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Complex Numbers
1. If the cube roots of unity be 1, ω, ω2, then the roots of the equation, (x - 1)3 + 8 = 0 are : (A) - 1, 1 + 2ω, 1 + 2ω2 (B) - 1, 1 - 2ω, 1 - 2ω2 (C) - 1, - 1, - 1 (D) None of these 6.

1 If z 1 & z 2 are any two complex numbers then z1 + z 2 equal to : (A) 2 z1 (C) z1 7.
2 2

2

+ z1 − z 2
2

2

is
2

z2

2

(B) 2 z1

+ 2 z2

+ z2

2

(D) 2 z 1

z2

2.

−2
(A)

−3 =

6

(B) -

6

If z = x + iy and ω =

1 − iz , then z−i

(C) i 6 3.

(D) None of these

g. c
8. If x + iy = (A)
a 2 + b2 c2 + d 2 c2 + d 2 a 2 + b2

The inequality z - 4 < z - 2 represents the region given by : (A) Re (z) > 0 (B) Re (z) < 0 (C) Re (z) > 2 (D) None of these If z 1 and z2 are two non-zero complex numbers such that, z 1 + z 2  = z 1  + z 2 , then Arg(z1) − Arg(z2) is : (A) - π (B) (D) 0

4.

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(C) 9.

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ω = 1 implies that : (A) z lies on the imaginary axis (B) z lies on the real axis (C) z lies on the unit circle (D) None of these

a + ib , then (x2 + y2)2 = c + id
(B)
a+b c+d

π 2

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π (C) 2
5. If

(D) None of these

number, then

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w

2 z1 3 z2

is a purely imaginary

z1 − z 2 is equal to : z1 + z 2
(B) 1 (D)

The points 1 + 3i, 5 + i and 3 + 2i in the complex plane are : (A) vertices of a right angled triangle (B) collinear (C) vertices of an obtuse angled triangle (D) vertices of an equilateral triangle

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(A) (C)

3 2 2 3

10. The complex numbers, sin x + i cos 2x and cos x - i sin 2x are conjugate to each other for : (A) x = nπ (C) x = 0

4 9

1 ÿ π (B) x = n + 2
(D) No value of x

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2 11. The values of x & y satisfying the equation,

(1+ i)x − 2i + (2 − 3i) y + i
3+i 3−i

(A) 3 (C) 1

(B) 0 (D) 2

=i

are : (A) x = - 1, y = 3 (B) x = 3, y = - 1 (C) x = 0, y = 1 (D) x = 1, y = 0 12. If z is a complex number, then the minimum value of z + z - 1 is : (A) 1 (B) 0 (C)
ÿ

17. For any two complex numbers z1 & z2 and any real numbers a & b ;

(a z1 − b z2 )
(A) (a2 + b 2) (B) (a2 + b2)
2 2

2

+
1

( b z1 + a z2 )
+ z2
2

2

=

(D) None of these
ÿ 3 + 4i = 2 − 4i

(D) None of these

om
− 2i

1 2

(z (C) (a + b ) ( z

(z

)
2 2

1 2

+ z2 − z2

1

) )

13.

1 3 + 1 − 2i 1 + i

(A)

(B)

1 9 − i (C) 4 4

1 9 + i (D) 4 4

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3

1 9 + i 2 2

1 9 − i 2 2

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14. The points z1, z2, z 3, z4 in the complex plane are the vertices of a parallelogram taken in order, if and only if : (A) z1 + z4 = z 2 + z3 (B) z1 + z3 = z 2 + z4 (C) z1 + z2 = z 3 + z4 (D) None of these

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g. c
(A) 2 (D) − (A) 2 z (C) 20. z
2 2

18. If z = 4 and arg z =

5π , then z = 6

(B) 2 3 + 2i (C) − 2 3 + 2i

3 +i

19. Area of the triangle formed by the points z, iz and z + iz is : (B)

w

w

1 2

z

2

(D) None of these

15.

−8 − 6i = (A) 1 ± 3 i (C) ± (1 + 3 i)

(B) ± (1 - 3 i) (D) ± (3 - i)

3 + 2 i sin θ will be purely imaginary, 1 − 2 i sin θ if θ =

(A) 2 nπ ± (C) nπ ±

π 3

(B) nπ +

π 3

16. If α & β are imaginary cube roots of
1 = unity, then α4 + β4 + αβ

π 3

(D) None of these

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3 21. The real part of (1 − cos θ + 2i sin θ) − 1 is : (A)
1 3 + 5 cosθ

26. The product of all the roots of

(B)

1 5 − 3 cosθ

ÿ

cos

π π + i sin 3 3

3/ 4

, is : (B) 1 (D) -

(A) - 1 (C) 3

1 (C) 3 − 5 cosθ

1 (D) 5 + 3 cosθ

2

1 2

ÿ1 + i 22. If 1− i

m

= 1, then the least integral

27.

( cos θ + i sin θ)4 (sin θ + i cos θ)5
(A) (B) (C) (D)

is equal to :

(B) 4 (D) None of these

23. If xr = cos

24. Let the complex numbers z 1, z2 & z3 be the vertices of an equilateral triangle . Let z0 be the circumcentre
2 of the triangle, then z1 + z 2 + z 2 = 2 3

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(A) z 2 0 (C) 3 z 2 0

(B) - z 2 0

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ÿπ ÿπ + i sin r , then r 2 2 x1 . x 2 . ...... ∞ is : (A) - 3 (B) - 2 (C) - 1 (D) 0

g. c
13

28. If 1, ω, ω2, ω3, ...... , ωn - 1 are the n, nth roots of unity, then (1 - ω) (1 - ω2) ...... (1 - ωn - 1) equals : (A) 0 (B) 1 (C) n (D) n2

29. The real values of x & y for which the equation, (x + i y) (2 - 3 i) = 4 + i is satisfied, are : (A) x = 5 , y = 8

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(D) - 3 z 2 0

(B) x = 8 , y = 5

25. The solution of the equation, z − z = 1 + 2 i is :

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(C) x = 5 , y = 14

3 i (A) 2 2

3 (B) + 2i 2

(D) None of these 30. If x = a + b, y = aα + bβ, & z = aβ + b α, where α & β are complex cube roots of unity, then xyz = (A) a2 + b2 (B) a 3 + b3 (C) a3 b3 (D) None of these

3 (C) - 2i 2

3 (D) - 2 + i 2

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om
13 13

value of m is : (A) 2 (C) 8

cos θ - i sin θ cos 9 θ - i sin 9 θ sin θ - i cos θ sin 9 θ - i cos 9 θ

13

13

13

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4 31. If x = a + b, y = aω + bω2, z = aω2 + bω, then the value of x3 + y3 + z3 equals (B) 3 (a 3 + b3) (A) a3 + b3 2 2 (C) 3 (a + b ) (D) None of these 32. The value of,
a + b ω + cω 2 a + b ω + cω 2 + a + a ω + bω2 b + cω + a ω 2

(B) a = b = 2 -

3 3

(C) a = 2 - 3 , b = 2 + (D) None of these

will be : (A) 1 (C) 2 33. The value of
6 k=1

37. A point z moves on Argand diagram in such a way that z - 3 i = 2, then its locus will be : (A) y - axis (B) A straight line (C) A circle (D) None of these 38. If A, B, C are represented by 3 + 4 i , 5 - 2 i , - 1 + 16 i , then A, B, C are: (A) collinear (B) vertices of equilateral triangle (C) vertices of isosceles triangle (D) vertices of right angled triangle 39. If - 1 + (A) (C)

(B) - 1 (D) - 2

ÿ

sin

(A) - 1 (C) - i

(B) 0 (D) i

ye ng
zπ 2 ÿ1 3 z

g. c
π 3 2π 3

2π k 2π k − i sin 7 7

is:

om

− 3 = reiθ , then θ is equal to
(B) (D) -

.m

34. If three complex numbers are in A.P. then they lie on : (A) A circle in the complex plane (B) A straight line in the complex plane (C) A parabola in the complex plane (D) None of these 35. If the complex numbers z 1 , z 2 , z 3 represent the vertices of an equilateral triangle such that, z1 = z2 = z3, then z1 + z2 + z 3 = (A) 0 (B) 1 (C) - 1 (D) None of these

π 3

40. For any complex number z,

=

w
3

w

if an only if : (A) z is a pure real number (B) z = 1 (C) z is a pure imaginary number (D) z = 1 41. Let z1 & z2 be two complex numbers with α & β as their principal arguments such that α + β > π, then principal arg (z1 z2) is given by : (A) α + β + π (B) α + β − π (C) α + β − 2π (D) α + β

36. If a & b are real numbers between 0 and 1 such that the points z1 = a + i , z 2 = 1 + bi and z 3 = 0 form an equilateral triangle, then : (A) a = b = 2 +

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w

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5
z−1 = 1, is z−i

42. The locus of z given by (A) a circle (C) a straight line 43. The (A) (B) (C)

48. Suppose Z1, Z 2, Z3 are the vertices of an equilateral triangle inscribed in the circle Z = 2 . If Z1 = 1 + i 3 , then values of Z3 and Z2 are respectively : (A) − 2, 1 − i (B) 2, 1 + i

(B) an ellipse (D) a parabola

true statement is : 1-i<1+i 2i + 1 > - 2i + 1 (D) None of these 2i > 1

3 3

(C) 1 + i 3 , - 2 (D) None of these 49. The values of z for which, z + i = z - i are : (A) Any real number (B) Any complex number (C) Any natural number (D) None of these

amp

ÿ z − z1 z − z2

=

π , then the value of 4
(B) 2 2 (D) 2 3

z - 7 - 9 i is equal to : (A)

2

(C) 3 2

.m

45. If ω is a complex cube root of unity, then the positive integral value of n, the product of ω, ω2, ω3, .....ωn, will be :

w

1− i 3 2 (C) 1
(A)

w

(B) -

1− i 3 2 (D) (B) & (C) both

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50. If ω (≠ 1) is a cube root of unity and (1 + ω)7 = A + B ω, then A and B are respectively, the numbers : (A) 0, 1 (B) 1, 0 (C) 1, 1 (D) - 1, 1 ω− 4 51. If ω (≠ 1) is a cube root of unity, then
1 1 + i + ω2 ω2 1− i −1 ω 2 − 1 equals: −i −i + ω − 1 −1

g. c
(A) 0 (C) ω

46. The value of (1 + i)5 × (1 - i)5 is : (A) - 8 (B) 8 i (C) 8 (D) 32

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47. If x = - 5 + 2

, then the value of

the expression, x4 + 9 x3 + 35 x2 − x + 4 is : (A) 160 (B) - 160 (C) 60 (D) - 60

52. Let z & ω be the two non-zero complex numbers such that z = ω and arg z + arg ω = π . Then z is equal to : (A) ω (B) − ω (C) ω (D) −

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om

44. If z1 = 10 + 6 i , z2 = 4 + 6 i and z is a complex number such that,

(B) 1 (D) i

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6 53. If α & β are different complex 59. If 1, ω, ω2 are the three cube roots of unity, then (3 + ω2 + ω4)6 = (A) 64 (B) 729 (C) 2 (D) 0 60. (1 − ω + ω2) (1 − ω2 + ω4) (1 − ω4 + ω6) ...... to 2n factors is : (A) 2n (B) 2 2n (C) 0 (D) 1 61. The following in the form of A + iB (cos 2θ + i sin 2θ)− 5 (cos 3θ − i sin 3θ) 6 (sin θ + i cos θ)3 is : (A) (cos 25 θ + i sin 25 θ) (B) i (cos 25 θ + i sin 25 θ) (C) i (cos 25 θ - i sin 25 θ) (D) (cos 25 θ - i sin 25 θ)

numbers with β= 1, then is equal to : (A) 0 (C) 1 (B)
1 2

(D) 2

54. i2 + i4 + i6 + ...... upto (2n + 1) terms = (A) i (B) - i (C) 1 (D) - 1 55. The value of (- i)1/3 is : (A)

1 + 3i 2

(B)

1 − 3i 2 3−i 2

(C)

− 3−i 2

(D)

56. Let z and ω be two complex numbers such that z ≤ 1, ω ≤ 1 and z + i ω = z − i ω = 2 . Then z is equal to : (A) 1 or i (C) 1 or - 1

ye ng

g. c
(A) β − α (2 + i)4 mπ +i (1− α)β(3 + i) 1 4mπ (C) n (n + 1)

62. If (cos θ + i sin θ) (cos 2θ + i sin 2θ) ..... (cos nθ + i sin nθ) = 1, then the value of θ is : (B) (D)
2mπ n (n + 1)
mπ n ( n +1)

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.m

(B) i or - i (D) i or - 1

57. Real part of e e is : (A) ecos θ [cos (sin θ)] (B) ecos θ [cos (cos θ)] (C) esin θ [sin (cos θ)] (D) esin θ [sin (sin θ)]

63. Find the complex number z satisfying the equations,
z − 12 5 z−4 = , =1 z − 8i 3 z−8

w

w

(A) 6 (B) 6 ± 8 i (C) 6 + 8 i , 6 + 17 i (D) None of these 64. If 1, ω, ω 2 are three cube roots of unity, then (a + bω + cω2)3 + (a + bω2 + cω)3 is equal to, if a + b + c = 0 (A) 27 abc (B) 0 (C) 3 abc (D) None of these

58.
1 (A) - 2 (C) 1

=
1 (B) 2

(D) - 1

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7
ÿ 1 + cos θ + i sin θ 65. If i + sin θ + i cos θ
4

=

70. If z 1 , z 2 , z 3 , z 4 are the roots of the equation z4=1, then value of (A) 0 (C) i (B) 1 (D) 1 + i is:

cos nθ + i sin nθ, then n is equal to : (A) 1 (B) 2 (C) 3 (D) 4 66. The common roots of the equations, x12 - 1 = 0 , x4 + x2 + 1 = 0 are : (A) ± ω (B) ± ω2 2 (C) ± ω, ± ω (D) None of these 67. For positive integers n 1, n 2 value of the expression,

71. If

(1 + i) n

1

3 + 1+ i

(

)

n1

+

om

c+i = a + ib, where a, b, c are c−i real, then a2 + b 2 = (A) 1 (B) - 1 (C) c2 (D) - c 2

, where i =

−1

g. c
(A) 50 (C) 0 z4 1. B 7. B 13. D 19. B 25. C 31. B 37. C 43. D 49. A 55. D 61. C 67. D 73. B 2. B 8. A 14. B 20. C 26. B 32. B 38. A 44. C 50. C 56. C 62. C 68. B

(

1 + i5

)

n2

7 + 1+ i

(

)

n2

72. If i2 = - 1, then the value of (B) - 50 (D) 100

n=1

ÿ

200

= in is

.m

68. The value of the expression, 1. (2 − ω) (2 − ω2) + 2.(3 − ω) (3 − ω 2) + ........ + (n − 1).(n − ω) (n − ω2), where ω is anb imaginary cube root of unity, is :

ye ng

is a real number if and only if : (A) n 1 = n2 + 1 (B) n1 = n 2 - 1 (C) n1 = n2 (D) n1 > 0, n2 > 0

73. If α is an inaginary cube root of unity, then for n ∈ N, the value of ÿ z 3 α3n + 1 + α3n + 3 + α3n + 5 is : i i =1 (A) - 1 (B) 0 (C) 1 (D) 3 ANSWERS 3. D 4. D 9. B 10. D 15. B 16. B 21. D 22. B 27. D 28. C 33. D 34. B 39. C 40. B 45. D 46. D 51. A 52. D 57. A 58. C 63. C 64. A 69. B 70. A

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1 (A) 2 (n - 1) n (n2 + 3n + 4)

(B)

1 4

(n - 1) n (n 2 + 3n + 4)

1 (C) 2 (n + 1) n (n2 + 3n + 4)

(D) 1 (n + 1) n (n2 + 3n + 4) 4 69. The equation, z z + (2 - 3i) z + (2 + 3i) + 4 = 0 represents a circle of radius : (A) 2 (B) 3 (C) 4 (D) 6

5. B 11. B 17. B 23. C 29. C 35. A 41. C 47. B 53. C 59. A 65. D 71. A

6. B 12.A 18.C 24.C 30.B 36.B 42.C 48.A 54.D 60.B 66.C 72.C

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