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Hydrated Crystals

Date: 5/20/11

Purpose: To calculate the formula for a hydrate using the mass of the hydrated compound and the mass of the anhydrous compound.

Procedure: Measure to the nearest 0.01 g the mass of a clean, dry crucible with a lid. Record the mass. Add about 3 g hydrated MgSO4 to the crucible. Then record observations. Place the crucible in a triangle and allow the heat to escape. Heat for about 10 minutes. Measure the mass of the crucible, lid, and MgSO4 and record the mass in the data table.

Data: Mass of crucible: 46.082 Observation Hard, rocks, white substances, looks like powdered sugar

MgSO4 w/crucible: 49.303 After 10 min: 44.604 Mass cooled down: 44.644

Calculations: 1. MgSO4 * xH2O 3/120.38= 0.02= 1 3/18.02= 0.166/0.02= 8

Error Analysis: Mistake in calculating the mass of the hydrated crystal. Also, errors in the reading of the balance. Another mistake could be not properly carrying out the experiment.

Conclusions: In conclusion to this lab report, we can assume that we cannot use this lab to calculate all of the masses of hydrated crystals. Also, hydrated MgSO4 has more mass than anhydrous MgSO4.

Questions: 1. Converting the mass of anhydrous MgSO4 to moles and water to moles, we would divide both of them separately by their molar mass. 2. Hydrated MgSO4 had overall more mass. 3.Because not all of the hydrates may have the same molar mass.