How to Use InRoads to Produce Plans for a Roadway

By Michael Mosley Winter 2007 Under the direction of Dr. Saito

Table of Contents
Introductions to Inroads................................................................................................... 2 Getting Started ................................................................................................................ 2 Write Locks ..................................................................................................................... 3 Isolating Surface Data ..................................................................................................... 3 Importing Existing Surfaces into InRoads ..................................................................... 4 Creating Horizontal Alignments ..................................................................................... 9 Creating a Profile ............................................................................................................ 15 Creating a Vertical Alignment ....................................................................................... 17 Typical Sections............................................................................................................... 25 Cut and Fill Tables ........................................................................................................ 26 Using the Roadway Modeler .......................................................................................... 26 Saving Your Work .......................................................................................................... 31 Roadway Modeling Continued ..................................................................................... 32 Producing Cross Sections ............................................................................................... 33 Keys to Plotting and Layout........................................................................................... 34

1

Introductions to Inroads
Inroads functions different than AutoCAD. It is an application that works at the side of MicroStation (Bentley’s Drafting software.) Inroads holds data for surfaces, geometry, and cross-sections. When used in conjunction with MicroStation, Inroads becomes a powerful drafting tool. Take note that as Inroads drafts objects into MicroStation, it just places lines into the drawing. All of the real data and information that has been developed in Inroads is saved in the Inroads files and can be viewed and drafted into any MicroStation file. In order to get started, the following data and resources are needed:  Contour surface data from Dr. Saito  The Zen Guide to Inroads Essentials Workbook and Data CD (this data is referred to as Ztrain)  Preference files from Dr. Saito

Getting Started
Open the surface contours of the site using Inroads in the Caedm lab, which is found under the Start Menu > CE Programs > Inroads. Inroads runs in conjunction with MicroStation through the Cirix server. Open the MicroStation DWG file, called ce561_Fixed.dwg (this file will be given to you by Dr. Saito) Set the units to be in feet.

As you open the drawing file, two messages will pop up which say that the Preferences are Read Only. Click okay for both. Next, the Preferences must be changed in Inroads. Use the arrows on the bottom right of the workspace bar to go to the Preference tab in Inroads. Load the preferences provided to you. These preferences are called Springville_civil.ini and wysiwyg.ini. This is done by right clicking on the existing preferences and clicking OPEN. Notice that the first preference ends in a civil.ini and the second in wysiwyg2.ini, as seen below. 2

If both of the locks are turned off. whereas pencil is temporary and can easily be deleted if necessary. 3 . They will appear as seen below.Write Locks InRoads has a special function called Write Locks. then nothing will be drafted into the drawing file and will immediately disappear as soon as the view is regenerated. The Write Locks has two main settings: pen and pencil. The Write Locks can be accessed by right-clicking on the Menu bar of InRoads and selecting LOCKS. Isolating Surface Data We will now isolate the contours of the surface file. These allow designers to design in InRoads and not permanently write into the drawing file while they are fine-tuning their settings. Pen is a permanent writing into the drawing file.

as seen below. Right click on the contour layers to set them active. Importing Existing Surfaces into InRoads In Inroads. right click on the Surface tree and click New. meaning the level that is in use at the time. remove the check marks of the global display for the levels that are not needed. Note: Levels cannot be turned off if they are set active. This is done by going to the MicroStation main menu and clicking on SETINGS >LEVELS>MANAGER. 4 . In the Level Manager.Turn off the levels (layers in Autocad) that are not contours.

Make sure that you are on the Surface tab. and then type the required information 5 .This will bring up a window in which all of the different objects in Inroads can be created.

Go the Inroads Menu and click on FILE>IMPORT >SURFACE. This surface is empty still and so our next step is to import the information into Inroads. and then close the window.Click the Apply button to add the new surface. 6 .

and then click Apply. A new surface called Contours was created. Close the Import Surface window. Under the drop down menu. 7 . Note: This area is a good place to look when you are not sure what to do. make sure it is set to Fence. as seen below. Use the fence tool to put a box around all of the contours.Fill in the appropriate information. Load From. Often little messages can help you along and let you know what the program is doing. There should be some data associated with this surface. If you look at the bottom of the Inroads Screen or the bottom of the MicroStation screen. a note will come up that says Import Complete.

Note: To make sure that the surface is in Inroads. This means that Inroads will draw triangles between the imported contours. A warning box will pop up and tell you that the surface needs to be triangulated. It makes the surface a three dimensional. Then you can view the surface by going to the Inroads Menu SURFACE>VIEW SURFACE> CONTOURS. 8 . all of the existing levels in MicroStation can be turned off.When there is a surface imported into Inroads it gives the program something to work with when creating the alignments. Click Yes. Inroads will then produce in MicroStation what it has stored in Inroads.

In Inroads. 9 . Type all of the necessary information in each field. click on the Geometry tab and right click on the Geometry tree to create a new Geometry Project. Click Apply and close the window.Creating Horizontal Alignments Creating the horizontal alignments is very similar to importing a surface. A geometry project is where the geometric data will be stored for your project.

The smart line can produce both straight elements and circular ones. The easiest way is to create a new layer for the horizontal alignment and draw it using the Smart line command found in MicroStation.Now the Horizontal alignment can be drawn in MicroStation. an aerial picture can be imported and scaled to get a better idea where each alignment should be placed. 10 . To be accurate.

they are not deleted in Inroads and can easily be reproduced by following the previous steps of viewing contours. After turning this level back on. import your horizontal alignment into Inroads as a Horizontal Alignment by doing the following: 11 . Remember that when you delete these lines in MicroStation.In this case the green line is the future horizontal alignment of 89 South. Just remember that the data is stored in Inroads. Isolate this line by turning it off and deleting the contours produced by Inroads.

Before clicking Apply. Fill in the required information for Name and Description. Then check the box which says All Selected Elements Added to Single Alignment. click on FILE > IMPORT > GEOMETRY. use the selector tool in MicroStation to select the entire alignment 12 .In the InRoads menu.

You will see the Horizontal Alignment appear under the Geometry Projects tree. right click on the new Horizontal Alignment and then click REVIEW… 13 . To review the geometric data that was imported.

click on Geometry > View Geometry > Active Horizontal. To view the current Horizontal Alignment.InRoads now contains the data for this Horizontal Alignment. on the Inroads main menu. The Smart Line drawn in MicroStation can now be turned off or deleted. Go to GEOMETRY >VIEW GEOMETRY >VIEW STATIONING. the Station and other data can be displayed along the alignment. 14 . After the Horizontal Alignment is created.

you can turn off the write lock so that you don’t have to delete the graphics every time that you want to change by clicking APPLY. For more information about each setting. Remember that when adjusting your settings. click on EVALUATION > PROFILE > CREATE PROFILE…. Also remember to save your preferences by clicking on Preferences and then clicking save. In the new file. the designer gives InRoads a place to create a Vertical Alignment. Give it a descriptive name. Creating a Profile Before creating a profile. The following window will appear: 15 . In the InRoads main menu. display the active Horizontal Alignment. This is done by clicking GEOMETRY > VIEW GEOMETRY > ACTIVE HORIZONTAL. click on the HELP button in each tab. By creating a profile.Each setting in this window can be customized and saved to your Preferences. Then click the Zoom to Extense buton in the bottom left-hand corner MicroStation. open a new MicroStation drawing file. This is done by clicking on FILE > NEW > and placing it where you want it in your directory.

16 . Just click APPLY and InRoads will ask you to identify a location. close the window. Next. Identify your location in MicroStation by clicking on the screen.These settings can be adjusted to match the needs of your project.

This profile is created under the Horizontal Alignment tree in Inroads. 17 . Now that it is created. a Vertical Alignment can be created in this new profile. Creating a Vertical Alignment Your profile should look similar to the image seen below before you create a Vertical Alignment.

Zoom in to the left edge of the profile. 18 . where the surface intersects the left axis.

19 .In Inroads. Use the drop down menu under Type to select Vertical Alignment. Then Click APPLY and close the window. right click on the Horizontal Alignment and click NEW… The same New window pops up. Now give it a name and a description.

the Vertical Alignment created does not have any information. right click on the InRoads main menu and click Customize. you will create that. 20 . First. As the designer. Scroll down and check the Vertical Curve Set.The Vertical Alignment is now ready. This will bring up a new toolbar on the InRoads interface. as seen below. As of right now. as shown below.

Click on the Add PI Click APPLY 21 .Note: New tools are available now. Moving the mouse over the new buttons will help you know what each will do.

22 . Click continuously to add PIs all across the alignment. In the screen shot below. Do so on the left side of the profile. the green Bs are the PIs which were placed.The instruction given at the bottom of the screen is to identify the end of the alignment. Hint: Click both buttons on the mouse to snap to the end of objects. Always left click to confirm your decisions of where the PIs are located.

Now we will define the curves using the Define Vertical Curve button as seen in the Inroads tool bar. 23 .

If the length is too long. 24 . an error will come up in the bottom of the Inroads window. Use the Next button to go the next curve in the Vertical Alignment. Use trial and error to adjust the lengths according to what best fits the design. Do this for each curve in the Vertical Alignment.The vertical curves are defined by their length.

After the lengths are defined. Then you can use the Typical Section Library that came with the Zen Guide to Inroads. As with the Horizontal Stationing. This process is outlined and explained in the Zen Guide to Inroads Ch. This is done by clicking the GEOMETRY menu > VIEW GEOMETRY> VERTICAL ANNOTATION. First. Remember to save your Preferences. The second way is to define the need typical sections yourself. Typical Sections In order for Inroads to design the roadway it needs typical sections to be defined. Right click on the current Typical Section Library and click OPEN. There are two ways of accomplishing this. predefined cross-sections can be loaded from a Typical Section Library. This file name is called Zen_Typicals2. it can be annotated.tml. the PI can be adjusted using the Move PI Button.7. 25 . After the Vertical Alignment is placed. 2. the Vertical Annotation’s setting can be changed to display the information that is desired to show in the final plan set.

Click NEW to make a new table. This is done as follows: First. Right click on the Cut/Fill Tables then click EDIT. 26 . Click on the Typical Section tab. Change the slope to the percent that best fits your design and click NEW. make a new Roadway Library. there are two tabs: Cut Slopes and Fill Slopes. the following items must already be created and be open: Existing Surface Horizontal Alignment Profile Vertical Alignment Template Library To model the roadway is to push the defined typical sections through the existing surfaces which will create the new surface of the roadway. due to the complexity of designs that Inroads is capable of producing. In the Edit Cut/Fill Table window. This will update the Cut and Fill side slopes.Cut and Fill Tables Cut and fill tables allow the designer to define the side slopes. Close this window and move on to the next section. Using the Roadway Modeler This section of Inroads is the most complicated. In order to use the Roadway Modeler.

Next. Roadways are defined along different station distances. 27 . define the roadway by going to the main menu MODELER>DEFINE ROADWAY.

Next. 28 . click on the Edit button in order to define the limits of this roadway.

Use whatever templates fit your roadway and for the catch point drop down box. You must create the limits of the roadway. 29 . A couple of options are given to define the roadway. Select this by finding it under the Name pull down menu. Use the Cut and Fill table that you made. set it to cut/fill tables. Click NEW… The starting station for the typical section of the roadway is defined in this window.Notice there is nothing in the window yet.

30 .Repeat this procedure for the different typical sections of the roadway.

Use the Browse button to find the files that you want to open each time that you open the project. Saving Your Work Saving in Inroads is different than saving in Autocad or other design programs. remember to save them. geometry preferences.After you have defined the segments of the roadway. such as surfaces and geometry. 31 . This is a file that contains options to save and update your surfaces. Save each portion of your project. 376 in the Zen Guide to InRoads Essentials Workbook. individually and then save them together in a project file. etc. Instructions in detail for saving your file can be found on pg. You must save your project as an .rwk file.

Note: Add means “open” and Update means “save” when your file is closed and reopened using the project file. After going through the options and clicking Add and Update for each one. Roadway Modeling Continued 32 . geometry. Next time you open Inroads. this project file can be opened and it will open with it any surfaces. Then click SAVE to save your project file. also make sure that each portion of your project has a File Name path. or preferences linked to the project file.

this is sufficient. But in some cases. This is easily done after the modeler has finished its work. It will also produce a road in the plan view of the drawing file.We now are ready to model the road. 33 . Producing Cross Sections Producing Cross Sections is the final step to the roadway design process.) The roadway modeler takes a few seconds to process. Go to MODELER> ROADWAY MODELER The default setting should be sufficient in most cases. but it then produces the design into MicroStation and makes a few new surfaces. extra cross sections will be produced. In most cases. if the alignment goes off. Some adjustment may be needed. (Make sure that the correct preferences are loaded. Go to the EVALUATIONS menu > CREATE CROSS SECTION… Click APPLY.

Keys to Plotting and Layout To be added as soon as possible 34 .

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