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1

3
6
18
28
-34
35
38
50

90
4 500 95
20 480 200

2006

1.

2.

3.

DDGS

4.

(1)

(2)


(3) 2%
97 kg
3 L- 100 kg

(4)

(5) 5-8%

5.
2.0-2.4

8 4.0

6.
()

7.

8.

1.
21

90
2.

3.
60-110
4

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

1. Tannin

2.
69
3.

4.

5.

6.

1.
6

2.

3.
4.

5.
6.

7.

1. 108.2 9.2

2.

3. 75

1.
2.
1/3 1/2
3.

1.
2. 30

3.

1.

2.


3.

1.
2.
3. 40
10
4.

1. 3
2.
HCN

3.
4.
5.

(1978) 3-1 3-2

100 11.5 (11.5) 312 Mcal


(3120 kcal/kg)

3-1 3-2 100 850 1000


4.88 1 Mcal 2.32 100

(1) 4.88 11.5 = 56.1 --------------


(2) 2.32 312 = 723.8 -------------
(1) + (2) = 779.9 -------------------------
100 779.9
779.9 100
850

3-1. 1

(/100 )

( /100
500 550 600 650 700 750 800 850 900 950 1000 1050 1100 1150 1200
)
750

7.33 6.00 4.66 3.32 1.99 0.65

800

8.71 7.38 6.04 4.70 3.37 2.03 0.69

850

10.09 8.76 7.42 6.08 4.75 3.41 2.07 0.74

900

11.47 10.14 8.80 7.46 6.13 4.79 3.45 2.12 0.78

950

12.85 11.52 10.18 8.84 7.51 6.17 4.83 3.50 2.16 0.82

1000

14.23 12.90 11.56 10.22 8.89 7.55 6.21 4.88 3.54 2.20 0.87

1050

15.61 14.28 12.94 11.60 10.27 8.93 7.59 6.26 4.92 3.58 2.25 0.91

1100

16.99 15.66 14.32 12.98 11.65 10.31 8.97 7.64 6.30 4.96 3.63 2.29 0.95

1150

18.37 17.04 15.70 14.36 13.03 11.69 10.35 9.02 7.68 6.34 5.01 3.67 2.33 1.00

1200

19.75 18.42 17.08 15.74 14.41 13.07 11.73 10.40 9.06 7.72 6.39 5.05 3.71 2.38 1.04

1250

21.13 19.79 18.46 17.12 15.79 14.45 13.11 11.78 10.44 9.10 7.77 6.43 5.09 3.76 2.42

1300

22.51 21.17 19.84 18.50 17.17 15.83 14.49 13.16 11.82 10.48 9.15 7.81 6.47 5.14 3.80

1350

23.89 22.55 21.22 19.88 18.55 17.21 15.87 14.54 13.20 11.86 10.53 9.19 7.85 6.52 5.18

1400

25.27 23.93 22.60 21.26 19.93 18.59 17.25 15.92 14.58 13.24 11.91 10.57 9.23 7.90 6.56

3-2.1 Mcal DE

(/100 )

(/100

500 550 600 650 700 750 800 850 900 950 1000 1050 1100 1150 1200

)
750

1.27 1.44 1.61 1.79 1.96 2.13 2.30 2.47 2.64 2.81 2.99 3.16 3.33 3.50 3.67

800

1.24 1.41 1.58 1.76 1.93 2.10 2.27 2.44 2.61 2.79 2.96 3.13 3.30 3.47 3.64

850

1.21 1.38 1.56 1.73 1.90 2.07 2.24 2.41 2.58 2.76 2.93 3.10 3.27 3.44 3.61

900

1.18 1.35 1.53 1.70 1.87 2.04 2.21 2.38 2.55 2.73 2.90 3.07 3.24 3.41 3.58

950

1.15 1.32 1.50 1.67 1.84 2.01 2.18 2.35 2.53 2.70 2.87 3.04 3.21 3.38 3.55

1000

1.12 1.30 1.47 1.64 1.81 1.98 2.15 2.32 2.50 2.67 2.84 3.01 3.18 3.35 3.52

1050

1.09 1.27 1.44 1.61 1.78 1.95 2.12 2.29 2.47 2.64 2.81 2.98 3.15 3.32 3.49

1100

1.06 1.24 1.41 1.58 1.75 1.92 2.09 2.26 2.44 2.61 2.78 2.95 3.12 3.29 3.47

1150

1.03 1.21 1.38 1.55 1.72 1.89 2.06 2.24 2.41 2.58 2.75 2.92 3.09 3.26 3.44

1200

1.01 1.18 1.35 1.52 1.69 1.86 2.03 2.21 2.38 2.55 2.72 2.89 3.06 3.23 3.41

1250

0.98 1.15 1.32 1.49 1.66 1.83 2.00 2.18 2.35 2.52 2.69 2.86 3.03 3.21 3.38

1300

0.95 1.12 1.29 1.46 1.63 1.80 1.98 2.15 2.32 2.49 2.66 2.83 3.00 3.18 3.35

1350

0.92 1.09 1.26 1.43 1.60 1.77 1.95 2.12 2.29 2.46 2.63 2.80 2.97 3.15 3.32

1400

0.89 1.06 1.23 1.40 1.57 1.74 1.92 2.09 2.26 2.43 2.60 2.77 2.95 3.12 3.29

Thaler DDGS
DDGS 0.62 0.59
8.4 98
DDGS 2 88 9 3
3-3 3-4

3-3. 88 9 3

(
/100
)

850

700

750

800

700

709

753

801.5

750

713.5

757.5

800

718

762

850

722.5

766.5

900

727

771

950

731.5

775.5

(/100 )

900 950 1000 1050 1100 1150 1200

850 898.5 947 1000 1048.5 1097 1141 1185

801.5 845.5 889.5 933.5 977.5 1021.5 1065.5 1109.5 1153.5


806

850

894 938

982

1026 1070 1114 1158

810.5 854.5 898.5 942.5 986.5 1030.5 1074.5 1118.5 1162.5


815

859

903 947

991

1035 1079 1123 1167

819.5 863.5 907.5 951.5 995.5 1039.5 1083.5 1127.5 1171.5


10

1000

736

780

1050

740.5

784.5

1100

745

789

1150

749.5

793.5

1200

754

798

3-4.

824

868

912 956 1000 1044 1088 1132 1176

828.5 872.5 916.5 960.5 1004.5 1048.5 1092.5 1136.5 1180.5


833

877

921 965 1009 1053 1097 1141 1185

837.5 881.5 925.5 969.5 1013.5 1057.5 1101.5 1145.5 1189.5


842

886

930 974 1018 1062 1106 1150 1194

DDGS 98 2
DDGS

DDGS

(/100 )

500

550

600

650

700

750

800

850

900

950

493

542

591

640

689

738

787

836

885

934

1000

1050

1100

1150

1200

1032

1081 1129. 8 1178.8

DDGS
98

983

3-5. 10 20

CP 7.5

669

50

50

CP 43.5

209

1000

11

3-6. 20 60

CP 7.5

744

CP 43.5

229

14

1000

3-7. 60 100

CP 7.5

800

CP 43.5

170

14

10

1000

12

3-8.

CP 7.5

640

CP 43.5

100

200

14

10

4
30

1000

90 2.0 2.4 90
2.8

3-9.

CP 7.5

CP 43.5

736
60
177

13

1000

13

DDGS
98 DDGS 2 88
9 3
3-10. 10 20

CP 7.5
DDGS

CP 43.5

580
98
50
50
200

1000

3-11. 20 60

CP 7.5
DDGS
CP 43.5

656
98
220

11

1000

14

3-12. 60 100

CP 7.5
DDGS
CP 43.5

712
98
161

11

12

1000

3-13.

CP 7.5

552

DDGS

98

CP 43.5

91

200

11

12

4
30

1000

90 2.0 2.4 90
2.8

15

3-14.

CP 7.5

648

DDGS

98

60

CP 43.5

168

10

10

1000

1983
1992
1978 26(7-8): 261-263

1. ( 3-1 3-4)

2.

:065911211-322323:065912420
:chungwen@mail.tlri.gov.tw fcliu@mail.tlri.gov.tw

16

17

(1)

(2)

(1)

(2)

1.

2.
(1)
(2) (3)
(4) (5) (6)
(7) (8)

(9)
(10) all-in and all-out
(11)

1.
2.

3. 2

4.

5. (1) (2)
(3) (4)

1.

18

2.
3 5

C
1
3. ()

4.

3854 kcal ( ME
3383 kcal/kg)
7.5 (Zein) 50

30~70

Tannin
8~16 10

1/3 2/3
10~30 20~50 10~20

9~12.5
5.0
2508 kcal/kg 75
- (- glucan)

5~20()10~30
19

glucosidelinamarin


linamarinase
560 mg/kg 10~370 mg/kg
cytochrome oxidase

Cassava meal
10 20 30
20Methionine
2~5 10 10~20

bran layer
13 12~18 13

5~20

1.
1.3
0.5 16
B

2.
3.
10~15 30

1.5~9.5 15 70~75
20

1.2 0.14 1237 kcal/kg

5~10() 10~20

4~5

1~2 2~3

fatoil
linoleic acid
4-1

4-1.

(%)

kcal/kg

(%)

100

8,820

55.0

100

8,800

53.0

100

8,170

22.3

(erucic acid)

100

8,700

17.0

100

8,800

72.7

100

8,820

51.9

100

8,815

51.0

100

7,050

4.3

White grease

100

8,600

18.3

NRC. 1994. Nutrient Requirements of Poultry. NRC/NAS, Washington, DC, U.S.A.


13~20

21


lutein
KE
2~5() 3~10

Mimosine
3~4 5
1~3() 2~4

22~27 6~8 3.4


39~43pentosan

2~55~10

10 20
1998

5~1020

DDGS

DDGS
1. DDGS
2. DDGS

3. DDGS

5~10 20 10~15

14
1989
22

() 5~14

granola

Farhat et al., 1998

3~10

4-2.

DDGS

DL-
L-

50

/*
8.12
8.05
9.85
7.30
5.5
49
24.5
10
11.4
1.73
2.24
105
80
68
36
33

* 2007 3

23


06-5911211 322
borling@mail.tlri.gov.tw
1978


7.5 X + 332 Y = a
7.5
3320 kcal/kg
100 7.5

332Mcal
43.5 X + 225 Y = b
43.5

100 43.5

2250 kcal/kg
225Mcal
a 100
b 100

100 800 a 100 1000 b


11.92 Mcal 2.14

11.6 2620 kcal/kg


11.92 11.6 = 138.27 100
Mcal 2.14 262 = 560.68 100
138.27 + 560.68 = 699 100
100 699

24


1. ab
2. %c kcal/kgd
3. g

a =
b =
X = Y = Mcal

800

c =

11.6

e =

138.241

1000

11.92

2.14

d = kcal/kg
2620

f =

560.790

g =

699.032

-glucan
-glucanase)

25

4-3.

(DDGS)

(DDGS)

50
L-
DL-

(/1000 )

0-4
()
321.0
60.0
120.0

375.0
20.0
12.0
13.0

70.0
3.0
2.0
1.0
2.0
1.0
3.0
1000.0
9890

4-10
()
436.0
120.0
130.0
60.0
190.0

13.0
12.0
30.0

3.0
2.0
1.0
1.0
2.0
3.0
1000.0
8444

10-
()
314.0
180.0
180.0
100.0
170.0

11.0
12.0

20.0
3.0
2.0
1.0
1.0
3.0
3.0
1000.0
8436

4-4.
DDGS
DDGS

(DDGS)

50
L-
DL-

(/1000 )

379.0
120.0
150.0
12.0
87.0
200.0
40.0
3.0
2.0
1.0
2.0
2.0
3.0
1000.0
8144

26

4-5.

DDGS

523.0
(DDGS)
60.0

258.0

22.0

18.0

20.0

20.0

70.0

3.0
DL-
1.0
L-
1.0

2.0

1.0
50
1.0

1000
(/1000 )
9527

1978 26(7-8)261-263
1989
() 286B- 30
1998
31(3)239~250
1998 (2)8-24
Farhat, A., L. Normand, E. R. Chavez, and S. P. Touchburn. 1998. Nutrient digestibility in food
waste ingredients for Pekin and Muscovy ducks. Poultry Sci. 77: 1371-1376.
McNab, J. M., and K. N. Boorman. 2005. Poultry feedstuffs. Poultry Science Symposium Series
Volume 26. Carfax Publishing Company, England.


06-5911211 322

039-503107 210

27

1.

Corn
(1) ME 3350
kcal/kg 7.08.0
(2)
(3)

2. (Soybean meal)
(1) 43

(2)

3.

Sorghum
(1) 8~16 10 3200 kcal/kg
(2)Tannin

4.

Wheat bran
(1) 15 1300 kcal/kg 10
(2)
20

5.

Barley
(1) 9~12.5 5.0 2500 kcal/kg
75
28

(2) --glucan -
-glucanase

6.

Distillers Dried Grains with Solubles, DDGS


DDGS DDGS
(1) DDGS
(2) DDGS
(3) DDGS

7.

:
(1)
(2)
(3)

1.

DDGS
5-1
5-1 DDGS

510.5

230.0

100.0

100.0

30.0

11.0

9.0

3.0

2.0

1.0

3.5

1000.0

2.

29

3.
04
5 8
5-2

5-2. 5~8
(/)

150

CP 16-18ME 2700-2800 kcal/kg

(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
19875-17 200-250 g

4.

()
1.

2.

()

0-4 20 2,800-2,900 kcal/kg


5- 8 16-18 2,800-2,900 kcal/kg
9 15 2,850-3,000kcal/kg

30

() 2006
1.

4 6 20 25 16-18
2,700-2,900 kcal/kg
20 25 13-15
2,350-2,700 kcal/kg
10

2.
10 12-14 2,600 kcal/kg

3.
(1) 1-2
300 23
3

(2)
1
3 2 20 1
2
(3) 100 24

(4) 35

4.
(1)
34
2 2030
(2)
1618 2,8002,900
kcal/kg
5.
15% 2,8503,000 kcal/kg 1213

31

()
2004

1.
2006

2.

2003
32(2)111~121

04-8884106 3730

32

33

34

1.
50-70 ( 6-8 )

2. C3

6-8
75 70 87

2-4
3.

180-200 60-80

4.

TDN 60-80

5.
2-4
35

60-70 80-90

1.

2. 1-2

18
2-4

800 100 30

3.

2-3

4.


TEL 06-5911211 250, 251

36

37


* **
*

**

1.

2.

90
23 101
38

23 13

3.

4.

50

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

( 1 4)
TMR 5

10

(100 )
39

8-1. 100 ~ 200 kg 0.9 kg


1,000 kg

300 kg

DM =

66.0 ~ 68.0%

340 kg

CP =

12.3 ~ 12.7%

80 kg

TDN =

67.0 ~ 69.0%

8 kg

Ca =

0.56 ~ 0.60%

5 kg

P=

0.36 ~ 0.40%

1 kg

()

5.8 /

()

6.7

1
2

266 kg

8,000 mg 100 mg 40,000 mg


40,000 mg 100 mg A 6,000,000 I.U. D 1,200,000 I.U.
E 4,000 I.U.

8-2. 200 ~ 350 kg 0.9 kg


1,000 kg

340 kg

DM =

64.0 ~ 66.0%

305 kg

CP =

12.8 ~ 13.2%

80 kg

TDN =

67.0 ~ 69.0%

8 kg

Ca =

0.58 ~ 0.62%

5 kg

P=

0.35 ~ 0.39%

1 kg

()

5.6 /

()

10.5

261 kg

40

8-3. 350 ~ 550 kg 0.9 kg


1,000 kg

420 kg

DM =

59.0 ~ 61.0%

325 kg

CP =

14.8 ~ 15.2%

90 kg

TDN =

72.0 ~ 74.0%

9 kg

Ca =

0.64 ~ 0.68%

5 kg

P=

0.40 ~ 0.44%

1 kg

()

5.5 /

()

15

150 kg

8-4. 35 ~ 55 kg 0.15 kg (1)


1,000 kg

320 kg

DM =

50.0 ~ 52.0%

337 kg

CP =

16.0 ~ 16.4%

77 kg

TDN =

78.0 ~ 80.0%

10 kg

Ca =

0.77 ~ 0.81%

5 kg

P=

0.39 ~ 0.43%

1 kg

()

5.1 /

()

2.0

250 kg

8-5. 35 ~ 55 kg 0.15 kg (2)


1,000 kg

420 kg

DM =

60.0 ~ 62.0%

364 kg

CP =

13.4 ~ 13.8%

50 kg

TDN =

72.0 ~ 74.0%

10 kg

Ca =

0.69 ~ 0.73%

5 kg

P=

0.34 ~ 0.38%

1 kg

()

5.4 /

()

1.7

150 kg

41

8-6. 60 2 kg (3.5%)
1,000 kg

140 kg

DM =

59.0 ~ 61.0%

370 kg

CP =

17.0 ~ 17.4%

130 kg

TDN =

76.0 ~ 78.0%

10 kg

Ca =

0.69 ~ 0.73%

5 kg

P=

0.37 ~ 0.41%

1 kg

()

5.9 /

()

3.5

1
2

244 kg

100 kg

8,000 mg 100 mg 40,000 mg


40,000 mg 100 mg A 10,000,000 I.U. D 5,000,000 I.U.
E 8,000 I.U.

8-7. 60
1,000 kg

200 kg

DM =

48.0 ~ 50.0%

326 kg

CP =

14.3 ~ 14.7%

60 kg

TDN =

72..0 ~ 74.0%

8 kg

Ca =

0.69 ~ 0.73%

5 kg

P=

0.37 ~ 0.41%

1 kg
400 kg

42

()

4.9 /

()

3.0


8-8. ()

//

9.8

5.0

5.0

1.0

4.0

6.0

8.0

9.8

3.0

2.0

0.5

1.0

1.0

9.8

4.0

3.0

1.0

2.0

1.5

9.8

1.0

1.0

8.5

4.5

4.0

1.8

2.5

0.8

10.0

0.5

0.4

0.5

5.0

0.5

0.5

0.3

1.0

0.5

1.0

10.0

2.8

2.1

0.5

0.5

0.4

50.0

0.25

0.2

6.0

0.04

0.04

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.03

2.5

0.01

0.01

0.004

0.003

0.01

0.004

2.0

0.06

0.06

0.04

0.06

0.08

0.06

12.0

0.04

0.04

0.01

0.02

0.03

0.01

13.0

0.18

0.16

0.03

0.06

70.0

0.02

0.02

0.01

0.015

0.025

0.015

40.0

0.02

0.02

0.01

0.015

0.025

0.015

43


//
//

19.5
219

16.5
184

5.1
53

10.0
103

9.3
100

8.2
85

11.2

11.2

10.4

10.3

10.7

10.4

7.8

8.4

16.9

16.1

14.3

12.8

11.9

9.3

39.2

40.1

32.5

45.5

57.4

68.8

22.6

22.5

18.3

24.2

29.6

31.5

34.8

34.7

44.9

33.2

22.3

14.1

/
1
2

1.51

1.52

1.64

1.46

1.33

1.20

/ 96 5
28 / 3.8% 3.1% 22 /
9 225 0.75 20 475 0.75
150
A 10,500,000 IU D 2,100,000 IU E 70,000 IU 120
mg 12,420 mg 621 mg 15,660 mg 462 mg 38,880 mg

44

8-9. ( 1)

//

1.8

30.0

28.0

6.0

20.0

20.0

1.0

4.8

2.0

2.0

9.8

4.0

3.0

1.2

2.0

1.5

9.8

1.0

1.0

8.5

2.8

2.1

1.8

1.5

10.0

0.4

5.0

1.0

1.0

0.5

1.0

0.2

1.0

10.0

3.0

2.4

0.4

0.3

0.5

50.0

0.25

0.2

6.0

0.04

0.04

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.03

2.5

0.01

0.01

0.005

0.004

0.01

0.03

2.0

0.08

0.08

0.04

0.06

0.08

0.06

12.0

0.04

0.04

0.01

0.02

0.03

0.01

13.0

0.18

0.16

0.03

0.06

0.04

70.0

0.02

0.02

0.01

0.015

0.025

0.015

40.0

0.02

0.02

0.01

0.015

0.015

0.015

45

30.0


//
//

19.0
184

16.0
152

5.1
46

9.5
79

8.9
70

8.3
47

9.7

9.5

9.1

8.4

7.9

5.6

6.6

6.9

17.6

17.2

14.5

13.0

12.2

8.2

39.1

41.1

36.1

48.5

58.9

67.5

24.3

25.3

21.7

28.9

35.5

38.4

34.8

33.1

41.5

30.8

21.3

18.1

1.55

1.56

46

1.63

1.50

1.40

1.19

8-10. ( 2)

//

1.8

30.0

18.0

5.0

16.0

10.0

1.0

10.0

6.0

12.0

26.0

4.8

1.5

1.5

0.2

1.5

1.5

2.0

9.8

3.0

2.0

1.0

0.75

0.75

1.2

10.0

10.0

4.0

5.0

6.0

4.0

7.0

2.0

2.0

0.5

1.5

0.5

70 + 30

6.8

2.0

2.0

8.5

1.37

1.03

1.21

0.41

0.41

0.41

5.0

1.2

0.9

0.2

0.4

0.4

0.4

10.0

0.88

0.66

50.0

6.0

0.19

0.14

0.025

0.05

0.05

0.05

2.5

0.06

0.05

0.018

0.035

0.035

0.035

2.0

0.15

0.11

0.037

0.073

0.073

0.073

12.0

13.0

0.1

0.075

70.0

0.022

0.017

0.009

0.017

0.017

0.017

40.0

0.026

0.02

0.008

0.015

0.015

0.015

47


//
//

20.6
162

17.8
133

5.0
41

10.4
74

9.3
63

8.3
48

7.9

7.5

8.1

7.1

6.8

5.8

5.8

6.0

16.6

16.5

16.3

14.4

13.1

9.8

51.0

52.6

41.4

56.4

58.3

63.9

30.1

31.0

23.7

32.3

33.3

36.3

24.4

23.0

34.9

21.3

22.0

20.7

1.52

1.53

48

1.65

1.46

1.45

1.27

8-11. 1

17.5%

20%

30%

20%

5%

7.5%

100%

219

184

53

103

100

85

123

% (100%)

100%

100%

100%

100%

100%

100%

100%

184

152

46

79

70

47

99

84%

83%

87%

77%

70%

55%

80%

162

133

41

74

63

48

89

74%

72%

77%

72%

63%

56%

72%

//

8-8 8-9 8-10

-
TEL: 08-8861341 232
-

TEL: 06-5911211 322

49

()
1.

%
%
%

89.0
11.5
1.9

88.0
10.5
2.0

88.0
7.5
3.5

74.0
2.9
0

89.8
11.0
12.0

90.1
13.5
0.6

89.0
7.3
1.7

87.9
7.8
2.4

88.0
11.0
2.8

85.0
3.5
2.1

87.0
12.2
1.8

89.0
15.5
4.0

89.0
17.7
3.6

94.0
12.0
0.7

88.0
21.0
2.0

90.0
42.0
2.0
90.4
41.0
2.1

93.0
27.9
7.4

88.4
59.0
5.6
93.0
72.0
10.0
92.0
62.0
10.2

kcal/kg

5.0
1.0
2.9
0
0.4
13.0
10.0
1.8
2.0
3.0
2.9
10.0
7.0
0.0

0.08
0.04
0.01
0.82
0.04
0.10
0.04
0.04
0.04

0.42

0.30
0.05
0.14
0.15
0.87

0.21
0.25
0.08
0.14
1.70
0.26
0.28
0.29
0.10
0.36
1.17
0.91
0.79

2.5
1.5
1.5
8.1
1.1
11.0
4.5
1.2
1.7
3.3
2.0
6.4
5.5
9.7

3040
2940
3468
2005
3428
2865
2523
3325
3289
2880
3318
2160
2970
3100

3120
3124
3512
2210
3714
3135
2687
3500
3430
2930
3464
2378
3112
3232

10.0
4.0
11.3
11.7
1.0
1.0
1.0

0.20
0.16
0.16
0.30
5.50
2.00
5.00

0.90 7.8
0.40 3.4
1.00 6.4
0.66 4.8
3.30 20.2
1.00 10.4
3.00 20.0

2400
3880
2534
1900
2309
3300
3300

2800
4290
2684
2092
2816
3780
3800

50

kcal/kg

1.

%
%
%
%

20%
17%
15%


% kcal/kg kcal/kg

91.0
92.0
92.0
93.0
91.0
93.0
51.0
90.4
92.5
91.5
93.2
91.2
91.6
90.0
88.0
89.5
93.0
93.2

65.0
57.0
65.0
60.0
61.0
40.0
31.0
30.8
47.5
48.0
85.0
35.3
33.0
38.0
43.5
24.6
42.0
48.5

10.0
8.0
5.5
7.0
4.0
6.0
4.0
5.8
8.5
1.5
2.5
2.8
0.5
18.0
0.5
10.0
2.3
2.0

1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
5.5
0.5
15.6
2.7
6.8
1.5
12.8
0.0
5.0
7.0
17.4
13.0
2.7

4.00
7.70
4.50
8.90
7.00
0.40
0.10
0.29
10.10
0.29
0.20
0.68
1.25
0.25
0.25
0.44
0.40
0.50

2.85
3.80
2.70
4.70
3.50
1.20
0.50
0.18
5.30
0.65
0.70
1.17
1.00
0.59
0.60
0.12
1.00
1.60

15.0
26.0

93.1
93.0
93.1
89.3

20.0
17.0
15.0
2.3

3.5
3.0
2.3
0.4

20.7
24.0
26.0
35.0

1.50
1.30
1.20
0.50

0.27
0.23
0.22
0.04

51

16.0
23.0
24.0
12.5
10.0
2.7
35
7.2
3.9
7.2
8.0
4.6
6.0
10.7
7.7
8.0

2450
2550
2500
2500
2460
3190
1400

2367
2913
2772
2700
3560
3640
3221

2605
2865

3080
2904
2904
2992
3036
3388
1936
3657
2710
3176
3270
2904
3844
4048
3494

2992
3295

10.5
9.6
8.5
1.5

2029
1322
1331
305

2200
1408
1408
308

2. --


%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%

0.18

0.19

0.14

0.22

0.27

0.14

0.17

0.10

0.04

0.20

0.20

0.12

0.20

0.37

1.07
0.51

0.46

1.72
2.10
1.80

0.25
0.24
0.11

0.14
0.20
0.08
0.13
0.20
0.03
0.30
0.30
0.19
0.30

0.53
0.42
0.19

0.51
0.60
0.24
0.32
0.27
0.13
0.40
0.60
0.60
0.94

0.17
0.16
0.08

0.11
0.20
0.12
0.09
0.09
0.04
0.15
0.30
0.20
0.18

0.36
0.31
0.29

0.35
0.51
0.27
0.25
0.27
0.12
0.32
0.48
0.50
0.89

0.42
0.43
0.31

0.37
0.51
0.33
0.26
0.44
0.19
0.56
0.60
0.70
0.78

0.23
0.21
0.16

0.19
0.32
0.16
0.18
0.27
0.05
0.19
0.30
0.40
0.17

0.62
0.49
0.35

0.68
0.75
0.46
0.40
0.53
0.16
0.59
0.70
0.80
0.67

0.80
0.64
0.84

0.70
0.10
0.50
0.58
1.30
0.19
0.80
0.90
1.10
1.20

0.50
0.48
0.44

0.59
0.95
0.59
0.61
0.37
0.11
0.50
1.07
1.00
0.40

0.62
0.50
0.37

0.43
0.55
0.34
0.36
0.49
0.13
0.60
0.52
0.68
0.35

0.36
0.32
0.30

0.45
0.48
0.32
0.27
0.37
0.10
0.39
0.38
0.43
0.25

0.43
0.66
0.62
0.35
0.57
0.72
0.60

0.64
0.80
1.76
0.90
5.17
5.70
4.70

0.15
0.20
0.52
0.40
0.67
0.80
0.65

0.80
1.40
1.34
0.90
2.49
2.88
2.51

0.90
2.30
1.33
1.60
3.64
3.00
2.83

0.60
0.90
1.10
0.53
1.53
1.66
1.44

1.04
2.20
1.82
1.59
3.26
4.40
3.43

2.20
6.00
2.40
3.50
4.69
5.20
5.00

0.80
1.40
4.66
1.30
3.73
4.64
3.23

0.80
2.9
2.00
1.50
2.68
2.76
2.48

0.70
1.00
1.00
1.10
1.60
2.20
1.90

52

2. --

%
%
%
%
%

1.90
0.60 4.90 0.75 2.70

1.80
0.40 6.60 0.60 2.60

2.00
0.80 5.90 0.50 2.60

1.50
0.40 3.90 0.71 2.50

1.65
0.75 4.30 0.70 2.60

0.64
0.50 2.60 2.30 1.10

0.70
0.39 1.86 0.33 0.90

2.17
0.60 1.41 0.23 1.04

0.68
0.40 2.80 0.27 1.62

0.42
0.73 1.77 0.50 1.16

0.55
3.20 1.65 0.50 3.60

0.70
0.47 2.30 0.44 1.71

0.98
0.42 2.60 0.45 1.75

0.54
0.55 2.40 0.52 1.69
0.64
0.66 2.70 0.69 1.68

0.39
0.38 0.75 0.25 0.89

1.50
0.70 1.70 0.50 1.50

0.80
0.60 3.80 0.50 2.60

20% 0.33
0.23 0.87 0.46 0.88
17% 0.28
0.18 0.73 0.45 0.75
15% 0.23
0.17 0.60 0.38 0.60

53


%
%
%
%
%
%
%
3.00
3.50
3.30
2.40
3.10
1.20
1.10
1.23
1.60
1.76
3.51
1.51
2.10
2.18
2.47
1.21
2.10
2.90

1.50
1.30
1.80
1.80
1.93
0.90
1.54
0.76
0.98
0.96
0.48
1.10
0.84
1.01
1.09
0.38
1.00
1.40

3.40
3.30
3.40
2.80
3.25
1.60
1.30
1.11
2.18
1.88
5.85
1.94
2.38
2.02
2.34
1.26
2.30
2.90

2.39
2.50
2.00
2.50
2.80
1.30
1.10
1.17
1.80
2.04
3.60
1.50
1.58
2.10
2.17
1.61
2.20
3.00

2.00
2.00
1.60
2.10
2.30
0.60
0.50
1.05
0.80
1.50
2.40
0.90
1.14
1.50
1.38
4.20
0.68
2.70

0.98
0.84
0.68

0.42
0.35
0.30

1.19 1.50 0.98 1.04


1.04 1.30 0.75 0.81
0.84 1.10 0.58 0.66

0.65
0.55
0.45

5.00
4.90
3.80
3.80
4.50
2.60
1.90
2.12
3.10
2.70
6.40
2.60
3.30
2.80
3.36
2.13
2.60
3.50

3.38
4.10
2.70
3.20
4.20
1.80
1.37
3.17
3.53
4.55
5.33
2.30
1.10
2.80
3.36
0.75
3.50
2.60

3. --

%
%
%
%
ppm

0.03
0.56
0.12
0.15 16.3

0.6
0.13
0.16 17
0.02

0.33
0.15
0.12
4.1
0.03

0.16
2.38
0.35
0.35 42.2

1.17
0.65
0.17 N.A.
0.11

N.A.
1.35
0.95
0.18 137.9

0.34
0.14
0.05 17.6
0.04

0.04
0.3
0.11
19.5

0.03
0.34
0.2
0.09 12.9

0.02
0.93
0.11
14.1

0.06
0.5
0.11 N.A. 56.8

0.06
1.2
0.55
0.22 100

0.6
0.6
0.29
0.16 43

2.5
1.2
0.13
1.04
4.6

0.12
0.10
0.04
0.26
1.07
0.73
0.34

1.30
0.03
1.16
0.08
0.39
1.50
0.72

0.42
0.05
0.40
0.19
0.21
0.18
0.14

0.16
0.60
N.A.
0.30
0.24
0.62
N.A.

23.8
7.3
20.7
37.6
22.8
3.8
35.6

54

ppm

ppm

ppm

ppm

50
55
35
200
160
190
40
61
52
79
47
180
60
160

7.6
8
3.4

N.A.
29.9
1.8

14.1
1.8
10.2
10.3
4.4
43.1

304
400
90
290
360
82
438

10.0
28.2
16.3
21.3
14.6
4.5
11.4

15.3
0.35

16
10.4
0.04

N.A.
N.A.
N.A.
29.9
N.A.
1.8
N.A.

11
13.7
N.A.
8.5
N.A.
14
0.06~0.07
95
0.5~1.0
62
0.5~1.0
N.A.
0.06
88

57.4
N.A.
N.A.
100
151

0.22
1
0.9
0.7
1.5~2.0
2
2.2

3. --

%
%
%
%
ppm
()
0.88 0.9
0.27 N.A.
9.3
()
0.1
0.3
N.A. N.A.
7.7
()
0.18 0.3
0.1 N.A. 24.9
()
0.7
0.7
0.2 N.A.
8.7
()
0.97 1.1
0.22 N.A.
9.7

2.34 2.5
0.27 0.45 10

3.1
1.75 0.02 0.13 11.9
()
19
0.06 0.62 0.14

0.67 1.4
1.07 0.26 11.2

0.07 1.23 0.15 0.3 27

0.7
0.3
0.2 N.A. N.A.

0.09
0.51 N.A. 43

0.52 1.67 0.11 0.32 2.2

0.04 1.7
0.21 N.A. N.A.
() 0.04 1.97 0.27 0.43 27.6

2.85 0.4
0.05
19.2

0.2
1
0.75 N.A. 23

0.01 1.88 0.13 N.A. 12.8

()20%
0.08 2.50 0.32 0.43 34.0
()17%
0.08 2.40 0.26 0.21 28.0
()15%
0.07 2.30 0.26 0.17 27.0

N.A. 0.76 0.06 0.42 5.6

55

ppm

ppm ppm

226
N.A.
300
368
38
94.8
300
41.5
500
142
N.A.
180
50
N.A.
120
684.8
34.2
100

9.2
N.A.
20
10
8
20
4.2
10.4
1.5
15
N.A.
6.5
11.5
N.A.
36.3
39.7
3.5
13.4

281
309
230
210

8.6
8.2
8.6
6.6

ppm

100
1.4
N.A. 1.5~2.0
N.A. 1.5~2.0
213
4~6
80
1.5~2.0
500
2.7
38.3
2

26

0.25
33
N.A.
N.A. N.A.
65.5
0.98
N.A.
0.12
N.A. N.A.
N.A.
0.1

59
N.A. N.A.
99.2
0.05
19
17
19
N.A.

0.500
0.600
0.600
0.075

4. --

A
E
IU/kg

2.2

1.2

5.2

13.1

25.0

mg/kg

mcg/kg mg/kg mg/kg

mg/kg

36
200 1027
38
161
990
22
80
400
4.4
700
660
8.9
620 1010
60.8 4200 1390
13.5
80 1014

10.33
91
12.2
180
678
N.A N.A
N.A
15.5
100
778
10.8
110
980
29.9
110 1100

400 11980

397
320
375

N.A
N.A
400
0.19
200
N.A
363
1800
560
900

57.2
47.0
21.5
45
15
303
30.3
28.26
42.7
0.3
52.3
321

14.8
19.9
15.0
65.1
18.5

200
75.0
220
54.5
2794
39.2
220
46.43
N.A 60.8
520
141.6
1000
55.0

16.8
5.7

200
150
550
80
N.A
200
150

2420
300
2706
2100
3510
5240
3080

52.6
11.2

56

mg/kg


B1
B2
B6
B12
mg/kg

mg/kg

mg/kg

mg/kg

5.0
6.4
78
4.3
5.7
3.7
39
0.9
13
19.3
22
22.8
11
2.8
10.68 1.94
11
3.9
N.A
0.4
13.2
5.0
29
6.0
13.6 18.9
47.7
3.7

2.0
1.4
1.1
2.3
2.0
3.0
1.1
0.53
1.2
0.47
1.2
3.1
1.5
29.9

5.87

13.15

4.46
6.98
4.01

3.74
10.3
10.96
31.6

15

2.4
1.5
4.4
1.5
6.5
8.7
4.8

13.7
7.72
4.74
1.01

3.7
250
588
150

17.8
9.6
9.9
8.6
8.7
21.7
8.8

2.0
0.22
7.7
0.7
1.3
0.1
0.2

4. --

A
E
()
()
()
()
()

()

()

()20%
()17%
()15%


B1
B2
B6
B12

IU/kg

mg/kg

mcg/kg mg/kg mg/kg

mg/kg

mg/kg

mg/kg

mg/kg

mg/kg

mg/kg

2.2

N.A

5.6
5.6
5.6
5.6
5.6

0.8
3.0

31
3

11.0

200
200
100
N.A
N.A
490
200

140
330
44

300
286
320

1100

5100
3429
3880
3050
4050
3960
4028

1990
1948
880
6700
120
2420
2743

2900
2860

220
N.A
N.A
N.A
N.A
726
N.A

575
650
220

620
3520
450

1310

135.3
35
100
65
38
209
168.7

57.7
173
30.8
159.5
12.5
220
59.8

220
495

20.3
8.4
14.3
8.8
4.7
48.4
35.4

4.5
46.6
11
9.2
35.2
15.62
13.3

10.0
82.9

0.10
1.50
0.08
N.A
1.51
6.80
5.50

0.20
5.70

1.60
3.30
6.60
1.70

6.20

7.5
7.0
4.4
8.8
4.6
16.5
14.5

5
9.0
2.0
3.7
22.0
2.64
3.0

3.1
63.8

19.67
12.2

5.85

4.36
7.3
4.14

34.43

600
N.A
300
143
71
308
350

100
N.A
70

10
22

248
147
123
128
100
98

1.0

300
270
250
N.A

1614
1515
1548
N.A

2600
2000
1540
N.A

54.6
45.7
41.8
7.3

32.6
29.9
20.8
3.8

3.90
3.50
3.00

15.5
12.3
10.6
1.1

57