# Revision of Chapter 4– Laws of Integral Indices (MC_SQ

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Kwok Tak Seng Catholic Secondary School F.3 Mathematics Revision of Chapter 4 – Laws of Integral Indices – Multiple-Choice and Short Questions Multiple-Choice Questions
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x and y are positive integers and m ≠ 0. Which of the following are correct? (1) (2) (3) A. B. C. D. m
x−y

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(0.25)−2 = A. B. C. D. −16
− 1 16

=m ÷m
x

y

mx+y = mx + my (mx)y = mxy

(1) and (2) only (1) and (3) only (2) and (3) only (1), (2) and (3)
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1 16

16

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a0 b−3 ÷ a2 b0 = A. B. C. D. −a2 b3 0 a−2 b−3 a2 b−3

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(−2a3)3 = A. B. C. D. −6a6 −6a9 −8a9 8a9
2 3 4 2 2

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In the binary system, what is the place value of 0 in the number 10111? A. B. C. D. 0 2 4 8

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(−a b c) ÷ (a b c) = A. B. C. D. a6 b10 c3 −a b c
6 10 3

a4 b5 c3 −a b c
4 5 6 −3 −3 3

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Which of the following is incorrect? A. B. The numbers in the decimal system are grouped ten by ten. The numbers in the binary system are grouped two by two. C. D. Only three numbers, 0, 1 and 2 can appear in the binary system. The binary numbers are in base two.

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(−4x y ) = A. B. C. D.
− − − 64 x y9 64 y x18
9 18

9

y 64x18 x
18

64 y 9
2 3

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Which of the following is an even number in the binary system?

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x y ÷ −2x y =
6

A. B. C. D.

2(2) 110(2) 111(2) 1001(2)

A. B. C. D.

−2x4 y
− −

−2

1 −4 2 x y 2 1 4 −2 x y 2 1

2x−4 y2

Revision of Chapter 1– Operations of Surds
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The expansion of 101 010(2) is A. B. C. D. 1 × 100 000 + 1 × 1 000 + 1 × 10 1 × 10 000 + 1 × 100 + 1 × 1 64 + 16 + 4 1 × 32 + 1 × 8 + 1 × 2

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If (x + 5)0 = 1, which of the following is correct? A. B. C. D. x = −5 x=0 x=1 All of the above.

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How many more numerals are there in the decimal system than in the binary system? A. B. C. D. They have the same amount of numerals. 7 8 9
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Which of the following expressions are correct? (1) (2) (3) (4) A. B. C. D. am − an = am − n am ÷ an = am ⋅ a−n a−2 ÷ a−3 = a (an + 1)3 ÷ an ⋅ a = a2n + 4

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38(10) = A. B. C. D. 101010(2) 110110(2) 100111(2) 100110(2)
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(1) and (2) only (2) and (3) only (2), (3) and (4) only (1), (2), (3) and (4)

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(3x−2y3)−2 ⋅ (2x−1y)4x − xy−2 = A. B. C. D. 16 9 − 5x 9y2

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The following shows the process of converting 71(10) to a binary number.

7x 9y2 35 x y2

Which step is incorrect? A. B. C. D.
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Step (i) Step (ii) Step (iii) Step (iv)
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−0.22 000 × 52 001 = A. B. C. D. −54 001 −5 −1 −0.2
1 , then the value of x is 16

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Which of the following expressions is incorrect? A. B. C. D. 16n ÷ 4n = 4n xn + 1 ⋅ x ⋅ x0 = xn + 2 (x−2)2 = x 4 3m ⋅ 2n = 6m + n
1
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If 2x−1 =

A. B. C. D.

−4. −3.
− 1 4.

5.

2

Revision of Chapter 4– Laws of Integral Indices (MC_SQ)
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(−x)3 ⋅ (x + 5)0 ⋅ x−7 = A. B. C. D. −x−4 −x4 x−4 x4

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Convert the decimal number 327 to an octal number. A. B. C. D. 367(8) 407(8) 507(8) 517(8)

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Convert 137 to a number in base three. A. B. C. D. 12001(3) 12002(3) 12010(3) 20021(3)

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Convert 3104(4) to a decimal number. A. B. C. D. 56 212 776 848

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Convert ADE(16) to a binary number. A. B. C. D. 101010111100(2) 101011011110(2) 101111001101(2) 101111001110(2)

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Convert the binary number 110100011010 to an octal number. A. B. C. D. 6232(8) 6432(8) 4232(8) 4432(8)

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It is given that x + x−1 = 2 + 1. x2 + x−2 = A. B. C. D. 1. 3.
2 2 + 1. ( 2 + 1) 2

.
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Revision of Chapter 1– Operations of Surds

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Revision of Chapter 4– Laws of Integral Indices (MC_SQ)

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Revision of Chapter 1– Operations of Surds

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Revision of Chapter 4– Laws of Integral Indices (MC_SQ)
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If a + b = 10 and ab = 5, then a2 + b2 = A. B. C. D. 35. 90. 100. 125.

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If 231(n) = 45(10), then n = A. B. C. D. 3. 4. 5. 7.

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If 3m −2 = 5 and 9n = 10, then the value of 3m + 2n is A. B. C. D. 55. 150. 300. 450.

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If 123(x) = 11011(y), which of the following is correct? A. B. C. D. x = 3, y = 2 x = 4, y = 2 x = 6, y = 2 x = 5, y = 7

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(3x3)n ÷ (−xn + 1)2 ÷ x−n−3 = A. B. C. D. 3x2n + 1 3x
3 x5
n

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Convert BFED(6) to a number in base four. A. B. C. D. 23333221(4) 23333230(4) 23333231(4) 32333231(4)

n 2n + 1

3nx4n + 5
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Which of the following have the same values as A4B(16)? (1) 101001001011(2) 10553(7) 221023(4)

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Which of the following expressions must be correct? (1) (2) (3) A. B. C. D. x6 ÷ [x3 ÷ (−x)2] = x5 3y − 2y = y
4 3

(2) (3) A. B. C. D.

(an + 1)2 (a )

2 n −1

= a4n

(1) and (2) only (1) and (3) only (2) and (3) only (1), (2) and (3)

(1) only (1) and (3) only (2) and (3) only (1), (2) and (3)

Short Questions
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1 2 3 4 5

Simplify p4q3 × p2q. Simplify (2a7b3)3 × (5a4b5)2. Simplify 12s5t3 ÷ 4s2t2. Simplify (6f 3g8)4 ÷ (12f 5g15). Evaluate (a) (b) (7−3 × 94 ÷ 3−8)0, 5−2 × 56.

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Revision of Chapter 1– Operations of Surds
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Simplify

(a) (b)

(−ab0)−2n ÷ a−2nb, (u−5v4) × (u6v−7).

Express the answers with positive indices.
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Calculate the following. (a) (b) (c) 1−20
3 (− ) − 2 4

(−0.525)0

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True or false Determine whether each of the following expressions is true (T) or false (F). (a) (b) (c) (d) −0.095% = −9.5 × 10−4 −(−4) = −(4 )
−1 −1

( ( ( (

) ) ) )

250.3 = 2.503 × 103 −3−4 = 81
1

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True or false Determine whether each of the following expressions is true (T) or false (F). (a) (b) (c) (d) Numerals are signs expressing numbers. The ‘0’ in the number 305 is a place holder. Binary numbers take 2 as the base number. In the number 6 537, the place value of 5 is 500. ( ( ( ( ) ) ) )

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Fill in the blanks. (a) (b) (c) (d) The base numeral of the decimal system is ____________________. The base numeral of the binary system is ____________________. Each digit of a number has its own ____________________. In 18 372, the place value of 7 is ____________________. In 25 360, 5 represents the value ____________________.

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Write down the place value of 0 in each binary number. (a) (b) (c) 110(2) 11 011(2) __________ __________

1011 111(2) __________

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Write down the place value of 2 in each octal number. (a) (b) (c) 421 52071 6211413 __________ __________ __________

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Revision of Chapter 4– Laws of Integral Indices (MC_SQ)
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Write down the values of the following expressions. (a) (b) 5 × 1 000 + 3 × 100 + 6 × 10 + 2 8 × 100 000 + 5 × 1000 + 6 × 10 + 9 __________ __________

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Expand the following binary numbers and convert them to decimal numbers. (a) (b) (c) 10 101(2) 100 010(2) 11 101 110(2)

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Convert the following decimal numbers to binary numbers. (a) (b) 14 90

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Convert the following hexadecimal numbers to decimal numbers. (a) (b) 3A(16) BF(16)

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Simplify the following expressions. (a) (b) (x3 ⋅ x4)2 ÷ (x4 ÷ x−2) xm+n ⋅ xm−n − (x2)m− x2m+4 ÷ x−4

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Simplify the following expressions. (a) (b) (xm)3 ⋅ (x−3m) − 2(x−3)3m ÷ (x−3)m + x0 2x4 × (−x3)2 ÷ ( 2 x2)3
1

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Simplify the following expressions and express the answers with positive indices. (a) (b) x−3 ⋅ x14 + x16 ÷ x5
s −10 t −3 2 ( t −3 ) ÷ ( s 5 )

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True or false Determine whether each of the following statements is true (T) or false (F). (a) (b) (c) (d) If n is an even number, (−1)n+1(−1)n = 1. If a < 0 and n is a positive integer, (an)3 must be a positive number. a can be written as a ⋅ a or a ⋅ a .
16 8 8 4 12

( ( ( (

) ) ) )

If m ≠ 0, x ≠ 1 and (xm)y = x , then y = m.

m2

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Revision of Chapter 1– Operations of Surds
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Matching Match the expressions on the left with those on the right. am ⋅ a5m ⋅ a4n (−am+1)3 ⋅ (a2)1+n (an+1 ÷ am+1)2 ⋅ (a3)m (a2) n−(a5)m(a2)n

⋅ ⋅ ⋅ a6m+4n ⋅
1 3

⋅ −a3m+2n+5 ⋅ a2n−2m

⋅ a3m+2n − a5m+2n
1 2 x y. 2

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(a)

Simplify (3x3 y2)3 ÷ (6x2 y) 2 − (xy)3 ×
1

(b)
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If x = −4 and y = − 2 , find the value of the above expression.

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Compare the magnitudes of 3555, 4444 and 5333. Convert the following numbers to binary numbers. (a) (b) 627(8) 204D(16)

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Convert the following numbers in various bases to decimal numbers. (a) (b) 321(4) 106(7) Convert 111 0110 1001(2) to a hexadecimal number. Convert 547(8) to a binary number and a hexadecimal number.

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(a) (b)

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It is given that y = x(9) = 101221(3). Find the values of x and y. Find the value of (1023(4))−2 in base ten. Fill in the blanks. Compare the magnitudes of the following numbers. (a) (b) (c) 4D(16) __________1010101(2) FA(16) __________AF(16) 362(9) __________102002(3)
3 2

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Expand (a−n + b 2 m )2 (an − b−2m)3. Expand (x−2 + y−2)−2 and express the answer with positive indices. Solve the following equations. (a) (b) 8x = 2−7 5x ÷ ( 2 )2 = ( 4 )−1
10 3 9

Revision of Chapter 4– Laws of Integral Indices (MC_SQ)
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(a) (b)

If x = 3a3n and y = a 2 n −1 , express a−nx − ay in terms of a. If a = −3 and n = −1, find the value of a−nx − ay.
1 m high, express the height of the staircase in terms of n. 10

1 2

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A staircase contains 6 steps. The height of each step is n times that of the previous step. If the first step is

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True or false Determine whether each of the following expressions is true (T) or false (F). (a) (b) (c) E(16) + F(16) = 29(16) 6F9(16) = 123321(4) (11(2)) = 121(2) Convert CAF2(16) to a number in base five. If CAF2(16) = 304320(n), find n.
2

( ( (

) ) )

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(a) (b)

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