H21A1 / H21A2 / H21A3

PHOTOTRANSISTOR OPTICAL INTERRUPTER SWITCH
PACKAGE DIMENSIONS
0.972 (24.7) 0.957 (24.3) 0.472 (12.0) 0.457 (11.6) C L 0.249 (6.35) 0.243 (6.15)
+ E D +

DESCRIPTION
The H21A1, H21A2 and H21A3 consist of a gallium arsenide infrared emitting diode coupled with a silicon phototransistor in a plastic housing. The packaging system is designed to optimize the mechanical resolution, coupling efficiency, ambient light

Ø 0.133 (3.4) Ø 0.126 (3.2) (2X)

C L 0.39 (1.00) 0.34 (0.85)

0.755 (19.2) 0.745 (18.9)

.073 (1.85) .133 (3.38)

0.129 (3.3) 0.119 (3.0) Optical C L

rejection, cost and reliability. The gap in the housing provides a means of interrupting the signal with an opaque material, switching the output from an “ON” to an “OFF” state.

0.433 (11.0) 0.422 (10.7)

SCHEMATIC
1 4

0.125 (3.2) 0.119 (3.0) C L .295 (7.5) .272 (6.9)

0.315 (8.0)

FEATURES
0.110 (2.8) 0.091 (2.3)

• Opaque housing • Low cost • .035” apertures • High IC(ON) 1. Derate power dissipation linearly 1.33 mW/°C above 25°C. 2. RMA flux is recommended. 3. Methanol or isopropyl alcohols are recommended as cleaning agents. 4. Soldering iron tip 1/16” (1.6mm) minimum from housing.
2 3

2 1

3 4

PIN 1 ANODE PIN 2 CATHODE PIN 3 COLLECTOR PIN 4 EMITTER
0.020 (0.51) (SQ)

NOTES: 1. Dimensions for all drawings are in inches (mm). 2. Tolerance of ± .010 (.25) on all non-nominal dimensions unless otherwise specified.

ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS
Parameter Operating Temperature Storage Temperature Soldering Temperature (Iron)(2,3 and 4) Soldering Temperature (Flow)(2 and 3) INPUT (EMITTER) Continuous Forward Current Reverse Voltage Power Dissipation (1) OUTPUT (SENSOR) Collector to Emitter Voltage Emitter to Collector Voltage Collector Current Power Dissipation (TC = 25°C)(1)

(TA = 25°C unless otherwise specified) Symbol TOPR TSTG TSOL-I TSOL-F IF VR PD VCEO VECO IC PD Rating -55 to +100 -55 to +100 240 for 5 sec 260 for 10 sec 50 6 100 30 4.5 20 150 Unit °C °C °C °C mA V mW V V mA mW

 2001 Fairchild Semiconductor Corporation DS300290 5/02/01

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www.fairchildsemi.com

H21A1 / H21A2 / H21A3
PHOTOTRANSISTOR OPTICAL INTERRUPTER SWITCH
ELECTRICAL / OPTICAL CHARACTERISTICS
PARAMETER TEST CONDITIONS

(TA =25°C)(All measurements made under pulse condition)
SYMBOL DEVICES MIN TYP MAX UNITS

INPUT (EMITTER) Forward Voltage Reverse Breakdown Voltage Reverse Leakage Current OUTPUT (SENSOR) Emitter to Collector Breakdown Collector to Emitter Breakdown Collector to Emitter Leakage COUPLED

IF = 60 mA IR = 10 µA VR = 3 V IF = 100 µA, Ee = 0 IC = 1 mA, Ee = 0 VCE = 25 V, Ee = 0 IF = 5 mA, VCE = 5 V

VF VR IR BVECO BVCEO ICEO

All All All All All All H21A1 H21A2 H21A3 H21A1 H21A2 H21A3 H21A1 H21A2 H21A3 H21A2/3 H21A1 All All

— 6.0 — 6.0 30 — 0.15 0.30 0.60 1.0 2.0 4.0 1.9 3.0 5.5 — — — —

— — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — 8 50

1.7 — 1.0 — — 100 — — — — — — — — — 0.40 0.40 — —

V V µA V V nA

On-State Collector Current

IF = 20 mA, VCE = 5 V

IC(ON)

mA

IF = 30 mA, VCE = 5 V Saturation Voltage Turn-On Time Turn-Off Time IF = 20 mA, IC = 1.8 mA IF = 30 mA, IC = 1.8 mA IF = 30 mA, VCC = 5 V, RL = 2.5 KΩ IF = 30 mA, VCC = 5 V, RL = 2.5 KΩ VCE(SAT) ton toff

V V µs µs

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5/02/01

DS300290

H21A1 / H21A2 / H21A3
PHOTOTRANSISTOR OPTICAL INTERRUPTER SWITCH
Figure 1. Output Current vs. Input Current
10 8 6 4 ICE(on), NORMALIZED OUTPUT CURRENT 2 1 .8 .6 .4 .2 .1 .08 .06 .04 .02 .01 NORMALIZED TO I F = 20 mA VCE = 5 V PULSED PW = 100 µsec PRR = 100 pps

1

2

4

6

8 10

20

40

60 80 100

200

400

600

1000

IF , INPUT CURRENT (mA)

Figure 2. Output Current vs. Temperature
10 8 6 ICE(on), NORMALIZED OUTPUT CURRENT 4 NORMALIZED TO VCE = 5 V, I F = 20 mA, TA = 25 °C INPUT PULSED IF = 100 mA IF = 60 mA

2 IF = 30 mA 1 .8 .6 .4 IF = 10 mA IF = 20 mA

.2

IF = 5 mA

.1

-55

-40

-20

0

20

40

60

80

100

TA , AMBIENT TEMPERATURE (°C)

Figure 3. VCE(SAT) vs. Temperature
3

2 VCE(SAT), NORMALIZED

NORMALIZED TO IC 1.8 mA , TA = 25°C = 30 mA IF PULSED PW = 100 µs, PRR = 100 pps

IC 1.8 mA = IF 20 mA IC 3.6 mA = IF 60 mA

1 IC 1.8 mA = IF 30 mA 0.8 IC 0.9 mA = IF 15 mA 0.6

-50

-25

0

25

50

75

100

TA , AMBIENT TEMPERATURE (°C)

DS300290

5/02/01

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H21A1 / H21A2 / H21A3
PHOTOTRANSISTOR OPTICAL INTERRUPTER SWITCH
Figure 4. Leakage Current vs. Temperature DETECTOR EMITTER

103

103

102

IR, NORMALIZED LEAKAGE CURRENT

ICEO, NORMALIZED DARK CURRENT

VCE = 25 V

102

VCE = 10 V 101

101

1 NORMALIZED TO VCE = 25 V TA = 25 °C 0.1 25 50 75 100

1 NORMALIZED TO VR = 5 V TA = 25 °C 0.1 25 50 75 100

T A, AMBIENT TEMPERATURE (°C)

T A, AMBIENT TEMPERATURE (°C)

Figure 6. Output Current vs. Distance Figure 5. Switching Speed vs. RL
4.5 4 3 tON, AND tOFF NORMALIZED ICE(on), NORMALIZED OUTPUT CURRENT PW = 300 µs PRR = 100 pps 75 IF = AMPS, VCC = 5V RL
NORMALIZED TO RL = 2.5 KΩ

d, DISTANCE (mils) 1.00 78.7 157.5 236.2 315 393.7

ton toff

.1

2 1.5

.01

BLACK SHIELD
+
E D

NORMALIZED TO VALUE WITH SHIELD REMOVED

+

d o

BLACK SHIELD
d o

1 .9 .8 .7 .6 .5 .45

RL IF

+ VCC

.001

1K

2K

3K

4K

5K

6K

7K 8K 9K 10K

.0001

0

2

4

6

8

10

d, DISTANCE (mm) R L , LOAD RESISTANCE (Ω)

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4 OF 5

5/02/01

DS300290

H21A1 / H21A2 / H21A3
PHOTOTRANSISTOR OPTICAL INTERRUPTER SWITCH

DISCLAIMER FAIRCHILD SEMICONDUCTOR RESERVES THE RIGHT TO MAKE CHANGES WITHOUT FURTHER NOTICE TO ANY PRODUCTS HEREIN TO IMPROVE RELIABILITY, FUNCTION OR DESIGN. FAIRCHILD DOES NOT ASSUME ANY LIABILITY ARISING OUT OF THE APPLICATION OR USE OF ANY PRODUCT OR CIRCUIT DESCRIBED HEREIN; NEITHER DOES IT CONVEY ANY LICENSE UNDER ITS PATENT RIGHTS, NOR THE RIGHTS OF OTHERS. LIFE SUPPORT POLICY FAIRCHILD’S PRODUCTS ARE NOT AUTHORIZED FOR USE AS CRITICAL COMPONENTS IN LIFE SUPPORT DEVICES OR SYSTEMS WITHOUT THE EXPRESS WRITTEN APPROVAL OF THE PRESIDENT OF FAIRCHILD SEMICONDUCTOR CORPORATION. As used herein: 1. Life support devices or systems are devices or systems which, (a) are intended for surgical implant into the body,or (b) support or sustain life, and (c) whose failure to perform when properly used in accordance with instructions for use provided in labeling, can be reasonably expected to result in a significant injury of the user. 2. A critical component in any component of a life support device or system whose failure to perform can be reasonably expected to cause the failure of the life support device or system, or to affect its safety or effectiveness.

DS300290

5/02/01

5 OF 5

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