THE ÆSOP FABLES

WITH PICTURES BY MILO WINTER

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THE WOLF AND THE KID There was once a little Kid whose growing horns made him think he was a grown-up Billy Goat and able to take care of himself. So one evening when the flock started home from the pasture and his mother called, the Kid paid no heed and kept right on nibbling the tender grass. A little later when he lifted his head, the flock was gone. He was all alone. The sun was sinking. Long shadows came creeping over the ground. A chilly little wind came creeping with them making scary noises in the grass. The Kid shivered as he thought of the terrible Wolf. Then he started wildly over the field, bleating for his mother. But not half-way, near a clump of trees, there was the Wolf! The Kid knew there was little hope for him. "Please, Mr. Wolf," he said trembling, "I know you are going to eat me. But first please pipe me a tune, for I want to dance and be merry as long as I can." The Wolf liked the idea of a little music before eating, so he struck up a merry tune and the Kid leaped and frisked gaily. Meanwhile, the flock was moving slowly homeward. In the still evening air the Wolf's piping carried far. The Shepherd Dogs pricked up their ears. They recognized the song the Wolf sings before a feast, and in a moment they were racing back to the pasture. The Wolf's song ended suddenly, and as he ran, with the Dogs at his heels, he called himself a fool for turning piper to please a Kid, when he should have stuck to his butcher's trade. Do not let anything turn you from your purpose.

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THE TORTOISE AND THE DUCKS The Tortoise, you know, carries his house on his back. No matter how hard he tries, he cannot leave home. They say that Jupiter punished him so, because he was such a lazy stay-at-home that he would not go to Jupiter's wedding, even when especially invited. After many years, Tortoise began to wish he had gone to that wedding. When he saw how gaily the birds flew about and how the Hare and the Chipmunk and all the other animals ran nimbly by, always eager to see everything there was to be seen, the Tortoise felt very sad and discontented. He wanted to see the world too, and there he was with a house on his back and little short legs that could hardly drag him along. One day he met a pair of Ducks and told them all his trouble. "We can help you to see the world," said the Ducks. "Take hold of this stick with your teeth and we will carry you far up in the air where you can see the whole countryside. But keep quiet or you will be sorry." The Tortoise was very glad indeed. He seized the stick firmly with his teeth, the two Ducks took hold of it one at each end, and away they sailed up toward the clouds. Just then a Crow flew by. He was very much astonished at the strange sight and cried: "This must surely be the King of Tortoises!" "Why certainly——" began the Tortoise. But as he opened his mouth to say these foolish words he lost his hold on the stick, and down he fell to the ground, where he was dashed to pieces on a rock. Foolish curiosity and vanity often lead to misfortune

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" answered the little Crab obediently. mother dear. "You should always walk straight forward with your toes turned out. 4 . like her son." "Show me how to walk. "I want to learn. And when she wanted to turn her toes out she tripped and fell on her nose. Do not tell others how to act unless you can set a good example.THE YOUNG CRAB AND HIS MOTHER "Why in the world do you walk sideways like that?" said a Mother Crab to her son. But she could walk sideways only." So the old Crab tried and tried to walk straight forward.

he crushed a young Frog into the mud. The Frog puffed up still more. was he!" said the old Frog. she burst. As he splashed heavily into the water. "Was he as big as this?" "Oh." she said. all at once. much bigger!" they cried. 5 . "He could not have been bigger than this. puffing herself up. "stepped on little brother with one of his huge feet!" "Big.THE FROGS AND THE OX An Ox came down to a reedy pool to drink. "A great big monster. But the little Frogs all declared that the monster was much. much bigger and the old Frog kept puffing herself out more and more until. The old Frog soon missed the little one and asked his brothers and sisters what had become of him. Do not attempt the impossible." said one of them.

so done. The two comrades traveled along in the very best of spirits and without meeting any adventure to speak of.[Pg 15] 6 . looking for a place to roost. He thought he was still in the farmyard where it had been his duty to arouse the household at daybreak. who were the best of friends. Hurrying to the tree where the Cock was roosting. THE COCK. he awakened a Fox not far off in the wood. and in a twinkling the Dog had seized him. as was his custom." replied the Cock slyly. wished very much to see something of the world. So they decided to leave the farmyard and to set out into the world along the road that led to the woods. went around the tree as he was told. I cannot tell you how glad I am to see you here. honored sir. I am quite sure we shall become the closest of friends.THE DOG. But instead of awakening the farmer. my porter will let you in. Those who try to deceive may expect to be paid in their own coin. "If you will please go around to the door of my house at the foot of the tree. With the first glimmer of dawn the Cock awoke. kind sir. AND THE FOX A Dog and a Cock." "I feel highly flattered. The Fox immediately had rosy visions of a very delicious breakfast. and both slept very comfortably. At nightfall the Cock. he said very politely: "A hearty welcome to our woods. So said. spied nearby a hollow tree that he thought would do very nicely for a night's lodging." The hungry but unsuspecting Fox. So standing on tip-toes he flapped his wings and crowed lustily. The Dog could creep inside and the Cock would fly up on one of the branches. For the moment he forgot just where he was.

an old Mouse arose and said: "I will say that the plan of the young Mouse is very good. but I know it will be successful. Many plans were discussed. so they might have time to run away.BELLING THE CAT The Mice once called a meeting to decide on a plan to free themselves of their enemy. for they lived in such constant fear of her claws that they hardly dared stir from their dens by night or day. When we hear the bell ringing we will know immediately that our enemy is coming. 7 . something had to be done. All we have to do is to hang a bell about the Cat's neck. But in the midst of the rejoicing over their good fortune. the Cat. At last a very young Mouse got up and said: "I have a plan that seems very simple." All the Mice were much surprised that they had not thought of such a plan before. but quite a different matter to do it[Pg 16]. but none of them was thought good enough. Indeed. At least they wished to find some way of knowing when she was coming. But let me ask one question: Who will bell the Cat?" It is one thing to say that something should be done.

my children. Then perhaps you may have some more filberts some other time. Vexed and disappointed he began to cry. unwilling to give up a single filbert and yet unable to get them all out at once.[Pg 17] 8 . So with much rustling of feathers and a fierce air. "What a funny bird this is!" they said laughing. seized a lamb in her talons and made off with it to her nest. That evening he gave the Jackdaw to his children. There he stood. "My boy. he would say he is an Eagle. that the Ram hardly noticed he was there. for his claws were tangled in the wool. But when he tried to rise again he found that he could not get away. Running up. But he took such a great fistful that he could not draw his hand out again." Do not let your vanity make you overestimate your powers. father?" "That is a Jackdaw. And so far was he from carrying away the Ram." Do not attempt too much at once. he came down swiftly on the back of a large Ram. But if you should ask him. THE BOY AND THE FILBERTS A Boy was given permission to put his hand into a pitcher to get some filberts. A Jackdaw saw the deed. "what do you call it. he caught the bird and clipped its wings. The Shepherd saw the fluttering Jackdaw and at once guessed what had happened. "be satisfied with half the nuts you have taken and you will easily get your hand out. and his silly head was filled with the idea that he was big and strong enough to do as the Eagle had done.THE EAGLE AND THE JACKDAW An Eagle. swooping down on powerful wings." said his mother.

not you. When you are up there it is the roof that's talking. "and I haven't the least grudge against you for what you say or do." And when the farmer put his shoulder to the wheel and urged on the horses." Do not say anything at any time that you would not say at all times. "I hear you. Heaven helps those who help themselves. and soon the Farmer was riding along in great content and with a good lesson learned. when he spied a Wolf and began to jeer at him. making faces and abusing him to his heart's content. All he did was to curse his bad luck and call loudly on Hercules to come to his aid. Do you think you can move the wagon by simply looking at it and whining about it? Hercules will not help unless you make some effort to help yourself. and urge on your horses. THE KID AND THE WOLF A frisky young Kid had been left by the herdsman on the thatched roof of a sheep shelter to keep him out of harm's way.HERCULES AND THE WAGONER A Farmer was driving his wagon along a miry country road after a heavy rain." said the Wolf. it is said. saying: "Put your shoulder to the wheel. Self help is the best help. and at last came to a standstill when one of the wheels sank to the hub in a rut. The farmer climbed down from his seat and stood beside the wagon looking at it but without making the least effort to get it out of the rut. The horses could hardly drag the load through the deep mud. Then. The Kid was browsing near the edge of the roof.[Pg 18] 9 . the wagon moved very readily. man. Hercules really did appear.

delicious cheeses. There were sweetmeats and jellies. pastries. hardly daring to breathe. the door opened suddenly and in came the servants to clear the table." she said as she hurried away. followed by the House Dog. roots. The Country Mouse stopped in the Town Mouse's den only long enough to pick up her carpet bag and umbrella. and by her manner making it very plain that she ate the simple food only to be polite. the most tempting foods that a Mouse can imagine. When they reached the mansion in which the Town Mouse lived. they found on the table in the dining room the leavings of a very fine banquet. But just as the Country Mouse was about to nibble a dainty bit of pastry.[Pg 19] 10 . After the meal the friends had a long talk. or rather the Town Mouse talked about her life in the city while the Country Mouse listened. she gladly said yes. For lunch the Country Mouse served wheat stalks. In her sleep the Country Mouse dreamed she was a Town Mouse with all the luxuries and delights of city life that her friend had described for her. They then went to bed in a cozy nest in the hedgerow and slept in quiet and comfort until morning.THE TOWN MOUSE AND THE COUNTRY MOUSE A Town Mouse once visited a relative who lived in the country. where they lay quite still for a long time. nibbling a little of this and a little of that. indeed. In great fear the Mice scurried to a hiding place. "You may have luxuries and dainties that I have not. she heard a Cat mew loudly and scratch at the door." Poverty with security is better than plenty in the midst of fear and uncertainty. The Town Mouse ate very sparingly. "but I prefer my plain food and simple life in the country with the peace and security that go with it. with a dash of cold water for drink. When at last they ventured back to the feast. So the next day when the Town Mouse asked the Country Mouse to go home with her to the city. and acorns.

11 . but in vain. you will be no stronger than a single stick in that bundle. so he cast about in his mind for some very striking example that should make them see that discord would lead them to misfortune." In unity is strength.THE FOX AND THE GRAPES A Fox one day spied a beautiful bunch of ripe grapes hanging from a vine trained along the branches of a tree. Again and again he tried." said the Father. it will be impossible for your enemies to injure you? But if you are divided among yourselves. "My Sons. very scornfully. "Here I am wearing myself out to get a bunch of sour grapes that are not worth gaping for. This they did very easily. So he walked off a short distance and took a running leap at it. he asked one of them to bring him a bundle of sticks.[Pg 21] The Father then untied the bundle and gave the sticks to his Sons to break one by one. Then handing the bundle to each of his Sons in turn he told them to try to break it. The first time he jumped he missed it by a long way. none was able to do so. only to fall short once more. The grapes seemed ready to burst with juice. No words he could say did the least good. and the Fox had to jump for it. The bunch hung from a high branch. There are many who pretend to despise and belittle that which is beyond their reach." he said. "do you not see how certain it is that if you agree with each other and help each other." And off he walked very. and the Fox's mouth watered as he gazed longingly at them. Now he sat down and looked at the grapes in disgust. But although each one tried his best. who were forever quarreling among themselves. "What a fool I am. One day when the quarreling had been much more violent than usual and each of the Sons was moping in a surly manner. THE BUNDLE OF STICKS A certain Father had a family of Sons.

He was sure that she.THE WOLF AND THE CRANE A Wolf had been feasting too greedily." The Crane. as you can imagine. so she did what the Wolf asked her to do." said the Wolf. "But what about my reward!" called the Crane anxiously. he started to walk away. He could get it neither up nor down. and of course he could not eat a thing. Naturally that was an awful state of affairs for a greedy Wolf.[Pg 22] 12 . But she was grasping in nature. When the Wolf felt that the bone was gone. So away he hurried to the Crane. would easily be able to reach the bone and pull it out. with her long neck and bill. "Haven't you got it? Isn't it enough that I let you take your head out of my mouth without snapping it off?" Expect no reward for serving the wicked. and a bone had stuck crosswise in his throat. "I will reward you very handsomely. "if you pull that bone out for me. was very uneasy about putting her head in a Wolf's throat. whirling around. "What!" snarled the Wolf.

"go your way. but the stubborn Ass would not yield and pulled with all his might. are on the road to misfortune. you may well know. pulling with all their might to draw the wagon through the deep mud. his master caught him by the tail and tried to pull him back. "What have you Wheels to complain about so loudly? We are drawing all the weight." With that he let go. Just as he was about to leap over. The Wheels of the wagon were of a different sort. made their work so much the harder to endure.THE ASS AND HIS DRIVER An Ass was being driven along a road leading down the mountain side. when he suddenly took it into his silly head to choose his own path. they creaked and groaned at every turn. THE OXEN AND THE WHEELS A pair of Oxen were drawing a heavily loaded wagon along a miry country road. They who will not listen to reason but stubbornly go their own way against the friendly advice of those who are wiser than they. had their ears filled with the loud complaining of the Wheels." They complain most who suffer least. you willful beast. and see where it leads you." said his master. but they did not complain. And this. They had to use all their strength to pull the wagon. not you. "Silence!" the Oxen cried at last. and we are keeping still about it besides. The poor Oxen. He could see his stall at the foot of the mountain. Though the task they had to do was very light compared with that of the Oxen. "Very well. and to him the quickest way down seemed to be over the edge of the nearest cliff. out of patience.[Pg 23] 13 . and the foolish Ass tumbled head over heels down the mountain side.

ran across the Lion's nose. Running to one of the great ropes that bound him. the Lion laid his huge paw angrily on the tiny creature to kill her. Roused from his nap. and in her fright and haste to get away. A timid little Mouse came upon him unexpectedly." A kindness is never wasted. The Mouse knew the voice and quickly found the Lion struggling in the net. his great head resting on his paws. "Spare me!" begged the poor Mouse. But he was generous and finally let the Mouse go. "Please let me go and some day I will surely repay you." said the Mouse. "Now you see that even a Mouse can help a Lion." The Lion was much amused to think that a Mouse could ever help him. the Lion was caught in the toils of a hunter's net. "You laughed when I said I would repay you.THE LION AND THE MOUSE A Lion lay asleep in the forest. Unable to free himself. she gnawed it until it parted. he filled the forest with his angry roaring.[Pg 24] 14 . while stalking his prey in the forest. and soon the Lion was free. Some days later.

he thought of a plan to amuse himself.THE SHEPHERD BOY AND THE WOLF A Shepherd Boy tended his master's Sheep near a dark forest not far from the village.[Pg 25] 15 . a Wolf really did spring from the underbrush and fall upon the Sheep. only to be laughed at again." they said. Liars are not believed even when they speak the truth. they did not run to help him as they had before. The Wolf killed a great many of the Boy's sheep and then slipped away into the forest. But when they got there they found the Boy doubled up with laughter at the trick he had played on them. and thinking what he would do should he see a Wolf. and the Villagers would drive it away. "Wolf! Wolf!" As he expected. So now. though he had not seen anything that even looked like a Wolf. he ran toward the village shouting at the top of his voice. "He cannot fool us again. A few days later the Shepherd Boy again shouted. the Villagers who heard the cry dropped their work and ran in great excitement to the pasture. Soon he found life in the pasture very dull. One day as he sat watching the Sheep and the quiet forest. Then one evening as the sun was setting behind the forest and the shadows were creeping out over the pasture. In terror the Boy ran toward the village shouting "Wolf! Wolf!" But though the Villagers heard the cry. All he could do to amuse himself was to talk to his dog or play on his shepherd's pipe. "Wolf! Wolf!" Again the Villagers ran to help him. His Master had told him to call for help should a Wolf attack the flock.

[Pg 26] 16 . sought the shade of a widespreading tree to rest. THE PLANE TREE Two Travellers. and only serves to litter the ground with leaves. "You lie here in my cooling shade.THE GNAT AND THE BULL A Gnat flew over the meadow with much buzzing for so small a creature and settled on the tip of one of the horns of a Bull. "You must be very glad to have me go now. they saw that it was a Plane Tree. The smaller the mind the greater the conceit." replied the Bull. "I did not even know you were there. O Jupiter. he made ready to fly away. walking in the noonday sun. As they lay looking up among the pleasant leaves. "How useless is the Plane!" said one of them." he said. "It's all the same to me. do men receive their blessings!" Our best blessings are often the least appreciated. and yet you say I am useless! Thus ungratefully. After he had rested a short time." We are often of greater importance in our own eyes than in the eyes of our neighbor. But before he left he begged the Bull's pardon for having used his horn for a resting place." "Ungrateful creatures!" said a voice from the Plane Tree. "It bears no fruit whatever.

But we should feel very much ashamed to make such a terrible fuss about it like you do. He very quickly captured the porker. "Please let me go. The Sheep in the pasture were much astonished and amused at the Pig's behavior." answered the Farmer." he pleaded. But in spite of its squeals and struggles to escape." replied the Pig. "The Shepherd often catches and carries off one of us. "When he catches you he is only after your wool. But the party ended dismally with all the birds entangled in the meshes of the Farmer's net. Besides." "You may be a very good bird. and followed the Shepherd and his charge to the pasture gate. "What makes you squeal like that?" asked one of the Sheep. which squealed at the top of its voice the moment the Shepherd laid his hands on it. The Stork begged the Farmer to spare him. to hear the loud squealing. the Shepherd tucked his prize under his arm and started off to the butcher's in the market place. with a squeal and a frantic kick.[Pg 27] 17 . But he wants my bacon! gree-ee-ee!" It is easy to be brave when there is no danger. You would have thought." "That is all very well." You are judged by the company you keep. I did not know the Cranes were going to steal. "I belong to the Stork family who you know are honest and birds of good character. "but I caught you with the thieving Cranes and you will have to share the same punishment with them. THE SHEEP AND THE PIG One day a shepherd discovered a fat Pig in the meadow where his Sheep were pastured. that the Pig was being cruelly hurt.THE FARMER AND THE STORK A Stork of a very simple and trusting nature had been asked by a gay party of Cranes to visit a field that had been newly planted.

Judging by its weight it must be full of gold. saw a mob of people armed with clubs coming down the road. He would not honor the fool with even so much as a stroke of his claws. "Say rather 'we have found a purse' and 'how lucky we are.'" We cannot expect any one to share our misfortunes unless we are willing to share our good fortune also." replied the other angrily. Ignore them. THE LION AND THE ASS One day as the Lion walked proudly down a forest aisle. no. "You would not say 'we' before.'" said his companion." he cried. Do not resent the remarks of a fool. But when he turned his head and saw who had spoken. "I have found a purse." "Do not say 'I have found a purse. an Ass brayed a scornful remark as he passed.' Travelers ought to share alike the fortunes or misfortunes of the road.[Pg 29] 18 . The man who had found the purse fell into a panic. "How lucky I am!" he said. "No." "No. so now stick to your 'I'.THE TRAVELERS AND THE PURSE Two men were traveling in company along the road when one of them picked up a well-filled purse. thief!" and looking around. he walked quietly on. no. "I found it and I am going to keep it. Say 'I am lost. and the animals respectfully made way for him." replied the other. The Lion felt a flash of anger." Just then they heard a shout of "Stop. "We are lost if they find the purse on us.

In a short time the younger Frogs were using him for a diving platform. but to keep them quiet and make them think they had a king he threw down a huge log.[Pg 30] 19 . thinking the new king to be some fearful giant. which fell into the water with a great splash. "How now!" cried Jupiter "Are you not yet content? You have what you asked for and so you have only yourselves to blame for your misfortunes. He gobbled up the poor Frogs right and left and they soon saw what fools they had been.THE FROGS WHO WISHED FOR A KING The Frogs were tired of governing themselves." Be sure you can better your condition before you seek to change. To teach the Frogs a lesson the ruler of the gods now sent a Crane to be king of Frogland. while the older Frogs made him a meeting place. and rule them in a way to make them know they were being ruled. and they did nothing but sit around croaking in a bored manner and wishing for a government that could entertain them with the pomp and display of royalty. They had so much freedom that it had spoiled them. So they sent a petition to Jupiter asking for a king. The Frogs hid themselves among the reeds and grasses. No milk and water government for them. In mournful croaks they begged Jupiter to take away the cruel tyrant before they should all be destroyed. The Crane proved to be a very different sort of king from old King Log. But they soon discovered how tame and peaceable King Log was. where they complained loudly to Jupiter about the government. Jupiter saw what simple and foolish creatures they were. they declared.

THE OWL AND THE GRASSHOPPER The Owl always takes her sleep during the day. sir. Besides. frogs and mice she likes so well to eat. Then after sundown. "Get away from here. The wise old Owl knew quite well that it would do no good to argue with the Grasshopper. So she laid aside all hard words and spoke very kindly to him. Now her weird "hoo-hoo-hoooo-oo" echoes through the quiet wood. Out popped the old Owl's head from the opening in the tree that served her both for door and for window. "Have you no manners? You should at least respect my age and leave me to sleep in quiet!" But the Grasshopper answered saucily that he had as much right to his place in the sun as the Owl had to her place in the old oak. when the rosy light fades from the sky and the shadows rise slowly through the wood. nor with anybody else for that matter. One warm summer afternoon as she dozed away in her den in the old oak tree. Then he struck up a louder and still more rasping tune. her eyes were not sharp enough by day to permit her to punish the Grasshopper as he deserved. 20 . Now there was a certain old Owl who had become very cross and hard to please as she grew older. especially if anything disturbed her daily slumbers. and she begins her hunt for the bugs and beetles. a Grasshopper nearby began a joyous but very raspy song. out she comes ruffling and blinking from the old hollow tree." she said to the Grasshopper.

but as soon as he was near enough so the old Owl could see him clearly." she said." The foolish Grasshopper was taken in by the Owl's flattering words. "if I must stay awake. I know it will make you sing like Apollo himself. sent me from Olympus. I am going to settle right down to enjoy your singing. she pounced upon him and ate him up. I have a wonderful wine here. of which I am told Apollo drinks before he sings to the high gods."Well sir. Up he jumped to the Owl's den. 21 . Flattery is not a proof of true admiration. Now that I think of it. Do not let flattery throw you off your guard against an enemy. Please come up and taste this delicious drink with me.

You. The Oak stood proudly and fought against the storm. Do not let your fancy make you forget realities. When the wind blew. "Why.[Pg 33] 22 ." exclaimed the Wolf proudly." replied the Reeds. torn up by the roots. the great Oak stood proudly upright with its hundred arms uplifted to the sky. "The winds do not harm us. and it looked as if the wolf were a hundred times bigger than he really was. "see how big I am! Fancy me running away from a puny Lion! I'll show him who is fit to be king.THE WOLF AND HIS SHADOW A Wolf left his lair one evening in fine spirits and an excellent appetite. and lay among the pitying Reeds. "The slightest breeze that ruffles the surface of the water makes you bow your heads. The wind redoubled in fury." As the Reeds spoke a great hurricane rushed out of the north. he or I.[Pg 32] THE OAK AND THE REEDS A Giant Oak stood near a brook in which grew some slender Reeds. "You have reason to complain. than to resist stubbornly and be destroyed. and the next instant a Lion struck him down with a single blow." "Do not worry about us. while the yielding Reeds bowed low. But the end is coming. stand upright and firm before the howling tempest. We bow before them and so we do not break. As he ran. in all your pride and strength." Just then an immense shadow blotted him out entirely. and all at once the great tree fell. But the Reeds bowed low in the wind and sang a sad and mournful song. have so far resisted their blows. the setting sun cast his shadow far out on the ground. while I. Better to yield when it is folly to resist." said the Oak. the mighty Oak.

and you will soon forget that clumsy Elephant! Is it his great size that makes your eyes pop out? Or is it his wrinkled hide? Why. "What fools!" he cried. It was the King and his retinue. the oldest and bravest. A great crowd of people followed the procession. I have eyes and ears and as many legs as he! I am of just as much importance. it means death to us!" Always stop to think whether your fun may not be the cause of another's unhappiness. A resemblance to the great in some things does not make us great. With the King in his luxurious howdah were the royal Dog and Cat. THE BOYS AND THE FROGS Some Boys were playing one day at the edge of a pond in which lived a family of Frogs. As Mr. and said. His pride was hurt. "Look at me. but the poor Frogs in the pond were trembling with fear. The King rode on a huge Elephant adorned with the most gorgeous trappings. put his head out of the water. and the next instant. They were so taken up with admiration of the Elephant.THE RAT AND THE ELEPHANT A Rat was traveling along the King's highway. [Pg 34] 23 . that the Rat was not noticed. At last one of the Frogs. He was a very proud Rat. considering his small size and the bad reputation all Rats have. stop your cruel play! Though it may be fun for you. "Oh. Rat walked along—he kept mostly to the ditch—he noticed a great commotion up the road. the Rat knew he was not quite so important as an Elephant. please. and soon a grand procession came in view. dear children. The stones were flying thick and fast and the Boys were enjoying themselves very much. The Boys amused themselves by throwing stones into the pond so as to make them skip on top of the water. and"— But just then the royal Cat spied him.

THE CROW AND THE PITCHER In a spell of dry weather. a thirsty Crow found a pitcher with a little water in it. when the Birds could find very little to drink. Then an idea came to him. the Crow could not reach the water. But the pitcher was high and had a narrow neck. and no matter how he tried. In a pinch a good use of our wits may help us out. 24 . he dropped them into the pitcher one by one. The poor thing felt as if he must die of thirst. With each pebble the water rose a little higher until at last it was near enough so he could drink. Picking up some small pebbles.

you stupid Ass. There's a time for work and a time for play. his driver guessed what the Ass had got into his head. It was mounted on an Ass adorned with garlands and gorgeous trappings.THE ANTS AND THE GRASSHOPPER One bright day in late autumn a family of Ants were bustling about in the warm sunshine. "Very well." Do not try to take the credit to yourself that is due to others. he became so puffed up with pride and vanity that he halted and started to bray loudly. "The honor is not meant for you but for the image you are carrying. and the Ass thought the honor was being paid to himself. "haven't you stored anything away for the winter? What in the world were you doing all last summer?" "I didn't have time to store up any food." he cried. But in the midst of his song. THE ASS CARRYING THE IMAGE A sacred Image was being carried to the temple. were you?" they cried. 25 ." The Ants shrugged their shoulders in disgust. and a grand procession of priests and pages followed it through the streets. With his head full of this foolish idea. "I was so busy making music that before I knew it the summer was gone. drying out the grain they had stored up during the summer. and began to beat him unmercifully with a stick. As the Ass walked along. when a starving Grasshopper." whined the Grasshopper. "Go along with you.[Pg 35] "Making music. "What!" cried the Ants in surprise. his fiddle under his arm. the people bowed their heads reverently or fell on their knees. came up and humbly begged for a bite to eat. now dance!" And they turned their backs on the Grasshopper and went on with their work.

It is better to yield than to come to misfortune through stubbornness. The foolish bird got the idea that if he lived like the Swan.A RAVEN AND A SWAN A Raven. 26 . his feathers would turn white like the Swan's. one on each side of a deep chasm through which poured a mighty mountain torrent. But though he washed and washed all day long. So he left his home in the woods and fields and flew down to live on the lakes and in the marshes. and so they both fell. One set her foot on the log. to be swept away by the roaring torrent below. and on this not even two squirrels could have passed each other in safety. and at last he died. swimming and diving all day long and eating the weeds and plants that grow in the water. In the middle they met horn to horn. which you know is black as coal. was envious of the Swan. Their pride would not permit either to stand aside for the other. The trunk of a fallen tree formed the only means of crossing the chasm. Neither would give way. Not so our Goats. And as the water weeds he ate did not agree with him. A change of habits will not alter nature. his feathers remained as black as ever. because her feathers were as white as the purest snow. he got thinner and thinner. chanced to meet. The narrow path would have made the bravest tremble. frisking gayly on the rocky steeps of a mountain valley. The other did likewise. almost drowning himself at it. THE TWO GOATS Two Goats.

came to a river crossed by a shallow ford. but when he had scrambled to his feet. The same measures will not suit all circumstances. The angry Merchant immediately turned about and drove the Ass back to the seashore. the Ass finished the journey very gayly.[Pg 37] 27 . And when the Merchant at last got him to his feet. much of the salt had melted away. and again got rid of most of his burden. At the ford the Ass again tumbled over. but this time the Ass slipped and fell when halfway over. Delighted to find how much lighter his burden had become. remembering what had happened at the ford. where he loaded him with two great baskets of sponges. driving his Ass homeward from the seashore with a heavy load of salt. On the way home the Ass. They had crossed this river many times before without accident. Next day the Merchant went for another load of salt.THE ASS AND THE LOAD OF SALT A Merchant. it was a very disconsolate Ass that dragged himself homeward under a load ten times heavier than before. purposely let himself fall into the water.

the Lion gave up the fight. but instead he flew straight into a spider's web. A great many persons in Rhodes had seen him do it and would prove that what he told was true. "Do you think. that no other man could leap anywhere near the distance. "No need of witnesses. "that I am afraid of you because they call you king?" The next instant he flew at the Lion and stung him sharply on the nose. THE LEAP AT RHODES A certain man who visited foreign lands could talk of little when he returned to his home except the wonderful adventures he had met with and the great deeds he had done abroad. the Lion struck fiercely at the Gnat. The Gnat buzzed away to tell the whole world about his victory. But as for me. But the Gnat was not in the least disturbed." said one of the hearers. At last. when he happened to turn up a precious jewel that had been lost by its owner." Precious things are without value to those who cannot prize them. who now was roaring terribly." he said spitefully to the Lion. he who had defeated the King of beasts came to a miserable end. Pride over a success should not throw us off our guard. not boasting words. I would choose a single grain of barleycorn before all the jewels in the world. Now show us how far you can jump. The least of our enemies is often the most to be feared. worn out with rage and covered with wounds that his own teeth and claws had made. Mad with rage. "Suppose this city is Rhodes. "No doubt you are very costly and he who lost you would give a great deal to find you. 28 .[Pg 39] THE COCK AND THE JEWEL A Cock was busily scratching and scraping about to find something to eat for himself and his family. That leap was so great. "Aha!" said the Cock. And there. vile insect!" said a Lion angrily to a Gnat that was buzzing around his head. Again and again the Gnat stung the Lion. the prey of a little spider. One of the feats he told about was a leap he had made in a city Called Rhodes. he said. but only succeeded in tearing himself with his claws." Deeds count.THE LION AND THE GNAT "Away with you.

were served to the company. Shortly afterward. His dancing was very clever indeed. consisting mostly of Camel's hump and ribs. So he made a great show of looking anxiously about. Besides. THE WILD BOAR AND THE FOX A Wild Boar was sharpening his tusks busily against the stump of a tree. when a Fox happened by. Do not try to ape your betters. 29 ." replied the Boar. when one of his huge feet came within an inch of King Lion's nose. My weapons will have to be ready for use then. began to dance. The praise that was showered on the Monkey made the Camel envious. "There isn't any danger that I can see. Now the Fox was always looking for a chance to make fun of his neighbors. the animals found it hard to keep their toes from under his heavy hoofs. the Monkey was asked to dance for the company. if not better. He was very sure that he could dance quite as well as the Monkey. But the Boar kept right on with his work. "Why are you doing that?" asked the Fox at last with a grin. or I shall suffer for it. and the animals were all highly pleased with his grace and lightness. so he pushed his way into the crowd that was gathered around the Monkey. refreshments. But the big hulking Camel made himself very ridiculous as he kicked out his knotty legs and twisted his long clumsy neck. At last.THE MONKEY AND THE CAMEL At a great celebration in honor of King Lion." "True enough. and rising on his hind legs. "but when danger does come there will not be time for such work as this." Preparedness for war is the best guarantee of peace. the animals were so disgusted that they set upon the Camel in a rage and drove him out into the desert. as if in fear of some hidden enemy.

"I've got a fine scheme in my head. Now the Bat family had not openly joined either side. But when the Lion saw that the Ass was his for the taking. and the Owl dined daily on Mice. It was a terrible battle. The deceitful have no friends." he said in an undertone. "Your highness. They were a very politic race. And since then the Bat family hides in dark towers and deserted ruins. they were Birds for all there was in it. So the Fox walked boldly up to the Lion. "I will talk to him. If you promise not to hurt me.[Pg 41] THE BIRDS. The Ass was very much frightened. too. So when they saw the Birds getting the better of it. they immediately sided with the Beasts. but the Fox calmed his fears. One day the pair unexpectedly met a Lion. flying out only in the night. he first of all struck down the traitor Fox. I know a good place to hide till he is gone. But when the tide of battle turned." So the Fox led the Ass into a deep pit. had cause for fight. The Eagle was constantly pouncing on the Hare. While the Ass cropped a fresh bit of greens. and you can feast at your pleasure. Many a Hare and many a Mouse died. Traitors may expect treachery. the Fox would devour a chicken from the neighboring farmyard or a bit of cheese filched from the dairy." said the Fox." he said. Such deceit was unpardonable. and so they went at it tooth and claw. "But come. When the battle was over. AND THE LION An Ass and a Fox had become close comrades. and Birds and Beasts made common cause to drive out the Bats. The Beasts. No compromise was possible. the conduct of the Bats was discussed at the peace conference." The Lion agreed and the Fox returned to the Ass. "I made him promise not to hurt us. THE FOX. It is said the quarrel grew out of the persecution the race of Geese suffered at the teeth of the Fox family. so the Ass could not hear him. THE BEASTS. AND THE BAT The Birds and the Beasts declared war against each other. and were constantly in each other's company. Chickens and Geese fell by the score—and the victor always stopped for a feast.THE ASS. I will lead that foolish creature yonder into a pit where he can't get out. 30 .

THE BEAR. "How much better it would have been. while the Lion and the Bear looked on in helpless rage. "to have shared in a friendly spirit. made off with it as fast as he could go." they said. AND THE FOX Just as a great Bear rushed to seize a stray kid. and seizing the kid." the profit. a Lion leaped from another direction upon the same prey. The two fought furiously for the prize until they had received so many wounds that both sank down unable to continue the battle. Just then a Fox dashed up.THE LION.[Pg 42] Those who have all the toil do not always get 31 .

it would only serve to wash me down your throat. He was unable to move and could not satisfy his hunger and thirst." And without more words the Wolf seized the poor Lamb and carried her off to the forest. That very same morning a hungry Wolf came by farther up the stream." replied the trembling Lamb." "Solid food!" said the Sheep. I suppose. but this Lamb looked so very helpless and innocent that the Wolf felt he ought to have some kind of an excuse for taking its life. "I wasn't born until this year. "Please fetch me a drink of water. and the Wolf called to him. The tyrant can always find an excuse for his tyranny. THE WOLF AND THE SHEEP A Wolf had been hurt in a fight with a Bear. If I should bring you a drink."[Pg 43] "If it wasn't you. Remember. "That means me. "How dare you paddle around in my stream and stir up all the mud!" he shouted fiercely." "You do muddy it!" retorted the Wolf savagely. "do not be angry! I cannot possibly muddy the water you are drinking up there. Don't talk to me about a drink!" A knave's hypocrisy is easily seen through. 32 . The unjust will not listen to the reasoning of the innocent. As a rule Mr.THE WOLF AND THE LAMB A stray Lamb stood drinking early one morning on the bank of a woodland stream. Wolf snapped up such delicious morsels without making any bones about it. then. I do not intend to be talked out of my breakfast. "that might give me strength enough so I can get me some solid food. your highness. you are upstream and I am downstream. "It was someone in your family anyway." he begged. I have heard that you told lies about me last year!" "How could I have done so?" pleaded the Lamb. But no matter who it was. it was your brother!" "I have no brothers. A Sheep passed by near his hiding place." "Well. "And besides. He soon got his eyes on the Lamb. hunting for something to eat." snarled the Wolf. "You deserve to be punished severely for your rashness!" "But.

In an instant the startled Frogs were seeking safety in the mud. as you know. On the way they passed a pond where a family of Frogs was sitting among the reeds on the bank. The least shadow. they thought they heard a noise and in a flash were scampering off to the warren. sends them scurrying in fright to a hiding place. Once they decided to die rather than live in such misery. "Look. But while they were debating how best to meet death. [Pg 44] 33 .THE HARES AND THE FROGS Hares. are very timid. "things are not so bad after all. for here are creatures who are even afraid of us!" However unfortunate we may think we are there is always someone worse off than ourselves." cried a Hare.

But it was set out in a very shallow dish. And when the Fox lost his temper. the Stork said calmly: Do not play tricks on your neighbors unless you can stand the same treatment yourself. but he was a calm. and sniff at the delicious odor. he invited the Fox to dine with him in turn. not long afterward. and. The Fox arrived promptly at the time that had been set. and all the Stork could do was to wet the very tip of his bill.THE FOX AND THE STORK The Fox one day thought of a plan to amuse himself at the expense of the Stork. at whose odd appearance he was always laughing. The hungry Stork was much displeased at the trick. to increase the disappointment of the Stork. even-tempered fellow and saw no good in flying into a rage. For dinner the Fox served soup. 34 ." he said to the Stork. and the Stork served a fish dinner that had a very appetizing smell. but all the Fox could do was to lick the outside of the jar. made a great show of enjoyment. "You must come and dine with me today. The Stork gladly accepted the invitation and arrived in good time and with a very good appetite. But it was[Pg 45] served in a tall jar with a very narrow neck. smiling to himself at the trick he was going to play. Not a drop of soup could he get. Instead. But the Fox lapped it up easily. The Stork could easily get at the food with his long bill.

THE TRAVELERS AND THE SEA Two Travelers were walking along the seashore. took the Lamb away from him. THE WOLF AND THE LION A Wolf had stolen a Lamb and was carrying it off to his lair to eat it. Far out they saw something riding on the waves. "No. or did the Shepherd make you a gift of it? Pray tell me. with the day's catch of savoury fish. how did you get it?" What is evil won is evil lost. he said: "Your property? Did you buy it. That is some fisherman's skiff. "a great ship rides in from distant lands. but there they found nothing but a water-soaked log." said the other. without making any excuses. Both Travelers rushed to the beach. The waves washed it up on shore." said one. "Look. who. but as the Wolf was too far away to be taught a lesson without too much inconvenience. bearing rich treasures!" The object they saw came ever nearer the shore. The Wolf made off to a safe distance. and then said in a much injured tone: "You have no right to take my property like that!" The Lion looked back. But his plans were very much changed when he met a Lion. "that is not a treasure ship." they cried. Do not let your hopes carry you away from reality.[Pg 46] 35 ." Still nearer came the object. "It is a chest of gold lost from some wreck.

THE STAG AND HIS REFLECTION A Stag. and soon the Panther overtook him. "How can it be. We often make much of the ornamental and despise the useful. 36 . drinking from a crystal spring. He greatly admired the graceful arch of his antlers. Then the Stag perceived that the legs of which he was so ashamed would have saved him had it not been for the useless ornaments on his head. But as he ran his wide-spreading antlers caught in the branches of the trees. "that I should be cursed with such legs when I have so magnificent a crown." he sighed." At that moment he scented a panther and in an instant was bounding away through the forest. but he was very much ashamed of his spindling legs. saw himself mirrored in the clear water.

Instead of flying up to greet the first rays of the morning sun or to bathe in the rosy light among the floating clouds at sunset. gleaming with emerald. purple. whose favorite he was.[Pg 47] 37 . granted to him one day when he begged her for a train of feathers to distinguish him from the other birds. Do not sacrifice your freedom for the sake of pomp and show. and azure. they say. he strutted proudly among the birds. Juno.THE PEACOCK The Peacock. decked in his finery. Then. did not at first have the beautiful feathers in which he now takes so much pride. as he had been accustomed to do. Even the most beautiful pheasant could see that his beauty was surpassed. All regarded him with envy. Lifting his wings he tried to rise from the ground. gold. These. he would have to walk the ground more encumbered and oppressed than any common barnyard fowl. Presently the Peacock saw an Eagle soaring high up in the blue sky and felt a desire to fly. But the weight of his magnificent train held him down.

So a large number of generals and commanders were appointed from among the most eminent Mice. In despair the Mice called a council. they sent a challenge to the Weasels. 38 . To distinguish themselves from the soldiers in the ranks. for they were always ready for a fight when a meal was in sight.THE MICE AND THE WEASELS The Weasels and the Mice were always up in arms against each other. They immediately attacked the Mouse army in large numbers. In every battle the Weasels carried off the victory. which they ate for dinner next day. Not one escaped the teeth of the hungry Weasels. Then after long preparation of the Mouse army in all the arts of war. Greatness has its penalties. and there it was decided that the Mouse army was always beaten because it had no leaders. as well as a large number of the Mice. but the Mouse leaders could not squeeze through the narrow openings because of their head-dresses. the new leaders proudly bound on their heads lofty crests and ornaments of feathers or straw. The Weasels accepted the challenge with eagerness. Soon the Mouse line gave way before the attack and the whole army fled for cover. The privates easily slipped into their holes.

while the Dog backed away. happened to meet one in the forest. Look at my ribs. THE FOX AND THE LION A very young Fox. So he went away pulling in his belt and promising to return. without turning a hair. So he began to edge toward the Dog. there. I'll be out as soon as the porter opens the door. Then is the time to eat me. You can guess how fine and fat I will grow on the scraps from the table. Acquaintance with evil blinds us to its dangers.[Pg 50] 39 . "Hello." But the "porter" was a huge Dog whom the Wolf knew by painful experience to be very unkind toward wolves. The second time the Fox saw the Lion he stopped behind a tree to look at him a moment before slinking away. Do not depend on the promises of those whose interest it is to deceive you. Take what you can get when you can get it." said the Dog. "Let me remind your lordship." Familiarity breeds contempt. It happened to be a very lean and bony Dog. said." The Wolf could not help thinking how nice it would be to have a fine fat Dog to eat instead of the scrawny object before him. and asked him to come out and be eaten. A single look was enough to send the Fox off at top speed for the nearest hiding place. In a few days my master will give a wedding feast for his only daughter. Some days later the Wolf came back for the promised feast." said the Dog. He found the Dog in his master's yard. "I shall be delighted to have you eat me. who had never before seen a Lion. with a grin. So he decided not to wait and made off as fast as his legs could carry him. "Sir. But the third time. old top. But let me tell you something in private.THE WOLF AND THE LEAN DOG A Wolf prowling near a village one evening met a Dog. "how unpleasant it would be to eat me[Pg 49] now. his words interrupted now and then as he dodged a snap of the Wolf's teeth. I am nothing but skin and bone. the Fox went boldly up to the Lion and. and Master Wolf would have turned up his nose at such meager fare had he not been more hungry than usual.

while the Lion would stand at the entrance to strike them down. too. that the Goats came running out in a panic of fear. indeed. The Ass came proudly out of the cave. and laid plans to catch them. kicking and braying with all his might. "and if I had not known you and your kind I should certainly have run.THE LION AND THE ASS A Lion and an Ass agreed to go hunting together." answered the Lion. The Ass made such a frightful din in the cave." The loud-mouthed boaster does not impress nor frighten those who know him. "Did you see how I made them run?" he said. The Ass was to go into the cave and drive the Goats out. only to fall victim to the Lion. "Yes. The plan worked beautifully. 40 . In their search for game the hunters saw a number of Wild Goats run into a cave.

" he said. They made several attempts to steal it from him. "you divide the rest. That was his mistake. though the smell of the good things in the basket tempted him. He was very faithful to his duty. Then one day all the Dogs in the neighborhood got together and met him on his way with the basket. The Dogs in the neighborhood noticed him carrying the basket and soon discovered what was in it. But he always guarded it faithfully. The Dog tried to run away from them." Do not stop to argue with temptation. "Very well. They soon made him feel so ridiculous that he dropped the basket and seized a large piece of roast meat intended for his master's dinner.THE DOG AND HIS MASTER'S DINNER A Dog had learned to carry his master's dinner to him every day. But at last he stopped to argue.[Pg 51] 41 .

They had not forgotten his superior airs toward them. Borrowed feathers do not make fine birds. There another unpleasant surprise awaited him. There he saw with much wonder and envy a flock of royal Peacocks in all the glory of their splendid plumage. Now the black Jackdaw was not a very handsome bird. plucking away the borrowed feathers and also some of his own.THE VAIN JACKDAW AND HIS BORROWED FEATHERS A Jackdaw chanced to fly over the garden of the King's palace. Yet he imagined that all he needed to make himself fit for the society of the Peacocks was a dress like theirs. Then he flew down into the garden among the Peacocks. Angry at the cheat. The poor Jackdaw returned sadly to his former companions. they drove him away with a rain of pecks and jeers. they flew at him. [Pg 52] 42 . and. So he picked up some castoff feathers of the Peacocks and stuck them among his own black plumes. Dressed in his borrowed finery he strutted loftily among the birds of his own kind. But they soon saw who he was. to punish him. nor very refined in manner.

THE MONKEY AND THE DOLPHIN It happened once upon a time that a certain Greek ship bound for Athens was wrecked off the coast close to Piraeus, the port of Athens. Had it not been for the Dolphins, who at that time were very friendly toward mankind and especially toward Athenians, all would have perished. But the Dolphins took the shipwrecked people on their backs and swam with them to shore. Now it was the custom among the Greeks to take their pet monkeys and dogs with them whenever they went on a voyage. So when one of the Dolphins saw a Monkey struggling in the water, he thought it was a man, and made the Monkey climb up on his back. Then off he swam with him toward the shore. The Monkey sat up, grave and dignified, on the Dolphin's back. "You are a citizen of illustrious Athens, are you not?" asked the Dolphin politely. proudly. "My family is one of the noblest in the city." "Yes," answered the Monkey,

"Indeed," said the Dolphin. "Then of course you often visit Piraeus." "Yes, yes," replied the Monkey. "Indeed, I do. I am with him constantly. Piraeus is my very best friend." This answer took the Dolphin by surprise, and, turning his head, he now saw what it was he was carrying. Without more ado, he dived and left the foolish Monkey to take care of himself, while he swam off in search of some human being to save. One falsehood leads to another.[Pg 53]

43

THE WOLF AND THE ASS

An Ass was feeding in a pasture near a wood when he saw a Wolf lurking in the shadows along the hedge. He easily guessed what the Wolf had in mind, and thought of a plan to save himself. So he pretended he was lame, and began to hobble painfully. When the Wolf came up, he asked the Ass what had made him lame, and the Ass replied that he had stepped on a sharp thorn. "Please pull it out," he pleaded, groaning as if in pain. "If you do not, it might stick in your throat when you eat me." The Wolf saw the wisdom of the advice, for he wanted to enjoy his meal without any danger of choking. So the Ass lifted up his foot and the Wolf began to search very closely and carefully for the thorn. Just then the Ass kicked out with all his might, tumbling the Wolf a dozen paces away. And while the Wolf was getting very slowly and painfully to his feet, the Ass galloped away in safety. "Serves me right," growled the Wolf as he crept into the bushes. "I'm a butcher by trade, not a doctor." Stick to your trade.[Pg 54]

44

THE MONKEY AND THE CAT

Once upon a time a Cat and a Monkey lived as pets in the same house. They were great friends and were constantly in all sorts of mischief together. What they seemed to think of more than anything else was to get something to eat, and it did not matter much to them how they got it. One day they were sitting by the fire, watching some chestnuts roasting on the hearth. How to get them was the question. "I would gladly get them," said the cunning Monkey, "but you are much more skillful at such things than I am. Pull them out and I'll divide them between us." Pussy stretched out her paw very carefully, pushed aside some of the cinders, and drew back her paw very quickly. Then she tried it again, this time pulling a chestnut half out of the fire. A third time and she drew out the chestnut. This performance she went through several times, each time singeing her paw severely. As fast as she pulled the chestnuts out of the fire, the Monkey ate them up. Now the master came in, and away scampered the rascals, Mistress Cat with a burnt paw and no chestnuts. From that time on, they say, she contented herself with mice and rats and had little to do with Sir Monkey. The flatterer seeks some benefit at your expense.

45

No one could deny that the dispute had been definitely settled.[Pg 56] 46 . He would have made you feel how much sharper his claws are than your teeth. When the Rabbit returned. the water in the river remained as high as ever. But he forgot to latch the door of his house and while he was gone a Weasel walked in and calmly made himself at home. "If that Lion had been alive. AND THE CAT A Rabbit left his home one day for a dinner of clover. A fine hide makes an excellent meal for a hungry Dog. sniffing the fine air. But though they drank and drank until. but the water was deep and the Dogs could not reach the hides from the bank. all of them had burst with drinking. Put your mouths close to my ears while you tell me the facts.[Pg 55] THE DOGS AND THE HIDES Some hungry Dogs saw a number of hides at the bottom of a stream where the Tanner had put them to soak. "it would have been a very different story. But the Weasel was perfectly content. one after another. He was settled down for good. "Come close to me. THE WEASEL. for all their effort." said the Cat. and requested the Weasel to move out. THE RABBIT. So they held a council and decided that the very best thing to do was to drink up the river. The Rabbit was quite angry—for a Rabbit—." he said. All fell to lapping up the water as fast as they could. The strong are apt to settle questions to their own advantage. "I am very deaf.THE DOGS AND THE FOX Some Dogs found the skin of a Lion and furiously began to tear it with their teeth." It is easy and also contemptible to kick a man that is down. Do not try to do impossible things. A wise old Cat heard the dispute and offered to settle it. there was the Weasel's nose sticking out of the Rabbit's own doorway." The unsuspecting pair did as they were told and in an instant the Cat had them both under her claws. A Fox chanced to see them and laughed scornfully. still.

The poor Bear had to take to his heels. The Bear lost his temper in an instant. Just then one of the swarm came home from the clover field with a load of sweets. 47 . and sprang upon the log tooth and claw.THE BEAR AND THE BEES A Bear roaming the woods in search of berries happened on a fallen tree in which a swarm of Bees had stored their honey. to destroy the nest. stung him sharply and then disappeared into the hollow log. The Bear began to nose around the log very carefully to find out if the Bees were at home. It is wiser to bear a single injury in silence than to provoke a thousand by flying into a rage. But this only brought out the whole swarm. Guessing what the Bear was after. and he was able to save himself only by diving into a pool of water. the Bee flew at him.

[Pg 57] THE HERON A Heron was walking sedately along the bank of a stream. and very glad was he at last to breakfast on a tiny Snail. "Such scanty fare is not fit for a Heron. 48 . spotted coat and made disdainful remarks about the Fox." he said. Do not be too hard to suit or you may have to be content with the worst or with nothing at all. "No small fry for me. whose appearance he declared was quite ordinary. "You may have a very smart coat. The Leopard was very proud of his glossy. That's what I call real beauty. amused themselves by disputing about their good looks. "I wouldn't even trouble to open my beak for anything like that!" As the sun rose. "but you would be a great deal better off if you had a little more smartness inside your head and less on your ribs. The Leopard was about to lose his temper when the Fox got up. The Fox prided himself on his fine bushy tail with its tip of white. The Heron saw no more fish. the fish left the shallow water near the shore and swam below into the cool depths toward the middle. yawning lazily." he said. the way I am." Now a fine young Perch swam near. Still he kept up a flow of sarcastic talk. and his long neck and pointed bill ready to snap up a likely morsel for his breakfast. his eyes on the clear water." said the Heron. just to exercise his wits and to have the fun of disputing.THE FOX AND THE LEOPARD A Fox and a Leopard. resting lazily after a generous dinner. but he was wise enough to see that he could not rival the Leopard in looks. "No indeed. but Master Heron was hard to please that morning. The clear water swarmed with fish." A fine coat is not always an indication of an attractive mind.

seemed to be looking at something afar off. "Have you heard the wonderful news?" cried the Fox in a very joyful and excited manner. "What news?" asked the Cock very calmly. for he had succeeded in outwitting a very crafty enemy. The trickster is easily tricked. and stretching up on tiptoes. Besides." answered the Fox. Off he started on a run. But just as he was about to put his head under his wing. "Why. for. you know. "Why do you run? The Dogs are friends of yours now!" "Yes. Before he composed himself to rest." The Cock smiled as he buried his head in his feathers and went to sleep. and there just below him stood Master Fox. They must have heard the good news and—" But the Fox did not wait to hear more." cried the Cock. dear friend. "Your family and mine and[Pg 59] all other animals have agreed to forget their differences and live in peace and friendship from now on forever. Just think of it! I simply cannot wait to embrace you! Do come down. his beady eyes caught a flash of red and a glimpse of a long pointed nose. "What is it you see?" asked the Fox a little anxiously." But he spoke in an absent way." "How grand!" said the Cock. But he had a queer. he flapped his wings three times and crowed loudly. I have a very important errand that I had almost forgotten about.THE COCK AND THE FOX One bright evening as the sun was sinking on a glorious world a wise old Cock flew into a tree to roost. "But they might not have heard the news. "Wait. 49 . and let us celebrate the joyful event. fluttery feeling inside him. it looks to me like a couple of Dogs coming this way. he was very much afraid of the Fox. "I certainly am delighted at the news.

he seized a stick and drove him out of the stable with many a blow for his selfish behavior. and snarled and snapped as if it were filled with the best of meat and bones. was awakened by the Cattle. "and how generous you are with your grass! But I know you! It's your own appetite you are thinking of.[Pg 60] THE WOLF AND THE GOAT A hungry Wolf spied a Goat browsing at the top of a steep cliff where he could not possibly get at her. But the Dog would not let them get near the manger. pretending to be very anxious about the Goat's safety. "What if you should fall! Please listen to me and come down! Here you can get all you want of the finest. which came in tired and hungry from working in the field. very anxious you are about me. The Cattle looked at the Dog in disgust. tenderest grass in the country. not mine!" An invitation prompted by selfishness is not to be accepted." The Goat looked over the edge of the cliff.THE DOG IN THE MANGER A Dog asleep in a manger filled with hay. "How selfish he is!" said one." she said. all for himself." he called out. 50 . "That is a very dangerous place for you. "How very. When he saw how the Dog was acting. "He cannot eat the hay and yet he will not let us eat it who are so hungry for it!" Now the farmer came in. Do not grudge others what you cannot enjoy yourself.

"My father was an Ass after all. "that has given you such beautiful voices? Is there any special food you eat. "My father certainly was a full-blooded racer." he said. he found some Grasshoppers chirping merrily in a grassy corner of the field." Next day he was put into harness again and that evening he was very downhearted indeed.THE ASS AND THE GRASSHOPPERS One day as an Ass was walking in the pasture. "I can feel that distinctly. who were very fond of a joke. He listened with a great deal of admiration to the song of the Grasshoppers. He was feeling very vigorous indeed." said the Grasshoppers. and pranced around loftily." Be sure of your pedigree before you boast of it." So thereafter the Ass would eat nothing and drink nothing but dew. "I was mistaken. or is it some divine nectar that makes you sing so wonderfully?" "Yes. "What is it?" he asked very respectfully." he said.[Pg 61] THE MULE A Mule had had a long rest and much good feeding. 51 . holding his head high. "it is the dew we drink! Try some and see. The laws of nature are unchangeable. the poor foolish Ass soon died. It was such a joyful song that his pleasure-loving heart was filled with a wish to sing as they did. Naturally.

and though it was not very deep. and begged the Fox to help him out. a thirsty Goat came by. The Goat thought the Fox had gone down to drink. The foolish Goat now saw what a plight he had got into." Look before you leap. There is more than enough for both of us. The Fox just as quickly jumped on the Goat's back and leaped from the tip of the Goat's horns out of the well. old fellow. After he had been in the well a long time." he said as he ran. he found that he could not get out again.THE FOX AND THE GOAT A Fox fell into a well. [Pg 62] 52 . "you would have been more cautious about finding a way to get out again before you jumped in. "The finest in the whole country." The thirsty Goat immediately jumped in and began to drink." said the crafty Fox. "If you had as much sense as you have beard. But the Fox was already on his way to the woods. and so he asked if the water was good. "jump in and try it.

"If it had not been for that terrible monster. As he looked at me he waved his fine long tail and smiled. And this is the story he told his mother about his adventures. and then he let out a piercing roar that frightened me almost to death. who looked so good and gentle. velvety fur. though his eyes were bright and shining. AND THE YOUNG MOUSE A very young Mouse. and beating his arms savagely against his sides. just as I turned the corner into the next yard. a meek face. He walked about restlessly. One of them had a very kind and gracious look. he eats us." the Mouse went on. The other was nothing but a bird who wouldn't harm you in the least. 53 ." said the Mother Mouse. tearing up the ground with his toes. You should have seen him. THE COCK. "On top of his head and in front of his neck hung pieces of raw red meat. he bears a grudge against every one of us. "I am sure he was just about to speak to me when the monster I have told you about let out a screaming yell. as long as you live. almost came to grief the very first time he ventured out. and a look that was very modest. "I was strolling along very peaceably when. I saw two strange creatures." "My son. who had never seen anything of the world. but the other was the most fearful monster you can imagine. The moment he caught sight of me he opened his pointed mouth as if to swallow me. and. So be thankful. that you escaped with your life. and I ran for my life. "that gentle creature you saw was none other than the Cat. my child. He had thick. never judge people by their looks."[Pg 63] Can you guess who it was that our young Mouse was trying to describe to his mother? It was nobody but the Barnyard Cock and the first one the little Mouse had ever seen. Under his kindly appearance.THE CAT. "I should have made the acquaintance of the pretty creature." Do not trust alone to outward appearances. As for the Cat.

But when he came back and saw how many of the flock had been killed and carried off. One day he even went so far as to leave his flock in the Wolf's care while he went on an errand. But the Wolf did not try to do any harm. Once a wolf. he knew how foolish to trust a Wolf. At last the Shepherd got so used to seeing the Wolf about that he forgot how wicked he could be.[Pg 64] 54 . Instead he seemed to be helping the Shepherd take care of the Sheep. and the Shepherd watched very anxiously to prevent him from carrying off a Lamb.THE WOLF AND THE SHEPHERD A Wolf had been prowling around a flock of Sheep for a long time. always a wolf.

" he said. and began to eat as fast as they could. "Look. Bluff is no proof that hard fists are lacking. "Follow me if you can. He had had experience with such birds before. At last they paid no attention whatever to the Farmer. It was their feast. than the ornamental. and to impress him spread his gorgeous tail in the Sun. puffed up with vanity. But they soon began to see that none of them ever got hurt. The useful is of much more importance and value. He expected to scare the Cranes just by swinging the sling in the air. At first the Cranes flew away in great terror. 55 . When the work of plowing was done. they patiently watched him sow the seed." he said. This had the effect the Farmer wanted. while the Crane soared in freedom far up into the blue sky. they thought. as soon as the Farmer had finished planting and had gone home. and as for words. The Farmer. and shouting loudly at them. met a Crane one day. The Farmer saw that he would have to take other measures. down they flew to the field. for from that day the Cranes visited his field no more. He soon returned to the field with a sling. He wanted to save at least some of his grain. Bluff and threatening words are of little value with rascals. knew the Cranes and their ways. THE FARMER AND THE CRANES Some Cranes saw a farmer plowing a large field. while your feathers are gray as dust!" The Crane spread his broad wings and flew up toward the sun. But the Peacock stood where he was among the birds of the barnyard. They did not even hear the noise of stones whizzing through the air. "What have you to compare with this? I am dressed in all the glory of the rainbow.THE PEACOCK AND THE CRANE A Peacock. But he did not bring any stones with him.[Pg 65] they would kill nobody. of course. So he loaded his sling with stones and killed several of the Cranes. So.

"heed what I have to say to you. Industry is itself a treasure. and that in their industry had they found the treasure. and going over the whole farm two or three times." The father died. No hidden gold did they find. and you will surely find it. they understood that the treasure their father had told them about was the wealth of a bountiful crop. I do not know the exact spot.[Pg 66] 56 . called his sons to his bedside." he said. Do not on any account part with the estate that has belonged to our family for so many generations.THE FARMER AND HIS SONS A rich old farmer. Spare no energy and leave no spot unturned in your search. turning up every foot of ground with their spades. who felt that he had not many more days to live. "My sons. and no sooner was he in his grave than the sons set to work digging with all their might. but at harvest time when they had settled their accounts and had pocketed a rich profit far greater than that of any of their neighbors. Somewhere on it is hidden a rich treasure. but it is there.

and his precious Goose was dead. The least shock is sure to shatter me!" "Don't let that keep you at home. "I shall take very good care of you. If we should happen to meet anything hard I will step between and save you." urged the Brass Pot. the idea came to him that he could get all the golden eggs at once by killing the Goose and cutting it open. after he had finished counting his money. Those who have plenty want more and so lose all they have. "You know how fragile I am. for every day when he visited the nest. golden egg. He was not getting rich fast enough. One day the Brass Pot proposed to the Earthen Pot that they go out into the world together. one of brass and the other of clay. jolting along on three stubby legs first to this side. They had not gone ten paces before the Earthen Pot cracked. THE GOOSE AND THE GOLDEN EGG There was once a Countryman who possessed the most wonderful Goose you can imagine." he said. But it was not long before he grew impatient with the Goose because she gave him only a single golden egg a day. and the two set out side by side. then to that." So the Earthen Pot at last consented.[Pg 67] 57 . But when the deed was done. The Countryman took the eggs to market and soon began to get rich. saying that it would be wiser for him to stay in the corner by the fire. "It would take so little to break me.THE TWO POTS Two Pots. and at the next jolt he flew into a thousand pieces. The Earthen Pot could not survive that sort of companionship very long. But the Earthen Pot excused himself. Then one day. Equals make the best friends. not a single golden egg did he find. glittering. and bumping into each other at every step. the Goose had laid a beautiful. stood together on the hearthstone.

will be driven away from the good forage up there to the reeds of this marsh. where his great hoofs crushed the Frogs to death. trembled as he watched the fierce battle." replied the old Frog. the weak must suffer for it. The beaten Bull was driven to the marsh. An old Frog living in the marsh. "Do you not see. at one side of which was a marsh. and we shall all be trampled into the mud?" It turned out as the Frog had said. 58 . "that the Bull who is beaten. "What are you afraid of?" asked a young Frog.THE FIGHTING BULLS AND THE FROG Two Bulls were fighting furiously in a field. When the great fall out.

and helped themselves freely to the Stag's food. But the best he could do was to get his head out. The Animals heard about the Stag's illness and came to ask after his health. THE SICK STAG A Stag had fallen sick. "My friend. stiff and frozen with the cold. both from the discomfort inside him and his anxiety to escape from the basket. he said to those standing around: Learn from my fate not to take pity on a scoundrel. He understood the situation quickly. Greediness leads to misfortune." And that was all the sympathy the poor Mouse got. Just then a Weasel came by. the Stag soon starved to death. he gorged himself to bursting. The Farmer knew how deadly the Snake could be." he said. You will have to stay there till you feel just like you did when you went in. At last he felt satisfied and dragged himself to the opening to get out again. Of course. "I know what you've been doing. He had to squeeze himself a good deal to get through the narrow opening between the strips of the basket. That's what you get. they were all hungry. So there he sat groaning and moaning.[Pg 69] THE FARMER AND THE SNAKE A Farmer walked through his field one cold winter morning. As he drew his last breath. bit the man who had been so kind to it. 59 . and when it had enough strength. You've been stuffing. On the ground lay a Snake. But the corn was tempting and the Mouse was determined to get in. He had just strength enough to gather some food and find a quiet clearing in the woods. When at last he had succeeded. Good will is worth nothing unless it is accompanied by good acts. where he lay down to wait until his strength should return. and yet he picked it up and put it in his bosom to warm it back to life. The bite was deadly and the Farmer felt that he must die. and as you would expect. Good night. Indeed he he became about three times as big around the middle as he was when he went in. The Snake soon revived. and good enough for you.THE MOUSE AND THE WEASEL A little hungry Mouse found his way one day into a basket of corn.

THE GOATHERD AND THE WILD GOATS One cold stormy day a Goatherd drove his Goats for shelter into a cave. The Shepherd wanted to make the Wild Goats part of his flock. "Is that the thanks I get for feeding you and treating you so well?" complained the Shepherd. where a number of Wild Goats had also found their way. "Do not expect us to join your flock." It is unwise to treat old friends badly for the sake of new ones.[Pg 70] 60 . the Wild Goats scampered off to the hills. if some strangers should come as we did. and the Shepherd led the Goats out to feed. he gave only just enough food to keep them alive. "We know how you would treat us later on." replied one of the Wild Goats. When the weather cleared. But to his own flock. so he fed them well.

thank you. aren't you? We are very well. He was to meet some jolly young men that morning. Cat. could scarcely keep life in their shivering bodies. As you have guessed. and with a leather box in his hand. One swallow does not make a summer. Then one fine day in early spring he found himself with not a penny left. who was very popular among his boon companions as a good spender.[Pg 71] 61 . and the poor swallow and that foolish young man in his light tunic. A few days later a change in weather brought a severe frost. and with his arms and knees bare. and he was at his wits' end how to get enough money to keep up appearances. twittering merrily.THE SPENDTHRIFT AND THE SWALLOW A young fellow." Be wise and shun the quack. thinking summer had come. he did not get enough to eat. with much solicitude. and more so. and no property save the clothes he wore. to whom he sold all the clothes he wore down to his very tunic. if you only keep away from here. quickly wasted his fortune trying to live up to his reputation. So he put on a pair of spectacles." laughed the Birds. hastened off to a clothes dealer. "Very smart. tweet. asked how they were. One day he heard that some Birds in the neighborhood were ailing and needed a doctor. Just then a Swallow flew by. and Dr. "Tweet. and the young man. The Birds peeped out. He would be very happy to give them some medicine. knocked at the door of the Bird's home. THE CAT AND THE BIRDS A Cat was growing very thin.

One evening he was walking along the open road outside the village. There he stood up to his ears. and yet you fail to see what is at your feet! This may teach you to pay more attention to what is right in front of you. "I've learned that all round things are not eggs. He called himself an Astrologer. down he went into a hole full of mud and water. In a twinkling the Oyster was resting in the Dog's stomach. "to read the stars. His cries for help soon brought the villagers running. as you can guess. Act in haste and repent at leisure—and often in pain. He visited the hen house very often and at last got so greedy that he would swallow the eggs whole. and madly clawing at the slippery sides of the hole in his effort to climb out." he said groaning." "What use is it. one of them said: "You pretend to read the future in the stars. when you can't see what's right here on the earth?" Take care of the little things and the big things will take care of themselves. and spent his time at night gazing at the sky. One day the Dog wandered down to the seashore." said another.THE DOG AND THE OYSTER There was once a Dog who was very fond of eggs. As they pulled him out of the mud. shell and all. He thought he saw there that the end of the world was at hand. There he spied an Oyster. in the muddy water. when all at once. THE ASTROLOGER A man who lived a long time ago believed that he could read the future in the stars.[Pg 72] 62 . His eyes were fixed on the stars. and let the future take care of itself. It pained the Dog a good deal.

Then one day the Bullocks had a quarrel. he found them in separate corners of the field. but they had kept together. 63 . But he could not keep away from that field. It was now an easy matter for the Lion to attack them one at a time. The Lion had little hope of eating them. as far away from one another as they could get. for he was no match for three strong Bullocks with their sharp horns and hoofs.THREE BULLOCKS AND A LION A Lion had been watching three Bullocks feeding in an open field. and helped each other to drive him off. and when the hungry Lion came to look at them and lick his chops as he was accustomed to do. and this he proceeded to do with the greatest satisfaction and relish. In unity is strength. even when there is little chance of getting it. He had tried to attack them several times. for it is hard to resist watching a good meal.

"[Pg 73] Mercury laid the golden axe on the bank and sprang back into the pool. the gold and the silver as well as your own." The happy Woodman returned to his home with his treasures. The poor Woodman was very glad that his axe had been found and could not thank the kind god enough. The Woodman was in despair. one here. "No. Mercury did appear. then to that. "Is this your axe?" Mercury asked the Woodman. The axe was all he possessed with which to make a living. And when they returned next day to look for their own axes. Then they wept and wailed and called on Mercury to help them. and hiding their axes in the bushes. As he stood wringing his hands and weeping. the god Mercury suddenly appeared and asked what the trouble was. Now there were several Woodmen in the village who believed that they could easily win the same good fortune. "I admire your honesty. Oh no! Instead he gave them each a hard whack over the head with it and sent them home. and each one eagerly claimed it to be the one he had lost.MERCURY AND THE WOODMAN A poor Woodman was cutting down a tree near the edge of a deep pool in the forest. The Woodman told what had happened. first to this one. Thus it happened that the axe slipped and flew out of his hands into the pool. and straightway the kind Mercury dived into the pool. They hurried out into the woods. But Mercury did not give them the golden axe. Honesty is the best policy. When he came up again he held a wonderful golden axe. but the Woodman declared again that his axe was just an ordinary one with a wooden handle." he said. "and as a reward you may have all three axes. and he had not money enough to buy a new one. and soon the story of his good fortune was known to everybody in the village. It was late in the day and the Woodman was tired.[Pg 74] 64 . He had been working since sunrise and his strokes were not so sure as they had been early that morning. they were nowhere to be found. pretended they had lost them." answered the honest Woodman. one there. "that is not my axe. Mercury was greatly pleased with the Woodman's honesty. and when he came up again he had the very axe that had been lost. To each one he showed an axe of gold. And indeed. This time he brought up an axe of silver. Mercury dived down for the third time.

He pulled the Mouse down under the water and drowned him. When the Frog saw the Mouse. for he was very anxious to see the world and everything in it. seized the Mouse and carried it off. the Hawk swooped down. But before he could untie the reed that bound him to the dead Mouse. he did not dare risk going into the pond without some help. 65 . Those who seek to harm others often come to harm themselves through their own deceit. Seeing the body of the Mouse floating on the water. with the Frog dangling from its leg. but the treacherous Frog had other plans. He tied the Mouse's leg to his own with a tough reed. Thus at one swoop he had caught both meat and fish for his dinner. The Frog had a plan. a Hawk came sailing over the pond. he swam to the bank and croaked: "Won't you pay me a visit? I can promise you a good time if you do.THE FROG AND THE MOUSE A young Mouse in search of adventure was running along the bank of a pond where lived a Frog. Then into the pond he jumped. The Mouse soon had enough of it and wanted to return to shore. But though he could swim a little." The Mouse did not need much coaxing. dragging his foolish companion with him.

and. Soon a little Lamb was following him about and was quickly led away to slaughter. In pity for the noble Eagle he rushed up and soon had loosened the coiling Serpent and freed the Eagle. But the Serpent's hold only tightened.[Pg 76] 66 . But it happened that the Shepherd took a fancy for mutton broth that very evening. There was a sudden rush of great wings. The evil doer often comes to harm through his own deceit. neither with beak nor claws. and flew away with it to hide it where it could never be found. and was about to drink. There the first he laid hands on and killed was the Wolf. But there a hungry Fox spied him. ate him up. picking up a knife. and slowly the Eagle sank back to earth. the Eagle seized the poisoned horn from out his savior's hands. the Wolf strolled into the pasture with the Sheep. But one night he found a sheep skin that had been cast aside and forgotten. The next day. Be content with your lot. An act of kindness is well repaid. The Serpent was furious. He had no chance to bite the watchful Countryman. THE WOLF IN SHEEP'S CLOTHING A certain Wolf could not get enough to eat because of the watchfulness of the Shepherds. There he would find better fare than briny water and sand mites.[Pg 75] THE SERPENT AND THE EAGLE A Serpent had succeeded in surprising an Eagle and had wrapped himself around the Eagle's neck. hanging at the Countryman's belt. Sweeping down. he filled his horn at a spring. dressed in the skin. A Countryman chanced to see the unequal combat. and into it let fly the poison of his fangs. Becoming thirsty on the way. went to the fold. both shell and claw.THE FOX AND THE CRAB A Crab one day grew disgusted with the sands in which he lived. So off he crawled to the meadow. The Countryman now went on toward home. That evening the Wolf entered the fold with the flock. gasping for breath. and in a twinkling. The Eagle could not reach the Serpent. Far into the sky he soared trying to shake off his enemy. Instead he struck at the drinking horn. He decided to take a stroll to the meadow not far inland.

while the Eagle's eggs lie in the nest in spring. and the Bull had no sooner got inside than this Goat lowered his head and made a rush at him. and made him rise to drive her away. the Beetle flew to the Eagle's nest and rolled out the eggs. but the Beetle found it and again destroyed the eggs. Even the weakest may find means to avenge a wrong. As the Lion was still prowling outside the entrance to the cave. the Bull had to submit to the insult." he said. But the Beetle buzzed about Jupiter's head. There none would dare harm them. In despair the Eagle now implored great Jupiter to let her place her eggs in his lap. the Beetle still sleeps in the ground." It is wicked to take advantage of another's distress. The Eagle's grief and anger knew no bounds.THE BULL AND THE GOAT A Bull once escaped from a Lion by entering a cave which the Goatherds used to house their flocks in stormy weather and at night. the sweep of her great wings tumbling the Beetle a dozen feet away. Now the Beetle told the reason for her action. For so Jupiter commanded. but who had done the cruel deed she did not know. I'll teach you a lesson you won't forget. butting him with his horns. But the Eagle pounced upon her prey. and the eggs rolled from his lap. Not one did she spare. When that Lion leaves. Next year the Eagle built her nest far up on a mountain crag. and Jupiter had to acknowledge the justice of her cause. "Do not think. It happened that one of the Goats had been left behind. And they say that ever after. "that I submit to your cowardly treatment because I am afraid of you.[Pg 77] 67 . THE EAGLE AND THE BEETLE A Beetle once begged the Eagle to spare a Hare which had run to her for protection. Furious at the disrespect shown her.

whose teeth and claws were so worn that it was not so easy for him to get food as in his younger days. But Master Fox very wisely stayed outside. he inquired politely after the Lion's health. 68 . how do your visitors find their way out again?" Take warning from the misfortunes of others. The Fox came too. he ate them up one by one. Standing at a safe distance from the cave. He took care to let all his neighbors know about it. thanking the Lion very kindly for the invitation. "but I have noticed that there are many footprints leading into your cave and none coming out. and asked the Fox to step in for a moment." he added. pretended that he was sick. And when they came to offer him their sympathy. The Lion replied that he was very ill indeed. "I should be glad to do as you ask. and then lay down in his cave to wait for visitors. Pray tell me. but he was very cautious about it.THE OLD LION AND THE FOX An old Lion.

for each of them boasted that he and his kind were far superior to the other both in strength and mind. "a Man made that statue." said the man. They soon began to quarrel. It would have been quite a different scene had a Lion made it!" It all depends on the point of view. "See. and who tells the story.[Pg 79] 69 . "that's how strong we are! The King of Beasts is like wax in our hands!" "Ho!" laughed the Lion.THE MAN AND THE LION A Lion and a Man chanced to travel in company through the forest. It was a representation of Heracles in the act of tearing the jaws of the Nemean Lion. Now they reached a clearing in the forest and there stood a statue.

There they left him to mourn the foolishness that had brought him nothing but a sound beating. he kicked up his heels and. Now the jealous Ass got it into his silly head that all he had to do to win his Master's favor was to act like the Dog.THE ASS AND THE LAP DOG There was once an Ass whose Master also owned a Lap Dog. as well as choice bits from his plate. frisking playfully about and leaping up to lick his hands and face. Then he planted his forefeet on his Master's knees and rolled out his tongue to lick the Master's face. So one day he left his stable and clattered eagerly into the house. the Master hardly ever took any notice of him. besides. and calling for help.[Pg 80] 70 . and Ass and man rolled over together in the pile of broken dishes from the table. The Master was much alarmed at the strange behavior of the Ass. All this the Ass saw with much discontent. This Dog was a favorite and received many a pat and kind word from his Master. Behavior that is regarded as agreeable in one is very rude and impertinent in another. When they saw the danger the Master was in from the clumsy beast. Every day the Dog would run to meet the Master. pranced giddily around the table. with a loud bray. Finding his Master seated at the dinner table. soon attracted the attention of the servants. Do not try to gain favor by acting in a way that is contrary to your own nature and character. But his weight upset the chair. Though he was well fed. he had much work to do. they set upon the Ass and drove him with kicks and blows back to the stable. upsetting it as he did so. as he had seen the Dog do.

Do not count your chickens before they are hatched. and with the money I'll buy a lovely new dress to wear to the fair. and with the money I get for it I will buy a lot of eggs for hatching.THE MILKMAID AND HER PAIL A Milkmaid had been out to milk the cows and was returning from the field with the shining milk pail balanced nicely on her head. They will come and try to make love to me. and down fell the pail of milk to the ground. and with it vanished butter and eggs and chicks and new dress and all the milkmaid's pride. she tossed her head scornfully. As she walked along. All the young men will look at me. The butter I make I will take to market. Then when May day comes I will sell them. And all the milk flowed out.—but I shall very quickly send them about their business!" As she thought of how she would settle that matter. How nice it will be when they are all hatched and the yard is full of fine young chicks. 71 . rich milk. "will give me plenty of cream to churn." she mused. her pretty head was busy with plans for the days to come. "This good.

THE WOLF AND THE SHEPHERD A Wolf. guessed what it was the Miser had hidden. The Goatherd was frightened.[Pg 81] THE GOATHERD AND THE GOAT A Goat strayed away from the flock. The Goatherd tried to call it back. breaking the Goat's horn. It would not obey him." said the Goat. "someone has robbed me!" "Your gold! There in that hole? Why did you put it there? Why did you not keep it in the house where you could easily get it when you had to buy things?" "Buy!" screamed the Miser angrily." The stranger picked up a large stone and threw it into the hole. When the Miser discovered his loss. tempted by a patch of clover. he was overcome with grief and despair. It is worth just as much to you as the treasure you lost!" A possession is worth no more than the use we make of it." he begged the Goat. "Do not tell the master. wildly. He made so many trips that a Thief. "My gold! O my gold!" cried the Miser." he said. but in vain. lurking near the Shepherd's hut. He groaned and cried and tore his hair. Every day he went to the spot. and one night quietly dug up the treasure and made off with it. "No. A passerby heard his cries and asked what had happened. "that broken horn can speak for itself!" Wicked deeds will not stay hid. THE MISER A Miser had buried his gold in a secret place in his garden. saw the Shepherd and his family feasting on a roasted lamb. Then he picked up a stone and threw it. who had been observing him. "cover up that stone. "Aha!" he muttered. had they caught me at just the very thing they are doing with so much enjoyment!" Men often condemn others for what they see no wrong in doing themselves. "What a great shouting and running about there would have been. "Why. "If that is the case. dug up the treasure and counted it piece by piece to make sure it was all there.[Pg 82] 72 . I never touched the gold. I couldn't think of spending any of it.

chicken bones. Why. 73 . "Hardly anything." "Perhaps you see the mark of the collar to which my chain is fastened. bark at beggars." answered the House Dog. He was really nothing but skin and bones. Follow my example and you will get along beautifully. and it made him very downhearted to think of it. but the House Dog looked strong enough to leave his marks should he try it. But just then he noticed that the hair on the Dog's neck was worn and the skin was chafed." "What! A chain!" cried the Wolf. complimenting him on his fine appearance. just a trifle!" "But please tell me. there you live miserably. "Don't you go wherever you please?" "Not always! But what's the difference?" replied the Dog. "All the difference in the world! I don't care a rap for your feasts and I wouldn't take all the tender young lambs in the world at that price. The Wolf would gladly have eaten him then and there. you have to fight hard for every bite you get. So the Wolf spoke very humbly to the Dog." "What must I do?" asked the Wolf. "What! nothing!" "Oh. choice bits of meat." replied the Dog. In return you will get tidbits of every kind.THE WOLF AND THE HOUSE DOG There was once a Wolf who got very little to eat because the Dogs of the village were so wide awake and watchful. "What is that on your neck?" "Nothing at all. There is nothing worth so much as liberty.[Pg 83] and fawn on the people of the house." replied the Dog. not to speak of kind words and caresses. One night this Wolf happened to fall in with a fine fat House Dog who had wandered a little too far from home. sugar. cake. "Leave the woods. "You can be as well-fed as I am if you want to." The Wolf had such a beautiful vision of his coming happiness that he almost wept." And away ran the Wolf to the woods. and much more beside. "Chase people who carry canes.

where he lay bruised and exhausted from his struggle with the swift current." he said kindly. but he lay quietly. If you drive them away. still too weak to run away from them. Soon a swarm of bloodsucking flies settled on him.[Pg 84] 74 . "Let me drive the flies away. was barely able to reach the bank. swimming across a river. "do not disturb them! They have taken all they can hold. A Hedgehog happened by.THE FOX AND THE HEDGEHOG A Fox. another greedy swarm will come and take the little blood I have left. "No. no!" exclaimed the Fox." Better to bear a lesser evil than to risk a greater in removing it.

Toad. "You are a Mouse. The Fox heard the news and hurried to see the Toad. but the Weasel would not listen. Otherwise. 'Down with all Cats. and he soon had the Bat under his claws.[Pg 85] 75 . But a few days later. ready to eat him. "Look at my wings. a Bird! Why. "and I am a sworn enemy of Mice. This Weasel happened to be a bitter enemy of Birds. Set your sails with the wind. all Birds have feathers! I am nothing but a Mouse.THE BAT AND THE WEASELS A Bat blundered into the nest of a Weasel. "Mr." he said. Can Mice fly? Why. should first mend themselves. THE QUACK TOAD An old Toad once informed all his neighbors that he was a learned doctor. "I.' is my motto!" And so the Bat escaped with his life a second time." he said." cried the Bat. He looked the Toad over very carefully. The Bat begged for his life." Those who would mend others. and then try some of your own medicine. someone might believe you. so he let him go. "and I am going to eat you!" "What. the foolish Bat went blindly into the nest of another Weasel. I should advise you to try some other profession. I am only a Bird! Please let me go!" The Weasel had to admit that the Bat was not a Mouse." he said. I am going to eat!" "But I am not a Mouse!" cried the Bat. If you can cure yourself of that blotchy skin and that rheumatic gait. In fact he could cure anything. "I've been told that you cure anything! But just take a look at yourself. who ran up to catch and eat him. "You are a Bird. Every Mouse I catch.

he would advise every Fox to cut it off. Besides. there arose such a storm of jeers and hooting. which they cut off as prizes of the hunt. For a long time he kept away from the other Foxes. it was well known.[Pg 86] 76 . the Fox Without a Tail got up and made a long speech about those Foxes who had come to harm because of their tails. after much painful tugging. in getting away. That one had not been able to run fast enough because of the weight of his brush. succeeded at last. for he knew well enough that they would all make fun of him and crack jokes and laugh behind his back. an old Fox arose. saying that he had something of great importance to tell the tribe." When the poor Fox Without a Tail turned around. said Master Fox. and said. This one had been caught by hounds when his tail had become entangled in the hedge. if he valued life and safety. that men hunt Foxes simply for their tails. When they were all gathered together.THE FOX WITHOUT A TAIL A Fox that had been caught in a trap. But it was hard for him to live alone. that he saw how useless it was to try any longer to persuade the Foxes to part with their tails. But he had to leave his beautiful bushy tail behind him. he said. He called a meeting of all the Foxes. kindly turn around for a moment. When he had finished talking. and at last he thought of a plan that would perhaps help him out of his trouble. smiling: "Master Fox. and you shall have your answer. With such proof of the danger and uselessness of having a tail. Do not listen to the advice of him who seeks to lower you to his own level.

77 .THE MISCHIEVOUS DOG There was once a Dog who was so ill-natured and mischievous that his Master had to fasten a heavy wooden clog about his neck to keep him from annoying visitors and neighbors. "to keep quietly out of sight with that clog. "You would be wiser." said an old acquaintance. But the Dog seemed to be very proud of the clog and dragged it about noisily as if he wished to attract everybody's attention. Do you want everybody to know what a disgraceful and ill-natured Dog you are?" Notoriety is not fame. He was not able to impress anyone.

Bumble Bee and you made eyes at every single Bug you could see. you have been carrying on with all sorts of flowers. and you fluttered around Miss Mignonette until Honey Bee chased you away.THE ROSE AND THE BUTTERFLY A Butterfly once fell in love with a beautiful Rose. when he fluttered near and told how he loved her. But alas! It was a long time before he came back to her. "It is ages since you went away. I wish he had stung you!" "Constancy!" laughed the Butterfly. You carried on scandalously with Mr. The Rose was not indifferent. for the Butterfly's wings were powdered in a charming pattern of gold and silver. she blushed rosily and said yes. the Butterfly took a tender leave of his sweetheart. "Is this your constancy?" she exclaimed tearfully. You can't expect any constancy from me!" Do not expect constancy in others if you have none yourself. and all the time. After much pretty love-making and many whispered vows of constancy. And so. I saw you kiss Miss Geranium. "I had no sooner left you than I saw Zephyr kissing you.[Pg 87] 78 .

THE CAT AND THE FOX Once a Cat and a Fox were traveling together. "I admit I know one trick only. when she had comforted him. He dodged here and there with the hounds at his heels. close by." said the Boy's mother. as usually happens when comrades argue. "Do you pretend to know more than I? Why. stung by a Nettle. Common sense is always worth more than cunning. the talk began to get personal. grasp it firmly. let me tell you. He doubled on his tracks. "Now let me see what yours are worth. do with all your might. "You think you are extremely clever. The hounds caught him. THE BOY AND THE NETTLE A Boy. "This is my trick. is worth a thousand of yours!" Just then." But the Fox had so many plans for escape he could not decide which one to try first. they heard a hunter's horn and the yelping of a pack of hounds. he ran at top speed. and it will be as soft as silk.—but all in vain. As they went along. he entered a dozen burrows. hiding among the leaves." Whatever you do." he called to the Fox. but that one. In an instant the Cat was up a tree. to get his mother to blow on the hurt and kiss it." retorted the Cat. "Son.[Pg 89] 79 . don't you?" said the Fox. and soon put an end to the boaster and all his tricks. a fat chicken there—they began an argument to while away the time between bites. picking up provisions on the way—a stray mouse here. I know a whole sackful of tricks!" "Well. And. ran home crying. "the next time you come near a Nettle.

Even a contemptible Ass let fly his heels and brayed his insults in the face of the Lion. The sly Fox soon found a bright patch of moonlight. His limbs could no longer bear him. and began a wild dance. he saw a number of Pheasants perched quite out of his reach on a limb of a tall old tree. They hardly dared blink for fear of losing him out of their sight a single instant. then he hopped up and down. his back in the air. A Bull trampled him with his heavy hoofs. where the Pheasants could see him clearly. cutting all sorts of strange capers. THE FOX AND THE PHEASANTS One moonlight evening as Master Fox was taking his usual stroll in the woods. Now the Fox made as if to climb a tree. about to die. Where now his strength and his former graceful beauty? Now a Boar spied him. and rushing at him. By this time the poor birds' heads were in a whirl. so dazed did they become. though he be an enemy. that they lost their hold on the limb.THE OLD LION A Lion had grown very old. and the next instant he was hopping on all fours. It is cowardly to attack the defenseless. and the King of Beasts was very pitiful indeed as he lay gasping on the ground. gored him with his yellow tusk. And when the Fox began his performance all over again. First he whirled 'round and 'round like a top. there he raised himself up on his hind legs. Too much attention to danger may cause us to fall victims to it. and fell down one by one to the Fox. now he fell over and lay still. playing dead. His teeth were worn away. and his bushy tail shaking so that it seemed to throw out silver sparks in the moonlight.[Pg 90] 80 . The Pheasants stared giddily.

One of the Men. threw himself on the ground and lay still. when. for the Bear snuffed at the Man's head awhile. His sharp quills pricked them at every turn.[Pg 91] THE PORCUPINE AND THE SNAKES A Porcupine was looking for a good home. unable to fight the savage beast alone. Give a finger and lose a hand. He had heard that a Bear will not touch a dead body. At last he found a little sheltered cave. The Man in the tree climbed down. he politely escorted the Snakes out of doors. It must have been true. "that it was not at all wise to keep company with a fellow who would desert his friend in a moment of danger. and at last they politely asked him to leave." Misfortune is the test of true friendship. "I intend to stay right here." said the Porcupine. where lived a family of Snakes. "It looked just as if that Bear whispered in your ear. He asked them to let him share the cave with them. And to save their skins.TWO TRAVELERS AND A BEAR Two Men were traveling in company through a forest. a huge Bear crashed out of the brush near them. climbed a tree. thinking of his own safety." he said. walked away. seeming to be satisfied that he was dead. "What did he tell you?" "He said. and then." answered the other. The other. as if he were dead. "I am very well satisfied. 81 . and the Snakes kindly consented. The Snakes soon wished they had not given him permission to stay. thank you. all at once. the Snakes had to look for another home." And with that.

"and cannot even take care of yourself!" Shortly after that. only to find himself held fast in the trap." he said.THE FOX AND THE MONKEY At a great meeting of the Animals. The Fox stood off and laughed. who had gathered to elect a new ruler. he told him he had found a rich treasure. "You pretend to be our king. elected him their king. Hurrying to King Monkey. One day he found a trap with a bit of meat in it. another election among the Animals was held. The true leader proves himself by his qualities. which he had not touched because it belonged by right to his majesty the Monkey. As soon as he saw the meat he grasped eagerly for it. that the Animals were carried entirely off their feet with enthusiasm.[Pg 92] 82 . and then and there. with a thousand funny capers and grimaces. This he did so well. the Monkey was asked to dance. The Fox did not vote for the Monkey and was much disgusted with the Animals for electing so unworthy a ruler. The greedy Monkey followed the Fox to the trap.

No.[Pg 93] 83 . Then he heard the Mother's voice say: "Hush. But though the little one continued to fret. And so they died. It may destroy you. giving their lives for the sake of a taste of sweetness. he heard the Mother's voice again as she sat down near the window to sing and rock her baby to sleep. Then. the Wolf settled down under an open window. child.THE MOTHER AND THE WOLF Early one morning a hungry Wolf was prowling around a cottage at the edge of a village. Their wings stuck together. when he heard a child crying in the house. child. hush! Stop your crying. toward nightfall. indeed. No. The sweet smell of the honey soon brought a large number of Flies buzzing around. they settled right down. and the Wolf was barely able to save himself from the Dogs by a clever bit of running. Do not believe everything you hear. expecting every moment to have the child handed out to him. They did not wait for an invitation. Be not greedy for a little passing pleasure. feet and all. or I will give you to the Wolf!" Surprised but delighted at the prospect of so delicious a meal. The Flies were quickly smeared from head to foot with honey. there! The Wolf shall not get you. They could not pull their feet out of the sticky mass. "There. to gorge themselves. THE FLIES AND THE HONEY A jar of honey was upset and the sticky sweetness flowed out on the table. the Wolf waited all day in vain. no! Daddy is watching and Daddy will kill him if he should come near!" Just then the Father came within sight of the home.

AND THE WOLF One day a Stag came to a Sheep and asked her to lend him a measure of wheat. "To win you I would have said and promised anything. THE SHEEP. But after the wedding. THE STAG." answered the Stag confidently. "Do you think I would trust you on such security? I know the Wolf! He takes what he wants and runs off with it without paying. "Why do you look so woebegone?" asked the Kite. "Is that the Ostrich you talked about?" said the Eagle in disgust. was a tiny Mouse. She seemed very sad and drooping for an Eagle. "the Wolf has promised to be my surety.THE EAGLE AND THE KITE An Eagle sat high in the branches of a great Oak." replied the Kite." replied the Kite. stronger even than you!" "Do you really think you can provide for me?" asked the Eagle eagerly. who could easily take himself out of reach. Everything is fair in love." "The Wolf!" exclaimed the Sheep indignantly. "and I can't find a mate who can provide for me as I should like. yes. "Why. As for you. of course. "That would be a very simple matter. I am so strong I can carry away an Ostrich in my talons as if it were a feather!" The Eagle accepted the Kite immediately. were he so inclined.[Pg 94] 84 . The Sheep knew him for a very swift runner. "I want to get married." "Take me. "Yes. So she asked him if he knew someone who would answer for him. when the Kite flew away to find something to eat for his bride. A Kite saw her." replied the Eagle." said the Kite. you can use your legs so well that I should have little chance of collecting the debt if I had to catch you for it!" Two blacks do not make a white. all he had when he returned. "I am very strong.

much more an Ass. "Now. we all know they belong to that puny race that pretends to be our masters. Then. no. It was now the Ass's turn to confess. "And so far as shepherds are concerned. though the Tiger. Can it be a crime to eat sheep. I have eaten goats and bulls and stags. Many died. your majesty. if I am the most guilty." said the Fox. They had done me no harm. I am ready to be sacrificed. "I will confess all my sins first. and those who lived were so ill." he said guiltily. the Bear. But I think it best that each one confess his sins as I have done. and all the savage beasts recited the most wicked deeds. that I could not resist nibbling a bit of it. and dragged themselves about listlessly. nor a tender lamb rouse greedy Sir Wolf's appetite." All the animals applauded the Fox loudly. sacrificing him to the gods then and there. all were excused and made to appear very saint-like and innocent. I was so tempted by the tender grass and my hunger. "that one day as I was passing a field belonging to some priests. "you are too good.[Pg 95] "I remember. I admit that I have been very greedy and have devoured many sheep. such stupid mutton heads? No. The weak are made to suffer for the misdeeds of the powerful. To tell the truth. You have done them great honor by eating them up. Immediately they all fell upon him. Here was the culprit who had brought misfortune on all of them! What a horrible crime it was to eat grass that belonged to someone else! It was enough to hang anyone for. and soon had made an end to him. that they cared for neither food nor drink. the Wolf in the lead.THE ANIMALS AND THE PLAGUE Once upon a time a severe plague raged among the animals. At last the Lion decided to call a council. I admit—" A great uproar among the beasts interrupted him. Therefore. the Wolf. the most guilty one of us must be offered in sacrifice. I believe the gods have sent this plague upon us as a punishment for our sins." "Your majesty. I even ate up a shepherd now and then. No longer could a fat young hen tempt Master Fox to dinner. Then we can decide in all justice who is the most guilty. When all the animals were gathered together he arose and said: "Dear friends. Perhaps we may thus obtain forgiveness and cure for all. and without the formality of an altar. 85 . I had no right to do it.

[Pg 96] 86 . carrying a Sheep. but just as he was passing near a large cave on the mountain side. But before starting out he made a vow to Jupiter that if he would help him find the thief he would offer a fat Calf as a sacrifice. man does not know what he asks! To find the thief I offered to sacrifice a fat Calf. Now I promise you a full-grown Bull. if you but make the thief go away!" We are often not so eager for what we seek. he very loudly and boastfully declared that he would catch the thief and punish him as he deserved. "Alas. a huge Lion stalked out. discovered that a number of them were missing. counting his Sheep one day. where there were caves infested by Wolves. In great terror the Shepherd fell on his knees.THE SHEPHERD AND THE LION A Shepherd. after we have found it. O Jupiter. Do not foolishly ask for things that would bring ruin if they were granted. Much irritated. The Shepherd suspected a Wolf of the deed and so set out toward a rocky region among the hills. The Shepherd searched a long time without finding any Wolves.

87 . As he crossed a narrow footbridge. If he had stopped to think he would have known better. he happened to look down and saw himself reflected in the quiet water as if in a mirror. he dropped his bone and sprang at the Dog in the river. he realized what a stupid Dog he had been. was hurrying home with his prize as fast as he could go.THE DOG AND HIS REFLECTION A Dog. But the greedy Dog thought he saw a real Dog carrying a bone much bigger than his own. only to find himself swimming for dear life to reach the shore. But instead of thinking. to whom the butcher had thrown a bone. and as he stood sadly thinking about the good bone he had lost. At last he managed to scramble out. It is very foolish to be greedy.

The race is not always to the swift. The Hare was soon far out of sight. he lay down beside the course to take a nap until the Tortoise should catch up. I'll run you a race and prove it. the Tortoise was near the goal. and." replied the Tortoise. and when at last he did wake up. But the Hare slept on very peacefully.[Pg 97] 88 . So the Fox. and to make the Tortoise feel very deeply how ridiculous it was for him to try a race with a Hare. but for the fun of the thing he agreed. The Tortoise meanwhile kept going slowly but steadily. passed the place where the Hare was sleeping. "Do you ever get anywhere?" he asked with a mocking laugh. The Hare now ran his swiftest. who had consented to act as judge. after a time. but he could not overtake the Tortoise in time. "Yes. marked the distance and started the runners off." The Hare was much amused at the idea of running a race with the Tortoise. "and I get there sooner than you think.THE HARE AND THE TORTOISE A Hare was making fun of the Tortoise one day for being so slow.

"who made the comb and who could not have made it." he said. and the Wasps declared positively that it belonged to them. AND THE HORNET A store of honey had been found in a hollow tree. Counsel for the Wasps immediately insisted that this description fitted his clients exactly. with much good sense. and was about to be cross-examined. and whose bodies were striped. "Your honor. when a wise old Bee addressed the Court. "It is clear. Wise Judge Hornet quickly understood why they did so: They knew they could not build a honey comb and fill it with honey. justice of the peace in that part of the woods. both sides had a large number of witnesses. when at last. Such evidence did not help Judge Hornet to any decision. When the Judge called the case. yellow and black." said the Judge. they agreed to let a judge decide the matter. If it is not decided soon. witnesses declared that they had seen certain winged creatures in the neighborhood of the hollow tree. Then we shall soon see to whom the honey really belongs. who hummed loudly. so he adjourned court for six weeks to give him time to think it over.THE BEES AND WASPS. The honey belongs to the Bees. "the case has now been pending for six weeks. When the case came up again. So they brought the case before the Hornet. and it looked as if the affair could not be settled without a battle. The Bees were just as sure that the treasure was theirs.[Pg 99] 89 . the honey will not be fit for anything." The Wasps protested loudly. An Ant was first to take the stand." Ability proves itself by deeds. like Bees. I move that the Bees and the Wasps be both instructed to build a honey comb. The argument grew very pointed.

"we shall lose half the crop." said the Farmer. Tomorrow we must set to work. too. the Farmer and his son came into the field. children.[Pg 100] 90 . We cannot wait any longer for help from our friends. "We must call in our neighbors and friends to help us harvest it. "If this wheat is not harvested at once. "If the Farmer said he would call in his neighbors and friends to help him do his work. then you may be sure there will be no more delay. Then one day. grew in strength." said the Mother Lark. she said: "Then we must be off at once." said the Farmer. "This wheat is now ready for reaping. the wheat was so ripe. when the ripe golden grain waved in the breeze. the wheat stalks grew tall and the young birds. When the Mother Lark returned with food for them. ourselves. for they knew they would be in great danger if they did not leave the nest before the reapers came." There was much fluttering and trying out of wings that afternoon. they told her what they had heard. When a man decides to do his own work and not depend on any one else. a hail of wheat grains came rustling down on the young Larks' heads." A few days later. "Do not be frightened." The young Larks in their nest close by were much frightened. and at sunrise next day. when the Farmer and his son cut down the grain. Self-help is the best help." When the young Larks told their mother what they had heard that day. this wheat will not be reaped for a while yet. As the days passed. that when the wind shook the stalks. they found an empty nest.THE LARK AND HER YOUNG ONES A Lark made her nest in a field of young wheat.

knew more tricks than one. Sure enough. Now the Mice kept more strictly at home than ever. who was still hungry for Mice. when an old Rat. That Cat seemed to be everywhere at once with his claws all ready for a pounce. sat up at a safe distance from a hole in the wall where he lived. head downward. he had made an end of three or four. But as nothing stirred. When the Mice peeped out and saw him in that position. But the Cat. that the Cat saw he would have to use his wits well to catch one." The wise do not let themselves be tricked a second time. as if he were dead. with one eye open for the Mice. all trooped joyfully out to celebrate the death of the Cat. they thought he had been hung up there in punishment for some misdeed. To the Cat it was almost as if he already had a plump young Mouse under his claws. who had had much experience with Cats and traps. Whatever it is. So one day he climbed up on a shelf and hung from it. Just then the Cat let go his hold. Rolling himself in flour until he was covered completely. "That may be a heap of meal.THE CAT AND THE OLD RAT There was once a Cat who was so watchful. but it looks to me very much like the Cat. that a Mouse hardly dared show the tip of his whiskers for fear of being eaten alive. it is wisest to keep at a safe distance. and had even lost a part of his tail to pay for it. the Mice soon began to come out. Very timidly at first they stuck out their heads and sniffed about carefully. he lay down in the flour bin. holding himself up by clinging to some ropes with one paw. "Take care!" he cried.[Pg 101] 91 . At last the Mice kept so closely to their dens. and before the Mice recovered from their surprise.

But she kept her beak tightly closed on the cheese and did not return his greeting. But where are your wits?" The flatterer lives at the expense of those who will listen to him. he cried. What caught his attention this time and made him stop for a second look." Listening to these flattering words. "No need to search any farther. "How her feathers shine! What a beautiful form and what splendid wings! Such a wonderful Bird should have a very lovely voice. you have a voice sure enough. So she opened her beak wide to utter her loudest caw. "What a charming creature she is!" said the Fox. "Though it is cracked. the Crow forgot all her suspicion.THE FOX AND THE CROW One bright morning as the Fox was following his sharp nose through the wood in search of a bite to eat. was that the lucky Crow held a bit of cheese in her beak. "Thank you. and also her breakfast. "Good-morning. watched the Fox suspiciously. "Here is a dainty bite for my breakfast." said Master Fox sweetly." thought sly Master Fox. She wanted very much to be called Queen of Birds. her head cocked on one side. This was by no means the first Crow the Fox had ever seen. beautiful creature!" The Crow. and looking up admiringly." Up he trotted to the foot of the tree in which the Crow was sitting. since everything else about her is so perfect. as he walked off. and down fell the cheese straight into the Fox's open mouth. Could she sing just one song. he saw a Crow on the limb of a tree overhead. I know I should hail her Queen of Birds.[Pg 102] 92 .

that the Traveler at last decided to stop for a rest. The road led across a treeless plain where the Sun beat down fiercely. So intense did the heat become. saying he had hired the Ass and not the shadow it cast. the Traveler sat down in the shadow of the Ass. Now the heat had affected the Driver as much as it had the Traveler. 93 . the Ass took to its heels. and as there was no other shade to be found. The owner of the Ass went with the Traveler. The two soon came to blows. for he had been walking. In quarreling about the shadow we often lose the substance. he began to quarrel with the Traveler. and while they were fighting. walking beside him to drive the Ass and point out the way.THE ASS AND ITS SHADOW A Traveler had hired an Ass to carry him to a distant part of the country. and even more. Wishing also to rest in the shade cast by the Ass.

THE MILLER, HIS SON, AND THE ASS One day, a long time ago, an old Miller and his Son were on their way to market with an Ass which they hoped to sell. They drove him very slowly, for they thought they would have a better chance to sell him if they kept him in good condition. As they walked along the highway some travelers laughed loudly at them. "What foolishness," cried one, "to walk when they might as well ride. The most stupid of the three is not the one you would expect it to be." The Miller did not like to be laughed at, so he told his son to climb up and ride. They had gone a little farther along the road, when three merchants passed by. "Oho, what have we here?" they cried. "Respect old age, young man! Get down, and let the old man ride."[Pg 103] Though the Miller was not tired, he made the boy get down and climbed up himself to ride, just to please the Merchants. At the next turnstile they overtook some women carrying market baskets loaded with vegetables and other things to sell. "Look at the old fool," exclaimed one of them. "Perched on the Ass, while that poor boy has to walk." The Miller felt a bit vexed, but to be agreeable he told the Boy to climb up behind him. They had no sooner started out again than a loud shout went up from another company of people on the road. "What a crime," cried one, "to load up a poor dumb beast like that! They look more able to carry the poor creature, than he to carry them." "They must be on their way to sell the poor thing's hide," said another.

94

The Miller and his Son quickly scrambled down, and a short time later, the market place was thrown into an uproar as the two came along carrying the Donkey slung from a pole. A great crowd of people ran out to get a closer look at the strange sight. The Ass did not dislike being carried, but so many people came up to point at him and laugh and shout, that he began to kick and bray, and then, just as they were crossing a bridge, the ropes that held him gave way, and down he tumbled into the river. The poor Miller now set out sadly for home. By trying to please everybody, he had pleased nobody, and lost his Ass besides. If you try to please all, you please none.[Pg 104]

95

THE ANT AND THE DOVE A Dove saw an Ant fall into a brook. The Ant struggled in vain to reach the bank, and in pity, the Dove dropped a blade of straw close beside it. Clinging to the straw like a shipwrecked sailor to a broken spar, the Ant floated safely to shore. Soon after, the Ant saw a man getting ready to kill the Dove with a stone. But just as he cast the stone, the Ant stung him in the heel, so that the pain made him miss his aim, and the startled Dove flew to safety in a distant wood. A kindness is never wasted. THE MAN AND THE SATYR A long time ago a Man met a Satyr in the forest and succeeded in making friends with him. The two soon became the best of comrades, living together in the Man's hut. But one cold winter evening, as they were walking homeward, the Satyr saw the Man blow on his fingers. "Why do you do that?" asked the Satyr. "To warm my hands," the Man replied. When they reached home the Man prepared two bowls of porridge. These he placed steaming hot on the table, and the comrades sat down very cheerfully to enjoy the meal. But much to the Satyr's surprise, the Man began to blow into his bowl of porridge. "Why do you do that?" he asked. "To cool my porridge," replied the Man. The Satyr sprang hurriedly to his feet and made for the door. "Goodby," he said, "I've seen enough. A fellow that blows hot and cold in the same breath cannot be friends with me!" The man who talks for both sides is not to be trusted by either.[Pg 105]

96

" replied the Crow. as soon as Mother Goat was out of sight." said the Wolf softly. Two sureties are better than one. is a feature few Wolves can show. It was the right password. he did not feel at all easy. THE KID. which consisted of but one little Kid and herself. a Wolf was lurking near and heard what the Goat had said. when he saw the Wolf making off to the woods. Why don't you dress better? Show a little pride!" "Your feathers may do very well in spring. So. "or I won't let you in." Friends in fine weather only. "but—I don't remember ever having seen you around in winter." said the Kid. are not worth much. "Show me a white paw. AND THE GOAT Mother Goat was going to market one morning to get provisions for her household. as she carefully latched the door. but when the Kid peeped through a crack in the door and saw the shadowy figure outside. unless he gives you this password: 'Down with the Wolf and all his race!'" Strangely enough. and that's when I enjoy myself most.[Pg 107] 97 . "Take good care of the house. "Do not let anyone in." A white paw. Said the Swallow: "Just look at my bright and downy feathers. of course. "You can never be too sure." he said. up he trotted to the door and knocked. and so Master Wolf had to go away as hungry as he had come.THE WOLF." she said to the Kid. my son. "Down with the Wolf and all his race. THE SWALLOW AND THE CROW The Swallow and the Crow had an argument one day about their plumage. Your black stiff quills are not worth having.

and caught a large quantity of game. "Laugh if you will. He quickly piled all the game into one great heap. But none got there earlier than Mother Monkey. he added the Ass to the pile of slain. carefully edging away. hairless. "Though Jupiter may not give him the prize. [Pg 108] 98 ." he roared angrily. Learn from the misfortunes of others. THE LION. As you can imagine." replied the Fox. The Lion now recovered his good humor entirely. THE ASS. the sweetest. Of course all the proud mammas from far and near brought their babies." Mother love is blind. "I learned a lesson from the Ass. the dearest darling in the world. pop-eyed little creature. and a Fox were hunting in company. Jupiter provided the prize. AND THE FOX A Lion. The Fox wasted no time in talking. an Ass." said the Mother Monkey. The Fox was well satisfied. but the Lion flew into a great rage over it. such undesirable bits as the horns and hoofs of a mountain goat.JUPITER AND THE MONKEY There was once a baby show among the Animals in the forest. This he did very fairly. From this he took a very small portion for himself. "You divide it. and with one stroke of his huge paw. The Ass was asked to divide the spoil. giving each an equal share. Then he turned to the Fox. I know that he is the prettiest. and the end of an ox tail. "Who taught you to divide so fairly?" he asked pleasantly. there was quite a laugh when the Animals saw the ugly flat-nosed. Proudly she presented her baby among the other contestants.

" he said. Two." He then very carefully divided the Stag into four equal parts. "One. the Fox. when he had finished." He now began to glare at the others very savagely. with a great show of fairness. "now is the time to speak up." he growled. "If any of you have any claim to the part that is left. "that is myself the Lion. sharing with each other whatever they found. that's the Wolf." he said. three. began to count the guests. and. and the Fox makes four. stretching his claws meaningly. "I am King Lion. the Lion. the Lion placed himself at the head of the feast to do the carving. the Jackal. One day the Wolf ran down a Stag and immediately called his comrades to divide the spoil. is the Jackal. Without being asked. 99 . "so of course I get the first part. counting on his claws." Might makes right.THE LION'S SHARE A long time ago. and the Wolf agreed to go hunting together. and this is mine because I am the bravest. This next part falls to me because I am the strongest.

that's a pebble!" "Well." Boast of one thing and you will be found lacking in that and a few other things as well. my son.THE MOLE AND HIS MOTHER A little Mole once said to his Mother: "Why. The little Mole peered at it. that proves you've lost your sense of smell as well as being blind. "Why. Mother.[Pg 109] 100 . So she put a bit of frankincense before him and asked him to tell what it was. you said I was blind! But I am sure I can see!" Mother Mole saw she would have to get such conceit out of his head.

"that he is the stronger who can strip that Traveler of his cloak. threw himself down in the welcome shade of a tree by the roadside. [Pg 110] 101 . and in the pleasant warmth after the bitter cold of the North Wind. but all his efforts were in vain. The man took off his cap and mopped his brow." said the Sun. The North Wind tore angrily at the cloak. At last he became so heated that he pulled off his cloak. and the harder the Wind blew. and." growled the North Wind. The Sun's rays grew warmer and warmer.THE NORTH WIND AND THE SUN The North Wind and the Sun had a quarrel about which of them was the stronger. While they were disputing with much heat and bluster. But he immediately wrapped it closely around him. the Traveler unfastened his cloak and let it hang loosely from his shoulders. howling blast against the Traveler. Then the Sun began to shine. With the first gust of wind the ends of the cloak whipped about the Traveler's body. Gentleness and kind persuasion win where force and bluster fail. a Traveler passed along the road wrapped in a cloak. the tighter he held it to him. "Let us agree. and at once sent a cold. At first his beams were gentle. to escape the blazing sunshine." "Very well.

All those who were so unfortunate as to have horns. no matter what I say. which he was eating. "I'm off. passed a very restless night. has no horns and so had nothing to fear. a terrible fright seized him. dreaming awful dreams about the fearful Lion." he called. He was very angry to think that any animal that he chose for a meal. And when he came out of the warren in the early morning sunshine." Do not give your enemies the slightest reason to attack your reputation. He will certainly make out that my ears are horns. who. "Goodby. should be so brazen as to wear such dangerous things as horns to scratch him while he ate. 102 .THE HARE AND HIS EARS The Lion had been badly hurt by the horns of a Goat. The command struck terror among the beasts. as you know. Even the Hare. So he commanded that all animals with horns should leave his domains within twenty-four hours. Your enemies will seize any excuse to attack you. neighbor Cricket. began to pack up and move out. and there saw the shadow cast by his long and pointed ears.

"Dear friend. But now the Wolves thought of a plan to trick the Sheep. but that was not an excuse for stealing. when I stumbled into this string and got all tangled up. Send them away and you will see what good friends we shall become. But please do not tell anybody about it. Do not give up friends for foes." The Sheep were easily fooled." But the Cock was not to be so easily fooled. discovered what had happened. The wicked deserve no aid. "I was just on my way to visit a sick relative. Fox. He soon roused the whole hen yard. so he went a little closer to get a good look at his enemy.THE WOLVES AND THE SHEEP A pack of Wolves lurked near the Sheep pasture.[Pg 111] THE COCK AND THE FOX A Fox was caught in a trap one fine morning. and the Sheep grazed in perfect safety. "Why is there always this hostility between us?" they said. rising early. But the Dogs kept them all at a respectful distance. and that very evening the Wolves had the grandest feast of their lives. The Fox saw a slender chance of escape. No doubt he was hungry. A Cock. I am sure we should get along beautifully. and I am sure I can soon gnaw this string to pieces." he said. that was the end of Mr. He knew the Fox could not get at him. I dislike causing sorrow to anybody. and when the Farmer came running out. "If it were not for those Dogs who are always stirring up trouble. because he had got too near the Farmer's hen house. They persuaded the Dogs to go away. 103 .

He dressed himself in it.[Pg 112] 104 . But you gave yourself away with that silly bray. stopped short as soon as he heard the voice. just as if he were King Lion himself. A Fox. who ran with the rest. and amused himself by hiding in a thicket and rushing out suddenly at the animals who passed that way. too.THE ASS IN THE LION'S SKIN An Ass found a Lion's skin left in the forest by a hunter. that he could not keep from expressing his delight by a loud. Approaching the Ass. but his words will soon show what he really is." A fool may deceive by his dress and appearance. harsh bray. All took to their heels the moment they saw him. he said with a laugh: "If you had kept your mouth shut you might have frightened me. The Ass was so pleased to see the animals running away from him.

I shall make you a much better meal. who lived on the fish he caught. Mr. "to throw you back. you are better than nothing at all." A small gain is worth more than a large promise.THE FISHERMAN AND THE LITTLE FISH A poor Fisherman." he said." But the Fisherman quickly put the fish into his basket. However small you may be. The Fisherman was about to put it in his basket when the little Fish said: "Please spare me. had bad luck one day and caught nothing but a very small fry. 105 . Fisherman! I am so small it is not worth while to carry me home. "How foolish I should be. When I am bigger.

and. carried him off to his nest. They fought until one of them was beaten and crawled off to a corner to hide. At last one day they flew up to fight it out. 106 . His rival saw the deed. proudly flapping his wings. heard the boasting chanticleer and. Pride goes before a fall. circling overhead. and coming out of his corner. The Cock that had won the battle flew to the top of the hen-house. crowed with all his might to tell the world about his victory. took his place as master of the farmyard. beak and claw. swooping down. But an Eagle.THE FIGHTING COCKS AND THE EAGLE Once there were two Cocks living in the same farmyard who could not bear the sight of each other.

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