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INTRODUCTION TO JODHPUR:

Jodhpur is a major district in the state of Rajasthan in India. Formerly a princely state, Jodhpur is located in the Marwar region and is a well-known tourist destination and major commercial sector. Set at the edge of the Thar Desert, Jodhpur is the second largest city in Rajasthan. It is also known as the Blue City due to the indigo shade of the whitewashed houses around the Mehrangarh Fort. Jodhpur is a popular tourist destination, featuring many palaces, forts and temples, that bring alive the historic splendour of this city.

Jodhpur district in Rajasthan is surrounded by the districts of


Bikaner, Nagaur, Ajmer, Pali and Jaisalmer district. The city of Jodhpur was founded in the

15th century by the rulers of the Rathore Rajput family. After independence, the district was annexed to the state of Rajasthan.
ABOUT THE CRAFT AARI TARI

Aari-tari ia a traditional handmade work, it has been practiced for a long period in jodhpur or nearby places. Here in jodhpur,Aari Taari or the embroidery of gold and silver zari thread on fabrics was patronized by the former royalty. Today aari tari work is not only practising in Jodhpur, it is done in jaipur, barmer and other places of Rajasthan as well. Jodhpur and Jaipur is the main market for this art that can be seen in different lines of clothing like sarees,bridal wears and other fashion items. For generations, thousands of people from different religions, castes and creeds have been involved in making colourful embroidered designs on sarees and lehengas. In Earlier times aari tari work was done with gold and silver threads, beads and sequins for the royal families. Now a days people who are interested in gold, silver threads and beads, they also order for such work.
CRAFT PERSON:

Almost in every house women practise this craft in their free time. While some men of the community work as labourers on daily wages and other belonging to higher caste as contractors. The craft is completely dependent on women, as the men do not even accompany them to the market, to buy or source raw materials. The women have the responsibility to running their livelihood, take care of their children. There is no particular caste or creed which is following the craft. They work on order bases. The organization or company, who order the work, provides raw material and design or patterns to them. And they work accordingly. A craftsperson named kesar Devi lives in pratap nagar, Jodhpur. She is

practising this craft since her childhood. In her family her mother, grandmother was also involved in this craft. She learned this craft by helping her mother and grandmother as a child; traditionally it is a craft that is taught by a mother to her daughter.
MATERIAL AND TOOLS:

Bhandhej and lahriya saries, colour threads, beads and sequins are provided to the ladies by the middle men, supplying to the shopkeepers and wholesalers. Or sometimes they get their raw material (beads and sequins) by their self. Very lean quality of plastic wires in golden or silver colour is also used. Tools are used as: Adda- adda is used as a frame, where cloth is fixed that makes the material stiff, which helps during embroidery. Aari (needle)-needle have a long eye for easier threading a sharp point to the needle so that the stitches can be worked close together and there is more control for placing the stitches.
PROCESS:

After getting the material, they stretch saari on adda. The addas length width is 5ft and 3ft.they stitches the beads and sequins with the aari (needle). The work or embroidery depends upon the pattern or design. Normally one sari takes 4 to 5 days to be completed. On a single sari 4 to 5 ladies can work altogether. There is a number series on tools; it depends upon the pattern like thick and thin peace work, so they use the tools accordingly. Today ornamental embroidery is getting more popular. Applied to all types and varieties of fabrics, craftsman work with many sorts of thread linen, cotton, silk. They mix the use of decorative objects, such as shells, feathers, beads, and jewels etc.
COSTING:

They get paid by the middle men, according to their labour and the pattern or motifs, which are done on sari. They get 200/- for per sari. Thus the product range is made and they sale them in market or the wholesalers.