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Appendix D Cardiovascular Disease Patient Interview
Suppose you are tasked with confidentially interviewing members of a retirement community to see who may be at risk for cardiovascular disease. At the same time, you are asked to help educate the retirement community about what they can do to control their risk of developing a cardiovascular disease. Use the template below to design an interview form you would be able to take to members of the retirement community (age 60 and up). Refer to Ch. 7 of the text, and this week’s articles on cardiovascular health. Remember—you will come into contact with seniors from all walks of life, so write questions that are direct, yet friendly. Apply judgment when writing questions; you cannot possibly cover all forms of cardiovascular disease with one 10-question interview. Finally, imagine you are actually conducting the interviews within a retirement community when one interviewee says her sister has been diagnosed with a particular cardiovascular disease. She wants you to explain what must be done to treat the disease because her sister did not understand the doctor’s explanation. Complete the interview and case study below. Post your response to the Assignment link. Part 1: Interview Form
Cardiovascular Disease Interview
Checklist for Symptoms and Signs of Cardiovascular Disease □ 1. Have you ever had a pain that started beneath your breastbone rose to your chest?. □ 2. Are you familiar with cold sweats? Have you ever experienced one? □ 3. Have you ever felt as if you could not get enough air? This is considered shortness of breath. □ 4. Do you ever get the feeling your heartbeat is not right? Maybe beating too slow or too fast. □ 5. Do you loose your balance; maybe stumble? □ 6. Do you ever feel as if you are confused or someone has made a comment to you that you appeared confused? 7. Have you ever been around a family member, friend, or stranger that started clutching their chest as if they were in pain? □ 8. Are any of you aware that some of the first signs of cardiovascular disease are strokes and heart attacks? □ 9. Do any of you feel that you have become clumsier than just the occasional clumsiness we all experience? . □ 10. Do any of you become sick to your stomach for no reason that you can think of?. Risk Factor Discussion Prompts 1. In case some or none of you are aware of it; June is the month to educate individuals concerning the risks of cardiovascular disease. 2. Heart disease is a progressive disease and it is increasing. We need to ask ourselves if we know enough and if we are doing all we can to help prevent it. 3. As we get older our risk to our health increase. The only thing we can do is educate ourselves, see our doctor without hesitation if we have a symptom or occurrence, stay as active as possible, and eat the right foods. Do any of you have some suggestions
on the types of exercise that is best for your age group?. (OPTIONAL) Add a conversation-starting sentence that would lead to a discussion of what individuals can do to decrease the impact of risk factors for cardiovascular disease. (OPTIONAL) Add a conversation-starting sentence that would lead to a discussion of what individuals can do to decrease the impact of risk factors for cardiovascular disease.
Part 2: Case Study An interviewee named Mattie has been telling you all about her sister. Mattie’s sister is a delicate, 72-year-old great-grandmother. She recently had an ultrasound that revealed an aneurysm near her heart. Mattie’s sister did not understand the doctor’s explanation clearly enough to share details with Mattie. Explain to Mattie what her sister is likely to go through when she is treated for her aneurysm. .An aneurysm occurs when there is a weakening in the wall of a blood vessel. This usually occurs in the abdominal wall/stomach, or brain. They have a tendency to enlarge and rupture. This causes hemorrhaging and can happen in a vital organ such as the heart, brain, or abdomen. However since the doctor has discovered it, he will keep a watch on it. If necessary he will perform surgery which has been proven to be very successful in treating aneurysms.