# Frieze Patterns

A frieze is a pattern which repeats in one direction. Friezes are often seen as ornaments in architecture. A mathematical analysis reveals that there are seven different frieze patterns possible.
Pattern 1: Translation

The only transformation in this pattern is a translation.
Pattern 2: Glide reflection

The transformation in this pattern is a glide reflection. All frieze patterns also map onto themslves under a translation.
Pattern 3: Two parallel reflections

The transformations in this pattern are two parallel reflections across vertical mirrors..

Pattern 7: Three reflections The transformations in this pattern are three reflections. one across a horizontal mirror and the other two across parallel vertical mirrors. Pattern 5: A reflection and a half turn The transformations in this pattern are a reflection across a vertical mirror and a half turn. Frieze Patterns Lengthwise Symmetry . Pattern 6: Horizontal reflection The transformations in this pattern are a translation and a reflection across a horizontal mirror.Pattern 4: Two half turns The transformations in this pattern are two half turns.

Or. it could have some other combination of lengthwise and crosswise symmetry. then the pattern also has reflection symmetry. For example. Instead of reflection symmetry across the center of the band. a frieze pattern might have glide reflection symmetry: or halfturn symmetry: Frieze Groups Lengthwise. this pattern has reflection symmetry across the center of the band: It might help you see the symmetry if we draw guidelines on the pattern. the following pattern is a frieze pattern: A frieze pattern always has translational symmetry lengthwise down the band. this pattern has reflection symmetry down the the length of the band: Here the letter is flipped each time it is repeated. it may have reflection symmetry. Or. glide reflection symmetry. Crosswise. Notice that the pattern still has translational symmetry. halfturn symmetry or no symmetry. For example. . There are many different combinations of these symmetries that can be found in frieze patterns. a frieze pattern may have reflection symmetry or just translation symmetry. It looks like a band of a repeated design. if we consider the design being repeated as two letter 's -. one backward: Crosswise Symmetry Frieze patterns may have symmetries across the center of the band as well. For example. the letter is repeated over and over down the length of the band. it could have reflection symmetry lengthwise and no symmetry crosswise. For example.one forward. it might have translation symmetry lengthwise and reflection symmetry crosswise. If the design is flipped each time it is repeated down the band.A frieze pattern is a pattern that has symmetry in a line. In the pattern above.

Frieze Groups Lengthwise Symmetry Looking at patterns in the different frieze groups. (We can prove this.Each possible combination of symmetries is called a frieze group. figure out which type(s) of lengthwise symmetry each frieze group has. It turns out that there are 7 different unique frieze groups. Hop translation reflection . but that's another exercise.) Hop Spinhop Jump Sidle Step Spinjump Spinsidle The exercises on the next two pages will help you figure out which frieze groups have which symmetries.

Spinhop translation reflection Jump translation reflection Sidle translation reflection Step translation reflection Spinjump translation reflection Spinsidle translation reflection Frieze Groups Crosswise Symmetry Looking at patterns in different frieze groups. . figure out which type(s) of crosswise symmetry each frieze group has.

It may help you understand the symmetries to think about or actually draw guide lines for the other cases.Guide lines across the center of the band are only drawn for the first two groups. Jump reflection glide reflection halfturn none Spinhop reflection glide reflection halfturn none Hop reflection glide reflection halfturn none Sidle reflection glide reflection halfturn none Step reflection glide reflection halfturn none Spinjump reflection glide reflection halfturn none Spinsidle reflection glide reflection halfturn none .

Frieze Groups Answer Key Be sure to discuss the answers with the students so that they understand why some problems have more than one answer. Lengthwise Symmetry Hop translation reflection Spinhop translation reflection Jump translation reflection Sidle translation reflection Step translation reflection Spinjump translation reflection .

Spinsidle translation reflection Crosswise Symmetry Jump reflection glide reflection halfturn none Spinhop reflection glide reflection halfturn none Hop reflection glide reflection halfturn none Sidle reflection glide reflection halfturn none Step reflection glide reflection halfturn none Spinjump reflection glide reflection halfturn none .

Spinsidle reflection glide reflection halfturn none .