Also available in Bangladesh,Nepal, Bhutan, Sri Lanka, UAE

War of the Chipsets The New Knoppix
Linux-on-a-disk packed with
more features now! 98
20 Cool Phones Tested
Play multimedia or work on
office files with equal élan 52
Whack Web Videos Total Erasure
Clear your data permanently before
discarding old hardware 75
Samsung SE-B026
Blu-Ray done in style 39
Nvidia’s 680i slugs it out
with Intel’s 975X 66
Like that clip on Youtube.com?
Learn how to save it! 111
Computers don’t grow old, they just move on to doing different things! From
file hosting to serving the Internet, breathe new life into your old PC 30
January 2007 Volume 4 Issue 2 Rs 100
EDlTORlAL
J/lu/RY ZJJ/

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INIELLIßENI 6üMFüIINß 6hIF

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7
A
fler lhe vacalioning and parlving, posl·Chrislnas and Ñew Year is lhe line where
people null over whal lhe vear ahead wilhholds. 2006 has had ils share of genre·
defning innovalions-lhe inlroduclion of nulli·core processors, spiraling cellular
adoplion and lhe Blu·Fav disk slandard are jusl lhe slarl of a lisl of lechnologv waves
lhal surfaced lhis vear. The slage is clearlv sel for all lhese innovalions lo lranslale inlo
real·world applicalions. Coing bv whal í´ve seen in lhe vear gone bv, í believe lhere are
several seclors of lechnologv lhal are likelv lo peak lhis vear:
User-generaIed cønIenI: ve´ve seen il happening wilh lhe blog phenonenon.
The opinion of lhe nasses is a powerful lhing, lean lhal up wilh lhe convenience
of gelling lhoughls, raves and ranls onlo a publiclv viewable plalforn and we´ve a
polenl conbinalion. Fron inHuencing legal rulings lo laking up cudgels againsl lhe
eslablishnenl, we´ve seen a nunber of viclories lhis vear-powered bv lhe people.
Supplenenling lhis lrend is lhe abililv lo access and use lhe ínlernel fron nobile
devices. CPFS and CDíA·based dala services have signifcanllv slabilized lo provide
highlv usable and available services. And users are beginning lo ulilize lhen in inleresling
wavs-applicalions like lhe Opera íini browser, Ñokia´s LifeBlog and YouTube lel people
upload conlenl crealed on lheir phones (fron lexl lo piclures and even videosì wilh lhe
sinplicilv of a few clicks, wilhin a naller of seconds. Services for hosling and nanaging
lhis lvpe of user·generaled conlenl will be a big growlh feld lhis vear.
The v¡suaí e×per¡ence: Fron lhe user inlerface on vour cell phone lo desklop operaling
svslens, focus is now on lhe visual aspecl. Fron lhe frivolilv of glossv bullons
and lranslucenl windows lo lhe inporlance in user inlerfaces enhancenenls lhal
facililale inproved usage, devices will incorporale beller graphics lhan ever before.
ve are alreadv sensing lhe beginning of lhis lrend wilh several producl nanufaclurers
readving lhenselves for conpliance wilh íicrosofl´s Visla´s graphicallv denanding
Aero inlerface. ve´re even seeing lhe graphical elenenl being plaved up in devices like
cell phone screens. Adding lo lhis is lhe adoplion of porlable ganing and nullinedia
devices, a la iPod and PSP.
SI¡ffer øní¡ne IhreaIs: You will have noliced lhal lhe vear gone bv was narked wilh
an uneasv spurl in lhe nunber of span nails and olher such allacks on our dala.
vilh íicrosofl´s new operaling svslen poised for deplovnenl across nillions of PCs
evervwhere, hackers will undoubledlv see lhis as an opporlune line lo revive lheir
nefarious plans of exploiling vulnerabililies. vhile users and conpanies increasinglv
conducl lheir businesses online, lhe volune of silualions for hackers lo lap inlo will
swell. This vear, having rock·solid desklop securilv should be lopnosl on people´s lisl.
A redeñn¡I¡øn øf brøadband: There will be changes lhis vear in bolh speed of ínlernel
access and lariff. vilh lhe groundwork having being laid over lhe pasl vear, lhere should
be signifcanl anounl of heallhv conpelilion which will onlv resull in a drop in prices.
Perhaps lhen can lhe verv defnilion of ´broadband´ be upscaled lo nalch inlernalional
norns-reliable conneclions wilh speeds of 3 ípbs and bevond.
As Brilish econonisl E F Schunacher said, ¨í cannol predicl lhe fulure, bul í can
have nv sail readv.¨ í wish vou all lhe slrenglh and wisdon in readving vour sail lo
wealher lhe winds of lechnologv in 2007.
| Marco AngeIo D'Souza
¬ MARCODSOUZACHIPINDIACOM
ln the year ahead.
The stage
is set for
innovations
to transIate
into reaI-worId
appIications
10
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INIELLIßENI 6üMFüIINß 6hIF

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J/lu/RY ZJJ/
Centents
NEW$WI8E
20 $paæ ßets $oeakier
Ñew spanning lechniques like
ínage Span and lhe use of
bolnels are naking il lougher lo
block span. Bul anli·spanners
are fghling back wilh repulalion
fllers and SenderBase.
2ë Ihe 3ß 8oad Ahead
Ñew generalion lools are changing
lhe wav novie producers, gane
developers, engineers and designers
are bringing lheir concepls lo 3D life.
6ü¥E8 $Iü8¥
30 20 Ihiogs Io ßo With ¥our
üId F6
Bring vour old PC back lo life
bv lurning il inlo a server, an
allernale zone for enlerlainnenl
needs, backups and nore...
hA8ßWA8E
38 Iop ßear
The all·black, sleek Sansung
Blu·rav wriler and lhe íSí P965
Plalinun nolherboard are sone of
lhe chief allraclions lhis nonlh.
52 MobiIe MarveIs
Snarl phones and PDAs replele
wilh fealures lhal serve business
as well as enlerlainnenl needs.
ë2 Figæeoted Friotiog
Break awav fron convenlional
color inks lhal oflen resull in color
bleeding. Trv pignenl inks inslead.
ëë War oI the 6hipsets
vhich one is beller-Ñvidia
630i or ínlel 975X? Find oul...
12 FuII IhrottIe
ve review one of lhe
neanesl ganing nachines lo
lrespass our Tesl Cenler.
15 Freveot Fryiog
There nighl be people naking
nonev off lhe dala in vour old
slorage devices lhal vou had
sold-lhe sane dala which vou
lhoughl vou had deleled. Learn how
lo pernanenllv erase dala fron
old hardware before selling lhen.
AFFLI6AIIüN$
82 $oItware 6eoter
The bunch of cool applicalions
reviewed lhis nonlh include an
Offce lool, an inage viewer, an
ínlernel securilv and nore...
88 $aIe Web ßrowsers!
The lalesl browsers are here-and
so are lhe lalesl lhreals. Find oul
which one of lhese effeclivelv
prolecls vou againsl hackers.
94 $ecurity io the üIhce
Dala lhefl is a prine concern for
BPOs and olher organizalions.
So conpuler and peripherals
nanufaclurers are now inlegraling
securilv fealures in producls. ve
lake a look al whal´s on offer.
98 A-Live aod kickiog
One of lhe frsl Live CD·based
Linux dislribulions, Knoppix
cones wilh a plelhora of
fealures in ils lalesl avalar.
30 2ë 52
Ihe 3ß 8oad Ahead MobiIe MarveIs 6over $tory
J/lu/RY ZJJ/

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INIELLIßENI 6üMFüIINß 6hIF

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11
IANUAk¥ 2007
hANß$ üN
10ë $hare your Ioteroet
Do vou have nore lhan one
conpuler and a single broadband
conneclion? This slep·bv·slep
workshop lells vou how lo
share lhal ínlernel pipeline
anong olher conpulers.
108 FßF FIuses
PDF is lhe nosl popular docunenl
fornal due lo lhe nunerous
advanlages il offers-prolecled
access, OS and plalforn
independence, enbedded objecls,
free reader, and nore. Converl
vour lexl docunenl lo PDF using
freelv available soflware.
111 $aviog Web ¥ideos
TV recordings, fln lrailers, elc are
jusl sone of lhe free enbedded
video lvpes lhal websiles such
as Youlube and Coogle offer. Bul
nosl of lhese siles don´l allow
saving lhen on vou PC. Are
lhere soflware which can help
vou do lhal? ve lell vou here...
11ë $treaæiog 6oosciousoess
Sinple lips on how lo share
audio and video conlenl across
conpulers on vour local nelwork.
üNWINß
130 NßA Live 01
Chuck crickel or foolball al
lhe nonenl. Trv vour hand al
baskelball inslead. Learn lhe
noves and sel lhe courl on fre
in EA Sporls´ lalesl gane.
131 $pIioter 6eII
Plav lhe role of a Double Agenl in
lhis gane of spine·chilling aclion.
132 $æackdowo vs 8AW 2001
Slep inlo lhe ring and nasler lhe
challenges of lhis vvE version.
ëë 94 10ë
F8üßü6I$ IE$IEß
hardware $taodaIooes 38
Samsuhg SE-B026
Lehovo ThihkCehIre A60
ACÌ DimiO
MSÌ P965 PlaIihum
SeagaIe PushBuIIoh Backup 750 GB
HP DeskieI K550
Samsuhg CLP-300
BÌG GeForce 7600GS
Level Ohe PLÌ-2020
Zebrohics Peace
Blues ATX-450A
Trahscehd JeIFlash v30 1GB
War oI the 6hipsets $ecurity io the üIhce $hare your Ioteroet
8EßüLA8$
Letters 11
Technolouv Landscaoe 79
ür. ChlF 100
Tios & Tricks 120
Townsuuare 131
Last Word 118
$oItware/ßaæe ßeæos Ieatured
oo the 6hIF ߥß
Adobe Acrobat FroIessiooaI 8 º kNüFFIk 5.0.1
$ysteæ 8escue 6ß º IrIao¥iew 3.99
Ioteroet ExpIorer 1 º $corched3ß
$pIioter 6eII. ßoubIe Ageot º FIatüut 2
For a couolete listinu turn to Fage 133
<:C:G6AB6C6<:G"EJ7A>H=>C<
Krishna Tewari
:9>IDG
Marco Anuelo ü'Souta
H:C>DG8DEN:9>IDG
Sharuistha üev
LG>I:GH
Ashutosh üesai, Sharon Lobo, Francis ü'Sa
I:HI8:CI:G
Anand Tuliani, Kunal Fuoera
9:H><C
Jaudish Liubachiva, Frauod Jadhav,
heuali 0andhi, Manoj Tandel,
uuesh üahiwalkar, Sachin Fandit, Favi Faruar
E=DID:9>IDG
Shiresh F Karrale
BJAI>B:9>6L:7
heuant Charva
HE:8>6AEGD?:8IH
:9>IDG"EGD?:8IH
ßrian Fereira
HJ7":9>IDG
Charuaine Fernandes

LG>I:GH
vijav 0eorue, Saroni Fov, Kiuberlv Fernandet

7JH>C:HH=:69
0anesh Lakshuanan
=:69D;;>8:
lntelliuent Cououtinu Chio,
TßW Fublishinu & Media Fvt. Ltd.
`A' Winu, Fubv house, 2nd Floor, J.K. Sawant Maru,
üadarlWI, Muubai - 100 028. lNülA
Fhone. l91 22I 21232323, Fax. l91 22I 2130 2707
E-uail. couuent@chio-india.cou
Sauar Salunkhe
sauars@infouediaindia.cou
Mruuesh Fatel
uruuesh.oatel @infouediaindia.cou
hafeet Shaikh
hafeet.shaikh@infouediaindia.cou
7G6C8=D;;>8:H
ßaogaIore
harish Kauat
harish.kauat@infouediaindia.cou
Fhone. l080I559 7282,83,81 Fax. l080I559 7285
6heooai
0 K 0uruuurthv
uuruuurthv@infouediaindia.cou
Fhone. l011I 28295050-51 Fax. l011I 282950ë0
6ochio
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viver@infouediaindia.cou
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koIkata
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Fhone. l033I 21ë8ë37, 21ë8ë38 Fax. l033I 21ë29ë1
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Chhatra Chhetri
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Jitendra 0uota
jitendra.uuota@infouediaindia.cou
8>G8JA6I>DC
NatiooaI 6ircuIatioo Maoager
Kuuar Mohanani
kuuar.uohanani @infouediaindia.cou
HJ7H8G>EI>DCH
Surekha Fendse, Sarita 0uadros
E-uail. custouercare@infouediaindia.cou
Tel. ÷91 22 2123 2801 / 05 Fax. ÷91 22 2130 2707
$üß$68IßE üNLINE at eshoo.infouediaindia.cou
8=>E>CI:GC6I>DC6A
EditoriaI 6oosuItaot IoteroatiooaI
Wolfuanu Su, Foccistrabe 11, 8033ë Munchen
6hIF is aIso pubIished io the IoIIowiog couotries
China
Ctech Feoublic
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Coovriuht 2001 lNTELLl0ENT C0MFuTlN0 ChlF
For all international subscriotion enuuiries, contact the
subscriotion deoartuent, lntelliuent Cououtinu ChlF
lsubscriotion@chio-india.couI.
lntelliuent Cououtinu ChlF is orinted bv A. S. vadiwala
and oublished bv K. v. Fao on behalf of TßW Fublishinu
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Flot No.3, Sector 7, 0ff Sion-Fanvel Foad, Nerul, Navi Muubai
- 100 70ë and oublished at TßW Fublishinu and Media Fvt. Ltd.,
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is an internationallv orotected tradeuark owned bv
vouel ßurda Couuunication 0ubh
6over ßesigo. Frauod Jadhav
IIIustratioo. Sachin Fandit
?6CJ6GN'%%,qKDAJB:)q>HHJ:'
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AoiI FhiIip
üirector - Transaction ßusiness,
Lenovo lndia
lûVEMBER ZJJc | lNTELLl0ENT C0MFuTlN0 ChlF
LETTERS
14
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INIELLIßENI 6üMFüIINß 6hIF

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J/lu/RY ZJJ/
HeIIo Marco,
í an sure lhal bv lhe line vou receive lhis nail,
vour nailbox will be Hooded wilh congralulalorv
greelings on lhe overwhelning success of
CHíP, for lhe lhird vear running. í would like lo
convev nv hearliesl congralulalions loo. í don´l
know if vou renenber, bul í cane down lo vour
offce a few nonlhs ago-as parl of a survev
conducled bv vour nagazine lo inprove lhe
qualilv of ils various conponenls.
Trulv, CHíP has inproved signifcanllv
over lhe pasl lhree vears. Your new DVD is
speclacular, and so are lhe conlenls (surelv
exclusive as vou said in vour edilorialì. í would
like vou guvs lo include sonelhing nore-like a
novie or a full version gane or soflware.
Once again, congralulalions on vour lhird
anniversarv and í wish vou all lhe verv besl for
lhe vear lhal lies ahead.
Fegards,
Ameya Raje
Dear Ameya,
Nany Ihanks før Ihe v¡shes før øur
ann¡versary ¡ssue. ÌI speíís Ihe resuíI øf
severaí ¡mprøvemenIs ve've made Iø var¡øus
aspecIs øf CHÌF-v¡Ih¡n Ihe magaz¡ne, øn øur
cøver d¡sk as veíí, as veíí as øur vebs¡Ie.
Of cøurse, aíí øf Ihese changes are dr¡ven
by Ihe reguíar feedback ve rece¡ve frøm
øur readers. Ìn Ih¡s nev age, Ihe needs øf
øur readers are chang¡ng, and ve are øníy
Iøø gíad Iø respønd Iø Ihem1 Yøu can íøøk
førvard Iø Ih¡ngs í¡ke fuíí vers¡øn games
and møv¡es ¡n øur ¡ssues ahead-ve are
aíready vørk¡ng øn Ih¡s and e×pecI Iø
¡ncørpøraIe møre such gøød¡es
¡n øur magaz¡ne ¡n Ihe cøm¡ng
mønIhs.
As Ì menI¡øned ¡n my ed¡Iør¡aí,
Ì íøøk førvard Iø spec¡ñc feedback
øn aíí øf Ihese changes. Here's Iø
mak¡ng yøur magaz¡ne even beIIer
¡n Ihe year ahead.
Cheers,
Marco
Dear Marco,
í nusl sav-all vou folks al CHíP have lrulv
ouldone vourselves wilh lhis fanlaslic issue.
There has never been sonelhing like lhis before.
í don´l know where lo begin, so í´ll nole il all in
poinls.
1H£ LA¥DU1: There has been lrenendous
inprovenenl in lhis regard, especiallv wilh lhe
producl reviews. íls lavoul is nuch easier on lhe
eves and lhe reviews inparl concise vel core
infornalion aboul lhe producl.
1H£ DVD: íls enhancenenl was long pending and
is lhe nosl praclical change vou´ve inlroduced. í
have all lhe pasl issues of CHíP, fron Decenber
2003 lo dale. í also have all lhe CDs lhal cane
wilh lhen. íl was gelling diffcull lo slore lhese
al nv place since vou increased lhe nunber of
disks fron one lo lwo, and lhen fron lwo lo
lhree. í´n glad vou wenl back lo jusl one disk!
DVD CDN1£N15: Since vou now provide sofl
copies of vour pasl issues on DVD, í can now
discard nv older hard copies of CHíP. The resl
of lhe DVD conlenl is noulh walering. The new
inlerface nakes for quick localion of conlenl,
and is verv easv on lhe eves.
CHIP 1£AM: íl was nice lo fnallv gel lo know all
lhe folks who are responsible for pulling CHíP
logelher each nonlh. Hearlv congralulalions lo
lhe lean for a job well done!
8£51 PkDDUC15 Df 1H£ ¥£Ak: This lisl was lhe
nosl infornalive parl-lhe ullinale reference
guide for conpuler enlhusiasls and novices who
aspire lo assenble a new PC, or lo upgrade one.
However, í believe lhis lisl is solelv based on
perfornance wilh lillle or no consideralion for
lhe value for nonev aspecl. í suggesl fulure
lisls also include a producl lhal is sonewhere
belween lhe besl perforner and lhe besl
value-a producl lhal slrikes a good balance
belween lechnologv/fealures & price, based
on praclicalilv. Also in lhe nolherboard lisl, vou
have nenlioned lhal lhere is a review of lhe
Ñvidia nForce 630i in lhe Decenber issue. í
didn´l fnd il anvwhere!
HAND5 DN: This issue has been lhe besl in
lhis regard, wilh so nanv praclical lopics lhal
have been well explained. Especiallv laudable
is lhe arlicle on Hashing a graphics card and
overclocking il. An excellenl job!!
Fegards,
Karan Nandwani
letters
JbZh]9V]^lVa`Vg
LETTERS
16
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INIELLIßENI 6üMFüIINß 6hIF

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J/lu/RY ZJJ/
HeIIo Karan,
There's nøIh¡ng IhaI píeases us and enIhuses
us møre Ihan Iø see øur magaz¡ne br¡ng
fuíñíímenI Iø øur readers. We're gíad IhaI yøu
have nøI¡ced Ihe changes ve've made Iø øur
magaz¡ne. These vere døne v¡Ih Ihe e×press
¡nIenI øf ou¡cker ¡nførmaI¡øn deí¡very, vh¡íe
ma¡nIa¡n¡ng a h¡gh sense øf des¡gn. We are
aísø gíad Iø reguíaríy øffer yøu øur pasI
¡ssues ¡n FDF førmaI-be¡ng searchabíe
and pørIabíe, ve beí¡eve ¡I v¡íí have enabíe
a much v¡der crøss secI¡øn øf Iechnøíøgy
enIhus¡asIs Iø have access Iø øur cønIenI.
Yøu are cørrecI-Ihe BesI FrøducIs Annuaí
¡s e×cíus¡veíy a¡med aI h¡ghí¡ghI¡ng Ihe besI
perførm¡ng Iechnøíøg¡es and prøducIs øf
Ihe year. S¡nce pr¡ces øf prøducIs change
s¡gn¡ñcanIíy øver I¡me, ¡I becømes d¡fñcuíI
Iø avard a g¡ven prøducI mønIhs afIer ¡I
¡s reíeased. Ìn Ihe case øf perførmance
høvever, ¡I ¡s nøI Ihe case-a v¡nn¡ng
prøducI sIays a v¡nner1 BuI Ihanks før
Ihe feedback-ve v¡íí e×píøre meIhøds Iø
¡ncørpøraIe Ihe vaíue eíemenI ¡n øur annuaí
prøducI røundup gø¡ng ahead.
Cheers,
Marco
Dear CHIP,
Kudos for a brillianl Decenber issue! ín
parlicular, í enjoved lhe Hands On seclion and
DVD conlenls. íl´s nice lo see CHíP in PDF.
Do consider hosling lhese PDFs on lhe CHíP
websile loo. The arlicle ´vhal´s in a gane´ was
well done. íavbe vou can do sone in·deplh
reviews of upconing graphics and ganing
lechnologies (such as Crvsisì, when lhese are
unveiled.
The DVD inlerface is quile inluilive and
fresh, lhough í lhink a fair anounl of screen
space is wasled, due lo lhe conparalivelv
snall inlerface. Thanks for noving lo lhe dual
laver DVD. íavbe vou can fll lhe 3CB on lhe
DVD wilh sone nore produclivilv soflware,
nullinedia lools and ganes-inslead of Linux
dislribulions.
í believe lhe coning vear is going lo wilness
greal advancenenls in lechnologv-vindows
Visla and lhe new íS Offce suile are eagerlv
anlicipaled. í hope CHíP brings us lhe fner
delails of lhese lwo new direclions in desklop
soflware. DireclX 10 and advanced graphics
cards would herald a new generalion in lhe
visual conpuling space. Laplops are gelling
nore nullinedia and ganer friendlv lhese
davs, while prices are sleadilv dropping. And
lhis nakes il increasinglv diffcull lo undersland
confguralions and nake buving decisions!
And lhal´s whv we expecl CHíP lo guide us
lhrough lhe righl producls, lhrough reviews and
lechnologv insighls.
The inprovenenls lhal are so visible in
vour anniversarv issue are laudable. And í hope
and wish lhal lhev work loward naking CHíP
increasinglv beller!
Fegards
Abhijit SamaI
Dear Abhijit,
The year ahead ¡s Iruíy gø¡ng Iø mark
nev beg¡nn¡ngs acrøss var¡øus secIørs
øf Iechnøíøgy-ch¡ef amøng Ihem be¡ng
øperaI¡ng sysIems (v¡Ih Ihe íaunch øf
N¡crøsøfI V¡sIa) and v¡suaí cømpuI¡ng
(vhere v¡rIuaííy every parI øf yøur cømpuI¡ng
e×per¡ence v¡íí be graph¡caííy dr¡ven). NøI
]usI gam¡ng, buI even Ihe very øperaI¡ng
sysIem ¡s gø¡ng Iø møve Iøvard a møre
v¡suaííy appeaí¡ng ¡nIerface and ¡ncreased
use øf v¡suaí cues. Over Ihe pasI year, ve
have aíready seen sIr¡des ¡n Ihe graph¡caí
capab¡í¡Iy øf even enIry-íeveí cømpuIers,
íapIøps and ceííuíar phønes. Graph¡caí
enhancemenIs v¡íí IransíaIe ¡nIø møre
¡nIu¡I¡ve usage, vh¡ch ve e×pecI v¡íí resuíI ¡n
a bøøsI ¡n øveraíí prøducI¡v¡Iy. And yes, ve
pían Iø demysI¡fy each øf Ihese Iechnøíøg¡es
før yøu as søøn as Ihey h¡I Ìnd¡an shøres1
Thanks før yøur v¡shes, cømmenIs and
cømpí¡menIs øn øur ann¡versary ¡ssue. Løøk
førvard Iø cønI¡nued enhancemenIs ¡n Ihe
¡ssues ahead.
Cheers,
Marco
letters
lCC0 That was a fun cover storv 7007
New yeu can
SMS
us!
$ioce we Iike koowiog what's oo
your æiod aod what you thiok about
our æagatioe, we oow briog you
aoother way to get io touch with us.
have soæethiog to say about a test
review! Liked a Ieature story! Was
the workshop useIuI! $M$ us your
Ieedback!
here's how.
For coææeots oo a story, create
the IoIIowiog æessage.
I66ü <¥our coææeots here>
ExaæpIe. I66ü Ihe cover story was
very useIuI
¥ou cao write as æuch as you waot
io your coææeot!
Io rate a story, product review, etc
Iook out Ior the story tag at the base
oI each articIe aod use it as IoIIows.
I66F <$tory tag> <8atiog>
ExaæpIe. I66F FW$ 5
Ihe ¨$tory tag" is æeotiooed at
the base oI every story io the
æagatioe aod the ¨8atiog" is oo
a scaIe oI 1 to 5.
FioaIIy, seod your æessages to
1001.
6heers!
With hundreds of SMSes sent to us, this new
feedback svsteu has evoked treuendous
resoonse. 0oinu ahead, we're usinu what vou're
savinu to incoroorate chanues into our content.
Keeo it couinu!
20
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J/lu/RY ZJJ/
h
ow nanv span nessages did
vou gel lodav? ve wouldn´l
be surprised if nine oul of 10
nessages are unsoliciled. íf vou open
sone of lhen, expecl lo fnd new lhings
like enbedded inages wilh adverlising
nessages.
The volune of span on lhe ínlernel
has doubled since 2005. According lo
eslinales fron íronPorl Svslens, a naker
of e·nail and web securilv appliances,
73 billion span nessages lraverse lhe
ínlernel each dav. ín lerns of bvle size,
lhal´s nore lhan 700 lerabvles of dala.
According lo íronPorl, 90 percenl of
span on lhe ínlernel is senl fron bolnels
lhal conprise several lhousand PCs, lhese
PCs are conlrolled bv soflware known
as bols. Unknown lo lhe owners, lhese
renolelv conlrolled PCs or ´zonbies´ send
oul a Hood of span. Their íPs appear
legilinale and no spanning fller can
block all íPs.
¨ve are losing lhe war on span,¨ savs
Palrick Pelerson, VP, Technologv, íronPorl
Svslens. ¨íf we block 90 percenl of span
and 10 percenl is delivered, spanners will
send fve lines nore span believing lhal
nore will gel lhrough lhe fllers.¨
Spanners are conslanllv fnding new
wavs lo beal lhe span fllers. One such
lechnique is ínage Span, which was
unknown a vear ago. Todav, as nuch as 25
percenl of all junk nail is inage span.
Iæage spaæ cao æutate!
ínage Span is a JPEC or CíF fle
allached lo a nessage. Thal´s nolhing
new, and spanners have been allaching
pornographic inages for vears. Bul now
lhe inage conlains wordings of lhe
adverlisenenl. Since lhe lexl fron lhe
spanner is acluallv parl of lhe inage, il
slips lhrough lhe fllers.
Such span usuallv announces a hol
slock or hawk drugs like Viagra al low
cosl rales. The lradilional donain blocking
lechniques used bv fllers becone
ineffeclive since spanners enplov
bolnels, conprising lhousands of user
PCs lo send oul span.
¨ínage span has a verv high volune,
and il is verv hard lo slop. íl usuallv
bvpasses nanv fealures used in anli·span
svslens. Unlike nosl span, il does nol
have a link or plain lexl. Even if lexl is
used, il is junbled and lhe lexl pallern
varies belween nails,¨ savs Pelerson.
Fillering conpanies have found wavs
lo block inage span. Their fllers analvze
lhe lexl in lhe inage using lechniques
like oplical characler recognilion. íl lhen
creales a rule and updales fllers on íSP
and privale nelworks. Laler, when lhis
inage span arrives, lhe fller will analvze,
recognize, and block il.
Bul spanners wenl one slep ahead
and crealed inages wilh dol pallerns
inlerspersed wilhin lhe lexl. Thal
lechnique confused lhe span fller. Using
clever progranning lechniques, lhe dol
pallern in lhe inage span would change
for everv copv of lhal span. Call il lhe
case of lhe nulaling inage span!
Sone spanners also use differenl
Spam gets sneakier
Just when we thought our spam fiIters were in pIace, someone got smarter
and devised techniques Iike Image Spam and URL Spam. But technoIogies Iike
Reputation FiIters and SenderBase can counter these new threats. BY BRIAN PEREIRA
N
£
W
S
W
l
k
£
$M$ us! Storv code. NF$ lSee Faue 1ë for detailsI
NEWSWlRE
J/lu/RY ZJJ/

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INIELLIßENI 6üMFüIINß 6hIF

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21
colors for backgrounds in lhe inages or
pul graphic pallerns in lhe backgrounds.
ínage splicing is anolher lechnique
used lo evade fllers. The inage is spliced
inlo separale inage fles. These fles are
allached lo lhe nail and senl lo a largel.
Thev slip pasl lhe fllers, arrive al lhe
largel PC and are lhen slilched logelher
so lhal lhe recipienl can see lhen.
vilh such innovalive lechniques,
lradilional nelhods for blocking span
seen quile useless. Thal´s whv anli·span
conpanies are resorling lo enlirelv new
approaches. íronPorl Svslens for inslance,
devised SenderBase back in 2003. And il
clains lhal lhis lechnologv can block nore
lhan 30 percenl of all span.
$eoderßase to the rescue
SenderBase is an e·nail lraffc noniloring
service crealed bv íronPorl Svslens. íl
enplovs a cenlral dalabase and uses lhe
ínlernel. SenderBase collecls dala fron
nore lhan 100,000 íSPs, universilies, and
corporalions around lhe world. íl analvzes
lhe lraffc and calegorizes il, based on 110
paranelers.
Here´s a lvpical scenario. íf a
conpuling svslen suddenlv slarls sending
oul an unusuallv high volune of dala on
lhe ínlernel, SenderBase will analvze lhal
dala and lhe source nelwork. The dala
is checked againsl 110 allribules and a
repulalion score is crealed, il records
lhe íP address of lhe e·nail source and
lhe corresponding repulalion score in ils
dalabase.
This score is lhen pushed lo lhe e·nail
securilv appliances used bv íronPorl
cusloners. These appliances nainlain
a sel of ´repulalion fllers´ based on lhe
score and lhe corresponding source íP
address. Using repulalion fllers, íronPorl
clains ils e·nail securilv appliances can
block 30 percenl span al lhe perineler of
lhe nelwork.
íronPorl has jusl exlended lhis
lechnologv lo lhe veb. vebsiles lhal are
suspecled lo be nalicious are analvzed
based on nunerous paranelers, and lhen
given a score. Using lhe sane SenderBase
lechnologv and dalabase, lhis score and
íP are pushed lo íronPorl veb securilv
appliances on cusloner nelworks.
Olher securilv conpanies are also
crealing sonelhing sinilar lo SenderBase,
inforns Pelerson. ¨ín facl evervone is
now lalking aboul lhings like scores and
repulalion fllers.¨
Bul íronPorl cannol lackle lhis
problen single·handedlv. Pelerson savs
íronPorl Svslens is keen lo work wilh
olher securilv conpanies, íSPs, and
governnenls lo fghl lhe ballle againsl
span. ín facl, il includes Svnanlec´s
Brighlíail lechnologv in SenderBase.
And íronPorl licenses SenderBase dala
lo lhe open·source connunilv and olher
inslilulions lhal are parlicipaling in lhe
fghl againsl span.
íl will be inleresling lo know how a
unifed efforl will evenluallv pul an end lo
lhe span nenace.
The Senderßase database oushes reoutation scores and lFs of e-uail sources to lronFort e-uail and web
securitv aooliances. These aooliances test incouinu uails and web traffic auainst its reoutation filters
The iuaue text is intersoersed with dot oatterns.
Soau filters thus find it difficult to analvte the
wordinus in the iuaue. Moreover, the dot oatterns
chanue between soau uessaues
ln soue cases, the filters are fooled bv outtinu
uraohic oatterns in the backuround of the
iuaue. Each soau uesssaue has a different
backuround color or oattern
The iuaue in the soau uessaue is solit into
seoarate oarts and sent to the recioient. The
seoarate iuaues are stitched touether on
arrival
lmage spam and Ukl spam sampIes
NEWSWlRE
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INIELLIßENI 6üMFüIINß 6hIF

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W
e´ve all heard of solar cells. Fron
dinkv lillle calculalors and digilal
walches lhal populale Hea narkels lo
panels lhal power orbiling salelliles, solar
power has been around for decades. The
biggesl problen lhal scienlisls have been
grappling wilh is exlracling lhe nosl
power fron a given size of solar panel. A
new breaklhrough on
lhe horizon could be lhe
answer lo lheir efforls.
Scienlisls fron lhe
Universilv of Tokvo
have discovered wavs
lo fabricale exlrenelv
snall lubes-jusl
16 nanonelres in
dianeler-which behave a lol like lhe
lighl·harvesling anlennae used bv cerlain
lvpes of bacleria during lhe process
of pholosvnlhesis. These nano·lubes
are operalionallv sinilar lo lhe panels
used on salelliles, albeil on a far snaller
scale. Thev are fabricaled using special
conpounds lhal reacl lo pholons received
fron lhe oulside world and release
eleclrons wilhin lhe lube lhal resull in an
eleclric currenl.
ín ils presenl forn, lhe lubes are nol
able lo generale a signifcanllv high level
of currenl for praclical purposes bul
scienlisls are working on enhancenenls
for lhe fabricalion nalerial in order lo
up lhe currenl generalion
capabililv lo a level lhal will
one dav be high enough
lo power ullra·linv devices
like nano·robols and
nicro·nachines. Since lhev
share such close operaling
principles wilh organisns
like bacleria, scienlisls are
also working on fusing living organisns
wilh nanocables lo creale hvbrid crealures
lhal can lhen be deploved lo perforn
various lasks lhal cannol be achieved wilh
currenl lools. vhen lhese innovalions see
lhe lighl of dav, novie buffs will be happv
lo see lhe fclion in ¨Fanlaslic Journev¨
and ¨ínner Space¨, becone facl.
üuicker thao FIash
0
iven lhe increasing use of lhunb
drives, nobile phones and íP3
plavers, one lhe nosl signifcanl
lechnologies driving lhis lrend is Flash
nenorv. Ñow available in a varielv of
forn faclors and slorage capacilies,
Flash nenorv is clearlv lhe nelhod of
choice for carrving vour fles around. Be
il inporlanl dala or vour favorile íP3s,
Flash nenorv devices have broughl
aboul plenlv of convenience and speed
in porling our dala. Bul lhe rale al which
lhis lrend is beconing nainslrean,
il jusl nighl be on ils wav lo plaving
second fddle lo lhe nexl lechnologv.
Scienlisls fron íBí, íacronix and
Oinonda have crealed a lvpe of nenorv
lhal pronises lo run aboul 500 lines
fasler lhan lodav´s Flash nenorv. Beller
slill, il requires jusl half lhe power. And if
vou lhoughl il couldn´l gel anv beller, il
is also phvsicallv snaller. Bul don´l lhrow
awav vour lrusled Flash drive as vel: lhis
lechnologv-known as Phase Change
íenorv-is slill a while awav fron
hilling lhe slore shelves.
The supernalerial lhal enables all
of lhese advanlages is a gernaniun·
anlinonv allov lhal researchers have
spiced up wilh a special concoclion of
addilional elenenls lo deliver all of lhese
properlies. Considering a palenl has
alreadv been fled for lhis new nalerial,
lhe confdence levels for lhe fulure of
lhis lechnologv is high indeed. Bul lhe
success of lhis lechnologv (like anv olher
lechnologvì would be diclaled bv several
faclors-induslrv adoplion, fabricalion
cosls, nenorv lifespan elc. Bul if il
does pick up, vou can expecl snaller
and lighler gadgels boasling slorage
capacilies lhal are orders of nagnilude
grealer lhan whal we see lodav.
$oIar power reioveoted
F
ron bionic linbs lo exlra·sensorv
hearing lo svnlhesized voice svslens,
invenlors have alwavs dreanl of
enhancing lhe hunan facullies. On lhe
visual fronl, scienlisls have achieved
signifcanl slrides in crealing a device lhal
is now signifcanllv nore sensilive and
discerning conpared lo lhe hunan eve.
Known as lhe ínage Feplicalion
ínaging Speclroneler (apllv, lhe íFíSì,
lhis device was crealed bv scienlisls al
lhe Heriol·vall Universilv in lhe UK. vilh
lhe abililv lo delecl far fner differences
in color lhan lhe hunan eve, lhe device
could fnd applicalions in surveillance
devices for localing objecls hidden bv
canouHage, for exanple.
The reason lhis device is so powerful is
due lo ils core sensors-lhe íFíS svslen
consisls of a basic palelle of 32 or nore
discrele ´color´ sensors, each conlaining
lighl fron one of lhe 32 speclral bands.
Conpare lhis lo lhe hunan eve which
can delecl onlv lhree prinarv colors (red,
green and blueì and perceives olher colors
as being various nixlures of lhese prinarv
hues. As nenlioned earlier, lhe íFíS
svslen works bv dividing an inage inlo 32
separale snapshols, each conlaining lighl
fron lhese individual speclral bands. This
increase in chronalic resolulion enables
lhe device lo pick oul color differences
lhal would olherwise be invisible lo lhe
hunan eve.
Two Brilish defence frns-Ouineliq
and Selex-are working on incorporaling
lhis lechnologv inlo a handheld device,
which is lhe size of a video canera. Thev
expecl lhis device lo help lroops lo delecl
anonalies in a warground landscape such
as landnines hidden in a lerrain or enenv
vehicles shielded behind foliage.
$eeiog io better coIor
NEWSWlRE
J/lu/RY ZJJ/

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INIELLIßENI 6üMFüIINß 6hIF

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23
u
nlil now, hardware has been rigid
and phvsicallv inHexible. However,
wilh work going on in labs like lhose
in lhe Universilv of California and
Slanford Universilv, il should nol be long
before we see gadgels as Hexible as
cardboard or even paper. Slenning fron
a discoverv lhal allows researchers lo
´grow´ individual crvslals alop a surface
lhal is previouslv pallerned
wilh nelal eleclrodes. This
newlv discovered nelhod is
bolh cheaper and quicker lo
inplenenl when conpared
lo convenlional lechniques.
Unlil now, lhe onlv wav lo
add eleclronic conponenls lo
a surface involved covering il conplelelv
wilh a seni·conducling nalerial on
which conponenl fealures had been
previouslv elched. vilh lhese conponenls
being ineffcienllv dislribuled across lhe
fabricalion surface, il resulled in signifcanl
waslage when conpared lo lhe new
crvslal growing nelhod.
Crvslal prinling can be likened lo block
prinling where a pallern is slanped in
accordance wilh lhe seniconduclors
lhal need lo be fabricaled such as an
arrav of lransislors. A vapor of organic
seniconduclor is lhen passed over lhis
surface al several hundred degrees
Celsius, causing crvslals lo grow in lhe
areas where lhe dols of growlh agenls
are deposiled. This resulls
in eleclrodes being joined,
which in lurn creales
seniconduclor conponenls.
Bv elininaling lhe need
lo fabricale individual
seniconducling conponenls,
researchers can creale
nassive arravs of organic single crvslals
direcllv onlo Hexible subslrales. vilh lhis
lechnologv, lhev can creale eleclronics
lhal can even wrap lighllv around a
surface, which is lhe size of a pencil. Thev
are now developing refnenenls lo conlrol
lhe crvslal size and orienlalion, afler which
connercial viabililv can be considered.
ßeody eIectrooics usiog crystaIs Fusioo. AMß's way ahead
l
l is inleresling lhe wav lechnologv
noves lhrough waves of differenl
paradigns. Earlier allenlion was
accorded lo core processing power,
lodav il is aboul allevialing workload
fron olher conponenls lo enable lhe
enlire conpuling svslen lo work fasler.
A sign of lhis direclion is AíD´s ´Fusion´
APU design nelhodologv.
AíD´s Applicalion Processing
Unils will be a lol like co·processors
of veslervears, delivering special
conpuling horsepower lo specifc lvpes
of workloads. As parl of lhis concepl,
lhe need lo have powerful conpuling
requirenenls could be fulflled bv
deploving several snaller processing
unils wilh each conlribuling ils own
anounl lo lhe overall processing
lask. Afler AíD look over ATí, lhis
direclion adds credence lo lheir efforls
in inlegraling graphics processing
funclionalilv inlo lheir nexl·generalion
CPUs. These processors are nol
expecled lo launch before 2007·03.
NEWSWlRE
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ßigitaI 6aæera baroæeter
Iop $earch Ieræs Ior ¨ßigitaI
6aæeras ë-ë.9 MF"
1. Sonv
2. Canon
3. Ñikon
4. Kodak
5. Olvnpus
Average $aIe Frice |past 30 daysI
º Sonv = Fs. 9,514
º Canon = Fs. 12, 506
º Ñikon = Fs. 12,275.93
º Kodak= Fs. 16,033
º Olvnpus = Fs. 9,205
IotaI Iteæs $oId |past 30 daysI
º Sonv = 117
º Canon = 52
º Ñikon = 55
º Kodak = 6
º Olvnpus= 23
Featured Iistiog |hyperIiokedI
Canon EOS 30 D SLF Digilal Canera

Marchiog orders Ior robots
M
icrosofl recenllv unveiled ils frsl
connerciallv
available plalforn for
progranning robols.
The lechnologv,
known as íicrosofl
Fobolics Sludio, is a vindows·based
soflware plalforn lhal nakes il
conparalivelv easv lo progran real or
sinulaled robols. The soflware is freelv
usable for hobbvisls bul cosls $399 if
used for connercial gain.
To nake il nore appealing lo
end·users wilh no progranning
background, lhe developnenl plalforn
includes a 3D lool for sinulaling
robolic applicalions along wilh a visual
progranning language lhal lels novices
wrile inslruclions using drag·and·drop
icons. íl also incorporales a services·
orienled run line lhal lels applicalions
connunicale wilh a wide varielv of
hardware. iFobol, Fischerlechnik,
Parallax and FoboDvnanics alreadv have
svslens lhal supporl lhis plalforn.
VisiI us oh www.eBay.ih Courtesv. eßav Marketolace Fesearch
S
lolen car slereos are everv driver´s
nighlnare, bul now slealing whole
cars is quile connon. íf lhal worries
vou, jusl inslall a cerlain blackbox in vour
car. vilh il, vou will be alerled (via SíSì
when soneone opens vour car doors or
lries lo prv oul lhe car slereo. The svslen
allows vou lo renolelv conlrol lhe engine,
and even lells vou lhe
localion of vour car.
The nvslerv blackbox
is reallv a producl
called Vehicle Black
Box (VBBì. íl has been
devised and developed
bv íicro Technologies
(índiaì. VBB conprises
lwo conponenls: lhe nain unil, which
is inslalled and hidden awav sonewhere
in lhe car, and lhe conlrol unil on lhe
dashboard. The nain unil is connecled lo
lhe car´s ignilion svslen and is linked lo
sensors on lhe doors. Sensors can also be
allached lo lhe car slereo and alerl vou via
SíS when soneone lries lo renove il.
VBB has a nornal Síí card (wilh
a unique phone nunberì. A lwo·wav
connunicalion belween lhe owner
and lhe VBB lakes place via SíS. For
inslance, if an unaulhorized person lries lo
open lhe doors of lhe car, lhe owner will
receive an alerl on his nobile phone. He
can lhen send an SíS back lo lhe VBB
wilh a sinple inslruclion ´EOFF´. This culs
off lhe engine and il and
cannol be reslarled bv lhe
lhief. The alerls and sensors
can be disabled when lhe
real owner (or his relalivesì
use lhe car. This is done
bv sending SíS codes like
AFí/DíSAFí or ALEFTE/
ALEFTD lo lhe VBB.
VBB can also be used like an in·buill
nobile phone for connunicalion onlv wilh
lhe owner. A chauffeur can speak wilh lhe
owner using a headsel connecled lo lhe
conlrol unil. Thal obviales lhe need lo give
lhe chauffeur a cell phone.
This lechnologv can also be used for
renole conlrolling hone appliances like
lhe íicrowave.
ßIackbox heIps track stoIeo vehicIes
Noveæber 200ë
NEWSWlRE
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INIELLIßENI 6üMFüIINß 6hIF

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25
h
andsel nanufaclurers keep packing new fealures inlo
phones. Bul applicalion perfornance has been a concern
for a long line. Sansung Eleclronics has developed a prololvpe
fusion nenorv chip lhal can signifcanllv increase lhe dala
processing speed belween processors in nobile applicalions.
The fusion nenorv chip called OneDran has an access
speed of 133 íHz and a capacilv of 512 íb. íl incorporales a
dual·porl approach lo sharplv increase
lhe line il lakes lo lransfer dala
belween processors. Dala nanaged bv
lhe processors is housed in a shared
bank where lhe space for sloring dala
can be adjusled accordinglv. OneDFAí
is expecled lo be specifed in lhe
design of handsels, gane consoles and olher digilal applicalions,
especiallv lhose lhal use 3·dinensional graphics. íl is likelv lo be
inlroduced in handsels bv lhe second half of 2007.
The new OneDFAí will channel dala belween lhe processors
lhrough a single chip, elininaling lhe need lo also specifv
DFAí and SFAí chips for buffer nenorv. Sansung clains
lhal OneDFAí wilh ils fasler dala processing speeds belween
lhe processors reduces power consunplion bv 30 percenl. íl
also reduces lhe nunber of chips needed, and nininizes area
coverage bv 50 percenl. This resulls in a fve·fold increase in
lhe speed of cell phone and ganing console operalions, longer
ballerv life, and slinner handsel designs.
$aæsuog æeæory chip iæproves æobiIe apps
M
icroscopic cables a few nanonelers in dianeler will one dav
be used lo power nano·sized robols. These nanocables are
capable of converling lighl inlo eleclricilv. These cables are 16
nanonelres in dianeler and several nicronelres long and follow
lhe sane basic principles as followed bv seniconduclors in solar
panels, bul on a nuch snaller scale. Takanori Fukushila of lhe
Universilv of Tokvo and his lean of researchers buill lhese cables
bv crealing a conpound of hexabenzocoronene (HBCì, lwo
carbon·12 chains and TrinilroHuorenone (TÑFì.
To lesl lhe nanocables, lhe researchers placed one cable on
a silicon surface and applied a vollage across il. vhen lighl was
shone onlo lhe surface, a currenl began Howing down lhe cable
belween lwo eleclrodes. vhen lhe lighl was swilched off, lhe
currenl slopped.
Al lhe nonenl, lhe cables cannol produce usable eleclricilv
fron sunlighl alone, as currenl does nol How well lhrough lhe
ouler laver of TÑF. ín lhe nexl slep, Fukushila and his lean will
nodifv lhe ouler laver, perhaps bv allaching carbon·60 nolecules
(buckvballsì, so il acls as a seniconduclor and allows nore
currenl lo How. Once lhis is achieved, lhe nanocables can be
flled lo nano·sized robols or nicro·nachines and power lheir
novenenls. Their sinilarilv in size and funclion lo lhe anlennae
used bv bacleria for pholosvnlhesis neans il nighl also be
possible lo connecl lhen lo such organisns, crealing hvbrid
devices.
NaoacabIes wiII ooe day power tioy robots
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E
arlier in Decenber, í had lhe
opporlunilv lo inleracl wilh sone of
Aulodesk´s senior execulives al lheir
head offce in íonlreal. vilh class·leading
producls powering everv facel of fln and
gane produclion, Aulodesk has a bouquel
of applicalions (lhe lalesl being lhe
recenllv launched Luslre HD color grading
svslenì lhal arn crealive arlisls wilh lools
lo lranslale ideas and concepls inlo 3D,
prinl or fln.
vilh lhe slakes being high on qualilv
and speed of produclion of 3D nodeling
sinulalions for archileclure and special
effecls for novies, lodav´s visual lools
need lo fulfll several requirenenls. ín
lhe opinion of íichel Besner, Senior
Direclor, Producl íanagenenl (3Dì,
¨Users lodav have a slorv lo lell-fron an
adverlisenenl execulive lo an archilecl
lo a novie producer, each of lhen have
a vision lhal needs lo be porlraved.
Aulodesk arns lhen wilh lools lhal
enable lhen lo realize lhis vision.¨
ín lhe feld of ganes, design
visualizalion and fln produclion, lhere
is nuch happening when lhese felds
inlersecl wilh digilal produclion. ve lake a
look al lhe challenges and requirenenls in
lhe world and local scenario.
ßaæes
According lo a survev of Clobal
Enlerlainnenl and íedia Oullook for
2006·2010, conducled bv Pricewalerhouse
Coopers, growlh rales for ganes
(excluding hardwareì is $27.1 billion in
2006 and expecled lo rise lo $46.5 billion
bv 2010. This lranslales lo an annual
conpounded growlh rale of 11.4 percenl.
There are several reasons for lhis
growlh surge in lhe ganing induslrv.
These reasons are nanifold, prinarv
anong lhen being lhe launch of lhe new
ganing consoles during lhe pasl vear such
as lhe Ñinlendo vii, lhe Sonv Plavslalion
3 and íicrosofl´s Xbox 360. Also, as
nore users are gelling broadband·enabled
in hones, acceplance of online ganing
will conlinue lo see a rise. This will also
lranslale inlo a nore direcl and innediale
conlacl belween ganing conpanies and
lheir cusloners which will in lurn spawn
newer revenues avenues.
ín lhe feld of gane produclion, lhe
bar is being raised quicklv as audience
expeclalions have increased. Canes have
slarled lo be signifcanllv nore conplex,
larger and harder lo develop lhan il was
barelv a few vears ago. The inlroduclion
of nexl·generalion consoles is expecled lo
energize lhe developnenl of ganes in lhe
console narkel which is expecled lo grow
and doninale lhe gane narkel in 2007.
vilh such high slakes running on lodav´s
big·lickel ganes, lhe cosl of produclion
of a lvpical AAA gane is sonelines in
excess of $20 nillion for an in·house
lille-alnosl conparable lo lhe produclion
budgel of sone Hollvwood novies! For
nosl olher ganes, il ranges belween $3
· $15 nillion.
On lhe nobile fronl, ganing is growing
al an all·line high, especiallv since
nodern·dav cellular phones and porlable
ganing plalforns are beginning lo boasl
serious 3D processing power and onboard
nenorv-in nosl of lodav´s phones,
lhe ganes are conparable lo lhe qualilv
seen on lhe original PlavSlalion. vhile
deploving a new·generalion gane, il is
expecled lhal il appears sinullaneouslv
on several plalforns-lhe PC, console
and nobile. This is alnosl nandalorv lo
ensure lhal il reaches as wide an audience
as possible and lranslales inlo fnancial
viclorv. ín such a scenario, il becones
crilicallv inporlanl lo be able lo porl
assels belween plalforns during lhe
developnenl of lhe gane-lhis ensures
a high level of effciencv in lhe produclion
pipeline.
1he 3D kead Ahead
3D visuaIization is spurring myriad trends in spaces as diverse as marketing
communication, civiI engineering and game deveIopment. We sneaked a peek
into the newest of these. BY MARCO D'SOUZA
Pramod Jadhav
$M$ us! Storv code. NFA lSee Faue 1ë for detailsI
NEWSWlRE
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ßesigo visuaIitatioo
Be il archileclural walk·lhroughs or car
adverlisenenls, lodav´s 3D applicalions
allow visualizers and conpanies lo sell lheir
producls far before lhev are even crealed.
The abililv lo render pholo·realislic slill
inages or videos of prololvpe vehicles or
plush penlhouses is a powerful lool during
lhe selling process. ín everv one of lhese
segnenls, 3D lools have invoked a huge
change in lhe wav conpanies launch and
adverlise lheir producls.
Design visualizalion is calegorized
inlo lhree areas-building (archileclure/
engineeringì, infraslruclure (civil
engineeringì and nanufacluring (consuner
producls/lransporlalionì. Across lhese
lhree design visualizalion areas, 3D
lools are using lhe following areas of
produclion:
CDNC£P1UAL D£5ICN AND ANAL¥5I5: Here,
arlisls can quicklv design nock ups or
producls while reaching consensus on a
producl´s design or capabililies. Archilecls
can, for exanple, sludv lhe effecls of
differenl lighling schenes in a building´s
fover using phvsicallv correcl ravlracing
applicalions lhal sinulale sunlighl versus
arlifcial illuninalion.
D£5ICN k£VI£W: This slep involves lhe
crealion of rendered sanples of producls
during in·process design reviews and
cusloner presenlalions.
Pk£5£N1A1IDN: ín lhe fnal slages of design,
lools are used lo creale highlv·accurale
fnished slills or aninalions. These are
evenluallv used in videos or pholo·realislic
inages in adverlisenenls or hoardings.
ín lhe feld of archileclure, lhe induslrv
is seeing a growlh rale of aboul 15 percenl
in lhe adoplion of visualizalion soflware,
according lo a 2005 Carlner reporl.
This is especiallv lrue in high·growlh
narkels like our counlrv, where increasing
urbanizalion requirenenls are feeding
housing and building projecls. The biggesl
challenges in lhe feld of archileclural
visualizalion are lhe abililv lo adhere lo
conslruclion linefranes, lo organize large
dalasels, lo share lhen effcienllv across
leans, lo inleroperale wilh differenl
soflware, lo enable precision nodeling,
assel nanagenenl, íT infraslruclure
nanagenenl and lraining.
FiIæ aod I¥ iodustry
íl is no surprise lhal lhis is one of lhe
biggesl induslries for 3D nodeling and
aninalion. Fron lhe nunerous special
effecls·heavv novies lhal hil lhe box
offce each nonlh, lhese lools are
used in everv slep of produclion-fron
conceplualizalion lo produclion lo posl·
produclion.
Being such a large and conplex
produclion process, fln crealion presenls
several challenges during lhe developnenl
slages. vilh novies like lhe Lord of the
Fings lrilogv and Chronic|es of Narnia,
lodav´s novies oflen consisl of lhousands
of 3D elenenls lhal need lo be nanaged
and processed. The dala sels used in such
novies are onlv increasing in size and
conplexilv. This is driven bv lhe growing
capabililies of lhe aulhoring and deliverv
plalforns. vilh fln producers needing
lo deliver a grealer nunber of shols in
less line al a lesser cosl, collaboralion
belween separale fln produclion leans
is a najor area for nanagenenl. Verv
oflen, lhis lakes on a new neaning when
direclors and arlisls are in phvsicallv
differenl localions, where lhe bulk of
collaboralion needs lo happen over
lhe ínlernel. vilh so nuch dala being
produced bv lhese houses, lhe abililv lo re·
use elenenls effeclivelv enables sludios
lo use assels in fulure novies or across
relaled applicalions such as sinullaneouslv
released gane lilles, DVD lilles, prinl or
nerchandise. Through all of lhis, lraining
and sourcing of lalenl is a kev elenenl of
qualilv and quick lurn around line.
Fealisn is lhe nosl soughl afler
characlerislic in lodav´s flns. Fron 3D
aninaled fealures lo novies wilh sublle
special effecls, lhe inclusion of lrue·
lo·life specular, nolion blur or lexlure
effecls inparls lhose high poinls in fln
sequences.
Finallv, lhe abililv of a fln produclion
sludio lo differenliale ils lechniques
or special effecls fron olhers lends il
exclusivilv and increases slanding in lhe
induslrv. This resulls in a need for open,
exlensible archileclure lhal allow such
changes lo be inplenenled. On lhe hone
fronl, wilh high defnilion beginning lo
drive in a change in lhe verv fornal of
lhe video slandard, fln produclion and
naslering lools will need lo adapl lo lhis
requirenenl so lhal il can be deploved on
bolh lransnission and lhe oplical nedia
ßrowth io ßaæiog Market
Asia FaciIic Europe/MiddIe East
$9.8 billion in 2005 $7.ë billion in 2005
$17.1 billion in 2010 $13.9 billion in 2010
12.3% CA0F 13.0% CA0F
üoited $tates 6aoada
$8.1 billion in 2005 $732 uillion in 2005
$13.0 billion in 2010 $1.3 billion in 2010
8.9% CA0F 12.5% CA0F
FiIæ & I¥ Iodustry
Asia FaciIic Europe/MiddIe East
$1ë.5 billion in 2005 $22.8 billion in 2005
$20.9 billion in 2010 $30.3 billion in 2010
1.9% CA0F 5.9% CA0F
üoited $tates 6aoada
$31.1 billion in 2005 $5.1 billion in 2005
$11.2 billion in 2010 $ë.5 billion in 2010
5.1% CA0F 5.0% CA0F
Credit. FricewaterhouseCoooers in their survev of 0lobal Entertainuent and Media 0utlook for 200ë-2010
Studios that utilite Motion Caoture have an edue over those that use standard kev frauinu. This is the
MoCao facilitv at the ubisoft Studios in Montreal
NEWSWlRE
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It's not yet time to junk your decrepit PC! Convert it into an aIternate
work or entertainment zone BY FRANCIS D'SA
$M$ us! Storv code. 68$ lSee Faue 1ë for detailsI
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A
nolher new vear is here, poised lo
cul lhe frsl lurf in nanv aspecls of
lechnologv in lerns of newer and fasler
hardware and soflware. The acceplance of
64·bil processing will up lhe speed of vour PC,
fulfling allvour conpuling needs. The landnark
evenl of lhe release of lhe relail version of
íicrosofl´s new pure 64·bil operaling svslen-
vindows Visla-will conpel vou lo upgrade
vour exisling 32·bil hardware if vou wanl lo be
in lune wilh all lhe lalesl soflware and ganes
in lhe vear ahead. ínlel´s Ouad Core svslens
wilh lhe lalesl graphics fron Ñvidia, will soon
be a basic nininun requirenenl lo run lhese
new operaling svslens and applicalions in lhe
coning nonlhs.
Sooner or laler vou will be going in for a new
PC wilh lhe lalesl TFT displav lo nalch lhe chic
look of vour living roon or bedroon. Also, vou
perhaps alreadv know lhal vour old conpuler
will nol felch vou even 20 percenl of whal vou
had invesled when vou boughl il. So whal do
vou do wilh vour old PC? Sell il off for peanuls
or sinplv junk il? As lhev sav, old is gold, and
wilh lhe nvriad of applicalions lhal conpulers
can fulfl, il does nake nore sense lo nove
vour PC lo handling less denanding lasks
around lhe house olher lhan junking il.
ve show vou 20 cool lhings lhal vou can do
wilh lhe PC vou´ve been considering lhrowing
awav. vhile vour older conpuler nighl nol
have lhe horsepower lo run new applicalions,
il would slill have plenlv of spunk for a range of
olher lasks.. Presuning vou have a brand new
conpuler wilh all lhe necessarv accessories
and peripherals, and vour old conpuler is in
a perfecl working condilion, all vou need lo
do is add a peripheral or lwo lo lhe old PC
and vou can nake il work wonders. This wav,
vou give vour new conpuler lhe leewav lo
perforn fewer funclions, lherebv saving on ils
resources. Doing lhis nol onlv saves power, bul
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COVER STORY
NIELLI
also increases lhe
life span of vour new PC.
You can also keep vour privale
dala safe fron prving eves. Your
new PC works fasler, as il is free of
all lhose audio/video fles lhal gobble
up space on vour hard drive.
ín lhe following pages, vou will learn
how lo converl vour old PC lo a cenler
of several funclionalilies-fron a nusic
or video plaver lo a surveillance unil lo a
fax or voice answering nachine lo a nail
server and nore.

1. Music/¥ideo FIayer
Your old conpuler is lhe besl audio/video
plaver lhal vou can have. Anv PC lhal
runs vindows 93 decenllv wilh 64 íB
of FAí can plav audio fle fornals such
as íP3, víA, elc and video fles such
as íPEC, AVí and so on. All vour need is
a conpuler equipped wilh a soundcard,
vindows 93, vinanp or conpalible
soflware (available for free on lhe
ínlernelì, a sel of speakers and, of course,
a good colleclion of íP3s and videos!
Download and inslall lhe lalesl version
of vinanp or VLC plaver for vour PC lo
plav all audio and video fornals snoolhlv.
You nav require sone codecs. Creale
a colleclion of all vour
albuns in lhe plavlisl and vou
can have a jukebox plaving al hone. íf
vou have a beller anplifer and bigger
speakers, connecl lhe auxiliarv inpul of
lhe anplifer lo lhe Line Oul porl of lhe
soundcard and enjov louder and higher
fdelilv nusic. Since vinanp cones wilh
a 10·band graphic equalizer, lhe sound
qualilv can be luned lo vour choice. íf vou
have a wireless headphone kil, connecl
il lo plav nusic and use il as a personal
nusic plaver.
2. IeIevisioo
You can have vour old PC work as a
lelevision in vour offce, kilchen, bedroon
or shop inslead of invesling in a new TV.
íf vour old conpuler is anvlhing fron a
Penliun 233 íHz ííX lo a Penliun
4, and has a TV luner inslalled, vou can
walch TV on vour conpuler, wilh lhe
conforl of a renole conlrol as nosl TV
luners bundle lhen. íf vou don´l have
a TV luner card, invesl in a new card or
even buv a second hand one (a basic TV
luner card cones for aboul Fs 1,500,
while second hand cards are available for
around Fs 300·500ì. valch vour favorile
sporls channel or record vour favorile
shows or novies on vour conpuler. The
abililv lo do
all of lhis would,
of course, depend on lhe
confguralion of vour conpuler-a
Penliun 4 nachine wilh al leasl 256
íB of nenorv and an 30 CB hard drive
would suffce. You can lurn lhis PC inlo
a slorehouse of vour favorile novies
and laler burn DVDs. íf lhe TV luner can
caplure video al a 30 fps frane rale,
vou can converl vour old VHS lo VCD
or DVD bv connecling a VCF/ VCP lo
lhe source, and grab lhe video vou plav
afler connecling il lo lhe S·Video or
Conposile video inpul of lhe TV luner.
You can even connecl vou gane console
(like lhe PS2ì and plav ganes on lhis
nachine, allowing lhe resl of
lhe fanilv lo walch lheir
favorile TV shows on lhe
fanilv lelevision. ínslall
a conpalible nedia
cenler soflware like
íediaPorlal, and
converl vour
Media olavers like Winauo can be used to streau
uultiuedia files over the network
MusicMatch Jukebox can rio uusic Cüs and also
convert audio frou an external source to MF3
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Confiuure Analoux Froxv to convert vour old
cououter into a oroxv server for the lnternet
use Firefox to browse and save web oaues for
reference uaterial that can be shared
PC lo a personal video recorder (PVFì
where vou can view slideshows of vour
holidav pholos, record vour favorile TV
shows and have lhe conpuler record
lhen even when vou are nol al hone.
3. MuItiæedia $erver
Connecl a nelwork card, build a snall
local area nelwork and slore all vour
nusic on lhe nachine. Your nachine
should have a suilablv large hard drive if
vou plan on sloring plenlv of songs. Plav
nusic bv connecling lo lhe PC via lhe
nelwork. Share vour nusic wilh friends
bv lelling lheir PCs access vours lhrough
lhe nelwork or via lhe ínlernel bv using
slreaning servers like ShoulCasl or VLC
plaver. Check oul lhe delailed workshop
on slreaning conlenl in lhe ´Hands On´
seclion of lhis issue. vilh a broadband
conneclion, vou can schedule songs for
download, and use lhis conpuler as a
slalion for converling vour CDs lo íP3
or víA audio fles using vinanp or
vindows íedia Plaver. Creale virlual
CD FOís and nanage vour nusic
albuns-vou can do lhis bv using
Daenon lools (refer to Decenber 2006
issue for the detai|ed vorkshopì. Connecl
a casselle lape plaver and lransfer all vour
lapes lo íP3 using soflware like íusic
íalch Jukebox. The idea here is lo creale
a cenlralized reposilorv for all vour songs
and videos, which can be accessed bv
all users al hone or in vour offce. This
resulls in higher availabililv for lhese fles
and also frees up space on lhe hard disks
of olher conpulers on lhe nelwork. Also
use lhis conpuler lo slore vour digilal
canera pholographs and creale slide
shows lo view lhen whenever vou have
friends and relalives over.
4. Ioteroet 8outer/Froxy $erver
íf vou have a broadband ínlernel
conneclion or ínlernel via cable or
noden, vou can lransforn vour old
conpuler inlo a rouler or proxv, naking
il a cenlralized galewav for all olher
conpulers lo connecl lo lhe ínlernel for
web surfng, downloading, e·nailing or
challing. íl can also acl as an inlranel
server. This is lhe nosl useful nelhod
as il saves lhe inveslnenl vou would
olherwise have lo nake on hardware like
roulers or even a new conpuler if lhere
is a requirenenl for an ínlernel sharing
device. All vou need is an addilional
LAÑ card and soflware lhal can be
downloaded fron lhe ínlernel. To nane
a few, vou can use vingale, vinproxv,
Analog Proxv (fnd on the CHíP DVD this
nonth). You can even inslall free
Linux dislribulions and confgure
Squid or basic íP Fouling. The plus
poinl in inslalling a proxv is lhal il
saves cosl bv bvpassing lhe need lo
have addilional ínlernel conneclions
for each conpuler. Also, inslalling a
proxv prolecls vour local nelwork fron
being viewed bv lhe oulside world. You
can nonilor and nanage whal all olher
users are browsing or downloading on lhe
ínlernel fron lhe proxv server´s nonilor
screen. This server can even be conlrolled
bv logging inlo il using renole access-a
fealure supporled bv alnosl all proxv
server soflware.
5. ßata $erver
The advanlage of having an addilional
spare conpuler is lo slore vour dala
cenlrallv lo be accessed bv all olher
conpulers connecled lo lhe nelwork. This
is usuallv required in snall offces where
conpulers need lo connecl lo a cenlral
server lo access shared docunenls.
íulli·user accounling prograns like
Tallv or E.X. lo nane a few, need a PC
lo be confgured as a dala server for
olher conpulers lo access a cenlral
dalabase. Since vour old conpuler
is nol used bv anvbodv, il runs
fasl as ils onlv job is lo serve
dala. Use il nol onlv as a dala
server bul also lo back up vour
evervdav fles and docunenls.
Jusl inslall dala backup
soflware, confgure il lo
back up lhe desired folders
and run il. All vour dala
is safelv slored on a
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3
Free üownload Manauer can be a boon to
uultiole, larue file downloads frou the lnternet
lnstallinu encvclooaedias like ßritannica can
uake children learninu uore interestinu and fun
Set uo a dedicated uachine for voice/text or
video chattinu
renole conpuler, naking il
a perfecl backup server. ínslall
aulonaled backup soflware and
lhis job is aulonalicallv done al
lhe specifed line, elininaling
lhe need of an operalor lo lake
backups al inlervals. You can use
an applicalion such as SvncBack
and sel il up lo aulonalicallv
back up work fles fron user´s
conpulers al hone or in an offce.
This lakes awav lhe drudgerv of
individuals having lo bolher wilh
nanaging lheir backups. íf lhe
conpuler has a CD or DVD burner,
il is easier lo burn all lhe backed up
dala fron lhis cenlral slore lo an
oplical nedia for safekeeping.
ë. Word Frocessor
íf vour conpuler runs slower lhan vou
expecl, use il as a dala enlrv nachine.
íf vou inslall vindows, vou can even
use ils bundled word processor-
vordpad-lo have a dala enlrv
operalor quicklv feed in large
anounls of lexl. Scriplwrilers,
journalisls, lawvers and so on
will fnd good use for such an
applicalion. íf vou do nol wanl
lo invesl on expensive soflware,
vou even have lhe oplion of
inslalling free allernalives,
including dislribulions of Linux
wilh offce suiles like Open Offce.
vilh applicalions like spreadsheels
and word processing nol requiring
especiallv high·bandwidlh ínlernel
access, a low·end conpuler can
cerlainlv fulfl even lhe nosl basic
needs. Schools can also use older
conpulers lo denonslrale and leach
lhe capabililies of operaling svslens
and applicalions, especiallv non·slandard
choices like Linux.
1. Ioteroet ßrowser
ínslall Opera or Firefox on vour conpuler
and use il onlv lo browse or chal on lhe
ínlernel. You can also download songs
or soflware using applicalions like Free
Download íanager (fnd on this nonth´s
DVDì or Download Acceleralor. ín lhis
age of alwavs·on (albeil low·bandwidlhì
ínlernel access, vou do nol reallv need
a fasl conneclion even for downloading.
Even lhough vour conpuler can handle
far grealer nelwork lransfer speeds
conpared lo lhal provided bv vour ínlernel
conneclion, vou can keep vour older
nachine on for davs while downloading,
wilhoul having lo lie up resources on
vour new PC. Bv inslalling an effeclive
anli·virus applicalion on lhis conpuler,
vou can sel il lo aulonalicallv scan lhe
downloaded fles before lransferring lhen
lo olher conpulers on vour hone or offce
nelwork. The old PC can be used bv
vour fanilv for surfng or plaving ínlernel
ganes, or even for online banking or
shopping, leaving lhe new PC for vou lo
work on.
Older conpulers also nake ideal
svslens for driving infornalion or ínlernel
surfng kiosks-vou can build lhese and
deplov lhen around vour offce for visilors
lo use, wilhoul conpronising vour local
nelwork. The addilional advanlage of
connecling vour old PC lo lhe ínlernel is
prevenling exlernal users fron hacking
inlo vour nelwork and pilfering
inporlanl dala.
8. Accouots Maoageæeot
Your old conpuler can be used as an
accounls nanager. íosl offces face
lhe problen of old soflware lhal refuse
lo run on newer operaling svslens.
Added lo lhis is lhe facl lhal il becones
loo cunbersone and line consuning
lo nigrale lheir svslen lo acconodale
a new operaling svslen. This is lrue
especiallv in lhe case of accounl soflware
lhal were crealed on lhe DOS plalforn.
This includes Foxpro. and even lhe
fanous inilial versions of Tallv lhal are
now unable lo run on vindows XP·based
nachines, even if il is sel up lo run in
conpalibillv node. This is where vour old
conpuler cones lo lhe rescue-inslall
vindows 95/93 on vour older conpuler
and vou will be able lo run lhe applicalion
wilhoul anv problens. íf vou do nol
need vindows, vou can also inslall DOS.
Connecl a conpalible prinler and vour
accounls nachine is up and running.
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COVER STORY OV
Adult ohoto blanker, like uanv other software,
helo to filter out objectionable web content
9. Frioter Maoageæeot
Your old conpuler can be lhe
besl prinler server for vour offce or
hone needs. ínslall a basic operaling
svslen like vindows 93/ XP or a free
Linux dislribulion, connecl as nanv
prinlers as can be phvsicallv done, and
share lhen. This is especiallv useful in
offces lhal have a space crunch-noving
all lhese prinlers lo a single localion is a
nuch beller oplion conpared lo having a
prinler connecled lo several conpulers.
ín lhe case of heavv prinl jobs (lhose
wilh hundreds of pages of lexl or wilh
heavv inagesì, lhe clienl conpuler lends
lo slow down noliceablv while lhe job
is being spooled (during lransfer lo lhe
prinlerì. Having a dedicaled conpuler
handling lhese jobs frees up resources
on a conpuler lhal would olherwise be
required bv a user for olher offce lasks.
Anolher advanlage of using an older
conpuler in lhis scenario is lhal nosl old
prinlers (especiallv lhe Dol íalrix nodelsì
have onlv parallel porl conneclivilv, while
newer conpulers are on lhe verge of
abandoning lhe parallel porl slandard (new
laplops have alreadv elininaled parallel
and serial porlsì. Olher lhan discarding an
olherwise working prinler, il nakes sense
lo use il on an older conpuler. This also
lies in lo our accounling exanple-sone
of lhe older accounls packages explicilv
prinl lo a dol nalrix prinler on a parallel
porl, so il helps lo have one handv.
10. ßowoIoad Maoager
íanv ganers and nusic enlhusiasls
would relale lo lhis-browsing lhrough
lhe ínlernel searching for vour favorile
soflware or nusic and hilling lhe
download bullon. Your old conpuler can
lake up lhe job of downloading soflware
lhroughoul lhe nighl wilhoul perforning
anv olher funclion. This wav vou save lhe
processing and nenorv power of vour
new PC which could be used for olher
lasks. There are hundreds of download
clienls lo choose fron including Celrighl,
FlashCel, elc. Download all vour nusic,
ganes, soflware, e·papers, elc, scan wilh
an anli·virus soflware before vou slore
lhen on vour hard disk or burn lhen lo
disk. You can save on eleclricilv bills bv
sinplv scheduling vour download nanager
lo shul off vour conpuler afler lhe
download process is over.
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COVER STORY
11. ßaæiog 6oosoIe Ior üId or
Network ßaæes
Your old conpuler can lurn oul lo be a
boon for vour kids or relired grandparenls
who enjov plaving sinple ganes (including
DOS ganesì lhal do nol require lhe use
of lodav´s new·fangled CPUs. ínslall lhe
required operaling svslen and lel lhen
enjov DOS ganes like A|addin, PC-ìan
and olher older vindows ganes like
Foadrash, Doon, So|itaire lhal
have verv nodesl svslen
requirenenls. To plav
nelwork ganes wilh
vour friends, inslall
a nelwork card
and connecl il lo
vour new PC. You
can lhen use lhis
conpuler lo hosl
a gane server lhal
olher plavers can connecl
lo-il resulls in a signifcanllv
beller experience conpared lo
hosling a server of one of lhe plaver´s
conpulers.
12. koowIedge 6eoter
Your old conpuler can be a cenlralized
knowledge cenler for vour hone or offce.
ínslall lhe necessarv operaling svslen
(vindows or Linuxì and lhe required
soflware for vour needs (such as Adobe
Acrobal reader, Encarla Encvclopaedia, elcì
and converl vour old PC inlo a knowledge
dalabase cenler. Slore e·papers, PDFs,
ínlernel news and web pages, docunenls,
sludv nalerial and so on lo view whenever
needed. ínslall Encvclopedia for vour kids
and copv infornalive learning videos for
evervone lo walch. Download all vour
pholographs, creale slide shows and
slore lhen on lhe PC lo presenl lo slaff
or guesls. This conpuler can also acl as
a server on which users can slore lheir
research work or sludv nalerial.
13. $oItware Iest ßed
Old conpulers can be lhe lesl conpuler
for vour hone or school. íf vou are
a soflware designer or a soflware
consullanl, vou nav need lo lesl vour
soflware under differenl confguralions.
This is where older conpulers cone
handv. Bv sloring a disk inage of
vour conpuler and ils confguralion,
vou can use il lo lesl various kinds of
applicalions and sinplv reverl lo lhe
original confguralion when required.
You can also use lhis rig for lesling older
applicalions lhal do nol work on newer
operaling svslens. Al lines lhere nav be
applicalions lhal vou nav have acquired
afler paving an expensive license fee
bul which cannol be used on vour new
conpuler and operaling svslen. So long
as lhe svslen is slill funclional, vou can
conlinue using il on lhe older svslen-lhis
would include soflware like Tallv 4.5, older
ganes and applicalion soflware.
14. Iext/¥oice/¥ideo 6hattiog
Anolher use for vour old conpuler is lo
converl il inlo a dedicaled chal box. ínslall
an ínlernel conneclion and use il lo chal
wilh friends overseas. Connecl a web
canera and use il for video conferencing.
Talk lo friends or conducl online inlerviews,
do il all on lhe older conpuler wilhoul
overloading vour new PC bv inslalling
soflware lhal could load al slarlup and eal
inlo resources. These davs nosl offces
inslall video conferencing unils lo save
line on inlerviews and neelings wilh lheir
inlernalional counlerparls, lhis is where
old PCs can be used-all vou need is a
fasler broadband ínlernel conneclion, a
web canera, nicrophone and speaker sel.
You can confgure lhe conpuler lo go inlo
slandbv node and lo be awakened onlv
when il receives aclivilv lhrough lhe LAÑ
porl-il´s like having a dedicaled 24·hour
videophone!
15. MaiI $erver
The besl wav lo nake vour old conpuler
work for vou is lo use il as an e·nail server.
Download or purchase e·nail soflware like
íailCale, íailer daenon or Abililv nail
server and converl a regular conpuler inlo
an e·nail server for vour offce or hone.
This lvpe of server acluallv nakes sense if
vou have a broadband ínlernel conneclion
and when nore lhan fve users use
e·nail on lhe nelwork. An e·nail server
svnchronizes ilself wilh lhe donain al lhe
íSP. This neans, all lhe users on lhe local
nelwork creale e·nails and send il lo lhe
e·nail server which lhen forwards lhen
Acrob
co
dalaba
Software like Nero helos to turn vour cououter
into a dedicated Cü/üvü burninu console
Caoturix videoSov can uonitor vour kids at houe
or keeo an eve on vour euolovees at work
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lo lhe exlernal
nail server and collecls
new nail and dislribules il lo
lhe respeclive inboxes. All lhis is done
al a specifed inlerval defned bv lhe
adninislralor of lhe nail soflware. Using
e·nail soflware reduces congeslion on lhe
nelwork elininaling lhe use of checking
e·nail on lhe ínlernel direcllv. Using
e·nail server soflware on lhe íicrosofl
plalforn is a lillle expensive. Abililv nail
server cosls around Fs 5,000 for a 25·user
nailbox. You can also allernalelv inslall a
Linux dislribulion and confgure Sendnail
or O·nail lo do lhe sane work wilhoul
anv cosl. The advanlage associaled wilh
having a dedicaled e·nail server is lhal
vou can deplov all vour anli·virus, phishing,
span and nalware scanning applicalions
on lhis one PC, wilhoul having lo do so for
olher PCs on vour hone or offce nelwork.
Besides laxing lhe svslen considerablv,
lhese applicalions will colleclivelv cosl
lesser since lhev are deploved
on jusl one conpuler.
1ë. 8estricted
Ioteroet Zooe
These davs, school·
going children use lhe
ínlernel exlensivelv
for lheir projecls. íl is oflen
diffcull lo nonilor whal lhev
surf and lo prolecl lheir ínlernel sessions
fron online lhreals. To prevenl vour
kids fron slunbling upon objeclionable
conlenl online, lurn vour old PC inlo
an independenl surfng zone. You can
do lhis bv loading an ínlernel conlenl
fllering soflware on lhe old conpuler and
confguring il lo block oul all adull conlenl.
This can also be useful if vour child is
learning lo use lhe ínlernel and runs lhe
risk of accidenlallv deleling inporlanl fles
or accepling spvware invilalions. Al lines,
peskv neighbors nighl requesl lo use lhe
ínlernel, in order lo nake sure no one is
prving inlo vour fles, vou can lel lhen
browse lhis ínlernel·PC. Soflware like Ñel
Ñannv, Cvber Palrol or Adull Pholo Blanker
(fnd on our DVDì can help vou block adull
conlenl and safeguard lhe privacv of users.
11. 6ß/ß¥ß ßuroiog or ßupIicatioo
Your old conpuler can be of greal use
when il cones lo CD/DVD burning
or duplicalion. vhen vou are burning
a CD/DVD, il is nol reconnended lo
perforn olher funclions as lhis could
affecl lhe burning process. íf vour
conpuler does nol alreadv have
a CD wriler, vou can buv one
for under Fs 2,500. vhile
using lhe bundled CD Burning
soflware like Ñero, nake sure
vou creale CDs al low speeds
(4x or 3xì lo ensure conpalibillv
if vou wanl lo run lhen on older
conpulers.
18. ßata/Fax/¥oice Aosweriog
Machioe
Have lhal old conpuler serve vour house
or offce as a fax or voice answering
nachine. Jusl inslall a fax/voice/dala
noden, acconpanving soflware like
Bilware or Supervoice, and a phone line
lo converl il inlo an answering nachine.
Bv connecling a basic Halbed scanner, vou
can also use il as a fax nachine. The good
parl is vou don´l need lo keep lhe nonilor
swilched on alwavs. Onlv lhe PC needs
lo be kepl swilched on lo receive fax/
dala/voice calls lhroughoul lhe dav. Snall
offces needn´l invesl in a fax nachine and
can use old conpulers for lhis job. This
elininales lhe use of lhernal paper and
naking pholocopies of lhe docunenls laler
for preservalion.

19. $urveiIIaoce/$ecurity ßevice
Surveillance and securilv is verv inporlanl
lhese davs. Fron shop isles lo noniloring
infanls sleeping in cribs or plaving in vour
garden, seeing a video feed of lhe evenls
is lhal nuch nore reassuring. Allach
a webcan on lhe USB porl of vour old
conpuler and inslall soflware lhal can
view lwo or nore caneras al once. You
will be able lo nonilor vour shop or kids
al all lines when vou are awav. ínslalling
soflware lhal can record inages al line
inlervals or can be lriggered lo slarl on
nolion deleclion. Use soflware available
wilh Logilech web cans or use Caplurix
Videospv (fnd on this nonth´s DVDì lo do
lhe job.
20. Iraioiog 6eoter
vilh lechnologv being such an inlrinsic
parl of our lives, il is never loo earlv lo
gel slarled wilh lhe fundanenlals. Fron
sludenls lo vour son lo lhal enlhusiaslic
kid nexl door, vou can use vour old PC lo
lrain vour juniors aboul conpuler assenblv
or lroubleshooling. Be il soflware,
hardware or nelwork lroubleshooling, vou
have lhe necessarv selup lo do lhe sane.
This will keep vou fron louching vour new
conpuler.
This 20·poinl lisling is neanl lo gel
vou slarled off wilh cool and useful ideas
lo nake use of vour ageing conpuler.
There are hundreds of olher innovalive
nelhods lo use il as an allernalive work
or fun zone. vilh nininal inveslnenl and
sonelines none al all, vour decrepil PC
can work wonders! vhv junk and add lo
lhe eleclronic wasle when vou can
effeclivelv re·use, righl?
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Pramod Jadhav
8atiogs ExpIaioed
The oroducts in the individual and couoarison
tests share exactlv the saue test orocedures.
Each oroduct in Too 0ear is rated on a scale of
5 for different kev oaraueters. Ferforuance, ßuild
0ualitv, Features, Eruonouics and Warrantv.
These varv accordinu to the characteristics of the
hardware. For instance, eruonouics lease of useI
is not iuoortant in a uraohics card and therefore,
it will not be evaluated for this.
A oroduct's 0verall Fatinu is calculated
bv assiuninu weiuhtaues to each evaluation
oaraueter-the uore iuoortant a oaraueter, the
hiuher is the weiuhtaue allotted to it.
ln addition, there is a value for Monev ratinu,
which is calculated frou the oerforuance and the
features of the oroduct in relation to the orice.
hiuh oerforuance and lots of features at a low
orice translates into a better value for Monev
ratinu. This ratinu is calculated usinu current
orices.
ND1£: The orices uentioned here do not include
taxes. hence, thev will varv accordinu to the taxes
aoolicable in the citv or state where vou buv the
oroduct frou.
H
A
k
D
W
A
k
£
T
he allraclion of lhis nonlh is an inkjel
prinler fron HP-lhe faslesl lhal we have
lesled so far, wilh exceplional lexl prinl qualilv.
The CLP·300 color laser prinler fron Sansung
is an enlrv·level prinling solulion and cones al a
cosl·effeclive price poinl.
Blu·rav lechnologv hardware is slowlv
beconing nainslrean-we have an exlernal
Blu·rav wriler fron Sansung. íainslrean
conponenl reviews include a PC case wilh
greal looks fron Zebronics and a Blues ATX
power supplv for budgel users. There´s a no·
frills business PC fron Lenovo, for execulives
who are on lhe nove, we have reviewed an
ullra porlable nolebook fron ACí. The USP of
lhis nolebook is lhal il is based on ínlel´s Ullra
Low Vollage (ULVì processor. A new P965
chipsel·based nolherboard fron íSí fealures
lhe new ínlel íCH3 soulhbridge.
Anolher enlrv·level producl was lhe 7600CS
graphics card fron BíC lhal cones overclocked.
Peripherals include Elhernel plugs fron Level
One lhal deliver dala over exisling power lines.
The exlernal backup solulion fron Seagale,
parl of our killv, fealures a 750 CB disk wilh
perpendicular recording and a Firevire inlerface.
1ep Cear
EgVbdY?VY]Vk
8atiogs ExpIaioed
$M$ us! Storv code. hW$ lSee Faue 1ë for detailsI
J/lu/RY ZJJ/

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XXXX
XXXXXX
Website - XXXX
$peciIicatioos
XXXXXXX
Frice Fs XXXXX
6ootact XXXX
Fhooe XXX

8AIINß$
ßuiId quaIity

Ergoooæics

FerIoræaoce

Features

üveraII 8atiog

¥aIue Ior Mooey

$LEEk ßLA6k Aparl fron lhe Sonv
Blu·rav wriler lhal we had reviewed a few
nonlhs ago, lhis is lhe second Blu·rav
wriler we lried our hands on. Sansung
has gone ahead wilh produclion of ils
Blu·rav plavers and recorders lo cash in on
earlv curiosilv and lhe need lo slore nore
dala on an oplical disc. This also happens
lo be lhe frsl line an exlernal Blu·rav
recorder is being reviewed.
Features
The SE·B026 drive is an exlernal wriler
lhal supporls a wide range of nedia
including Blu·rav discs. This oplical nedia
wriler cones wilh nulliple inlerface
oplions and a soflware inslallalion CD
loo. The CD consisls of lhe nanual and
Cvberlink´s conplele BD Solulion soflware
suile. You can inslall lhis package lo walch
DVD novies, creale vour own discs as
well as creale backups on conpalible CD/
DVD/BD nedia. The drive funclions as an
exlernal video plaver when connecled lo
a PC as il does nol have a video·oul porl.
Cables and a user guide is also provided
wilh lhe wriler.
WkI1£ 5P££D5
Blu Fav (F/FEì: 2X , DVD (·/+ì F: 3X, DVD
(·/+ì Fv: 4X, DVD (·/+ì DL: 4X, CD·F: 24X
CD·Fv: 4X
ßuiId quaIity aod ergoooæics
This season, Sansung is launching
phones, lelevisions, and now wrilers
wilh a slick black fnish. This device is
nol conpacl-sonelhing one expecls
an exlernal wriler lo be. Ñeverlheless,
lhe design is nice lhough lhe gloss fnish
allracls fngerprinls. The side panel
provides lhe inlerface oplions while lhe
lop panel has a cool blue LED displav. The
ejecl bullon is fealher louch, il uses slalic
eleclricilv on a fnger lo open/close lhe
lid. íl uses lhe lop loading lechnique wilh
a difference-as lhe lid opens, il pushes
lhe lrav up al an angle, naking il easier
lo place nedia on lo il. You are less likelv
lo scralch discs lhis wav. Applv anolher
fealher louch lo close lhe lrav and lhe
displav will inforn vou lhal il is ´loading´
lhe disc.
FerIoræaoce
On lhe perfornance fronl, lhe device
proved lhal il has nore lhan jusl good
looks. The wriler has been designed
lo wrile dala on lo DVD·F, CD·F and
BD·FE (rewrileableì nedia via a USB as
well as a Firevire conneclion. During
our lesls, we found lhal lhere was nol
nuch of a difference in line-in facl,
in lune of a couple of seconds. This
neans lhe rolalional speed of lhe nedia
is lhe bollleneck, il does nol ulilize
whal Firevire can acluallv offer, lhough
providing an addilional inlerface is alwavs
apprecialed. Fead lesls were conpuled
bv clocking lhe line laken lo lransfer large
fles fron nedia lo a 10,000 rpn hard
drive. Following lhis nelhod, one can gel
an idea of lhe sorl of lransfer rales lhis
device is capable of providing.
8ead/Write resuIts
k£AD 1£515
DVD (2 CBì: 4n 13s
CD (633 íBì: 4n 23s
BD (2 CBì: 4n 55s
WkI1£ 1£515
DVD (4.4 CB@ 3Xì : 9n 11s
CD (633 íB@ 24Xì: 4n 23s
BD (17 CB@ 2Xì: 34n 12s
¥erdict
Aparl fron lhe slick design, SE·B026´s
supporl for Blu·rav nedia is lhe biggesl
draw. Bul, il is slill loo expensive.
fDk: íl has a clear blue slalus displav on
lhe lid. The ´Ejecl´ bullon is fealher louch.
Cood wrile speeds.
ACAIN51: íl is quile a bulkv exlernal drive.
íl is porlable bul nol a conplele nobile
solulion if vou wanl lo lravel lighl.
TESTED HARDWARE
8lU-kA¥ DlSC Wkl1£k
Samsung S£-8026
$peciIicatioos
üiuensions lWxhxü uuI. 295 x 55 x 1ë7, Weiuht.
1.3 ku, lnterface. uSß 2.0/lEEE1391, ßuffer
Meuorv. 8 Mß, Media Suooorted. ßü. ßü-F0M\-F
lSL/üLI, ßü-FE SL/üL, üvü-F/-FW/÷F/÷FW/÷F
lüLI/-F lüLI, Cü-F/FW
Frice Fs 30,000
6ootact Sausunu lndia Electronics Fvt Ltd
Fhooe 011-11511231
E-æaiI hari.oandev@sausunu.cou
Website www.sausunu.cou/in
Warraoty 1 vear

8AIINß$
ßuiId quaIity

Ergoooæics

FerIoræaoce

Features

üveraII 8atiog

¥aIue Ior Mooey

TESTED HARDWARE
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8USlN£SS D£Sk10P The Lenovo
ThinkCenler A60 is a nainslrean PC
svslen largeled for businesses.
Features
Our sanple of lhe Lenovo ThinkCenler
A60 was powered bv an AíD Alhlon 64
3300+ processor running al 2.4 CHz. This
processor provides enough power lo run
produclivilv applicalions like lhe Offce
Suile and HD novies. íl supporls 512 íB
of DDF2 nenorv, which is nol enough
considering lhal il is nol conplelelv
dedicaled lo lhe svslen. This is probablv
because 123 íB of lhe svslen nenorv
is shared bv lhe onboard Ñvidia 6100
graphics subsvslen. The 6100 offers
enough juice lo run a lvpical vindows·
based svslen bul do nol expecl lhis
svslen lo run Visla wilh lhe aero visual
elenenls enabled. Slorage is provided
bv an 30 CB veslern Digilal hard drive
wilh 3 íB of cache running al 7200 rpn,
which uses lhe SATA íí inlerface. 30 CB
of slorage is enough for nosl praclical
purposes.

ßuiId quaIity aod desigo
The A60 is a full Hedged PC, conplele
wilh a 17·inch LCD nonilor, a kevboard
and a nouse. Despile lhe snall size of
lhe cabinel, lhere is enough roon for all
conponenls, wilh exlra space dedicaled
for a 5.25·inch drive and anolher hard
drive lhal can be pul in lhe Hoppv drive
bav. The fronl panel consisls of lwo USB
porls for connecling a USB pen drive or
olher devices. An 30 nn fan lhrows oul
hol air lo provide decenl venlilalion. íf vour
offce supporls CbE, lhis nachine will nol
lel vou down. íl cones wilh a licensed
version of vindows XP Professional wilh
Service Pack 2. Also included are Lolus
Snarlsuile, Svnanlec clienl securilv wilh
90·dav subscriplion and Think Vanlage
dala rescue and recoverv.
FerIoræaoce
Our lesls concluded lhe perfornance of
lhe Lenovo A60 was nol uplo lhe nark.
The PC íark 05 score was liniled lo 2741,
which allhough suffces an enlrv·level
svslen, is surelv nol enough juice required
bv a high·end svslen. Archieving a folder
conlaining 300 íB of assorled dala wilh
vinrar look 125 seconds lo conplele
which is good for a PC running slandard
offce produclivilv suile. Video conversion
scores were disappoinling wilh lhe lining
crossing lhe 10·ninule nark. So, don´l
expecl lhis PC lo perforn anv slreaning
dala inlensive lasks. These low scores can
be allribuled lo lhe shared nenorv which
could have been well lweaked lo provide
beller response lines.
¥erdict
Considering vou gel a full Hedged PC
wilh a licensed version of vindows XP
Professional and a 17·inch LCD nonilor,
il´s worlh lhe high price.
fDk: A conplele business PC, licensed
version of vindows XP Professional,
bundled soflware provides value lo lhe
hardware, a 17·inch LCD nonilor.
ACAIN51: Slow response lines, low on
confguralion, degraded perfornance due
lo shared nenorv.
D£Sk10P PC
leneve 1hinkCentre A60
$peciIicatioos
Frocessor. AMü Athlon ë1 3800÷, Chioset.
Nvidia nForce 130, Flatforu. Nvidia Socket AM2,
Meuorv. 512 Mß üüF2, 0raohics. Nvidia 0eForce
ë100, Storaue. 80 0ß Western üiuital 7200 rou
8 Mß, Monitor. 17-inch LCü, Kevboard. 101 Kevs
lßM FS2, Mouse. lßM uSß scroll, 0otical drive.
1ëx üvü F0M
Frice Fs 39,917
6ootact Lenovo lndia Fvt Ltd
Fhooe 1800-125-333ë
E-æaiI directlenovo@in.lenovo.cou
Website www.lenovo.cou/in
Warraoty 1 vear on svsteu / 3 Years on
Farts

8AIINß$
ßuiId quaIity

Ergoooæics

FerIoræaoce

Features

üveraII 8atiog

FerIoræaoce scores
$yothetic beochæarks $core
Sisoft Sandra (Processor)
Dhrvslone 3726
vhelslone 7363
Sisoft Sandra (ìenorv)
ínleger 3539 íB/s
Floal 3543 íB/s
PC ìark 2005 2741
CPU 3470
íenorv 3435
Craphics 1147
HDD 4365
8eaI-worId beochæarks
Audio Conversion 39 sec
Video Conversion 634 sec
Folder Archiving 125 sec
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P0k1A8l£ P0W£k Lasl nonlh, we
reviewed a lhin and lighl nolebook fron
ACí lhal had a hugelv inproved design
and build qualilv. This nonlh, we review
ACí´s DiniO fealure·packed ullra porlable
nolebook.
ßuiId quaIity aod desigo
The nosl slriking aspecl of lhe ACí
nolebook is ils forn faclor. íl is ullra
porlable-weighing around 1.5 kg, which
nakes lhis device easv lo carrv around.
Allhough lhe nilkv while color is nol lo
nalch evervbodv´s lasle, il does give
lhe nolebook a unique appearance. Even
lhough lhis laplop is ullra porlable, il
fealures a reasonablv good 11.1·inch
widescreen LCD panel. The kevs are nol
well spaced, lhev are snall in size and
nol as responsive as seen in sone of lhe
olher popular brands of laplops. Allhough
lhis fealure is connon in ullra porlables, il
affecls lhe speed of lvping-il is diffcull
lo lvpe sleadilv wilhoul naking nislakes.
Features
Even lhough lhis laplop fealures an ullra
porlable forn faclor, il does nol, in anv
wav, skinp on fealures. Powered bv an
ullra low vollage ínlel processor running
al 1.06 CHz, il uses verv lillle power for
operalion. íl is bundled wilh a gigabvle of
nenorv lo ensure fasler svslen response
lines for applicalion loading and execulion.
The screen, while snall is slill easilv
readable. íl fealures an ínlel 945 based
nolherboard wilh onboard graphics-
enough for offce use bul cerlainlv nol for
ganing. Conneclivilv oplions include lwo
USB 2.0 porls. A D·sub porl is provided
for connecling lhe device lo an exlernal
nonilor or projeclor which would be ideal
for execulives naking presenlalions. íl
also fealures a high·speed Firevire porl, a
sofl noden and an 10/100 íbps Elhernel
porl. A 6·in·1 card reader facililales easv
lransfer of dala fron a digilal canera or
a snarl nobile phone. This nolebook is
302.11g wireless capable and includes
Blueloolh and íF-useful when svncing
dala wilh vour handheld or nobile phone.
This laplop even fealures a dual laver DVD
wriler in ils snall forn faclor unlike nanv
olher ullra porlable nolebooks.
FerIoræaoce
ve have lo adnil lhal lhe Ullra Low
Vollage ínlel processor does conpronise
on perfornance lo save on power. This
nolebook ran for aboul 4 hours and 34
ninules before draining. These linings
are average for an ullra porlable as we
have reviewed nolebooks lhal can run for
an average of 5·6 hours. Sisofl Sandra
showed a nenorv bandwidlh of onlv
2600 íBps which is alnosl half conpared
lo currenl generalion laplops. The low
processing capabililies were reinforced
when Sandra onlv nanaged lo reach 3630
and 2676 Dhrvslones and vhelslones in
lhe CPU benchnark. PC íark scores were
also low al 1509 PC íarks. Feal·world
benchnarks look a nassive 1 ninule and
51 seconds in lhe íP3 encoding lesl. This
is far loo high conpared lo laplops lhal
can fnish il in under a ninule. The video
encoding lesl clocked al 3 ninules and 22
seconds while archiving wilh vinrar look 1
ninule and 37 seconds.
¥erdict
íls price lag of Fs 69,990 nakes il lhe
nosl cosl·effeclive laplop in ils calegorv.
Allhough il is packed wilh a plelhora of
fealures, ils perfornance is nol up lo par
wilh currenl·generalion laplops. This laplop
would be an ideal buv for execulives who
wanl lo carrv lheir dala and run slandard
offce applicalions.
fDk: Fealure·packed, snall forn faclor,
highlv porlable, adequale svslen nenorv
ACAIN51: Processing is nol up lo lhe nark,
lhe kevboard is a bil cranped.
N01£800k
ACl Dimi0
$peciIicatioos
Frocessor. lntel uLv orocessor u2100 1.0ë 0ht,
Flatforu. lntel 915, Meuorv. 1 0ß üüF2, Storaue.
80 0ß SATA, Screen site. 11.1 inches, 0otical
drive. 1ëx üual Laver üvü writer, 0oeratinu
Svsteu. Windows XF Frofessional, Wireless.
802.11b/u lntel
Frice Fs ë9,990
6ootact Allied Cououters lnternational Ltd
Fhooe 022-10917000
E-æaiI sales@aci-india.cou
Website www.aci-asia.cou
Warraoty 1 vear

8AIINß$
ßuiId quaIity

FerIoræaoce

Features

üveraII 8atiog

¥aIue Ior Mooey

TESTED HARDWARE
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TESTED HARDWARE
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f£A1Uk£ Ck£A1Uk£ The P965
Plalinun is vel anolher addilion lo íSí´s
Plalinun series of nolherboards. Like
all olher Plalinun boards, lhis one loo
boasls an exlrenelv rich fealure·sel lhal
pronises lo deliver lerrifc perfornance.
Features
The P965 Plalinun is based on lhe ínlel
P965 chipsel supporling ínlel P4, Core 2
Duo and Core 2 Exlrene processors. The
ínlel íCH3F Soulh Bridge fealures 10 USB
porls (six via headersì and six SATA íí porls
(FAíD 0, 1, 5 and 1+0ì. As ínlel has done
awav wilh lhe íDE channels in lhe íCH3F,
lhe board offers an íDE channel and an
addilional SATA íí porl lhrough lhe Jíicron
JíB361conlroller. The board supporls
DDF2 nenorv in dual channel up lo 300
íHz wilh a naxinun capacilv of 3 CB.
The board offers supporl for Firevire
400, 3·channel HD audio, Cigabil Elhernel
and a BíOS lhal is a lreal for enlhusiasls.
There are lwo PCí·Express slols bul lhe
second slol is an x4 one lhal can be used
for nulliple displavs. Bus speeds fron 200
lo 500 in 1 íHz increnenl, 6 nenorv
ralios, DFAí lining and vollage conlrols
and CPU nulliplier fron 6x lo 11x in 1x
increnenls (if CPU is unlockedì can be
used for nilro·boosled perfornance!
Layout
The overall lavoul of lhe board is excellenl.
Color·coded slols and headers for USB
and fronl panel ease inslallalion. Even lhe
PCí·E slols are well·spaced lo conforlablv
acconnodale cards ulilizing lwo slols.
The onlv problen is lhe placenenl of lhe
íDE conneclor al lhe base, as il is used
nosllv for oplical drives al lhe upper
5.25·inch bavs.
FerIoræaoce
ve loaded lhe board wilh high·end
conponenls and lhe scores were on par
wilh high·end boards. ve nanaged lo
push lhe Conroe E6700 fron 2.66 lo a
nax of 3.43 CHz bv bunping lhe FSB lo
343 and selling lhe nenorv lo a ralio of
5:4, resulling in a nenorv speed of 370
íHz. The CPU and nenorv vollage were
increased lo 1.40V and 2.20V respeclivelv.
Through il all, lhe svslen renained slable.
¥erdict
The P965 Plalinun is a greal nainslrean
board for building a high·perfornance
svslen. Allhough vou nav fnd lhe price
a lad high, il is juslifed considering lhe
fealures il offers.
fDk: Creal fealure sel, good perfornance.
ACAIN51: Ñone.
$cores
1£51 8£D
Processor: ínlel Core 2 Duo E6700 2.66
CHz (10x nulliplierì
Memory: Corsair Cí2X512 (2x 512íB
4·4·4·12ì
Graphics card: Ñvidia CeForce 7600CT
Hard drive: vD Faplor 740CD
5I5Df1 5ANDkA 2007
Dhrystones: 24570 ííPS
Whetstones: 17046 íFLOPS
Memory bandwidth: 5534 íB/s
PCMAkk 05L: 7135
3DMAkk 05: 6331
8eaI-worId scores
Doom 3 640x800@Iow: 213 fps
1IM£ 1Ak£N 1D
Conpress 200 ìB nu|tip|e f|es using
vinrar (best conpression). 43 secs
£ncode 300 ìB of vAV f|es to 256 kbps
ìP3 (high qua|itv). 69 secs
£ncode 3! sec HD !080p video to DivX.
52 secs
MUL1I-1A5kINC 1£51 (VID£D £NCDDINC + fIL£
CDMPk£55IDN)
Video encoding . 57 secs
Fi|e conpression . 30 secs
M01H£k80AkD
MSl P96S PIatinum
$peciIicatioos
Foru factor. ATX, CFu socket. L0A 775, Chioset.
lntel F9ë5÷lCh8F, FSß. 10ëë, Meuorv. üüF2-800
lMax 8 0ßI, Exoansion slots. 1 FClE x1ë, 1 FClE
x1, 2 FClE x1 and 2 FCl, SATA/lüE. ë/1, hü Audio.
8-channel lFealtek ALC883I, 0iuabit Ethernet, 10
uSß 2.0, lEEE 1391
Frice Fs 11,000
6ootact Micro-Star lnternational
Fhooe 011-11758808
E-æaiI sanvau@usi-india.cou
Website www.usi-india.cou
Warraoty 3 vears

8AIINß$
ßuiId quaIity

FerIoræaoce

Features

üveraII 8atiog

¥aIue Ior Mooey

TESTED HARDWARE
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MAMM01H S10kAC£ 80X
The biggesl challenge for hard drive
nanufaclurers is lo squeeze in nore
gigabvles in a single drive. Hence, il is
hard lo fnd a slorage device wilh a single
drive having a capacilv grealer lhan 500
CB. Bul lhanks lo lhe perpendicular
recording lechnologv, Seagale has
nanaged lo break lhe barrier wilh a new
addilion lo ils PushBullon Backup fanilv
of exlernal drives.
Features
Packing 750 CB in a box is now a
realilv, lhanks lo lhe exisling Barracuda
7200.10 fanilv of drives. This slorage
device houses lhe drive wilh lhe highesl
capacilv fron lhe Barracuda 7200.10
fanilv (ST375064ì. The hard drive has
four plallers, each having a densilv of
137.5 CB. íl´s lhe perpendicular recording
lechnologv lhal has nade such high
densilies achievable.
Aparl fron lhe capacilv, lhis new
PushBullon Backup drive is no differenl
fron lhe olher varianls in lhe sane
calegorv. As lhe nane suggesls, lhe
drive has a backup bullon on lhe fronl
panel. Afler inslalling lhe bundled backup
soflware called BounceBack Express, vou
can backup vour enlire drive or selecled
folders al lhe press of a bullon. The
soflware can also perforn increnenlal
and scheduled backups (once, dailv or
nonlhlvì. íl isn´l a Haw, bul il would have
been easier lo nanage backups if lhe
soflware could back up conlenls lo a
single inage fle. ín lhis case, il dunps lhe
enlire conlenls lo lhe drive. You cannol
conpress backups or prolecl lhen wilh
passwords-a defnile onission. Being a
conbo drive, lhe device cones wilh dual·
inlerface-Hi·speed USB 2.0 and Firevire
400. íf vour PC or laplop is equipped
wilh supporl for Firevire, vou can lake
advanlage of higher lransfer speeds.
FerIoræaoce
The drive has good lransfer speeds,
however, lhere wasn´l a signifcanl junp
using lhe Firevire 400 inlerface. íl was
surprising lo nole lhal lhe wrile speed
using Firevire was less as conpared lo
Hi·speed USB 2.0.
¥erdict
A good solulion for SOHO and hone users
requiring plenlv of slorage space and
inslanl backups.
fDk: Oodles of slorage space, backup al
lhe press of a bullon, dual inlerface.
ACAIN51: The backup soflware could have
been beller.
£X1£kNAl S10kAC£
Seagate Push8utten 8ackup
7S0 C8
$peciIicatioos
üiuensions lWxhxü uuI. 58x1ë5x180, Caoacitv.
750 0ß, Soindle soeed. 7200 rou, Flatters/heads.
1/8, Cache. 1ë Mß, lnterface. hi-Soeed uSß 2.0
and FireWire 100
Frice Fs 25,500
6ootact Fedinuton lndia
Fhooe 011-1221 3353
E-æaiI rauorasad.ud@redinuton.co.in
Website www.seauate.cou
Warraoty 1 vear

8AIINß$
ßuiId quaIity

Ergoooæics

FerIoræaoce

Features

üveraII 8atiog

¥aIue Ior Mooey

Fatinus not uiven . vFM-- 3
FerIoræaoce scores
Mß/s ü$ß 2.0 FireWire 400
Everest 2006
Fead speeds
Linear 33.3 33.7
Fandon 33.1 34.9
vrite speeds
Linear 25 23.3
Fandon 24.3 25.9
ReaI WorId
Sing|e f|e
Fead 30.1 33.9
vrile 26.3 25.1
ìu|tip|e f|es
Fead 29 31.5
vrile 25.4 24.7
TESTED HARDWARE
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flN£ PklN1S HP launched ils new
series of inkjel prinlers recenllv. The K550
is one of lhen.
Features
The Deskjel K550 is capable of producing
prinls al a resolulion of up lo 4300x1200.
Driver inslallalion is sinple and CUí
driven. There are four carlridges-C,
í, Y, K-lhal fl inlo a side panel. Two
prinlheads receive ink fron lhe carlridges
lo prinl lhe paper.
ßuiId quaIity aod ergoooæics
The prinler does nol cone wilh addilional
lravs. The design is quile conservalive
when conpared lo sone of lhe sleek
prinlers HP has launched in lhe pasl. The
K550 is ralher box·like wilh a ´sliff upper
lip´-lhe paper lrav. This lrav cannol be
folded lo save space. íl can hold a bunch
of sheels in lhe inpul lrav. The oulpul lrav
can be exlended lo slop paper fron falling
oul of il. vhal il does nol have provision
for is single sheel feed. The oulpul lrav is
nol covered-so lhal is one area lhal will
defnilelv allracl dusl. The rear panel is
renovable and can acconnodale an add·
on inpul lrav lhal ensures prinling paper
on bolh sides. The conlrol panel is sinple
enough lo undersland-lhere are onlv
lhree bullons lo operale. The carlridges
are housed wilhin a side panel, which
nakes changing inks hassle free. ínslalling
lhe carlridges is sinple. Firsl·liners will
need lo refer lo lhe guide lo inslall lhe
prinl heads.
Even lhough lhe prinler nighl nol be
verv allraclive, il is slurdv. The plaslics
used are of decenl qualilv. The panel´s
bullons have a good laclile feel and lhe
carlridge chanbers have individual lighls
lhal Hash in case of a problen.
FerIoræaoce
The large carlridges are nol flled lo
prinlheads. ínslead, lhev supplv ink
lhrough fne capillaries lo lhe lwo
prinlheads. Each prinlhead holds lwo
inks and are nuch lighler. This allows
lhe prinlhead lo nove swifllv across
lhe widlh of lhe sheel. The K550 raced
lhrough len sheels flled wilh lexl of
varving fonl sizes in jusl 51 seconds.
The process look even lesser line in lhe
drafl node-30 seconds. However, in
lhis node, lhe excessive speed seened
lo cause ´hiccups´ on sone lines. A full
bleed, A4 prinloul on pholo paper look a
good 3 ninules. Prinl resulls showed lhe
K550 can prinl delails well in lhis node.
Sone anounl of dilhering was visible
onlv in case of lighler shades. The lesl fle
look a lillle over lwo·and·a·half ninules.
Skin lones were reproduced well, lonal
gradalions were also up lo lhe nark and
lhere was no banding seen on lhe paper.
¥erdict
The K550 is a slurdv prinler lhal provides
good pholo prinls. However, lodav, il is
probablv nore praclical lo buv a nulli·
funclional device, which is available for
alnosl lhe sane price. Bul lhis depends
on vour applicalion.
fDk: Cood qualilv prinls. íonochrone
prinls rival laser oulpuls.
ACAIN51: The nanual provided is nol verv
helpful. The prinl heads´ quick sidewav
novenenl is fasl. Slaid design.
lNkI£1 PklN1£k
HP Deskjet kSS0
$peciIicatioos
üiuensions lWxhxü uuI. 19ë x 212.5 x 103.2,
Weiuht. 9.7 ku, lnterface. uSß 2.0 hi-Soeed,
Frintinu. Therual inkjet, Cartridues. four, Frint
heads. two, Meuorv. 32 Mß/1ë Mß F0M, 0S
Suooort. Windows/Mac 0S X/Linux, Color
Fesolution. 1800x1200
Frice Fs 7,999
6ootact hewlett-Fackard lndia Sales Fvt Ltd
Fhooe 0121-25ëë111
E-æaiI ashwini-k.auuarwal @ho.cou
Website www.ho.cou
Warraoty 1 vear

8AIINß$
ßuiId quaIity

Ergoooæics

FerIoræaoce

Features

üveraII 8atiog

¥aIue Ior Mooey

The hF K550's C,M,Y,K ink tanks and two
orintheads as seen here
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Aff0kDA8l£ lAS£k One of
Sansung´s frsl color laser prinlers-lhe
CLP·500 enjoved popularilv when il
was launched. íl offered decenl qualilv
prinls, above average prinl speeds al a
conpelilive price poinl. Sansung plans lo
displace lhe offce inkjel prinlers wilh lhe
CLP·300. Bul is il line lo lhrow oul vour
old inkjel prinler? Lel´s fnd oul...
ßuiId quaIity aod desigo
The snallesl color laser prinler in ils
calegorv, lhis prinler cones wilh a no·frills
design. íl supporls a naxinun prinl
resolulion of 2400x600 dpi. íl supporls
a paper lrav of 150 sheels of paper.
Conneclivilv oplions include a high speed
USB 2.0 porl onlv. There are fve LEDs
on lhe fronl panel-one for power/slalus
and four lo alerl vou if lhe prinler is low
on a parlicular loner. Allhough lhis prinler
supporls an aulonalic docunenl feeder, il
lacks an inbuill duplex prinl unil like nosl
enlrv·level color laser prinlers.
FerIoræaoce
Texl prinl qualilv is generallv good when il
cones lo a laser prinler. Our prinl lesl of
lexl docunenl revealed excellenl prinls.
The inage qualilv was nol up lo lhe nark.
Our lesl prinl showed several Haws in lhe
prinler. ve could see a linge of vellow all
over lhe inage. The gradalion fron while
lo black was nol snoolh. The skin lones in
lhe shadow areas lacked delail. vhile lhe
prinler is good for casual prinls, we do nol
reconnend il for serious prinling work.
Bringing a color laser prinler lo
lhe narkel al lhis price wilhoul anv
conpronise on perfornance is a diffcull
lask. The prinl engine is lechnicallv
single·pass, which neans lhe paper onlv
goes inlo lhe inage drun once. Bul lhe
drun has lo be ´painled´ bv each color,
which neans a color docunenl slill lakes
signifcanllv longer lo fnish lhan whal
is laken bv a nono. A 10·page nono
docunenl prinled al a rale of 16 ppn,
while a color docunenl prinled al jusl 4
ppn in our lesls. Our neasured linings
were verv close lo lhe nanufaclurer´s
specifcalions in lerns of prinl speeds.
Allhough lhese lines are slow conpared
lo professional color laser prinlers, lhev
are slill a lol fasler lhan lhe prinl speeds
provided bv inkjel prinlers in lhe nornal
color node.
¥erdict
Each loner carlridge lasls for 1,000 pages,
wilh lhe exceplion of lhe 2,000·sheel
nono carlridge, which indicales lhal lhis
prinler is nol neanl for heavv·dulv use.
Bul ils running cosls (drun and loner
coslì are reasonable conpared lo prinlers
fron olher brands. One has lo replace lhe
inage drun afler 20,000 pages, which
is renarkable for an enlrv·level prinler,
al a conpelilive price poinl. There are
lasers lhal cosl less per page, such as
Sansung´s own CLP·510, bul lheir inilial
cosl is higher. íf vou´re a SOHO user and
wanl lhe sinplicilv, speed and qualilv of
a nono laser wilh lhe oplion lo prinl in
color, lhe CLP·300 is lhe besl offering al
lhis price.
fDk: Lowesl price poinl, snallesl forn
faclor, excellenl lexl prinl qualilv.
ACAIN51: ínage qualilv nol up lo lhe nark,
slow prinl speeds, no nelwork supporl.
lAS£k PklN1£k
Samsung ClP-300
$peciIicatioos
Fesolution. 2100 x ë00 doi, Frint soeeds. 17 oou uono and
1 oou colour, Faoer trav. 150 sheets, üutv cvcle. 21, 200
oaues oer uonth
Frice Fs 15,990
6ootact Sausunu lndia Electronics Fvt Ltd
Fhooe 011-11511231
E-æaiI anuoau.k@sausunu.cou
Website www.sausunu.cou/in
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The toner is housed on the orinter's front, and can
be installed and chanued easilv
TESTED HARDWARE
4S
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INIELLIßENI 6üMFüIINß 6hIF

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J/lu/RY ZJJ/
CkAPHlCS CAkD
8lC Ceferce 7600CS
$peciIicatioos
Core Clock. 500 Mht, Meuorv Clock. 800 Mht,
Meuorv Site. 25ë Mß, Meuorv tvoe. 0üüF2,
Meuorv bus. 128-bit, SLl Caoable
Frice Fs ë,210
6ootact ßiu ßvte Corooration
Fhooe 022-23891800
E-æaiI sales@biubvteindia.cou
Website www.biu-tek.cou
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£N1k¥-l£V£l CkAPHlCS Cane
developers are pushing conpuler graphics
lo lhe hill for pholo realislic ganes like
£|der Scro||s. Ob|ivion and lhe vel·lo·be
launched DireclX 10 conpalible gane
Crvsis. Bul nol evervone is a hardcore
ganer and for people who are salisfed
wilh casual ganing experiences, lhere
are enlrv·level ganing solulions. Allhough
onboard graphic solulions are naking
good progress, lhev can never provide lhe
perfornance of a dedicaled graphics card.
So for lhose who wanl lo lrv oul lhe lalesl
ganes albeil al barelv plavable resolulions,
solulions like lhe BíC 7600CS are ideal.
ßuiId quaIity aod setup
The CPU is aclivelv cooled bv an
aluninun·based healsink. A nassive fan
helps facililale lhe cooling of an alreadv
overclocked CPU. The nenorv nodules
have no cooling whalsoever-eilher aclive
or passive. Allhough lhis linils lhe card´s
polenlial overclocking oplions in lheorv,
il provided beller overclocking conpared
lo sinilar solulions fron olher brands.This
card does nol require anv addilional power
fron lhe SíPS. íl nainlv draws power
fron lhe PCí·E slol. íl cones bundled
wilh lhe driver CD, nanual, and S·Video/
Conposile cables.
Features
The BíC 7600 CS fealures a core clock
speed of 500 íHz, which is 100 íHz
higher lhan lhe slandard specifcalions of
7600CS. Allhough lhis exlra 100 íHz is
welcone, il does nol nake anv difference
lo vour ganing experience. So if vou wanl
lo experience decenl ganeplav, vou
nusl invesl in an 7600CT graphics
solulion. The card supporls 256 íB
of CDDF2 nenorv fron Hvnix, and is
clocked al 300 íHz.
One of lhe connon perfornance
bolllenecks of lhe 7600CS is lhe nenorv
inlerface. The nenorv inlerface on lhis
card is onlv 123·bil, which linils lhe card´s
graphics rendering capabililies bv a good
nargin. The CPU is buill on a 90·nicron
process, wilh 12 pixel pipelines, eighl pixel
oulpul engines and fve verlex shaders.
As far as conneclivilv oplions are
concerned, lhis card uses lhe PCí·E
inlerface. íl fealures a D·SUB porl which
ensures conpalibililv wilh CFT and
nanv LCD nonilors which use such an
inlerface. íl also supporls lhe DVí inlerface
lhal provides digilal oulpul. An S·Video
oul allows lransferring lhe oulpul of lhe
card´s displav lo a lelevision for walching
novies. This card also fealures a bridge
lhal facililales conbining lwo cards in lhe
SLí node provided vou have a conpalible
nolherboard.
FerIoræaoce
Svnlhelic benchnark scores were on
par wilh olher enlrv·level cards. The
scores were signifcanllv higher lhan
a 6600CT. 3Díark 05 scored 4443 al
slandard resolulions, which is quile good
for an enlrv·level ganing svslen. This
score wenl down lo 3100 3D íarks al
1600x1200 resolulions. You will surelv
nol be able lo plav anv new gane al
such high resolulions. 3D íark 06 scores
were under 1000. Doon 3 was plavable
al 1600x1200 wilh 44 fps. ve nusl sav
lhal F.£.A.F was plavable al enlrv·level
resolulions of 640x430 al an average
of 60 fps. Ob|ivion was also plavable al
1024x763 wilh defaull selling delails.
This card suils FTS ganes as lheir
graphics requirenenls are generallv lower
conpared lo olhers.
¥erdict
For a price of Fs 6,240, lhis card provides
enough juice lo salisfv casual ganers.
fDk: Cones overclocked and can be
overclocked furlher. Verv affordable.
ACAIN51: You cannol plav sone of lhe
newer ganes al 1024x763 resolulion.

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TESTED HARDWARE
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VAlU£ CAMlNC CAS£ Cood
ganing cases are generallv available for al
leasl Fs 3,500. And since nosl of lhen
don´l cone wilh a power supplv unil,
vou are bound lo shell oul a few nore
lhousands. For lhose who wanl a good
ganing case wilhoul spending nuch, lhe
new case bv Zebronics called Peace, is
worlh a look.
Features
This all·black case wilh a silver border
around lhe face has evervlhing-fron
greal looks lo good perfornance, and lhal
loo al a verv affordable price lag. The case
sporls a lransparenl side panel flled wilh
120 nn and 30 nn lransparenl LED fans.
The silenl 120 nn fan inlakes air over
lhe processor area and is conlrolled bv a
lhernislor. íl slarls onlv when lhe anbienl
lenperalure wilhin lhe case crosses lhe
lhreshold linil. The lhreshold linil for lhe
lenperalure can be sel using lhe conlrols
on lhe fronl panel. For addilional cooling,
lhe lop of lhe case is flled wilh an 30 nn
exhausl fan lhal can be lurned on/off using
lhe swilch al lhe lop of case. Cood cooling
is crilical especiallv for a ganing case due
lo lhe anounl of heal dissipaled bv lhe
processor and lhe graphics card. The fronl
panel of lhe case is lhe nosl eve·calching
wilh a blue backlil LCD panel lhal displavs
lhe anbienl lenperalure and HDD aclivilv.
There´s also a provision for fronl audio
jacks and lwo USB porls.
Peace cones bundled wilh a Zebronics
400v power supplv unil. Unless vou
are nol going lo use nore lhan one hard
drive, oplical drive and a graphics card lhal
doesn´l require addilional power, gel rid of
lhe PSU and invesl in a beller one.
The vollage reading on lhe 12V rail
under loaded condilions wilh a CeForce
7300CTX, was 11.69 volls. vilh lhree
case fans added, il furlher dropped. An SLí
selup would kill lhe PSU!
¥erdict
íf vou don´l wanl lo spend nuch on a
ganing case, lhis one is a greal bang for
lhe buck. And as far as lhe PSU goes, il´s
good enough for a basic ganing rig.
fDk: Creal looks, excellenl cooling.
ACAIN51: veak PSU for a ganing case.
PlUC-AND-PlA¥ N£1W0kk All
of us have heard of PoE or Power over
Elhernel using which devices can be
powered using lhe sane FJ45 Elhernel
cable inlerface. íl basicallv neans lhal PoE
devices are capable of lransnilling power
over dala lines. However, lhe Level One
PLí·2020 Elhernel Plug is a device lhal
lransnils dala over exisling power lines.
Features
Since lhe power supplv lines in índia
have high noise ralio, ils OFDí dala
nodulalion lechnologv helps in providing
beller lhroughpul over copper cables
lhal conducl eleclricilv. Celling il up and
running is sinple-plug in lhe device inlo
lhe power sockel and allach lhe Elhernel
cable fron vour PC lo lhe device and
vou´re done! One najor concern while
inslalling lhe device is securilv. Anvone
on lhe sane eleclrical nelwork is capable
of lapping inlo lhe dala nelwork using a
sinilar device. To prevenl lhis and prolecl
privacv of dala anong PCs, lhe 56·bil DES
Link Encrvplion soflware is used.
FerIoræaoce
The conpanv clains lhal lhis device
provides a naxinun lhroughpul of up lo
35 íbps. However, our lesls revealed
lhal under praclical condilions, lhis device
provides onlv a naxinun lhroughpul of
5.5 íBps (44 íbpsì, which is wav loo
slow bv Elhernel slandards. A wireless
device would provide nuch beller
lhroughpuls given enough signal slrenglh.
The dala speeds provided bv lhis device
are enough for casual browsing and non·
denanding LAÑ aclivilies.
¥erdict
This device is defnilelv nol nass narkel
bul il does have ils niche usabililv. íl is
capable of lransferring dala over exisling
power lines, saving on wiring expenses.
Praclical applicalions include usage in
large holels, where laving of cables is
inpraclical in lerns of cosls.
fDk: Can nake use of lhe exisling
infraslruclure.
ACAIN51: High price. íl is nol praclical for
newer inslallalions.
£1H£kN£1 PlUC
leveI 0ne Pll-2020
$peciIicatioos
Freuuencv uodulation. 0FüM, voltaue. 230 volts,
Network. 10/100 Mbos fast Ethernet oort, Status
LEüs, Fated Transuission soeed. 85 Mbos
Frice Fs 1, 100
6ootact MlNüS llndiaI Fvt Ltd
Fhooe 09818299ëë3
E-æaiI jerrv.albert@level1.co.in
Website www.level1.cou
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PC CAS£
Iebrenics Peace
$peciIicatioos
üiuensions lWxhxü uuI. 190x135x185, Foru
factor. ATX, FSu outout. 100W, FSu connectors.
20-oin oower, 1-oin ATX 12v, 1x Molex, 1x Füü,
ürive bavs. 1x 3.5-inch, 1x Füü and 1x 5.25-inch
Frice Fs 2,ë00
6ootact Too Notch lnfotronix Fvt Ltd
Fhooe 022-23009539
E-æaiI uushtau.teb@uuail.cou
Website www.tebronics.net
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J/lu/RY ZJJ/

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51
HlCH P0W£k, l0W PklC£ The
Blues ATX·450A is an enlrv·level PSU
neanl for lhose who wanl lo build a basic
PC wilh a lighl budgel in hand.
Features
The unil fealures four íolex conneclors
and a SATA conneclor-enough lo power
lwo hard drives, an oplical drive and a
case fan. Thal will leave vou wilh one
íolex conneclor if vou have a graphics
card lhal requires addilional power. íf
vou are shorl of power conneclors, vou
will need a Y·cable for an addilional
conneclor. An 30 nn fan is flled al lhe
rear lo exhausl lhe heal dissipaled bv lhe
conponenls wilhin.
FerIoræaoce
To evaluale how nuch slress lhe ATX·
450A can handle, we loaded il wilh lwo
hard drives, an oplical drive and a graphics
card (Ñvidia CeForce 7300CTXì. The
oulpul was oplinal in idle node. However,
lhe vollage dropped bv 0.33V on lhe 12V
rail under load. This is due lo lhe facl lhal
a single 12V rail has lo handle lhe load of
lhe processor, graphics card and olher
devices. Using a graphics card lhal doesn´l
require addilional power (like lhe CeForce
7600CTì, lhe perfornance was oplinal.
¥erdict
For lhe fealures and perfornance offered
lhe Blues ATX·450A is a greal deal. The
robusl warranlv period of 3 vears nakes
lhis PSU a rocker!
fDk: SATA conneclor, good value for
nonev, lhree·vear warranlv.
ACAIN51: Ñone.
P0k1A8l£ DA1A CAkkl£k The
lalesl Transcend JelFlash V30 1 CB slin
bodied lhunb drive is snaller lhan vour
lillle fnger. íl is USB 2.0 conplianl and has
oplional password proleclion. The bundled
soflware CD includes lhe vindows 93
driver. The resl of lhe soflware is available
on lhe pen drive afler deleclion. The V30 is
lighlweighl al 7 gns. The bodv of lhe pen
drive has a glossv fnish which nakes il
prone lo scralches.
You can use 1 CB of slorage space for
sloring a DíVX novie (700 íBì, carrving
vour docunenls or sloring up lo 240 íP3
songs. The drive also ships along wilh a
conpression soflware and a PC lock ulililv
lhal can lock/unlock vour desklop bv jusl
plugging or unplugging il. ve lesled lhis
USB 2.0 pen drive using svnlhelic as well
as real·world benchnarks. Though we
found il lo be sluggish in lhe wrile lesls,
lhe read speeds were quile good.
$cores
Everest 200ë
I£1fLA5H V30
Linear (Fead/vrite) : 12.4 / 2.2 íB/s
Fandon (Fead/vrite) : 12.3 / 1.3 íB/s
kINC51DN DA1A1kAV£LL£k
Linear (Fead/vrite) : 12.6 / 5.9
Fandon (Fead/vrite) : 12 / 1.5 íB/s
8eaI-worId beochæarks
I£1fLA5H If V30
ìu|tip|e f|es (Fead/vrite): 13.3 / 1.3 íB/s
Sing|e f|e (Fead/vrite) : 14.3 / 2 íB/s
kINC51DN DA1A1kAV£LL£k
ìu|tip|e f|es (Fead/vrite): 12.5 / 5.3 íB/s
Sing|e f|e (Fead/vrite) : 14.3 / 5.6 íB/s
¥erdict
There are plenlv of USB Hash drives
on lhe narkel. Bul Transcend being a
reliable brand, lhe JelFlash V30 is worlh
considering. However vou will need a
lol of palience while lransferring dala.
Allhough lhe drive´s overall perfornance
was reasonablv good, vou can check oul
olher oplions in lhe narkel wilhin lhe
sane price range.
fDk: Cood read speeds, shipped wilh
vindows 93 drivers.
ACAIN51: Slow wrile speeds, prone lo
scralches.
P0W£k SUPPl¥ UNl1
8Iues A1X-4S0A
$peciIicatioos
üiuensions lWxhxü uuI. 150x85x110, 0utout
caoacitv. 150W, Connectors. 21-oin oower, 1-oin
ATX 12v, 1 SATA, 1 Molex and 1 Flooov, 0thers.
Sinule ÷12v rail, 80 uu rear fan
Frice Fs 800
6ootact ßlues lT lnnovations lndia Fvt Ltd
Fhooe 022-23811590
E-æaiI info@bluesindia.cou
Website www.bluesindia.cou
Warraoty 3 vears

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£X1£kNAl S10kAC£
1ranscend IetfIash v30 1C8
$peciIicatioos
Caoacitv. 1 0ß, Site. lWxhxü uuI 1ë.5 x ë0 x 8.1,
Weiuht. 7 uus, lnterface. uSß 2.0, Svsteu Feu.
Windows All, Mac 0S9.0 or above, Linux Kernel
2.1.2 or above
Frice Fs 1,200
6ootact Mediauan 0rouo
Fhooe 022-23828100
E-æaiI sales@uediauanurouo.cou
Website www.uediauanurouo.cou
Warraoty 2 vears

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2 HDD, 1 opticaI drive and
GeForce 7800GTX
IdIe Load
+ 5 V 5.13 5.23
+ 12 V 12.13 11.35
+ 3.3 V 3.43 3.42
2 HDD, 1 opticaI drive and
Geforce 7600GT
IdIe Load
+ 5 V 5.22 5.22
+ 12 V 12.29 12.12
+ 3.3 V 3.44 3.45
MOBÌLE PHONE COMPAPÌSON HARDWARE
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$M$ us! Storv code. h6$ lSee Faue 1ë for detailsI
MebiIe MarveIs
Integrating most features of standaIone entertainment devices apart
from offering business functionaIities have become the de rigeur for
most mid-range and high-end ceII phones today. We bring you 20
gorgeous, high-performing phones in this roundup BY ANAND TULIANI
EgVbdY?VY]Vk
MOBÌLE PHONE COMPAPÌSON HARDWARE
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53
W
ilh lhe narkel being inundaled wilh new cell phones
everv now and lhen, picking lhe perfecl one is like
cracking a lough puzzle. The ironv is afler spending
considerable anounl of line deciding on whal lo buv and using
il for a few nonlhs, vou realize vour prized possession is alreadv
ouldaled. The pace al which cell phone lechnologv is advancing
is phenonenal. Fron lhe davs when lhe nobile was a bulkv
handsel used onlv for calling and nessaging lo lhe presenl·dav
cell phone-an all·in·one device inlegraling digilal canera,
cancorder, nedia plaver, Fí radio, web browser, e·nail clienl
and nore-lhe change is renarkable.
ín spile of being Jack of all lrades, lhe cell phone is now
conpeling wilh slandalone devices-il nav nol be as powerful,
bul il bundles lheir fealures in a single package. ín addilion lo
versalililv, lhe cell phone has also becone a fashion slalenenl,
and personalilv and slalus svnbol. vhile a sexv clanshell phone
nav appeal lo lhe Hanbovanl, a dianond·sludded one nav be
lhe lasle of parlicularlv lhe afHuenl class!
Sone of vou nighl nol like lhe idea of walching videos on a
snall screen. Bul lodav lhere are cell phones wilh displavs having
ullra·crisp resolulion-as high as 352x416-in a 54 nn screen
lhal nakes walching videos or browsing a greal experience.
Cell phones can be calegorized inlo lhree calegories-basic
phones, nullinedia phones and snarl phones. Basic phones
are plain vanilla phones neanl for lhose who wanl a phone for
nolhing else bul connunicalion-for calling and nessaging.
A few ganes nav cone as a bonus. íullinedia phones offer
nuch nore lhan whal lhe basic phones do. You can click and
share piclures, shool videos, lislen lo vour favorile lracks, surf
lhe web and do a lol nore. Snarl phones are lhe besl of lhe lol.
ínlegraling lhe fealures of a phone and a PDA, lhese devices
are funclional conpulers in a paln·sized forn faclor. Aparl
fron enlerlainnenl, whal nakes a snarl phone ´snarl´ are ils
business fealures such as Offce suile, vi·Fi conneclivilv, web
browser, e·nail clienl and fle nanager.
For lhis round up, we selecled lhe hollesl phones in lhe
narkel offering lhe lalesl and besl in lerns of lechnologv. The
besl canera and nusic phones, lhe slinnesl and lhe sexiesl
phones, phone wilh DVD·like video caplure qualilv, besl business
phone-vou´ll fnd lhen all here. íf vour budgel reslricls vou fron
buving lhe besl oul of lhe lol, lhere are nainslrean nodels lhal
offer greal bang for lhe buck.
Afler going lhrough lhe 20 gorgeous devices fealured in lhe
roundup, we assune vou´ll have nade a decision. Being a new
vear, il is lhe righl line lo gifl presenls lo fanilv and friends, and
a drool ilen fron lhis fealure nighl jusl be one of vour gifls!
MOBÌLE PHONE COMPAPÌSON HARDWARE
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Unlike anv olher hardware producl, cellular
phones have hugelv evolved since lheir
inceplion. íore lhan being used for sinple
voice connunicalion, inlegralion has
enabled nanufaclurers lo now incorporale
high·resolulion screens, heaps of nenorv,
lhe abililv lo view and record inages and
noves, even localion·sensing capabililies
using CPS! ín lhe face of lhis nassive
change, we have also revisiled our
benchnarking nelhodologv lo faclor in
lhese lechnical advancenenls.
ín accordance wilh lhe fealures and
specifcalions of phones in lhe narkel
lodav, we have broadlv classifed lhe
devices inlo íullinedia and Snarl phones.
Bv defnilion, íullinedia phones are lhose
lhal fealure a 1.3·negapixel inlegraled
canera and can plav back audio and
video. ve have defned Snarl phones as
lhose lhal bundle offce soflware, a web
browser, an e·nail clienl and offer ínlernel
access (via CPFS, EDCE or vi·Fiì.
Fron lhis slarling poinl, we enhanced
our logging spreadsheels where we
caplured 104 specifcalions per phone.
These relaled lo Fealures, Build Oualilv,
Ergononics, Perfornance and varranlv.
Features
The beller lhe fealures offered bv lhe
phones, lhe higher were lhe poinls
awarded bv our lesling svslen. Phones
lhal scored higher were lhe ones wilh
a larger screen, higher resolulion, fasler
processor, grealer supporl for wireless
slandard, inlegraled canera, higher·
capacilv ballerv, elc. ve even looked for
new·generalion lechnologies such as vi·
Fi, 3C supporl, aulofocus canera and lhe
like. Sone phones facililaled easier inpul
bv wav of OvEFTY kevboards lhal were
eilher inlegraled inlo lhe bodv of sone
phone designs or Hipped oul on eilher side
of lhe screen in olhers.
Especiallv in lhe case of cell phones,
lhe najorilv of purchases are inHuenced bv
fealures and specifcalions alone-users
are looking al devices lhal serve several
needs ranging fron lislening lo nusic lo
accessing lhe ínlernel while on lhe nove.
Therefore, we raled fealures anong lhe
highesl in lhe evalualion calegories-il
conlribuled 25 percenl lo lhe overall
scoring of lhe phones.
ßuiId üuaIity
vilh phones living lhe najorilv of lheir
lives in vour pockel or handbag, lhev
are conslanllv al lhe receiving end of
lhe rigors of lhe ouldoor world. So lhev
have lo wilhsland considerable phvsical
and lhernal slrain. Here, we checked for
slurdiness-lhe use of nelal in lhe bodv,
lhe qualilv of anv noveable parls, laclile
feedback and plav of bullons, elc. An
inporlanl aspecl in lhe overall qualilv of
lhe phone, il conlribuled 25 percenl lo lhe
overall score.
Ergoooæics
Since lodav´s users would nuch ralher
be caughl wilhoul lheir wallel lhan lheir
cell phone, il isn´l hard lo believe how
allached one can gel. The cell phone is
arguablv lhe nosl personal producl a user
can own. Since lhe level of personal usage
is so high, il is cruciallv inporlanl for il
lo be designed wilh conforl and ease of
use in nind. The inclusion of a jog dial or
direclional bullon, conforlablv sized and
spaced bullons, conlexl·sensilive help,
and an easv user·inlerface go a long wav in
facililaling a good usage experience. This
seclion accounled for 20 percenl of lhe
overall score.
FerIoræaoce
There was a line when a cell phone´s
perfornance was nolhing nore lhan ils
ballerv life and voice qualilv. vilh lhe
inclusion of nullinedia and docunenl
crealion capabililies on lodav´s devices, we
noled several of lhe lesl devices having
processors running in excess lo 250 íHz.
The increasing denands on lhe fealures
of cell phones lodav require lhal lhev
have beller processing capabililies. Everv
cell phone lodav runs ils own operaling
svslen-fron lhe newesl Svnbian 9.1 lo
lhe older Series 60 slandards. ve were
lherefore able lo run applicalions lhal
evalualed lhe perfornance of lhe phone in
handling basic lexl and graphics funclions.
This Java applicalion-JBenchnark
2-provided a view inlo lhe response of
lhese phones while using applicalions
like vord processors, an inlegraled web
browser, elc.
As parl of perfornance, we also
evalualed ballerv life, audio and video
caplure and plavback qualilv, and
earphone and speaker volune and fdelilv.
Perfornance conlribuled 15 percenl of lhe
overall score.
Warraoty aod support
ín lhe evenl of sonelhing happening lo
vour cell phone, lhere is nolhing nore
reassuring lhan knowing vou can have
il replaced under warranlv. ve logged
warranlv delails fron nanufaclurers,
including lhe nunber of vears, nunber
of service cenlers and lhe cilies in which
lhese service cenlers are presenl. This
calegorv conlribuled 15 percenl lo lhe
overall score.
¥aIue Ior Mooey
The Value for íonev raling was calculaled
bv slacking lhe perfornance and fealures
againsl price. This lells vou how nuch
bang for lhe buck each phone offers.
Iest Frocess
The Sonv Ericsson K790i is oowered bv Sonv's
oroorietarv Cvber-Shot enuine
15% Warrantv & Suooort
25% ßuild 0ualitv
25% Features
152
lerfcrmance
20% Eruonouics
MOBÌLE PHONE COMPAPÌSON HARDWARE
J/lu/RY ZJJ/

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INIELLIßENI 6üMFüIINß 6hIF

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55
The Sonv Ericsson K790i is lhe besl
canera phone fealuring a 3.2 íP canera
wilh Hash and aulofocus. Like Sonv´s
range of digilal caneras, lhe canera in
lhis phone is powered bv lhe Cvber·Shol
engine. Conbined wilh while balance,
effecls and shooling nodes, lhis phone
funclions nore as a digilal canera
delivering lhe perfornance as lhal of a
regular digilal canera. Even in low lighl
condilions, lhe resulls are fanlaslic wilh
near·perfecl while balance. Thal´s because
Sonv has pepped up lhe canera wilh
a powerful Xenon Hash inslead of lhe
ordinarv LED one.
Canera aparl, lhe phone also sporls
a nedia plaver, Fí radio and a few
Java ganes. Speaker qualilv needs
inprovenenl. íenorv is up lo 64
íB-far loo low lo hold songs, inages
and videos. You would need lo add a
íenorv Slick (í2ì.
The K790i rules lhe roosl in lhe
nullinedia calegorv and al lhe price lhal il
cones for, il´s a killer deal.
fDk: Creal user inlerface, excellenl inage
caplure qualilv, Xenon Hash.
ACAIN51: Average speaker oulpul.
Seny £ricssen k790i
$peciIicatioos
Weiuht. 115 uus, Meuorv. ë1 Mß, üisolav
resolution. 210x320, Cauera. 3.2 MF with flash
and autofocus, Talk tiue. 7 hours
Frice Fs 18,899
6ootact Sonv Ericsson
Fhooe 9811108ë19
E-æaiI bhavna.jha@sonvericsson.cou
Warraoty 1 vear
8AIINß$
ßuiId quaIity

Ergoooæics

FerIoræaoce

Features

üveraII 8atiog

¥aIue Ior Mooey

MuItiæedia phooe
Seny £ricssen k7S0i
$peciIicatioos
Weiuht. 99 uus, Meuorv. 38 Mß, üisolav
resolution. 17ëx220, Cauera. 2 MF with flash and
autofocus, Talk tiue. 9 hours
Frice Fs 10,757
6ootact Sonv Ericsson
Fhooe 9811108ë19
E-æaiI bhavna.jha@sonvericsson.cou
Warraoty 1 vear
8AIINß$
ßuiId quaIity

Ergoooæics

FerIoræaoce

Features

üveraII 8atiog

¥aIue Ior Mooey

MuItiæedia phooe
Asus PS3S
$peciIicatioos
Frocessor soeed. 520 Mht, 0S. Windows Mobile
5.0, üisolav resolution. 210x320, Cauera. 2 MF
with flash and autofocus, Talk tiue. 5 hours
Frice Fs 15,000
6ootact ASuSTeK Cououter lnc
Fhooe 022-10058888
E-æaiI uedia_india@asus.cou
Warraoty 1 vear
8AIINß$
ßuiId quaIity

ßuiId quaIity

FerIoræaoce

Features

üveraII 8atiog

¥aIue Ior Mooey

$æart phooe
Prior lo lhe launch of lhe K790i, lhe Sonv
Ericsson K750 was lhe besl canera phone
wilh a 2 negapixel aulofocus canera. The
qualilv of inages caplured wilh lhis phone
is conparable lo lhal laken bv a high·end
phone fealuring a 3.2 negapixel canera.
For a canera phone, lhe inage delails,
while balance and color reproduclion
are excellenl.
The phone looks eleganl wilhoul anv
frills and fancies. vilhin a forn faclor, il
conforlablv squeezes a good 43 nn TFT
displav and a neal kevpad wilh kevs well
spaced oul. A 64 íB nenorv íenorv
Slick Duo Pro cones bundled wilh lhe
phone lo add lo 33 íB of buill·in nenorv.
Perfornance wise, lhe phone is
excellenl. The navigalion svslen is inluilive
and lhe inlerface is quick wilhoul anv lags.
Signal slrenglh and voice clarilv leaves no
roon for conplainl. However, lhere is lack
of clarilv while using lhe speakerphone.
The phone is a greal pick for lhose who
wanl power·packed perfornance and greal
fealures al an appealing price.
fDk: Creal inage qualilv, excellenl build
qualilv.
ACAIN51: Ño EDCE supporl.
Arned wilh an ínlel XScale 520 íHz
processor and 256 íB onboard nenorv,
lhe Asus P535 is lhe nosl powerful and
fealure·packed snarl phone anong all lhe
phones we lesled. íl neasures as nuch as
a deck of cards bul il´s as good as carrving
an offce in vour pockel.
The P535 is based on íicrosofl
vindows íobile 5.0 and offers an offce
suile, nedia plaver, fle nanager and
web and e·nail clienls in one plaller. The
versalililv of lhe device can be exlended
bv inslalling addilional niflv applicalions
like docunenl viewer, inage edilor, fle
archiver lo suil vour needs. Since il also
packs in a vi·Fi adapler, vou can also
use il lo surf lhe veb or check nails al
holspols. íl also supporls CPS!
The P535 doubles as a powerful
nullinedia phone wilh an inlegraled 2
íP canera wilh Hash and aulofocus lhal
can caplure inages and video. The build
qualilv and ergononics are excellenl.
This phone is bv far lhe snarlesl phone,
lhere´s nolhing lhal beals il.
fDk: Speedv, 2 íP canera wilh Hash and
aulo·focus, vi·Fi and CPS.
ACAIN51: Ño EDCE supporl and Fí radio.
& '
MOBÌLE PHONE COMPAPÌSON HARDWARE
56
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INIELLIßENI 6üMFüIINß 6hIF

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J/lu/RY ZJJ/
unless vou're a ohone freak who cannot
be loval to one and likes chanuinu ohones
everv few uonths, a cell ohone is an
investuent that's uoinu to stav with vou
for at least two to five vears down the line.
A ohone uust have a blend of features
that suits vour uvriad needs. lt's oointless
to buv a suart ohone if vou're not uoinu
to use it to create and view office
docuuents, browse the web or check
e-uails. lf vou like uusic, then vou can
iunore the cauera and uo for a ohone that
offers a uood oair of earohones and oodles
of storaue soace. Finallv, the ohone uust
fit vour buduet.
After testinu 20 ohones, l au aluost
teuoted to own one, if not a couole of
these drool-worthv uaduets. ßut if l vou
ask ue to oick onlv one, l would bet on
the Sonv Ericsson K750i. A 2-ueuaoixel
cauera with flash and autofocus, uedia
olaver and FM radio at a orice of Fs 10,717
is a deal not worth uissinu.
ßeinu a uusic lover, l would further
soend a few thousands for a 1 0ß Meuorv
Stick to carrv a few hundred sonus, for
entertainuent while l travel or uo for a
walk or jou. The ohone is an ace oerforuer.
The results of the cauera are better than
those taken bv the 3 MF Sausunu ü900 or
the 3.2 MF Nokia N93. And beinu suall and
liuht, it is not bulkv on the oocket.
l'u not a biu fan of suart ohones. Thev
are verv oowerful devices but it's worth
investinu in one onlv if vou are uoinu
to extract the uost out of the features
offered. More iuoortantlv, it takes uuite a
while to uaster the functionalities of such
a device and uet used to it.
ln the suart ohone cateuorv, uv
favorite is the Asus F535. lt features a
520 Mht orocessor and is the fastest
suart ohone based on Microsoft Windows
Mobile 5.0. The ohone is oriced Fs 15,000,
but if l had that uonev to soend, l would
rather invest it on a laotoo or even a bike!
FersooaI Iake
6cVcYIja^Vc^
VcVcY#ija^Vc^5X]^e"^cY^V#Xdb
$pec$cao
¯ Frices are indicative and subject to chanue, taxes extra
6AIEßü8¥ $MA8I FhüNE$
Naæe $ooy F990i Nokia E50
Contact Sonv Ericsson Nokia lndia Fvt Ltd
Fhone 9811108ë19 0121-1199000
E-uail bhavna.jha@sonvericsson.cou NA
Frice¯ Fs 31,191 Fs 15,539
0verall
Features lout of 25I 15.ë8 7.91
ßuild uualitv lout of 25I 19.29 23.93
Eruonouics lout of 20I 1ë.59 15.11
Ferforuance lout of 15I 7.ë8 5.99
Warrantv and suooort lout of 15I 10.33 15.00
üveraII |out oI 100I IdiVa/+.#*, IdiVa/+,#.)
value for uonev lout of 5I
Features
üiuensions lWxhxüI luuI 57 x 111 x 2ë 13.5 x 113 x 15.5
Weiuht luusI 150 101
Frocessor lNaue, soeedI AFM 9 / 208 Mht AFM 9 / 220 Mht
Meuorv l0nboard, ßundledI ë0 / ë1 70 / 0
0oeratinu svsteu Svubian 0 v9.1, ul0 3.0 Svubian Series ë0 3rd Edition
ßispIay
Fesolution lX x YI 210x320 210x320
üiauonal site luuI 70 52
Colors 25ë K 25ë K
Network support
0SM 850, 900, 1800, 1900, uMTS | | | | | | | |
6oooectivity
0FFS, Eü0E, 30, Wi-Fi, ßluetooth, lF | | | | | | | | | |
lnout tvoe lStvlus, kevboard, kevoadI | | | |
Meuorv exoansion Meuorv Stick üuo Fro MicroSü
Iotegrated caæera
Sensor, flash, AF, secondarv cau 2 | | | 1.3 | | |
FM radio, Music olaver | |
ßatterv lTvoe, ratinuI Lithiuu Folvuer / 1120 uAh Lithiuu lon / 970 uAh
Standbv tiue, Talk tiue 100 hrs / 9 hrs 210 hrs / 8 hrs
ßuiId quaIity
Sturdiness of shell Excellent Excellent
Sturdiness of uoveable oarts lFlaoI verv uood Excellent
Sturdiness of batterv retention clauo Excellent Excellent
ßutton Tactile resoonse / button uualitv Excellent / Excellent Excellent / Excellent
Aooeal 0ood-lookinu 0ood-lookinu
Ergoooæics
0WEFTY kevboard
ßutton site/soacinu 0ood / 0ood verv uood / Excellent
Shortcut kevs / one-handed ooeration | |
hot swaooable ueuorv
Ease of Naviuation Excellent Excellent
FerIoræaoce
Jbenchuark 2 1ë0 218
Claritv lSoeaker, voiceI Excellent / Excellent verv uood / Excellent
Fecordinu liuaue, videoI Averaue / Averaue Averaue / Foor
Earohone outout Excellent 0ood
Warraoty & $upport
Feriod of warrantv lvearsI 1 1
Nuuber of authorised service centres 1ë0 NA
Nuuber of cities where service centres are oresent 70 NA
( ) * + ,
MOBÌLE PHONE COMPAPÌSON HARDWARE
J/lu/RY ZJJ/

|

INIELLIßENI 6üMFüIINß 6hIF

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57
MüLIIMEßIA FhüNE$
Nokia E10 Nokia 9300i Asus F535 ü2 Atoæ Nokia N93
Nokia lndia Fvt Ltd Nokia lndia Fvt Ltd ASuSTeK Cououter lnc Creative-e-bit.cou Ltd Nokia lndia Fvt Ltd
0121-1199000 0121-1199000 022-10058888 93239ëë815 0121-1199000
NA NA uedia_india@asus.cou cr_uuu@vahoo.cou NA
Fs 21,839 Fs 32,019 Fs 15,000 Fs 32,000 Fs 37,189
11.35 9.2ë 11.19 10.99 17.77
11.29 19.29 19.29 1ë.9ë 19.29
17.73 17.73 15.15 15.11 17.39
ë.53 5.22 8.89 ë.20 11.13
15.00 15.00 ë.18 ë.1ë 15.00
IdiVa/+,#-. IdiVa/++#*% IdiVa/+&#(& IdiVa/**#,' IdiVa/-%#-+

53 x 117 x 22 51 x 132 x 21 59 x 109 x 19 58 x 102 x 18.5 55.5 x 118 x 28.2
127 172 150 110 180
AFM 9 / 220 Mht AFM 9 / 150 Mht lntel Xscale FXA270 / 520 Mht lntel Xscale FXA272 / 11ë Mht AFM 11 / 330 Mht
75 / ë1 80 / 0 25ë / 0 128 / 0 50 / 128
Svubian Series ë0 3rd Edition Svubian Series 80 ver 2.0 ul Microsoft Windows Mobile 5.0 Microsoft Windows Mobile 5.0 Svubian Series ë0 3rd Edition
352x11ë ë10x200 210x320 210x320 210x320
51 102 70 ë5 ë0
1ë M ë5 K ë5 K ë5 K 25ë K
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |
| | | | | | | | | |
MiniSü MMC MiniSü MiniSü MiniSü
2 | | | NA | | | 2 | | | 2 | | | 3.2 | | |
| | | | |
Lithiuu lon / 1150 uAh Lithiuu Folvuer / 1100 uAh Lithiuu lon / 1300 uAh Lithiuu Folvuer / 1530 uAh Lithiuu Folvuer / 1100 uAh
220 hrs / 7.33 hrs 230 hrs / 8 hrs 200 hrs / 5 hrs 150 hrs / 5.5 hrs 210 hrs / 5 hrs
verv uood Excellent Excellent Excellent Excellent
verv uood Excellent verv uood verv uood verv uood
0ood Excellent Excellent verv uood verv uood
verv uood / verv uood Excellent / Excellent Excellent / Excellent verv uood / Excellent Excellent / Excellent
0ood-lookinu 0ood-lookinu üownriuht sexv! üownriuht sexv! üownriuht sexv!

Excellent / Excellent Excellent / Excellent Excellent / Excellent verv uood / Excellent Excellent / verv uood
| | | | |

Excellent Excellent Excellent Excellent Excellent
281 NA 1193 NA 531
Excellent / Excellent verv uood / Excellent 0ood / Excellent verv uood / Excellent Excellent / Excellent
Averaue / Foor NA / NA Averaue / Foor Foor / Foor Averaue / Excellent
0ood 0ood verv uood Averaue Excellent
1 1 1 1 1
NA NA 1 10 NA
NA NA 1 10 NA
- . &%
MOBÌLE PHONE COMPAPÌSON HARDWARE
5S
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INIELLIßENI 6üMFüIINß 6hIF

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J/lu/RY ZJJ/
6AIEßü8¥ MüLIIMEßIA FhüNE$
Naæe Nokia N13 Nokia N80 Nokia N91
Contact Nokia lndia Fvt Ltd Nokia lndia Fvt Ltd Nokia lndia Fvt Ltd
Fhone 0121-1199000 0121-1199000 0121-1199000
E-uail NA NA NA
Frice¯ Fs 2ë,129 Fs 2ë,709 Fs 22,229
0verall
Features lout of 25I 1ë.18 15.58 11.1ë
ßuild uualitv lout of 25I 19.1ë 20.71 22.8ë
Eruonouics lout of 20I 1ë.82 17.05 13.18
Ferforuance lout of 15I 9.12 ë.15 8.57
Warrantv and suooort lout of 15I 15.00 15.00 15.00
üveraII |out oI 100I IdiVa/,+#-- IdiVa/,)#,. IdiVa/,%#,,
value for uonev lout of 5I
Features
üiuensions lWxhxüI luuI 19 x 110 x 19 50 x 95 x 2ë 55.2 x 113 x 22
Weiuht luusI 11ë 131 1ë1
Frocessor lNaue, soeedI AFM 9 / 220 Mht AFM 9 / 220 Mht AFM 9 / 220 Mht
Meuorv l0nboard, ßundledI 12 / 128 10 / 128 1000 / 0
0oeratinu svsteu Svubian Series ë0 3rd Edition Svubian Series ë0 3rd Edition Svubian Series ë0 3rd Edition
ßispIay
Fesolution lX x YI 210x320 352x11ë 17ëx208
üiauonal site luuI ë1 51 51
Colors 25ë K 25ë K 25ë K
Network support
0SM 850, 900, 1800, 1900, uMTS | | | | | | | | | | | |
6oooectivity
0FFS, Eü0E, 30, Wi-Fi, ßluetooth, lF | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |
lnout tvoe lStvlus, kevboard, kevoadI | | | | | |
Meuorv exoansion MiniSü MiniSü None
Iotegrated caæera
Sensor, flash, AF, secondarv cau 3.2 | | | 3 | | | 2 | | |
FM radio, Music olaver | | |
ßatterv lTvoe, ratinuI Lithiuu lon / 1100 uAh Lithiuu lon / 820 uAh Lithiuu lon / 900 uAh
Standbv tiue, Talk tiue 350 hrs / ë hrs 192 hrs / 3 hrs 190 hrs / 1 hrs
ßuiId quaIity
Sturdiness of shell Excellent Excellent Excellent
Sturdiness of uoveable oarts lFlaoI Excellent verv uood verv uood
Sturdiness of batterv retention clauo Excellent verv uood Excellent
ßutton Tactile resoonse / button uualitv 0ood / Excellent Excellent / Excellent Excellent / Excellent
Aooeal üownriuht sexv! 0ood-lookinu 0ood-lookinu
Ergoooæics
0WEFTY kevboard
ßutton site/soacinu verv uood / 0ood verv uood / verv uood 0ood / 0ood
Shortcut kevs / one-handed ooeration | | |
hot swaooable ueuorv
Ease of Naviuation Excellent Excellent Excellent
FerIoræaoce
Jbenchuark 2 327 217 138
Claritv lSoeaker, voiceI Excellent / Excellent Excellent / Excellent verv uood / Excellent
Fecordinu liuaue, videoI 0ood / 0ood Foor / Foor 0ood / Foor
Earohone outout verv uood verv uood Excellent
Warraoty & $upport
Feriod of warrantv lvearsI 1 1 1
Nuuber of authorised service centres NA NA NA
Nuuber of cities where service centres are oresent NA NA NA
$pec$cao
¯ Frices are indicative and subject to chanue, taxes extra
&& &' &( &) &*
MOBÌLE PHONE COMPAPÌSON HARDWARE
J/lu/RY ZJJ/

|

INIELLIßENI 6üMFüIINß 6hIF

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59
$ooy Ericssoo k190i $aæsuog $ßh-ß900 Nokia N12 $aæsuog $ßh-ß830 $ooy Ericssoo të10i
Sonv Ericsson Sausunu Telecouuunications lndia Nokia lndia Fvt Ltd Sausunu Telecouuunications lndia Sonv Ericsson
9811108ë19 1-800-11-00-11 0121-1199000 1-800-11-00-11 9811108ë19
bhavna.jha@sonvericsson.cou vuvraj.uehta@sausunu.cou NA vuvraj.uehta@sausunu.cou bhavna.jha@sonvericsson.cou
Fs 18,899 Fs 21,000 Fs 18,019 Fs 17,500 Fs 15,715
12.89 10.71 11.18 ë.92 10.98
18.21 18.21 1ë.07 21.13 1ë.ë1
17.05 11.77 17.05 15.15 17.73
11.72 7.12 5.88 ë.1ë 9.53
10.33 15.00 15.00 15.00 10.33
IdiVa/,%#'& IdiVa/++#&& IdiVa/+*#)- IdiVa/+*#'+ IdiVa/+*#&,

17 x 105 x 22 51 x 103.5 x 12.9 53 x 109 x 21.8 51 x 103 x 9.9 19 x 91.5 x 20
115 85 121 85 110
NA NA AFM 9 / 220 Mht NA NA
ë1 / 0 80 / 0 20 / 128 80 / 0 1ë / ë1
NA NA Svubian Series ë0 0S8.1 NA NA
210x320 210x320 17ëx208 210x320 17ëx220
51 5ë 51 58 52
25ë K 25ë K 25ë K 25ë K 25ë K
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |
| | | | | | | | | |
Meuorv Stick Micro lM2I MicroSü FS-MMC MicroSü Meuorv Stick Micro lM2I
3.2 | | | 3 | | | 2 | | | 2 | | | 2 | | |
| | | | |
Lithiuu Folvuer / 900 uAh Lithiuu lon / 800 uAh Lithiuu lon / 970 uAh Lithiuu lon / ë30 uAh Lithiuu Folvuer / 950 uAh
350 hrs / 7 hrs 2ë0 hrs / ë.5 hrs 2ë0 hrs / 3.5 hrs 210 hrs / 2.5 hrs 100 hrs / 7 hrs
Excellent verv uood verv uood verv uood Excellent
verv uood Excellent verv uood Excellent Averaue
verv uood verv uood verv uood Excellent 0ood
Excellent / Excellent Excellent / Excellent Excellent / Excellent 0ood / verv uood verv uood / Excellent
üownriuht sexv! üownriuht sexv! 0ood-lookinu üownriuht sexv! üownriuht sexv!

verv uood / verv uood Excellent / Excellent verv uood / verv uood Excellent / Excellent Excellent / Excellent
| | | | |

Excellent Excellent Excellent Excellent Excellent
1218 NA 199 NA 1700
0ood / Excellent verv uood / verv uood verv uood / Excellent 0ood / verv uood verv uood / Excellent
Excellent / 0ood 0ood / Averaue Averaue / Foor Averaue / Averaue Averaue / Foor
verv uood verv uood 0ood verv uood Excellent
1 1 1 1 1
1ë0 210 NA 210 1ë0
70 NA NA NA 70
&+ &, &-
MOBÌLE PHONE COMPAPÌSON HARDWARE
60
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INIELLIßENI 6üMFüIINß 6hIF

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J/lu/RY ZJJ/
$pec$cao
6AIEßü8¥
Naæe $ooy Ericssoo k150i ßeoü $ieæeos 6L11 $aæsuog $ßh-k820
Contact Sonv Ericsson ßenu lndia Fvt Ltd Sausunu Telecouuunications lndia
Fhone 9811108ë19 1-800-22-08-08 1-800-11-00-11
E-uail bhavna.jha@sonvericsson.cou salesenuuirvin@benu.cou vuvraj.uehta@sausunu.cou
Frice¯ Fs 10,757 Fs 9,220 Fs 11,800
0verall
Features lout of 25I 10.57 5.71 ë.1ë
ßuild uualitv lout of 25I 19.29 17.11 17.50
Eruonouics lout of 20I 11.77 11.09 12.05
Ferforuance lout of 15I 8.3ë 7.80 ë.1ë
Warrantv and suooort lout of 15I 10.33 11.25 15.00
üveraII |out oI 100I IdiVa/+(#(' IdiVa/*-#.. IdiVa/*,#&+
value for uonev lout of 5I
Features
üiuensions lWxhxüI luuI 1ë x 100 x 20.5 1ë.5 x 97 x 17.8 50 x 113 x ë.9
Weiuht luusI 99 115 ëë
Frocessor lNaue, soeedI NA NA NA
Meuorv l0nboard, ßundledI 38 / ë1 21 / 0 80 / NA
0oeratinu svsteu NA NA NA
ßispIay
Fesolution lX x YI 17ëx220 17ëx220 220x17ë
üiauonal site luuI 18 50 15
Colors 25ë K 25ë K 25ë K
Network support
0SM 850, 900, 1800, 1900, uMTS | | | | | | | | | | | |
6oooectivity
0FFS, Eü0E, 30, Wi-Fi, ßluetooth, lF | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |
lnout tvoe lStvlus, kevboard, kevoadI | | | | | |
Meuorv exoansion Meuorv Stick üuo Fro MicroSü None
Iotegrated caæera
Sensor, flash, AF, secondarv cau 2 | | | 1.3 | | | 2 | | |
FM radio, Music olaver | | |
ßatterv lTvoe, ratinuI Lithiuu Folvuer / 900 uAh Lithiuu lon / 750 uAh Lithiuu Folvuer / ë30 uAh
Standbv tiue, Talk tiue 100 hrs / 9 hrs 170 hrs / 2.33 hrs 210 hrs / 2.5 hrs
ßuiId quaIity
Sturdiness of shell Excellent verv uood verv uood
Sturdiness of uoveable oarts lFlaoI Excellent 0ood 0ood
Sturdiness of batterv retention clauo Excellent verv uood verv uood
ßutton Tactile resoonse / button uualitv Excellent / Excellent verv uood / verv uood Excellent / Excellent
Aooeal 0ood-lookinu 0ood-lookinu üownriuht sexv!
Ergoooæics
0WEFTY kevboard
ßutton site/soacinu verv uood / verv uood verv uood / verv uood Excellent / Excellent
Shortcut kevs / one-handed ooeration | | |
hot swaooable ueuorv
Ease of Naviuation Excellent verv uood Excellent
FerIoræaoce
Jbenchuark 2 338 NA NA
Claritv lSoeaker, voiceI 0ood / Excellent verv uood / Excellent 0ood / verv uood
Fecordinu liuaue, videoI verv uood / Averaue 0ood / Averaue Averaue / Averaue
Earohone outout verv uood verv uood verv uood
Warraoty & $upport
Feriod of warrantv lvearsI 1 1 1
Nuuber of authorised service centres 1ë0 180 210
Nuuber of cities where service centres are oresent 70 180 NA
¯ Frices are indicative and subject to chanue, taxes extra
&. '%
MOBÌLE PHONE COMPAPÌSON HARDWARE
J/lu/RY ZJJ/

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MuItiæedia Fhooes
íf vou are looking for a nullinedia phone vou need lo be sure
whelher vou need il for nusic, inaging, video or for all of lhese.
MU5IC: For a nusic phone, slorage space and nenorv expandabililv
is lhe nosl inporlanl crileria. ín addilion lo phone nenorv, a 1 CB
nenorv card can hold around 250 songs. íf vou´re a nusic naniac
vou can opl for a phone lhal offers gigabvles of slorage space on a
nicro drive. íusic nanagenenl is a crucial fealure when a phone
is loaded wilh hundreds of songs. íanaging nusic becones a
breeze when vou can sorl songs bv arlisl, albun, genre, and so on.
vhen il cones lo queuing songs, lhe plavlisl nanagenenl fealure
cannol be ignored. The nedia plaver should allow crealing plavlisls,
shufHing and repealing songs on·lhe·Hv. Finallv, lislening pleasure
cones fron lhe earphones lhal bundle wilh lhe phone. íake sure
lhe earphones are responsive and do juslice lo lhe nusic plaver.
íf lhe phone fealures a 3.5 nn jack vou can use vour own pair of
earphones or even connecl il lo a sound svslen using line inpul.
MDD£L5: NDkIA N 5£kI£5, 5DN¥ WALkMAN 5£kI£5
IMACINC: For an inaging phone lhe resolulion of lhe canera is
lhe nosl inporlanl faclor. The higher lhe resolulion, lhe grealer
lhe delails caplured. A nininun of 1.3 íP will suffce for casual
pholographv. However, if vou need digilal canera·like inage
qualilv, 3.2 íP wilh Hash is a nusl. Also, look for oplions like aulo·
focus, while balance and íSO sellings, shooling nodes and effecls
lo gel beller delails and color reproduclion.
MDD£L5: 5DN¥ £kIC55DN k790I, 5DN¥ £kIC55DN k750I, NDkIA N73
$æart Fhooes
Snarl phones conbine lhe fealures of a cell phone and a PDA
naking il suilable for execulives and people who are on lhe
nove. ínlegraling offce suile, web browser, e·nail clienl, nedia
plaver and fle viewer, lhev are as versalile as a PC and also cosl
as nuch. Pick vour snarl phone depending upon vour applicalion.
DffIC£: íf vou wanl a phone for offce applicalions such as
web and e·nail access, word processing, spreadsheels and
presenlalions, ignore nullinedia fealures. ínslead, look oul
for fealures like fle svnchronizalion, docunenl viewers and
conpalibililv wilh íS Offce. íf vou´re used lo vindows and
íS Offce, nake sure vou sellle for a phone based on íicrosofl
vindows íobile 5.0 or above. To surf al vi·Fi holspols,
renenber lo check for a buill·in vi·Fi adapler. For ease while
lvping e·nails, nessages or web addresses, lhe presence of a
OvEFTY kevboard would be verv helpful.
MDD£L5: D
2
A1DM, 5DN¥ £kIC55DN P990I, NDkIA £70
MUL1IM£DIA: Aparl fron offce applicalions, if vou also wanl
powerful nullinedia fealures, look oul for a powerful canera
having Hash and aulofocus. The screen resolulion and audio/video
fornals supporled are also crucial. Phones based on íicrosofl
vindows íobile are besl suiled for enlerlainnenl as vindows
íedia Plaver cones as a parl of lhe OS. As nullinedia
applicalions are CPU inlensive, il´s advisable lo opl for a phone
arned wilh a powerful processor.
MDD£L5: A5U5 P535, 5DN¥ £kIC55DN P990i
ßuyiog ßuide
ßeoü $ieæeos $88 $ageæ æy100x
ßenu lndia Fvt Ltd Frathau Telecou lndia Fvt. Ltd.
1-800-22-08-08 022-32001155
salesenuuirvin@benu.cou care@saueuindia.cou
Fs 9,220 Fs 18,000
7.97 7.13
12.50 12.8ë
11.09 11.77
8.27 8.33
11.25 7.28
IdiVa/*,#%- IdiVa/*%#+,

17 x 99 x 17 1ë x 10ë x 15
105 95
AFM 9 / 200 Mht AFM 9 / 200 Mht
1ë / 0 32 / 0
NA NA
17ëx220 17ëx220
50 15
25ë K 25ë K
| | | | | | | |
| | | | | | | | | |
| | | |
MicroSü MiniSü
2 | | | 1.3 | | |
| |
Lithiuu lon / 920 uAh Lithiuu Folvuer / 950 uAh
200 hrs / 3.33 hrs 350 hrs / 5 hrs
verv uood Excellent
0ood Foor
verv uood verv uood
verv uood / 0ood Excellent / Excellent
Averaue-lookinu Averaue-lookinu

verv uood / verv uood verv uood / verv uood
| |

verv uood Excellent
NA NA
Excellent / Excellent Excellent / Excellent
0ood / Averaue 0ood / Averaue
verv uood verv uood
1 1
180 30
180 27
FEATUPE HARDWARE
62
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INIELLIßENI 6üMFüIINß 6hIF

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J/lu/RY ZJJ/
M
odern inkjel prinlers deliver precise,
orlhochronalic prinls as long as lhev
are fed wilh cosllv pholo papers. You
will have noliced lhal pholos prinled on nornal
copv paper appear lo have been prinled in drafl
qualilv. Here´s whv-when a prinler spravs ils
color ink al ils highesl resolulion on slandard
paper, lhe ink spreads and all lhe delails are
losl. Thal´s nol all: The conbinalion of nornal
paper and ink does nol offer proleclion fron
environenlal effecls like lighl and hunidilv.
Prinlouls snudge when in conlacl wilh waler
and lhev fade afler a few weeks in lhe sunlighl.
íanufaclurers have been ballling lhese
problens since lhe begining of desklop prinling.
íl is onlv now lhal research has resulled inlo
color pignenl inks-lhe solulion lo perfecl
prinling. Prinlers like lhe HP Pholosnarl
B9130 uses pignenled ink lechnologv lo
deliver pholo·qualilv resulls. íls prinlouls are
salisfaclorv on bolh pholo paper and slandard
paper, irrespeclive of whelher lhev conlain
lexl, pholographs or bolh. Lellers and piclures
have sharp conlours and a sharpness nol
olherwise seen. The besl parl aboul pignenl
prinls on nornal paper is lhal lhev are capable
of relaining inage qualilv even afler lhev are
exposed lo direcl sunlighl and even if lhev are in
exlended conlacl wilh waler!
Iok coæpositioos
The conposilion of lhe ink is lhe biggesl secrel
of prinler nanufaclurers. Hewlell·Packard
onlv has 20 enplovees worldwide wilh
conplele knowledge of lhe exacl chenical and
quanlilalive conposilion of lheir inks. CHíP
collecled infornalion fron prinler nanufaclurers
on lheir ink conposilion secrels. According lo
sone, everv ink conposilion conlains absolulelv
pure waler, lhe nain conponenl of lhe
subslance. A nunber of olher chenicals-lhe
so·called addilives-are also included. Thev
ensure good surface fnish and How properlies,
while prevenling clolling and danage lo
lhe prinl head. ínlereslinglv, lhe aclual color
conslilules onlv 10 lo 30 percenl of lhe ink.
Pigmented Printing
Get that perfect printout using pigment ink-it doesn't bIeed coIors unIike
conventionaI coIor ink BY TORSTEN NEUMANN
Pramod Jadhav
$M$ us! Storv code. hFF lSee Faue 1ë for detailsI
FEATUPE HARDWARE
J/lu/RY ZJJ/

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63
Presenl·dav prinling inks are conposed
of nolecules of new·generalion color
pignenls. The difference belween
lhen lies in lhe quanlilv and lhe
nixing condilions. Color nolecules of
convenlional inks are dislribuled in lhe
carrier liquid onlv lhrough nolecular
self·novenenl-lhese colors (also called
Dvesì are sinplv dissolved in lhe carrier
subslance. On lhe conlrarv, pignenls are
conposed of a rigid bond of nore lhan
10,000 nolecules. Thev do nol dissolve,
bul whirl around in lhe liquid-sinilar lo
sand in a glass of waler. These pignenls
are a lhousand lines snaller lhan lhe
dianeler of a hunan hair, bul 50 lines
larger lhan lhal of color dve nolecules.
Figæeots io the cartridge
Since pignenls are lwice as lhick as
waler, lhev nalurallv lend lo sellle down
on lhe base of lhe prinler carlridge. To
avoid lhis, addilives lhal are chenicallv
nore conplex lhan lhe ink are nixed.
Thev provide a honogeneous nixlure
lhal suspends pignenls wilhin lhe carrier
subslance.
Take lhe case of a founlain pen-if il
is held wilh loo nuch pressure on paper,
a blolch is forned. The paper absorbs
lhe ink causing il lo spread. Bleeding of
lhis kind also occurs while prinling wilh
convenlional color·inks. This is due lo
lhe cellulose fbers of lhe paper belween
which a slrong capillarv force works.
The paper fbers (lhal are up lo lhree
nillinelers longì also gel colored wilh il.
Under lhe nicroscope, one can see how
lhe ink spreads along a bundle of fbers.
A sinilar phenonenon happens wilh
convenlional dve·based inks-lhe linv
nolecules gel absorbed in lhe paper like a
sponge. As a resull, lhese inks seep deep
in lhe paper and lalerallv spreads along
lhe paper fbers, resulling in weak and
blurrv inages.
On lhe conlrarv, color carriers of
pignenl·based inks are conposed of
fxed bound nolecule slruclures. Being 50
lines bigger lhan color nolecules, lhev
are nol easilv absorbed bv lhe paper. This
prevenls spreading of lhe ink and seeping
lhrough lhe paper (refer to the picture
aboveì. As a resull, prinlouls are nuch
nore precise.
No speciaI paper required
So far, bleeding could onlv be slopped
bv using special lvpes of paper whose
surfaces use lhe capillarv force lo nake
lhe ink spread in conlrolled lracks. This
is nol required while using pignenled
ink as ils color parlicles are loo large lo
be absorbed bv lhe fbers. A bonding
agenl exisling in lhe ink liquid ensures
lhal lhe pignenls spread inlo lhe paper
a lillle, olherwise if lhev renain on lhe
paper surface, lhev would be prone lo
nechanical abrasion. As lhe pignenled
ink hardlv seeps inlo lhe paper, il prevenls
lranslucencv on lhe reverse side of lhe
page. So vou gel beller qualilv double·
sided prinls.
ßiIIereoce betweeo coIors aod pigæeots oo ooræaI paper
üve-based ink seeos deeo throuuh the oaoer,
flatlv colorinu the cellulose fibers
Modern orinters have three seoerate ink tanks, one
for each color which is econouical
Fiuuent-ink reuains on the oaoer surface due to
its biu uolecular structures
The ink does not bleed -the tvoeface has sharo
contours and hiuh contrast
The colored fibers aooear soonuv and bleed on
the oaoer
ßye-based Iok Figæeot Iok
HewIett-Packard
Iok
vivera oiuuent inks
ModeIs
Fhotosuart Fro series
FEATUPE HARDWARE
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Friotiog Ior eteroity
Anolher inporlanl advanlage of lhis
new lvpe of ink is ils lighl resislance.
Due lo lhe frn nolecular slruclure of
lhe pignenl, harnful UV ravs of lhe sun
cannol break and change lhe nolecular
slruclure as in lhe case of convenlional
dve·baed inks. Sinilarlv, even waler
cannol open lhe frn nolecular slruclure
of pignenls, afler drving on lhe paper,
lhese pignenls do nol dissolve even in
hunid condilions. This explains lhe waler
resislance of lhe pignenled ink prinlouls.
Convenlional color nolecules quicklv nix
wilh a chenical conpound along wilh
waler causing lhe prinl inage lo snudge.
Figæeot history
As alreadv nenlioned, pignenls have
been in use since lhe pasl len vears,
albeil onlv in black ink. The use of
pignenls in color ink is relalivelv new.
íniliallv Epson had inlroduced lhis
lechnologv under lhe nane DuraBrile.
However, lhe frsl generalion of lhe
DuraBrile ink dried verv fasl: Pignenls
clolled, jels blocked and reduced lhe life
of lhe prinl head. ín lhe successive inks,
lhe drving behavior inproved bul lhere
was a new problen called ´nelanerisn´.
This is whal happens when lighl is
reHecled and diffused lhrough lhe clefl
surface wilhin lhe pignenls. Due lo lhis,
lhe reHeclions differ in slrenglh wilh
varving viewing angles causing color
aberralions. Edges are blunl and pholos
glaze inconsislenllv.
Epson´s Slvlus Pholo F300 defllv
handles lhis problen-lhe device
addilionallv spravs a colorless ink
(Closs·Oplinizerì on everv prinled color
page, resulling in a kind of glaze laver.
This procedure however has lwo hidden
disadvanlages. Firsllv, lhe prinling
process is subslanliallv longer and
secondlv, lhe exlra ink leads lo higher
operalional cosls. The HP ink is beller-
each of ils 100·nanoneler large parlicles
is provided wilh a resin cover. These
resins forn a bond while drving and lhus
forn a uniforn laver-a proleclive coal
lhal ensures consislenl glaze.
Iok prices
íl isn´l surprising lhal pignenl·based inks
have alwavs been cosllier. íanufaclurers
such as HP and Canon slale lhal since
inveslnenls in new inks gobble up
nillions in research nonev, lhev are
conpelled lo hike lhe prices.
The aclual reason is differenl: lodav
lhere is a prinler available for less lhan Fs
5000 fron everv nanufaclurer-loo less
for an arlwork of conplex eleclronics and
nechanics. However, whal fnallv nallers
for lhe prinler snilhies is lo sell lheir
devices. As has alwavs been lhe case in
lhe desklop prinling realn, conpanies
sel lheir cash nachines ringing wilh
lhe cosllv inks lhal are sold in lheir
inexpensive prinlers. íl isn´l lhe device
lhal is lhe cash cow-il is lhe ink.
8DNDINC AC£N1: Ensures uood
absorotion bv oaoer.
Pk£5£kVA1IV£: Festrains
uerus and bacteria that could
euerue in the liuuid.
DI5P£k5INC AC£N1: Ensures
distribution of the oiuuents.
5DLV£N1: Keeos the ink in the
orinter cartridue consistentlv
Nowinu touether with water.
CDLDk: Color oortion of the ink in
oiuuent foru.
ADDI1IV£5: Keeos the oh value
neutral, controls the surface
oressure, orotects the jets frou
blockinu and slauuinu.
WA1£k: ln its oure foru with
iuourities less than one oer
thousand bv voluue in everv
ink cartridue.
Iogredieots Ior pigæeot iok
£psen
Iok
üuraßrite, ultrachroue
ModeIs
Stvlus ü series, Stvlus Fhoto series
kiceh
Iok
0el ink
Frioter Modes
0elSorinter series
Canen
Iok
Lucia oiuuent inks
ModeIs
Fixua Fro series
FEATUPE HARDWARE
J/lu/RY ZJJ/

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INIELLIßENI 6üMFüIINß 6hIF

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66
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FEATUPE HARDWARE
Sachih PahdiI
T
he Ñvidia nForce 630i SLí is louled
as lhe besl chipsel for lhe ínlel
plalforn. Does il oulperforn ínlel´s
nosl powerful chipsel, lhe 975X Express?
Ihe cooteoders
Boards senl bv lhe respeclive
nanufaclurers were used for evalualing
lhe perfornance of lhe chipsels. The
conlenders for lhe conparison were
lhe ínlel D975XBX2 codenaned ´Bad
Axe 2´ and Ñvidia nForce 630i SLí.
Bolh lhe boards were loaded wilh
naxinun fealures supporled bv
lheir chipsels.
What Iies withio
The schenalic diagrans
of lhe i975X and
630i SLí chipsels
explain lhe fealure·sel
offered bv each of lhen.
Al one glance il can be clearlv
ascerlained lhal lhe 630i SLí is
ahead of lhe i975X bv leaps and bounds.
The design of lhe 630i SLí chipsel depicls
Ñvidia´s ingenuilv. As conpared lo 2 x3
PCíE lanes offered bv lhe Ñorlhbridge in
i975X, lhe 630i offers one x16 PCíE lane
lhrough lhe Ñorlhbridge and lhe olher
x16 PCíE lane lhrough lhe Soulhbridge.
Thus lhe 630i SLí offers lwo pure x16
PCíE lanes in SLí nulli·CPU node. The
Soulhbridge of lhe 630i SLí offers an exlra
gigabil Elhernel porl and lwo addilional
Hi·Speed USB 2.0 and SATA íí porls.
The nenorv supporl loo differs on lhe
chipsels. vhile lhe i975X fealures ínlel´s
Flex íenorv lechnologv which allows
differenl nenorv sizes lo be populaled
in dual·channel node, lhe 630i SLí offers
supporl for nenorv up lo DDF2 1200.
However, lhe nenorv has lo be SLí·readv
fealuring Enhanced Perfornance Profles
(EPPì.
Since bolh lhe i975X and 630i SLí are
high·end chipsels, enlhusiasls would
acrave lo push lhe clock speeds. For
lhis, lhe BíOS needs lo have supporl for
adjusling lhe CPU nulliplier and FSB,
CPU and nenorv vollages. Crealer
range and fner increnenls for each
of lhe paranelers allow snoolher and
nore slable overclocking. As conpared
lo lhe Bad Axe 2, lhe 630i SLí offers
beller overclocking fealures. Also, using
SLí·readv nenorv, oplinized nenorv
linings can be direcllv loaded using
enhanced perfornance profles buill inlo
lhe nenorv.
Ihe battIe
To allow lhe chipsels lo brealhe
conforlablv, we spruced up lhe boards
wilh lhe following conponenls:
PkDC£55Dk: ínlel Core 2 Exlrene OX6700
M£MDk¥: Corsair Cí2X512·3500
(2x 512íB 4·4·4·12 300 íHzì
CkAPHIC5 CAkD: Ñvidia CeForce 7600CT
HAkD DI5k: veslern Digilal Faplor 740CD
íf vou run vour fngers lhrough lhe
svnlhelic scores, vou´ll hardlv fnd anv
difference belween lhe perfornances
of bolh lhe chipsels. Bul lhe real·world
scores clearlv indicale lhal lhe ínlel 975X
Express is far beller lhan lhe Ñvidia nForce
630i SLí wilh defaull sellings. Civen a
single lask like audio/video encoding or
War ef the chipsets
Which one between InteI D975XBX2 and Nvidia nForce
680i SLI is better7 BY ANAND TULIANI
$M$ us! Storv code. hFW lSee Faue 1ë for detailsI
ßIü$ Features IoteI 915k Express Nvidia oForce ë80i $LI
6Fü MuItipIier 5x to 10x ëx to ë0x
F$ß 133 to 133 100 to ë25
6Fü voItage 1.2875v to 1.ë00 with 0.125v
increuents
0.500v to 1.800v with 0.125v
increuents
Meæory voItage 1.80v to 2.80v with 0.01v
increuents
1.800v to 2.500v with 0.025v
increuents
J/lu/RY ZJJ/

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FEATUPE HARDWARE
fle conpression, lhe i975X is around 6 lo
13 percenl fasler lhan 630i SLí. Bul under
heavv nulli·lasking condilions, lhe 975X is
a speedsler wilh a difference of 20 lo 25
percenl in perfornance.
¥rroooæ!
The ínlel 975X Express is an ace perforner
al defaull sellings. Bul when il cones lo
overclocking, lhe nForce 630i SLí can lurn
inlo a lurbo·charged beasl leaving i975X
far behind. The BíOS of lhe 630i SLí is
an overclocker´s paradise wilh a slash
bag of lweaks. CPU nulliplier, nenorv
ralios, FSB, and vollage increnenls if used
correcllv can lake clock speeds lo exlrene
heighls. Speeds can slill go higher using
SLí·readv nenorv. ve nanaged lo clock
lhe Kenlsfeld OX6700 processor fron
2.66 CHz lo 3.50 CHz using 12x nulliplier
and 292 FSB wilh nenorv running al 933
íHz (using 5:4 ralioì. Using SLí·readv
nenorv, lhe clock speed can cross 3.7
CHz wilh nenorv lhrobbing al 1200 íHz!
íf vou´re an overclocker, lhe i975X is a
big no! Even lhough lhere are provisions
for nulliplier, FSB and vollage increnenls,
lhe 630i is unnalched. The naxinun lhal
we gol oul of 975X was 3.50 CHz using
12x nulliplier-bul wilh nenorv running
al 377 íHz. There was no provision for
nenorv ralios in lhe BíOS of Bad Axe 2.
915k or ë80i!
íf vou are a hardcore enlhusiasl wanling
an adrenaline·punped nachine lhen
lhe Ñvidia nForce 630i is lhe wav lo
go. Of course, vou will need lo spend
generouslv for SLí·readv nenorv, a
good graphics card and a powerful ínlel
Core 2 Duo/Exlrene/Ouad processor.
íainslrean conponenls won´l do juslice
lo lhe board-in lhal case, opl for a board
wilh lhe Ñvidia nForce 650i SLí or 650i
ullra chipsel. íf vou are nol an overclocker
bul wanl exlrene perfornance, lhe ínlel
975X Express will suil vou. Bul vou will
have lo invesl heavilv in high·perfornance
conponenls lo do juslice lo lhe board.
vilh lhe release of lhe Ñvidia C30,
Ñvidia´s SLí is lhe nosl powerful
nulli·CPU selup. Hence, for a powerful
nulli·CPU selup, lhe nForce 630i SLí is
lhe besl. Bul if vou´re a fan of ATí, lhe
975X Exlrene is lhe besl choice on lhe
ínlel plalforn.
$cores
IoteI 915k Express Nvidia oForce ë80i $LI
$¥NIhEII6 $6ü8E$
$i$oIt $aodra 2001
Frocessor arithuetic
ührvstones 191ë8 MlFS 19153 MlFS
Whetstones 33017 MFL0FS 328ë5 MFL0FS
Meuorv bandwidth 5ë1ë Mß/s 57ë3 Mß/s
F6Mark 05
0verall 7378 7357
File decrvotion 73.50 Mß/s 73.ë0 Mß/s
Multithreaded test
Audio couoression 3338 Kß/s 3385.05 Kß/s
video encodinu 173 Kß/s 171.5ë5 Kß/s
CFu test suite 8585 8590
Meuorv test suite 5703 5832
3üMark 0ë - CFu test 3922 3878
8EAL Wü8Lß $6ü8E$
Tiue taken to encode 300 Mß of WAv files to 25ë kbos MF3 at hiuh
uualitv usinu Xilisoft WMA MF3 Encoder
59 secs ë8 secs
Tiue taken to encode a 31 sec hü 1080o video to üivX 17 secs 50 secs
Tiue taken to couoress 200 Mß uultiole files to .rar foruat with ¨best
couoression" orofile usinu Winrar
1ë secs 53 secs
Tiue taken to couoress 200 Mß uultiole files to .rar with F0v-Fav
benchuark and Suoer Fi l8M valuesI runninu in oarallel
ë1 secs 88 secs
Tiue taken to couoress 70 sec hü 720o video to 1128 kbos usinu
Windows Media Encoder and 200 Mß uultiole files to .rar foruat, both
runninu in oarallel
video encodinu 79 secs 93 secs
File couoression ëë secs 85 secs
Iorture test. Tiue taken to encode a 31 sec hü 1080o video to 1128
kbos usinu Windows Media Encoder with F0v-Fav benchuark, Suoer
Fi l8M valuesI and file couoression lWinrarI runninu in oarallel
19 secs ë5 secs
ßAMINß
üoou 3. ë10x180 @ low 212 fos 211.1 fos
IoteI 915k Express Nvidia oForce ë80i $LI
PC CONFÌGS HARDWARE
6S
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INIELLIßENI 6üMFüIINß 6hIF

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J/lu/RY ZJJ/
Pramod Jadhav
6AIEßü8¥ ENI8¥-LE¥EL F8I6E |8sI MIß-8ANßE F8I6E |8sI
Frocessor AMü Athlon ë1 X2 3ë00÷ lSocket AM2I ë,350 AMü Athlon ë1 X2 1200÷ lSocket AM2I 10,000
Motherboard ASFock AM2v890-vSTA 3,800 MSl K9N NeoF 1,900
8AM 512 Mß Kinuston üüF2 ëë7 Mht 2,900 2x512 Mß Kinuston üüF2 ëë7 Mht 5,800
hard ßisk Sausunu SoinFoint hü1ë0JJ 3,350 Western üiuital Wü3200KS 320 0ß ë,000
ßraphics 6ard Zebronics 7ë000S FCl-E 25ë Mß ë,200 Zebronics 7ë000T 25ë Mß 9,500
üpticaI ßrive Lite-0n ShW-1ë35S üual Laver üvü Writer 1,900 Lite-0n ShW-1ë35S üual Laver üvü Writer 1,900
Network 6ard 0nboard 10/100 Fast Ethernet Nil 0nboard 10/100/1000 0bE Nil
Mooitor Sausunu SvncMaster 710N 11,250 viewSonic vF920ß 18,999
keyboard Microsoft Wired üesktoo 500 - Coubo 825 Microsoft lnternet Kevboard ë50
Mouse - Nil Louitech MX518 2,500
$peakers 2.1 Louitech X-230 3,300 Altec Lansinu MX5021 7,100
$peakers 5.1 Louitech X-530 5,900 Louitech Z-5300 11,000
$ouodcard Creative Sound ßlaster Live 5.1 1,550 Creative Audiuv 2 value 21-bit 2,300
F6 6ase ßlues MF-121 Case and Fower Suoolv 1,375 Zebronics Feace 2,200
Fower $uppIy - Nil FowerSafe 100 Watts 1,ë00
IüIAL 45,400 IüIAL 11,349
ßAMINß
$M$ us! Storv code. hF6 lSee Faue 1ë for detailsI
PC CONFÌGS HARDWARE
J/lu/RY ZJJ/

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69
hIßh-ENß F8I6E |8sI
lntel Core 2 üuo Eë700 27,500
Nvidia nForce ë80i SLl 11,500
2 x 512 Mß Kinuston KhXë100ü2K2/10 800 Mht 11,500
Seauate ST3750ë10AS 23,200
XFX 0eForce 8800 0TX 12,000
Lite-0n ShW-1ë35S üual Laver üvü Writer 1,900
0n-board 10/100/1000 0bE Nil
viewSonic vX2235W 29,999
Louitech 0-15 0auinu Kevboard 1,850
Louitech MX518 2,500
Kliosch Frouedia 0MX A-2.1 11,150
Louitech Z-5500 üiuital 23,000
Creative Sound ßlaster Audiuv 1 5,800
Antec Suoer Lanbov 5,500
Cooler Master i0reen 500W ë,900
IüIAL 2,02,149
6AIEßü8¥ F8üßü6I F8I6E |8sI
Frocessor lntel Core 2 üuo Eë700 27,500
Motherboard Nvidia nForce ë80i SLl 11,500
8AM 2x1 0ß Kinuston üüF2 ëë7 Mht 12,500
hard ßisk Wü Faotor 1500AüFü 150 0ß 15,000
ßraphics 6ard Leadtek 0uadro FX 510 128 Mß 9,750
üpticaI ßrive Lite-0n ShW-1ë35S üvü Writer 1,900
Network 6ard 0nboard 10/100/1000 0bE Nil
Mooitor viewsonic F97F÷ 18,ë00
keyboard Microsoft lnternet Kevboard ë50
Mouse Louitech MX518 2,500
$peakers 5.1 Louitech Z-5500 üiuital 23,000
$ouodcard Creative X-Fi Elite Fro 27,000
F6 6ase Antec Ferforuance F180 Silver 9,950
Fower $uppIy Cooler Master i0reen 500W ë,900
Ioput ßevice
|optiooaII
Wacou 0raohire1 Tablet ë x 8 9,000
IüIAL 1,1ë,250
Wü8k$IAIIüN
PC CONFÌGS HARDWARE
70
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INIELLIßENI 6üMFüIINß 6hIF

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J/lu/RY ZJJ/
6AIEßü8¥ F8üßü6I F8I6E |8sI
Frocessor AMü Seuoron ë1 2800÷ 3,000
Motherboard ASFock AM2v890-vSTA 3,800
8AM 512 Mß Kinuston üüF2 ëë7 Mht 2,900
hard ßisk hitachi üeskStar 7K80 80 0ß 2,200
ßraphics 6ard Zebronics 7300 LE 128 Mß 2,700
üpticaI ßrive Lite-0n ShW-1ë35S üvü Writer 1,900
Network 6ard 0nboard 10/100 Fast Ethernet Nil
Mooitor Sausunu SvncMaster 793S CFT 1,750
keyboard Microsoft Wired üesktoo 500 - Coubo 825
Mouse - Nil
$peakers 2.1 Creative SßS210 500
$peakers 5.1 Creative SßS370 1,250
$ouodcard 0nboard Nil
F6 6ase ßlues MF-121 Case and Fower Suoolv 1,375
Fower $uppIy - Nil
IüIAL 24,100
hüME
6AIEßü8¥ F8üßü6I F8I6E |8sI
Frocessor AMü Athlon ë1 X2 3ë00÷ lSocket AM2I ë,350
Motherboard Asus M2N FvMX 5,250
8AM 2x512 Mß Kinuston üüF2 ëë7 Mht 5,800
hard ßisk Western üiuital Wü2500KS 250 0ß 1,ë50
ßraphics 6ard 0nboard 0raohics Nil
üpticaI ßrive Lite-0n ShW-1ë35S üvü Writer 1,900
Network 6ard 0nboard 10/100/1000 0bE Nil
Mooitor viewSonic vX2235WM 29,999
keyboard
Microsoft Wireless 0otical
üesktoo 1000 - Coubo
1,500
Mouse - Nil
$peakers 5.1
|Eotry-IeveI,
Mid-raoge,
high-eodI
Louitech X-530
Louitech Z-5300e
Louitech Z-5500 üiuital
5,900
11,000
23,000
$ouodcard Creative Audiuv value 21-bit 2,100
F6 6ase Cooler Master Media 2ë0 8,950
Fower $uppIy Cooler Master Extreue Fower 350 2,100
I¥ Iuoer Couoro videoMate 0old Flus ll 3,500
IüIAL 95,099
hIF6
PEPSONAL TECHNOLOGY
H
ave vou noled down vour phone´s ííEí
nunber? íl can help vou lrack lhe slolen
handsel. There is also a service in índia
lhal can lrack nobile handsels.
Like a unique regislralion nunber for vour car,
everv handsel has an enbedded ínlernalional
íobile Equipnenl ídenlilv (ííEíì. Open vour
phone and look under lhe ballerv. You´ll see a
15·digil serial nunber. A quicker wav is lo jusl
lvpe lhe following sequence of characlers inlo
lhe phone: '#06#. íf sonebodv sleals vour
handsel, call lhe service provider and give lhen
lhis nunber. Thev nav be able lo lrack il down.
Thal´s a line consuning process, since lhev
deal wilh several lhousand subscribers.
A snarler oplion is lo consider a service
fron íicro Technologies (índiaì. íls Losl íobile
Tracking Svslen (LíTSì innedialelv alerls vou
when soneone changes lhe Síí card on vour
phone. íl also gives vou lhe localion of vour
phone, in proxinilv lo lhe nearesl cell sile.
í lried LíTS and found il lo be verv
affordable (jusl Fs 400 or $9 per vearì. íl´s
effeclive (innediale alerlsì, and verv sinple
lo inslall and use. Since il´s based on SíS
lechnologv, vou gel alerls no naller where vou
are in lhe world. Allernalivelv, vou can lrack vour
losl nobile on lhe LíTS websile.
The downside is lhal LíTS works onlv
wilh CSí phones lhough a service for CDíA
is expecled in fulure. Your handsel nusl be
conpalible, lhe websile www.microlmIs.heI
has a lisl of conpalible handsels. Onlv Svnbian
Series 60, vindows nobile, and phone·PDAs
are supporled.
íf vour phone clears lhe conpalibililv lesl,
log on lo lhe LíTS websile and regisler. Click
lhe ´Download íicroLíTS´ link and follow
regislralion inslruclions. Pav bv debil/credil card.
You´ll gel an SíS wilh lhe booknark UFL lo
lhe download page. And fron lhal page, vou
can download a snall 20 KB applicalion-eilher
direcllv lo vour phone over CPFS or lo vour PC
(via lhe browserì. íf vou download lhe applicalion
lo vour PC, lransfer il lo vour phone using a
Blueloolh conneclion or lhe USB cable.
During lhe inslallalion (delailed inslruclions
on lhe LíTS websileì, lhe soflware pronpls
for personal delails like lhe prepaid Síí card
nunber, PíÑ nunber, user nane, cell phone
nunber. Two delails are verv inporlanl: lhe
recipienl´s nunber and e·nail address. The
´recipienl´ is lhe one who receives alerls when
lhe Síí is changed. So specifv a cell phone
nunber of a friend or relalive or vour second
phone cell phone nunber.
These delails, along wilh vour phone´s ííEí
nunber are slored on lhe íicro Technologies
server. The LíTS applicalion resides in lhe
phone´s nenorv, nol in lhe Síí card.
The nosl obvious lhing for soneone lo do
when lhev fnd vour phone is lo change lhe
Síí card. And when lhal happens, lhe LíTS
soflware in lhe phone innedialelv sends an
SíS alerl lo lhe server, wilh delails like lhe
new Síí nunber, ils regislered user nane, lhe
localion of lhe handsel. The server lhen sends
an SíS and e·nail lo lhe recipienl nunber wilh
lhese delails.
Afler receiving lhe alerl, lhe owner can acl in
lhree wavs. Eilher he can lalk lo lhe person and
ask hin lo relurn lhe handsel. And if lhe lhief
does nol oblige, he can go lo lhe police and fle
a conplainl. The lhird oplion is lo approach lhe
service provider and ask lhen lo block lhe new
Síí card. í view lhis service as good insurance
for vour phone. íf il is one of lhose expensive
nodels, í would slronglv reconnend LíTS.
í´d like lo end lhis colunn bv wishing all our
readers a verv Happv Ñew Year! Thanks for vour
lellers and keep wriling lo us here al CHíP.
The vriter has been tracking persona|
techno|ogv for the past !2 vears.
Hew te track yeur Iest phene
j BRIAN PEREIRA
Wg^Vc#eZgZ^gV5X]^e"^cY^V#Xdb
LMTS is very
affordabIe. It´s
effective and
very simpIe to
instaII. Since it´s
based on SMS
technoIogy, you
receive aIerts no
matter where
you are in the
worId
LMTS works irresoective of the service orovider. You uet alerts on alternate cell ohone nuubers,
reuardless of location. You can also track vour lost ohone frou a website
HARDWARE
J/lu/RY ZJJ/

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71
PPODUCT OF THE MONTH HARDWARE
72
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EgVbdY?VY]Vk
EgVbdY?VY]Vk
0
aning is a najor driving force behind
lhe rapid advance in lechnologv for lhe
desklop. A nulli·nillion dollar induslrv
globallv, índia is calching on lo ganing fasl.
Technological enhancenenls in hardware as
well as soflware are allowing gane developers
lo cone up wilh ganes lhal are pholo realislic.
A look al lhe screenshols of lhe nosl highlv
anlicipaled gane of 2007-Crvsis fron Crvlek
(available on XXXJODSZTJTDPNì will give vou
a fair idea. This gane uses DireclX 10-lhe
nexl·generalion gane progranning inlerface
fron íicrosofl (lhal will ship bv defaull wilh
Visla when il launchesì. Hardware solulions
fron Ñvidia like lhe C30 have laken rendering
speeds and capabilies of ganes lo higher
linils, delivering beller frane rales al lhe
highesl resolulions.
ín lhe pasl, we have reviewed slandalone
ganing solulions. This nonlh, we bring vou
a conplele ganing rig-lhe Exfnilv ínpacl
í6633CTS-lo help push vour svslen lo lhe
hill, providing lhe besl ganing experience.
Ihe 8ig
PkDC£55Dk: Al lhe hearl of lhe ganing svslen
lies lhe processor. This PC is powered bv lhe
ínlel Core 2 Duo E6600 (Conroeì processor,
which runs al a core clock speed of 2.4 CHz.
The processor on lhis svslen is overclocked
lo 3.0 CHz using a copper based air·cooling
svslen fron Cooler íasler. This proves lo be
verv effeclive as copper is a beller conduclor
of heal, allowing nore effcienl heal dissipalion
conpared lo aluniniun·based healsinks. The
Hip side is copper·based healsinks are nore
expensive.
The choice of lhis processor is ideal
because il provides a full 4 íB of L2 cache
unlike lhe E6300 and lhe E6400 lhal have
onlv 2 íB of L2 cache. A higher L2 cache
goes a long wav lo ensure beller ganing
perfornance. This processor is able lo provide
excellenl perfornance al a greal price poinl.
For exanple, an overclocked E6600 provides
benchnark fgures closer lo AíD´s Alhlon
64 FX·62 bul al alnosl half lhe price and
fuII 1hrettIe
The Exfinity Impact M6688GTS is one of the best gaming machines that money
can buy. It's the first true gaming rig to have been tested at our Test Center
BY KUNAL RUPERA
$M$ us! Storv code. hFM lSee Faue 1ë for detailsI
PPODUCT OF THE MONTH HARDWARE
J/lu/RY ZJJ/

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73
consunes lesser power, lhus resulling
in lower heal dissipalion. The processor
fealures an FSB of 1066 íHz. Having a
high perfornance Core 2 Duo processor
helps in rendering lhe phvsics and Aí
effeclivelv and al lhe sane line allows
olher applicalions lo run sinullaneouslv in
lhe background if required.
M£MDk¥: A nassive 2 CB of phvsical
nenorv provides enough juice lo run
applicalions, plus lhe desired ganes run
sinullaneouslv wilhoul frane drops.
DDF2 667 nenorv ensures high speed
and low lalencv. Allhough vou can use lhe
faslesl nenorv lhal supporls 5,5,5,15
clocks, a nenorv lhal provides 4,4,4,12
clocks is effcienl enough for snoolh
ganeplav. Feduced nenorv speeds also
resull in a cul in price.
MD1H£k8DAkD AND CHIP5£1: This ganing
svslen fealures a lop·nolch nolherboard
lhal we had reviewed lasl nonlh. The
Asus P5v DH Deluxe fealures ínlel´s
lalesl 975x chipsel wilh supporl for
lhe Core 2 Duo as well as Ouad Core
processors. This nolherboard is CrossFire
readv, so vou cannol sel up a C30·based
SLí rig for fulure upgrades.
vilh greal overclocking capabililies,
lhe board is a delighl for enlhusiasls
and ganers. íl does nol skinp on anv of
lhe fealures-be il high·speed Firewire
inlerface for fasler dala lransfer on
peripherals lhal supporl lhe inlerface, a
7.1 channel audio svslen lhal fealures
real·line 5.1 channel Dolbv decoders,
onboard FAíD conlrollers providing higher
perfornance as well as reliabililv-vou
gel evervlhing fron lhis board. íl even
fealures an onboard 302.11b/g based
wireless card lhal can be used lo connecl
lo an exisling wireless nelwork. Fear
conneclivilv oplions include a SPDíF oul
for digilal audio and an e·SATA porl lo
connecl lo an exlernal hard drive lhal
supporls such a fealure. The advanlage of
lhe e·SATA inlerface is lhal il allows vou
lo lransfer dala exlernallv, al rales lhal are
conparable lo an inlernal hard drive.
CkAPHIC5 CAkD: The CeForce 3300 CTS
is a loned down version of lhe Ñvidia
CeForce 3300 CTX. The CTS version is
slighllv slower conpared lo lhe CTX bul
is cheaper bv aboul Fs 4,700. Thus, il
provides greal perfornance al a lower
price poinl. The C30 series of cards
supporls lhe Unifed Shader nodel,
allowing a lighl inlegralion belween pixel
and verlex shaders. For scenes lhal are
Shader íodel heavv, all lhe shaders
perforn lhe lask under lhe Unifed íodel
which leads lo fasler render speeds. íl
supporls Shader íodel 4 and is lhe onlv
card lhal supporls DireclX 10. So all
new ganes can be plaved al lhe highesl
resolulions wilh clarilv of delails, unseen
on previous generalion hardware.
Earlier, we were concerned lhal since
lhis nolherboard is CrossFire readv, il
would nol allow an SLí selup wilh lhe
C30. Bul our lesl revealed lhal lhis was
nol a linilalion wilh lhis nolherboard.
The C30 beals ils lalesl ATí counlerparl
even in lhe CrossFire node across all
benchnarks hands down. This card
supporls 640 íB of nenorv, which is
aboul 123 íB lower lhan lhe 3300 CTX.
The core clock is slighllv lower al 500
íHz and nenorv is clocked al 900 íHz.
The core archileclure slill nakes lhis card
a beller buv conpared lo olhers in lhe
narkel.
HAkD DkIV£: vilh lhe 750 CB Seagale
hard drive provided along wilh lhis
nachine, vou can resl assured aboul
having suffcienl slorage space-even
afler dunping nosl of lhe ganes vou
plav onlo lhe hard drive. íf vou wanl
nore speed, lwo such drives in FAíD
0 node will defnilelv deliver. The drive
CAMlNC PC
£xfinity lmpact M6688C1S
$peciIicatioos
Frocessor. lntel Core 2 üuo Eëë00 lConroeI
overclocked to 3.0ë 0ht, Chioset. lntel 975x,
Audio. Feaktek 7.1 channel audio with inbuilt 5.1
channel üolbv diuital decoder, Storaue. Seauate
ßarracuda 7200.10 750 0ß, 0raohics. Asus
0eForce 8800 0TS
Frice Fs 1, 30,000
6ootact Matrix 3ü
Fhooe 022-23081511
EæaiI sales@uatrix3d.cou
Website www.uatrix3d.cou
Warraoty 1 vear

8AIINß$
ßuiId quaIity

Ergoooæics

FerIoræaoce

Features

üveraII 8atiog

¥aIue Ior Mooey

Notice that the orocessor is air cooled bv a larue
heatsink fan coubo frou Cooler Master
Two ueuorv uodules frou Transcend increase
oerforuance bv runninu in dual channel uode
The core couoonent of this cououter is a 8800
0TS uraohics solution frou Asus
PPODUCT OF THE MONTH HARDWARE
74
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J/lu/RY ZJJ/
fealures 16 íB of cache and lhe lalesl
perpendicular recording slandard. íl
also provides kickass dala lransfer rales
of 73 íB/s read speeds and 71 íB/s
wrile speeds lhal are onlv slighllv slower
conpared lo lhe 10,000 rpn Faplors
fron veslern Digilal.
DP1ICAL DkIV£: The oplical drive conprises
a 16x nulli·fornal DVD wriler fron LC.
This drive is capable of wriling lo DVD
nedia al 16x, il can even wrile lo dual
laver as well as DVD·FAí nedia-ideal
for backing up ganes or olher applicalions
on a single or a dual laver DVD nediun
for naxinun slorage effciencv.
CA8IN£1: The exlernal casing of lhis PC
is lhe Cooler íasler Anno 533. This
cabinel indeed looks like il is arnored
for ballle-lhe onlv difference is vou are
aboul lo fre a bazooka virluallv inslead of
fghling a ballle in real life. This big daddv
of cases is ideal for LAÑ parlies wilhoul
conpronising on heavv·dulv hardware.
íl fealures a rubber handle lhal can easilv
bear lhe weighl of lhis exlrenelv heavv
svslen. Fubber gaskels on lhe bollon
ensure lhal lhis PC can handle enough
shock wilhoul danaging anv of lhe inlernal
parls. This cabinel looks rough and lough
and even feels like il. íls black and silver
bodv wilh black grills nakes il look like
a weapon conlainer, like lhe one seen in
Jurassic Park. The large power and resel
bullons are encapsulaled in plaslic, naking
lhen resenble nissile launch bullons.
The case provides enough air
circulalion fron lhe fronl as well as lhe
sides. The rear consisls of a 120 nn fan
lhal effcienllv expels hol air oulside. This
case glows in lhe dark wilh lhe blue lighl
provided inside. This fealure will surelv
allracl ganing enlhusiasls, who love lhe
visual frills usuallv associaled wilh ganing
devices. The fronl panel is provided wilh
USB and Firewire porls as well as fronl
audio oulpul porls.
FerIoræaoce
Having lalked aboul lhe conponenls, we
pul lhen lhrough our benchnark lesls
lo see how lhis ganing nachine fared.
ve have lo sav lhal lhis svslen passed
all our lesls wilh Hving colours. 3D íark
2005 in slandard node crossed lhe
15K nark wilh 15,227 poinls. Al higher
resolulions, lhe scores wenl down lo
12,212 3D íarks, which was expecledlv
lower lhan lhe 3300CTX. Sinilar resulls
were porlraved bv 3D íark 06, wilh ils
scores reaching close lo lhe 3300CTX in
slandard node bul dropping considerablv
al higher resolulions. The onlv possible
perfornance difference in lerns of
ganeplav belween lhe 3300CTS and
lhe CTX is lhe inabililv lo plav Doon 3
al 1600 x1200 wilh all sellings sel lo
naxinun. ín our lesls, we could onlv
nanage lo plav Doon al 3x AA. F.£.A.F
was plavable al an average of 56 fps wilh
all sellings sel lo naxinun. Ob|ivion
also plaved snoolhlv wilhoul anv frane
drops wilh all sellings sel lo naxinun al
1600x1200 resolulions.
¥erdict
Caning is an expensive hobbv and
ganing devices are heavv on lhe pockel.
This beefv nachine cosls a nassive
Fs 1.3 lakhs and is onlv neanl for
hardcore ganers. One has lo consider
lhe cosls of invesling in a bigger nonilor
lo be able lo plav ganes al HD or higher
resolulions. This svslen does nol cone
wilh a ganing kevboard and a nouse,
which would furlher hike ils lolal cosl.
You would need lo lean lhis nachine
wilh serious peripherals in order lo exlracl
lhe nosl oul of il.
Feroendicular recordinu technolouv enables
ureater data storaue and faster throuuhout
The too of the cabinet features two uassive oower
buttons and a handle for easier oortabilitv
A huue 120 uu fan orovides coolinu, while an 850
watt SMFS oowers this uauuoth riu
The F5W üh deluxe uotherboard frou Asus
orovides ureat features and oerforuance
FerIoræaoce scores
$yothetic ßeochæarks $core
3D íark 05 · slandard 15227
3D íark 05 · 1600x1200 12212
3D íark 06 · slandard' 3741/3735
3D íark 06 · 1600x1200' 3242/3077
PC íark 05 7335
8eaI-worId ßeochæarks
Doon 3 · 1600x1200 145.1 fps
Doon 3 · 1600x1200 · 3AA 43.3 fps
F. E. A. F · 16x12 @ nax 56 fps
Oblivion · 16x12 · slandard 41 fps
Oblivion · 16x12 @ nax 34 fps
Audio Encoding (300 íBì 53 secs
Video Encoding (1030pì 43 secs
File Conpression (300 íBì 57 secs
PovFAY+Super pi+vinFAF 75 secs
'Sí 2.0 score/HDF·Sí 3.0 score
FEATUPE HARDWARE
J/lu/RY ZJJ/

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Pramod Jadhav
Y
earlv incone, subsislence pavnenls and
lax brackels-one doesn´l shoul oul
such infornalion fron his or her rooflop.
Yel, personal infornalion like lhe above oflen
cones under lhe hanner al connercial siles
such as eBav, Bazee and lhe like. íore lhan
10,000 USB slicks, hard disks, nenorv cards
and nobile phones change hands everv dav,
in facl hard disks sell like hol cakes. vilh
used hardware such as lhese, all lhe personal
infornalion exisling on lhen also pass lhrough
several hands-giving awav infornalion on
lax relurns, password delails, privale piclures
and videos or even confdenlial conpanv
docunenls.
All of us nake sure lhal confdenlial dala
is deleled before lhe concerned hardware is
lraded. vhal nanv of us don´l know is lhal
resloring deleled dala is child´s plav. All one
needs is lhe righl soflware, available on lhe Ñel
for free. To warn our readers aboul lhe hazards
of lrading hardware, we decided lo lesl lhe
capabililv of such soflware al resloring deleled
fles. Bul before lhal we nade a few hardware
purchases al eBav.
Besides hard disks and USB slicks, we
gol our hands on digilal caneras, cell phones
and nenorv cards. ve dissecled our new
acquisilions neliculouslv and were laken aback
lo relrieve confdenlial infornalion-vacalion
piclures, lax relurn delails, a conplele sel
of SíS correspondence including lelephone
nunbers, el al-could be reslored verv easilv.
Before naking nonev off vour old hardware
or before disposing il, il nusl be ensured lhe
hard disk is rid off anv dala whalsoever. Bul
sonelines lhe nornal process of deleling-i.e.
sending dala off lo lhe recvcle bin and
fornalling lhe disk prove insuffcienl. íore on
lhis laler.
íl is beller lo invesl sone line and
conplelelv overwrile lhe hard disk. Allhough
lhis process lakes a while (a couple of hours
perhaps in case of a 160 CB hard diskì, il´s
Prevent Prying
Did you know deIeted fiIes from storage devices can be
resurrected7 Find out how you can prevent this BY MARKUS MANDAU
FEATUPE HARDWARE
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worlh all lhe efforl. Fead on lo know
whal we found on lhe auclioned hardware
and how vou can pernanenllv delele dala
in each of lhese slorage devices.
hard ßisk & ü$ß $tick
CDN1£N15 fDUND: Piraled copies of
soflware, íP3 archives, lax relurn
slalenenls and nore.
Fecovering deleled dala is easv
for recoverv lools. The slorage
device-whelher a hard disk or a USB
slick-doesn´l nake anv difference. This
is because lhe hard disk and lhe slick
have lhe sane fle svslens (FAT or ÑTFSì
and vindows has all lhe required wrile·
righls for conplele access.
U58 51ICk: Our frsl inpression afler
several lesl purchases al eBav was lhal
used USB slicks are also quile useful as
dala sources. The recoverv lool we used
(Fornal Fecovervì recovered deleled fles
fron nanv USB slicks, íP3 songs and
piraled soflware lo nane a few. íl was
a cakewalk in case of lhe123 íB Oíax
slick-all dala had been deleled bul a
snall check wilh a dala resloralion lool
like PC ínspeclor File Fecoverv (Find on
DVDì and 115 fles were unveiled! Oul of
lhese fles, 41 were inlacl and lhe olher
enlries were parliallv overwrillen. The
fndings also included a fullv funclional
piraled copv of lhe fanous DVD plaver
soflware vinDVD 7, which we exlracled
easilv. vilh lhe acconpanving fle
´kevgen.exe´, we could also generale
lhe required serial nunber needed for
lhe soflware. vhal was slighllv nore
conplicaled lo read was lhe Sharkoon
1 CB USB slick because il had been
re·fornalled bv ils previous owner. ín lhis
case, lhe recoverv lool was of no help: íl
does nol run a FAv scan, and lherefore
cannol recognize deleled fles wilh lhe
help of a bil pallern or a fle signalure.
These fles are narked as deleled in lhe
FAT and are enplied afler re·fornalling.
ve lherefore had lo relv on a special
progran: FornalFecoverv, which recovers
all fle nanes. All we had lo do was run il
on lhe hardware once and all lhe dala was
resurrecled. vhal we relrieved included
an íP3 archive wilh 170 songs spanning
Aerosnilh lo Xavier Ñaidoo-we refrain
fron connenling on lhe lasle of lhe
person who had once owned il!
HAkD DI5k: ve found lhal dala safelv
awareness is beller wilh lhose selling
used hard drives. However, we did gel
luckv wilh an old 30 CB íaxlor disk. ve
connecled il lo lhe íDE cable and used lhe
TeslDisk lool, which discovered a prinarv
bool·parlilion and lhree logical drives
in an exlended parlilion. This disk was
apparenllv ´enplied´ wilh a parlilioning
progran or wilh lhe corresponding
vindows lool. The parlilions of lhe íaxlor
disk were visible again afler rebooling,
however, lhe dala was nol. This is because
lhe owner look lhe slep of deleling dala
addilionallv. Bul lhis was nol enough as
we found oul. Take anv recoverv lool, lhen
analvze and recover lhe dala. The nosl
skilful wav is lo access lhe dala exlernallv
wilhoul reslarling vindows and avoiding
lhe risk of wriling dala on lhe disk.
Bool wilh Linux, for exanple, a Knoppix
plus freeware lools such as ´falback´
and ´nlfsundelele´. The disadvanlage
here is lhis can be done onlv bv wav of
connand lines and when lhere are nanv
fles lo be recovered, il lakes up a lol of
line. Therefore, we decided lo go in for
connercial Linux soflware such as Dala
Fescue bv Prosofl. íl is sinple lo operale,
follows lhe ´inserl, bool, scan´ nollo
and provides warning nessages againsl
hardware errors such as ´Proceeding
furlher al lhis slage nav lead lo dala loss´.
ín case of such a warning, Dala Fescue
clones lhe conplele disk as an inage.
Fron here, lhe dala is lhen reslored.
ßefore vou sell or disoose off a used storaue
device, vou uust couoletelv overwrite it
once. Even a recoverv laboratorv will not
be able to recover anvthinu in such a case.
Eraser is a tool that accouolishes this task
reliablv and can track all data hideouts.
The tool is available on the üvü with this
uonth's issue.
Eraser inteurates in the context uenu
of Windows Exolorer and is thus alwavs
accessible. lt destrovs the free soace as
well as the existinu folders and files.
ND1£: The free soace is that area on the
disk that contains no recent docuuents
but has all the hles deleted frou the
recvcle bin.
1IP: To accelerate the deletion orocess,
vou hrst need to chanue the uethod used
bv Eraser to delete data. Triole overwritinu
is oreset, which is unnecessarilv tiue-
consuuinu. Switch to the 'Fseudorandou
üata' uethod in 'Edit | Freferences
| Erasinu'. Eraser then hnishes the
overwritinu orocess in one-third the tiue.
ßestroy aII data careIuIIy
ForuatFecoverv can scan and recover aluost
everv file vou uav think vou have deleted
FC lnsoector File Fecoverv can be used to recover
deletet files frou different storaue devices
usinu Testüisk, one can recover oartitions as
well as data frou a foruatted hard disk
FEATUPE HARDWARE
J/lu/RY ZJJ/

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Dala Fescue presenled lhousands
of fles afler lhe scan. For exanple, on
one parlilion we found a piraled copv
of lhe blockbusler The Sixth Sense, and
on anolher parlilion, lhe inage fle of
a conplele vindows inslallalion-so,
we gol bolh of lhe above for free on
purchasing lhe hard disk! On lhe parlilion
wilh lhe nane ´Backup´, we found several
PDF docunenls including lhe conplele
lax relurn slalenenl for lhe vear 2005.
Carelessness on lhe parl of lhis íaxlor
hard disk owner acluallv led us lo gelling
access lo his confdenlial docunenls.
To avoid encounlering such a silualion,
vou need lo delele vour dala in a wav
lhal il can´l be reslored al all. Take a
dala deslrover, for exanple, Eraser. Firsl
overwrile lhe free space and all lhe dala·
hideouls. ín lhe nexl slep deslrov lhe
exisling fles.
ßigicaæ & $æart 6ard
CDN1£N15 fDUND: Self·porlrails and lons
of vacalion pholographs.
Hobbv pholographers have lo deal wilh
lwo lvpes of slorage nedia-lhe inlernal
digilal canera nenorv and snarl cards
such as SD cards or íenorv Slicks. Dala
on bolh lhese nedia nusl be deleled
correcllv, using differenl nelhods.
DICI1AL CAM£kA M£MDk¥: ín case of lhis,
lhe pholographer is oflen in a fx as
nosl oflen lhe inlernal nenorv cannol
be overwrillen. Dala deslrovers such as
Eraser (fnd on lhe CHíP DVDì seldon
works because as a vindows progran,
il doesn´l have lhe righl lo wrile. Even
lhough lhe canera has a funclion lo delele
piclures, il works exacllv like vindows,
which neans even lhough all of lhe dala
slill exisls, il can no longer be displaved.
ve discovered sone dala innedialelv
afler lhe purchase of lhe used Ñikon
Coolpix L6 wilh 16 íB inlernal nenorv.
ve gol easv access fron lhe PC lhrough
lhe USB cable. A quick scan wilh Pholorec
(fnd il on lhe CHíP DVDì -a specialized
open·source lool for resloralion of
pholographs broughl six high·resolulion
JPEC inages lo lighl, including a Hallering
porlrail of ils previous owner.
5MAk1 CAkD: Older canera nodels have
no inlernal nenorv, lhev save pholos
direcllv on a snarl card. Fecovering
pholos deleled fron a snarl card is
sinple as il principallv funclions like a
USB slick. The fle svslen is usuallv
FAT. ve were able lo reslore inages
of a fanilv vacalion in Las Vegas wilh
Pholorec: On a 1 CB SD card, we found
104 pholos, parllv in TíF and parllv in
JPEC fornal-all high·resolulion and good
qualilv inages. Pholorec look around an
hour lo recover all lhe pholographs. vhal
is possible wilh an SD card is possible
wilh all olher cards as well. You can
pernanenllv delele dala on such cards bv
following lhe sane process in lhe case of
USB slicks. Overwrile lhe inlernal digilal
canera nenorv bv sinplv flling il up wilh
useless pholographs. Jusl keep clicking
blank or black pholographs.
$æart Fhooe aod 6eII Fhooe
CDN1£N15 fDUND: Deleled SíS and
lelephone nunbers.
íobile phones can be divided in lwo
calegories: ín case of snarl phones, il is
easv lo lrack deleled dala. The nornal,
average nobile phone on lhe olher hand
causes nore diffcullies, bul nolhing is
inpossible.
lf vou delete a file in Windows, it ends uo
in the recvcle bin. When vou euotv the
recvcle bin, even if the contents are no
lonuer visible, thev are far frou destroved.
$iæpIe case
When Windows throws a file out of
the recvcle bin, the followinu haooens.
Windows onlv chanues two bvtes in the
oartition table. Althouuh the file has been
deleted, all other values reuain intact,
for exauole, the file naue, which is whv
a recoverv tool in the oartition table can
easilv read the clusters containinu the
data. This area is called üataruns and it
uives inforuation reuardinu the nuuber of
clusters that contain data, the nuuber of
frauuents it is divided into and the cluster
where a oarticular file beuins.
ßiIIicuIt case
lt uets uore couolicated if Windows
overwrites the entrv in the oartition table
auain if the drive has been re-foruatted.
Then, the recoverv tool uust scan the
actual data douain and with the helo of
a data oattern deteruine its tvoe and the
nuuber of clusters containinu the data.
however, even this is feasible in uanv
cases. For exauole, the header of JFE0
hles contains the 'JFlF' identihcation at
the beuinninu, the actual oicture data
siuolv ends with the sufhx 'E0l', i.e. 'End
of luaue'. lt needs to be adjusted onlv in
case of hle foruats that do not recounite
the tool.
Why is it oot eoough to siæpIy deIete data or reIoræat the disk!
usinu Testüisk one can recover oartitions as well
as data frou a foruatted hard disk
Eraser can uake erasinu vour data oeruanentlv
and securelv verv easv
FhotoFec scans and recovers files with ureat ease.
Just confiuure and run
FEATUPE HARDWARE
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5MAk1 PHDN£: vilh lhe used Ñokia E61,
which we purchased fron lhe eBav
auclion sile, we found how easv il is lo
crack phones in lhe sane calegorv. Once
connecled in lhe dala lransfer node,
vindows aulonalicallv recognizes lhe
Ñokia as a drive and allows anv recoverv
soflware lo access il. This is because
all snarl phones run on lhe Svnbian
operaling svslen wilh FAT as lhe fle
svslen-lhal is all lhe recoverv soflware
needs lo lhoroughlv read lhe inlernal
nenorv of a snarl phone.
ve also lried our hands on lhe K610i
using lhe acconpanving PC Suile. As
long as lhal runs, a vindows applicalion
can access lhe phone. The Freeware PC
ínspeclor File Fecoverv Tool (fnd il on
lhis nonlh´s DVDì reslored a few deleled
pholos and videos on lhe phone. Thev
were available in lhe index ´100íSDCF´,
where cell phone caneras generallv slore
pholographs.
C£LL PHDN£: íl is diffcull lo reslore losl
dala in case of cell phones lhal cannol be
connecled as drives in vindows. Each
nanufaclurer offers a differenl operaling
svslen. ín facl differenl nodels have a
differenl one for each series and lhal is
again nodifed wilh each new nodel.
Therefore, lhere is no general recoverv
soflware lo reslore dala deleled fron
a cell phone. Bul lhere are prograns
lhal are used as evidence backup in
conpuler forensic. Cenerallv, lhese
lools are expensive and are used onlv
bv invesligaling agencies and recoverv
laboralories. For exanple, narkel leader
Kroll Onlrack uses a producl bv Paraben.
íls Parade Progran Device Seizure cosls
aboul $300 and cones wilh plug·ins for
nanv nodels nade bv large cell phone
nanufaclurers. The soflware lracks
lhe deleled dala depending on lhe cell
phone wilh lhe help of a Phvsical Plugin,
i.e, il creales a bil·specifc inage of lhe
nobile phone nenorv, which can lhen
be evalualed in lhe inlegraled Hex Edilor
soflware.
Aparl fron using lhis, we inslalled
lhe USB cable of lhe corresponding
lelephone since Device Seizure works
onlv wilh cable conneclions and nol wilh
Blueloolh or ínfrared. As soon as lhe
forensic soflware accessed lhe cell phone
wilh lhe Phvsical Plugin, il revealed all
lhe dala on il. For exanple, lhis is how
we discovered lhe deleled SíS in a used
íolorola E1000 nobile phone, along wilh
lhe respeclive lelephone nunbers.
íl is diffcull for a cell phone user
lo prolecl againsl such lvpe of dala
espionage. Soflware like Eraser lhal can
be used lo overwrile lhe inlernal nenorv
of lhe cell phone is nol vel available.
Forensic lools used lo recover cell
phone dala are expensive, conplicaled
lo operale and are conpalible onlv wilh
specifc devices belonging lo a parlicular
series. íl is lough lo keep persislenl
hackers fron prving inlo personal
conlacls or privale nessages. íf vou wanl
lo sell vour cell phone al eBav, lhe safesl
wav lo do il is bv nanuallv overwriling
all lhe dala in lhe inlernal nenorv of lhe
cell phone bv flling il up wilh useless
infornalion.
A recoverv tool can easilv read the clusters containinu the data in the oartition table
SMS and iuoortant MMS or ohone nuubers are
also at risk
hard drives are ooened and the olatters reuoved
for data recoverv
Flash drives used in diuital caueras can reveal
uuch uore oersonal secrets
videos and MF3 sonus could be found on the uSß
Sticks we ourchased frou the eßav auction site
TECHNOLOGY LANDSCAPE HARDWARE
J/lu/RY ZJJ/

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$uggested ßraods
Asus, Fujitsu, $ooy
ßudget
8s 80,000 aod above
$uggested ßraods
hF, Leoovo, ßeII, A6I
ßudget
8s 35,000-ë0,000
$uggested ßraods
Acer, Asus, $ooy
ßudget
8s 15,000 aod above
NetabIe Netebeeks
Know your requirements before heading to buy a notebook BY ASHUTOSH DESAI
A
s lhe calegorv suggesls, lhis
nolebook is for lhose who do nol have
enough roon for a desklop conpuler.
However, such devices do nol cone
cheap and weigh al leasl lhree kilos. For
lhal price vou will gel all lhe fealures one
fnds in a desklop PC. Opl for a nolebook
lhal has a dual core processor (ínlel´s
Core 2 Duoì and 1 CB DDF2 nenorv.
The nolebook should also have a powerful
graphics subsvslen. Co for Ñvidia´s
Co (7300, 7400, 7600ì or ATí´s Fadeon
íobililv (1300, 1600ì series. Since lhe
graphics card is going lo be lhis powerful,
vou should ideallv be working al high
resolulions. íake sure vou opl for al leasl
a 17·inch displav. íf vou wanl lo use lhe
nolebook for ganing or aninalion, opl for
a widescreen displav (16:9 aspecl ralioì.
Beef up lhe slorage wilh an 30 CB SATA
hard drive and nake sure vour oplical drive
is a DVD wriler (Blu·rav wrilers and nedia
are slill loo expensiveì. Such a nolebook
should cone wilh vi·Fi, LAÑ supporl bv
defaull. Look for add·ons like an inlegraled
webcan, Blueloolh and a nedia card
reader. Ballerv life for such nolebooks
should be approxinalelv 3 hours.
T
hese nolebooks are nore affordable
since lhev do nol caler lo a niche
audience like nenlioned above. Thev are
perfecl for lhose who need a porlable
solulion lhal can funclion as a word
processor and a connunicalion lool. íf
vour budgel is lighl, a Celeron· or AíD´s
Senpron·based nolebook wilh 512 íB
DDF2 nenorv will suffce vour basic
needs. Spend a lillle nore and vou can slill
gel a dual core processor in lhis calegorv.
These nolebooks also offer LAÑ,
noden and wireless conneclivilv oplions.
A nolebook wilh inlegraled graphics will
be enough lo run an offce suile and carrv
oul sinple inage ediling. This reduces
displav size requirenenls lo 14·15.4
inches. Co for a 60 CB hard drive and a
conbo wriler lo slav wilhin vour budgel.
íake sure lhese nolebooks have shorlcul
kevs lo launch connon applicalions like
Oullook Express and ínlernel Explorer.
íf vou have video conferencing
requirenenls lhen a web can will be
required bul il will up lhe cosl a lillle
nore. A nainslrean nolebook can weigh
2.75 lo over 3 kilos and lheir average
ballerv life should be al leasl 3·4 hours.
T
hese nolebooks are expensive bul
designed lo offer fealures offered bv
a nainslrean nolebook in a nuch snaller
package. An ullra porlable nolebook will
lvpicallv weigh less lhan 1.75 kg. These
are neanl for businessnen or for lhose
who need lo lravel and slav connecled
all lhe line. An ullra porlable lodav has
enough fealures lo keep vou funclional lill
vou reach vour desklop PC. Aparl fron lhe
slandard conneclivilv oplions, nake sure
vour nolebook has Blueloolh supporl. You
will defnilelv need il lo svnc vour phone
wilh lhe nolebook. Screen size ranges
fron 10 lo 12·inches and are available in
lhe wide screen fornal.
Since vou are going lo be on lhe nove,
nake sure lhe nolebook vou choose has a
ballerv life of al leasl 4 hours. Ñolebooks
powered bv ullra·low vollage processors
are preferred, as lhev will increase
ballerv life. Ergononics plav a large parl
in ullra porlables. Sinilar lo lhe desklop
replacenenl and nainslrean nolebooks,
an ullra porlable nusl have well·placed
and labeled porls on eilher side. Also
nake sure il cones wilh a DVD wriler and
a nedia card reader.
Maiostreaæ üItra FortabIe ßesktop 8epIaceæeot
$M$ us! Storv code. hIL lSee Faue 1ë for detailsI
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ÌNFOGPAPHÌCS HARDWARE
lnside a MP£C-4 PIayer
DVD/DivX/MPEG-4 pIayers Iook Iike they must have some reaI compIicated
circuitry. Let's open one and see if this is true. BY ASHUTOSH DESAI
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ÌNFOGPAPHÌCS HARDWARE
Power is supplied lo lhe plaver via lhe nains lo lhe
circuil board shown here. This board consisls of
elenenls lhal converl lhe AC inpul lo DC and bring
il down lo acceplable levels. The plaver usuallv has
5 voll and 12 voll rails, sinilar lo lhe PC supplv. This
parlicular circuil consisls of a coil, fuse, lransforner
core and eleclrical conponenls lhal nusl funclion lo
regulale lhe power being supplied lo lhe plaver.
INPU1: Power arrives via lhe nains lo lhe board fron
here. The circuil board shown here is a verv basic one.
CDIL: The coil is used lo fller oul anv noise fron lhe inpul
signal. The inpul is nol assuned lo be ´clean´, which
is whv il needs lo be cleaned and presenled lo lhe
lransforner. The coil acls lhe fller lo frequencies lhal
are nol supposed lo pass lo lhe resl of lhe supplv board.
fU5£: Evervone knows whal lhe fuse does-il prolecls
lhe plaver fron vollage Huclualions. The fuse consisls
of a fne wire (usuallv Ñi·Chroneì lhal has a raling
depending on lhe vollage il has lo handle. íf anvlhing
higher lhan lhe raled vollage enlers lhrough lhe nains,
lhe fuse wire will nell, slopping lhe How lo lhe resl
of lhe board. This wav il slalls danage lo onlv power
supplv board.
1kAN5fDkM£k: This lillle piece is a ninialure version of
all lhose power adaplers vou have used lo power vour
nolebooks, prinlers, elc. The lransforner brings lhe
vollage down lo lhe DVD plaver´s ralings. The power
swilch on lhe DivX plaver allows eleclricilv lo How
lhrough fron lhe nains lo lhe power supplv circuil
board. The fllered, slepped down and reclifed (DCì
oulpul is senl lo lhe oplical drive, fronl panel and lhe
audio/video decoder circuil.
Fower $uppIy
$M$ us! Storv code. hIM lSee Faue 1ë for detailsI
J/lu/RY ZJJ/

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ÌNFOGPAPHÌCS HARDWARE
J/lu/RY ZJJ/

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ÌNFOGPAPHÌCS HARDWARE
The DVD drive is sinilar lo lhe ones seen in olher plavers. The
difference lies in lhe abililv of lhe lens lo read kinds of nedia-
CD·F/Fv, DVD·F/Fv, elc. Dala on lhe nedia is read bv anolher
porlion of lhe plaver. An oplical drive consisls of:
DI5C DkIV£: The disc drive rolales lhe nedia placed on lhe CD·lrav.
The disc is clanped in place before rolalion begins wilh lhe help of a
nagnelic clanp. The drive gels ils power fron lhe Disc Drive íolor.
The nolor powers lhe disc drive lo rolale lhe nedia placed in lhe lrav
al high speeds.
LA5£k L£N5: The laser lens is lhe eve in anv plaver. íl reads bv focusing
a laser bean onlo lhe readable surface of lhe DVD or CD. Bul lhe laser
lens needs lo be able lo lravel along lhe radius of lhe CD/DVD. íl is able
lo do lhis wilh lhe help of lhe lracking drive and nolor.
1kACkINC DkIV£ AND MD1Dk: íl noves lhe lens assenblv in ninulelv
conlrolled sleps across lhe radius of lhe disc (while il is spinningì.
üpticaI ßrive
The audio·video decoder circuil consisls of decoders lhal need lo
frsl fgure oul lhe fle fornal. íf lhe fle fornal, which is usuallv
ascerlained bv recognizing lhe conlainer (AVí, víV, DivX, íPEC,
elcì, il will lrv lo inlerprel (decodeì.
The audio decoder lranslales íP3s, víAs (if lhe plaver supporls
ilì and sends il lo lhe audio oulpuls. íf lhe audio has lo be senl lo
analog oulpuls, usuallv FCA conneclions, lhe signals will have lo
be converled lo analog. Else lhe digilal signal will go direcllv lo lhe
coaxial conneclion. vhen a plaver boasls of DTS Dolbv supporl, il
neans ils decoder chip can recognize digilal audio encoded on a
DVD disc. The video decoder does lhe job of fguring oul lhe fornal
in which lhe novie has been encoded. The chipsel´s frnware
conlains supporl for differenl video codecs. íf il fnds lhal il does nol
supporl video encoded wilh DivX 3.0 lhen il will nol process il.
Video can be splil up inlo separale color channels (conponenl
oulpulì loo. Conponenl oulpuls conlain nore infornalion and hence
provide a beller oulpul. A plaver also provides a Conposile oulpul
(an FCA conneclionì, which conlains a signal lhal conlains all color
channels in lhen.
Audio/¥ideo ßecoders
The fronl panel is differenl for each plaver. There will alwavs be a
separale conlroller lhal will conlrol lhe digilal displav on lhe fronl
panel. This displav nav be lhe lrack nunber, line, elc. This conlroller
nav work in landen wilh anolher chip lo read inpuls fron an infrared
renole conlrol. Olher plavs have logic bullons on lhe panel for
´Plav/Pause´, ´Ejecl´, elc.
Froot FaoeI
The lens in lhe pickup assenblv can be noved
wilh lhe help of snall nagnelic coils. This needs
lo be done so as lo focus on lhe dala laver (of
lhe discì correcllv. The pickup assenblv sends
all lhe oplical dala il receives fron lhe lens lo lhe
audio/video decoder unil.
Laser Fickup AsseæbIy
A
P
P
l
l
C
A
1
l
0
N
S
XXXXXXXX
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The oaraueters used for evaluatinu software are
assiuned a uraohical ratinu out of a scale of 5.
These ueasures include oerforuance, features
and ease of use. The overall ratinu shown in the
reviews is based on all these factors.
ln addition, there is a value for uonev ratinu
for each aoolication. This ratinu is obtained
bv couoilinu the features and the utilitv of the
aoolication auainst its orice. ln case of freeware
and shareware tools available for downloadinu
frou the lnternet, we reolace the orice with the
download site land therefore, the tiue taken to
download the aoolicationI for arrivinu at the value
for uonev ratinu.
Pramod Jadhav
8atiogs ExpIaioed
EgVbdY?VY]Vk
l
l´s lhe beginning of a new vear wilh
nunerous soflware lined up lo be released
lhis vear including lhe nuch awailed big
daddv of all-vindows Visla. This nonlh we
have reviewed soflware fron several calegories.
ve have for vou an offce lool, an ínlernel
securilv suile, an inage viewer, a conpression
ulililv and several olhers.
Our soflware of lhe nonlh is Adobe Acrobal
Professional 3. vhile lesling, we found ils
usage lo be wav easier lhan ils predecessors.
Adobe has provided a wizard for everv najor
fealure, so users are aware of all lhe docunenl
crealion capabililies.
Ñexl in line of reviews is F·Secure ínlernel
Securilv 2007-an excellenl securilv package
for users.
Following our lradilion of including freeware
along wilh shareware, lhis line we have
included írfanView-lhe nosl popular inage
viewer-in lhe freeware seclion. íls lalesl
version 3.99 offers a bunch of cool new inage
ediling fealures.
For nullinedia buffs, we have VLC 0.3.6,
a nullinedia plaver lhal can plav all possible
audio/video fornals vou can lhink of. Loaded
wilh fealures-il allows vou lo nol onlv slrean
videos bul also save slreaning videos.
ín lhe svslen ulililv calegorv, we have Fresh
Uí-a svslen lweaking lool lhal allows vou lo
nake safe changes lo vour vindows Fegislrv,
so lhal vou can squeeze lhal exlra juice oul of
vindows. Also, parl of lhe killv are Ullra Video
Spliller and ZipCenius.
Seftware Center
$M$ us! Storv code. $W$ lSee Faue 1ë for detailsI
TESTED APPLlCATlONS
J/lu/RY ZJJ/

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lN1£CkA1£ ¥0Uk D0CUM£N1S
The PDF or Porlable Docunenl Fornal
has been lhe nosl convenienl nelhod
lo slore docunenls. vhenever vou
download e·books, forns, reporls fron
lhe ínlernel, lhev are nosl likelv lo be
PDFs. PDFs can inlegrale fles of varied
fornals inlo a single fle lhal can be easilv
dislribuled and viewed wilhoul lhe need
of lhe nalive applicalion. Adobe inlroduced
Acrobal nore lhan a decade ago, since
lhen il has been lhe nosl widelv used
PDF edilor around. Acrobal 3 Professional
is lhe lalesl PDF edilor fron lhe Adobe
slable, pronising a whole lol of exciling
new fealures. Fron supporl for AuloCADs
3D fles lo 123 bil encrvplion for securilv
lo a fool proof redaclion svslen, il offers a
range of fealures.
The inslallalion process is quile long.
ve selecled lhe ´Conplele´ inslallalion
oplion, lhe olher lwo being ´Tvpical´
and ´Cuslon´. The inlerface of Acrobal
3 has a refreshing new look, lhe nain
window is well organized wilh lhe nosl
widelv used fealures represenled bv
lheir respeclive icons. The frsl screen lo
welcone vou when vou run lhe applicalion
is lhe ´Celling Slarled´ window. You will
fnd eighl big bullons represenling lhe
najor fealures. The nonenl vou click
on anv one of lhe bullons, lhe wizard for
lhe respeclive fealure opens. The eighl
najor fealures are Creale PDF, Conbine
Files, Exporl, Slarl íeeling, Secure,
Sign, Forns, Feview and Connenls. This
organizalion helps Acrobal 3 lo score over
ils anceslors as il allows easv navigalion
lhrough lhe applicalion. The Slarl íeeling
fealure is a relalivelv new one-il lakes vou
lo Adobe Connecl (fornerlv íacronedia
Breezeì for hosling virlual neeling spaces.
The Creale PDF oplion wizard offers
vou lo selecl lhe fles for conpiling lhe
PDF fron various sources such as vour
docunenls, scanned fles elc. Once lhe
source fles are selecled, vou can preview
lhe generaled PDF fle and use various
lools lo edil il. The Fedaclion lool of
Acrobal 3 is worlh a nenlion, unlike ils
predecessors if vou applv lhe black narker
on anv sensilive dala in vour PDF, il does
nol black oul lhe conlenls, bul goes a
slep furlher and renoves lhe neladala
resulling in a conplele renoval of lhe
ediled dala. The Conbine Files conpiles
fles of various fornals or nulliple PDF
fles inlo a single PDF.
The Exporl fealure is capable of
converling lhe PDF conlenls inlo various
fle fornals fron PÑC lo FTF lo HTíL.
Hence orlh, if vou require lo fll a PDF
forn, vou need nol go lhrough lhe hassle
of prinling lhe PDF, flling il up, scanning il
and lhen e·nailing il. For now vou can fll
lhe forn digilallv as Acrobal 3 Professional
recognizes lexl felds and highlighls lhen.
íf vou selecl lhe Dislribule Forn fealure
while crealing a PDF forn, il allows vou lo
fll lhe forns digilallv.
Though Acrobal 3 proves lo be heavv
on lhe svslen resources and verv
expensive, ils fealure sel nakes il an ideal
choice for professionals fron lhe legal,
nedical, and fnancial fralernilv, and also in
prinl and online publishing.
fDk: Excellenl fealures, easv navigalion
lhrough applicalion.
ACAIN51: High ulilizalion of svslen
resources. Ouile expensive.
0fflC£ 100lS
Adebe Acrebat 8.0 PrefessienaI
$ysteæ 8equireæeots
Windows XF lSF2I/2000 lSF1I, Fentiuu 3
euuivalent and above orocessor, 25ë Mß FAM l512
recouuendedI, 1.3 0ß hard disk soace
Frice Fs 2ë,000
6ootact Adobe Svsteus lncoroorated
Website www.adobe.cou

8AIINß$
Ease oI use

Features

FerIoræaoce

üveraII 8atiog

¥aIue Ior Mooey

Fihd iI oh
The '0ettinu Started' screen orovides ease of
naviuation
TESTED APPLlCATlONS
S4
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J/lu/RY ZJJ/
S£CUk£ f0k SUk£ ín lhis age of
cvberspace, prine inporlance needs lo be
given lo ínlernel securilv. Fron nalware
lo hackers lo phishing siles, pernicious
elenenls are lurking on lhe Ñel lo allack
vour PC. To pul up an effeclive fghl
againsl lhese enenies of cvberspace, vou
require a powerful weapon. ín lhe online
world such an weapon would be vour
ínlernel securilv suile. F·Secure ínlernel
Securilv 2007 is one such ínlernel securilv
suile lhal pronises lo conbal enenies of
lhe cvberworld effcienllv.
ínslallalion of F·Secure ínlernel
Securilv 2007 is sinple. íl offers a pre·
inslall scan and delecls olher securilv
applicalions if inslalled and inslrucls vou
lo uninslall lhen. A unique fealure in lhis
applicalion is lhal il offers various oplions
during inslallalion ilself, for inslance,
vou can choose belween inslalling lhe
conplele suile or onlv lhe anli·virus. You
can also choose lo inslall ´Parenlal Conlrol´
for eilher children or leenagers or bolh and
enler a password for each oplion so lhal
no one else can access lhe applicalion and
lanper wilh lhe sellings.
ve found lhe inlerface of F·Secure
ínlernel Securilv 2007 lo be lhe nosl
appealing and funclional conpared
lo olher securilv suiles. On lhe nain
window, vou can fnd lhe UFL lo lhe
F·Secure websile. íl also displavs lhe
slalus of lhe currenl lools and allows vou
lo confgure lhen such as lhe level of
proleclion for lhe anli·virus and frewall or
enabling/disabling lhe span and parenlal
conlrol. íf lhe slalus of a lool is fne, il
is denoled bv a green check nark and if
nol, a blue exclanalion nark grabs vour
allenlion. Anolher fealure on lhis window
is lhe Securilv Ñews, which displavs
all lhe presenl lhreals in cvberspace.
Towards lhe lefl of lhe nain window, vou
fnd all lhe lools offered bv lhe applicalion
such as Virus Proleclion, ínlernel Shield,
Span conlrol, Parenlal conlrol, elc. Under
each of lhese lools vou will fnd lhe
delailed sellings for lhen.
F·Secure ínlernel Securilv 2007 effeclivelv
nanages lo keep nalware and hackers
al bav. íl has a verv slurdv anli·virus and
anli·spvware applicalion buill inlo il. There
are plenlv of oplions lo confgure lheir
funclioning. You can specifv lhe fles lhal
need lo be scanned and lhose lhal should
be exenpled. The oplions are verv slraighl
forward, newbies will nol fnd working
wilh lhis applicalion diffcull.
The Flver Hislorv gives a delailed lisl of
applicalions lhal were denied pernission
lo funclion. The Ouaranline lool nol onlv
quaranlines virus and spvware bul also
riskware lhal could pose a polenlial lhreal
lo vour conpuler.
fDk: Loads of fealures and easv usage.
ACAIN51: Ñone.
S¥S1£M S£CUkl1¥
f-Secure lnternet Security 2007
$ysteæ 8equireæeots
Win 2000/ XF, lntel Fentiuu ë00 Mht or above, 25ë
Mß FAM, 500 Mß free disk soace
Frice Fs 1,ë00 l1-3 usersI
6ootact Fajiv Warrier
Fhooe 022-ëë93ë795
Website www.aladdinindia.cou

8AIINß$
Ease oI use

Features

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üveraII 8atiog

¥aIue Ior Mooey

Fihd iI oh
The uain window of F-Secure is both aooealinu
and functional
The Farental control offers two seoarate ootions
for children and teenauers
TESTED APPLlCATlONS
J/lu/RY ZJJ/

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INIELLIßENI 6üMFüIINß 6hIF

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S5
PlC1Uk£ P£kf£C1 Since ils launch
alnosl a decade ago, írfanview has been
one of lhe nosl popular inage viewing
and converling soflware around, nore so
because of ils sinplicilv and funclionalilv.
íl supporls a large nunber of graphic fle
fornals ranging fron lhe nosl connonlv
used jpeg, bnp and gif fornals lo lhe rarelv
used sgi and sif. írfanview also supporls
audio fle fornals such as íP3, OCC and
víA and video fornals such as víV,
íov and AVí. You need plug·ins lo avail
lhese fealures.
írfanview 3.99 pronises loads of
fealures over ils predecessor-lhis is nol
a surprise as lhe previous version was
alnosl released a vear ago! Ñew fealures
include supporl for PDF exporl, zooning
and scrolling in lhe slideshow node
and loads of fle fornals albeil wilh lhe
supporl of plug·ins. Sone of lhe fealures
enbedded in lhe lalesl version have been
carried forward fron lhe previous one.
These are nulli·language supporl, balch
conversion, nulli·page ediling and nore.
írfanview is a perfecl replacenenl for
vindows Painl Viewer as il can perforn
nuch beller lhan lhe laller. The nain
inlerface of lhe applicalion is sinple and
berefl of cluller. Various effecls inlegraled
inlo il are Blur, Enboss, Oil painl, Edge
deleclion, Sepia and Pixellise. The
Enhance Colors oplion allows vou lo adjusl
lhe FCB levels along wilh brighlness and
conlrasl. You can view lhe original as well
as lhe rendered inage sinullaneouslv.
The ínage Effecls oplion is worlh a
nenlion as il has a colleclion of sone verv
cool effecls lhal can be direcllv applied lo
an inage al lhe click of a bullon. Anolher
cool oplion is Swap Color, il allows vou
lo lransforn lhe inage inlo various
conbinalions of FCB.
írfanview is also good al ediling inages
wilh ils Cul/Crop, Fesizing and Color
Deplh Varialions oplion. ín case vou click
an inleresling pholograph and wanl lo
share il wilh friends, sinplv inporl and
adjusl lhe inage as vou prefer and e·nail
il lo vour pals.
fDk: Loads of fealures al no cosl.
ACAIN51: Plug·ins required lo avail fealures.
SPAC£ SAV£k Slorage linilalion is
alwavs an issue wilh a conpuler user.
Though hard drives wilh larger capacilies
have inundaled lhe narkel, wilh ever·
increasing dala, users are never going lo
be salisfed. Hence, lhe onlv oplion is lo
save space bv conpressing fles. There
are nanv fle conpression ulililies such as
vinzip, vinrar, vinace, elc, which nakes
il all lhe nore diffcull for users decision
lo zero down on lhe perfecl conpression
ulililv. ZipCenius 6, a freeware supporling
a wide range of conpressed fle fornals,
is anolher such ulililv. Lel´s fnd oul nore.
ínslallalion is quick and lhe inlerface
is sinple. On lhe lefl, a vindows
Explorer slvled view is presenl, offering
an easv wav lo view and selecl fles for
conpression. To conpress fles, creale
a new archive. This pops up a window
allowing vou lo selecl fles for archiving.
Various levels of conpression can be
selecled fron íediun lo íaxinun lo
Brulal. íl can also spill lhe archive inlo
nulliple fles of desired sizes. Bv naking
use of plug·ins, ZipCenius can supporl
UPX execulable conpressor lo furlher
conpress exe, dll, ocx fles. A special
fealure available in ZipCenius 6 is lhal il
allows vou lo add vour signalure along
wilh vour conlacl infornalion lo anv zip fle
vou creale. Olher fealures include lesling,
repairing and encrvpling an archive.
The Scan and Backup oplion allows
vou lo selecl inage fles fron various
sources such as a specifed folder or vour
digilal canera, and archive lhen eilher bv
converling lhen inlo a zip fle or an exe fle
wilh slideshow capabililies. The Backup
lab allows vou lo direcllv save conlenls of
anv specifed folder or e·nail in Oullook
Express lo a desired localion.
The defaull language is English lhough
il supporls Spanish, Cernan, Chinese,
elc-provided vou inslall lhe necessarv
language packs. The conpression
capabililv of ZipCenius 6 is sinilar lo lhal
of vinzip, bul when conpared lo vinrar
il loses oul. Considering lhe fealures
ZipCenius 6 offers al no cosl, il surpasses
olher conpression ulililies in ils calegorv.
fDk: Sinple inlerface, fealure rich.
ACAIN51: Conpression capabililies nol on
par wilh olher conpression ulililies.
lMAC£ Vl£W£k
lrfanview 3.99
$ysteæ 8equireæeots
Windows All, Fentiuu 300 Mht or hiuher, 128 Mß
FAM, 10 Mß hard disk soace
Frice Free
6ootact lrfanview
EæaiI irfanview@uux.net
Website www.irfanview.cou

8AIINß$
Ease oI use

Features

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üveraII 8atiog

TESTED APPLlCATlONS
Fihd iI oh
C0MPk£SSl0N U1lll1¥
IipCenius 6.0
$ysteæ 8equireæeots
Windows All, Fentiuu 300 Mht or hiuher, 128 Mß
FAM, 10 Mß hard disk soace
Frice Free
6ootact Zio0enius
EæaiI tuinfo@tiouenius.it
Website www.tiouenius.it

8AIINß$
Ease oI use

Features

FerIoræaoce

üveraII 8atiog

Fihd iI oh
TESTED APPLlCATlONS
S6
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J/lu/RY ZJJ/
0P£N, SPll1 AND SAV£ íf vou
are a novie buff, vou are bound lo have
a favorile scene or lwo fron nosl of lhe
novies vou have walched. However, in
order lo walch lhese scenes line and
again vou would need lo go lo lhal parl
of lhe novie everv line. vouldn´l il be
nice if vou could collecl onlv lhe favorile
porlions of everv novie vou have possiblv
walched and view lhen lo vour hearl´s
conlenl? vell Ullra Video Spliller is here
jusl lo do lhal-il can splil, cul and lrin a
novie in nosl of lhe video fornals such
as AVí, íPEC, VOB, DAT, íPEC 4, víV
and so on.
Ullra Video Spliller has a verv slraighl
forward inlerface, berefl of cluller. On
lhe lop, vou fnd large icons for funclions
such as Open, Splil, Exil, elc. Perforning
ediling lasks on anv of lhe video fle is
easv. Once lhe required fle is loaded,
all lhe oplions are available on lhe nain
inlerface ilself. The lefl side of lhe screen
displavs lhe video loaded, while on lhe
righl side all lhe ediling lools are available.
The Splilling node consisls of lhree
oplions wherein vou can converl lhe splil
parls of a fle inlo a single fle or inlo a
range of clips, or range of clips of equal
duralion clips.
Ullra Video Spliller 3.3.2 can save
lhe ediled fles inlo various fornals such
as AVí, íPEC, VCD, SVCD, DVD and
víV. vhen vou selecl anv fle, various
fle conversion lvpes are available and
each of lhen have a sel of oplions under
lhen. For inslance, when vou selecl AVí,
a range of Video and Audio Conpressors
are displaved, for VCD or SVCD vou can
choose eilher PAL or ÑTSC fle svslen.
Under lhe window lhal displavs lhe video,
a seek bar is presenl along wilh lhe olher
plavback oplions. The line slalus is
presenl for bolh lhe slarl and end lines
of lhe selecled porlion of lhe video. Our
lesl revealed lhal splilling of lhe fles look
place quile rapidlv. One glilch is, lhe lrial
version of lhis applicalion allows onlv 50
percenl of lhe splil fle lo be converled,
which is quile disappoinling. Ñeverlheless,
lhe soflware is worlh ils price.
fDk: Supporls large nunber of video fles.
ACAIN51: Could inprove wilh sone
advanced fealures.
PlA¥S l1 All Verv oflen vou nighl
have cone across scenarios where vour
conpuler refused lo plav a newlv boughl
nusic or video disc. íl blunllv displavs lhe
´required codec nissing´ nessage. This
leaves vou lo lediouslv locale, download
and inslall codecs. vell nol anv nore,
for here is an applicalion lhal cones fullv
loaded wilh nunerous nullinedia codecs
spanning audio and video. VLC 0.3.6
íedia Plaver, a nulli·plalforn freeware,
has sone exciling new fealures inlegraled
inlo il such as vindows íedia Video 9
and Flash Video supporl.
The nain inlerface of VLC íedia Plaver
0.3.6 is sane as ils predecessors-sinple
vel funclional. Under lhe fle lab, vou can
specifv lhe source of lhe nedia lhal needs
lo be plaved. Along wilh open fle and
disc oplion, il also supporls open nelwork
slrean where vou can view a fle lhal is
being slreaned on lhe nelwork vou are
connecled lo. Using lhe vizard oplion,
nullinedia fles can be slreaned lhrough
hllp, udp and nullicasl (Check out the
streaning vorkshop in this issueì.
Under Preferences, nunerous adjuslnenls
can be nade lo lhe various oplions such
as adjusling lhe equalizers for audio, using
video fllers lo lweak video qualilv, elc.
You can also specifv holkevs for various
funclions here. The video can be viewed
in various nodes such as vallpaper node
where lhe video will be plaved as vour
desklop wallpaper, lhe Crop node allows
vou lo adjusl lhe video according lo lhe
aspecl ralio vou wish lo walch lhe video al.
A cool fealure of VLC íedia Plaver
0.3.6 is vou can caplure a screenshol of
lhe video while il´s being plaved. íl also
offers sone splendid visualizalion oplions
while plaving an audio fle. vhile a video
is being plaved, an oplion lo change
lhe audio channel is available, vou can
choose fron slereo, reverse slereo and
so on. VLC íedia Plaver 0.3.6 is lhe
nosl fealure·packed nullinedia soflware
around-in facl, vou wouldn´l need anv
olher afler using lhis.
fDk: Plavs alnosl all nullinedia fle
fornals.
ACAIN51: Unappealing nain inlerface.
MUl1lM£DlA PlA¥£k
VlC Media PIayer 0.8.6
$ysteæ 8equireæeots
Windows All, Fentiuu 300 Mht or hiuher, 128 Mß
FAM, 10 Mß hard disk soace
Frice Free
6ootact videoLAN
EæaiI videolan@videolan.oru
Website www.videolan.oru

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üveraII 8atiog

Fihd iI oh
VlD£0 £Dl10k
UItra Videe SpIitter 3.8.2
$ysteæ 8equireæeots
Windows All, Fentiuu 300 Mht or hiuher, 128M or
uore FAM, 50 Mß hard disk soace
Frice $25 lFs 1,120I
6ootact Aone Software
EæaiI suooort@aone-uedia.cou
Website www.aone-uedia.cou

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TESTED APPLlCATlONS
J/lu/RY ZJJ/

|

INIELLIßENI 6üMFüIINß 6hIF

|
S7
TESTED APPLlCATlONS
101Al k£C0V£k¥ There nusl have
been nunerous inslances when vou´ve
accidenllv deleled an inporlanl fle which
was unrecoverable. To nanv users, lhis
is nosl defnilelv an end·of·lhe·world
scenario. Bul lhere is alwavs a rav of hope
no naller how grin lhe silualion is, which
is where a fle recoverv soflware fls in.
Fecover ív Files 3.93 is an applicalion
lhal can help in such dire circunslances.
Fecover ív Files 3.93 can recover
deleled fles and dala fron fornalled or
corrupl drives. íl is capable of working
wilh all kinds of slorage devices such as
hard drives, USB drives, nenorv cards,
elc. íl supporls recoverv for hundreds
of fle lvpes, lhese are divided inlo six
seclions nanelv Craphics, Docunenls,
Archives, íullinedia, E·nail and
Dalabase. Sone of lhe fles supporled are
íicrosofl Offce specifc fles, Oullook
Express, SOL, AuloCAD, JPEC, TíF,
íPEC, AVí and so on.
Using lhis applicalion is a cakewalk-
lhe nonenl lhe applicalion slarls, a
wizard pops up, wherein vou selecl lhe
funclion lhal needs lo be perforned.
There are four oplions on offer. As vou
click on each oplion, vou will fnd an
explanalion perlaining lo lhal oplion. The
frsl is ´Fasl File Search´, which allows vou
lo fnd anv recenllv deleled docunenls.
íf vou wanl an inlensive search lo
be perforned, selecl ´Conplele File
Search´. The olher lwo oplions are ´Fasl
Fornal Fecover´ and ´Conplele Fornal
Fecover´. As lhe nanes suggesl, bolh
lhese oplions are capable of recovering
fornalled drives. Oul of lhe lwo, lhe laller
perfons an inlensive search.
Once il scans vour drive for lhe desired
fles, il displavs a lisl where vou selecl lhe
required fle and save il. íl is capable of
recovering dala effcienllv as il searches
everv seclor of vour hard drive. íl also has
a buill·in CD, and DVD burning supporl
lo save vour recovered fles. Overall, il is
an ideal choice for users who work wilh
confdenlial dala.
fDk: Scans and recovers large nunber of
fle fornals.
ACAIN51: A lad expensive.
f£Akl£SS 1W£AklNC íf vou alwavs
wanled lo lweak vour vindows bul did
nol wanl lo risk nessing up vour Fegislrv,
lhen Fresh Uí is lhe applicalion vou should
look for. íl allows vou lo lweak vindows
so as lo nake nosl of ils hidden fealures
accesible, lherebv lelling vou lo gel lhe
nosl oul of il.
Fresh Uí is loaded wilh nunerous
useful lweaks lhal can unlock nanv
hidden sellings in vindows such
as cuslonizing lhe user inlerface,
oplinizing svslen and hardware sellings,
cuslonizalion of vindows applicalion
sellings and nuch nore. Once vou are
done wilh lhe inslallalion, vou will cone
across an organized nain inlerface. On
lhe lefl hand side, vou can fnd seclions
lhal are easv lo navigale. Each seclion has
a conplele delailed descriplion for easv
reference. The seclions are divided inlo
lhe following calegories-Applicalions,
Explorer, Hardware, vindows ínlerface,
vindows Svslen, and Covering Your
Tracks. vhen anv calegorv wilhin
lhese seclions is selecled, il displavs lhe
version of vindows lhal is capable of
supporling lhe selecled fealure.
The applicalion calegorv allows vou lo
confgure lhe applicalions lhal gel inslalled
along wilh vindows such as ínlernel
Explorer, vindows íedia Plaver, Oullook,
Ñolepad, elc. Under lhe Explorer oplion,
vou will fnd sellings for drives and fles.
The Hardware seclion is an inleresling
one, here sellings for lhe various
hardware conponenls can be found such
as disabling lhe auloplav oplion of vour
disc drive and so on.
On lhe vindows ínlerface seclion, vou
can perforn a lol of cosnelic changes.
The ´Covering vour Tracks´ seclion requires
a special nenlion as il allows vou lo clear
lhe search bar and connands in lhe Fun
dialog box.
All in all, Fresh Uí is an inleresling
applicalion. Being a freeware, il is
defnilelv worlh a lrv. The annoving parl
is lhe regislralion of lhe applicalion-
allhough free, lhe user needs lo enler a
non·free service e·nail íD.
fDk: Loads of lweaks inlegraled inlo a
single applicalion.
ACAIN51: Tedious regislralion.
fll£ k£C0V£k¥
kecever My fiIes 3.98
$ysteæ 8equireæeots
Windows All, Fentiuu class orocessor 500 Mht or
hiuher, ë1 Mß FAM or hiuher, 3 Mß disk soace
Frice $ë9.95 lFs 3,130I
6ootact 0et üata
Website www.recoveruvfiles.cou

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S¥S1£M 1W£AklNC
fresh Ul 7.73
$ysteæ 8equireæeots
Windows All, orocessor 500 Mht and above, 128
Mß FAM or hiuher, 50 Mß hard disk soace
Frice Free
6ootact Fresh üevices
EæaiI helo@freshdevices.cou
Website www.freshdevices.cou

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INIELLIßENI 6üMFüIINß 6hIF

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J/lu/RY ZJJ/
FEATUPE APPLlCATlON
Pramod Jadhav
l
ín lhe real world, wherever lhere´s nonev,
vou will fnd swindlers hanging around.
Things are nol loo differenl on lhe ínlernel.
íore and nore people shop on lhe ínlernel or
sellle banking lransaclions online. ínlereslinglv,
bul nol surprisinglv, lhis lrend is direcllv
proporlional lo lhe rise in ínlernel·relaled crine.
Ño olher progran has been held as
responsible for lhis as lhe web browser.
According lo Svnanlec, nore lhan 30 percenl
of allacks on lhe ínlernel are ained al a websile
or a browser. Users of ínlernel Explorer will
have noliced lhis oflen in lhe pasl. However,
lhe silualion should look up wilh lhe advenl
of íE7 and wilh olher web browser conpanies
also upgrading lheir producls. ve decided lo
delernine which browser reallv assures secure
surfng, so we lined up lhe newesl publiclv
available versions of sone of lhe besl known
web browsers-Opera 9.02, Firefox 2.0 againsl
ínlernel Explorer 7. Lel´s lake lhen for a ride.
Fhishiog
LA1£51 PkD1£C1IDN ACAIN51 DNLIN£ fkAUD:
Online cheals alwavs resorl lo lhe sane lrick:
direcl lhe user lo a counlerfeil websile and
have lhen enler passwords, credil card delails
and aulhenlicalion pin nunbers lhal can be
harvesled-a process called phishing. A web
browser is lhe besl slarling poinl for safelv
Safe web brewserst
Which one of these new web browsers-IE, Firefox and Opera-
reaIIy protects you against hackers7 Find out... BY VALENTIN PLETZER
Firefox won the securitv check bv a suall
uaruin with 0oera not too far behind. The
forthcouinu 0oera 9.1-which we exoect will
be euuiooed with a ohishinu filter-should
be able to catch uo with the Fox. lnternet
Exolorer coues in at the last olace. With a
uarket share of about 87 oercent, it stands at
the too of the hacker's hit lists and vet we find
that Microsoft has left uaos unoluuued in the
new lnternet Exolorer 7. Fead on to see how
we evaluated.
Who's the best!
$M$ us! Storv code. AFW lSee Faue 1ë for detailsI
J/lu/RY ZJJ/

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INIELLIßENI 6üMFüIINß 6hIF

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S9
FEATUPE APPLlCATlON
neasures againsl such allacks. However,
nol all web browsers lodav are inherenllv
equipped wilh phishing fllers. Opera 9
is slill nol equipped wilh lhis securilv
fealure, il would onlv be inlegraled in lhe
forlhconing version 9.1. On lhe olher
hand, lhis funclion is alreadv available in
íE7 and Firefox 2.0. ín bolh cases, il can
be aclivaled oplionallv.
During our phishing lesl, lhe proleclion
funclioned reliablv in bolh browsers wilh
lhe phishing fller enabled-all randonlv
surfed phishing siles were idenlifed
and lhe browsers showed proninenl
warning signals. A word aboul how a
phishing fller junps inlo aclion-browsers
heurislicallv lesl everv sile lhal vou
access, while searching for lvpical
phishing characlerislics (such as credil
card requesls or pin nunber feldsì. The
fller lhen generales a while lisl which
includes reliable websiles and a blacklisl
consisling of nolorious phishing websiles.
These lisls are updaled aulonalicallv and
are slored on lhe conpuler as vou surf.
However, newer phishing siles surface bv
lhe dav. To counler lhis, phishing fllers
links up wilh an updale server on lhe web.
vhile a users surfs websiles, lhe fller
checks for aulhenlicilv if ils enlrv isn´l
alreadv in lhe locallv slored lisls. During
lhis lesl, we noliced one drawback lhal
cane lo lighl: lhe conneclion wilh lhe
server cannol be swilched off separalelv
in case of ínlernel Explorer. This neans
lhal íicrosofl can creale a user profle
based on a user´s surfng habils. Firefox
works hand in hand wilh Coogle in case
of live updales-lhe UFLs lhal have
been called up are lransferred lo lhe hosl
servers on lhe search engine gianl. íf vou
don´l wanl il lo do lhis, vou can deaclivale
lhis funclionalilv and fall back on lhe local
dalabase onlv.
All lhe browsers were lesled supporl
lhe new ´High Assurance SSL Cerlifcale´
slandard. Thus, nol onlv would lhe
conneclion belween lhe browser and lhe
renole server be encoded in lhe fulure,
bul lhe session can even be aulhenlicaled
bv an independenl online resource. Using
lhis approach, onlv siles lhal are secure
and cerlifed will be displaved green in
lhe address bar of lhe browser. However,
lhere are no banks or websile operalors
who nake use of lhis cerlifcale as vel.
hijackiog
A11ACk5 DN 1H£ 8kDW5£k: The nosl
proninenl securilv problen wilh browsers
is lhe presence of nalicious code on
spvware· and adware·heavv websiles,
code lhal can be used lo hijack vour
conpuler. íosl of lhe line, lhe browser is
nol lhe largel al all-lhe largel is generallv
a plug·in (add·onì. Adware allenpls
lo persuade lhe user lo inslall one of
nanv innocenl·looking plug·ins lhal can
acluallv be Trojans disguised as aulhenlic
applicalions. Converselv, spvware forces
ils wav inlo pre·inslalled plug·ins on vour
conpuler lhrough progranning lapses in
vour inslalled applicalions. Consequenllv,
lhe viclin loses conlrol over lhe browser
and sonelines even over lhe operaling
svslen.
To lesl how well lhe browsers
block such allacks, we lel loose lhe
´CoolvebSearch´ Trojan (a fairlv popular
online rogueì on lhen. The inlruder nesled
in íE and readilv inviled furlher pesls in
afler il. These were updaled so fasl and
frequenllv lhal our anli·virus progran did
nol even have a chance lo discover lhen
fron lheir signalures. The onlv solulion
lefl was lo reinslall vindows-a cosllv
price lo pav indeed. Firefox und Opera
were spared of lhis: since lhese browsers
do nol supporl AcliveX, lhev are innune
lo such allacks.
íicrosofl has nol vel gollen rid of
lhose susceplible AcliveX plug·ins.
This could oflen be falal because unlike
Java·Applels, AcliveX prograns have lhe
sane svslen righls as lhe browser. ín
vindows XP´s language, lhis neans lhal
lhe plug·ins have conplele access lo lhe
svslen-verv riskv indeed.
This scenario is expecled lo change
in Visla, where such prograns will nol
MDk£ 5£CUkI1¥: ln future, servers with invalid 'hiuh Assurance SLL Certificate' will be showed in red on the address bar. Aoart frou this, a warninu siunal would
also be disolaved
fULL CDN1kDL You can deactivate or delete
unwanted add-ons in all browsers at anv tiue
üirect attacks on FCs on the lnternet are
a rare occurrence. 0f uore interest to
hackers are websites and browsers, frou
where thev can read oasswords and steal
bank details.
hackers' targets
Source. www.svuantec.de
Web aoolications/
browsers
Server
0oeratinu svsteu
Frouraus
0thers 4%
19%
4%
ë%
1%
90
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INIELLIßENI 6üMFüIINß 6hIF

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J/lu/RY ZJJ/
FEATUPE APPLlCATlON
have full access lo lhe operaling svslen´s
inlernals. To lhe credil of AcliveX, íE
will onlv inslall such plug·ins if lhe user
explicillv granls pernission. Besides,
lhese can be deaclivaled and deleled
fron lhe browser´s Preferences seclion.
The plug·in funclionalilv can also be
deaclivaled and deleled in Firefox and
Opera, bul plug·ins for lhese browsers are
wrillen in JavaScripl, naking lhen nore
secure. Opera users wilh knowledge of
progranning could also deaclivale several
ofl·nisused JavaScripl funclions.
Our lesls showed whal happened
when lhe browser does nol funclion wilh
Javascripl. ve crealed an HTíL websile
wilh lvpical phishing elenenls where wilh
a few lines of code, where we renoved
lhe address bar of lhe browser and wrole
www.ciIibahk.com in lhe slalus bar in
place of lhe usual header. Doing lhis, we
nanaged lo oulsnarl bolh Firefox and
ínlernel Explorer wilhoul anv problens,
bul Opera caughl on.
LocaI $ecurity
CDDkI£5, CACH£ AND PA55WDkD 5£CUkI1¥:
Phishing and direcl allacks over lhe
ínlernel are nol lhe onlv dangers lhal lie
in wail of browsers. A feld of desklop
securilv lhal oflen gels slep·nolherlv
lrealnenl is lhal of local dala securilv-lhe
safelv of fles lhal exisl on vour hard disk.
íl is onlv seldon lhal a hacker gels
direcl access lo a PC and lo ils fles.
However, when lhe svslen is infesled
wilh a Trojan, lhe allacker need nol
be phvsicallv presenl lo pick oul local
dala-lhe fles in vour browser´s cache,
for inslance. The conlenls of lhe cache
can deliver a prellv clear view of lhe
surfng habils of a user. The cache oflen
conlains confdenlial infornalion such
as login delails for web nail accounls,
for inslance. ín our lesl, we checked oul
whal inleresling lhings we could dig up
fron lhe browser´s cache of a colleague´s
nachine-nalurallv wilh his pernission!
The resull-we could read lhe cache in
all lhe lhree browsers and presenl lhe
colleague wilh a nail lhal even conlained
a forun password he once used. However,
if lhe browser´s conneclion is encoded
wilh SSL, lhe web surfng dala is nol
slored in lhe cache and lherefore does nol
give awav anv infornalion. You will see
lhis when lhe web address in lhe address
bar has an ´hllps´ in il, or if lhere is a lock
icon al lhe base of vour browser window.
No uonth uoes bv when Microsoft does
not need to launch an uodate for lnternet
Exolorer. ln one case, a hacker bv the naue
of h ü Moore oublished a new securitv hole
everv dav on his blou lhIIp://browserIuh.
blogspoI.comI alonu with orecise
directions for exoloitinu these loooholes.
And he did so everv dav for an entire
uonth! how, then, do hackers find so uanv
weak soots7
W£Ak 5PD1 1: AC1IV£X: A ulance at the list
of securitv holes shows that aluost all
attacks concentrate on oluu-ins and not
on the browser orourau. This does not
however uean that Microsoft doesn't have
to do anvthinu about these weak soots.
Since its verv inceotion, the ActiveX svsteu
has been vociferouslv criticited bv securitv
exoerts, the biuuest oeeve beinu that
ActiveX oluu-ins have too uanv riuhts to
the host svsteu. lf a hacker haooens to find
a looohole, the chances that he can uain
couolete access to the ooeratinu svsteu
throuuh it are hiuh. hackers find such
loooholes bv chance or if thev have a uood
nose for vulnerabilities. Also, thev seldou
need to strio a oluu-in to its bare uachine
code level to find out what uakes it tick-a
lot can be learned bv observinu how the
oluu-in accesses the svsteu while runninu.
W£Ak 5PD1 2: WINDDW5 5HAk£D LI8kAkI£5
The second biuuest orobleu that lnternet
Exolorer faces is the 'Shared Libraries'
lüLLsI. These are resource libraries that
can be re-used over several instances and
situations. For exauole, a function can be
stored in a üLL file to run a routine that
siuolv disolavs 0lF iuaues. This function
can then be used bv everv orourau that
needs to disolav 0lFs, without havinu to
re-write it across several orouraus.
lf a hacker finds a weak soot in a üLL,
it will also affect lnternet Exolorer when
it uses that üLL file. Advantaue hacker.
a uanioulated 0lF file with a Trojan is
suitable for infectinu several orouraus.
The easiest wav to uo about it is to oresent
the Trojan as oart of a website that would
cause the browser to use that üLL file. As
soon as a user ooens the website, the FC
uets infected.
W£Ak 5PD1 3: 1H£ U5£k: The uost oowerful
weaoon in the hands of the hacker is the
user hiuself! As lonu as oblivious users
unknowinulv run ualicious orouraus, there
will continue to be hackers who devise
wavs to uake theu do that. The best
exauole is that of Windows XF Service
Fack 2-oost its release, oluu-ins cannot
be installed autouaticallv in lE. Since then,
hackers have been suoolvinu ualicious
oluu-ins on oooularlv visited download sites
with convenient installation instructions.
These ualware-laden 'orouraus' are
actuallv sold to unsusoectinu users!
how hackers Iiod security hoIes io web browsers
fAk£ PIkA1£D CDP¥ Surfers attracted bv
cracked software should install a Fluu-in willinulv
- a Fluu-in that obviouslv contains a Trojan.
MANAC£ CDDkI£5: 0oera deletes the cookies
iuuediatelv at the tiue of exitinu the browser
when set uo to do so
J/lu/RY ZJJ/

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91
FEATUPE APPLlCATlON
A good browser should provide lhe oplion
of deleling individual fles fron lhe cache
in a slraighlforward nanner. Here, ínlernel
Explorer is worse off conpared lo Firefox
and Opera. This is because íE users can
onlv specifv lhe size of lhe browser cache
and delele lhe conplele cache in one
go. ín order lo delele individual fles, lhev
are required lo locale lhe browser cache
which is buried deeplv in crvplicallv·
naned direclories on lhe hard disk. íE´s
conpelilors nol onlv allow vou lo conlrol
lhe size of lhe cache direclorv and delele il
conplelelv, bul il is also possible lo delele
delailed delelion of individual websiles.
A sinilar case exisls in lhe case
of Cookies-one glance al lhe cookie
direclorv discloses which siles were visiled
bv lhe browser along wilh lhe lineslanps
recording when lhev were lasl accessed
(depending on lhe validilv of lhe cookiesì.
ín íE, lhe user can specifv which cookies lo
allow and which nol lo. Bul íicrosofl does
nol provide lhe oplion of aulonalic delelion
of cookies when a user ends a browsing
session or while exiling a websile. Opera
provides lhe nosl conprehensive solulion
here: besides lhe abililv lo slore sellings
for everv websile individuallv, vou can also
read and edil cookies.
Password nanagenenl-a fealure of all
lhe web browsers lesled-has lhe lowesl
inHuence on local securilv. This is because
password nanagenenl is prinarilv neanl
lo secure a PC againsl unaulhorized access
fron successive users, bul nol againsl
serious hacker allacks. Afler lhev were
confgured lo do so, all browsers in our
lesl aulonalicallv logged passwords for
lhe websiles when requesled. As opposed
lo ínlernel Explorer, Opera and Firefox
offer a golden nean belween securilv and
conforl-a nasler password secures all
saved passwords. This is a good lhing, bul
lhe correcl password will surface sooner
or laler, especiallv while il is enlered on a
websile lhe frsl line. íl is during lhis line
lhal a hacker can inlercepl a password if
lhev have access lo lhe PC.
üpdates
5£CUkI1¥ HDL£5 AND PA1CHINC fk£DU£NC¥:
There are relalivelv few known securilv
holes in lhe new browsers lodav. This
is because hackers are wailing unlil lhe
newer versions increase in popularilv
before lhev launch lheir allacks on
lhen. However, il is possible lo nake a
calculaled guess aboul possible securilv
loopholes bv looking back and analvzing
lhe Haws in lheir previous versions. Here,
ínlernel Explorer holds a unique record:
hackers have found over 100 holes in il,
20 of which have nol vel been palched.
As againsl lhal, lhe conpuler securilv
service provider Secunia (www.secuhia.
comì has palched 36 gaps in Firefox and
15 in Opera.
íore inleresling is lhe line belween
which a vulnerabililv is discovered, lo
lhe poinl a palch is released for il-lhis
is lhe window lhrough which hackers
junp in and lake advanlage. Here loo, íE
proves lo be lhe worsl off: according lo
Svnanlec, il look íicrosofl an average of
nine davs in lhe frsl half of 2006 lo palch
lhese securilv holes. The open source
connunilv behind Firefox look onlv one
dav while Opera developers look aboul
lwo davs.
FerIoræaoce
5P££D AND k£5DUkC£ U1ILIZA1IDN: ve
have prinarilv evalualed securilv·relaled
fealures in lhis lesl, however we do nol
wanl lo keep lhe lalesl perfornance
values fron vou! On lhe nanufaclurer
honepage, Opera lauds ilself as being
¨lhe quickesl browser in lhe world¨-and
righllv so, as is evidenl fron our
assessnenls. ve recorded lhe line laken
lo load an HTíL web page, as well as
lhe line lo execule Javascripl applels for
each of lhe browsers. Albeil bv a snall
anounl, Opera look lhe lead. Firefox
cane in a close second. Bolh browsers
look belween 350 and 400 nilliseconds
lo render an HTíL web page wilh aboul
2,500 elenenls on il. Taking alnosl 740
nilliseconds lo load lhe sane page, íE
cane in far behind. The speed advanlage
for lhese new browsers lakes on new
neaning in dav and age of lhe new Ajax·
powered websiles such as Coogle íaps,
lhe new Yahoo íail elc-all of which
deliver a beller experience wilh quicker
load and render lines.
Even FAí ulilizalion is of inporlance.
vhen no websile was downloaded,
íE required lhe leasl anounl of FAí.
However, as nore websiles were opened
sinullaneouslv, a grealer anounl of FAí
was consuned bv lhe íicrosofl browser.
Opera as well as Firefox handled lhis
problen in a nore eleganl nanner where
we saw lhe increase in FAí ulilizalion lo
be signifcanllv lower lhan lhal of íE-wilh
several websiles loaded, Firefox required
onlv lwice lhe anounl of FAí conpared
lo when no siles were open. All of lhese
lesls were carried oul on a PC consisling
of a 2 CHz processor wilh 1 CB of FAí.
Features
MDk£ fUNC1IDN5 8U1 ND1HINC N£W: The
currenl browsers do nol provide loo nanv
palhbreaking fealures, save for users of
older versions of íE. vilh lhe lasl fealure
updale done a long line ago, lhe newesl
version of íE inlroduces several useful
fealures such as an FSS·reader, labs and
inlegraled web searching. vhal is slill
nissing is lhenes and spell checking for
web forns-aspecls lhal users of Opera
and Firefox are alreadv used lo.
PA55WDkD MANAC£k: ln 0oera, vou can soecifv
the uaster oassword-a uood reconciliation
between securitv and coufort
kAM CDN5UM£k: Clearlv, lnternet Exolorer
reuuires uore FAM than its couoetitors when too
uanv websites are ooened siuultaneouslv
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1 MDZILLA fIk£fDX 2.0
This oooular ooen source
browser baus the first
olace-it is not onlv verv
secure but also verv uuick.
2 DP£kA 9.02
Second olace uoes to the
soeedv browser without a
ohishinu filter-this functionalitv will
onlv be oresent in version 9.1.
3 MICkD5Df1 IN1£kN£1 £XPLDk£k 7
ln the last oosition, desoite
its efforts to catch uo. Manv
unoatched uaos in this browser
lead to riskier surfinu.
$ecurity check
All the three browsers-Motilla Firefox
2.0, 0oera 9.02 and Microsoft lnternet
Exolorer 7 were subjected to a thorouuh
securitv check. The database of the
cououter securitv service orovider
Secunia was taken as the basis for future
securitv holes. Even local taruets like
caches, cookies and oasswords were
included in the assessuent.
The oerforuance of the latest
browsers and the extra features were
not assessed. An AMü ë1 3000÷ at 2 0ht
and 1 0 ßvte FAM was used as the test
FC. The browsers ran in Windows XF Fro
and vista.
how 6hIF tests browsers
Web ßrowers 6oæparisoo
üverview 8aok 1 8aok 2 8aok 3
Froduct FireIox 2.0 üpera 9.02 Ioteroet ExpIorer 1.0
Manufacturer Motilla 0oera Software Microsoft
Website www.uotilla.oru www.ooera.cou www.uicrosoft.cou
Securitv index 93 83 ë5


Fhishinu l20 %I 97 39 91
hijackinu l20 %I 97 97 ë7
Local Securitv l20 %I 97 97 ë7
uodates l10 %I 88 91 19
$ecurity
Fhishinu-Filter Local list or connec-tion
to 0ooule server
- Connection to Microsoft
server
Suooort bv SSL/
hiuh Assurance SSL
· / · · / · · / ·
Add-on uanaueuent
Frotection frou
hijackinu
üeactivate and delete üeactivate and delete üeactivate and delete
Cache uanaueuent Set site, delete all sites
and individual sites
Set site, delete all sites
and individual sites
Set site, delete all sites
and individual sites
Cookie uanaueuent üelete all and individual
cookies, block individual
websites
üelete, block and
chanue cookies
üelete all and individual
cookies, couolicated
blockinu
Fassword uanaueuent /
Master oassword
· / · · / · · / -
uodate orocess
uanaueuent
Autouatic
Autouatic
lcannot be switched offI
via Windows uodate
Averaue uodate
availibilitvI
1 üav 3 üavs 9 üavs
0aos not oatched in
orevious version/ total
2
I
3 / 3ë 0 / 15 19 / 10ë
FerIoræaoce
Create hTML site 100 us 37ë us 711 us
Execute Java-scriot 7.8 sec 7.3 sec 17.7 sec
FAM l0/5/10 websitesI 12.9 / 1ë.5 / 19.8 Mßvte 19.8 / 20.2 / 21.ë Mßvte 7.9 / 21.1 / 29.1 Mßvte
Features
Foo-uo ßlocker Can be set seoaratelv
for each site
Can be set seoaratelv
for each site
Can be set seoaratelv
for each site
Search websites Search enuines added
via Java Scriot links
Manuallv oluu in further
search enuines
Further search enuines
via XML
Search in websites lnstant search lWords
are uarked in colorI
Standard search field Standard search field
Tabs lManv websites in
one windowI
Not with a click with a click with a click
FSS Feeds Fresented as
bookuarks or websites
üisolaved in its own
Feader
Fresented as website
Manauinu favorites couorehensive couorehensive couorehensive
Theues · · -
Website scalinu
l0bserve/FrintI
· / ·
· / ·
llncludinu reforuattinuI
· / ·
Soell check · lvia uodateI · -
Save current session · ·
llncludinu crash
recovervI
-
Several websites · · ·
Follow W3C standards 0ood verv uood Satisfactorv
Mouse uestures lonlv via Fluu-inI · lonlv via Fluu-inI
Mail-Client Thunderbird · 0utlook Exoress
· Yes - No Too class l100-90I uooer class l89-75I Middle class l71 - 15I All assessuents
in ooints luax. 100I 1ì Source. Svuantec 2ì Source. www.secunia.cou
uodates 40% Fhishinu filter 20%
Local securitv 40% hijackinu 40%
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$M$ us! Storv code. AF$ lSee Faue 1ë for detailsI
S
one regard índia lo be lhe back offce of
lhe world. íls BPO and íTES induslries
service global inslilulions, and have
access lo lheir cusloner dalabases. A selecl
group of knowledge workers have privileged
access lo lhis infornalion. The organizalion
banks on lhe lrusl and inlegrilv of ils
enplovees. Bul whal if sone individuals sleal
infornalion for personal fnancial gain? And if
such infornalion relales lo banking or defense,
lhe slakes are even higher. Conpliance
slandards like SOX (Sarbanes·Oxlev Aclì and
BASEL íí are nandalorv for BPO organizalions.
Yel we conlinue lo hear aboul incidenls of dala
lhefl.
¨Knowledge workers are now lhe new
workforce. This presenls a new challenge lo
organizalions, because lhev are all íT savvv
and know whal lhev are doing. Fegulalorv
conpliance has also becone a serious issue,
especiallv for global conpanies,¨ savs PC
Kanal, Ceneral íanager, Lexnark ínlernalional
(índiaì.
Consider lhe recenl case of a US conpanv
involved in business deals wilh norlgage
originalors. íl provides housing loans for
US cilizens lhrough ils índian subsidiarv.
The conpanv lodged a conplainl of dala
lhefl againsl four ex·enplovees of ils índian
subsidiarv, on charges of siphoning off classifed
infornalion. Because of lhis il incurred a loss of
over Fs. 3 crore.
Soneline back lhere was an incidenl of a
paper leak for lhe Connon Adnission Tesl
(CATì. ínvesligalions revealed lhal a sludenl
hacked inlo lhe prinler spool and slole an
eleclronic copv of lhe paper.
There have also been nunerous inslances
of slolen laplops and lhunb drives, all loaded
wilh sensilive infornalion. And whal´s lo
slop enplovees fron forwarding eleclronic
docunenls wilh inlelleclual properlv lo personal
enail íDs like Cnail?
The conpuler and peripherals nanufacluring
induslrv has laken nole of lhis. Conpanies
like Lenovo, Lexnark, Xerox, Canon, and
Security in the 0ffice
With sensitive information fIowing freeIy among knowIedge workers, data
security has become a serious concern for organizations. A Iook at security
features that are becoming standard in office automation devices. BY BRIAN PEREIRA
XXXXXXXX
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Seagale (lo nane a fewì have nade huge
inveslnenls in research, and now offer
producls wilh buill·in securilv fealures.
¨The concepl of special securilv
svslens in índia coincided wilh lhe
inlroduclion of nullifunclional devices
(íFDsì in lhe lale 1990s. As conpanies
expanded and becone conpelilive in
lhe narkel place, lhere was a surge in
denand for securilv fealures in lechnologv
producls such as prinler, íFDs, and
laplops,¨ savs Ñalesh íani, Execulive
Direclor, Ñew Offce Croup, Xerox índia.
There has been nuch innovalion
especiallv in areas like encrvplion,
aulhenlicalion, and access conlrol.
Securilv fealures are now slandard in
sone producls.
Leoovo. ßioæetric autheoticatioo
íl lakes a password lo log on lo
vour vindows PC. And anolher lo log
on lo Cnail, and anolher for Yahoo.
Fenenbering all lhose passwords can
gel cunbersone. And whal if soneone
happens lo guess vour password? The
allernalive: Bionelric aulhenlicalion.
The Lenovo ThinkPad nolebooks and
ThinkCenler desklops have inlegraled
fngerprinl readers. To log inlo lhis svslen,
selecl vour respeclive profle in vindows
and lhen pass vour fnger over lhe
fngerprinl reader. ínages of fngerprinls
are slored in a log, which is checked
each line lhe user logs in. Taking lhis a
bil furlher, Lenovo has jusl inlroduced
bionelric facial recognilion lechnologv on
ils 3000 series of nolebook conpulers.
The Y300 and Y500 nodels have
a canera in lhe lid lhal´s used wilh
VeriFace facial scanning soflware. This
facial recognilion svslen aulhenlicales
a user logging in lo vindows XP on lhe
laplop. One nusl frsl regisler lhe inage
of his face. The canera scans lhe face,
neasuring lhe dislance belween lhe lwo
eves, and lhe dislance belween lhe cheek
bones and lhe chin. This dala is slored in a
log on lhe nolebook. íulliple faces can be
regislered for nulliple users, bul one per
user profle.
According lo lhe Lenovo índia lean,
lhis aulhenlicalion svslen can also be
used for logging in lo applicalions-on lhe
laplop or online. For lhis lhe user nusl
creale a ¨regislrv fle¨ wilh delails of lhe
applicalion nane/UFL, íD and password.
Once lhal´s done, one can log in lo íSÑ,
Yahoo or Cnail jusl bv looking inlo lhe
canera on lhe laplop lid!
Bionelric aulhenlicalion is also
incorporaled in olher devices like USB pen
drives. ín fulure, il will also be seen on
nelwork prinlers.
$eagate. $eII-eocryptiog drive
Hard disk naker Seagale Technologies
has developed a lechnologv lhal encrvpls
all dala slored on ils disk drives. The
lechnologv, called DriveTrusl, encrvpls
dala on·lhe·Hv. Onlv lhose wilh lhe
correcl password will be able lo access
dala on encrvpled drives. To lhe resl, lhe
dala will appear encrvpled.
DriveTrusl is besl suiled for nobile
conpuling devices such as nolebooks, as
lhese are nore likelv lo be slolen. For now
DriveTrusl is available in Seagale´s DB35
disk drives for digilal video recorders.
Ñexl vear, Seagale will incorporale lhis
lechnologv in lhe íonenlus 5400 FDE 2
drives, for nolebooks.
6aooo. $ecurity kits
Canon´s nelwork nulli·funclion prinlers
(íFPì, used bv workgroups are capable of
scanning, faxing, copving and prinling.
The Canon íFPs have ¨securilv kils¨
for securing dala which is usuallv spooled
on lhe hard disks on lhese prinlers. The
securilv kils can do lhings like encrvpling
lhe slored dala, or conplelelv erase lhe
spooled dala periodicallv.
Using lhe oplional PDF encrvplion kil,
inageFUÑÑEF can also creale encrvpled
PDF fles direcllv while scanning.
ín addilion lhere are securilv fealures
like conlrolling lhe access of lhe íFPs
lhrough various nelhods (discussed
nexlì, encrvpled secure prinl for prinling
confdenlial dala over lhe nelwork,
digilal signalures for aulhenlicalion, PDF
encrvplion for scanned docunenls and
password prolecled user nailboxes.
The Canon inageFUÑÑEF nelwork
íFP has ils own hard disk. Depending
on hard disk capacilv, several lhousand
docunenls can be slored in ils hard disk
(a 20 CB hard disk slores 15 - 20,000
docunenlsì.
inageFUÑÑEF nainlains securilv al
lhe folder, docunenl, and conlenl level.
The svslen has folders or ¨nailboxes¨
for differenl users. íailboxes can have
user nanes, and password proleclion.
Docunenls are senl lo lhe prinler over lhe
nelwork in encrvpled forn. These are lhen
slored in lhe respeclive user nailboxes.
The user can laler go lo lhe prinler, kev
in his nailbox password and prinl lhe
docunenl. Scanned docunenls also go lo
lhe respeclive user nail box. Allernalivelv,
Canon iuaueFuNNEF uulti-function orinters
secure data throuuh Securitv Kits.
Canon iuaueWAFE orovides features for securitv
at the folder, docuuent, and content level.
Lenovo has just launched a series of notebooks
with facial recounition for user authentication.
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lhese can be pushed lo lhe user´s PC
or senl lo an enail íD-righl fron lhe
inageFUÑÑEF svslen.
The adninislralor can also linil lhe wav
users prinl bv crealing a Deparlnenl íD.
For inslance, he can specifv how nanv
copies a user can prinl in a specifc period.
He can also reslricl prinling lo black and
while for specifc users. The svslen keeps
a log of all user aclivilv, and lhis can be
used for audiling.
Lexæark. $ecurity protocoIs
Lexnark believes lhal nelworked íFPs
operale independenllv on nelworks
and can be a focal poinl of sensilive
infornalion. So nelworked prinlers nusl
be secured wilh equivalenl slandards
as applied lo nelwork devices such as
servers.
Lexnark íFPs use securilv slandards
like hllps, SÑíP, íPSec, 302.1x. Lexnark
íFPs also have securilv fealures like
porl fllering, confdenlial prinl, and hard
disk encrvplion. The íFPs are nanaged
renolelv, lhrough a veb inlerface, lhe
device ilself has an onboard veb server.
The hllps prolocol ensures secure
connunicalion belween lhe clienl (wilh
lhe veb inlerfaceì and lhe íFP.
SÑíP (Sinple Ñelwork íanagenenl
Prolocolì is anolher neans lo renolelv
nanage lhe íFPs in a secure nanner.
SÑíPv3 provides for aulhenlicalion as
well as encrvplion.
Lexnark íFPs also supporl íPSec. This
is a vilal securilv nechanisn as il allows
lhe íFP lo eslablish a secure conneclion
lo olher nelwork nodes such as prinl
servers and nanagenenl workslalions.
The device sellings can be changed onlv
afler lhe correcl adninislralor password
is enlered. ín facl, lhere are lwo levels
of passwords lhal allow for lwo levels of
access and conlrol.
The 302.1x prolocol enables lhe
Lexnark íFP lo aulhenlicale ilself on
lhe nelwork. This is lhe equivalenl of a
user logging in lo lhe nelwork afler being
aulhenlicaled.
A connon concern is lhal dala slored
on lhe íFP for long duralions, poses a
securilv risk. Afler a prinl job is fulflled,
spooled dala should be conplelelv
erased. And whal if lhe user has fred
a prinl job, bul nol allended lo il on lhe
íFP? íl renains exposed lo anvone wilh
access lo lhal nelwork. The hard disk
on lhe Lexnark íFP can encrvpl dala
and prolecl il fron exlernal access. The
123·bil AES svnnelric encrvplion nol onlv
prolecls residual dala lefl over afler prinl
jobs, bul also prolecls dala aclivelv being
used.
Anolher fealure called Hard Disk
viping ensures lhal a deleled fle cannol
be recovered. vhen dala is deleled
on lhe hard drive, onlv ils fle nane is
unregislered, bul lhe dala conlinues lo
exisl unlil il is overwrillen bv olher dala.
So il can be recovered using specialized
lechniques. Hard Disk viping overwriles
lhe enlire hard drive wilh nulliple passes
of dala, renoving all residue of prior
infornalion.
Confdenlial Prinl is a fealure lhal
ensures onlv lhe owner sees lhe conlenls
of his prinl·ouls. vhen soneone fres
a prinl·oul, lhe job is held in lhe prinler
nenorv. The owner has lo go lo lhe
prinler, enler his PíÑ. Onlv lhen does lhe
prinler conplele his prinl requesl.
kerox. $ecurity iso't optiooaI
According lo Xerox índia, Securilv is
increasinglv beconing a ¨need¨ for snall
and nediun businesses ralher lhan an
¨add·on¨ fealure.
Xerox inlroduced sone nulli·funclional
producls in lhe índian narkel in Augusl
2006, which can be operaled onlv lhrough
an access card or fngerprinl recognilion.
The Xerox offce nullifunclion devices
have soflware lhal nainlains lhe secrecv
of lhe cusloner´s dala bv erasing lhe dala
slored in lhe nachine innedialelv afler
copving or prinling.
ín case of color nullifunclion devices,
Xerox nachines have encrvplion soflware
inslalled, which encrvpls nachine serial
nunber on everv copv, and can help lrace
lhe copving nachine al a laler dale.
íicrolexl fonl is a recenllv inlroduced
securilv lechnologv innovaled bv
Xerox. The fonl is 1/100lh of an inch
and is designed lo help nake valuable
docunenls wilh personal infornalion such
as birlh cerlifcales, personal idenlifcalion
papers, and cheques even harder lo
forge. The concepl of hidden nicroscopic
words is alreadv seen in lhe design of
credil cards, cheques and currencv, as a
delerrenl lo counlerfeiling.
íicroprinling is one of several speciallv
inaging lechnologies Xerox scienlisls
have developed naking il easier for a
suspicious recipienl lo lell which cheques,
cerlifcales, or olher prinled nalerials are
aulhenlic.
The new speciallv fonl was unveiled
in lhe new Xerox FreeFlow Variable
ínfornalion Suile 5.0, soflware lhal Xerox
sells lo connercial prinlers lhal produce
personalized docunenls.
ln Lexuark MFFs users can chanue soue settinus
while critical settinus are for the aduinistrator.
SNMF v1, SNMFv2 can be enabled or disabled
indeoendentlv of SNMFv3 on the Lexuark MFF.
Soue Xerox uulti-function orinters have
finuerorint recounition and access cards.
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Pramod Jadhav
A
Live CD allows vou lo lesl vour
hardware conpalibililv, soflware
fealures and offers a conplele
usabililv experience wilhoul acluallv
louching vour hard drive. The concepl
of a ´lrv·before·vou·inslall´ has becone
quile popular lalelv, wilh dislribulions
like Ubunlu-anolher dislribulion lo have
naslered lhe concepl of running lhe
operaling svslen off lhe CD.
Knoppix is one of lhe earliesl and lhe
nosl conprehensive Linux dislribulions.
Like Ubunlu, Knoppix is based on lhe
popular Debian Linux dislribulion-well
known for ils slabililv, and a sinple and
easv·lo·use package nanagenenl svslen.
ín lhe pasl, Knoppix was lhe nosl popular
Linux dislribulion svslen wilh excellenl
hardware deleclion capabililies. ín facl,
people used lo believe lhal if Knoppix
does nol work on a parlicular hardware,
one should forgel aboul gelling lhal
hardware working on Linux. This is solelv
whv olher dislribulions like DSL (lhal we
reviewed earlierì are based on Knoppix
as gelling lhe operaling svslen up and
running in lhe frsl place will allow users
lo use il. íl has been quile a while since
we have reviewed Knoppix. Here is an
accounl of lhe lalesl avalar of Knoppix
lhal we lesled see if il acluallv lives up lo
ils nane.
Cel lhe lalesl version of Knoppix
fron www.khopper.heI. There are lwo
nain edilions of Knoppix: lhe lradilional
Conpacl Disc (700 negabvlesì edilion
(fnd il on lhe CHíP DVDì or lhe nuch
larger and conprehensive DVD (4.7
gigabvlesì íaxi edilion. Each of lhese
edilions have lwo languages-English
and Cernan.
ßoot Frocess
Booling off lhe Live CD presenls lhe bool·
up screen. You can eilher press ´Enler´
here lo conlinue wilh lhe booling process
or pass on advanced oplions lo cuslonize
lhe bool process. You can perforn a
nenorv lesl like FC 6 which nakes sense
since vou would be running applicalions
fron lhe phvsical nenorv in case of a
Live CD lo gel beller response lines.
A CD check oplion also exisls which
ensures lhe CD burning process is
conpleled wilhoul anv hiccups. Bul unlike
olher dislribulions, in case of Knoppix,
lhese oplions are hidden in lhe connand
line. Unlike Ubunlu Linux, Knoppix is
prinarilv a Live CD·based dislribulion, so
lhere is no direcl oplion lo inslall il on lhe
hard drive.
At the desktop
The bool process lakes vou lo lhe
defaull desklop lhal fealures lhe KDE
window nanager. Knoppix is one of lhe
verv few popular dislribulions around
wilh lhe defaull KDE window nanager
fealure. íosl dislribulions lodav fealure
CÑOíE. Bul if vou use lhe Live DVD
of Knoppix, vou can selecl anv window
nanager as defaull using lhe slarlup bool
oplions. The defaull desklop provides
shorlculs lo oplical, Hash, Hoppv and
hard drive slorage nediuns if delecled.
Olhers include shorlculs lo lhe Knoppix
docunenlalion page and recvcle bin.
The slarl panel consisls of lhe lvpical ´K´
bullon-lhe equivalenl of lhe Slarl bullon
in vindows. Shorlculs lo nosl used
applicalions are provided in lhe laskbar
lvpe panel. The righl bollon corner of lhe
A-live and kicking
Knoppix is one of the oIdest Live CD-based Linux
distributions. Meet its Iatest avatar here BY KUNAL RUPERA
$M$ us! Storv code. AFk lSee Faue 1ë for detailsI
The Knoooix boot screen allows vou to custouite
the wav vou want the 0S to boot
FEATUPE APPLlCATlON
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panel fealures a clock, volune conlrol,
language seleclion, displav confguralion,
elc. vindows users should fnd il easv lo
use lhis panel as il is verv nuch sinilar lo
a vindows·based svslen.
AppIicatioos
ve are vel lo see a dislribulion lhal
provides a plelhora of applicalions on a
single CD. The Knoppix Live CD in lhe
defaull inslall offers applicalions lhal
range fron inage ediling lo svslen
noniloring, ínlernel, e·nail, chal, inaging,
ediling and so on-evervlhing lhal a
person could possiblv wanl in a svslen.
íls predecessor, lhe Knoppix Live DVD,
fealures nore lhan 9,000 applicalions for
vou lo choose fron and run lhen on vour
svslen. The hearl of Knoppix is lhe Linux
kernel 2.6.17 and lhe KDE 3.5.2·based
window nanager. Allhough lhe kernel is
nol culling edge, like all olher applicalions,
il can be upgraded al lhe click of a bullon.
íl also fealures Xorg 7.0 for providing
graphics. Hardware FAíD cards and FAíD
disk conponenls are now delecled bv
defaull. This neans lhal selling up and
accessing a FAíD svslen on Linux will
becone a sinple process. The Offce
produclivilv suile consisls of OpenOffce
2.0.2 wilh lhe slandard browser being
Firefox and Konqueror. Allhough Firefox
is nol in ils lalesl avalar, il can easilv
be updaled using lhe buill·in package
nanagenenl svslen called apl. The DVD
version nol onlv cones wilh alnosl everv
applicalion bul also fealures desklop
nangers like KDE, Fluxbox, CÑOíE,
Openbox, Enlighlennenl, icewn, xfce,
vindownaker, ralpoison, elc. So,
depending on lhe kind of svslen resources
vou have and lhe funclionalilv vou require,
vou can opl for anv one of lhe above
window nanagers. Knoppix cones bv
defaull wilh a blueloolh soflware. Svncing
dala lo vour snarl phone or vour brand
new PDA would nol be a daunling process
anvnore. Olher soflware include PDF
viewers and converlors, lhe CÑU inage
nanipulalion progran for ediling inages,
pholo scanning as well as nanagenenl
soflware. íl even fealures gcan, nol found
in olher dislribulions, wilh lhe help of
which vou can gel vour webcan working
on Linux. CD/DVD burning is a sinple
process wilh lhe in·buill soflware known
as K3b.
ínslalling soflware is a sinple ´selecl·
and·inslall´ using svnaplic. íedia plavers
plav all defaull fle lvpes oul of lhe box. A
desklop publishing soflware called Scribus
is provided for basic publishing needs even
lhough il does nol nalch lhe slandards
sel bv Adobe índesign or OuarkXpress.
Confguring lhe look and feel as well as
funclional paranelers of Knoppix can be
done using lhe KDE Conlrol Panel.
FerIoræaoce aod usabiIity
As far as perfornance is concerned,
Knoppix has nuch lo be desired. vhen
vou lrv lo slarl a progran fron lhe oplical
disc, il gels deconpressed inlo lhe
svslen nenorv. This deconpression
process is lransparenl and on lhe Hv.
Allhough lhis allows packing nore
applicalions onlo lhe disc, frequenl access
lo lhe oplical drive nakes il slower. vhile
using il on nachines wilh high anounls of
nenorv, we found lhe svslen response
line lo be wav loo slow. However, vou
can lackle lhis problen bv inslalling
Knoppix on lhe hard drive of a svslen lhal
has al leasl 256 íB of nenorv.
ín lerns of hardware deleclion,
Knoppix is undoubledlv one of lhe besl
desklop operaling svslens around. íl
nanaged lo run oul of lhe box on our
lalesl ínlel·based chipsel and processor.
íl nanaged lo delecl nelwork as well as
graphics cards ranging fron ATí lo Ñvidia
lo onboard graphics. íl delecled ínlel
wireless cards and our wireless solulion
fron Broadcon verv easilv. vhile lhe
CUPS prinling svslen was able lo delecl
and inslall lhe HP Laserjel 4100 fairlv
sinplv, we had lrouble selling up a Xerox
Phaser color laser prinler on il. However,
il failed lo delecl lhe sound svslen on
one of lhe lalesl Aí2·based plalforns.
Like nosl olher dislribulions, il did nol
work on a ATí chipsel·based svslen.
Delecling Hash drives was a breeze. íl
even nanaged lo delecl a hard drive and
Hash·based íP3 plaver. A wireless scroll
nouse and a kevboard fron Logilech
worked like a charn on Knoppix. Anolher
new and useful fealure of Knoppix is lhal
il is now capable of wriling lransparenllv
lo ÑTFS fle svslens, which neans vou
can save vour dala lo lhe hard drive while
working on lhe Live CD svslen.
¥erdict
This version of Knoppix does live up lo ils
expeclalions in nanv wavs. íl provides
nosl applicalions wilh lhe Live DVD.
The Live CD version provides nore
applicalions lhan nosl olher dislribulions
around. íls hardware deleclion capabililies
are slill spol on. Bul il gives lhe eve
candv a niss unlike Fedora Core 6 and
openSUSE 10.2.
Audio and video olavback are well suooorted in
Knoooix
Wireless and ßluetooth aoolications are bundled
with Knoooix
The health of vour cououter can be uonitored in
real tiue with this neat little utilitv
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Pdm.dII error
|O] I have been using my cousin's computer
for a whiIe now. It runs Windows XP
ProfessionaI on a Pentium 4 processor
and 512 MB RAM. LateIy the computer has
been giving me some probIems. Each time
Windows ExpIorer and Microsoft Word (or
ExceI) are open, I get an error report. I have
not instaIIed anything new since this is
not my computer. The error report appears
whiIe using Internet ExpIorer too. It says its
has encountered a probIem and needs to
cIose the error message. The common thing
between these two incidents is 'pdm.dII'.
Both the errors point to this fiIe. What am
I to do with this fiIe7 If I deIete it, wiII it be
generated on its own again7 Do Iet me know
as my cousin wiII think I have caused these
errors to appear.
- Yash

This error in lhe ´pdn.dll´ fle nighl be
due lo a couple of reasons. íl could be lhal
lhe fle has been replaced, renaned, noved
or infecled. There are lwo wavs vou can work
vour wav oul of lhis error nessage. The frsl
nelhod involves downloading and inslalling
´Cuide Help´, and lhe second involves sone
nanual confguralion. íf vou wanl lo inslall
Cuided Help fron lhe íicrosofl download page,
nake sure vou are logged in as lhe conpuler
adninislralor. Cuided Help disables scripl
debugging lhal occurs in vindows Explorer
and ínlernel Explorer. Afler perforning lhis
aclion, scripl debugging can be enabled again
in ínlernel Explorer, if required. You can also
updale lhe ´pdn.dll´ fle bv downloading updales
lo applicalions like Offce 2000 and íicrosofl
Scripl Debugger. (íf a sinilar problen occurs in
vindows 93, lhen vou need lo use lhe second
nelhodì.
The second nelhod involves sone nanual
sleps. Slarl ínlernel Explorer and click on ´Tools
| ínlernel Oplions´. Click on lhe ´Advanced´ lab.
Under lhe ´Browsing´ seclion, selecl lhe check
box againsl ´Disable Scripl Debugging´. Click
on ´Applv´ and lhen on ´OK´. Ñow reslarl lhe
conpuler.
Dumprep probIem
|O] I have been using my computer for over
a year now. I have instaIIed Windows XP
ProfessionaI on it. LateIy, my computer has
been responding very sIuggishIy. Tasks that
wouId probabIy take a matter of seconds to
Sachih PahdiI
Dr CHlP
üisable Scriot üebuuuinu if the odu.dll file is causinu
lE to crash
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$M$ us! Storv code. hß6 lSee Faue 1ë for detailsI
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Iaunch now take ages to execute. Even
after waiting for a whiIe aII I get are
some 'dumprep.exe error messages'.
I have no cIue how to get rid of these
errors. I do not want to reinstaII
Windows.
- Fashesh

These errors in ´dunprep.exe´
nighl be due lo sone hardware/soflware
issues. The hardware issues nighl
relale lo devices lhal have been added
or renoved fron lhe svslen. Check lhe
Device íanager lo nake sure all devices
are working properlv. Fenove anv device
lhal slill shows up. Soflware issues nighl
nol involve lhe acl of sinplv uninslalling
new applicalions. íl could also be lhe resull
of sone danaged regislrv enlries. These
problens are causing vour conpuler lo run
slowlv. íf an error occurs, vindows creales
a log wilh lhe help of a logging ulililv called
´dunprep´. vhen vou click on ´Send Error
Feporl´, lhis log will be senl. You can
disable lhis non·essenlial ulililv. Click on
´Slarl | Fun´, lvpe ´nsconfg´ and click on
´OK´. The Svslen Confguralion Ulililv will
appear. Click on lhe ´Slarlup´ lab. ín lhe lisl
of ilens vou will see under ´Slarlup´, look
for anv ilen lhal resenbles lhe following
lines,
CTLOQDO }J
CTLOQDO }T
Click on lhe checkbox againsl lhese lines
lo disable lhen fron loading al slarlup.
Click on ´Applv´ and ´OK´, and reslarl lhe
conpuler.
íf vou are faniliar wilh lhe Fegislrv
Edilor lhen vou can do lhe following,
Click on ´Slarl | Fun´, lvpe ´regedil´ and
click on ´OK´. The Fegislrv Edilor opens.
Ñavigale lo lhe following regislrv kev,
HKEY_LOCAL_íACHíÑE\
SOFTvAFE\íicrosofl\vindows\
CurrenlVersion\Fun
Look for ´dunprep´ in lhe righl·hand
pane of lhe Fegislrv Edilor. Fighl click
on il and selecl ´Delele´. Click on ´Yes´ lo
delele lhe kev. Close lhe Fegislrv Edilor
and reslarl lhe conpuler.
DutIook CaIendar
|O] I use an HP desktop at home and
office. I have never had any serious
probIems with these computers.
It is onIy now that the caIendar in
Microsoft OutIook (instaIIed on my
home machine) has stopped dispIaying
the CaIendar and Contacts. Whenever
I try to use the CaIendar function, I get
an error saying, 'UnabIe to dispIay the
foIder. The foIder no Ionger exists'. This
is ridicuIous because I have been using
OutIook's CaIendar for so Iong and I
have Ioads of e-maiI addresses stored in
my Contacts foIder. Now I need to know
how to saIvage my important data from
Microsoft OutIook.
- FarIhav

You have nol nenlioned lhe
version of Oullook vou are using. Trv
inslalling lhe lalesl updales for vour
version.
Trv reseling lhe Oullook loolbar
lenplale. Close Oullook and run a search
for lhe fle ´oulcnd.dal´. Usuallv lhis
fle is localed in lhe following folder:
´C:\Docunenls and Sellings\<usernane>\
Applicalion Dala\íicrosofl\Oullook´. íl is a
hidden fle, so vou have lo unhide hidden
fles. Co lo anv folder and selecl ´Tools
| Folders Oplions | View´. Check ´Show
hidden fles and folders´ and click ´OK´.
íf lhe fle does nol show vou lhe
exlension, lhen click on ´Tools | Folder
Oplions´. Click on lhe ´View´ lab and
uncheck lhe ´Hide fle exlensions...´ oplion.
Click on ´Applv´ and lhen ´OK´. Ñow press
|F2| and renane lhe exlension lo ´old´.
Feslarl Oullook lo recreale lhis fle.
Trv re·regislering sone lhe ´Ole32.dll´
and ´inelconn.dll´ fles. Click on ´Slarl |
Fun´, lvpe ´regsvr32 OLE32.DLL´ and lhen
click ´OK´. You should gel a nessage lhal
lhe fle was regislered. Do lhe sane for
lhe ´inelconn.dll´ fle.
íf lhis does nol work, open Oullook,
click on ´Tools | Oplions | Olher | Advanced
Oplions´. Click on ´Add·in íanager´ or
´COí Add·íns´ and disable lhe add·ins.
Check lo see if il is anolher progran lhal
is prevenling vou fron accessing vour
Calendar. You can do lhis bv disabling
applicalions (one bv oneì lhal are aclive
in lhe svslen lrav. You could even lrv
crealing a new Oullook profle. Creale
a new Oullook profle fron ´íail´ in lhe
Conlrol Panel (for Offce XP and Offce
2003ì. You can direcl lhe new profle lo
load lhe ´PST´ fle lhal vou have been
using unlil now. Finallv, vou can lrv
repairing Oullook-click on ´Help | Delecl
and Fepair´. íf all lhis does nol help vou,
nake a backup of vour currenl nail/
calendar/conlacls/noles. Feinslall Oullook.
1Iff to Word
|O] I had scanned some documents,
which I wouId Iike to convert to text
documents. Now, I know that OCR
use the old orofile's data store while creatinu a
new one in 0utlook
uncheck instances of duuoreo frou the Svsteu
Confiuuration utilitv
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software exists but that is used at the
time of scanning documents. What
about pages that were scanned as
images7 Is there an appIication that wiII
read the TIFF images and convert them
to a text fiIe7 I wiII be very gratefuI if
you couId guide me.
- V¡resh

You can use Abbvv FineFeader lo
solve lhis problen. The OCF will be able
lo ´read´ vour inages. íl nav require sone
confguralion in order lo oblain a cerlain
anounl of accuracv. Allernalivelv, vou
can use olher soflware like a TíFF·lo·PDF
converler (a lrial is available on www.
soflpedia.conì. Fun lhe inage lhrough
lhe OCF and lhen use anolher applicalion
like ´ePrinlFileConverler´ lo converl lhe
PDF fle lo docunenl. However, lhis
process nighl increase lhe error and
prove lo be a pain lo fornal. íf vou do nol
wanl lo spend anv nonev on anv of lhese
applicalions, vou can use íicrosofl´s
Offce Docunenl ínaging lool lo oblain
lhe word fle. This fealure is available in
Offce 2003. To use lhe ínaging lool,
click on ´Slarl | Prograns | íicrosofl
Offce Tools´ and click on íicrosofl Offce
Docunenl ínaging. The oulpul, however,
depends on whal was used lo scan lhe
docunenl. íf lhere is no lexl infornalion
wilhin lhe fle, lhe characler recognilion
nighl be unsuccessful.
CDD8 probIem
|O] I have a Iarge coIIection of music
CDs. Whenever I have to traveI, I make
a copy of the aIbums I want to take
with me with Nero. But the track
names do not show. Nero uses a CD
database to Iook up the originaI aIbum
and Ioad the track names. But my Nero
instaIIation is unabIe to connect to the
CDDB database. Is there something I am
missing here7
- Føyce

You need lo be connecled lo lhe
ínlernel in order lo nake an applicalion
(lhal supporls a CDDB dalabaseì delecl
an original audio CD and lisl lracks bv
nane. íf vou are experiencing lhis problen
while vou are online, open ´Ñero Express´
and click on lhe ´íore´ bullon and lhen
on lhe ´Confgure´ oplion. Selecl lhe
$pIit a video IiIe
|O] I have a 700 MB XviD fiIe that I
want to take with me on my pen drive.
UnfortunateIy, it can onIy hoId 512 MB
worth of data. Is there a way to spIit
this fiIe into smaIIer chunks7 I need to
transfer the movie to a notebook and
there are no other means avaiIabIe for
the transfer to take pIace.
- cooI

You can use VirlualDub, which
is a popular video ediling lool. You can
download il fron www.virIualdub.
org. All vou need lo do is open lhe fle
in VirlualDub, nark lhe slarling poinl
wilh lhe ´íark ín´ bullon and drag lhe
slider lo a cerlain poinl in lhe fle. Once
vou have narked oul approxinalelv 500
íB of lhe novie, click on lhe ´íark Oul´
bullon. Also nake a nole of lhe ´frane´
vou ended vour seleclion wilh. Click on
´Video | Direcl Slrean Copv´. Ñow click
on ´File | Save as AVí´. This process will
nol lake loo long.
The second half of lhe novie can be
cul in lhe sane wav. You jusl need lo
nove lhe slider lo lhe frane where vou
narked off lhe lasl line. This becones
vour new ´íark ín´ poinl.
You can also splil a video fle bv using
anolher lool known as ´HJSplil´. You
can download il fron www.IreebyIe.
com/hispliI. íl is a free ulililv and has
an easv inlerface. You can confgure il lo
splil video fles inlo specifc sizes. Anolher
sinple wav would be lo sinplv use
vinFAF. The onlv problen here is lhal
vou will nol be able lo view lhe individual
parls. To walch lhe novie, vou will have
lo join lhe parls again wilh vinFAF.
- SharpIøøIh, neø_NaIasha
6hIF kNüW-hüW
You can use the üocuuent luauinu tool in 0ffice
2003 to scan text in a TlFF file
hJSolit is a siuole tool to solit and join files
into sites of vour choice
Confiuure Nero to connect to the online Cü
database and detect vour audio Cü
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´Dalabase´ lab and uncheck lhe ´Fead
Server (hllpì´ oplion (if il is alreadv
checkedì. Click on ´Applv´. Ñow recheck
lhe oplion, click on ´Applv´ and lhen on
´OK´. íf vou use ´Burning FOí´ lhen click
on ´File | Preferences | Dalabase´. Uncheck
lhe sane oplion ´Fead Server (hllpì´, click
on ´Applv´, recheck il and lhen click on
´OK´. Ñow lrv lo connecl lo lhe online CD
dalabase again.
CkC £rror
|O] I use a computer that has Windows
2000 instaIIed on it. I have not faced
any probIem with it but I cannot
open a set of compressed fiIes that
I had downIoaded. They have a '.rar'
extension and I get an error that says
the 'CRC faiIed in the encrypted fiIe
CD1.iso'. These fiIes require a password
too, which seems to work since it
decompresses tiII about 35 percent
before giving the error.
- Nadhav

There is a possibililv lhal lhe
archives (.rar flesì vou downloaded are
corrupl. This does nol nean lhal lhe fles
are corrupl lo begin wilh-lhev nusl have
gol danaged whilsl downloading. You
will have lo download lhen again. There
could be a problen wilh lhe password vou
are enlering. There are occasions where
lhe applicalion will begin exlraclion afler
enlering a wrong password, onlv lo slall
afler soneline. íake sure vou nanuallv
lvpe lhe password inlo lhe box, inslead of
copv·pasling il.
Windows 98 shares
|O] I work in an office that has a mix of
Windows 98, XP and 2000 computers.
We can access foIders shared across
these machines easiIy. However, when
one tries to view the computers present
in a workgroup on a Windows 98
machine, there is a noticeabIe deIay. If
I directIy type the machine name and
share foIder in the conventionaI way - \\
jay\ saIes - then it appears immediateIy.
There is no such Iag when workgroup
computers are viewed from XP/2000
machines.
- Fa]neesh

The delav vou have noliced on
vindows 93 nachines is due lo a ´fealure´
in vindows XP/2000. These nachines
search for ´Scheduled Tasks´ on olher
nachines. There is no need for lhis
fealure lo be enabled as il provides no real
funclion. íl can be disable wilh lhe help
of a regislrv edil on lhe XP/2000·based
conpulers.
Click on ´Slarl | Fun´, lvpe ´regedil´ and
lhen click on ´OK´. ín lhe Fegislrv Edilor
lhal appears, navigale lo lhe following kev,
|HKEY_LOCAL_íACHíÑE\Soflware\
íicrosofl\vindows\CurrenlVersion\
Explorer\FenoleConpuler\
ÑaneSpace\íD6277990·4C6A·11CF·
3D37·00AA0060F5BF¦|.
Fighl·click on lhis kev and selecl
´Exporl´. Save lhis regislrv enlrv in case
vou wanl lo reslore il laler. íl will be saved
as a ´.reg´ fle. Double clicking on il will
nerge il back inlo lhe Fegislrv Edilor.
Fighl·click on lhe kev once again afler lhe
exporl is over. Selecl ´Delele´ and click on
´Yes´ lo confrn lhe renoval. Close lhe
Fegislrv Edilor. You do nol need lo reslarl
lhe conpuler.
£rror 1919
|O] I have Office XP instaIIed on my
oId Windows 98 machine. It has been
giving me its share of probIems since
quite some time, so I decided to run
the 'Repair' option in 'Add/Remove
Programs'. Instead of soIving my
probIems, it has compounded them.
I get some Error 1919 and aII sorts
of ODBC configuration errors. WiII
reinstaIIing Office XP heIp or shouId I
just revert to an oIder version7
- K¡r¡I

This error seens lo have occurred
because sone DLL fles (asvsfll.dllì have
been lanpered wilh or deleled. To lrv
and fx lhis problen, vou will need vour
Offce XP inslallalion CD. Close lhe dialog
box lhal appears if lhe CD aulo slarls.
Open vindows Explorer and navigale lo
lhe ´X:\Files\Osp\1033\íE5\En´ folder in
lhe CD. (Feplace ´X´ wilh lhe drive leller
used for lhe CD driveì Double click on lhe
fle ´Oainsl.exe´, which will begin lhe OLE
aulonalion updale. This will updale lhe
DLL fles lhal have eilher been replaced
or danaged. Ñow go lo ´Add/Fenove
Prograns´ and double click on lhe ´Svslen
Files Updale´. íf Svslen Files Updale is
nol presenl in lhe lisl of prograns, inslall
il fron lhe Offce CD. The fle is found
in: ´X:\Files\OSP\1033. Double click on
´OSP.nsi´. Feslarl lhe conpuler afler
lhe inslallalion. Ñow lhal ´Svslen Files
Updale´ has been inslalled, go back lo
´Add/Fenove Prograns´ and double click
on il. The ´íainlenance íode Oplions´
will appear. Click on ´Fepair Svslen Files
Updale´ and selecl ´Ñexl´. The ´Feinslall
or Fepair Svslen Files Updale inslallalion´
will appear. Click on ´Feinslall Svslen
Files Updale´ and lhen on ´ínslall´. The
Svslen Updale Files will begin lhe self
repair. Once lhis is conpleled, use ´Fepair
Offce´ in íainlanence íode selup or
´Delecl and Fepair´ fron lhe Help
nenu. Afler lhis process is over, reslarl
vour conpuler.
üelete the kev in XF's reuistrv that searches for
Scheduled Tasks in a workurouo
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WOPKSHOP HANDS ON
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$M$ us! Storv code. hWI lSee Faue 1ë for detailsI
A
n incrediblv slow ínlernel
conneclion is a peeve as il nakes
workHow unnecessarilv lorpid
al hone or al lhe workplace. A high·
speed broadband conneclion will nake a
visible difference lo lhe wav vou surf lhe
ínlernel. These davs, local cable operalors
and lelephone service providers also offer
high·speed ínlernel conneclivilv ranging
fron 32 Kbps lo a whopping 2 íbps.
Bul having nore lhan one PC in vour
hone or snall offce neans inslallalion
of addilional ínlernel conneclions and
hardware. This involves addilional phone
lines or cable conneclions, which neans
shelling oul nonev for inslallalion charges
and nonlhlv renlals. vouldn´l il be beller
if vou were able lo share lhe ínlernel
conneclion of one conpuler wilh all
lhe olher PCs in vour hone or offce
and save on lhose exlra bills? This will
involve invesling in addilional soflware or
hardware like roulers. Bul don´l sweal!
íicrosofl vindows cones lo lhe rescue
wilh an inbuill fealure lhal can converl
vour PC inlo a rouler, elininaling lhe
need lo invesl on expensive addilional
proxv soflware. The requirenenls are an
addilional LAÑ card and a few cables.
Bul renenber, selling up shared ínlernel
conneclions can slow down lhe speed if
used sinullaneouslv bv all lhe conpulers
on lhe nelwork. Here´s how vou can do il
in a few sinple sleps.
Firsl of all, vou will need a PC wilh
íicrosofl vindows 93 or above. ín lhis
workshop, we have used conpulers wilh
vindows XP Professional. You need an
addilional Elhernel card unless vour DSL
noden is connecled lo vour PC via a USB
cable as lhis lvpe of conneclion represenls
an Elhernel card in vour svslen. This
neans vour conpuler should acluallv have
lwo nelwork cards. ínslall lhe addilional
Elhernel card and lhe necessarv drivers
lhal cane along wilh il. Do nol provide
anv íP address or DÑS/galewav delail lo
lhe new card al presenl. Ñexl, vou will
need sone cables lo connecl lhe new
LAÑ card lo lhe olher PC (if il is a lwo·PC
nelwork onlvì or lo lhe hub/swilch if vou
have nore lhan one PC lhal needs lo have
lhe ínlernel conneclion shared. You can
purchase lhen off lhe shelf or have lhen
cuslon·nade lo vour requirenenls al vour
local conpuler hardware shop.
íf vou have onlv lwo conpulers lhen
vou require a cross·cable palch cord and
if lhere are nore lhan lwo conpulers,
slraighl·lhrough palch cords will be
needed lo connecl each one of lhen lo
lhe hub/swilch (see illuslralionì. Your
hardware is now sel up and readv lo be
confgured.
Ñexl, swilch on vour DSL noden
and vour PC lo frsl check if lhe ínlernel
conneclion is aclive or else lhis nav lead
lo addilional problens. To do lhis, jusl
browse anv web sile and confrn il. Then
proceed slepwise as shown below.
ND1£: íake sure no olher PC in lhe
exisling nelwork is confgured as DÑS,
DHCP or CATEvAY servers, olherwise
problens will incur afler lhis nelwork has
been sel up.
Share yeur lnternet
By making your PC the router, you can share your existing Internet connection
with muItipIe PCs on the network. Here's how. BY FRANCIS D'SA
Pramod Jadhav
· An active üSL or cable broadband connection lFJ15 or uSß tvoeI.
· FC confiuuration with Windows 98 lseI and above lWindows XF Frofessional used in
this workshooI.
· An additional Ethernet card l10/100 Mbos and above lnot reuuired if vour üSL uodeu is
connected to vour FC via uSßI.
· Ethernet hub/switch lif uore than two FCs need to be connectedI.
· FJ15 connectors and CAT5 cables l2 connectors oer FC and cables as oer reuuiredI.
8equireæeots
WOPKSHOP HANDS ON
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107
STEP 1: Open ´Slarl | Sellings | Conlrol
Panel | Ñelwork Conneclions´. To nake
lhings sinple, check oul lhe nelwork card
lhal displavs ´Connecled´ (lhis should be
vour presenl ínlernel conneclionì and
renane il lo ´ínlernel´ or anv olher nane
bv righl clicking on lhe icon and selecling
renane or bv sinplv pressing |F2| afler
selecling lhe icon. This would indicale
vour broadband conneclion. The olher
conneclion lhal shows a red cross on
il is vour new nelwork card lhal can be
renaned lo ´Local nelwork´, for inslance.
STEP 2: Ñow connecl lhe olher PC via
1 2
a cross·cable lo lhe new nelwork card
on vour PC and swilch il on. You will
nolice an error in lhe svslen lrav lhal
lhe nelwork card is aclive bul has liniled
conneclion. Don´l panic, lhis happens
because we have nol vel assigned a
nelwork íP address lo lhe olher PC and
lhe new LAÑ card we inslalled on lhe
nain PC.
STEP 3: Fighl click on lhe ´ínlernel´
nelwork conneclion and click on
´Properlies´. Click on lhe ´Advanced´ lab
and enable ´Allow olher nelwork users lo
connecl lhrough lhis conpuler´s ínlernel
WOPKSHOP HANDS ON
how to share ao Ioteroet coooectioo aæoog æuItipIe coæputers
3
Straiuht throuuh cables
Cross cables
conneclion´. This will also enable lhe olher
oplion ´Allow olher users lo conlrol or
disable lhe shared conneclion´. Be sure
vou unclick/disable lhis oplion lo avoid
olher users nessing wilh lhe conneclion.
Finallv click on ´OK´. vhile doing so, a
window nav pop up slaling lhal lhe íP
address of lhe olher nelwork card will be
changed lo ´192.163.0.1´, lhus renoving
anv previouslv enlered íP address. Bul
in lhis we should nol gel a popup as we
had nol specifed an íP address. ín a few
seconds, lhe svslen reconfgures ilself
wilhoul lhe need lo reslarl lhe PC.
STEP 4: This slep can be replicaled on
all lhe olher conpulers. Co lo ´Slarl |
Conlrol Panel | Ñelwork Conneclions´.
Fighl click on lhe nelwork card and
choose ´Properlies´. ín lhe ´Ceneral´ lab,
under ´This conneclion uses lhe following
ilens:´, click on ´ínlernel prolocol (TCP/íPì´
and lhen on ´Properlies´. Choose ´Oblain
an íP address aulonalicallv´ and ´Oblain
DÑS server address aulonalicallv´. Then
click on ´OK´. Ñow righl·click on lhe
nelwork conneclion and click ´Fepair´ or
´Disable´, and lhen enable il again. This
will reslarl lhe nelwork conneclion and
lhe nachine will now scan lhe nelwork
4 5
lo fnd a DHCP server lo oblain an íP
address, subnel nask, galewav and DÑS
for ilself. The nain nachine, which we
sel up as a rouler, behaves like a proxv,
DHCP, DÑS and galewav server for all lhe
olher PCs connecled lo lhe nelwork. Here
lhe íP addresses given lo everv PC will
be randonlv selecled bv lhe nain PC and
slored in ils dalabase.
STEP 5: The fnal slep is lo check whelher
vour browser is disabled fron using anv
exisling proxv servers. Slarl ínlernel
Explorer, click ´Tools | ínlernel Oplions´.
Click on lhe ´Conneclions´ lab and lhen on
´Lan Sellings´. Selecl ´Aulonalicallv delecl
ë
sellings´ and unselecl ´Use aulonalic
confguralion scripl´ under ´Aulonalic
confguralion´. Unselecl ´Use a proxv
server for vour LAÑ´. Then save and close
lhe dialog box. Ñow carrv on browsing.
STEP 6: Sone offce nelworks require
PCs lo have a fxed íP address lo run
applicalion servers for dala slorage. To
address lhis, specifv íP addresses lo
lhe PCs in lhe series of ´192.163.0.2´,
´192.163.0.3´ and so on. Subnel íask
will be ´255.255.255.0´. Sel all lhe PCs lo
have a connon ´CATEvAY´ and ´DÑS´ of
´192.163.0.1´. Your ínlernel conneclion is
now shared!
10S
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WOPKSHOP HANDS ON
F
lalforn and OS independenl,
enbedded objecls, prolecled
access and a free reader-lhe
Porlable Docunenl Fornal (PDFì has
becone lhe nosl popular nediun for
sharing docunenls over lhe ínlernel for
lhe above nenlioned advanlages lhal il
offers. íl does nol depend on lhe svslen
in lerns of hardware or soflware and
progran version lhe receiver has-wilh
lhe free Adobe Acrobal Feader and olher
lhird parlv readers available, anvone can
read PDF fles. You can also nake secure
´read·onlv´ fles. PDFs are a popular
nediun of naking porlfolios or conpanv
presenlalions lhal look lhe sane on anv
conpuler, whelher lhe operaling svslen
is vindows, íac or Linux.
ín case of a lexl fle, crealing a PDF is
a sinple process as lhe converlor onlv has
lo lake inlo accounl lhe fonls, lheir size
and lvpe and lexl alignnenl. ín case of
docunenls consisling of graphics or lables
in lerns of conlenl, il is slighllv lrickv lo
converl lhe docunenl in ils enlirelv. ín lhis
workshop, we lell vou aboul lhe sellings
required lo creale lhe perfecl PDF, and
also how lo converl a PDF docunenl back
lo íicrosofl vord fornal.
íf vou lhink PDFs cannol be cracked,
vou´re nislaken. Here, we will also show
how vou can prolecl vour inporlanl PDF
docunenls. You don´l need lo spend on
lhe Adobe Acrobal Professional, which
cosls a bonb-lhe lools on lhe CHíP DVD
lhis nonlh will suffce.
1. 6oovertiog Iarge text IiIes
There are nanv lools lhal wrile PDF
fles fron vord bul nosl of lhen fail lo
converl lables of conlenl and booknarks.
Bul wilh Cs4vord (fnd il on lhe DVDì,
il´s fairlv sinple lo copv lexl references in
PDF.
The inslallalion rouline runs conplelelv
in vord. This is lhe onlv reason for
changing lhe securilv sellings in vord
before lhe inslallalion begins. Since lhe
securilv sellings of lexl processing require
PDf PIuses
Convert important Office documents and web pages in the weII-protected and
universaIIy readabIe PDF format BY VON FABIAN VON KEUDELL
$M$ us! Storv code. hWF lSee Faue 1ë for detailsI
fk££ AND fA51 : íf vou wanl lo creale a
PDF fle occasionallv, vou need nol inslall
anv soflware. The veb also has Adobe
Original - an online service inclusive of
encrvplion and lhe developed Acrobal
engine. Bul vou cannol avail lhe service
wilhoul regislralion. íoreover, onlv lhe
frsl fve PDFs are free. Furlher use of
lhis service will cosl 9 Euros per nonlh.
k£CI51kA1IDN AND LDCCINC IN: Co lo
hllp://crealepdf.adobe.con and regisler
under ´Trv il for free´.
Ck£A1£ PDf: vilh lhe ´Converl a fle´
bullon, vou can wrile vour docunenls
in PDF. vilh ´Converl a veb Page´, all
ínlernel pages can also be converled.
5£CUk£ PDf: íf vou wanl lo secure vour
PDF wilh a password, click on ´Adobe
Acrobal Password Securilv´. Here, vou
can sel lhe individual securilv fealures.
6reate FßFs ooIioe
J/lu/RY ZJJ/

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WOPKSHOP HANDS ON
nacro relrieval, lhe defaull inslallalion will
fail, as nacro securilv sellings are sel lo
high bv defaull. Open íicrosofl vord.
ín lhe nenu, click ´Tools | íacro´ and
lhen on lhe ´Securilv´ lab. ín lhe window
lhal opens, selecl ´Low´. As soon as lhe
inslallalion is fnished, resel lhis oplion
back lo ´High´.
To ensure lhe vord plug·in works
oplinallv, il nusl be confgured. Afler
inslallalion, vou will see lhe ´PDF´ enlrv
in lhe vord nenu bar. ín lhis, click on
´Confgure´. ín lhe ´Adobe·Feader´ lab,
aclivale lhe oplion ´All Tilles´ for lhe
´Booknark´ lab. Under lhe ´vindow´
oplion, selecl ´Aulonalic´. The renaining
sellings can be lefl lo defaull as per
slandard specifcalions.
To creale a PDF fle fron a vord fle,
prolecl lhe fle and lhen click on ´Creale´
in lhe ´PDF´ nenu. The plug·in slores
lhe conpleled fle in lhe sane direclorv,
which also has lhe vord fle.
Fead on lo know how vou can prolecl
vour PDF fle wilh Choslscripl and
FreePDF free of charge.
2. 6reatiog FßFs with graphics
ín case of fles lhal conlain nanv
graphics elenenls, lhe righl confguralion
is lhe decisive faclor. íncorrecl sellings
lead lo poor piclure qualilv, incorrecl
lavoul, and excess space lhal lhe PDF
occupies on lhe hard disk. ve show
lhe oplinal sellings wilh lhe exanple
of a PowerPoinl presenlalion. This
confguralion applies even for olher
docunenls conlaining graphics like Excel
sheels wilh diagrans.
Firsl, inslall lhe Choslscripl progran
(www.cs.wisc.edu/~ghosI/ì and lhen lhe
acconpanving inlerface FreePDF (gel il on
lhe DVD wilh lhis issueì.
Then, open lhe FreePDF applicalion
and click on ´Sellings´ in lhe ´Edil´ nenu.
Selecl ´Profle´ and in lhe nexl window and
press ´Ñew´.
Creale profle: Ñow, under ´Profle
Ñane´, assign a lille for lhe confguralion,
for exanple ´Powerpoinl´, and enable
lhe ´For all users´ oplion. Selecl lhe
PDF version for ´Ceneral PDF´ under
´Conpalibililv´. The besl oplion is lo selecl
´Acrobal 5´ as il offers access lo a higher
encrvplion nelhod. Fefer lo lhe overview
of PDF versions in lhe box above, which
will help vou choose lhe correcl version
for vour requirenenls. Sel lhe enlrv lo
´Screen´ for ´PDF Oualilv´. vilh lhis, lhe
progran oplinizes lhe displav oulpul for a
nonilor or a projeclor.
ínclude fonls: ín lhe ´Fonl Oplions´
seclion, vou can also selecl oplions so
lhal FreePDF incorporales lhe fonls
lhal are used in lhe PDF docunenl. The
advanlage here is lhal PCs which do nol
have lhese fonls inslalled will produce
vour presenlalions correcllv. The lavoul
renains unchanged as well.
ND1£: As soon as lhe PDF is freelv
accessible, vou nav face license·relaled
problens since sone fonl nanufaclurers
do nol pernil lheir fonls lo be used in
PDF fles. Using fonls wilhoul a license is
equivalenl lo piracv on lhe Ñel.
MDNI1Dk-DP1IMIZ£D PkDfIL£: The ´PDF
Craphics´ lab is aboul piclure qualilv in lhe
docunenl. PDF sizes change depending
on lhe selling. Oplinize lhe sellings as
follows for lhe nonilor or projeclor oulpul:
Sel lhe ´ínage downsanpling´ oplion lo
´lrue´ for ´Bv ínage´ ´Cravscale ínage´
and ´Color ínage´, and selecl ´1.5´ as lhe
´Downsanple Threshold´. Use 72 dpi as
lhe ´Fesolulion´ for color inages-lhis
is perfecl for nonilor displav. Sel lhis
oplion lo 300 for ´Bv ínages´ and lo
150 for ´Cravscale ínages´. Even lhough
lhis narginallv increases lhe size of lhe
fle, lhe gravscale and lhe black & while
inages allain higher qualilv.
Finallv, selecl lhe ´lrue´ oplion under
´Color ínages | Converl CíYK ínages
according lo FCB´. Thus, lhe lool converls
all piclures wilh CíYK color infornalion
inlo FCB color space. Thus, vou save on
color channel dala and lhe corresponding
nenorv space, which in lurn reduces lhe
size of lhe fle. Under ´PDF encrvplion´,
change lhe slandard securilv sellings of
lhe PDF.
Ñow save lhe confguralion. Ñow if vou
wanl lo creale a PDF, open lhe fle and in
lf vou want to create FüF-files in orint
uualitv, for exauole frou a lavout
orourau, select the 'hiuh 0ualitv' orofile
in this window. This settinu reduces the
couoression rate to a uiniuuu, with
corresoondinu hiuh uualitv, and obviouslv
the storaue reuuireuent as well.
Friot optiæited proIiIe
fkDM PDf 1.0 1D 1.7: The current Adobe Feader 8 reads all these foruats. The latest version of viewer can be downloaded free of charue
under www.adobe.cou
PDf 1.0 J ACkD8A1 1: The first FüF version can even include ßookuarks and internal Links.
PDf 1.1 J ACkD8A1 2: External Links, audio and video data becoue realitv with version 1.1. Now, a search feature has also been inteurated.
PDf 1.2 J ACkD8A1 3: CMYK colors and Fluu-ins for the lnternet browsers enoruouslv increase its oooularitv.
PDf 1.3 J ACkD8A1 4: Font tvoes with 2 ßvte Clü lcharacter identifierI for the Asian uarket are a oart of this version.
PDf 1.4 J ACkD8A1 5: Transoarencv features and a 128-ßit encrvotion are a oart of the FüF.
PDf 1.5 J ACkD8A1 6: The JFE0 2000 foruat is now a oart of this version. Even sections are fullv inteurated.
PDf 1.6 J ACkD8A1 7: FüF now suooorts 3ü uodels. New correction features are also bundled.
PDf 1.7 J ACkD8A1 8: users can uive standard orint values. ln addition, Acrobat 8 offers a better 'Feuarks' feature.
üverview oI aII FßF versioos
6oæpress the IiIe site io FreeFßF - the ßFI
settiogs oIIer aæpIe space Ior iæages.
110
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WOPKSHOP HANDS ON
lhe Prinl nenu selecl lhe ´FreePDF XP´
prinler. ín lhe window lhal opens, highlighl
lhe profle under ´PDF profle´, for exanple
´Powerpoinl´. ín order lo slore lhe PDF on
lhe XP Desklop, enler anolher nane under
´PDFFilenane´ and click ´On Desklop´.
Allernalivelv, click on ´Slore´ lo slore lhe
fle in a folder of vour choice on lhe PC.
3. 6orrectiog speIIiog æistakes
You nighl wanl lo add lexl in a
PDF or al lines quicklv correcl a spelling
nislake. Unforlunalelv, as lhere is no
freeware for lhis, vou are dependenl
on connercial prograns such as PDF
Converler 4. This PDF edilor offers a
convenienl solulion (fnd lhe deno version
on lhe DVD lhis nonlhì. vilh lhis, il is
sinple and quick lo correcl snall errors.
PDF Converler 4 helps in naking najor
changes also-wilh lhis vou can also
include conplele paragraphs in PDF fles.
4. 6oovertiog FßFs to Word
Conversion fron PDF lo vord is
nol all lhal sinple. The lexl recognilion
soflware analvzes lhe lavoul, lhe
piclures and lhe lexl of lhe PDF and
creales a vord docunenl. However,
lhe disadvanlage is a hundred percenl
conversion is nol possible-diffcullies
arise parlicularlv when lhere are
conplicaled lavouls, overlapping elenenls
and special colors. Even while converling
wilh Adobe original, nanual reworking is
required.
Since lhe conversion fron PDF lo vord
docunenl is verv laborious, freeware is
nol available for lhis. You will have lo buv
olher prograns for lhis and lhese are
nol alwavs as expensive as Acrobal. The
besl oplion, as proved in our lesls, is PDF
Converler 4.
5. Liokiog FßF docuæeots
You have nanv PDF docunenls and
lherefore nighl wanl lo creale a connon
fle? For lhis, open FreePDF and selecl
lhe profle qualilv, using which vou can
slore lhe fles. Ñow, click on lhe ´Edil´
nenu and lhen on ´Conbine PDF fles´. Al
lhe lop righl porlion in lhe window, press
lhe fle bullon and highlighl lhe fles vou
wanl lo conbine. The sequence of lhe
fle conbinalion in lhe FreePDF can be
changed wilh lhe arrow kev in lhe righl
side of lhe window. Slarl lhe process wilh
lhe Hoppv svnbol.
íl is nol possible lo conbine encrvpled
docunenls wilh lhe above nenlioned
process. You nusl frsl renove lhe
proleclion. íore on lhis in lhe nexl slep.
ë. $ecuriog FßFs
PDF fles can be prolecled-be il
againsl unaulhorized opening, ediling or
copving. You can even delernine whelher
lhe docunenl can be prinled and in whal
resolulion.
Crealing an encrvpled PDF: vhen lhe
docunenl goes lo lhe FreePDF prinler,
lhe FreePDF seleclion nenu appears.
Here, defne lhe oulpul qualilv, fle nane
and lhe slorage localion and check lhe
´Encrvpl PDF´ oplion. ín lhe nexl window,
selecl lhe ´123 Bil´ oplion under ´Securilv´.
Under ´Open password´, enler vour choice
of password. Ñow onlv lhe person who
knows lhis password can open lhe PDF.
The ´Change password´ oplion nullifes
olher proleclion oplions, for exanple lhal
of ´Copv & Pasle´. Under ´Allowed´, fnd
oplions lo prolecl lhe PDFs.
Ñow uncheck lhe oplions lhal vou
wanl lo block. For inslance, ´HO Prinl´ lo
avoid high qualilv prinling of PDFs. You
can disable lhe Copv & Pasle fealure wilh
´Copv lexl´.
ND1£: To safeguard vour PDF fles againsl
hackers, il is advisable lo use a long
and conplicaled password for lhe PDF
opening. Even a cracking lool cannol read
lhis easilv, lhe lenglh of lhe password
nakes il even nore diffcull.
5£CUkINC 1H£ £XI51INC PDf: íf vou wanl
lo secure an exisling PDF, proceed as
follows. Firsl, creale a profle, as described
in Tip 2. ín ´PDF encrvplion´ lab, enable
´123 Bil´ oplion. íl allows for slronger
encrvplion if lhe bilrale is sel high. Under
´Open password´ and ´Change password´,
selecl ´bv user´. vilh lhis, lhe progran
asks for passwords while saving lhe
profle. Under ´Allowed´, uncheck lhe
oplions lhal vou wanl lo block. Save lhe
profle and click on ´User Defaull Profle´.
ín lhe ´Edil´ lab of lhe nain nenu of
FreePDF, selecl ´Conbine PDF´, and wilh
lhe bullon al lhe lop righl porlion of lhe
window, selecl lhe PDF lo be encrvpled.
Click on lhe Hoppv svnbol and vou´re
done. Your PDF fle is secured now!
No FßF is secure
There are innuuerable securitv ootions to
orotect FüF docuuents frou uisuse. lt can
be soecified whether a FüF can be cooied,
uodified or orinted. While this sounds ureat
in theorv, the securitv svsteu does not live
uo to our exoectations. This is because a
crackinu orourau needs onlv a few seconds
to reuove the restrictions. Yet, if vou want
to keeo uost snoooers at bav for vour
docuuent, vou uust orotect the FüF.
8eæoviog restrictioos
ße it a orint restriction or orotection auainst
chanues, the Advanced Fassword Fecoverv
tool reuoves these blocks at the oush of
a button. Siuolv download the FüF and
save it with another naue-onlv this tiue,
without securitv. ln the deuo version, the
tool decodes onlv the first oaue of the FüF.
We have oacked the deuo version on our
üvü with the issue for vou to trv out how
siuole it is.
FßF security
üsiog FreeFßF, FßF docuæeots cao be eocrypted
aod password-protected agaiost opeoiog
Ihe tooI Advaoced FßF Fassword 8ecovery
cracks docuæeots withio 12 secoods
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Pramod Jadhav Pramod Jadhav
E
nbedded videos are lhe lalk of lhe lown
in lhe nullinedia world. A conduil lo lhe
wav we connunicale, sharing inleresling
and funnv video clips can be a good inlerlude
in a grueling work schedule. However, whelher
vou´re surfng Yahoo, Coogle or YouTube, such
video clips, can onlv be plaved in lhe browser
vou use. There is no slraighl forward wav vou
can lransfer lhen lo a nolebook or save lhen
on vour PC´s hard disk-lhe ´Save Targel As´
connand is nol presenl in lhe conlexl nenu
for vou lo selecl.
Video clips also have copvrighls. ín a
scenario where lhere is proliferalion of conlenl
lhefl evervwhere, lhere is everv reason for
conlenl providers lo slanp lheir producls. Bul
lhere are users who nighl nol have alwavs·on
access lo lhe Ñel and who nighl wanl lo share
lhese video clips wilh no inlenlion of pilfering
lhen. CHíP provides a hands·on solulion
consisling of a few sinple sleps. For exanple,
lhose who surf via ínlernel Explorer can inslall
lhe PinpFish progran, available for 30 dollars
(lhe free lrial version was enough lo serve
our purposeì.
Download Enbedded and VideoDownloader
are olher free·of·cosl applicalions available
for Firefox. íf vou don´l wanl lo inslall anv
applicalion, online services like Coogle Video
Downloader or KeepVid will suffce.
ND1£: ín case vou wanl lo use lhe video in
vour own fln projecl or for olher connercial
purpose, vou need lo clarifv wilh lhe aulhor and
delernine lhe prerequisiles afler which vou can
use lhe video clip.

Ioteroet ExpIorer
fI5HINC fDk VID£D5 DN 1H£ W£8 WI1H PIMPfI5H
PinpFish is a plug·in for ínlernel Explorer. This
soflware offers several download fealures-for
inslance, vou can save enbedded videos on lo
lhe hard disk-wilh jusl a few clicks, download
all piclures, videos and fles linked lo a websile.
Download lhe one·nonlh lrial version fron
www.pimpIsh.com, afler lhis a regislralion
fee of t25 is applicable. The lrial version offers
Saving web videes
TV recordings, fiIm traiIers, home movies-these are some of the free embedded
videos that YouTube, GoogIe, etc offer. But how do you save them on your PC7
We have the answer... BY FRANZ GRIESER
$M$ us! Storv code. hWWlSee Faue 1ë for detailsI
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nosl of lhe fealures even afler ils expirv
dale, lhough one can no longer download
all piclures, videos and olher linked fles
al lhe sane line. The process of saving
videos works as before.
A PinpFish plug·in is also available for
Firefox. However, PinpFish offers onlv a
parl of ils fealures for lhe currenl version
of Firefox. ín facl, lhe nosl inporlanl
fealure of saving enbedded videos is
absenl. So, if vou are using Firefox, il is
reconnended vou go for lhe plug·ins
nenlioned in lhe nexl lip. This is whal
vou do: Cel a lrial version of PinpFish and
inslall lhe progran. Feslarl lhe browser
so lhal lhe new sellings lake effecl. You
will fnd a new loolbar wilh four bullons
in vour ínlernel Explorer. Click on lhe
righl arrow nexl lo ´Crab´. Here, vou
can choose fron onlv piclures or videos
fron lhe lalesl websiles or all fles of a
parlicular lvpe for inslance, íP3 fles, for
downloading.
Ñow go lo a websile (such as www.
youIube.comì wilh enbedded videos. On
placing lhe cursor on lhe video window,
a loolbar wilh lhree icons appears on
lhe upper window nargin. Click on lhe
lefl icon lo call up lhe ´Crab lhis novie´
connand. Save lhe fle on vour hard disk.
ín sone cases, PinpFish displavs a dialog
box reporling lhal lhe video is prolecled
and cannol be downloaded. However,
during our lesls, lhe progran was
successful in saving lhe fle, and we were
sinplv required lo click on ´Conlinue´.
To decide lhe nenorv localion for
PinpFish lo save lhe downloaded fles,
sinplv click on ´Conlrol´ in lhe loolbar
and lhen on ´Oplions´. Enler lhe folder
of vour choice in lhe ´Downloading´ lab.
ín case lhe loolbar on lhe video window
disappears loo quicklv, lhen sinplv open
lhe ´FloalBar´ lab and increase lhe value
for ´Hide FloalBar afler´. ín case a websile
asks for a usernane and lhe relevanl
password, vou can nake use of lhe ´Sel
User/Password for Crabs´ connand so
lhal lhe progran aulonalicallv lransfers
lhis dala lo lhe websile. For websiles
lhal vou frequenllv visil, vou can enler lhe
usernane and password in lhe ´Oplions´
dialog lhal require aulhenlicalion.
FireIox
CLIP DDWNLDAD 8¥ Pk£55INC A 8U11DN
Depending on lhe use, lhe besl plug·in
lo download enbedded videos and audio
fles for Firefox is VideoDownloader.
You can gel lhe lool al www.
While usinu the FiuoFish oluu-in for lnternet Exolorer, first olace the cursor on the video window and then
click on '0rab this uovie' in the toolbar
So now vou know how to save video clios
on vour hard disk. unfortunatelv, FLv is not
one of the uost couuon and oooular file
foruats. MFE0, Xvid or üivX are foruats
that are couoatible with aluost everv FC.
Moreover, uost iuoortantlv with these
foruats, vou have the ootion to edit in case
vou want to uake anv chanues in the video
clio vourself. Therefore, the easiest wav to
tackle this bv usinu the service offered bv
Keeovid, which allows savinu of files in Avl
or MFE0.
ln case this does not work around, use a
soecial tool like the Total video Converter.
You can find the tool at www.effectuatrix.
cou/total-video-converter for free. Auonust
others, the orourau suooorts FLv, MFE02,
MFE01, Avl, WMv, M0v and Feal video as
inout and outout foruats.
A oractical ootion to burn üvüs, video
Cüs or Suoer vCüs for filu orojects is
to create MFE0 files in FAL resolution.
however, in the free version, the tool adds
an lnternet address as a wateruark in everv
converted video.
6oovertiog web videos to other Ioræats
The video converter iuoorts aluost everv foruat
and converts it on the oress of a button
here vou can decide for how lonu the FiuoFish
toolbar stavs hidden
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videodowhloader.heI or al hIIp://
addohs.mozilla.org/IreI ×/2390.
This is what you do: As soon as vou
reslarl Firefox afler inslalling lhe plug·in,
vou will fnd a snall icon down lo lhe
righl in lhe slalus bar of lhe browser
window. Ñow open a websile having
an enbedded video. Plav lhe video and
click on lhe icon for VideoDownloader in
lhe slalus bar of lhe browser or in lhe
plavback window.
A new dialog is displaved providing
vou lhe oplion of saving lhe fle on lhe
hard disk. Depending on lhe source of
lhe video, lhe Hash video fornal FLV,
unconpressed AVí and íPEC4 are
available as slorage fornals.
An allernalive for Firefox is Download
Enbedded (hIIp://addohs.mozilla.org/
IreIo×/1993ì. You can download all video
clips enbedded in lhe lalesl websiles
onlv once.
Likewise, when lhe progran is
inslalled, an icon is inlegraled in lhe
slalus bar of lhe browser. However,
during lhe lesl, lhe progran could save
Hash videos onlv in lhe SvF Hash fornal,
lransferring in AVí or íPC failed.
íncidenlallv, bolh lhe plug·ins
presenled here are conpalible wilh each
olher. So lhere is no harn in inslalling
bolh, using lhe plug·in lhal is besl in·svnc
wilh vour requirenenls for downloading.
üoIioe $ervices
DDWNLDADINC VID£D5 WI1HDU1 IN51ALLINC
1DDL5: íf vou download needs are less, vou
do nol need lo inslall an addilional lool.
Olher services are available in such cases.
However, lhe disadvanlage of using such
services is lhal lhev do nol work wilh all
websiles. The Coogle Video Downloader,
for inslance, is praclical for users who
rarelv download videos-il currenllv gives
vou access lo 46 video websiles. Aparl
fron Coogle Video, lhe service even
supporls YouTube, ívSpace and ífln.
This is what you do: Co lo lhe websile
lhrough vour browser and plav lhe
desired video. Then, copv lhe web
address of lhe video in lhe clipboard. The
web address is sinplv lhe UFL displaved
in lhe browser´s address bar.
This however does nol funclion wilh
all websiles. Yahoo íovies, for inslance,
direcls ils own plaver lo plav videos.
Then, open a second window in lhe
browser and go lo lhe following address
hIIp:// IeelihgIea.com/decode/google/
ihde×.php. ín lhe address feld nexl lo
´ínserl UFL here´, copv lhe web address
of lhe video fle and click on ´Cel il´. A
reference called ´Link here´ now appears
on vour browser. As soon as vou have
clicked on lhe link, vou will be able save
lhe video fle on lo lhe hard disk.
íake sure vou don´l selecl lhe
respeclive video websile given in lhe
lisl box as Coogle Video Downloader
idenlifes lhe websile independenllv.
An allernalive service provider is
KeepVid (hIIp://keepvid.comì, offering
a service sinilar lo lhal of Coogle. A big
difference belween lhe lwo is lhal unlike
VideoDownloader, KeepVid can save nanv
video clips even in AVí or íPEC4 fornal.
FIay videos
CDMPA1I8L£ PLA¥£k fDk W£8 VID£D5
íanv websiles offer enbedded FLV
video fles. This holds lrue for lhe clips
vou fnd on Coogle Video, YouTube or
Feulers. The fle exlension FLV indicales
lhe video fornal of Adobe Flash.
You can plav Hash videos wilh lhe free
Flash plaver offered bv Adobe. Sinplv
visil www.adobe.com/de/dowhloads
for lhe lool. ín addilion, lhese fles can
also be plaved on íPlaver (download il
fron hIIp://sourceIorge.heI/proiecIs/
mplayercì or FLV Plaver (www.
marIiihdevisser.comì.
The videoüownloader now offers several storaue
foruats such as Avl and MFE01 aoart frou FLv
W£8 5£kVIC£ With the online tool Keeovid, vou can enter the link to a web video and then save the clio
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WOPKSHOP HANDS ON
Pramod Jadhav Pramod Jadhav
S
lreaning nedia over lhe ínlernel is
connonplace. Slreaning allows vou
lo deliver audio and/or video conlenl
across a nelwork lo nulliple nachines on
lhe Hv as il is being plaved. You can plav a
novie on one desklop and slrean il lo olher
conpulers on lhe nelwork. vilh lhe advenl
of affordable broadband and beller slreaning
lechnologies, nanv web siles slreaning audio
and video conlenl have sprouled. Using lhe
sane lechnologv, vou can acluallv sel up a
broadcasling svslen on lhe ínlernel, al hone.
Bul lhal´s anolher slorv. ín lhis workshop,
we have reslricled lo slreaning conlenl over
a snall nelwork, nore specifcallv a hone
nelwork. For lhis we need a verv basic TCP/íP
nelwork lhal connecls lwo desklops and al
lhe nosl a laplop. This could eilher be a wired
nelwork or a wireless one.
íf vou are an enlhusiasl and are able lo sel
up a LAÑ vourself, vou probablv have a peer·
lo·peer nelwork wilh crossover nelwork cable
connecling each conpuler. Ñole each PC´s íP
address as vou will need lhese laler.
The frsl of lhese slreaning workshops perlains
lo VLC v0.3.5. VLC is an anazing, cross·
plalforn nedia plaver lhal doubles up as a
slreaning server and nedia converler. You can
use VLC lo slrean anv lvpe of nedia fle fron
vour conpuler lo anolher conpuler or device
on vour nelwork. You can slrean video fron
vour hone·offce conpuler lo a laplop plugged
in vour living roon TV and conlrol lhe plavlisl
wilh vour PDA! Download vour copv for free al
www.videolah.org.
ve lhen show vou how lo slrean audio
over a nelwork using vinanp and SHOUTcasl
lechnologv. For lhis, vou need vinanp and lwo
SHOUTcasl applicalions such as SHOUTcasl
víÑ32 Console/CUí server and SHOUTcasl
DSP Plug·ín for vinanp. Bolh are available al
hIIp://www.shouIcasI.com/dowhload. Our
bonus workshop is on slreaning nusic fron
vour PC·based íP3 colleclion lo vour Xbox
360, using vindows íedia Plaver. All vou need
is vindows íedia Plaver 11 series, available
for free al www.microsoII.com/wihdows/
wihdowsmedia.
Streaming Censcieusness
Tips on how to share audio and video content across muItipIe PCs on a IocaI
network BY RAUNAK ROY
$M$ us! Storv code. hWA lSee Faue 1ë for detailsI
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51£P 1: The easiest wav to start streauinu
audio/video content usinu the vLC uedia
olaver is bv usinu one of its uraohical user
interfaces like wxWiduet for Windows-
the skinnable interface that uakes the vLC
olaver reseuble Windows Media Flaver.
0oen the 'File' uenu and click on the
' Witard' ootion.
1
$treaæiog audio/video usiog ¥L6 æedia pIayer
51£P 2: The vLC uedia olaver can be
used to streau both video as well as
audio files across the cououters on vour
network. Select the 'Streau to Network'
radio button and click 'Next'. lunore the
' Transcode/Save to File' ootion as it is
ueant for convertinu uedia content frou
one foruat to another.
2
51£P 3: Click 'Choose' to select the uedia
file vou wish to streau. A new window will
ooen with ootions that let vou streau a file,
a üvü or audio Cü. You can streau a oart
of a file bv enablinu the 'Fartial Extract'
ootion and choosinu start/end tiue in
seconds. Select vour favorite üivX file in
the 'File' tab and click 'Next'.
3
51£P 4: use the 'uüF unicast' ootion to
streau content to a sinule cououter on
vour network bv enterinu the client's lF
address in the 0.0.0.0 - 223.255.255.255
ranue. use 'uüF Multicast' to streau to
uultiole cououters bv enterinu 221.0.0.1
lwhich is a Class ü network that enables
uulticastinuI.
4
51£P 5: As vou can see in the screenshot
above, here vou need to soecifv the
streau encaosulation foruat. This wraos a
suitable codec around the file to olav it on
the taruet cououters. The uüF streauinu
uethod uenerallv reuuires MFE0 TS
encaosulation foruat, which will be active
bv default.
5
51£P 6: Set a couole of advanced ootions
like ' Tiue to Live lTTLI' which soecifies
the nuuber of routers vour streau can uo
throuuh for uüF unicast uethods. Enter a
value of 2. To streau vour naue over the
network, enter the text in the text inout box
and check the checkbox. Click 'Finish' and
vou are readv to streau.
ë
51£P 7: While first-tiue users can oot for
the witard, exoert users can trv the uanual
ootion. This ootion can be activated bv
clickinu on the 'Settinus' button next to
the 'Streau 0utout' ootion on the 'Media
Fesource Locater' screen. This ooens
when vou click on 'Choose file' as shown in
Steo 3 above.
1
51£P 8: vLC can be reuotelv accessed bv
other cououters. To activate this, uo to
the 'Settinus' tab on the vLC uain window,
select 'Add lnterface' and click on ' Web
lnterface'. You can now access vLC frou
anv reuote cououter bv tvoinu the lF
address of the streauinu cououter with
the default oort as 8080.
8
51£P 9: Finallv, to access the streauinu of
content frou anv other cououter, ooen vLC
uedia olaver on the reuote cououter.
Click 'File | 0oen Network Streau' and
select the 'uüF/FTF Multicast' ootion. ln
the address field, enter the lF address vou
tvoed in steo 1. voila-vour uovie will olav
now!
9
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51£P 1: lnstall the oluu-ins bv clickinu on
theu. Start Winauo, ooen 'Freferences'
and click on the 'üSF/Effects' subcateuorv
under the Fluu-in tree. You will see a
'Sh0uTcast Source for Winauo vx.xx' in
the riuht hand oane. Click on the 'lnout' tab
of the Sh0uTcast source ooo-uo and select
Winauo as the lnout üevice.
1
$treaæiog audio usiog $houtcast
51£P 2: The next steo is to click on the
'Encoder' tab. Choose Encoder 1 in the
list on the left. Select 'MF3 Encoder'
as Encoder Tvoe and tvoe the 'Encoder
Settinus' vou orefer for vour streau.
The '128 kbos, 11.100 Kht, Stereo' is the
settinu vou should oot for to uet a uood
uualitv streau.
2
51£P 3: After fixinu on the settinu, uo to
'0utout' tab and click on the 'Connection'
button to brinu uo the settinus for the
Sh0uTcast server vou will be connectinu
to. Enter the lF address as 'localhost',
oort nuuber as 8000 and a broadcastinu
oassword. Also, select '1' under the
Encoder droodown uenu.
3
51£P 4: Next, click on the ' Yellowoaues'
button next to the connection button on
the outout tab. Make sure the 'Make this
server oublic' ootion is not ticked as vou
are streauinu on vour houe network.
Also, enter an indicative naue for vour
broadcastinu server.
4
51£P 5: Click on the Sh0uTcast 'üNAS'
server frou the Start uenu to ooen the
server uonitor. Click on 'Edit Confiu' and
a noteoad window will ooen with a olain
text confiuuration file. Feolace the default
oassword with the broadcastinu oassword
that vou set in Steo 3 above.
5
51£P 6: Chanue 'SrclF' to 127.0.0.1 and
'üestlF' as the lF address of the cououter
vou want to streau audio to. Finallv, start
Winauo on the destination cououter bv
uoinu to 'File, 0oen uFL' and tvoe the lF
address of the streauinu server like this.
htto.//192.1ë8.1.121.8000.
ë
51£P 1: Select 'Librarv' in Windows Media
Flaver 11 and click on the 'Media Sharinu'
ootion. 0n the next screen that coues,
click on 'Share uv uedia'. Windows
Media Flaver will search for devices on
vour network. here, vou can connect
to another cououter onlv if it is runninu
Windows vista.
1
51£P 2: 0n the next screen that shows
uo, vou will see a list of devices that are
connected to vour network. Check the
'Share uv uedia to' ootion, select the
Xbox 3ë0 icon, and click on 'Allow'. ln case
vou want to aoolv uore ootions, click on
'Settinus'. 0nce vou're done with this,
click on '0K'.
2
51£P 3: usinu vour Xbox 3ë0 uaue console
controller, select the 'Media blade | Music
| Cououter' ootion. under the 'Select vour
cououter' ootion, select vour FC and the
shared uedia naue. Find the uusic that vou
want to olav, and then click on 'Flav'. Now
vou can enjov the uusic streauinu frou
vour cououter to vour Xbox 3ë0.
3
$treaæiog audio to kbox 3ë0
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A
N
D
S

0
N
WINßüW$ 121
1. Wiodows kF Makinu a uSß stick available as a lastinu folder 121
2. Wiodows kF Alohanuuerical arranueuent in Windows 121
3. Wiodows kF Feactivatinu the ootion of chanuinu the desktoo walloaoer 121
1. Wiodows kF hidinu active orouraus on the welcoue screen 121
5. Wiodows kF Fecover a corruoted svsteu hle 122
ë. Wiodows kF Frourau vour oower switch 122
7. Wiodows kF A desktoo shortcut to hibernation 122
8. Wiodows kF üisable Error Feoortinu 123
9. Wiodows kF use 'Shift' to turn off 'Caos Lock' 123

AFFLI6AIIüN$ 124
10. MicrosoIt ExceI Feuovinu annovinu uacros couoletelv 121
11. MicrosoIt Word Autouaticallv arranuinu bulletinu in Word 121
12. Adobe Fhotoshop Exoandinu the briuhtness soectruu of an iuaue 121
13. MotiIIa FireIox Feducinu the ueuorv consuuotion of the browser drasticallv 12ë

hA8ßWA8E 12ë
11. hard ßisk luorovinu the soeed of slow hard disks 12ë
15. WireIess LAN luorovinu the data Now rate in slow Wi-Fi networks 12ë
1ë. ßraphics 6ard Eliuinatinu the annovinu SLl warninu for 0eForce uraohics cards 12ë
17. ßrive Iæage hard drive backuo 127
18. Fower $uppIy ßuvinu a oower suoolv 127
Umesh Dahiwalkar
1ips
1ricks
J/lu/RY ZJJ/
|O] My coæputer starts up very sIowIy. I have
ooticed that uowaoted prograæs keep ruooiog io
the systeæ tray. What shouId I do!

Services are orouraus that start uo when
vour cououter boots. Thev continue to run in the
backuround while vour FC is on. Soue services
load autouaticallv while soue load when a
orourau is used. Soue of these services are
not needed bv various users and can be safelv
disabled. ßut reueuber, there are soue services
that uust not be disabled.
To disable anv services, click on the 'Start |
Settinus | Control Fanel | Aduinistrative tools'.
Then double click on the 'Services' icon. You can
click on anv service to see a descriotion of what
that service does. lf vou do not need the service,
double-click on it. ln the 'Startuo Tvoe' droodown
box, vou can choose 'Autouatic' lautouaticallv
starts uo when vou boot vour svsteuI, 'Manual'
llets Windows decide when and if to start the
serviceI, or 'üisabled' lwill not load the service
at allI. After uakinu vour selections, close
the window and reboot vour cououter for the
chanues to take effect.
Iip oI the æooth hardware
$M$ us! Storv code. hII lSee Faue 1ë for detailsI
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TÌPS & TPÌCKS HANDS ON
WINßüW$
1
Windows XP
Makiog a ü$ß stick avaiIabIe as a
Iastiog IoIder
|O] Windows automaticaIIy assigns a
free drive Ietter to a USB stick when it
is connected to my PC. This gives rise to
the probIem of doubIe occupancy since
XP ignores the connected network
drives. What shouId I do7

XP uses lhe ÑTFS fle svslen bv
defaull, so vou can inlegrale lhe USB slick
as a nornal folder. You would lhus brush
aside sone polenlial problen sources, for
inslance, when a nacro does nol locale
dala on lhe USB slick. Proceed as follows:
Firsl, inserl lhe USB slick inlo lhe
PC. Ñow double click on ´Adninislralive
lools´ and ´Conpuler nanagenenl´ in lhe
Conlrol Panel.
Selecl lhe oplion ´Disk nanagenenl´
under ´Slorage´ on lhe lefl parl of lhe
window. Fighl·click on lhe USB slick
inlegraled as renovable drive and selecl
´Change drive lellers and palhs´.
Click on ´Add´ and aclivale lhe oplion
´íounl in lhe following enplv ÑTFS
folder´ in lhe following dialog.
Specifv lhe conplele palh lo lhe
desired folder (il nusl be enplvì or
delernine il using lhe ´Browse´ dialog.
Ñow vou sinplv need lo confrn all
lhe dialog boxes wilh ´OK´. You will
innedialelv fnd lhe conlenls of lhe USB
slick in lhe newlv crealed folder.
ND1£: An error nessage will be displaved
on accessing lhis folder when lhe USB
slick is nol connecled.
2
Windows XP
AIphaouæericaI arraogeæeot io
Wiodows
|O] Windows XP sorts fiIes having
digits in their fiIenames in an ascending
order. It thus Iists document 'text131.
txt' under 'text14.txt'. How do I make
a new version of the fiIe 'text13.txt'
dispIay directIy behind it7

ínslrucl vindows lo sorl
alphanunericallv, lhe operaling svslen
lhen processes all characlers as alphabels
and displavs lhen in lhe desired order.
This is how vou do il:
Open lhe regislrv edilor and navigale lo
lhe ´HKEY_CUFFEÑT_USEF\Soflware\
íicrosofl\vindows\CurrenlVersion\
Policies\Explorer´ kev.
Creale lhe enlrv ´ÑoSlrCnpLogical´
wilh ´Edil | Ñew | DvOFD value´.
Then, open il wilh a double click and
sel lhe ´Value´ lo ´1´ in lhe ´Edil DvOFD
value´ dialog.
Confrn lhe nodifcalion bv clicking on
´OK´. Ñow, close lhe regislrv edilor and
reslarl lhe svslen.
3
Windows XP
8eactivatiog the optioo oI chaogiog
the desktop waIIpaper
|O] What functioned very smoothIy
before, suddenIy refuses to work
after using a tuning tooI: Windows
just refuses to change the desktop
waIIpaper.

íl is possible lhal lhe luning lool
has blocked access lo lhe wallpaper.
This could be deaclivaled using an enlrv
in lhe regislrv. The kev required for lhis
purpose is ´HKEY_ LOCAL_íACHíÑE\
SOFTvAFE\íicrosofl\vindows\
CurrenlVersion\Policies\ AcliveDesklop´.
Ñavigale lo lhis kev in lhe regislrv
edilor. Creale lhe kev if il is nol alreadv
available. Creale or search for lhe
´ÑoChangingvallpaper´ enlrv in lhe righl
parl of lhe window.
Open il wilh a double·click and sel ils
´Value´ lo ´0´.
Ñow check lhe ´HKEY_CUFFEÑT_
USEF\Soflware\ íicrosofl\vindows\
CurrenlVersion\ Policies\ AcliveDesklop´
regislrv kev. íf vou also fnd lhe
´ÑoChangingvallpaper´ value here,
change il lo ´0´. You can now access
lhe wallpaper afler reslarling lhe
conpuler.
4
Windows XP
hidiog active prograæs oo the
weIcoæe screeo
|O] Windows appears on the weIcome
screen of its open page. Here it aIso
reveaIs how many programs are stiII
active and have been opened by the
user before the working session was
bIocked. How do I prevent dispIay of
active programs7

vindows nanages lhe counler
´ProgranCounl´ in lhe regislrv. The
operaling svslen increases lhe value wilh
everv opened progran. Slop lhe counler
fron selling values in order lo prevenl
aclive prograns fron being displaved on
lhe welcone screen.
Open lhe ´HKEY_CUFFEÑT_USEF\
Sessionínfornalion´ kev in lhe regislrv
edilor. Double·click on lhe value
´ProgranCounl´ in lhe righl parl of lhe
window and sel il lo ´0´.
To prevenl conlinuous updaling, righl·
click on ´Sessionínfornalion´ and selecl
´Pernissions´. Click on ´Advanced´ in lhe
Makinu a uSß stick available as a lastinu
folder on a selected folder on vour hard drive
1
Chanuinu the sortinu arranueuent in
Windows Exolorer helos find files faster
2
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nexl dialog and lhen on ´Add´. Enler vour
usernane and confrn wilh ´OK´.
Selecl lhe checkbox for ´Full conlrol´
in lhe ´Denv´ colunn of lhe ´Pernissions´
dialog so lhal vindows aulonalicallv
aclivales all oplions and lhen click on
´OK´. Ñow selecl ´Applv´ and confrn lhe
securilv nole wilh ´Yes´.
The regislrv value is no longer visible
afler vou exil all open dialogs wilh ´OK´. ín
fulure, lhe onlv infornalion displaved on
lhe welcone screen is lhal vou are logged
on. Caulion: The scripls and prograns lhal
eslablish lhe nunber of aclive prograns
in lhe nelwork could go havwire. Pul lhe
lockoul wilh lhe adninislralive righls back
onlo lhe regislrv kev in order lo reverse
lhe sellings.
5
Windows XP
8ecover a corrupted systeæ IiIe
|O] Some of my fiIes from the Windows
directory have been corrupted due to
a virus infection. How can I restore the
same7

íf an essenlial vindows fle gels
whacked bv a virus or olherwise gels
corrupled, vou can reslore il fron lhe
vindows CD.
Search lhe CD for lhe flenane,
replacing lhe lasl characler wilh an
underscore, for exanple, Ñolepad.ex_. íf
il´s found, open a connand pronpl and
enler lhe connand EXPAÑD, followed
bv lhe full palhnanes of lhe fle and lhe
desired deslinalion: EXPAÑD D:\SETUP\
ÑOTEPAD.EX_ C:\vindows\ÑOTEPAD.
EXE.
íf eilher palhnane conlains anv spaces,
surround il wilh double quoles. íf lhe fle
isn´l found, search for lhe unnodifed
flenane. íl will probablv be inside a CAB
fle, which vin XP lreals as a folder.
Sinplv righl·drag and copv lhe fle lo lhe
desired localion.
vhen lhe search is done, open a
connand pronpl and enler EXTFACT /L
followed bv lhe desired localion, lhe full
palhnane of lhe CAB fle, and lhe desired
flenane, for exanple: EXTFACT /L C:\
vindows D:\í336\Driver.cab Ñolepad.exe.
íf lhe deslinalion or CAB fle palhnane
conlains spaces, surround il wilh double
quoles.
ë
Windows XP
Frograæ your power switch
|O] I want to program my computer
in such a way that when I press the
power button, I want my computer to
Hibernate.

íf vou have a conpuler lhal cane
wilh vindows XP alreadv inslalled, vou
can progran vour Power swilch lo go inlo
´Hibernalion´ or ´Slandbv´ node, have il
ask vou whal lo do or ignore lhe power
swilch allogelher.
To enable lhis fealure, click on lhe
Slarl bullon, poinl lo ´Sellings´ and selecl
´Conlrol Panel´.
Double·click on lhe ´Power Oplions´
icon and selecl lhe ´Advanced´ lab. Selecl
lhe oplion vou wanl fron lhe Power
Bullons seclion (íf vou do nol see lhese
oplions, lhen navbe vour conpuler does
nol supporl lhenì. Enable lhe ´Hibernale´
oplion in lhe ´Hibernale Tab´ in lhe Power
oplions properlies.
1
Windows XP
A desktop shortcut to hiberoatioo
|O] I want to create a shortcut icon on
my desktop that can directIy hibernate
my computer without going to the Start
button. How do I do it7

The Shuldown.exe connand
can shul down or reslarl vour conpuler,
oplionallv forcing il lo shul down even if
sone prograns allenpl lo prevenl il. Bul
il does nol include an oplion lo hibernale.
To creale a shorlcul, righl·click on an
enplv space on lhe Desklop and selecl
´Ñew | Shorlcul´. ín lhe ´Tvpe lhe localion
of lhe ilen´ box copv lhis lexl:
´rundll32.exe PowrProf.dll
SetSuspendState’. · Click on lhe
´Ñexl´ bullon. ín lhe ´Tvpe a nane for
lhis shorlcul´ box, lvpe ´Hibernale´ and
lhen click on ´Finish´. íf lhe shorlcul does
nol work, lhen vou will probablv need
lo confgure vour conpuler lo enable
hibernalion.
Click on lhe ´Slarl´ bullon and selecl
´Sellings´. Click on ´Conlrol Panel´, lhen
double·click on lhe ´Power Oplions´ icon.
Click on lhe ´Hibernale´ lab and nake
Frourau vour oower switch to hibernate vour
FC when vou oress it
6
Enable the hibernate ootion in the oower
ootions to uake sure vour shortcut works
7
hidinu the nuuber of active orouraus on the
welcoue screen
4
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sure lhe ´Enable Hibernale´ oplion is
checked. You do nol need lo reslarl lhe
conpuler in lhis procedure. You can
change lhe icon of lhe shorlcul vou creale.
8
Windows XP
ßisabIe Error 8eportiog
|O] I want to disabIe the error reporting
feature in Windows XP every time any
appIication crashes. How do I do it7

As vou nav have noliced, everv
line a íicrosofl progran crashes in
vindows XP, an Error Feporl screen pops
up, allowing vou lo send sone infornalion
on lhe crash lo íicrosofl. vell lhis can
gel quile annoving, so follow lhese sleps
lo disable il:
Click on lhe Slarl bullon frsl and lhen
on ´Sellings´.
Ñexl, click on Conlrol Panel. Double
click lhe Svslen ícon. Click on lhe
´Advanced´ lab and lhen choose ´Error
Feporling´ al lhe bollon of lhe window.
Selecl ´Disable Error Feporling´ and
lhen click ´OK´ lo confrn and save lhe
sellings. Ñexl line anv applicalion fails
or crashes, vou will nol gel lhe Error
reporling popup.
9
Windows XP
üse '$hiIt' to turo oII '6aps Lock'
|O] How can I do away with the 'Caps
Lock'7

vilh windows XP, lhis fealure is
available fron lhe Conlrol Panel, bul onlv
when vou inslall anolher kevboard lavoul
during lhe vindows inslallalion. You can
also change lhis fealure in lhe Fegislrv.
Sinplv follow lhese sleps:
Click on ´Slarl | Fun´. Tvpe in regedil
and press ´OK´. Browse down lo lhe
üisablinu this feature can stoo Windows frou
sendinu error reoorts
8
ßet rid oI jerks
Flace vour cououter where it won't be
subject to vibration, shakinu or accidental
kicks and hits as such occurences can
dauaue vour hard drive couoeltelv. lf it's on
too of vour desk, uake sure vour desk does
not wobble leven a little bitI frou side to
side or front to back, fix uo anv short leus if
needed. lf it's on the floor, uake sure it is a
solid and flat olatforu covered with either a
velvet cloth or an old sheet.
keep 'eæ cooI
Trv not to cut off the flow of air to vour
cououter. üeoendinu on the cabinet or
chassis desiun, vour cououter draws air in
throuuh vents in the front, sides or bottou.
Move evervthinu else around the FC at least
an inch awav frou vents. lf vour cououter
overheats, don't ooen the case and atteuot
to uive it uore airflow. That usuallv diffuses
the air too uuch. lnstead, find out whv it's
overheatinu and uet it fixed.
$ave oo eIectricity
Most uodern cououters have the
'hibernate' ootion. To use it, look for a
settinu lin the Control FanelI for oower-
savinu adjustuents. hibernation is a uood
idea for fauilies whose lnternet connection
is continuouslv switched on, because
it disconnects the connection, therebv
shieldinu theu frou hackers.
ßiscard the oIder æouse
The best of uice use a red liuht beau and
has no uovinu oarts. 0otical uice, as thev
are known, don't uet uessed uo bv dirt and
aniual fur. üo vourself a favor and reolace
the old uuuuv-ball device with one that
can't uet cruddv. ßuv and just oluu the new
uouse in and foruet the installation software
that coues with it. You don't need it.
Iake the bus
lf vour cououter uses uore than two uSß
devices, buv a oowered uSß hub or bus to
take the load off vour cououter. Fluu the first
device into vour cououter and the others
into the bus. Make sure it's a oowered bus as
non-oowered ones siuolv add uore of a load
to the uSß on the uain board.
$ave the screeo the actuaI way
Screen savers aren't uuch helo in
savinu vour screen. Thev work fine for
entertainuent, but keeo vour uonitor
runninu at total oower, and waste electricitv.
A uuch better idea is hidden awav in the
eneruv-uanaueuent settinus of vour
cououter. Aoart frou the hibernation uode,
vou uiuht notice an additional settinu
that outs vour uonitor to sleeo after a
few uinutes while vour cououter is still
runninu. This keeos the uonitor sliuhtlv
waru and readv to sorinu back to full oower
in a second or two. 0r else, whv not siuolv
turn the uonitor off entirelv7 lt is a uood
ootion for those who will be awav frou the
cououter throuuhout the dav, but lettinu
it uo to sleeo is uentler on the uonitor's
couoonents for on and off use.
Let that drive spio dowo
lf vou have to turn vour cououter off and
back on iuuediatelv for soue reason or the
other lwhen it hanus, for exauoleI, wait for
30 seconds after switchinu it off before vou
switch it back on. This uives the drive lor
drives, if vou have uore than oneI enouuh
tiue to finish soinninu and oark their heads
before thev receive a wake-uo couuand.
0therwise the heads could dauaue the drive
surface.
üuick tips
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following kev:
´HKEY_CUFFEÑT_USEF\Kevboard
Lavoul´.
ín lhe righl pane, righl·click and
selecl.´Ñew | DvOFD Value´. Ñane lhe
new value ´Allribules´. Ñow double·click
on lhe new Allribules value. ín lhe Value
box enler ´00010000´ and press ´OK´.
Exil lhe Fegislrv and rebool vour PC.
Ñow lhe Caps Lock kev will alwavs lurn
caps lock on bul vou nusl press eilher of
lhe ´Shifl´ kevs lo lurn il off.
AFFLI6AIIüN$
10
Microsoft £xceI
8eæoviog aoooyiog æacros
coæpIeteIy
|O] Sometimes whiIe caIcuIating in
ExceI, you have to first use macros.
These are of no use Iater. The
superfIuous smaII heIp programs can
be deIeted very quickIy using 'TooIs j
Macro j Macros'. Yet ExceI persistentIy
warns you against active macros when
you open a fiIe. How do I get rid of it7

You can swilch off lhis funclion
wilhoul having lo change lhe securilv
level. The solulion lo lhe puzzle: You have
deleled lhe conlenls of lhe individual
nacros using lhe dialog. Bul now lhe
enplv nodule is slill inlegraled lo lhe fle.
ín order lo renove lhe nacro conplelelv:
Open lhe concerned fle and lhen open
lhe connand ´Tools | íacro | Visual Basic
Edilor´. Double·click on lhe opened fle and
lhen on ´íodule´ in lhe Projecl Explorer
window.
Then righl·click on ´íodule 1´ and
selecl lhe conlexl connand ´Fenove
íodule 1´.
Click on ´Ño´ when vou are asked as lo
whelher vou wanl lo exporl lhe nodule
before renoving il.
Ñow close lhe VBA Edilor and lhen
save vour Excel fle.
11
Microsoft Word
AutoæaticaIIy arraogiog buIIetiog io
Word
|O] Word cannot format the buIIeting
correctIy using the automatic
numbering-numbers are aIways pIaced
to the extreme Ieft of the target. When
the numbering changes from one to
two digits, the numbers are not pIaced
exactIy beIow each other. How can this
be tackIed7

The reason for lhis is lhe defaull
occupancv of lhe nunbering sellings lhal
cannol be used bv nanv users. íf vou
change lhis, vou need nol worrv aboul
fornalling lhe enlire docunenl afler il is
fnished. This is how vou go aboul il:
Selecl lhe desired enuneralion having
lhe aulonalic nunbering.
Fighl·click on lhe selecled area and
go lo lhe conlexl connand ´Bullels and
Ñunbering´. Click on ´Cuslonize´ in lhe
following dialog. Sel lhe ´Ñunber posilion´
lo ´Fighl´ in lhe following dialog box.
Afler vou confrn lhe change wilh ´OK´,
vord arranges all lhe nunbers in vour
enuneralion as desired.
12
Adobe Photoshop
Expaodiog the brightoess spectruæ oI
ao iæage
|O] This is a frequent phenomenon
in pictures of Iandscapes or cities:
the foreground is exposed weII, but
outshined by the sky in the background.
Often it is the other way round-if the
sky is a pretty bIue, the foreground is
Iost in dark shadows. Why is it so7

The canera´s pholo sensor is can
onlv lap one seclion oul of lhe available
brighlness speclrun, il sinplv reproduces
while or black on lhe upper and lower
parls respeclivelv. Bul lhere is a lrick for
piclures wilh leveled horizons,for inslance,
nake differenllv exposed inages fron
lhe sane inage frane and inserl lhen in
lhe inage ediling progran. íanv caneras
have an aperlure series funclion lo help
vou wilh lhal-lhe canera lakes lhree
pholos wilh varied aperlures when vou
press lhe shuller release, one lhal is
under exposed, one wilh lhe righl anounl
of brighlness, and one lhal is loo lighl.
Pick lwo piclures: one lhal reproduces
lhe background well and lhe olher lhal
reproduces lhe skv well. Load lhe inage
in Pholoshop wilh lhe correcllv exposed
background in lhe inage edilor and place
lhe olher inage on lop of il as laver.
Creale a gradienl nask lhal fades lhe
skv slarling fron lhe horizon on lhe one
hand, and covers lhe lower parl of lhe
inage wilh black on lhe olher.
Ñow carefullv superinpose lhe upper
laver using lhe opacilv regulalor-lhe
inages nerge. Bolh lhe inages
conlribule lheir correcllv exposed parls lo
forn a conplele inage lhal is exposed lo
lhe appropriale exlenl.
Feuovinu uacros in an existinu Excel file
couoletelv is siuole
10
Chanue the bulletinu correctlv usinu the
autouatic nuuberinu in Word
11
Add values to the reuistrv to uake the Caos
Lock behave the wav vou want it to
9
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0ne of the uost oooular ooen source 3ü
uodelinu software available, ßlender, takes
a while to uet used to oarticularlv because of
its unconventional interface. however, once
vou're on the ball with the functions and the
fundauentals, uodelinu is a snao. Check out
this collection of tiue-savinu tios that will
enable vou to boost vour oroductivitv while
usinu this aoolication.
hittiog the 'W' key briogs up a Iist oI
oIteo-used ßIeoder Ieatures
While usinu ßlender, functions like
subdividinu, workinu on noruals, hidinu
or revealinu surfaces are often used in
uodelinu jobs. lnstead of clickinu on
uenu functions or locatinu these settinus
within the ßuttons window, hit the ' W' kev.
üeoendinu uoon whether vou are in the Edit
uode or the 0bject uode, this kev brinus uo
a list of freuuentlv used functions that can
be directlv clicked on to use. This saves a
siunificant auount of tiue.
¥iewiog diæeosioos whiIe æodeIiog
io ßIeoder3ß
ßlender is often thouuht of as an artist's tool
where users orefer freeforu uodelinu as
oooosed to ohvsicallv accurate creations
with exact diuensions. While this is laruelv
true, ßlender also has the abilitv to disolav
actual values of vour uodel's diuensions
like lenuths of edues, anules between theu,
areas of faces etc. This is esoeciallv useful
while uodelinu oroduct orototvoes or for
architectural renderinus that reuuire to be
ohvsicallv accurate.
While in the Edit Mode, find the Mesh
Tools 1 section in the ßuttons oanel and click
on 'Edue Lenuth', 'Edue Anules' or 'Face
Area' as reuuired. You will see these values
dvnauicallv uodated as vou uake chanues to
vour uodel.
Adjustiog $ubsurI IeveIs quickIy
Subsurf uodelinu is oerhaos one of the
uost oowerful features in ßlender. To set
the Subsurf level, users tvoicallv need to
click on the aoorooriate 'Levels' value in the
'Modifiers' section. This could be tedious
if it needs to be set across uanv objects. A
uuick wav to do this is bv usinu the kevboard
shortcut lCtrl÷1|, lCtrl÷2|, etc. These
shortcuts corresoond to the relevant subsurf
level of vour uodel and vou will see the
chanues as vou use the shortcut.
$ettiog the 6Iippiog border Ior
æodeIiog detaiIs io coæpIex sceoes
While uodelinu couolex scenes or uodels,
vou will find it is souetiues difficult to work
on oarticular areas, as thev are blocked bv
soue other oart of the uodel. This haooens
esoeciallv while uodelinu furniture within
closed roous or workinu on the details of an
enuine within a car. ßlender has a feature
called Cliooinu ßorder, where vou can focus
on a oarticular area. hit lAlt֧| and the
cursor chanues to a crosshair. Now draw a
box around the area of the uodel vou want
to concentrate on. You will find that ßlender
hides evervthinu else in vour scene exceot
the area vou defined. This allows vou to
coufortablv work on that area. With lesser
ueouetrv on screen, this also soeeds uo
screen redraw tiue and results in uuicker
work. Siuolv hit lAlt֧| to return to the
default uode. Cliooinu ßorders work in both
the 0bject and Edit uodes.
6opyiog aod pastiog vaIues
While enterinu nuueric values in fields like
Color, Soecularitv or Mirror values in the
Materials box, it is often tedious to coov
these oaraueters to other objects. lnstead
of notinu down each of these values and
uanuallv tvoinu theu into the related fields
of other object, there's a uuch uuicker wav.
Siuolv oosition the cursor over the field vou
wish to coov and use the standard Windows
coov shortcuts lCtrl÷C|. Now select the
new object, locate the related oaraueter,
oosition vour cursor over the aoorooriate
text files and hit lCtrl÷v|. That's it-the
value will uet cooied verv uuicklv.
6opyiog attributes betweeo objects
When in the 0bject uode, use lCTFL÷L| to
uuicklv coov attributes between objects.
This can be used for the location, site,
rotation and several other oaraueters. For
exauole, this is a useful uethod to set two
objects to be the saue site, as oooosed to
uanuallv aooroxiuatinu theu. To use this,
first select the Child objects lthe ones vou
want the effect to work onI with the oarent
object lthe one that will be used as the
source of the oaraueter to be cooiedI. hit
lCtrl÷L| and vou're done.
Iiæe saviog tips io ßIeoder3ß
The W kev brinus a lot of features in ßlender
ßlender allows vou to view diuensions
Chanuinu Subsurf levels in ßlender
You can use Windows shortcuts to coov values
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13
MoziIIa firefox
8educiog the æeæory coosuæptioo oI
the browser drasticaIIy
|O] The memory requirement increases
rapidIy to more than 100 MB when I
surf for a Iong time or when many tabs
or windows are open and finaIIy sIows
down the system. How can this can be
changed7

Two effecls caler lo Firefox´s
ever increasing appelile for nenorv. All
websiles opened in labs and windows
occupv nenorv space, lhis space
renains occupied even afler nininizing
lhe windows. Besides, Firefox also saves
50 recenllv visiled websiles in lhe nain
nenorv of lhe PC in order lo facililale
quick browsing lhrough lhe session
hislorv. To reduce lhis unnecessarilv large
nunber of saved siles:
Enler ´aboul:confg´ in lhe address
bar. Search for ´browser.sessionhislorv.
nax_enlries´ in lhe ´Preference Ñane´ lisl
and double·click on il lo edil il. Change
lhe defaull selling ´50´ lo a considerablv
snaller nunber or even lo ´0´ and
confrn wilh ´OK´. vhen vou enler ´1´ or
´5´, vou can slill access lhe lasl visiled
websiles since lhev are slill available in
lhe FAí. íncidenlallv, saving lhe hislorv
is nol affecled bv lhis selling. Thus, vou
can browse lhrough as nanv siles as
vou wanl, vou onlv need lo wail for lhe
renewed loading of lhese websiles.
You can also inslrucl Firefox lo release
lhe nenorv space lhal is no longer in use.
Sinplv righl·click on anv space in lhe lisl
of confguralion sellings and selecl lhe
conlexl connand ´Ñew | Boolean´. Enler
´confg. lrin_on_nininize´ and click ´OK´.
Click on ´True´ in lhe following dialog
and again confrn wilh ´OK´. Ñow reslarl
lhe browser.
ND1£: The sinplesl wav of delernining
lhe currenl nenorv requirenenl of lhe
browser is lhrough lhe Task íanager.
Press lhe kev conbinalion |Clrl| + |All|
+ |Del| and click on ´Task íanager´ in lhe
following dialog under vindows 2000/XP.
Swilch lo lhe ´Processes´ lab and
search lhe lisl enlrv ´frefox.exe´. To ils
righl, vou will see lhe nenorv space
currenllv occupied bv lhe browser.
hA8ßWA8E
14
Hard Disk
Iæproviog speed oI sIow hard disks
|O] The functioning of a haIf-empty
system's hard disk at a snaiI's pace is
annoying-it potters about sIowIy even
after you run defrag. What's a smarter
way of overcoming this probIem7

The fragnenlalion of saved fles
bv vindows XP lhroughoul lhe conplele
disk nenorv is direcllv proporlional lo
lhe space occupied in lhe hard disk-lhis
also slows down lhe PC. You can easilv
oplinize alnosl all lhe fles for quick
access using XP´s defrag lool-bul nol
lhe Pagefle and lhe Fegislrv. The reason:
vindows XP does nol provide access lo
lhese fles while operaling.
Yel, lhe Pagefle and lhe Fegislrv fles
can easilv be oplinized for quick access
using lhe ´PageDefrag´ lool (fnd lhe lool
on lhis nonlh´s DVDì.
Unzip lhe archive inlo anv direclorv vou
wanl. Slarl lhe fle ´pagedfrg.exe´ afler
unzipping and aclivale ´Defragnenl al
nexl bool´ (refer to screenshotì. The lool
lalches ilself al lhe nexl bool before lhe
operaling svslen slarls and defrags lhe
svslen fles. vindows lhen bools and lhe
hard disk lhen slarls funclioning wilh ils
usual speed again.
15
WireIess LAN
Iæproviog the data IIow rate io sIow
Wi-Fi oetworks
|O] Wi-Fi functions smoothIy most of
the times but the data fIow rate faiIs
at times and the Ioading of websites is
time consuming. How do I address this
probIem7

vhen several vi·Fi users live
in close proxinilv, lhe range of vour
vi·Fi nav cone in lhe wav of lhe range
of anolher vi·Fi. The dala How rale is
affecled considerablv if all holspols in lhe
vicinilv are lransnilled lhrough lhe sane
channel: The bandwidlh decreases since
nanv vi·Fi roulers are using lhe sane
radio channel. To solve lhis problen, lhis
is whal vou need lo do:
Choose fron 13 radio channels in
lhe confguralion nenu of alnosl all lhe
vi·Fi roulers and sel il lo an unoccupied
frequencv band. Unforlunalelv, lhe
frequencies of adjoining channels overlap:
For exanple, if a vi·Fi user lransnils
lhrough channel 10 and anolher lhrough
channel 11. Bolh are affecled adverselv bv
each olher. This is whv lhe free frequencv
band should be al leasl lwo channels awav
fron an occupied channel.
All vou can do is keep changing lhe
channels and observe lhe dala lransfer
rale and if salisfed, cling on lo lhal
channel. Carrv oul lhis procedure al leasl
everv nonlh because nore and nore
offces are now inslalling vi·Fi. There are
sone lools also available on lhe ínlernel
for scanning channels around lhe access
poinl. Bul lhese lools are a lillle diffcull lo
fnd and nol ained al novices.


Craphics Card
EIiæioatiog the aoooyiog $LI waroiog
Ior ßeForce graphics cards
|O] I have equipped my PC with a new
GeForce graphics card. Since then the
Nvidia graphics card driver has been
fIashing the foIIowing warning every
time you start the computer: 'OnIy one
Faue üefrau ootiuites the oaue file and
reuistrv when the svsteu boots
14
Feducinu the ueuorv consuuotion of the
browser drasticallv bv confiuurinu it
13
TÌPS & TPÌCKS HANDS ON
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graphics card is avaiIabIe, SLI cannot
be executed'. How do I turn off this
annoying warning message7

The warning for lhe SLí reslriclion
(Scalable Link ínlerface, lechnique for
coupling of lwo graphics cardsì can be
elininaled in lwo wavs: Eilher wilh lhe
help of a junper on lhe nain board or
lhrough a nodifcalion in lhe ´Conpuler
íanagenenl´. Fefer lo lhe nanual lo
fnd oul whelher vour board has a junper
which is used for swilching on/off lhe
Scalable Link ínlerface. íf nol,
Click on ´Adninislralion lools | Conpuler
nanagenenl | Services and Applicalions |
Services´ in lhe Conlrol Panel.
A window will open afler vou click on
´Ñvidia Displav Driver Service | Properlies´.
Sel lhe slarl lvpe lo ´Deaclivaled´ in lhe
´Ceneral´ lab. Then click on ´Slarl | Fun´,
lvpe ´nsconfg´ and confrn wilh ´OK´.
Disable lhe ´ÑvCpl´ enlrv in lhe
´Slarlup´ lab. vindows will now bool
wilhoul lhe irrilaling SLí warning.

11
Drive Image
hard drive backup
|O] The best approach to back up your
hard drive backup is to use a good
software and create a disk image. What
is the most tried and tested method
of backing up a hard drive that most
Iarge corporations use as a standard
procedure7

A drive inage is nolhing bul a
delailed represenlalion of everv seclor and
lrack of vour hard disk. Once vou creale a
drive inage, vou´re free lo reslore il lo anv
hard drive vou wanl. íl is a good praclice lo
creale a drive inage jusl afler inslalling a
clean version of vindows XP. This allows
vou lo reslore and reverl lo a clean hard
disk inage in case of a virus or spvware
allack. Ñorlon Chosl is one of lhe good
producls in lhe narkel for crealing drive
inages. íl is used since lhe davs of DOS
and has proven line and again lo be al lhe
lop. The lalesl version supporls vindows
XP and increnenlal backups wilh lhe help
of which vou can creale a drive inage
snapshol and keep adding changes lo il.
Acronis True ínage is anolher producl
conpeling in lhis calegorv. íl has
been recognized in lhe narkel for ils
perfornance and ease of use. Trv il oul.
18
Power 5uppIy
ßuyiog a power suppIy
|O] I need to buy a good power suppIy
for my computer. Can you suggest some
tips for buying one7

vhen vou buv a power supplv unil
(PSUì, lhere are a couple of lhings lhal
vou need lo keep in nind.
CDMPA1I8ILI1¥ AND CDNN£C1Dk5: The nosl
inporlanl parl of a conpuler is lhe power
supplv. vhile older nolherboards need
a 20·pin ATX conneclor, newer and nore
advanced nolherboards need a 24·pin
ATX conneclor in a power supplv.
MDL£X CDNN£C1Dk5: íf vou look al a
power supplv, vou will see lhal il has
nanv oclopus·like conneclors. These are
12V íolex conneclors which connecl
lo peripherals like hard drives, CD/DVD·
FOí drives and fans. íake sure lhe
nunber of conneclors in vour power
supplv are enough lo neel lhe nunber of
conponenls in lhe PC.
5LI AND CkD55fIk£: íf vou´re a hardcore PC
enlhusiasl, vou´ll be aware of lhe new
and nuch lalked lechnologv called SLí.
íl allows vou lo conbine lhe processing
power and nenorv of lwo Ñvidia video
cards. The ATí video cards use ´CrossFire´
lechnologv. íf vou inlend lo go lhe SLí
wav, nake sure vour power supplv is SLí
Cerlifed (for Ñvidia video cardsì or ATí
CrossFire Feadv (for ATí videoì.
WA11AC£: One lhing aboul purchasing
power supplies is lhe peak wallage lhal
is usuallv slaled. Co for a higher wallage
lhan whal vou need. íf vou are building a
ganing svslen, going for anvlhing less
lhan 400 walls is nol a good idea.
5IZ£ Df 1H£ P5U: íosl of lhe power
supplies available on lhe narkel conforn
lo lhe ATX specifcalion. Before buving a
PSU, nake sure vour case also conforns
lo lhe ATX forn faclor.
Alwavs opl for well known brands
lhal don´l conpronise on qualilv. Don´l
sellle for sonelhing wilh a lesser power
raling lo avoid breakdown laler. A well
conducled research will gel vou a good
bargain-lhe besl power supplv unil vour
nonev can buv.
use the 'usconfiu' tool to disable the Nvidia
Control Fanel service frou the startuo
16
use Norton 0host to back uo vour hard drive
onto a Cü or on the network
17
The nuuber of connectors in vour FSu should
be enouuh for vour FC couoonents
18
TÌPS & TPÌCKS HANDS ON
12S
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TÌPS & TPÌCKS HANDS ON
J/lu/RY ZJJ/

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PEVÌEW UNWlND
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J/lu/RY ZJJ/
l
f vou feel crickel is loo boring and
foolball involves conlrolling loo nanv
plavers lhen vou should probablv lrv
vour hand al baskelball. Ño, í an nol
asking vou lo go ´shool sone hoops´ in
vour backvard-who has a backvard? This
is aboul EA Sporls´ NBA Live 07, which
has been around for a couple of nonlhs
now. A lean consisls of jusl fve plavers
and lhe plavground is a 94x50 fool
courl. Conpare lhis lo 11 plavers and a
foolball feld.
The size of lhe courl and lhe rules
nake lhe gane nove al a fasl pace. íf
vou are a frsl liner wilh baskelball, vou
will fnd il fruslraling. You will have lo pick
up lhe gane as well as lhe noves. The
good lhing is vou onlv have lo nanage
fve plavers. These fve plavers will double
up as vour ´defense´ and ´offence´. The
conlrols change depending on which side
of lhe courl vour lean is on. íf vou are
in lhe fronl of lhe courl lrving lo score,
lhen vour plavers will nake passes and
press lowards lhe hoop. vhen vou are
on lhe defense, vour conlrols will allow
vou lo block, sleal and nake passes lo
leannales.
These noves becone clearer as vou
praclise nalches againsl weaker leans.
The praclice node is nainlv lo sharpen
vour dribbling and shooling skills. The
´slan dunk school´ is a lol of fun as lhis
is where all ESPÑ Sporlscenler highlighls
cone lo life. Perfecling lhe noves
such as lhe ´allev·oop pass´ lopped off
wilh a well·lined shufHe will produce a
speclacular slan dunk. This lakes a lol of
praclice as vou need lo have greal conlrol
and lining. These skills will be pul lo use
when vou challenge a plaver lo a slan
dunk conlesl. You cannol repeal slan
dunks-vou will gel booed and penalized.
Jusl like olher lean·based sporls lilles
available, vou gel lo choose a lean, plav
lhrough lhe ÑBA series in lhe Season
íode. There are eighl lvpes of plavers
in ÑBA Live. Each lvpe represenls an
abililv lhal allows vou lo nake noves
lhal regular leannales are unable lo do.
Superslar plavers like Shaquille O´Ñeal fall
under lhe ´high Hver´ lvpe, which neans
he will be able lo nake his characlerislic
dunks when vou use lhe special kevs. To
add lo lhe drana lhere is anolher plaver,
who has capabililies lhal can win vou
lhal crucial poinl or nake a greal save.
His polenlial gels unlocked onlv if he is
alwavs involved in lhe gane.
The speclalors and lhe connenlalors
nake lhe gane cone alive. The
speclalors are closer lo lhe courl, alwavs
cheering. íusic is plaved inlernillenllv
and lhe connenlalors are alwavs lalking,
joking and passing wise cracks al poor
plav. Once vou gel a hang of lhe gane,
vou can nove on lo lhe ´Dvnaslv´ node
wherein vou gel lo be lhe nanager and
can call lhe shols. You can sel vour
lean´s priorilies wilh lhe help of lhe
assislanl coach, assislanl lrainer and
scoul who vou´ve hired. As a nanager vou
have lo nonilor lean chenislrv.
Palience is required lo learn nosl of
lhe noves in order lo plav well. Plaver
idenlifcalion is nol verv clear eilher. íf
lhe plavers crowd in lhe free·lhrow lane
(around lhe hoopì lhen vou reallv need
sone judgenenl.
The gane is fasl paced and enjovable.
íake sure vou run lhrough lhe gane
confguralion lo change lhe wav vour
lean allacks and vou will be able lo sel
lhe courl on fre.
Here is your chance to take that 'CavaIier' attitude
to the basketbaII court. Turn on the 'Magic' with
smooth passes and backboard shattering dunks
BY ASHUTOSH DESAI
Pramod Jadhav
$M$ us! Storv code. ü8N lSee Faue 1ë for detailsI
G6I>C<H ,#*$&%
For. The soundtrack uoes well with the teuoo of the uaue. Loads of confiuurations like offensive/defensive fouls, injuries can be used to ease the oressure off
new users. Agaiost. There aren't anv reolavs for uood oasses/scores. lt isn't verv different frou its oredecessor.
Frice. ks 2,199 FubIisher. EA Soorts ßistributor. Milestone lnteractive Fhooe. 1-800-22-FLAY e-æaiI. sales@uilestoneinteractive.cou 8equireæeots. FS2 console, ueuorv card
130
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Pramod Jadhav
$M$ us! Storv code. ü8I lSee Faue 1ë for detailsI
For. 0reat uraohics, iuuersive uaueolav, fantastic lv detailed storvline , verv reolavable .
Agaiost. ßuuuv at tiues. There are issues with savinu uaues. heavv svsteu reuuireuents.
Frice. ks 1,299 FubIisher. ubisoft ßistributor. e-xoress lnteractive Fhooe. 022-2881373ë e-æaiI. info@e-xoressindia.
cou 8equireæeots. lntel Fentiuu1 3 0ht CFu lor euuivalentI, 10ß FAM, 128 Mß üirectX 9c couoatible video card, 8 0ß disk soace
G6I>C<H -$&%
T
here is a gehre oI games which
aIIracIs Ihe mosI discerhihg
gamers. While mosI IrsI persoh
games rely oh heavy shooI-'em-up
IacIics agaihsI hordes oI ehemies,
IacIical shooIers ehcourage gamers
Io accomplish obiecIives wiIh as
liIIle bloodshed as possible. Ìh syhc
wiIh Ihis Iheory ahd very similar Io
Th¡ef, Spí¡nIer Ceíí-Døubíe AgenI has
more Ihah iIs Iair share oI adrehalihe-
pumpihg momehIs alIhough iI is hoI Ior
Ihose Ior whom ohly Ihe mosI ihIehse
IreIghIs cah be challehgihg.
The laIesI ih Ihe SplihIer Cell series,
Ihe game presehIs Sam Fisher workihg
as a double agehI. AIIer Ihe deaIh oI his
apprehIice ahd daughIer, Fisher goes
deep uhdercover Io work Ior a IerrorisI
orgahizaIioh while passihg ihIormaIioh
Io Ihe NSA. Workihg as a double agehI
has iIs share oI e×ciIemehI ahd Iehsioh
wheh Ihe moIive is Io desIroy Ihe
IerrorisI group ahd geI ouI alive.
Spí¡nIer Ceíí-DA places a heavy
emphasis oh Ihe IrusI sysIem. Fisher
has Io maihIaih a delicaIe balahce
while workihg Ior Ihe NSA ahd Ihe
JBA. ÌI he becomes Ioo ruIhless while
workihg Ior Ihe JBA, he risks losihg
IrusI poihIs wiIh Ihe NSA. Oh Ihe oIher
hahd, iI he shies away Irom bloodshed
Ioo oIIeh, he'll risk blowihg his cover
ahd ieopardize Ihe ehIire operaIioh. By
cohsIahIly keepihg Irack oI how Iohd
each side is oI Fisher, players are Iorced
Io maihIaih a Iragile balahce. Every
missioh has iIs owh seI oI obiecIives,
some oI Ihese obiecIives are missioh
criIical while oIhers areh'I. BuI every
obiecIive you compleIe ihIuehces Ihe
game laIer. This makes Ihe game very
replayable. The sIorylihe oI Ihe game is
rich ih deIail wiIh mulIiple ehdihgs.
This is ohe good lookihg game! HDP
lighIihg ahd improved weaIher eIIecIs
cohIribuIe Io creaIe a visually ehgagihg
game, Ihough aI Iimes shadows are
visible aI places where Ihere shouldh'I
be ahy ahd suddeh IucIuaIiohs ih
Ihe Irame raIes mar whaI could've
beeh a real visual IreaI. BuI all Ihis
eye cahdy comes aI a heavy price: Ihe
recommehded requiremehIs are-a 3.5
GHz processor wiIh aI leasI 1 GB PAM.
The ihsIalled game Iakes up a massive
10 GB oI space!
Audio Ioo, is commehdbale. BuI
Iheh, souhd has always beeh ah
imporIahI aspecI oI Ihis series. You
woh'I be disappoihIed, we assure you.
AÌ is ohe area Ihis game could
have improved upoh. As lohg as
your sIealIh meIer glows greeh, you
are reassurihgly hiddeh ih Ihe dark.
SIahdihg righI ih IrohI oI ah ehemy
guard eliciIs ho reacIioh aI all, hoI uhIil
you brush pasI Ihe guy.
Savihg games cah someIimes be
ahhoyihgly diIIculI. Several Iimes
we've had Io reload a game aI a criIical
iuhcIure ohly Io Ihd IhaI Ihe earlier
saved games doh'I load! As we played,
we rah ihIo more bugs-buggy AÌ,
clippihg problems, IalIerihg audio, wild
Irame raIes.
Barrihg Ihese mihor Iechhical
Iaws, Døubíe AgenI is a good game,
parIicularly wiIh iIs IahIasIic ploI.
Those oI you who have iusI beeh
ihIroduced Io Ihe Spí¡nIer Ceíí Irahchise
should geI Iheir hahds oh Ihe earlier
versiohs. Die-hard Iahs will really love
Ihis hewesI addiIioh Io Ihe series.
Hair-raising action in this game of doubIe crossing for
the right reasons... BY VIJAY GEORGE
J/lu/RY ZJJ/

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T
here are diIIerehI ways Io chahhel pehI up aggressioh.
Ohe popular meIhod used is Io breaIhe deeply ahd
couhI Io Ieh. There is ho guarahIee IhaI Ihis will calm
you dowh. ÌhsIead, you cah iusI pick up a game cohIroller
ahd give your oppohehI a 'cloIhes lihe' he will remember
Ior Ihe resI oI his WWE career. Smackdøvn vs Fav 2007, by
WWE ahd Yuke (developers), is Iull oI maheuvers ahd modes
IhaI will keep you occupied Ior mahy ah hour.
The game is repleIe wiIh diIIerehI modes, which ih Iurh
oIIer diIIerehI maIches Io play. You cah go sIraighI ihIo
ah e×hibiIioh map buI iI is recommehded you go Ihrough
Ihe 'Basics' secIioh Io learh abouI Ihe diIIerehI wresIlihg
maheuvers. This secIioh is hoI ah ihIeracIive sessioh
wiIh Ihe compuIer. All you cah do is lisIeh ahd learh. You
may have played older Iavors oI Ihis game buI Ihis Iime
Ihe game IeaIures a reIreshed seI oI moves ihcludihg a
compleIely hew grapplihg sysIem. ThereIore, Ihere are more
key combihaIiohs Io learh.
Smackdøvn vs FAW oIIers diIIerehI game modes Io
choose Irom. Ohe oI Ihem ihvolves playihg Ihe role oI Ihe
Geheral Mahager direcIly uhder Vihce McMohah, who sehds
you a mail remihdihg you abouI your goals ahd budgeIs.
As a mahager you have Io make sure IhaI you sloI popular
maIches ahd make some mohey Ior Ihe compahy. You cah
choose Io siI ouI oI Ihe maIch ahd waIch a simulaIed versioh.
ÌI is imporIahI IhaI you orgahize Ihe I×Iures ih such a way
IhaI Ihe maIches aIIracI loads oI specIaIors. This ihcreases
your earhihgs as a Geheral Mahager. This mode cah be
quiIe ihIehsive ahd borihg Ior Ihose who like Io iusI geI ihIo
Ihe e×hibiIioh or seasoh mode. These Iake you sIraighI Io
Ihe maIch-choose your wresIler based oh Ihe raIihgs ahd
populariIy scores Ihe game displays, ahd sIep ihIo Ihe rihg.
ÌI is always Iuh Io waIch each wresIler's ehIrahce-Iashy,
hoisy, ihIimidaIihg or iusI plaih harcissisI. BuI Ihere are
ahhoyihg load Iimes beIore ahd aIIer Ihis ehIrahce. So iI
you have choseh a Iag Ieam or a hahdicap maIch, you are
ih Ior a lohg waiI. Oh Ihe oIher hahd, iI you are a sucker Ior
Ihese IesIosIerohe shows Iheh you cah creaIe ah ehIrahce
Ior yourselI Ioo. The moves are Iairly simple Io uhdersIahd
ahd implemehI. The hew grapplihg sysIem allows you Io
use Ihe righI ioysIick Io Iake oh Ihe oppohehI ih diIIerehI
ways. Grapples cah also be reversed iI Ihe keys are pressed
aI Ihe righI Iime. Ìh addiIioh Io Ihe grapples, you heed Io be
oh your Ioes Ior Ihe sysIem Io Iash messages abouI special
moves. They have Io be dohe ihsIahIly or else Ihey disappear
Ior someIime agaih. This cah geI quiIe ahhoyihg especially
wheh you are dowh oh Ihe maI ahd you heed Io press Ihe '×'
key aI Ihe righI Iime Io keep yourselI ih Ihe game.
Similar Io popular games is Ihe 'momehIum' meIer. As
lohg as Ihis is high, you are hoI ih Irouble. You also heed Io
make sure you doh'I ruh yourselI ouI oI breaIh. You heed
Io replehish your sIamiha aI ihIervals or else you will be
Ihd yourselI oh Ihe receivihg ehd. The mosI ihIeresIihg
IeaIure oI Ihe game is Ihe ehvirohmehI-you cah drag your
oppohehI arouhd, rub his Iace ihIo Ihe ropes, or smash
ihIo Ihe sIeel sIeps, use Ihe commehIaIor's TV cable, a Ire
e×Iihguisher, Ioldable chairs. ÌI you cah pick ah obiecI, you
cah use iI oh your oppohehI. You cah eveh Iake your IghI
ouIside Ihe rihg-ihIo Ihe crowd. Ñow lhal would be real fun,
wouldnl il?
A Ioud soundtrack, Ioads of testosterone and fIashy entries-WWE is back with
another version of this popuIar form of wrestIing BY ASHUTOSH DESAI
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For. The wrestlers have been recreated verv well in this uaue. You can take vour fiuht outside the rinu too. You can create and save vour own finishinu uoves.
Agaiost. Slow loadinu tiues. The uenu desiun looks tackv. Wrestler interaction is not uo to the uark.
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J/lu/RY ZJJ/
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J/lu/RY ZJJ/
1ewnsquare
Creetings, dear readers
íl´s been aboul a nonlh since we have
launched our websile and we´re gelling a
conlinuous slrean of feedback! Of course,
lhere aren´l onlv lhe bouquels-we´ve
been seeing a fair nunber of brickbals
coning our wav as well! Bul lhen, lhal´s
whal feedback is all aboul, righl?
Besides enhancenenls in our design,
lavoul and conlenl, vou will also have noliced
lhal lhe new CHíP·índia is a lol quicker
loading now. íl looks like our nove lo a new
high·bandwidlh server is paving off! On lhe
conlenl fronl, we have begun uploading arlicles
across various seclions of our pasl issues
and will be conlinuing lo updale lhen over
lhe forlhconing weeks. ve have received
feedback regarding lhe size, deplh and lavoul
of lhese arlicles (fron lhe producl reviews
lo lechnologv fealure arlicles, elcì and are
naking nole of all lhese suggeslions. The
inabililv lo posl on lhe Know·How seclion
conlinues lo be a poinl of concern lo several
of our regislered users, and we are well
aware of lhis. Taking inlo accounl lhe several
inconsislencies lhal cropped up in lhe previous
versions of lhis seclion, we decided lo bring
il down, gel il inlo our lool shed and re·work
il ground up. ve are ironing oul all lhe bugs
and will be re·launching il verv shorllv, along
wilh several usabililv enhancenenls lhal
will nake lhe Know·How seclion one of lhe
nosl ulililarian seclions of our websile.
On our foruns, lhere is plenlv of aclion
happening. AnandK is back wilh his useful
suggeslions-check oul lhe one where he
posls a link lo infornalion aboul lhe Deep
veb. Besides all of lhe websiles lhal are
indexed bv lhe popular search engines, lhere is
plenlv of infornalion oul lhere on lhe ínlernel
lhal isn´l al lhe receiving end of a search
engine. Sludies indicale lhal lhe infornalion
we access fron publiclv accessible search
engines accounls for barelv 16 lo 20 percenl
of lhe lolal anounl of infornalion on lhe
veb-over 30 percenl of il lies below lhe
radar of search engines! Check oul lhe link
here for nore inleresling infornalion on lhe
Deep veb, wilh a nicelv wrillen lisling of sleps
vou can inplenenl lo lap inlo sone of il.
ve also cane across an inleresling posling
lhal calls for user ralings for various Linux
dislribulions. Keep lhis posl running as il´ll
help us delernine which Linux dislribulions
lo fealure on a regular basis. vhen il cones
lo applicalions like progranning or areas
lhal require considerable experlise, lhere´s
nolhing like posling on a knowledgeable
forun. On our ínlernel lhread, ír Cool
posled a seeninglv basic querv on how lo
nask a web address while posling il on lhe
ínlernel. Seeing lhe posling run inlo a couple
of pages worlh of suggeslions is indicalive
of lhe dedicalion on lhe parl of our Forun
nenbers. Thanks for lhe suggeslions and
kudos lo all of vou for lhe insighlful responses.
´lesrock´ has posled an inleresling lhread
queslioning lhe scalabililv of nodern PC·based
ganes. íl´s an inleresling read if vou wanl lo
gel lhe lowdown on which graphics cards are
suiled for parlicular fanilies of ganes and whal
capabililies lhev bring lo lhe lable. vhelher
vou wanl lo plav new·generalion ganes al
lheir highesl visual levels or are looking for
sonelhing nore suiled lo a nodesl budgel,
vou´ll fnd sone inleresling infornalion here.
Ñexl, we happened lo see a nunber of
observalions on our feedback forn ilself!
íf lhere are anv issues vou face wilh lhis,
do lel us know so lhal we can reacl lo il
accordinglv. You know well lhal lhe feedback
and evenluallv our websile relv on such
infornalion in order lo enhance and lo keep
lhe buzz alive on ils various conlenl offerings.
Finallv, we´ve cone upon a couple
of inslances of users posling links lo
illegal websiles on sone seclions of
our foruns. vhile í reilerale here lhe
severilv of such an acl would resull in lhe
delelion of lhe posl and banning lhe user
fron lhe foruns, il is hearlening lo see
several olher users highlighling lhis issue
and rising up againsl such poslings.
On a happv nole, here´s wishing all of
vou a verv happv new vear wilh slrenglh
and success in lhe davs ahead!
j Marco D'Souza
narco.dsouza©chip-india.con
hoæe
koow-how
Iowosquare
8eviews
Ihis Mooth's Issue
6ß 6ooteots
$ubscribe Ioday
ßowoIoads
Feedback
6areers@6hIF
1HlS M0N1H 0N chip-india.cem
TOWNSOUARE
Post: Manager- !ava, !2LL
Co. Name: volen SoíLware Services lvL. LLd.
ProñIe: 1he applicanL shall have relevanL
qualiícaLions along wiLh Lhe prior working
exposure as a lroìecL Leader or a Manager.
£xp: 7-l2
Location: 8angalore
£maiI: ranìiLa@volensoíLware.com
Post: lroíessional- .DoL NeL
Co. Name: Lsika lníoLech lvL. LLd.
ProñIe: Shall have excellenL Knowledge in
C# and DoL neL. MusL have prior working
knowledge in ASl and in any DaLa hase
£xp: 4-7
Location: 8angalore
£maiI: sanLoshn@esikainíoLech.com
Post: leopleSoíL 1echnical ConsulLanL
Co. Name: CiLagus SoíLware (USA) lnc.
ProñIe: kequired an applicanL wiLh Lhe
working experience in leopeSoíL HkMS
1echnical ConsulLanL. Should he 1echnically
Oualiíed
£xp: 5-8
Location: 8angalore
£maiI: hr@ciLagus.com
Post: Sr.OA Lngineer
Co. Name: CLl lndia lvL. LLd.
ProñIe: Shall have 1esLing Lxperience (1esL
llan, 1esL Cases), 1esL keporLs DevelopmenL
experience, daLahase experience (Oracle/
SOL Server ) (query, LesL daLa generaLion)
& experience in ConíguraLion & Change
ManagemenL
£xp: 4-8
Location: Chennai
£maiI: nmadhavan@ceiindia.com
Post: lroìecL Manager
Co. Name: 1alisma CorporaLion lvL. LLd.
ProñIe: Looking íor an M8A wiLh prior
experience in high-end Lechnology
applicaLion indusLry in proìecL managemenL
and implemenLaLion oí enLerprise soíLware.
£xp: 4-8
Location: 8angalore
£maiI: careers@Lalisma.com
Post: Manager Weh AdminisLraLion
Co. Name: ll SoíL
ProñIe: kequired experience in applicaLion
producLion supporL. LxLensive hands-on
applicaLion supporL and or design required.
MusL have sLrong proìecL managemenL
experience.
£xp: 6-ll
Location: 8angalore
£maiI: uhhaskar@ip-soíL.neL
Post: Manager- OualiLy
Co. Name: SynLel LLd.
ProñIe: 1he ideal candidaLe shall have
relevanL qualiícaLions along wiLh Lhe rich
prior working exposure in OualiLy.
£xp: 7-l0
Location: Mumhai
£maiI: SmriLiGiroLra@synLelinc.com
Post: lrogram Manager
Co. Name: Wipro lníoLech
ProñIe: lroìecL ManagemenL /lmplemenLaLion
(ahiliLy Lo prepare proìecL plan / manage
Lhe same as per deíned Limelines). Have
worked in 24x7 SupporL LnvironmenL. Have
undersLanding oí l1lL lramework.
£xp: 8-l2
Location: Gurgaon
£maiI: gupLa.rashmi@wipro.com
Post: Sr. SoíLware Lngineer
Co. Name: Spryance (lndia) lvL. LLd.
ProñIe: MusL have sLrong knowledge
and work experience in C#, ASl.NeL, Weh
Services, A!AX, XML, ADO.NeL, SOL 2000,
UniL LesLing Lools such as Mercury Load
1esLer larLicipaLe in LLD
£xp: 4-6
Location: Mumhai
£maiI: hkiran@spryance.com
Post: lroìecL Manager
Co. Name: l1C SoíLware lndia lvL. LLd.
ProñIe: MusL he MasLer in Science,
CompuLer Science, Languages or any
discipline relaLed Lo localizaLion indusLry
wiLh working experience. CandidaLes
wiLh CAlM or lMl cerLiícaLions will he
preííered.
£xp: 8-l2
Location: lune
£maiI: hrnaukri@pLc.com
Post: lroìecL Leader
Co. Name: Corhus lndia lvL. LLd.
ProñIe: Shall have DevelopmenL experience
using Oracle,ll/SOL, Designing experience
along wiLh Lhe experience in Lhe role oí lL
£xp: 6-8
Location: Delhi/NCk
£maiI: rkapoor@corhus.com
Post: Lead Weh Designer
Co. Name: Candid SoíLware (l) LLd.
ProñIe: CandidaLe should he a line arL
GraduaLe & proícienL in lhoLoshop,
Dreamweaver,Weh pages layouLs Should he
very creaLive and Leam huilder & UpdaLed
wiLh laLesL weh Lrends including weh 2.0
£xp: 4-8
Location: Delhi
£maiI: ìohs@candid.co.in
Post: Sr. Oracle Developer
Co. Name: KogenL SoluLions
ProñIe: Shall he well versed wiLh Oracle
D2K Lechnologies & musL have experLise in
lorms & keporLs (version. 6i, 8i, 9i and l0g)
and good command oí lL/SOL.
£xp: 4-8
Location: Delhi/NCk
£maiI: ìohs@kogenL-india.com
Post: Mainírame lroíessionals.
Co. Name: Nippon DaLa SysLems
ProñIe: Mainírame daLa sLrucLures,
MainLain and navigaLe Mainírame ìoh
lihraries, WriLe !CL, Compuware's lileaid
1ool íor Mainírames, Unix and N1.
£xp: 5-l0
Location: Hyderahad
£maiI: hr@nippondaLa.com
Post: Sr. Lngineer- Oracle
Co. Name: Oracle lndia lvL. LLd.
ProñIe: Will have Lo Manage core 8DL
requesLs (lls, l2 LscalaLions, One Oíís/
8ackporLs, klAs, ...) logged hy lroducL
SupporL Lngineers íor speciíed producLs
wiLhin an assigned lroducL Line.
£xp: 4-9
Location: 8angalore
£maiI: rachna.ìali@oracle.com
Post: 1esL Lead
Co. Name: HCL 1echnologies LLd.
ProñIe: CandidaLe should have LxcellenL
CommunicaLion Skills and adherence Lo
process.
£xp: 6-8
Location: Delhi/NCk
£maiI: sandipak@hcl.in
Post: ArchiLecL
Co. Name: volen SoíLware Services lvL.
LLd.
ProñIe: kequired proíessionals who
have experience wiLh COGNOS, 8usiness
OhìecLs,lníormaLica,SAS highly desirahle.
Shall have Lxperience as 1echnical Lead/
lroìecL Lead.
£xp: 6-ll
Location: 8angalore
£maiI: ranìiLa@volensoíLware.com
Post: !ava lroíessionals
Co. Name: Aks lníoLech kesources
ProñIe: CandidaLes musL have a sLrong
OOA and OOD Skills, DevelopmenL oí !2LL
applicaLions using any oí Lhe daLahase
sysLems like Oracle, SOL Server and MySql.
£xp: 4-9
Location: lune
£maiI: hangaloreaks@yahoo.com
Post: lroìecL Manager- !ava & !2LL
Co. Name: ConLaLa SoluLions lvL. LLd.
ProñIe: 1he ideal shall have used & worked
in a process seLLing oí CMM/CMMi or
any oLher world class process. Worked &
inLeracLed wiLh overseas clienLs direcLly.
£xp: 4-7
Location: Noida
£maiI: ìohs@conLaLa.co.in
Post: lroìecL Leader- ASl.NL1
Co. Name: Core SoluLions,lnc.
ProñIe: kequired an M.Sc (l1) / 8L / 8.1ech /
MCA's wiLh hands on experience in design,
developmenL, and proìecL managemenL Lhrough
Lhe compleLe SDLC in .NL1 domain.
£xp: 4-9
Location: Chennai
£maiI: csihr@coresoluLionsinc.com
Post: Sr. SysLem AnalysL
Co. Name: AOL 8angalore DevelopmenL
CenLer
ProñIe: Good Unix/Linux, SOL, lerl,
AuLosys, on-call supporL Knowledge on
AhiniLio, NeLezza,L1L kHCL, SOL cerLiíed
will he an added advanLage.
£xp: 5-l0
Location: 8angalore
£maiI: liìoylonahr@aol.com
Post: !ava ArchiLecL
Co. Name: AlG SysLems SoluLions lvL. LLd.
ProñIe: Should have good !ava
developmenL and archiLecLure skills
Lxperience and proven skills in !ava
archiLecLure and soluLioning will he an
added advanLage.
£xp: 4-5
Location: Mumhai
£maiI: henriLa.padmini@aig.com
Post: lroìecL Manager
Co. Name: Lureka LechnocraLs lvL. LLd.
ProñIe: Should have Lhe UNlX knowledge &
musL know D8 ConcepLs & AdminisLraLion
MusL have knowledge oí DWH concepLs
and implemenLaLion knowledge oí DWH in
lníormaLica
£xp: l0-l5
Location: 8angalore
£maiI: careerindia@eurekaLek.com
Post: lroìecL Manager- .NeL
Co. Name: SoíLsol lndia LLd.
ProñIe: MusL have proven experience in
SoíLware proìecL ManagemenL along wiLh
experience oí working in US, Lurope. kequired
exLensive knowledge oí !ava 1echnologies
£xp: l0-l2
Location: Hyderahad
£maiI: damodar@soíLsolresources.com
Post: lroíessionals- C++
Co. Name: CoreOhìecLs lndia lvL. LLd.
ProñIe: Hands on experience in C++ / vC++
along wiLh working knowledge oí COM,
MulLiLhreading. kich experience in working
on Windows lnLernals.
£xp: 4-7
Location: lune
£maiI: smiLa.ghaLge@coreohìecLs.com
Post: Sr !ava Developers
Co. Name: SonaLa SoíLware LLd.
ProñIe: kequired a 8L /8.1ech / MCA. MusL
have hands-on experience in . !2LL , !Sl,
ServleLs, L!8, SLruLs lramework, WehLogic
8.x ,Oracle 9.x
£xp: 5-6
Location: Hyderahad
£maiI: chaiLanya.k@sonaLa-soíLware.com
Post: lroìecL Manager
Co. Name: Sodexho lass
ProñIe: Managing sysLem developmenL
liíecycle including documenLaLion aL every
sLage. Managing implemenLaLion oí SAl
& 8l. CoordinaLing wiLh vendor íor Lhe
same.
£xp: 5-8
Location: Mumhai
£maiI: reeLu.ram@sodexhoindia.com
Post: Head- l1
Co. Name: DS Group
ProñIe: Looking íor a 8L (Comp.Science)/
MCA/ ML (Comp.Science) along wiLh
Lhe rich work Lxperience& Lhorough
knowledge ahouL lníormaLion 1echnology.
£xp: l0-l2
Location: GuwahaLi
£maiI: himani.upadhyaya@dsgroupindia.
com
Post: Sr. Oracle Developer
Co. Name: KogenL SoluLions
ProñIe: LxperLise in lorms & keporLs
(version. 6i, 8i, 9i and l0g) and good
command oí lL/SOL. DaLahase. Oracle
(version 8i and 9i).
£xp: 4-8
Location: Delhi/NCk
£maiI: ìohs@kogenL-india.com
Post: SoíLware lroìecL Manager
Co. Name: Siemens lníormaLion SysLems
LLd.
ProñIe: SoíLware lndusLry experience
wiLh lroìecL ManagemenL experience
in managing proìecLs íor US / Luropean
cusLomers is highly desirahle Shall have
sLrong knowledge oí C++, vC++/C#.NeL
Lechnologies.
£xp: 8-l2
Location: 8angalore
£maiI: karLhik.shreeram.exL@siemens.com
&(-
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0ECEMBER ZJJc
mmm$Y^_f#_dZ_W$Yec
Mumbai
Hafeez Shaikh
Fhone. l022I 212328ë5
BangaIore
Harish Kamat
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Hyderabad
Vasudevan Iyer
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Rex Fernando
Fhone. l011I 28295050/51
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8aVhh^[^ZYh
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147
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INIELLIßENI 6üMFüIINß 6hIF

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J/lu/RY ZJJ/
l
l´s inleresling lhe wav nanufaclures lhink
up so nanv greal·sounding lechnologies-
several of lhen surrounded bv enough cool·
sounding jargon lo wow even lhe nosl skeplical
of luddiles. Fron cellular phone conpanies
louling íobile veb access lo gane console
nanufaclures lrunpeling lheir processing
prowess lo processor nanufaclurers pronising
a vasl change in our lifeslvle, lhere are several
slrange and wonderful wavs in which gadgels
will change our lives for lhe beller. Or so we are
lold. Afler all, lechnologv needs lo be sold.
However, we verv oflen cone up wilh
inslances where lhe adoplion of a lechnologv
far oulpaces lhe need for a consuner lo use
il. íanv will idenlifv wilh ne when í quole a
faniliar silualion of users who own a culling
edge piece of lechnologv, wilh absolulelv no
clue aboul how lo use il. You´ll see lhen picking
al lheir giznos in coffee shops or al airporl
deparlure gales, lheir lechnologv in full view,
a snug expression while lhev fddle wilh lheir
laplop or handheld for lhe pure sake of doing so.
These are living inslances of lhe classic 30/20
rule of producl design (30 percenl of users
never wind up using nore lhan 20 percenl of lhe
producl´s capabililvì. One lhing lhal lechnologv
has done, lhough, is upscale people´s oullook of
lhenselves. The ´lifeslvle´ aspecl of lechnologv
is laking ever·grealer predoninance in lhe
wav people buv and use producls. There was
a line where nosl people wouldn´l wanl lo
be associaled wilh lechnologv-lhal was lhe
line when being called a geek was deneaning.
Todav, anv knowledge of jargon has serious
Haunl value!
íore lhan jusl being faniliar wilh
lechnologv, is lhe abililv lo use il lo ils
fullesl. Having EDCE·based cellular
ínlernel access neans nolhing if il
isn´l used lo increase produclivilv. A
dual core processor will do nolhing
for produclivilv if lhe verv approach
loward using soflware is unchanged.
ve are however beginning lo see
sone hearlening exanples of how
developers are lapping inlo new wavs
of deploving lechnologies-nanv of
which have been around for ages.
Take lhe case of SíS·based services-nillions
of people use lheir phone lo lexl nessage,
bul we are slill lo cone upon a praclicallv
usable localion·based service for nornal cell
phone users. There are slrav exanples of
inleresling work being done in ulilizing exisling
lechnologies beller (as noled in lhe Personal
Technologv colunn lhis nonlhì, bul nol enough.
Unforlunalelv, lhere are loo nanv who gel
swepl up bv lhe lure of a ´breaking lechnologv´,
willinglv abandoning ils preceding ileralion.
Like nanv olhers around ne, í look forward lo
nanufaclurers and service providers delivering
solulions lhal bring pragnalisn lo exisling
lechnologv, before lhev gel inlo lhe whirl of
launching lhe nexl big lhing.
üutpaciog ioput
Ever noliced how, over lhe vears, lhe one lhing
lhal hasn´l changed is lhe lruslv kevboard?
Coing back decades, lhe good ol´ OvEFTY
fornal has oullived lhe ZX Speclrun and
16 íHz processors, slill going slrong in lhis
lerabvle·gigaherlz·enabled age. Have vou ever
wondered whv lhe kevs on vour kevboard are
dislribuled such? vell, lhe design was ained
al enabling as nuch of allernalion belween
lhe lwo hands while lvping, facililaling quicker
inpul. To nanv louch·lvpisls, life wilhoul a
kevboard is unfalhonable. Even producls like
voice recognilion soflware and louch screens
have nanaged lo overlhrow lhis inpul device.
Conprising lillle nore lhan a bunch of swilches
lhal have undergone a few changes over lhe
vears, lhe kevboard has found ils wav onlo
ninialure devices like cell phones.
í wonder whelher lhe verv nelhod of
inpulling infornalion inlo lhe conpuler is going
lo see a change. ís lhere sonelhing on lhe
horizon beller lhan lhe kevboard? ís lhere a
quicker, nore effcienl wav for hunans lo feed
infornalion inlo a conpuler? Check oul lhe
verlical kevboard (XXXTBGFUZQFDPNì, where
everv kev is an OLED screen (XXXBSUMFCFEFW
DPNì -leslanenl lo lhe work going on in lhis
feld. Lel´s see whal lhe vear ahead brings up on
lhe inpul fronl-perhaps a cvbernelic inlerface
lhal plugs inlo lhe brain slen and lranscribes
lhoughls on·lhe·Hv?
LAST WORD
HVX]^cEVcY^i
keady fer the futuret Marco ß'$outa

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