FSTC 381-4012

TYPICAL FOREIGN
UNCONVENTIONAL WARFARE

WEAPONS

TIME

fUSES

fSTC 381-5012

TYPICAL fOREIGN UNCONVENTIONAL W.lRFAIlfWfAPONS M

U.S. Amy f... i~ S"'.,,'''' Dn<I T":"IIOI"9~ C...... " MYni~QrlI 8,,11.;1os

W..v.irQlon, O. C. 20315

'" Cohr;Iory IIlntoJliliWICe O<o<oUll'l.nl.Thl, CC'IIpIled and prD<iu,OoIf by Ihe U.S. Arm~ Fer.ton s.:l,~¢. OM 1..,"",,1"C1)' C ........ "I th' U. S. ~rm't Mot.rlel C~. II)..,. b<io.o opplovecl by th• ..... lllent Chl"f qf SI9ff lor Inl.IIi" .... ", Oeporll'll."t of iii. ",,,,,..Ewe _lei"" IIIlI'Hd DaporIro..,t or Ill_ Army Int_III~_ne •.

doc""''''' .......

Ann". "".

UNCLASSIFIED

TYflCAL

fOREIGN

UNCONVENnONAl

WAIIFA.~E WEAPON~

(U)

Pase SC;CTlON J PURPOSE AND SCOPE -----------~".--.--------------

III IV_ V
VI

SMALL ARMS AMMUNITiON --------.-------------. SMALL ARMS RECOILLt:SS
LAND MINES

~

--.--------------.-.~--.-------------. AND ROCKET WEAPONS --------------------------------.---"--------------

:>
12
14

VII

FIRING DEVICES ---------------------------------CALTflOFS ANn BOQBYTR.~PS----·--------------

20

IX

DISGUISED DEV]CES ----------.-----"--------------

42

---- .--- ----- -- ---- --------------------

- -----------.----

53

iii

UNCLASSIFIED

F~rc 381-5012

TYPICAL fOREIGN

UNCONVENTIONAL

WAF-fARE WfAf'ONS
ANO SCOPE

(U)

Section

I.

(ul

fUnDS!:

I, lUI The purpose Df ilia study 1<1 9resent a de~crlpU;Jn af typical foreign to weapons which nave been, Or are being, used by in~\.Irgent!l or guerrilla$ involved in unconventiona.l. warfare. In this context, the ter:n "unconv~"tional __ rfar"," mean! revolt or insurrection by predominantly tnd!genQUs personnel against II constituted government. 2. CUI Thlll study is limited prima.rily to tho,,>;) eaPWI3 whi~h have been Unpt'oW vised fr:llli material. at hand, or lTlodified from st ..ndard military itema. In Ilddition, even though toey do not fall wiUtln these liml.ts, certain factorY-mAde Items have been included because thetr natur'e m~};;el> them especially useful to the Insurgent. The latter class at' equipment includes moat at the Ulcendiary df:v:icea and camouflaged explosives, as wen as a few firing devices, 3. (U) The p<.lriod of tizne covered by tllis study iafrom World War II to the present, The materl<~l described 18 a representati'fe sample, rather than an exhauatfve miing at such equipmerrt, All oi the items shown herein could be useful 'to the variQU<I guerr:ilLll operat:on15 currently under way. SOlT.e of the factory. made piecell are nO longer available because stocks are exl1..usted, 4. (u) 'nis study iB presented for its technical value; it docs not analy'Ze any guerrilla f()rce'g operational, tactical. Or logisti(;al strengths or weakn""""". The materiel described i.n this study r-epr-eserua, to a Inri'" extent, exp"dienl soIutrons. 'The risks involved in manufacturing, sloring, and handling equipment or the type c<'vered ill this study <IJ;'eelatively large, and muat be accepted knowingly r by both uHlI<er and user , In no case are any inferences wanr-auted cone enning it~ effectiY"OESS by U. S, "tandards, or its "yaililbili~ In quantit:r, or tile training status of tlu: uaers. FSTC do"," not recommend any attempt by 11,S, personneljo mamulicture or use this matclCiel,

SecliOn

II.

(U) CONCLUSION

(UI The gue,rllla normally &.:"nohim~df with standar-d, fii.~tOry-made, mili~ tary .weapQ~8;\lITIrnuniti0n~ ~).:plosi;~c:j~iru:undleries.undfiri:lgd~v~u::G~_ . Heznanu ~ factur". th:s mater ret only wnen he must. WheH so drivl;!ll, he often dlsplay~ a cQI'J,IiJerable amount of ugenmty in deSlb"' and 11. the adaptatron 0' "v;;,.ilable materials ia "",.va bh purposes. fl,

f5TC 381-5012

UNCLASSIFIED
fSTC 381-5012

(U) Tnt corupJoxUy 011h e weaponry produced by a. g1!e:rrilla mun1'U(ms industry varies cunelderabllL 10 !.be flea of amall a cma, far instance .. the r"'~e of aom,plenty extends from a standard mllitafY rille wllleh has merely been lightened by shortening the barrel and r ..moving excess WOQd, to a pililtOl 0,. rifl .. made f<,o.lllaerateh. The factore controlling the quality ano.!complexity of all item appear lO be the in. gen.aty Dt the people, the !Iuteriala and toots available. Wld the preilence Or absence I;>f outllide auppor-t. 6,

beads for prrmer a, grated noniiafsty pllOtographic (lim for propellant. and cast lead buuets. The Chme se NatlOnaUl<t" have converted caliber . .30 carbine cartndges into .. 32 automatic P1S1;Olrounds (>na ,dativEly lar-ge .. cal" by ,",uning tt.e ",,{'tridge ca se 10 length. reduc::ng th" body diam"ter arid propollant charge, cutttng olf :he "'''''' or Ihe bllllel to red',Jc" """,,[ght, and assembling melle pieces,
II (C:) The .2-ga"o:e "hot ~lwU shown in figure 1 vas outailleJ in Vietnam, Or(ginaUy it was ... U. S. <;alit.etr, 50 macldllegun cartridge, The transform"tion or the On" into the other , wllich is not. too complicated It JOG, was accomplished by draa~~"lllbling a loaded reund, cutting the cartridge case to length, peening the .)(_ tractor n'''''ge into a rim, and filing the rim 10 the correct dillmetel'. The finishod Ca'iE was tlcen loaded with propEllant. wadding, sh", (01" millceUanl30US scrap meta}), more wadding, and lastly the ,md was sealed W1.th some SUbstance such as paraflin or candlevax.

7. (U) The guerl'llla not'mally ohtaim. hb weapons, ammunition, and exp10alveB either by ca pturlng thern trolll 0111 Qrganized military force whlch OppOses him. 01: by n:ce1Y1ng them from ir:endly toree" outBide hill operational area. In either Cit5e. tlUe materiel 1I.1moB~ al.... ayll COllB1Sla of standard, factory-made military equipment. A notable el[r:eptiO!1to tni8 generality occurs when the .!lQppUer wisbes to conceal his ccnaecticn with the JUerrllla.. In thl.1I cali", lIlanu.raCturel"B' mark1np alld el'rial number!! are ahe .. obliterated irom weap:ms, and amlPumtlon ia mil.nuhctured ellh." with nonsenaical or with c!)lll1~"rfeit lleadatampa. color code... !U\d olher markJllgs. H. IU) When the toj.al of the aupplles captur'ed from the enemy. plus those fUrn~ I~}-p;dby frlendll, ill Iaaaequate w sa.tiBfy the local need, a guerrtll.a munitions industry comea Inta beinil. This industry can nn..riah ooly wben a secure arell ex18t~ so !.bat plama can be eSl8-bllshed OIl" more I)r less permanent ba"ts, but, since the technical skills and facilities for -liuch ba.Sll! manufacturing teclmiqQ.es ail turning, milling. and heat treating a.re genera.Uy lael<ing. the materiel produced Iii uuaUy small and aitnple, The VIlDt mlljorUy ot ~ae munitiOll.l:lOlnllt only beI;luae they a ..", 1l:1ebe lit ... .il.able. v Bows, IUTOWS, and llpea.rl>--the tools ;of lile ill II .pdm1l.ive society--are turned to warlike ,<,,,ds, but as &OOn better or as mor e eIhct\ve weaplln& become IlVllUable, the ho.meua.de one" either are ..baodoned or are returned to more peaceful U-6tl8,
s.ctlon

m.

(U)

SMALL A~MS AMMUNITION

9. (U) By lar the major portion--probebly 99+%--0£ aU smaU arma ammunition cQflBumed ty tn~urgli!n' or guerrilla 10rces engaged in _conventional wada.re ilJ !a.ctory made, and thus faJls ouiail:le me scope of UU~ stud!. However, once in a great wh.lle II need arl,e~ fol' a. cartridge .... hicb is n~ a"silable. In this siwaU<m, the guerrilla wili band fabricate them. IUl All known caaea, of Cield rnlilou(lu:ture ot l>lul1l IiIrmB lCartrldgllli tnvillve: t.... basic ~roce88e8--reloa.dlnll o II fired cartridge case or the appropriate caliber. at altering an eXlatl.ng cllrtridge to fit a weapon for wide!>11 _8 !:wt origilWlly iJltended. :For I.nBUlnce. dllri.n:g Worlil War n, nsliiltllnce {(H'cn in the Philippine Islands reloaded tired "aUber ,3D candore CaUti, ulling kitchen. malch HI.
One 12, CENJ:.RAL

SC~tiOil IY.

(C)

SMALL ARMS

ot

Whll" PJ'obably over 90'1"0f the smatl arms used by guerrilla fore«e an stando urn rrJJitary as -l""ned items, j:J_cludlng" smail l'ercel1l~g. of \ll1alt"red sporting w,,~pons, the rnc,aillillg 10'1'"0 of some intere,;t. are The latter gro~p includes arms ral,ging from those whi-ch ar'" (;t;lmplelely homemade, with barrels and receivers made from gas pipe, \1) thoae acapted from standard military arms to meet the gW?I'riUal" Idea of a Suitable weapon. This Iaat catEgory cover's factory-made
3

2

UNCLASSIFIED

UNCLASSIFIED
HIe 3SH,012

UNCLASSIFIED
fSTC 381-5012

13

(U)

PISTOLS

a. The ~-mm pistol picturM in figure '£ is IOss@r.tiallya blowback-operated ~UbJnactJ1negunmjnustht:Jn~fg[t7ine; ..... 1tsreeeivel'J .. arrel, ..a~dcharnbt:r "reinf0~cin£ b pre.ce are mad" eHher of pipe or of Lhick-v.aUed tubing, and fastener! 10 th" woollen grip a",.embly by mear,,, 01 two ~beet-m~tal "Irap~< '1'0 operate the pistol, retract thE koll by pillir,g back en the machine acr'ew until thc boh latches to the rear; then drop a cal'tddge Ihrougt' the loadi[1g port in the right ~ide of tho l'eceiver and into th~ cbarnbe r, The weapon Hre~ f r orn the Ol)en-~,olt PU>itlOD, S:tlce it ha s neithe r extrador nor ~j"ct{]r. extraction aeJ ejectron must be ac:compli"lhed by retracting tho buH. and th en stlal<iflg or prying the fir~;j cartridge case out of the cnaruber and through tile loaJlng port.

crt
Flg"re 3(UNCLASSlfIEO). Viet Cong ",.tal-.to~k

UNCLASSIFIED

UNCLASSIFIED

UNCLASSIFIED

UNCLASSIFI ED
FSTC 38;-5012
14. (Ul F..IFLES

a. Homemade rifles run Ue gamut of d"'"ign sophistication ami ::mmufacturing ~omplexlties. from er ude to w~U dome. Oddly eno~gh, the cruder the d,,:;!tgn, the more effort is re'lllired in manlifact""I!, The r-eecsonio« ilti" apparent anomaly rs tha~ "" the) de.;igr>s become more ~ojJhiliti"ated, the lik.dihQou increases that the Y'lfio; in.;orporat" major pari" o; a fa<.:tory-made rifle. h. ':'he "rifle" bi.uwn in fl€Ut'e 6, adually a smeotnbore ""ajJUn, bM' a barrel mad" f,'orr, a piece of !)ipe, [t6 brfoe;;t:block pivots trar,sversEiy. and i" al'tkulat~d or; a common door hinge, The hammer' a r rangeITlel)t strongly sugge s I" thut the gUll employs pil1nr., cartridges, arm til" "bsen<:~ of a \riggel' ill<licates that tile uaer fil'EoI< the ptece by pressing do\\n on the hammer sp~r with his thumb 10 compee sa the hammEr spring, the" r<;l",a~"b it,e ...amrner Spur to allow Ib~ hamrner to lly fOI"lliard to fire tho; cat'lI'idge. c , The buttstock "pparel'ltl,' has been mad" or two rni"c.,Eaneous piecc .. of wood rnrtered to!o(etlH':r, but til" fot'e~to<;k, as evidenced ty the mets) fitting at its front end, was !'alvaged from a factory-mace weapon,

f'SIJ'.

4 (ur"ClAS5IfIED).

Viet COn{) ooliber

,J2 pi;tol

Fi~",~ to (lINCLASSlfIEO).

Vi"tn"m .. e pion", (7) ,holgun (U).

d. ':::'he singl<l-slt.)t "mall arm seen in fig\lre 7. although i)eal'ilLg sorne resernb'Lal1ceto" short-barrelled rifle, i~ a<;tually a shotgun, Ii.s methud Qf operation is unknov.'r, Both the barrel and the r ecetvea- are made [<'mil a jJi.e;::eof pipe, and are fablen.d to the .stock at the rear by llleilnS of" metal sh'ap, and at the front by a melal block whie!. alao "'''VBS a" a r-ecotl shOtld€r. The trigg"" pivots about a acr ew wlticl, r,a""e. Iram.ve,'sely through tile stoek, and if, this respect It" n'igg~r luech9.nism I·esemi:JlfS tL~1 of the British Lee-Metfor'd and Lee·Er.field rifles. The vertical finge'"-grip !'ills on the cf)ckirlg pie"" empb[ishe Ihi!> r'c8emblance.

7

UNCLASSIFIED

U NCLASSI FIE D

UNCLASSI FlED
381-$012

UNCLASSIFIED
FSlC 381-5012

Figure

I> (UN(LASSlfIW),

VietCol1g

",odifl.d

,_j,,,,

,itl. (I)).

An even "in-L])1.,r modiflcatlOll is shown in rl~re 1Q. The b"I'rel ..nd stock : ji) ~,u [Jl7 Enfield rifle ha ve been cut. and t.locfront sigM has been remoLnte,j, Tht. objc'"t of such a conversion is to produce a Lighter rin" ,..hich can 4e swung Into firwg position more rapidl}, especially in the presence of til" dense unuergrO'Hth found in Vietr .... . m
Qf this C, S. caliber

h.

fi~\.I,,,

10 (UNCLASSifiED).

Viet Cons modified

MI917 Enfield rifl<l

(U).

15,

{C\ SiJB.\lACtilr<EGUNS

Fig",'

a. (UNC

LASS IfIED}.

Viet (009 modil; ed M"n"H~~"r-5a,tt.i

e rHl .. (u) .

UNCLASSIFIED

UNCLASSIFIED

UNCLASSIFIED
FS TC 381-5012

FSTC 3S1-50t2

fig"", 11 (UNCLASSIFIED).

Vie. (cnll ."bmo<hin"9u"

{Ul,

c. (U] Geographically spealtlng, the Urlted Kingdom's Sten-aede~ submachlneis orre of the most widespread w.apDn~ of ill> type In the world, am! it haa been cDl'ied by a number: of counlri ea with varyir.g degrees of fidelity to the ot'iginal form, Tl,e h'o weapons shGV{l1 in fig\lre. U and 13 were made In Vietnam, and ur'e ba.se d on the Mk.ll Sl~n gun. In fact, the llhtol grip'l of each of tt:~m wert pr~bably moclifieo from Bl·tti~b-m"ouf"ctured re~Dil "pring ell" -no buUetock as:;"mbUes, On the other hand, hott, uceivers are defillltely TIDI Sten pal'iS be('!allse the magazine hou"ings are attached to the bottoms 0111."receivers, whereas <;1u .. l.oLsing b Iastersed On th" h'ft side of" :'3tenrer:eiver.
1jUC.

fig",e

IJ (UNClA~SlFIED).

Vitt Co .... St.n-t)'Po .ubm<JChln~·Jr, (... riatio ... 2)

<l. ee) Tile last ~I the 5ubrnacWneguns pr-e",eIJt~d her-ein Jl11J8tr:Ue"the result of a falling ammunition supply aud o\.lta1deald to guerrilla lor;,,,,,. tlaatC'a.llyth.. weapan, seen in figure t4, i~ a French 9-lnm :l.'!A T'49 Chambered for the 9-ffiill Paz-abe Wlu:n the supply of 9-mm ammunitfen r-an low, and pt'oared dim, the North Vietnam.",e A.rmy KQrkshopa, rathe, than !jet's}! tho, weapon, rebarr€lled It with a Cbinese ... (ill-rom aubmaclune€'ID barrel and made ne-..-maga",ine6 so that the gml would fire the SOviet 7. 62-= Type F pistol and sllbrnachinegun cartridge and Ihe various copies thereof. The only QUler modification involved was tho; salvaging of tbe MAT·.j B original front sights and the mounting or Ihem or, the "e ..... arrel. b

fi~UI" 12 M~ClA5SIFIED).

1) (U).

';'9'''''''
10

14 (UN(LA5SlfIED).

Nort;" V;"tnQm ..... "'<ldified MAT-49

(U).

11

UNCLASSIFIED

UNCLASSIFIED
IB fST( J81-501~ lli (U) The tube of the smoohbore Moqel S, S, A, is a p",,,e 01 pipe "",,proximately 4 ,;2 f"el long. ha.ving an extra section shrunk aru'.,!ld its c"n~'nlor reinforcement, Two sightLlg d"vices are provided. On .. d"v~c" consists of a ,Ia<le front :nght and a Y -notch re<lr sight, hoth moooted an the reinforcing sleeve; the ctner :;::01l:>i8t8 of " tub" sight '~Qm"'iningall aperilu'e and cro,""hair IDolmt<:>,j Otl the le!t srde of the hiDe, Pm tripod meant is made of piece" of angled metal joi!led to a hub which contarns a tajJe!'ed bushing, A cl rcula r clamp SurrQunding the barrel has a ta[>ered pill pivoted to its bottom tor 'J.ttaclllng the tube to the tl'ipod, The weapon traverses rreely, blJt etevaucn ill accompu.sned by means of a threfldeLi ,halt extending n-om a damp around the rear of the tube to an arm attached to the mounting clamp, 19,
~' ,__ ,J,'"'"'-.....--;-----~.• ~ ..". ".; _~---.r,
.. <~-''''tt''-~ • ,;;........:..·; ...·'C,.·.IIIIi.:
...:JI ".:

-' :,.',;;

,__
"

~J.:..:._:"..,.,,~.

''"-

(VI nle total weight of th;; weapon is apprOximately 72 pJWH1", Ull13trat(>d haij a nomin:;_l bore diamewr of 60 mill; a 66-lnm v'lriOion

.-!l "
:7

!

20 (UI A variant 01 the last weapon i ..illu~trat"d in iigu.re 17, The variant liiffen; in t'1«t it Is a ,'081<cl Iauncner-, anil in that rrs mount embodied a sector p1ate-;l.ftda wirlg-ntll to p,'ovid" elevation adjustment. The latter weapon 13 breech loaded, whereas tile former i;; muzzte loaded, BOIl, weapons are electncally initiated ammumtton,

fi9U1e

15 (U"lClASSlfIE[»). 5"ctl~" V,

ModifieJ

AV-34 cil"~,<Jft m"c"i •.oglJn

(U).

(U) RECOILLESS AND ROCKE

WEAPON,

17 (U) HOID"maa£ recoilless and rocket "clapon" am almoel <19 scare" among guerrilla farces as are macbinegul!~, The Model S. S, A, l'ee'Jille",. llun shown ill fLg'"I'e 16 wa, made either it) ;North Vietnam or in a Vi!::l Gong ,,<lie area; ad it "nJ its amm,j;liliorl I'eg~lre fairly extensiVE "hop facilities for maauracture.,

,

,~;- ,
"./

7
,

.

~

"{
I

~

'''Wl"

fi9"'"

17 (UNClA.SSIFIED),

Ylet COI"I9r<>ek.t I"uncher

IU).

Figu'"

16 (lINClAS5IF'fD},

M"d" I S, 5, A, ,"<oilies, 12

9"n

IU),
13

UNCLASSIFIED

UNCLA.SSIFIED
fSTC 381-5(12

UNCLAS~;IFIED
fSTC 351-5012

Sec tion "I.

(U) LAN D Mlt,fS 23. (U) r;,u"ir.g the Korean 'Nor, North Kor eari FOlGes occasionillly made ~ood US" of the )il-Jrum mine whi ch cun~i5-:e ot a 5:'-gailon dram-·a 10n-po~l;,d wooden nai.] keg wo~ld se'r ve jUlit as well--filled with rock, a charge of "'''plosive, and .. number of time Ius as. The lHler or thi a de',;ice plac,,~ i. ",phill from the amicij)ll.tlld ccute of hh target, ,"..t the approprl.ate moment he :ight.s tho: iui'lcs, and then rolls tn e clru:n down the hill where, jf the fuse s ha YI) been cut to the correct lengtl., II explode" among the enemy. ;\hltiple fuse:> bhouid alwaY5 be ,,"ed wi th SUer. devices to In"'H'",, that at le2J;: one of them BlI),"vlvesthe <.lowldlill roll to 11!iliate the exploslvB ch.a_rg€,

e laS. TNT

TIME FUSES

Flg\Jr& 19 (llNCLASSIFIED~.

Ncrth Korean oil-dr\lffi "'ina

UNCLASSIFIED

UNCLASSIFIED

UNCU,SSIFIED
fSTC 331-5012

UNCLASSIFIED
of lJeine:

pn~ng cock6 around the charge made <endimllalled very " .. "ily

Although this devil;" h{Latlte advantage it can be detected juat a " "a .. ily,

2S. (u) The devicf kriown as 1I:.elever iread mine, ill""tr",tt<l in ilgtlcre 21, c<;mebb 01a Nocdeu box containing a ch~rga of explosive, a pull-actuat"d fuze, aml a lilting lid which is Ir-e.eto fobt" about a fulel-um. A v,iI'e Is ..rraclied to the ,;Iriker l'etaini:Jg pill in tbe fll;:e, and to a sorew Dr nail in oue u'ge- of tho; lid. This [moe is normally lal.d belaw Ihe surface of the groU([(1. Whell the Upl'er end of Ihe lid is. iorc",cI down, the wire attached to ,oe lower end of the lid pllll~ the ~tl'ikel' ..et"-:nin;: pin out of tho fuze to lilltiat" the charge of explosive.

Figure 20 (l.JNCLASS If IE!»,

$ov,,,1 fm;", ..,i,ed inl<mlry mfn ...

(U).

16

UNCLASSIFIED

UNCLASSIFIED

UNCLASSIFIED
~SiC 381-5011

UNCLASSIFIED
F$lC 381-5012 cllrd ully cut, lifted .s.ndthen repkced to minjmj'~e the signa tha~ it hall been dishcrbed. Ttle explo;;:ve ts fh·,,<1 when the wheel of" vehicte pa.~eea ove r an eleGU'iC firing device or contact pla;;e<i Oilthe edge of the road or in c<. wh,,"l track. At fil'sl gllm,,,. tt.e flat .,tQf\~.s placed on top of the explQ6i'{e ct14rge mlght appear to t:.Vti been pUI there IQ make t!-is mine per-for-m af] Ii plate ch~rge mine How€ver, since any reasonable e~pl"slv. charge will ~haller' the"" stor,es, their t rue funClion more pro~"bly Is to "~I'pon ttl" r eplaceu read surIac e.

Fi'luri> 21 (UNCLASSIFIEO),

Soviet

le ..... hod

min .. {Ul,

Figure 23 (UNClA5SIFIEO).

FLN "nli~ehjd"

min.. (LJ).

'+1_J\.

';

~

(U) -~n antilitt mine can be made from an artillery !>nell, ;:"9 figure 24 shows, upper- detullalor is connected to a pr"ss~r6-Dpuated firing device which is not shown, Tne law€r detonalOI' is CO'l!1""ted to batteries withln the >sl1ellbody, and "0 a contact box .lso within tile Shell Th~ box consists of il tubular insulator ru.'r.inga metal end pbte which J.,; eded to the detonat"... A sUding metal block within the insulator tube i" connected to th", batteries, 34. (U) If the exter-na'l contact is clO""d. the mine ,j"tOflatei<, destrOying all pos.sibilIty of uett;rrnining ita stru< tur-e, On the other hand, if the mine is dIscovered, the pBl'~on attempting to n"",t.rali'l.e it will cut tl-.., externalle",dB in the prescribed iashion--ole ... a tin.e--Ih",; t disconnEcting only the upper detvn<'tol'. When the nose of the .h~ll i,; lifto;d, the diding block conta.;;t. the rneta. end plate, c()mpleti.:r.g tbe circllit through tl,e lower detonator, and tbe mine explodes,

22 (UNClASSIFIE[). 18

'So,,;..' ,eo""", mine (U),

UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED

.i

I

UNCLASSI FlED
F5TC 381-5011

UNCLASSIFIED

DnONAIOU WOODEN ~lUG

t~~~
I
fOUGASSE MnAI PlAU

(0..,." . .

.~

lAHUl

...

fi9<re

24 (UNCLASSIFIED),

HN

,,"!llift

mine

{Ui.

Sec!ion VII,

F IRI~<G DEVICES

CHAit

Of

U\PIACfD

EXPlOSIVE

(HARGE

36.

GENIcHAL

Figur. 2S (UNCLASSIFIED).

(U).

Till: distinction between a firing device and a fuze, alth~U!lh acmewhat is lhill--a firing devi.oe h " ;"ze without a detonator.

20

21

U NCLASSIFI ED

UNCLASSIFIED

UNCLASSIFIED
fS1C 381-5012

UNCLASSIFIED
FS1C 381-5012 wired thai "l,en either pail- is touched by Hie can, iii "ir'cui! is Cl)mpl~ted. A battel'Y then fires an electric uetollltor and Ihe e><plosive ch~rg~_ If the tl'ipwire fa pulred, the can rides IIp within tna frame ana close, the top "air of coctacrs, If the wire is cui or oroken. gravity causes the can to drop ~nd cl us e the bottom pair of .contaet.s,

37,

(U)

NONDELAY DEVICES

h. The fuze ShOV.T. in figure 26 h a r.cnde lay dtvice. and was made in Alge1"ia by r-ebel (FI.N) persor.nel. probably in a I:>asement ,.-orkebop. The housing is .. pit"" of ttjr.-walled tubing, on~ end of which has been closed by hammering It DV~r a mandl'el, The "Iriker has been turnsc h'DOl .. piece of sleel rod, and the sprins was pt'oba'~ly >,1 ocureu by mldnlgnt req'~j~itiO.1 trom a junl<yard, To complete the plct~re. u,,, maker has pJI1<"dapart a r ound of "mall arms amm'~nit1o::l and fa3tened the .. rnpty carll'ioge case to the hcusirrg sa tna t the strik"r can Hre tbe primer, witl! be ..es'~ltbg na~j, lIlibatlng the detc'>atill',

nlMitl

CARlRtDca

CASE

Fisu'e 2'" (UNCLASSIFIED).

FlN

imp'''visoo

fl)~' IU),

d. During World War 11-the British designed trained thdr tJ'oope 10 make them in the Held.

~e"et'al dnices

of W!3 type, and

e. One of the British devtces employed a weighted can to keep the tripwire in 1ension a s shawn ill figure 27 The frame which hlJu""s the call l.!lolu<les two pairs of electric cDntact3, one at the top of the fra:-ne and the other at the bottom, 60

,

.
Fig\J"" 27 (UNCLASSIFIED). 1>ril;,h wei"hl .. d-cor firing cevlce (U).

UNCLASSIFIED

UNCLASSIFIED

UNCLASSIFIED
fSlC 3Sl-5Q12

UNCLASSIFIED
fSTC J81-5012

TllfWIRE

Fi!jer" :;9 (UNCLAS;!FIHl).

flN "Ioth~>rin firins device (pcll-oi'""~,,,dl

(U).

Figure 28 (UNCLASSIFIEDI_

Ilrili>~ k~jf" ,witch

(U).

25

UNCLASSIFIED

UNCLASSIFIED

UNCLASSIFIED
FSTC 381-5012

UNCLASSIFIED
FSTC 381-5Q11

!.

.1

II I
I I

0. The Alger-jan devrce IJ.u3trated in figure 32 consists of a board with two fieKil>l" d",<..i;ric contacts attached to it. It ts laic '•..tth the contact. on tile Ins tde of a r!iH 00 that the fl&nge of R Iocorcon.ve wt;€€l "an bring them tog€thtr 10 dade the cir-cuit through an "le<:tri< detonator-, This d«... c" is re:atlvely i 5t",·"y ~[d r eaisunt to ..tisplac"ment by st\Qck, but, I;.t?ca,,:;eit is placed above grou&<l, it can b" oJetecte<.i rd"tivdy "allil)" even when camoun"gt:d ",ilb il s rna ll bush or leaves.

I~PLo;t\l1 (HAIIG~

Figvr"

32!UNCLASSlfIED).

flN wh."I-Flo"ge

Iidn9

device

fi9~n

JI (UNClASSIFIED).

ari',,~

boll leor1ng

swih:n (d<>otKnob

device)

UNCLASSIFIED

UNCLASSIFIED

UNCLASSIFIED

UNCLASSIFIED
fSTC 361-5012

Fig",,, 34 (UNCLAS~II'IEO). fiN
:lS. (C) DELAY

eledri< aelonolo, (I))
1,

DEVICBS

fig,,'e 33 (U~KLASSIFIEO). German ...i,..-con fi';ng deviee

1:

II
I

,
I
2ll

UNCLASSIFIED

UNCLASSIFIED

UNCLASSIFIED

UNCLASSIFIED
FSTC 381-5012

c ("L) A Gc;;rman vaI"iatlon of the can-and-cork Itern is .lte keY",I\g delay, ~howft in figlll'e 36, It constsrs of a 6pring·tyi"" kt:yr:ng ha·.ing its adjacEnt coils held apart by s smf.U lump of Some waler-s(,h,hle >l"bS\8r.C", such 3;; a Iurnp of sugar' cr a salt tablet, Elettdc leads are connscted to thHe coil." One lead contacts a coU directly. while the othEr lead j" in,s"I:oteo from tile coiL Trj~ Sissernbly is tben suspemJed from a n.;.ol< or a ll!<iI. and a glass ts placed around it. When swridenl """'teL' i'l addec to lhe g-lass to "over It" soluble lump but not the bare ends or U::e wire>;. the waleI' begins tv dissolve the lump ",bien evtfltualil" 1"""" its ability to hold Ihe two coilos "pa.rt, ;l,t this time the coils resume their normal or un"epara1ed po;sitioa, bringiog the tWD l;"", ,..r~., into contact with each i othez-, T~" cin:uit ill thus do.ed, ane! the detonator is fired,

1

i
ii
I'

!,
Ii

i

:1

',:' .q

(U"lCLA5SiFIED)

.

\Uj.

fillure 36 (UNCLASSIFIED). :H

Ger'll<Jn ~eyri"9

UNCLASSIFIED

UNCLASSIFIED

UNCLASSIFIED
fSTC 31:11-5012

FSTC 381-5012

Figure

3E sncws

~ $irnilar

device

mOld" from

a wrl"l

watch.

'floe ue-

\
~

IllY '!led in the Pel'shing Field bomb in SQutb VietrLun. menlk'lwd ~arlie". was It walc~ ot this type. Watcoe~:lo altered were uaed ale o by G"rmar. f(Jrce~ during World Wu n,
("L)

LEAD TO
BATTERY

g. (U) The m>!dJanical tunction is generanyjepen~! appr()xim a tely 3 wee"""

and the cbi!lnical

.. nltQl1tf;.tnperat~reJ

MINUTE

IIAND REMOVED

SeRE'.\' THROUGH GLASS --

LEAD TO

OETONATO~
"

1

i
UNCLASSIFIED

!

ffg~r. 38 (\.J~~cv.ss flfD).

vi", Co'19 ",r;,tv,,,kh

dela,'

ill).

I

~. I i

II ;1

~l'

FITe Jal-5012
rAtTROPS AND SC06'!'T~Af'>

_.:::

..

(UJ

Fi9ur~ .j() (UNCLASSlflfD).

Viet C"~9 do~ble->p;h

.oltrop (WI.

35

UNCLASSIFIED
F5K JIll-5012
FSTC 3131-5012

J, (U) ;~.~ ir.:-1Ft':H_'>2'rn~::;t D3 'foe ~J:ro;:-:.vlQ·~_;j rte rn, 3;!iowrJ:.i.:1 iigr:.lre -l L, is tile ,39i~';ij" pDt'liCfJ 8[" a ~'~,)lh':Jp .rnLV13 tjje .~;.lp:_Jort bca.('d_ rrhe irnprDI(c:nlt:::nt consrsus OI' a ':;;80r..:o:1 1;;:11'1) pDinh:::·j i:l tfl~ oP?OtJitt7 dir·£.l'C::'i:.O~l front tna: of the Iirst bar-b, fJ..nOso 1oc&ied Hh1;t ~DDt~) L,:u'~:J~ ~"ill lo,jg':_; wii.hl~1 t{~-e v.ictin; .::i foot. 'I'hi.s arrange:hent ine_('eSc;::;;£'f=i tIle a.th:~Jdi:jg fj(J[."tal'l~ :J['oL)lem rn rernOVJili:! the tJll:rb by i:'1.re'\ren'ting h~~n i,['031 eut1L&g trie ':LJ:l·lJdr:,h.",j ~:;ll u:nl ?ulling the clpike cut '\,vjth ,1 pair Dr ~It-et·~. not to .:-.tlJ:.!nt.:i.ou tne effe·:.;t o~~ the patient.

------------

I
I
"isu,,,

() r_)(j

.-------------------~

42 \:JNC LASSIFIW),

Jopame ... boobylf"PP"d

radio

(U).

figu,,, Ill,
(0)

41 (lJ;~CLASSIFltD).

\!ietCans

Joubi.-ba,b~~

."ike

(uj.

otherwls8 Algeria,

B0013YTI"tJ',.~'S

a. The bUGcyll"ap i:; another allC;i~fll "",,;.ce. the IUOC.tioJD elf wh[~.~ is 10 lUl'e the unw ary in~(;) p~TfDrm:ing ar'l a~~fJan:ntly safe act tnat lnJ1.H"es or destroy_:..;. nl m hy L:aeaT1:s "Jf ;3 ;::JIJi.:ealwj f;xpJQslve (';!;Jal'ge,. In hie context of gue~'l"El& u:!Se, tht: bu( ..bytr~p li 3:";'r:lu::h an l.ns.trurrrent gf psyC{ll')i:JgLc al warfare [IS ~nythi:')g eL:H~. Used Ju(:U'.~iow.:j;ly • It i)t:t'Vf.:::S to ~rnpha.::!d ze th-a H2a t:-nlt the gu~'·r·[na is the rr~a.:!"1'11.<'10 wte:Lt::; ,i;Jower! g,ud tnat be will not hes it ate to u~e [1. This is e$pt!'c~ally eftectlve if an Inc [d~~'jt is of40:kL!d up ::-:.l,Y t;'1"J B11ggesH",)n that future irH.::ide;1t:s c an. 'De avoi'd ed '':!y c c)':1p~r':;l.ti()D 'iA,t r. gilt:! ~"r'iLla foc~: ~S. 1.>, At one tJnW Or ",)other uo.;"';rog Wo.rld \liar 1:, j.lr"ctically ever)ihing Iound on the ba.ttlefield 1,.,,1 been boohytrappe<.l, t:ol tXc1Lliir,g the d"a<.L Tht Japane:3C 1",,1\0 siJo',m in fig'Ul'" 42 b"" a "bal l.;'" c onnected to til" off-on ~'&itdlso that i ts cur.ious but inCal~iiQt:;s c9ptor may [~f:'stroy b,jI(lst:'lf ( ;'noth",' ,13pal>est. iooob}irap u~e" 11110 "gi',g hfmdle of a teiephor,(; to tel d off " ch"r~e of ","pJo:;iv", In tl.i~ i".tall,tio". s"ell it: fig.;.r" 43. a p'ill-oVe.'ale<.i fuze ll;ti[aUfod , .. U GUf',olition l,lock is c(.r:l,"~ler.l to the h .. r.ale by" ",ire "0 that, "',:)IiS:nthe hUi\.'Ue b!l hir[ieC~ the ,vil't:.! i~ pulIce taut ill' iriitiatt: tht. fuze. u, BuLb of tL~~€ cevicus y"erf! lli:::~J ty r~guldr' troop~ c.urifl_g overt corUbit{ op:(';rutiol\i: ±IuY"·<:'Jcr~ti:eir tr:Jn~lBUon (0 UlI2 1;ruerrillfl ·;A.al'fare ;::;i.tuiltion r equtr es only tt.e z.llU.!llebt st retct: tit' tt,~ in'l3.ginati0Il.

there have he"n very few true boobytL'lpS fOUl)') ill Vietnam, au prolific SDIITce of lrnp:rovis.cd weapous, the s arne ha.s not been truL frH' a I'daliv~ly sterile ~OU1'ce of improvised weapcns, fluL'i"1i til" Algtriml. r~bdlion. tba "ative J?LN fol'~~s spent a good deal of tim., and "!for'l it.vG[lIing harnless-lDJkiug d",,,ic,,~ to make life difficult flJr tt,eil' Fr-ench opponent", A case In pcdnt 1~ tile l'cl:>tively shaigl.lfoJ'wa,'d 1,';0)' t,uOI,ytl'''1' sl101/,n in fig«"" 'J.l. O"p"uding Cilltllo circum~t''''lc"", tbi>; bcok could Le Ifing On the groHnu, On top "f a "'pecblly ~"D~lJ'licied bookcase, or even on lo!, or oilier l-ooks pla""d "p1'igilt In. an ordinary took~a"". Wilen. tbe book is ui"'plactO dtil"r by l1ftll1g or lJy ;,lil!in,L the w:..re ~t":~i,;,1~h~dto tbe·~~fjvt:r ruove s • .:,:.arl'ylflg wl ttl It Oil(_>1.11 tj:le 'uatti:l'Y h::!'~~d~. rhe otb~r bflitt::F">f lead is cl1nn€cted to [ill electric u€1on3tol' which ts iu tur-n ;3ttache(~ to tile Illetal'lube hQusing tbp. fiwill',3U€ry 1"",0. Wb'n lI,,,, fi!'st 1c"d contacts th" met,,} tuce the ci.."uH i~ <;omplele, and 111" 0,,10[::)101' i,J.iti~t"~ au ~XI)lQ"i':" dla,'g';'
L

e.

Altliough

In the se cri cn dt:a.llng Vrlitt firir.g r.k.... ices, two vUriutiOll.':::l oi ttl£: AlgtrioHL wore iH",':lnll~d. 'T'I,~four parts of fig"re 4::, show different wuya in wltict. tI;is device j" used to u<Jooy1rllp a b<.lngf.ilore torp<;do N"edl""s to 5at, any ch;~rJ;.;t' uf explo;:ilve will 5CrVQ the [HH'p03('~ ;\.J.,3 well ct5 will t!i1.! L\u'pedoJ_

d"tbe~!,in

f,"'"

g. IJarl:':: one :"Hlc!. two show 11,1;'0 v~-~ys installing 01 the puli .... ,)puratvd v'cr.l::l:ioir!~ ar.c p31t four 6h.)v..~ tLf:: tt=ic~ion... '(Jeaj;:(·it',~tallal1t)rl, J Par"t thr'ce sho'oV$ a new vuniut iou in \,l.... I""',]C'JI. the clothe;spin Mi;BIJt;;f;::l'. p.hi(.t_;;U so thut the '.\rc-~ght ~)fttl€" bangalo.n2' lm'p"d" bold. tho ~()"t"ct£ apad, II,,. 10",.>,·11" is l!ft"d, 11,,;,"l'dn~ cl(),,,,~ th" cor.racrs, :":u"j tb.;. t_;l<:::lctdc d~tonatol- ('XpiflOC;5 t:be t..H·r>l~.u(;,

'.,q"",

1

h Fl::tg l.dint...:d hbl"\;:"': bt.:\.;r, 1:.h>Ltl 1"';)1""l:~\~itC H "".. hilt~; the SO ....tC_t;3 o(:.~~~::fiOil~-~--i,:J" ;)tta~t~t;:d e~i:,I"'J:.d·\'(! \;Li.ll'ge!) tl-" fLi!l~; fit':'ld H1Lll·kt;T ni.~.g$ ciu.:::iag V/orld \"'\~l· 11.

37

UNCLASSIFIED
!

:i}

II

I

UNCLASSIfiED
FSTC 381-5012

UNCLASSIFIED
fSlC 38i-50l2

,
I
1-

~

39

UNCLASSI FlED

UNCLASSIFIED

UNCLASSIFIED
F5TC 381-5012

UNCLASSIFIED
fSTC 381-5012

!lANGI-LOIlE

a"NGALOR.E

1

Fifl"r~ 46 (UNCLASSIFIEO,.

Flag min" (U)

fisu,,;

45 (UNCLASSlflto).

FLN 0(....9"lor .. torp•sdo boobytr"p'

(U).

t
41

UNCLASSIFIED

U NCLASSI FI ED

L

UNCLASSIFIED
FSTC 331-5012

UNCLASSIFIED
fSTC 381-5012

fIJI

DISGUiSED DEVinS

Fi9ure

4-B (UNCLA$SIFIEO).

Vi.tnom"l" d90rett@

lighter

(."plcd.d "".".) (V).

---=o

.: :.)

IItt

.I~;;;;
mlJ

~;-r' ~
" ~ ~
~-

.....-

~\__, .

,

.

)
~I" ...) (UI.

F:gur. ~ (UNCcASSlflED).

;

Flour.,

47 (UNCLASSifiED).

Vi"toQ"""" <i90t<l,t-e Ilght .. r (e"''''"ol ~2

I
43

i

UNCLASSIFIED

L

i

I

UNCLASSIFIED

UNCLASSIFIED
'STC 381-SfJl2

UNCLASSIFIED
FSK 381-5012 lorge enough to

rUfJ-

mecuaru am of the GenllaIl Worl<l War II incendl&.ry known, it may be take. ail repre"ant",l;ve

Fisure 50 (UNC LASSlf lED) •

.:;1 (UNe LASSIf IED). G.'",,,n

,,,c,,rxI;ary

0

;9"[ (U}.

t j
1

fi~"r. 52 (UNCLASSifIED},

German in<:end;,,,y
4S

,hermo. flo.~

UNCLASSIFIED

UNCLASSIFIED

L

UNCLASSIFIED

UNCLASSIFIED
FSTC 381-5012

t

I

i
1

\

\

,

I
FiglJre 54 (UNCLASSIFlED). k""n" ... incendiory ,oop

;;,3 (UNCLASSIFIED}.
r.J.able.

UNCLASSIFIED

UNCLASSIFIED

UNCLASSIFIED

UNCLASSIFIED
f5TC 381-5012

~

I
Fig",,, 5·5 (UNClASSlfJED). German VnbL(""C Incendiary ~ap>lJl" (U).

figure

51 (UNCLASSlflfO}.

Jap;m ... e ""1'1"';"<1 ~OQI (1.1).

56 (UNCLASSIFlfD).

G.m,n bVfned ;'ce,d'"ry capsLlI.

I
i

FiiJU" 58 (UNCLASSifiED).

German "'plesl v " ,,0<11,""I"mal .. j .... ) (U).
49

UNCLASSIFIED

UNCLASSIFIED

UNCLASSI FlED
FST( 38HOJ2

UNCLASSIFIED
fSTC 381-5012

J

t

I

11,.."

1. I

4$ _

hi

figvre 59 (UNC LASSIFIEO).

Germ., expJo,iy" co,,1(.eel;Qn vi"",,] (U).

58. (r_;) A cake of Japanese "soap, •. wtJch i" in fact lin lr,cenruary. is shown In figure 54. On the other side or ttl'! world, Ihe Germar." devised the cake of aoap, st.Qwn in fi.gw·e tiO, which is actually" block of explosive cover ed with a thin l<'yer of real soap.

UNCLASSIFIED

UNCLASSIFIED

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