Bo_thesisReview | Plants | Ecosystem


another future of china’s urbanization

Bo Cao Thesis Review
Tuesday, September 20, 2011

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epiphyte (or air plant) is a plant that grows upon another plant (such as a tree)non-parasitically or sometimes upon some other object (such as a building or a telegraph wire), derives its moisture and nutrients from the air and rain and sometimes from debris accumulating around it, and is found in the temperate zone. ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! - wikipedia

tank bromeliad

1.grow on other plants without parasitising them. This epiphytic lifestyle offers the advantage of access to higher light concentrations without costly investment in large trunks and roots as used by trees.

a layer of spaces

2.Tank bromeliads in tropical montane forests represent unique stable pools of water, where overlapping leaf bases create ‘microecosystems’ inhabited by many insects and even animals. This permanent pools of water attract this wildlife, along with many microbes, including some microbes which produce methane. Methane serves as a key greenhouse gas for nuturing microbes in the soil.

a layer of ecosystem

3.bromeliad family provide a unique character for tropical forest.

a layer of landscape

Tuesday, September 20, 2011


epiphytiCity is a city that symbiotically grows upon another city derives its energy from its own self-supplied system and can ecologically benefit its host city as a part of greater ecosystem.



evolutionar y theory

vertical farming


natural landscape
infrastructural landscape/ agriculture

evolving system
based on informational feedback loop of living entities and environment

vertical urbanization

emergent urbanism

high density housing

Tuesday, September 20, 2011

Evolutionary Urbanism
dynamic evolving system keeps upgrading and mutating in the infinite cycle of informational feedback and feed-forward to perpetually optimize energy flow.

spacefighter 1.1


Tuesday, September 20, 2011


“Media, mountain and architecture are interfaces of three inhabitable natural realms: the digital, the natural, and the artificial. Three manifestations that call for a new organization of the way they interact: the physical world is transformed by the emergence of the digital world; the constructed environment is transformed by what used previously to be call “natural”; the digital develops its own internal laws and builds its own operative world. All three phenomena vibrate simultaneously when faced with any kind of human action.” -Vicente Guallart

Denia Mountain
Tuesday, September 20, 2011

Vicente Guallart


1.34 billion



water resource
2743.4billion m3

forest cover

farmer population
0.8 billion

urban population 0.66 billion

farmland per capita

water per capita

forest per capita

0.3 billion



water resource
2780billion m 3

forest cover

farmer population
0.006 billion

urban population 0.24 billion

farmland per capita

water per capita

forest per capita


Tuesday, September 20, 2011

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