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Progressions
a n +1 + b n +1 If be the A.M. of a & b, a n + bn

1 (C) H.P. 7. (D) None of these

1.

then n = (A) 1 (C) 0 2.

(B) - 1 (D) None of these

If (p + q) th term of a G.P. be m and (p − q)th term be n, then the p th term will be : (A)
1 mn

(B)

mn

The first term of an A.P. is 2 and common difference is 4 . The sum of its 40 terms will be : (A) 3200 (B) 1600 (C) 200 (D) 2800 If the sum of the roots of the equation ax2 + bx + c = 0 be equal to the sum of the reciprocals of their squares, then bc2, ca2, ab2 will be in : (A) A.P. (B) G.P. (C) H.P. (D) None of these If a & b are two different positive real numbers, then which of the following relations is true ? (A) 2 a b > (a + b) (B) 2 a b < (a + b) (C) 2 a b = (a + b) (D) None of these

(C) (m n) 3/2 8.

(D) None of these

4.

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5.

a+c 2 2 (C) b = ac
(A) b = 6.

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If the 4th, 7 th and 10th terms of a G.P. be a, b, c respectively, then the relation between a, b, c is : (B) a2 = bc (D) c2 = ab

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If a 1/x = b1/y = c1/z and a, b, c are in G.P. then x, y, z will be in : (A) A.P. (B) G.P.

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g. c
series

9.

3 + 5 + 7 + ....... to n terms 5 + 8 + 11 + ...... to 10 terms then the value of n is : (A) 35 (B) 36 (C) 37 (D) 40

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3.

If pth, qth, rth and sth terms of an A.P. be in G.P., then (p - q), (q - r), (r - s) will be in : (A) G.P. (B) A.P. (C) H.P. (D) None of these If = 7,

10. The sum of the first n terms of the

1 3 7 15 + ...... is : + + + 2 4 8 16 (A) 2n - n - 1 (B) 1 - 2 -n (C) n + 2 - n - 1 (D) 2n - 1

11. If the arithmetic, geometric & harmonic means between two distinct positive real numbers be A, G & H respectively, then the relation between them is : (A) A > G > H (B) A > G > H (C) H < G < A (D) G > A > H 12. If the arithmetic, geometric & harmonic means between two positive and real numbers be A, G and H, then : (A) A2 = GH (B) H2 = AG (C) G = AH (D) G2 = AH

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2 13. If a1, a2, a3, ...... , an are in A.P., where ai > 0 for all i, then the value of
1 a1 + a2

(A) (C) -

2 n n 2

(B) (D)

2 n n 2

+

1 a2 + a3

+ ...... +

1 a n −1 + a n

=
n+1 a1 + a n

(A)

n−1 a1 + n−1 a1 − an an

(B)

17. Given ax = by = cz = du and a, b, c, d are in G.P., then x, y, z, u are in : (A) A.P. (B) G.P. (C) H.P. (D) None of these 18. The sum to n terms of the infinite series 1.32 + 2.52 + 3.72 + ...... ∞ is (A) (B)

a1 −

an

(A) (C)

xy x +y −1

(B) (D)

xy x+y+1

xy x −y −1

xy x −y +1

15. If A 1, A 2 ; G 1, G 2 & H 1, H 2 be two AM’s, GM’s & HM’s between two

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A1 − A 2 H1 + H 2
A1 − A 2 H1 − H 2

quantities, then the value of

(A)

(C)

A1 + A 2 H1 − H 2

16. If the (m + 1)th, (n + 1)th and (r + 1) th terms of an A.P. are in G.P. & m, n, r are in H.P., then the value of the ratio of the common difference to the first term of the A.P. is :

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A1 + A 2 H1 + H 2

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(B)

(D)

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G1 G 2 is H1 H 2

g. c

14. x = 1 + a + a2 + ...... + ∞ (a < 1) y = 1 + b + b2 + ...... + ∞ (b < 1) Then the value of 1 + ab + a2b2 + ..... ∞ is :

n (n + 1) (2n + 1) (3n + 1) 6 (C) 4n3 + 4n2 + n (D) None of these

19. If a, b, c are in A.P., b, c, d are in G.P. & c, d, e are in H.P., then a, c, e are in : (A) No particular order (B) A.P. (C) G.P. (D) H.P. 20. If 2x, x + 8, 3x + 1 are in A.P., then the value of x will be : (A) 3 (B) 7 (C) 5 (D) - 2 21. The harmonic mean of two numbers is 4 and the arithmetic and geometric means satisfy the relation, 2A + G2 = 27, the numbers are : (A) 6, 3 (B) 5, 4 (C) 5, - 2.5 (D) - 3, 1 22. If the sum of n terms of an A.P. is 2n2 + 5n, then the nth term will be : (A) 4n + 3 (B) 4n + 5

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(C)

(D)

n+1

n (n + 1) (6n2 + 14n + 7) 6

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3 (C) 4n + 6 (D) 4n + 7 (A) (C)
a+b ab

23. If x, 1, z are in A.P. and x, 2, z are in G.P., then x, 4, z will be in : (A) A.P. (B) G.P. (C) H.P. (D) None of these 24. If x, y, z re in G.P. and ax = by = cz, then : (A) loga c = log b a (B) logb a = logc b (C) log c b = loga c (D) None of these 25. If the sum of n terms of an A.P. is nA + n 2B, where A, B are constants, then its common difference will be : (A) A - B (B) A + B (C) 2 A (D) 2 B 26. If the sum of the n terms of G.P. is S product is P and sum of their inverse is R, then P2 is equal to : (A)

(B) (D)
ab a+b

2a b a+b

29. If a, b, c are in A.P., then the straight line ax + by + c = 0 will always pass through the point : (A) (- 1, - 2) (B) (1, - 2) (C) (- 1, 2) (D) (1, 2) 30. If x, y, z re in H.P., then the value of expression, log(x + z) + log(x − 2y + z) will be : (A) log (x - z) (B) 2 log (x - z) (C) 3 log (x - z) (D) 4 log (x - z) 31. The sum of n arithmetic means between a and b is : (A)

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n

g. c
term is (A) (C)

R S
n

(B)

S R

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 R (C)    S

 S (D)    R

a+b (n + 1) (a + b) (C) 2a b 2 (D) (n + 1) (a + b)

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n (a + b ) 2
1 89

(B) n (a + b)

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27. The arithmetic mean of first n natural number :

32. If 5 th term of a H.P. is

1 and 11 th 45

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n−1 (A) 2
n (C) 2

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n +1 (B) 2
(D) n

1 , then its 16th term will be 69
(B) (D)

1 85

28. If A1, A2 are the two A.M.’s between two numbers a & b and G1, G 2 be two G.M.’s between same two numbers, then

1 80

1 79

33. If there are n between 1 &

harmonic means

A1 + A 2 = G1 . G 2

1 and the ratio of 7 th 31 and (n − 1)th harmonic means is 9 : 5, then the value of n will be :

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4 (A) 12 (C) 14 (B) 13 (D) 15 equal to : (A) 1, (C) 1,

34. The sum of infinite terms of a G.P. is x and on squaring the each term of it, the sum will be y, then the common ratio of this series is : (A)
x2 − y2 x2 + y2
x2 − y x2 + y

1 2

(B) 1,

1 3

3 2

(D) None of these

(B)

x2 + y2 x2 − y2

(C)

(D)

x2 + y x2 − y

39. If the product of three terms of G.P. is 512 . If 8 added to first and 6 added to second term, so that number may be in A.P., then the numbers are : (A) 2, 4, 8 (B) 4, 8, 16 (C) 3, 6, 12 (D) None of these 40. If the roots of the equation, x3 - 12x 2 + 39x - 28 = 0 are in A.P., then their common difference will be (A) ± 1 (B) ± 2 (C) ± 3 (D) ± 4

35. If 9 A.M.’s and H.M.’s are inserted between the 2 and 3 and if the harmonic mean H is corresponding to arithmetic mean A, then A + (A) 1 (C) 5 (B) 3 (D) 6

6 = H

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n 1 − xn 1− x

36. If the p th , q th and r th term of a G.P. and H.P. are a, b, c then, a (b − c) log a + b (c − a) log b + c (a − b) log c = (A) - 1 (B) 0 (C) 1 (D) Does not exist

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(A)

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37.The sum of n terms of the following series, 1 + (1 + x) + (1 + x + x 2) + ...... will be :

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1 − xn (A) 1− x

(B)

(

)

(C)

n (1 − x) − x 1 − x n 1− x

(

)

g. c
(B)

41. Let n (> 1) be a positive integer, then the largest integer m such that (nm+1) divides (1 + n + n2 + ...... + n 127), is (A) 32 (B) 63 (C) 64 (D) 127

42. If p, q, r are in A.P. and are positive, the roots of the quadratic equation, px2 + qx + r = 0 are all real for :
r −7 ≥ 4 3 p

(C) All p & r (D) No p & r 43. Let a n be the n th term of the G.P. of
100

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p −7 < 4 3 r

positive numbers . Let

(D) None of these 38.If log3 2 , log 3 (2 x - 5) and

n=1

a2n = α and

7  log 3  2x −  are in A.P., then x is  2
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5
100

n=1

a 2n - 1 = β , such that α ≠ β, then

the common ratio is : (A)
α β

(B)

β α
β α

(C)

α β

(D)

44. Let S n denotes the sum of n terms of

ANSWERS 1. C 7. B 13. A 19. C 25. D 31. A 37. C 43. A 2. A 8. A 14. A 20. C 26. D 32. A 38. D 44. B 3. A 9. A 15. A 21. A 27. B 33. C 39. B 45. A

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4. B 10. C 16. A 22. A 28. A 34. C 40. C

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5. C 11. A 17. C 23. C 29. B 35. C 41. C

c b a , , are in G.P. b+c c+a a +b (D) None of the above

(C)

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6. A 12.D 18.A 24.B 30.B 36.B 42.A

45. If a, b, c are in G.P., then : (A) a2, b2, c 2 are in G.P. (B) a 2 (b + c), c 2 (a + b), b2 (a + c) are in G.P.

g. c

(A) 4 (C) 8

(B) 6 (D) 10

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an A.P. If S2n = 3 Sn, then ratio

S3n = Sn