STUDENT-10

Contributed By: Mr. Prem Kumar
Basic IAS Academy
http://www.basicias.com
Food security — of APL, BPL & IPL
,- ih- ,y] ch- ih- ,y vkSj vkbZ- ih- ,y- dh [kk| lqj{kkA
The official line is simple. Since we cannot
afford to feed all the hungry, there must only be as
many hungry as we can afford to feed.
1.There was irony in the timing of the petrol price
decontrol order. The decision, which also covered major
hikes in diesel and kerosene prices, and affects hundreds
of millions of people, came even as Manmohan Singh
advised world leaders in Toronto on the need for “inclusive
growth.” And while we are still debating “food security”
and how best that should be achieved in law. It came
while food price inflation edges towards 17 per cent and
general inflation is in double digits. Who are we trying to
“include” in that growth?
2. No less tragic was the media’s reaction to the
price decontrol. Even as Cabinet Ministers sought to
distance themselves from it, the editorials mostly reeked
of triumphalism: “Free at Last,” screamed one. “A bold,
welcome move,” shrilled another headline. With rare
exceptions, the edits — in contrast to the response of
millions to Monday’s bandh — showed yet again how far
the mass media are from mass realit
¬º¬iº| ··n·¤ «r n ¬i·iiººi r ·¤i l¬ r- ¬·i| ·i¸ ªi ¬i ni
¬i ·ii¬· -r¤i ¬ºi· ¬| l-·iln - r ¬n l¬n· ¬ini ¬i r-
·ii¬· · ¬¬n r ¬n· r| ·i¸ªi ri· ¤ilr¤|
·. ¤- i¬ ¬| ¬|-ni ¬ ¬º¬iº| l·¤¤ºi r-i· ¬i ¬-¤
¬-¤n ·ªi· r| ¤r l·ºi¤ l¬¬¬ ¬·nnn ·|¬¬ ¬iº n¬ ¬|
¬|-ni - ¬«º·-n «« inº| l¬¬· ¬ºi · i ¬i ni ¬i ¤·iil·n l¬¤i|
¤¬ ¬-¤ ¤º ¬i¤i ¬« -·-ir· l¬r · -iº-i - l·’· ·ni¬i ¬
¬i·i ¬nl-n l·¬i¬ ««· ¬| ¬i·’¤¬ni ¬| «in ¬|| ¬i¬¬¬
r-iº ¤ri ªiin ¬º·ii ¤º r| ¤¤i r| ri ºr| r l¬ ;¬ ¤º l·¤-
«·i·i l¬n·i ¬iºnº rini| ¤r ¬« ¬¬ ¬-¤ ¤º r¬i ¬« ªiin
·-n¬i ¬| -rni; ¬| ·º ·/% ¬ ¬i¬· n¬ ¤r ¤ n; r ¬iº
¬i-i·¤ ¬ -rni; ¬| ·º ¤r¬ r| ·i ¬i¬·i ¬i s¸ ¤¬| r| ;¬
l·’·i¬ - r- l¬¬ ºiil-¬ ¬º· ¬| ¬ilºiºi ¬º ºr r `
z. ¬|-ni ¤º ¬ l·¤¤ºi r-i· ¤º -|l·¤i ¬i ¤ lnl¬¤i ·i|
¬- ·ªi· ·r| ·i|| ¤ri n¬ l¬ ¬··|¤ -l¤¤i · ·i| ;¬¬ ¬¤·
¬i ·¸ º ºªii, ¬l·i¬i ºi ¬-¤i·¬|¤ l·¬¤ ·ii· ¬ «i ¬ ¬·nn ¬i¬i·
r¤| ·¸¬º · ¬ri ¤¬ ¬irl¬¬, -·inn ¤i·¤ ¬·-| ¬s
¬¤·i·i ¬i si· ¬º ¬l·i¬iºi ¬-¤i·¬i ¬i÷¬i -·iº ¬ «· ¬ ¤ ln
¬ºi·i ¬ini ¬ ªªi ¬i ¬i¬¬· -¤·- ¬ºni r l¬ -|l·¤i
Food security — of APL, BPL & IPL
,- ih- ,y] ch- ih- ,y vkSj vkbZ- ih- ,y- dh [kk| lqj{kkA
P. Sainath Courtesy : - The Hindu
3. Most of the time, as the late Murray Kempton
used to say, the job editorial writers do, is to “come down
from the hills after the battle is over and shoot the
wounded.” The media have done that definition proud.
There’s even been an editorial on Bhopal in the same
month that didn’t wait for that battle to be over. It finds
the villains of Bhopal to be the “activist industry that
continues to milk the tragedy.” And mourns the real
tragedy: that “any corporation, across the world, would
be forced to think twice before proudly announcing to its
shareholders that it has set up an ancillary unit in Bhopal.”
It does not once mention the words “Union Carbide.”
Roll over Kem ton. The shooti ’s on.
·i-nl·¬ l-·iln ¬ l¬n·i ·¸º r|
s. ¬¬i l¬ -·n|¤ -º ¬-¤-· ¤i¤ ¬ri ¬ºn ·i l¬
¬-¤i·¬|¤ l¬ªi· ·i¬i ¬i ¬i- -|¬ ·¬i r l¬ ¬« ¤, ¬-i·n
ri ¬i¤ ni ¤ri· | ¬ ·|¤ ¬nºi ¬i º ·ii¤¬i ¬i nil¬¤i ¬ ¬·i ·i |
-|l·¤i · ;¬ ¤lº·ii·ii ¬i nlº-i¤¸ºi «n ¬ l··ii¤i| ;¬| -r|· -
·ii¤i¬ ¤º ·i| ¤¬ ¬-¤i·¬|¤ s¤i, ¬·ri · ;¬ ¬·i·i ¬ ªi-- ri·
¬| ·i| ¤n|·ii ·r| ¬|| ¬·ri · ·ii ¤i¬ ¬ ªi¬·i¤¬i ¬i ¬i¤¬-ii ¬i
¬| ;·-- | ¬ºiº l·¤i ¬i ¬niniº ¤i¬·| ¬i ·ir· ¬º ºr r|
·i-nl·¬ ¤i¬·| ¬ «iº - · ¬rn r ÷ ¤¸ º l·º· - ¬i ; ·i| ¬i¤i º ºi·
«iº «iº ¬i ¤· ¤º -¬«¸ º ri n| l¬ ·¤i ·r ·ii ¤i¬ ¬ ¬¤· ¤·l¬¬º|
¤¸ l·- ¬ l··i¤ - ¬¤· ºi ¤º·iiº¬i ¬i n· ¤¸ ºi nº|¬ ¬ «ni¤ ¤i ·r| |
¬·ri · ¤¬ «iº ·i| ¤¸ l·¤· ¬i«i ;· ºi·· ¬i ¬¤¤i n ·r| l¬¤i| ¬ -¤·
¬ ¬ ¬iº º l- n ni ¬| -iº·i ¬iº| r |
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STUDENT 10
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STUDENT 10
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4. The early protests against the price rise got short
shrift in the media. In the largest English daily, it earned a
couple of stories spanning a modest few inches across
three or four columns. The same daily twice devoted a
full page — without an ad — on successive days to the
death by suicide of a fashion model in Mumbai. Also,
passing off without much comment this week — the
elevation of our Food and Agriculture Minister to the post
of president of the International Cricket Council. At a
time when the entire nation is focussed on the issue of
food prices and food security.
5. Mr. Pawar is quoted as saying (AFP, New Delhi,
July 2) that he would request the Prime Minister to lessen
his ministerial workload. “I may suggest having more
hands to help me. I had asked for three Ministers but
they have given me only one,” he told journalists. “... If I
request to reduce some of my work, we may find some
solution.” However, he does promise us that “I won’t
allow my work in the government to suffer.” That’s
reassuring. Maybe it’s time for the Prime Minister to
extend inclusive growth to bring the Food and Agriculture
Minister into food and agriculture. (Or we could include
cricket in that sector.) Four Ministers in the same field
would be truly inclusive.
6. Yet the fuel price decontrol will profoundly affect
the prices of just about everything. At a time of already
spiralling food costs. Punctuated by periodic claims that
“it should come down within a couple of months,” from
Ministers and UPA hacks.
«. ««n| ¬|-ni ¬i ¬¬º ri· ·i¬ ºiª¬in| l·ºi·ii ¬i
-|l·¤i · ¬l·i¬ -r-· ·r| l·¤i| ¬«¬ «· ¬ n ¬| ¤¤ · ¬ s ªi«º
¤¬ilºin ¬| ¬iº ·i ¬ n|· ¬i ¬-i - ¬s ; ¤ ¬i l·-niº · · ¬|
·lº¤il·¬| l·ªii; | ;¬| ¬-i¤iº ¤¤ · ¤ lnl·· ·i «iº ¬niniº ·i
l·· «-«; ¬| ¤ ºi· -i ·¬ ¬| ¬i--r-¤i ¬| ªi«º ¬i ¤¸ ºi ¤·- l«·i
l¬¬| l·ni¤· ¬ l·¤i| ;¬ ¬·nir l«·i l¬¬| l-·¤ºi| ¬÷r-iº
ªiin -¤| ¬i ;·-º·ºi·¬ l¬¬- ¬i¬l¬¬ ¬ ¬·¤·i ¤· ¤º
¬··ln ¬i ªi«º ·i| ·r| ·|| ;¬ ¬-¤ ¬«l¬ ¤¸ ºi ºi·- ªiin ¬|-ni
¬iº ªiin ¬º·ii ¬i ¬¬º l¤lnn r|
r. ¬| ¤·iº ¬ ;¬ ¬·i· ¬i ¬~¬ªi (AFP, New Delhi, July
2) l¬¤i r l¬¬- · ¬rn r l¬ · ¤·ii·-¤| ¬ ¬·ºi·i ¬º n l¬
¬·¬ -¤i¬¤i ¬ ¬i¤ ·iiº ¬i ¬- l¬¤i ¬i¤| · ¤¤¬iºi ¬ ¬rn
r l¬÷ -ºi ¬ni· ºrni l¬ -n ¬s ¬iº ¬in l·¤i ¬i¤| -·
n|· -¤| -in ·i l¬·n -n ¬·¬ ¤¬ r| l-¬i| ¤l· - ¬¤·
¬i¤ ·iiº - ¬-| ¬i· ¬| ¤i·i ·i ¬ª ni ni ¬ ·i·n ¬ s r¬ l·¬¬ |
n·iil¤ ¬·ri · ¬iº·i¬· l·¤i l¬ - ¬¤· ¬º¬iº| ¬i- ¬| ¬¤ ·ii ·r|
ri · ·¸ ni| ¤r ¬iº·i¬· r | ¬ ·i·n ¤r| ¬-¤ r ¬« ¤ ·ii· - ¤|
¬ nl-n l·¬i¬ ¬| · l·- ¬ ªiin ¤· ¸l·i - ¤| ¬i ªiin ¬i º ¸l·i ·i ¤
- ¬i ¬¬n r | (¤i l¤º r- ;¬ ·i ¤ - l¬¬ - ¬i ºiil-¬ ¬º ¬¬n
r |) ¤¬ r| ·i ¤ - ¤iº - l¤¤i ¬i ri ·i ·i-n· - ¬ nl-n l·¬i¬ ri ni|
c. ¬·iº ;·i· ¬ ¬º¬iº| l·¤¤ºi ¬i ªii--i l·lº¤n ª¤
¬ ¤-¤¬ ·-n ¬i ¬|-n - «· | «« i nº| ¬i¤ni| ·¬ r| ªiin ¬i-n |
¬| ¬|-n ¬i¬-i· ¬i s¸ ºr| r| «|¤÷«|¤ - ¬-¤÷¬-¤ ¤º ¤¸.
¤|. ¤. ¬º¬iº ¬ -¤| ¤r ·i·i ¬ºn ºrn r l¬ ¤r -rni; ¬s
-r|·i - ¬- ri· ¬| ¬--|· r|
7. Now comes the news that the food security bill
may be set for a radical overhaul. I guess that is welcome
— it can’t be worse than the early attempts at drafting
one. Take for instance the meeting of the Empowered
Group of Ministers held in February. They were to “discuss
the enactment of the proposed National Food Security
Bill.” The first thing the EGoM came up with was this
gem. 2.1 (a) “The definition of Food Security should be
limited to the specific issue of foodgrains (wheat and rice)
and be delinked from the larger issue of nutritional
security.”
8. Food security delinked from nutritional security?
Note that the same line concedes nutritional security is
“the lar er issue.” W then the need to delink the two?
/. ¬« ¤¬| ªi«º ¬i ºr| r l¬ ¬~·| r| ªiin ¬º·ii l«¬
¬i n-¬i¬ ¤ ·º|·iºi ri ni| - n ¬nni r ¤r -·inn ¤i·¤ «in r÷
¬iºii r ¤r ¤iª¤ «·i· ¬| ªiºi« ¬ilºiºi ¬ « ºi ·r| rini|
¬·irººi -·ª¤ ¤º·º| - EGOM ¬| «-¬ ¬i r| ¬ | ¬·r ¤-nil·n
ºi·- |¤ ªiin ¬º·ii l«¬ ¬i ¬in¸ ¬º· ¬| ¤¤i ¬º·| ·i|| l¬·n ;¬
EGOM · ¬i ¤r¬i ¬i¤ l¬¤i ·r ¤r ·ii z.· (s) ªiin ¬º·ii ¬|
¤lº·ii·ii ¬ nrn ªiini·· (nr¸ ¬i º ¤i·¬) ¬ l·ºi ·i - ª ri· ¤ilr¤
¬iº ;·r ¤il·-¬ ¬º·ii ¬¬ ·r· -ª ¬ ¤·i¬ ºªii ¬i¤|
s. ªiin ¬º·ii ¬i ¤il·-¬ ¬º·ii ¬ ¤·i¬ ¬º·i` ;¬|
¤l·n - ¤r ¬ri n¤i r l¬ ¤il·-¬ ¬º·ii ¤¬ -r-·¤¸ºi -ªi r|
l¤º ·i·i ¬i ·i¬ ¬º· ¬i ¬iºi¤ `
9. Is 35 kg of rice at Rs. 3 a kilo (for a section of
the population) food security? Are there no other
determinants of food security? Like health, nutrition,
livelihoods, jobs, food prices? Can we even delink the
fuel price hike from discussions on food security? Or from
the wilful gutting of the public distribution system? Or
from the havoc wrought by the ever-growing futures trade
in wheat, pulses, edible oils and more?
10. The truth is the government seeks ways to spend
less and less on the very food security it talks about.
Hunger is defined not by how many people suffer it, but
by how many the government is willing to pay for. Hence
the endless search for a lower BPL figure. To the
government’s great dismay, all three officially-constituted
committees have turned up estimates of poverty higher
than its own. Even the Tendulkar committee, closest to
the ruling elite’s worldview, raises the estimate of rural
poverty to 42 per cent. (On a weak and fragile basis, it is
true. But still higher than the government’s count.)
11. Most dishonest of all is the “there-is-no-money”
line. The country spends Rs. 10,000 crore on a new
airport. There’s Rs. 40,000 crore or more for the
Commonwealth Games. There’s Rs. 60,000 crore happily
lost in the spectrum scam. There’s Rs. 500,000 crore in
write-offs under just three heads for the super-rich and
the corporate sector in the current Union budget. But
funds for the hungry are hard to come by. What would it
cost to universalise the PDS? Pravin Jha and Nilachal
Acharya estimate that if rice/wheat were made available
to all Indians at Rs. 3 a kilo, it would add Rs.84,399 crore
to the food subsidy in coming budgets. That’s about one-
sixth of the tax write-offs for the wealthy in this year’s
budget. (Other estimates place the added expenditure
each year at no more than Rs. 45,000 crore).
s. ·¤i n|· ª¤¤ ¤lnl¬¬i ¬| ·º ¬ sr l¬¬i n r¸
(¬·¬ ª¤i ¬ ¤¬ ·iin ¬i) -r¤i ¬ºi·i ªiin ¬ º·ii r ` ·¤ii ªiin
¬ º·ii ¬ l·ºi i¤¬ ¬·¤ - ª ·r| r ` -·i-·¤, ¤il·-¬ni, ¬|··¤i¤·,
·i ¬lº¤i , ªiin ¬|-ni ¬il· ¬ ¬ -ª ` ·¤i r- ªiin ¬º·ii ¬ l··i¤
-, ;·i· ¬| ««inº| ¬i ¬¬n ºªi, ¤¤i ¬º ¬¬n r` ·¤i ¬·
l·nººi ¤,ln ¬i ¬i·«¸n¬º ¤ ·i¬ ¬º ¬¬n r` ¤i l¤º ·il··¤ -
n r¸ , ·i¬, ªiin n¬i · ¬·¤ ·-n¬i ¬ ««n ·¤i¤iº ,iºi ¬-¤··
¤ººii·| ¬i ¬¬n ¬º ¬¬n r`
·a. ¬P¤i; ni ¤r r l¬ ¬º¬iº ¤¬ ºi-n ªii¬ ºr| r
l¬¬¬ ·r l¬¬ ªiin ¬º·ii ¬| ¤¤i ¬º ºr| r ¬¬ ¤º ¬- ¬ ¬-
·¤¤ ¬º|·i¸ªi ¬| ¤lº·ii·ii ¬ nrn ¤|l· n ¬i ni ¬i ¬ ª¤i ¬| ¬nr
¬· ¬i ni ¬| ln·n| ¬| ¬i ºr| r l¬n· ¬i ni ¬i ¬º¬iº ¬i·i ··i
¤irn| r| ¤il· ¬| «|.¤|.¤¬ ¬ ¬- ¬i¬·i ¬| ªii¬ r| ¬º¬iº
¬ l¬¤ ¬iº¤¤ ¤· l·ºiºii¬·¬ «in ¤r r l¬ ¬º¬iº| ¤º nl-n
n|· ¬l-ln¤i · nº|«| ¬i ¬i¬¬· ¬¬¬ ¬l·i¬ «ni¤i r l¬n·i
¬º¬iº · ¬· -i· ¬ni¤i ·ii| ¤ri n¬ l¬ n ·¸¬¬º ¬l-ln, ¬i l¬
l·º· ¬| · l·- - ¬-ii¬|· ¤i-| ¬| ¤r n| -i·| ¬in| r ¬¬· ·i| n i-|ºi
·i ¤ - nº|«| «z% ¬i ¬| r | ¬-¬i º ·i¬ ¬ni ¬ ¬i·iiº ¤º ;¬ ¬¤ -i·i
¬i ¬¬ni r | l¬·n ¤r ¬º¬iº| ¬i ¬· i ¬| ¬¤ ·ii ¬l·i¬ r |
··. ;¬¬ ·i| nº ;-i··iºi·i «in ¤r r l¬ ¤¬ ¬| ¬-|
r| ¤r ·ºi ·a,aaa ¬ºi· ª¤¤ ·¤ r·i; ¬Ï ¤º ªi¤ ¬¬ni r|
ºi·--·¬ ªi¬i ¤º «a,aaa ¬ºi· ¬ ¬l·i¬iºi ªi¤ | -¤·- - ·ii -i¬
- ªiºi|÷ªiºi| ca,aa@ ª¤¤ ¬| ««i·|| ·n-i· ¬··|¤ «¬- -
¬l·i¬ ·i·| ¬i º ¬iº¤i º - ¬ ·-º - n|· ºi|·ii ¬ ¬·nn n raa,aaa@÷
¬ºi · ª¤¤ ¬| s¸ -| l¬·n ·i¸ ªi ªiº|«i ¬ l¬¤ ¤ ¬i ¬ -i·i ¬l-· r |
¤|. ·|. ¤¬. ¬i ¬-i· ¤i ·¤i¤¬ «·i· - l¬n·i ªi¤ ri ni` ¤ ·|ºi ni
¬i º ·|¬i ¤¬ ¬i¤i¤ · ¬· -i· ¬ni¬º «ni¤i r l¬ ¤l· ¬·i| ·iiºn|¤i
¬i ¤i·¬@n r¸ n|· ª¤¤ ¤ ln l¬¬i ¬| ·º ¬ ¬¤¬··i ¬ºi¤i ¬i¤
s¸ - ni ¬ini-| «¬- - ¬ ·¬ s«,sss ¬ºi · ª¤¤ ¬| ªiin ¬ri¤ni ¬i
«i n ¤· ni| ¤r ¬¬ - ·¬ ¬i ·@c ·iin ri ni ¬i ¬-¤·· ¬i ni ¬i ;¬
«¬- - l·¤i n¤i r | (¬·¤ ¬i¬¬·i ¬ ¬i·iiº ¤º ¤ ln ··i «r,aaa ¬ºi ·
ª¤¤ ¬ ¬lËi¬ ¬i ¬lnlº·n ªi¤ ·r| ri ni|)
·z. ¤¸¸º l·º· - ·i¸ªi ¬ini ¬| ¬¸¤| - ¬ ss - ¬ cc·
-·ii· ¤º ri· ·i¬ ;¬ ·ºi - ·i· -r¤i · ¬ºi ¤i· ¬| ¬|-n ·¤i
12. What will be the costs of not finding the money
— in a country which ranks at 66 among 88 in the Global
Hunger Index? In a nation whose child malnourishment
record is worse than that of sub-Saharan Africa? A country
now ranking 134 in the United Nations Human
Development Index below Bhutan and Laos?
13. The same country that has 49 dollar billionaires
in the Forbes list. (Many of whom receive government
freebies in diverse forms. Some for their IPL
involvements). If a government will not even try to ensure
that no citizen goes hungry, should it remain in power?
Or should it, at the very least, state honestly that the food
security of every Indian is neither its aim nor its intent?
Why tag ‘food security’ to a bill that will legitimise the
opposite? How can we call something a ‘right’ if everyone
does not have it?
rin| ` l¬¬ ·ºi - «P¤i ¬ ¬ ¤i ·iºi ¬i lº¬i· ¬¤÷¬riºi ¬Ý|¬i
¬ ·i| «º| r| ¤¸·i;-· ·ºi· r¤¸-· ¬¸¤| - l¬¬ ·ºi ¬i -·ii·
·i¸-i· ¬iº ¬i¬i¬ ¬ ·i| ·|¤ ri `
·s. l¬¬ ·ºi - «s ·i ¬º ¬ºi·ln¤i ¬i ¤i«¬ ¬¸¤| -
·i- ri| (;·- ¬ ¬; ¬º¬iº ¬ n-i- s¸- ¤in r| ¬s ¬i;.¤|.
¤¬ - ºiil-¬ ri · ¬| ·¬r ¬ ¬º¬iº ¬ ·i ºii ¤i¤ r ) ¤l· ¬º¬iº
¤r ¬iº·i¬· ·· - r| ¬¬¤¬ ºrn| r l¬ ¬i; ·i| ·inlº¬ ·i¸ªii
·r| ºrni, ni ·¤i ;¬ ¬-ii ¤º «· ºr· ¬i ¬l·i¬iº r` ·¤i ¬¬ ,
¬- ¬ ¬-, ¤¸º| ;-i··iº| ¬ ¤r ·r| «ni ··i ¤ilr¤ l¬ ¤-¤ ¬
·iiºn|¤ ¬ l¬¤ ªiin ¬º·ii · ·i · ni ¬¬¬i ¬ªº¤ r ¬i º · ;Psi`
¤¬ ¤¬ l«¬ ¬i ªiin ¬º·ii ¬i ·i- ·¤i l·¤i ¬i¤ ¬i l«~¬¬
;¬¬ l·¤º|n ri` ¤l· ¬i; ¤|¬ ¤-¤ ¬ ·¤l·n n¬ ·r| ¤r¤
¬¬n| ni r- ¬¬ r¬ ¬¬ ¬r ¬¬n r `
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14. A disclosure: I was a member of the BPL Expert
Group. In a note annexed to that report, I argued that in
four sectors — food, healthcare, education and decent
work — access had to be universal. That flows from the
Directive Principles of State Policy of the Constitution.
The rights of our people are based on their being citizens.
Not on their ability to pay. Not on their being BPL or
APL (or even IPL). Rights, by definition, are universal
and indivisible.
15. Will the features of the government’s proposed
food security bill take the Directive Principles forward?
Or will it weaken them? Diluting constitutional rights and
presenting the watered down mix as progressive
legislation is fraud. The only PDS that will work is a
universal one. It is only in those States that have the closest
thing to a universal system — Kerala and Tamil Nadu —
where the PDS has functioned best.
16. Now there’s talk of an “experiment” making
access to food (that is, mainly wheat and rice) “universal”
in about 150 districts. While this might be a step forward
in thinking, it could prove a misstep in practice. This is
“targeting” in other clothes. It could collapse as foodgrain
from districts that are “universal” migrate to districts that
are not. Better to go that final mile. Universalise.
·«. ¤¬ ªi¬i¬i÷ - -·¤ «|.¤|.¤¬ (l«¬i ¤ i·-| ¬i;·)
¤·¬¤- n¤ ¬i ¬·-¤ r¸ | ;¬¬| lº¤i- ¬ ·i- - -· ¤iº ·i¤ ¬
-ªi ¤º n¬ l¬¤i, · ·i÷·ii¬·, -·i-·¤, lºi·ii ¬iº ¬--i·¬·¬
¬i¤ , l¬·¬i ¬«¬i ¬-i· ¬l·i¬iº l-¬·i ¤ilr¤| ¤r ¬« ¬ l··ii·
¬| ºiT¤·|ln ¬ l·· ºii--¬ l¤ l¬¤~¬ ¬ ¬·nn n ¬in r| r-iº ·ºi
- ¬i ni ¬i ¬l·i¬iº l-¬· ¬i ¬i·iiº ¬·¬i ·inlº¬ ri ·i r | ¬l·i¬iº
·¬ ,iºi -¸ ~¤ ¤ ¬i ¤i· ¬| ·i-ni ¬ l··ii lºn ·r| ri n | · r| ¬·¬|
«|.¤|.¤¬ ¤i ¤.¤|.¤¬ ¤i ¤.¤|.¤¬ (¤ri n¬ ¬| ¬i; .¤|.¤¬) ¬i l-·iln
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STUDENT 10
http://www.upscportal.com
Courtesy : - The Hindu
Disclaimer: This article has been translated exclusively for IAS Aspirants convenience and study purposes.
Author doesn't take responsibility of view expressed or accuracy of the content."

dne*A dqN vioknksa dks NksMdj vf/kdka'k lEikndksa dk&lkseokj ds can ds izfr + djksM+ksa yksxksa ds :[k dk vkdyu Li"V djrk gS fd ehfM.No less tragic was the media’s reaction to the price decontrol.k gVkus ij ehfM. eaf=.upscportal.sls le.d ckj Hkh ^.” Roll over Kem ton.k dks izfrfØ. the edits — in contrast to the response of millions to Monday’s bandh — showed yet again how far the mass media are from mass realit 3.kZ rjhds ls crk..kA + .kZ. is to “come down from the hills after the battle is over and shoot the wounded. 1.uflyjh . the job editorial writers do.dh [kk| lqj{kkA P.com .wfuV ds fo"k.a=.ih. ij vk.” And mourns the real tragedy: that “any corporation. came even as Manmohan Singh advised world leaders in Toronto on the need for “inclusive growth.d lkgfld] Lokxr . The shooti ’s on.y] ch.drk dh ckr dhA vktdy gekjs .d lEikndh.gka [kk| lqj{kk ij gh ppkZ gh gks jgh gS fd bl ij fu. there must only be as many hungry as we can afford to feed.” And while we are still debating “food security” and how best that should be achieved in law.k og Hkksiky ds vius .” It does not once mention the words “Union Carbide. ij gqvk tc [kk| oLrqvksa dh egaxkbZ dh nj 17% ds vkadM+s rd igq¡p xbZ gS vkSj lkekU. Even as Cabinet Ministers sought to distance themselves from it. eqjs dSEiVu izk.gka rd fd dsUnzh. “A bold. There’s even been an editorial on Bhopal in the same month that didn’t wait for that battle to be over. would be forced to think twice before proudly announcing to its shareholders that it has set up an ancillary unit in Bhopal. fot.k gVkus dk le. . which also covered major hikes in diesel and kerosene prices.isVªksy dh dherksa ls ljdkjh fu.wfu.dherksa ij ls fu.k tks yxkrkj =klnh dk nksgu dj jgs gSA okLrfod =klnh ds ckjs esa os dgrs gSa& iwjs fo'o esa dksbZ Hkh dkiksj'ku Zs ckj ckj lkspus ij etcwj gksxh fd D.k tc eueksgu flag us VksjaVks esa fo’o usrkvksa ds lkFk laxfBr fodkl c<+us dh vko’. It came while food price inflation edges towards 17 per cent and general inflation is in double digits.kZ <ax ls fuHkk.*A nwljs us dgk ^ .” screamed one. It finds the villains of Bhopal to be the “activist industry that continues to milk the tragedy.k us bl ifjHkk"kk dks xfjekiw.A 1. BPL & IPL .q) lekIr gks tk.yksa dks xksfy. welcome move. Sainath Courtesy : .tSlk fd LoxhZ. Nik] mUgksus bl la?k"kZ ds [kRe gksus a dh Hkh izrh{kk ugha dhA mUgksus Hkksiky ds [kyuk.dksa dks dk. ljdkjh oDrO.ksa ls mM+k nksA** ehfM.ih. Who are we trying to “include” in that growth? 2.k okLrfod fLFkfr ls fdruk nwj gSA 3.ih.upscportal.” shrilled another headline.y.The Hindu The official line is simple.Most of the time. vR.j/kkjdksa dks xoZ iw.ksa us Hkh blls vius dks nwj j[kk] vf/kdka'k lEikndh. across the world.y vkSj vkbZ.ksfa d ge lHkh Hkw[ks yksxksa dks Hkkstu eqgS.Downloaded From: http://www. Since we cannot afford to feed all the hungry. ftlds vUrxZr Mhty vkSj rsy dh dherksa esa tcjnLr c<+ksrjh ftlus djksMks yksxksa dks izHkkfor fd.k djkus dh fLFkfr esa gS vr% ftrus yksxksa dks ge Hkkstu ns ldrs gSa mrus gh Hkw[ks gksus pkfg. Hkko ls cksys ^vUrr% vktkn gq.g fu.There was irony in the timing of the petrol price decontrol order..ZdÙkkZvksa a dh baMLVªh djkj fn. rks igkM+h ls uhps mrjksa vkSj ?kk.ksx ugha fd. With rare exceptions. fy[kus okyksa dk dke Bhd oSlk gS fd tc .e cukuk fdruk dkjxj gksxkA . as the late Murray Kempton used to say.” The media have done that definition proud.% dgk djrs Fks fd lEikndh.com STUDENT 10 Food security — of APL.k gS D. and affects hundreds of millions of people.u dkckZbM 'kCn dk mi. ls egaxkbZ dh nj igys gh nks vkadM+ksa dks Nw pqdh gSA bl fo’okl esa ge fdls 'kkfey djus dh dksf'k'k dj jgs gS \ 2.. cgqr lk/kkj.ar nq[kn gSA . The decision.k Hkh de nq[kn ugha FkhA .g lc ml le. esa vius 'ks.kA blh eghus essa Hkksiky ij Hkh .kA dsEiu a ds v lkj ' fVax xksyh ekjuk tkjh gSA http://www.ksX..k ughaA mUgksus . the editorials mostly reeked of triumphalism: “Free at Last.a=.

The same daily twice devoted a full page — without an ad — on successive days to the death by suicide of a fashion model in Mumbai. gS tc iz/kku ea=h a laxfBr fodkl dh n`f"V ls [kk| .ksX.A ** 8. 6.g Fkk 2-1 ¼9½ ^^ [kk| lqj{kk dh ifjHkk"kk ds rgr [kk|kUu ¼xsgaw vkSj pkoy½ ds fo'ks"k eqísa gksus pkfg.gh le.” W then the need to delink the two? 4. he does promise us that “I won’t allow my work in the government to suffer.a=.g dgk x. passing off without much comment this week — the elevation of our Food and Agriculture Minister to the post of president of the International Cricket Council. vkSj bUgsa ikSf"Vd lqj{kk tSls o`gn~ eqís ls i`Fkd j[kk tk.kZ eqík gSA fQj nksuksa dks Fkd djus dk vk'k. \ http://www.upscportal. I had asked for three Ministers but they have given me only one. ij .k gS ftlesa os dgrs gS fd os iz/kkuea=h ls vuqjks/k djsxs fd a muds ea=ky.” he told journalists.ksa ds dk. “.d egRoiw. New Delhi.k Lo:i Qjojh esa EGOM dh cSBd dks gh ysaA mUgsa izLrkfor jk"Vªh.k dk [kkRek fuf'pr~ :i ls izR. Pawar is quoted as saying (AFP.Now comes the news that the food security bill may be set for a radical overhaul. ckr gS& vk'kk gS . 5.Downloaded From: http://www.The early protests against the price rise got short shrift in the media.) Four Ministers in the same field would be truly inclusive.g vk'oklu gSA laHkor% .” That’s reassuring.ZHkkj esa deh ykus dh izkFkZuk d:axk rks laHkor% dqN gy fudysA** rFkkfi mUgksus vk'oklu fn. I guess that is welcome — it can’t be worse than the early attempts at drafting one.c<+rh dherksa dks ysdj gksus okys 'kq:vkrh fojks/kksa dks ehfM.Jh iokj ds bl dFku dk mYys[k (AFP. Take for instance the meeting of the Empowered Group of Ministers held in February.k gS fd ikSf"Vd lqj{kk . tcfd iwjk jk"Vª [kk| dherksa vkSj [kk| lqj{kk dks ysdj fpafrr gSA 5.ZHkkj dks de fd.” The first thing the EGoM came up with was this gem..Food security delinked from nutritional security? Note that the same line concedes nutritional security is “the lar er issue..&le.g Lokxr .k tk.xkA oSls gh [kk| lkexzh s dh dhers vkleku dks Nw jgh gSA chp&chp esa le.ljdkj ds ea=h . “I may suggest having more hands to help me. July 2) fd. Maybe it’s time for the Prime Minister to extend inclusive growth to bring the Food and Agriculture Minister into food and agriculture.A os i=dkjksa ls dgrs gS fd& ^^ esjk lq>ko jgsxk fd eq>s dqN vkSj yksx fn.kh ds&gekjs [kk| ea=h dks bUVjuS'kuy fØdsV dkmafly ds v/.aA eSaus rhu ea=h ekaxs Fks fdUrq eq>s dsoy .m/kj bZa/ku ls ljdkjh fu. 2.[kk| lqj{kk dks ikSf"Vd lqj{kk ls i`Fkd djuk\ blh iafDr esa . [kk| lqj{kk fcy dks ykxw djus dh ppkZ djuh FkhA fdUrq bl EGOM us tks igyk dk.” 8.k fd ^^ eSa vius ljdkjh dke dh mis{kk ugha a gksus nwxkA** . (Or we could include cricket in that sector..com STUDENT 10 4.sd oLrq dks dher esa cM+h c<+krjh yk. If I request to reduce some of my work.g izk:i cukus dh [kjkc dksf'k'k ls cqjk ugha gksxkA mnkgj. At a time when the entire nation is focussed on the issue of food prices and food security. In the largest English daily. At a time of already spiralling food costs.k us vf/kd egRo ugha fn.k fQj ge bl {ks= esa fØdsV dks 'kkfey dj ldrs gSA½ .upscportal.g egaxkbZ dqN eghuksa esa de gksus dh mEehn gSA 7.k dh [kcj dk iwjk i"B fcuk a fdlh foKkiu ds fn.Z fd.k og .{k in ij mUufr dks [kcj Hkh ugha nhA bl le. it earned a couple of stories spanning a modest few inches across three or four columns.kA lcls cM+s vaxth i= us dqN [kcjs zs izdkf'kr dh vkSj nks ls rhu dkWyeksa esa dqN bap dk foLrkj nsus dh nfj.wih.Mr.” from Ministers and UPA hacks.vc .1 (a) “The definition of Food Security should be limited to the specific issue of foodgrains (wheat and rice) and be delinked from the larger issue of nutritional security.slh [kcj vk jgh gS fd tYnh gh [kk| lqj{kk fcy dk rRdky iqujh{k.d gh {ks= esa pkj eaf=. we may find some solution.kA bl lIrkg fcuk fdlh fVIi.” However.k gksxkA eq>s yxrk gS . They were to “discuss the enactment of the proposed National Food Security Bill.d gh feykA .ksa dk gksuk okLro esa laxfBr fodkl gksxkA a 6.k tk.. Punctuated by periodic claims that “it should come down within a couple of months.com .kfnyh fn[kkbZA blh lekpkj i= us izfrfnu nks ckj yxkrkj nks fnu cEcbZ dh QS'ku ekWMy dh vkRegR.fn eSa vius dk.g nkok djrs jgrs gS fd . Also. New Delhi.Yet the fuel price decontrol will profoundly affect the prices of just about everything. July 2) that he would request the Prime Minister to lessen his ministerial workload.oa Ñf"k ea=h dks [kk| vkSj Ñf"k {ks= esa yk ldrs gSA ¼. 7.

000 crore). edible oils and more? 10. The same country that has 49 dollar billionaires in the Forbes list.k {ks= esa xjhch 42% vkadh gSA detksj uktqdrk ds vk/kkj ij bls lp ekuk tk ldrk gSA fdUrq . dh NwVA fdUrq Hkw[ks [kjhcksa ds fy.fn dksbZ pht izR.ksa dks pkoy@xsg¡w rhu :i.D.kk [kk| lqj{kk ds fu.oa fujk'kktud ckr .k gS ftruk ljdkj us vuqeku yxk. fd izR. it would add Rs.000 crore on a new airport. closest to the ruling elite’s worldview.k dh txg mu yksxksa dh fxurh dh tk jgh gSS ftrus yksxksa dks ljdkj ykHk nsuk pkgrh gSA . it is true.weu lwph esa ftl ns'k dk LFkku HkwVku vkSj ykvksl ls Hkh uhps gkss \ 13. iSlk tqVkuk dfBu gSA ih.com STUDENT 10 9. What would it cost to universalise the PDS? Pravin Jha and Nilachal Acharya estimate that if rice/wheat were made available to all Indians at Rs. There’s Rs.g gS fd ljdkjh ij xfBr rhu lfefr.g ml VSDl dk 1@6 Hkkx gksxk tks lEiUu yksxksa dks bl s ctV esa fn.k x. raises the estimate of rural poverty to 42 per cent. ds fy.k djkuk [kk| lqj{kk gS \ D. gS vkSj u bPNk\ .Mh. 500.dks leku .lPpkbZ rks . izfrfdyks dh nj ls 35 fdyks xsgw¡ ¼tula[.sd O.sls fcy dks ^[kk| lqj{kk* dk uke D.kiu] ukSdfj.d Hkkx dks½ eqgS.k dk fjdkMZ mi&lgkjk vÝhdk ls Hkh cqjh gSA . eqísa ugh gS\ LokLF.fn lHkh Hkkjrh.kZk. tks fcYdqy blds foijhr gks\ .g ns'k 10]000 djksM+ :i.rk dk cks> iM+xkA .g ljdkjh vkadM+kas dh vis{kk vf/kd gSA 11. (Other estimates place the added expenditure each year at no more than Rs. Even the Tendulkar committee.k tu forj. food prices? Can we even delink the fuel price hike from discussions on food security? Or from the wilful gutting of the public distribution system? Or from the havoc wrought by the ever-growing futures trade in wheat.ka] [kk| dherksa vkfn tSl eqís \ D.gka rd fd rsanwydj lfefr] tks fd fo'o dh n`f"V esa lÙkklhu ikVhZ dh pgsrh ekuh tkrh gS mlus Hkh xzkeh.kikj }kjk mRiUu ijs'kkuh dks vyx dj ldrs gS\ 10.000 crore happily lost in the spectrum scam. There’s Rs.k tk. The country spends Rs. all three officially-constituted committees have turned up estimates of poverty higher than its own.k >k vkSj uhykapy vkpk. To the government’s great dismay. ctV esa vf/kd /kuh vkSj dkjiksjV lSDVj esa rhu 'kh"kksaZ ds vUrxZr 500]000@& s djksM+ :i. 12. djsAHkw[k dh ifjHkk"kk ds rgr ihfM+r yksxksas dks la[. There’s Rs.k gS fd .000 crore or more for the Commonwealth Games.ksa fn.fDr rd ugha igqap ldrh rks ge mls ^gd* dSls dg ldrs gSa \ 9.k FkkA . But funds for the hungry are hard to come by.g ugha crk nsuk pkfg.) 11. Some for their IPL involvements).399 crore to the food subsidy in coming budgets.g gS fd iSls dh deh gSA .k u djk ikus dh dher D.k tk. Most dishonest of all is the “there-is-no-money” line. What will be the costs of not finding the money — in a country which ranks at 66 among 88 in the Global Hunger Index? In a nation whose child malnourishment record is worse than that of sub-Saharan Africa? A country now ranking 134 in the United Nations Human Development Index below Bhutan and Laos? 13.k rhu :i.com . state honestly that the food security of every Indian is neither its aim nor its intent? Why tag ‘food security’ to a bill that will legitimise the opposite? How can we call something a ‘right’ if everyone does not have it? http://www. 3 a kilo (for a section of the population) food security? Are there no other determinants of food security? Like health. dh cckZnhA orZeku dsUnzh.k ge [kk| lqj{kk ds fo"k.d vU. 45.Z us vuqeku yxkdj crk. u.000 crore in write-offs under just three heads for the super-rich and the corporate sector in the current Union budget. dh [kk| lgk.iwwjs fo'o esa Hkw[ks yksxksa dh lwph esa ls 88 esa ls 66osa LFkku ij gksus okys bl ns'k esa /ku eqgS.l.upscportal.wukbVsM us'ku g~.k gksxh \ ftl ns'k esa cPpksa ds dqiks"k. nutrition. 60.k gSA ¼vU.g vk'oklu nsus esa gh vlQy jgrh gS fd dksbZ Hkh ukxfjd Hkw[kk ugha jgsxk] rks D. jobs. oLrqvkssa ds c<+rs O.kssa us xjhch dk vkdyu mlls vf/kd crk. That’s about onesixth of the tax write-offs for the wealthy in this year’s budget. (Many of whom receive government freebies in diverse forms. livelihoods. Hence the endless search for a lower BPL figure.k fQj Hkfo".upscportal. 3 a kilo.fn ljdkj . izfr fdyks dh nj ls miyC/k djk. ls vfËkd dk vfrfjDr [kpZ ugha gksxkA½ 12. should it remain in power? Or should it. NwV rks vkxkeh ctV esa dsoy 84]399 djksM+ :i.k O. vk'p. The truth is the government seeks ways to spend less and less on the very food security it talks about. 40..sls jkLrs [kkst jgh gS ftlls og ftl [kk| lqj{kk dh ppkZ dj jgh gS ml ij de ls de O.k bls lÙkk ij cus jgus dk vf/kdkj gS\ D.kfu dh ch-ih-. (On a weak and fragile basis.84.kid cukus esa fdruk [kpZ gksxk\ izoh. If a government will not even try to ensure that no citizen goes hungry.blls Hkh xSj bekunkjkuk ckr .] ikSf"Vdrk] thou.ksa dks QksclZ lwph esa uke gksA ¼buesa ls dbZ ljdkj ls reke NwV ikrs gSaA dqN vkbZ-ih. [kk| lqj{kk nsuk u rks mldk mís'.ftl ns'k esa 49 MkWyj djksM+fr.y ls de vkadM+ksa dh [kkst gSA ljdkj ds fy.Downloaded From: http://www.kk ik= gSa½ . esa xsgw¡] nkysa] [kk| rsyksa o vU. eas] bZa/ku dh c<+ksrjh dks vyx j[k] ppkZ dj ldrs gS\ D. But still higher than the government’s count..y esa 'kkfey gksus dh otg ls ljdkj ds ?k`. vkdyuksa ds vk/kkj ij izfr o"kZ 45]000 djksM+ :i.g gS fd ljdkj .sd Hkkjrh. at the very least.k mls] de ls de] iwjh bZekunkjh ls .k i)fr dks tkucw>dj i`Fkd dj ldrs gS\ . Hunger is defined not by how many people suffer it.Is 35 kg of rice at Rs. pulses.k ds . 10. but by how many the government is willing to pay for.Z . gokbZ vÏs ij [kpZ ldrk gSA jk"VªeaMy [ksyksa ij 40]000 djksM+ ls vf/kdka'k [kpZA LiSDVªe ?kksVkys esa [kq'kh&[kq'kh 60]00@ :i.d .

k .w'ku flLV~e½ lkoZtfud forj. pqdk ikus dh {kerk ls fu/kkZfjr ugha gksrA u gh mudh s ch-ih-.ogkfjd :i ls . Now there’s talk of an “experiment” making access to food (that is.ksfd lkoZtfud {ks=ksa ls vukt mu ftyksa a ij LFkkukaUrfjr fd. are universal and indivisible.l .d vkxs c<+us dk dne ekuk tk ldrk gS fdUrq O.k tkek iguk.d iz. Better to go that final mile.k .k fQj mUgsa detksjh djsxk\ oS/kkfud vf/kdkjksa esa ?kkyesy djds mls dkuwuh rjDdh dguk .com .k djus dh .com STUDENT 10 14.A Courtesy : .-ih-.d [kqyklk& eSa Lo.vc . gw¡A bldh fjiksVZ ds uksV esa eSaus pkj {ks= ds eqíksa ij rdZ fd.y .y½ dks fLFkfr }kjk fu/kkZfjr gksxA vf/kdkjksa dks ifjHkk"kk ds vuqlkj os lkoZtfud :i ls a s eku gS vkSj fdlh vk/kkj ij ckaVs ugha tk ldrsA 15.g lc lafo/kku dh jkT. It could collapse as foodgrain from districts that are “universal” migrate to districts that are not.dek= lkoZtfud :i ls leku gSA dsjy vkSj feyukMq esa .kstuk gSA lkspus esa .y ¼fcyks iWkoVhZ ykbu½ .a ch-ih-.y . Will the features of the government’s proposed food security bill take the Directive Principles forward? Or will it weaken them? Diluting constitutional rights and presenting the watered down mix as progressive legislation is fraud.upscportal.g Hkj Hkjkdj fxjsxk D.kfu¼ifCyd fMLVªhC.-ih-. 14.knk dk..kkyh gh . Rights.k tk jgk gSA . it could prove a misstep in practice. That flows from the Directive Principles of State Policy of the Constitution.upscportal.y ¼.gka rd dh vkbZ-ih-. It is only in those States that have the closest thing to a universal system — Kerala and Tamil Nadu — where the PDS has functioned best. tkus dh ckr gks jgh gS ftlesa yxHkx 150 ftyksa esa [kk| lkexzh ¼eq[.k] os Fks&Hkkstu] LokLF.The Hindu Disclaimer: This article has been translated exclusively for IAS Aspirants convenience and study purposes.k flag Hkh gks jgh gSA 16.k tk. mainly wheat and rice) “universal” in about 150 districts. The rights of our people are based on their being citizens. This is “targeting” in other clothes. Not on their ability to pay.Downloaded From: http://www. education and decent work — access had to be universal. by definition. While this might be a step forward in thinking.] f'k{kk vkSj lEekutud dk." http://www.A lkoZtfud fd. The only PDS that will work is a universal one.DliVZ xzqi dk lnL.xk\ . I argued that in four sectors — food.d /kks[kk gSA dsoy ih-Mh-.Z dj jgh gSA blfy. lcls cf<+.g .Z] ftudk lcdks leku vf/kdkj feyuk pkfg.k iz. Author doesn't take responsibility of view expressed or accuracy of the content.k tk.k Hkkjr ljdkj dk izLrkfor [kk| lqj{kk cy ykbu bu fn'kk funsZ'kksa dks vkxs c<+k.xk tgka .D.uhfr ds funs'kkRed fizafliYl ds vUrxZr vkrs gSA gekjs ns'k Z esa yksxksa dks vf/kdkj feyus dk vk/kkj mudk ukxfjd gksuk gSA vf/kdkj uds }kjk ewY.A .g lcls T. 16. In a note annexed to that report. Not on their being BPL or APL (or even IPL). Universalise. healthcare.g . A disclosure: I was a member of the BPL Expert Group.d xyr dne fl) gks ldrk gSA bls flQZ u.ksx fd. 15. :i ls xsg¡w vkSj pkoy½ dk koZtfud forj.g miyC/k ugha gSA csgrj gS FkkbZ gy [kkstk tk.