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Determinants

1
1 a a2 − bc 1 b b2 − a c = 1 c c2 − a b
x +1 3 If 2 x+2 2 3

1.

6.

5 5 x+4

= 0, then x =

(A) 0 (C) 3 abc 2.

(B) a3+ b3 + c3 − 3 abc (D) (a + b + c)3 7.

(A) 1, 9 (C) - 1, - 9

(B) - 1, 9 (D) 1, - 9

3.

The roots of the equation,
1 4 20 1 − 2 5 = 0 are : 1 2x 5x2

(A) - 7 (C) 15

g. c
8.
2c

a − b− c 2a 2b b − c−a 2c

om
a b a+b

The following system of equations, 3x − 2y + z = 0, λ x − 14y + 15z = 0, x + 2y - 3z = 0 has a solution other than, x = y = z = 0 for λ equal to : (A) 1 (B) 2 (C) 3 (D) 5

The value of the determinant,
7 9 79 4 1 41 is : 5 5 55

(B) 0 (D) 27
2a 2b

=

c− a − b

(A) - 1, - 2 (C) 1, - 2
0 x+a x−a 0

(B) - 1, 2 (D) 1, 2
x−b x−c 0

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4.

If

x+b x+c

= 0, then the

w

5.

If ω is the cube root of unity, then
1 ω ω
2

w

value of x is : (A) 0 (C) 2

w

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9.

(A) (a + b + c)2 (B) (a + b + c)3 (C) (a + b + c) (ab + bc + ca) (D) None of these
a + b a + 2b a + 3b a + 2b a + 3b a + 4 b =

a + 4 b a + 5b a + 6 b

(B) 1 (D) 3

(A) 3 (a + b) (C) 3a + 5b
b+c a b c+a 10. c c

(B) 3 ab (D) 0

ω 1

ω

2

= (B) 2 abc (D) 4 abc

ω

2

1 = ω

(A) 1 (C) ω

(B) 0 (D) ω2

(A) abc (C) 3 abc

11. One of the roots of the given equation

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Determinants

2
x+a b b x+c c a

c a a+b

= 0, is : (B) - (b + c) (D) - (a + b + c)

A1 determinant, A 2 A3

B1 B2 B3

C1 C 2 is : C3

(A) - (a + b) (C) - a

(A) ∆ (C) ∆3

(B) ∆2 (D) 0

12. If 2x + 3y - 5z = 7, x + y + z = 6, 3x - 4y + 2z = 1, then x =
2 −5 7 7 (A) 1 1 6 + 6 3 −7 (B) − 6 2 3 1 1 3 1 −5 1 2 3 1 −5 1 2

15. The number of solutions of equations x + y - z = 0, 3x - y - z = 0 and x - 3y + z = 0 is : (A) 0 (B) 1 (C) 2 (D) Infinite 16. The number of solutions of the equations, x + 4y - z = 0, 3x − 4y − z = 0 and x − 3y + z = 0 is (A) 0 (B) 1 (C) 2 (D) Infinite
b+c a −b a 17. c + a b − c b = a+b c− a c

−1 − 4

2

3 −4

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(A) (B) (C) (D)
ω ω

7 3 −5 2 3 −5 1 + 1 1 1 (C) 6 1 1 −4 2 3 −4 2

w

13. x + ky - z = 0, 3x - ky - z = 0 and x - 3y + z = 0 has non-zero solution for k = (A) - 1 (B) 0 (C) 1 (D) 2

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a1 14. If ∆ = a 2 a3

w

w

b1 b2

b3

c1 c2 and A , B , C 1 1 1 c3

denote the co-factors of a 1 , b 1 , c 1 respectively, then the value of the

g. c
x +1
2

−5 2 1 + 1

18. If x = cy + bz, y = az + cx, z = bx + ay, where x, y, z are not all zero, then : (A) a2 + b 2 + c 2 - 2 abc = 0 (B) a2 + b 2 + c2 + 2 abc = 0 (C) a2 + b 2 + c2 + 2 abc = 1 (D) a2 + b 2 + c 2 - 2 abc = 1 19. If ω is a cube root of unity, then a root of the following equation,
ω x + ω2 1 ω2 1 x+ω

om

1 −4

a3 + b 3 + c3 - 3 abc 3 abc - a3 - b3 - c3 a3 + b 3 + c 3 - a 2 b - b 2 c - c 2 a (a + b + c) (a 2 + b2 + c2 + ab + bc + ca)

= 0, is :

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Determinants

3 (A) 1 (C) ω2 (B) ω (D) 0 (A) (B) (C) (D) A ≠ O, B = O A = O, B ≠ O A = O or B = O None of these

20. In a skew-symmetric matrix, the diagonal elements are all : (A) Different from each other (B) Zero (C) One (D) None of these 21. If A, B, C are three n × n martices, then (ABC) = (A) A ′ B ′ C ′ (B) C ′ B ′ A ′ (D) B ′ A ′ C ′ (C) B ′ C ′ A ′
1 2 22. If M =  and M2 − λ M − I2 = O, 2 3   then λ = (A) - 2 (B) 2 (C) - 4 (D) 4

 3 − 2 − 1 27. Inverse of the matrix  − 4 1 − 1   2 0 0  

is :
2 3 1  1 − 3 5 3  (B)  7 4 6 (A) 3 7     − 2 − 4 − 5  4 2 7     1 2 − 4  2 3 1 2  (D) 8 − 4 − 5  (C) 5 7    3 5 2  − 2 − 4 − 5    

1 0 0    23. If A = 0 1 0  , then A2 = a b − 1  

w
n n (B)   0 n 
1 1  (D)   0 n 

1 1 24. If A =  , then A n = 0 1  

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(A) Unit matrix (B) Null matrix (C) A (D) - A

w

1 n (A)   0 1 
n 1 (C)   0 n 

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g. c
then λ = (A) - 2 (C) 2

 4 6 − 1  2 4 3 0  2  , B =  0 1  and 28. A =    1 − 2 5  − 1 2    

3 C = 1 , then the expression which   2   

is not defined is : (A) A 2 + 2B − 2A (C) B ′ C ′

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(B) CC ′ (D) AB

 1 − 1 25. If A =  , then A2 = −1 1    (A) A (B) 2 A (C) - A (D) - 2 A

1 3 λ + 2  8  is singular, 29 . If the matrix 2 4  3 5 10   

(B) 4 (D) - 4

26. AB = O, if and only if :

30. Out of the following a skewsymmetric matrix is :

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Determinants

4
0 4 5 (A) − 4 0 − 6    − 5 6 0    1 4 5   (B) − 4 1 − 6  − 5 6 1   

(A) (B) (C) (D)

A A A A

singular matrix non-singular matrix orthogonal matrix diagonal matrix

1 4 5 i + 1 4 5  − 4 2 − 6  (D)  − 4 i − 6  (C)     − 5 6 3  −5 6 i     

w

1  λ 34. If A =   , then for what value − 1 − λ  of λ , A2 = O (A) 0 (B) ± 1 (C) - 1 (D) 1

w

w

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33. If A and B are non-singular matrices, then : (A) (AB) -1 = A -1 B -1 (B) AB = BA (C) (AB) ′ = A ′ B ′ (D) (AB) -1 = B -1 A -1

1 − 2 0 − 1 0 5  , then : 35. If A =    2 −5 0   

(A) A ′ = A (C) A ′ = 2 A

(B) A ′ = - A (D) None of these

36. If A, B, C are three square matrices such that AB = AC imples B = C, then the matrix A is always :

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1 0   4 1 32. If A =   and I = 0 1 , then    3 2 2 A - 6A = (A) 3 I (B) 5 I (C) - 5 I (D) None of these

g. c
(C) A -1 =

(A) Unitary (C) Nilpotent

39. From the following find the correct relation . (A) AB ′ = A′ B′ (B) AB ′ = B′ A′

adj A A -1 (D) (AB) = A -1 B -1

40. If A is a square matrix of order 3, then the true statement is (where I is unit matrix) . (A) det (- A) = - det A (B) det A = 0 (C) det (A + I) = 1 + det A (D) det 2A = 2 det A 41. If k is a scalar and I is a unit matrix of order 3, then adj. (k I) = (A) k3 I (B) k2 I 3 (C) - k I (D) - k2 I

0 − 5 4 0 42. If A = (1, 2, 3) & B =  2 − 1   1 −3 2   

om

31. If AB = C, then matrices A, B, C are (A) A2 × 3 , B3 × 2 , C2 × 3 (B) A3 × 2 , B 2 × 3 , C3 × 2 (C) A3 × 3 , B 2 × 3 , C3 × 3 (D) A 3 × 2 , B2 × 3 , C3 × 3

2  1 / 3 3 6  37. If A =   , B = 0 − 1  0 2 x − 3   and AB = I, then x = (A) - 1 (B) 1 (C) 0 (D) 2

 1 2 38. The matrix A =  1 −  2

1  2  is : − 1 2

(B) Orthogonal (D) Involutary

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Determinants

5 then AB =
0 − 5 4 0 4 − 2 (A)    3 −9 6    3   (B) 1 1  

46. Adjoint of the matrix,
− 4 − 3 − 3  0 1  is : N= 1  4 4 3  

(C) [ − 2 − 1 4]

0 − 5 8 0 4 − 3 (D)    1 −6 6   

(C)

i 0  0 2 i   

 i i (D)   2 i 0 

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g. c
(A) 5 A (C) 16 A
1 1 (A)   1 1

0  i (A)   0 i / 2

− i 0  (B)    0 − 2 i

2 0 0 48. If A = 0 2 0 , then A2 =   0 0 2   

1   44. If A = 2 , then AA ′ = 3  

0 1  49. If A =   and AB = O, then B = 0 0   0 1 (B)   − 1 0

w

(A) 14

1   (B)  4  3  

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1 2 3   (C) 2 4 6  3 6 9  

w

w

0 − 1 (C)   1 0 

(D) None of these

− 1 0 0  45. If A =  0 − 1 0  , then A 2 =    0 0 − 1  

50. If A and B are square matrices of order 2, then (A + B)2 = (A) A2 + 2 AB + B2 (B) A 2 + AB + BA + B2 (C) A2 + 2 BA + B2 (D) None of these
a c  -1 51. If A =   , then A = d b 

(A) Null matrix (B) Unit matrix (C) A (D) 2 A

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om

0  i 43. If A =   i= 0 i / 2

(

−1 , then A −1 =

)

(A) N (B) 2 N (C) - N (D) None of these 47. If A is a symmetric matrix, then matrix M ′AM is : (A) Symmetric (B) Slew-symmetric (C) Hermitian (D) Skew-Hermitial

(B) 10 A (D) 32 A

− 1 0 (D)    0 0

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Determinants

6
 b − c 1 a b − cd − d a     b − c 1 a d − b c − d a   

(A)

1 0 0 56. The inverse of the matrix 0 1 0 is   0 0 1    0 0 1  (A) 0 1 0   1 0 0   0 0 0  (C) 0 1 1   1 0 0   1 0 0 (B) 0 1 0   0 0 1    1 0 0 (D) 0 0 1   0 1 0    1 − 2 0 − 1 0 3    λ −3 0   

(B)

d b 1 c a b − cd  a  (D) None of these

(C)

g. c
λ2 + 3 λ λ +1 λ−3

 cos t sin t  52. If R (t) =   , then − sin t cos t  R (s) R (t) = (A) R (s) + R (t) (B) R (st) (C) R (s + t) (D) None of these

53. The element of second row and third
 1 2 1   column in the inverse of  2 1 0  is  − 1 0 1  

57. If the matrix

om
λ −1 2−λ λ+4

is

(A) - 2 (C) 1

(B) - 1 (D) 2

54. The solution of the equation,

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w

1  1 0 1 x 1  − 1 1 0 y     =   is (x, y, z) =    0 − 1 1  z  2    

w

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singular, then λ = (A) - 2 (B) - 1 (C) 1 (D) 2

58. If A is a square matrix of order n and A = kB, where k is a scalar, than A= (A) B (B) k B (C) kn B (D) n B

59. If p λ4 + q λ3 + r λ2 + s λ + t =
λ+3 λ − 4 , the value of 3λ

w

(A) (1, 1, 1) (C) (- 1, 2, 2)

(B) (0, - 1, 2) (D) (- 1, 0, 2)

55. If A denotes the value of the determinant of the square martix A of order 3, then − 2 A = (A) - 8 A (B) 8 A (C) - 2 A (D) None of these

t is : (A) 16 (C) 17

(B) 18 (D) 19

 cos α sin α  60. If A =   and − sin α cos α 

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Determinants

7
k 0 A adj. A =   then k is equal to 0 k  (A) 0 (B) 1 (C) sin α cos α (D) cos 2 α 1 a  4 61. If A =   , then A is equal to : 0 1 

(A) A.P. (C) H.P.

(B) G.P. (D) None of these

 4 6 − 1  2 4 3 0  2  , B =  0 1 65. Let A =    1 − 2 5  − 1 2    

and C = [ 3 1 2] . The expression which is not definedis : (A) B ′ B (B) CAB (C) A + B ′ (D) A2 + A
 1 0 0 66. Let A =  5 2 0  , then the adjoint    − 1 6 1  

1 a  (A)   0 1 
4

4 4 a  (B)   0 4  1 4 a  (D)   0 1 

g. c
of A is : (C)

 2 − 3 62. The inverse of   is : − 4 2 

(C)

1  2 3 8  4 2  

(D)

1 3 2  8 2 4   

63. The value of the determinant,

cos(nx) cos( n + 1) x cos(n + 2) x

w

a2 sin (nx)

a

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1

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−1  2 3 (A)   8  4 2

−1 3 2 (B)   8 2 4 

2 − 5 32  (A) 0 1 − 6   0 0 2  

0 −1 0  − 5 − 2 0  (D) None of these (C)    1 − 6 − 1  
x b a x

sin (n + 1) x

sin (n + 2) x

is independent of : (A) n (B) a (C) x (D) None of these 64. The determinant,
a b aα + b b c b α + c = 0, a α + b bα + c 0

w

x b b 67. If ∆1 = a x b a a x

w

om

4 a 4  (C)   0 4 

 − 1 0 0 (B)  − 5 − 2 0    1 − 6 1  

and ∆ 1 =

are

given determinants, then : (A) ∆ 1 = 3 (∆ 2)2 (B)
d (∆ ) = 2 (∆2)2 dx 1

d (∆ ) = 3 ∆ 2 dx 1

if a, b, c are in :

(D) ∆1 = 3 ∆ 3/ 2 2

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Determinants

8
3 2  68. If A =   , then A (adj.) A = 1 4 10 0  (A)    0 10  10 1  (C)    1 10   0 10  (B)   10 0 

a b c ka kb kc x y z , then k x k y k z 72. If ∆ = p q r kp kq kr

is equal to : (A) ∆ (C) 3 k ∆

(B) k ∆ (D) k3 ∆

(D) None of these

69. If a1x + b1y + c1z = 0, a 2x + b2y + c2z = 0,
a1 a3x + b3y + c3z = 0 and a 2 a3 b1 b2 b3 c1 c2 = 0, c3

 3 − 2 73. The inverse of the matrix   is 1 4 
2 4 14 14  (A)  − 1 3   14 14 

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then the given system has : (A) One trivial and one non-trivial solution (B) No solution (C) One solution (D) Infinite solution 70. If A = [ a
b] , B = [ − b − a ] and

g. c
74. The value of
n 2 Un = n n3

4 (C)  14 1  14

om
− 2 14  3  14 

3 (B)  14 1  14

− 2 14  4  14 

3 (D) 14 1 14 
Un, if

2 14  3 14  


n=1

N

1 logx y logx z logy x 1 logy z is : log z x log z y 1

w

71. For positive numbers x, y and z, the numerical value of the determinant,

w

a  C =   , then the correct statement − a  is : (A) A = - B (B) A + B = A - B (C) AC = BC (D) CA = CB

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1 5 2 N + 1 2 N + 1 is : 3N2 3N

w

(A) 0 (C) - 1

(B) 1 (D) None of these

75. Matrix A is such that A 2 = 2A - I, where I is the identity matrix . Then for n ≥ 2, A n = (A) nA - (n - 1) I (B) nA - I (C) 2n - 1 A - (n - 1) I (D) 2n - 1 A - I 76. In a third order determinant, each element of the first column consists of sum of two terms, each element of the second column consists of sum of three terms and each element of the third column consists of sum of four

(A) 0 (C) loge xyz

(B) 1 (D) None of these

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Determinants

9 terms . Then it can be decomposed into n determinants, where n has the value : (A) 1 (B) 9 (C) 16 (D) 24 77. If value of a third order determinant is 11, then the value of the square of the determinant formed by the cofactors will be : (A) 11 (B) 121 (C) 1331 (D) 14641 78. If A and B are two matrices and (A + B) (A - B) = A2 - B 2, then : (A) AB = BA (B) A 2 + B 2 = A 2 - B2 (C) A′ B′ = AB (D) None of the above
5 − 3 6 − 4  79. A =   and B =   2 4  3 6  11 − 7 (A)    5 10  11 7  (C)    5 − 10

(B) A + B = A - B (C) A - B = B - A (D) AB = BA 82. If A and B are square matrices of the same order, then : (A) (AB) ′ = A ′ B ′ (B) (AB) ′ = B ′ A ′ (C) AB = O ; if A = 0 or B = 0 (D) AB = O ; if A = 1 or B = 1

then B =

g. c
(A) X = (B) X = (C) X = (D) X =

(A) cos2 θ . A 2

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(C) cos2 θ . I 2

− 1 1  (B)    − 1 − 2

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2 0 0 80. If A = 0 2 0 and B =   0 0 2   

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12 − 7  (D)    5 − 10 

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84. If A and B are order 3 such that then 3 AB = (A) - 9 (C) - 27

1 2 3 0 1 3 ,    0 0 2  

85. If 2X + 2Y = I and 2X - Y = O, where I and O are unit and null matrices of order 3 respectively, then :

then AB is equal to : (A) 4 (B) 8 (C) 16 (D) 32 81. If A and B are square matrices of same order, then : (A) A + B = B + A

86. The equations, x + 2y + 3z = 1 ,

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1 2 ,Y = 7 7

 1 83. If A =  − tan θ 2 

tan θ  2  and AB = 1, 1  
(B) cos2 θ . A T 2 (D) None of these

square matrices of A = − 1, B = 3, (B) - 81 (D) 81

2 1 ,Y = 7 7 1 2 I,Y = I 7 7
1 2 I ,Y = I 7 7

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Determinants

10 2x + y + 3z = 2 , 5x + 5y + 9z = 4 have : (A) Unique solutions (B) Infinitely many solutions (C) Inconsistent (D) None of these
 a h g  x      87. The order of [x y z]  h b f  y  g f c  z     
 8 − 5 (A)   − 5 3   8 − 5 (C)   − 5 − 3  8 − 5 (B)   5 3 

 8 5 (D)    − 5 3

3 − 4  92. If X =  , then the value of Xn 1 − 1   is : 3 n − 4 n  (A)  −n  n  2 + n 5 − n  (B)  −n   n 

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1 3  89.   3 10

−1

g. c
is : (A) A

88. If A and B are two matrices such that AB = B and BA = A, then A2 + B2 = (A) 2 AB (B) 2 BA (C) A + B (D) AB =

3n (C)  n 1

5 2 -1 93. If A =   , then A = 3 1  1 − 2 (A)   − 3 5  − 1 2  (B)    3 − 5

10 3 (A)    3 1

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0 1  4 90. If A =   , then A = 1 0

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1 3  (C)   3 10 

−1 − 3  (D)   − 3 − 10 

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 10 − 3 (B)   − 3 1 

 − 1 − 2 (C)    − 3 − 5

0 1 0  94. The inverse of matrix A = 1 0 0   0 0 1   

1 0  (A)   0 1 
0 0  (C)    1 1

1 1  (B)   0 0 

0 1 (D)   1 0 

1 0 0   (C) 0 1 0 0 0 1   

 3 1 91. If A =  , then A2 = − 1 2  

0 1  95. If A =   , I is the unit matrix of 0 0 

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is : (A) 3 × 1 (C) 1 × 3

(B) 1 × 1 (D) 3 × 3

(− 4 ) n   (D) None of these (− 1) n 

1 2 (D)   3 5

(B) A T
1 0 0    (D) 1 0 0  0 1 0   

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Determinants

11 order 2 & a, b are arbitrary constants, then (aI + bA)2 is equal to : (A) a 2I + ab A (B) a2I + 2 ab A (C) a 2I + b2A (D) None of these 96. Which of the following is not true ? (A) Every skew-symmetric matrix of odd order is non-singular (B) If determinant of a square matrix is non-zero, then it is non-singular (C) Adjoint of a symmetric matrix is symmetric (D) Adjoint of a diagonal matrix is diagonal 97. Which one of the following statements is true ? (A) Non-singular square matrix does not have a unique inverse (B) Determinant of a non-singular matrix is zero (C) If A′ = A, then A is a square matrix (D) If A ≠ 0, then A . adj A = A(n - 1) where A = [aij]n × n ANSWERS 1. A 7. B 13. C 19. D 25. B 31. D 37. B 43. B 49. D 55. A 61. D 67. B 2. D 8. B 14. B 20. B 26. D 32. C 38. C 44. C 50. B 56. B 62. A 68. A 3. B 9. D 15. D 21. B 27. C 33. D 39. B 45. B 51. A 57. D 63. A 69. D 73. 79. 85. 91. 97. A B C D C 74. 80. 86. 92. A C A D 75. 81. 87. 93. A A B B 76. 82. 88. 94. D B C A 77. 83. 89. 95. D B B B 78.A 84.B 90.A 96.A

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4. A 10. D 16. B 22. D 28. A 34. B 40. A 46. A 52. C 58. C 64. B 70. C

Entrance Exams ,Engineering colleges in india, Placement details of IITs and NITs

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QUEST TUTORIALS Head Office : E-16/289, Sector-8, Rohini, New Delhi, Ph. 65395439

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5. B 11. D 17. B 23. A 29. B 35. B 41. B 47. A 53. B 59. B 65. C 71. A

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6. D 12.C 18.C 24.A 30.A 36.B 42.C 48.C 54.D 60.B 66.D 72.D

g. c

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