 40.1% 0. LD 5000 15W-40 Secondary–Sentron 840 Primary–Sentron 445.5% Severe service 0.0% 0. 470. 590. CG 40. LD 5000.7% 4-stroke cycle 4-stroke cycle 4-stroke cycle 4-stroke cycle 4-stroke cycle 4-stroke cycle Sentron 445.9. Fairbanks Morse MAN Perkins RRMEB Wärtsilä Waukesha Engine Div. 0.1. 470.0. Superior (Cooper Energy Service) Engine Type 2-stroke cycle 4-stroke cycle 4-stroke cycle 4-stroke cycle Clark Brothers (Dresser Ind.3. 590. (consult with Tech Services) Recommendation Sentron 541C Sentron 445. 12V220GL. LD 5000 15W-40 Sentron 541C Sentron 445.1. GTA855. 590.35% .) 4-stroke cycle Natural gas engines CES 20074 requiring CES 20074 Approved approval G5.P. MG 440.4% min 0. LD 5000 15W-40 Jenbacher 4-stroke cycle 4-stroke cycle M.5%1 0. LD 5000. L7044.5% max Sentron 445.E.1. 470. F-18. LD 5000. F1850. 590. LD 5000. LD 5000.1% wt.5% 0. 18V220GL 0. L3711. G8. CG 40. 470. GLD AT 25/27 8L GL AT 25/27 12V GL AT 25/27 16V GL VHP F3524. 470. LD 5000. 470.50% 1 0. 590 0. LD 5000. 470. L-36. 590.III Leanox Lambda I and All Leanox All All All All 150 SG.5% min . 590. 470 LD 5000 0. *The above table can be used as a guideline for product selection.75%1 Primary–Sentron 445.3% min . it is recommended to consult with a Technical Representative to ensure the most appropriate lubricant selection is made. LD 5000 15W-40 Primary–Sentron 445.0. H884 VHP F2895. LD 5000 15W-40 Sentron 840. 34 SG VSG F11.5% max. MG 440.1. MG 440.0% Ashless preferred 0. H-24.6% Ashless Low Ash Acceptable <0. LD 5000 15W-40 Sentron 840.35% . F3521. CG 40. 470. LD 5000.0.2% . LD 5000. P9390 G. GSID F817. 590.45% 0. LD 5000. MG 440. 470. GL VGF.4% .S. LD 5000. GTA5. H-24. 590.INDUSTRIAL LUBRICANTS PETRO-CANADA NATURAL GAS ENGINE OILS SELECTION TABLE™ Manufacturer Ajax (Cooper Energy Service) Caterpillar C. LD 5000.45% max. MG 440. GSI. LD 5000 15W-40 Secondary–Sentron 840 Sentron 445. 175 SG. 25 SG. LD 5000. GSID VGF. LD 5000. Each natural gas engine can be with unique characteristics and variations in operating parameters. MG 440. 590 Sentron 445.5% 0. (Dresser Ind. 840. MG 440. GSI. CG 40. 590.5% to 0. LD 5000. 590 Sentron CG 40 Sentron 445.9. LD 5000 15W-40 Sentron 445. LD 5000. 590. CG 40.5% . GSI. 470 LD 5000.) Cooper Bessemer (Cooper Energy Service) 2-stroke cycle 2-stroke cycle 4-stroke cycle Cummins 4-stroke cycle Engine Model All – Ashless preferred G3000 Series etc.0.1. CG 40. 590. 840.0%1 0. LD 5000. P-48. 470. GSI L5774 APG 16V150LTD. L5790.1% Low Ash Acceptable Normal service <0. LD 5000. All except 1700 and 2400 1700 and 2400 All All – Ashless Preferred All Natural gas engines not requiring CES 20074 approval G855.3 Group D Group F All All Category I Category II . LD 5000 15W-40 0. 470. 590.6% max Sentron 445. Approval based on field performance Approval based on field performance 0. L5794. LD 5000 15W-40 Secondary–Sentron 840 Sentron 445.40% .35% .9% max. 590.6% max 0..0. KTA38GC Manufacturer’s Ash Level Requirements <0. L5108. 470. 470. F1197 Clinton G2476. 590. MG 440.75%1 0. MG 440. Zn max. GL.0%1 0. LD 5000 15W-40 Sentron 445. and therefore. LD 5000 15W-40 0. 470.6% . 470. G. MG 440.75% 0. MG 440. 470 Sentron 445. LD 5000 15W-40 Sentron 445. MG 440. 470.85% max.0% max 0. 470. GTA8. LD 5000 15W-40 Sentron Fleet 10W-40 4 Deutz MWM Guascor Iveco Ingersoll-Rand (Dresser Ind.E. MG 440. P-48. MG 440.35% – 1. CG 40. MG 440. LD 5000 15W-40 Sentron 541C Sentron 445. L10G KTA19GC. LD 5000 15W-40 Sentron 445. 590.

high chlorine N/A 4 127 .INDUSTRIAL LUBRICANTS FUEL APPLICATION GUIDE FUEL GAS RECOMMENDED PRODUCT SENTRON LD 5000 SENTRON 470 SENTRON 445 Natural Gas – “Flagship” product “Light” Biogas Sewage Gas .Treated Natural Gas – “Better” product Natural Gas – “Good” product Landfill Gas – Some treated. lower chlorine Preferred: SENTRON LD 5000 Secondary: SENTRON CG 40 Landfill Gas – Severe. untreated.

please contact a Petro-Canada Technical Services Advisor. For recommendations specific to your compressor and operating conditions.RECIPROCATING COMPRESSOR CYLINDER PACKING LUBE OIL RECOMMENDATIONS FOR VARIOUS GAS STREAM COMPONENTS 1000<>2000 psig (70<>140 bar-g) Compressor Oil RP 268 Increase rate1 50% Compressor Oil 460 Increase rate1 100% SPX 5000 SPX 5000 Compressor Oil RP 460 Increase rate1 100% Or SPX 5000 2000<>3500 psig (140<>240 bar-g) 3500<>5000 psig (240<>345 bar-g) >5000 psig (345 bar-g) Compressor Oil RP 460 Increase rate1 200% Or SPX 5000 4 Gas Stream <1000 psig (70 bar-g) Pipeline Quality Natural Gas SENTRON Gas Engine Oil Base Case SENTRON Gas Engine Oil Or Compressor Oil RP 268 Increase rate1 25% Natural Gas with Water and Heavy Hydrocarbons including conditions where Methane <90%. If the recommended lubricants or flow rates do not appear to work. or Propane >8% Compressor Oil RP 460 Increase rate1 100% Or SPX 5000 Compressor Oil RP 460 Increase rate1 200% Or SPX 5000 Compressor Oil RP 268 Increase rate1 100% Compressor Oil RP 268 Increase rate1 150% SPX 5000 SPX 5000 SPX 5000 SENTRON Gas Engine Oil Or Compressor Oil RP 268 Increase rate1 25% Compressor Oil RP 268 Increase rate1 50% Carbon Dioxide >2% but <10% SENTRON Gas Engine Oil Or Compressor Oil RP 268 Increase rate1 25% Compressor Oil RP 268 Increase rate1 50% SPX 5000 128 SPX 5000 Carbon Dioxide >10% SENTRON Gas Engine Oil Or Compressor Oil RP 268 Increase rate1 50% Compressor Oil RP 268 Increase rate1 100% SPX 5000 H2S >2% but <30% SENTRON Gas Engine Oil Increase rate1 25% SENTRON Gas Engine Oil Or Compressor Oil RP 268 Increase rate1 50% Compressor Oil RP 460 Increase rate1 200% Or SPX 7000 Compressor Oil RP 460 Increase rate1 300% Or SPX 7000 Compressor Oil RP 460 Increase rate1 500% Or SPX 7000 Compressor Oil RP 460 Increase rate1 500% Or SPX 7000 SPX 5000 H2S >30% SENTRON Gas Engine Oil Or Compressor Oil RP 268 Increase rate1 50% Compressor Oil RP 268 Increase rate1 100% INDUSTRIAL LUBRICANTS Propane Refrigerant SENTRON Gas Engine Oil Increase rate1 100% Or SPX 5000 SENTRON Gas Engine Oil Increase rate1 200% Or SPX 5000 1 Lubrication Rate Increases: The recommendation to “increase rate” is relative to the Base Case – Pipeline Quality Natural Gas at <1000 psig.7%. . The above information should be regarded as guidelines only. flow rates and/or lubricant types may need to be changed. H2S >0.

2 8.700+ 10. which surpasses that of many competitive turbine lubricants on the market. Its outstanding oxidation and thermal stability minimizes fluid breakdown caused by air and high temperatures. GEK 28143A TLV 9013 04 (non EP) 1500 0020. as a top-up product to enhance operating characteristics of used oil TURBOFLO XL Fluids are suitable for use in steam and gas turbines requiring the following major manufacturer and industry specifications: General Electric Siemens Westinghouse Solar Cooper Alstom (ABB) Blohm & Voss DIN ASTM GEK 32568F. It is suitable for turbine applications with bearings operating in ambient temperatures above 260°C or 500°F. TURBOFLO XL is designed to significantly exceed the demanding requirements of many steam and gas turbine lubricant specifications. hours to 2. GEK 46506D.000+ 23.0 TAN 129 .8 353 56 102 247/477 -24/-11 2. 55125Z3 ES 9-224V SE 1144 HTGD 90117.000+ Viscosity cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100°C SUS@ 100°F SUS@ 210°F Viscosity Index Flash Point. TURBOFLO XL’s superior performance is especially important in the severe service situations common to gas turbines. with careful system analysis.0 TAN Oxidation Stability (modified D943).000+ 68 68. hydraulic and gas turbines and deliver excellent lubrication to bearings operating in severe conditions.4 6. TURBOFLO XL demonstrates exceptional oxidative and thermal stability. hours to 2.9 5.INDUSTRIAL LUBRICANTS TURBOFLO XL – TURBINE FLUID TURBOFLOTM XL is a premium turbine fluid designed to lubricate and cool steam.000+ TURBOFLO XL 46 46. °C / °F RPVOT.700+ 10.000+ 23.6 175 45 101 229/444 -30/-22 2.8 239 49 100 235/455 -30/-22 2. Turboflo XL can also be used.700+ 10.000+ 23. minutes Oxidation Stability (D943). °C / °F Pour Point. K 110 812101 DIN 51515 DIN 51515 D4304 Type I (non-EP) 4 Typical Characteristics are shown below: 32 33.

0 TAN FZG.000+ 10. passing load stage 130 . 55125Z3 ES 9-224V HTGD 90117.4 5. GEK 32568F. °C / °F Pour Point. minutes Oxidation Stability (D943).6 6. ashless anti-wear additive system delivers excellent wear and scuffing protection for heavily loaded geared turbines. Its outstanding thermal and oxidative stability also makes it an excellent choice for severe service gas and steam turbine applications.2 46. TURBOFLO EP with its zinc free. hours to 2.000+ 11 Viscosity cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100°C SUS@ 100°F SUS@ 210°F Viscosity Index Flash Point.INDUSTRIAL LUBRICANTS TURBOFLO EP – TURBINE FLUID TURBOFLOTM EP is a premium turbine fluid designed for the lubrication of geared heavy duty gas turbines with common gear and bearing lubrication systems.000+ 2. K 110 812101 DIN 51515 D 43041 Type I (non. °C / °F RPVOT. GEK 46506D TLV 9013 04 (EP) 1500 0020.000+ 11 10.EP) & Type II (EP) 4 Typical Characteristics are shown below: TURBOFLO EP 32 46 34. TURBOFLO EP fluids are suitable for use in steam and gas turbines requiring the following major manufacturer and industry specifications: General Electric Siemens Westinghouse Solar Alstom (ABB) DIN ASTM GEK 101941A.8 176 239 45 49 100 101 223/433 237/459 -33/-27 -30/-22 2.

°C / °F Pour Point.6 7. hours to 2. These oils are designed to minimize rust and oxidation with blends of ultra pure Petro-Canada HT Severely Hydrocracked base oils and specially selected additives.0 TAN 32 34 5. Premium R&O 77 is approved against Canadian General Standards Board (CGSB) specification 3-GP-357c for Steam Turbine Oils.000+ 4 68 68. minutes Oxidation Stability (D943). they offer excellent water separability. as well as the circulating oil systems of a wide range of industrial machinery.000+ 10. GEK 46506D TLV 9013 04 (non-EP) 1500 0020.000+ 10. 131 .000+ Viscosity cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100°C SUS@ 100°F SUS@ 210°F Viscosity Index Flash Point.INDUSTRIAL LUBRICANTS TURBOFLO – TURBINE FLUID Petro-Canada’s TURBOFLOTM Fluids are specifically designed to lubricate and cool stream. hydraulic and gas turbines and deliver excellent lubrication to bearings.000+ 10. K 110 812101 DIN 51515 D 4304 Type I (non.6 175 45 110 220/428 -30/-22 1. TURBOFLO Fluids demonstrate exceptional oxidative and thermal stability providing protection against breakdown caused by air and high temperatures. 55125Z3 ES 9-224V HTGD 90117.0 240 50 107 216/421 -24/-11 1.4 8. In addition.EP) Typical Characteristics are shown below: TURBOFLO 46 46.9 354 56 103 232/450 -21/-6 1. TURBOFLO Fluids are suitable for use in steam and gas turbines requiring the following major manufacturer and industry specifications: General Electric Siemens Westinghouse Solar Alstom (ABB) DIN ASTM GEK 32568F.000+ TURBOFLO R&O/PREMIUM R&O 77– TURBINE/CIRCULATING OILS TURBOFLO™ R&O/Premium R&O 77 Oils are high quality lubricants designed for use in steam and gas turbines. The NATO symbol for the product covered by this standard is O-240 and another specification for a O-240 product is DEF-STAN 91-25. °C / °F RPVOT.

000 -4 to 105 25 to 221 220 206.4 24. 46. minutes Oxidation Stability (D943) hours to 2.6 10. respectively. °F * 94.2 732 76 96 262/504 -12/10 300+ 2. °C / °F Pour Point.000 0 to 114 32 to 237 320 305.8 6. °C * Bearing & Gear Operating Range. °C / °F RPVOT.000+ -40 to 30 -40 to 86 TURBOFLO R&O 100 Viscosity cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100°C SUS@ 100°F SUS@ 210°F Viscosity Index Flash Point.3 343 54 100 232/450 -30/-22 400+ 4.5 18.000 5 to 123 41 to 253 *Petro-Canada defines the upper & lower temperature limits as the temperatures at which the oil viscosity reaches 13 cSt and 750 cP.1 5. °C / °F Pour Point.6 1089 94 96 268/514 -12/10 300+ 2. TURBOFLO R&O 32. °C / °F RPVOT. minutes Oxidation Stability (D943) hours to 2.7 62 35 102 185/365 -57/-71 N/A 5.000+ -20 to 74 -4 to 165 68 66.000+ -17 to 84 1 to 183 Premium R&O 77 76.6 231 48 99 214/417 -33/-27 400+ 4.0 TAN Bearing & Gear Operating Range.7 494 62 97 259/498 -18/0 400+ 4.INDUSTRIAL LUBRICANTS TURBOFLO R&O is approved against GM LS-2.000+ -32 to 54 -26 to 129 32 31.1 8.4 398 58 97 240/464 -27/-17 400+ 4.500+ -23 to 63 -9 to 145 46 44.2 2.EP) Typical Characteristics are shown below: TURBOFLO R&O 10 22 21. 68 and Premium R&O 77 are suitable for use in steam and gas turbines requiring the following major manufacturer and industry specifications: General Electric Siemens Westinghouse Alstom (ABB) Solar ASTM GEK 46506D TLV 9013 04 (non-EP) 1500 0020 HTGD 90117.3 161 44 100 210/410 -36/-33 400+ 4. 132 .7 9. °F * 10. K 110 812101 ES 9-224V D 4304 Type I (non. °C * Bearing & Gear Operating Range.4 1620 120 96 274/525 -9/16 250+ 2.7 14.000+ -15 to 90 5 to 194 4 Viscosity cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100°C SUS@ 100°F SUS@ 210°F Viscosity Index Flash Point.8 4.000+ -9 to 94 16 to 201 150 139.0 TAN Bearing & Gear Operating Range.3 114 40 98 195/383 -39/-38 N/A 5.

2 43. % Wt Total Acid No. based on polyol esters with high thermal stability and fortified with antioxidant. Allison. °C / °F Pour Point. and as a result: less coolant is required to absorb heat less cutting energy is required tool wear is reduced improved surface finishes are obtained NEAT CUTTING OILS Neat Cutting Oils are designed for use as they are received and are non-miscible in water.INDUSTRIAL LUBRICANTS TURBONYCOIL 600 .468 133. 133 . anti-wear and anti-corrosion additives.16 4 METALWORKING OILS Petro-Canada offers a competitive line of metalworking fluids that cover the major metalworking operations. Turbomeca.4 0. Pratt & Whitney Canada.LAND BASED AERODERIVATIVE GAS TURBINE FLUID Rolls Royce approved TURBONYCOIL 600 (registered trademark of Nyco SA) is specially designed to effectively lubricate land based aeroderivative gas turbines operating under extreme conditions. Proper lubrication reduces friction.4 44. mg KOH/g Turbonycoil 600 25. Petro-Canada’s soluble and neat cutting oils are specially formulated to provide maximum performance for a wide range of metal removing operations.. They have excellent lubricity and anti-wear characteristics.187 270/518 -57/-71 3. Turbonycoil 600 is approved by the following engine manufacturers for use in land based industrial and marine gas turbine applications where a MIL-PRF-23699F Standard Classification or Rolls Royce approved lubricant is required: Rolls Royce.6 5. °C / °F 61⁄2 h @ 204°C. assist in extending tool life and produce a quality finish on machined parts. Typical Characteristics are shown below: Viscosity cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100°C cSt @ -40°C SUS @ 100°F SUS @ 210°F SUS @ -40°F Flash Point.12 9. Petro-Canada’s Neat Cutting oils contain ultra pure hydrocracked base oils with varying amounts of extreme pressure additives such as sulphur and chlorine and/or lubricity agents. TURBONYCOIL 600 is nontoxic. The main functions of a metalworking fluid are to lubricate or reduce friction between the tool and work piece and to act as a coolant by rapidly removing heat generated at the tool work-piece interface. CFM International. Hamilton Sundstrand/APIC and General Electric.

% Wt Chlorine. tapping. aluminum and magnesium.3 2. transparent cutting oils intended for use in high-speed automatic screw machining and simple turning. They are primarily recommended for machining low carbon steels and non-ferrous metals such as copper.0 134 .0 0.3 5.8 177/351 7.3 2.0 0.2 75.0 2. Typical Characteristics are shown below: Viscosity cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100°C SUS @ 100°F SUS @ 210°F Flash Point.6 5.0 Supercut 25 24. % Wt Fatty Ester.0 2.6 41.5 4.5 0.0 45 46. COC. specially suited for use in thread cutting and deep-hole drilling. Typical Characteristics are shown below: Transicut Viscosity cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100°C SUS @ 100°F SUS @ 210°F Flash Point.0 240. % Wt 13 13.3 213/415 7. These operations include. and conventional turning.0 4 SUPERCUT Supercut Oils are designed for use in heavy duty cutting and grinding operations on high strength ferrous alloys and tough-to-machine nickel/cobalt alloys.3 1.7 5.0 2. broaching.1 4.5 49.6 125.3 1.INDUSTRIAL LUBRICANTS TRANSICUT Transicut Oils are non-stain.3 191/376 7. threading.5 32 32.7 7.1 2. ASTM Sulphur.5 41.5 3. COC. °C / °F Colour.3 44.1 5. % Wt 25 25.6 36.0 3.6 215/419 <1. Supercut 13 is a low viscosity oil.7 132.6 166. % Wt Chlorine. % Wt Fatty Ester. °C / °F Colour.6 217/423 5. ASTM Sulphur.

rust inhibitors.1 SUS @ 210°F 35. They are formulated with mineral oils. The life of this oil is extremely good.5 Flash Point. Solids have increased to 10% 3.INDUSTRIAL LUBRICANTS ALUCUT Alucut is a light coloured. material finish and dimensional accuracy.9 24. A rule of thumb that should be used for changing the oil follows: 1. Ash has increased to 20% The aluminum fines are removed from the sump and approximately 50% of the oil is replaced with new Aludraw 850.5 Fatty Ester.5 112 -6/21 20. It is designed for drawing aluminum wire.7 cSt @ 100°C 2. °C / °F Saponification Number Total Acid No. with normal topping up as required. Important Note: ALWAYS ADD OIL TO WATER 135 .9 ALUDRAW 850 – WIRE DRAWING OIL Aludraw 850 is a drawing oil used in processes such as drawing. Yearly check of the oil will determine at which time it should be replaced. Petro-Canada Soluble Cutting Oils produce stable emulsions which have excellent cooling ability and the necessary balance of lubricity and extreme pressure characteristics required for proper machining conditions. 4. COC. Lubricity and wetting agents assist in producing excellent surface finishes and rapidly removing the heat generated during high speed machining. which produce a synergistic effect with Aludraw 850 thus improving the drawing characteristics. Soluble Oils are mixed with water in normal starting proportions of 3% to 10% for most operations. Typical Characteristics are shown below: Alucut Viscosity cSt @ 40°C 10.4 4 SOLUBLE CUTTING OILS Petro-Canada Soluble Cutting Oils are used where rapid heat removal is the main criterion.6 118. °C / °F 178/352 Colour. stamping. extrusion.8 SUS @ 100°F 64. low viscosity oil specifically developed for machining aluminum and magnesium alloys. This drawing oil is most effective when it contains 1-2% of aluminum fines. as they will cause weakening over time. mg koh/g Aludraw 850 269. emulsifiers. They are not recommended for use with nitrile seals. Viscosity @ 100°C has increased from 24 cSt to 60 cSt 2. EP additives and other coupling agents. Typical Characteristics are shown below: Viscosity cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100°C SUS @ 100°F SUS @ 210°F Viscosity Index Pour Point. ASTM < 0.. providing good die life. forging and rolling. % Wt 1.0 1421. forming.2 Saponification No.8 0.

Cutsol HD is intended for difficult machining operations.1 4 136 .0 Clear Amber 1.8 1. Typical Characteristics are shown below: Viscosity cSt @ 40°C Oil Appearance Sulphur. Cutsol HD is a heavy-duty oil which contains extreme pressure additives for use in metal removal operations where a high degree of surface finish and long tool life are desired. milling. Applications include cutting. The product contains a biocide (anti-microbial agent).INDUSTRIAL LUBRICANTS CUTSOL / CUTSOL HD Cutsol is a specially designed for general machining operations.4 Clear Amber 0. The product provides good rust protection and contains a biocide (anti-microbial agent). %Wt Fatty Ester. drilling.1 10:1/30:1 Milky White 9. Cutsol is ideal for all machining operations where cooling and rust protection are of prime importance. % Wt Water to Oil Mix Ratio Emulsion Appearance pH Emulsion Cutsol 39.2 nil 4.1 11.0 10:1/20:1 Milky White 9. and grinding. %Wt Chlorine.2 Cutsol HD 87.

This imparts good high temperature characteristics to the final product along with the characteristics of the base metal hydroxide. Simple calcium greases provide good water resistance. Grease is a solid to semi-solid material produced by the dispersion of a thickening agent in a liquid lubricant. When selecting grease for an application. Common complex greases include lithium complex. but don’t perform as well at high temperatures. specialty additives are also used to enhance the performance of the product. calcium or aluminum and has an important impact on the characteristics of the grease. oxidation stability. are also key factors to consider. Calcium sulphonate complex grease – Calcium sulphonate complex grease is micell in nature rather than a complex soap per se. In many cases. etc. water resistance. capabilities such as operating temperatures. Simple aluminum greases have inherent stringiness making them a good choice for semi-fluid greases and applications where adhesion is of primary importance. COMPLEX GREASE Complex greases are made with two or more carboxylic acids similar to a regular grease except that the thickener contains two dissimilar fatty acids. The metal hydroxide is typically lithium. dripping and throw-off • Resist change in structure or consistency during service • Maintain mobility under conditions of application • Be compatible with seals • Tolerate or repel moisture 5 REGULAR GREASE Regular (or simple) greases are primarily made through the reaction of a metal hydroxide with a fatty acid. aluminum complex and calcium complex. 137 .GREASES GREASES INTRODUCTION Greases are designed to lubricate bearing and gear applications where a continuous oil supply cannot be retained. Simple lithium greases provide good temperature capabilities with good water resistance. are important considerations. The grease’s characteristics. The most important factors affecting the properties and characteristics of a grease are: • Amount and type of thickener • Oil viscosity and physical characteristics A grease is expected to: • Reduce friction and wear • Provide corrosion protection • Seal bearings from water and contaminants • Resist leakage. one of which is the complexing agent. including viscosity and consistency.

115 5 Shear Stability – is the ability of a grease to resist a change in consistency during mechanical working. low load and high speed applications.160 85 . structure and performance at temperatures above 125°C. ADDITIVES The most common additives found in grease are as follows: Oxidation Inhibitors EP Agents Anti-Corrosion Agents Anti-Wear Agents – prolong the life of a grease – guard against scoring and galling – protect metal against attack from water – prevent abrasion and metal to metal contact GREASE DEFINITIONS Consistency – is the degree of hardness of a grease and may vary considerably with temperature.GREASES LUBRICATING OIL The high percentage of oil by weight (75-95%) in a grease requires the oil to be of high quality and proper viscosity for the intended application. It cannot predict separation tendencies in use under dynamic conditions.340 265 .295 220 .430 355 . This has been classified by the National Lubricating Grease Institute (NLGI) into the following categories: NLGI GRADE 000 00 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 PENETRATION @ 25°C (1/10th mm) 445 . High Temperature Stability – is the ability of a grease to retain its consistency. storage) conditions.385 310 . Under high rates of shear.250 175 . Light viscosity or synthetic oils are normally used for low temperature.475 400 . 138 . Oil Separation – is the percentage of oil which separates from the grease under static (eg. grease structures tend to change in consistency (usually become softer).205 130 . high load and slow speed applications. Conversely a heavy viscosity oil is generally used for high temperature.

GREASES GREASE SERVICE CLASSIFICATION The following five (5) categories for Automotive Service Greases have been developed by the NLGI. trailer hauling. The scope of this classification (ASTM D 4950) covers greases designed for the lubrication of chassis components and wheel bearings of passenger cars. Chassis greases. shear stable. mountain driving. shear stable. Temperature range –40°C to 120°C with occasional excursions to 160°C. Mild to severe duty (high loads. and corrosion and wear protective. designed by the prefix L and Wheel Bearing greases designated by the prefix G. trucks in urban and highway service. Temperature range –40°C to 120°C. Oxidation resistant. Mild duty (non-critical applications). and corrosion and wear protective. GC wheel bearings Mild to severe duty (vehicles in frequent stop-and-go service. LA chassis LB chassis Prolonged relubrication intervals (>3200 km). and corrosion and wear protective even under heavy loads and in presence of aqueous contamination. vibration. 139 . GB wheel bearings Mild to moderate duty (cars. 5 GA wheel bearings Frequent relubrication intervals.) Oxidation and evaporation resistant. and corrosion and wear protective.) Oxidation and evaporation resistant. exposure to water). The following table outlines the five (5) categories: NLGI AUTOMOTIVE SERVICE GREASE CATEGORIES Category Service Frequent relubrication intervals (<3200 km). Temperature range –40°C to 120°C with frequent excursions to 160°C and occasional excursions to 200°C. Mild duty (non-critical applications). trucks and other vehicles. Performance Oxidation resistant. etc. shear stable. shear stable. The NLGI classifies automotive service greases into two (2) main groups. Temperature range –20°C to 70°C.

in all cases. They may be exceeded temporarily in the case of complex greases. The following chart indicates the compatibilities of major Petro-Canada greases. grease substitution in an application may be necessary to correct problems arising from the original product in service. (*) Indicates the mixture is incompatible at all temperatures. If the thickeners are incompatible. Oxidation Stability Texture 80-100 175-205 170-200 65 125 125 V. As the temperature rises. compatibility between greases is temperature dependent. and where rigorous lubrication practice is followed. GREASE PROPERTIES The following chart is designed to help you select a type of grease that will satisfy the intended application. Stability Water Resist. the mixture will fall short of the properties of the individual greases. The number quoted indicates the temperature. 140 . However. Poor Good Good Fair Good Poor Fair Good Fair Exc Good Poor Poor Good Good 260+ 150 Exc Good Exc Exc Exc 260+ 150 Exc Fair Good Exc Exc 200+ 150 Good Poor Fair Exc Poor 260+ 160 Exc Good Exc Exc Good 250+ 150 Exc Good Good Exc Exc None 150 Exc Good Fair Fair Good Smooth Smooth Fibrous or Smooth Smooth Fibrous Smooth Smooth Smooth Smooth *These temperatures refer to continuous operation. 2. the problems associated with incompatibility also increase. It is strongly advised that. the old grease be purged or cleaned out from the system before a new one is introduced. Aluminum Complex Lithium Polyurea Lithium Complex Precision XL EP 2 Barium Complex Barimol Heavy Silica Clay Vultrex Precision Chevron MPG General Purpose SRI 2 EP2 Precision General Purpose EP 2 Polyurea Chevron SRI 2 Lithium Precision XL Complex EP 2 Barium Barimol Complex Heavy Silica Thermex Clay Calcium Sulphonate Complex Bentone RM 2 Peerless OG-2 Lithium Yes 140 Yes 130 Yes 150 Yes 168 Yes 115 No 58 No 98 Thermex Bentone RM 2 5 Yes 145 Yes 170 Yes 153 No (*) No 95 Yes 125 Yes 158 Yes 173 No 80 No (*) No 95 Yes 160 No (*) Yes 183 Yes 125 Yes 173 Yes 173 Yes 140 No 75 No (*) No 95 Notes: 1. REGULAR GREASES Properties Calcium Lithium COMPLEX SYNTHETIC CLAY Sodium Aluminum Calcium Barium Lithium Polyurea Bentone Dropping Point °C *Max Temp °C High Temp Use Low Temp Mobility Mech.GREASES GREASE COMPATIBILITY Occasionally. in degrees Celsius. Competitors’ products should be treated as incompatible with Petro-Canada greases unless strong evidence exists to the contrary. at which incompatibility sets in.

Precision XL EP 00.5 10. The following greases have shelf lives of two (2) years.89 14. which in turn raises the bearing temperature above the dropping point of the grease. Precision XL EP000. consistency of the grease.56 9.6 1.09 17. Generally Straight Lithium. Precision XL 3 Moly Arctic. APPLYING GREASE The over-packing and over-greasing of bearings accounts for more failures than any other factor. Vultrex EGF 1000. Precision Synthetic EP 00. Vultrex Rock Drill. GREASE LUBRICATION SCHEDULE SPHERICAL ROLLER BEARINGS Shaft Size Inches 3⁄ 4-1 11⁄8-11⁄4 17⁄l6-11⁄2 15⁄8-13⁄4 115⁄16-2 23⁄16-21⁄4 27⁄16-21⁄2 211⁄16-3 33⁄16-31⁄2 311⁄16-4 43⁄16-41⁄2 415⁄16-5 MM 25 30 35 40 45 .Aluminum Complex greases tend to set and harden.1 0. Vultrex Slide Cam.6 6.71 93. is five (5) years.9 1. Vultrex OGL Heavy.92 64.115 125 Amount of grease IN3 CM3 0.75 80 . but remain stable.42 39.00 163.2 0.80 13. EXCEPT those of NLGI grade #0 or softer (i.e. Vultrex Gearshield P. #00 & #000).50 106.4 0. Based on these observations: The shelf life of all Petro-Canada greases.47 7. Vultrex MPG Synthetic Arctic.100 110 .50 55 60 65 . Vultrex OGL Synthetic All Season. Excess grease in a bearing cavity increases internal friction. Vultrex Rolling Cam Light.7 3. When packing a split housing pillow block bearing ensure that the grease cavity is only one-third full. This causes oil separation and eventually lack of lubrication. Precision XL 5 Moly EP0.9 Operating speed (rpm) 500 1000 1500 2000 2200 2700 3000 3500 4000 4500 6 6 6 6 6 6 4 4 4 4 4 2 6 6 4 4 4 4 2 2 2 1 1 1 Lubrication cycle (months) 6 4 4 4 2 2 4 4 2 2 1 1 4 2 2 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1⁄2 2 1 1 1 1⁄2 1 1 1 1⁄2 1 1 1⁄2 1 1⁄2 1⁄ 2 1⁄ 2 1⁄ 2 1 1 1 1⁄ 2 1 1 1⁄ 2 TEMPERATURE 90°C (200°F) HORIZONTAL SHAFT EQUIPMENT 141 .85 90 . Precision XL EP00. Re-greasing intervals are determined from: severity of service environment condition of seals shock loading 5 The following chart provides a guide to re-greasing intervals and the amount of grease to be applied. EP 000.39 6.3 2. Vultrex Gearshield NC. Bentone and Barium greases tend to soften on aging.7 0. Purity FG 00.30 21. Peerless OG0). Vultrex OGL Synthetic Arctic.GREASES GREASE SHELF LIFE The shelf life of a grease is affected by the type and amount of thickener used. Lithium Complex and Calcium Complex greases remain stable for a long time. manufacturing method employed and the formulation complexity.2 5. Vultrex Slide Cam Light.

cost effective.GREASES GREASES Petro-Canada greases are listed according to their performance or application. as follows: • • • • • • • Regular Performance Greases Premium Performance Greases Special Application Greases Gear Lubricants/Cam Compounds Food Grade Greases Non-Melting Greases Drilling Compounds • REGULAR PERFORMANCE GREASES MULTI-APPLICATION LITHIUM GREASES PRECISION* GENERAL PURPOSE greases are a series of high quality.9 14.9 SUS @ 100°F 737 737 737 SUS @ 210°F 78 78 78 Timken OK Load. mobile mining and forestry equipment and high speed industrial bearings. kg 250 250 315 Operating Range. It is ideally suited for applications in truck fleets. lithium based extreme pressure greases for wide operating temperature ranges and water resistance. PRECISION GENERAL PURPOSE EP2 is used in bearings operating at low to moderate speeds and at medium temperatures. PRECISION GENERAL PURPOSE EP1 is recommended for centralized grease systems to lubricate heavily loaded conveyor bearings. °C/°F -25/-13 -30/-22 -25/-13 142 . °C -20 to 135 -30 to 135 -25 to 135 Operating Range. Molybdenum disulphide/graphite interact with metal surfaces to provide a protective barrier against wear even when other grease components are depleted. °C/°F 198/388 191/376 191/376 Base Oil Viscosity cSt @ 40°C 159 159 159 cSt @ 100°C 14. °F -4 to 275 -22 to 275 -13 to 275 Minimum Dispensing Temperature. mobile equipment and plant machinery which require a grease with good extreme pressure (EP) and shock resistant properties. Typical Characteristics for PRECISION GENERAL PURPOSE Greases are shown below: PRECISION PRECISION PRECISION GENERAL PURPOSE GENERAL PURPOSE GENERAL PURPOSE EP 2 EP 1 MOLY Soap Type Lithium Lithium Lithium Colour Brown Brown Grey Worked Penetration @ 25°C 265 310 272 Dropping Point. 5 PRECISION GENERAL PURPOSE MOLY greases are high quality lithium based. dark grey multi-application grease incorporating molybdenum disulphide/graphite and EP additives. kg/lb 18/40 18/40 18/40 Weld Point.9 14.

PRECISION XL EP00 Grease – is a semi-fluid NLGI #00 EP lithium grease developed for centralized on-board truck chassis lubrication systems.GREASES • PREMIUM PERFORMANCE LITHIUM / LITHIUM COMPLEX GREASES PRECISION XL GREASES PRECISION XL greases are versatile premium performance. PRECISION XL EP1 may be used as a winter alternative to PRECISION XL EP2. It is designed primarily to lubricate high speed ball and roller bearings. bearings and in centralized grease systems. Despite its soft nature. where a high viscosity gear oil with low temperature mobility is required. PRECISION XL EP1 Grease – is a NLGI #1 EP lithium complex grease designed for use in heavy duty and general purpose bearing applications served by centralized lubrication systems. PRECISION XL EP000 Grease – is an extreme pressure. off-highway and farm vehicles and industrial machinery such as paper machines.* chain cases. PRECISION EP00 may be used also as a gear drive lubricant. This grease was specifically designed for use in leaky or poorly sealed gear boxes. It is also well suited to the gear boxes of continuous miners operating in the coal and potash industries. mills and crushers. rust and oxidation. chassis points on highway. PRECISION XL EMB Grease – is an NLGI #2 non EP rust and oxidation inhibited lithium complex grease with a medium/low oil viscosity and is coloured blue for identification purposes. PRECISION XL EP00 has been developed for centralized grease lubrication systems such as Groeneveld. including those on high temperature electric motors and generators with Class H insulation. as well as pulp and paper & steel mills and mineral extraction equipment. Lincoln. Robertshaw. lithium-complex/lithium greases designed to lubricate and protect automotive and industrial equipment over a very wide range of operating conditions. highway truck fleets and all off-highway vehicles. PRECISION XL EP2 can be used for grease-gun application to a wide range of equipment and conditions. Grease Jockey. where greater mobility at low temperatures is desired. Applications in general industry include leaky speed reducers. or in leaking gear-boxes. *Grease level must cover one-half the gear shaft bearings. Interlube and Vogel. long-life. semi-fluid lithium grease inhibited against wear. PRECISION XL EP2 Grease – is a NLGI #2 EP lithium complex grease designed for use in all types of heavy duty and general purpose bearings operating at both low or high speeds. PRECISION greases are recommended for passenger cars. vans. high base oil viscosity and EP characteristics necessary to handle shock loads and reduce wear. This grease handles all autogreasing points on a truck. PRECISION XL EP00 retains a good dropping point. They are also the prime recommendation for all industrial machinery. especially wheels fitted with disc brakes. presses. PRECISION XL 3 Moly EP1 and EP2 Greases – are lithium greases with the EP2 containing a more viscous oil while the EP1 has the same base oil viscosity as PRECISION XL greases and are compounded with 3% 143 5 . PRECISION EP1 meets the NLGI GC-LB standard for wheel bearing and chassis lubrication. PRECISION XL EP2 meets the NLGI GC-LB standard for wheel bearing and chassis lubrication. Applications include automotive wheel bearings.

The EP0 base oil and additive package are selected to meet Bucyrus International grease standard SD 4711 (Multi-Purpose Grease). heavy-duty shock loaded equipment in industrial and off-highway applications. It offers improved wear protection. but also is very capable of handling many other applications including heavy duty. EP1 and EP2 lithium greases contain medium viscosity oil and are compounded with 5% molybdenum disulphide and are designed to meet Caterpillar lubricant specifications for their 5130 (7TJ & 5ZL). Not recommended for applications requiring a tackified grease.7 555 73 18(40) 250 -35 to 100 -31 to 212 -35/-31 452 185 (365) XL EMB Lithium Blue 291 298 (568) Soap Type Colour Worked Penetration @ 25°C 274 Dropping Point.9 1019 90 27(60) 315 -25 to 160 -13 to 320 -20/-4 144 PRECISION XL EP00 XL EP000 Lithium Lithium Complex Complex Dark Amber Dark Amber 401 191 (376) 120 13. °C -20 to 160 Operating Range. It is recommended for the following applications: Track-side mechanical lubricators systems such as Portec and Lincoln. excellent adhesion and the benefit of being able to perform over a wide temperature range. °C/°F -20/-4 325 110 24 12 1506 510 115 66 18(40) 250 -25 to 100 -25 to 160 -13 to 212 -13 to 320 -25/-13 -20/-4 . as well as on-board lubrication systems. 5230 (7LL) model Mining Excavators and 994 (9YF) model Wheel Loaders. It is also recommended for use in centralized lubrication systems especially at low temperatures for mining/forestry applications. °C/°F 302 (576) Base Oil Viscosity cSt @ 40°C 220 cSt @ 100°C 17. on-board lubrication systems such as the Clicomatic system.9 SUS @ 100°F 1019 SUS @ 210°F 90 Timken OK Load. 5 PRECISION XL RAIL CURVE GREASE – is a water-resistant lithium grease compounded with graphite and is suitable for All Season use in mechanical applicators of trackside lubrication.GREASES molybdenum disulphide. °F -4 to 320 Minimum Dispensing Temperature. and other railway applications where graphite greases are recommended. PRECISION XL HEAVY DUTY – This robust lithium complex grease is formulated for use in centralized lubrication systems found on steel-rolling mills. They are also suitable for truck fifth wheels. PRECISION XL Moly 3 EP1 is formulated for better pumpability at lower temperatures than PRECISION XL Moly 3 EP2 and may be used in centralized greasing systems. Typical Characteristics of our PRECISION XL line of are shown below: XL EP2 Lithium Complex Green XL EP1 Lithium Complex Green 312 307 (585) 220 17. slow moving and operating at high temperatures. switches. PRECISION XL 3 Moly Arctic Grease – is a lithium grease recommended for heavy duty applications particularly where shock loading or vibration is encountered in industrial machinery or in off-highway equipment. kg/lb 27 (60) Weld Point. PRECISION XL 5 Moly EP0. switch plates (hand applied/brushed). fish plates and joint bars. They are best suited to tough. kg 315 Operating Range.

9 737 78 23(50) 620 -30 to 135 -22 to 275 -25/-13 MOLY EP2 Lithium Grey 282 187/369 195 18.5 14 662 76 23(50) 620 -50 to 120 -58 to 248 -45/-49 PRECISION XL 5 MOLY EP1 Lithium Grey 331 227/441 159 14. kg/lb Weld Point. kg/lb Weld Point. °F Minimum Dispensing Temperature. all-season.6 403 4.6 1946 123 27(60) 315 -10 to 160 14 to 320 -10/14 328 185(365) PRECISION XL 3 MOLY 3 MOLY EP2 EP1 Lithium Grey 265 228(412) Lithium Grey 313 230(446) 220 17. kg Operating Range. °C/°F HEAVY RAIL DUTY CURVE (STEEL MILL) Lithium Complex Lithium Brown Black/Grey 284 284(543) 420 25. this grease delivers outstanding cold weather performance without compromising high temperature lubrication. °C Operating Range. °C/°F Base Oil Viscosity cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100°C SUS @ 100°F SUS @ 210°F Timken OK Load. PRECISION Synthetic meets NLGI Automotive Service Classification GC-LB for wheel bearing and chassis lubrication. This extra component renders the grease particularly suitable for on and off highway equipment subjected to heavy vibration and operating under extreme hot and cold temperature conditions.1 25. but contains 3% Molybdenum Disulphide for protection against vibration and shock loading.1 100 1867 40 212 18(40) 27(60) 400 620 -50 to 120 -15 to 135 -58 to 248 5 to 275 -45/-49 -15/5 Soap Type Colour Worked Penetration @ 25°C Dropping Point. kg Operating Range. Originally developed to lubricate heavy mining equipment under Arctic conditions.2 1026 93 20(45) 620 -25 to 135 -13 to 275 -25/-13 5 • SYNTHETIC GREASES PRECISION SYNTHETIC GREASE PRECISION Synthetic – is a long-life. °C/°F Base Oil Viscosity cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100°C SUS @ 100°F SUS @ 210°F Timken OK Load. extreme pressure lithium complex grease containing a synthetic base oil. °C Operating Range. PRECISION Synthetic Moly – like PRECISION Synthetic this is an NLGI #1 lithium complex grease.GREASES Soap Type Colour Worked Penetration @ 25°C Dropping Point. 145 . °F Minimum Dispensing Temperature. °C/°F MOLY EP0 Lithium Grey 360 219/416 133. premium performance.1 160 46 18(40) 250 -45 to 135 -49 to 275 -45/-49 20.9 1019 90 27(60) 620 -25 to 135 -13 to 275 -25/-13 3 MOLY ARCTIC Lithium Grey 325 209(406) 34 6.

°C/°F Lithium Complex Gold 314 294/561 100 12. It meets CGE specification 6298 for Class B or F insulation. °C/°F Base Oil Viscosity cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100°C SUS @ 100°F SUS @ 210°F Timken OK Load. such as kilns and ovens. with bearings and slide-ways operating continuously at temperatures up to 200°C/392°F or intermittently as high as 300°C/572°F. such as constant-velocity joints. It has a distinctive burgundy colour and is designed to match the performance of polyurea thickened greases. 146 . kg Operating Range. PEERLESS LLG is recommended for all sealed-for-life bearings found on automotive and industrial equipment. Dispensing Temperature. 2 consistency and meets NLGI Automotive Service Classification GC-LB. °C Operating Range.6 586 81 N/A N/A -40 to 170 -40 to 338 -35/-31 5 • SPECIALTY GREASES FOR EXTREME TEMPERATURES PEERLESS GREASES PEERLESS LLG™ is our superior. calcium sulphonate complex grease. It can also be used to grease electric-motor bearings. It is designed primarily for the lubrication of dryer felt-roll bearings in paper machines. This softer grade of PRECISION Synthetic Heavy is also recommended for use in leaky gear-cases. Typical Characteristics are shown below: PRECISION Synthetic Soap Type Colour Worked Penetration @ 25°C Dropping Point. specifically formulated for high temperature and very long life applications. kg/lb Weld Point. containing a very viscous base oil. It is also recommended for equipment. high temperature EP lithium complex grease.7 464 69 27/60 250 -45 to 170 -49 to 338 -40/-40 Moly Lithium Complex Grey 324 >305/>581 100 12. where extended life at high temperatures is needed and frequent replenishment is not possible. It is designed to lubricate bearings over a wide temperature range in applications where shock loading is absent and an extreme pressure (EP) grease is not required. PRECISION Synthetic EMB – is a synthetic grease formulated for long service life and excellent high and low temperature performance. high performance.7 464 69 27/60 315 -40 to 170 -40 to 338 -40/-40 Heavy Lithium Complex Gold 315 >301/>574 488 44 2261 207 27/60 315 -30 to 170 -22 to 338 -25/-13 EP 00 Lithium Complex Gold 415 293/559 488 44 2261 207 25/55 315 -40 to 170 -40 to 338 -35/-31 EMB Blue 293 309/589 114 15. PEERLESS LLG has a NLGI No. °F Min.GREASES PRECISION Synthetic Heavy – is a synthetic. as well as other “life-pack” applications. PRECISION Synthetic EP00 – is a synthetic semi-fluid lithium complex grease designed primarily for lubricating truck/trailer wheel-end bearings. with a NLGI Consistency between #1 and #2 grades.

but also requiring greater grease visibility It also meets the NLGI GC-LB standard for wheel bearing and chassis lubrication. kg Operating Range. °C/°F PEERLESS LLG Calcium Sulphonate/Carbonate Complex Burgundy 284 314(597) 95 10. where there is no direct food contact. PEERLESS OG1 – is an NLGI #1 grade with lower oil viscosity and thickener content for ease of pumpability under cooler ambient conditions. and for open gears. dyed a red colour for applications requiring the same product qualities. PEERLESS OG2 meets the NLGI GC-LB standard for wheel bearing and chassis lubrication. while still providing outstanding rust protection. kg/lb Weld Point. for 5th wheels. and 2 are approved by the Canadian Food Inspection Agency for use in food plant machinery. °C Operating Range. °F Minimum Dispensing Temperature. 1. PEERLESS OG2 PC Red – is PEERLESS OG2. PEERLESS OG1 meets the NLGI GC-LB standard for wheel bearing and chassis lubrication. PEERLESS OG0 – is an NLGI #0 grade designed for use in low ambient temperature conditions.8 495 63 27(60) 500 -20 to 200 -4 to 392 -20/-4 • SPECIALTY GREASES FOR WATER RESISTANCE PEERLESS™ OG GREASE PEERLESS OG products are based on a special type of calcium sulphonate complex thickener. high temperature greases. They are capable of absorbing moderate levels of water without softening or changing consistency. The OG0. 1. which is most effective in the presence of water. 2 and Plus make them ideal where cleanliness and non-staining properties are at a premium. PEERLESS OG2 – is an NLGI #2 grade with excellent adhesiveness and is ideally suited for all types of industrial and automotive bearings. king pins. boat trailer wheel bearings. °C/°F Base Oil Viscosity cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100°C SUS @ 100°F SUS @ 210°F Timken OK Load. PEERLESS OG Plus is particularly recommended for the wet end bearings of paper mills with its exceptional sealing properties and extremely low water washout. forklift mast slides. The tan coloured PEERLESS OG0.GREASES Thickener Type Colour Worked Penetration @ 25°C Dropping Point. These unusual properties are enhanced by their capabilities as EP multipurpose. It is designed to prevent the bearing/grease failures in the paper mills to provide longer re-lubrication intervals and excellent equipment 147 5 .

°C -35 to 163 -30 to 163 Operating Range. Typical Characteristics are shown below: PEERLESS OG2 Calcium Sulfonate/ Carbonate Complex Tan 276 304/579 73 9. kg/lb 23/50 27/60 Weld Point. a high dropping point and excellent resistance to corrosion and water wash-out. it has a highload carrying ability.4 9. where severe centrifugal forces are generated. The base oil is polymer enhanced making this grease suitable for heavily loaded bearings like those in paper mills. It prevents oxidative fretting corrosion and protects against wear under potentially high gear tooth loadings and vibration. It protects the valves against corrosion and the deleterious effects of hydrogen sulphide present in these gas streams.3 8. kg 315 400 Operating Range. In addition. 148 . PEERLESS XCG-Flex is a calcium sulfonate complex grease with outstanding mechanical stability and resistance to oil separation. °C/°F 284/543 310/590 Base Oil Viscosity cSt @ 40°C 40 53 cSt @ 100°C 7.GREASES protection.4 378 58 27/60 400 -25 to 163 -13 to 325 -18/0 OG0 Soap Type Calcium Sulfonate/ Carbonate Complex Tan OG1 Calcium Sulfonate/ Carbonate Complex Tan 5 Colour Worked Penetration @ 25°C 366 329 Dropping Point. These properties make XCG-Flex an ideal choice for use in high-speed flexible couplings. SVG 102 has also been successfully applied to valves used in LPG and water injection systems in the oil and gas industry. °F -31 to 325 -22 to 325 Minimum Dispensing Temp °C/°F -30/-22 -25/-13 OG2 Red Calcium Sulfonate/ Carbonate Complex Red 270 300/572 OG PLUS Calcium Sulfonate/ Carbonate Complex Tan 245 304/579 73 73 9.4 378 378 58 58 27/60 27/60 500 500 -25 to 163 -20 to 163 -13 to 325 -4 to 325 -18/0 -15/5 PEERLESS SVG 102 – VALVE GREASE is an NLGI #1 calcium sulphonate complex grease formulated primarily for the lubrication of the internal parts of valves employed in the production and distribution of sour gas in natural gas plants. XCG-Flex meets AGMA coupling grease specifications CG-1 and CG-2.9 SUS @ 100°F 187 270 SUS @ 210°F 50 56 Timken OK Load.

It is recommended as a multiservice or multi-application lubricant across all food processing applications including mixing. PURITY FG2 Extreme grease is a high viscosity. stirring. It is specifically formulated for beverage production machinery such as canning and bottling equipment. packaging. canning and bottling. and heavily loaded while operating continuously. °C/°F Base Oil Viscosity cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100°C SUS@ 100°F SUS@ 210°F Weld Point. °F Minimum Dispensing Temp °C/°F Calcium Sulfonate/Carbonate Complex Tan 335 290/554 329 22. % Operating Range.5 -35 to 163 -31 to 325 -35/-31 • FOOD GRADE GREASES PURITY FG2 and Purity FG00 greases are advanced food grade lubricants specially formulated to deliver exceptional performance and food grade purity under the highly demanding conditions of food processing operations. cooking. heavy duty food grade grease specifically formulated for low to medium speed. PURITY FG2 Extreme exhibits excellent protection in applications subjected to high temperature. PURITY FG greases exhibit good low temperature pumpability and excellent resistance to water wash-out and spray loss. They can be used in a wide range of food processing applications including sleeve and anti-friction bearings. PURITY FG2 Clear grease was designed for use in anti-friction bearings.1 1. 149 5 . they have exceptional anti-wear and EP properties. In addition. guides and couplings found on food processing machinery. semi synthetic. °C Operating Range.5 1764 112 500 30(65) 0. kg Timken OK Load. protect against rust and corrosion and are cream white in colour. frying. such as Pellet Mills and continuous rotary cookers.GREASES Typical Characteristics are shown below: PEERLESS XCG-Flex Thickener Type Colour Worked Penetration @ 25°C Dropping Point. baking.5 -20 to 163 -34 to 325 -20/-4 SVG-102 VALVE GREASE Calcium Sulfonate/Carbonate Complex Green/Grey 324 262/503 101 11. heavily loaded industrial bearings operating under severe conditions.2 527 64 620 27(60) – 1. guides and couplings throughout food processing plants. high pressure. % Water Wash-out. PURITY FG2 Synthetic grease is specially formulated to provide outstanding lubrication in food processing applications running under heavier loads or subject to high and low temperature extremes. kg/lb Oil Separation. slides. slides. PURITY FG2 Clear grease is an advanced colourless lubricant specially formulated to deliver superior performance and food grade purity under the highly demanding conditions of food processing operations when compared to other clear food grade greases.

GREASES PURITY FG2 with Microl† grease is a new generation of lubricant specially formulated to inhibit the growth of microbes that cause product degradation in lubricants. kg/lb Weld Point. 150 . PURITY FG2 with Microl is the first NSF registered H1 lubricant with an EPA registered antimicrobial preservative. Food Industry Approvals NSF H1 registered complies with FDA 21 CFR 178.°C Operating Range. kg Operating Range. °C/°F Base Oil Viscosity cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100°C SUS @ 100°F SUS @ 210°F Timken OK Load.°F Minimum Dispensing Temperature. °C/°F Cream White Cream 283 293 Cream White 420 277/531 182 17 958 88 16/35 315 -20 to 160 -4 to 320 -20/-4 309/588 182 17 958 88 14/30 250 -20 to 70 -4 to 158 -20/-4 211/412 182 17 958 88 16/35 620 -35 to 120 -31 to 248 -30/-22 Cream White 276 Clear 293 304/579 46 8 213 52 27/60 500 -40 to 200 -40 to 392 -35/-31 264/507 469 33 2502 162 23/50 315 -20 to 160 -4 to 320 -20/-4 277/530 185 18 857 89 9/20 200 -20 to 160 -4 to 320 -20/-4 †MICROL is an antimicrobial product protection agent.3570 “Lubricants with incidental food contact” registered by Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) for use in registered food processing plants PURITY FG2 PURITY FG2 with Microl     PURITY FG00   PURITY FG2 Synthetic   PURITY FG2 PURITY FG2 Extreme CLEAR      Pending   Pending  Typical Characteristics are shown below: PURITY FG2 Thickener Type Aluminum Complex PURITY FG2 WITH MICROL Polyurea PURITY FG00 Aluminum Complex PURITY FG2 Synthetic Calcium Sulphonate Complex/ Carbonate Tan 294 PURITY FG2 Extreme Aluminum Complex PURITY FG2 Clear Aluminum Complex 5 Colour Worked Penetration @ 25°C Dropping Point.

GREASES

VULTREX OGL AND EGF GREASES
The VULTREX OGL family of grease-based gear lubricants are sophisticated, next-generation lubricants, designed for use on large, heavy-duty, open and enclosed gear drives, as well as bearings and exposed sliding surfaces. This machinery is most commonly found in open-pit mining operations, using large mining shovels, excavators and draglines. The VULTREX OGL line of greases are designed with a darkening agent that allows mining operators to more easily identify gears that have adequate grease applied. VULTREX™ OGL Synthetic All Season is an aluminum complex environmentally-friendly, solvent-free, open gear lubricant specifically designed to provide “ONE LUBRICANT” for mining shovels, draglines, excavators, drills and haul trucks. Its wide operating temperature range allows it to be used year-round at most mines. VULTREX OGL Synthetic All Season resists water wash-off from the shovel stick under all weather conditions, and has a low temperature limit of -40°C/°F. It meets the P&H 520 Multiservice Mining Lubricant specification. VULTREX OGL Synthetic Arctic is a similar aluminum complex environmentally-friendly, solvent-free product, with a proven track record in the very cold temperatures encountered during the winter season in sub-arctic regions. It is on the Certified Lubricants Listing for the Bucyrus International SD 4713 specification. VULTREX OGL Synthetic 2200 is a higher viscosity aluminum complex environmentally-friendly, solvent-free product, intended for summer use or for year round use in warmer climates, with a lower temperature limit of -25°C/-13°F. It meets the P&H 520 Multiservice Mining Lubricant specification and is on the Certified Lubricants Listing for the Bucyrus International SD 4713 specification. VULTREX OGL Heavy is a higher viscosity and thicker consistency aluminum complex product than the other VULTREX OGL lubricants. It is suited for higher load carrying capacity at warmer ambient temperatures. It meets the P&H 520 Multiservice Mining Lubricant specification. VULTREX EGF 1000 (Enclosed Gear Fluid) - is a semi-fluid aluminum complex grease intended for use in heavily loaded enclosed gear-boxes found on mining shovels, draglines and excavators. It is also recommended for use in the enclosed gear drives of underground mining locomotives, as a ball-mill gear lubricant and on open gears in heavily loaded mills and tumblers.

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GREASES

Typical Characteristics are shown below: VULTREX
Soap Type OGL Synthetic All Season Aluminum Complex OGL Synthetic Arctic Aluminum Complex 394* 200/392 3840 23/50 400 -50 to +10 -58 to 50 OGL Synthetic OGL Heavy 2200 Aluminum Aluminum Complex Complex 376 238/460 20,400 25/55 800 -25 to 50°C -13 to 122 °F 372 213/415 15,800 27/60 800 -15 to 150 5 to 302 EGF 1000 Aluminum Complex 451 205/401 5880 23/50 400 -40 to 100**** -40 to 212

Worked Penetration @ 25°C 387 Dropping Point °C/°F 225/437 Apparent Viscosity** cSt @ 40°C 7248 Timken OK Load, kg/lb 25/55 Weld Point, kg 620 Operating Range, °C -40 to +40 Operating Rang °F -40 to 104 Minimum Dispensing,*** Centralised System °C/°F -40/-40

-50/-58

-25/-13

-15/+5

-30/-22

* Plastic cone used ** Viscosity as applied – apparent viscosity is the ratio of shear stress to shear rate of a non-Newtonian fluid – this information can be valuable in predicting the ease of pumping and dispensing of greases. *** Based on pumpablity test, but is dependent on the design and type of the dispensing systems, length and diameter of the lines, the mode of application and rate of pressurization. **** Once the gear case is filled, the gearing system can operate at temperatures as low as -40°C/°F based on actual operation.

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GREASES

• VULTREX MPG GREASES
VULTREX MPG Greases are high dropping point, heavy duty greases containing an aluminum complex thickener and a high viscosity base oil. They are designed to deliver outstanding service life and equipment protection over specific ranges of temperatures and environmental conditions. Unlike many other greases, they possess the unique property of reverting to their original consistency after over heating and recooling. The adhesiveness of these greases assures that they will stay in place. VULTREX MPG Greases excel when used in bearings subjected to high pressures or heavy shock loading, where application is frequent and regular, such as in steel mills. VULTREX MPG Synthetic Arctic is recommended for centralized greasing systems on heavy duty off-highway and mining equipment, operating in extreme low temperature conditions. It has excellent EP, antiwear and water resistance properties. Meets the P&H 472 Multi-purpose grease specification. VULTREX MPG EP 1 is recommended for heavy-duty gear and bearing applications served by centralized greasing systems or requiring greater grease mobility than VULTREX MPG EP 2. Meets the P&H 472 Multi-purpose grease specification. VULTREX MPG EP 2 is recommended for heavy-duty gear and bearing applications operating at low speed and high temperatures. Meets the P&H 472 Multi-purpose grease specification. VULTREX G-123 and G-124 are red tacky greases designed for visibility and to lubricate heavy-duty truck components such as wheel bearings, bushings, kingpins and chassis points found on vehicles operated by the mining, forestry and transportation industries.

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153

GREASES

Typical Characteristics are shown below:
MPG SYNTHETIC ARCTIC Aluminum Complex Brown MPG EP1 VULTREX MPG EP2 G-123 G-124

Soap Type

5

Colour Worked Penetration @ 25°C 368 Dropping Point, °C/°F 239/462 Base Oil Viscosity cSt @ 40°C 137.5 cSt @ 100°C 19.4 SUS @ 100°F 705 SUS @ 210°F 97.3 Timken OK Load, kg/lb 23/50 Weld Point, kg 400 Operating Range, °C -45 to 120 °F -49 to 248 Minimum Dispensing Temperature, °C/°F -45/-49

Aluminum Aluminum Aluminum Complex Complex Complex Green-Brown Green-Brown Red 328 275/527 403 25.1 2170 124 20/45 250 -25 to 160 -13 to 320 -20/-4 272 288/550 403 25.1 2170 124 20/45 250 -20 to 160 -4 to 320 -15/5 323 271/520 220 17.9 1168 91 23/50 315 -25 to 160 -13 to 320 -20/-4

Aluminum Complex Red 279 277/531 220 17.9 1168 91 23/50 315 -20 to 160 -4 to 320 -15/5

VULTREX SPECIALTY GREASES
VULTREX ROLLING CAM AND VULTREX ROLLING CAM LIGHT are designed for use on Bucyrus International Inc., draglines incorporating the Rolling (Monighan) Cam mechanism. They conform to Bucyrus International Inc.,specification X-2640, Scope B. VULTREX SLIDE CAM AND VULTREX SLIDE CAM LIGHT are designed to lubricate the Cam and Slide Walking Mechanisms found on Bucyrus International Inc., draglines. They conform to Bucyrus International Inc., specification X-2636, Scope A and B and have an NLGI #00 consistency. VULTREX GEAR SHIELD NC and VULTREX GEAR SHIELD P are semi-fluid lubricants designed for the open gear systems found in many types of orecrushing mills, including ball, rod and sag mills, as well as kilns and dryers. They meet the requirements of most major mill and gear manufacturers, including UBE, Koppers, Falk, Dominion, Boliden-Allis, Metso (Svedala) and Fuller. VULTREX GEAR DRESSING EP is a high quality water and heat resistant lubricant with very tenacious film characteristics. Having this feature provides increased protection against abnormally heavy loads and pressures. It is specially formulated for the lubrication of industrial open gears and chains when applied by a caulking gun.

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” It is designed to protect threads from galling and to provide a positive seal against drilling fluids.8 3124 155 23/50 800 -25 to >100 -13 to >212 -20/-4 SLIDE CAM LIGHT Clay Grey-Black 412 >308/>586 185 17. Typical Characteristics are shown below: VULTREX ROLLING CAM ROLLING CAM LIGHT Clay Clay Black Black 338 356 >308/>586 588 31. °C/°F 155 .GREASES VULTREX ROCK DRILL EP000 is a lithium semi-fluid grease specially formulated for mistfree operation when used in air-operated rock drills and similar mining equipment. long fibre barium grease.” It is applied to pipe connections to prevent galling and provide a positive seal against drilling mud pressure. such as Ingersoll-Rand. Appendix F “Recommended Thread Compounds for Rotary Shouldered Connections. VULTREX TOOL JOINT COMPOUND is an aluminum complex grease which contains 51% of finely powdered zinc and conforms to API Specification 7. kg/lb Weld Point. °F Minimum Dispensing Temperature. VULTREX DRILL ROD HEAVY is a barium complex grease recommended for use on diamond drill rods where it reduces friction between the rod and rock strata. VULTREX API MODIFIED THREAD COMPOUND is an aluminum complex grease which contains 64% solids (graphite. or wipe off.3 972 89 25/55 620 -35 to >100 -31 to >212 -30/-22 5 Thickener Type Colour Worked Penetration @ 25°C Dropping Point. °C/°F Base Oil Viscosity cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100°C SUS @ 100°F SUS @ 210°F Timken OK Load. lead. It meets the requirements of rock drill manufacturers.1 3195 152 23/50 800 -20 to >100 -4 to >212 -15/+5 >308/>586 75 10 387 58 23/50 800 -35 to >100 -31 to >212 -30/-22 SLIDE CAM Clay Grey-Black 406 >308/>586 576 31. zinc and copper) and conforms to API Bulletin 5A2 on “Thread Compounds for Casing. This tenaceous. Worthington. VULTREX ROCK DRILL EP 000 can be applied easily at low temperatures in the 0°C to 5°C/32°F to 41°F range and field testing has confirmed it will still flow down to -20°C/-4°F. °C Operating Range. Tubing and Line Pipe. kg Operating Range. has lubricated successfully to more than 2000 foot drill depths without wash off. Joy and Parts Headquarters.

kg GEAR SHIELD NC Black 395 26/79 4931 1620 26000 7650 18/40 400 VULTREX GEAR SHIELD P Black 447 24/75 6344 1300 3400 6200 20/45 400 GEAR DRESSING EP Clay Black 305 >300/>572 26554 26554 646 148600 3006 20/45 315 5 Soap Type Colour Worked Penetration @ 25°C Dropping Point. °C/°F VULTREX ROCK DRILL EP000 Lithium Dark Amber 458 158/316 129 13.5 542 66 TOOL JOINT COMPOUND Aluminum Complex 280 196/385 103 11.3 11. °C °F Base Oil Viscosity cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100°C SUS @ 100°F SUS @ 210°F Timken OK Load. kg/lb Weld Point.GREASES Thickener Colour Worked Penetration @ 25°C Dropping Point. °C Operating Range.1 679 72 18/40 200 -30 to 100 -22 to 212 -30/-22 DRILL ROD HEAVY Barium Complex Green/Brown 234 201/393 156 14 820 77 -12 to 135 10 to 275 - Soap Type Worked Penetration @ 25°C Dropping Point. kg/lb Weld Point.5 542 66 156 . °F Minimum Dispensing Temperature. kg Operating Range. °C/°F Base Oil Viscosity cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100°C SUS @ 100°F SUS @ 210°F VULTREX API MODIFIED THREAD COMPOUND Aluminum Complex 325 138/280 10. °C/°F Base Oil Viscosity cSt @ 40°C (with diluent) cSt @ 40°C (without diluent) cSt @ 100°C (without diluent) cSt @ 100°C (with diluent) SUS @ 100°F (without diluent) SUS @ 212°F (without diluent) Timken OK Load.

It does not harden or carbonize at these extreme temperatures because the fluid component vaporizes slowly.THERMEX Thermex grease is a red NLGI #2 grade formulated with a silica gel thickener. kg THERMEX Silica Gel 280 260+/500+ 227 37 1146 174 160 5 157 . When exposed to high temperatures it neither softens nor melts as conventional greases do. °C/°F Base Oil Viscosity cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100°C SUS @ 100°F SUS @ 210°F Weld Point. The required interval varies by application. Typical Characteristics are shown below: Thickener Type Worked Penetration @ 25°C Dropping Point. Thermex grease has excellent shear stability and has a good service life at temperatures in excess of 260°C. a synthetic oil and an oxidation inhibitor. leaving little or no deposit. Regular greasing intervals replaces the normal evaporation loss.

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All PURITY FG products meet the highest food industry purity standards and fit perfectly in HACCP (Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point) and GMP (Good Manufacturing Practice) plans. acids. They may be applied by brush or drip feed as well as by centralized lubrication systems. °C/°F Pour Point. shock loading. including high pressure water sprays and water contamination.41 0. They can be applied at temperatures up to 200°C (392°F). Typical Characteristics are shown below: Viscosity cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100°C SUS @ 100°F SUS @ 210°F Viscosity Index Flash Point. however. and hydraulic fluids now feature MICROL antimicrobial preservative to inhibit the growth of microbes that can cause product degradation. PURITY FG Synthetic products are blended with PAO synthetic base stocks to provide the same outstanding lubrication performance over an even wider range of operating temperatures. and corrosion. This new generation of lubricants is the first NSF registered H1 lubricants with an EPA registered antimicrobial preservative to protect the lubricant. PURITY FG products are fortified with specially selected additives to protect against wear. These advanced food grade fluids include special tackifiers to ensure strong adherence to metal surfaces and resistance to dripping. PURITY FG CHAIN FLUIDS PURITY FG Chain Fluids are formulated to lubricate all types of drive and conveyor chains as well as bearings found on food processing machinery. Blended from 99. They are highly resistant to the harsh conditions found in most food and beverage processing operations. PURITY FG with MICROL™† grease. cleaning and sanitizing solutions. mm †MICROL 6 Purity FG Chain Fluid Light Heavy 151 370 20 44 777 1908 100 212 150 175 230/446 240/464 -12/10 -12/10 0. °C/°F 4 Ball Wear Scar Diam. throw-off. crystal clear base oils produced from a patented HT Purity process. gear fluids.. and water spray loss. exposure to fats. .FOOD GRADE LUBRICANTS FOOD GRADE LUBRICANTS Petro-Canada PURITY™ FG fluids and lubricants are advanced products formulated to meet the tough demands of food and beverage processing operations while maintaining food grade purity. Food Industry Approvals Please see Food Industry Approvals/Credentials on page 170. equipment should be re-oiled more frequently at temperatures above 150°C (302°F).9% pure.39 159 is an antimicrobial product protection agent.

COC. Food Industry Approvals Please see Food Industry Approvals/Credentials on page 170. PURITY FG SYNTHETIC COMPRESSOR FLUID 6 PURITY FG Synthetic Compressor Fluid is a synthetic PAO based product formulated with selective additives to protect against wear. °C/°F -15/5 Oxidation stability RPVOT. minutes 1000+ FZG Stage Pass 8 Purity FG 46 68 46. as well as in low temperature applications such as freezers. °C/°F 269/516 Pour Point. °C/°F -60/-76 Oxidation stability RPVOT.1 cSt @ 100°C 5.3 7. rust and corrosion. Typical applications include the lubrication of air compressors and vacuum pumps used for producing. Tough enough to handle wet food processing environments with wide temperatures. preparing food and food packaging. 160 . vacuum pump. Food Industry Approvals Please see Food Industry Approvals/Credentials on page 170.000 hours at a maximum air discharge temperature of 85°C.1 9. PURITY FG Compressor Fluids resist thermal and oxidative breakdown extending fluid life and reducing varnish build up on compressor parts. Typical Characteristics are shown below: Purity FG Synthetic Compressor Fluid Viscosity cSt @ 40°C 46 cSt @ 100°C 7.FOOD GRADE LUBRICANTS PURITY FG COMPRESSOR FLUIDS PURITY FG Compressor Fluids are formulated to deliver excellent performance and increased service life. Typical Characteristics are shown below: 32 Viscosity cSt @ 40°C 32. PURITY FG Compressor Fluids are recommended for use in rotary screw compressors for up to 4.7 68.6 SUS @ 100°F 165 SUS @ 210°F 45 Viscosity Index 110 Flash Point. manufacturing.4 527 65 98 254/489 -12/10 1000+ 8 Note: Do not use in breathing air apparatus or medical equipment. °C/°F 211/412 Pour Point. oxidation. minutes 4554 Note: Do not use in breathing air apparatus or medical equipment.7 SUS @ 100°F 235 SUS @ 210°F 52 Viscosity Index 134 Flash Point. PURITY FG Synthetic Compressor Fluid can be used in compressor. pneumatic and hydraulic applications. packaging.0 240 353 50 57 108 104 230/446 245/473 -12/10 -12/10 1000+ 1000+ 8 8 100 101 11.

0 SUS @ 100°F 958 958 958 SUS @ 210°F 88 88 88 Timken OK Load. In addition. EPA registered antimicrobial preservative. protect against rust and corrosion and are white in colour. PURITY FG2 with MICROL grease is a new generation of lubricant specially formulated to inhibit the growth of microbes that can cause product degradation in PURITY FG fluids and greases. Typical Characteristics are shown below: PURITY FG Greases FG2 FG 00 with MICROL Soap Type Aluminum Aluminum Polyurea Complex Complex NGLI Grade 2 00 2 Colour Cream White Cream White Cream Worked Penetration @ 25°C 283 420 293 Dropping Point. they have excellent anti-wear and EP properties.FOOD GRADE LUBRICANTS PURITY FG GREASES PURITY FG Greases are advanced food grade lubricants specially formulated to deliver exceptional performance and food grade purity under the highly demanding conditions of food processing operations. PURITY FG greases exhibit good low temperature pumpability and excellent resistance to water wash-out and spray loss. They can be used in a wide range of food processing applications including sleeve and anti-friction bearings.0 17.0 17. guides and couplings found on food processing machinery. slides. †MICROL is an antimicrobial product protection agent Food Industry Approvals Please see Food Industry Approvals/Credentials on page 170. PURITY FG2 with MICROL is the first NSF registered H1 lubricant with an U. kg/lb 16/35 16/35 14/30 Weld Point. °C/°F 277/531 211/412 309/588 Base Oil Viscosity cSt @ 40°C 182 182 182 cSt @ 100°C 17.S. kg 315 620 250 Operating Temperature Range min -20°C (-4°F) -35°C (-31°F) -20°C (-4°F) max 160°C (320°F) 120°C (248°F) 70°C (158°F) 6 161 .

stirring.8 213 52 27/60 500 -40°C (-40°F) to 200°C (392°F) 6 162 . baking. canning and bottling. °C/°F Base Oil Viscosity cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100°C SUS @ 100°F SUS @ 210°F Timken OK Load. packaging.FOOD GRADE LUBRICANTS PURITY FG SYNTHETIC GREASE PURITY FG2 Synthetic grease is specially formulated to provide outstanding lubrication in food processing applications running under heavier loads or subject to high and low temperature extremes. frying. Typical Characteristics are shown below: NGLI Grade Soap Type Colour Worked Penetration @ 25°C Dropping Point. Food Industry Approvals Please see Food Industry Approvals/Credentials on page 170. kg/lb Weld Point. kg Operating Temperature Range PURITY FG2 Synthetic 2 Calcium Sulfonate/ Carbonate Complex Tan 270 304/579. It is recommended as a multipurpose lubricant across all food processing applications including mixing.8 7. cooking.2 45.

°C/°F Base Oil Viscosity cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100°C SUS @ 100°F SUS @ 210°F Timken OK Load. slides. Food Industry Approvals Please see Food Industry Approvals/Credentials on page 170. PURITY FG2 CLEAR grease was designed for use in anti-friction bearings.7/50 315 -20°C (-4°F) to 160°C (320°F) PURITY FG CLEAR GREASE PURITY FG2 CLEAR grease is an advanced colourless lubricant specially formulated to deliver superior performance and food grade purity under the highly demanding conditions of food processing operations when compared to other CLEAR food grade greases. Food Industry Approvals Please see Food Industry Approvals/Credentials on page 170. Typical Characteristics are shown below: Soap Type NGLI Grade Colour Worked Penetration @ 25°C Dropping Point. Purity FG2 Extreme is best suited for applications under 1000 RPM’s.FOOD GRADE LUBRICANTS PURITY FG EXTREME GREASE PURITY FG2 EXTREME grease is a high viscosity. °C/°F Base Oil Viscosity cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100°C SUS @ 100°F SUS @ 210°F Timken OK Load. heavy loaded industrial bearings operating under severe conditions.2 2502 162 22. kg/lb Weld Point. Typical Characteristics are shown below: Soap Type NGLI Grade Colour Worked Penetration @ 25°C Dropping Point. kg/lb Weld Point. semi synthetic. guides and couplings throughout food processing plants. high pressure. heavy duty food grade grease specifically formulated for low to medium speed. It is specifically formulated for beverage production machinery such as canning and bottling equipment. PURITY FG2 Extreme exhibits excellent protection in applications subjected to high temperature. kg Normal Operating Temperature Range PURITY FG2 EXTREME Aluminum Complex 2 Cream White 276 264/507 469 33. such as animal feed pellet mills. and heavy loads while operating continuously. kg Normal Operating Temperature Range PURITY FG2 CLEAR Aluminum Complex 2 Clear 293 277/531 185 18 971 92 9/20 200 -20°C (-4°F) to 160°C (320°F) 6 163 .

They can also be used in bearings and chain drives. bevel and spur) used in food processing machinery.8 327. helical. 6 164 .2 142.2 17. 3 4 5 †MICROL is an antimicrobial product protection agent. °C/°F -12/10 -15/5 -18/0 AGMA No. PURITY FG EP Gear Fluids with MICROL have the added advantage of an antimicrobial preservative to further protect the lubricant and reduce product degradation caused by microbes. Typical Characteristics are shown below: Purity FG EP Gear Fluid with MICROL 100 150 220 Viscosity cSt @ 40°C 101. °C/°F 269/516 247/477 233/451 223/433 Pour Point.2 SUS @ 100°F 538 757 1089 1750 SUS @ 210°F 66 76 91 116 Viscosity Index 100 95 92 89 Flash Point. Food Industry Approvals Please see Food Industry Approvals/Credentials on page 170. Typical Characteristics are shown below: Purity FG EP Gear Fluid 100 150 220 320 Viscosity cSt @ 40°C 103. longer lasting protection of enclosed gear drives (worm.3 2582 144 88 199/390 -27/-17 7 PURITY FG EP GEAR FLUIDS with MICROL™† PURITY FG EP Gear Fluids with MICROL are advanced food grade lubricants formulated to deliver exceptional.6 14.FOOD GRADE LUBRICANTS PURITY FG EP GEAR FLUIDS PURITY FG EP Gear Fluids are advanced food grade lubricants formulated to deliver exceptional. helical.3 cSt @ 100°C 11.9 SUS @ 100°F 528 749 1184 SUS @ 210°F 65 76 96 Viscosity Index 99 97 94 Flash Point. bevel and spur) used in food processing machinery.7 223. They can also be used in bearings and chain drives.3 18. °C/°F -15/5 -18/0 -18/0 -21/-6 AGMA No. longer lasting protection of enclosed gear drives (worm. 3 4 5 6 460 479.6 23. °C/°F 271/520 219/426 211/412 Pour Point. Food Industry Approvals Please see Food Industry Approvals/Credentials on page 170.1 29.6 cSt @ 100°C 11.2 144.1 205.4 14.

°C/°F Pour Point.4 1098 130 158 273/523 -40/-40 5 Viscosity cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100°C SUS @ 100°F SUS @ 210°F Viscosity Index Flash Point. 6 165 . PURITY FG Synthetic EP Gear Fluid 220 213 26. PURITY FG Synthetic EP Gear Fluid is fortified with specially selected additives to provide outstanding resistance to oxidation and protection from wear and shock loading.FOOD GRADE LUBRICANTS PURITY FG SYNTHETIC EP GEAR FLUID PURITY FG Synthetic EP Gear Fluid is specially formulated to provide outstanding lubrication in food processing applications running under heavier loads or subject to high or low temperature extremes. helical. Typical applications include enclosed gear drives (worm. °C/°F AGMA No. bevel and spur). Food Industry Approvals Please see Food Industry Approvals/Credentials on page 170. and chain drives used in food processing machinery. plain and anti-friction bearings.

1 5.FOOD GRADE LUBRICANTS PURITY FG HEAT TRANSFER FLUID PURITY FG Heat Transfer Fluid is a food grade heat transfer fluid formulated for use in non pressurized. °C/°F Autoignition Temp °C / °F Max Bulk Temp. °C / °F PURITY FG Heat Transfer Fluid 37.6 98 237/459 -18/0 354/669 326/620 For details on the complete line of Heat Transfer Fluids. COC.4 45. 6 166 . see CALFLO on page 96. This thermally stable fluid is fortified with specially selected additives to provide outstanding protection from oxidative breakdown. edible oil deodorizing and heating of deep frying oils. liquid phase. Food Industry Approvals Please see Food Industry Approvals/Credentials on page 170. films and containers for the packaging of food products. °C/°F Pour Point. PURITY FG Heat Transfer Fluid is also used in the manufacture of plastic bottles. Typical Characteristics are shown below: Viscosity cSt @ 40C cSt @ 100°C SUS @ 100°F SUS @ 210°F Viscosity Index Flash Point. Typical applications include central cooking facilities.9 191. closed heat transfer systems operating with bulk temperatures up to 326°C (620°F). drying.

4 11. 75°C) †MICROL is an antimicrobial product protection agent.5 6.. and in inline oilers in pneumatic systems commonly found in food packaging applications. °C/°F Four-Ball Wear (mm) (40kg. 75°C) FZG Stage Pass 32 29.8 8. They provide excellent performance in high pressure systems including applications operating at more than 1000 PSI (7000 kPa). 1 hr.43 0. They provide the same excellent performance as our PURITY FG AW Hydraulic Fluids with the added advantage of an antimicrobial preservative to protect the lubricant and further prevent product degradation by microbes.49 12 0.5 45. °C/°F Pour Point.50 6 Viscosity cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100°C SUS @ 100°F SUS @ 210°F Viscosity Index Flash Point.FOOD GRADE LUBRICANTS PURITY FG AW HYDRAULIC FLUIDS PURITY FG AW Hydraulic Fluids are advanced food grade lubricants specially formulated to deliver exceptional.8 8. long lasting protection in hydraulic systems used in food processing and pharmaceutical operations.2 154 44 101 225/437 -18/0 0. in general circulating systems.8 5.46 12 Purity FG AW Hydraulic Fluid 46 68 100 45. Typical Characteristics are shown below: Purity FG AW Hydraulic Fluid with MICROL 32 46 68 100 30.3 157 236 334 511 44 49 55 65 102 104 104 101 215/419 241/466 253/487 275/527 -18/0 -18/0 -18/0 -15/+5 0.3 6.7 64. 167 .5 98.5 234 328 529 49 54 66 102 102 99 245/473 253/487 267/513 -18/0 -18/0 -15/+5 0. 1200 rpm. Typical Characteristics are shown below: Viscosity cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100°C SUS @ 100°F SUS @ 210°F Viscosity Index Flash Point.2 5.45 0.48 12 0.. °C/°F Four-Ball Wear (mm) (40kg.44 12 PURITY FG AW HYDRAULIC FLUIDS WITH MICROL† PURITY FG AW Hydraulic Fluids with MICROL are advanced food grade lubricants specially formulated to deliver exceptional. They may also be used to lubricate anti-friction bearings.4 63.6 11. 1 hr. °C/°F Pour Point. Food Industry Approvals Please see Food Industry Approvals/Credentials on page 170. long lasting protection in hydraulic systems used in food processing and pharmaceutical operations. 1200 rpm.3 101. Food Industry Approvals Please see Food Industry Approvals/Credentials on page 170.45 0.

hinges and small bearings used in food processing operations. cables and linkages. PURITY™ FG Spray contains special tackifiers to reduce drips and ‘fling off’ from moving parts. Food Industry Approvals Please see Food Industry Approvals/Credentials on page 170. and to protect against oil drips. pivots.6 50. slides. Food Industry Approvals Please see Food Industry Approvals/Credentials on page 170. It can also be used as a low viscosity lubricating fluid for chains and conveyors. Typical Characteristics are shown below: Viscosity cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100°C SUS @ 100°F SUS @ 210°F Viscosity Index Flash Point.FOOD GRADE LUBRICANTS PURITY FG SPRAY PURITY FG Spray is an advanced multipurpose food grade lubricant packaged in a convenient 290 gram / 400 mL aerosol can. Typical characteristics are shown below: Viscosity cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100°C SUS @ 100°F SUS @ 210°F Viscosity Index Pour Point.8 777 100 150 -12/10 PURITY FG TROLLEY FLUID PURITY FG Trolley Fluid is formulated to lubricate hook and trolley systems in meat processing operations. °C/°F Four-Ball Wear scar diameter. PURITY FG Trolley Fluid is fortified with specially selected additives to provide outstanding resistance to wear and corrosion. °C/°F Pour Point. rails and guides. It is also an excellent release agent for gaskets and seals. and as a rust protective oil.45 6 168 .7 7. mm PURITY FG Trolley Fluid 46 43. °C/°F PURITY FG Spray (without propellent) 151 19. Typical applications include chains. Purity FG Trolley Fluid can also be utilized as a light chain oil in either a drip or atomized application.31 223.4 131 215/419 -15/5 0. gears.

PURITY FG WO white mineral oils are ideally suited for applications that require a straight. pharmaceutical and agricultural industries.8 11.FOOD GRADE LUBRICANTS PURITY FG WO – WHITE MINERAL OILS PURITY FG WO white mineral oils are ultra pure. kg/l @ 15°C Flash Point. and processing of food.1 68 5.864 0. Blended with a stabilizer for extended shelf life. Saybolt 15 15.0 3.8 531 67 104 0. Typical Characteristics are shown below: Viscosity. Food Industry Approvals Please see Food Industry Approvals/Credentials on page 170. food grade white mineral oils specially formulated for food processing. These applications include direct and indirect food contact in the production.8 8. packaging.859 175/347 -18/0 30 PURITY FG WO Fluids 35 68 36.870 266/511 -15/5 30 6 169 .866 220/428 >200/>392 -18/0 -18/0 30 30 90 102.9 186 347 46 55.7 111 100 0.4 78 38 98 0. PURITY FG WO oils may also be used in cosmetics and pharmaceutical processing aids where white mineral oils are required. °C/°F Colour. °C/°F Pour Point. non-toxic white mineral oil.cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100C SUS @ 100°F SUS @ 210°F Viscosity Index Density.

3570. consult a Petro-Canada Technical Service Representative.6 Food Industry Approvals/Credentials CFIA (c1) IFANCA NSF Registrations H1 X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 3H HT1 n n3 Kosher and Pareve by Star K Approved for the preparation Kosher Kosher of Kosher and for Foods Pareve Passover Halal Food Allergens and GMS Free of Genetically Modified Substances Allergens* Gluten (GMS) X X X X X X X 170 X X X X X X t1 X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X FOOD GRADE LUBRICANTS Product Name PURITY FG AW Hydraulic Fluid PURITY FG AW Hydraulic Fluid with MICROL PURITY FG EP Gear Fluid PURITY FG EP Gear Fluid with MICROL PURITY FG Synthetic EP Gear Fluid PURITY FG Chain Fluid PURITY FG Compressor Fluid PURITY FG Synthetic Compressor Fluid PURITY FG Spray PURITY FG Trolley Fluid PURITY FG Heat Transfer Fluid PURITY FG White Oils PURITY FG2 PURITY FG2 with MICROL PURITY FG OO PURITY FG2 Synthetic PURITY FG2 Extreme PURITY FG2 Clear X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X NOTES: Regardless of the absence of these allergens in the lubricants. sesame seeds. †MICROL is an antimicrobial product protection agent. milk/milk products. For a complete list of PURITY FG approvals. soybeans/soybean products. . eggs/egg products. nuts/nut derivatives. sulfites and wheat/wheat products. *The following allergens were reviewed: fish. Purity FG lubricants are approved for use only as Lubricants with Incidental Food Contact as per 21CFR 178. They are not food additives and are not to be added to food products. shellfish.

5 3.5 Density.5 <0.825 <0.1 10 0.4 2. °C/°F Aromatics. elastomer. Paraflex HT Fluids are recommended for use as raw materials in the manufacture of a wide range of chemical. ASTM Viscosity cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100°C SUS @ 100°F SUS @ 210°F Viscosity Index Pour Point.845 <0.2 22 0.5 103 11. %Wt 3 0.0 5.5 Paraflex HT 5 9 0.867 <0.9 352 56 103 -15/+5 0.8 237 48 103 -15/5 0.5 5.5 2.8 536 66 102 -12/+10 0.836 <0.0 8.3 4.5 3. which removes undesirable polar and aromatic compounds from the product. lubricant and specialty products.867 <0.865 <0.5 68 0.5 15 0. °C/°F Aromatics.0 6.7 1.5 22.860 <0.5 46.860 <0. designed for use by industry in a wide range of finished products.2 32 0.5 9. Petro-Canada’s line of Process Fluids includes: Paraflex HT Fluids Cycloflex Oils VHVI Specialty Base Fluids PureDrill Drilling Mud Base Fluids Dust Suppressant Fluid PARAFLEX HT FLUID Paraflex HT Fluids are carefully controlled blends of the advanced base oils produced from Petro-Canada’s HT Purity Process. Paraflex HT Fluids are crystal clear and have low toxicity.850 0.5 7 171 .4 39 <32 – -57/-71 0.6 180 45 97 -18/0 0.5 68.5 3.6 59 34 98 -32/-26 0.5 15.870 <0.PROCESS FLUIDS PROCESS FLUIDS INTRODUCTION Petro-Canada’s line of Process Fluids are select blends of high quality base fluids. % Wt Paraflex HT 46 0. Composed of saturated hydrocarbons.5 10.5 4 0. kg/l @ 15°C Colour.4 1.5 100 0.8 1.3 116 40 97 -15/+5 0.3 38 <32 – -24/-11 2.863 <0.6 63 35 78 -18/0 0.8 45 32 – -9/+16 1. Typical Characteristics are shown below: Density. ASTM Viscosity cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100°C SUS @ 100°F SUS @ 210°F Viscosity Index Pour Point.5 35.5 84 38 101 -21/-6 0. kg/l @ 15°C Colour.

ASTM Viscosity cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100°C SUS @ 100°F SUS @ 210°F Viscosity Index Pour Point.8 220 0.0 220 18. enhanced mineral oil. PureDrill™ IA-35 is also readily biodegradable. PureDrill™ IA-35LV is also readily biodegradable. ideally suited for use where regulations require environmentally friendly products. Typical properties for these fluids are given below: PureDrill PureDrill PureDrill PureDrill IA-35 IA-35LV HT-30 HT-40 0.6 34.883 7.895 8.5 <0. Typical Characteristics are shown below: Density. heavier viscosity oils. PureDrill™ HT-40 is specifically developed for onshore drilling and is also suitable for offshore zero-discharge drilling. °C/°F Polynuclear Aromatics.0 1000 43.2 5497 209 78 +3/+37 38 PUREDRILL™ DRILLING MUD BASE FLUIDS Petro-Canada PureDrill onshore and offshore drilling mud base fluids are specifically designed to provide significant improvements in drilling efficiency and reduced bit wear.4 Cycloflex 320 0. ultra-deep.4 Wtr-33/-27 90/194 83/181 83/181 78/172 <10 <10 <10 <10 7 Density. ASTM Appearance Kinematic Viscosity. with aromatic contents ranging from 5 to 40%.877 6. Their chemical composition is similar to solvent-refined oils. kg/l @ 15°C Colour. cSt @ 40°C SUS @ 100°F Flash Point.5 <0. PureDrill™ IA-35 is an ultra-pure synthetic isoalkane fluid developed for off-shore drilling operations.84 <0.5 Water White Water White Water White Water White 3. cold-water drilling operations. ASTM D93.5 2.0 320 22. °C/°F Aromatics.83 0.914 >8.82 0. PureDrill minimizes the environmental impact on natural habitats and improves rig worker health and safety.PROCESS FLUIDS CYCLOFLEX OIL Cycloflex Oils are dark coloured.5 1712 112 87 -6/+21 20.901 >8. specially formulated for onshore drilling and offshore zero discharge drilling.4 789 77 94 -6/+21 6.6 2.9 460 0.6 134/273 94/201 94/201 104/219 <-57/-71 <-57/-71 -36/-33 Smr-18/-0.6 1000 0. It is a severely hydrocracked low-toxicity enhanced mineral oil representing a much safer.0 150 14.6 37.5 2478 139 87 -6/+21 26.6 34.5 <0. PureDrill™ IA-35LV is an ultra-pure low-viscosity synthetic isoalkane fluid specifically developed for off-shore.82 0.5 37. kg/l @ 15°C Colour. °C/°F Pour Point.6 3. °C/°F Aniline Point. ppm 172 . odourless replacement for diesel fuel.0 460 28. PureDrill™ HT-30 is a low viscosity.3 1166 93 91 -6/+21 14. % Wt 150 0.

6 59 35 177/351 -36/-33 Undetectable 7 173 . kg/l Kinematic Viscosity. cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100°C SUS @ 100°F SUS @ 210°F Flash Point. DSF 65 is odourless and colourless. typical rates range from 0. virtually non-toxic fluid designed to reduce the generation of airborne particulate matter on roads. Although application rates will vary with the circumstances. DSF 65 is especially recommended for use in environmentally sensitive areas.PROCESS FLUIDS DUST SUPPRESSANT FLUID DSF 65 Petro-Canada Dust Suppressant Fluid DSF 65 is a safe. applications and environmental conditions. and industrial equipment. ppm Dust Suppressant Fluid DSF 65 0. fields. aquatic life and plants.5 2. virtually non-toxic to humans.83 9. animals. °C/°F Pour Point.5 to 2 litres/m2. °C/°F Polynuclear Aromatics. The typical characteristics are as follows: Density @ 15°C.

850 <1.20 7 174 .841 <0. °C/°F Aromatics.5 58 100 177/351 -42/-44 0. very high VI mineral base fluids of exceptionally high purity.PROCESS FLUIDS VHVI SPECIALTY BASE FLUIDS Petro-Canada Specialty Base Fluids are a series of severely hydrocracked.20 VHVI 8 0. °C/°F Pour Point.5 9. Typical characteristics for these fluids are as follows: Density.1 6.0 34.845 <1. cSt @ 40°C cSt @ 100°C SUS @ 100°F Viscosity Index Flash Point.0 278 124 248/478 -12/+10 0. ASTM Kinematic Viscosity.5 108 130 215/419 -24/-11 0.20 VHVI 6 0.3 2. COC.5 54.830 <0.2 8.8 4. Wt % VHVI 2 0.0 174 127 230/446 -15/+5 0. kg/l @ 15°C Colour.15 VHVI 4 0.5 20.

Petro-Canada operates two modern refineries in: Montreal. from a basic level in RegularClean and PlusClean to higher levels in SuperClean and SuperClean 94. petrochemical feedstocks and asphalts. Most service stations offer 3 grades of gasoline to meet virtually all customer needs. as Petro-Canada refineries produce certain specialty products such as aviation fuels. Quebec and Edmonton. 8 175 .FUELS & REFINERY PRODUCTS FUELS & REFINERY PRODUCTS In addition to our world scale Lubricants base oil manufacturing and blending plant in Mississauga. GASOLINES Petro-Canada’s branded gasolines come in 4 octane grades: 87 octane regular: 89 octane mid-grade: 91 octane premium: 94 octane super premium: RegularClean PlusClean SuperClean SuperClean 94 (available in Montreal. and Petro-Canada’s branded gasolines meet and exceed this requirement. The primary purpose of the octane quality of gasolines is to prevent pre-ignition of fuels. Basic Tactrol™ levels in RegularClean and PlusClean will keep a fuel system clean. while higher levels in SuperClean and SuperClean 94 will reduce deposits from fuel injectors and intake valves. Ontario.). a 94 octane super premium gasoline. Stations in Montreal. TACTROL™ DEPOSIT CONTROL ADDITIVE (GASOLINE DETERGENT) TACTROL™ is Petro-Canada’s own unique and exclusive Deposit Control Additive formulation that acts as a detergent to prevent the build up of harmful deposits and clean-up deposits in fuel injectors and intake valves. about 25% of Canadian vehicles require a higher octane fuel for proper performance for routine operation or during heavy load applications (towing. All of Petro-Canada branded gasolines contain increasing levels of Tactrol™. etc. SuperClean and SuperClean 94. Both refineries produce gasolines and diesel fuels. solvents. Vancouver Area and Victoria) While 87 octane RegularClean is satisfactory for 75% of all vehicles. Most vehicle manufacturers recommend using a gasoline with a detergent. the Vancouver area and Victoria also carry SuperClean 94. which may lead to poor performance and engine damage. allowing proper combustion of the fuel and preventing knocking or pinging. Alberta.

More information is available at Petro Canada’s internet web site: www. and. SuperPass is Petro-Canada’s commercial credit card. “Lubricity” is the ability of a diesel fuel to lubricate fuel-wetted parts of fuel pumps and fuel injectors to reduce wear. to allow easier starting in very cold weather.FUELS & REFINERY PRODUCTS WinterGas During winter months (in most of Canada). ™ to keep fuel systems clean.5% of low winter temperatures that may be encountered. 1 Low Sulphur Diesel for urban buses. Marine Gasoline Petro-Canada’s Marine Gasoline on the West Coast of Canada is an 89 octane product which should meet the needs of most marine applications. and may be used across Canada and at many locations in the United States. Petro-Canada offers WinterGas for superior cold weather protection and performance. The fuel is designed for 97. Most of the ‘off-road’ diesel fuel that Petro-Canada sells is also low sulphur. to reduce diesel engine emissions and comply with federal environmental regulations. 8 176 . All low sulphur diesel fuel is treated with lubricity additive to ensure that it has adequate lubricity to protect equipment from undue wear. All Petro-Canada diesel fuels have suitable lubricity for both new and older diesel engines. Seasonal adjustment occurs as frequently as bi-monthly.ca Petro-Canada also offers specialty diesel fuels at selected locations across Canada. offering fuel. supplies and facilities for truckers across Canada. It is generally dyed red. It contains a de-icer to reduce the possibility of fuel line freeze-up due to condensation in vehicle fuel tanks. through periods of seasonal transition. underground mines and low temperature applications. but is not guaranteed to be 15 ppm maximum sulphur content. WinterGas is specially formulated for winter conditions. based on 25 years of historic temperature data. of course. such as No. All diesel fuel sold for ‘on-road’ use is low sulphur diesel fuel – with a maximum of 1515 parts per million (ppm) sulphur. and Diesel 50 for very cold applications (down to -40°C or -43°C depending on supply point) in northern and arctic locations. fuel and information management system. DIESEL FUELS All of Petro-Canada’s regular diesel fuels are seasonally adjusted – to meet low temperature operability requirements for different geographic areas.petro-canada. it contains TACTROL. Petro-Pass is Petro-Canada’s chain of truck stops.

FUELS & REFINERY PRODUCTS FURNACE FUEL / FUEL OIL Petro-Canada offers furnace fuel oil for both residential and commercial heating. Jet B is a ‘gasoline-like’ fuel. furnace fuels are formulated to be suitable for different geographic regions. composed mostly of naphtha (wide-cut fuel) and is used by helicopters and aircraft in the north (because of it’s ease of engine starting. Regular gasoline in this area may also contain ethanol. Jet B. F-34 is Jet A-1 with De-icer (fuel system icing inhibitor) and CI (corrosion inhibitor) and is the version of Jet A used by the Military. AvGas 100LL is available at the Edmonton Truck Rack. Because this is a leaded fuel it is restricted to aviation use. Jet B-DI and Jet F-40 are turbine fuels produced at Edmonton Refinery. Petro-Canada is a major Canadian producer of natural gas. Pumps will be clearly labeled if the gasoline contains ethyl alcohol. Special Training is required for the loading of aviation fuels and is available at the Edmonton Terminal. 8 177 . Jet A-1 and F-34 are available at the Edmonton Truck Rack. This product is a high octane. Jet B-DI. Ethanol Blended gasoline (E-10) with up to 10% ethyl alcohol has varying availably across the country. and sells significant volumes of natural gas into the bulk wholesale market. for use in stoves and small heaters. It is sold at selected bulk plant sites in southwestern Ontario. is Jet B with De-icer (fuel system icing inhibitor) and F-40 is Jet B with De-icer (fuel system icing inhibitor) and CI (corrosion inhibitor). AVIATION FUELS Jet A-1 and F-34 are turbine fuels produced at Petro-Canada Edmonton Refinery. to meet local needs. ALTERNATIVE FUELS Propane (automotive. Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) / Natural Gas for Vehicles (NGV) is sold at selected service stations in the Vancouver area. leaded fuel designed for high compression ratio piston aero engines. Jet B. Saskatchewan and Ontario (starting in the Spring of 2007) have mandated the use of ethanol in gasoline and regular gasoline in these areas may contain ethanol. Jet A-1 is a kerosene-type fuel. HD-5 quality) is sold at many Petro-Canada service stations. Jet B-DI and Jet F-40 are available at the Edmonton Truck Rack. SuperClean 94 contains ethyl alcohol and starting in the Spring of 2007. Aviation Gasoline 100LL is also produced at Edmonton Refinery. In the Montreal Area. especially in cold weather). Similar to diesel fuel. Many multiple-engine planes require this fuel. Stove Oil is available in some locations. Jet A-1 is used in most commercial jets and is shipped by pipeline or truck to major local airports. especially in mobile homes.

is produced at natural gas plants in Western Canada. rail car or truck loads. Petro-Canada does not offer many of these specialty products such as kerosene or Petrosol 3139 in retail package sizes. Montreal Refinery produces a Petrosol 3355 solvent for specialty applications. Asphalt is sold in tanker truckload quantities. Petro-Canada also manufactures 2 penetration and viscosity grades of Asphalt Cement to satisfy the requirements of the paving contractors for the manufacture of asphalt emulsions or other industrial applications. but sells to other companies that package and distribute these products. Newfoundland. and bulk or packaged BUR’s. Kerosene 1-K is produced in Edmonton and Montreal. Carbon black feedstock is a heavy. and to the construction of built-up roofing (BUR). Water access also provides the ability to load vessels at this facility. Petrochemicals: Montreal Refinery produces benzene.FUELS & REFINERY PRODUCTS SPECIALTY PRODUCTS Most of the specialty products that Petro-Canada produces are sold in commercial quantities by pipeline shipment. Petro-Canada manufactures 55 performance grades (PG-grades) of Asphalt Cement to satisfy the requirements of the Ministry of Transportation of Ontario. black aromatic oil used to make carbon black (finely powered carbon) for use in tire manufacture. Other specialty products may be produced at some refineries. parking lots and driveways. and nonenes for the petrochemical industry. the Quebec Ministry of Transportation. Asphalt is produced at our Montreal refinery in Eastern Canada. xylene. Vermont. to the manufacturers of asphalt shingles and roofing products. The 1-K grade is a very low sulphur. Coke. black carbon looking like lava rock. is used to make carbon electrodes for smelting bauxite to make aluminum. for the construction of asphalt pavements. as well as New York State. such as the production of asphalt shingles. the Maritimes. Petro-Canada is a major producer and marketer of asphalt to the transportation and road building industry. and these products are usually of limited or special commercial interest: Sulphur. a basic industrial chemical. 178 . toluene. and New Hampshire DOTs. 8 Petro-Canada has ISO 9000 registration for the supply of asphalt. low odour product designed for use in kerosene heaters and lamps.

The ‘code’ to describe fuels consists of the initials “ISO” followed by “F” and the specific category of fuel consisting of 3 letters. Classification of Petroleum Fuels. 179 .FUELS & REFINERY PRODUCTS ISO FUEL CLASSIFICATION A simpified description is appended overleaf. but differ in other characteristics such as maximum density and maximum pour point. generally natural gas. RMK: various residual marine diesel fuels. marine diesel fuel. highly flammable). where “yy” would be a specific type of gasoline. for emergency purposes. R: C: Thus a gasoline would have the following designation: ISO-F-D(L)-yy. generally propane. general purpose. marine diesel fuel. For example: ISO-F-RMA 30 and ISO-F-RMB 30 are two residual marine fuels with maximum 30 cst viscosity at 50°C. Within the class of petroleum. general purpose. Under the international ISO standards. MARINE DIESEL FUELS (ISO 8217) have the designation: ISO-F-DMx-yy. may contain trace. including normal diesel fuels. all petroleum fuels are designated by the letter “F”. where DM stands for Diesel Marine. The first of the 3 letters is the general category described in the following paragraph. may contain some residue. marine diesel fuel. such as heavy gas oil. and RM stands for Residual Marine. Sub-groups: D(L): gasoline – light. general purpose. flash point above 38°C D(H): heavy distillate. RME. DMX: DMA: DMB: DMC: RMA: marine diesel fuel. furnace fuels. RMF. RMH. 8 The number following these codes represents the maximum kinematic viscosity at 50°C. This section gives a simplified description of ISO 8216. RMB. kerosene and stove oil. butane and mixtures of the two. D(M): middle distillate fuels. flash point usually above 60°C. contains trace residuum. Liquefied petroleum gases. Petroleum coke. highly volatile fuels with low flash points (hence. RMD. RMG. Distillate fuels (meaning that they have been distilled from crude oil). there are 5 categories defined according to the type of fuel listed in decreasing order of volatility: G: L: D: Gaseous fuels. flash point below ambient temperature. Residual fuels – heavy fuels such as ‘bunker’ which contain the heaviest components of crude oil. contains no residuum. For further information on Petro-Canada Fuels or Specialty Products please contact your local Petro-Canada representative. or ISO-F-RMx-yy.

FUELS & REFINERY PRODUCTS 8 180 .

which is now known as the Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers (STLE). In this capacity.GLOSSARY OF TERMS GLOSSARY OF TERMS ACID NUMBER – (see NEUT NUMBER) AGMA – American Gear Manufacturers Association. ANTI-OXIDANT – (see OXIDATION INHIBITOR) API – (American Petroleum Institute) – society organized to further the interests of the petroleum industry. etc. and a superabundance of detergent may actually reduce cleanliness. Organic detergents have been developed. improve marketing conditions. and rules for Base Oil Interchange. AUTO IGNITION TEMPERATURE – See description under FLASH POINT. Some of the ash may be contributed by additives other than detergents. and the standardization of specifications and methods of testing. Interpretations can be grossly distorted. metal surfaces under normal operating conditions. 3. a preponderance of the data used to describe. The additive reacts chemically with.” In North America. ANTI-FOAM AGENT – (see FOAM INHIBITOR) ANTI-WEAR AGENT – An additive that minimizes wear caused by metal-to-metal contact during conditions of mild boundary lubrication (e. it serves to clear information. There appears to be a limit to the effective concentration of detergent. identify. one of whose activities is the establishment and promotion of standards for gear lubricants. however. for the following reasons: 1. wear. ASTM – (American Society for Testing and Materials) – organization devoted to “the promotion of knowledge of the materials of engineering. Some combinations of base oil and additive are much more effective than others. 4. that leave no ash at all. conduct research. One of the Institute’s activities has been the development of the API SERVICE CLASSIFICATIONS for crankcase oils. in fact. the percentage of ash has been considered to have a relationship to detergency. BASE NUMBER – (see NEUT NUMBER) BLOCK GREASE – A very firm grease manufactured in block form to be applied to certain large open plain bearings operating at high temperatures and slow speeds. ASH CONTENT – non-combustible residue of a lubricating oil (also fuels) determined in accordance with ASTM D582 – also D874 (sulphated ash). 181 9 . which give rise to Base Oil Groups I-V. and forms a film on. and lubrication. Detergents vary considerably in their potency. Nothing is gained by exceeding this limit. stops and starts. Since some detergents are metallic salts or compounds.g. 2. and some leave more ash than others. ASLE – (American Society of Lubrication Engineers) – the former name of an organization involved with friction. Detergency depends on the properties of the base oil as well as on the additive. oscillating motion). or specify petroleum products is determined in accordance with ASTM Test Methods.

These additives. they are in fact determined for many other types of lubricant. As far as the effects of residue on performance go. Due to metal-metal contact. Under the most severe extreme pressure conditions. chlorine and/or phosphorus may be used. these additives combine chemically with the metal to form a surface film. a moderate EP additive package is used. which develops standards for products and test methods specifically required in Canada. There may be little similarity between conditions of test and conditions of service. For somewhat more severe EP conditions. In addition. The operating principle for the Brookfield viscometer is the torque resistance on a spindle rotating in the fluid being tested. it should be interpreted with caution. many consider that the type of carbon is of greater significance than the quantity. but it prevents the welding of opposing asperities (high points) and the consequent scoring that is destructive to sliding surfaces. CARBON RESIDUE – percent of coked material remaining after a sample of lubricating oil has been exposed to high temperatures under ASTM Method D189 (Conradson) or D524 (Ramsbottom). Plating out on these surfaces in a thin but durable film. and general interest groups. more active EP compounds containing sulphur. for example. users. and partial separation of the surfaces by a fluid film of lubricant. typically zincphosphorus compounds. reduce the wear of metal surfaces. e.g. as occurs in many industrial gear sets. Another class of boundary lubricants is that which contains ANTI-WEAR ADDITIVES. as distinct from reducing the possibility of scoring. High quality engine oils contain anti-wear additives to protect the heavily loaded parts of modern engines. At the very high local temperatures associated with metal contact. For the milder conditions. Specific additives in certain lubricants will minimize wear under boundary lubrication conditions. These are polar materials that are oil soluble and have an exceptionally high affinity for metal surfaces. The more severe cases of boundary lubrication are defined as EXTREME PRESSURE (EP) conditions. These conditions are met with lubricants which contain EP additives. in centipoises.GLOSSARY OF TERMS BOUNDARY LUBRICATION – a state of lubrication characterized by partial contact between two metal surfaces. Under the less severe EP conditions. as in certain worm gear or shock loaded applications. severe wear can take place during boundary lubrication. as occurs in automotive hypoid gears and in many rolling mill applications. COMPOUNDED OILS which are formulated with polar fatty oils. Although Brookfield viscosities are most frequently associated with low temperature properties of gear oils and transmission fluids. While carbon residue may have significance in the evaluation of roll oils and pneumatic-tool lubricants. a mild EP additive such as sulphurized fatty oil may be used. and they are met with various additive types. OILINESS ADDITIVES may be used. There are varying degrees of boundary lubrication. particularly valve trains. CENTISTOKE (cSt) – (see VISCOSITY) CENTIPOISE (cP) – (see VISCOSITY) CGSB – (Canadian General Standards Board) – a consensus organization composed of people representing producers. These additives prevent excessive friction and scoring by providing a film on the metal surface. are sometimes used for this purpose. Not only is this film effective in reducing friction. oiliness additives give protection under some conditions that are too severe for a straight mineral oil. as determined on the Brookfield viscometer (ASTM D2983). moreover. BROOKFIELD VISCOSITY – viscosity. white oils. 182 9 .

Neutral or basic compounds are created which can remain in suspension in the oil. It is a desirable characteristic of oils such as circulating oils that must separate from water readily. which deals with the protection of a surface from some contaminant. While some degree of channelling is desirable to prevent excessive churning of the lubricant. The amount of channelling can be controlled to a large extent by the consistency or viscosity of the lubricant. CLOUD POINT – (see POUR POINT) COMPOUNDED OIL – a blend of petroleum oil with small amounts of fatty or synthetic fatty oils is referred to as COMPOUNDING. the oil separates and rises rapidly to the top of the water. Demulsibility is thus a measure of a lubricating oil’s ability to separate from water. ASTM D130. They are not generally recommended. DEMULSIBILITY – test time required for a specified oil-water emulsion to break. DISPERSANTS operate to break up insoluble contaminant particles already formed. unadditized mineral oils have inherently good demulsibility. DETERGENT – an additive in crankcase oils generally combined with dispersant additives. Particles are kept finely divided so that they can remain “dispersed” or colloidally suspended in the oil. Test results are based on the matching of corrosion stains. 183 9 . such as water. Compounded oils are used for certain wet applications to prevent washing-off of the lubricant from the metal surfaces. CORROSION INHIBITOR – a lubricant additive for protecting surfaces against chemical attack from contaminants in the lubricant. Non corrosiveness is not to be confused with rust inhibiting. It may be considered an indication of the high temperature limitation for application purposes. moreover. an important consideration in the maintenance of many circulating oil systems. The fatty materials enable the oil to combine physically with the water instead of being displaced by it. for service that requires high oxidation stability. The most common types of corrosion inhibitors generally react chemically with the metal surfaces to be protected. forming sludge. (See BOUNDARY LUBRICATION). DISPERSANT – (see DETERGENT) DROPPING POINT – the temperature at which a grease changes from semisolid to a liquid state under test conditions. COPPER STRIP CORROSION – evaluation of a product’s tendency to corrode copper or copper alloys. thus forming an inert film in these areas. particularly in high-speed rolling element bearings. Highly refined. Even after violently shaking an oil/water mixture. Because the fatty material imparts a strong affinity for metal surfaces. however. Cylinder oils for wet steam applications and for some air compressors are compounded. A detergent chemically neutralizes acidic contaminants in the oil before they become insoluble and fall out of the oil. using ASTM D1401 test method.GLOSSARY OF TERMS CHANNELLING – formation of a “groove” in grease (or in oil too viscous to flow readily under existing conditions). rather than from the oil itself. This is true also of other oils formulated for good demulsibility. such as a gear or the rolling member of an anti-friction bearing. compounded oils are frequently used for applications in which lubricity or extra load-carrying ability are needed. a channel so permanent as to preclude further movement of lubricant to the contacting surfaces might cause equipment failure due to lack of lubricant. Channels are cut by the motion of a lubricated element.

Flash and fire points should not be confused with AUTO-IGNITION TEMPERATURE. Flash point may be determined by the following ASTM Methods: CLOSED CUP (covered sample container): D93 “Flash Point by Pensky-Martens Closed Test” for fuel oils – also for cutback asphalts and other viscous materials and suspensions of solids: OPEN CUP (uncovered sample container): D92 “Flash and Fire Points by Cleveland Open Cup: for lubricating oils. Fire point is the minimum sample temperature at which vapour is produced at a sufficient rate to sustain combustion.GLOSSARY OF TERMS EMULSION – a mechanical mixture of two mutually insoluble liquids (such as oil and water). it is the lowest sample temperature at which the air vapour mixture will “flash” in the presence of a small flame. The balls are immersed in the lubricant under investigation. the temperature at which combustion occurs spontaneously (without an external source of ignition). the average diameter of the wear scar on the three lower balls is reported. where a lower flash point denotes a more volatile material. Since the fire points of commercial petroleum oils ordinarily run about 30°C above the corresponding flash point. depending on circumstances. The loading is increased at specified intervals until the rotating ball seizes and welds to the other balls. Of comparable significance. In this test the top ball is rotated at a specified speed (1700±60 rpm). it is the lowest sample temperature at which the ignited vapour persists in burning for at least 5 seconds. EP AGENT – an additive to improve the extreme pressure properties of a lubricant. and load. they are often omitted from petroleum product data. lowers the flash point. (see BOUNDARY LUBRICATION) FIRE POINT – (see FLASH POINT) FLASH POINT – minimum temperature of a petroleum product or other combustible fluid at which vapour is produced at a rate sufficient to yield a combustible mixture. temperature. FOUR BALL TESTS – two test procedures based on the same principle – the Four-Ball EP Test (ASTM D2596) and Four-Ball Wear Test (ASTM D2266). The dilution of a crankcase oil with fuel. The test is carried out at a specified speed. however. It promotes the combination of small bubbles into large bubbles which burst more easily. FOAM INHIBITOR – an additive which causes foam to dissipate more rapidly. is their value in providing a simple indication of volatility. The three lower balls are clamped together to form a cradle upon which the fourth ball rotates in a vertical axis. At the end of a specified period. this last method provides also for the determination of a FIRE POINT. As indicated. Two values are generally reported – LOAD WEAR INDEX (formerly mean Hertz load) and WELD POINT. The FOUR BALL WEAR TEST is used to determine the relative wear-preventing properties of lubricants operating under boundary lubrication conditions. Emulsification may or may not be desirable. At the end of each interval the average scar diameter is recorded. Specifically. Specifically. Soluble cutting oils are designed with an emulsifier to maintain a stable emulsion of oil and water for lubricating and cooling machining operations. 9 184 . for example. The FOUR-BALL EP TEST is designed to evaluate performance under much higher unit loads. but temperature is not controlled. Flash and fire points have obvious safety connotations – the higher the test temperature the less the hazard of fire or explosion.

give extremely stable lubricants of a synthetic level performance. foam inhibitors. certain additives impart acidity. In service. etc. of itself. INHIBITOR – additive for the control of an undesirable phenomenon in grease. etc. which when blended with carefully selected additives. Under these severe conditions. How high an acid number can be 185 9 .5+% saturated hydrocarbons. in the presence of a catalyst. at elevated temperatures. nitrogen and oxygencontaining impurities. in the presence of pressurized hydrogen and a catalyst. The most common measurement is ACID NUMBER. in time. HYDROFINISHING – (see HYDROTREATING) HYDROISOMERIZATON – the HydroIsomerization process employs a special catalyst which selectively isomerize wax molecules to isoparaffinic lube oils. additive depletion. Hydrocracking produces very high quality. The process also virtually eliminates all traces of sulphur. This process can also be utilized to produce selected base oils with VIs approaching 130 and performance characteristics very similar to synthetic lubricants such as poly-alpha-olefins (PAO). the specific quantity of KOH (potassium hydroxide) required to counterbalance the acid characteristics. an increase in acidity may be indicative of oil deterioration. ISO – (International Organization for Standardization) – an organization which establishes internationally recognized standards for products and test methods. in boundary lubrication there is only a partial fluid film separating the two surfaces and some surface-to-surface contact occurs. This relatively mild process. NEUT NUMBER – or NEUTRALIZATION NUMBER: the specific quantity of reagent required to “neutralize” the acidity or alkalinity of a lube oil sample. oils. HYDRODYNAMIC LUBRICATION – a lubrication regime characterized by a full fluid film between two moving surfaces. rust inhibitors.. for example: oxidation inhibitors. which is used by a few manufacturers of superior quality lubricant basestock. Though acidity is not. and neut number is widely used to evaluate the condition of an oil in service. at very high temperatures (400-425°C) and pressures (3000 plus psi). virtually all the aromatic hydrocarbons present are isomerized and saturated to yield a basestock containing 96% to 99. the oil will. depending on its composition. This action develops a high pressure in the fluid which completely separates the two surfaces. synthetic-like basestocks. The process produces base stocks with higher NIs (Viscosity Index) and improved low temperature fluidity. is sometimes called “Hydrofinishing” and is used to improve the colour and odour of fuels and lubricant basestocks. In the process. Either of these characteristics – acidity or alkalinity – may be exhibited by an unused oil. compared to stocks produced with low conventinal dewaxing. show increasing acidity as the result of oxidation and. in some cases. or fuels. a petroleum feedstock is reacted with hydrogen. One example is the ISO Viscosity Grade system for industrial oils. In addition.GLOSSARY OF TERMS HYDROCRACKING – is a process. The most common example is the type of lubrication which occurs in oil lubricated journal bearings. By contrast. The movement of one surface (the shaft or journal) “pulls” lubricating oil into the space between the journal and the bearing. HYDROTREATING – a generic name for a refinery process for treating fuels and lubricant feedstocks. while alkalinity may be derived from the presence of detergents or of basic material added to control oxidation. necessarily harmful.

POISE – CGS unit of absolute viscosity: shear stress (in dynes per square centimeter) required to move one layer of fluid along another over a total layer thickness of one centimeter at a shear rate of one centimeter per second. Values for TOTAL ACID. So the oxidation of petroleum products is a chain reaction. Neut number is determined in accordance with the ASTM Method D664 or D974. or other means of controlling contamination. Oxidation usually involves the addition of oxygen atoms. It is accelerated by higher temperatures. varnishes. however. all of which are undesirable. such as those derived from sulphur. see NEUT NUMBER. and acids. For information on determining the degree of deterioration sustained by a used oil and hence.) 9 186 . 3. STRONG ACID. A total acid number (TAN) and a total base number (TBN) can exist simultaneously. and STRONG BASE can. colorimetric. Nevertheless. proper selection of crude type. The CENTIPOISE (cP) is 1/100 of a poise and is the unit of absolute viscosity most commonly used. Long service is also promoted by good maintenance practices – filtration. the rate of oxidation essentially doubles. OXIDATION INHIBITOR – chemical added in small quantities to a petroleum product to increase its oxidation resistance and hence to lengthen its service or storage life. eliminating the presence of air and of catalytic metals.GLOSSARY OF TERMS tolerated depends on the oil and the service conditions. Oxidation is also promoted by the presence of catalytic metals. the peroxides that are the initial products of oxidation are themselves oxidizing agents. TOTAL BASE. and only broad experience with the individual situation can determine such a value. thorough refining. Petroleum products that require a long service or storage life can be formulated to meet requirements by: 1. Whereas ordinary viscosity measurements depend on the force of gravity on the fluid to supply the shear stress and are thus subject to distortion by differences in fluid density. Paraffinic oils are noted for natural resistance to oxidation: 2. is very high. With fuels and lube oils. oxidation produces sludges. such as turbine oils. while the difference between the total and strong acid numbers is attributed to weak acids – possibly the products of oxidation. the reaction becoming significant at temperatures above 70°C. which removes oxidation-susceptible materials and allows greater response to inhibitor. For every 10°C rise. An oxidation inhibitor may combine with the peroxides formed initially by oxidation. When results are reported simply as “neut number” or “acid number”. be obtained. gums. thereby modifying them in such a way as to arrest their oxidizing influence. copper being particularly active in this latter respect. (See also VISCOSITY. give years of service without need for replacement. The former is a potentiometric method. What is more. addition of oxidation inhibitors. limiting duration or intensity of high temperatures. ABSOLUTE VISCOSITY measurements are independent of density and are directly related to resistance to flow. where they exist. The resistance of many petroleum products to oxidation. Dimensions are dyne-sec/cm2. centrifuging. many oils. Strong acid numbers are considered to be related to inorganic acids. the latter. and the result is nearly always one of degradation. its suitability for further service. Or the inhibitor (a passivator) may react with a catalyst either to “poison” it or to coat it with an inert film. OXIDATION – A form of chemical deterioration to which petroleum products – like most other organic materials – are subject. both components too weak to completely neutralize the other. the farther it progresses. the more rapid it becomes. a TOTAL ACID NUMBER (TAN) is implied.

The by-product of this process is highly aromatic EXTRACT. SOLVENT EXTRACTION – a traditional refinery process that is used to upgrade chemical and physical properties in the manufacture of lube oil basestocks. However. RUST INHIBITOR – a lubricant additive for protecting ferrous (iron and steel) components from rusting caused by water contamination or other harmful materials from oil degradation. such as distillation or freezing. and as feed for other refinery processes. ASTM D97 also provides for the determination of CLOUD POINT. usually furfural or phenol. contain little or no wax and reach their pour point through increase in viscosity: they cannot be pumped readily near the pour point. Paraffinic oils contain wax which forms a honeycomb of crystals at low temperatures near the pour point. Other rust inhibitors absorb water by incorporating it into water-in-oil emulsion so that only the oil touches the metal surfaces. but must be considered along with pumpability. Naphthenic oils. Clouding is a characteristic only of paraffinic oils. SULPHATED ASH – (see ASH) SYNTHETIC LUBRICANTS . A simple purification or physical separation process. does not constitute a synthesis. the ease with which an oil pumps at low temperatures. agitation by a pump breaks down this wax structure and allows paraffinic oil to be pumped at temperatures well below their pour point. Some rust inhibitors operate similarly to corrosion inhibitors by reacting chemically to form an inert film on metal surfaces.lubricants manufactured by a process. where a chemical conversion or transformation of one complex mixture of molecules into another complex mixture takes place. It is a consideration in the evaluation of fuels whose filtration might be impaired by the plugging effect of wax crystals. SCUFFING – engine wear resulting from the localized welding and fracture of rubbing surfaces. Common types of synthetic base oil include: • Polyalpha olefins • Hydrocracked/HydroIsomerized Unconventional Base Oils (UCBOs) • Organic esters • Polyglycols Synthetic lubricants can exhibit one or more of the following advantages over conventional mineral oils: • Excellent low temperature fluidity • Low pour point • High natural viscosity index • Outstanding oxidation stability 187 9 . the lowest temperature at which the sample becomes clouded by the formation of wax crystals. on the other hand. STLE – (Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers) – formerly known as ASLE. used to make EXTENDER oils. ASTM D97 is used to determine pour point. It is a significant factor in cold-weather start-up. The process relies on the solubility of impurities (especially aromatic components that may also contain sulphur and nitrogen) in an extractive solvent.GLOSSARY OF TERMS POUR POINT – is a widely used low-temperature flow indicator and is 3°C above the temperature to which a normally liquid petroleum product maintains fluidity.

An earlier method for reporting viscosity in North America was in Saybolt Seconds Universal – SSU or SUS – or. some less. The higher the V. (See also BROOKFIELD VISCOSITY. the less the tendency for the viscosity to change. in Saybolt Seconds Furol – SSF (ASTM Method D88). the more viscous the fluid. High V. Lubricated by the product under investigation. and the V.l. Paraffinic oils are inherently high in V. TIMKEN OK LOAD – measure of the extreme pressure properties of a lubricant. where one or more of the above properties are required. principally used in Europe. V. They are now starting to replace conventional mineral oils in a number of applications. and it will evaporate faster when both liquids are at the same temperature.l.l. and aromatic oils are still lower – often having negative numbers. VAPOUR PRESSURE. improved fuel economy and easier starting at low temperatures. synthetics offer operating advantages that can make them more economical in the long run. Some hydraulic systems require this property. Other less common viscosity units are the ENGLER and REDWOOD scales.) VISCOSITY INDEX (V. Naphthenic oils are inherently low in V.GLOSSARY OF TERMS • High flash and auto-ignition points • Low volatility • Non-toxic Synthetic lubricants have been used for some time in applications such as jet engine lubricants. POISE. With petroleum oils.. This change is common to all non-reactive fluids – some more. Despite their higher price. its value is meaningless unless accompanied by the temperature at which it is determined.. the more volatile will boil at a lower temperature. It is ordinarily expressed in terms of the time required for a standard quantity of the fluid at a certain temperature to flow through a standard orifice. is determined by formula from the viscosities at 40°C and 100°C in accordance with the ASTM Test Method D567 or D2270. The latter test is required for V. TOTAL BASE NUMBER – (see NEUT NUMBER) VISCOSITY – measure of a fluid’s resistance to flow. The volatility of petroleum products can be evaluated by tests for FLASH POINT. thicker. For example .l. VOLATILITY – that property of a liquid that defines its evaporation characteristics. DISTILLATION.reduced oil consumption. arctic lubricants and fire resistant hydraulic fluids. for very viscous oils. The higher the value. improver.l. viscosity is now commonly reported in CENTISTOKES (cSt). of any petroleum oil can be increased by the addition of a V. oils are often preferred for service in which a relatively constant viscosity is desired under conditions of varying temperature.l. Timken OK load is the heaviest load that can be carried without scoring. a standard steel roller rotates against a block.l. Heating tends to make them thinner – cooling. longer oil life. Of two liquids.l.’s above 100.) – an indicator of the rate of change of viscosity with temperature. Since viscosity varies inversely with temperature.l. 9 188 . measured at either 40°C or 100°C (ASTM Method D445 – Kinematic Viscosity). and EVAPORATION RATE.

860 Fuel oil for good pumpability and atomizing. 11. 13 Other rolling element bearings. 30 For a gear pump. 220 Oil mist generators without heat at minimum operating temperature.200 Upper limit for circulation system (good practice).HANDY CONVERSION CHARTS AND TABLES HANDY CONVERSION CHARTS AND TABLES VISCOSITY GUIDE TABLE OF LIMITS Maximum Viscosities Centistokes (Normally At Start-Up) 22. 2. Minimum Viscosities Centistokes (At Operating Temperature) 33 For gear lubrication. 2. 21 Spherical roller bearings.200 Upper limit for an oil constituent of a grease for dispensing. 13 Plain bearings. Centistokes 25 30 40 75 Hydraulic systems Plain Bearings Spur & Helical Gears (e. 2.000 Probably maximum for splash or bath lubrication.600 Barely pumpable by gear or piston pump – too heavy to be serviceable.g. 460 @ 75°C) 9 189 .g. 4 Minimum viscosity to support a dynamic load.200 Upper limit for an automatic oil lubricator. 860 Hydraulic Vane Pumps @ start-up temperature – to prevent cavitation and wear. 220 Hydraulic-piston pump – start-up temperature – to prevent wear. ISO-VG 150 @ 60°C) Worm Gears (e. 13 Hydraulic systems to prevent excessive pump wear and slippage. 54 Hydraulic Systems at operating fluid temperature. 1.000 Probably maximum pouring viscosity. OPTIMUM VISCOSITIES The optimum viscosity is the ideal allowable at the operating temperature. 8.000 Ring or rolling element bearings.

HANDY CONVERSION CHARTS AND TABLES HANDY CONVERSION CHARTS AND TABLES 190 191 9 .

35 5 5.30 40 40 45 45 4 4.40 1. CENTISTOKES 80 70 15 .5 35 33 1.20 1.50 1. No. 1 1.5 3 35 3.5 6 7 8 9 1.70 1.5 150 30 35 150 40 45 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 200 250 40 45 50 55 200 250 50 55 60 70 80 90 100 110 300 350 60 70 80 90 100 110 300 350 400 450 400 450 15 500 600 500 600 20 25 150 200 210 700 800 900 1000 1100 150 250 700 800 900 1000 1100 200 210 30 35 250 300 350 40 1500 1500 45 300 350 400 450 50 60 2000 2000 2500 400 450 500 550 600 700 800 900 1000 3000 3500 2500 3000 3500 70 80 90 100 110 500 550 600 700 800 900 1000 4000 4500 4000 120 130 9 192 KINEMATIC VISCOSITY.5 30 35 4 4.80 1.1 REDWOOD NO.5 20 21 25 SAYBOLT UNIVERSAL SECONDS 90 100 110 80 90 100 3 21 25 20 ENGLER DEGREES 110 3.HANDY CONVERSION CHARTS AND TABLES VISCOSITY CONVERSION CHART KINEMATIC 2 2.25 3 3. 1 SECONDS (STANDARD) KINEMATIC VISCOSITY.5 1.5 1.90 6 7 8 9 50 55 50 55 10 11 60 65 10 11 70 15 60 65 2 2. CENTISTOKES 2.5 1.15 KINEMATIC 2 2.5 4 4.45 5 5.5 SUS 32 ENGLER R.60 1.

i. All viscosities on each scale will be equivalent for the same temperature. 3000 centistokes = 300 cSt x 10 and is approximately equivalent to 1400 x 10 = 14000 SUS. To extend scale ranges to higher viscosities utilize powers of 10 in these scales between the 100 and 1000 divisions on the Kinematic scale.HANDY CONVERSION CHARTS AND TABLES TO USE: Place straight edge at equal centistoke values on both Kinematic scales. 193 9 .e.

HANDY CONVERSION CHARTS AND TABLES

ASTM TWO BASE OIL BLENDING CHART – CENTIISTOKES

ASTM BLENDING CHART – CENTISTOKES

1000 500 400

1000 500 400 300 200 150 100 75 50 40 30

KINEMATIC VISCOSITY, CENTISTOKES (Lower Viscosity Component)

300 200 150 100 75 50 40 30

20 15

20 15

10 9.0 8.0 7.0 6.0 5.0

10 9.0 8.0 7.0 6.0 5.0

4.0

4.0

3.0

3.0

2.0 0 100 10 90 20 80 30 70 40 60 50 50 60 40 70 30 80 20 90 10

2.0 100 0

VOLUME % OF HIGHER VISCOSITY COMPONENT VOLUME % OF LOWER VISCOSITY COMPONENT

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KINEMATIC VISCOSITY, CENTISTOKES (Higher Viscosity Component)

HANDY CONVERSION CHARTS AND TABLES

Example: Two Base Oil Blending Determine the relative viscosities, at a common temperature, of the two base oils to be blended. i.e. 80 Neutral 160 Neutral 15 cSt @ 40°C 35 cSt @ 40°C

Locate these viscosities on the appropriate sides of the chart and join them with a straight line. From this chart and the line, you can: 1. Determine blend percentages to give a desired viscosity by reading down from intersection point of line and desired viscosity. In our example, if plotted, we could obtain 20 cSt @ 40°C oil with a 60/40 blend of the two base oils. 2. Determine the viscosity of a blended base oil if the volume percentages of the two base oils are known. Simply read up from the volume percentages point to the line and read across to the viscosity.
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HANDY CONVERSION CHARTS AND TABLES

API GRAVITIES AND DENSITIES
Note: All conversions are at 15.6°C (60°F) API Gravity 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Density (kg/L) 1.074 1.066 1.058 1.050 1.042 1.034 1.027 1.020 1.012 1.005 0.998 0.991 0.984 0.977 0.970 0.964 0.957 0.951 0.944 0.938 0.932 API Gravity 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 Density (kg/L) 0.926 0.920 0.914 0.908 0.902 0.896 0.891 0.885 0.880 0.874 0.869 0.864 0.858 0.853 0.848 0.843 0.838 0.833 0.828 0.823 0.818

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HANDY CONVERSION CHARTS AND TABLES

APPROXIMATE COLOUR SCALE EQUIVALENTS
ASTM Colour D 1500 0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 3.5 4.0 4.5 5.0 5.5 6.0 6.5 7.0 7.5 8.0 Union (N.P.A.) Colorimeter ASTM D 155 — 1 11/2 13/4 2 21/2 3 31/2 4 41/2 5 51/2 6 61/2 7 71/2 8 N.P.A. Colour Descriptions Standard White Lily White Cream White — Extra Pale Extra Pale Lemon Lemon Pale Extra Orange Pale Orange Pale — Pale Light Red — Dark Red Claret Red — —

VAPOUR PRESSURE OF LUBRICATING OIL
The vapour pressure of lubricating oil is very low and except for certain low vacuum or very high temperature applications, is not a limiting factor in typical lubrication practice. The data below were obtained by extrapolating the boiling points, at several reduced pressures, for three common viscosity grades of lube oil. Oil Viscosity @ 40°C Oil Temp °C 40 60 90 120 150 180 230 290 30-35 cSt 150 SUS 65-70 cSt 300 SUS 80-85cSt 400 SUS

Vapour Pressure, millimetres of Mercury 0.00004 0.0003 0.002 0.015 0.11 0.8 5.8 35 0.0000005 0.000007 0.00008 0.0009 0.011 0.12 1.5 15 0.00000025 0.0000027 0.000035 0.0004 0.005 0.055 0.7 7.4

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HANDY CONVERSION CHARTS AND TABLES

TEMPERATURE CONVERSION TABLE °F   ° C What is the ° C equivalent of 100°F? Look at 100 in the middle column. To the left, in the °C column, is the equivalent 37.8°C. °C   °F What is the °F equivalent of 50°C? Look at 50 in the middle column. To the right, in the °F column, is the equivalent 122.0°F.
To °C
–40.0 –38.9 –37.8 –36.7 –35.6 –34.4 –33.3 –32.2 –31.1 –30.0 –28.9 –27.8 –26.7 –25.6 –24.4 –23.3 –22.2 –21.1 –20.0 –18.9 –17.8 –16.7 –15.6 –14.4 –13.3 –12.2 –11.1 –10.0 –8.9 –7.8 –6.7 –5.6 –4.4 –3.3 –2.2 –1.1 0 +1.1 2.2 3.3 4.4 5.6

From °T
–40 –38 –36 –34 –32 –30 –28 –26 –24 –22 –20 –18 –16 –14 –12 –10 –8 –6 –4 –2 0 +2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 30 32 34 36 38 40 42

To °F
–40.0 –36.4 –32.8 –29.2 –25.6 –22.0 –18.4 –14.8 –11.2 –7.6 –4.0 –0.4 +3.2 6.8 10.4 14.0 17.6 21.2 24.8 28.4 32.0 35.6 39.2 42.8 46.4 50.0 53.6 57.2 60.8 64.4 68.0 71.6 75.2 78.8 82.4 86.0 89.6 93.2 96.8 100.4 104.0 107.6

To °C
6.7 7.8 8.9 10.0 11.1 12.2 13.3 14.4 15.6 16.7 17.8 18.9 20.0 21.1 22.2 23.3 24.4 25.6 26.7 27.8 28.9 30.0 31.1 32.2 33.3 34.4 35.6 36.7 37.8 38.9 40.0 41.1 42.2 43.3 44.4 45.6 46.7 47.8 48.9 50.0 51.1 52.2

From °T
44 46 48 50 52 54 56 58 60 62 64 66 68 70 72 74 76 78 80 82 84 86 88 90 92 94 96 98 100 102 104 106 108 110 112 114 116 118 120 122 124 126

To °F
111.2 114.8 118.4 122.0 125.6 129.2 132.8 136.4 140.0 143.6 147.2 150.8 154.4 158.0 161.6 165.2 168.8 172.4 176.0 179.6 183.2 186.8 190.4 194.0 197.6 201.2 204.8 208.4 212.0 215.6 219.2 222.8 226.4 230.0 233.6 237.2 240.8 244.4 248.0 251.6 255.2 258.8

To °C
53.3 54.4 55.6 56.7 57.8 58.9 60.0 61.1 62.2 63.3 64.4 65.6 66.7 67.8 68.9 70.0 71.1 72.2 73.3 74.4 75.6 76.7 77.8 78.9 80.0 81.1 82.2 83.3 84.4 85.6 86.7 87.8 88.9 90.0 91.1 92.2 93.3 94.4 95.6 96.7 97.8 98.9

From °T
128 130 132 134 136 138 140 142 144 146 148 150 152 154 156 158 160 162 164 166 168 170 172 174 176 178 180 182 184 186 188 190 192 194 196 198 200 202 204 206 208 210

To °F
262.4 266.0 269.6 273.2 276.8 280.4 284.0 287.6 291.2 294.8 298.4 302.0 305.6 309.2 312.8 316.4 320.0 323.6 327.2 330.8 334.4 338.0 341.6 345.2 348.8 352.4 356.0 359.6 363.2 366.8 370.4 374.0 377.6 381.2 384.8 388.4 392.0 395.6 399.2 402.8 406.4 410.0

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HANDY CONVERSION CHARTS AND TABLES

TEMPERATURE CONVERSION TABLE °F   ° C What is the ° C equivalent of 100°F? Look at 100 in the middle column. To the left, in the °C column, is the equivalent 37.8°C. °C   °F What is the °F equivalent of 50°C? Look at 50 in the middle column. To the right, in the °F column, is the equivalent 122.0°F.
To °C
100.0 101.1 102.2 103.3 104.4 105.6 106.7 107.8 108.9 110.0 111.1 112.2 113.3 114.4 115.6 116.7 117.8 118.9 120.0 121.1 126.7 132.2 137.8 143.3 148.9 154.4 160.0 165.6 171.1 176.7 182.2 187.8 193.3 198.9 204.4 210.0 215.6 221.1 226.7 232.2 237.8 243.3

From °T
212 214 216 218 220 222 224 226 228 230 232 234 236 238 240 242 244 246 248 250 260 270 280 290 300 310 320 330 340 350 360 370 380 390 400 410 420 430 440 450 460 470

To °F
413.6 417.2 420.8 424.4 428.0 431.6 435.2 438.8 442.4 446.0 449.6 453.2 456.8 460.0 464.0 467.6 471.2 474.8 478.4 482.0 500 518 536 554 572 590 608 626 644 662 680 698 716 734 752 770 788 806 824 842 860 878

To °C
248.9 254.4 260.0 265.6 271.1 276.7 282.2 287.8 293.3 298.9 304.4 310.0 315.6 321.1 326.7 332.2 337.8 343.3 348.9 354.4 360.0 365.6 371.1 376.7 382.2 387.8 393.3 398.9 404.4 410.0 415.6 421.1 426.8 432.2 437.8 443.3 448.9 454.4 460.0 465.6 471.1 476.7

From °T
480 490 500 510 520 530 540 550 560 570 580 590 600 610 620 630 640 650 660 670 680 690 700 710 720 730 740 750 760 770 780 790 800 810 820 830 840 850 860 870 880 890

To °F
896 914 932 950 968 986 1004 1022 1040 1058 1076 1094 1112 1130 1148 1166 1184 1202 1220 1238 1256 1274 1292 1310 1328 1346 1364 1382 1400 1418 1436 1454 1472 1490 1508 1526 1544 1562 1580 1598 1616 1634

To °C
482.2 487.8 493.3 498.9 504.4 510.0 515.6 521.1 526.7 532.2 537.7

From °T
900 910 920 930 940 950 960 970 980 990 1000

To °F
1652 1670 1688 1706 1724 1742 1760 1778 1796 1814 1832

199

9

fluid) ounces (US.696 42 0.899 1033.6 0.0328 0.000 x 10-6 0.3937 0.2288 7.0610 0.9685 0.4805 28.190 1.921 10333 760 2116.0370 6.00026 0.0236 0.32 14.2°F) grams/sq cm inches of mercury (32°F) kg/sq meter mm of mercury pounds/sq ft pounds/sq inch gallon (US) meter3 joule horsepower calories/gram joule Btu/pound feet inches yards feet/minute meter/minute miles/hour newton-second/meter2 meter2/second horsepower cubic inches gallons (British) gallons (US) ounces (British.liquid) quarts (US.00088 0.1590 1055 0.0109 1. fluid) quarts(British. oil Barrels (API) Btu (60°F/15.8 0. liquid) cubic centimeters cubic inches cubic yards gallons (British) gallons (US) litres Multiply by 76 33.00105 28317 1728 0.V.3162 9 200 .56°C) Btu/minute Btu/pound Calories (mean) Calories/gram Centimeters Centimeters Centimeters Centimeters/second Centimeters/second Centimeters/second Centipoises Centistokes Cheval-vapeurs (C.00022 0.0223 1.HANDY CONVERSION CHARTS AND TABLES COMMONLY USED CONVERSION FACTORS To Convert From Atmospheres Atmospheres Atmospheres Atmospheres Atmospheres Atmospheres Atmospheres Atmospheres Barrels.3 29.0338 0.9863 0.000 x 10-3 1.5555 4.0351 0.) Cubic centimeters Cubic centimeters Cubic centimeters Cubic centimeters Cubic centimeters Cubic centimeters Cubic centimeters Cubic feet Cubic feet Cubic feet Cubic feet Cubic feet Cubic feet To cm of mercury (0°C) feet of water (39.

546 x 10-3 10 201 9 .000 x 10-fi 6 0.8327 3.2°F) Feet/minute Feet/minute Feet/minute Foot pounds/minute Gallons (British) Gallons (British) Gallons (British) Gallons (British) Gallons (British) Gallons (British) Gallons (British) Gallons (Imperial) Gallons (US) Gallons (US) Gallons (US) Gallons (US) Gallons (US) Gallons (US) To pounds cubic cm gallons (British) gallons (US) litres cubic feet cubic yards gallons (British) gallons (US) degree kelvin degree kelvin newton feet meters atmospheres inches of mercury (32° F) kg/sq meter pounds/sq ft pounds/sq inch kilometers/hour meters/second miles/hour horsepower cubic cm cubic ft cubic inches gallons (US) litres meter3 pounds of water (62°F) see Gallons (British) cubic cm cubic ft cubic inches gallons (British) litres meter3 3785.969 264.08 0.HANDY CONVERSION CHARTS AND TABLES COMMONLY USED CONVERSION FACTORS (continued) To Convert From Cu ft of water (60°F) Cubic inches Cubic inches Cubic inches Cubic inches Cubic meters Cubic meters Cubic meters Cubic meters Degrees (F) Degrees (C) Dynes Fathoms Feet Feet of water (39.434 0.3048 0.0183 0.2009 4.173 tk = (t.0036 0.2°F) Feet of water (39.7854 3.427 0.418 1.0043 0.1605 277.79 62.67)/1.0114 0.785 x 10-3 Multiply by 62. + 459.15) 1.8 tk = (tc + 273.37 16.2°F) Feet of water (39.0050 0.0164 35.2°F) Feet of water (39.0295 0.0000303 4546.5459 4.314 1.8826 304.2°F) Feet of water (39.3872 0.1337 231 0.3079 219.4335 0.

0482 0.3 70.00245 2.0022 1000 0.274 2.5399 0.2°F) Inches of water (39.02896 0.V.014 745.884 9 202 .0142 1.0328 0.2046 7.6213 0.7 100 2.0361 35.0624 3280 0.2330 0.727 0.2°F) Inches of water (39.014 550 1.HANDY CONVERSION CHARTS AND TABLES COMMONLY USED CONVERSION FACTORS (continued) To Convert From Gallons (US) Gallons (US)/minute Grams Grams Grams/litre Grams/sq cm Grams/sq cm Grams/sq cm Grams/sq cm Grams/sq cm Grams/sq cm Horsepower Horsepower Horsepower Horsepower Hundredweight (cwt) Inches Inches of mercury (32°F) Inches of mercury (32°F) Inches of mercury (32°F) Inches of mercury (32°F) Inches of mercury (32°F) Inches of water (39.4911 0.0208 0.54 0.07355 0.0334 1.03527 0.7355 2.000967 0.2°F) Kilograms Kilograms Kg-meters (torque) Kg/cu meter Kilometers Kilometers Kilometers Kilometers Kilometers Kilowatt-hours Kilowatts To pounds of water (60°F) cubic feet/hour ounces (avoirdupois) pounds (avoirdupois) parts per million (ppm) atmospheres feet of water (60°F) inches of mercury (32°F) mm of mercury (0°C) pounds/sq ft pounds/sq inch Cheval-vapeur (C.133 345.) watts pounds centimeters atmospheres feet of water (39.2°F) kg/sq meter pounds/sq ft pounds/sq inch atmospheres gms/sq cm inches of mercury (32°F) pounds/sq in ounces (avoirdupois) pounds (avoirdupois) pound-feet pounds/cu ft feet miles miles (nautical) rods yards Btu Btu/minute Multiply by 8.836 1093 3413 56.) foot-pounds/second Pferdestaerke (P.2°F) Inches of water (39.S.3370 8.5396 198.

0584 0.814 1.025 0.4130 0.2°F) gm/sq cm kg/sq meters pounds/sq ft pounds/sq in grams cu cm gallons (British) cu cm cu inches grains/gal (British) grains/gal (US) horsepower grams Multiply by 0.37 1. fluid) ounces (US. fluid) inches mils atmospheres feet of water (39.) Pounds (avoirdupois) To cubic feet cubic inches gallons (British) gallons (US) ounces (British.2808 39.0193 28.2199 0.7 0.039 39. fluid) Ounces (US.0338 0.035 0. fluid) Ounces (British.3595 13.0936 5280 1. fluid) Ounces (US.2641 35.3495 28.0446 1.061 0.S.0701 0.0013 0.196 33.0353 61. fluid) quarts (US.0062 29.986 453.0566 3.6093 320 1760 6080 44.37 0. fluid) ounces (US.HANDY CONVERSION CHARTS AND TABLES COMMONLY USED CONVERSION FACTORS (continued) To Convert From Litres Litres Litres Litres Litres Litres Litres Meters Meters Meters Miles Miles Miles Miles Miles (nautical) Miles/hour Miles/hour Millilitres Millilitres Millilitres Millimeters Millimeters Millimeters mercury (0°C) Millimeters mercury (0°C) Millimeters mercury (0°C) Millimeters mercury (0°C) Millimeters mercury (0°C) Millimeters mercury (0°C) Ounces (avoirdupois) Ounces (British.595 2.5924 203 9 .5737 1.0268 0. fluid) feet inches yards feet kilometers rods yards feet cm/sec km/min cu inches ounces (British. fluid) Parts per million (ppm) Parts per million (ppm) Pferdestaerke (P.8047 0.7845 0.

75 32 14 1016. liquid) Quarts (US.1848 2000 0.907 91.521 946.3586 57.1023 907.2°F) grams/sq cm inches of mercury (32°F) newton/meter2 cu cm cu cm cu inch ounces (US.0160 1.12 1000 2204.0680 5.440 0.9842 1.8824 0.HANDY CONVERSION CHARTS AND TABLES COMMONLY USED CONVERSION FACTORS (continued) To Convert From Pounds/foot Pounds/sq ft Pounds/sq ft Pounds/sq in Pounds/sq in Pounds/sq in Pounds/sq in Pounds/sq in Pounds/sq in Quarts (British.047 2240 1. liquid) Stones (British) Tons (long) Tons (long) Tons (long) Tons (long) Tons (metric) Tons (metric) Tons (metric) Tons (metric) Tons (short) Tons (short) Tons (short) Tons (short) Yards Yards To grams/cm atmospheres kg/sq meter atmospheres cm of mercury (0°C) feet of water (39.62 0.000472 4. liquid) Quarts (US.8928 0.00057 9 204 . liquid) Quarts (US.0360 6895 1136. fluid) pounds (avoirdupois) kilograms pounds (avoirdupois) tons (metric) tons (short) kilograms pounds (avoirdupois) tons (long) tons (short) kilograms pounds (avoirdupois) tons (long) tons (metric) centimeters miles Multiply by 14.1715 2.8816 0.3066 70.307 2.

50 92.36 93.23 15.69 75.52 74.11 61.44 33.19 47.86 23.86 60.20 0.45 5.00 % Depth Filled 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 % of Capacity 51.36 62.16 72.08 56.50 82.61 63.93 97.93 77.80 100.45 3.86 65.40 10.84 30.14 37.55 98.73 50.10 66.40 18.68 90.80 7.92 46.32 11.48 27.81 55.97 71.24 13.68 84.74 85.98 6.HANDY CONVERSION CHARTS AND TABLES QUANTITIES FOR VARIOUS DEPTHS OF CYLINDRICAL TANKS IN HORIZONTAL POSITION % Depth Filled 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 % of Capacity 0.34 57.60 58.34 1.80 96.02 94.23 14.27 52.73 21.45 48.60 91.07 3.87 2.00 78.76 88.66 28.27 12.14 42.90 36.64 39.77 86.27 80.66 99.31 26.55 96.50 0.20 5.32 17.39 38.73 89.50 19.89 41.40 43.90 1.07 25.77 87.34 73.66 44.19 32.39 % Depth Filled 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 % of Capacity 82.26 96.50 9.60 83.20 94.13 98.26 16.64 8.00 205 9 .50 99.61 % Depth Filled 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 % of Capacity 20.34 67.56 68.81 69.14 79.74 4.03 31.55 53.00 24.66 34.10 99.

NOTES 206 .

Equivalence is in terms of viscosity at 40°C only. consult ISO. CENTISTOKES (cSt) @ 40°C 600 500 400 300 200 320 220 150 100 80 60 50 40 30 20 100 68 46 32 10W 22 15 10 8 6 5 4 3 2 10 7 5 3 2 0W. consult SAE specifications. For low temperature limits. Viscosity limits are approximate: For precise data. Assumes 100 Vl single grade oils. KINEMATIC VISCOSITY. AGMA and SAE specifications.VISCOSITY EQUIVALENTS V VISCOSITY EQUIVALENTS ISO VG 1500 250 1000 800 KINEMATIC VISCOSITY. SAYBOLT UNIVERSAL SECONDS (SUS) @ 100°F 1000 8A . 5W 2000 AGMA GRADE SAE ENGINE OILS SAE GEAR OILS 10000 8000 6000 5000 4000 3000 2000 1500 680 460 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 20 1 50 190 140 110 90 40 85W 30 80W 1000 800 600 500 400 300 200 75W 70W 150 100 80 70 60 50 40 35 32 NOTE: Read across horizontally. W grades are represented only in terms of approximate 40°C viscosity.

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