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The Army Distance Learning Program (TADLP) - Exam

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FRAME STRUCTURES EXAMINATION Module/SubCourse: EN0069 Edition: A

The final examination contains multiple-choice questions covering all lessons. This is an open-book Instructions exam--you may use the text to find answers. To take the examination, follow these steps: Step 1 Action Review each question thoroughly before selecting a response. Point and click on the response you think is correct. Note: You may select only one answer for each question. Check your answers. Once you submit your exam with all answers marked, you can't retrieve it for changes. Point and click on the Submit button at the bottom of the exam. Your examination answers will be forwarded to the Army Institute for Professional Development for action. You will receive intermediate results by e -mail. Final results will be sent to you by surface mail. If you cannot finish the exam in one session you will be given the option to save your exam temporarily. Simply click the submit button then click save. You will have 10 days to complete your exam for grading. The next time you login your exam will be automatically loaded

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two batter boards as the base, then draw lines on the ground to represent the irregular shaped foundation i j k l m n lay out a large rectangle which will comprise the entire building or a greater part of it j k l m n lay out a series of individual rectangles adjacent to each other in the shape of the building 7. Which of the following listed categories of timber provides the major part of the lumber used by the Army in TO construction?
j k l m n palm i j k l m n coniferous j k l m n deciduous j k l m n bamboo

j k l m n place

8. You are straightening the outside walls of an L shaped building which has 6 corners. How many corner posts should be plumbed before straightening the walls?
i j k l m n6 j k l m n3 j k l m n5 j k l m n4

9. What is the greatest advantage that nails have over screws and bolts in structural carpentry?
j k l m n provide

a better finished appearance greater variety of sizes available j k l m n i j k l m n cheapest and easiest to apply j k l m n provide greater holding power 10. For 8-foot columns to support the warehouse beams, a stock of prime structural yellow pine, 9 1/2" in diameter is available. Approximately how many pounds of axial load will each column safely support?
j k l m n 85,500 i j k l m n 95,500 j k l m n 100,000 j k l m n 90,500

11. Plans call for rebuilding of the floor of an existing structure to be used as a warehouse. For beams having a clear span of 8 feet, it is planned to use

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8 x 8 timbers of dense select structural Douglas fir. What is the safe uniformly distributed live load in pounds that may be placed on each of these timbers? (Round off to next lower 100 lbs.)
i j k l m n 6,900 j k l m n 11,800 j k l m n 13.200 j k l m n 9,200

12. In many small buildings, collar beams are used when there are no ceiling joists. What is their primary purpose?
j k l m n carry

the roof load to the studs take the place of rafter hangers j k l m n j k l m n provide a nailing surface for knee braces i j k l m n keep the side walls of the building from spreading 13. Although scales are seldom used to check dimensions on drawings, it is sometimes necessary. Which type is commonly used to scale structural drawings?
i j k l m n graphic j k l m n architects' j k l m n engineers' j k l m n metric

14. The use of codes is a great asset and time saving device when ordering material for construction in the TO. To which of the following does the code 441101 apply?
j k l m n facilities i j k l m n warehousing j k l m n installations j k l m n equipages

15. Where rafters have no overhang, a facia board must be nailed to the rafter ends. What is the purpose of the facia board?
j k l m n to

provide support for roof sheathing j k l m n to provide nailing surface for roofing j k l m n to give building a finished appearance i j k l m n to close the opening between rafters

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16. It is sometimes necessary to foreshorten views on drawings to save space. Which lines depict such shortened views?
j k l m n extension j k l m n center j k l m n dimension i j k l m n break

17. By calculation, what will be the total rafter length required, in feet, if the total run is 8 feet, the total rise is 6 feet and the overhang is 1 foot 4 inches?
i j k l m n 11

1/3 10 j k l m n j k l m n 12 j k l m n 10 2/3 18. Manufactured lumber is divided into several classes and grades. Which of the following classes or grades is most generally used by the Army in TO construction?
j k l m n shop j k l m n select i j k l m n common j k l m n structural

19. When TO type trusses are used in building construction, rafters form the upper chord of the truss. What is the primary function of the upper chord of the truss?
j k l m n to

provide support for the lower chord j k l m n to insure a dry, weathertight building i j k l m n to carry the roof load to the studs j k l m n to prevent spreading of building walls 20. One of the most important steps in planning a construction project is estimating, and the materials estimator must be very competent. What is the first step an estimator should take on a new project?
j k l m n prepare

a checklist of tasks to be performed i j k l m n study the plans and specifications for the project j k l m n list the type and number of personnel required for each task j k l m n summarize the amount of materials and equipment required

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21. For normal residential work, studs are commonly spaced on 16-inch centers. With the use of girts, what is the usual spacing, in feet, of studs in TO construction?
j k l m n2 i j k l m n4 j k l m n1 j k l m n3

22. In preparing a bill of materials, skill implies the accurate use of good estimating methods, and judgment implies the correct visualization of the work as it will be done. Having acquired these qualities, the materials estimator has latitude in preparing his own system of estimating. Which of the following, regardless of his talents, are three of the basic elements essential in the preparation of a bill of materials? list, nail requirements, and grouping and inverting j k l m n grouping and inverting, consolidation, and waste allowance j k l m n grouping and arranging, nail requirements, and plans and specifications i j k l m n consolidation, nail requirements, and waste allowance 23. Each member of a heavy truss must be connected at its intersection in such a way that the stress in each member is in a certain direction. Which of the following specifies the proper direction?
j k l m n in j k l m n take-off

the direction of its width in a horizontal direction j k l m n i j k l m n in the direction of its length j k l m n in a vertical direction 24. It has been specified that the studs of a light TO structure are to be placed 8 feet OC. In order to maintain stiffness and provide a nailing base for siding, you must use a particular type of framing member. What are these members called?
i j k l m n girts j k l m n double j k l m n purlins j k l m n diagonal

plates bracings

25. Under current standards, what is the dressed size of a nominal 2 x 8?

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j k l m n1

1/2 x 7 1/4 i j k l m n 1 5/8 x 7 1/2 j k l m n 1 1/2 x 7 1/2 j k l m n2 x 8 26. Batter boards are used in building layout to preserve definite and accurate building lines to work from. How far in feet should right angle batter boards be placed from the corner stakes?
j k l m n1

or 2 i j k l m n 3 or 4 j k l m n 5 or 6 j k l m n 7 or 8 27. You plan to use corrugated sheet metal as a roof covering on a TO building. Construction lumber is scarce and you are in a temperate climate. If the rafters are spaced on 24-inch centers, which of the following types support would you provide for the corrugated metal roofing?
j k l m n1

x 6 sheathing with no space allowance j k l m n 2 x 4 purlins placed on top of rafters i j k l m n 2 x 4 purlins set flush to rafter tops j k l m n 1 x 6 sheathing on "one-in-three" spacing 28. To finish a structure, you are to provide steps and a platform. The top of the entrance platform will be 4 feet 4 1/2 inches above the grade where the mudsill is to be placed. Using risers of 7 1/2 inches and treads of 9 7/8 inches, what number of treads and risers are to be cut in each stringer?
j k l m n7

risers and 6 treads j k l m n 7 risers and 7 treads i j k l m n 6 risers and 7 treads j k l m n 6 risers and 6 treads 29. Good wall bracing keeps corners square and plumb. Which method of bracing affords the highest strength?
j k l m n horizontal j k l m n cut-in i j k l m n diagonal

sheathing

sheathing

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j k l m n let-in

30. After a building has been laid out, the framing is constructed. Of the following, which contains only framing members?
j k l m n flooring,

end panel sheathing, door. j k l m n wall partitions, horizontal sheathing windows i j k l m n foundation walls, exterior walls, flooring j k l m n roofing felt, sub-floor, insulation 31. TM 5-301, TM 5-302, and TM 5-303 have been developed for use in requisitioning material for TO construction and may be considered collectively as a management tool. What is the short term for the system that was instituted by these manuals?
j k l m n MARS j k l m n ADPS i j k l m n AFCS j k l m n MATS

32. When preparing to install conventional rafters in a gable roof, it is determined that almost all the rafters, instead of being straight, have varying amounts of crown or bow. How should those rafters be installed?
i j k l m n disregard

crown or bow j k l m n with the bow down j k l m n with the bow up j k l m n alternate bow up and down 33. Corrugated sheet iron is to be used for siding on a TO structure. To avoid rust on the sheet metal; when using backing, which of the following should be used?
j k l m n tar

paper covered with sand or mica j k l m n studs and girts covered with asphaltic paper i j k l m n resin-seized building paper j k l m n diagonal sheathing with tar building paper 34. In constructing ten TO type barracks, the plans call for one set of steps for each building. Each set of step requires four stringers for a total of forty stringers. There is an ample stock of 2 x 4 material available, but 2 x 12 timbers are in short supply. Each riser will be 6 3/4 inches high and each stringer will be 7'-8 1/4" long. What is the minimum number of 8-

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foot 2 x 12 timbers you can get by with?


i j k l m n 18 j k l m n 40 j k l m n 36 j k l m n 20

35. A 20' x 40' budding under construction is to have a gable roof, 5/12 slope, with an overhang of 11 inches. For this roof, how many rolls of 40 pound prepared roofing will you need?
j k l m n 16 j k l m n 13 j k l m n 14 i j k l m n 12

36. Installations, facilities, and equipages may be requisitioned by the use of the Army Facilities Components System. In which of the following manuals are the staff tables located which contain the coding system?
i j k l m n TM

5-301 TM 5-302 j k l m n j k l m n TM 5-303 j k l m n TM 5-333 37. Sheathing of nominal 1-inch thickness is often used for exterior wall finishes. What is the major advantage of using vertical rather than horizontal sheathing?
i j k l m n helps

support the roof load j k l m n easier to install battens j k l m n easier to fasten j k l m n more water proof 38. Building foundations may be constructed in many ways. What is the primary reason for construction of solid wall foundations?
i j k l m n where

heavy loads are to be carried j k l m n to conserve time and labor j k l m n to save bracing timbers j k l m n to prevent excavating for pier footings 39. Fire prevention is a major problem in construction operations. Which of

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the following is the major fire prevention measure to be taken in frame structure construction?
i j k l m n correct

framing around stove pipes prevent smoking during construction j k l m n j k l m n remove all scrap lumber as it is generated j k l m n provide a roof jack for every stove pipe 40. Sheathing is being applied to a building on which 40-pound prepared roofing is to be installed. Beginning at the eaves, where is the first piece of sheathing nailed?
j k l m n flush

with the rafter ends 3/4 inch back from the ends of the rafters to allow for a drip cap j k l m n i j k l m n hanging over the rafters by 3 to 4 inches j k l m n hanging over the rafters by the width of a stud 41. Girders in buildings are large beams used to support floor joists. What determines the size of the girders to be used?
i j k l m n the

span and the load to be carried distance between the joists j k l m n j k l m n the adequacy of supply of timbers j k l m n size and spacing of sole plates 42. Sometimes a print or drawing other than the original is used in the reproduction process to avoid risk of damage to the original. What is this print or drawing called?
j k l m n blueprint j k l m n substitute i j k l m n intermediate j k l m n ozalid

43. A good take-off list shows everything necessary to enable a proper estimate to be made for the job. In preparing a take-off list, which of the following applies to the rule "keep it separate"? of the same nomenclature are combined j k l m n parts of the same size are combined j k l m n parts that may differ in size, but are identical as to nomenclature, are combined i j k l m n parts that are identical as to size and nomenclature are combined
j k l m n parts

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44. Bolts are used in TO construction when great strength is required. What is another major reason to use bolts?
j k l m n for

permanent construction i j k l m n when the structure must be frequently disassembled j k l m n when the wood is green j k l m n when speed is more important than economy 45. When constructing batten doors a specified clearance must be left for expansion. Assuming 1/4-inch clearance is to he left on the latch side, what clearance in inches should be left at the top and bottom?
i j k l m n 1/4

at top and 1/4 at the bottom j k l m n 1/4 at top and 1/8 at the bottom j k l m n 1/8 at top and 1/2 at the bottom j k l m n 3/8 at top and 1 at the bottom 46. There are several types of decay which render lumber unserviceable for normal TO construction. Which type is the most common and the most dangerous?
i j k l m n dry

rot j k l m n heart rot j k l m n common rot j k l m n wet rot 47. Many different types of posts are used in TO construction. Which type framing post is used where interior partition walls cross and are finished on both sides?
j k l m n single

T-post j k l m n single stud posts i j k l m n double T-post j k l m n corner posts 48. Careful observance of all line conventions is essential in understanding construction prints. Which of the following lines is used to indicate the direction of a plane (or planes) from which a given section is viewed?
j k l m n cutting j k l m n visible j k l m n medium

plane weight

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i j k l m n dimension

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49. Where a sloped roof butts against a vertical wall, a flashing must be installed to prevent leakage. If the vertical wall is not sheathed, what must be done to provide support for the flashing?
j k l m n extra

studs are installed as needed j k l m n sheathing must be installed behind the flashing j k l m n the flashing must be fastened to the top plate i j k l m n a girt must be installed between the studs 50. Many different types of joints are used in TO building construction. Which type is most commonly used in trim work around windows and doors?
i j k l m n miter

butt j k l m n half-lap j k l m n oblique butt j k l m n mortise-and-tenon

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