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VECTRON® SVX

Technical Reference Guide

Advanced Solid-State
Metering for
Commercial/Industrial Sites
Schlumberger Schlumberger Schlumberger
Resource Management Resource Management Resource Management
Services, Inc. Services, Inc. Services, Inc.
5430 Metric Place 313-B North Highway 11 7275 West Credit Avenue
Norcross, GA 30092-2550 West Union, SC 29696 Mississauga, Ontario L5N 5M9
USA USA Canada
Tel : 770-446-1991 Tel : 864-638-8300 Tel : 905-858-4211
Fax : 770-263-8104 Fax : 864-638-4950 Fax : 905-858-0428

Internet: www.slb.com/rms

EL - 0041- GB - 01.00
© Copyright 2000, Schlumberger Resource Management Services, Inc.
VECTRON® Solid-State
Polyphase Meter
Technical Reference Guide
Fifth Edition
Effective January 2000
Proprietary Rights Notice
This manual is an unpublished work and contains the trade secrets and confidential information of Schlumberger Resource
Management Services, Inc., which are not to be divulged to third parties and may not be reproduced or transmitted in whole
or part, in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical for any purpose, without the express written permission of
Schlumberger Resource Management Services, Inc. All rights to designs or inventions disclosed herein, including the right to
manufacture, are reserved to Schlumberger Resource Management Services, Inc.
The information contained in this document is subject to change without notice. Schlumberger reserves the right to change
the product specifications at any time without incurring any obligations.

Trademarks used in this manual

VECTRON, PC-PRO+ and PRO-READ are registered trademarks of Schlumberger Resource Management Services, Inc.

All other brands and products are trademarks and/or copyrights of their respective holders.

Compliance With FCC Regulations

FCC Part 15, Class A Registration


The VECTRON meter has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of
the FCC rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference when the equipment
is operated in a commercial environment.
This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the
instruction manual, may cause harmful interference to radio communications.
Operation of this equipment in a residential area is likely to cause harmful interference, in which case you will be required to
correct the interference at your own expense.
Any modifications or changes to the equipment, not expressly approved by the party responsible for compliance, could void
your authority to operate the equipment.

FCC Part 15, Class B Registration


This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and
2) this device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.

Changes or modification to this unit not expressly approved by the party responsible for compliance could
void the user’s authority to operate the equipment.


This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the
FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installa-
tion. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance
with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that interfer-
ence will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television recep-
tion, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference
by one or more of the following measures:
• Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
• Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
• Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is connected.
• Consult the dealer or an experienced radio TV technician for help.

This digital apparatus does not exceed the Class B limits for radio noise emissions from digital apparatus
set out in the Radio Interference Regulations of the Canadian Department of Communications.

FCC Part 15, Subpart C


The VECTRON with R300V has been tested and found to comply with the limits for an intentional radiator, pursuant to Part 15,
Subpart C of the FCC Rules. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and
used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications.
The limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against such interference in a residential situation. However, there
is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause interference to radio
or television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment on and off, the user is encouraged to try to correct
the interference by one or more of the following measures:
• Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
• Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
• Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is connected.
• Consult the dealer or an experienced radio TV technician for help.
Changes or modifications not expressly approved by Schlumberger Resource Management Services, Inc. could void the user’s
authority to operate the equipment.

FCC Part 68
The VECTRON modem complies with Part 68 of the FCC rules. The label affixed to this equipment contains, among other
information, the FCC Registration Number and Ringer Equivalence Number (REN) for this equipment. You must, upon request,
provide this information to your telephone company.
The REN is useful to determine the quantity of devices you may connect to your telephone line and still have all of those
devices ring when your telephone number is called. In most, but not all areas, the sum of the RENs of all devices connected to
one line should not exceed five (5). To be certain of the number of devices you may connect to your line, as determined by the
REN for your calling area, you should contact your local telephone company.
The following jacks must be ordered from the telephone company in order to interconnect this equipment with the public
communication network: RJ11 for Parallel Off-Hook Detect version, or RJ31X for Series Off-Hook Detect version of the VEC-
TRON Modem.
An FCC compliant modular plug is provided with this equipment. This equipment is designed to be connected to the telephone
network or premises’ wiring using a compatible modular jack with is Part 68 compliant.
If this equipment causes harm to the telephone network, the telephone company may temporarily discontinue your service. If
possible, the telephone company will notify you in advance. But if advance notice is not practical, you will be notified as soon
as possible. You will be informed of your right to file a complaint with the FCC.
Your telephone company may make changes in its facilities, equipment, operations, or procedures that could affect the proper
functioning of your equipment. If it does, you will be notified in advance to give you an opportunity to maintain uninterrupted
telephone service.
Connections to party lines are subject to state tariffs. Contact your local telephone company if you plan to use this equipment
on party lines.
This equipment cannot be used on public coin service lines provided by the telephone company. This equipment is not
designed to operated via voice operation; thus it is not hearing-aid compatible (HAC) per Section 68.316, FCC Rules and
Regulations.
Service Return Address:
Schlumberger Resource Management Services, Inc.
Electricity Business Segment
313 N. Hwy 11
West Union, SC 29696

VECTRON® Solid-State Polyphase Meter Resource Management Services, Inc.


Technical Reference Guide 5430 Metric Place
Literature No. EL-0041-GB-01.00 Norcross, GA 30092-2550
Tel: (770) 446-1991
Fax: (770) 263-8104
Copyright © 2000
Schlumberger Resource Management Services, Inc.
All rights reserved.
Notes:
Contents

 General Information

General Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2


Physical Description. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3
Base Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-4
Main Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-4
Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-5
Covers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-5
Outputs (Optional). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-6
Communication Boards (Optional) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-6
Modem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-6
R300V . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-7
RS-232 and RS-485 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-7
Display Items . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-8
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-10
Electrical . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-10
Programmable Outputs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-11
Operating Environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-11
Rated Accuracy (Typical, at ambient temperature). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-11
Time. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-12
Modem (SVX only). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-12
Burden Data. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-12
Current. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-13
Starting Load, Creep . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-13
Standards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-13
Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-14
Shipping Weights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-15

 Installation

Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1

VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide v


CONTENTS

Unpacking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1
preliminary Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1
Meters Without Batteries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1
Meter With Batteries (TOU and Extended Function Versions) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-2
Site Selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-3
Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-3
Meter Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-3
Socket-Base meters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-3
Bottom-Connected Meters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-3
Cover . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-3
Battery (TOU and Extended Function Versions) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4
Battery Modem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4
Output Board Retrofit Installation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5
Hg-Wetted Board Retrofit Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-7
Programming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-7

 Operating Instructions

Controls And Indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1


Application of Power and Power-up. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-2
Power Down Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-3
Demand Meter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-3
TOU and Extended Function Meters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-3
Operating Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-3
Normal Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-3
Alternate Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-3
Test Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-4
Toolbox Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-5
Display. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-7
PROGRAMMABLE FUNCTIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-8
Register Programs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-8
Register Selection (Demand and TOU Versions). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-8
Register Selection (Extended Function Version) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-9
Self-Reading Registers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-10
Data Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-10
Programming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-10

vi VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide


CONTENTS

Programmable Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-10


Information Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-12
Normal and Alternate Display Mode Items . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-12
Test Display Mode Items . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-13
Demand . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-13
Demand Calculation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-14
Block Interval Demand . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-14
Rolling Interval Demand . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-14
Thermal Demand . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-14
Cumulative Demand (SVX only). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-15
Continuous Cumulative Demand (SVX only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-15
Previous Demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-15
Present Interval Demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-15
Demand Reset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-15
Time-Of-Use . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-16
TOU Schedules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-16
Calendar Schedule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-16
Rate Schedules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-16
Daily Schedules. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-16
Seasonal Schedules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-17
Holiday Schedules. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-17
Daylight Savings Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-17
Registers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-17
Current Season Registers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-17
Last Season Registers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-17
Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-18
Rate Annunciators and Active Rate Indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-18
Season Change . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-18
Battery Carryover. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-18
Mass Memory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-19
Mass Memory Specifications. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-19
Capacity. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-19
Bit Resolution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-19
Interval Lengths. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-19
Power Outage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-19
Channel Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-19
Pulse Constants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-20

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Data Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-21


Recording Duration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-21
RS-232/RS-485 Communication Boards. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-22
Standard Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-23
Optional Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-23
Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-24
Optional Outputs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-25
Output Cables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-27
Optional Communication boards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-27
R300V . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-27
RS-232 and RS-485 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-27
VECTRON 2200E (SVX ONLY) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-28
MODEM (SVX ONLY). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-28
Autobaud Rate Sensing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-28
Call Windows (TOU Meters Only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-28
Answer Delays. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-29
Dialing Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-29
Call On Schedule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-29
Phone Home on Event . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-30
Phone Home During Outage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-30
Off-Hook Detect . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-31
Phone Line Sharing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-31
Modem Outputs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-31
Measurement Techniques . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-32
Sampling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-32
Voltage and Current Measurements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-33
Instantaneous Voltage and Instantaneous Current. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-34
Watthour Measurement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-34
Varh Measurement (Extended Function Version) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-35
VAh Measurements (Extended Function Version). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-35

 SiteScan On-Site Monitoring System

SiteScan Meter Self-diagnostic Checks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-1


SiteScan Toolbox Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-2
SiteScan System and Installation Diagnostic checks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-5

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SiteScan Diagnostic #1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-19


Polarity, Cross-Phase, and Energy Flow Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-19
Diagnostic #1 Error Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-19
SiteScan Diagnostic #2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-21
Phase Voltage Deviation Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-21
Diagnostic #2 Error Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-22
SiteScan Diagnostic #3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-23
Inactive Phase Current Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-23
Diagnostic #3 Error Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-23
SiteScan Diagnostic #4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-24
Phase Angle Displacement Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-24
Diagnostic #4 Error Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-25
SiteScan Diagnostic #5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-26
Current Waveform Distortion Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-26
Diagnostic Condition Alert. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-27

 Testing, Troubleshooting, And Maintenance

Testing Support Features. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-1


Infrared Test LED . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-1
Annunciators. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-2
Watthour Disk Emulation Annunciator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-2
Voltage Indicator Annunciators. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-2
TOU Rate Annunciators. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-2
Test Mode Annunciator. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-2
Energy Testing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-2
Testing With the Infrared Test LED . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-2
Testing With Pulse Initiator Outputs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-3
Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-3
Testing Using the Disk Emulation Annunciator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-3
Testing Using the Energy/Time Method . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-4
Recommended Energy Testing Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-4
Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-4
Test Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-5
Recommendations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-5
Solution 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-5

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Solution 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-6
Solution 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-6
Recommended Test Setup for Minimizing Test Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-6
Recommendations for Minimum Variability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-6
Demand Testing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-7
Demand Test Method . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-7
Demand Calculations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-8
Calculation A: Actual Active Energy (kWh) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-8
Calculation B: Actual Active Demand (kW) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-9
Calculation C: Actual KVA Hours. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-9
Calculation D: Actual kVA Demand . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-9
TOU Calendar Schedule Testing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-9
Daylight Savings Time Recognition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-9
Daily Schedules for Season . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-9
Customer Alerts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-10
Independent Output Daily Schedules for Current Season . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-10
Holiday Schedules for Each Specified Holiday . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-10
Change Dates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-10
Field Testing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-10
Required Hardware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-11
Test Method Using Infrared Pulse Adapter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-11
Test Method Using a Snap Switch Assembly. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-11
Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-11
Fatal Errors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-11
Non-Fatal Errors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-12
Other Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-15
Maintenance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-17
Preventive Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-17
Calibration and Adjustments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-17
Battery Precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-17
Corrective Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-18

 Replacement Parts, Accessories, And Drawings

Direct Replacement Caution. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-1


Replacement Parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-3

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Programming Cables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-6


Output Board Color coding. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-7
Wiring Diagrams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-10
Drawings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-18

Glossary

Index

VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide xi


CONTENTS

Notes:

xii VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide


Figures

Figure Title Page


1.1 VECTRON Meter Without Protective Cover . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-4
1.2 VECTRON Meter With Protective Inner Cover . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-4
1.3 VECTRON SVX Meter Without Protective Inner Cover . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-5
1.4 VECTRON SVX Meter With Protective Inner Cover . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-5
1.5 VECTRON Meter Socket-Base Meter Dimension Drawing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-14
1.6 Bottom Connected (A-Base) Meter Dimension Drawing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-14
2.1 Testing Battery with Voltmeter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-2
2.2 Installing the VECTRON Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4
2.3 Installing the VECTRON SVX Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4
2.4 Installing Phone-Home During Outage Battery (SVX Only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5
2.5 Removing the Protective Cover . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5
2.6 Meter Base Option Board Knockout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5
2.7 Positioning the Output Board . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-6
2.8 Connecting the Cable Leads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-6
2.9 Option Board Flexible Connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-6
2.10 Hg-wetted Board for Retrofit Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-7
3.1 Controls and Indicators of the VECTRON . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1
3.2 Controls and Indicators of the VECTRON SVX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-2
3.3 Warning Label . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-2
3.4 Test Mode Button . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-4
3.5 VECTRON LCD Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-7
3.6 DIP Switch Bank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-22
3.7 VECTRON SVX/RS-232 Option Board Connection With PC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-23
3.8 VECTRON SVX/RS-232 Option Board Connection With Modem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-23
3.9 Sampling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-32
3.10 Sample Migration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-33
3.11 Waveform Sampling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-33
3.12 Accumulator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-34
4.1 Toolbox Phase Notation for Form 9S and 16S VECTRON Meters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-3
4.2 Plot of Toolbox Display Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-4
4.3 Example of Diagnostic #1 Error Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-6
4.4 Form 45S VECTRON Meter in a 3-Wire Network Service – Phasor Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-8
4.5 Form 45S VECTRON Meter in a 3-Wire Delta Service – Phasor Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-9
4.6 Form 45S VECTRON Meter in a 4-Wire Wye Service –Phasor Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-10
4.7 Form 45S VECTRON Meter in a 4-Wire Delta Service –Phasor Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-11
4.8 Form 46S VECTRON Meter in a 4-Wire Wye Service –Phasor Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-12
4.9 Form 9S VECTRON Meter in a 4-Wire Wye Service –Phasor Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-13
4.10 Form 9S VECTRON Meter in a 4-Wire Delta Service –Phasor Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-14
4.11 Form 12S VECTRON Meter in a 3-Wire Network Service –Phasor Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-15
4.12 Form 12S VECTRON Meter in a 3-Wire Delta Service –Phasor Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-16
4.13 Form 16S VECTRON Meter in a 4-Wire Wye Service –Phasor Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-17

VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide xiii


Figures

Figure Title Page


4.14 Form 16S VECTRON Meter in a 4-Wire Delta Service –Phasor Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-18
4.15 Diagnostic #1 Error Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-20
4.16 Envelope Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-25
4.17 Phasor Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-26
5.1 Infrared Test LED . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-1
5.2 Test Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-7
6.1 Sangamo 4L2, 21/2 Element, Form 6A, Electromechanical Meter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-1
6.2 3ý, 4W Wye Form 46A Wiring Diagram, Type SV5AD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-2
6.3 PC to Meter Programming Cable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-6
6.4 Option One Output Board VECTRON and SVX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-7
6.5 Option One Output Board VECTRON SVX only . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-7
6.6 Option Two Output Board VECTRON and VECTRON SVX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-8
6.7 Option Two Output Board VECTRON SVX only . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-8
6.8 3Ø, 3W Form 45S Wiring Diagram, Type SV3SD Meter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-10
6.9 3Ø, 3W Form 45A Wiring Diagram, Type SV3AD Meter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-10
6.10 3Ø, 4W , Form 45S Wiring Diagram, Type SV3AD Meter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-11
6.11 3Ø, 4W , Form 45A Wiring Diagram, Type SV3AD Meter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-11
6.12 3Ø, 4W Wye Form 45S Wiring Diagram, Type SV3SD Meter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-12
6.13 3Ø, 4W Wye Form 45A Wiring Diagram, Type SV3AD Meter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-12
6.14 3Ø, 4W Wye Form 46S Wiring Diagram, Type SV5SD Meter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-13
6.15 3Ø, 4W Wye Form 46A Wiring Diagram, Type SV5AD Meter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-13
6.16 3 Stator, 3Ø, 4W , Form 48A Wiring Diagram,
Type SV6AD Meter 6-14
6.17 3Ø, 4W Wye or 3Ø, 4W , Form 9S Wiring Diagram,
Type SV4SD Meter 6-14
6.18 3Ø, 4W Wye or 3Ø, 4W , Form 10A (9A) Wiring Diagram,
Type SV4AD Meter 6-15
6.19 1Ø, 3W Form 2S Wiring Diagram, Type SV1SR Meter,
Self-Contained 6-15
6.20 3Ø, 3W Network, Form 12S Wiring Diagram,
Type SV2SD Meter, Self-Contained 6-16
6.21 3Ø, 3W Delta, Form 25S Wiring Diagram,
Type SV2SD Meter, Self-Contained 6-16
6.22 3Ø, 4W Wye or 3Ø, 4W , Form 16S Wiring Diagram,
Type SV4SD Meter, Self-Contained 6-17
6.23 3Ø, 4W Wye, 3Ø, 4W Delta Form 16A Wiring Diagram,
Type SV4SD Meter 6-17
6.24 3Ø, 3W Form 66S Wiring Diagram, Type SV3SD Meter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-18
6.25 VECTRON Block Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-19
6.26 VECTRON SVX Block Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-20
6.27 VECTRON Option Board Schematic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-21

xiv VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide


Tables

Table Title Page


1.1 VECTRON Display Modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-8
1.2 Potential for VECTRON Meter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-12
1.3 Potential for VECTRON SVX Meter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-13
1.4 Shipping Weights for the VECTRON Meter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-15
1.5 Shipping Weights for the VECTRON SVX Meter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-15
3.1 Toolbox Mode Display List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-6
3.2 Register Display Formats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-9
3.3 Typical Demand Subinterval Lengths . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-12
3.4 Recording Duration in Days for 32 Kb of RAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-22
3.5 DIP Switch Setting for Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-24
3.6 VECTRON RS232/485 Meter Losses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-24
4.1 Phase Notation in Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-2
5.1 Coil Factors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-4
5.2 Singlephase Test Constants (SPTC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-8
6.1 VECTRON Meter Replacement Parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-3
6.2 VECTRON SVX Meter Replacement Parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-4
6.3 VECTRON I/O Upgrade Kits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-4
6.4 VECTRON SVX I/O Upgrade Kits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-5
6.5 VECTRON SVX Modem Retrofit Kits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-5
6.6 Reader Programmer to Meter Programming Cables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-6
6.7 VECTRON Forms and Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-9

VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide xv


Tables

1RWHV

xvi VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide


CHAPTER 1 GENERAL INFORMATION

This instruction manual explains the installation, operation, and maintenance


of the Schlumberger VECTRON® solid-state polyphase meter. Schematics,
mechanical drawings, and theoretical operations are available upon request.
Schlumberger urges you to read the entire manual before attempting
installation, tests, operations, or maintenance. To operate the Schlumberger
PC-PRO+® programming software and PRO-READ® handheld reader
programmer, refer to their respective instruction manuals.

Section 1 General Provides a general background for operation of the


Information VECTRON meter. This section includes general, physical,
and functional descriptions, as well as complete
specifications.

Section 2 Installation Describes how to install a VECTRON meter. This section


also details the precautions that must be taken when
handling the VECTRON meter.

Section 3 Operating Describes how to initialize the VECTRON meter. This


Instructions section gives the location of the meter’s controls and
describes how to obtain the desired operational modes
and displays. Detailed information on the demand, time-
of-use (TOU), and extended function versions and the
mass memory option is also provided.

Section 4 SiteScan On-Site Explains how to use the VECTRON meter’s SiteScan
Monitoring features to help assure that the meter’s installation and
System system are accurate and operating correctly.

Section 5 Testing, Explains how to test, troubleshoot, and maintain the


Troubleshooting, VECTRON meter.
and Maintenance

Section 6 Replacement Provides part numbers for replacement parts and


Parts, Accessories programming cables. Includes block diagrams of the
and Drawings. circuit board.

Glossary Contains definitions of terms used throughout this


manual.

VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide 1-1


General Information

GENERAL DESCRIPTION
The VECTRON meter is an electronic device incorporating digital sampling
technology to accurately measure power quantities. The meter is available in
three versions:
• Demand
• Time-of-use
• Extended Function
The demand and TOU versions are designed for use in billing applications
where information such as kW/kWh is required. The extended function is
designed for use in billing applications where reactive or apparent energy
quantities are required in addition to the standard real energy quantities. TOU
capabilities come standard with the extended function version of the
VECTRON meter. A mass memory option is available on TOU and extended
function versions of the meter where load profile data is needed for billing,
survey, or engineering applications.
Because the VECTRON meter is designed to provide maximum flexibility,
virtually all major operating characteristics are programmable. Display
configuration, demand type, calendar schedules, energy quantities, and mass
memory configurations are just a few of the many programmable features. All
annunciators and variables are displayed on an easy-to-read liquid crystal
display.
Four display modes allow flexibility in the presentation of data and program
parameters. All data values and parameters can be programmed for display in
Normal and Alternate Modes. The display continuously scrolls in Normal
Mode until Alternate Mode, Test Mode, or Toolbox Mode is selected. Test
Mode displays data necessary to test the accuracy of the meter without
disturbing billing data. When selected, the Toolbox Mode scrolls through per
phase information on each element contained in the meter and reports on all
SiteScan diagnostic counters.
VECTRON meters are programmed using Schlumberger PC-PRO+ software.
This software can also be used to program other Schlumberger electronic
products. In addition, the PRO-READ handheld reader programmer can be
used to program and read VECTRON meters.
The VECTRON meter is available in a transformer rated (CL20) and self-
contained (CL200) socket version and a transformer rated (CL20) and self-
contained (CL150) A-base version. The VECTRON meter utilizes an
autoranging power supply so that one meter can operate over a specified
voltage range. Form consolidation, which enables one meter to be used on a
variety of service types, has also been incorporated into the VECTRON meter.
While all VECTRON meters are similar in design, the VECTRON SVX has
several distinguishing features:

• Full 480 Volt Autoranging—Each VECTRON SVX is rated for 120-


480 volt use. This feature can reduce the number of meters that a util-
ity must inventory.

• Auto-Service Sensing—The VECTRON SVX has the capability to


determine the service type in which it is installed. The SiteScan sys-

1-2 VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide


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tem in the SVX does not require that meters be programmed for a spe-
cific service type. If any of the five diagnostic errors are enabled, auto-
service sensing is automatically enabled. If the meter cannot deter-
mine a valid service type, a Diagnostic 1 will be reported, regardless of
which diagnostic errors are enabled in the meter.

• Solid-State Outputs—In addition to mercury-wetted relays previ-


ously available in the VECTRON meter, solid-state outputs are now
available in the VECTRON SVX. This option is also available as a retro-
fit.

• Modem Under Glass—The VECTRON SVX is available with an inter-


nal auto-baud sensing modem. It can communicate at 300/1200/2400
baud. This modem has the capability of initiating a phone call on an
event or calling on a schedule. It is also available with an option of ini-
tiating a phone call during an outage to report the loss of power. The
modem option is also available as a retrofit.

• Two Highest Peaks—The VECTRON SVX has the capability of


reporting the two highest demand peaks that have occurred since the
last demand reset.

• Cumulative and Continuous Cumulative TOU—Cumulative and


continuous cumulative are supported for TOU rates as well as for the
non-TOU total rate.

• Self-Reading Registers—One self-read register is available in all


VECTRON SVX meters. TOU and mass memory versions have up to
four self-read registers available. The self-read captures all register
data in the meter and can be initiated by a demand reset or on a sched-
ule. There are no self-read registers available on the earlier versions of
the VECTRON.

• Black Anodized Nameplate—A black nameplate replaces the blue


nameplate which is on all previous versions of the VECTRON meter.
The black nameplate provides better contrast between the lettering
and the background. It also provides an instant indication whether the
meter is the SVX version or not. The addition of the Installed Option
matrix gives instant visual indication of the meter’s installed options.

PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION
Each of the parts of the VECTRON meter are described in this section. The
VECTRON meter is shown without the protective cover in Figure 1.1 and
Figure 1.3.

The VECTRON meter is NOT a line isolated meter. Because of this, contact with the meter circuit board
can cause an electric shock resulting in severe injury or death. If the circuit board is exposed, the
meter MUST NOT be energized.

VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide 1-3


General Information

Base Assembly
The base assembly consists of the meter base (socket or A-base) and the
current sensors. A knockout is located at the six o’clock position in the socket-
base assembly to allow wires from a retrofitted option board to exit the meter
base.

Main Assembly
The main assembly is connected to the base using two side supports which
hold in place the power supply transformer (for VECTRON meters only), the
battery (for TOU, mass memory, and extended function versions only), an
option board (if applicable), and the meter board. The meter board contains
two processors, as well as the liquid crystal display. A protective cover, shown
in Figure 1.2 and Figure 1.4, fits over all the components to prevent accidental
contact with the circuitry.

Figure 1.1 VECTRON Meter Without Protective Cover

Figure 1.2 VECTRON Meter With Protective Inner Cover

1-4 VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide


*HQHUDO,QIRUPDWLRQ

Figure 1.3 VECTRON SVX Meter Without Protective Inner Cover

Figure 1.4 VECTRON SVX Meter With Protective Inner Cover

The VECTRON meter is NOT a line isolated meter. Because of this, contact with the meter circuit board
can cause an electric shock resulting in severe injury or death. If the circuit board is exposed, the
meter MUST NOT be energized.

Battery
A lithium battery is provided only on the TOU, mass memory, and extended
function versions of the VECTRON meter. The battery is connected to the
meter circuit board using a two-pin connector and then snaps into the lower
side support.

Covers
VECTRON meters are available with a polycarbonate cover only. All
polycarbonate covers come standard with an optical aperture assembly and a
demand reset.

VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide 1-5


General Information

Cover options include:

• Without demand reset

• Keylock demand reset

• Battery access door with demand reset

• Battery access door without demand reset

• Battery access door with keylock demand reset

Outputs (Optional)
Two optional outputs are available on all versions of VECTRON meters:

• One or two mercury-wetted relays

• One form A solid-state contact closure


Two additional optional outputs are available on all versions of the VECTRON
SVX meters:

• One or two Form C solid-state contact closures

• AMR interface
Each form C solid-state contact can be used as a pulse initiator output (KYZ),
demand threshold output, end of interval output, load control output
(independent output), customer alert output, or diagnostic condition alert
output.
The AMR output uses solid-state technology to connect directly to the T-3000
MIU (Meter Interface Unit), which is part of the inbound telecommunications
system.

The load control and customer alert outputs are only available with the TOU, mass memory, or the ex-
tended function versions of the VECTRON meter.

Communication Boards (Optional)


Following are brief descriptions of optional boards, either communication or
output, for the VECTRON meter. The meter can support only one board at a
time. Because of this, the modem, RS-232, and RS-485 are available in solid-
state outputs for situations where both a communication and an output board
are required. The R300V does not offer solid-state outputs. If you require a
board with solid-state output, it must be specified at the time of order.

Modem
An optional modem is available on all versions of the VECTRON SVX meters.
The basic modem includes:

• Parallel off-hook detect (RJ-11 connector)

1-6 VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide


*HQHUDO,QIRUPDWLRQ

• Phone home on event

• Calling windows

• Phone line sharing capability

• 300/1200/2400 baud support with autobaud detection


All VECTRON SVX modems have the capability of initiating a phone call on a
schedule. Additionally, the modem can initiate a phone call on an event. Events
include fatal or non-fatal errors, per phase current or potential loss, diagnostic
error, power restoration, and exceeded demand threshold.
Optional features available on the VECTRON SVX modem include:

• Serial off-hook detect (RJ-31 connector)

• Phone home during outage

• Solid-state outputs

R300V
The R300V is an option board that allows energy and maximum demand values
to be transmitted from the VECTRON via radio frequency. Features include:

• Broadcast energy only for demand meters

• Broadcast energy and demand for TOU meters

• Tamper detection

• All components housed within meter

RS-232 and RS-485


The RS-232 and RS-485 boards offer serial communications with the
VECTRON meter. Both boards support point-to-point communications and
multi-drop communications using SCS protocol. Features include:

• 12 position DIP switch for configuration options

• 2 KYZ outputs with 1 LC available

• Addressable (up to 256 address available)

• Signal conversion

• Hand shaking

• Isolation

• Baud rates configurable (1200, 2400, 4800, 9600)

• DB9-F DTE connector on RS-232

• RJ11 connector on RS-485

VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide 1-7


General Information

DISPLAY ITEMS
All VECTRON meters can display a maximum of 32 Normal, 32 Alternate, and
10 Test items, up to a total count of no more than 48 items. The display items
and sequence of display, along with any desired annunciators or ID code
number, are selected during program setup, a feature of the PC-PRO+
software.
Table 1.1 lists, in alphabetical order, items programmable for display in the
modes indicated. Detailed information about these display items is given in the
PC-PRO+ Software User’s Manual.
Table 1.1 VECTRON Display Modes
Display Item Normal Alt. Test Toolbox
Continuous Cumulative kVA total (E rate only)* X X
Continuous Cumulative kvar lag (E rate only)* X X
Continuous Cumulative kW (E rate only)* X X
Continuous Cumulative kVA lag (E rate only)* X X
Cumulative kVA lag (E rate only)* X X
Cumulative kVA total (E rate only)* X X
Cumulative kvar lag (E rate only)* X X
Cumulative kW (E rate only) X X
Current Date (TOU only) X X
Current Time (TOU only) X X

Date Max Demand (TOU only) X X


Day of Week (TOU only) X X
Days Since Last Reset X X
Demand Threshold Value X X
Diagnostic Counters (d1, d2, d3, d4, d5) X
Display Duration X X

Error Codes X X

Firmware Revision # (Back End) X X


Firmware Revision # (Front End) X X

Instantaneous Amps (per phase) X


Instantaneous kVA lag* X X X
Instantaneous kVA total* X X X
Instantaneous kvar lag* X X X
Instantaneous kW X X X
* Indicates items available for display with the extended function version only. The energy
and demand quantities which show up in the display item list will vary depending on the
extended registers selected for that particular configuration, such as vars or VA.

1-8 VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide


*HQHUDO,QIRUPDWLRQ

Table 1.1 VECTRON Display Modes


Display Item Normal Alt. Test Toolbox
Instantaneous Volts (per phase) X
kVAh lag* X X X
kvarh lag* X X X
kvarh lead* X X X
kWh X X X
KYZ pulse weight #1 X X
KYZ pulse weight #2 X X

Last Season Billing Values (TOU only) X X

Maximum kVA lag* X X X


Maximum kVA total* X X X
Maximum kvar lag* X X X
Maximum kW X X X
Meter ID 1 (9 digits) X X
Meter ID 2 (9 digits) X X
Meter Kh X X X

Normal Mode Subinterval Length X X


Number of Demand Resets X X
Number of Power Outages X X

Per Phase Current Angle X


Per Phase Voltage Angle X
Present Interval Input Pulse Count X
Present Interval kVA lag* X X X
Present Interval kVA total* X X X
Present interval kW X X X
Previous Interval Input Pulse Count X
Previous kvar* X X
Previous kVA* X X
Previous kW X X
Program ID Number (3 digits) X X

Segment Test X X
Software Revision X X
* Indicates items available for display with the extended function version only. The energy
and demand quantities which show up in the display item list will vary depending on the
extended registers selected for that particular configuration, such as vars or VA.

VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide 1-9


General Information

Table 1.1 VECTRON Display Modes


Display Item Normal Alt. Test Toolbox
Test Maximum kW X
Test Mode Number of Subintervals X X
Test Mode Subinterval Length X X
Time and Date Last Programmed (TOU only) X X
Time and Date of Last Reset (TOU only) X X
Time Max Demand (TOU only) X X
Time on Battery Carryover (TOU only) X X
Time Remaining Before Test Mode Timeout X
Time Remaining in Subinterval X X X
TOU Program Expiration Date (TOU only) X X
TOU Rate Schedule ID Number (TOU only) X X
Transformer Factor X X

User Defined Fields (up to three 9-digit fields) X X


* Indicates items available for display with the extended function version
only. The energy and demand quantities which show up in the display item
list will vary depending on the extended registers selected for that particu-
lar configuration, such as vars or VA.

Specifications

Electrical
Voltage Ranges (before SVX): 60 Hz range: (Nominal) 60 Hz range: (Actual)

1 120-277 volts 96-332 volts

2 240-480 volts 192-552 volts

3 100-115 volts 80-132 volts


4 57.7-63.5 volts 46-76 volts

Voltage Ranges SVX: 120-480 volts 96-528 volts

Frequency: 50 Hz or 60 Hz

Operating Range: ± 3 Hz

TOU/Extended Function Battery

Voltage: 3.6 V nominal

Operating Range: 3.4 V - 3.8 V

Carryover:

TOU 365 days minimum

TOU/Extended Function with mass memory 300 days minimum

Surge Suppression IEEE C62.41 - 1980

1-10 VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide


*HQHUDO,QIRUPDWLRQ

Programmable Outputs

Mercury-Wetted Relays

Voltage: 240 V DC or AC RMS; 250 V maximum

Current: 350 mA DC or AC RMS

Low Current Solid-State Contacts

Voltage: 30 V DC or AC RMS

Current: 70 mA DC or AC RMS

Solid-State KYZ (SVX only)

Voltage: 120 V DC or AC RMS maximum

Current: • 70 mA DC or AC RMS, continuous,


maximum at -40°C to +85°C
• 100 mA DC or AC RMS, continuous,
maximum at 25°C
• 350 mA pulse for 10 ms, maximum at 25°C

Pulse Rate: 20 Hz maximum

Operating Environment

Temperature range: -40°C to +85°C (-40°F to +185°F)

Humidity: 0% to 95% non-condensing

Time Base: Power line frequency or crystal oscillator


(selectable)

Rated Accuracy (Typical, at ambient temperature)

(1% of class-to-class) ± 0.2% @ unity power factor

± 0.5% @ 50% power factor

VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide 1-11


General Information

Time

Line Sync: Power line frequency

Crystal Sync: ± 0.01% @ 25°C; ± 0.02% over full temperature


range

Battery: ± 0.005% @ 25°C; +0.005% to -0.02% over full


temperature range

10–12 year shelf life

Continuous operation

Clock battery: 360 days

Phone home during outage battery: 60–70 calls


(SVX only)

Modem (SVX only)

Bell 103/212A (300b/1200b)

CCITT V.22BIS (2400b)

Burden Data
Potential

Table 1.2 Potential for VECTRON Meter


Potential 120V - 277V
Typical for Basic Meter Typical for Meter with Option Board
Voltage Phase VA Watts VA Watts
A 0.59 0.44 1.85 1.60
120
B or C 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03
A 1.26 0.80 2.36 1.74
240
B or C 0.11 0.11 0.11 0.11
A 2.20 0.99 3.21 1.95
277
B or C 0.14 0.14 0.14 0.14
Potential 240V - 480V
Typical for Basic Meter Typical for Meter with Option Board
Voltage Phase VA Watts VA Watts
A 0.62 0.50 0.76 0.61
240
B or C 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.06
A 0.68 0.55 0.83 0.66
277
B or C 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08
A 1.26 1.00 1.41 1.08
480
B or C 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.25

1-12 VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide


*HQHUDO,QIRUPDWLRQ

Table 1.3 Potential for VECTRON SVX Meter


Potential 120V - 480V
Typical for Basic Meter Typical for Meter with Modem or R300V Typical for Meter with RS-232 or RS-485
Voltage Phase VA Watts VA Watts VA Watts
120 A 1.6324 1.1582 1.9631 1.5033 2.1435 1.8963
B or C 0.001 <0.01 0.02 <0.02 <0.001 <0.001
240 A 3.2062 1.4819 3.6351 1.8154 3.4594 2.2151
B or C 0.06 <0.06 0.06 <0.06 <0.001 <0.001
277 A 3.7355 1.6262 4.1823 1.9499 4.0494 2.3691
B or C 0.08 <0.08 0.08 <0.08 <0.001 <0.001
480 A 8.5673 2.5973 9.8294 2.9366 9.5701 3.2837
B or C 0.24 <0.24 0.24 <0.24 <0.001 <0.001

Current

Current (Per Element) At Test Amps


Meter VA
CL 20 0.0018

CL 200 0.16

Starting Load, Creep

Maximum Starting Current 5 mA for CL 20 meter

50 mA for CL 200 meter

Voltages On, No Currents Guaranteed no output pulses

Standards

ANSI C12.1 — 1995

ANSI C12.16 (Solid-state electricity meters)

ANSI C37.90.1 — 1989 (Oscillatory and fast-transient waveforms)

ANSI C62.45 — 1987 (Ringing wave form)

IEC 801-4 (4kV) — 1988 (Electrical fast-transient/burst requirements)

VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide 1-13


General Information

Dimensions
All dimensions are in centimeters and (inches).

Meter A B C D E F G H

Socket-base 14.0 (5.5) 15.3 (6.0) 3.3 (1.3) 17.5 (6.9)

Bottom
17.8 (7.0) 24.1 (9.5) 18.3 (7.2) 19.3 (7.6)
Connected

'

$
%
&

Figure 1.5 VECTRON Meter Socket-Base Meter Dimension Drawing

*
( +

Figure 1.6 Bottom Connected (A-Base) Meter Dimension Drawing

1-14 VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide


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Shipping Weights
All weights are in kilograms and (pounds).

Table 1.4 Shipping Weights for the VECTRON Meter


Gross Weight Gross Weight
Meter Net Weight
(Meter & Carton) 4 Pack
Socket-base 1.8 kg (4 lbs.) 3.4 kg (7.5 lbs.) 9.2 kg (20.2 lbs.)
Bottom 2.8 kg (6.2 lbs.) 4.4 kg (9.7 lbs.) 13.2 kg (29.1 lbs.)
Connected

Table 1.5 Shipping Weights for the VECTRON SVX Meter


Gross Weight Gross Weight
Meter Net Weight
(Meter & Carton) 4 Pack
Socket-base 1.4 kg (3.1 lbs.) 3 kg (6.5 lbs.) 10 kg (22 lbs.)
Bottom 2.6 kg (5.7 lbs.) 4.2 kg (9.3 lbs.) 13.5 kg (29.7 lbs.)
Connected

VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide 1-15


General Information

Notes:

1-16 VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide


CHAPTER 2 INSTALLATION

This section provides information and instructions to correctly store, unpack,


and install all versions of the VECTRON meter.

STORAGE
Store the VECTRON meter in a clean, dry environment at temperatures
between -40°C and +85°C (-40°F to +185°F). Avoid prolonged storage (more
than one year) at temperatures above +70°C (+185°F). Inspect the meter upon
receipt before storing. Store the meter in the original packing material. If
storage is to exceed 45 days, the battery supplied with a TOU or extended
function version meter should be stored separately.

UNPACKING
As with all precision electronic instruments, the VECTRON meter should be
handled with care; however, special handling is unnecessary. When a demand
reset mechanism is supplied, it is secured with a wire seal. Do not remove the
seal until necessary.
When handling the circuit board assembly, grip the board edges to avoid
damaging the electronic components. Do not touch the liquid crystal display
as this can damage the glass or affect display readability.

PRELIMINARY INSPECTION

Meters Without Batteries


Upon receipt, do the following:
1 Inspect for obvious shipping damage to the cover and the meter assembly.
2 If the meter is equipped with a reset mechanism, ensure that it is secure
and not damaged.
3 From the meter nameplate, verify that the following information is as
specified on the original order:
• Meter type • Kh

• Class • Test Amps


• Service • Frequency
• Voltage (Range) • Serial number

VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide 2-1


Installation

• Form # • Bar Code data


4 If supplied, ensure that output cable assemblies and connectors are not
damaged.

Meter With Batteries (TOU and Extended Function Versions)


The battery is packaged with the meter. To preserve the capacity of the battery,
the battery is not connected to the circuit board. Upon receipt of the meter,
take the following steps:
1 Inspect for obvious shipping damage to the battery.
2 Use a standard voltmeter to measure battery voltage. Place a 100 kilo-ohm,
1/4 watt resistor in series with the battery, as shown in Figure 2.1, by
inserting the resistor leads into the two-pin connector.

Figure 2.1 Testing Battery with Voltmeter

Place the voltmeter probes in parallel with the 100 kilo-ohm resistor. The
measured voltage should be between 3.45 and 3.75 volts. If the voltage is
below 3.45 volts, replace the battery.

Ensure that the voltmeter probes do not short the battery terminals and that the voltmeter is set to the
proper voltage range.

The product you have purchased contains a battery which is recyclable. At the end of its useful life,
under various state and local laws, it may be illegal to dispose of this battery into the municipal waste
stream. Check with your local area solid waste officials for details about recycling options or proper
disposal.

2-2 VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide


,QVWDOODWLRQ

SITE SELECTION
The VECTRON meter is designed and manufactured for use in outdoor
environments with temperature ranges between -40°C and +85°C (-40°F to
+185°F).

INSTALLATION

Meter Installation

Socket-Base meters
In the socket-base VECTRON meter, the current and voltage terminals extend
as blades, or bayonets, from the back of the meter. Connection is made by
plugging the meter into a socket where the bayonets engage main terminal
jaws that have been connected to the service lines. Electrical connection is
provided by the heavy spring pressure of the socket jaws on the meter
bayonets. In some heavy-duty sockets, clamping pressure provided by a handle
or wrench ensures proper connection.

Bottom-Connected Meters
All bottom-connected VECTRON meters use a terminal block that has a
maximum of eight current terminals and seven voltage terminals. In the
bottom connected VECTRON meter, the leads are brought down from the
current sensors to the terminal block which can be covered and sealed.

Cover
To install the cover, turn it clockwise until it is properly seated. Be sure the
locking tabs on the cover are engaged with the base, and the optical tower and
demand reset are properly aligned with their corresponding accessories on the
register faceplate. If the cover is not correctly aligned, a demand reset or
communications with the meter via a handheld reader or laptop computer
through the optical tower will not be possible.

Do not power up the meter without the protective cover in place.

VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide 2-3


Installation

Battery (TOU and Extended Function Versions)


For initial installation, install the battery before powering up or programming
the meter. When replacing a battery, make sure the meter remains energized
and that the protective inner cover is installed on the meter.
1 Remove the connector housing located at the six o’clock position on the
front of the protective cover.
2 Install the two-pin battery connector into the connector housing, making
sure that the battery connector is flush with the bottom of the battery.
3 Plug the connector housing with the installed battery connector back into
the front of the protective inner cover (Figure 2.2), and then snap the bat-
tery into the lower side support of the meter (Figure 2.3).

Figure 2.2 Installing the VECTRON Battery

Figure 2.3 Installing the VECTRON SVX Battery

Battery Modem
An additional lithium battery is provided with the VECTRON SVX if the meter
has been ordered with a modem and the phone home during outage option. As
shown in Figure 2.4, the battery is connected to the modem board using a two-
pin connector and then snaps into the lower side support.

2-4 VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide


,QVWDOODWLRQ

Figure 2.4 Installing Phone-Home During Outage Battery (SVX Only)

Output Board Retrofit Installation

Be sure to power down the meter.

To add an output board to a VECTRON


meter, perform the following steps:
1 Remove the protective cover by applying
pressure near the meter baseplate at the
three o’clock and nine o’clock positions.
(See Figure 2.5.) The cover is held in
place by four latching clasps at the base
which must be released to remove the
cover.
2 Remove the main circuit board located at
the front of the meter.

Figure 2.5 Removing the Protective Cover

3 Looking at the meter base, there are two


knockouts at the six o’clock position.
Remove the left-hand knockout, which is
shown in Figure 2.6.
4 Route the ends of the output cable
assembly through this knockout from the
outside of the meter up to where the
option board will be located.

Figure 2.6 Meter Base Option Board Knockout

VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide 2-5


Installation

5 Place the output board in the grooves


located below the main circuit board. As
illustrated in Figure 2.7, the board should
be positioned so that the components
face the baseplate and the curved side of
the output board faces the three o’clock
position.

Figure 2.7 Positioning the Output Board

6 Connect the leads from the cable assem-


bly to the output board, as shown in
Figure 2.8.
7 Replace the main circuit board back onto
the front of the meter.

Figure 2.8 Connecting the Cable Leads

8 Connect the output board to the main cir-


cuit board with the flexible connector.
(See Figure 2.9.)

Figure 2.9 Option Board Flexible Connector

If the meter was not ordered with provisions for KYZ outputs, the male connector (which comes stan-
dard with all output kits) will have to be soldered to the main circuit board first. The flexible connector
from the output board will then fit over the male connector from the main circuit board.

2-6 VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide


,QVWDOODWLRQ

9 Place the protective cover back on the meter. Make sure all four latching
clasps at the base of the meter are engaged.

Do not power up the meter without the protective cover in place.

Hg-Wetted Board Retrofit Installation


Follow the installation instructions provided above with the following
addition:
If you are installing a Hg-wetted option board into a VECTRON which is not a
type SVX, you must have the two plastic tabs at the 6 o’clock and 12 o’clock
positions, as shown in Figure 2.10. For SVX, the tabs must be removed.

3ODVWLF7DE

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3ODVWLF7DE

&RQWDFW3RLQWV

Figure 2.10 Hg-wetted Board for Retrofit Installation

PROGRAMMING
The battery should be connected and the meter must be powered prior to
programming. The meter can be programmed through the cover using the
optical tower, or, if equipped, through the RS-232 or RS-485 board connections.
The communication baud rate for the optical tower is 9600.
Refer to the PC-PRO+ Programming user’s manual for detailed instructions for
programming the VECTRON meter.

VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide 2-7


Installation

Notes:

2-8 VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide


CHAPTER 3 OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS

This chapter will show you the location of the meter’s controls and will
describe how to obtain the desired operational modes and displays. It will also
tell how to initialize the VECTRON meter while providing detailed information
on demand, TOU, and extended function versions of the meter, as well as the
mass memory, KYZ, and communication board options.

CONTROLS AND INDICATORS


All controls and indicators are shown in Figure 3.1 and Figure 3.2.

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/LTXLG&U\VWDO'LVSOD\

:DWW'LVN(PXODWRU
,QIUDUHG7HVW/('

3XVKW\SH

'HPDQG5HVHW

2SWLFDO

&RPPXQLFDWLRQV3RUW

7HVW0RGH%XWWRQ

Figure 3.1 Controls and Indicators of the VECTRON

VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide 3-1


Operating Instructions

$OWHUQDWH0RGH7RROER[0RGH6ZLWFK /LTXLG&U\VWDO'LVSOD\

0DJQHWLF5HHG6ZLWFK

:DWW'LVN(PXODWRU

,QIUDUHG7HVW/('

,QVWDOOHG2SWLRQV

0DWUL[

2SWLFDO

&RPPXQLFDWLRQV3RUW

3XVKW\SH

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7HVW0RGH%XWWRQ

Figure 3.2 Controls and Indicators of the VECTRON SVX

APPLICATION OF POWER AND POWER-UP


The power supply transformer, not included in the VECTRON SVX, that
powers the meter is connected in parallel with the meter’s A phase voltage
sensor. “A phase” is defined as the left-hand voltage element. This transformer
is energized when AC power is applied to the meter.

Do not remove the electronics housing while the meter is powered up. Because resister dividers are
used on the VECTRON, line-level voltages are present on the circuit board. Failure to follow this proce-
dure could result in serious personal injury or death. The warning label, shown in Figure 3.3, should
always be visible on the electronics housing.

Figure 3.3 Warning Label

3-2 VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide


2SHUDWLQJ,QVWUXFWLRQV

POWER DOWN PROCEDURES


To manually de-energize all electronics, remove power from the meter.
A power outage is recognized any time the line voltage drops 20 percent below
the lowest nominal point of the voltage range. At this point, the VECTRON
meter copies all billing values to nonvolatile memory.

Demand Meter
Restoration of AC power re-initializes the electronics and causes the meter to
perform self-diagnostic check procedures. The meter then retrieves all billing
data and begins a new demand interval.

TOU and Extended Function Meters


When a TOU or extended function meter recognizes a power outage according
to specifications, it begins battery carry-over operation. All program and
billing data will be transferred to nonvolatile memory. All circuits except the
timekeeping circuit and battery-backed RAM are de-energized. The
timekeeping circuitry powered by the lithium battery maintains real time
during an outage.
Upon the return of AC power, the register undergoes a procedure similar to the
initial power-up. The meter performs self-diagnostic checks, data is retrieved
from nonvolatile memory, and normal operation is resumed. The number of
minutes of power outage, maintained while the meter was in carry-over
operation, is added to Time on Battery Carryover. Since the demand interval is
synchronized to the top of the hour, the first demand interval after a power
outage may be shorter than the programmed interval value.

OPERATING PROCEDURES

Normal Mode
Upon power-up, all VECTRON meters operate in the Normal Mode. The
display continuously scrolls through the Normal display sequence, displaying
each selected quantity, annunciator, and ID code for a program-specified
duration.
The meter operates in Normal Mode until one of the following occurs: power is
disconnected; the Alternate display sequence is initiated; Test Mode is
accessed, or the Toolbox Mode is accessed.

Alternate Mode
Alternate Mode is entered from Normal Mode by using the magnetic reed
switch or one of the programming devices. Alternate Mode is indicated by the
flashing ALT annunciator.

VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide 3-3


Operating Instructions

To activate this mode with the magnetic reed switch, momentarily (less than
four seconds) move a small magnet (30 gauss) near the reed switch. The reed
switch is located in the twelve o’clock position just above the nameplate, and
labeled ALT/TOOLBOX. It can be accessed with the cover in place. The reed
switch, hidden from view by the meter module enclosure (Figure 3.1 and
Figure 3.2), is activated by the magnet and the meter enters the Alternate
Mode.
To activate this mode with an auxiliary programming device, refer to the PC-
PRO+ or PRO-READ software user’s manuals.
Once the Alternate Mode has been activated, the display scrolls once through
the programmed items and then returns to the Normal Mode. Operation of the
register in Alternate Mode is identical to that of Normal Mode. The quantities
displayed and the length of each display item are selected during
programming. Like the displays in Normal Mode, each display item in
Alternate Mode can have a two-digit identifier. If selected, this code can be
from 01 to 99. All calculations performed in Alternate Mode are identical to
those performed in Normal Mode.
As an option, the Alternate Mode can be programmed for manual scrolling.
When this option is selected, the meter will not advance to the next display
time until the magnetic reed switch is activated.

Test Mode
The Test Mode can be accessed from either the Normal or Alternate Mode by
removing the meter cover and pressing the Test button (Figure 3.4) until it
locks. To release the Test button, simply slide the nameplate up slightly.

Figure 3.4 Test Mode Button

To activate this mode with a programming device, refer to the appropriate


software user’s manual. A programmable time-out length from 1 to 99 minutes
is available when entering Test Mode through the software. After the
programmed time-out length has ended, the register will exit Test Mode
automatically. This applies only if Test Mode was entered through the
software. If the Test Mode was entered by a hardware initiation, the SVX
version of the VECTRON has an added feature—if the meter is inadvertently
left in Test Mode, it will return to normal metering operation after 24 hours.

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The Test Mode annunciator, shown in Figure 3.5, continuously flashes while
the VECTRON meter is in Test Mode or Toolbox Mode. In Test Mode, each
programmed display item remains on the display until manually scrolled to the
next item by activating the magnetic reed switch.
Activating Test Mode causes all billing data to be transferred to nonvolatile
memory. Upon entry of Test Mode, if any of the present interval’s calculated
demand values are higher than the stored maximum demand values, the new
values are stored as maximum demands. All Test Mode program parameters
are then retrieved from nonvolatile memory for use in Test Mode. The
parameters are demand test interval length, number of subintervals, and test
Kh . Each is independent from those specified for Normal Mode. Activating the
demand reset while in Test Mode initializes the demand test interval. (This
interval is not synchronized to the top of the hour.)
To exit Test Mode and place the register in Normal Mode, perform one of the
following:
• If Test Mode was activated manually, slide the nameplate slightly upward
to release the locking Test Mode button.
• If Test Mode was activated via programming communications, do any of
the following:
• Press and then release the manual Test Mode button.

• Wait for selected Test Mode time-out to occur.


• If the meter is inadvertently left in Test Mode, it will return to normal
metering operations after 24 hours (SVX only).
Values calculated in Test Mode are not added to previous billing values or
stored for retrieval. After exiting Test Mode, all billing data previously
transferred to nonvolatile memory is retrieved, an end-of-interval (EOI) is
initiated, and a new demand interval begins.
Any time-related activities, such as TOU rate changes or Daylight Savings Time
(DST) changes that occur while the meter is in Test Mode, are performed upon
exiting Test Mode.

Toolbox Mode
You can enter the Toolbox Mode from either Normal or Alternate Mode. The
Toolbox Mode is accessed by activating the magnetic reed switch for four
consecutive seconds. Upon activation, a flashing “TEST” appears on the left
side of the display and a continuous PhA appears in the upper left-hand corner.
To activate this mode with the reed switch, place a small magnet
(approximately 30 gauss) near the reed switch located at the 12 o’clock
position on the meter. The nameplate is marked ALT/TOOLBOX to indicate the
correct location. The switch, hidden from view by the meter module housing,
is activated by the magnet and the meter first enters the Alternate Mode. After
four consecutive seconds the meter then enters the Toolbox Mode. The
magnetic reed switch can be activated with the meter cover in place.
Once activated, the Toolbox Mode scrolls through the list of per phase items
and diagnostic counters. See Table 3.1, Toolbox Mode Display List, for an
example of a 3-element VECTRON meter. As long as the reed switch is

VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide 3-5


Operating Instructions

activated, the meter continues to scroll through the display list. For a more
detailed discussion about the Toolbox Mode Display List, refer to Chapter 4,
"SiteScan On-Site Monitoring System".

Table 3.1 Toolbox Mode Display List


Description Display
Phase A voltage angle PhA 0.0° U

Phase A voltage PhA xxx.x U

Phase A current angle PhA xxx.x° A

Phase A current PhA xxx.x A

Phase B voltage angle PhB xxx.x° U

Phase B voltage PhB xxx.x U


Phase B current angle PhB xxx.x° A

Phase B current PhB xxx.x A

Phase C voltage angle PhC xxx.x° U

Phase C voltage PhC xxx.x U

Phase C current angle PhC xxx.x° A

Phase C current PhC xxx.x A

# of Diagnostic 1 errors d1 xxx

# of Diagnostic 2 errors d2 xxx


# of Diagnostic 3 errors d3 xxx

# of Diagnostic 4 errors d4 xxx

# of Diagnostic 5 errors d5 xxx

All “PhA”, “PhB”, “PhC” quantities are displayed with a fixed decimal and no leading zeros. The Wat-
thour Disk Emulator is not displayed while the diagnostic counters are displayed. The diagnostic
counters are displayed with leading zeros (000-255).

When the magnet is removed, the meter finishes scrolling through the
remaining items in the Toolbox Mode Display List and returns to the Normal
Mode display sequence. The meter continues to perform all normal metering
operations while the Toolbox Mode is active.
The per phase Volt and Amp readings are Root-Mean-Square (RMS) values
which are updated every second. The voltage and current angles are updated
every five seconds. The direction of the watthour disk emulator, which scrolls
at a constant rate of one revolution per 1.33 seconds, is the same as the
direction of energy flow for the phase being displayed (left to right if delivered
to the load; right to left if received from the load). If any quantity is undefined
due to the meter’s form, the per phase information for that quantity is skipped.

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If the magnitude of the current for that phase is too low, the current magnitude
and angle for a particular phase (A, B, or C) are displayed as dashed lines (---).
This low current threshold is defined as 0.5% of class current.
The SiteScan diagnostic counters represent the number of times each
diagnostic error occurred since the last time the counters were reset. (For
detailed information about the SiteScan Diagnostic Checks, refer to Chapter 4,
"SiteScan On-Site Monitoring System".)
The diagnostic counters range from 0 to 255 and can only be reset to zero
through the PC-PRO+ or PRO-READ software packages.

Display
A nine-digit liquid crystal display with a variety of annunciators, shown in
Figure 3.5, is provided on both versions of the VECTRON meter. Six large data
digits are available to display all billing and information data. Three decimal
points are provided for programmable resolution of billing data.

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Figure 3.5 VECTRON LCD Display

Two of the three small digits in the upper left-hand corner of the display are
used to provide code numbers to identify any display item. These three digits
are used along with the six data digits to display ID numbers such as the meter
serial number and user fields.
Directly below the three code number digits is the Test Mode annunciator
(TEST). This annunciator flashes on and off once per second while the meter
is in Test Mode or Toolbox Mode.
To the right of and slightly below the Test Mode annunciator is the Alternate
Mode annunciator (ALT). This annunciator flashes on and off while the meter
is in Alternate Mode.
At the far right side of the display are the TOU rate indicators (rates A, B, C, D,
and E [total]). These indicators correspond to the four programmable TOU
rates and the total rate which is always active. The TOU rate indicators can be
programmed to be displayed with the appropriate energy and demand.

VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide 3-7


Operating Instructions

quantities. When an energy or demand quantity for the currently active TOU
rate (A, B, C, or D) is displayed, the corresponding TOU rate indicator flashes
on and off.
The energy annunciators are displayed on the bottom line, to the right of the
MAX annunciators. The annunciators can be programmed to display with all
TOU rates. This same annunciator can be programmed to display as a demand
with any demand quantity.
The EOI annunciator is located to the left of the MAX annunciator on the
bottom line. This annunciator turns on for four seconds at the end of each
demand interval (or at the end of each subinterval when rolling demand is
used).
Located at the lower left-hand corner of the display are the potential
indicators. Any time the voltage on phase B or phase C drops 20 percent below
the lowest nominal point of the voltage range, the potential indicator for that
particular phase flashes. If phase A drops below 20 percent of the lowest
nominal point of the voltage range, the meter recognizes this as a power
outage.
At the bottom of the display is the watt disk emulator. The watt disk emulator
simulates mechanical disk revolution and scrolls at a rate based on the
programmed Kh value.

PROGRAMMABLE FUNCTIONS

Register Programs
Use PC-PRO+ software or PRO-READ software via the optical tower to
program VECTRON meters. Use PC-PRO+ to generate register programs.
Chapter 6, "Replacement Parts, Accessories, And Drawings" provides cable
configurations for connections.

Register Selection (Demand and TOU Versions)


The calculated billing quantities to be displayed are specified by the program.
The following billing quantities are available for display in both Normal and
Alternate Modes:
• kWh
• Maximum kW
• Cumulative kW Demand (all rates supported, current and last season)
Note: rate E only for 2.3
• Continuous Cumulative kW Demand (all rates supported, current and last
season) Note: rate E only for 2.3
• Previous Demand
• Instantaneous kW
• Present Interval kW

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Register Selection (Extended Function Version)


In addition to active energy, the extended function version of the VECTRON
meter can also measure either reactive or apparent energy quantities. Use the
programming software to select kWh plus three additional registers from
either group A or group B:
Group A Group B
kwatts kwatts

kvar lag kVA lag

kvarh lead kVA total

kvarh lag kVAh lag

The standard unit of measure for billing quantities is kilo-, abbreviated k. PC-
PRO+ also allows billing quantities to be measured in “units.” The selection of
“units” causes the meter to display billing quantities as a base unit without a
prefix, i.e. watts. The selection of “units” as the unit of measure also will
disable the annunciators referring to billing quantities.
The following energy and demand registers can be programmed to display in
any of the numerical formats shown in Table 3.2, Register Display Formats:

• Watt, Var, and VA Energy

• Maximum Demand

• Previous Demand

• Instantaneous Demand

• Present Demand

• Cumulative Demand

• Continuous Cumulative Demand

Table 3.2 Register Display Formats

0 1 2 3

X X.X X.XX X.XXX

XX XX.X XX.XX XX.XXX

XXX XXX.X XXX.XX XXX.XXX

XXXX XXXX.X XXXX.XX

XXXXX XXXXX.X

XXXXXX

All formats can be programmed for leading zeros and a floating decimal point.
See the "Self-Reading Registers" section for information the self-reading
registers available for the Demand and TOU versions.

VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide 3-9


Operating Instructions

Self-Reading Registers
There are up to four self-read registers available in the VECTRON SVX meters,
depending on the particular verion. The demand version has one self-read
register available, while the TOU and mass memory versions have four.

Data Storage
The VECTRON SVX meter can automatically read and store all energy,
demand, and TOU register values, along with the time and date of the self-read,
in memory. The meter versions store the data differently. The demand version
stores the data on its one self-read register and then overwrites it with each
additional self-read. The TOU and mass memory versions store the data on the
four self-read registers. The data from the first self-read is stored on “Self Read
1 Register” and the data from the second self-read is stored on “Self Read 2
Register”. The meter continues storing the data in sequential order until all 4
self-read registers are full. When the fifth self-read occurs, the meter
overwrites the oldest data, which is contained in “Self Read 1 Register”. All
following self-reads will continue to overwrite the oldest data, continuing the
sequential pattern.

Programming

If the VECTRON SVX meter is in Test Mode when a self-read is scheduled to occur, the self-read will
be performed when the meter is returned to Normal Mode. Likewise, if the meter is powered down
when a self-read is scheduled to occur, the self-read will be performed when the meter powers up.

The self-read registers can be programmed to read and store data at a specific
time depending on the meter version. The only option for the demand version
is to read and store data upon demand reset. However, the TOU and mass
memory versions can be programmed to read and store data on demand reset,
on a monthly schedule, or on a specified number of days after a demand reset.

The meter can be programmed to perform a demand reset automatically after a self-read. For more in-
formation on demand resets, refer to the "Demand Reset" section later in this chapter.

Using PC-PRO+ programming software, an operator can reconfigure self-reads without having to fully
initilize the meter.

Programmable Parameters
Programmable parameters establish the meter’s configuration and define its
operation in Normal, Alternate, and Test Modes. Programmable parameters
specific to Test Mode can be displayed in Test Mode only. All other

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programmable parameters can be displayed in the Normal and Alternate


Modes. Following are the programmable parameters used to configure either
version of the VECTRON meter:

Display Scroll Time The number of seconds (1 to 15) that each register
quantity is to be displayed before the next quantity
appears.

Cold Load Pickup Time CLPU. The number of minutes (0 to 255) before demand
calculations are restarted after a recognized power outage
occurs. Defining this value as zero will cause demand
calculations to restart after any recognized power outage.

Kh (watthour meter constant) Kh is the energy represented by one equivalent disk


revolution. Valid entries range from 0.03 to 99.9 in .01
increments. This value only affects the rate at which
the VECTRON meter’s watt disk emulator scrolls and
the infrared test LED pulses. Meter energy and
demand values are not affected by this constant.

IR Test LED Units (Extended function versions only) If a reactive energy


register is selected, the IR LED can be programmed to
drive the LED with either Wh or lagging varh.

Register Full Scale A demand value that defines the maximum rated demand
for a particular meter installation. Valid entries can be as
large as 999,999 or as small as 0.001 and can be adjusted
in 0.001 increments. For extended function VECTRON
meters, this value is only applicable to register 1.

Register Multiplier This multiplier is defined as CTR x VTR. The register


multiplier can be displayed for information purposes, or
can be used in meter calculations so that the display
shows primary readings, or both. The value entered for
register multiplier is not applied to instantaneous
quantities. KYZ pulse weights and mass memory values
will remain secondary. Care should be taken so that the
display value with a register multiplier does not exceed
the programmed display format. If exceeded, the display
will show the correct number with one or more significant
digits not displayed.

Demand Interval Length The time in minutes (1 to 60) that each demand interval
lasts before a new interval begins. Valid interval lengths
are 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 10, 12, 15, 20, 30, and 60 minutes.

Number of Subintervals The interval length divided by the subinterval length is


equal to the number of subintervals. Valid entries are from
1 to 15 and must be evenly divisible into the demand
interval length. For block demand, the number of
subintervals is one. (See Table 3.3)

VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide 3-11


Operating Instructions

Table 3.3 Typical Demand Subinterval Lengths


Number of Intervals
1 2 3 4 5 6 10 15
5 5 X X X 1 X X X
Interval Length (in 15 15 X 5 X 3 X X 1
minutes) 30 30 15 10 X 6 5 3 2
60 60 30 20 15 12 10 6 4

INFORMATION DATA

Normal and Alternate Display Mode Items


The following items can be displayed in Normal and Alternate Modes:

Time and Date Stamps (TOU and Time and Date Stamps are available for the following:
Extended Function versions only) Maximum Demand, Last Demand Reset, and Last
Reprogram.

Time on Battery Carryover (TOU and Number of minutes that meter clock has operated on
Extended Function versions only) battery carryover.

Day Type Indicator (TOU and Extended The watt disk emulator indicates the TOU day type on the
Function versions only) display. Position 1 (far left) is a weekday, 2 is a Saturday, 3
is a Sunday, and 4 is a holiday.

Time Remaining in Interval The amount of time in minutes and seconds before the
end of the current demand interval. (Note: This option is
available for 60 Hz operation only.)

Segment Test The display illuminates all segments and annunciators on


the LCD in order to verify proper operation. The watt disk
emulation annunciator continues to function normally.

Meter ID Two numbers (up to nine digits each) used to identify the
meter.

User Fields Up to three separate user fields are available to display


any desired numerical information. Each user field can be
up to nine digits in length.

Firmware Revision A sequential number identifying the firmware revision


level of the meter (both the front and back end). This
number is automatically provided and does not require
operator input.

Software Revision A sequential number identifying the revision level of the


programming software used to program the meter. This
number is automatically provided and does not require
operator input.

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Number of Times Programmed A counter identifying the number of times the meter has
been programmed. This counter will increment up to 9999
and will roll over to zero.

Number of Power Outages A counter identifying the number of times the meter has
recognized a power outage. This counter will increment up
to 9999 and will roll over to zero.

Number of Demand Resets A counter identifying the number of times a demand reset
has occurred. This counter will increment up to 9999 and
will roll over to zero.

Number of Days Since Reset (Demand only) A counter identifying the cumulative
number of elapsed days since the last demand reset. This
counter will increment up to 99 and will roll over to zero.

Program ID A three-digit number identifying the program downloaded


to the meter.

Test Display Mode Items


The following items can be displayed in Test Mode:

Time Remaining in the (Sub) interval The amount of time in minutes and seconds before the
end of the current Test Mode demand interval.

Time Remaining Till Test Mode The amount of time in minutes and seconds before the
Time-out programmed Test Mode time-out counter will expire and
the display will return to Normal Mode. The Test Mode
Time-out period is only activated if Test Mode was
entered remotely through a programming device.

Test Kh (Watthour meter constant) Valid range is from 0.03 to 600


in increments of 0.01.

Input Pulse Count The number of pulses seen by the meter for the present
Test Mode subinterval/interval. Ten pulses are counted for
each revolution of the watt disk emulator.

Previous Interval Input Pulse Count The pulse count of the previous Test Mode subinterval/
interval.

DEMAND
The demand meter calculates energy values and various types of demand
values such as maximum, cumulative, continuous cumulative, previous
interval, instantaneous, and present demand. The meter can be programmed to
calculate demand using block, rolling window, or thermal emulation.

VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide 3-13


Operating Instructions

Demand Calculation
To calculate demand, incremental energy values are accumulated over a fixed
time period, depending on the demand interval length for which the meter is
programmed. At the end of the interval, the energy totals are arithmetically
converted to demand values.
These demand values are then compared against the stored maximum demand
values. If a demand value is greater than the corresponding maximum demand,
it is then saved as the new maximum demand. If a demand value is less than
the corresponding maximum demand, it is discarded. At the beginning of an
interval, the current interval demand is reset to zero and new demand values
begin accumulating. This process is carried out every time an interval or
subinterval is completed.
The various methods of reporting demand calculations are described below.

Block Interval Demand


Block interval demand corresponds to the number of subintervals being equal
to one block interval. At the end of every interval, the microprocessor
compares the last completed block interval demand value to the demand value
in memory. If the new value is equal to or greater than the stored value, the
memory location is erased and the new demand value is stored as maximum
demand. When a demand reset occurs, maximum demands are reset to zero
and the current interval continues. At the end of the current interval, new
maximum demand values are calculated.

Rolling Interval Demand


For rolling interval demand, the programmed number of subintervals make up
the demand interval. At the end of every subinterval, the microprocessor
calculates a demand value based on the last full demand subinterval. When
demand reset occurs, all maximum demands are reset to zero along with all
completed subintervals. The current subinterval continues accumulating data
and the new maximum demand value(s) is calculated at the end of this
subinterval.

Rolling interval demand is available for kW only.

Thermal Demand
The VECTRON meter will emulate the response of a thermal demand meter for
kW and kVA (extended function meters only). This type of demand calculation
is approximated exponentially. The meter will record 90% of a change in load
in 15 minutes, 99% in 30 minutes, and 99.9% in 45 minutes. The four
characteristics of a thermal demand meter that the VECTRON meter will
emulate are:

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• Arithmetic phase summation

• Continuous rolling average demand

• Response calibrated to RMS values

• No End-of-Interval (EOI)

Cumulative Demand (SVX only)


When a demand reset is performed, maximum demand values are added to the
existing corresponding cumulative demand values and written into memory as
the new cumulative demand values. These values remain in storage until
cleared.

Continuous Cumulative Demand (SVX only)


Continuous cumulative demand is the sum of maximum and cumulative
demands at any time. At the end of each interval or subinterval, the calculated
interval demand is compared to the previous maximum demand. If this
demand is a new peak, it is stored as a maximum demand and the continuous
cumulative register is adjusted to reflect the new demand. A demand reset
signal clears the maximum demand value, but does not affect the continuous
cumulative reading.

Previous Demand
Previous demand is the stored maximum demand at the last demand reset.
Previous demand is saved in nonvolatile memory when a power outage occurs.

Present Interval Demand


The present demand value is the demand value at the present time normalized
to the demand interval length. Present demand reports the calculated demand
value as it increases from the start of a demand interval to the end of the
interval. For rolling demand intervals, present demand reports the calculated
demand value from the present subinterval as it is accumulating with the
previous set of subintervals.

Demand Reset
A demand reset can be initiated by pressing the demand reset switch or using a
programming device (through the optical tower). Reset of maximum demand
billing values can occur in either Normal or Alternate Mode. When a demand
reset is initiated, the following takes place in the meter:
1 To indicate the demand reset, the display flashes all eights for approxi-
mately six seconds.
2 The current maximum demand values are added to the corresponding
cumulative demand values. Also, continuous cumulative demand is copied
to cumulative demand.
3 All maximum demand values are reset to zero and all corresponding times
and dates of maximum demands are cleared (TOU only).

VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide 3-15


Operating Instructions

4 The number of demand resets counter is incremented.


5 The number of days since reset is set to zero (demand only).
6 The date and time of last reset are updated (TOU only).
7 The normal display sequence resumes.
8 As a security feature, further manual demand resets are prevented with a
one minute reset lock-out time. A remote demand reset is not subject to
this delay and can be initiated as frequently as required.

TIME-OF-USE
The time-of-use (TOU) function is available on TOU versions of the meter and
comes standard with the extended function meters. Schedule information is
programmed on a PC using the PC-PRO+ Programming software.

TOU Schedules
When using the TOU functions of the meter, energy and demand registrations
are segregated into time blocks during the day. Each time block is assigned
one of four rate periods. In addition to these four rate periods, a total rate is
always available.

Calendar Schedule
The calendar schedule contains all daily and yearly information needed for the
meter to measure and register data in real time. The schedule contains rate
schedules, daily schedules, seasons, holidays, and Daylight Savings dates. For
information concerning the entry of these parameters into the PC-PRO+
software package, consult the PC-PRO+ software user’s manual.

Rate Schedules
Four independent rates are available for TOU registration. These are
designated A, B, C, and D. Only one of these rates can be active at a time. The
TOTAL register, designated Rate E, is always active, regardless of the active
rate period.

Daily Schedules
Up to four daily schedules—weekday, Saturday, Sunday, and holiday—are
available. Each schedule defines the times during the day that rate period A, B,
C, or D begins and ends. Up to eight rate period changes per rate may be
specified for each daily schedule.
Each day of the week is assigned to one of the four daily schedules. Therefore,
one to four of the daily schedules can be used in any combination with the
days of the week.

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Seasonal Schedules
A season is a period of months during the year when a particular rate is in
effect. The year can be divided into a maximum of eight seasons. If multiple
seasons are not used, the TOU schedule contains one year-round season. The
daily schedules (1, 2, 3, and 4) can be defined differently for each season. Up to
eight season change dates are specified for each year in the calendar schedule.
Season changes occur at midnight of the season change date (where midnight
corresponds to 00:00 hours) or can be designated through programming to
occur at the first demand reset following the season change date.

Holiday Schedules
A maximum of 22 holidays per year can be designated in the calendar
schedule. One of the four daily schedules is assigned to each of the holidays in
the calendar schedule.

Daylight Savings Time


Daylight Savings Time switch points occur at 2:00 AM on the first Sunday in
April and the last Sunday in October of each year. These dates are already
assigned in the calendar schedule; however, they can be modified by the user.
The user can also elect not to recognize Daylight Savings Time and operate the
meter in standard time only.

Registers
Several energy and demand quantities can be measured by the meter. Any
energy register and any demand register except previous, present, cumulative,
continuous cumulative, and instantaneous can have a TOU rate schedule
applied to it. The extended function version of the VECTRON meter can have a
maximum of two TOU registers which follow a defined TOU schedule.

Current Season Registers


All energy and demand registers selected for a specific season are considered
current season registers. If a single rate schedule is applicable year-round, then
only current season registers are used. Cumulative and continuous cumulative
registers are not TOU functions of the VECTRON meter.

Last Season Registers


Last season registers are selected when two or more seasons are used during
the year. For every current season register (with the exception of the E rate
continuous cumulative register) there is a last season register for the same
quantity. Last season registers are designated LS in the programing software.
Last season registers can be selected for display in Normal and Alternate
Modes.

VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide 3-17


Operating Instructions

Operation
This section describes operation specific to the meter display. Several
programmable TOU indicators are available on the liquid crystal display
(LCD).

Rate Annunciators and Active Rate Indicators


Rate annunciators are available with each demand and energy register. An A,
B, C, D, or E will appear in the far right side of the LCD (Figure 3.5) to indicate
the rate period for each quantity being displayed.
If the rate annunciator is flashing while a demand or energy value is displayed,
the annunciator indicates that it is the current rate in effect. This gives a quick
indication that the register is programmed with the correct TOU schedule and
that it is currently storing the correct time.

Season Change
At the end of a specified season, all last season registers are updated with
current season register data. The meter can be programmed to activate an
automatic demand reset at season change. A season change occurs at midnight
at the end of the programmed season change date or at the first demand reset
following the season change date, depending on how the meter has been
programmed. Some utilities program the season change to occur at the first
demand reset following the season change date to make season changes
concurrent with the meter reading cycles.
The following events take place when an automatic demand reset occurs at
season change:
1 The current season energy registers are copied directly to the last season
energy registers.
2 The current season maximum demand registers are copied directly to the
last season maximum demand registers, and E rate is added to the cumula-
tive demand register.
3 After the demand reset, the maximum demand registers are reset to zero,
and the E rate cumulative demand register is copied to the last season
cumulative demand register.
If there is no demand reset at season change, all current season registers are
directly copied to last season registers at season change, but no current season
registers are zeroed.

Battery Carryover
When the meter recognizes a power outage, it begins battery carryover
operations. All billing data are transferred to nonvolatile memory at this time,
and all circuits, except the timekeeping circuit and battery backed RAM, are
de-energized. The timekeeping circuitry, powered by the lithium battery, keeps
time while the meter is in battery carryover mode.

3-18 VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide


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Upon restoration of AC power, all self-dignostics are completed, and all data is
retrieved from nonvolatile memory. The real time is retrieved from the real
time clock. The elapsed time of the outage is also added to the stored value for
time spent on battery.

MASS MEMORY

Mass Memory Specifications


The mass memory option is available on all TOU and extended function
versions of the VECTRON meter.

Capacity
The VECTRON meter with mass memory option provides 32KB of random
access memory (RAM) for either one or two (extended function version)
channels of interval load profile data. The amount of installed RAM actually
used for load profile recording is programmable from 1 to 32 Kbytes in one
Kbyte increments.

Bit Resolution
The mass memory is configured for 12 bit data resolution. Equivalent pulse
count resolution per interval is as follows:
Bits Pulse Counts
12 4,095

Interval Lengths
The mass memory records data on a block interval basis. The interval length is
programmable: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 10, 12, 15, 20, 30, or 60 minutes. The interval
length is the same for all channels and is independent of the interval length for
displayed demand quantities.

Power Outage
The VECTRON meter can flag an interval when a power outage exceeds a
specified number of seconds. The range for power outage length is
programmable from 0 to 255 seconds and must not exceed the programmed
interval length.

Channel Configuration
The meter can be programmed to have one or two channels of interval load
profile data. Each channel must correspond to an energy register selected
during the programming process. If two channels are selected, one of the
energy quantities must be watthours.

VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide 3-19


Operating Instructions

Selection of channel configuration and pulse constants is accomplished


through the programming software. Each data channel is programmed to
record load profile data from a user selected register. The following registers
can be assigned as interval pulse channels:
watthours

varhours (lag)*

VAhours (lag)*

varhours (lead)*

* Available with extended function versions only

Pulse Constants
For each data channel, the pulse constant is programmable from 0.02 to
999,999 unithours per pulse in 0.01 increments. As with the KYZ pulse output
constants, the mass memory pulse constants apply to secondary readings only.
(A watthour pulse constant of 1.8 corresponds to 1.8 watthours per pulse).
Example 1: Calculation of Pulse Weight Replacing an
Electromechanical Device
Customer pulls 120V, CL20, 3-element, Form 9S electromechanical meter from
installation.
Meter Kh = 1.8 watthours/disk revolution
Pulse Initiator = 4 pulses/disk revolution
This electromechanical meter has the following Pulse Weight (PW):
PW = Kh/PDR = 1.8 watthours/disk revolution
4 pulses/disk revolution

PW = 0.45 watthour/pulse

If this meter is replaced by a VECTRON meter of the same form number,


voltage, and current ratings, and if the utility wants the VECTRON meter to
operate the same way, the pulse weight would be entered in the configuration
file as 0.45 watthours per pulse.
Example 2: Calculation of Pulse Weight From kWh
A VECTRON meter, 3-element, 120 volts, CL 20 is programmed so that kWh is
recorded into mass memory. The maximum 12-bit data resolution is desired for
15 minute intervals.
First, we must calculate the maximum watthour accumulation during 15
minute intervals.
Wh, Max = (120 volts) x (20A) x (3 phases) x (0.25 hours)

Wh, Max = 1800 watthours

3-20 VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide


2SHUDWLQJ,QVWUXFWLRQV

The maximum number of pulses is 4095; therefore, the smallest Pulse Weight
(PW) that can be used is:
PW, Min = 1800 Wh = 0.44 Wh/Pulse
4095 P

Since this value is a multiple of 0.02, it can be entered as the multiplier for the
kWh channel in mass memory.

Data Storage
The VECTRON meter stores data in mass memory at the end of each interval.
Each channel has 12 bits written to mass memory. For example, consider two
channels of mass memory. At the end of an interval, a 12-bit number is written
into memory for channel 1; a 12-bit number for channel 2 follows immediately.
This process continues for each interval until sixty intervals have been
recorded. The mass memory is grouped into segments of sixty intervals, or
records. In addition to the profile data, each record contains the following
information:
• Time Tag—specifies the month, day, and hour of the end of the data block.
• Status Bits—there are five types of status bits written into each data block.
• Power Outage—status bit is set for each interval during which a
power outage occurs (interval status).

• Saturation—status bit is set when the pulse count for any interval in
the block exceeds the data resolution (block status).

• RAM Error—status bit is set if any memory address within the record
fails the memory check (block status).

• Field Test—status bit is set if Test Mode is activated during an interval


(block status).

• SiteScan Error—status bit is set if a diagnostic error condition occurs


(block status).
• Register Readings—a register reading is maintained in the data record for
each channel to be used for data validation. These register readings are
updated at the end of each interval.

Recording Duration
Use the following equation to determine the recording duration:
Recording Duration (days) = {(M • 1024 - 133)/[12 + (96 • C)]}* • I/24

M = Memory size in kilobytes

C = Number of channels

I = Interval length in minutes

* Truncate all decimals before multiplying by I/24

VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide 3-21


Operating Instructions

Table 3.4 shows the recording duration for a memory size of 32 kilobytes (KB).
Table 3.4 Recording Duration in Days for 32 Kb of RAM
Interval Length in Days Recording for 1 Days Recording for 2
Minutes Channel Channels
1 12 6
2 25 13
3 37 19
4 50 26
5 62 33
6 75 39
10 125 66
12 151 79
15 188 99
20 251 132
30 377 198
60 755 397

RS-232/RS-485 COMMUNICATION BOARDS


The optional RS-232 and RS-485 communication boards offer serial
communications with the VECTRON SVX meter. The RS-232 board supports
point-to-point communications using SCS Protocol, and the RS-485 supports
multi-drop communications using SCS Protocol. As shown in Figure 3.6, each
board is equipped with a 12-position DIP switch for configuration options.

Figure 3.6 DIP Switch Bank

The RS-232 offers serial communication for the VECTRON SVX meter. The RS-
232 communication is connected through a DB-9-Female (F) pin connector.
The connector is a Data Terminal Equipement (DTE) device, which allows
direct connection to a Data Communication Equipment (DCE) device with a
DB9-Male (M) connector.

3-22 VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide


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Figure 3.7 illustrates the connection between a VECTRON SVX meter with an
RS-232 and a PC.

'%)B'%0B'%)BB'%0

3&
9(&

56
1XOO0RGHP
&DEOH

Figure 3.7 VECTRON SVX/RS-232 Option Board Connection With PC

Figure 3.8 illustrates the connection between a VECTRON SVX meter with an
RS-232 and a modem.

'%)B'%0WR'%0BB'%)

9(& 0RGHP

56

Figure 3.8 VECTRON SVX/RS-232 Option Board Connection With Modem

Standard Features
The RS-485 has the added capability of long distance communication and
multi-drop networking without extra equipment needed. The RS-485
communication is connected through a RJ-11 connector. The RS-485 uses a
two-wire network for communication. The omission of a ground wire in the
network improves the quality of the signal.
The RS-232 and RS-485 include the following:

• Addressing

• Signal Conversion

• Handshaking

• Isolation

Optional Features
There are four assembly options available:

• RS-232 communication

• RS-232 communication with 2 solid-state KYZ and 1 LC

VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide 3-23


Operating Instructions

• RS-485 communication

• RS-485 communication with 2 solid-state KYZ and 1 LC

Settings

Table 3.5 DIP Switch Setting for Configuration

DIP Switch (SW1) Position Settings

RTS to TX 1 ON = (actuator closest to the board). 0 ms delay


OFF = 100 ms or CTS, whichever comes first.

Address Mode 2 ON = Must use an address to communicate to this board.


OFF = Transparent Mode (no address needed)

Communication Rate 3-4 3 4 Baud


OFF OFF 1200
OFF ON 2400
ON OFF 9600
ON ON 9600

Addressing (up to 25) 5-12 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Address (Decimal)


ON ON ON ON ON ON ON ON 00000000 (0)
ON ON ON ON ON ON ON OFF 00000001 (1)
::::: ::::: ::::: ::::: ::::: ::::: ::::: ::::: ######## (#)
OFF OFF OFF OFF OFF OFF OFF OFF 11111111 (255)

Note: All factory settings are ON except switch #2, which is OFF.

Table 3.6 VECTRON RS232/485 Meter Losses


Voltage Phase With RS232/485 Option Board Without RS232/485 Option Board
Watts VA Watts VA
120 A 1.8963 2.1435 1.2518 1.5307
B or C <0.0001 <0.0001 <0.0001 <0.0001
240 A 2.2151 3.4594 1.6126 2.8791
B or C <0.0001 <0.0001 <0.0001 <0.0001
277 A 2.3691 4.0494 1.7510 3.5135
B or C <0.0001 <0.0001 <0.0001 <0.0001
480 A 3.2837 9.5701 2.8391 8.8830
B or C <0.0001 <0.0001 <0.0001 <0.0001

3-24 VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide


2SHUDWLQJ,QVWUXFWLRQV

OPTIONAL OUTPUTS
VECTRON meters provide optional outputs on a separate circuit board
mounted beneath the main circuit board. Four versions of output boards are
available:

• A form A solid-state contact and one form C solid-state relay (SVX


only)

• A form A solid-state contact and two form C solid-state relays (SVX


only)

• A form A solid-state contact and one form C mercury-wetted relay

• A form A solid-state contact and two form C mercury-wetted relays


The solid-state form C relays can be programmed as KYZ outputs and have the
same functionality as the mercury-wetted relays. Each KYZ can be
programmed to output pulses proportional to the energy registers selected
through programming software. The KYZ outputs can be assigned the same or
different pulse weights for each energy quantity.
All of the outputs can be programmed as any of the following types of outputs:

Pulse Weights KYZ pulse output constants apply to secondary readings


only.

Note: A watthour pulse constant of 1.8 corresponds to 1.8


watthours per pulse.

Assign the secondary unit hour per pulse constants to


each KYZ output. To achieve the allowable maximum
resolution, the following formulas apply:
Pulse Weight (Ke) = Energy / Pulse
V x I (No. of Phases)
Ke = 
( 3600 sec ⁄ hr ) ( 15 pulses ⁄ sec )
where V and I are the nominal voltage and current for the
service.
Maximum pulse rate for 60 Hz is 15 pulses/second.
Maximum pulse rate for 50 Hz is 12 pulses/second.

VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide 3-25


Operating Instructions

Demand Threshold ‡ N:7KUHVKROGV²WKHFRQWDFWFORVHVZKHQWKH


SURJUDPPHGGHPDQGWKUHVKROGYDOXHLV
UHDFKHG7KHFRQWDFWUHPDLQVFORVHGXQWLOWKH
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LQWHUYDOLVUHDFKHG
‡ 9$7KUHVKROG²WKHFRQWDFWFORVHVZKHQWKH
9$YDOXHH[FHHGVWKHSURJUDPPHGWKUHVKROG
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WKHHQGRIWKHGHPDQGLQWHUYDOLVUHDFKHG

End-of-Interval The contact closes for a period of approximately five


seconds at the end of each interval/subinterval.

Independent Output 1 The contact closes corresponding to the independent


(TOU only) output number one time schedule created in the TOU
schedule portion of the programming software.

Independent Output 2 The contact closes corresponding to the independent


(TOU only) output number two time schedule created in the TOU
schedule portion of the programming software.

Independent Output 3 The contact closes corresponding to the independent


(TOU only) output number three time schedule created in the TOU
schedule portion of the programming software.

Independent Output 4 The contact closes corresponding to the independent


(TOU only) output number four time schedule created in the TOU
schedule portion of the programming software.

The independent outputs can be used as indicators or as


load controls.

Customer Alert A (TOU only) The contact is closed when TOU rate A is active.

Customer Alert B (TOU only) The contact is closed when TOU rate B is active.

Customer Alert C (TOU only) The contact is closed when TOU rate C is active.

Customer Alert D (TOU only) The contact is closed when TOU rate D is active.

Customer Alert E (TOU only) The contact is closed when TOU rate E is active.

Diagnostic Condition Alert The contact is closed when any of the diagnostic checks
are triggered.

Refer to Chapter 6, "Replacement Parts, Accessories, And Drawings" for


Output Board color coding.

3-26 VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide


2SHUDWLQJ,QVWUXFWLRQV

Output Cables
A standard output cable which extends through the base of the meter as a set
of pigtail leads is provided whenever an option board is supplied. An optional
viking connector cable assembly is available.

KYZ outputs are not wired to the bayonets in the meter base unless they are specifically ordered this
way.

OPTIONAL COMMUNICATION BOARDS

R300V
The R300V is an option board for the VECTRON meter that allows energy and
maximum demand values to be transmitted from the VECTRON meter via
radio frequency. The R300V is functionally equivalent to the ERT technology
that is available on Schlumberger residential meters. The features of the board
include:
• Broadcast energy only for demand meters
• Broadcasts energy for demand and TOU meters
• Tamper detection
• All components housed within the meter

RS-232 and RS-485


The optional RS-232 and RS-485 communication boards offer serial
communications with the VECTRON meter. Both boards support point-to-pint
communications and multi-drop communications using SCS Protocol. The
features of the boards include:
• 12 position DIP switch for configuration options
• 2 KYZ outputs with 1 LC available
• Addressable (up to 256 addresses available)
• Signal conversion
• Hand shaking
• Isolation
• Baud Rates configurable (1200, 2400, 4800, 9600)
• DB9-F DTE connector on RS-232
• RJ11 connector on RS-485

VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide 3-27


Operating Instructions

VECTRON 2200E (SVX ONLY)


The VECTRON 2200E meter enables wireless delivery of a wealth of real-time
information for energy management as well as billing solutions. The
information the VECTRON 2200E can deliver includes revenue metering of
active and reactive power consumption data, event notification, event history,
real-time meter diagnostics, power outage notification, and voltage, current
and phase angle snapshot. CellNet Data Systems, Inc. developed and
manufactures the 2200E option module that fits into the Schlumberger
VECTRON SVX meter option board slot. The optional features of this board
include:
• Active and reactive power consumption
• 3Ø current and voltage readings, phase angles
• 2 KYZ outputs
• Event notification
• Event history

MODEM (SVX ONLY)


An optional 300/1200/2400 autobaud sensing internal modem provides
telephone communication for data retrieval and programming of meters. The
VECTRON modem will support the following telephone communication
standards for initiating and receiving telephone calls:
• Bell 103, 300 baud
• Bell 212A, 1200 baud
• CCITT V.22bis 2400

For 2400 baud communications, the master station modems need to be fully compliant with CCITT
V.22bis.

Autobaud Rate Sensing


Autobaud rate sensing is available for incoming calls as a standard feature. To
override the autobaud sensing, program the meter to answer at a specific baud
rate (300, 1200, or 2400).

Call Windows (TOU Meters Only)


Call windows are time ranges that determine when a meter will answer the
phone or place calls to the master station. Different answer delays are
available for inside and outside of call windows. Use PC-PRO+ programming
software to download call windows.
There are two programmable windows per day, and there are four day types:
weekdays, Saturdays, Sundays, and holidays as defined by the TOU schedule.
The windows, which can overlap, have an open and close time with a one
minute resolution and a maximum length of 24 hours. The window is then

3-28 VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide


2SHUDWLQJ,QVWUXFWLRQV

open all day. If the customer sets the open and close time to 0 for both
windows, the calling window for that day is always closed. If a call is in
progress while a window closes, the call will be completed.

Answer Delays
There are separate answer delays for inside and outside the call window. The
value for either time delay can be 0 to 255 seconds. One ring is approximately 6
seconds.
An unprogrammed meter is shipped from the factory with a preset answer
delay of 45 seconds (7–8 rings). Once the meter is programmed, the preset
answer delay will not be used.

Dialing Features
• Phone Numbers—the SVX can dial two phone numbers, each of which can
contain up to 35 digits including dial modifiers.
• Blind Dialing—if blind dialing is enabled in the software, the SVX meter
will dial the specified number even if there is no dial tone.
• Wait Time—if blind dialing is not enabled in the software, the modem will
wait 5 seconds for a dial tone and will not dial if there is no dial tone.

For phone line simulators, Schlumberger recommends blind dialing with a two second delay.

Call On Schedule
This feature permits the meter to phone the master station on a schedule. If
call windows are always open and a call is not answered or is incomplete, the
meter will:

• Wait a random delay of 6–255 seconds

• Place the call

If the call is not successful, the meter will:

• Repeat the above sequence nine additional times


If all retries are unsuccessful, the meter will:

• Wait 10 minutes

• Repeat the above call sequence


If call windows are used, the meter will use the same retry strategy but only
within the specified call windows. If the meter has not reached the master
station during the call window, it will wait until the following call window and
restart the random retry strategy.

VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide 3-29


Operating Instructions

Phone Home on Event


The meter will call the master station when one of several events occurs. If the
master station is setup to receive calls and interrogate meters, incoming calls
will be logged to alert the operator that a certain condition exists. The master
station must interrogate the meter for the reason it is calling. The
meter will not automatically give this information.
If the meter is programmed to call outside its windows, it will wait a random
6–255 seconds and place a call to the master station after an event has taken
place. When the meter has a call window, the meter will wait until the window
is open to make the second attempt. Only if enabled in the programming
software will the meter attempt to make a call outside a call window after an
event occurs. If the phone home attempts are not successful, the meter will
use the retry strategy specified in the "Call On Schedule" section earlier in this
chapter.
The meter can be configured to phone home on the following events:

RAM/ROM Error EEPROM Error

Low Battery or Modem Low Battery Full Scale Overflow

Clock, Load Profile, or TOU Error Reverse Power

Potential Loss (phase B or phase C) Current Loss (per phase)

SiteScan Diagnostic Error (1–5) Power Restoration

Demand Threshold Exceeded Phone Home During Outage*

If Phone Home on Events is enabled, events programmed to call phone number 1 take precedence over
those programmed to call phone number 2.

Phone Home During Outage


The optional feature, Phone Home During Outage, requires special circuitry
and a battery. This feature must be specified at the time of order.
This feature enables the meter to make a phone call to the master station
during an outage. When an outage of a specified length occurs, the meter will
go through its normal power down sequence. The modem will then remain
powered by the phone home during outage battery. The modem will wait a
random 6–255 seconds and make a phone call to the master station. If this call
is not successful, the modem will wait the random delay and make a second,
and, if required, a third attempt. If the third attempt is unsuccessful, the
modem will power down and make no further attempts to call during the
outage.

3-30 VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide


2SHUDWLQJ,QVWUXFWLRQV

Off-Hook Detect
The programmable off-hook feature allows the meter to use the customer’s
phone line without interfering with the customer’s usage. During
communications with the master station, the meter will sense an off-hook
condition if the customer should “pickup” an extension phone. The meter then
hangs up, and the customer has access to the phone line. The customer must
hang up momentarily to obtain a dial tone. When using a parallel off-hook
detect, you may need to do a few hook flashes before the modem recognizes
the pick up condition. This feature must be disabled if the meter is configured
for phone line sharing as either a master or a slave.
The SVX meter has the hardware option of either series or parallel off-hook
detect. Series off-hook utilizes an RJ31 connector and senses the current
change when a customer picks up the receiver. It is connected in line with the
customer’s phone line. Parallel off-hook utilizes an RJ11 connector and senses
the voltage change when a customer picks up the receiver. It is connected in
parallel with the customer’s phone line, similar to an extension phone. Parallel
off-hook detect is a standard feature on the SVX modem.

Phone Line Sharing


The Phone Line Sharing feature can connect up to five auto-answer meters to a
single voice grade telephone line for remote interrogation. To facilitate phone-
line sharing, each SVX modem can be configured as a master or a slave unit.
Upon receiving a phone call, only a master will respond with the required
handshake signal. All other SVX meters will be in “listen only” mode until the
proper command addresses a corresponding slave unit and the master releases
the line. At this point, the next SVX meter will come on line. It should be noted
that only a master unit can be configured to “call on schedule” and “phone
home on event.”
When call windows are used, all windows must be identical for master and
slave meters. When using the master station to call meters in a phone-line
sharing situation, the master station should wait several minutes after the
calling window opens so that all meters have time to set up. Blind dialing is not
recommended when using phone line sharing. The phone line sharing option
can be disabled.
If you program the master and slave units via the modem, Schlumberger
recommends that the slaves be programmed first. If the master is configured
first and the carrier is lost while configuring the slaves, the slaves will require a
direct connect communication resulting in having to visit each meter site.

MODEM OUTPUTS
The SVX meter can include one option board—a modem or an I/O board. To
enable a customer to use both features in a SVX meter, the modem is available
with solid-state outputs onboard. One configuration is available for outputs
residing on the modem board. This configuration consists of a modem with
two solid-state Form C outputs (KYZ1 & KYZ2) and one low current, solid-
state Form A (LCSS) output. No mercury-wetted outputs are available with the
modem.

VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide 3-31


Operating Instructions

MEASUREMENT TECHNIQUES
The VECTRON meter samples small portions of the input voltages from the
voltage and current sensing elements. Each sample is converted into a binary
number and then used by the microcontroller to derive the billing values. This
phase selection, sampling, and measurement process is described in the
following sections.

Sampling
During one cycle of the power source, the VECTRON meter takes 8 samples
for each of the voltages and the currents on each of the phases. The phase A
voltage is sampled first, followed by the phase A current, and then the phase B
voltage, and so on. These groups of 6 samples are therefore spaced 2.08
milliseconds apart if the register is operating on 60 Hz, or 2.5 milliseconds if
the register is operating on 50 Hz (see Figure 3.9).

Each group includes a sample of


V and I on each of the three
phases.

Figure 3.9 Sampling

Before this procedure is repeated for the next cycle, a delay is added so that
the relative position of the next group of 8 samples on the waveform is shifted
in time with respect to the samples taken during the previous cycle. This
ensures that each group of samples is not taken at an identical point during the
cycling of the signal. This technique, called sample migration, helps the
VECTRON meter maintain metering accuracy under harmonic distortion
conditions (see Figure 3.10).

3-32 VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide


2SHUDWLQJ,QVWUXFWLRQV

Two consecutive
cycles have samples that
are 34 microseconds or
0.75° apart.

Figure 3.10 Sample Migration

After 60 cycles, the microcontroller has a complete picture of the waveform as


if it has been sampled 481 times (480 + 1 because of the migration) in one cycle
(see Figure 3.11).
The line synchronization signal is used to derive the time base for the
sampling. It dynamically tunes the sample interval to ensure that there are
always the correct number of samples regardless of the line frequency (481
samples for 60 Hz, 401 samples for 50 Hz).

One group of samples on all


Vs and 1s.

After 60 cycles, the entire


waveform has been sampled at
34 intervals.

Figure 3.11 Waveform Sampling

Voltage and Current Measurements


During the sampling process, the voltage and current values from each phase
are squared and stored in their respective accumulators.
At the end of the 60th cycle, each accumulator contains the sums of the square
of the voltages and currents for each phase (see Figure 3.12). The contents of
these accumulators are passed to the consumption routing where they are

VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide 3-33


Operating Instructions

averaged (divided by 481) and the square root is taken, yielding the RMS
voltage and RMS current for each phase. The accumulators are reset before
the first of the next set of 481 samples is taken.

Figure 3.12 Accumulator

Instantaneous Voltage and Instantaneous Current


Each of the per phase voltage and current values is displayed in the Toolbox
Mode. The value displayed is the RMS value calculated for the previous 60
cycles.

Watthour Measurement
Watthours are measured by multiplying the instantaneous value of the voltage
on each phase with the instantaneous value of the current on the same phase
(see Figure 3.12).
The resulting values are added to running accumulators. After the completion
of 481 samples (one second for 60 Hz supply or 1.2 seconds for 50 Hz supply),
the reading in this accumulator is passed to the consumption routing where it
is averaged (divided by 481), scaled, corrected, divided by 3600, and then
added to the main registers.
The VECTRON meter can be programmed to register watthours either in the
delivered quadrants only, or in the delivered and received quadrants.
When delivered watthours only are measured, any negative watthour values
are ignored. This has the same effect as a detent mechanism on an induction
watthour meter.
When delivered and received watthours are measured, any negative watthour
values are made positive and added to the watthour register.

3-34 VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide


2SHUDWLQJ,QVWUXFWLRQV

Varh Measurement (Extended Function Version)


Varhours are measured by multiplying the instantaneous value of the first
available voltage sample on one phase with the instantaneous value of the
third available current sample of the same phase (Figure 3.12). Since voltage
samples are continually stored in a three location, last in, first out (LIFO),
shift register, the first available voltage sample from the register is the one
taken three samples (90° phaseshift) previous to the instant of the request for a
Varh reading.
Each Varh measurement is added to a running accumulator. After the
completion of 481 samples (approximately one second for 60 Hz supply or 1.2
seconds for 50 Hz supply), the reading of the accumulator is passed to the
consumption routine where it is averaged, scaled, corrected, and added to the
main registers.

VAh Measurements (Extended Function Version)


The VECTRON meter measures RMS volt-amperes using arithmetic phase
summation. This method ensures that the resulting VAh value contains as
much of the harmonic information as possible.
Volt-ampere values are calculated by multiplying the RMS voltage value with
the coincident RMS current value (see Figure 3.12) using the following
formulas:
VA = VRMS x IRMS

where
1 1
VRMS = 
N ∑ V N2 and IRMS = 
N ∑ I 2N
∆→N ∆→N

where N is the number of samples per second.

The voltage and current values from each phase are squared and stored in their
respective accumulators. At the end of the 60th supply cycle, each
accumulator contains the sums of the square of the voltages or currents for
each phase. The contents of these accumulators are passed to the
consumption routine where they are averaged (divided by 481) and the square
root is taken, yielding the RMS voltage and RMS current for each phase.
Every second, the RMS voltage and the RMS current for each phase are
multiplied together to establish a VA-second value for each phase. These
values are scaled and corrected.
The total VA hour value is calculated by adding the VA-second quantities for
each phase and dividing the total by 3600. This value is added to the
appropriate register.
If apparent energy is selected as the extended function, the VECTRON can be
programmed to calculate VA either vectorially or arithmetically on delta
services. The vectorial calculation uses the following formula:

VA = Watts 2 + Vars 2

VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide 3-35


Operating Instructions

Notes:

3-36 VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide


CHAPTER 4 SITESCAN ON-SITE MONITORING SYSTEM

The SiteScan on-site monitoring system consists of the following features:

• Meter self-diagnostic checks

• Toolbox Mode with its on-site and/or on-line display

• SiteScan system and installation diagnostic checks

• Diagnostic output alarms


Using the Schlumberger PC-PRO+ Programming software package, you can
customize the SiteScan System for each individual metering site. The use of
the SiteScan on-site monitoring system will greatly enhance your utility’s
ability to diagnose and resolve metering or tampering problems.

SITESCAN METER SELF-DIAGNOSTIC CHECKS


The VECTRON meter performs nine self-diagnostic checks to confirm proper
meter operation. The following is a list of possible errors and associated error
codes:

Error Error Code Error Type


Rom Error Er 001000 Fatal Error

EEPROM Error Er 000010 Fatal Error

Power-down Error Er 111111 Fatal Error

Front-end Processor Error Er 9 Fatal Error

Front-end Processor Error Er 7 Fatal Error

Register Full-scale Overflow Er 100000 Non-Fatal Error

Clock/Mass Memory Error Er 010000 Non-Fatal Error

Reverse Power Flow Error Er 007000 Non-Fatal Error

Low Battery Error Er 000001 Non-Fatal Error

A fatal error indicates internal meter problems which cease all meter functions
except communications. These errors cause the display to lock on the error
code until the meter is re-initialized. Persistent fatal errors may require a meter
change-out. The non-fatal errors can indicate either a meter problem such as

VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide 4-1


SiteScan On-Site Monitoring System

low battery error or a site problem such as the reverse power flow error. These
self-diagnostic checks can be independently enabled or disabled through the
PC-PRO+ software.
For a more detailed discussion of each fatal and non-fatal error, refer to
Chapter 5, "Testing, Troubleshooting, And Maintenance".

SITESCAN TOOLBOX MODE


SiteScan Toolbox Mode displays all the metering information used by the
meter for individual phase measurements and system and installation
diagnostic checks. This information helps you verify that the meter is installed
and operating correctly. The per-phase volt and amp readings along with
voltage and current angle readings let you check the meter’s site phase
sequencing performance. The diagnostic counters alert you to the frequency of
a metering or tampering problem. The combination of a diagnostic error and
the information in the Toolbox Mode display will greatly enhance your utility’s
ability to diagnose and resolve metering or tampering problems.
In Chapter 3, access to the Toolbox Mode display list through the use of a
magnet and magnetic reed switch was discussed. The PC-PRO+ software lets
you retrieve the same Toolbox information on an instantaneous basis. To best
understand the values on the Toolbox display, you should graphically plot this
information. Before starting to plot the Toolbox data, two basic definitions
must be made about the SiteScan system.

Definition 1: The per phase information displayed in the Toolbox Mode is referenced to the
internal voltage and current sensors of the meter. The meter will designate
each phase by the elements. Table 4.1 defines each element.

Table 4.1 Phase Notation in Display

Phase Notation in Toolbox


Element Used in Meter Defined Phase
Display

Left-hand Element Phase A PhA

Center Element Phase B PhB

Right-hand Element Phase C PhC

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Figure 4.1 shows how the wiring of each element determines the phase
notation used by the meter.

Figure 4.1 Toolbox Phase Notation for Form 9S and 16S VECTRON Meters

Definition 2: The SiteScan system uses the A phase voltage as a reference point. Therefore,
the Toolbox Mode display of the A phase voltage angle will always be 0.0°V.

The VECTRON meter is still determining this angle and will still detect a problem if the A phase voltage
angle is incorrect.

After the meter sets the A phase voltage direction to 0.0 degrees, the meter
calculates all the other voltage and current angles lagging to the A phase
voltage. This allows you to easily plot the vector information, not only to
determine problems, but also to determine the phase sequencing of the site.
Figure 4.2 provides an example of the plot for Toolbox Mode information. No
matter how you elect to plot the phasor information, whether you plot the
same as shown in Figure 4.2 or in the opposite direction, the Toolbox Mode
will still provide an accurate representation of the site.

VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide 4-3


SiteScan On-Site Monitoring System

Figure 4.2 Plot of Toolbox Display Mode

In this example, the plot is going in the clockwise direction; therefore, the
phasors will be rotating in the counterclockwise direction. By using this
information, the phase sequencing of the meter site can be determined. In the
case shown, if you are stationary at zero, the first vector you will see is A phase
voltage. The next voltage phasor is B phase and last is C phase voltage,
indicating ABC rotation. For CBA rotation, you would still see A phase at zero,
but you would see C phase voltage next followed by B phase.
The following is an example of the Toolbox Mode. This example is for a Form
9S meter wired for a 4-wire wye system:

Phase A Display Phase B Display Phase C Display


(Left Element) (Center Element) (Right Element)

Voltage Phase Angles PhA 0.0° V PhB 120.5° V PhC 240.3° V

Phase Voltage PhA 120.2 V PhB 115.5 V PhC 119.3 V

Current Phase Angles PhA 9.0° A PhB 117.8° A PhC 246.0° A

Phase Current PhA 6.8 A PhB 10.2 A PhC 9.8 A

Diagnostic Counters* d1 000 d2 000 d3 000 d4 000


d5A 000 d5B 000 d5C 000 d5T 000

*The diagnostic counters are incremented each time a diagnostic error occurs.

If the magnitude of a phase voltage or current is zero or too low to measure


accurately, dashed line (---) will appear in the value location. The
corresponding angle will also indicate dashed lines.
By following the definitions of the SiteScan system and the information on the
Toolbox display, the above example can be graphically plotted into the phasor
diagram shown in Figure 4.2.
By simply viewing the phasor diagram, several facts about the site become
clear:

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• There are no wiring problems currently at the site.

• Both A and C phase currents lag while B phase current leads its
voltage.

• The site is wired with ABC phase rotation.


By graphically plotting the Toolbox Mode display information, many metering
site problems are easily diagnosed. Problems such as cross-phasing of voltage
or current circuits, incorrect polarity of voltage or current circuits, and reverse
energy flow of one or more phases can be found quickly. The watt disk
emulator scrolling in the direction of energy flow for each phase will also aid
in checking for reverse energy flow. Other problems, such as loss of phase
voltage, incorrect voltage transformer ratio, current diversion, shorted current
transformer circuit, or internal meter measurement malfunctions, can be
determined through the Toolbox Mode.
While some of these problems may occur at the time of meter installation,
others may happen at any time after the meter is installed. Since it is
impossible to continuously watch the Toolbox Mode information, the SiteScan
on-site monitoring system has been designed to continuously monitor the site.

SITESCAN SYSTEM AND INSTALLATION DIAGNOSTIC CHECKS


The SiteScan on-site monitoring system has the ability to continuously monitor
the site for metering or tampering problems through the system and
installation diagnostic checks. The following software programmable
diagnostic checks are available:

SiteScan Diagnostic #1 Polarity, Cross-Phase & Energy Flow Check

SiteScan Diagnostic #2 Phase Voltage Deviation Check

SiteScan Diagnostic #3 Inactive Phase Current Check

SiteScan Diagnostic #4 Phase Angle Displacement Check

SiteScan Diagnostic #5 Current Waveform Distortion Check

It is very important to note that the meter will continue to operate normally
while any of the diagnostic errors are being displayed. The system and
installation diagnostic checks will only report that there may be a problem
with the meter or site. They have no effect on metering or on any operations
performed by the VECTRON meter.
If enabled, all the diagnostic checks will continually check for errors every five
seconds. The VECTRON meter will not check for diagnostic errors under any
of the following conditions:

• When singlephase series conditions occur

• When the meter is in Test Mode

VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide 4-5


SiteScan On-Site Monitoring System

• When the diagnostic(s) have been disabled by the programming


software
The system reports diagnostic errors in several ways. If a diagnostic check is
enabled and an error occurs, the system will always increment the
corresponding diagnostic counter by one. The range for all diagnostic counters
is from 0 to 255. When the counter reaches 255, it remains there until it is reset
by the user. The diagnostic checks will continue to function and report any
errors even after the diagnostic counter has reached 255. PC-PRO+ or PRO-
READ software can be used to reset the diagnostic error. Refer to the
appropriate software manual for instructions to reset the errors.
The system can also be programmed to report diagnostic errors directly to the
meter display. If a diagnostic check has failed, the meter will display a
diagnostic message similar to the one shown in Figure 4.3.

Figure 4.3 Example of Diagnostic #1 Error Display

If more than one diagnostic error condition exists, the diagnostic with the
lowest number will take precedence for display. Diagnostic errors will not be
shown if any fatal or non-fatal errors are displayed.
Each of the diagnostic checks can be independently programmed with one of
the following display options:

Lock The diagnostic error is locked on the display.

Activating the ALT/Toolbox magnetic reed switch allows the Normal Mode
display sequence to scroll one time during a locked diagnostic error. At the
end of the display sequence, the error message locks onto the display
again. To access the Alternate Mode display list, activate the magnetic
reed switch to place the meter in the Normal Mode. Wait at least one sec-
ond; then activate the switch again. The meter will scroll once through the
Alternate Mode display list and then once through the Normal Mode list;
then lock on the error again.

By activating the magnetic reed switch for more than four seconds, the
meter will go into the Toolbox Mode. The display will continue to scroll
through the Toolbox Mode display items as long as the switch is activated.
This should allow the user time to determine what is causing the error.

Scroll The diagnostic error will be displayed during the “Off Time” between dis-
play items. When an error occurs the meter will display the error during the
next “Off Time” of the current display mode (Normal or Alternate) the
meter happens to be in.

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Ignore The diagnostic error will not be displayed on the meter. However, the diag-
nostic error will still increment the diagnostic counter. This option can be
used to determine the frequency of an error without reporting it on the dis-
play of the VECTRON meter.

Disable The diagnostic error will not be displayed on the meter display or incre-
ment the diagnostic counter.

The meter can also be programmed to report diagnostic errors through an


output contact. Refer to SiteScan Diagnostic Condition Alert (end of this
section) for more details.
The meter will check for all enabled diagnostic errors every five seconds
except for Diagnostic #5 which is checked at a different rate. If three
consecutive checks fail, the meter will flag the error. Therefore, the meter
takes approximately 15 seconds before an error is flagged. A diagnostic error
may take longer to display on the meter depending on the display option
chosen. Once the condition causing the error is corrected, the meter must pass
two consecutive checks before the diagnostic error is cleared from the display.
The auto-service sensing feature has the capability to determine the service
type in which it is installed. The SiteScan system in the SVX does not require
that meters be programmed for a specific service type. If any of the five
diagnostic errors are enabled., auto-service sensing is automatically enabled. If
the meter cannot determine a valid service type, a Diagnostic I will be
reported, regardless of which diagnostic errors are enabled in the meter.
An electrical service type for each meter site must be programmed into the
meter for the diagnostic checks to work properly. Through PC-PRO+ and/or
PRO-READ software, the service type can be programmed into the meter
several different ways. Please refer to either software manual for details. The
following service types can be programmed into the meter:

• Network

• Three-wire Delta

• Four-wire Wye

• Four-wire Delta
The form of the meter determines which of the above service types is available
for the meter. Diagrams showing all possible meter forms, their associated
service types, and typical phasor diagrams are given in Figure 4.4 through
Figure 4.14.

VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide 4-7


SiteScan On-Site Monitoring System

([SHFWHGYHFWRUGLDJUDPDWXQLW\SRZHUIDFWRUZLWKORDGFRQQHFWHGOLQHWRQHXWUDO

Figure 4.4 Form 45S VECTRON Meter in a 3-Wire Network Service – Phasor Diagram

4-8 VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide


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([SHFWHGYHFWRUGLDJUDPDWXQLW\SRZHUOHYHO

Figure 4.5 Form 45S VECTRON Meter in a 3-Wire Delta Service – Phasor Diagram

VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide 4-9


SiteScan On-Site Monitoring System

([SHFWHGYHFWRUGLDJUDPDWXQLW\SRZHUIDFWRUZLWKORDGFRQQHFWHGOLQHWRQHXWUDO

Figure 4.6 Form 45S VECTRON Meter in a 4-Wire Wye Service –Phasor Diagram

4-10 VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide


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([SHFWHGYHFWRUGLDJUDPDWXQLW\SRZHUIDFWRUZLWKEDODQFHGORDGLQJ

Figure 4.7 Form 45S VECTRON Meter in a 4-Wire Delta Service –Phasor Diagram

VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide 4-11


SiteScan On-Site Monitoring System

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Figure 4.8 Form 46S VECTRON Meter in a 4-Wire Wye Service –Phasor Diagram

4-12 VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide


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Figure 4.9 Form 9S VECTRON Meter in a 4-Wire Wye Service –Phasor Diagram

VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide 4-13


SiteScan On-Site Monitoring System

(CBA Rotation)

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Figure 4.10 Form 9S VECTRON Meter in a 4-Wire Delta Service –Phasor Diagram

4-14 VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide


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([SHFWHGYHFWRUGLDJUDPDWXQLW\SRZHUIDFWRUZLWKORDGFRQQHFWHGOLQHWRQHXWUDO

Figure 4.11 Form 12S VECTRON Meter in a 3-Wire Network Service –Phasor Diagram

VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide 4-15


SiteScan On-Site Monitoring System

([SHFWHGYHFWRUGLDJUDPDWXQLW\SRZHUIDFWRU

Figure 4.12 Form 12S VECTRON Meter in a 3-Wire Delta Service –Phasor Diagram

4-16 VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide


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([SHFWHGYHFWRUGLDJUDPDWXQLW\SRZHUIDFWRUZLWKORDGFRQQHFWHGSKDVHWRQHXWUDO

Figure 4.13 Form 16S VECTRON Meter in a 4-Wire Wye Service –Phasor Diagram

VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide 4-17


SiteScan On-Site Monitoring System

([SHFWHGYHFWRUGLDJUDPDWXQLW\SRZHUZLWKEDODQFHGORDGLQJ

Figure 4.14 Form 16S VECTRON Meter in a 4-Wire Delta Service –Phasor Diagram

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SITESCAN DIAGNOSTIC #1

Polarity, Cross-Phase, and Energy Flow Check


The purpose of this diagnostic is to verify that all meter elements are sensing
and receiving the correct voltage and current for each phase of a specific
polyphase electric service. This diagnostic check may indicate one or more of
the following problems:

• Cross-phasing of a voltage or current circuit

• Incorrect polarity of a voltage or current circuit

• Reverse energy flow of one or more phases

• Internal meter measurement malfunction

• Faulty site wiring


Once every five seconds, the meter determines the angle of each voltage and
current phasor with respect to VA. The meter will not only display this
information in the Toolbox Mode, but will judge each phasor angle for validity
with respect to the meter’s form number and service type. Diagnostic #1 will
take the “typical” phasor diagram for a particular form number and service
type and place an envelope around each phasor where the actual phasor must
be found for the diagnostic check to pass. The envelope for the voltage vectors
is fixed at ±10° and the envelope for the current vectors is fixed at ±90°. The
meter will recognize ABC or CBA phase rotation and will adjust the SiteScan
expected values.
An example would be if a typical diagram has the B phase voltage angle at
120°, and the envelope around that phasor is ±10°. Then the actual phasor
must be between 110° to 130° from VA for the diagnostic check to pass that
phasor. The system will check each phasor in a similar fashion. The system
will define the phasor envelope for each phase.
Figure 4.4 through Figure 4.14 show the ideal phasor diagrams for all possible
form numbers and service types. These vector relationships assume site wiring
as shown and the special case of unity power factor with balanced phase
loading.

A multitude of wiring conventions, phase loadings, and power factors can exist at metering sites.
Therefore, the vector diagrams obtained from actual metering sites will vary from those shown here.
This should be expected and will cause no metering errors, but some unusual circumstances could ne-
cessitate reconfiguration of one or more of the diagnostics. For more information on SiteScan reconfig-
uration, refer to the PC-PRO+ Programming Software User’s Manual.

Diagnostic #1 Error Example


This example is for a Form 9S meter wired for a 4-wire Wye system with ABC
phase rotation, but the site was wired with a voltage circuit having the
incorrect polarity (reverse VT).

VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide 4-19


SiteScan On-Site Monitoring System

The first step of diagnosing an error is to place the meter into the Toolbox
Mode and gather the information.
The following is the information in the Toolbox Mode display while the
Diagnostic #1 error is triggered:

Phase A Display Phase B Display Phase C Display


(Left Element) (Center Element) (Right Element)

Voltage Phase Angles PhA 0.0° V PhB 301.2° V PhC 240.3° V

Phase Voltage PhA 120.2 V PhB 120.5 V PhC 119.3 V

Current Phase Angles PhA 9.0° A PhB 125.5° A PhC 246.0° A

Phase Current PhA 6.8 A PhB 10.2 A PhC 9.8 A

Diagnostic Counters d1 001 d2 000 d3 000 d4 000


d5A 000 d5B 000 d5C 000 d5T 000

The next step is to graphically plot the above information into a phasor
diagram as shown in Figure 4.15.



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Figure 4.15 Diagnostic #1 Error Diagram

By comparing the phasor diagram drawn from the information found in the
Toolbox Mode with the typical phasor diagram, it becomes clear that the B
phase voltage is incorrect. The correct phasor should be around 120°, not 300°
where the phasor currently is. Since the phasor is approximately 180° off, this
most likely represents a polarity problem with the B phase voltage circuit. Also
note that diagnostic counter d1 has incremented to “001”.

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SITESCAN DIAGNOSTIC #2

Phase Voltage Deviation Check


The purpose of this diagnostic is to verify that each individual phase maintains
an acceptable voltage level with respect to the other phases. This diagnostic
check may indicate one or more of the following problems:

• Loss of phase voltage

• Incorrect voltage transformer ratio

• Shorted voltage transformer windings

• Incorrect phase voltage

• Internal meter measurement malfunction

• Faulty site wiring


Diagnostic #2 uses the A phase voltage (left element) as the reference voltage
because it is present in all meter forms, and because the meter electronics are
powered from this phase. Once every five seconds, the A phase voltage is
combined with a user-defined percentage tolerance to determine the upper
and lower bounds of the acceptable range for the other voltages.
For Diagnostic #2 to pass, the following equations must be satisfied:
VB upper ≤ (1 + x%) • VA and VB lower ≥ (1 - x%) • VA

VC upper ≤ (1 + x%) • VA and VC lower ≥ (1 - x%) • VA

If the above equations are not met for three consecutive checks the diagnostic
check will trigger. Although the meter is using VA as a reference voltage, it does
not need to be correct for this check to be valid, because the percentage
difference is the determining factor.

VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide 4-21


SiteScan On-Site Monitoring System

Diagnostic #2 Error Example


This example is for a Form 9S meter wired for a 277 Volt, 4-wire Wye system,
but the site has an incorrect voltage transformer ratio. The meter was also
programmed with a percentage tolerance of 10%.
The first step of diagnosing an error is to place the meter into Toolbox Mode
and gather the information. The following is the information found in the
Toolbox Mode display while the Diagnostic #2 error is triggered.

Phase A Display Phase B Display Phase C Display


(Left Element) (Center Element) (Right Element)

Voltage Phase Angles PhA 0.0° V PhB 119.4° V PhC 240.9° V

Phase Voltage PhA 119.2 V PhB 275.4 V PhC 279.1 V

Current Phase Angles PhA 9.0° A PhB 125.5° A PhC 246.0° A

Phase Current PhA 6.8 A PhB 10.2 A PhC 9.8 A

Diagnostic Counters d1 000 d2 001 d3 000 d4 000


d5A 000 d5B 000 d5C 000 d5T 000

The second step to diagnose a Diagnostic #2 error is to compare the different


phase voltage readings. The can be done several ways by simply comparing the
readings or plugging the values into the equation. In this case A phase is about
120 volts while both B and C phases are about 277 volts. This could indicate an
incorrect voltage transformer ratio or a shorted voltage transformer winding
for the A phase transformer. This could also indicate that A phase is correct
and both B and C phases are incorrect. You will need to determine the exact
problem. Also note that diagnostic counter d2 has incremented to “001”.
By using the above equations and substituting in the above voltages for the
upper and lower limits, we can also see why the diagnostic check has failed.
For Diagnostic #2 to pass, the following equations must be satisfied:
275.4 < (1 + 10%) • 119.2 and 275.4 > (1 - 10%) • 119.2
275.4 < 131.1 and 274 > 107.3

and

279.1 < (1 + 10%) • 199.2 and 279.1 > (1 - 10%) • 199.2


279.1 < 131.1 and 279.1 > 107.3

We can see in the above equations that 275.4 and 279.1 are not less than 131.1.
Further investigation can begin on the circuit to determine the cause of the
problem.

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SITESCAN DIAGNOSTIC #3

Inactive Phase Current Check


The purpose of this diagnostic is to verify that each individual current phase
maintains an acceptable current level. This diagnostic check may indicate one
or more of the following problems:
• Current diversion

• Open or shorted current transformer circuit

• Internal meter measurement malfuction

• Faulty site wiring


Diagnostic #3 checks every five seconds to verify that the meter is receiving a
current for each individual phase. If the meter fails three consecutive checks
the Diagnostic #3 check will trigger.
Once every five seconds, all phase currents are checked against a user-defined
“Low Current value” to verify that the current value is above this value. If one
or more currents fall below the low current value, and at least one current
remains above this value for more than 15 seconds, the VECTRON meter will
trigger the error. The error will not be triggered if all the currents fall below or
above the user-defined value. The starting current of tranformer-rated meters
is 5 mA and that of self-contained meters is 50 mA. Therefore, a selected “low
current value” of 5 mA would require at least one phase above and below the
starting current in order to activate the diagnostic.
Refer to the PC-PRO+ or PRO-READ software manuals for instructions on
how to program this value into the VECTRON meter.

Diagnostic #3 Error Example


This example is for a Form 9S meter wired for a 277 volt, 4-wire wye system,
but the site has a shorted current transformer. The “Low Current value” is set
at 25 mA.
The first step of diagnosing an error is to place the meter into the Toolbox
Mode and gather the information. The following is the information in the
Toolbox Mode display while the Diagnostic #3 error is triggered.

Phase A Display Phase B Display Phase C Display


(Left Element) (Center Element) (Right Element)

Voltage Phase Angles PhA 0.0° V PhB 119.4° V PhC 240.9° V

Phase Voltage PhA 276.2 V PhB 277.7 V PhC 277.0 V

Current Phase Angles PhA 9.0° A PhB --------- PhC 246.0° A

Phase Current PhA 11.8 A PhB --------- PhC 5.2 A

Diagnostic Counters d1 000 d2 000 d3 001 d4 000


d5A 000 d5B 000 d5C 000 d5T 000

VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide 4-23


SiteScan On-Site Monitoring System

The second step to diagnose a Diagnostic #3 error is to compare the different


phase current readings. In this case A and C phases both have current passing
through the elements, while B phase (center element) has no current. The
dashes indicate that current has fallen below 0.5% of class. This could indicate
an open or shorted current transformer or current diversion. Also note that
diagnostic counter d3 has incremented to “001”.

It is possible to see dashes where the current information should be, but have no Diagnostic #3 error
present. (See the "SiteScan Toolbox Mode" section earlier in this chapter for more information.)

SITESCAN DIAGNOSTIC #4

Phase Angle Displacement Check


The purpose of this diagnostic is to verify that the current elements are sensing
and receiving the correct current for each phase of a specific polyphase
electric service. This diagnostic check may indicate one or more of the
following problems:

• Poor load power factor conditions

• Poor system conditions

• Malfunctioning system equipment


Diagnostic #1 must be enabled and must pass for Diagnostic #4 to be enabled
and check for a problem. This will allow the system to make the assumption
that all the phasors are in the relatively correct orientation and that there is no
wiring problem. Since the voltage angles passed diagnostic #1, the meter will
assign the voltage phasors to be constant at the typical phasor angle. See
Figure 4.4 through Figure 4.14 for a description of each phasor diagram.
If Diagnostic #1 passes, the meter will then determine the angle of each
current phasor with respect to VA for Diagnostic #4. The meter will judge each
current phasor angle for validity with respect to the meter’s form number and
service type. Diagnostic #4 will take the “typical” phasor diagram for a
particular form number and service type and place a user-defined envelope
around each current phasor, where the actual phasor must be found for the
diagnostic check to pass.
An example would be if a typical diagram has the C phase current angle at 240°
and the user has programmed an acceptable envelope of ±45° around that
phasor. Then the actual phasor must be between 195° to 285° from VA for the
diagnostic to pass that check. The system will check each current phasor in a
similar fashion (see Figure 4.16). The current vector must be within ±45° of the
voltage vector for Diagnostic #4 to pass.

4-24 VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide


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Figure 4.16 Envelope Example

Diagnostic #4 Error Example


This example is for a Form 9S meter wired for a 4-wire wye system with ABC
phase rotation, but the site has a poor load power factor condition. The meter
was programmed with a tolerance level of ±45° for Diagnostic #4 and
Diagnostic #1 was also enabled and has already passed.
The first step of diagnosing an error is to place the meter in to Toolbox Mode
and gather the information. The following is the information in the Toolbox
Mode display while the Diagnostic #4 error is enabled.

Phase A Display Phase B Display Phase C Display


(Left Element) (Center Element) (Right Element)

Voltage Phase Angles PhA 0.0° V PhB 120.4° V PhC 239.8° V

Phase Voltage PhA 120.8 V PhB 120.0 V PhC 119.3 V

Current Phase Angles PhA 2.0° A PhB 119.8° A PhC 297.2° A

Phase Current PhA 6.8 A PhB 10.2 A PhC 9.8 A

Diagnostic Counters d1 000 d2 000 d3 000 d4 001


d5A 000 d5B 000 d5C 000 d5T 000

The next step is to graphically plot the above information into a phasor
diagram as shown in Figure 4.17.

VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide 4-25


SiteScan On-Site Monitoring System

Figure 4.17 Phasor Diagram

By comparing the phasor diagram drawn from the information found in the
Toolbox Mode versus the typical phasor diagram, it becomes clear that the C
phase current is out of the user-defined envelope. The correct phasor should
be around 240.0°, not the 297.0° where the phasor currently is. This is not a
problem with the meter or a wiring problem at the site, but it does indicate a
poor load power factor condition which may need to be corrected. Also note
that diagnostic counter d4 has incremented to “001”.

SITESCAN DIAGNOSTIC #5

Current Waveform Distortion Check


Diagnostic #5 detects DC on a per phase basis using what is know as a comb
filter method. Rectified loads produce even harmonics which are typically in
phase with the voltage signal. The algorithm works by summing current
samples, which occur 90° after every zero crossing of the voltage waveform.
This information is accumulated for a sample interval. These sample points
should represent peak current values. If no DC is present on any of the phases,
the current waveforms will be symmetrical and the accumulation of the
current samples will be a value near zero. If DC is present on a phase, the
current waveform is offset vertically and the accumulation of the current
samples will be significantly higher.
Diagnostic #5 will trigger when the level of DC present is such that the
accuracy of the VECTRON could be affected. This level varies for different
installations based on the per phase load conditions. When DC current is
present, the VECTRON can be programmed to display the diagnostic #5 error
code in the same manner in which diagnostics #1 through #4 are programmed
(i.e. lock, scroll, ignore). The number of times DC was present is available
through meter communications on a per phase basis. The number of times that
DC was present on all phases is available by accessing the Toolbox Mode and
viewing the diagnostic #5 counter or through meter communications.

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Unlike the other diagnostic errors, the fifth diagnostic error is updated every
45 seconds. One phase at a time is checked for five seconds for three
consecutive checks. If the three consecutive checks on any phase fail, the
error code will display after all the phases have been checked. The error code
will clear when all the phases pass two consecutive checks (about 30
seconds).

DIAGNOSTIC CONDITION ALERT


The SiteScan diagnostic condition alert is an output which is activated if any of
the diagnostic checks are triggered. All errors will drive a single output contact
(mercury-wetted or solid-state). If selected, this output will be updated once
per second.
Through the PC-PRO+ software, each diagnostic output can be enabled or
disabled independently. This allows the meter’s diagnostic condition alert to be
tied to one specific, two different, or all diagnostic errors.
The output can then be tied to several different devices to help determine the
actual time an event occurred or the frequency at which errors are triggered.

VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide 4-27


SiteScan On-Site Monitoring System

Notes:

4-28 VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide


CHAPTER 5 TESTING, TROUBLESHOOTING, AND MAINTENANCE

This section provides information and instructions to help you test and
maintain the VECTRON and VECTRON SVX meters. Topics covered include:

• Testing support features

• Energy testing

• Recommended testing procedures

• Demand testing

• TOU schedule testing

• Field testing

• Troubleshooting (fatal and nonfatal errors)

• Maintenance

TESTING SUPPORT FEATURES

Infrared Test LED


The meter is equipped with an Infrared Test Light Emitting Diode (LED) which
represents watthour measurement. The LED is located at the three o’clock
position on the meter faceplate (Figure 5.1). The pulse weight represented by
the LED is programmable through the PC-PRO+ programming software. The
programming software allows a different pulse weight value for the LED in
either the Normal or Test Modes. The extended function version of the meter
can be programmed to drive the IR LED with the Wh or lagging varh if reactive
energy is selected as an extended function register.

Figure 5.1 Infrared Test LED

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Testing, Troubleshooting, And Maintenance

Annunciators

Watthour Disk Emulation Annunciator


The VECTRON meter is equipped with a bidirectional Liquid Crystal Display
(LCD) watthour disk emulation annunciator. The disk emulation annunciator
consists of five segments located in the lower portion of the display.
These segments are individually illuminated and traverse left to right for
positive (line to load) energy flow. The segments will traverse right to left for
negative (load to line) energy flow. The rate of segment travel is proportional
to the programmed watthour constant (Kh value).

If the IR LED is programmed to be driven by lagging varh, the watt disk emulator will also be driven by
lagging varh.

Voltage Indicator Annunciators


The VECTRON meter is equipped with three LCD voltage indicator
annunciators. They are located in the lower left portion of the LCD display.
Illuminated annuncaitors (VA, VB, and VC) indicate active voltage for these
respective phases. A flashing annunciator indicates a loss of voltage.

TOU Rate Annunciators


The VECTRON meter is equipped with five TOU rate annunciators on the LCD.
Located on the right side of the display, the annunciator A, B, C, D, or E flashes
when the applicable rate is active and is enabled to display the register values
with their respective rate.

Test Mode Annunciator


The VECTRON meter is equipped with a Test Mode LCD annunciator. Located
in the left portion of the display, this annunciator is enabled when Test Mode is
activated. The word “TEST” appears on the display and flashes at a steady rate
during Test Mode activation.

ENERGY TESTING

Testing With the Infrared Test LED


Verification of metered kWh or kVarh (extended function versions only) values
by the meter can be accomplished by using the pulsing LED located in the 3
o’clock position of the faceplate.

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With a constant load applied, the LED pulses are compared to the output of a
conventional high accuracy watthour standard. This is accomplished using a
compatible optical pickup device and a comparator.
Follow these steps to test the Wh LED:
1 Program the meter with a desired pulse constant Kh.
2 Apply a constant delivered watts load (Wapp) to the meter.
3 Verify that the LED pulses properly either by counting the pulses or using
a comparator to compare pulses from the meter under test to the standard.
To determine the number of pulses per second, use the following equation:
#Pulses/sec = Wapp x N x 1 hour x 1
3600 sec Kh
where N is the coil factor for singlephase test method (Table 5.1).
4 The same for the field Test Mode, if desired.

If accuracy or repeatability is poor, the Kh may be incorrect or the “settling time” in the test bench must
be adjusted. (Schlumberger recommends a 4–5 second settling time.)

Testing With Pulse Initiator Outputs


The VECTRON meter provides up to two Form C, KYZ pulse outputs when
equipped with the optional I/O Board. The KYZ pulse output provides an
alternative to the infrared Wh LED pulse output for test purposes. With the
extended function version of the VECTRON, one of the KYZ outputs can be
programmed for either varh or VAh.
Connection to either the KY or KZ terminals will allow input to the test board.
However, this configuration will provide only one-half the number of pulses
for the programmed Kh value (pulse constant).

Example
The meter is programmed with a KYZ pulse constant for watts of 1.8 Wh/pulse.
This indicates that the KY terminal pair will pulse at a rate of 3.6 Wh/pulse. The
same holds true for the KZ terminal pair. If the KY terminal pair is to pulse at a
rate of 1.8 Wh/pulse, the programmed KYZ constant must be 0.9 Wh/pulse.
The KYZ output(s) can also be connected to an external recorder to verify the
proper number of pulses.

Testing Using the Disk Emulation Annunciator


The VECTRON meter is capable of visually being tested by using the Wh disk
emulation annunciator. As further discussed in the Wh disk emulation
annunciator section, the Wh disk emulation annunciator scrolls at a rate
proportional to the programmed watthour constant. If the IR LED is
programmed to be driven by lagging varh, (extended function versions only)
the watt disk emulator will also be driven by lagging varh.

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Testing, Troubleshooting, And Maintenance

If the emulator is flowing right to left, this indicates a reverse power flow situation.

Testing Using the Energy/Time Method


As an alternate to the above methods, the energy accumulated by the registers
and a reference standard can be read directly from the display and compared
over a period of time. Energy readings displayed while the meter is in the Test
Mode are in floating decimal format. This will result in maximum resolution
for short duration tests.
If the meter is being tested using singlephase test methods, a coil factor must
be included in the calculations. See Table 5.1 for the appropriate factor.

Table 5.1 Coil Factors

Form Series A Phase Only B Phase Only C Phase Only

451, 12, 66 2 1 — 1

9(8)2, 16(15,14) 3 1 1 1

463 4 1 2 1

2 1 0.5 — 0.5

1
When testing Form 45 VECTRON meters, the two voltage blades or terminals on the load side of the meter must be shorted. If these
blades are not shorted, the meter will not power up during testing. In a field installation, the external wiring provides the necessary
shorted connection. It is important to note that these two blades are NOT to be shorted when the meter is installed in the field. For
applications where a Form 45 VECTRON meter is to be installed on a 4-wire delta installation, please contact your Schlumberger
Sales Representative for information concerning the testing of the third voltage divider on the load side of the meter.
2
When testing under true polyphase conditions, Forms 9 and 16 can only be tested as a 4-wire wye. These forms cannot be tested as
4-wire deltas because of present limitation inherent in the test equipment.
3
2 1/2 Element Meter.

RECOMMENDED ENERGY TESTING PROCEDURES

Introduction
Testing solid-state meters on test boards designed primarily for
electromechanical meters may sometimes give unexpected results. Erroneous
readings could occur on light-load tests when the test sequence calls for a
light-load (LL) test following a full-load (FL) or power-factor (PF) test. In some
cases, PF readings could also be in error when following a FL test. The errors
are always positive and may be a few percent for PF and even greater for LL.
The problem is aggravated on lower voltages and when using large test
constants, Kt, similar to the typical Kh values of comparable induction meters.
This problem does not exist on modern test boards with their latest software.

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Test Description
A typical meter test sequence consists of:
1 The voltage and current ramp up at unity power factor to the FL level.
2 A pulse from the meter starts the FL test and another pulse ends it.
3 The phase angle then changes for the PF test. The current may stay at the
FL level or ramp down to zero and back up for the phase angle change.
4 A pulse from the meter starts the PF test and another pulse ends it.
5 The current ramps (directly or through zero) to the LL current level at
unity power factor.
6 A pulse from the meter starts the LL test and another pulse ends it.
Most test boards use jogging (slewing) immediately following a FL or PF test
to shorten the time required for the next test to start. The energy used for
jogging may be more than enough to cause the next pulse from the meter, even
before the ramping of current or changing of phase angle is completed. If the
trigger to start the next test is armed and ready during the jogging or transition
to the next test level, an unexpected pulse may cause the test to start too soon.
This obviously will result in erroneous readings. Some settling time is
necessary for the test board power, the reference standard, and the meter
under test to stabilize after the change to a new test level.
Most test boards provide a settling time (programmable or fixed) and will not
recognize another test pulse following the completion of a test until the
jogging, ramping, and settling time have all transpired. The VECTRON meter
needs a settling time of about four or five seconds after the new test level has
been reached before the test starts.

Recommendations
Erroneous test results caused by the problems previously described can
probably be corrected by implementing one of the following suggestions. Even
if there are no bad readings, Solution 3 can cut the total test time significantly
without sacrificing accuracy. The suggested solutions are:
1 Change the test sequence to avoid jogging before the light-load test.
2 Upgrade the test board to meet the requirements listed previously.
3 Program the meter and test board for a small test constant. This will avoid
jogging and also give the added benefit of shorter test time.

Solution 1
Change the test sequence so that the LL test is first, followed by the PF test
and then the FL test. This should prevent all jogging from occurring between
tests and will probably eliminate the erroneous readings. This is the quickest
solution to implement since it requires no changes to the test board or the
meter.

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Testing, Troubleshooting, And Maintenance

Solution 2
Install the latest test board software revision. A test board ideally should
recognize no new test pulses after the completion of a test until jogging,
ramping, and settling time have all transpired. Settling time should be
programmed for four to six seconds. There is nothing to be gained by using
settling times greater than six seconds.

Solution 3
This is the preferred solution, since it results in shorter test times and can be
implemented simply by programming the meter for a smaller test constant and
settling the test board accordingly.
The VECTRON and most other solid-state meters have the capability of being
programmed for a much smaller test constant (Kt), such as one-tenth or one-
twelfth of the energy required for one disk revolution of an electromechanical
meter. With the test pulses running 10 to 12 times faster there is the possibility
of shortening the test time considerably, but not by a factor of 10 or 12. It still
takes a finite amount of time to obtain meaningful results.

Recommended Test Setup for Minimizing Test Time


The following settings are recommended for obtaining test uncertainties of
less than 0.1% and at minimum test times:
1 Program the test board settling time for five seconds.
2 Program the meter and test board for a small test constant, Kt, in some
convenient fractional value of the traditional Kh. For this example, 1/12 of
the traditional Kh of the equivalent electromechanical meter is used. (The
use of decimal values may be preferred for simplification of math.)
3 Use 12 pulses (1 rev) for FL.
4 Use 12 pulses for PF.
5 Use 1 pulse for LL.
6 For element tests, the FL and PF pulses can be divided by the number of
elements, always rounding up for fractional values.
The total test time for a series FL, PF, LL sequence can be shortened by more
than one minute compared to the time required for an electromechanical
meter or a solid-state meter using the equivalent test constants. If LL element
tests are used, the time savings will be much greater.

Recommendations for Minimum Variability


The variability of testing a VECTRON meter can be reduced by lengthening the
test times (using more pulses). Doubling or tripling the recommended
minimum test time will reduce the variability by a factor of two or three. Very
little improvement is realized by running longer than about 45 seconds for
each test.

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DEMAND TESTING
Testing consists of comparing the readings displayed on the VECTRON meter
to the actual demand, as determined using a high-accuracy, RMS responding
reference standard. The standard should have pulse outputs proportional to
Wh/pulse and VAh/pulse.
Pulses from the reference standard are accumulated over one demand
interval, and then the total pulse count representing watthours is converted to
an average demand value using the formulas in the Demand Calculations
section.
Because of the high accuracy of the VECTRON meter, the following is the
recommended procedure for testing these meters.

Demand Test Method


1 Connect the meter under test and the reference standard in the same cir-
cuit, with all voltage coils in paralled and current coils in series, as per
standard meter testing procedures (see Figure 5.2).

Figure 5.2 Test Connections

2 Apply rated voltage to the meter under test and the reference standard. Set
the test current to the desired level (FL, LL, or PF test amps; or any desired
level within the meter rating). To ensure that the supply polarities are cor-
rect, check that the Watthour Disk Emulation Annunciator is traversing in
the forward direction. Switch off only the current to both the meter and
the standard.
3 Reset and enable the pulse counting device.
4 Put the VECTRON meter into Test Mode by pressing the Test switch. Once
this has been done, push in the Demand Reset switch to zero the test regis-
ters and start a new demand interval.
5 Start the test by switching on the current to all meters and the reference
simultaneously.

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Testing, Troubleshooting, And Maintenance

Table 5.2 Singlephase Test Constants (SPTC)

Form Series A Phase Only B Phase Only C Phase Only

45 or 12 3Ø, 3W, ∆ 0.866 0.866 — .866

461 3Ø, 4W,wye 1 1 1 1

9 or 16 3Ø, 3W, ∆ 0.911 .866 .0866 1

9, 16, or 14 3Ø, 4W, wye 1 1 1 1

45 or 12 3Ø, 3W, wye 1 1 — 1


1
2 1/2 Element Meter

6 The End-of-Interval (EOI) flag will appear for five seconds in the display
after the end of the demand interval. At this time, switch off the current to
all meters simultaneously and stop the pulse count. Do not disconnect the
voltage to the meter.
7 Record the pulse counter total and the values displayed on the VECTRON
meter.
8 Perform calculations A, B, C, and D (extended function versions only) in
the demand calculations section and compare the results.

This test method is valid for kWh, kVAh, kvarh, kW, kVA, and kvar at any load or power factor.

Demand Calculations

Calculation A: Actual Active Energy (kWh)


Actual active energy is calculated using the following formula:
kWh = Pt x Kh x N/1000

where: Kh = Watthours per pulse output value from the reference


standard. (A watt and/or a VA standard similar to the
Schlumberger Type A8 or A9 must be used.)

Pt = Total pulses accumulated from the reference standard

N= Coil factor (Table 5.1)

Pre-calculate the total pulses expected with the following formula to ensure
that the comparator display does not overflow:
Pt = V x I x T/(Kh x 60)

where: V= Voltage applied to standard

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I= Current applied to standard

T= Test Mode demand interval length in minutes (i.e., one


minute for block interval, one minute times number of
updates for rolling interval.).

If Test Mode display is in watthours (Wh), divide by 1000 to get kWh.

Calculation B: Actual Active Demand (kW)


Actual active demand is calculated using the following formula:
kW = kWh x 60/T

Calculation C: Actual KVA Hours


kVAh = PT x Kh x N/ (1000*SPTC)

where: N = Coil factor (Table 5.1)

SPTC = Single phase test constant (Table 5.2)

Calculation D: Actual kVA Demand


kVA = kVAh x 60/T

TOU CALENDAR SCHEDULE TESTING


This section contains information on shop tests that ensure the correct
operation of the TOU calendar schedule. Schlumberger recommends that this
type of test be employed at least once for each new calendar schedule and/or
daily rate schedule.
Program the TOU schedule into the meter using the programming software.

Daylight Savings Time Recognition


Set the time to 23:59 on the previous day to Daylight Savings Time (DST).
Confirm that at 02:00 on the date of the change to/from DST the time advances
one hour in the switch to DST or retards on hour in the switch back to
Standard time.

Daily Schedules for Season


Set the time to 00:00 on the first day in this season. To verify each daily switch
point, advance the time to at least one minute before the next switch point. To
verify proper register switching, allow the meter time to pass through the
switch point and observe the accumulation of kilowatthours in each register,
or verify the change in flashing rate annunciators. A flashing rate annunciator

VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide 5-9


Testing, Troubleshooting, And Maintenance

indicates that its associated register is ON. The annunciator does not flash
when the register’s display if OFF. Repeat this procedure for each switch point
for every day of the week.

Customer Alerts
If customer alerts have been specified, verify that they close when their
respective rate schedules are active. Refer to Chapter 6, "Replacement Parts,
Accessories, And Drawings" for the pin assignments of the customer alerts and
to the section, "Outputs (Optional)" in Chapter 1 for the operation of customer
alerts.

Independent Output Daily Schedules for Current Season


Set the time to 00:00 of the first day of the season. To verify each daily switch
point, advance the time to at least one minute before the next switch point.
Allow the meter time to increment through the switch point and verify that the
Independent Output contact closes according to the programmed schedule.
Refer to Chapter 6, "Replacement Parts, Accessories, And Drawings" for pin
assignments of the independent outputs and to the section, "Outputs
(Optional)" in Chapter 1 for operation.
Repeat this procedure for each switch point for every day of the week.

Holiday Schedules for Each Specified Holiday


Set the time to 00:00 on the first holiday. To verify each switch point, advance
the time to at least one minute before the next switch point. Allow the meter
time to advance through the switch point and confirm that the proper registers
were switched. Observe the accumulation of kilowatthours in each register, or
verify the flashing of the respective rate annunciators.
Repeat this procedure for each switch point of every holiday specified.

Change Dates
Set the time to 00:00 of the first day of the next season and repeat the steps
outlined in Daily Schedules above. Repeat the procedure for each of the
seasons specified.

FIELD TESTING
Field testing of the VECTRON meter may be accomplished with conventional
methods using either the infrared test pulses or the disk emulation
annunciator.

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Required Hardware
The typical field test setup consists of a phantom load, a portable standard,
and an infrared test pulse adapter with counter or snap switch assembly.

Test Method Using Infrared Pulse Adapter


The pulse adapter runs the test for a programmed number of pulses. The
number of pulses is set on the test pulse adapter by the use of counter
switches. The adapter will automatically start the test when the START
COUNT button is pressed.
When the test begins, the test pulse adapter counts the pulses it receives from
the meter until the programmed number of pulses have been received.
When this occurs, the pulse adapter automatically shuts off the portable
standard. The standard then displays the number of equivalent disk
revolutions which is then compared to the number of pulses for the test.

Test Method Using a Snap Switch Assembly


This method is similar to the above except starting and stopping of the
standard is performed manually.
To conduct the test, the technician observes the position of the disk emulation
annunciator and simultaneously starts the standard through the snap switch. A
hash mark just below the LCD is provided for easy reference. After observing a
predetermined number of emulated disk rotations, the technician stops the
standard with the snap switch. A comparison is then made between the
predetermined number of emulated disk rotations and equivalent disk
rotations indicated on the watthour standard.

TROUBLESHOOTING

Fatal Errors
Fatal errors cause the display to lock on the error code because of the
possibility that billing data may have been corrupted, or that the meter may
not be operating correctly. If multiple fatal errors occur, the one that was
detected first will be the error code that locks on the display.
The VECTRON meter will check for fatal errors:
‡ ZKHQSRZHULVUHVWRUHGWRWKHPHWHUIROORZLQJDSRZHUIDLOXUH
‡ ZKHQDPHWHUUHFRQILJXUHLVSHUIRUPHG
‡ HYHU\ILIWHHQVHFRQGVZKLOHWKHPHWHULVHQHUJL]HG IURQWHQGSURFHVVRUHUURU
RQO\
Fatal errors are cleared when they are corrected and the meter is
reprogrammed.

VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide 5-11


Testing, Troubleshooting, And Maintenance

Er 001000 ROM Error

Possible Cause: ROM failure—Reprogram meter and check for proper


operation. If error still does not clear, return the meter for repair.

Description: If the meter has a ROM error, the error code Er 001000 will be
continuously displayed. If this error occurs, program the meter and check for
proper operation. If the error continues to exist, return the meter for repair.
Er 000010 EEPROM Error

Possible Cause: Meter Not Programmed—Download proper meter


program via programming software. If the error still does not clear, return the
meter for repair.

Description: If the meter has an EEPROM error, the error code Er 000010
will be continuously displayed. If this error occurs, program the meter and
check for proper operation. If the error continues to exist, return the meter for
repair.
Er 111111 Power Down Error

Possible Cause: Power Down Error—Reprogram meter and check for


proper operation.

Description: A power down error exists when the microprocessor receives a


reset before all billing values are correctly saved to nonvolatile memory. If a
power down error occurs, the error code Er 111111 will be continuously
displayed. If this error occurs, program the meter and check for proper
operation through two complete power down and power up sequences. If the
error continues to exist, return the meter for repair.
Er - - - - -7 Front End Processor Error

Possible Cause: Front end processor failure. Return the meter for repair.

Description: An unrecoverable fatal error has occurred upon power up in


the front end microprocessor. Return the meter for repair.
Er - - - - -9 Front End Processor Error

Possible Cause: Front end processor failure. Return meter for repair.

Description: An unrecoverable fatal error has occurred in the front end


microprocessor. Return the meter for repair.

Non-Fatal Errors
Non-fatal errors can be programmed to scroll during the one second display
off-time or lock on the meter display. If multiple non-fatal errors occur, the
meter will display a combined error message. For example, if a low battery
error and a clock error exist, the error display will read Er 010001. In this case,
if one of the errors had been programmed to lock, and the other error had been
programmed to scroll, the display will lock on the combined error message.

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Activating the magnetic reed switch allows the Normal Mode display sequence
to scroll one time during a locked non-fatal error. Activating the magnetic reed
switch twice allows the meter to scroll first through the Alternate Mode
display items and then through the Normal Mode display items. At the end of
the display sequence, the error message locks onto the display again.
Each error check is performed upon initial power-up, upon programming,
upon restoration of power after an outage, and at least once each day.

Er 000001 Low Battery Error

Possible Causes:

Battery Voltage Low—Replace battery.

Battery Connector Not Connected Properly—Connect


battery securely.

Description: A low battery check is performed once every second. If a low


battery level is detected during this procedure, error code Er 000001 can be
displayed in Normal Mode. This error can be programmed to continuously
scroll during the one second display off time or lock on the meter display. A
low battery continues to function; however, its reliability decreases over
time.

If a low battery level is detected upon programming or upon restoration of


power after an outage, Er 000001 will display until the battery is replaced.
TOU and mass memory functions will be disabled until the battery is
replaced and the meter is reprogrammed. Total registers remain functional
during a low battery condition. However, TOU (rates A, B, C, D) registers will
not accumulate. If a low battery level error occurs during normal operation,
TOU and mass memory will continue to operate until an outage occurs.

As an option, the VECTRON meter can be programmed to continue with mass


memory and TOU operations if a low battery level is detected upon
restoration of power after an outage. These operations will continue until the
battery can no longer supply the necessary voltage to keep these functions
operational. If this option is selected and the mass memory and TOU
functions can no longer operate, the VECTRON may lock up. To view the data
if the meter locks up, remove the battery and cycle the power.

To retain billing data for TOU, the battery must be replaced with the power
applied to the meter.

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Testing, Troubleshooting, And Maintenance

Er 010000 Clock/Mass Memory Error

Possible Cause: Clock/Mass Memory Error—Reprogram meter and check


for proper operation.

Description: A Clock/Mass Memory error exists when a clock or mass


memory parameter is determined to be out of range. If this error occurs,
Er 010000 is displayed in Normal Mode. This error is programmable to
continuously scroll during the one second display off time or lock on the
meter display. If a clock/mass memory error occurs, the mass memory and
TOU operations will be discontinued until the meter is reprogrammed. The
error will then clear and the meter will resume normal operation. As an
option, the VECTRON meter can be programmed to continue with mass
memory and TOU operations if an Er 000001 error exists and a power outage
occurs. These operations will continue until the battery can no longer supply
the necessary voltage to keep these functions operations. If this option is
selected and the mass memory and TOU functions can no longer operate, the
meter may lock up. To view the data if the meter locks up, remove the battery
and cycle power.
Er 10000 Full Scale Overflow Error

Possible Cause: Programmed Full Scale Value Exceeded—Check


programmed full scale value and meter installation for proper sizing of
equipment.

Description: A Full Scale overflow error exists when the calculated demand
at an EOI exceeds the meter full scale value. The meter full scale value is
selected during programming. If an overflow occurs, the error code Er 100000
is displayed in Normal Mode. This error is programmable to display during
the one second display off time, or lock on the meter display.

The full scale overflow error displays after the interval during which the
overflow occurred. The maximum demand register continues to accumulate
and display kW as long as the format limitations are not exceeded. When a
demand reset is performed, the correct maximum kW value will be added to
the cumulative registers and the error code will no longer be displayed. If a
full scale overflow occurs, check the installation to ensure that the current
metering capability has not been exceeded. A full scale overflow in no way
affects the existing billing data.
Er 007000 Reverse Direction Error

Possible Cause: Reverse Direction Error Indicator—Clear on demand reset,


or wait 31 days (TOU & mass memory meters), or reprogram meter.

Description: A Reverse Direction error exists when the meter detects one
complete and continuous equivalent disk revolution in the reverse direction.
This error is applicable to kWh only. Reverse direction detection is a selected
feature during programming. If a reverse direction error occurs, Er 007000 is
displayed during the one second off time in Normal Mode. This error is
reported regardless of whether the meter is detented or undetented.

The reverse direction error will clear when a demand reset is performed or,
for TOU and mass memory meters, after 31 days have elapsed since the
reverse rotation was detected.

5-14 VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide


7HVWLQJ7URXEOHVKRRWLQJ$QG0DLQWHQDQFH

Other Problems
Demand Reset Cannot Be Initiated Through PC or Handheld

• Communication cannot be established. See Programming Problems.


Incorrect or No Accumulation of kWh or kW

• Demand Delay Selected—kW will not accumulate after a power out-


age if CLPU (demand delay) has been selected. Accumulation will
begin immediately after demand delay has expired. Verify meter pro-
gram and reconfigure meter.

• Meter Was Left in Test Mode—Accumulation of kW or kWh will not


take place while meter is in Test Mode. Exit Test Mode and verify that
proper accumulation begins.

• Component Failure—Return the meter for repair.

• Meter is not being tested properly—See Recommended Testing Proce-


dures in that section.
Reset Mechanism Does Not Initiate Demand Reset

• Reset Has Occurred Within Last 60 Seconds—Manual demand reset


cannot occur within 60 seconds of the previous demand reset. Wait 60
seconds and perform a second demand reset.
Blank Display

• Power Not Applied to Meter—Apply voltage to A phase.

• LCD/LCD Driver Failure—Return meter for repair.


Time and Date Wrong (TOU and Extended Function Versions)

• Time/Date Wrong in PC or Handheld Device—Verify and update time/


date in programming device and download new time and date to
meter. See appropriate software manual for more detailed directions.

• Wrong Line Frequency—Verify proper line frequency is selected in


Setup routing in programming software. Select proper frequency and
reconfigure meter.

• Battery Failure During Power Outage—Verify battery voltage.


Replace battery and download new time and date.

• Daylight Savings Time Not Programmed Correctly—Verify DST is


selected in program. Reconfigure meter with correct program.

• Timekeeping Circuitry Component Failure—Return meter for repair.


Optional Output Contact Closures Not Occurring

• Meter Improperly Programmed—Verify all required programmable


values were defined.

• Output Wiring Not Properly Connected—Verify wiring and correct.

• Meter Not Supplied with Output Electronics—Retrofit proper output


circuitry.

VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide 5-15


Testing, Troubleshooting, And Maintenance

• Option Circuit Board Component Failure—Replace Option Board.

• Main Circuit Board Component Failure—Return meter for repair.


Programmer Cannot Communicate with Meter

• Optical Probe Cable Assembly Failure—Check cable with known


meter that communicates. Check cable against known cable that is
functioning. Also check batteries in cable assembly.

• Comm Port in Programmer Is Set Wrong—Verify proper comm port


number has been selected in the setup routing of the programming
software. If the wrong comm port is selected, communications will
not occur.

• Security Code in Meter—If security codes have been downloaded to


the meter, the programming device must have the proper code to
make connection to the meter. Verify security codes in the setup rout-
ing of the programming software.

• Cable Not Connected Properly—Verify optical probe lines up properly


over the optical connector. Reinstall cover for proper alignment. Ver-
ify PC (or handheld) and cable are securely connected and attached to
the correct comm port.

• Main Register Electronics Failure—Return meter for repair.


Reed Switch Does Not Activate the Alternate or Toolbox Mode

• Magnetic Field Is Too Weak—Place magnet closer to switch or use


stronger magnet.

• Magnet was not in place for four consecutive seconds.

• Reed Switch Failure—Return meter for repair.

• Alternate Mode Items Not Selected—Reprogram register with items to


be displayed in Alternate Mode.
Test Mode Switch Does Not Place Meter in Test Mode

• Switch Not Securely Seated—Verify that the tab has been completely
pushed into the Test Mode position and that the inner cover is fully
engaged with the base assembly.

• Switch or Electronic Failure—Return meter for repair.

• Test Mode Items Not Selected—Reprogram meter with items to be dis-


played in Test Mode.
Diagnostic 1 Condition Incorrectly Active

• Verify that meter is programmed with the correct service type (does
not apply for VECTRON SVX meters).
Diagnostic 2, 3, or 4 Condition Incorrectly Active

• Verify that thresholds are not set too tight.


Counters Are Too High

• Verify that thresholds are not set too tight.

5-16 VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide


7HVWLQJ7URXEOHVKRRWLQJ$QG0DLQWHQDQFH

VECTRON firmware versions 2.2 and 2.3 could provide “interesting” results
when the meter is configured for lagging KVA and the meter is operated under
leading power factor conditions.
At the end of each 60 cycle sampling period, the VECTRON sets the KVA
register integrator input to either the just measured RMS KVA value or zero
depended upon the VAR value just measured. If the sum of the individual
phase VAR values is zero or positive, the KVA integrator input value is equal to
the just measured RMS KVA value. If the sum of the individual phase VAR
values is negative, the KVA integrator input value is equal to zero.
Under lagging or unity power factor conditions, KVA exceeds or equals KW,
respectively. But under leading power factor conditions, KVA is less than KW
which results in a power factor greater than unity! Thus the interesting results.
In the SVX release, the leading condition causes the KVA register integrator
input to be set equal to the just measured KW value. This prevents a power
factor of greater than unity from occurring.
The predominant load in the industry consists of a lagging power factor.

MAINTENANCE

Preventive Maintenance
No scheduled or preventive maintenance (other than battery replacement for
TOU and Extended Function versions), is necessary for the VECTRON meter.

Calibration and Adjustments


The VECTRON meter is calibrated at the factory, using polyphase ABC
configuration. While we recommend this method of calibration as the most
accurate, other factory calibration methods are available at the customer’s
request.

Battery Precautions
A lithium battery is used in the VECTRON TOU and extended function meters
only.

Line potential may exist on the battery terminals. Follow these precautions:

• Never short-circuit batteries (such as by measuring current capability with an ammeter).


• Do not recharge batteries.
• Do not store or transport batteries in metal or other electrically conductive containers.
• Keep batteries separated. If stored in a container where they can contact each other, face them
in the same direction to prevent short circuits.
• Do not operate batteries at temperatures above 85°C (185°F). Dispose of batteries where they
will not be punctured, crushed, or incinerated.
• Discard the battery using proper hazardous waste procedures.

VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide 5-17


Testing, Troubleshooting, And Maintenance

Corrective Maintenance
Because of the high level of integrated packaging and surface-mount
components, on-board component repairs are not recommended. The entire
meter or appropriate subsection should be returned to Schlumberger
Customer Service for repair.

5-18 VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide


CHAPTER 6 REPLACEMENT PARTS, ACCESSORIES, AND DRAWINGS

DIRECT REPLACEMENT CAUTION


Correct wiring should always be verified when directly replacing an
electromechanical meter with a new solid-state autoranging meter. Because all
auto ranging meters without isolation transformers must have a common
neutral point inside the meter in order to function properly, internal phase to
neutral shorts could occur.
The two diagrams that follow indicate the potential for a short when replacing
a Sangamo 4L2, 21/2 element, Form 6A electromechanical meter (Figure 6.1)
with a VECTRON and VECTRON SVX (Figure 6.2). With direct replacement, A
Phase would be shortened to neutral.

Figure 6.1 Sangamo 4L2, 21/2 Element, Form 6A, Electromechanical Meter

VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide 6-1


Replacement Parts, Accessories, And Drawings

Figure 6.2 3∅, 4W Wye Form 46A Wiring Diagram, Type SV5AD

6-2 VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide


5HSODFHPHQW3DUWV$FFHVVRULHV$QG'UDZLQJV

REPLACEMENT PARTS

Table 6.1 VECTRON Meter Replacement Parts


Description Part Number

Main Circuit Board (Demand/TOU)* 441490-xxx

Autoranging Power Supply Transformer (120–277V) 512462-001

Autoranging Power Supply Transformer (240–480V) 512462-002

Liquid Crystal Display 511993-002

Liquid Crystal Display Support 440661-001

Battery 512359-001

Meter Nameplate 441499-xxx

Mercury-Wetted Relay Board #1 (1 Hg Relay, 1 Solid-State Contact) 441481-001

Mercury-Wetted Relay Board #2 (2 Hg Relays, 1 Solid-State Contact) 441482-001

Polycarbonate Cover (S-Base with Demand Reset) 441472-001

Polycarbonate Cover (S-Base without Demand Reset) 441472-002

Polycarbonate Cover (A-Base with Demand Reset) 441641-002

Polycarbonate Cover (A-Base without Demand Reset) 441641-002

Main Circuit Board Cover 441334-001

Main Circuit Board Holder 441333-001

* Please note that the Main Circuit Board, in addition to other electrical/electronic cir-
cuit components that reside on the same board, cannot be replaced in a meter without
affecting the accuracy of the device. The meter should be factory calibrated in order to
compensate for the new electrical/electronic parts. This does not apply to I/O or Modem
Boards.

VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide 6-3


Replacement Parts, Accessories, And Drawings

Table 6.2 VECTRON SVX Meter Replacement Parts


Description Part Number

Liquid Crystal Display 511993-002

Liquid Crystal Display Support 440661-001

TOU/Mass Memory Battery 512359-001

Modem Battery 512702-001

Meter Nameplate 441819-xxx

Polycarbonate Cover (Socket w/ demand reset) 441470-001

Polycarbonate Cover (Socket w/o demand reset) 441471-002

Polycarbonate Cover (A-base w/ demand reset) 441641-001

Polycarbonate Cover (A-base w/o demand reset) 441641-002

Main Circuit Board Cover 441334-001

Main Circuit Board Holder (Socket)* 441793-001

Main Circuit Board Holder (A-base)* 441793-002

Elastomer Switch 511508-001

* The socket uses 2 P/N 441793-001 holders. The A-base meter uses 1 P/N 441793-001
and 1 P/N 441793-002 holder. The Main Circuit Board, in addition to other electrical/elec-
tronic circuit components that reside on the same board, cannot be replaced in a meter
without affecting the accuracy of the device. The meter should be factory calibrated in
order to compensate for the new electrical/electronic parts. This does not apply to I/O
or Modem Boards.

Table 6.3 VECTRON I/O Upgrade Kits


Description Part Number

1 Hg, 1LCSS Board with Viking Connectors 601758-001

1 Hg, 1 LCSS Board with Pigtail Cables 601758-002

2 Hg, 1 LCSS Board with Viking Connectors 601758-003

2 Hg, 1 LCSS Board with Pigtail Cables 601758-004

6-4 VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide


5HSODFHPHQW3DUWV$FFHVVRULHV$QG'UDZLQJV

Table 6.4 VECTRON SVX I/O Upgrade Kits


Description Part Number
1 Hg, 1 LCSS-Board w/ Viking Connectors 601758-001
1 Hg, 1 LCSS-Board w/ Pigtail Cable 601758-002
2 Hg, 1 LCSS-Board w/ Viking Connectors 601758-003
2 Hg, 1 LCSS-Board w/ Pigtail Cable 601758-004
1 Hg, 1 LCSS-Board wired to Terminals 601758-005
1 SS KYZ, 1 LCSS w/ Pigtail Cable 601758-006
2 SS KYZ, 1 LCSS w/ Pigtail Cable 601758-007
1 SS KYZ, 1 LCSS w/ Viking Connectors 601758-010
2 SS KYZ, 1 LCSS w/ Viking Connectors 601758-011
1 SS KYZ, 1 LCSS wired to Terminals 601758-014
1 SS KYZ, 1 LCSS, AMR Interface, w/ Pigtail Cable 601758-008
2 SS KYZ, 1 LCSS, AMR Interface, w/ Pigtail Cable 601758-009
1 SS KYZ, 1 LCSS, AMR Interface, w/ Viking Connectors 601758-012
2 SS KYZ, 1 LCSS, AMR Interface, w/ Viking Connectors 601758-013

Table 6.5 VECTRON SVX Modem Retrofit Kits


Options
Kit Part Number
OHD SSIO PHDO SSIO CONNECTION1
6001761-001 S X BL
6001761-002 S X VC
6001761-003 S X BL
6001761-004 S X VC
6001761-005 S X X BL
6001761-006 S X X VC
6001761-007 S X X BL
6001761-008 S X X VC
6001761-009 P X BL
6001761-010 P X VC
6001761-011 P X BL
6001761-012 P X VC
6001761-013 P X X BL
6001761-014 P X X VC
6001761-015 P X X BL
6001761-016 P X X VC
6001761-017 S
6001761-018 S X
6001761-019 P
6001761-020 P X
1
Where BL = Bare Leads and VC = Viking Connector

VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide 6-5


Replacement Parts, Accessories, And Drawings

PROGRAMMING CABLES

Table 6.6 Reader Programmer to Meter Programming Cables


Reader Programmer Communication Type Part Number
MicroPalm® PC/4000 & PC/5000 Optical Coupler 440799-001

Telxon® PTC-860 Optical Coupler 441244-001

DAP Microflex™ PC9000 Optical Coupler 512500-019

MicroPalm® PC/4000 & PC/5000 25-pin connector 512094-009


®
Telxon PTC-860 9-pin connector 512334-001

DAP Microflex™ PC9000 25-pin connector 512500-002

3LQ6RFNHW&RQQHFWRU
3DUW1R

7R3& 7R0HWHU2SWLFDO3RUW

Figure 6.3 PC to Meter Programming Cable

6-6 VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide


5HSODFHPHQW3DUWV$FFHVVRULHV$QG'UDZLQJV

OUTPUT BOARD COLOR CODING


Two output boards are available with the VECTRON meter:
• Option One has one Form C mercury-wetted relay and a Form A low-
current solid-state contact. (See Figure 6.4 and Figure 6.5).
• Option Two has two form C mercury-wetted relay and a Form A low-
current solid-state contact. (See Figure 6.6 and Figure 6.7).

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Figure 6.4 Option One Output Board VECTRON and SVX

12 2UDQJH

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Figure 6.5 Option One Output Board VECTRON SVX only

,Q)LJXUHVDQG1& 1RUPDOO\&ORVHG12 1RUPDOO\2SHQ

VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide 6-7


Replacement Parts, Accessories, And Drawings

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Figure 6.6 Option Two Output Board VECTRON and VECTRON SVX

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Figure 6.7 Option Two Output Board VECTRON SVX only

6-8 VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide


5HSODFHPHQW3DUWV$FFHVVRULHV$QG'UDZLQJV

Table 6.7 VECTRON Forms and Services


Traditional Autorange
Class Elements Existing/New Service Service Notes
Form Form
(2S) Singlephase A, B
2S 2S 200 2
(1S) Singlephase A, B
(45S) 3-Wire Delta A
(45S) 4-Wire Delta A
5S 45S 20 2 (45S) 4-Wire Delta A
(45S) Network A
(45S) Singlephase A, B
(66S) 3-Wire Delta A
(66S) 4-Wire Delta F
26S 66S 20 2 (66S) 4-Wire Wye A
(66S) Network A
(66S) Singlephase A, B
(6S) 4-Wire Wye A
6S 46S 20 2.5
(10S) 4-Wire Wye A, C, D
(9S) 4-Wire Wye A
9S 9S 20 3
(48S) 4-Wire Delta A, C
(45A) 3-WireDelta A
(45A) 4-Wire Delta A
5A 45A 20 2 (45A) 4-Wire Wye A
(45A) Network A
(45A) Singlephase A, B
6A 46A 20 2.5 (46A) 4-Wire Wye A
8A 48A 20 3 (48A) 4-Wire Delta A, C
(48A) 4-Wire Delta C, E
10A 10A 20 3 (9A) 4-Wire Wye A
(10A) 4-Wire Wye A
(12S) 3-Wire Delta A
12S 12S 200 2
(12S) Network A
(16S) 4-Wire Wye A
(14S) 4-Wire Wye A
16S 16S 200 3
(15S) 4-Wire Delta A
(17S) 4-Wire Delta A
Service Notes:
A Suitable for direct replacement (substitution) of existing form watthour meter. Not
intended for use with phase shifting transformers.
B Not supported in SiteScan Diagnostics
C Not suitable for direct meter replacement if potential transformers are used.
D 2 1/2 Element, B-phase service potential is derived and not measured.
E Can be used in a rewired 48A installation. Not intended for use with phase shifting trans-
formers.
F Suitable for direct replacement (substitution) of existing form watthour meter. Not
intended for use with phase shifting transformers. If PTs are used, grounded secondaries
are also required.

VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide 6-9


Replacement Parts, Accessories, And Drawings

WIRING DIAGRAMS
Table 6.7 lists the standard VECTRON and SVX meter forms and the services
used for each form. Wiring diagrams are given on the pages that follow.

Figure 6.8 3Ø, 3W Form 45S Wiring Diagram, Type SV3SD Meter

Figure 6.9 3Ø, 3W Form 45A Wiring Diagram, Type SV3AD Meter

6-10 VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide


5HSODFHPHQW3DUWV$FFHVVRULHV$QG'UDZLQJV

1RWH 7KHSKDVHFXUUHQW

WUDQVIRUPHUPXVWEHWKH

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FXUUHQWWUDQVIRUPHUV

Figure 6.10 3Ø, 4W ∆ , Form 45S Wiring Diagram, Type SV3AD Meter

1RWH 7KHSKDVHFXUUHQW

WUDQVIRUPHUPXVWEHWKH

UDWLRRIWKHSKDVHDQGFXU

UHQWWUDQVIRUPHUV

Figure 6.11 3Ø, 4W ∆ , Form 45A Wiring Diagram, Type SV3AD Meter

VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide 6-11


Replacement Parts, Accessories, And Drawings

Figure 6.12 3Ø, 4W Wye Form 45S Wiring Diagram, Type SV3SD Meter

Figure 6.13 3Ø, 4W Wye Form 45A Wiring Diagram, Type SV3AD Meter

6-12 VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide


5HSODFHPHQW3DUWV$FFHVVRULHV$QG'UDZLQJV

Figure 6.14 3Ø, 4W Wye Form 46S Wiring Diagram, Type SV5SD Meter

Figure 6.15 3Ø, 4W Wye Form 46A Wiring Diagram, Type SV5AD Meter

VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide 6-13


Replacement Parts, Accessories, And Drawings

Figure 6.16 3 Stator, 3Ø, 4W ∆ , Form 48A Wiring Diagram,


Type SV6AD Meter

1RWH 7KHSRZHUSKDVHRIWKHZLUHGHOWD  PXVWEHZLUHGWRWKHULJKWKDQG

HOHPHQWLI6LWH6FDQŒGLDJQRVWLFVDUHXVHG3RWHQWLDOWUDQVIRUPHUVPD\QRWEH

XVHGLQWKHZLUHGHOWDVHUYLFH

Figure 6.17 3Ø, 4W Wye or 3Ø, 4W ∆ , Form 9S Wiring Diagram,


Type SV4SD Meter

6-14 VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide


5HSODFHPHQW3DUWV$FFHVVRULHV$QG'UDZLQJV

Figure 6.18 3Ø, 4W Wye or 3Ø, 4W ∆ , Form 10A (9A) Wiring Diagram,
Type SV4AD Meter

 

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Figure 6.19 1Ø, 3W Form 2S Wiring Diagram, Type SV1SR Meter,


Self-Contained

VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide 6-15


Replacement Parts, Accessories, And Drawings

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Figure 6.20 3Ø, 3W Network, Form 12S Wiring Diagram,


Type SV2SD Meter, Self-Contained


 

 

 

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Figure 6.21 3Ø, 3W Delta, Form 25S Wiring Diagram,


Type SV2SD Meter, Self-Contained

6-16 VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide


5HSODFHPHQW3DUWV$FFHVVRULHV$QG'UDZLQJV

1RWH 7KHSRZHUSKDVHRIWKHZLUHGHOWD  PXVWEHZLUHGWRWKHULJKWKDQG

HOHPHQWLI6LWH6FDQŒGLDJQRVWLFVDUHXVHG3RWHQWLDOWUDQVIRUPHUVPD\QRWEH

XVHGLQWKHZLUHGHOWDVHUYLFH

Figure 6.22 3Ø, 4W Wye or 3Ø, 4W ∆ , Form 16S Wiring Diagram,


Type SV4SD Meter, Self-Contained


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Figure 6.23 3Ø, 4W Wye, 3Ø, 4W Delta Form 16A Wiring Diagram,
Type SV4SD Meter

VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide 6-17


Replacement Parts, Accessories, And Drawings

Figure 6.24 3Ø, 3W Form 66S Wiring Diagram, Type SV3SD Meter

DRAWINGS
This section contains three drawings:
• VECTRON Block Diagram
• VECTRON SVX Block Diagram
• VECTRON and VECTRON SVX Option Board Schematic

6-18 VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide


5HSODFHPHQW3DUWV$FFHVVRULHV$QG'UDZLQJV

Figure 6.25 VECTRON Block Diagram

VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide 6-19


Replacement Parts, Accessories, And Drawings

Figure 6.26 VECTRON SVX Block Diagram

6-20 VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide


5HSODFHPHQW3DUWV$FFHVVRULHV$QG'UDZLQJV

Figure 6.27 VECTRON Option Board Schematic

VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide 6-21


Replacement Parts, Accessories, And Drawings

Notes:

6-22 VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide


GLOSSARY

alternate mode One of the four modes of register operation used to display
quantities that are not needed on a regular basis, for example
Kh .

annunciator A label on the LCD that identifies particular quantities


displayed by a register.

autobaud rate sensing The capability of determining the modem band rate for
incoming calls ( i.e., 300, 1200, or 2400).

auto-serivce sensing The capability of determining the service type that is


installed.

battery carryover The amount of time that the register is energized by the
battery to maintain the accuracy of the clock within the
microprocessor. All program and billing data are transferred
to nonvolatile memory when battery carryover operation is
activated.

block interval deamnd Demand based on intervals from 1 to 60 minutes in length. All
calculations of demand are based on rolling demand. To
calculate block interval demand, program the register to have
one subinterval of the same length as the demand interval.

calendar schedule Schedule that determines seasonal changes, Daylight


Savings Time changes, holidays, daily switch points, etc.

call on schedule Enables the meter to phone the master station on a schedule.

call windows Time ranges that determine when a meter will answer the
phone or place calls to the master station.

cold load pickup See Demand Delay.

cumulative TOU kW The sum of the maximum demand values at each demand
reset since the cumulative kW register was cleared. It is
updated at each demand reset by adding the maximum
demand register to the cumulative register.

continuous cumulative TOU kW The sum of the maximum and cumulative demand at any time.

current season The season that defines the present rate schedule.

customer alerts Outputs that can be used, for example, to control external
lights indicating the time of use rate in effect.

VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide G-23


Glossary

demand The average vaulue of power over a specified interval of time.

demand delay Cold Load Pickup (CLPU). The programmable amount of time
required before demand calculations are restarted after a
power outage.

demand interval The specified time over which demand is calculated.

demand reset When the current Maximum Demand is set to zero.

demand subinterval The smaller blocks of time that are used in rolling demand
calculations.

demand threshold A programmed value that, when exceeded by calculated


demand, initiates a contact closure.

display Provides a visual indication of the data accumulated by the


register.

display duration A programmed number of seconds during which a quantity


displays on the LCD before scrolling to the next quantity.

download Transfer of data (down) from the master station to a register


or to a Retriever Programmer, or from a Retriever Programmer
to a register.

EEPROM Nonvolatile memory. Electrically Erasable Programmable


Read Only Memory that retains its data during a power
outage without the need for a battery.

electronic detent An algorithm in VECTRON firmware which restricts the


VECTRON to metering energy flow only to the customer.

end-of-interval annunciator (EOI) An annunciator that can be displayed at the end of every
subinterval.

end-of-interval output A contact closure output that can be initiated at the end of
each subinterval.

error codes Monitor operation of the meter. Nine error codes are
available for display in Normal, Alternate, and Test display
modes.

fixed decimal A programmable format that always displays the same


number of digits to the right of the decimal.

floating decimal A programmable format that allows a maximum number of


digits to the right of the decimal, but can display any number
of digits to the right of the decimal equal to or less than that
number specified, if required to display significant digits to
the left of the decimal.

full scale value The demand value that, when exceeded, causes error code
Er100000 to display. This value can be any quantity less than
or equal to the largest allowable Maximum Demand Value
that can be displayed.

G-24 VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide


*ORVVDU\

independent outputs/load control Outputs that can be used to close a contact to control, for
outputs example, a water heater load by following switchpoints
independent of the time-of-use registers.

Kh Determines the rate at which the watt disk emulator scrolls


and the infrared LEDs pulse. Does not affect displayed
values.

KYZ output Pulse initiator outputs. A Form C contact closure output that
generates pulses per the programmed Ke value.

last season The season immediately preceding the current season.

LCD Liquid Crystal Display.

LED Light Emitting Diode.

magnetic reed switch A mechanical switch consisting of a thin metal contact which
is closed by an external magnetic field.

mass memory The functionality of a meter to accumulate pulses in


proportion to accumulated energy in programmed intervals.

maximum demand The largest demand calculated during any interval over a
billing period. The Maximum Demand quantity displayed in
Test Mode is that value calculated over the test interval only
(this can differ from the Normal Mode demand interval).

modem Connects communication systems and devices from a remote


outlet to a near device or system.

nonvolatile memory See EEPROM.

normal mode One of the four operating modes of the meter. It includes all
routine meter operations.

off-hook detect Programmable feature that allows the meter to use the phone
line without interferring with other phone usage.

optical tower Tower located on the face of the meter. The meter can be
programmed and communicated with through the optical
tower.

phone home during outage Enables the meter to call the master station during a power
outage. This is an optional feature.

phone home on event A feature that allows the meter to call the master station
when an event occurs.

phone line sharing Can connect up to five auto-answer meters to a single voice
grade telephone line for remote interrogation.

power down To de-energize.

power up To energize.

primary/direct reading register A register in which the readings take into account the register
multiplier.

VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide G-25


Glossary

pulse initiator outputs See KYZ output.

register multiplier A programmable value which is used in calculations of


displayed energy and demand readings. This can be used by
setting the register multiplier equal to the CT ratio times the
PT ratio of the installation.

retriever programmer A handheld field device used to read and program


Schlumberger Industries products. The Retriever
Programmers referred to throughout this manual are the
Telxon and MicroPalm units.

rolling interval demand A calculation of maximum demand derived from the moving
average of the smaller consecutive subintervals.

season A programmable amount of time that a rate schedule is in


effect. Season start dates are programmed in the format
MM/DD (Month/Day).

self-reading register Captures all register data in the meter.

solid-state outputs Outputs consisting of solid materials as opposed to vacuum


and gas tubes.

switchpoint A programmable time within the rate schedule that de-


activates the current register of one rate and activates a
second register of a second rate.

test mode One of the four modes of register operation. It allows testing
of the register without altering billing data.

G-26 VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide


INDEX
$ controls 
A-base configurations  corrective maintenance 
accessories  cover 
active rate indicators  installation 
alternate display mode  removal 
annunciator  cross-phase check 
items  cumulative demand 
switch  annunciator 
AMR interface  continuous 
annunciators  current
testing  diversion 
apparent energy  measurement 
register selection  season registers 
autoranging power supply  transformer circuit 
waveform distortion check 
% customer alerts 
base assembly  output 
battery 
installation  '
precautions  daily schedules 
testing  for season 
TOU battery carryover  damage 
voltage  data storage 
blind dialing  Daylight Savings Time
block diagrams ± recognition 
block interval demand  demand 
bottom-connected meters block interval 
installation  calculation 
burden data  continuous cumulative 
cumulative 
& interval length 
cable lead connection  present interval 
cables previous 
output  reset 
part numbers  rolling interval 
calculating actual kVA  subinterval length 
calendar schedule  testing 
calibration and adjustments  thermal 
call on schedule  threshold output 
calling windows  demands
change dates  calculation 
channel configuration  Diagnostic #1 
clock/mass memory error  error diagram 
troubleshooting  error display 
code numbers  error example 
coil factors  Diagnostic #2 
cold load pickup time  error example 
communication baud rate  Diagnostic #3 
communication boards  error example 

VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide I-1


INDEX

Diagnostic #4  3-wire delta phasor diagram 


error example  3-wire network phasor diagram 
phasor diagram  4-wire delta phasor diagram 
Diagnostic #5  4-wire wye phasor diagram 
diagnostic check wiring diagram 
counters  46A
diagnostic checks ±
wiring diagram 
display 
46S
display options 
dimensions  4-wire wye phasor diagram 
display 48A
alternate mode  wiring diagram 
normal mode  66S
scroll time  form consolidation 
test mode  wiring diagram 
toolbox mode  9A
troubleshooting  wiring diagram 
9S
( 4-wire delta phasor diagram 
EEPROM error  4-wire Wye phasor diagram 
troubleshooting  wiring diagram 
End of Interval Output  frequency 
energy front-end processor
calculation  error 
flow check  troubleshooting 
testing 
full scale overflow
envelope example  error
environment 
troubleshooting 
EOI annunciator 
error display  *
extended function meters
general information ±""
general 
gereral information ""±
VAh measurement 
varh measurement  +
handling 
)
Hg-wetted option board 
fatal error 
holiday schedules 
troubleshooting 
faulty site wiring  ,
features ± ID code numbers 
field testing  inactive phase current check 
required hardware  incorrect phase voltage 
firmware revision  incorrect voltage transformer ratio 
flexible connector independent outputs
option board  dialy schedules, current season 
form consolidation  indicators 
Forms infrared test LED 
12S inspection
3-wire delta phasor diagram  meters with batteries 
3-wire network phasor diagram  meters without batteries 
wiring diagram  installation
16S battery 
4-wire delta phasor diagram  battery modem 
4-wire wye phasor diagram  board
wiring diagram  Hg-wetted retrofit 
45A boards
wiring diagram  output retrofit 
45S cover 

I-2
INDEX

meter  normal


installation diagnostics  display mode 
instantaneous items 
current  number of
voltage  days since reset 
interval lengths  demand resets 
IR LED  power outages 
times programmed 
.
Kh (watthour meter constant)  2
knockout  off-hook detect 
option board  open current transformer circuit 
kVA demand calculation  operating
kVA hours calculation  procedures 
kWh or kW accumulation operating environment 
troubleshooting  operation
KYZ outputs  active rate indicators 
battery carryover 
/ rate annunciators 
last season registers  TOU 
LCD  operations
illustrated  season change 
operation  optical communications port 
line-level voltages  option board
liquid crystal display. See LCD flexible connector 
load control output  knockout 
loss of phase voltage  schematic 
low battery error  optiona
troublehooting  output contact closures
troubleshooting 
0
optional
magnetic reed switch  modem 
main assembly  answer delays 
maintenance autobaud rate sensing 
corrective 
call on schedule 
preventive 
malfunctioning system equipment  call windows 
mass memory option dialing features 
bit resolution  off-hook detect 
capacity  phone home during outage 
interval lengths  phone home on event 
power outage  phone line sharing 
maximum demand outputs 
annunciator  AMR interface 
measurement mercury-wetted relays 
malfunction  solid-state contact closure 
techniques 
optional modem
sampling 
medem outputs 
VAh  output
varh  board
watthours  bolor coding 
mercury-wetted relay 
cables 
meter forms ±
meter ID  3
modem  parallel off-hook detect 
part numbers 
1
PC-PRO+ 
non-fatal errors  phase
troubleshooting 

VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide I-3


INDEX

angle displacement check  register selection 


notation in display  self-read 
voltage deviation check  registers
phone home during outage  current season 
phone home on event  last season 
phone line sharing  replacement parts 
plot of toolbox display mode  reset mechanism
polarity check  troubleshooting 
poor load power factor conditions  reverse direction error
poor system conditions  troubleshooting 
potential indicators  reverse energy flow 
power down  reverse power flow
error error 
troubleshooting  rolling interval demand 
power down error 
power outage  6
power supply transformer  sample migration 
power-up  sampling 
present interval demand  schematics
preventive maintenance  block diagram ""±
previous interval demand  option board 
previous interval input pulse count  seal 
problems season change 
troubleshooting  seasonal schedules 
program ID  segment test 
Programmable self-diagnostic check 
functions  self-read registers 
programmable serial off-hook detect 
outputs  service types 
parameters  shipping weights 
programmer cannot communicate shorte current transformer circuit 
troubleshooting  shorted voltage transformer windings 
programming  site selection 
cables SiteScan 
partnumbers  diagnostics 
PRO-READ  toolbox display mode 
pulse socket-base meters
weight installing 
calculation  software revision 
pulse initiator output (KYZ)  solid-state
push-type demand reset  contact closure 
outputs 
5 specifications
rate burden data 
annunciators  electrical 
schedules  mass memory 
rated accuracy  modem 
recording duration  operating environment 
reed switch programmable outputs 
troubleshooting  rated accuracy 
register starting load 
display formats  time 
full scale  starting load, creep 
overflow  storage 
multiplier  subinterval lengths 
programss  surge suppression 
readings  system conditions 
selection extended function meters

I-4
INDEX

7 user fields 


test
connections  9
displa mode VAh measurement 
items  varh measurement 
display mode  VECTRON
annunciator  display modes 
button  meter 
switch  voltage indicator annunciators 
voltage measurement 
Kh 
method voltage ranges 
infrared pulse adapter  :
snap switch assembly  warning label 
testing watt disk emulator 
annunciators  watthour
disk emulation  measurement 
battery  waveform sampling 
demand  weights 
energy  wiring diagrams ±
disk emulation annunciator 
energy/time method 
infrared test LED 
pulse initiator outputs 
field 
infrared test LED 
TOU schedule 
thermal demand 
time and data
troubleshooting 
time remaining
in interval 
in the subinterval 
till test mode time-out 
time-of-use. See TOU
time-out length 
toolbox
display mode 
phase notation 
plot 
switch 
toolbox display list 
TOU 
battery carryover 
calendar schedule
testing 
rate annunciators 
rate indicators 
registers 
schedules 
season change 
troubleshooting
fatal errors 
non-fatal errors 
other problems 

8
unpacking 

VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide I-5


INDEX

Notes:

I-6 VECTRON SVX Technical Reference Guide