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36 Puzzling Questions Which Never Faced Mankind Before and Which

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Air P Commission in Paris Will

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immense reGent development of in this country and abroad have suggested I aviation and the still greater prog- - the following questions concerning air , ress which will certainly occur in' navigation that should be settled: 5 the near future have made it necessary' to 1. How shall we fix the limit to bo fix the laws of- the air. placed on a landholder's ownership of the The aeroplane, like the automobile, has air above his land? become an actual commercial proposition. 2: Should not a property owner have the IT In the post office in New York, for in- protection of the Jaw against the .noise stance, is a printed announcement of the nuisance of air machines? . United States Government, inviting atten-- 2 3. How can a man's legal privacy be tion to a regular daily aeroplane mail protected against the prying 'eyes of ijl service between New York, Philadelphia, passengers? rWashington and other points, stating the 4. If the old rule Is maintained and inhours for the closing of the aeroplane dividuals and corporations own the air mails and postage rate. above their property and claim protection An order recently issued by the Federal against trespass, Government in Washington, forbids the should they be taxed shooting of wild fowl from aeroplanes. for the, air as they are Here again is another official recognition for the land, and how of a new field of possibilities of the aeromuch? plane. 5. If several ma As the automobile created a totally new chines are flying at set of conditions calling for special licenses the same time over a and traffic laws and limitations of privi- man's land, and one lege so the perfection of the aeroplane of them 'drops a brings the civilized world face to face or other with a totally new set of problems which object and injures mankind "has never before been called up- - him or one of his cm to consider and for which there are no family or his propprecedents and no past experience to draw erty, how Is he going f upon for guidance. to place the responsiAt present there are no laws settling the bility? questions that must arise between G. Can we regulate - aviators in the air and between an aviator the use of telescopes j and a man on the ground. There is no and photographic ap5; court which can tell the owners of a house paratus by aviators rights he has against an aviator y flying over private Bying over him. property? The powerT ; It seems to be settled that the old rule ful photographic injpiat a man owned from his land up to the sky must be discarded, because that, would struments now used jjjskake aviafloa impossible, out how far do .by aviators give a olear view of intimate Skills rights go? This Is only one example personal affairs that of many hat have arisen. Before the air are happening on the S above rrowded cities becomes thronged wlih aeroplanes It wilK be necessary to earth miles bflow. 7. When a machine eJfJe hae problems. i in some respects the problems of ragu-- I is flying high how is latlng aircraft resembles the problems of a land owner always An Electric to determine exactly Night Guide regulating automobiles. If a chauffeur can be arrested and fined and to a legal T for driving his noisy car past your bedroom whether or Looks to an. not it is over his prop- - Aviator Far Up windows with his muffler open, why should an aviator not be forbidden to fly over erty and thus guilty in the Air. your roof with the rattle and of trespass? bang of his engine running without a muf8. The State can tax the land and take, fler? But nobody has been able to make it for public use under certain conditions a satisfactory muffler for an 'aeroplane. from private owners by payment of a rea: Furthermore, how are you to reach up and sonable sum. Can the State do the same arrest the noisy aviator or even to know with the air? .' who he is? 9. Assuming that the use of the air by This very naturally suggests the que- aeroplanes constitutes trespass against stion as to whether aeroplanes, like auto- owners of property lying beneath, what mobiles, should not carry number plates. would prevent unscrupulous capitalists But how can you distinguish even an il- from bujing a circle of land about every luminated number plate several thousand great city, thus insolating It and preventfeet in the air? ing air machines from entering the city Of course, if an automobile runs you at all? down in the street, the law is plain and 10. If a man owns a very narrow Btrio the method of securing evidence is simple. of land It is not considered trespass if a If an aeroplane falls from the sky and neighbor Jumps over it. How much more damages you or your family, similar laws a trespass is it if a machine flies over a are easy to devise and apply. But sup- proportionately wider strip? pose the aviator drops a monkey wrench 11. If an aviator Is flying with the wind from five thousand feet in the air and cracks your child's skull how are you to can he claim that he is in the same air to identify the owner of the plane or prove that he was in when he started on his trip? 12. It is admitted that railroads operatthat the monkey wrench was dropped by ing under franchises from the State enhim? The advent of the aeroplane, its adop- - danger the safety of the public, but publir tion by the post office department for car- - interest justifies this. Cannot the State rying mail and the plans already matur-- give airships a similar right to navigate? 13. Shall hunting and shooting from aeroing for establishing regular routes of travel . between cities, open up an entirely new planes of shore birds and animals that roam in the open bo forbidden? vi.i' v.t "ijtrxi e ad taxation highway is laid out between If an aerial 14 What provisions against crimes can New York and Chicago, or Chicago and be made in the matter of aerial navigathe Pacific Coast, it must be marked and tion? In times of industrial or social disAlready turbances, when it is necessary to keep lighted, and, perhaps, policed. given to watchful guard over such places as reserconsiderable attention has been voirs, railway bridges, arsenals the problem of marking highways through like, could not a member of the and the trouble-makinthe air. Schemes of balloons with signs element drc t poison or dynamite painted on them have been devised and from a plane overhe .4 and thus elude the various conspicuous marks upon the ground guard? 15. If a man has a grudge against anhave been set up as sign posts and guides. night travel enormous electric other what is to prevent his making a And for night flight and dropping dynamite on his arrows and illuminated numbers have enemy's property, demolishing it and probbeen devised. ably killing the occupants? Air Commission has An Inter-AUIe-d 16. What rules and regulations can be been called in Paris to pass on some of the devised to make air traffic safe? What principal problems of aviation. It has signals will be necessary? If certain air already been agreed that they will institute "highways" are not designated and folprevent a system of day and night marks for avi- lowed what Is tobecome collisions in midair when planes numerous? ators, a meteorological service to give in17. What system of examination and and a system of educaformation to them, tion to enable them to navigate safely be- licensing of pilots could be rigid enough to tween distant points. Its recommenda- prevent danger to person and property tions will be put in force by the Peace due to accidents resulting from the Conference or whatever international auand carelessness of pilots? 18. What system of aerial policing could thority succeeds that body. Various persons interested in aviation be devised for the apprehension of law- .

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Aeroplane Highway Map of the United State Charting Important Routes and Pistanes Between Citiee aa Laid Out by the ' Curtis Aerophtn Expert. '





















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If an Aeroplane Lands in Your Shade Tree or Fruit Tree Are You Entitled to Damages?
s breakers in the air? Will aerial traffic be Installed for the prevention of





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? Would It be posjpeeding and sible to contrive some such arrangement as the auto trap? How can license numbers be shown large enough to be pracJoy-riding-

tical? If the air police are inadequate or helpless to apprehend trespassers or marauders, shall landowners be allowed to have the protection of a cannon or machlnb gun and thus take the law into their own bands, as is the practice on land? 20. If an aviator is flying high and commits a crime how can we decide what county or State has jurisdiction over him? 21. If a man sees a machine in the air and Is certain it is over his land how can he have the pilot arrested? 22. Probably property owners In Ne York and other large, congebted cities would not consider themselves trespassed upon by aircraft inasmuch as all that the 'pilots and passengers could see as the 'machine passed over the city would be chimneys, church steeples and roofs with washing hanging out. On the other hand, farmers, mercantile establishments with part of their plant In the open, stock farms and such, would consider it trespass. Where is the line to bo drawn? Copyright, 1919, by Star Company


sary, discard any or all of its cargo and only the fish are affected, but what would the re sult be if a cargo-car- A Sample of Illuminated Sign Directing an Aeroplane to Its Landing Ground in a City: rying ship of the air 3.2. Should not an aviator be required by planes are as common as automobiles? The were in similar predicament? only feasible way appears to be to lay out law to stop and give assistance to another 24. If aeroplanes and dirigibles are to be allowed free and unregulated passage air routes, requiring aviators to fly between aviator having engine trouble or any other certain points and to pass on one side of serious difficulty? through the air what Is to hinder the owners of apartment blocks and houses near certain established marks. 33. Aviators who run machines ior nire race tracks, etc., from allowball grounds, 28. Such offences as kidnapping and the osght to be regulated, just as cab drivers ing capacious captive balloons to be abduction of women will. It Is feared, be are", but with more strictness because of hitched to their buildings while the occugreatly facilitated by the- - prevalence, of the dangerous possibilities of their calling. pants watch the sport? aeroplanes. Will It not be necessary to 34. Shall we establish an international provide a special and numerous police board composed of aviators, lawyers and 25. What provision can be made for the force with swift machines to prevent such scientists to regulate air navigation over protection of lumber yards, munition facmoral offences? the high seas and between nations? tories and the like against fire due to negor design on the part of air pilots? In to use lect 29. Will it not be found advisable 35. Will It be necessary for an aviator taking preventive measures against fire or aerial buoys that is, captive balloons to to land on reaching the territory of a forexplosion would It be necessary to place mark the course for aeroplanes In crowded eign country for a customs examination regions? "Keep Off" signs in clear view of aj and other search? proachlng planes? 30. Shall there be a speed limit in avla- -' 36. What remedy should a person have 26. What right has the aviator to throw tion? at law against an aviator who plays a garbage and waste matter overboard? 31. How large a police force will be required for national and International polic-in- e strong searchlight on his bedroom win- 27. How shall we ensure the general dow? of the air? safety of the aviating public when aero-GreRights Reserved. Britain