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The Application Question
Students would have a better idea of the expectations of the AQ through understanding : The AQ assessment criteria Question Analysis skills
Objectives of this Lecture
• Critical examination of ideas discussed in the passage(s) • Taking a personal stand based on the question given (personal conviction) • Making points using ideas from the passage(s) to support your stand (engaging the text in discussion) • Supporting your points using your own examples (showing personal awareness of the world/society)
What is the examiner looking for in an AQ answer? (Refer to the Gippy Times pg 122)
your answer will fail miserably. er s EValuation on Ju COherence EXplanation ni or Co lle Assessment Criteria Refer to Gippy Times Pg 121 ge . If they are not.REquirement nd ALL 4 components must be present.
L.E.Too Many acronyms? nd er s • They all mean the same thing. in GP Essays? • Remember Point.E. on Ju • Remember P.E. Elaboration and Concluding Remark to link back to Question in PW? ni or Co lle ge .
Essays ni question nd er s E laboration E valuation E xample L ink back to Ju E laboration on C oncluding Remark or P oint PW P oint Co Different Ways of putting the Same ideas Re (stand/point) Ev aluation Ex planation Co herence lle AQ ge .
According to Yim. at least 3 • Refer to the writer/passage (use surname: According to Yim…) • line reference – in bracket e.• Meeting task analysis re quirements – question • Must make relevant references. “all pigs can fly” (line 56)… nd er s on Ju • Reference to text – identify arguments of writer[s] (Not a summary. don’t misread/misunderstand/distort writer’s views) ni or Co lle REquirement ge .g.
Arguments mentioned by writer) • No misreading /misinterpretation • (As a general rule. The writer has brought up the fact that crime does not pay Summary point 2.Quiz! Which of the following statement carries evaluation? 1. Suggesting your opinion nd er s on Ju • Personal opinion/response to the issue • Assessment of the factors/arguments brought up (E.g. The writer has rightly brought up the fact that crime does not pay. all Topic Sentences are evaluative statements) ni or Co lle EValuation ge .
Explanation/Examples/Elaboration • Support / reasons that give your viewpoint credibility • Includes logic to argue your point • Authentic examples you garner from your readings and research (importance of reading the newspaper) nd er s on Ju ni or Co lle ge .
nd • Basic level – evidence of linking devices eg. secondly. firstly. need a conclusion to tie up the whole argument • A (brief) introductory paragraph and concluding paragraph er s on Ju ni or Co lle COherence ge . another reason. besides • Constant focusing on the task requirement (RE) • Systematic tackling of the task requirements (RE) • Logic in explanation • No contradiction of personal stand • Structure in paragraph • Structure of argument – eg.
nd er s on Ju ni or Co lle Your useful experience with AQ so far… Reading Task 3 The Gippy Times pg 7 ge . provide your own arguments and examples to support / refute the writer’s. and evaluate them (i.e. write the list of claims / arguments / ideas made by the author in the left hand column.• (3): Argument Analysis (Developing skills for the Application Question) • Read an article / articles of your choice • Using the worksheet found on the next page. Do you think they are valid? Why?) • Do the analysis for at least 3 claims / arguments / ideas in the article. write down the evidence the author presents in support of each argument • In the right-hand column. • In the middle column.
(The Gippy Times pg 8) Claims/Arguments/ Reasons and Ideas of writer evidence given by the writer to support his/her claims/arguments/ ideas nd er s on Ju ni or Co lle My evaluation of the writer’s claims/arguments/ ideas (supported by my own examples) Task 3 – Argument Analysis ge .
HIGHER FENCES. the writer highlights the issue of security threats and the importance of being more vigilant in today's world. er s Do you think your society's security awareness is sufficient and should more be done to raise the level of security? on Ju In the article. refer to points raised by the writer and your own experience.Your closest experience with AQ so far…. BIGGER UbD PROBLEMS? BEING ALERT IS Lessons CRUCIAL See something. ni or Co lle ge . say something Question nd In your answer.
refer to points raised by the writer and your own experience. the writer highlights the issue of security threats and the importance of being more vigilant in today's world.nd • In your answer. er s on • Do you think your society's security awareness is sufficient and should more be done to raise the level of security? Ju ni or • In the article. Co lle Preamble Question Instructions A Closer look at an AQ ge .
• • nd er s Identifies the main ideas covered in the passage(s) the focus the question wants you to take May or may not be given on Ju ni Preamble (Lead in to the question) In the article. the writer highlights the issue of security threats and the importance of being more vigilant in today's world. or Co lle A Closer look at the parts of an AQ ge .
refer to points raised by the writer and your own experience.g. Co lle ge . Select at least 2 arguments from each passage • May or may not be given er s on Ju ni or • Instructions In your answer.A Closer look at the parts of an AQ Standard Instruction nd – Standard instructions: • Give your own view on the issue(s) discussed • Refer to ideas in the passage(s) • Support your points with your own evidence – Specific instructions • E.
A Closer look at the parts of an AQ • The Question Do you think your society's security awareness is sufficient and should more be done to raise the level of security? Identifies the most impt part of the AQ The question which you must address Mandatory part and can exist on its own nd er s on Ju ni or Co lle ge .
nd er s Anna Banatvala thinks an understanding of history is Preamble essential. How important is an understanding of history for you Question and your society. and how far has your view been challenged 2 parts to or confirmed by these two the Qn passages? on Ju No Instructions ni or Co GCE 2008 lle Examples of AQ ge . whereas Lee Min Yen thinks history has no value.
Examples of AQ GCE 2009 nd er s on • How far do you agree with the author’s views on work and leisure? Illustrate your answer / own view by referring to the ways in which you and your society regard work and leisure. No Preamble Ju ni or Co lle ge .
nd er s • Know the issue(s) to be discussed • the various relevant viewpoints / arguments raised by the writer[s] in the passage[s] • Need to analyse the AQ carefully • Do the AQ as the last question in P2 on Ju ni or To be able to answer the AQ well. you need to understand the text[s] well enough Co lle ge .
ni or Co lle Meeting Requirements ge .nd er s • Remember your TICKS? on Ju • Meeting Requirements will depend on the Accuracy of your Question Analysis.
Personal evaluation • Do you regard the increased Own view degree of choice available to Issue. Topic whereas Tim Parks has grave reservations about the benefits Stand (on issue) it is supposed to bring.Key words you and your generation as Context –Key Words broadly beneficial or harmful? • In your answer.nd er s Requirements & Qn Analysis • Victoria Sherborne argues strongly in favour of choice. and give your own views and Outside evidence/ some account of the experiences which have helped explanations/reasons you to form them. develop some of Text reference the points made by the authors. on Ju ni or Co lle ge .
lle ni or Co Question analysis Reasons for? Keywords nd How convincing do you find these reasons. and do you consider the gains would outweigh the losses if aggression ceased to be a central feature of human behaviour? Context: the society er s No Instructions here! on Ju Having reviewed the apparent inevitability and compensating benefits of aggression in the past. Stand ge Issues Topic . Arthur Woolgar suggests some reasons why aggression may play a much reduced role in the future.
Sample 2: Question Analysis No problem Loss of morality nd er s Chapman in Passage 1 saw the Preamble hysteria over casinos as unwarranted. Your answer Instruction must refer to ideas raised in BOTH passages as well as your own views and knowledge. or on Ju ni Co lle May not be logical to adopt either extreme view How about a position that takes elements from both passages with your stand clearly stated? SA Prelim 2005 ge . whereas Galston Stand and Wasserman in Passage 2 Topic argued that we are gambling away our moral capital. which position Question should your society support? Justify your choice. Issue In your opinion.
MYCT 2011: Topic – Censorship • How far do you agree with the authors’ views where your society is concerned? nd er s • Justify your answer with reference to the text and experience drawn from your society. on Ju ni • The authors argue that censorship brings with it possible dangers to a society. or Co lle Your Question Analysis ge .
Co lle ge Key words .Question Analysis Topic nd • Justify your answer with reference to the text and experience drawn from your society. er s on • How far do you agree with the authors’ views where your society is concerned? Context Ju ni Issue or • The authors argue that censorship brings with it possible dangers to a society.
• Identify possible dangers from censorship • Evaluate whether such problems could occur in your society – consider extent of the danger (hence how far you agree with the authors’ views) • Explain your answer (giving your own examples / evidence from your society to support your arguments) nd er s on Ju ni or Co Select text references from the text(s) relevant to the issue(s) lle After TICKS ge .
in Singapore. For instance. Co or Ju ni er s on lle Bad Sample ge Re (stand) Re (text) Re (stand) Re / Ex Re (text) Ex Co? (what is the issue?) . we should be allowed to air our views and give constructive feedback where racist speech occurs. instead of censoring racially-sensitive material. Moreover. The authors argue that censorship can weaken the society.nd I agree with the authors to a large extent. This is true as a society willing to suppress ideas in print and other media is likely to censor those ideas wherever they appear. This will promote racial harmony. the best way to deal with evil speech is to counter it with better speech. I agree with this view.
Ju ni or on nd Co lle ge Re / EV (stand) more balanced Re (text) Ev (of writers’ opinion) Ex (of Ev) . With free speech. The authors assert that censorship restricts the exchange of ideas.Good Sample er s I admit that the authors have valid arguments but have too easily dismissed the positive role censorship can play in a society. one would not be able to think critically and assess ideas objectively. They are right in saying so as without interaction. a continual debate could encourage good for society. thus restricting good ideas from emerging and bad ones from being eliminated (line 23).
Unlike previous years. we now see more ministers taking greater initiative in engaging residents when deciding matters that concern them. This allowed many to voice their views. political parties were able to use new media in their campaigning. As a result of such avenues for discussion being open and citizens’ views were not censored.nd Take the recent General Elections in Singapore as an example. hence showing that censorship has its dangers and where the writer is right.explained point in greater details (elaboration) • Ex is evaluated to show positive consequences of freedom of speech. Such examples include the open forums by the Education and National Development Ministers. especially views concerning their unhappiness over how the People’s Action Party (PAP) had seem to not truly consider the needs and concerns of the ordinary citizens. ge . er s on Ju ni or Co lle • Ex .
who are impressionable.Continued… nd However. censorship is not all bad. Given the pervasiveness of media today. it can “protect the vulnerable” (line 1). mainstream television still censors vulgarities and sexually explicit content. I feel this is acceptable as children have access to these shows and need protection from being negatively influenced. As acknowledged by the authors.tie back to stand about dismissing the positive role of censorship • Re (text) • Ex • Re: society/ own ideas • Ex – explain point • Could be elaborated more er s on or Co lle ge . Ju ni • Co. In my society. it is imperative that some form of censorship exists to protect our young.
I believe that although censorship can bring with it possible dangers to a society. some censorship on racism is beneficial for the well-being of society. ge . Although it may not be an ideal situation. that is not always the case. Ju ni or er s on Co lle Re (engaging writers’ argument/issue Ev – showing awareness of the less than ideal situation More elaboration is needed here Co – consistent to stand seen in conclusion. given that Singapore is a multi-racial country. Thus.nd Moreover. such censorship “(has prevented) social unrests” (line 2) here.