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Seismic Base Isolation System New Structure Technology - "Seismic Base Isolation System", proven during large-scale earth

tremors To reduce the potential damage caused by earthquakes, past methods increased the building rigidity by adding shear walls or braced frames. The "Seismic Base Isolation System" is a flexible approach for isolating the structure from the ground, reducing seismic shock propagation into the structure. In addition to reducing the chance of structural damage, the "Seismic Base Isolation System" also minimizes secondary damage to equipment inside the building such as computers, precision instruments, medical equipment and communications systems. The "Seismic Base Isolation System" is installed between the ground and the upper structure. The Bridgestone Multi-Rubber Bearing is an isolating rubber bearing proven to be an ideal solution for seismic base isolation.

Form follows function that has been misunderstood. Form and function should be one, joined in a spiritual union Frank Lloyd Wright

Design Earthquake Resistant Structures

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Earthquake Resistant Structures | Engineering Tips
Posted by Architect in Earthquake Engineering on June 15, 2010 Earthquakes are a major geological phenomena. Man has been terrified of this phenomena for ages, as little has been known about the causes of earthquakes, but it leaves behind a trail of destruction. There are hundreds of small earthquakes around the world everyday. Some of them are so minor that humans cannot feel them, but seismographs and other sensitive machines can record them. Earthquakes occur when tectonic plates move and rub against each other. Sometimes, due to this movement, they snap and rebound to their original position. This might cause a large earthquakes as the tectonic plates try to settle down. This is known as the Elastic Rebound Theory.

Haiti Earthquake 2010 Every year, earthquakes take the lives of thousands of people , and destroy property worth billions. The 2010 Haiti Earthquake killed over 1,50,000 people and destroyed entire cities and villages. Designing Earthquake Resistant Structures is indispensable. It is imperative that structures are designed to resist earthquake forces, in order to reduce the loss of life. The science of Earthquake Engineering and Structural Design has improved tremendously, and thus, today, we can design safe structures which can safely withstand earthquakes of reasonable magnitude.

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active control, architecture, Base isolation, brittle, ductile, earthquake engineering, earthquake resistant buildings, earthquake resistant structures, earthquakes, energy dissipation, flexibility,Force, hazards, horizontal buildings, Inertia, natural calamities, planning, RCC, seismic waves,stiffness, structural design, topography, vertical layout 1 Comment

Effect of Earthquakes on Structures

Posted by Architect in Earthquake Engineering on June 15, 2010

Violent Ground Motion During Earthquakes

The seismic waves travel for great distances before finally losing most of their energy. At some time after their generation, these seismic waves will reach the earths surface, and set it in motion, which we surprisingly refer to as earthquake ground motion. When this earthquake ground motion occurs beneath a building and when it is strong enough, it sets the building in motion, starting with the buildings foundation, and transfers the motion throughout the rest of building in a very complex way. These motions in turn induce forces which can produce damage.

Haiti Earthquake Damage 2010

Real earthquake ground motion at a particular building site is vastly more complicated than the simple wave form. Here its useful to compare the surface of ground under an earthquake to the surface of a small body of water, like a pond. You can set the surface of a pond in motion by throwing stones into it. The first few stones create a series of circular waves, which soon being to collide with one another. After a while, the collisions, which we term interference patterns, are being to predominate over the pattern of circular waves. Soon the entire surface of water is covered by ripples, and you can no longer make out the original wave forms. During an earthquake, the ground vibrates in a similar manner, as waves of different frequencies and amplitude interact with one another.

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earthquake engineering, earthquakes, Frequency, Period, structural design, structures 2 Comments

Building Stiffness and Flexibility | Earthquake Engineering

Posted by Architect in Earthquake Engineering on June 15, 2010 The taller a building, the longer its natural period tends to be. But the height of a building is also related to another important structural characteristic: the building flexibility. Taller buildings tend to be more flexible than short buildings. (Only consider a thin metal rod. If it is very short, it is difficulty to bend it in your hand. If the rod is somewhat longer, and of the same diameter, it becomes much easier to bend. Buildings behave similarly) we say that a short building is stiff, while a taller building is flexible. (Obviously, flexibility and stiffness are really just the two sides of the same coin. If something is stiff, it isnt flexible and vice-versa).

Displacement of Building according to their Height & Stiffness

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earthquakes, engineering, flexibility, stiffness, structural design 2 Comments

Building Planning | Earthquake Resistant Buildings

Posted by Architect in Earthquake Engineering on June 15, 2010

The behavior of building during earthquakes depends critically on its overall shape, size and geometry. Hence, at planning stage itself, architects and structural engineers must work together to ensure that the unfavorable features are avoided and a good building configuration is chosen. If both shape and structural system work together to make the structure a marvel.

If we have a poor configuration to start with, all the engineer can do is to provide a band-aid improve a basically poor solution as best as he can. Conversely, if we start-off with a good configuration and reasonable framing system, even a poor engineer cannot harm its ultimate performance too much.

Size of Buildings

Size of Buildings

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adjacency, architecture, building planning, damage, earthquake engineering, earthquakes,engineering, horizontal layout, layout, planning, structural design, vertical layout 1 Comment

Seismic Base Isolation Technique for Building Earthquake Resistance

Posted by Architect in Earthquake Engineering on June 15, 2010 It is easiest to see the principle at work by referring directly to the most widely used of these advanced techniques, known as base isolation. A base isolated structure is supported by a series of bearing pads, which are placed between the buildings and building foundation.

Base Isolation Technique The concept of base isolation is explained through an example building resting on frictionless rollers. When the ground shakes, the rollers freely roll, but the building above does not move. Thus, no force is transferred to the building due to the shaking of the ground; simply, the building does not experience the earthquake.

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Base isolation, earthquake engineering, Earthquake Resistant Techniques, Lead Rubber bearings,Spherical Sliding Base Isolation, structural design 12 Comments


Earthquake Resistant Buildings | Engineering Tips

Earthquakes and Natural Calamities

Types of Seismic Waves

Hazardous Effects of Earthquakes

Effect of Earthquakes on Structures

Building Stiffness and Flexibility | Earthquake Engineering

Inertial Forces in a Structure

Effects of Deformations in Structures

Horizontal and Vertical Shaking of a Structure

Flow of Inertia Forces to Foundations

How Earthquakes affect Reinforced Concrete Buildings

Building Planning | Earthquake Resistant Buildings

Earthquake Resistant Structures by Planning and Design Approach

Design Philosophy of Earthquake Resistant Designs

Building Construction Materials for Earthquake Resistance

Concept of Earthquake Resistant Engineering

Seismic Base Isolation Technique for Building Earthquake Resistance

Energy Dissipation Devices for Earthquake Resistant Building Design

Active Control Devices for Earthquake Resistance

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