PWM (Pulse width modulation) is a controlling the output voltage without any disturbance for the use of AC motor. The output voltage is from a fixed voltage supply. The advantage of PWM is that it uncontrolled rectifier can give in a series of constant DC voltage. This PWM control can be used in a constant torque area such as machinery equipment, textile industry, printing, and paper manufacturing.

From the video, we can see the equipment that use for this project. That is a IGBT power stage, control PCB, LCD display, AC input and AC output and also neutralise common. This project also use buck boost transformer which will be add or subtract the voltage in series at AC input. From the video, we can see the block diagram of stabilizer. In that block diagram, it has a IGBT power stage that having PWM output which is going to buck boost transformer.

This buck boost transformer is split type that have little inductance. This little inductance is using for filtering of high frequency and the secondary is producing AC voltage. This voltage can add and subtract in series with the AC input. Hence the load in the DSP control section will sense the output voltage, low current, input voltage, and the IGBT current. So the feedback of AC output voltage remains constant. The operation of stabilizer using 50 KVA stabilizer and boost mode. The input voltage of stabilizer is 180 v and the output is 220 v. the input voltage will add with the voltage at transformer that is 40 v. so, 180 v + 40 v = 220 v. the 40 v is generated by the PWM using IGBT. Next, the operation of buck mode. The input voltage is 250 v and the output is 220 v. In this mode, PWM is generated opposite phase. The voltage subtract from the input voltage. So, the current will flow back to the main through the IGBT.

The amplitude for that waveform increase and decrease depend on the adjustment that had been done. That are the yellow and the blue waveform which represent the input and the output voltage. . Theres the two waveform appear on the oscilloscope screen display. the 3 light are used to combine with the circuit. The waveform with the pwm will changing phases when the voltage is decrease the phases is the same with the ouput voltage waveform and when the voltage is increase the phases will opposite with the output voltage waveform. When the light is on. Next. So. The waveform for the input voltage changed. the waveform became bigger but there is no change on the voltage output waveform.This circuit is connected to the oscilloscope. This because the pwm make the output voltage waveform maintain the same and just changing the pwm output waveform to make the output voltage remains the same. the pwm control the output voltage to maintain the same in the experiment. To see more detailed about the function of the pwm in the circuit. The different between the first waveform and the waveform with the pwm is the changing phases of the input waveform when the value for the input voltage is regulated. there waveform for the pwm became smaller and when the light are off. The waveform for the pwm out and the voltage output waveform are appear on the oscilloscope screen display. The input voltage then adjusted to see the movement on the oscilloscope screen display. the waveform for the circuit that with pwm is connected to the oscilloscope.

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