Native Natural Naturalized Diagram | United States Nationality Law | Citizenship

Founding Era Article II Eligibility

Declaration of Independence Time of Adoption

British Subject
N
A Subject of the King of England

American Citizen

Case 1

at iv e B or n

Natural Bor n

Case 2

N a t ive B o r n
A Citizen of the United States

Case 3

Naturalized

Case 4 Case 5 Case 6

Article II, Section 1, Clause 5, Constitution of the United States No person except a natural born citizen, or a citizen of the United States, at the time of the adoption of this Constitution, shall be eligible to the office of President; neither shall any person be eligible to that office who shall not have attained to the age of thirty-five years, and been fourteen Years a resident within the United States. Case 1
A British Subject in and Citizen of one of the Thirteen Colonies becomes, at the signing of the Declaration of Independance, an American Citizen. At the Time of Adoption this American Citizen is eligible to the Office of President provided: • they are at least thirty-five years old • have been fourteen years a resident within the United States

Case 2
A British Subject in and Citizen of one of the Thirteen Colonies has a child after the Declaration of Independance. The parents become, at the signing of the Declaration of Independence, American Citizens. The child, born from American Citizen parents, is a natural born Citizen. This natural born American Citizen is eligible to the Office of President provided: • they are at least thirty-five years old • have been fourteen years a resident within the United States

Case 3
A British Subject in and Citizen of one of the Thirteen Colonies has a child prior to the Declaration of Independance. This child is a British Subject and a native born Citizen of the Colony. At the signing of the Declaration of Independance this British Subject becomes an American Citizen. At the Time of Adoption this American Citizen is eligible to the Office of President provided: • they are at least thirty-five years old • have been fourteen years a resident within the United States

Case 4
An Alien naturalizes and becomes a British Subject in and Citizen of one of the Thirteen Colonies. Upon the signing of the Declaration of Independance, he becomes an American Citizen. At the Time of Adoption this American Citizen is eligible to the Office of President provided: • they are at least thirty-five years old • have been fourteen years a resident within the United States

Case 5
An Alien naturalizes and becomes a Citizen of one of the Thirteen States. At the Time of Adoption this American Citizen is eligible to the Office of President provided: • they are at least thirty-five years old • have been fourteen years a resident within the United States

Case 6
An Alien naturalizes after the Adoption and becomes a Citizen of the United States. This Citizen is not eligible to the Office of President, they were not a Citizen at the Adoption nor are they a natural born Citizen.

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