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part of Tibetan astrology derived from Indian astrology, where they are much used. A Karana is one half a lunar day (tithie) or six degrees of solunar angular separation. Keep in mind that a lunar day is the time it takes the Moon to travel (in relation to the Sun) 12 degrees of arc. There are thirty lunar days in a month and thus sixty Karanas. There are eleven types of Karana, four of them occur just once a month and are called the Fixed Karanas: Kintughna, Chatushpada, Sakuni, and Naga. The other seven are movable and follow one another in strict rotation: Bava, Balava, Kaulava, Taitila, Gara, Vanija and Vishti. Each of the Karanas is said to have a particular influence and interpretation, with ‘Vishti’ being the most inauspicious of the group. Nothing of importance is done during the hald lunar day of Vishti. In the Tibetan almanacs the Karana is usually listed for each day as it exists at sunrise, about 5am of the current calendar day. On the next page is a list of the sixty Karanas, beginning with the moment of the New Moon and extending to the next New Moon.
Vishti Karana Said not be a good karana for any activity other than being aggressive and attacking enemies and obstacles. This is the ‘bad’ karana and nothing positive should be undertaken
‘Panchaga’ is the technical word used to denote the 5 limbs of time that is very popular throughout india. The word ‘Panchanga’ means ‘5-limbs’ (of time), but in general the word is treated to mean the same as ‘ephemeris’ for all practical purpose. In india ‘Panchanga’ is another name for ‘ephimeris’ along with detailed tables for 5-limbs of time for each day and also with the planetary longitudes of all planets for every day. Use of these 5-Limbs in Muhurta determination for various actions is very popular. Apart from this in natal chart result derivation and Hororay astrology (Prashna) also the 5limbs of time are extensively used for result derivation. The 5-limbs of time are - 1. Tithi, 2. Nakshatra, 3.Nityayoga, 4. Vara, 5. Karana. The use of these 5-limbs is well pupular from the Vedic period itself. Let us look into this giving special importance to Karana and its use in Jataka, Prashna and Muhurta. What is the meaning of the word Karana? The word ‘Karana’ points to actions that can be done, i.e. ‘Karaneeya Karma’. That is, Karana is a pointer towards the work or actions that can be executed in that specified period of time; actions that would yield positive or beneficial results if done in that time. Philosophical background This clearly shows that - just like any other limb of time, Karana is also used to evaluate the ‘quolity of time to do specific actions’. Note that evaluating the quolity of time becomes important only when we accept the predictive astrology. The quolity of time at which a work is started or an event took place determines its future; or better as per oriential belief, ‘quolity of time’ (Muhurta) is one of the parameters which determines how the future will unfold. Naturally enough other parameters being - environment, own effort and so on. Astrology is not always fatalistic as is thought to be - it leaves plenty scope for environment and effort as well. Fate and Free-will are considered 2 wheels of the same chariot - without
I am much indepted to the exposure of the same by Maharshi Abhaya Katyayan in his extensive Hindi commentry on Adharva vedanga Jyotisha (Adharva Vedeeya Jyotisha). Kaulika is weaver and is also another name for people who follow the traditional SivaSakta tantric path of worship. Kula means traditional family. This word originated from the Sanskrit word ‘Vadava’. Koustubha. Thus naturally Taitila karana is good for all activities related to king. Titir is a word with great history. Chatushpat. study of Veda. slave girl. Kudava is a kind of measurement vessel (also known as Nazhi in south india). prostitute and so on. 1. After expressing my regards to that great scholar. Anyway the word Balava has nothing to do with leopard. Taitila In south india this is also known as Kazhuta karnam (Donkey). Bava In south india this is also know as ‘Simha karnam’ (Lion). Thus naturally it is good for all Sthira karma (such as friendship. 6. Homa (fire worship). 1 Kudava = 32 Tola. Vishti Sthira Karanas 1. Thus essentially Kaulava karana is related to family. giving a special name out of respect as a award. Anyway the word Bava has nothing to do with Lion. Anyway the word Kaulava has nothing to do with Pig. Balava 3. The major meaning considered here is ‘Brahmin lady’. 2. or traditional job. Bava. Balava In south india this is also known as ‘Puli karanam’ (Leopard). ornamentation. Naga. Apart from the meaning ‘heading’. For pledge taking.e. temple creation and so on). rewards or respect. ornamenting the idols and revered ones and so on. Gara. 2. 4. sperm. tradition and any thing worldly. Karana Names and their word meaning For this section on Karana names and their word meaning. It could be because of the reverence to him that the word ‘Titir’ got the meaning respect or reward. Also remember the word Kaul. This word originated from the Sanskrit word ‘Titir’. creativity and so on. That is why this karana is good for Yajna. which means brahmin lady. sexual intercourse. This word originated from the Sanskrit word Kulapa or Kudava. ‘Dr’ etc. 3. compromise. 2. Of course. to be near the kings or people in power and authority without losing head demands a lot of patience as well.7 Chara Karna and 4 Sthira Karana. For example Kulala is the one who creates mud vessels. and Sthira Karanas got that name because they don’t repeat. so the word Kaula can refer to anyone who follows a traditional path. Titila. authority. which means getting awards. The 11 Karanas There is a total of 11 Karanas . Vanija. With this basic understanding about the philosophical background of ‘influence of time’ and the ‘use of 5-limbs in selection of time for performing actions’ let us look into the details of Karana division and its use in predictive astrology. 4. reward. business etc) and also for Stira deeds (such as sawing seeds. Chara means moving and Sthira means fixed. worship. Anyway the word Taitila has nothing to do with Donkey. Sakuni. . agreement or anything which we want to stay for long). which means testacies. flush. 3. So naturally as you could expect this karana is good for all Chara deeds (such as journey. It is good for all kinds of Santi karma. the word ‘Title’ also means ‘entitling’. Remember the sage Titir based on whom the ‘Taitireeya banch’ of vedic knowledge got its name. Titiksha means patience. for reading epic and puranas etc. female horse (mare). and Kaulalam is mud vessel. This word originated from the Sanskrit word ‘Vapa’. for putting foundation stone. and also the titles ‘Lord’. Possibly Chara Karanas got that name because they repeat cyclically. Chara Karanas 1. ‘Title’. I am proceeding with explaining the same. 5. 4.one the other is useless. Kaulava. 7. There is one very popular English word which originated from the same root word – i. Remember the ‘Sir’ title awarded in medieval periods to many. daily duties. Kaulava In south india this is also known as ‘Panni karanam’ (Pig/Swine). popular especially among Kashmiri pundits – essentially pointing to Kaulachara (Kaula system of siva-sakti worship). What does these Karna names mean? Are these words of Sanskrit origin? Does they provide some clues regarding the result derivation? These doubts would be clarified in the next section.
There are some special techniques used by good astrologers for correlating Panchangas with the result derivation concerning natal chart. Ishti is yaga or work. Anyway the word Vishti has nothing to do with dog.means their duration is NOT constent (such as 6 degree) . Note that English is also a language of Indo-European language family. Vanija In south india this karana is known as ‘Surabhi karanam’ (Cow). Tithi)! Karana as an indipendended limb of time How to use Panchanga in Result derivation There is no need of Jugglery provided one understands the basics well. 3.Karana is the day and night of the Lunar day (Tithi). cattle. Nityayoga is also a pointer to the proximity of Sun and Moon . Gareeyan (most revered. In the ancient past the jobs that are considered difficult are cattle/horse/elephant breading. vehicle related and so on. Vara . The vehicle of ancient period is horse. This word originated from the Sanskrit word ‘Panija’ or Pani meaning Phoenician.it is a popular nadi methodology as well.receiving position. The fundamental and trustworthy point in associating Panchanga with natal chart is to consider ruler of concerned limb and not its position in the natal chart and arrive at a solid conclusion . It is said that ‘Karnat Karya siddhichaH’ (Karana indicates fullfillment of work). Vishti In south india this karana is known with this self same name. most valuable). Thus naturally this karana is not good for beneficial or good deeds and also for deeds for which we expect some benefit (even punya) in return. and is just the half of Tithi. 5.but it is the special name attributed to ‘day time part of the tithi’ and ‘night time part of the tithi’ . Anyway the word Taitila has nothing to do with Elephant. some say that .does not have a lord. Karana is NOT half of Tithi . Thus NO JUGGLERY is needed but instead all of them helps the learned astrologer to arrive at many solid results. businessman or market. But the prime importance of Panchanga (5 limbs of time. Here the root word itself is ‘Vishti’ meaning effort without benefit. 5. Karana . 7. Vi-Ishti is useless Ishti or useless work. Nitya yoga. and Uttarardha of Tithi must have been sufficient. Associating Karana results generally with the native and especially with the Sun DasaMoon Antara is a common practice.Vara has a lord and its position in natal chart is important and certainly helps us to reach some defenite derivations. i. For example Aswa-gara (horse shed).is essentially associated with Nakshatras and has a lord. work that got wasted. Hriha is a word that points to any type of house. Gurutva (essence fullness). there is some! As per Adharva vedeeya jyotisha. great). selling plot or building or anything of the like and so on. house.which makes it all the more important. difficult. they demand much effort from the villager. 6. In short vishti means ‘waste’ – both words (vishti and waste) originated from the same root.since it also a pointer to the proximity of Sun and Moon. That means Sukshma vara is nothing but Kala hora .and this is what makes Karana an independent limb! Like the day and night which is associated with ‘Solar day’. In arriving at deities of for worship etc Tithi is considered with importance. and the place to land the vehicle is ‘Garage’ as per English language. Garishta (most dense. 4. Vara and Karana) is related to Muhurta dertermination. Tithi is considered the most important limb among the 5limbs (Panchanga) and as such the we can expect that similar to Nakshatra or better than nakshtra the tithi results should match to the native. why should we consider it as indipendent at all? Why should we attribute a special limb to it? Mere use of the word Purvardha of Tithi. Actually this word has a better history. because these methods are not as fundamental to result derivation as 7-fold approach.Because as per modern books Karana is half of Tithi (Tithyardham Karnam) . Looking at the history of this word it is clear that ‘Vanija’ or ‘Panija’ is a word essentially related to business. Nakshatra. Definitely all these are DASA DEPENDENT even though they can be applied or expected to be true in a general sense as well. charge taking etc usually Taitila karana is preferred. Thus naturally this Karana is good for starting a business. The jobs that comes under the category of difficult jobs and the word ‘gara’ points to is cattle shed. it is not necessary to describe the importance of the same. rural business and so on. Note the presence of this word in the modern day English word ‘company’ (company) – thus company essentially means ‘group business’. elephant shed and so on. I am not interested in going into the details of the above methods as of now. whether it be related to vehicle. Nitya yoga . agriculture and rural business of grains. horse shed. Nakshatra is a pointer towards the mind. The point to note is that it is just due all this that – Gara karana is very auspicious for any hard and difficult jobs. work without payment. Remember the words Garima (proud beauty). Here the root word itself is ‘Gara’ meaning hard. or in other words Karana can be considered as a pointer to the type of work under taken by an individual. and a solid system of result derivation.e.e. in short ‘wastage’ of time. such as Tithi. Anyway the word Vanija has nothing to do with Cow. and provide a related sold derivation. money and energy. ‘Day time karana’ and ‘Night time Karana’ are the day and night of the ‘Lunar day’ (i. and it is assumed that the shape of Vishti is similar to a dog.if Karana is just half of Tithi. Without any jugglery it provides many definite results for sure. As you know 1. demanding more effort and so on. If Karana has a constent 6 degree span. The word ‘Pani’ or ‘Pany’ means Phoenician or business (In the vedic past the Phoenicians did business with India).and Vara sputa is nothing but Lagna sputa! I hope. Nakshatra . Remember the word Vanijya (business) which too is a related word.jugglery is necessary to derive results using . machinery. Gara In south india this is also known as Gaja karana (Elephant).has a lord and you can not the position of the nakshtra lord in chart. and you can not the position of the nakshtra lord in chart to provide a related solid derivation. but Tithi is considered ‘the body’. and as such definitely you can arrive at many useful derivations based on Tithi . 2. Vara is 24 hours and Sukshma vara is 1 hour each.but the question arises . Tithi . Are We calculating Karanas Correctly? It is believed that the Panchanga at birth is important in deriving results related to natal chart as well. Vishiti is Vi-Ishti. then sinerely speaking there is no new limb such as Karana at all! So what is the clue? What is the idea hiding behind? What is the bit of lost knowledge? Yes. A special point to remember is that we might be calculating Karanas wrongly right now .
9) Sakuni (Pullu) = Sharp mind. 4) Kaulava (Varaha/panni) = Traditional jobs. As Renu ji. a system of horory astrology popular in South India.but of course they too are useful. money and energy of themselves and others. Varanasi. vehicle related jobs. good for celebrities. normal society people. Trivandrum. there are systematic approaches available to arrive at solid results based on Panchanga as well. Hope this brief description would be helpful in understanding the people born in those Karanas. [Pending . Nakshatra. but a common.but defenitly the knowledge contained in it is in tune with the other available Vedanga Jyotisha texts such as ‘Rig Jyotisha’ and ‘Yajush Jyotisha’. don’t value society accepted paths .Elaborate this section with subjects such as "Use of Karana in Prashna". able. desire filled. good for govt. In essence Rajasik . technicians. Don’t give too much importance to such derivations .what are these ‘good/bad quolities (of the native) indicated by Karana’? I will explain. clever. I am giving the other poplar names of those karana (duty. good for awards and rewards. References: * Adharva Jyotisha . able. But the book itself seems to be of AD origin considering the style of language used . one of my good friends in ancient_indian_astrology yahoo group remarkedIf the placement of planets also support such good/bad qualities indicated by karana. and could be useful. one similar to other 4 limbs of time (such as Vara. artistic. Anyway this is a Karana proper for sages and saints. 10) Chatushpad (Nalkali/Quadruped) = Normal people. . It is NOT SO. 2) Bala (Vapa/Simha) = Highly creative. A point well stated! That itself is the secret behind the use of Panchanga to make dependable derivations! But first . 11) Naga (Pampu) = Chance for deformed body at birth. gem or elephant.or follow traditional tantiric paths not accepted by current society. 7) Vanija (Surabhi/Pasu) = Business men. servant. 3) Balava (Vadava/puli) = Brahmanic.good for kings and worldly individuals with a practical mind. villagers who value tradition. especially those who follow traditional tantric worship. Published by Bhagya Book house. good for worship and worldly acts.Hindi commentry on Adharva vedanga Jyotisha by Girija Shankar Sastri. 6) Gara (Gaja) = Hard working.and deals with the system of astrology practiced and praised in ancient vedic past of BC 3000 . * Deva Prasnaanushtana Pradeepam by Sreenadh OG. interested in speculation. Fire like. people to who specialize in different areas of work with needs continuous training and talent. * Various Sanskrit Dictionaries * Jataka-alankara of Dundi Raja. I suppose one can make a fair enough judgement of the native. Tithi and Nityayoga). The nature of the native born in this karana would be similar to the same.Hindi commentry on Adharva vedanga Jyotisha by Maharshi Abhaya Katyayan. creative. 5) Taitila (Khara/Kazhuta)= Title.BC 1500. Alahabad. Politicians. destructive. Good for common people. in understanding the quolity of time (including birth time). "Use of Karana in Muhurta" etc] Important Point to Remember Use of Karana names in result derivation is not a major path. Rebels. A text written in Malayalam language containing a collection of numerous ancient sanskrit quotes with commentry as could be used in ‘Deva Prashna’ (Temple Prashna). 1) Kausthubha (Kimstukhna/Puzhu) = Kausthubha means sandel. people who follow traditional jobs and traditional tantric worship. famous. The results be “Similar to meaning of Karna names” :) Some example description is given below.but instead creates their own paths . able. How to use Karana in Natal chart result derivation In my opinion the approach behind Karana names and co-relating it with the native’s nature is simple. 8) Vishti = Useless people . proper for word) names in bracket for the people who are not familiar with the original name to understand the same.who waste the time. * Adharva Jyotisha . Published by Choukhamba Surbharati Prakashan. Angry.Panchanga. The references to the use of 5-limbs of time present in this book is as old as the Vedas .
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