Assignment On Cash Management in Bank Branches
Prepared by: Md. Nime Bin Kashem ID: 1384 Management Trainee Officer Millennium Corporate Branch Trust Bank Limited
Prepared for: “FOUNDATION TRAINING FOR MTO’s FT-2/2011”
Date of submission: 11 September, 2011
Cash Management in Bank Branches
banks have developed a system which allows companies to upload a list of all the checks that they issue on a daily basis. so that at the end of the month the bank statement will show not only which checks have cleared. This enables managers to create and authorize special internal logon credentials. The amount required varies from day to day and week to week. More recently. instead of asking its employees to deposit the cash. Automated Clearing House: services are usually offered by the cash management division of a bank. Armored Car Services (Cash Collection Services): Large retailers who collect a great deal of cash may have the bank pick this cash up via an armored car company. but it is more often used to describe specific services such as cash concentration. since it issues so many checks it can take a lot of human monitoring to understand which checks have not cleared and therefore what the company's true balance is. is a marketing term for certain services offered primarily to larger business customers. Rather. banks have used this system to prevent checks from being fraudulently cashed if they are not on the list. Sometimes. allowing employees to send wires and access other cash management features normally not found on the consumer web site.Cash Management:
In United States banking. but also which have not. or treasury management. Companies use this to pay others. Cash is ordered from the Federal Reserve and excess cash is returned there. The Automated Clearing House is an electronic system used to transfer funds between banks. especially employees
. To ensure that the net cash on hand meets the bank's needs. cash management. and automated clearing house facilities.
Cash management services generally offered at Banks:
The following is a list of services generally offered by banks and utilized by larger businesses and corporations:
Account Reconcilement Services: Balancing a checkbook can be a difficult process for a very large business.
Money is an account balance. To address this. private banking customers are given cash management services. they keep about 10% of deposited funds in cash. Cash management is keeping enough cash on hand to handle the bank's cash business plus the cash reserve dictated by the bank's policy. It may be used to describe all bank accounts (such as checking accounts) provided to businesses of a certain size. Advanced Web Services: Most banks have an Internet-based system which is more advanced than the one available to consumers. Banks do not maintain cash on hand equal to the amount of money deposited. Cash on hand plus cash deposited minus cash paid out equals net cash on hand. a process known as positive pay. zero balance accounting. the cash manager must estimate with fair accuracy the amount of cash to be deposited as well as the future cash demand.
open their mail. This system dramatically reduces check fraud.
Balance Reporting Services: Corporate clients who actively manage their cash balances usually subscribe to secure web-based reporting of their account and transaction information at their lead bank. Reverse Positive Pay: Reverse positive pay is similar to positive pay.).Retail: services: Often companies (such as utilities) which receive a large number of payments via checks in the mail have the bank set up a post office box for them. When checks are presented for payment and clear through the Federal Reserve System. Cash Concentration Services: Large or national chain retailers often are in areas where their primary bank does not have branches.
. Lockbox . the Federal Reserve prepares a file of the checks' account numbers. those that can be reconciled with the company's files. The company lets the bank know which checks match its internal information. investments. as well as those at other banks.. and the bank pays those items. corrects any misreads or encoding errors. Finally. The bank pays only "true" exceptions. serial numbers. Therefore.Wholesale: services: are for companies with small numbers of payments. maintaining the list of checks issued. many of these companies have an agreement set with their primary bank. These sophisticated compilations of banking activity may include balances in foreign currencies. sometimes with detailed requirements for processing. including deposits. Lockbox . and dollar amounts and sends the file to the bank.g. Certain companies also use it to collect funds from customers (this is generally how automatic payment plans work). but the process is reversed. that is. ACH (automated clearinghouse debits and credits). whereby their primary bank uses the Automated Clearing House to electronically "pull" the money from these banks into a single interest-bearing bank account. In reverse positive pay. they offer transaction-specific details on all forms of payment activity. etc. where the company compares the information to its internal records. serial number. Positive Pay: Positive pay is a service whereby the company electronically shares its check register of all written checks with the bank. with the company. The bank therefore will only pay checks listed in that register. etc. checks. This system is criticized by some consumer advocacy groups. they open bank accounts at various local banks in the area. checks in the process of collection). This is referred to as a "lockbox" service.(this is how direct deposit works). and determines if any items are fraudulent. wire transfers in and out. payee. and deposit any checks found. To prevent funds in these accounts from being idle and not earning sufficient interest. because under this system banks assume that the company initiating the debit is correct until proven otherwise. not the bank. This might be a company like a dentist's office or small manufacturing company. They include information on cash positions as well as 'float' (e. The bank then researches the checks that do not match. with exactly the same specifications as listed in the register (amount. the bank sends that file to the company.
Wire Transfer: A wire transfer is an electronic transfer of funds. Wire transfers can be done by a simple bank account transfer.•
Sweep accounts: are typically offered by the cash management division of a bank.
In the past. Bank wire transfers are often the most expedient method for transferring funds between bank accounts. excess funds from a company's bank accounts are automatically moved into a money market mutual fund overnight. This is different from delayed disbursements. banks are almost all converting their systems so that companies can tell which store made a particular deposit. that provides the amount of disbursements that will be charged to the customer's account. and then moved back the next morning. zero balance accounting is being used less frequently. even if these deposits are all deposited into a single account.
. Under this system.S. or by a transfer of cash at a cash office. Controlled Disbursement: This is another product offered by banks under Cash Management Services. Traditionally. This is the primary use of money market mutual funds. For example. This allows them to earn interest overnight. accuracy. The message also includes settlement instructions. requiring no longer for transmission than a telephone call. where payments are issued through a remote branch of a bank and customer is able to delay the payment due to increased float time. Companies with large numbers of stores or locations can very often be confused if all those stores are depositing into a single bank account. The bank provides a daily report. typically money market investments. it would be impossible to know which deposits were from which stores without seeking to view images of those deposits. Cash management services can be costly but usually the cost to a company is outweighed by the benefits: cost savings. banks developed a system where each store is given their own bank account. other services have been offered the usefulness of which has diminished with the rise of the Internet. This early knowledge of daily funds requirement allows the customer to invest any surplus in intraday investment opportunities. but all the money deposited into the individual store accounts are automatically moved or swept into the company's main bank account. typically early in the day. companies could have daily faxes of their most recent transactions or be sent CD-ROMs of images of their cashed checks. To help correct this problem. U. The actual wire transfer itself is virtually instantaneous. A bank wire transfer is a message to the receiving bank requesting them to effect payment in accordance with the instructions given. etc. Therefore. Zero Balance Accounting: can be thought of as somewhat of a hack. This allows the company to look at individual statements for each store. efficiencies.
25000. Foreign Currency Register.Picture: Cash Department of Bank Branches
Function of Head Teller/Cash In-Charge:
Opening of Vault before (at least 15/20 minutes) business hour starts.00 Maintenance of Vault register. Making arrangement of the Tellers and distribute the reserve cash among them To lift the surplus cash from the Tellers To counter Sign the deposit slips Cancellation of the cheques above Tk. Prize Bond Register Ensuring deposit of surplus cash to feeding branch/Bangladesh Bank/ Sonali Bank Withdrawal of cash from feeding branch/Bangladesh Bank/ Sonali Bank when required Keeping Vault Key (s) as joint custodian
• • • • • •
Every sheet must be signed by the teller and verified by the Head Teller. Cash in Transit).
• • •
Functions of Tellers/Cash Officers
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Maintenance of Customer relationship Receiving of cash from customers Receiving of Cheques for clearing and transfer Payment of Cheques if other requirements are fulfilled. tellers entry their cash receive/ payment vouchers.
Preparation of Teller Cash Proof Sheet
. Detection of fake notes and doing the needful as per guideline Tickets selling of different Agencies Accepting Torn & Soiled Notes As per circular of Bangladesh Bank Preparation of different statements
• • • • • • • •
In the Teller Sheet.•
Report to the Head Office regarding Mutilated Notes and send to the feeding branch when necessary. Preparation & verification Cash Transaction Report (CTR) Excess amount of the Tellers. deposit to the Sundry Deposit Account Transfer of IPO subscription amount as per Head Office instruction Maintenance of Insurance Coverage (Cash in Vault. Cash in Counter. It shows the closing balance of the teller according to the denomination of different notes. Receiving of IPO application & amount Receiving of various kinds of bills Packing and bundling of cash Purchase and sell of Prize Bonds.
It needs the signature of the Head Teller and Manager (operation) / Sub Manager or Manager. The total balances must coincide with Vault Management balance. Writing the Reserve Cash Proof Sheet & Vault Register. Total Credit Balance and Total Closing Balance of the day.•
Head Teller hand over initial cash (Reserve Cash) to the individual teller for making payment at the time of opening. Rest amount must be submitted to the head teller according to cash denomination. • Third step:
After transaction hour they summarize the total cash receipt & payment & submit it to the Head Teller with closing balance. Closing amount must be showed in the proof sheet as specific head wise such as Savings Deposit. The closing balance (Local currency/Foreign currency) is shown according to the denomination of different types of notes. Beside this it contains the closing balance of the tellers and initially receiving amount (reserve cash) from the Head Teller.
Preparation of Cash Proof Sheet:
Receiving closing balances from the tellers. & Amount and at the same time makes payments in the same manner. Keeping the balances to the Vault in presence of Manager (operation)/Sub Manager or Manager.
Reserve Cash Proof Sheet:
It shows the Total Debit Balance. Current Deposit. A/C NO. Adding the balances with the rest balance with the Head Teller. SND & others.
. • Second step:
Each Teller receives cash from the customer & passes entry of it as cash receipt with SL NO.
. Cash officers must try to meet up the queries of the customers or they will refer to the respective dept. In case of any unwarranted situation Cash In-charge/Sub-Manager will bring it to the notice of Higher Management. Bank Cash In-charge must check the insurance of both counter and vault.Picture: Cash flow mechanism of Bank Branches
Other functions of cash Dept:
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Must maintain time table as circulated by HO and B.