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Common software platforms

The most common mobile operating systems are: Android from Google Inc. [6] (open source, Apache) Android was developed by a small startup company that was purchased by Google Inc., and Google continues to update the software. Android is an open source, Linux-derived OS backed by Google, along with major hardware and software developers (such as Intel, HTC, ARM, Samsung, Motorola and eBay, to name a few), that form the Open Handset Alliance.[7] Released on November 5th 2007, the OS received praise from a number of developers upon its introduction.[8] Android releases prior to 2.0 (1.0, 1.5, 1.6) were used exclusively on mobile phones. Most Android phones, and some Android tablets, now use a 2.x release. Android 3.0 was a tablet-oriented release and does not officially run on mobile phones. The current Android versions are 2.3.x for mobile phones and 3.2 for tablets. Android releases are nicknamed after sweets or dessert items like Cupcake (1.5), Frozen Yogurt (2.2), or Honeycomb (3.0). Most major mobile service providers carry an Android device. Since the HTC Dream was introduced, there has been an explosion in the number of devices that carry Android OS. From Q2 of 2009 to the second quarter of 2010, Android's worldwide market share rose 850% from 1.8% to 17.2%. BlackBerry OS from RIM (closed source, proprietary) This OS is focused on easy operation and was originally designed for business. Recently it has seen a surge in third-party applications and has been improved to offer full multimedia support. Currently Blackberry's App World has over 15,000 downloadable applications. RIM's future strategy will focus on the newly acquired QNX, having already launched the BlackBerry PlayBook tablet running a version of QNX and expecting the first QNX smartphones in early 2012.[9] iOS from Apple Inc. [6] (closed source, proprietary) The Apple iPhone, iPod Touch, iPad, and second-generation Apple TV all use an operating system called iOS, which is derived from Mac OS X. Native third party applications were not officially supported until the release of iOS 2.0 on July 11th 2008. Before this, "jailbreaking" allowed third party applications to be installed, and this method is still available. Currently all iOS devices are developed by Apple and manufactured by Foxconn or another of Apple's partners. Symbian OS from the Symbian Foundation [6] (open public license) Symbian has the largest share in most markets worldwide, but lags behind other companies in the relatively small but highly visible North American market.[10] This matches the success of Nokiain all markets except Japan. In Japan Symbian is strong due to a relationship with NTT DoCoMo, with only one of the 44 Symbian handsets released in Japan coming from Nokia.[11] It has been used by many major handset manufacturers, including BenQ, Fujitsu, LG, Mitsubishi, Motorola, Nokia, Samsung, Sharp, and Sony Ericsson. Current Symbian-based devices are being made byFujitsu, Nokia, Samsung, Sharp, and Sony Ericsson. Prior to 2009 Symbian supported multiple user interfaces, i.e. UIQ from UIQ Technologies, S60 from Nokia, and MOAP from NTT DOCOMO. As part of the formation of the Symbian OS in 2009 these three UIs were merged into a single OS which is now fully open source. Recently, though shipments of Symbian devices have increased, the operating system's worldwide market share has declined from over 50% to just over 40% from 2009 to 2010. Nokia handed the development of Symbian to Accenture, which will continue to support the OS until 2016. Windows Phone from Microsoft (closed source, proprietary) On February 15th, 2010, Microsoft unveiled its next-generation mobile OS, Windows Phone 7. The new mobile OS includes a completely new over-hauled UI inspired by Microsoft's "Metro Design Language". It includes full integration of Microsoft services such as Windows Live, Zune, Xbox Live and Bing, but also integrates with many other non-Microsoft services such as Facebook andGoogle accounts. The new software platform has received some positive reception from the technology press.[14][15][16] webOS from HP (certain parts open sourced) webOS is a proprietary mobile operating system running on the Linux kernel, initially developed by Palm, which was later acquired by HP. HP released two phones (the Veer and the Pre 3) and a tablet (the TouchPad) running webOS in 2011 before being discontinued.

Other software platforms

Brew runs in the background with the custom "skins" of the mobile phone manufacturer or operator on-top. B2G.[18] It is used as the operating system of the Grid 4 mobile phone and Grid 10 tablet. NEC.[23][24] Rather than being an OS in its own right. however most often the end-user does not know this since mobile phones running Brew most often lack any Brew framework is used. metroPCS. which allows the use of either a proprietary real-time operating system. and Vodafone. Nokia and Intel both unveiled 'MeeGo' a brand new mobile operating system which would combine the best of Moblin and the best of Maemo to create a truly open-sourced experience for users across all devices. For telephony. networking. Brew is used by Sprint Nextel. but as an OS with a kernel configurable architecture. Nokia N900. Openmoko and Qt Extended. proprietary) This is a mobile operating system being developed by Samsung Electronics. The phone is presumed to become available to the public in September 2011.well known from the Yocto project. the Korean word for ocean or sea. U. The Wave is a fully touchscreen phone running the new mobile operating system. which are mostly incompatible.without needing to ask some CEO or strategy manager first. Samsung. T-Mobile G1. freesmartphone. The SHR build system is based on OpenEmbedded .[25][26] PalmSource (now Access) is moving towards an interface running on Linux. Cellular and Verizon in the US and by the Three network in much of Europe. Samsung claims that bada will rapidly replace its proprietary feature phone platform. Manufacturers such as Huawei. Panasonic. It integrates various Free and Open Source Software projects into a versatile platform . and Samsung Mobile amongst others use .GridOS from Fusion Garage [17] GridOS was built using open source code from the Android kernel. A growing amount of available applications offers SHR users with everything expected on a smartphone. used by DoCoMo. which was later acquired by BlackBerry-producer Research In Motion. messaging and pim. GPL) At the 2010 Mobile World Congress in Barcelona. With the phone.S. LG announced its support for the platform. QNX Software Systems. GPL) [6] Linux is strongest in China where it is used by Motorola.[28] Brew from Qualcomm Brew is used by a some mobile phone manufacturers and mobile networks. This empowers everybody to realize their innovations or add support for new hardware . etc. to the public. SHR (community-driven) SHR is a GNU/Linux based operating system for smartphones and similar mobile devices. MeeGo. aimed primarily at the embedded systems market. including Android. Palm Pre and variants. and in Japan.[21] bada from Samsung Electronics (closed source. Nokia announced the Nokia N9 on June 21. iPhone 3Gs and more. QNX from RIM [6] (closed source.Samsung has said that they don't see Bada as a smartphone operating system. INQ Mobile.SHR is 100% community driven and based on Free and Open Source Software. called Samsung Apps. Linux is used as a basis for a number of different operating systems developed by several vendors. Linux based operating system (open source. The first device to run bada is called 'Wave' and was unveiled to the public at Mobile World Congress 2010. [19] MeeGo from non-profit organization The Linux Foundation (open source. which are due to start shipping September 15th 2011.flexible enough to run on a vast selection of mobile hardware such as the Openmoko Neo Freerunner. the UK and Australia on many mobile phones produced especially for their network. Nokia has announced that it will no longer be pursuing MeeGo and will instead adopt Windows Phone 7 as its primary mobile OS. HTC HD2. the company still has a large lineup of Android phones. On top of that an easy to use graphical interface centered around Enlightenment libraries is used to provide phone calls. 2011 at the Nokia Connection event [20] in Singapore. LiMo.[27] Another software platform based on Linux is being developed by Motorola. proprietary) QNX is a commercial Unix-like real-time operating system. The product was originally developed by Canadian company. Amoi. Maemo. GridOS. But also numerous classical programs well known from other Linux distros can be made available easily. As of 2011. It has close to 3000[22] mobile applications. converting feature phones to smartphones. Samsung also released an app store. or the Linux kernel. NTT DoCoMo.The name 'bada' is derived from 바다. Though Samsung plans to install bada on many phones.

including PCs. proprietary) WebOS was introduced by Palm in January 2009 as the successor to Palm OS with Web 2. frameworks and libraries from the GNOME project. Windows Mobile from Microsoft[6][29] (closed source. the operating system would allow users to access applications from the Web. and has been developed by Maemo Devices within Nokia in collaboration with many open source projects such as the Linux kernel.[30] Microsoft is phasing out the Windows Mobile OS to specialized markets and is instead focusing on it's new operating system and software platform. (closed source. In addition. According to the company. Future software platforms Boot 2 Gecko[31] from non-profit organization Mozilla Foundation (open source. it is more usable with a stylus. unlike iPhone OS. It is based on the Debian operating system. instead.0 technologies. It uses the Matchbox window manager and the GTK-based Hildon as its GUI and application framework.Maemo is mostly based on open source code. rather than download apps to their devices .Brew in some of their mobile phones and it is featured in Three UK phones such as the 3 Skypephone. It has been criticized for having a user interface which is not optimized for touch input by fingers. Windows Mobile 6 Professional (for touch screen devices) and Windows Mobile 6 Standard. Debian and GNOME.Maemo is based on Debian GNU/Linux and draws much of its GUI. the operating system will synchronize and store call data. "Mozilla says that B2G is motivated by a desire to demonstrate that the standards-based open Web has the potential to be a competitive alternative to the existing single-vendor application development stacks offered by the dominant mobile operating systems. Alibaba says it will offer customers 100GB of storage at launch. were unveiled in February 2007. proprietary) The Windows CE operating system and Windows Mobile middleware are widely spread in Asia. it does support both touch screen and physical keyboard configurations. Windows Phone."[32] Aliyun OS from Alibaba/AliCloud (cloud based) AliCloud's operating system revolves around the idea of bringing cloud functionality to the mobile platform. INQ1 and Huawei u7510 (3 Touch). The two improved variants of this operating system. Windows Mobile's market share has sharply declined in recent years to just 5% in Q2 of 2010. Aliyun will feature cloud-based e-mail. weather updates. However. Two of HTC's mobile phones use Brew's successor Brew MP. open architecture. Palm OS/Garnet OS from Access Co. Historical software platforms Maemo from Nokia (open source. Web search. and multitasking capabilities. and GPS navigation tools. GPL) Maemo is a software platform developed by Nokia for smartphones and Internet Tablets. GPL) According to Ars Technica. and photos in the cloud for access across other devices. text messages.

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