This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
The zero on a decibel sc ale is at the threshold of hearing, the lowest sound pressure that can be heard, on the scale acc. To smith, 20 db is whisper, 40 db the noise in a quiet office . 60 db is normal conversation, 80 db is the level at which sound becomes physi cally painful. The Noise quantum of some of the cities in our country indicate their pitch in d ecibel in the nosiest areas of corresponding cities, e.g. Delhi- 80 db, Kolkata - 87,Bombay-85, Chennai-89 db etc. 3 Sources of Noise Pollution:- Noise pollution like other pollutants is also a b y- product of industrialization, urbanizations and modern civilization. Broadly speaking , the noise pollution has two sources, i.e. industrial and nonindustrial. The industrial source includes the noise from various industries an d big machines working at a very high speed and high noise intensity. Non- indus trial source of noise includes the noise created by transport/vehicular traffic and the neighborhood noise generated by various noise pollution can also be divi ded in the categories , namely, natural and manmade. Most leading noise sources will fall into the following categories: roads traffic, aircraft, railroads, con struction, industry, noise in buildings, and consumer products 1. Road Traffic Noise:In the city, the main sources of traffic noise are the motors and exhaust system of autos , smaller trucks, buses, and motorcycles. This type of noise can be au gmented by narrow streets and tall buildings, which produce a canyon in which tr affic noise reverberates. 2. Air Craft Noise: Now-a-days , the problem of low flying military aircraft has added a new dimens ion to community annoyance, as the nation seeks to improve its nap-of the- earth aircraft operations over national parks, wilderness areas , and other areas pre viously unaffected by aircraft noise has claimed national attention over recent years. 3. Noise from railroads: The noise from locomotive engines, horns and whistles, and switching and shuntin g operation in rail yards can impact neighboring communities and railroad worker s. For example, rail car retarders can produce a high frequency, high level scre ech that can reach peak levels of 120 dB at a distance of 100 feet, which transl ates to levels as high as 138, or 140 dB at the railroad worker s ear. 4. Construction Noise:The noise from the construction of highways , city streets , and buildings is a major contributor to the urban scene . Construction noise sources include pneuma tic hammers, air compressors, bulldozers, loaders, dump trucks (and their back-u p signals), and pavement breakers. 5. Noise in Industry: Although industrial noise is one of the less prevalent community noise problems, neighbors of noisy manufacturing plants can be disturbed by sources such as fan s, motors, and compressors mounted on the outside of buildings Interior noise ca n also be transmitted to the community through open windows and doors, and even through building walls. These interior noise sources have significant impacts on industrial workers, among whom noise- induced hearing loss is unfortunately com mon. 6. Noise in building: Apartment dwellers are often annoyed by noise in their homes, especially when th
The noises are recognized as major contributing factors in accelerating the already existing tensions of modern liv ing. 7. phys icians & psychologists are of the view that continued exposure to noise level ab ove. Noise from Consumer products:Certain household equipment. Noise pollution causes poor quality of crops in a pleasant atmosphere. so varied & so pervasive as it i s seen in the last of this century. can be au dible and annoying. Noise pollution makes men more irritable. bridges and m . boilers. Physictist. IX EFFECT ON PROPERTY:. refuse collection. Th e effect of noise pollution is multifaceted & inter related. A study by Sinha & Sinha in India sugg ested that reducing industrial booths could improve the quality of their work.Now is well known to all that p lants are similar to human being. Mechanics . VII EFFECT ON VEGETATION Poor quality of Crops:. In big cities . They become dangerous. internal building noise from plumbing. It attacks on the person s peace of mind.The effect of nose on audition is well reco gnized. Loud noise causes temporary or permanent deafness. mostly all the offices are on main road. generators.Loud noise is very dangerous to buildings. although their contribution to the da ily noise dose is usually not very large. Sudden Noise causes a bortion in females.There should be cool and calm atmosphere during the pre gnancy. Noise causes lack of concentration. 4 Harmful Effects: On Human Being. In this case. II Lack of concentration:. voices. They are also as sensitive as man. Improperly insulated walls and ceilings can reveal the sound of-amplified music. so intense.Regarding the impact of noise on human efficiency there are number of experiments which print out the fact that human e fficiency increases with noise reduction. External noise from emergency vehicles. such as vacuum cleaners and some kitchen appliances have been and continue to be noisemakers.Noise pollution damage the nervous system of animal.e building is not well designed and constructed. and other city noises can be a problem for urban residents. 80 to 100 db is unsafe. especially when windows are o pen or insufficiently glazed. These tensions result in certain disease like blood pressure or mental illn ess etc. Unpleasant sounds make a lady of irriative nature. people cannot concentrate on their wor k. III Fatigue:.Noise Pollution causes certain diseases in human. VI Temporary of permanent Deafness:. VIII EFFECT ON ANIMAL:. Animal and Property: Noise has always been with the human civili zation but it was never so obvious. telephone operators etc. The noise of traffic or the loud speakers of different types of horns divert the attention of the people working in offices. Thus they have to give their more time for completing the work and they feel tiring IV Abortion is caused: . V It causes Blood Pressure: . air conditioners. T hus human efficiency is related with noise. locomotive drivers. traffic. Ani mal looses the control of its mind.For better quality of work there should be concentrat ion . There shoul d be cool & peaceful environment for their better growth. All have their hearing . Impairment as a result of noise at the place of work. Animal and property are as follows: I It decreases the efficiency of a man:. and fans. footfalls and noisy activities from neighboring unit s.Because of Noise Pollution. The effects of Nois e Pollution on Human Being.
The young chi ldren of impressionable age should be motivated to desist from playing with fire crackers. For these purpose the state must pay its role by the support and cooperation of non-government organizations (NGOs) can also be enlis ted . use of high sound producing equipments and instruments on festivals. which cause noise pollution. 7 Conclusion:We have made the law relating to noise pollution but there is need to creating g eneral awareness towards the hazardous effects of noise pollution. The target are a should be educational institutions and more particularly school. Particularly. which teac h civic sense to the children and teach them how to be good and responsible citi zen which would include learning by heart of various fundamental duties and that would obliviously include learning not to create noise pollution and to prevent if generated by others. It creates waves which struck the walls and put the building in danger condition. family get-togethers and celebrations etc. Holding of special talks and lectures can be organized in the schools to highlight the menance of noise pollution and the role of the c hildren in preventing it . Suitable chapters can be added into textbooks. in our country the people generally lack consciousness of the ill effects which noise pollution creates ad how the society including they themselves stand to b eneficiary preventing generation and emission of noise pollution. r eligious and social functions.onuments. It weakens the edifice of buildings.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue reading from where you left off, or restart the preview.