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&rai Miss Moisant, in her aeroplane.
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the sister of John B. Moisant.' the famous aviator killed in New Orleans, La., by his machine falling. Miss Moi sant is ambitious to take her broth era former place in the aviation world.
Why a Woman Can Run an Airship Better Than a Man
By Prof. Rudolph Hensingmuller, of Vienna University.
the primitive faculty of seeing with he? full retina. Enforced modesty and flirting have caused thia.. BECAUSE she has scattered attention Instead of concentration. Thle is invaluable to the aviator who must notice many things at once. BECAUSE she has the faculty of Intuition that quality of the mind which can take in a number of causes simultaneously and Instantly deduce a conclusion an essential in successful aviation. BECAUSE her specific gravity fs Itfss than man's. BECAUSE she needs less oxygen and tnerefore can better meet the suffocating rush of air. Altitude effects her less than ft does man. BECAUSE her sneezes, In man an actual spasm, have been controlled by ages of polite repression . , BECAUSE she feels more quickly warning atmospheric changes. BECAUSE she loves to speed. will rale the air! could never know what side d&Bgss, was coming from, and so eves WOMBN are the naftural though looking ahead, his retina, , --N sensitised to the rims, caught ImHistory repeats itself. Men by the score will Have died the death in pressions necessary to warn him of the air before aerial navigation is enemies or of game. Ever since woman has been the safe. Then w oraan, the- - cautious, the conservative, the primitive, will step subject of man she has practised modesty. Sh has been forced to in and rale. Why is the air woman's own do- go along with downcast eyes. And main? The answer is perfectly yet her coqeettry has enforced upon 'plain to both psychologists and her the necessity of seeing. The accomplished flirt has the peripheral physiologists. The periphery, the outer rim of sensitiveness to the maximum but a woman's retina, Is as sensitive to every woman has it more or less. objects as is Its centre. A woman Walking with averted eyes for fear can look- away from you and still of husband or lover, she still sees every male and female that goes see you. Her arc of sight is almost twice by her. She has retained this primi. that of man's, in whom, as a rale, tive retinal faculty. By experiments at Harvard and the periphery of the retina is extremely blunted to impressions. Try Vienna and at Paris, a woman's the experiment of having a woman arc of sight has been, measured. look straight ahead and telling you The accompanying diagram shows how much she still can see on each its relation to man's and to the 'Bide of her without directly looking bird's. Manifestly the sight, which at the objects. more closely approaches the perisThere is a deep psychological rea- copic, is better adapted for flying, son for this. Primitive man, who, else a blrd would net have desurrounded by dangers, had to keep veloped this sight. A twig moving looking on every side at once, had, far to his right in his field of vision it is probable, almost periscopic may be the signal of a hidden sight, such as the birds have. He enemy to the bird; in the same way
BECAUSE she has retained
The Retina of a Woman's Ejre Every Part Sensitive to Impressions. The Sketch Shows the Faculty in Action.
The Retina of a Man's Eye the Periphery Blunted to Impres- SKms. The Sketch Shows His Necessarily Direct Gaze.
the English aviator and instructor declares that women never achieve glory in the joill air The arguments of these two authori. Ues are presented in full on this page
JOHEX have entered the con test for the laurels of the thy. Miss Harriet Quinby. the first woman aviator to receive a pilot's Keens from the Aero Club of America, has eeen followed 6jr Miss Matilda Moisant, sister of the unfortunate John B. Moisant. who lost his life after having made an enviaolcname for himself in aviation. According to Professor Rudolph Hensingmuller, of Vienna University, science foresees woman's domination of the sky.- - She will he the better aviator, because she's the better flirt On the other hand. Mr. Claud" Grahame-Whit-
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it may mean danger in a snddea gust of wind to the aviator. Diffused attention is the opposite of concentration. Woman has the first, man has the second. By diffused attention we mean the quality of mind that can take in a number of details at once. This is also x prlmtlve Quality. The savage needed it while going through the woods, and for the same reasons that be needed peripheral sensitiveness of his retina. Throughout the ages man has steadily, concentrated upon a particular point Woman's attention has been directed to her. babies, to the care of them, to her household duties, to the manifoI task of pleasing her lord and master, and most of these things she has had to consider practically all at once. The advantages of dtttassd atten. tJon In flying are obvious. Where the contour of the grooad, the of the sky, the sound of the motor, the "feeding" of the machine, and a hundred other things, must be taken into consideration and weighed all at once. Only diffused attention of the most expert kind can make a perfect aviator.
This Diagram Shows the Comparative Arcs of Sight of Man, Woman and Bird.
Woman's (in the Centre), by Reason of Retinal Periphery
Sensitiveness, More Closely
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The Retina of an Owl's Eye Sensitive Equally in All Parts. g Blood Vessel. The Black Centre Is the
No Place in the Air for Women
the Leading English Aviator.
woman. When calamity overtakes my women pupils, as sooner or later I fear it will, I shall feel in a way responsible for their
and I regret it My. experience has taught me that the air is no place for a
many women to
sodden decease. I have often taken ray. mother and my sister in the air as passengers. They understand aviation thoroughly. But I would never let them fly alone. The truth Is that women lack qualities which make for safety in aviation. They are temperamentally unfitted for the sport Bravery and courage are not essential in aviation. Supreme confidence in one's self a Women may possess the former, but they generally lack the latter Safety in an areoplane depends upor absolute coolness the facultj of rpj.1,1 jurat- .
tied," If I may use the word, no matter what happens. Men sometimes possess this faculty, but It Is very rare In women. Professor Hensingmuller may be correct In his premises, but the conclusions he draws from them are not sustainable. Thus women may possesa a greater range of vision than men, although I have never heard the proposition advanced before, but that will not make them better aviators, for a greater range of vision is not needed. The aviator has all he can do to look straight ahead, and the power to see further to the right and left would
Is said also that women have greater tuition than men. That may be so', but I I.do not think that the kind of Intuition they possess Jn such abundance would be of any practical use in aviation. Diffused attention, too, would be mtre xof a handicap than an advantage. What the aviator needs more than anything else is the ability to concentrate his mind on his levers. It is true that women are lighter than men. It is equally true, however, that weight will be of no conseouence In the aeroplane of the f utare, except perhaps that the greater the weight the more effective will be the aeroplane. The future aeroplane will be of steel wood and canvas will be eliminated. As far as woman's milder manner ot sneezing Is concerned I cannot see how that will be of advantage. In view of the fact that, in my own experience, I have never found It necessary to sneeze at all while In the air. I do not believe that aviation increases the. tendency to sneeze, nor shouM I consider it of the slightest Importance even it did. It takes considerably more than if a sneeze to wreck an aeroplane, or even to
Her bones are lighter and more hollow than those of maa. Her specific gravity is less As a rale, her sight is "better She craves excitement, and has more nervons endurance than Watch the speed machines at man. parks the toboggans, the slides, your See the percentage of women eta to men. Once she is assured that a a speed maniac It is woman man to go fast in his autos'SK take her on the She has more intuttlon. Intuluoa is nothing more than the powers rapidly percelvta a number of causes and Instantaneously synthe- A woma cannot " abstract subjects, but to do crete subjects, in her surroundings SS ""k 5f r faInd te ? , JX nunber of things ed mind of man cannot Intuition is an essential in aeroplanlng Her skin and her nervoug system are. as a rule, more susceptible to rapid, warning atmospheric changes. Religion has foreshadowed this by picturing angels as feminine. Some aviators have pointed out that high altitudes and strong winds create a tendency to sneeze, which in many cases proves disastrous. It Is well known that women sneeze In a milder manner than men.' and Is thl resnoor therefore, they have another natural qualification for aviation which men lack. Better equipped naturally than man for this new sphere, she must
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Gusts of wind and currents aTe not visible. As a matter of fact their presence can usually be felt long before they affect the planes. Woman's superior vision would therefore be of no value to her In that respect
disconcert an aviator. The sense of balance comes to the aviator naturally. One elevates or lowers his planes almost Instinctively, the same as one turns the handle-bar-s in bicycling or varies the stroke in swimming or tennis. In these instantaneous motions there Is no time for consideration. Instinct takes the place of foresight. I do not think that women are better equipped in this respect than men. t is rather a matter of experience than natural fitness. ftls true that with one or two exceptions women aviators have so far escaped serious accidents, it must be remembered however, that their efforts have been confined exclusively to aerodrome flights which is a very different proposition to work and the hazardous achievements undertaken by men. When the airship becomes absolutely safe, lis It will, women may make good aviators, but they will never dominate the air to the exclusion or iron uiv more than they have domlna id an., utbei similar sphere of activity
e, Who Says Women Have No Place in the Air, Taking up a Feminine Passenger
man out of It,
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