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MOMENT DISTRIBUTION METHOD OF ANALYSIS
Posted By Gopal Mishra On 25/02/2010 @ 22:01 In Structural Analysis | No Comments
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In the moment distribution method, every joint of the structure to be analysed is fixed so as to develop the fixed-end moments. Then each fixed joint is sequentially released and the fixed-end moments (which by the time of release are not in equilibrium) are distributed to adjacent members until equilibrium is achieved. The moment distribution method in mathematical terms can be demonstrated as the process of solving a set of simultaneous equations by means of iteration. The moment distribution method falls into the category of displacement method of structural analysis. In order to apply the moment distribution method to analyse a structure, the following things must be considered.
Fixed end moments
Fixed end moments are the moments produced at member ends by external loads when the joints are fixed.
The flexural stiffness (EI/L) of a member is represented as the product of the modulus of elasticity (E) and the second moment of area (I) divided by the length (L) of the member. What is needed in the moment distribution method is not the exact value but the ratio of flexural stiffness of all members.
Distribution factors can be defined as the proportions of the unbalanced moments carried by each of the members.
Unbalanced moments are carried over to the other end of the member when the joint is released. The ratio of the carried-over moment at the other end to the fixed-end moment of the initial end is the carryover factor.
Any moment acting clockwise is considered to be positive. This differs from the usual engineer’s sign convention, which employs a Cartesian coordinate system with positive x-axis to the right
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EI respectively. Concentrated load of magnitude support A. In the following calcuations. BC. Framed structures Framed structures with or without sidesway can be analysed using the moment distribution method.. http://theconstructor. resulting in positive moment about the z-axis being counterclockwise. and positive y-axis up.The Constructor » MOMENT DISTRIBUTION METHOD OF ANALYS. Uniform load of intensity .. Member CD is loaded at its midspan with a concentrated load of magnitude .. Carryover factors 2 of 6 9/22/2011 1:52 PM . 2EI. counterclockwise moments are positive.. Members AB. Fixed-end moments Distribution factors The distribution factors of joints A and D are D AB = DDC = 1.org/structural-engg/analysis/moment-distribution-m. CD have the same length Flexural rigidities are EI. acts at a distance from the acts on BC. The statically indeterminate beam shown in the figure is to be analysed.
008 0.500 -12.060 0.555 1.350 1.007 -0.001 0.030 ? -0.017 0 -11. http://theconstructor.300 8.004 0.333 12.569 -10..034 0.246 ? -0. factors Fixed-end moments Step 1 Step 2 Step 3 Step 4 Step 5 Step 6 Step 7 Step 8 Step 9 Step 10 Sum of moments A Joint B Joint C Joint D 0 1 0.The Constructor » MOMENT DISTRIBUTION METHOD OF ANALYS.002 -0..934 -4.739 -0.123 -2.569 11.030 0.657 Numbers in grey are balaced moments. arrows ( ? / ? ) represent the carry-over of moment from one end to the other end of a member.004 ? -0.2727 0.500 -14. Moment distribution .186 -13.034 ? -1.700 -6.7273 0.067 0.090 -0.186 10.700 ? -7.011 -0. The carryover factors are zero.003 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 1.179 -0..493 0.333 -8.246 0.3333 0 0 14.479 -0.org/structural-engg/analysis/moment-distribution-m.067 0. Result Moments at joints determined by the moment distribution method 3 of 6 9/22/2011 1:52 PM ..450 3.015 -0.867 -2. except for the carryover factor from D (fixed support) to C which is Joint Distrib.6667 0.022 -0.
4.The Constructor » MOMENT DISTRIBUTION METHOD OF ANALYS. otherwise it is 0.. the following are the results generated using a matrix method.. and is given by 3. Determine carry-over factors The carry-over factor to a fixed end is always 0. the iterative process was carried to >0. For comparison purposes. Do distribution cycles for all joints simultaneously 4 of 6 9/22/2011 1:52 PM . positive moments cause elongation at the bottom part of a beam member. Moments at joints determined by the matrix method The complete shear and bending moment diagrams are as shown. The fact that the matrix analysis results and the moment distribution analysis results match to 0. Calculate Fixed End Moments.5. Note that the moment distribution method only determines the moments at the joints. These could be due to in-span loads.01 precision. i. 2. 5. http://theconstructor..1). temperature variation and/or relative displacement between the ends of a member.org/structural-engg/analysis/moment-distribution-m. The conventional engineer’s sign convention is used here. Calculate Distribution Factors: The distribution factor DFi of a member connected to any joint J is where S is the rotational stiffness . Developing complete bending moment diagrams require additional calculations using the determined joint moments and internal section equilibrium.. Restrain all possible displacements. Note that in the analysis above.e.001 precision is mere coincidence. (Table 3. SFD and BMD Shear force diagram Bending moment diagram STEPS: 1.0.
This is the sum of all moments (including FEM) computed during the distribution cycles. Specifications.saffesystems.org/structural-engg/analysis/moment-distribution-m.org Standards. Calculation of the carry over moment at the far end of each member..com manufacturer and supplier of Concrete Shutters Did you like this? Share it: 0 Like 2 likes. the joints should be balanced and no carry-over moments are calculated. Order Now! Supply Chain Certificate www.transportation. Calculate the final moment at either end of each member. Sign Up to see what your friends like.NextLevelPurchasing.com Earn your SPSM Certification in Supply Chain Management Concrete Shuttering www. at all joints. Related Topics ANALYSIS OF MOMENT RESISTING FRAME & LATERAL LOAD DISTRIBUTION 5 of 6 9/22/2011 1:52 PM .. Direct from AASHTO Construction Formworks www. the out of balance moment is a negligible value. Each cycle consists of two steps: 1. where Then.WallTies. Moulding Formwork & H-Beam. http://theconstructor. Manuals and Guidelines.bookstore.. 6. Distribution of out of balance moments Mo.The Constructor » MOMENT DISTRIBUTION METHOD OF ANALYS.. where Me Mo FEMi Mi DFi is the external moment applied to the joint (if any) is the total out of balance moment at the joint the fixed-end moment moment distributed to any member distribution factor of member i at the member end connected to the joint 1. The procedure is stopped when. AASHTO Design Guides www.com Best Mfr of Timber H Beam. In this case.
moment distribution…)? MOMENT AREA METHOD SLOPE & DEFLECTION USING MOMENT AREA METHOD PARTICLE SIZE DISTRIBUTION BY HYDROMETER METHOD Article printed from The Constructor: http://theconstructor.org URL to article: http://theconstructor...org/structural-engg/analysis/moment-distributionmethod-of-analysis/1444/ 6 of 6 9/22/2011 1:52 PM . conjugate beam.org/structural-engg/analysis/moment-distribution-m. influence lines. Sample problems? (Moment area.. http://theconstructor..The Constructor » MOMENT DISTRIBUTION METHOD OF ANALYS.
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